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New-York American, for the country
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073186/00009
 Material Information
Title: New-York American, for the country
Portion of title: New York American, for the country
Alternate title: New York American
Physical Description: 25 v. : ill. ; 53-70 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Printed for the proprietor, by J.M. Elliott
Place of Publication: New York N.Y
Creation Date: January 26, 1836
Publication Date: 1821-1845
Frequency: semiweekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the New York Public Library.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 2, no. 159 (Sept. 15, 1821)-v. 26, no. 851 (Feb. 17, 1845).
General Note: Published on Tuesday and Friday, <1825-1840>; Wednesday and Saturday, <1841>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09313417
lccn - sn 83030019
System ID: UF00073186:00009
 Related Items
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1821)
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1832)
Preceded by: American, for the country
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly courier and New-York enquirer

Full Text




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V IUJESDAY, JANUARY 2 .6 it 8.... --I-
$IX, A535, p T E.......... CO..


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.'NEW- OBK AMHSICAtN. '"* 4..E3, LONDON- LINE OFr PAC
WE P V W OR~ AME F AN LONDON I4NE O CKZTS.-nThe fro. COALS. DEBATE 11 THE SEXA1rE_. the Military Academy to the bill for defying ciland I hardly remen
PUA", o n bTH 'retos ofthireopackets AIhay ^'inIea h 'i HURSDAY,,JANUARYg, and diplomatiexpenses. The bill was s amen-spectator nth
theoaghooUtthe year, viz.ued
Fir st hose i 6aand sS fr ys p-Nw rk.h U.j Iai i- WW h
-. py *-*., e mi.Peb reruary 1,i., ogou A, a, b r adew u is ovaiqd ad tr o ane other coa 4t wa otak ate!d mtheef r



k AryroXTZN' w uowi, .hnueo tims March.....1-Ship HoANTIAL, .Hebaraster. Orders received 167Wilims e adr8Cherry Mr. rsadrenssidthe) Ito in YThatHouseh
^" ^^ .uno N which thenumbe ofW tunes. March. 10. -Ship PHLAD Lh 1 LL. Morg.n.dr. treo atrse thear yard, 27 hryiust
foriTeortion IS NOT MARKED, will be mnaieted and March.... 20-Ship PRFSIDENTJM. Chadwickdol reetor at the yard, 272 Cherry et. purpose, .President, (said ) to mak ny re- a n for oe, ad i
ttn dered out. April.......Ship SAMSON p Chadwick do J. VANDERPOOL. arKon state of our affairs with Prance. Thec





&pl1S thipaper(3 W tim th cussion has not core,_ I wail. P ed &y e theu te p b toott
wkhoi -the ,*.U per anum: not, however, forA Ail .i O O sr eunctua lY attended to. i112 t




8 0 1 ilritannia. a'20 -S su t bem n y b e th et t th e
I-x^ ^ p O N T A RIO H uttTo m aste r W e are in d ely exp ectatio n of a co m m u nic ation r eedse
S......o-Ship WESTMINSTER, GeoMoor sYYT thePresidentwh will give us gh; anwe re that hsthin should, income way, be providedmoving t the Se
1. _____I___.W_______COL__________uscibrhchwilies_ _ade__ edo.





FromLondonromPortamout will receive orders for Schuylklloal, of quality i e
a.*k i4,LDLIA-NttF Lj kftlUU-.L. ACKEtTS. -' Jan......7-Ship PHILADELPHIA.... Jan. 10. equal to any in market, at the t loliwg low rates: authorized to expect a recommemtlatioa by himof for, and whvn thfdiplomaic bll came back, draw- and I jow acknow]
e Oldie of Packets wil be e by th Jan i.... Jan. Broken or egg size screened 9peron such measures ashehinks it may be necessary and ing the Miitary Academy after it it was thought might be esuptu
arof each month, with the exception tha Feb......7hip tORONTO.......Feb. 10. All delivered fr ee of cartage. r r oe or orfi t t
w s ail ng day falls on Sunday, the ships will uail on Feb......l7- Ship ONTARIO........... Feb. 24Y. Apply at the Yards No. 1 Laurenst 5., near Canal; Riv- im. Ido nottforerun him. In this most important sions. Tere were two proposition to pave streets part, and an earnest
tht0eucceeding 14onday. Feb......27-Ship WESTMINSTER.. .March 1. ington, corner of Suffolk. and delicate business, it is the proper:duty of the in &h city of Washington, to repair the Capitol, grant of three million
For Liverpool: March ... .7-Ship ST. JAMES.......March 10. JEDEDIAH ROGERS, Agent, s. cCo. lji Executive to go forward, and I, for bned6 not intend and various other things, whichh it was necessary to of purpose or specific(
.. 16-The *0RTil A.YIEB.ICA, C. Dixcey, 610 tons March.... 17-Ship MONTREAL........March20. Orders may be left at No.6 Frontat. C either to be drawn ordriven inte the Iad.-When piide for, and they, thereire, were put intote no recommendation,
.,Jan.f-TeIBERNIA,.IL. Wilwon, iltons. April .......7-Ship LuUISA .........April 10. r official intration shall be before 6?, and when mea- sa. e bill by way of amendment to an amendment; necessary by no sta
A. C. Marshall, lions. April. 47-Ship HANNIBAL.... April 20. Co.is pre sures sha be recommended upon thepropem ree- at is to say, we had been prevailed on to amend knowntoaus. Certa
9b. 1-TheeCO BU S b, 6 n These ships are all of the first class, about 600 tocontractfor the delivery of 'Lackawana'boal duringthe s y hle at& the best #etr bill, forder
.6TS he l n.iine6io, np G b, 6 nobu- Sp r an SFerand F l ob f the curreda year, at R eo tout
wEI. I-Thea300 e" H u&neRICA, ,Watermani16, o then, and are commanded by able and experiencedA Snao a nd untlteaNrthriver, oench aperad dillmbeasupp, dg4 n a ain p and shto l act ang rd to h te die.. broar, by adcopign toou W r to e to dhe t ead teku
mr.1ni-TheiNGLAND, Benj. L. Waite, 730 tons. ,ators. Great care will be taken thatath e beds, stores, &c. o umlthe North yer e om nd w; carg wl be supplied judgment I can, and shall act ac to ts die ad anprop to d
Ap 1l-TheOkPHEUS.oI.Buraley, a76toans. are of the best description. The price of Cabin pwisage be made.at the Company's ofic the l dout,- or iat No.ri s ntA o fr a the purse .t rsotay amendmentmy a mn g to i ars amend tis, o deer nc, adI sei
m Lieroo outward is now at including nes and liquors Wallstreet, NewYork or to fred Wright, at PI now, for another purpose. resolution
oil-O E.r 0 without wines, &c. Passengers paying the last men dence, R. a. who is auThorized to receive orders for the has drawn on a debate upon the geie s condtutt to it as it was t the original bill. There was ala o amopn those who arr
o eer TheSOUTH AMERICA y tee rice l be furnished on board. Neithatthep r caed op,. JOHN WURTS, PreC't. theSenate during the lat stssiond n gress, ad the Pretsident's gardener. His salary was unprov- this extr .ordinary de
.d mr I,-The OCNGL ratC, t ains nor the owners ofn these packets will be responsible s 7t specially in regard to the, propose. gltit of thr ded rfor; and there was no way of remey.g this and, as I think, from







tow-t c s fN taint norom the wne s to theseld p a ges w are reepknaibtt e t to o me b s ;ut by gil, eing thm pla meindted --this nd fi e voia
.i 5- ORl for anyleers, parcels, or packets sent them, unless re EACH MOUNTAIN AND SCHUYLKILL COAL, millions to the President on the at night the se. ipotant o i, te
f bllRICA. gular Bills of La ling e signed therefore. AppItobequalityandatthelowestmarket price. sion. My ain object is to tell etoiy ot p.onatic serve bill, amog charg daflires, mere executive disc
ThUm *k ipa are all ofthe first class, commanded by n -& PtfTfNNLt 46MV44i3.R. '(I V ppet at XlY. Union Coal Office, corner of Chambers'and Washington hibi et ot envoys extraor
Saandc.riene, and care willR aTCbe taken that GEO. WJDS S CO. Nd l a9Coleran.t.,nde. ae a.rlv the pubulc vi. I owe thi siUtony. In and anoig these raicm s, theriore, he wa s without the least o nm



thdat 'La~ g an ores shallbeofthe Sbet kind. The O FARRATT Pnt, & GBO. NPortsmouth. A P er0.ror-atbnae Smo h
lJ he other line, at $140, includiw a these packets stop to landantd receive passengers) todiffer- landing, 1 te ACra.TT, a large assortment just am connected ; and athogiOODS. On the las da sityey nt si is prac gll nwastisbi, thusaenddrturedtothe bus t iierti, hand In






*-" A s d a ht onthe an un ud o J e r -- aS tow h LIB. nSeambo Eat sf dan lye w r mor tsm o uthy, w hed e -7 ale s ho ppavo a ndbland ann as so rtme n js t u m cvry ne rthed hourd oft adi o rne* h a s t he oun .1
i A ed lih quors or $120 without wines, &c. Pasen- entyo Dartseoflnerhland and to the Continent.u j1 a l ao w, 6 b toa.ailuindivi eulayisgnero iia sof thoo elt Senaerano on i lt d e a Th qo srl. H e d
Sthe last mentioned s, canN L NEW U 4-4 linen, in whole and half pieces every quality to be made the ubject oiih r r ope I m Sir have not the pleasure to know this useul a conviction of du
dWtt atthe iatedranes, which will betfnished LEANS.- To sail from New York and New Or- 3.4 and 4.4 Pantaloon Stuffs, various shades and col- be permitted to say that, in a matter, rergttrd to person; but, should 1 see him S(ms morning Ovor. man. It was sponV
or n 9leai s every second Monday during the season. oare, acd Imitation rass Cloth. wila there has been so much misrepsenbioion, I jou)krg the swoikcen in- the lawns, walks, copses, here had been amo



oawheay capis c eiored ow oersof these gshis will be e SiAp.KSHVILLE, J.Ra stAe as ater. tona,2d Nov. 3-4 anda 8 Rough Browns w os- a few wr o the seerr
whh r use bee nwish orpete sin e thefot .. For Si O S o.0Sersface brownal del'ndiiig nd tr whh nhe o s ou h oct T eo
siHITET e y lenyTl AtetU Arcels.orpackagessentby thm, Ship KENTUCKYL Jno Beunker w 629 on, 18t "t 7'S Lne ea ndf e s sa a w rd oh ae.T i nd r o Tea the 4hd o in whole and half piecesoa y otn epua ntue
en ae s eie Ship ES, ase ars, o99 one,, Dariells-batin ad ie n eputai President's residence, co oin neidera g the company into she reading 0o the m
hiALABAMA, Johnston, 474 tons, 14th Dec. Douas- very heavy and goods This vote for the three millions a by hih we have inrouced s expect to ree he as ot
OOO Gt11&'OO. or C.8H. MARSHALL, at LIEP 8R27and tonSAR ATOGAC11th Ja.. DBarers62tto 10.42d 4asey theiHoese o-tRe0ese-italivts asan endiaenllh. usp, at leastasmallsdiplomatibuttoionliswoik- aers of the Senate t
OODRIYE N- ff. MARSHALL, at Siaip ARKANSAS, E. S. Peut6istJDamasks-6.4 to 10.4 Irish and Barnsley n the fotfcto atke.s
S h64h South street. New York. lhis e insists of the above six ip, which are co Damask Clots and Napkins, 6-4 to 12he e fornncatiohen; ca.e lstat e de.f Wea he ble aimt on the Hoe y u ects ed,
j LIV POOL PACKETS-Sailing from New ped and copper fastened, and were bil in New York ex. Toweling and Huckaback melons and all, is the charge w.ch been ad When thes
orkonte4 and from Liverpool on the 8h ressy for this business they are very tst sailers, and Sheetins-44 to 12.4 Irish and Scotch upon Ce Senate, sounded over all the s, and ne'w d ere read at our ti u th hey cu.o a erous i itself and






e it. ti O S .U.aPonsian upon n eglig en e, anat tesound on, aover tal the NN e and nn s l e w e n w h t
swill be continued by the subryreasonable facility and accommodation 3-4 Diaper- yard asserted ases
e. COnLifane of Packet.i2llBo in y haes willbe afforded to shippers and passenger. They will Lawn hdkfs-bordered, 5.8 and 7.8 of this bll, its o ngit progress an los. most wit the rapidity of a comet, and With some- enoont nte
e of fr o and Orleans every second Mon Bown Cloth damask and diaper atteat ho remark, thing like the sme length of tail. Beore the Senate, t
.2the ST. ANDREW,Capt.WiuC.Thompson. ayth uten Osanaburgs-some good quality for it is woty to. be remarked, ad ebere, Now, s.r, ntoneofteseircuiaritiesorincon- cotry now avow
IV 11RGININ, Capt. Isaac Harris.d thatth' business brought beibre Sciate IS0 grutlties, no part of this jumbang tether of dis.nc Whosoever is to fall
Jan. *4_-Trhe S~FI LD, Capt. Francis P. Allen. the day of sailing. The cabin passage is fixed at $70,'for 30 cases Light Prints-new style tiij
eb.24-Th UNITE STATES, Capt N. Ho. which ample stores of the best description will be provided, 10 do Dark do handsome patterns session, important and various as it s, und boil -td ditlerent subjects, was, in e igtest degree hat etme have
deb.e U NIE TT Cexcepting wines and liquors, none of which will be fur 15 do Printed muslins public and private, was all gune wilims occibioned by any ing duneormited to bed e
dete. Iifr 30 do Gingtnhams-plaid, pink check and stripeadUncommon desoatch and ponpti .- No ses o. on the prt of the Senate. her oceedg e twenty nine aaist
.or crew. These ships are at all times towed up and dow fancy stripe h astwitnesdecisionr prompt, thtir dcskatch areion.tJ1 journal;
Dec. 8-The UNIJEWD STATES-660 tons. the Mississippi by steamers, and being of a light drafL.pf 15 do Tape Check M1sins1 9-8and 6.4 lids witnessed a mote complete clearing off and fin- .1 regu ard
S 8--T l -60 tons 30 do White Camhrc-4 4 to 6f4 of the hetre us. T communica- o the pubicbu e s correct and sasnable. hee pr cess may'comme
Feb. 8-The V RG1NIAN- 40 tons.anep
Ma,.8-TheSHW LD-600tons. All goods forwarded to the subscriber will be shipped by 2 do India Lawns; Swiss, Mull, and Jacconeu ions from the other House, whether fs or what- was nothing of dsorgaz ton, nothing of procas- carried, I pray it, in
T quatiesa above ships this line free of commission. M
Sthe uation ecommat SLAS HOLMES. 62 South t. 10hedo Beaveneens and 3.4 cords ever else, were especially attended in proper nation, nothing evincive of a temper o embarrass that record. I besee
ye. tionwlb ade to promote he comfort of pas FOR NEWARK On and aftr do Buttons-japannedan assorted season; and with that ready respect Hch is due btruct the public business. I e history wnic I to leave me that pro
w and the interest of the importers. The price of a-November 1st, the steamboat NEW 10 do p- 2, excellent quality from one House to theother. I reflect nothing have now truly given shows that one tng was principle. Itmaydr
passage to Liverpool, in the cabin, asgin the other line, ie a. ARK, Capt. Tate, will leave N.wark 2cdoyFurniturehDix ,kty
arc $ISGwithout wines.TThe owners will not be responsible Bac, at 3 k P 00 e ov erlo
1e pakager)it by the above ships, a'c P M o 10 do Patent Pens-a good article oed, or disregarded. and th t the lws, instead ofarangemen and sym. and fantastical spin
for ati lla no taken. For freight, or p EATl ON AND NEW-YORK 12 do India Rubber Suspenders On the other hand, it was the irtune of the m exhibit
fwh a o -Steam Power 1 3 do Worsted colored Table Covers Senate, as I think, the misfortune:othe country, grotesque associations, itis, neverthels, tiue, thai may devise, if only i
STEPHENTR N WER Y. F4 &o CO. olone-6-To commence Januaryw 1th, 10 do Umbrellas- some lw pricedhat owing to the State o business ihe House o np of all .hiswas made necessary by us. We ihe.it my blood, or
OB KRMIT. 74 South street. 1836. Passengers will leave- 2 do Cashmerets- ro
Paterson at 7 o'clock, A. M. New York at 8 o'clock, A. M. SILK GOODS. Representatives towards the clostor the session, devoted from the accustomed modes of legislation reputation, shall bei
ffBPhave etblished the following ships as a Line of do 121 do P. M. do Ii do P.M. 6- do CraVats-Brussels' Antwerp and Paris Ban- Senaite, and passed into bills, didr nit receive at- dmr to supply b Id and glaring deficiencies in mea- The house, sir,
t istpurith, a w o.OS y10 do Poplin Francais-10 cases Crepe de Lyonsd tention, so.as to be either agreed toi-r rejected, sures which were before us.T
In. eear, except that when these days fall on Sunday, Paterson at 8* o'clock, A. M. New York 10 o'clock. A. M. 3 do Hose-China and Merino, colored, in the other branch of the Legisin ture. They fell, But now, Mr. President, letme come to the Forti. asked a conference,
the saling ofthe shaps will be deferred until n5ext ay do 31o'clock, P. 14. do 4 o'clock, P. M. 10 do Printed Hdk'fs-extra fine quality of course, by the termination ot the stesion. fiction Bill, the lost Bil, which not only now, but immediately accede'
FromiNapNEN ork. Fare from ng ersey City toiPaterson or Belleville, 60 cents. j16 codistf Among these measure may W mentioned the on a graver occasion, has been lamented like the lost fence met, and in a
iiin. 9-8kip ROSOOE, Joe. C. Delano, master. To prevent disappointment, it is recommended to passen. K GISHO&CO. ANL N JO fol66 vizr t Plead agreement. f They s
-rl minute beor-heste sodeparture. l all oflate tadons- The t Office Refam Billthich passed the This bill, sir came froni the House of Represen- respective houses
Mai. 6-$hlp NAPOLEON, pJohcP. Smith, master. will ren as us ual Bleached Linens, 7-S -k 4.4 in whole and demi pieces of Senate unanimously, anditf the nepessity for which tatives to the Senate, in the usual way, and was posed by the house,
From LivRE pool. Transportation Car will run as usual, new and Improved stles and finish the whole country is certainly no* atost abundant- referred to the Committee on Finance. Its appro- "As an additional
24-rice (*O ^w WABNINGTOI(. at Aquackanonk with passengers for New York, at the 10 qalties. -ly satisfied. priations were
Ja. 24-The INAOLE.DO'clock turn in the morning, and will return to Belleville Bown Hollands, 3.4 & 4.4 fine to extra do. The Custom House Regulations-Billwhich also to the committee to be quite too small. It struck a thousand dollars."
u e f the wla about tons bur. ith passengers from New York, by the 4 o'clock Car n Biack d do do do. passed near unanmouly, after a very laborious majority of the committee at once that there were As an additional
or a0 ce a odhymentofhra r epe tafte ae Januar COR DHARL c- me a full discussion in the Senate. vided for at allor not adequately provided for by States fly of.
eX t e, is fixed by an understanding with the pro- RAILROAD CO.-WINTER AR- Drilling, a full assortment of brown and bleached The Judiciary Bill, passed here by a-majority of this bill. The whole amount of is appropriations I immediately re]
$01i S afl lrjackel i JiMhi ait $140, including wines, ELANGEMENT.-The Cars of this Irish, English an Scotch. thirty-one to five, and which has W in already was 400,000 or
Corn n y will-run ring the short days. to, and from, irdseye PDia er 3-4 and 4-4 assorted, tiy-n toa fes and -whi has ain y ala was 4, ot r 430,000 lar it ontanehd no cmu itthe of cfs
**,.^^^ ^'^.^y~fe^*"!V asks, 6-4 & 10-4 single and double do do. dissenting voice. -- ed it the very day it came from the House, not dhly tiver, the senate c.

hemt, unless regular bills of lading are signed therefor. For throughout the dy, until 6 o'clock, P.T., when will con. Towellings, Erglish Jris .V- ate oraous pmw I M. l
=ireigfor passage, apply to mence the S1-thin, 6-4 a-nd liftiB ,
._3 GRINNELL. MINTURN & CO.. 134 Front at. NIGHT LINE-To leave each end every hour, until 10 Britannias and Platillas suitable for export. moneys in the T0=laiAV)=;W-
JAAICAi AND Navw YO(IRK STAGES. o'clock, to wit:-At 6, 7, 8,9 and 10 o'clock. Dowlass, 3-4 & 7-8, undressed; in bales and cases. The B1ll respecting die tenure or certain offices, coummunications w ml "m & lhe'departmnt, -transact
JAMAWINTER ARKANGEMENT.-A Stage. d7 By order. A. C. SAINETAUX, Secretary. Brown Damask Cloths, assorted in bales, a few extra and the power of reoioval from office; which h-as and reinserted in the bill every thing which any ginia (Mr. Leigh) s
waill leave Hunter's Hotel, Jamaica, every aiCI AMDEN ANDAAMBOY RAIL Scotch and Barnsley, bleached diaper and damask, 6-4 now again passed to be engrossed, in the Senate, departmentded to us. We took care to he time, and he krc


a o'clptk, in the afternoon, for Jamaica boat to South Amboy ; from thence to Camden via railroad piece. th Staipe in the course of the session, and many sed amendments. Among these amendments, den any mistake in



















Above 260 Engravings of AUDUBON''S AM ERICAN 150 do 3-4 sale an 4-4in stree St- g cs Garniture bon Ithmn passed unheeded, nothing was overlooked, .tantM matter, and belongig to that part of tle pub. l two houses oct thi


BIRDS, any of which after they have appeared in nis 50 do mix'd and fancy cold Satinetts. o ov nothing forgotten and nothing slighted, lie business which usually receives particular atten- the amendment of thi
Window, he will sell either singly or by the dozen. This 40 do Britannia Hdkfs, of different kinds. 1 do Rich Prints. And now, sir, I would proceed immediately to tione from the committee on finance, I bore the sub- the fortifications of tl
is, probably, the only opportunty which will ever offers 20 do Cotton bandanna do. I do Black Galloons.
obtaining singleplatesofthatsuperb work. The WATER .8000 lbs. fine fleece Wool d30 lm 4 do Boot Cord. give the history of the Fortification BIl, if it were ject in my mind, and felt some solicitude about it, You recollect thi
FOWL anu GAME BIRDS, are very desirable for Sports. M- OUNTAIN'S FANCY STORE.--The following ALCUTTA GOODS.-3000 bags Saltpetre; 150 bales not necessary, as introductory to that history, and seeing that the session was drawing so near to a we'l remember, taker
men, Halls, Refectories, Public Houses and Gentlemen's AONAN s nrdcoy ota itoy n einta h
odges. The smaller Birdes Pubc Houses and Gentlemen'ss l fashionable and desirable articles for evening'dresses, green salted-and dry Cow & Buffalo Hides as showing the cincums'ances under whichthc Sten- close. I took it for granted, however, as I had not The resolution wa
many geof the largeallplates Br are suitable ntfor Parlors, coS&c. are offered as reasonable as possible: 40 bales Madras & Patna Goat Skins ate was called on to transact the public bu iness, heard any thing to the contrary, that the amend- rotary carried it to
11 L White Crape Dresses, embroidered with white, for wed- 96 cases Shellac, orange, garnet and liver first to refer to another bill which was before us, and ments of the Senate would not be objected to, and What was done in tl
dings,,&c. 60 do LaceDye
NNUALS.-The English and American Annuals, Rich White Satin Luxors, fig'd and plain 10 do Salamoniac to the proceedings which were had upon it. that when a convenient time should arrive for ta- message now appear
among which are the" Magnolia, Token, Religious Fig'd and Plain Satins, all qualities 10 chests Indigo It is well known, sir, that the annual appropria. king up the bill in the house, it would be passed at have no wish to corn
Souvenir, Forge t.Me.Not, Keepsake, Book of Beauty, Rich striped fig'd & plain Challys 20 bales Chillies tion bills always originate in the House of Repre- once into a law, and we should hear no more about recorded-all may r
t. &c. Also-suitable for a New Year's Present, Robin Donna Maria Gauzes, fig'd & plain 778 0 ags G inger sentatives. This isso much the course, that no one it. Not the slightest intimation was given, either f-)im his own opioire
#an Crusoe, (new edition,) with numerous plates. For Real Blond Lace Dress 10,000 Gunny Bags P isL i c
sale by T. i C. WOOD, 7 Wall st. .-Fig'd & Plain Poulx de Sol 365 bundles Twine ever looks to see such a bill first brought forward in thlt the executive wished for any larger appropna- House of Represents
43dl Plain Blond Laces, 4-4 and 5.4 wide 793 bundles Rattans-landing from ship Merchant, the Senate. It is a;sowell known, sir, that it has tteh, or that it was intended in the house to insert cf the bill, chose to r
P war Italian Crape & Crape Lisse, with a good assortment o from Calcutta, and fr sale by been usual, heretofore, to make the arinual appro- such larger appropriation. Not a syllable esped er acted on the repo
EWETT'S CHEMICAL WATER PROOF, war Laces, for trimmings; Scarfs, Emb'd ose, Gloves,French J14 G. & S. HIGGINSON. 16 Broad St. Pb tions ror the Military Academy at West po- c from any b a i to ot s l ede at the o
grantedd to render all kinds of leather impervious to Embroideries, &e. &c. IIS. FOUNTAIN it tO. have on hand a very choice priauoios for the Military Academy at West k-oin, from any body, and came to our knowledge, that. therefore, was lost.
water. The inventor of the above article has surmounted J. s. FOUNTAIN & CO. 29 Maiden lane, J and fashionable stock of FRENCH .OODS which in the general bill, which provides for the pay and any farther alteration whatever was intended in Representatives. It
great cor. St.p rt f t e a m y But last year, the arniy bill t e bl.nn n r oh o n
the great obstacle, so long attempted in vain, to render j.5 cor. of Nassau st. are suitable for the present season, either for the street or support of the aimv. But st year, te ary bill the bill.foun
leather permanently water proof, and atthe same tame more
pliable ard durable than in its natural state. This ts essen- TAINER, DUTILH & CO. a3 road street, offer for parties. Among them are the following, viz: did notcontain any appropriation whatever, for tie At 3 o'clock in the afternoon of the 3d of March to the members of thi
supporRichWeSatinn-.Luxtok ;odoe df tia sys
tially differentfrom any other ever offered to the public. It sale on liberal terms, in lots to suit pyrchasers- Rich SainLuxors; dodo Challys support of West Point. I took notice of this sin- the Senate took its recess, as is usnal in that period would aree to the r
penetrates the porei of the interstices. When the leather Aniseed-New crop Roman Paris CallyS;DamaskFigdo gular omission when te bill was before the Seate, of the session, A 5, wea ia
ras been saturated for a short time, the paste combines Brimstone-70 tons superior Crude Printed Muslins; Figd Si ks &i Satins gular omission when the bill was before the Senate, of the session until 5 5, ssembled, not. From a quarter
ith it, and becomes a constituent part of t. For sale in Cream of Tartar-double and single refined Embr'd Crape Dresses; Col'd Crapes, &c out presumed, and indeed understood, that the and proceeded with the business of the Senate un- was agreed to, until t
boxes, 50 cents each, by JAMES TARRANT, Currants-20 butts superior Zante Paris Embroideris;Thread & Blond Laces Houe would send us a separate bill for the Milita- til 8 o'clock in the evening; and, at 8 o'clock in the ing, the House rema
i14 cor Warren and Greenwich sts. Fruit-the entire cargo of assorted New- ruit now landing Fiench Calicoes; Merino Cloths ry Academy. Th ary bill, therefore, passed, evening, and not before, the clerk of the House ap- there was not a qu
ex brig Avice, from Smyrna. Fig'd Stuffs for Cloaks; English Canton Flnnnels A l a n b t
A NGBOR CHAMPAIGN, (Pints)-A supply of this Folia Se'nna-of Alexandria Patent Flannels; Twilled Calicoes but no bill for the Academy at West Point appear- peared at our door, and announced that the House a tt-ndance of a quoc
A choice brand direct, per ship Albauy, from Mum, Gums-Arabic, selected and in sorts; Gum Tragacanth French Bombazines; Plain Col'o Silks ed. We waited for it fnrm day to day, and from of Representativs had disagreed to one of the Se- have been commands
6eiler Et Co., for sale by Hemp-100 tons best Italian, especially imported for the 20 different styles of Shawls week to week, but waited in vain. At length, the nate's amepdmenis, agreed to others, and to two of great majority ot the
J8 ROBERT GRACIE, 2) Broad sat use of towlines for Canals and Railroads. French made Cloaks, c.-all of which will be sold another, those amendments, vz., the 4th and 5th, it had But now, sir thee
Hareskins-800 dosen prime Aussia the same price, and lower than they were before the rise in time fr sending bills fro one house to the other, those amed i i ee
AMILY MEDICINE CHESTS-A large assortment i ndigo-iIcase Bengal the market, at Fountain's Fancy Store, No. 29 Maiden according to thie joint rules of the two houses, ex- agreed, with an amendment of its own. evening, which I feel
l of the mast ap proved patterns, for families or plant. Indigo--lcssBna
Jwof the most airoved patterns, for famiieswith English Manufactured Russia Goods--Sailcloths, Flems, Raven- lane, corner of Nassau st., (new building.) J15 pired, and no bill had made its appearance for the Now, sir, these 4th and 5th amendments of ours i, quite important, o.
and Spca refully fctionsforle Sae by N duck, Diaper, Crash, comprising different brands A tlTi'SH GOODS, c..--50 cases of Drills, Cord support of the Military Aademy. These joint were, one, a vote of $75,000 for the ctlein BoSon be known.
RUs ION & ASPINWALL, Nutgallblue Aleppo Beaveteens, Molesins, andotherCotton Stuffs for rules, as is well known, are sometimes suspended harbor, and the other, a vote of $100,000 r cer- A nomination was
Jll 86 William street, and 110 Broadway. Oil-English Linseed Oil in pipes pantaloons; 10 do. Vestings. on the application of one house to the other, i a- ain defences in Maryland. And what, sir, was the ajudgeoftheSupre
Onium-Turkev and Egvntian o anu,. Pth;.,..o in. ,, i


iber whether there'-w es a ungte pngi e si nt a 1 sb- .
I or the galleries. I had beena- itt lS1o the hoeeB Of C ilhad not reached my seat whez "Y uo h irst pon. 7 I hai o nl:
ad Aft the Senaluxaw H&IM Mt111" w*Ob"W *"ft. b
4M, wth message,cetainly with Afct b the prdenL's haia decfini*"
5,4t~l I~gecorainy Wththidecamtumnzcaliaoofrom I -!!UA,!kt% dtti
apWriishaent;Mand.] inuedi- havingleft-the capitol, w gro l aea
kawttotrro Utis vowe otf'116^"0'W>'"ert~lwn-
ve 1the hous entativre thntit was qA%& W .

my duty tom e. =-
I no& a moment's doubt ori.
hiat course ought.to -be-I It uhyobviouz, that if, under ta efr,.
then, sir, the responsibility of ancest c -house representatives should sc -
to the report of the committees of eomne**.nes
Ate should disagree to hiis vote, that the bill shold pass,'It must,o In wer
ledge that responsibility" It _Abl &oldPe nwtvwh `M-
Lede tat espnsi1liy, It to become a lw for want of the- president'st i-
Gus to say that I took a leading awture
took an early part, a decided naue and that in that case, the blame ofw ng
;part, in rejecting this broad the bill, on whcnsoever it nailtfall, Cdid M Wit*
laid upon the senate. .7
ns of dollars, without limitation On the more general paint, I MT -say, Sir, 4
cation of -object: called for by tip- 01 11 I" y .0a.
tondd of objetcalled f ythis decision of the President, not to hold com nr
funded on no estimcwte, made C ition with the Houses ot Congress after oII lork,
te of things which was made on the Md of March, is quite new. No such objec-
tinly, sir, I took a part in its re- tion has ever been m'lade befbre-by any Presdew-
here in my place in the Senate No one of them- has ever declined ommufat
ind the pan so taken by me. with either Houlsln ,ata tier duigt he co nua i-
tim all detne, and all 0(ccasion^ w uLt anytime11" during the mlm ;
innalldeenc, nd .11OC&Sillance of its session on that day. All' Presidmedita
Brt it as meritorious*to have been heretofore, have oft it with the Houses thewmielves
ested, at the earliest moment, to fix thirheour Qfauj urnnient and'to bing thir
iparturefrom all setiled -usige, s .essiofor the day, to a close, whenever they tai*
plain constitutional injunction f i. t
ng of a v4st sum of money, to Itis notorious, nifn o f fact,, that nothifie c' -
!retion, without limit assigned, more comnmour t tafor'both Houses to$it later Ilan
led, without reason given, and 12 o'clock foT OA
S1 under heaven. lok pfrpo" of &mpletin# meaao'eo
im opposing this grant, -spoke d1m1en ta ls stages-of their progla-
spokeAmnedment areproposed and agreed toobiMs paip.
suppose I may have 4 a s0-edTiwo0led balls si,.ned by IM.ressdligoffke
xpitiispringing fr.cmaU-hoaest .ftilf fluo n I l ya."sWrkwa" 6&
as ever influtnced'a public e *n n o IoCJ &
aneous, unmiffected, ,incere.-Wiell known to gn T
ng us, sir, no consultation, n onsiderable gtleme -acn whsohaCon-
nd hale time menibse.f Cetwte. And al
IdI ha~e b none. JBeteen Pies^dtnts l- hve signed bills, and hia've :uo,
essage and my motion todisa- iade on'in i. ns a to th e
Line tnnughi for any t%%o0mem- as to lim'ewhenever bills have en presented
Lo exchange five words on the. for nature, or whenever it became btece"aedto
sition was sudden anti perfect- make- nomin; tiens to the Senate,at ansy 1 dii
sisttd it, as irregular, as dan- ri aigie session'of- the respective Houses-tr ithr
dangerous in its precedent; as d y.
and as violatitle the plain in- And allthis, Sir, I suppose to be1 perfecty siit.
~i-ess wordsof the Constitution. ats Pp obeerc yif
pren, I avowed, and before the cr ecM, a id legal. There is no claifte of the Co r1i-
Sen, I part i dn d t is t enor is there any law, which d ftlar tslhat
My part, Inathis oppobitioca-.-7 t. inmof*office of members of the Hous'ft a)X'Rep-
on those. who sanctioned it, of a eseOntives shall ex re at- 12 o'clock at night on
full share. the, 3d of March,'I hey are to hold slri.oaY"era
ejected this grant by avOte 0.bucthe hirecise hour for the commencenth eld t of' th4
ninet en. The se 29 names termn oh two yeai s is no ,where fixoendby consbtulh-
and whensoever the expunging Liol ^ 5^1,8n hecfxd^ T~s"
md wenseve th cxun~ingtioal or k-gal provision It hIs been estsbtiahA
ice, or how far soever it may be by usage a by i a ver ptiopew
mercy, not to erase- mie t m bysae and, by t inc firstCongryepw pri y
ch it. in its sparing goodness, i s existence on the first ,Wednesday in cArebd
of of attachmn t t o du y and 0o1789,Which happened o -be the fourth day 4V
.w around it, over it, or through-that month, therefore, the iburth of March is the
I lines, or any lines; it m y day of the commencement, of each thessiv6
which eiLher the most prostrate teri but no houi is fixed by 'law or priet^.-.W-
t of man-warship, or the most The'true rule is, as I think, most undoubtedly
)rate study of seLf-degradat oi thAt the session holden oia the last day coubsdiiy"-
twill leave it so thit those who a r all legislative aid ie -1 l jiwpos
who may hereafter care for my While the session c, mmenced an thatit -dyatio
able to behold it where itt~ iles the day itself continues, neew1ing io the cefb..
lished practice both of legislative andjuialbd.
insisted on this amendment. This could not well be otherrise.-V dw Preciai
to its disagreement; the house mometat of actual time w' ere tte sf t -ina*
to which request -the senate t would be material to-askWho sh ttle s h *t
The committees of confer- timetb d onb pubco t
Very short time, came to an every man ozseerve the tick of hiasowwtitc .01f
%greed to recommend to theirabolute time is to finish apcse
I a substitute for the vote pre- ^ l pren 1105te et^
following f .P r of a minute, it is obvious, would be as, 6 1a' 6t6 e
I appropriation for arming excess of an hour. Siry no bodies, jiil d
In rited States, three hundred gilative, haveever been -sohyperaiti &4 se-aM us
S Sto no purse, so much tiiore nice tlhan *i*a to
appropriationgovern themselves byany sichideas. TheI i
si aps of war of the United for the day, at whatever hour it comcnenc* o tt
t ush and d o fllae 'Uied whatever hour it break if p i 'the ie l it y.
ported this agreement of the Every thang has referecffe to -the commencenAt -of
poted th s a ee nt of te that dixtrnal session.- For instance, this is V *h M th
ience to the senate ; but, inas- day of January; we assemrtled'-here1 to-day-x iS
in' the' house of repi-esenta- ocok crjunli WAu'1t_*Ai
ould not act further o. the o'clock d; cu jrsinal is n htd 3&ua 1J5A0* if
ise Should first haveconsider- we shorldnrgain in here ti unti 5
t commitees, decidedtereon row montain (and the Senate hae e T d id\O n otee sd e df t a ee an la te ) o u r p ro ceed in g s w o m d .* 11 dI b W X %%rft Io f
1 1 d t .nt m s l tht a k4 t h o f J a n ; th e y Vo u ld b e b t~ i s
I~~~flu 1FR11%ow T.~ l 0 ..I t ^ i^wg^ ^-^ l
%ays he consuIlted hitwatch at 4C 14save t eco
s in Imy seat at a quarter past It It ,so- fn' J^ ""- nWere,
reaiion to thirk that he is un- t n trial for his life, at a late hour on the tsA dfay
'eaon o ticktha heis n-allowed by law for the holding of -the e i and
this particular. He says it so iiirv nr- frthe?
dI occasion to take notice of the the juyT acquitted him, butliappened to remiain -so
embers it. It could not well longin deliberation that they did not. brnintah
tlin, -as imy one will be antis- verdict till after twele o'clock, ws it all-.to/be 6.ld
t cur~ journals, public and ex- for naught, and the man to~be tried ^(p~f;?
ut a mass of business was des- Are all verits, judfiments, and orders of Courts,
from the committees, and be- null and-void, if madeafte midniHt o th. day
,of the. Seiiate.. Having mad e which the law prescribe as the last day? It would
10 dubttha boh huse wold e easy to sbow by authority ifauthonty could be
)f the conference, and looked that r timeth esn fwih a ^~r
me officer of the house bringing-iath day lasts while the session lasts. When
t come, however, and I pretty tlre court orthme legislative body adjourn. forn that.
ire was doubt whether the comni- day, the Llaiy 01' isoe, n ot before. -- -
the house would report, to the I am told indeed, sirthat it is tru thalf t-tis
ofite conferences. At first, I same 3d dy of March last not only we"- asher
ofs u i a onimdb thimig trasaWe but that the bill for the r~pir of
ifter another, until 1 was obligf- teG"1"8 od nijot~~d.t i
Seeing that the bill was thus gated m"ea~ure, actually received: the .ignaturw of
lost, ~ ~~ ou prenediga nyrt y sidn officer after 12 o'clock, was their sent
losty andittaci ato anye Seate, I to he President, and signed -by ham.* I d n at.-
Ih juslylating teolutimeSna, I filu- this, because Itook no notice ohf th time, or do
a message be seint to the lion- "otit ed.brl f ~.^haehadtettte
Representatives respectfully I se tled no reso si fo th inrd i ,*hi
^ the reixport of the committee ne prie noprinciple ^.on whic ii esrit~o behsis
-ted on the dlsagreeht rui oe $f -^ 'S!^ fie procpl onwihi a asi


ie Senate to the bill respecting "am A ,.. u.u- e u nty toto krer o int'iw iter-
le United States." course with the Senate. Certainly it is equally ap
Resolution, sir, having, as I plicable to his intercourse with both housei li Ie-
Ssome pa on tie occasion.* gislative matters:- and if it is to prevail :hereafter,
n somep passrt on theocaio.* it is of much importance that it -houldbe lkown.
Ls poomptlyase d e; the SP- T he President of the United State. sir,.has al-
the House, and delivered it.-
me House on tlhe receipt of this eluded to this loss of the fortification bill i bis mes-
s from tuIe printed journal. I sage at the opening of the session, a&d Jh s al-
ment on the proceedings here luded also, in the same message, to the rejection of
e oad the, and each be able to the vote of three millions On the first poiati-that
n. Suffice it to say that the is, the loss of the whole bill, and the cac -of- that
loss, tUns 1E nis Ian', age. +
itives, having then possession l.osshlsin d h is conv.n.ie n
etain that possession, and nev- "Much loss and inconvenience hae been expe-
t of the committee. The bill, nrienced in consequence of the failure of the bill con-
It was lost in the House taining the ordinary appropriations for fortifictions
t died there, and there its re- which passed one branch of the National Legisla-
i. No opportunity was given ture at the last session, but was lost 'in theother."
SHouse to decide whether thy If the President intended to say that the bill,
e House ofth t wo committees or thyhaving originated in the House of nepresenWtives,
report ofthe two committees or passed the Senate, and was yet afterward lost in
. r past eleven, when the report, the House of Representatives, be was eminrly cor-
two or three o'clock in the morn- aect..But le'has been aliogetlier wrongly Worm-
ined in session. If at any time edife intended to sate, thas been athebiir wrong ipanform-
rum of members present, tht- ed, fthe Houstendedtoste, was lest in the StebiluthatAhave,
rum, we ir-e to pi esume, might-ed the House was les t t : *&t have
edm, asw tere pwasundobtedyi already stated, the bill was lost, ii the Htise of
ed, as there wa's undoubtedly a Repres iitI tives. It drew its 14s0bren*AIhere.--
e members still in the'city. ThatHReprose netives. It drew its lastireat re.-
isoneotner transaction of the Hose never let go its hold oi after the re-
Sbound to state, because I think port of the committee of conference. Betitteld it.,
several accounts, that itshould retained it, and of course, it died i 11 9i p6mession
severalacounts, tt itshould when the House adjourned. Ii is to be reretted
pending before the Senate for that the President should have beentmifeirmed in
nin Court. In the course of a matter of this kind, when the elghteqltn ferenoe
-me Court. In the course of fn + .... ,1pol ^,t. ..... --_ ..


OA- AIL PL A


b
A ,'* .
' -


: .. i ~er~rtna g 1%VIP~L+ -NUl~jOEl~jl~. iBLl~a.~~i ~ .... .1` .' ~.


1:








Ve sh"rhi ow in this 6 t tipe&t again, thO admnnistrtin awrj disburtement dfoT the public t,-
Presidentt had sent us no rt commnendatlon tbr any t enlte'.' '".
such appropriation; no department had recoim- But what have the friends and admirers of Mr.
minded it; no estimate h.id contained it; in the Jeff ison to say to this appropriation? Where do
Whole history of the session,'from the morning of hey find, in this proposed giant of three millions,
the first day, down to eight o'clock in the evening designation of object, and particular and specific
of the last ay, not one syllable had been said to application of money? Have they forgotten, all
us, not one hint suggested, showing that the Presi- forgotten, and wholly abandoned, even all pretence
dent deemed ainy, such measure either 'ne- for specific appropriatiou ? If not, how could they
cessay r .proper. I state this strongly, sir, sanction such a vote as this? Let me recall its
but 1 state it trdly. I state the matter as terms. They-are, that "the sum of three millions
it is, and I wish to draw the attention of of dollars be, and the same hereby is, appropriated.
the Senate, and of the country, strongly to this out of any money in the treasury not otherwise ap-
part of the case. I say again, therefore, that when propriated, to be expended, in whole or in part,
this vote for the three millions was proposed to the under the direction of the President of the United
Senate, there was nothing before us snowing that States, for the military and naval service, including
the President recommended any such appropriation, fortifications and ordnance, and to increase the
You very well know, sir, that this objection was navy: provided such expenditures shall be render-
immrdiately stated as soon as the message from the ed necessary for the defence of the country, prior
House was read. We all well remember that it was to the next meeting of Congress."
the very point put forth by the honorable member In the first-pLace-u ij u to-b- nh-ve, t/ whea-
tfah resintps ane (Mr. W thife) s beifg, if Imay her t he money shall be used at ail or not, is made



uehe wrs:ato ejectthevte. t he e Pre sim dent. hs
say so, the butt-end of his argument in opposition to depend on. the discretiors f the President. This
to the vote. He said, very signific-ntlly,.and very is sufficiently liberal. It carries confidence far
forcibly, "Jit is. not asked for by those who best enough. But, if there had been no other objections,
know what that public service requires; how then if 'the objects of the appropriation had been suffi-
are we to presume that it is needed ?" Tils ques- ciently described, so that the President, if he ex-
tion, sir, was not answered then; it never has been ended the money at all, must have expended it for
answered since; it never can be answered satisfac- purposes authorized by the Legislature, and nothing
torily.s had been left to his discretion but the question, whe-
Butlet mine here again, sir, recur to the message of their an emergency had' arisen, in which the authori-
the President., Speaking of the loss of this bill, lie ty ought to be exercised, I might not have felt bound
uses these words: to reject the vote. Trere are some precedents
"This failure was the more regretted, not only be- which might favor such a contingent provision,
cause- it necessarily interrupted and delayed the though the practice is dangerous, aid ought not to
progress of a system of national defence projected be followed except in cases of clear necessity.
immediately after the last war, and, since steady But the insurmountable objection to the propos-
pursued, but also because it contained a contingent ed grant was, thau it specified no objects. It was
appropriation, inserted in accordance with the views as general as language could make it. It embraced
of the Executive, in aid of this important object, every expenditure that could be called either mili-
and other branches of the national *defeince, some tauy or naval. It was to include "fortifications,
portions of which might hae been most usefully oird.ance, and increase of the navy," but it was not
applied during the pst seasonean." confined to these. It embraced the whose general
Taking these words of the mesag Wr, and con- subject of military service. Under the authority
ndecting them wi a th the fact that thePrsdcnt had of such a law, the President might repair ships,
made no recommendation to Congress of any such build ships, buy ships, enlist seamen, and do aony
appropriation, it strikes me they furnish matter for thing and every thing else, touching the naval ser-
very grave reflection. The President says that vice, without restraint or control.
thia proposed appropriation was "in accordance He might repair such fortifications as he saw fit,
with the #ews of the Executive;" that it was "in and neglect the rest- arm such as he saw fit, and
aid of an important object;" and that "some por- neglect the arming of o others; or build new fortifi-
tion of it might have been most usefully applied cationms whenever he chose. But these unlimited
during the past season." powers over the fortifications and the navy consti-
And now, sir, I ask, if this be so, why was not tute, by no means, the most dangerous part of the
this appropriation recommended to Congress by the proposed authority; because, under that authori-
President 1 ask this question in the nime of the ty, his power to raise and employ land forces was
constitution of the United States; I stand on its equally absolute and uncontrolled. He might levy
own clear authority in asking it; and I invite all troops, embody a new army, call out the militia in
those who remember fts injunctions, and who mean number s to suit his own discretion, and employ
to respect them, to consider well how the question them as he saw fit.
is to be answered. Now, sir, does our legislation, under our Consti-
Sir, the constitution is not yet an entire dead let- tuition, furnish any precedent for all this ?
ter.. There is yet some form of observanceto its We make appropriations for tie army, and we
requirements; and even while any degree of for- understand what we are doing, because it is "the
mal respect is paid to it, I must be permitted to con army," that is- to say, the army established by law.
tinue the question, why was not this appropriation We make appropriations for the navy ; they, too,
recommended? It was in accordance with the are for "the navy," as provided for and established
President's views;'it was for an important object; by la.iw. We make appropriations for fortifica.
insight have been usefully expended. The Presi- tions, but we say what fortifications, and we as-
dent being of Opinion, therefore, that the appro- sign to each its intended amount of the whole sum.
pruttion was necessary and proper, how is it that it This is the usual course of Congress on such sub-
was-not recommended to Congress? For, sir, we jects; and why should it he departed from ? Are
all know the plain and direct words in which the we ready to say that the power of fixing the pla-
Yery first duty of the President is imposed by the ces for aew fortifications, and the sum allotted to
constitution. Here they are: each ; the power of ordering new ships to be built,
"He shall, from time to time, give to the Congress and fixing the number of such new ships; the pow-
wiifti4mation of the state of the union, and recom- er- of laying out money to raise men for the army ;
mend to their consideration such measures as he in short, every power, great and small, respecting
shall jyde necessary and expedient." the military and naval service, shall t.e vested in
SAlterenumerating the 'powers of the President, the President, withoutspetificeition of object or pur-
this is the first, the very litst duty which the consti- pose, or the entire exclusion o(f the exercise of all
tutioa gravely enjoi ns upon him. Andrf now, sir, in judgment on the part of Congress? For one, I am
no language of taunt or reproach, in no langu ge not prepared. The honorable member from Ohio,
of party attack, in teimsaofno asperity or exaggcir. near me, has said, that if the enemy had been on
ation, but called up by the necessity of defending our shores he would not have agreed to this vo:e.
my own vote upon the subject, I now, as a public And I say, if the proposition were now before us,
man, as a meber of C(ingr' s here in my place, nd and the guns of th- enemy were battering against
as a citizen who feels .,s ,varm an att.tehieni to th. the walls ot the c ipitol, Iwould not agree to it.
cons4LtuLioof tie country as any other cmn, de- The people of this country have an interest, a
mnand of aiy ho may choose to give it, an answer property, an inheritance in this INSTRUMENT,
to this question:-"WuY WAS NOT THIS MEA- against'the value of which forty capitols do not
SURE, WiCH THIRE PRESIDENT DECLARES THAT weigh the twentieth part of one scruple. There
W THOGMT NECESSARY AND EXPEDIENT, RE- can never be any necessity for such proceedings
COMMENDB .TO CONGREss?" And why am I, and but a feigned and false necessity, a mere idle and
why are udir members of Congres., whose p.,tn ot hollow pretence of necessity; least of all, can it be
duty, the p$stitution says, shall Ue enlightened by said that any such necessity actually existed on the
the Prtsidht's opinions and commuicadiuns, to be 3d of March. There was no enemy onourshores;
urged wat w ntofpariotisin and want offideli- there were- no guns pointed against the capitol;
ty iM the oSatity, because we refused an appropri- we were in no war, nor was there a reasonable
alien whifb tae President, though it was in accor- probability thvt we should have war, unless we
dance wihhis views, and though he believed it made it ourselves.
iinportAwt ,ould not, and did not, recommend to But whatever was the state of our foreign rela-
1Hi? Wl these questions are answered, sir, to .ions, is it not preposterous to say, that it was ne
thf.tisfon of imt lligeot and impartial men, 'cessary for Congres to adopt thisja~n rej.-a-f Y '
then, and )t till th9U, let reproach, let censure, let not necesary for the President to recommend it ?
smplcifo 4 any kind rest on tie twenty-nine Why shuulu we thus run in advance of all our own
ni~Am,' tdit stand opposed to this appropriation, duties, and leave the President comp etely shielded
.... How, pW were we to know that this appropria- from his just responsibdihy ? Why should there
tion "widUi accordance with the views of the Ex- be nothing but grant, and trust, and confidence, on
ecutive ?^ He had not so told us, formally or in- ou'rside, and nothing but discretion and power, on
forrnalyfHe had not only not recommended it to
Congress either House of Congress, but nobody Sir, if there be any philosophy in history, it hu-
,on thiefliad undertaken to speak in his behalf man blood still runs in human vtens, if man siill
No mang p tos sy, the President desires this, conform to the identity ot his r ature, the institu-
hethinks it'fcess ry, expedient, and proper."- lions which secure constitutional liberty can never
But,sir, ifaHeentleman had risen to say this, it stand long against this excessive personal confi-
would not ha4 answered the requisition of the dence, against th s devotion to men-in utter disre-
Coustitution.. STot at all. It is not a hint, an in- gard both of principle and experience, which
'tirnation, the Bestion of a friend, by which the seems to me to be strongly characteristic of our
Executive duty W tbis resoect is to be fulfilled.- .times. This vote cAme to us, sir,,frpm the Popular


yi means. The President is tomake a recom- branch of the legislature; and th--tt scli a vote
ymedation, a pubicrecommendation, an official re- should come from such a branch of the legislature
. comaBendation, a-,sp)onsible recommendation; not was among the circumr.stance. which excited in me
to one House, bu4_ both Houses it is to be a re- the gre test surprise and tie deepest concern.-
ommend tLion to (.ngress. Itf on receiving such Certainly, sir, certainly I was not, on that account,
recommendationCOigressfail to pay it proper re- the more inclined to concur. It was no argument
spect,.the.faitiastheit. If, deeming the measure with me that others seemed to be rushing, with
necessary and expedient, the President fail to re- such heedless, headlong tiust, such impetuosity
commend it, the fault is his, clearly, distinctly, and of confidence, into the arms of executive pow-
hsively his. This, sir, is the Constitution of er. I held back the stronger, a'rind would hold
I^aS T | a, ;or else I do not understand the back the longer. I see, or I think I see, it is either
CQaTtiiTf`L thoeUnited States. Does not every a true vision of the future,xrevealed by the history of
an,, 8wphot perfectly unconstitutionali-i th.i -. pastor, if it be an illusion which appears to me
thse President shQuld;' communict e his opinions or in all the brightness and sunlight of broad noon, that
Swishes to Congress on such grave and important Itts i" this career of personal confidence, along this
sub ts, otherwise than by a Irect and responsible beaten track of mam worship, marked, every fur-
Srweo mendatior.-a public and open recommnenda- long, by the fragments of other free governments,
uin, equally addressed and equally known to all that our own system is making progress to its close.
whose duty calls upon them lnto act on the subject ? A. personal popularity, honorably earned at first by
'Wha. s l be t. h ...ste o ti if e i military achievements and sustained now by party,
W uatsol '. wi s h tesof things ifahe liy o by patronage, and by an enthusiasm which looks
m" enmb e ,ne wis hes or opimnak privately to for no ill, because it means no ill itself, seems to
a mon ouse, oand make ?no su commu- gender men willing to gratify power, even before
t : tw s te p e other Would o its demands are made, and tosurfeitExecutive dis-
^,collision? ? Would. t hecssai pu nmm t cretin, even in anticipation of its own appetite.-
Would they have equtanl on equal footing? tSir, if, on the 3d of March last, it had been the pur
would ensue from such 'manner of con duetin pose of both Houses of Congress to create a military
bli business bu arra c" ofon d ct,' the dictator, what formula had been better suited to their
la ----s si-u-" "5 'r, coneusen and colf.et'i purpose than this vote of the House ? It is true, we
A m seber rises in ihe House of Representatives, purposetha it to
med s l a pri of might have given more money if we had had'it to
Sii ita ery large apppriatn money give. We might have emptied the treasury; but as
Suirposes. If he says, he does it to the formof the gift, we could not have bettered it.
up fexecu lve PreSommendation, where is his Rome has no better models. When we give our mo-
'voucherI The President -is not like the Bt-itlish
inhose iters and secretaries are in the ney for any military purpose whatever, what remains
of miniotr and wh cretaries authorized i tobedone? If we leave it with one mnm to decide,
2a cases n, tdwo exrss th eiin a wthorizedin not only whether the military means of the country
certain caseato expre the opinions and wishes stll be used at all, but how they shall be used, and
Oftheir sovereigns. We have no king's servants; to what extent they shliall beemployed, whatrminains
nest n h C cnoeknown to the Constitu- either for Congress or the people but to sit still, and
_'-: Cngresa t. the opinions ofthePresi- see how this dictatorial power will be exercised?
'Odnt only. as he officially conumunicates them. It 0,t0
dent- nly asr he ousiuiry communicates them. It w On the 3d of March, sir, I had not forgotten-it was
w. ribe a curious inquiry in either House, when impossible that I should have forgotten-the recom-
fItrge appsk whether theis moved, ifr represented tcPresi- mendation in the mnessagb at the opening of that se s-
t ake his sentime r t orepresein o their words, whe- sion, that power should be vested in the President to
at, oke his roosentiments, or in other waccordancs, with issue letters of marque and reprisal against France,
the views of th Executive ?" How could that be at his discretion, in the recess of Congress. Hap-
udg of? By the party he belongs to? Party pily this power was not granted. But suppose it had
judge quite Byth. en yhfo tt.y to Pairhy been, what would then have been the truecondition
Janot quitewtniqu enough for that. By the airs he of this Goverment?. Why, sir, this condition is
gives himself? Many might assume airs, if there- of this Qovernment?. Why, sir, this condition is
by they ouid give themselves sueh impor tane as very shortly described. The whole war power would
y^they could emasge ves such'mpo as hav. been in the handy of the President, for no
to be esteemed authentic expositors of the Execu- a b candoubt a moment that reisal would bring
ivV wll. I h. this will he itancandoubt a moment that relisal would bring


show to France that we are prepared to maintain manner of o(j IDeclaration of Independence, tihe
->urju4t rights, against her, by ihe exertion of ou' ..rievanCes under which Britons in Lower Canada
power, when need be, according to the forms of our bornd inning "a Congress of deputies from a4
own constitution ; that, itf we make war, we wil iin p, r
make it constitutionally; and if we vote money, the Provinces of British nmerica," for the purpose
we will appropriate it constitutionally; and that f deliberating on all measures affecting the com-
we will trust all our intei(sts, both'in peace and mon weal.
war, to what the intelligence and strength of the We will endeavor to find room for this address,
country may do for them, without breaking down
or endangerir g the fabric of our free institutions. as embodying the grounds of complaint, both
Mr. President, it is the misfortune of the Senate against Lord Gossford's government, and the French
to have differed with the President on many great Canadians.
questions during the lst four or five years. I have
regretted this state of things deeply, both on per- CENTRAL RA&ILROAD AND BANKING COMPANY OF
sunal and on public account; but it has been una- GEORGIA.-A Circular will be found in our adver-
voidable. It is no pleasant employment, it is no .
holidaybusinesstomaintainopposidionagainstpow" sing columns, signed by some of the most intelli-
er and against majorities, and to contend for stern gent citizensol Georgia, bettingforth the advantages
and sturdy principle, against personal popularity, promised by the act of incorporation, ani, as Comn-
against a rushing and overwhelming confidence, missiopers, iiiviliog subscriptions thereto.
-t4xax'b7wave pon wave, and cataract after cata-
ract, seems to b bearing away and destroying what- For further details, and tor an examination of the
socver would withstand it. How much longer we Charter itself, we are requested to refer all persons
may be able to support this opposition to any de- to Mr. John Bolton, 51 Pine street.
gree, or whether we can possibly hold out till the


public intelligence and the public patriotism hall be
awakened to a due sense of the public danger,
it. is not for me to foresee or to foretell.-
I shall not despair to the last, if, in the mean-
time, we be true to our principles. If there iv a
stedfast adherence to those principles, both here and
elsewhere, if, one and all, they continue the rule of
our conduct in the Senate, and the rallying point of
those who think with us and support us out of the
Senate, I am content to hope on, and to struggle,
on. While it remains a contest for the preservation
of the constitution, for the security of the public li-
berty, for the ascendancy of principle over men,
I amwilling to bear my part in it. If wecan main-
tain the constitution, if we can preserve this securi-
ty for liberty, if we can thus give to true principle
its just superiority over party, over persons, over
names, our labors will be richly rewarded. If we
fail in all these, they are already among the living,
who will write the history of this government, from
its commencement to its close.

NEW YORK AMIERICAN.
MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 25,1836.

The bill for the relief of the city of.New York was
passed by the Assembly on Saturday, by a vote of
91 to 24. There is every reason to believe that it
will meet with equal favor in the Senate and speedi-
ly become a law. The provisions of the bill are-
1st. That the Corporation of this city may loan
to any safety fund bank in this city any portion of
the six million loan-=.either in the stock or the avails
thereof, that cannot be employed in purchasing
bonds and mortgages of the Insurance Companies.
2d. That the Commissioners of the Canal Fund
may loan in like manner, the stock for the loan for
the Chenango Canal- or any other stock held by
them, or the avails thereof-and pay meantime any
monies required for the Chenango Canal, out of
the tolls of the Erie Canal.
3d. The banks receiving such loans, or loans from
the Tre sury of the United States, or elsewhere, for
a period not less than 12 months, may increase
their discounts one and a half of the amount of such
loans, provided they do not increase their circula-
tion beyond the amount now authorized by law.
4th. Any bank taking any such loan, to report
the amount, time, and source thereof, to the Bank
Commissioners.
This is a most important bill, as it will enable the
bantiks to increase their capitals, and consequently
their discounts, by many millions.
Considering the diversity of feeling and of inter-
ests in-the Legislature upon all subj ets connected
with banks, this city should feel that they have been
most kindly and liberally treated by the Assembly,
in' the passage of this relief bill'---and, among
many friends, they should not be unmindful of what
they (owe to the efforts of the Speaker of the House,
Mr. Humphries, who sustained the bill most ef-
fectually on the floor, and to Mr. Luther, Bradish'
of the joint committee, who had the bill in special
charge and conducted it to its successful issue, with
equal skill and temper.
ISA. W^- 2na'-8c'U-^pniEcyat~g J~ 6fl eljbstand-
staniding its length, be universally read. It is
truth, lucid and unadorned, upon topics of deep
interest. From the menials of the palace, nd their
echoes throughout the land, up to the President of
the United States, a deliberately false representa-
tion has been made of the causes of, and responsi-
bility for, the loss of the Fortification Bill of last
year. The imposition is laid bare, and exposed, so
that all who run may read, in this speech of Mr.
Webster. It triumphantly establishes, not only
that the Senate did not in regard of that particular
bill, f-dl in duty-but that in respect to other bills,
it outwent in real zeal and regard for the public
weal, the people's representatives.
We pray that the speech now published may be
attentively read, and that itf fac:s may be noted
and remembered. Independently of all other mo-
tives f,*r such attentive consideration, tthe report of
the course taken in the House of Representatives,
on Friday, by Mr. ,adams, presents a very strong
one. In a speech of some two hours, this distin-
guished individual assailed with great vehemence,
the debate in the Senate, of which Mr. Webster's
speech forms so prominent a part-and cast upon
that body the responsibility for the loss of the for-
tification bill. Whenever the discourse of Mr. Ad-
ams is reported, we shall certainly re-publish it;
and therefore it is, we ask our readers to bear in
mind, meanwhile, the strong and-as we.believe-
irrefutable statements of Mr. Webster--so that,
when the positions of Mr. Adams come to be
known, they may be weighed one against the
other.
,The hot and hasty zeal with which this happy
and peaceful land, is, without reflection--vithout


examination-sought to be pledged to any rash
course, that the pride or passions of the Executive
may suggest in our difficulties with France, does
excite our special marvel. Are we, then, sated
with prosperity, and restless under the too abun-
dant and undeserved blessings of Providence, that
men of all parties should thus vie with each other
in outrunning even the Presidential proclivity to
measures of violence? How else can we read the
resolutions offered on Saturday in the Assembly of
this State, or th applauding notice of them in the
Evening Journal? Verily, the actual supporters
of a military Chieftain in the person of President
*Jackson, and those who desire to further the pre-
tensions to the Presidency of another militaryChief-
tain, Gen. Harrison-would appear, in the anxiety
to promote their respective objects, to forget
that war-even in self-defence, and under any pos-
sible circumstances-is a great evil, and cannot be


[From the NMational Intelligencer.]
TWVE NTY-FOURTH CONGRESS.
The Senate did not sit on Friday.
In the House of Representatives, the whole day
was occupied in an extraordinary sort of a discus-
sion, of which, for to-day, the reader must be con-
tented with the following account:
Mr. Cambreleng rose and claimed the indulgence
of the House for few a moments, while he noticed an
attack made in one of the morning Journals [sup-
posed to be the U. S. Telegraph] upon himself.-
He would not notice it, but for the reason that it
was an attack, not only upon himself, but also upon
\he House, in relation to a question now before the
senate. The paper to which hlie referred, stated
tlat his (Mr. Cambreleng's) published remarks up-
on the three million appropriation bill were not
trmade till after the adjournment of Congress,
orq in other words, that the remarks were ne-
vet made at all. At this time, when he had
higher game in view, he would not condescend to
notice this statement at all, but for the consideration
to which be had alluded. And he now noticed it
only for the ptpose of pronouncing it false, and to
state that, when an opportunity offered bfor going
into a discussion of the loss of the appropriation
bill in question, there would not only be one, but
many of both parties in this House who would feel
it their duty to vindicate the proceedings of this
body in relation to that affair from any reflections
which had been, or might be, cast upon them.
Mr. J. Q(. Adams asked the consent of theHouse
to submit a resolution upon the subject referred to
by the gentleman from New York.
The.reading of the resolution was called for.
Objection being made,
Mr. Miller moved that the Rules be suspended
in order to afford thie gentleman from Massachusetts
an opportunity to offer the resolution.
Mr. Vanderpoel called for the yeas and nays, and
they were ordered.
The question being taken, the motion was agreed
to-Yeas 129, nays 60.
Mr. Adams then offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That so much of the message of the
President of the United States to Congress at the
commencement of the present sesi ion as relates to
the failure, at the list session of Congiress, of the
bll containing the ordinary appropriations for for-
tific: tions, be referred to a select committee, with in-
structions to inquire into, and report to the House,
the causes and circumstances of the failure of the
bill.
Mr. Williams, of North Carolina, moved to
amend by adding and that said committee be au-
thoirizd to send for persons and papers."
Mr. Adams rose, and in a speech of about two
hours' length, went into a detailed history of the
proceedings of the House on the Fortification Bill,
and cuntei ded that its failure was not ca'tsed by the
House of Representatives. He commented with
great warmth upon the course of the Senatein regard
to the bill, and animadverted upon the recent, de-
bate on ihat subject in the Senate, as reported in
the National Intelligencer. Mr. A. was called to
order by Mr. Mercer for alluding to the proceed
iigs of the Senate, but was permitted to proceed.
Mr. Wise followed with a statement of facts in
relation to the loss of the bill, and undertook to
prove tniAt its failure was to be charged, not upon
the House, and not upon the Senate, but upon the
member from New York, who-was chairman ofthe
committee of conference on the part of the House,
(Mr. Cambreleng.)
Mr. Wise, without concluding, gave way to a
motion to adjourn; and, at four o'clock, the House
adjourned.
---'J~cKmJ~reof tBWr YorK. >
yjeporteifd' he Daily )lbany argus.]
!IN SENATE.--Friay, Jan. 22.
Mr. Bi-hop repur.ed a bill to incorporate the
Troy Indi i rubber company.
Mr. L. BeardAey offered the- following resolu-
tion : '
Resolved, That the justices of thessupreme court
he respecfully requested to communicate to the
Senate, as near as they can conventetltiv ascertain
the same, the average number of causes brought to
that courtat each term thereof for the last year,
which originally were commenced in justices'
courts; that they also state as near as they can es-
timate, the average amount in controversy in such
suits, exclusive of costs, aind the aver.,ge amount
of costs in the supreme court, (irrluding; plaintiffs'
and defendants' costs) in review% ing the judgements
in such cases; and that they report also the num-
ber of causes noticed fot the argument during the
past year, -ndyet undisposed of.
Mr. B. said his object in offering this resolution,
was to obtain information, which would show the
propriety of pu ting a stop to this petty litigation.
He believed it would be tound, upon examination,
that some 60 or 70 cases were presented at each
term, in which the amount originally involved was
less than $50.
The resolution was adopted.
Mr. Tracy offered the following :
Resolved, That the justices of the Supreme
Court be requested to state also, the number of ca-
ses on writs of error to courts of common pleas,
and the number of the cases originating and litiga-
ted in the Supreme Court, where the damages re-
covered by the plaintiffs do not exceed two hundred
and fifty dollars, during the last year.
A desultory debate took place. The resolution
passed.
Mr. Maison then offered a resolution calling on
the Chancellor for a statement of the number of
causes and condition of business in his court, which
was also adopted.
On motion of Mr. Gansevoort, thIe trustees of


the State Library were instructed to transmit annu-
aLly to the commissioners of records of Great Brit-
ain, duplicate copies of the session laws and legis-
lative documents.
The committee of the whole took up the bill to
provide for liquidating the stock issued by the State
on loan to the Neversink navigation company.
Mr. Young said he had but one objection to the
passage of such a law as this; and that was, that he
should like to have the transaction brought before
the Legislature every year in the reports of the State
office, s. If i0 pdis a law to liquidate the stock,
we shall hear no more about it; but he was desir-
ous of preserving it, as a memento mori for allfuture
Legislatures.
After some conversation, Mr. J. P. Jones moved
that the committee rise, with a view to refer the bill
to a select committee, who shall be instructed to
report the facts of the case.
This motion was carried, and the bill referred ac-
cordingly. Adjourned.
IN ASSEMBLY,
Bills reported.
To incorporate the University of WesteraNew
York.


tions; and one to which free governments cannot
submit without compromising its rights and endan-
gerinig its independence and safety.
Resolved, That however high we may regard
the importance of commercial intercourse with
France; and however much we regret and depre-
cate any occurrence that may have disturbed the
friendly relations existing between the governments,
yet we cannot hesitate to justify and support the
Administration in the'stand it has assumed, declar-
ing that an apology to a Foreign nation for the
performance of an official act in any communica-
dion from one department of Government to ano-
ther, in this country, is impossible.
Mr. Yates, in offering these Resolutions, re-
marked that he had drawn them in terms which he
hoped would prove acceptable to both Houses of"
the Legislature. It would, he said, afford him pe-
culiar satisfaction to obtain a united expression in
favor of Resolutions which he deemed essential to
the honor and welfare of the country.
The Committee of the Whole passed the bill al-
lowing Obadiah Jackson to erect Piers opposite to
his land in the city of Brooklyn ; also, the bill pro-
viding for the destruction of noxious animals in
certain counties; and the bill to increase the num-
ber of Trustees of the East Circuit of the New
York Methodist Episcopal church.
The House concurred with the Senate, in a re-
solution directing copies of our Sessiop Laws to
be transmitted annually to the Commissioner of the
Records of Gi eat Britain.
The Committee of the Whole passed the bill ex-
tending the charter of the New York Hibernian
Provident Society.
Adjourned.
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES.
MONDAY, January 18.
No. 21. Oliver S. Woolcott's lessee, ;plaintiff in
error, vs. Andrew D. Hepburn. In error to the dis-
trict court of the United States for West Pennsylva-
nia.
Mr. Justice Baldwin delivered the opinion of the
court, reversing the judgment of the district court,
and remanding the case, with directions tb award a
venire facias de novo.
No. 25. Sarah Boone et. al. vs. Wm. Chiles et. al.
The argument of this cause was commenced by Mr.
Clav for the. nnnollants. and nontinued hv Mesars


section, with &a view.to modify it w h*eh was done;
ind the committee rose.
Mr. Lockwood called for the ayes and noes on
' agreeing wih the committee of the whole, which
were oidered ; and wLih the following result:
Ayes, 79-noes, 19.
So ihe bill was ordered to a third reading, and the
House adjourned.
[From the .1lbany Evening Journal.]
IN SLNATE-Saturday, Jan. 23.
Petition presented and referred.-By Mr. Van
Schaick of the creditors of tho Merchants' Fire In-
surance Company of the city of New York, for the
incorporation of 'a new Fire Insurance Company.
Reports.
By Mr. Edwards-In favor of the bill authorizing
the dissolution of the Masonic Hall Association of
the city of New York.
Mr. Gansevoort offered a concurrent resolution
appointing the first Monday in Febtru-iay to elect a
Treasurer of the State.
Lies on the table.
Bills read a third time and passed.
To incorporate the Saratoga and Schenectady
Toll Bridge Company-[Noes 1.]-
To amend the act to drain the great swamp in
the town of Sullivan and Lenox in the county of
Madison.
The Senate in Committee of the Whole, passed
the bill to incorporate the Troy Indian Rubber
Company.
Mr. Fox took this occasion to express his views
of incorporations, at length. He gave the Senate'
to understand that they might not expect, as a mat-
ter of course, his vote for any incorporation. The
only thing he had to regret since he had had
the honor of a seat in the Legislature was
the votes which he had given for incorpora-
tions. He would not say that he should vote
against all incorporations. If an application
should be made for a company which would
tend to human happiness and the general
good, he would doubtless give it his vote. It had
been said that the Companies in the Eastern States
for the manufacture of India rubber had made it
impossible for any individual in this State to com-
pete with them. If the Companies in other States
had such a powerful influence on individual enter-
prise in this State, what influence would Companies
here have ?
Mr. Kemble replied to Mr. Fox.
The debate was continued by Messrs. Fox and
Young.
When the question was taken on a motion made
by Mr. Loomis to limit the capital of the Company
to $2,000,000, and carried.
The bill was then passed..
The Senate in committee of the whole, passed the
bill authorising the dissolution of the Masonic Hall
Association in the city of New York.
IN ASSEMBLY.
Petitions presented and referred.
For a bank at Fort Plain; for the Mechanic's
Mutual Insurance Company of the city of Troy;
to amend the law in relation to Weighers in the
city of New York; for an Insurance Company in
the l lth Ward of the city of New York.
Reports of Committees.
To incorporate the Monroe County Mutual In-
surance Company.
Providing for special elections to supply vacan-
cies in Congress occasioned. by death or resigna-
tions.
To incorporate the Hamilton Fire Insurance
Company in the city of New York.
The annual Report of the Bank Commission-
ers was received, of which Document four times
the usual number of copies was ordered to be print.
ed.
For the Relief of the City of.New York.
Mr. W. Seymour addressed the House briefly in
favor of the bill.
Mr. Morgan also urged the pass -ige of the bill.
Mr. Parker, though not entirely satisfied with the
bill, was induced, by his strong desire to relieve the
city ofNew York, to give it his vote.
The question was then taken, and the bill pas-
sed.-Ayes 91i, Noes 24.
Mr. Yates submitted the following Preamble and
Joint Resolutions in elation to our AFFAIRS WITH
FRANCE, which lies one day on the table :
Whereas it appears by the Special Message of
the President of the United States to Congress that
A new question of vital importance to all free gov-
ernments, resulting from the extraordinary position
assumed by the Government of France, has been
presented for the consideration of tfe American
people; and in the diplomatic correspondence be-
tween the ,two nations, France distinctly takes the
ground that a communication made by the Presi-
dent to Congress, in performance of his Executive
duty, contained tarteuage imnl.ii,..4n4 t his itlt
menacing tne ,rieiierf-t 1.il r, cimfd therefore an ex-
planation of, or apology for, such offensive lan-
guage, is demanded by the Government of France
as a condition precedent to the performance of a
Treaty the articles of which had been finally set-
tled :
And Whereas, submission to sach a demand
would be subversive of th Constit'ution and princi-
ples of our Government, and either prevent that
freedom of communication fiom'one department of
the Government to the other which is requisite for
its safe administration, or tend continually to em-
oarrass our intercourse and embroil us with Fo-
reizn Nations:
Therefore, Resolved, That (if the Senate con-
gur,) as the Representatives of the People of this
State, and as American citizens, we reg ird this new
and unprecedented demand of the Government of
France, as wholly unwarranted by international
law ; as involving principles of interference entire-
ly inadmissable in the modern intercourse of Na-


dersiC., tue contracTor. i Tfne eatn was istatMTane-
ous and the bodies were horribly mangled.-[Mer-
cantile.]
We understand that Saturday was the last day
that the Branch Bank of the United States in this
city wbuld continue to make discounts.-[Mercan-
tile.]
We are informed that M jor General Scott, ac-
companied by several subaltern Officers of he Army,
will leave Washington .his morning, or to-morrow,
for the south to join the U. S. troops in Florida.-
Naval and Military Chronicle.]
First Lieutenant. R. P. Parrott, of the 3d Artil-
lery, has been nominated to the Senate as C Aptain (f
Oidnance, to supply the vacancy occesioned by.the
death of Captain R. Bache.-[Naval and Military
Chronicle.]
The new steamboat Almendares, at Newport, of
380 tons, and 156 feet long, is a first rate vessel, and
will start fior Cuba in a few days. She is to ply
between Havana and Matanzas.-[Gazette.]
The Spanish ship Veloz, formerly a steamboat
between Havana and Matanzas, Capt. De Soto, is
ready for sea at Newport.. De Soto was one of the
convicted pirates, but pardoned by the President.-
[Gazette.]
Appointments made by the Governor and Senate,
Friday, Jan. 22, 1836.
NEW YORK.-Edmond Driggs, weigher; Jona-
thanD. Stevenson, tobacco inspector; Benjamin
Clark, David Codwise, Samuel Cowdry, Wm. Van
Wyck, masters in chancery.

rj COPARTNEiSHIP.-The subscribers have this
,day formed a copartnership, under the fi i of Pope and
.Aspinwall, for the transaction of commercial business in
the city of Philadelphia.-Philadelphia, Jan. 20,1836.
DANIEL N. POPE,
J20 1w GEO. WOOLSEY ASPINWALL.


NALES OF STOCKS THIS DAI.
50 shares Bank United States 117--on time -
150 do do 117 -on time
50 do do 116f
400 Phenix Bank 120
1 Bank New York 127
5 Delaware & Hud. Canal Co. 101
150 do do 100--on time'
50 do do lo0o
400 do do 100
200 do do 100 -on time
50 do do 99
60 do do 9
50 Dry Dock Bank 132
250 do do 133--on time
100 Butcher's & Drover's Bank 125 -on time
15 Morris Canal Company ti
10 do do Sli
25 do do, '80 -n time
S50 do do 83 -on time
25 ,. do do 82
100 Ohio Trust Company 113
250 do do 113*
150 do do 11
50 Union Insurance Co.1 77
20 Jackson Insurance Co. 82
50 Jefferson Insurance Co. 38
125 Manhattan Gas Light Co; 1221
50 Mohawk Railroad Co. 100 -on time
100 do do 99f
50 do do 99
350 do do
50 do do 99-on time
100 Paterson Railroad Co. 86 -on time
203 do do 861 -on time
150 Boston & Prvey. Railroad Co. ll0*-on time
270 do__ do 109s


No. 31. Nelson J, Ehlioti, plaintifl, ,.HSwa't-
wout, (U. S.) This c'anse was ari.ed byMr. Ogden
for the plaintiff, and by Mr Atteftm general for the
defendant. B
POSJSCIllPT I
HIGHLY IMPORTANT.-We are indebted to the
editor of the Courier & Enquirer, for the opportu-
nity of laying before our readers the following la-
mentable and bloody inLe!ligence. The account is
by a slip from Mobile, and was received by the ex-
press of the Courier and Enquirn r:
MOBILE, January 12.
HORRID MASSACRE !--By the mail boat Mazep-
pa, Capt. Carson, arrived yesterday afternoon, from
New Orleans, %-e have received the painful and
distressing intelligence of the surprise and massa-
cre of two companiesof United States Troops, un-
der the command of Major Dade, consisting of 112
men, by the Seminole Indians.
Major Dade had started with his troops from
Tamp.- Bay to Camp King to join Gen. Clinch,
when on the morning of the 28th Dec., at 8 o'clock,
they were cut to pieces. Only three men of the 112
escaped, badly wounded, to recount the lamentable
history of the butchery of their fellow soldiers.
Major Dade was shot off his horse on the com-
mencement of the attack. Captains Gardner and
Fraser soon after fell mor-tally wounded, and their
scalps were taken by the savages. Lieutenants
Bassinger, Henderson, Mudge and Kean, and Dr.
Gatliri, surgeon to the detachment, were all slain.
Lieutenant Bassinger was wounded on the onset,
and was discovered by a negro in the party of sav-
ages, crawling off to a place of concealment and
tomahawked. We do not remember the history of
a butchery more horrid, and it stands without an
example in the annals of Indian warfare. Our citi-
zens, we are sure, will meet together and send some
relief to the suffering and defenceless inhabitants of
Florida.
Col. Twiggs of the U. S. Army chartered the
steamboat Merchant, and state ted with four compa-
nies from New Orleans to Tampa Bay. Major
Belton is now there with the force under his com-
mand.

Items.
LOUISIANA.--The Louisiana Legislat'ire convened
on the 4th instant. In the Honse of Representa-
tives Mr. LaBrarnoe was elected Speaker, and
Mr. Derbigny, Speaker of Senate.
FIRE-About half past 8 o'clock yesterday mor-
ning, a fire broke out in the bake house attached
to and in rear of the establishment of Mr. Winm.
Long, No. 31 Sullivan street. The premises being
chiefly filled with materials of a highly combustible
description, it was not long before the flamines spread
in all directions, and resulted in doing the following
damage:
No. 31-Dwelling and Bakery, occupied by
Mr. Wm.Long, totally destroyed.
No. 29-Two story brick front dwelling, owned
by Mrs. Stilwell, and occupied by several families
roof and upper story destroyed.
No. 27-Two story brick front dwelling, owned
by Mrs. Hays-roof destroyed-interior.much in-
jured-occupied by several colored families.
No. 23-Two story brick front dwelling, owned
byMrs. Lane, and occupied by a number of colored
families-roof and upper story destroyed.
No. 85-Two story brick dwelling, owned by
Mrs. Lane-and occupied by Capt. Howard and
Mrs. Cdmnus-roof and interior slightly injured.
No. 37--Was also slightly injured in the roof.
The cause of the fire is said to have been careless-
ness in heating the oven on Sunday morning.
Most of the above buildings were insured.
ANOTHER,-About 11 o'clock last evening, du.
ring the violence of the storm, the alarm was again
given which proebeded froMn the breaking out of a
fire at No. 35 Catherine street, in the Shoe Store
of Mr. George Butt, which was entirely destroyed.
Notwithstanding the obstruction occasioned by the
storm, the engimns repaired promptly to the spol,
and the fire was not permitted to extend beyond
the premises in which hit origimated.-[Journal of
Comn.]
Thie Drying House of the extensive Powder Mills
of Messrs. Vernet & Solomon, near Sp tswood,
N. J., blew up on Wednesday, injuring severely
the foreman, Marvin Fuller, of Middletown, Con.,
and one hind.-- [Mercantile.]
A dreadful accident occurred on the Philadelphia
and Re iding Railroad, on the 13 h inst, three miles
below Reading. In blowing rocks, a fragment,
wt ighing 300 Ibs., fe,l on a shanty, crushing in i s
course to the ground floor, the wne and child of a
Mr. .Tno. TRv!e_ hlael~cmitb. o.y'nlnv>rl hirM, As'-


SLOVES-2 cases Ladies' Paris Kid Gloves, for sale
)x J25^ by JOSIAH DOW & CO. 157 Pearlat.
t Ott.DEAUX BtANDY-In pipes, halves, brls., J. J.
JDupuy, Can non brand, for sale by
J26 E. STEVENS'S SONS, 110 South st.


W INE--200 cases St. Julien Claret Wine, entitled to
debenture, for sale by
E. STEVENS'S SONS, 110 South st.
Also, 9 cases Bordeaux Cordials. J25


C"klHINA SILKS-%0 cases black Lustrings, black Lev-
antine hdki., black & white Sarsnetts, Sarsnett hdkfs.,
white saddler's sewings, just received and for sale by
J25 JOSIAH DOW & CO. 157 Pearl st.
U IALCUTTA GOODS.-50 cases choppas and bandan
uas Madras hdkfs, for sale by
J25 JOSIAH DOW & CO. 157 Pearl st.
PIG IRON-100 tons Pon Pool foundry Pig Iron, for
sale by
J16 GO INNELL, MINTURN &CO. 134 Frontst.


NDJIA TWIN.--o00 bales, for sale by
Jll JOSIAH DOW & CO. 157 Pearl st.


d"OMPANY NANKINS-900,pstong yellow, for Bale by
c J22 JOSIAH DOW & CO. 167 Pearl st.
c HAMPAGNE BRANDY -Lecock's brand, vintage
1809 and 1810, in half pipes and qr. casks; Otard,
Seignette, Dumon and Bordeaux, in pipes. All in bond.
and for sale by CHAS. E. BORROWE,
j9 17 Broad st.


C AP RIBBONS--2 cases, Nos. 9 and 12, for sle by
JR,2 JOSJAH DOW& CO. 157 Pearl st.


FULTON BANK.
NEW-YORK, January 5,1836.
7'r OTICE-A package containing the ftbllowing describ-
i'*N ed Notes of the United States Bank, and directed to
"H. HUTCHINSON, Cashier of the Merchants Bank, of
South Carolina, Cheraw, S. C.," was put into the Post Of-
flee in this City, on the 18th ult.-As it has not reached its
place of destination, it is supposed to be lost. All persons,.
are cautioned against negotiating said Notes. and4i offered
in payment are requested to stop the same, and give notice
to H. HUTCHINSON, Cashier Merchants Bank, at Cne-
raw, 8. C., or to W. J. LANE, Cashier Fulton Bank.
DESCRIPTION OF NOTES. I
Notes of $50 each-signed S. Jaudan, Cashier, N. Bid-
die, President, payable in New York, of the following Let.
ters and Numbers:
Letters. Numbers. Letters Numbers.
S414 P 28
S221 q lea
P ^ 194 .C 161
N 411 0 21
S0 189 Q 216
C 312 Q
p 394 P 37-0
N 308 Qq 228
0o 93 q 48
O 324 N 164
P 411 0 193
N 90 0 191
N 79 1
Q, 80 0 23
N 46 0 119
0 196 N 168
Notes of $5Q each, signed:N. Biddle, President; W.
M,IlvainCasbler.
Letters. Numbers. Letters. Numbers.
L 1717 L 2070
M 1746 L 1664
R 2257 K 2071
M 2078 G 1781
Notes of $100 each, signed N. Biddl President; W.
M'llvain, Cashier, payable in New Yore'
Letters. Numbers
Lette Numbers
84q r 54
P 390 N .J28
0 36 0 108
0 86 Q ,393
P 388 p 360
N 77 p 252
O 1983 N 255
N 42 p 136
P 128 N .176
N 268 P 33


-;--- -~dCI~LII~-~ I)VI IY\rl ~ -l~~blY YI~I-iV


xz!a L* yvi" *"


~rrm~LIWrl+


-for ink b


FOR SALE, A HOUSE IN BOND STREET.
--The subscriber offers for sale the House which
lS&flIhe nowv occupies. No. 46 Bond street, together with
the Lot on the rear on Great Jones street, on which
there is a Carriage-house with a Stable beneath, and also
an Ice-house. The House is twenty-seven feet front and
sixty feet deep, recently built, and in modern style. The
Lots are each twenty-severI feetfront ani one hundred deep.
The House may be seen between the hours of twelve and
two o'clock.
For information as to terms, which will be liberal, apply
at the office pof the subscriber, No. 42 Wall street, up stairs.
J25 Idtf SAMUEL GLOVER.
SNo. 38 Warren street-House and Lot for sale.
M_ ^ -Wanted, a modern two story House, between
5 |!iu Lispenard and Anthony streets, for a term of years.
Supply at the Office of :he Eagle Fire Company,
No. iz Wall street, to E. W. LAIGHT. J25 6t
F nHE SAILING OF THE PACKET SHIP SHEF-
FIELD, for Liverpool, is postponed, in consequence
of the storm, until to-morrow morning, at 6 o'clock. J25
S HIP NASHVILLE, FOR NEW ORLEANS.-This
Ship is detained, in conseqitence of the weather, and
will sail to-morrow morning, at 9 o'clock. Has accommo-
dafions for a few more passengers, ift applied for soon.
J2 SILAS HOLM ES, 62 South st.
fOUND-On Saturday last, a pair of Embroidered
Shoe Patterns. The owner can have them by calling
at No. 417 Broome street, and paying for this advertise-
ment. j25 at
T HE ANNUAL CONCERT OF THE EUTELtPEAN
SOCIETY, will take place at the City. Hotel, on
THURSDAY EVENING, the 28th instant, to commence
at 7 o'clock.
The following eminent talent has been engaged:
Vocal-Miss Watson, Mr. Horn, Jr.
Instrumental-Mr. C. E. Horn, who will preside at the
Piano forte.
Mr. Keyzer, Violin.
Mr. Gosden, Flute, his first appearance in New York,
and a full orchestra..
Leader-Mr. Keyzer.
The attention of members is directed to the following re-
solution passed at a recent meeting of the committee:
Resolved, That suchmembers as have resided inthe city
for the last two years, and have not paid their annual dues
during that period, will, on their omission to take up their
tickets at this concert, be considered as having withdrawn
from the Society, and theirnameswill accordingly be strick-
en from the list of members J
Gentlemen can become members by applying to the Se-
cretary, of whom members can obtain their tickets.
G. SHERWOOD, Secretary,
j25 tc At the Merchants' Exchange Bank.
UhOTTED LACE, FOR VEILS.-Black, white and
green Dotted Lace, for Veil. by the piece or y-,for
sale by J. S. FOUNTAIN & c.
corner of Maiden land and Nassau at.
Also. real Blond Lace, Blond Gauze, Bobbinet Lace,
Demi Gauze, Thread Lace and Gauze Veils, for sale cheap.
J25
W ARRANTED RAZORS -The subscriber has giv-
W en particular attention to this branch of his busi
ness, with the view of supplying his customers with
such articles only as will admit the utmost reliance on
their quality. lIe has, therefore, made an arrangement
with Messrs. JOSEPH RODGERS S SONS, Sheffield,
to have his razors manufactured expressly for him. These
are of a quality which cannot be surpassed, and the adveri
tiser has no hesitancy in selling them, with a guarantee
which allows them to be exchanged, if not found to answer
the purpose.
,To distinguish them from all other manufactures, as wel!
as from those bearing a spurious name of "Rodgers," a
joint stamp has been adopted, which appears on eachbtade,
thus:--11*
H. C. Hart, ) ( Joseph Rodgers & Siora,
No. 173 Broadway, Cutlersto His Majesty,
New York. } (No. 6 Norfolk street Sheffield.
H. C. HART,
J25 Bazaar.", 173 Broadway. cor. Cortlandt s.
RAPES-12 cases black Nankin Crapes, for sale by .
C J25 JOSIAH DOW & CO. 157 Pearl st.
P EARL BUTTONS-6 cases, large and small sizes,
for sale by JOSIAH DOW & CO. 157 Pearl st. J25
NDIGO-7 cases Bengal Indigo, for sale by
J25 JOSIAH D6W & CO. 157 Pearl st.
ONGEE HDKFS.-6 cases modern style Printea Porn-
gee Hdklfs., for sale by
J25 JOSIAH DOW & CO. 157 Pearl st
COTTON DUCK-100 bolts Cotton Duck, for sale by
GRINNELL, MINTURN & CO.
1215 134 Front Pt.
AVANA SEGARS-An invoice of 80 M., in iailI and
1 quarter boxes, just received per ship Havana, and for
J25 sale by ROBERT GRACIE, 20 Broad at.
.UUNCH RAISINS- 200 boxes, in fnlue order, for sale
M J26 by ROBERT GRACIE, 20 Broad st.
M ALAGA WINE-18 quarter cask4 sweet, fo sale by
S J25 ROBERT GRACIE, 20 Broad at.
ONDON PORTER.-A further supply of Hibbert's
Porter &St Brown Stout, quartsand pints, will be land-
ed during the week, and sold in lots to suit purchasers, and
at reduced rates from the ship, by
J25 ROBERT GRACIEM 20 Broad st.
EIDSIECK CHAMPAIGN-A fresh supply of this
n favorite brand, just received, for sale by
J25 ROBERT GRACIE. 20 Broad st.
LMONDS-Princess and soft shelled Almonds, recei-
X. ved per late arrivals from Marseilles, for sale by
J25 ROBERT GRACIE, 20 Broad st.
CkIMO.D Cl Y MILLS FLOUM-3000 barrels
-.*Richmond City Mills Flour, of the Gallego brand,
for sale by GRINNELL, MINTURN & CO.
J25 134 Froefcst-


M N iilA 'L'TA1


L








HI LAD (UARTER.S, .'ERITORY OF i LORIDA,
Fort Drane, Jan. 4, 1836.
SiR: On the 24th ultimo, Brigaditr Gen. Call,
commanding the volunteers called into service by
order of his Excellency, G. R. vValker, acting Go-
vernor of Florida, formed a juinction wLih the regu-
lar troops at this post, and informed me that his
command hail been raised to meet the crisis; th -t
most of their terms of service would expire in a few
days, which made it .ecess ury to act promptly.--
-Two large detachments were sent out on t6e 15Lth
to scour the country on our right and left flank.-
Lieut. Col. Fanningiwith three companies from
Fort King, arrived on the 27th; and on the 29th,
the detachment having returned, the brigade of
mounted Volunteers, composed of the 1st and 2d
regiments commanded by Brig. General Call, and
a battalion of regular troops conminnded by Lieu-
tenant Colonel Fanning, took up the fine of march
for a point on the Outhlachuchy rivee; which was
represented by our guides as being a good
ford. About 4-o'cloCk on the morning of the 31st,,
after leaving all our bagg-age, provi-aons, &c. &c.
protected by a guard commanded by Lieutenanit
ancy, we pushed on with a view of carrying the
ford and of surprising the main body 4f Indians,
supposed to be c-ncentrated on the west bank of
the river, but on. reaching it, about day-light, we
found instead of a good ford, a deep and rapid
stream, and no means of crossing except in an old
and damaged canoe. Lieut. Col. Fanning, how-
ever, soon succeeded in crossing, the regular,
troops took a position in advance, whilst Brigadier
Gen. Call was act vely engaged in crossing his
brigade and in having their horses swam over the
river. But before one half had crossed, the batta-
lion of regulars, consisting of about two hundred
men, were at acked by the enemy, who were
strongly posted in the swamp and scrub which
extended from the river. This little band, how-
ever, aided by Col. Warren, Major Cooper, and
Lieut. Yeoman, with 27 volunteers, met the attack
of a savage enemy, nearly three times their num-
ber, headed by the Chief Oscola, with Spartan va-
lor. The action lasted nearly an hour, during
which time the troops made three brilliant charges
Vroo the wamp and scrub and drove the enemy
zh every direction ; and after the third charge,
although nearly one-third of their number had
been cut down, they were found sufficiently firm
and steady to fortify the formation of a new
Ihie of battle,-which gave entire protection
to the flanks as well as to the position select-
ed for re-crossing the troops. Brigadier General
Call, after using every effort to induce the volun-
teersremaining on the East Bank, when the ac-
tion commenced, to cross the river, and in arrang-
ing the troops still remaining on that bank, crossed
over and rendered important service by his cool-
ness and judgment in arranging art of his corps
on the right of the regulars, which gave much
strength and security to that flank. Lieut. Col.
Fanning displayed the greatest firmness through-
out the action, and added much to the high reputa-
tion long since established. Captains Drane and
Mellon exhibited great bravery and judgment,
'and likewise added to the character they acquired
in the latewar. Nor was Captain Gates wanting
in firmness. (apt. Wm. M. Graham, 4th Infe entry,
was fearlessly brave, and although severely wound-
ed early in the engagem-,nt, continued to head his
company in the mot gallant manner, until he re-
eeived another severe wound, when he was taken
from the field. His brother, Lieutenant Camp-
bell Graham, commanding the adjacent company,
was likewise severely'wounded early in the fight,
but continued with nis men until another wound
forced him, from loss of bl)od, to retire from the
field. Lieutenant Maitland, who commanded a
company, contributed much, by his gallantry, to
encourage his men. Lieutenants Talcot, Capron,
John Graham, Rjidgely, (who was wounded early
ia the action,) and Brooks, all displayed great
courage and coolness throughout the action.-
When almost every non-commissioned officer and
private exhibited such firmness, it was almost im-
possible to discriminate between them; but the
Commanding General cannot withhold his high
approbation of the judgment and courage display-
ed by Sergeant Johnson, of H. company, third
Artillery, en whom the command of the company
devolved, after Lieutenant Graham was removed
from the field, and who, although severely wound-
ad, continued at the head of the company till the
action was over. Also, of Sergeants Kenton and
Lofion, and Corporal Paget, 4th Infantry-Ser-
geants Scoield and Potter, D company, 2J Artil-
-erySergeant Smith, C company, 1st Artillery,
and Corporal Chapin, C company, 3d Artillery.
(el Joan Warner, commandant 1st Regiment Vo-
-*a ain.44idori Cooper, and Lieutenant Yeoman,
of same corps, who nmu r.'.. .ec on the left flank,
were all severely wounded, while leoaing meir ik
tie band to the charge ; and all b haved with gre.t
bravery, as well as Adjutant Phillips. Lieutenant.
Col. Mills displayed great coolness and judgment
during the action, and in recrossing the river with
his command. Lieutenants Stewart and Hunter,
of the 2d Regiment, with a few men of that Regi-
ment, were judiciously posted on the right, and
from their reputation for firmness, would have given
a good account of the enemy, had he made his
appearance in that quarter. Colonel Parkhill, of'
the F. Volunteers, who performed the duties o0
Adjutant General, d splayed much military skill,
and the utmost coolness and courage throughout
the whole action; and his sei'vices were of the
first imp )rtance. Col. Reid, Inspector General,
displayed mucn firmness, but he had his horse shot,
and received a slight wounds early n the engagement
and was sent i.ith orders 'to the volunteers. My


volunteer Aid, M.,jor Ly le, and Maj,)r Welfi-,d,
Aid to Brigadier General Call, were near me taro'-
out the action, and displayed the mostintrepid cour-
age and coolni si, Col. J. H. Mclntosh, one of my
aids, and Major Gamble, Aid to General Call, both
displayed much firmnness and courage, and were ac-
tivelyemployed on the ieft flank. 1 also fe-el it due
to Lieutenant Col. Bailey, Capt. Scott, and Lieut-
enant Cu~hbert, to sAiy that, although the action
was nearly over bf -re th y could cross the river
with a few of the 2d Reg ment, th-y took ajudi-
'cious position, and showed much firmness. Capt.
Wyatt, of the same corps, was entirely employed
in erecting a temporary bridge, :nd manifested
much firmness. Much credit, is a! so due to the me-
"dicAl department, composed of Doct', s Wightman,
Hamilton, Randolph, and Bradon, for their activity
;and attention to the wounded.
The timn. of service, ot the Volunteers having ex-
pired, and most of them having expressed an un-
willingness-to remain longer in service, it was con-
sidered best, after removing the dead and taking
-care of the wounded, to return to this post, which
we -ached on the 2d inst., without the least inter-
-ru, on, and on the following day the Volunteers
from Middle Florida took up the line of march for
Tallahasset, and this morning those from East
Florida proceeded to their;re'pective.hWmes, leaving
'me a very few men to guard this extensive frontier.
I am now fully convinced, that there has been a
great defection among the Florida Indians, and that
-a great many Creeks haye united with them: con-
sequently it will require a strong force to put them
,down.
._I also have the houor to enclose you a list of the
killed and wounded of the respective regiments and
corps.
I am Sir, with high respect, your most obd't,
D. J. CLINCH,
B. B. General U. S. Arrmy,_ Commanding.
R. JoNEs, Adj't General U. S. Army.

Return of the killed and wounded at the battle of
the Ouithlachuchy on the 31st day of December,
1836.
United States Troops commanded by Bt. Lt. Colonel
Fanning, 4th Artillery.
(C.) Company 1st Artillery, Capt. Gates com-
manding-1 artificer killed, 1 corporal and 3 pri-


now published for ith informatiott of the Gitiiensof
he United States i-fGlnbe.]
'No goods shall be impor ed into, nor shall ans
goods except the produce of the fisheiias in British
iliips, be exported from, his MVJ;jest.v's Colonies o-
New South Wales and Van Diemnan's Land, by
;ea, from or to any place -oih,hr thin the United
Kingdom, -r some other of his M jesy's poss, s.
sions abro d, except into or from the respective:
ports of Sydney, in New South Wales, and Ho-
bart town and Lanc and it is hereby ordered by his'Majesty, by and
with the advice and consent of the Privy Council,
that the free importation of goods into, and the free
exportation of goods from, the said poxrs of Syd-
ney, Hobart town, and Lancestown shall be per'-
mnittted, and the said ports shall be free warehousing
ports."

INEW-VO4ali A ,1iEt]lCAN.
SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 23, 1836.
9

REVIEW OF THE WEEK.
AMERICAN RAILROAD JOURNAL-for Saturday,
2d Jan., 1836. N. Y. D. K. MINOR.
Contrary somewhat to practice, we notice this
weekly Journal, in a review, that, for the most part,
is confined to publications less frequent in the pe-
riods of recurrence. Our object in doing so, is, to
congratulate the Editor and publisher, Mr. Minor,
in having re-appeared, so well and soon, after the
disastrous fire, by which he was so great a sufferer
-and to congratulate the public too-especially
that large portion of it, now interested in works ot
public improvements-that a Journal, which has so
faithfully and efficiently labored in that great cause,
which embodies all accessible authentic information
concerning all the different enterprises, whether of
canals or railroads, made or making, over our vast
continent-and which, from every source, seeks to
collect and disseminate, new and interesting facts
connected with such improvements, is flourishing
notwithstanding calamity, and with their aid, will
flourish moreand more. To show upon what grounds
that aid is asked, and how well it is deserved, we
subjoin an extract from the address of the Editor in
this number of the Journal:
Although the subscription has never yet come up
to a thousand, fifteen hundred copies of it have been
regularly published, that the work complete, might
be within the reach of those who desired to have it.
The publication of an edition so much larger than
the subscription list, caused the expenditures, for
the first three years, materially to exceed its income;
but it was believed that the investment was at least
a safe, if not an immediately profitable one; and so
it would certainly have proved, ascan be shown by
the sale of back volumes, during the last year, but
for the unparalleled calamity, which so many in
common with the proprietor of this Journul, will
long have cause to remember. By that calamity,
however, it has proved almost a total toss, as nearly
the whole edition remaining on hand, or 400 com-
plete setts, were entirely destroyed by the fire'
te ving probably, not to exceed forty complete setts
of the work unsold, and those mainly, scattered
about the country, in the hands of agents-which
are to be collected, before complete sets can be
supplied.
In consequence\ of the inadequacy of the price,
to meet its expenses, it was, after due deliberation
and consultation, deemed advisable to increase the
price to $5 per annum, and then to make the work
equal to the price, in preference to reducing the size
to 8 pages, as was at one time contemplated. In
accordance with4hat decision, the Journal will here-
after be charged at FiVE DOLLARS per year, instead
of three dollars, as heretofore.
Such, indeed, have been my losses by the fire,
that4t is now highly essential to the continuance of
the Journal, that the subscription for the ensuing
year at least, should be paid in advance-and that
all arrearages should be promptly paid..
We feel that in this Appeal, the editor should not
-may we not add-willtnot be disappointed.
We find recorded in this No. the proceedings of
the Syracuse, Cortland and Binghamton Railroad
Convention, held in Cortland village on the 24th of
December, and as the demands upon our columns
have prevented our republishing these proceedings
as we had intended, and are by a resolution of the
Convention requested to do, we shall have no better
f^.^.t t.: -"',-..Lly of adverting to the enterprzze-
proposed by this Convention.
The object in view is to connect the Erie
Canal at Syracuse, with the JN'ew York 4. Erie Rail-
road, as it shall pass Binghamton. These two points
are those named as the two extremes of the line, the "
villages of Homer and Cortland being named as
intermediate points, through one of which the pro-
posed route should pass. By such a road' the two
gr-at arteries form the commercial heart in this city,
branching out in different directions, would be uni-
ted at poln s which would enable vast and fertile
regions to take the benefit of both or e either of them,
and thus assist in the healthful distribution of the
life blood throughout every part of the system. A
Committee was appointed to draft an act of incor-


portion and present it to the Legislature, which
may, we hope, look favorably upon it.
VIE DE GEORGE WASHINGTON-PRIS DE L'AN-
GLAIS ET DE DIE, ALA JENNESSE AMERICAINE, par
A. N. GIRAULT, Maitre de Francais; 4th edition.
Philadelphia, H. PERKINS. We had recently oc-
casion to notice, with marked satisfaction, a Life
of Washington in Latin, intended as a school book
for the learners of that language. We now have a
life of the same great-and in his greatness unap-
proached-individual in French. It is the fourth
edition now before us, and that may be taken as
evidence that the book has found favor. We may
add, that a rapid glance at its pages seems to us to
justify this favor: for the style is clear, and familiar,
and the narrative well sustained. The part, where'
translation seems utterly to fail in conveying any
thing like the spirit of the original, is in the ver-
sion, at the close of the volume, of the Declaration
of Independence. It is literal and tame.
THE PIRATE AND THE THREE CUTTERS, 2 vols.,
Philadelphia, E.L. CAtEY & A. HART.--We spoke
last week of a volume just issued by the Harpers
here, under the title of" Tales of the Sea," which
were in fact the tales composing the .Naval Annual
for 1836, by Capt. MARRYATT. Under a different
title, and in two volumes, we here have the same
tales.
RIENZI, THE LAST OF THE TRIBUNES, by the au-
thor of Pelham, &c.,-two volumes in one ; .New
York, H-ARPER & BROTHERS.
The same, two volumes in one; Philadelphia,
E. L. CARET & A. HART.-The author of Pelham
here again is pressed with striving eE gerness--would
we could say in either case, in attractive, or even
readable form and dress-before an anxious public.
How far this work may sustain the author's reputa-
tion wea nra ns vet nnahptnl av hnthi hpbthb ics nther


Tork dh it6n frm Stall Island, and tloboke* in
joth which, the city seems too much diminished
especially in thelatter. The his orical and descrip
tife illustrations by Saml. L. Knapp, give life ant
incident to these fine engravings.
EPIScoPAcY EXAMINED AND RE-EXAMINED: 1
vol., .V. Y. Protestant Episcopal Press.-This vol-
ume of some 274 p. p. and rather small type, com-
prises certain controversial tracts heretofore pub-
lished inre!igious periodicals. The first, "Epsco-
pacy tested by Scripture" after being three year.
before the public, was reviewed in the Quarterl)
Christian Spectator of Philadelphia, by the Rev.
Albert Barnes. This was replied to through the
Protestant Episcopalian by the R1. Rev. H. U. On-
derdonk. A replication, and a rejoinder followed,
and all these, together with some three or four oth-
er tracts, having the same general design, are here
made up into one voiumre-which may be looked
upon as an armoury, whence the Episcopalian can
always derive the raeans of vindicating the author-
ity and forms of his church.
THE EARLY YEARS OF THE LATE BISHOP Ho-
BART, by J. M. VICKAR, D. D.; 2d edition. New
York, Protestant Episcopal Press. It is evidence
of right feeling, and cannot but be instrumental in
cultivating and extending such feeling, that this
narrative of the early years of one, who, "from his
cradle was fashioned to much honor," has so soon
run to a second edition. We have, on a former
occasion, borne our testimony to the affectionate in-
terest, and to the talent displayed by the compiler
of this narrative, and have, therefore, only to com-
mend anew to our readers this little volume.
THE KNICKERBOCKER, for January. New York,
WILEY & LONG.-A clever number this-with
enough of different sorts, even to the indifferent, to
please all tastes. The first paper-which we did
not read-is entitled, "Periodicity of Diseases."-
What authority is there for that word? Olopodi-
ana are amusing. The annexed poem-though not
new in its thoughts-is harmoniously written, and
under present circumstances, may be deemed a
salutary admonition. Hence we copy it:
THE PRICE OF GLORY.
lIo Pmn !-wreathe the laurel,-
Fill the cup, the banners wave !
Champions of a kingdom's quarrel
Watt the honors due the brave
Give rich gi ts,-a robe of honor,
Power and place, to him who led,-
For a nation is the donor-
Feed him with its orphans' bread !
SStrew the streets with fragrant blossoms,
Through them drag the hero's car;
Late he trode o'er bleeding bosoms,
On the crimsoned plains of war.
Ye whose children, fathers, brothers,
Pave his fields, be ye'its steeds;
Widowed wives and childless mothers,
Shout ye as the chariot speeds !
SLet each lip be curved with pleasure,-
Let each eye beam bright with glee :
What are tears, and blood, and treasure,
Poised against a victory ?
When a nation's ear astounded
With triumphant Pens rings,
What are thousands killed aind wounded ?
Men were made to die for Kings !
What though fields late rich with culture
Are by war's Sirocco scathed ?
What though carrion-seeking vulture
In a sea of 'ore hath bathed ?
Blot such tifles from the story
Of renown so nobly gained;
Still must bud the tree of Glory,
Though its roots be blood-sustained !
Build a temple to Ambition,
Base it on an empire's wreck,
Ye who bow in meek submission
At a sceptred despot's beck.
Search earth's bosom for the slaughtered,
And with bones that there lie hid
Of the millions it has martyred,
Pile the ghastly pyramid!
From the days when Northern Alric
On the Roman eagles trod
To the era-more chivalric-
Of the Gallic Demigod,-
Could the harvest of the sleepers'
From Death's garner be restored,
We should find his mightiest reapers
Wore the battle-axe and sword !
But the victors !-they whose madness
Made the world a type of hell,
Was it theirs in peace and gladness,
Mid the wreck they made, to dwell ?
Ask the walls where Sw< den's Monarch
Mourned Pultowa's overthrow ;
Ask the rock ofGalIia's Anarch
Hark! their echoes thunder- No !'
Conquest's sword is only glorious,
... sh.* t__^od with which it streams. _,
(Ransiiiiifa Tgun *.A-u,7- ^--.--" -as
Nature's ch rieaed right redeems.
When, by France no longer cherished,
Fades the memory of her son,
Not a blossom will have perished
Il thy garland-WAsHINGTONN! B.
THE NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW, No. XC.-
Boston, CHAS. BowEN. New York, C. & C. CAR-
VILL & Co.-Professor Palfrey has--in the first
number issued under his auspices-proved himself
worthy of, aad equal to, the task of superintending
and directing the oldest and leading Review of the
Continent. There are capital papers in this number,
and not a single common-place one. We have
not room fo" any detailed notice of the merits of the
respective articles, and therefore, extracting the
eloquent defence of the Puritans, copied from the no-


tice of Vol. IV. of Sparks' American Biography com-
prising the lives of Gen. Wayne (mniad Anthony)
by Gen. Armstrong, and of SirHenry Vane by Mr.
Upham-we dismiss the number with general but
warm commendation.
The time cannot be distant, when that whole
chapter of English history, the age of the puritans,
will be written with new perceptions of its connex-
ion with the great cause of free government, of
liberty of conscience, and political reform. No-
thing can be narrower, less generous, less philoso-
phical, than the tone, in which those lofty spirits
have been alternately assailed and defended. The
English of thepresent day, who owe it to the Puri-
tans that they are not tossed, like a shuttlecock,
from the pikes of an enraged populace to the bay-
onets of a military police, as their neighbors in
France, hurry over the history of the common-
wealth with a kind of compassionate or supercilious
non chalance; and even we, we, to our shame be it
said, we, descendants of that noble stock, we,
sprung from the best blood of that high-souled race,
we are eternally tasking our wits to find apologies
and excuses for our fathers. Apologies for the as-
serters of the liberty of conscience; excuses for
the men tat invented representative government;
and broke the iron yoke of feudalism! Exquisite
degeneracy; dainty unworthiness of our origin!
What, could Burke himself, loyal to the core,-
with tl.e streaming horrors of the French revolu-
tion before his eyes, and wrought by them to a po-
litical, and almost to a physical phrenzy, could even
he say of the leaders of the great English rebellion,
"whilst they attempted or affected changes in the
commonwealth, they sanctified their ambition, by
advancing the dignity of the people whose peace
they troubled. They had long views. They were
men of great civil and military talents, and if the
terror, the ornament of their age. The compli-
ment made to one of the great bad men of the old
stamp, (Cromwell,) by his kinsman, a favorite poet
of that time, shows what it was he proposed, and
what indeed to a great degree he accomplished, in
the success of his ambition:
"Still as you rise, the State, exalted too,
Finds no distemper, while, 'tis changed by you;
Changed like the world's great scene, when without noise,
The rising sun night's vulgar light destroys."
miboQ-- :^AO- f _-t h ;I,- __ -_


elvilied wotd tIhati we who live in an age when
-ven the heaven defying horrors of that French re-
1oluuion begin to be partly forgotten, in the brii-
iant development of power'aad talent which itoc-
. isioned ; begin to be in some -measure excused,
tbr the ages of crying oppression which preceded
it; begin Lo be in no small degree atoned for, by
ile eivii regeneration of feudal Europe to which it
,.ave the impulse ; shawc, wkile the Whole civil-
zed world, strugglingon triumphant, with joyous
-trides or convulsive starts, is shaping its mnstitu-
ions of civil polity more and more upon the prin-
ciples first practically set forth and exemplified by
,ur puritan fathers;-shall we, being what we are,
and whence we are, and where we are, shall we
basely qualify the homage due to these ildustrious
shades? the men who were faithful when Crom-
well and his associates were faithless? Miserable
prudery! Why do we not boldly and roundly,
withotL strain. or qualification, vindicate their
tame, defend their characetil, andas.ert that their
very faults were the instruments, with which Pro-
vidence vouchsafed to accomplish this great work ?
" They were dark and austere;" they needed to
be; the children of sunshine would have drooped
:and fainted under the terrors and gloom of the en-
terprise. "They persecuted those who differed
from them." They had a right to do that,
which is falsely called persecuting those who
differed from them. The main, who pos-
sesses the power at home, and persecutes
iis brother who differs from him; the man who at
home will not let his neighuour live in peace and
die in his bed, because he differs from him, is a ty-
rant. But the victims of persecution, thie men who
imave given up native land, and home, and forefa-
ther's graves to those who will not tolerate their
difference, and crossed thie awful deep, and found
out a place of-refuge in the horrid wilderness,
where hardships and danger are their constant at-
tendance, those men have aright to their own way,
in their own desert. They have a right to be un-
disturbed by sights and sounds and doings and say-
ings, which shock their sense of religious decency.
No wandering,melancholic, or fanatic opihionist has
a right to invade their place of voluntary exile, and
claim the toleration and protection of the banished
society, for his own annoying peculiarity. The
utmost- he can demand is a right. to do what they
havedone, quit them in peace, and seek a wilderness
still more remote, where he, in his turn, may claim a
right to worship God according to his own peculiari-
ty. "But the puritans were cruel, and hung persons
charged with witchcraft;" and what should we do?
If we honestly believed, as they honestly believ-
ed, that the wretched victims of these delusions,
were in personal league with the enemy of ma-n ;
if we saw the incarnate principle of Evil where
they saw it; if the state of philosophy, of public
sentiment, of popular theology, was to us what it
was to them, and we believed ourselves to be fight-
ing a perilous battle, amidst the flashing fires of the
opening pit; are we quite sure, that vwe should go
into the ghastly contest, with soft and elegant ph -a-
ses on our lips, and mild and placid affections in
our bosoms ? No, no. Let it suffice us to be our-
selves tolerant and merciful. Let us be content
with our own liberality; our own abhorrence of
persecution, which in us would be our crime; but
let us not judge great and honorable namesof other
days, by a standard either of opinion or du'y,
which does not apply to their age, their circum-
stances, or their vocation. Do not let us quarrel
wirh the noble and massy edifice, because it was the
work of successive generations; because it did not
rise like an exhalation from the soil; because they
who laid the foundation did not carry uip the head
stone. Let us not murmur at the oak, because it
did not shoot up from the acorn like a mushroom,
in a single night. Let us not impeach the wisdom
of our forefathers for not bringing to perfection in
a day, the system of social institutions, which re-
quired for its perfection that it should not be the
work of a day; which required precisely, more
than every thing else, the operation of successive
years, the seasoning of long time, the discipline of
experience,'the rectification of errors by their re-
sults, the preparation for one stage of advancement
in (he training of a former stage, the enthusiasm
caught from prophetic glimpses of a gradually un-
folding future.
THE ANGLER'S SOUVENIR.-Under this name
Wiley 4- Long have just received a new Souvenir,
with which all true lovers of the sport of which "hon-
est Izaak" is the patron-will be delighted. It
abounds in good engravings and agreeable records
of fishing of all sorts.

Iy. A Freeman shall have a place, but when ex-
actly, we cannot now tell.

THE DANK 0 -a T< ..I Vw ramo,~fS TTiii ~t
President christened a `Monster, and which he and
his satellites have so long labored to destroy, is
about to be 'evived with new energy, by the State
of Pennsylvania. We have now before us, a bill
pending in the Legislature of that State, of which
the following is the second section:-
Section 2. The present stockholders of the bank
of the United States, (excepting the United States
oind the treasurer of the Unm~eu St dtes,) and such
other persons as may become stockholders agree-
,b:y to the by-laws made for that purpose, not ex-
ceeding in the whole the present capital of the sa d
b mik, thei" successors and assigns, be and are here-
by created a corporation and body politic, by the
n mne and style of "tthe President, Directors anm
Company of the B.nk of the United States," and


shall so continue until the third day of M, rch, in
the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-six
,nd' by that name shall be, and are hereby made
capable in law to have, purchase, and receive, pos-
sess, enjoy and retain, to th m and their successors,
lands, rents, tenements, hereditaments, goods, chat-
tels, and effects of whatsoever kind, nature and qua-
:ity, and the same to sell, grant, demise, alien or
dispose of, to sue and be sued, &C. &e. &c.
The articles of incorporation are then recited,
which are in the ordinary form of the existing
charter, and without any particular restrictions.-
The consideration to the State for granting the act
of the incorporation, is stated in the annexed :
Section 5. In consideration of the privileges
granted by this act, the said corporation shall pay
into the treasury of the commonwealth thme sum of
two millions otf dollars, at such time and in such in-
stalments, as the Governor may require : Provided,
That at least thirty days notice shall be given by
the Governor of the timune when each instalment
will be required: And provided also, That for all
the sumrs the Governor shall not so require to be
paid within three months after the acceptance of this
charter by the stockholders, interest at the rate of 5
per cent a year shall be paid by the corporation,com-
mencing at the expiration oftne said 3 months, and
terminating 30 days before the time fixed for the
payment of each sum; and the said corporation shall
also, whenever required by law, advance on perma-
nent loan any sum or sums, not exceeding in the
whole six millions of dollars; and for each sumil of
money so loaned, shall receive from the common-
wealth a negotiable certificate of stock, reimbursable
on the third day of March, one thous-md eight hun-
dred and s:xty-six, trans;ei-able at the Bink of Penn-
-ylvania, bearing an interest of either four or five
per cent. pr annum, payable half yearly atthe Bank
f Pennsylvania, as tie law requiring such loan may
determine; und in case the interest shall be five per
cent. shall pay to the commonwealth one hundred
and ten dottars in money for each hundred dollarsof
stock, or if the interest be four per cent. slull pay
one hundred dollars in money for each hundred dol-
lars of stock; and the said corporation shall be
bound, whevever required by law, to advance to the
commonwealth, as a temporary loan, any sum of
money, not exceeding one million of dollars, inany


.~~~ ;;,',. J.
nil, shallhaave been boii fide placed iihdier the o
tra6t anind the cons! iruction thereof actually begun.
With stich inducemrents for retaining it, it can
harldlybe a-pposed thii State of Pennsyltiiiia will
permit the capital now Vested in the Bank of the
United States, to be withdrawn from its bliders.
'This State asjit seems to us, is to be afec ed inno
very advantageous manner by this move, whichwe
presume will be successful,in Pennsylvania. A solid
bank of thirty-five millions, 'unrestricted in its
right to establish agencies any where, or in the
amount of interest it may take out of the State of
Pennsylvania, will wield a power over the money
market of this continent, which will prove irresisti
ble. The whole banking system of.Ntoew York may
be made subordinate to the interests or caprices of
such a mammoth. While such an institution was a
feJeral one, i;s interests and character were federal,
and embraced the whole Union; The same power
and means confided to a State institution, would
make it in some sort a duty to consult first and al-
ways State interests, an I State supremacy, and
possibly to repress the too eager and successful
competition of other States.
Perhaps New York is in this way to expiate the
-party subserviency, which led her-in the face of
her former recorded Legislative verdict in favor of
a Bank of the United States-to espouse the re-
sentmepts of a p'.s donate and uninformed Chief
Magistrate, against that institution.
FREE MASONRY.-Tne House of Representatives
of Pennsylvania have determined, by a vote of 47
to 43, that the Sergeant-at-Arms should arrest and
bring before the House the witnesses who refused,
under protest, to testify before the Committee of
the House, charged with invsiigating the subject of
Masonry. Ex-Gov. Wolf, J. R. Chandler, editor of
the U. S. Gazette, and other prominent citizens,
are among the Protestants.
All this fuss, about an institution virtually dead,
seems to us, we confess, wonderfully ridiculous.

LEGISLATURE, Thursday.-Mr. Van Schaick, on
leave, introduced a bill for the dissolution of the
Masonic IIall Association, in- New York.
The bill for the construction of a railroad from
Attica to Buffalo, was under discussion. In the
course of it, the general question of the right of au-
thorising private corporations to take private pro-
perty for their own uses, was debated earnestly,
and the Senate adjourned without taking any
question.
IN THE ASSEMBLY, Mr. Judd called up his ex-
punging resolutions, which, however, at the request
of Mr. Bradis., he laid on the table again for the
present. Thp bill for the relief of .New York, was
again debated all day, without result.

[FOR THE NEw-YORK AMERICAN.]
Dear Sir-I wish to ask a question through you"
columns. Were the persons mentioned in the re-
port of a trial in the Journal of Commerce, cf 20th
or 21st inst., as having entered into a pledge with
others, not to assist in extinguishing anrty fire, when
the property had. in any way, a connection with the
State Prison works- were they, I ask, firemen ? I
can scarcely credit it, and yet such is the imnplica-
tion. If this should prove to be the case, I em sure
it is only necessary to call your attention to it, to
secure your profeit against such an act, on the part
of our firemen. If they are to be propitiated before
their assistance can be received to extinguish our
burning dwellings, we hold our property by a very
insecure tenure. S.
We have not seen the trial alluded to, but cannot
suppose the Chief Engineer would permit any such
pledge to be entered into, or observed. He should
inqutre into it.

[FOR THE NEw YORKx AMEicAN.]
I cheerfully comply with the request of "SAFE-
TY," in your paper of the 21st, in stating, more
partieuly, the sort of iron chest in which I deposit-
ed my valuable papers previous to the late fire, and
lost r early the whole! The SAFE was a brick


Mr. Clayto; bn Idav Introdii ed a bill ti e-i.
bifehft teritorilgovernifttent in Oaisconsin; which
was read twi i, and referred to the Committee -
the J ticiary.
On motion of Mr. Buchanan, it was
Ordered, That when the Senate adjourns, it ad-
journ to meet on M nid 1y.
On motion of Mr. Hubb.rd, ihe subject of the
aboliti,.n ol slavery wi-s laid on tLe. table.
The Senate proceeded to consider the reswlutit ns
offered by Mr. Benton.
Tlic question n being cn the motion of IVMr. Golds-
borough to ,mend,
Mr. -Hubbard resumed, and concluded the re-
marks whics he commenced yesterday.
On the suggestion of Mr. Calhoun,
Mr. Goldsborough withdrew his motion to amend.
Mr. Grutidy mov, d to amend the first ietoluti.n
by inserting after the word "that ," the words SQ
much of," and in the third line, after *'States," the
words "asmay be necessary," so as to make it read,
"that so much of the surpi tlusie revenue as may be nt;-
cebsary shall be applied," &c.
' Mr. Benton accepted the amendment as a modifi-
cation of the resolution.
On motion of Mr. White, the further considera-
tion of the subject was postponed till Monday.
On motion of Mr. Ewing, the resolution, as a.
mended was orde ed to be printed.
On moti m t fM.-. Por er, the Sen ite adjourned.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
This day having been assigned ior the considera-
ution of he several motions rlI ttin gto the petition
i. r the abolition of slavery in the District of Co
lumbia,-heretofore presented by J. Q. Adams, that
subject was taken up.
Mvr. Manp, after some rem-irks on the necessity
of urging the action of the House on the important
business before it, moved that the consideration of
the subjeetbe notp)ried to 'aturday week.
Mr. J. Q. Adams made scme remarks in favor of
obtainin a deci on oi the point o. order depend-
ing, as it as ,ais i a.itnton, if ine decision of the
Speaker was confirmed to muve an amendment to
the 45 h Rule, so as to secure to the People the free
exercise of their right to petition.
The question being taken, the motion to postpone
was agreed to, 94 to 59.
Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, from the Committee
on Military Affairs, reported a bill making appro-
priations tor collecting in.lbormation and commencing
the construction of cer-ain fo-tifications, and for
other purposes. Read twice, and committed.
Mr. Grays in, from the Committee on Naval
Affairs, reported a bill to establish a navy yard in
the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. Read
twice, and committed.
Abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia.
The House resumed the consideration of the fol-
lowing resolution, heretofore offered by Mr. Jarvis:
Whereas any attempt in this House to agitate
the question of slavery is calculated to disturb the
compromises of the Constitution, to endanger the
Union, and, if persisted in, to destroy the peace and
p osperity of tue country. Therefore,.
Resolved, That, in the opinion of this House, the
subject of the abolition of slavery in the District oi
Columbia ought not to be entertained by Congress ;
and it is further resolved, that, in case any edition
praying for the'abolition of slavery in the Dstrict of
Columbia be hereafter pr sented, it is the deliberate
opinion of the House that the same ought th be laid
on the table, without being referred or printed.
The question before the House being the motion
of Mr. Wise to amend the resolution by adding to
it the following resolution :
Resolved, That the,-e is no power of legislation
granted by the Constitution to the Congress of the
United States to abolish slavery in the District of
Columbia, and that any attempt by Congress to le-
gislate upon the subject of slavery will be not only
unauthorized, but dangerous to the union (if the
States-
Mr. Pickens resumed, and concluded the remarks
which he commenced yesterday on the subject of the
resolutions.
Mr. Hoar rose, to address the House.
Mr. Cambreleng moved that the House do now
proceed to the Orders of the Day.
The question being taken, it was decided in the
negative, 84 to 94.
Mr. Hoar then proceeded to give his views at
length on the subject, and, without concluding, gave
way to a motion to adjourn.
The Chair presented to the House a message
from the President, transmitting a report fromn the
Director of the Mint, exhibiting the operations of
that institution for theyear 1835; which, on mo-
tion of Mr. Cambrelen'g, was referred to the Com-
mittee of Ways and Means.
On motion of Mr. Grennell, the House then ad-
journed.


"' "- 'J' V t l I.1 "W. .r I I .--


feet wide, anid f-iv fe-edeep, built on a foundation
of stone and brick from below the cellar. It was
deemed fire-proof. But to make assurance doubly
sure, I purchased, only a few weeks before the fire,
one of DELANO'S iron chests. It was about three
inches thick, and apparently secured with strong
bolts. During the fire 1 opened the "safe," took
out some books, but considering its apparent
strength, and the massy iron chest before r0e, I
thought the books and pap-rs I left more safe
than they would be if removed. But every book
and paper left in the S.ife, as well as those left in
the iron chest, within the Safe, were wholly de-
stroyed in the conflagration.
I am now told that the chest was not all iron! as
[ supposed; that between two plates of iron was
a wooden box, the materials of which had been
so iked in alum or pit-ash; that ihe apparent
bolts were deception, &c. and thns, Mr. SAFETY,"
was -he p.tteat, double s.tfe," or iron-chest, that I
had careful.y.purchased, in which to preserve my
valuable papers, &c. 'romin fire!
Permit me, Mr. Editor, to add a few words in ad-
ditioan to the "advice" I ventured to rffer on a for-
mer occasion.
1. Do not trust your notes receivable, or policies, or
certificates of stock, or valuables of any kind, to SINGLE
or DOUBLE SAFES, or iRO'N-CHISTS. Have th.-m in
a VAULT, or you m.ty be a ruined man ere you
are aware, and po.ssbiy, in your fall, ruin others.
2. Post up your books every night. Al hough my
business was somewhat extensive, the Book-keeper
posted the Sales book close up eveiy n:ght. M >rk
the benefit of this. I lost one of my Sales books,
tut saved the Leger; and, of course, preserved all
the accounts ot sales!
3. Do not trust to your youngest clerk to put out
the lights and shut up your store. The reasons are
obvAous.
4. Answer your letters, file your papers, execute
your orders, forward goods, in fine, do every thing
you can, before the close of each day. "Leave not
till to-morrow what can be done to-day."
MENTOR.

[CoMMUNIcATED.]
Will the Alderman of the 3d Ward be good
enough to remove a nuisance, which has existed for
some days, at the corner of Chambers and Church
streets, and which was recently placed under the
very eyes of our corporation at the foot of the park.
I allude to a large building, about 25 or 30 feet long,
mounted upon wheels, illuminated at night, and
where strange sights and sounds are sacn and heard,
to attract a rabble of idle boys. I beg yawwill state
whether this is consonance with our city hws, atd
oblige ONE OF THE ANNOYED.
P. S. If this establishment is not contrary to the
laws, I propose to have one of the some size built
and take my stand in front of Stewart's, in Broad-
way, and by my saving in rent to cut him out, and
up, entirely, in the fancy dry goods trade.


that the John Bring, of New Orleans, h -d run
over a schooner, supposed to be a Bremen schooner
in lat. 26. 30. Ion. 14. S0. The report was, it seems.
unfounded. We have seen a letter from the Cap-
tain of the John Baring, of which the following im
an extract:
"On the 26t h Nov., between 4 and 5 o'clock
while lying to in a gale from the South, we came in
contact with a schooner on the opposite tack, whici
was not seen before my flying jib baom was between
his m insts; carried away both booms, which brought
the schooner alongside, where she lay nearly Five
minutes; cut'-my beams abreast the inm -in chins.
which I think must have been done by his rmnchor
I saw hinm at day li lhtstanding towards us-hoist- d
my ensign, hlie showing a Bremen flag. When I
hauled my ensign down, he hauled his down, so I
concluded he was not dm ,ged."- [Times.]
m .. -.
The Memory of tfte Dead.--By Mrs.Hemans.
S Forget them not! though now their name
Be but a mournful sound,
Though by the hearth its utterance claim
A stillness round:
Though for their sake this earth no more
As it hath been, may be,
And shadows, never marked before,
rood o'r each trees ,
And though their image dim the sky
Yet, yet, target tlen not!
Nor, where their love and life went by,
Forsake the spot!
They have a breathing influence there,
A charm not elsewhere found;
Sad-yet it sanctifies the air,
The stream, the ground.
Then, though the wind,an altered tone
Through the young foliage bear,
Though every flower, of something gone,
A tinge may wear:
Oh, fly-it not !-no fruitless grief
Thus in their presence felt,
A record links to every leaf,
There, where they'dwelt.
Still trace the path which knew their tread,
Still tend the garden bower,
Still commune with the holy dead,
In each lor.e hour.
The holy dead !-oh! olest we are,
That we may call them so,
And to their image look afar,
Through all our we !
Blest, that the things they loved on earth
As relics we may hold,
That wake sweet thoughts of parted worth
By springs untold!
Blest, that a deep and chastening power
Thus o'er our souls is given,
If tbut to bird, or song, or flower,
Yet, all for Heaven.

NEW YORK MARKET-Jan. 23,
Aslces-sbout 100 barrels of Pots, embracing the entire
stock in the market were sold yesterday, at $8. The mar
ket is nearly bare of Pearls, and the transactions in the ar-
ticle limited to small. Aavices from Havre to the 17th
Dec. state that they were bought up in that market as f-st
as they arrive-the last sale there was 150 brls first sort
Pots, at 60f; no Pearls in market.
Coal-All kinds have advan'.ed since our last report. 75
tons Liverpool were disposed of at $12,50. A cargo of 300
tons, arrived early in the week, remains unsold. The re-
tail prices have been advanced to $14 per chaldron for Liv-
erpool, and $11 per ton for Schuylkill.
Coffee-The sales of the week consist of 800 to 900 bags
Cuba, for export, at prices which have not transpired; 400
to 500 bags St Domingo, at 10j a 1,1 cts; ZO0 to 400 bags


I !Blt'.q B oncti t o Jd ene< and ahi j ~ i ( 1g-
beriase. The only ile. of hich we have heard are &fWd
bu hes Cadiz, 100 Mtkl lilverpool blown at I go, ad
S2000 sacks fine at abotit or lowest quotations .
Sugars-The sales elbce bUr last report embrace about
17,0o0 to 18,000 malts ManillA, at 9 cents, part fr export,
at prices not known; 24OO to 800 boxes Cuba brown at 9
10 cts ; some tCanton white at 124 cta; 200 hds. New Or.
leans at9 a IQc,; 70 do. Porto Itico at 10 cts; and aoge
fine white Cuba at 13 cta. -
Wool-Prices remain the same, and there is a fair de-
mand for this season of the year. Some coarse foreign
Wools have been sold-in all about 300 bales-.-at Ut11ti
cents.

MARRIED.
SIn zanesville, Ohio, January 2d, by the Rev. Mr. S8all-
wo.d, Chas. Hammond, Eeq. editor ofth 4Cinieati (h.
ze e, tomiss Elizabeth B. Moorehead,fZanesville.

T- 'IHOMAS J. BARROW & CO.,-late8 Waser s.,
having lost their books and papers, (except notess) earne -
Il req iest their friends in town and country who are 04W
tnem book accounts, to forward the amount ad dad ofthe
severalbills upon which they are owing, without leM y.-..
hey atso request that all open accounts which lBdividual
mIay hMeagasunhezi, bep.reenttM4, a l 1 w llv ea o-
randum of notes, and.te 'he-they ranl lmm, at N& M
Pearl street.d2 tis
S A CARD.
o THOMAS J. BARROW & CO., having lost thelr
stock by fire, notify their friends that thwy-ave taken the
spacious warehouse No. 806 Pearl at., where they will
shortly be able to exhibit a large stock in theEarfliev.,
China and Glass line, selected with great eare, by one of
the concern now In England, and to which they invit the
attention of purchasers
d24 8&d imc T J. BARROW & CO., ;06 Pearl t.
S iiE COPARTNERSHIiP bet% een the tubteibers u.
der the name, style andfirm of" MOORE, iUTCH-
INSON & MOORE," is this day dissolvedby mutual con-
sent. Josiah R. Hutchinson retires, and the concerns of'
said firm will be liquidated by the remaining copartnery.
CHAUICEY W. MOORE,
JOSIAH R. HUTCHINSON,
JOHN T. MOORE.
New York, January 1, 1836.
Chauncey W. Moore and John T. Moore have this day
formed a copartnership under the name, atyle and ai of
C. W. & J. T. MOORE. and will carry on the lusineass M
heretofore, at No. 214 Pearl st.
CHAUNCEY W. MOORE,
JOHN T. MOORE.
New York, January 1, 1836. j2 Iwd&lnlmc*
S AW INTELLIGENCE.-The Reporter of the Su-
A preme Couri of this State has made an arrangement
with Messrs. Goulds & Banks, the proprietors of the copy
might ofCowen's Digest, to publish a DIGEST OP COW-
ENS and WENDELL'S REPORTS -the wholetu be ar-
ranged upon the plan of Johonn's 0I9,oa d. whfA
the work hall be complete, the profesafom wfll have a coo. -
nected view of the decisions in the Supreme Court, and It
the Court for the Correction of Errors br a period ofthitty
six years. The work will be ready for delivery by the firt
of July next, and as much sooner as possible. January,
18s36. jTdact
SC IRCULAR.-The Board of Trade of the City of New
L York, respectfully adress the following Circular to
the merchants of the United States, who trade with thiW
city.
You are aware that on the night of the 16th December
last, an unprecedented conflagration destroyed an impor-
tant portion of our city, between Wall and Broad streets,
embracing the stores of many wealthy and enterprising -
merchants.
Lest an apprehension should prevail that this loss may
renderour Merchants unable to furnish the usual amount
and variety of merchandise exhibited inthisn ia market, the
Board ol Trade have much salisfaction In gmlngthe afsur-j
ance that the merchants whose stores were destroyed, have
removed t(o others, and.are prepared frcm f:eshimporta
tions to continuetheir business with their usual asrtentas.
The Board. of Trade, therefore, deerm it pr* er o give
this public assurance that none need postpone their isual
time of visiting the city; confident hat they will find the
market as well supplied as usual, and their correspondents
equally able to supply their demand. By order of the
Board.
HUGH AUCHINCLOSS, President.
JOHN ELY, Rec. Secretary. jt d3tc6t
SLD PORT WINE.-100 doz. Old Port, of superior
quality, Woodhouse & Co.
90 first quality pale Sherry
TO "' gold "1-
100 Madeira
15 Wanderer warranted puts as whben im
ported; Madeira, Sherry and Port in pipes, half pttip and
qr. casks. .The above Wines are particularly selected
from the London market, bottled with great care expressly
for family use.
BRANDY.-Otard, Champagne, and-C6gnac Brandy in
pipes, half pipes and demijohns; old 'Irish Whiskey In
puncheons, demijohns and bottles. For sale in loW on
accommodating terms by
CHAS. E. BORROWED. 17 Broad at.
d29 Iw
Also, Champ'gne of all the favorite brands with lead and
silver toil caps ; 40,000 Havana Segars of different
brands.
SOBES DE CHAMBRE, OR MORNING GOWNS.
The subscriber has for -sale an extensive assortment
of wadded Morning Gowns, suitable for Ladies awd Gen-
lemen.
The above articles so necessary to the comfort of persons
in health, as well as invalids, ma be had of various pat-
terns and sizes, at BRUCE A. CHILTON,
d3l No. 15 Maiden lane.
E NGLISH SHEET IRON--O bundles assorted, for
J16 sale by DAVIS & BROOKS, 2!1 Broad st.


G VUMI COPAL- Cases, for sale by
J7 JOSIAH DOW & CO. 17 Pearl at.
A 9LMONDS-20 bales sott shelled, fersale by
J9 ROBERT GRACIE, 20 Broad ft.
(SLOVER SEED--3S casksnewftesh.for sale by
\^ HOWLAND 4 A"PINWALL,
"- -=. ',ad st.
HIlNA SILKS--jAlack sarsnets, back Sik Hldkla.
and white Pongees, received per Regumu, for sale by
j4 GOODHUE &CO. 6M48ehat.
OET CHAMPAGNE--200 baskets of this choice
.iJ' brand, just landed from ship Silvie de-Grase, and
or sale by G. & S. HIGGINSON, 16 Broad at. J14
f HINA SILKS-12 cases black Sarsnets and 7-8 black
S Hdkfs., rec'dperRegulus, now in store, for sale by
J 14 GOODHUE & CO. 64 South sLt.
I KRENCH WHITE WINE VINEtOAR-60 hhdb.,en.
Titled to debenture, and of very superior quality, for
S196t sale by ROGERS & CO. 18 Broad st.


LACK SARSNKTS-6 cases, this day received, for
sale by JOSI-H D(W & CO. 1.7 Pearl at. J19


USSIA, SHEETINGS AND DIAPERS for sale by
* J18 J. DOW & CO. 157 Pearl street.


I LACK LEVANTINES-2 cases, for sale by
JI8 JOSIAH DOW & CO. B157 FPearl at.


U IHOICE WINES. The subscriber has received per
S. the ship Sully, and other late arrivals, a-further
supply of Champaign Wines, including several of the most
favorite brands, quartE and pints, put up with lead caps
and silver foil, will be sold in lots to suit purchasers, and
on favorable tet ms
J21 ROBERT GRACIE. 20 Broad street.
TALIAN SEWINGS-Fenezio's 1st & 2d quality blue,
.navy blue, black and green black Sewinc- for salebi
HOWLAND L48APIWALL,
-.141. Itand 6 RrQa4 st.
i IAMUND CEMENT- For jominin g permanently glai
AF and china, for sale by the manufacturer
DR. LEWIS FEUCHTWIANGER,
J21 377 Broadway.
T. PETERSBURG CLEAN HEMP-S0 tonsHemp
landing and for sale by
J14, DAVIS & BROOKS, 21 Broad st.
ORPHINE, VEktATRIN & STtIYCHUIN.-A1I
: T these chemicals are ot a warranted pure qupliity ad
likewise Ferro Cyamide of Quinine, Potaspin, cad lC
and Mercury, Zodide of Iron. Sulphur and Zinc, Zodo Hy-
drargg of Potash, Emetine. Salicin, Narcotin and Piperin
&c. &c., for sale at wholesale and retail by
DR. LEWIS FEUCH i WANG-ER,
J20 877 Broadway.
-ilNE TEAS.-A general assortment of fine Gref.
and Black Tea, in chests, half chests, and boxes-
for sale by D. E. EMERY, Tea dealer & Grocer,
j13 142 Greenwich at.
-WEET CORN.-5 bbls. Sweet Corn, picked and dri-
Sed when green-a choice vegetable for winter. For
sale by D. E. EMERY, 142 Greenwich at.
J13
SUGAR-42 boxes, 62 whole and 5i2 half barrels rnd
8 hhds. Carthagena Sugar, received per brig Ariel, for
saleby It. HU'I1'OJN, 11 Bread st. J188t
B RANDY, GIN, &c.-Bordeaux Brandy, J. J.Dupuy,
U Cannon & Castillon brands; White Brandy, high 5th
proof, A. Seignette, 18 gallons each; Holland Gin, Pine-
apple & Grape brands; NewOrteans Rum, old and super.
nor quality; Claret Wine, in hhds. ar.dtases, for sale by ~
J21 lw EBEN'R STEVENS'S SONS, 110 South sat
5O (h1 LBS. JUJUBE PASTE and Marsh Mallow
50 %-JF Paste, Sugar of Honey or Cough Candy. Gum
Balls, Refined Liquorice, pure Extract of Liquorice Cakes,
Pontrefact Cakes, Opiated, Dovers, Boneset, Ipicac and
Current Lozenges, New England Cough Drops, Honey of
Bcneset, &c. &c., for sale by
2 DR. LEWIS FEUCHTWANGER,
J20 377 Broadway.
i 'ENCH & GERMAN CHEMICAL GLASS WARE
J' -Retorts, Receivers, Oil Decanters,, and Hessian
Sand Crucibles, of all sizes, &c. &c., just received and for
sale by DR. LEWIS FEUCHTWANGER.
J20 377 Broadway. -


LIVES-A few boxes fresh, just received, for sale by
J9 ROBERT ORACLE, 20 Broad at.


_ __ __


I


I








WOClUltMNT ...
Trantsmited to Congre by t/he.Preatdti of the Uni-
ed States, oan if dayJ;an, 18th.
AccdEpOtying the Special Message, in addition
to the documents published on Wednesday, was
the'subjoined,'endorsed, by the President, as fol-
lows-:
(["This letter was referred to in my message o0
the 7th of December last, and ought to have been
transmitted then, with that of the 25th .of April,
Sbut, by soqme oversight, it was omnitted.-A. J."J
LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
PARIS, Jan. 29, 1835.
Hi Excellency COUNT DE RIGNY,
Minister Secretary oi State of Foreign Affairs:
SL': itavin4 already h:d occasion to acknow-
ledge the r,'jipt oi yor exctlienqy's letter of the
13th instant, ani to answer that part of it whichii
moat urgenly Mquire.We mVattenuon, I proceed& to a
cWtsderi'u.t u{ tc e o0tSM muAters wliich i. cnmtaun.
I snail do tdis with a sacere desire to avoid every
thin- that may excite irritating or incre ise difficul-
ties whichli already, unfo, tunately, exisi. Guuided by
this dispu stumn, i shall conifine myself to an exam.-
nation oi your note, considered oly as an exposi-
tion of the causes wh*i 'His Majes-y's Govern-
ment thinmki it has to coafiain of in. thie message
sent by the President ot lWJUinted States to Coun
gress at the openiing of the present session.
Yobur excellence. begins by observing that nt-
thing could have prepared His Majesty's Govern-
ment for the impression made upon it by 'the Presi-
dent'smessage, 6an04.it' the complaints he make:
were as just aso PriXhiiik them unfounded, bt.h yoe
would have retail be astOnished at receiving ihu
first communicatiW o'ftitvn in such a furn. It Hi,
Majesty's Governfmentwas not prepared to receive
eomplaintson the partLf the United States for non
execution o. the treaty, every thing I have said and
written since [ have hthe honor of communicate
ing with your eLcee and your p:edeczssor i
office, must have understood or torgoLten
I can scarceiy su 0 e first; for, if my whoi
correspondence is to, and my ve bal iepre
sentations reedct lhey will be found, in tVi
most unequivocal language, to express an ext em
solicitude fe .te--execution of the treaty-a dtee]
fisappointrment at the several delays which hayv
intervened, and emphatically the necessity which]
the President would be under of laying the matte
-before Congress at the time, when in fact he ha
done so,.if before that period he d d not receive ntoC
tlice that the law had pissed for giving effect to th
treaty. To urge the obligation of the treaty, to pro
pare His Majesty's Government for the serouu
consequences that must result from its breach, ora
unnecessary delay in executing it, was my duty
and ithas been faithfully and unremittingly execu
ted.
To my own official representation on the 26th,
added, on tf& 29th July last, the precise instruction
I had recl8d, to inform His Majesty's Governmenr
that "the President could not avoid laying before
Congress, on the 1st of December, a full statemer
of the position of affairs on this interesting subject
or permit the session to end, as it must do, on the 3
of March, without recommending such measures a
the justice and the honor of the country may re
quire." In this alone, then, there was sufficier
(independently ti my numerous applications an
remonstranceQX prepare His Majesty's Govern
ment for the j complaints of the United State,
and for the "impression" they otught to produce, w
well as fPbr '4IW" ii lhiIh Vihey were oewria
nicated-a moueearly pointed out in the message
I have qgo0 mynote of the 29th July; the
: is to sayj, b tiual message of the Presider
to Congre I have already had occasion
to observe, ty's ministers have erroneous
lyW, i---3--n-- 1siddressed expressly to them; and
viewing it4 light, have arraigned this deu
ment as containing groundless complaints, couche
in language not called for by the occasion, and offer
ing for consi4iration means of redress offensive v
the dinity of France. I shall endeavor, by a pi ii
expoatidin of.fts, t) repel tho'e charges. I sha
exai e ith the freedom the occasion re
quires; but. *essing the feelings which soirn
parts of yd6 llency's letter naturally excit
will, as far a sible, avoid all those topics for re
crimination press upon my mind. The ol
servation I jniabout to make will not be deemed
Sdepartuture fia this rule, because it is intended -t
convoy infortq tion which seems tohave beenwan
ed by-His 4&st.y's minister, when on a late occa
woi, he pifs! a aw to the Chamber of Depi
ties. It is PjSr, ~teretfre, to state-that, although
> the iniliaxy^ike of''CiUarel was gloriously acquit.
ed by the preent head of the American Govern
mean, he is ,n official language, designated a
ggjr~dtijII^ a& ~th-w ^ Pr ^'n the lVP
"-11: '1mnunelllmiunation was mad
nt that cha.a-ter.
l'proce d..| to the examination of that pOrtion
your ex s letter which attempts to show tha
t the 'ofip set forth in the President's message

It begins lyassuming, as a principle of argunmen
that, afier ti Chamber of Deputies had rejected th
/leiw, and His Majesty's Government had promtis.
:to present it anew, the United States had, by r
iving that promise, given up all right to complai
f awy anteior delay. I have vainly endeivoret
sir, to find any rule of reasoning by which this argi
ment can be supported. It would undoubtedly b
mach easier to strike off from the case the delays'
twq yers. i propo iing the law, than to justify tir
': ;.1, Itrue that the united States, with a modern
t. ion and forbearance for which they receive no cri


S di, waited two years, almost without complaint, f
the performance of a trea-ity which engaged the fail
.of the FreAch nation to pay a just indemnity, f(
Which they had already waited more than tWent
,yts. 1 tjtrue th it His Majesty's Goverrtmei
-. .f assurances that, as soon as their Coi
5: 6ti;.uti oflecomuntry would permit anewvattem
woidwbt e to redeem the national pledge give
-.by- th. tlr IL is tru, also, that the Pttsident
'* the Unit tes gtve creditto those assurances
but it is also true, and your excellency Saems i
"bii. sightt thai import tt muicontested fact, th;
*. 1b ia f a was siven that the performance,
thbse'pr s wouldAbh expected accrdingtO)the
"ltF; aldhat he could delay no longer than tt
!-' Iu.otr .the execution of a duty which
*" thou.i. aew,. had induced him to postpone.-
iWhi isons His Majesty's Government ha
,- -"ft" aiyiahh Mr. Serrurier's engagumen
orh1r#eor theyS r'ha Imterpreted it, the Pr,
adeht eould not be precluded from considering th
S -W" Bhol 6tse _MS open,..adtdng to his st:ttement th
'7 'wrongs occasioned bytJre delay anterior to the voi
of rejection. Those delays .are still unaccountei
Sfor, at4 are rendered more qdestionable by the pre
.; ferenqoxi to another treaty, although subset
; ( q=tM y mie, forthegutrantee of the Greek loai
Q" comingg your observations to this second period
.you say that the reproaches which the Pr side)
ih fifs hhiselfauthrized in making td Fracle, ma
be coilprised in the following words: Tie Go
4ae King hid prom.sed to present tl.
anew to the Chimbe.-s, as soon as the
ed; but they have been assemble
---of the ist year, and the treaty h
Sid t S PAtU UWIN [lhol
-oi am, you proceed, si', in your endeavor
torW An.,
t t obliged, reluctantly, here to make use of a
,gitwoa wh ch, in the course of this discussion, kLav
obnften repeated, but which seem to have mac
impression on His Majesty's Government. I ai
Bjn repelling the reproaches addressed to thi
.if. bring to your recollection the terms o
tde on which he relfei. the circumstance
!" 6 and the object for which it was given
,1 .'itil be'fiully understood, and fully weighe(
...... r ti ion between us can be resolved.
Sngances under which Mrs. Serurier


awrittentahdogoialforin,tnrid (as Mr. Serurter ex. 1815 for October in 1816i for Novenmber in r]
tresses in his letter,)" pour des causes prises dans i817, 1818, 1819, 1821, and 1832; and for Decem- C
s n6ceasit 6s de votre Guuverncment." Whatgo- b-r in 1820, 1?24, 1826, and 1833. It is then cleat
iernniental necessity does he allude t6? Clearly- ,o demonstration that neither constistiuonal imped-
riat which obliged the President to commuuica. iment, noi stern, inflexible usage, prevented -uch i.
,aees engagemenitts to Congress at the next session. cAl of the Chambers as would have complied with
Here, then, we have a stipulation, made under, te letter of Mr. Serurier's engagement. Since 1I
special orders sent out by a ship despatched toi .iave alluded to the actual meeting of the Chambers,
aat express purpose, communicated first verbali' ,n the 1st of December, it is but candid to alloa
n an official conference, afterwards reduced to wri- that even this period would not have enabled the i
mng, and delivered to the proper offices, for tht President to have attained one of his objects--tht.
.Aoublepurp'.se of justifying the President for not presenting of the result of their dslib;rations to Co0
n.nkmngan immediate communication at their thin gissi his opening message; but even that slight
3esion,.,nd also toserveasa pledge which he mightex- tioncession, it'it hd been made to my unceasing up-
iibit, iti uniredeeme.d,at their next. These objects are- plications, might have given an opportunity ot con r,
well statedbyMr. Seruiertobe "h.ttheGovernm nt veying their decision to Congress before the 4th
.f the Republic may avoid, %ith a providential soli- of March, when they inust adjourn; because, hau
cilude, i this unsettled state of things, all that may hat day been then dt termined on, every thiing
oecome a cause of new irritation between the two would have been ready to lay before the Chanim-
on1Liries, endanger the treaty, and raise obstacles bears on the opening of the session; but a meeting
tWat, miy become insurmountble to the views of month or six weeks earlier would have given ample
conciliation and harmonyr which animate the coun- time for deliberation and d, vision in season to have
.*is of the Kin," It was, then, to avoid a commute it known at Washington on the 1st of December.
S.ication to Congress, which *Mr, Serurier saw The necessity of giving time to the new members
You'd endAnger the peace of the two e(u tries, that ,o inform themselves on the nature o' the question,
his engag ment was made. Surely, then, every nd the old ones to recover from the impression
word otf a stipulation, made under such ercumstan- ,vhich erroneous statements had made upon their
Ucs,- and for such important purposes, must have mninds, I understand tobe the remaining motives of
Seen duly considered,;,nd its import properly weigh- His Majesty's ministers for delaying the meeting.
ed, first, by the cabinet who directed, atterwards by But this wa a precaution-which, relying on the plain
ithe minister who .delivered, and the Government obligation of the treaty, the President could not ,
wh:eh received it. appreciate; and he must, moreover, have thought '
What, then, was this engagement? First, that that, if a long discussion was necessary to under-
t he Government of the King will use every legal stand the merits of the question, it was an ad
,nd constitution il effort which its persevering per- ditional reason for hastening the meeting where
"su ision of the justice and advantages of the treaty those merits were to be discussed. The delay that
Stuhoize the Uuited States to expect froin it.- occurred between the meeting of the Chamb, rs and
a'Son intention est" (I. quoe liteltrally)b "en outre" the 1st of January need not have entered into the
s(that is, besides using those endeavors above men- discussion, because, not long known at Washing-
e rLioned,) "de fair tout ce quu notre constitution ion, it could not have had any influence on the mes-
permetpour rapprocher, autant que possible, l'epo- sage. It was referred to, I presume, in order to
que de It presentation nouvelle de la loi rejettee." show that it was produced by a desire on the par.
our exc.llencycannot fail tb hive observed two of His Majesty's ministers, the better to assure the
1 distinct pits in thisengagement: one relating to the passage of the law. Of this, sir, I never had a
1. endeavo.s the ministry promised to make in order doubt, and immediately so advised my Govern-
to induce the Chambers to pass the law-for the ment; and intbfoi med it, as was the fact, that I per-
success of which they couid no answer; another, fectly acquiesced in the delay-first, because of the
e rel.it ng to the time of presentation of the law, a circumstance to which you allude; secondly, be-
e matter whiph depended on them alone, restricted cause the statements, originally intended to be
P only by constitutional forms, ready on the 1st of January, were not yet prepared.
e The promise on this point, then, was precise, and There is a slight error in this part of your excellen-
h could not be misunderstood. Whatever the Consti- cy's letter; the delay was not made at my re.
S ttion of France permitted, the Government of France quest, but was fully approved of, for the reasons
s promised to do, in order to hasten the presentation of which I have stated.
'" thelaw. What was the cause .of his desire to bring I have entered into this detail, s;r, not for the
e i.he business before the Chambers at an early day ? purpose of recrimination, which, in most cases use.
No one can doubt it who knows the situation of the ess, would in this be worse; but with the object,
s two countries-still less any one who has read the ts was my duty, of showing that, although the
n correspondence. It was to enable the President ministers of the King, under the interpretation
Y, to make those statements to the next Con- they seem to have given to Mr. Serurier's promise,
gress, which, relying on the engagements of the nay have considered themselves at liberty to defer
trench Minister, he had omitted to make to this. the presentation of the law until the period which
I It was clear, therefore, that more was required they thought would best secure its success, yet the
is than the expression of a desire on the part of His President interpreting that promise differently,
t Majesty's ministers to execute the treaty-a desire, feeling that, in consequence of it, he had forborne
re the sincerity of which was not doubted, but which to do what might be strictly called a duty, and
it might be unavailing, as its accomplishment depend- seeing that its performance had not taken place,
t, cd on the vote of the Chambers. For the Presi- could not avoid stating the whole case clearly and
d dent's satisfaction, and for his justification too, an distinctly to Congress, and detailing to them all the
is engagement was offered and accepted for the per remedies which the law of nations would allow to
fornance of an act which depended on His Majes- be applied to the case, leaving to them the choice,
it ty's Government alone. This engagement was having to their wisdom and prudence the option,
d couched in the unequivocal terms I have literally of the alternative of further, delay or conditional
quoted. action. Could he have said less in this branch of his
s, This, sir, is not all. That there might be no mis- message? If he alluded to the subject at all, he
's understanding on the subject, this promise, with was obliged to detail the circumstances of the case.
'---the senae-in which itwa-i tuderstod, the important It is not pretended that this is not done with fideli-
,e object for which it was given, and the serious con- ty as to facts. The ratification of the treaty, its
at sequences that might attend a failure to comply effc:ct in pledging the faith of the nation, the fidelity
1n with it, were urged in conversation, and repeated with which the United States have executed it, the
)n in my official letters, particularly those of the 26th delay that intervened before it was brought before
s- and 29th of July, and 3d and 9th of August last, in the Chambers, their rejection of the law, the assur-
dI, which its performance was strongly pressed. inrces made by Mr. Serurier, the forbearance of the
i- The answer to these letters leftt no hope that the President to make a communication to Congress in
Ad question would be submitted to the Chambers in consequencee of those assurances, and the adjourn-
r- dine to have the result known before the adjourn- ment of the question by His Majesty's Govern-
to ment of Congress; and, by the refusal to hasten nent to the end of the year; none of these have
in the convocation of the Chambers before the last of ever been denied, and all these the President was
il December, showed unequivocally that, so fir from Lbliged to bring before Congress, if, as I have said,
,- taking all measures permitted by the Constitution hlie spoke on the subject. But he was obliged, by
le. to hasten the period of presenting the law, it was to a solemn duty, to speak of it, and he had given
e, be left to the most remote period of ordinary legisla- timely and repeated notice of this obligation. The
e- tion. propositions which he submitted to Congress in
b- Thisdecisionof His-Majesty'sGovernment, con- consequence ofthosefacts, were a part of his duly;
a tainedin your excellency's note to me of the 7th of they were, as I have stated, exclusively addressed
to August, was duly transmitted tothe President, and ;o that body; and, in offering them. he felt, and
t- it naturally produced upon his mind the impressions expressed, a proper regret; and, doing justice to
a- which I anticipated in my letters to your excellency the character and high feeling of the French nation,
u- that it would produce. Ha saw, with the deepest ne explicitly disavowed any intention of influencing
:h regret, that a positive assurance for convening the it by a menace.
r- Chambers as soon as the Constitution would per- I have no mission, sir, to offer any modification
n- mit, was construed to mean only a disposition to do o)f the President's communication to Congress; and
is so; and that this disposition had yielded to objec- I beg that what I have said may be considered with
,- ft ,is.he could not think of sufficient force Al _jihe reserve, that I do not acknowledge an~yjight to
Ie justify a delay, even If ihoifc haO nd 1nti, .*'.ed i .-. ln--d, 4-, y-ois ttL o gR y xlaanatrons of
promi--e ; especially as the serious consequences oi t document of that nature. But the relations wliCE--
of that delay had been earnestly and repeatedly previously existed between the two countries, a de-
it brought to the consideration of His Majesty's Gov- lire that no unnecessary misunderstanding should
e eminent. Infact, sir, what were those objections? interrupt them, and the tenor of your excellency's
I do not speak of those which were made to pre- better, (evidently written under excited f eling,)
,t, senting the law in the session of July last; for, al- dll convinced me that it was not incompatible with
ie though no constitutional impediment offered itself, .elf respect and the dignity of my country to enter
*d yet it was not strongly insisted on, because an ear- into the detail I have done. The same reasons in-
e- ym session in the autumn would have had the same Juce me to add, that the idea erroneously enter-
in effect; and th, President, for the same reason, says tidned, that an injurious menace is contained in the
d, that it might have been overlooked if an early ca1 message, has prevented your excellency from giv-
ui if the Chambers had been made. They are the ng a proper attention to its language. A cooler ex-
b objections to this call, then, which immediately (mination will show that,althoughthePresidentwas
of leenand our attention. What, in fact, were they ? )bliged, as I have demonstrated, to state to Congress
n Nona derived from the constitutional charter havt he engagements which had been made, and that, in


a- been or could-have been asserted. What, then, his opinion, they had not been complied with, yet,
e- were they? Your excellency's letter of the 3d ol :n a communication not addressed to His Majesty's
) Alugust, to me, contains none but this: "His Ma- Governmont, not a disrespectful term is employed,
:1. jv-sty's Government finds it impossible to make any nor a phrase, that his own sense of propriety, as
o; positive engagement on that point."- In that ofl tit well as the regard which one, nation owes to ano-
ty 7th of August, there are two reasons as-igned : -her, would induce him to disavow ; on the contra-
n :irst, the general inconvenience to the members, y, expressions of sincere regret that circumstances
" %rlhis the President could surely not think of alleg- obliged him to complain of acts that disturbed the
p mgi to Congress as a sufficient reason for omittin- harmony he wished to preserve with a nation and
i. o lay the matter before them. The next, 1 con- Government to the high characters of which he did
a, ess, has a liltie more weight, and might have ex- ample justice.
s cised a delay, if the assurance given by Mr. Serru- An honorable susceptibility to every thing that
V; ler had been,asour excellence construes it, merely may, in the remotest degree, affect the-honor of the
: f a disposition to hasten the presentat-on of thi country, is a national sentiment in Frnce; bu
Siw. If the engagement had amounted to no more you wil allow, sir, that it is carried too far when it
han this, and His Majesty's ministers thought that becomes impatient of just complaint; when it will
in early call would endanger-the passage ot the dlow none of its acts to be arraigned, and consider,
i aw, it might, possibly, justify them in not m.inak. s .n offence a simple and correct examination of'
-- at. But the Presidint, who relied on the promise h-' injuries received, and, as an insu,., a deliberation
Id iad received; who, in consequence of it, htd de- on the means of redress. If it is fur hidden, tinder
it 'rred the performance of an important duty-the the penalty of giving just cause of offence, for the
S President, who had given timely and official notic d .fferent branches of a foreign Government to con-
ri iat this duty must be.performed at the opening ol suit together on the nature -f wrongs it has re-
ih he next Congress-the President, who could see ceived, and review the several remedies which the
t 10 greater pri spect of the p issage of the law in a l:ws of nations present, and circumstances justify,
N v inter than in an autumnal session ; how was he then no such consultation can take place in a GLvV-
e- justify himself, and redeem, the pledge he had eminent like that of the United States4 where all
e- ,nade to his country? He lid it in the way he the proceedings are public, without at once incur-
it ways does-by a strict performance. ring the risk of war, which it would be the very ob-
d From this detail your excellency will, I hope, see ject of that consultation to avoid.
n that the President's causes of co)mptaint cannot, as The measures announced in the close of your
y rou suppose, be confined within the narrow limit ltr, as well ias the correspondence that it has oc-
0 you have assigned to them. The failure to present casioned between us, have been transmitted to, m
it he law in the session of July was not the only, Government, and I wait the instructions which
S.tor even the principal point, in which he thought that communication will produce.
(i he engagement of Mr. Serurier uncompli-ed vi h4 I pray your excillency to receive the renew_
o)r, although he saw no reason for the omission, assurance of the high consideration with which I
k- hat could be"e tU@4# q c .A.alone, yet he ex-, have the honor to-be your most obedient humble
0 pressly says that might la.ivebeen overlooked. He servant, DWARD LIVINGSTON.
ways (it cannot too often be repeated) looked to
r- he promise of Mr. Serurier, as it was given at BOAROF ALEREN Secia meeting
e Vashington, not as it was interpreted at, Paris; BOARD OF AdeMN-Special Meetg.
,. .,. ThurIsday evening, Jan. 21.
ie 1nd he had a right to believe that, as on previous ,The President info med the Board, that it had.
S occasions, the Legi.lature had, in the years 1819, b een called toge her in reference to a message from
.ie 1822, 1825, and 1830, held their sessions, for.e the Mayor, accompehied b a law passed b the
o transaction of ordinary business, in the months of the t omp' aoP ed bYC- a law Pao b the
SJuly and August; he had a right, I say, to believe legislature to mipower the Ctorporation to raise,
n -hat there was no-insurmountableobject ion to the six millions byan ssueof stock, for the purpose of
d consideratmion-of this extraordinary case, enforced redeemin the bonds and mortgages held by the In-,
by a positive promise. Yet, as I have remarked, surance Compa nies which s.ff.red by the la te fire,
hedidnot a this his principal cause of co- The message from the Mayor, and the-law alluded
s laint: it was the omission tocal the Chambers at to in it, were read, but before any action was taken
laint; it was the omission to.call tne~namoers at _, ,._


iver- -referred to the consideration of the Special
Committee appointed in reference to the Mayor's
if essage.
Reports adopted-From a Special Committee in
avor of dividing the 12th Ward, by a line drawn
throughh the centre of 40th street. The part lying
,n the southerly side of the line to constitute the
l6th Ward.
From the Committee on Roads adverse to the
immediate working, on a permanent plan all the
streets on the island, 100 feet in width.
Unfinished Business-Report from the Commit-
tee on streets in favor of applying to the Legisla-
ure for the passage of a law authorising the corpo-
ration to take'the gore of land between Art and
Eighth streets, Lafayette Place and the Bowery-
adopted.
Report from the Finance Committee, adverse to
remunerating Thomas Smith for forcibly closing
his house during the cLolera of 1832-adopted.
The Board then'adjourn'd.

XIA I A111 -& 11* I. A I I
FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 22, 1836.

The effect ef the Special Message has been al-
most null upon public opinion and the commerciAl
feeling. We know not whether this results from
a previous apprehension of something much
Tore violent, and a. corresponding relief, at its
cqmp ratively mild suggestions; or, which is
mnre probable, from an abiding conviction, that
"hk moral -sense of Congress and the nation,
wi prevent the hostile and bloody resolution
of question now wholly one of forms and di-
plomatic etiquette. At any rate, this tone of the
public mind is favorable to right decisions; and m e
widl riot doubt, that-in the chapter of events-there
is yet reserved some combination of circumstances
which will extricate us, without dircredit and with-
out blood, from the false position into which want
of temper, and of ordinary skill and courtesy on
both sides, have thrown two friendly peoples.
As connected widh this question, a long despatch,
not heretofore published, from Mr. Livingsto,will
be found in our columns to-day.

STEAMBOAT EXPLOSION.-The Cincinnati Post
of the ninth instant says,-" About half pist ten this
morning, we were disturbed by a loud noise, re-
sembling the falling in of some great building, and
on rushing out of our office, we discovered it to have
proceeded from.the steamboat Wyoming, which
was putting off from the landing for Maysville.-
Her larboard boiler had exploded, passing clear
ihiough her from stem to stern, and sweeping every
thing in its way, and alighting in tkeriver about fif-
ty yards from the boat, it continued floating for
about a minute. The main shaft was broken in five
pieces, and the boat was nearly a wreck. One
man was-killed, two mortally wounded, two are
missing, and seen badly scalded. The boat having
no anchor to lot go, floated down stream for nearly
a mile, when she was overtaken by the Ferry boat
and the Lady Scott, which had started in pursuit,
and towed bacr to the lafidhig. -We have not learn-
ed the names Of the persons injured."

[Foi THE N. Y. AMERICAN.]
OUR RELATIONS WITH FRANcE.-Having at-
tentively peiused the documents, and remarks, in
your paper of Wednesday, permit me to say, your
views accord wilh the best interests of the Union.
1 am not a man to pocket an insult with sangfroid,
albeit, having arrived at the age mur, mature age,
I do not deem itvalorous or wise to snuff an insult
in every passingbreeze, or to be unforgiving when
none is intended. Should the nation be precipitated
into warlike mcksures, the precursors of war, the
friends of liberty and humanity throughout the
world, will lookupon it as the most foolish warfare
of the age. If rance and the United States, the
tri-color and th4stars and stripes, are, for such an
object set at variance, the civilized world must ex-
claim, 0 shame I
You double" remember, Mr. Editor, the carica-
ture published long since, during the long and de-
structive war between Great Britain and France.-
These two natins were represented, one holding
the horns, aff the other the tail, of a new milch
cow, while America was represented in the attitude
of a lass mtkili.lhe, Allow me to mention an oc-
--,c.urref ,i OeB^0Etreets : two boys qwirrelled
about an applf-in the scufle it dropped on the
ground, and w >en the combatants had ceased their
bloody encounter, they had the mortification to see
a sturdy little fellow scampering off with the apple
that occasioned the quarrel. I was about to add a
quotation fronrShakspeare, but all your readers are
familiar with 15s definition of Honor.
FRANKLIN.
[From the diary of Pepys,]
AN AMBASSADOR, 200 YTARS AGO.
"Among other discourse, some was of Sir Jerom
Bowers, Embassador from Qtueen Elizabetb to the
Emperor of Russia, who, because of some of the
noblemen that would go up stairs to the Emperor
before him, he would not go up till the Emperor had
ordered those two men to be draped down stairs


with their heads knocking upon/every stair until
they were killed. And when hewas come up, they
demanded his sword of him, before he entered the
room; he told them if they would have his sword
they should have his boots too; and so caused hLs
boots to be pulled off, and his night gown and slip-
pers to be se#t for, and made the Emperor stay un-
til he could gb in his night dress, since he must not
go as a soldier. And las'ly, when the Emperor, in
contempt; tb snew, his.command of his subjects, did
command one to leap from the window, and broke
his neck in sigbtofthe Embassador, he replied, that
his mistress 'did set more by, and did make better
use, of, the necks of her subjects, but said, that to
show what her subjects would do for her, he would
and did flingdowm his gauntlet before the Emperor,
and challenged all the nobility to to take it up in
defence of the Emperor, against nis Queen-for
wltich, to this very/day, the name of Sir Jerom is
famous there.' A.
[Frtr the XN. Y. Datly advertiser.]
STEAMBOAT EXPLOSION, WITH LIVES DESTROY-
ED.-We arn distressed to state that the steam
packet William Gibbons, Capt. Halsey, bound
fomrn Charleston to this city, yesterday about 1, P.
M.; while coining up the lower bay, collapsed Iher
steam chimney. Her en:erprising owners, ; s soon
as they received the intelligence, despatched the
steamboat Hercules, Capt. Vanderbelt, to her as-
sistance, when the flowing pardcul irs were made
known to tur Marine news collector:
The ac ground, between 8 and 9, A. M.-Capt. Halsey,
immediately, despatched his boat for surgical as-
sistance artl steamboats. ',he boat met the steam-
-int. e~it, sear4ta *o~ws<4he Capaiasooo
which immediately proceeded to the Quarantine,
where the Deputy He:ilth Officer.Dr. Daniel, Mr.
Hitchcock, attended by his assist Doctor James
Harcourt, repaired to the Gibbons, which they
reached about 11 o'clock, where they found the fol-
'lowing persons dead. Isaac Davega, passenger;
Charles Duncan, barekeeper; Stephen Langstreet,
fireman, and Henry a Frenchman, fireman;
Mr. B. F. Rogers, from Augusta, Georgia, dread-
fully scalded, (died ofi the way to Quarantine,)
Richard Toddy, 2d engineer, was still living, but
not expected to survive 2 hours. The four latter
wefre* left' at theo 0 nfiratinA-dne-tkrl/l tr). &n/ *tv AP^ Mn-


Sniin, F. S. Foot, C. imnmon*, t. 4 Minns, ohn
Bryan, J. Wetherbe, B. F. Rogers, (dead,) J. Hib-
here, N. Peck, F. A. P. Barnard, R. Hingham, C.
CiElmes, J. Thelman.
TVENTY-FOUTM CONGRESS.
IN SENATE--January 20.
Th Chair laid before the Senate,
1. A communication from the Secretary of War,
enclosing a report from the Chief Engineer on the
subject of deepening the Pensacola bar; which was
ordered to be printed.
2. A communication from the same Department,
enclosing a report from the Topographical Bureau
on the survey from the Maumee bay to the Missis-
sippi.
3 A communication from the Department of the
Treasury, enclosing a report from the General Land
Office in reply to a resolution of the Senate of the
1lth instant, calling tbr certain information ; which
was referred to the Committee on Pr;vate Land
Cliaims, and, with the documents, ordered to be
printed.
Mr. Hendricks, from the Committee on Roads
and Canals, reported a bill for the completion of
territorial improvements in the Trerritory of Florida;
which was read, and ordered to a second reading,
and the documents were ordered to be printed.
Mr. Davis, from the Committee on Commerce,
reparttd a bill authorizing the Secreiary of the
Treasury to purchase lands for the erection of a
light house in South Carolina; which was read,
and ordered to a second reading; and the docu-
ments were ordered to be printed.
Mr. Clay, from the Committee on Foreign Rela-
tions, moved that the committee be discharged from
the further consideration of such p rts of the spe
cial message of the President of the Unifrd States,
as relate to the augmentation of the navy, and thn
subject of defences on our maritime frontier. H(
was not instructed to move tme reference of these
subjects to any other committee, as such motion
did not seem to come within the duty of the Com-
mittee on Foreign Relations.
The committee was accordingly discharged from
the further consideration of the subject.
On motion of Mr. Webster, so much of the spe-
cil message as relates to the augmentation of the
navy, was referred to the C )mmittee on Naval Af-
fairs, and so much as relates to fortifications, to the
Committee on Military Affiirs.
Mr. Davis also, on leave, introdticed a resolution
to supply each of the committees of the Senate
with a copy of Gordon's Digest of the Laws of the
United States; which, by unanimous consent, was
read three times, and passed.
Mr. Linn, on leave, introduced a bill to autho-
rise the location and continuance of the Cumber-
land road rough the State of Missouri to the fron-
tets of New Mexico; which was read twice, and
referred to the Committee on Roads and Canals.
Mr. Clayton offered the following resolution,
which was considered and agreed to:
Resolved, That the Secretary of War be request-
ed to report to the Senate on the expediency of con-
structing a mole or pier at or near Cape Henlopen,
to facilitate the communication between the Dela-
ware breakwater and the main land, with an esti-
mate of the probable expense of the sarnm; also on
the expediency of establishing fortifications, or
means of defence for the protection of the said
breakwater.
Mr. Southard offered the following resolution,
which lies one day for consideration:
Resolved, That the committee for the District of
Columbia, to whom have been referred the petitions
of the banks in the.&aidDiwrict for the renewaval of
their charters, be ins rusted to examine into the
present state of the currency in the said District,
and into the conduct and condition of the said
banks, and the necessity for the rechartering of the
whole or any number of them ; with power te send
for persons and papers; to inspect the books of said
banks ; examine witnesses on oath ; employ a clerk,
and report by bill or otherwise.-
lbolition of Slavery.
The question on the memorial of the Society of
Friends min Philadelphia, on the subject of slavery
in the District of Columbia, being the next in or-
der,
On motion of Mr. Clay, the consideration of the
subject was postponed till to-morrow- A yes 23.
Mr. Benton's Resolutions.
The resolutions offered by Mr. Benton, on the
subject of the application of the surplus revenue to
the purposes of defence, being next in order, were
taken up for consideration.
The question being on the motion of Mr. Golds-
borough to amend the first resolution,
Mr. Cuthbert and Mr. Hubbard addressed the
Senate ; and before the latter had concluded,
Mr. Clay moved that the Senate adjourn-ayes
15, noes 22.
Mr. Buchanan moved to lay the subject on the
table, ioac the purpose of goingintP ecutve.A~bi-.
-neaa. The motion was out of order, as Mr. Hub-
bard had the floor.
On motion of Mr. Hubbard, the resolutions were
then laid on the table.
The Senate then proceeded to the consideration
of executive business; after which,
The Senate adjourned.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. Mann moved to suspend the rules of the
House for the purpose of considering the motion to
print five thousand extra copies of the report from
the select committee on the subject of the Smithso-
nian bequest, and it was agreed to, 107 to 46.
Mr. Howard asked what plan the bill reported
proposed, in reference to the contemplated institu-


tnan.
Mr. Chapin replied that the bill looked only to
the means of getting possession of the bequest.-
This bequest amounting tomore than half a million
of dollars, was one of the most liberal and munifi-
cent of modern times. It was deserving of notice,
both from Congress and the People or America.
It might be regarded as a tribute of respect from a
citizen of a foreign Government, to the free instiu-
tions of this country. It was due to the memory
of the individual that his beneficence should be
made known and acknowledged by- Congress in
the most public mAnner. The report ought to be
sent abroad among the People, in order that men of
intelligence and education may have an opportunity
of exchanging views in regard to the best mode of
organizing the institution.
Mr. Parker said, we had not yet got out of a de-
bate on the expenditure of the contingent fund, in
which the printing of extra copies of the President's
Message was objected t' as extravagant. He con-
fessed lie was not disposed to put the House to the
extra expense of printing this doc-meot, for he did
not think it necessary for the info.mnation of the
House or the People. We were not likely to get
the money in less than fifteen or twenty years for
we should go through a chancery suit, which, in
ordinary ca.es, lasted sometimes tbr nearly half a
century. He had no doubt that the fund, in the
mean time, would be taken good care of-be put
out to interest and doubled in amount. He did not
know how long the report was, but he thought it
unnecessary to increase the expense of printing, by
agreLing to themotion.
The motion to print 5000 extra copies was
agreed to.
A bolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia.
The House resumed ihe consideration of the res-
o r _l^ eftl ee sbtted by Mr. Jarvis,of Maine
and modified by theaoptif6h Of an a imeidmeni'"of-
fered by Mr. Glascock.
The question being .on the motion of Mr. Wise
to insert a substitute for the resolution-
Mr.Wise,(by consent of Mr. Bouldin,who had the
floor) modified his motion so as to move an addition.
' al resolution to the resolution offered by the gentlre-
man from Maine.
Mr. Glascock remarked that he had no objection
to this 'motion.
Mr. Vanderpoel asked whether this subject
would occupy the day, or be limited to the hour as-
Riapl m far1 rP-> n**A it l i6n\r


sary to act n this bill, in order to reinbe the e6M.
bargo now laid on the commerce of the city of New
York, in consequence its delay.
Mr. Wise remarked that he should oppose the
motion to take up that bill.
Mr. J. ., Adams asked when the General Ap-
propriation Bill would be reported.
Mr. Cambreleng said it would be reported on
Tuesday morning next. It had been delayed by the
illness of one of tlhe principal clerks of one of the
Departments.
The motion to postpone the bill was agreed to.
After some canversation, in which Mr. Hardin,
Mr. Cambreleng, and Mr. Whittlesey took part,
On motion of Mr. Underwood, all other biils ly-
ing on the table were postponed in order to take
up the
New York Relief Bill.
The House having then again resolved itself in-
to a Committee of the Whole on the bill for the re-
;irf of the sufferers by the late fire in the city of
New York-
SMr. Everett spoke briefly on the subject of the
bill, and indicated several amendments which he
should offer if in order. One of these amendments
provides, that the collectors shall take new bonds in
every case; and another that the debtors shall pay
init ere.-ton the bonds for the time for which the pay-
ment was deferred.
Mr. Denny spoke briefly in opposition to the bill
as it now stands.
Mr. Pearce, of Rhode Island, spoke at consider-
able length in opposition to many of the provisions
if the bill; and read an amendment which, hlie said.
he should offer when in order, adding a third sec-
dion, providing that the Secretary of the Treasur),
shall pay out any money in the Treasury, to all
other pe, sons who had suffered loss by the fire in
he city of New York, and not provided for in iht
orego ng sections of the bill, fifteen per cent on the
amount of their loss.
Mr. Phillips rose and stated that he desired to
address the House on the bill; but that, as the
tour was late, he would move that the committee
now rise.
The motion was agreed to, and the committee
rose, reported progress, and obtained leave to sit
again.
On motion, the House then adjourned.
Legislature of New York.
SENATE-Wednesday, Jan. 20.
Petitions presented and referred.
By Mr. Van Schaick-For the incorporation of
i Marine Insurance Company in the City of New
York.
By Mr. Seger-The memorial of a Canal Con-
vention for the construction of the Black River Ca-
nal.
The Judiciary.
Mr. Gansevoort offered a resolution, which pro-
poses an amendment to the Constitudtion, and among
other things provides that there shal be two add'-
tional Justices of the Supreme Court. Some one of
the Justices of the Court are :o preside in the Cir-
cuit Courts: and abolishes the office of Cicuit
Judge. [We shall publish the entire resolution
hereafter.]
On the mover's motion, the resolution was laid
upon the table.
Mr. Lacy introduced the following:
Whereas, the tenth section of the first article of
,he constitution of the United States, provides that
no State shall pass any law impairing the obliga-
tion of contracts: And whereas the seventh sec-
dion of the seventh article of the constitution of the
Stat of New York, provides that private property
shall not be taken for public use without compensa-
tion--Therefore,
Resolved, That any act authorising Railroad
Companies to take private property for the purpose
of a Railroid, upon the payment of a fair compen-
sation therefore, without the consent of the owner, is
unconstitutional.
Mr. L. said he did not wish it to be inferred from
his having offered this resolution tnat he was oppo-
sed to the construction of railroads. As a constitu-
tional question, he viewed it of some importance,
and wished the decision of the Senate on the ques-
tion. He had been informed of abuses tinder the
ordinary provisions of railroad charters; and if any
remedy could be proposed, he thought it should be.
He was willing the resolution should be laid upon
the table for the present.
Bills read a third time and passed.
For the relief of the Seamen's Fund and Retreat.
Authorising a supreme court commissioner to re-
side in QLueens county.
IN ASSEMBLY.
Petitions Presented and Referred.
Of citizens of Chatauque for a Bank at West-
field ; of the same for a Bank at Forrestville ; for
an increase of the capital stock of the Troy city
Bank; of citizens of Niagara, for an increase of
- 4l eafiual of th. Lockport Bank; of citizens ot
Otsego for a Bank at Fort Plain; for a Railroad
from Murphey's Mills in Montgomery to Baitswn;
for the Herkimer and Trenton Railroad; of citi-
zens of Cattaragus and Broome, for aid to construct
?he New York and Erie Railroaa ; for a Bank at
Kinderhook ; for an increase of the capital to the
Hudson Aqueduct Co.; for a Mutual Insurance
Company at Kingston; for a steam tow boat com-
pany in the town of Kingston; for a Bank at
Kingston.
Bills Reported.
By Mr. Wilkinson-To incorporate the Madi-
son county Mutual Fii e Insurance Company.
By Mr. W. Seymour-To incorporate the Cornell
Machine Company in the city of New York.
By Mr. Allen-To amend the charter of the
Greenwich Saving's Bank in the city of New-
Yoik.


By Mr. Allen-To incorporate the Buffalo Sav-
ing's Bank.
By Mr. Wilkinson-To incorporate the Ontario
and Livingston Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. Judd offered the following preamble and re-
solutions; which lay one day on the table .?
Whereas, the Senate of the United States, did,
on the 28th dty of March, 1834, adopt a Resolu-
tion in these words: "Resolved, That the Presi-
dent in the late Executive proceedings in relation
to the public revenue, has assumed upon himself
authority aind power, not delegated to him by the
Constitution and laws of the country, but in dero-
gation of both:"
An'( whereas such act is regarded by the Legis-
lature of the. State of New York, as an assumption
of power on the part of the said Senate, and a usur-
pation of the Constitutional powers of the House of
Representa: ives, calculated to subvert the funda-
mental principles of Government -
Therefore resolved, (if the Senate concur,) That
the Senators from this State be, and they are hereby
instructed, to qse their bust efforts to procure the
- passage of a resolution directing the afores.tid reso
lution to be expunged from the Journal of the Sen
ate of the United States, in the manner indicated by
a resolution passed by the House of Delegates of
the State of Virginia on the 4th day of January
instant, to wit:-"By causing black lines to be
drawn around the resolution as it stands in the ori-
ginal manuscript Journal, and these wo ds plainly
written ac oss the face of the said resolution and
entry-'EXPUNGED by order of the Senate
Sof the United States," or in such other manner as
may be best calculated.to attain the object intend-
ed."
Resolved, That tfis Legislature regard the right
of instruction, as founded upon the basis of repre
sentation, and as the natural result of the connec-
tion between Constituent and representative;, and
also, and that the Repi eseiitative is bound to obey
the instructions of his constituents, or to resign the
power with which they have invested him.
Mr. Gay gave notice of a bill providing for the
holding of a Circuit Court in the county of Monroe
on the first Monday in May next.
Mr. Walworth, pursuant to notice, brought in a
bill altering the terms of the Courtof Cdiumoo Pleas


time 92 bals cotton, M bales hat, iand 126 brsis
pork, which were all consumed. The heaviest lose,
t is said, will fall upon the proprietors of the City
Hotel, which was nearly destroyed. $2000 wta
*,f stores, just laid in, and which remained in the
cellar, were destroyed. We annex the amount of
loss sustained, of insurance, &c.
Property. Owners and Occup's Loss. Ins.
Mansion House, Bell, $7,000 none
City Hotel, Holton & Barlow, 25,000 JI10,000
Painter's shop, Taylor, 5,000 none
Cotton shed, Brander, M'K& Co. 4,500 none
In the cotton shed-
92 bales cotton, Ann Brabson and
I others, 6,500 none
30 do hay, E. Branon, 270
120 brls. pork, R. Mathell & Co. 1,680
11 lids. bacon, C. Marsh, 700
35 brls. herring, Forstoll, High & Co. 286
1 carriage, Murchison, 400

$52,130
The insurance on the City Hotel was made at
the Protection Office, Natchez,.
Per Steam Packet William Gibbons.
[From the St. Augustine Herald, Jan. C.1
Information arrived in town on Monday, that
Mr. Bartolorne Solano's and Mr. John Purves's
buildings about 16 miles S. W. from St. Augustine
had been set on fire and burned down about 11
o'clock on that morning.
LATER STILL.-Tuesday Morning.-We learn
by a lad who escaped from Mr. Baya's plantation
last'evenin- and arrived in town during the night,
that Mr. Baya's buildings were burned by the In-
dians, and that Mr. BartoloGenovar, had been kill-
edt. 15 Indians we e here, from their position they
appaarto be on their way north. Baya's place is
.-ix miles north of Solano's. The lad made his es-
cape by concealing himself in a thicket until he had
an opportunity of min .king his way unobserved to
Mr. Weadman's, seven miles distant.
[Office of the Florida Herald, Jan. 7, 1836.]
General Heruandez and aids, Major Drysdale,
Assistant Adjutant, returned to this city yesterday.
Capt. Gibbs and Lieut. Scobia returned the night
before. Capt. Gibbs reports that a detachment of
St. Augustine Guards went down to Tomoka with"
the intention of pursuing the enemy, but that they
fund that they had decamped with their booty.--
The detachment cam- to several places where the
"Indians had built their fires, apparently a day or
two previous,and saw evidences of a more numerous
force than has been reported at various times. The
enemy appears to besirong, being over 100 ard per-
haps 200. Capt. Gibbs states that he examined
the premises of Col. Dummett, and that there was
a general destruction of property wherever there
was no pro .isions, but where there was corn, &c. it
was left undisturbed.
It is well known that the Indians are hostile to
Gen. Clineh personally, and would kill him the first
opportunity.
[Prom the Charleston Courier, Jan. 14.]
A considerable portion of the Territory which
has been the scene of these depredations, was some
time since purchased by the United States from the
Indians, whom the Government were to remove by
the 8th January.
Major Williams, who arrived here on Tuesday
evening, gives a most deplorable account of the
state of affairs in Florida. He states that the plan-
tation at Spring Garden, owned by Colonel Rees,
of this State, has been laid waste by the Indians,
the Sugar WVVrks and building of all descrip*s
having been burned, and the negroes, amounting to
upwards of 60, taken away.
We have been shown a letter from General Her-
nandez, daled Saint Augustine, January 7th, from
which we make the following extrac*s:-"I re-
turned yesterday from Augusta, and am sorry to
say that the Indians have laid waste most of the
settlements Souti of the Tomoka. Mr. Depey-
ster's Sugar Works and other buildings upon the
place, were burned, and all his negroes were car-
ried off. At Colonel Dummett's, they destroyed
every article of furniture, and attempted to burn
the house but did not succeed-the fire was commu-
nicated to the floor of the house, but put out after
the Indians left it. Mr. Dunham's large house was
burnt. Mr. Samuel Williams' dwelling house was
also burnt, but not his Sugar House, as the Corn
was in it. Previous to the burning of V1 illiams'
house, they proceeds d to MajorHeriot'splantation,
burnt his Sugar and Dwelling Houses, and took
away all his negroes. Every plantation to the
South of Mr., Bulow's, has been either destroyed
or abandoned."
SAVANNAH, Jan. 14th.-Extracts from a letter re-
ceived by yesterday's mail from St. Augustine, de-
scribing the alarming state of the Indian war.-
"We have another serious danger to apprehend,
which is the scarcity of provisions. The whooe of
the neighboring country people hcave flocked to
town, and left their corn and provisions, which is
all destroyed ; at Feast 220 to 250 country aegioes
to be fed ; the few horses and companies out have
to get all their supplies from here, arid wehaveonly
the schr. S. S. Mills in the trade, now to Charleston,
and her trips are so long that our supplies brought
last trip are nearly gone; any articles such as hard
bread and~pork are not to be got, even now ; our
butchers cannot go in the country for beef, and the
most of our fishermen are now on night guard we
have not a vessel of any kind now in port by which
we could escape if it should become necessary, the
road between this and Picolata is occupied by the
Indians, and no doubt all intercourse between this
and Jacksonville or Pablo will be cut off."


A letter of the 6th, from St. Augustine, states
that the authorities of that place had prohibited the
introduction ofnegroes from the country, into that
city. This was probably in consequence of the
'great scarcity of provisions.

[From the Savannah Georgian.]
"BATTLE OF WITHLACQOCHEE.-We furnish,
our readers the following additional particulars of
thie engagement at Withlacooche-they come from
unquestionable authority :
I "About the same time that the regular troops
crossed the river, three hundred of the militia volun-
teers, under Gen. Call, crossed in the same place-
the former were formed in order of battle as fast as
they landed; the later troo,., howaver,,ir.e not
displayed, but remaiind huddled together on the
margin of the river, about 300 yards from the scene
of action. As soon as the first shot was fired, the
militia were panic struck and fled preApitately over
the river, one of their captains leading the way and
losing his muket in the passage-"some twenty of
the militia rem gained and fought gallantly.
If the regulars had been sustained by the militia,
the Indians could not have escaped-as..it was,
however, the enemy, by extending their right and
left, were near ouiflinkirng the regulars-this was
prevented by one of the charges spoken of in our
yesterday's paper.
During the action, which lasted one hour and
fifteen tpinutes, the yelling cf the savages was in-
cessant and somewhat appalirg; ten times their
,umber of civilized enemies in an open field would,
iinot have been so formidable. The regulars were
compelled to watch their opportunity, and fire by
voilies, whenever they saw a flash from the ticket.-
Not a soldier engaged left his ground, noteven un-
der the plea of taking away the wounded. The
number of the unemy killed and wounded was not
ascertaind. The killed w e iP t and-l
built over their graves, so that the India oTe"
no scalps. The action was a very severe esc, as-is -
evident from the fact that more than a quarter oi"
the whole command was killed or wounded, of the
latter four mortally. The horse of Col. Fannin re-
ceived twoshotsinhis body."-
LATEST pFROM Mexico.-Letters from Vera
Cruz to the 25th December have been received via
New Orleans. Although full on other subjects,
they are entirely silent on the political affairs of the
country.T Te Ann Eliza firm this port airivedat