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Niles' weekly register
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073182/00008
 Material Information
Title: Niles' weekly register
Physical Description: 47 v. : ; 25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Niles, Hezekiah, 1777-1839
Niles, William Ogden, d. 1857
Publisher: H. Niles
Place of Publication: Baltimore
Creation Date: March 28, 1818
Publication Date: 1814-1837
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- United States -- 19th century   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Maryland -- Baltimore -- Baltimore
Coordinates: 39.283333 x -76.616667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from University Microfilms (American periodical series: 1800-1825); on microfiche from Library Resources, Inc.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 6, no. 1 (Mar. 5, 1814)-v. 52, no. 26 (Aug. 26, 1837).
Numbering Peculiarities: Issues for Mar. 5, 1814-Aug. 26, 1837 called also: Whole no. 131-whole no. 1,352.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vols. 13-21 called also: New ser., v. 1-9; v. 26-35: 3rd ser., v. 2-11; v. 37-49: 4th ser., v. 1-13; v. 51-52: 5th ser., v. 1-2.
General Note: Title from caption.
General Note: Editors: Mar. 1814-Aug. 1836, H. Niles; Sept. 1836-Aug. 1837, W.O. Niles.
General Note: Supplements accompany some volumes.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 07329918
lccn - sn 85022629
System ID: UF00073182:00008
 Related Items
Preceded by: Weekly register (Baltimore, Md.)
Succeeded by: Niles' national register

Full Text






-.- i_- f- ... E, .- .,,-


SSUPPI..EJENT'1AURY TO NO 5-VOLUPatiE I.-N;EW SERI.S.

-'lIts Pi.lSr ---t'll P SKSNT-- lin I .;: i T U'ltE. it ".

PItr-'pT) .ItN'D ril.ISHEDri 1Y Ii. 'OtIIS. AT 5I PERi A'NN L o PAYAftI., It A.t AYlrt.


iR nations with Spailn. tn--' e .. .t hi -a
,.OCUMErNTS ACCOMPANYI r- Tt'l MtESSAGE OF THE R f- iot.... i. ., ',- ,. ,, i. .. .
SITYnlNT OF ",I1E UNITED STATES. OF TlHE 14Til OF' i wi -is a J',,i, a ",. 1 ..
... la tio sly serks all pustiiri. Ili i.i c -iilll II. .n1-T I. t.' ; .. I ..-
MAInc, 1818.-SeCe pge 58. be teri the two natior -.1 1 ... i. .
N o-. ,.' ,, ..i ., I .. ..... .
(T' ira slat ion.) ,.'1: ..,-.. ,, 1 T. .... t ,. ,,. ,.l ,,i
Don LuiS de Oli ts to the ., -r'. i state. *I I... i... i 1. 1 r .
SIRt-I a!n under the necessity rl iill.' ri attention, and ath eeis O tlttonatei, ..r I ..., I, I .If r .
thatlothe president, ttl what has oreacrred at laltiimore. ill rela- TIe two points l speak of are, lt, what elatesto Amelia-Island;
tion the two private- rs or pirates which have lately ectlfr'sid the iad, 2d. -I ,..... ..... .l. tr.,n. .
bay o' Chrsape akl i... ... .- .. h itr T i -- i I, n ....... t, i. spect t the fist; that this ilaittnt
astte of M ar landi ti ..l ; "I .i i.. I... I ..... I i. I ... ; i l ar-ty u people; 'lo b! l,n g
other by capi ta i ilatard. It is notou ioull that tlhi se i.i p i .1 ii 1 l, r, I l. r a. ,j, i a a. .- I. -
nll ll a a al armed ill the parts o tilte Uuionii slilili .. .. ...r i. i 1 i .' ..,r,, .. ., i l, i, ,
ag.iaint the Span'ishl conniLrce, asnd have rIret t ined to the wats they a 1 a.1r.. : I .1 i:. .1 *r-, ., .. ,,.r. tr .. ,
of Micrylaindl ith n part of the plunder and booty they have taktu loss bil- is.t .'a n. .,.-., 't..a | .i.a-.,. ...1,,,[.
on heard of Spanisht and Portuguese vess- ls. to tIhe kIr..I a a .. it]. i a,., .., ,r.i. -ii .1 I
IFor tile dle conviction of this --.I the necessary orders o" ilation i.,, .. ,, .
warrant it were. sent, at the rtlllr st .,: Il. ...- .I -I a.. i, I. 1 I... ; ., a W I I [ I I i' lmn the same ciolliltry. his lru- lir'i-ac
jestl in Battito-,, tt the marsaln of tl .a i. ...- a I. a ,det-4liniae to pitrta ato to tlli evil anid hadl giv
arrest of the at'or said private.trs, aid for it -l l l' '1 ii '. i. 1 1. I i. I.
was granted by the collector eof the cinutmi ,ll IlI 1... .... a n ... ....i ,- remid vyou, sirt, that thee.xp-dloii t c.i i tiaso'
w'as i vaill; hll- marshal pgiv no effet to tl., I ,.,. ii I l .. .... ., ...li-a-Islard was lIbrlred and arlnn.d at Chlari. ito,.
arrest; and t .i .t ..- -..!, .. Io. i, ;i.'-'. .i;la)ys l d IIpassd anda Savanllali, uiid(ri tihet ommt .. l j I i .. ...I -.. v
w without the I i i i. ,V.,l i orde-rs he M. i 'I"holtlycom posed ,i ..,I- ,, i i',i .,,'
ei. t l i ;' l.... ll I ... i.; ..a d elai'lu 'd i ', i .. 'li o tf it U nital -. I ... h, i.. ,1 .- ,J ,
.- II *l .; .,r ,. t.,t. l tllath at lhe w%:- .. .11 ,. i .ri. a rl L t r at t le il 'i h I a. i ,1 ,i
-t.. ,a I, I ,. i,, l.. lh ealuseit was $ ot his td t), t .o c I ,.. I .\1%i[ Ii .... a ... .. It.. S -aan t t. ,, I.. i l, -'. ... .
cute it, exte.,)t thry had entered helt port ifd Baltimore; but by no rnty of thli led-ral gov'-r'nent to prevent it said tlpni ih il iaIo-.ti
omeas ill thle bay, although within the district of -thi. state." The rs. Te r. expV)diltiotn prIce',;dcd, notwilhitalding ifrori! tie Ii ilts
consul lately applirdl to the district attorney, ea ontilaifiing (f thi and ports Ul thi. IllnionI to ilVatoll thai t i-l *i ..
Ctrinucet; and hIl- aekntowlhdged tliat, irindLeed it was very extaroral* exersss oil which thie ptresideLt totleh';. !. i ,-
dilnry; hut hIe took no1 steps to i',edi y it, or to enfaor e the laobser- nAmelia Island, tlhe district coLrt of Sotiil-Carolinn isi,1hd a Liei.h
vance fthe Ilawsof tll.- United :; tas. in a case of so a rendaiolus writ to aplprehend him, wilru '-rIver he might be itulnd t litaihiL, tli-
an example. These facts speak for themselves, anld thie Iere statt- Ame-rieani territories. This writ could not certainly ha iairti-d;
Inmnt of them is suffiieint to make you atd lthe preasilcnt tho. witolut a legal evidence of the offenee, nor could tie soi lrnc: h
roughly sensible of' ti6. i.. .. i.., .a.. 11 ,,,- whie tle iNg- irregn- more rtIorwulls r :lorIre notorious, in the fae f!'c tll.- hewhviutl ani
lar conduct iof thi i i i i., I a ,. I, .. perietly tl ideut, It results tro i I' ., .. coua l b nI i" i 1 ......... 1- r
that the public treaty between Spain aind the Unitedt Statis, nadi ing iLatn a ,.1. ., o- public i a r ,.
tie !'rie I:t l.f I.re ., sanctionedi i g .,, i. for the more evils which ... 'r .. the tol!r.,tio of'simihn' lainnti
'.-'' I- I' ." a' s Ieutrality i .-a ,. ar I \ with foi'Leign ii rhis hosoi of tihi Iitis son anrmOuaeta whicl had ifor rth--r o itje.
ponwrs, are scandalously trampled under hfot ill Mlarvlalnd and tlhe invasion arli plluder of tle possessions of a' fl.... ,1.
that the marshal, by formally disobeyilng tile lawful authority ol I, thtcrefoie, r.q-ltil't )yous, irt be pliaea d to i. '
the state, and tha-t of the general governllleirt of ihl,- Union, pro- malslllll. tile president imlav hira'e taken !rtl this plli:ta i d a fl ti-'.,
treted tile hostilities aimo piraeie, rarried on i .'.. i1 .' -f a Iin-lltntia s in relatioi to it, in rdler tihat b' u- lho-
nlation, in a state of peaee and amity with tl L, .1 i1 al a. I cities of the kinr inl East Florida therolf-. ila
camllot. theretfoe, do less than to renionIstrate inl the inamne of tie lie avoidrtl to whiiehan t .t I'a -. i 11 ,, ,, : -
Ling., iry mlastt.r, against so manifest a violation of the neutrality iunlrtLtunatt. imptrssioun .ii...eI.. .i .. ,i.- ,- ,,i ,,- i,
of thi, rrt pulie, of i laws and of the treaty existing between tihe and silnere sdsiroe of co:.. .11 r.n a I I a I II,. .., .. I 1,.-
tao powa el ad sar.. rll qu i.n r i. i .. i l ,l. 1 i II ..j-d a; ..-' I ll tlates his catholic lilnaj e ).
jresidient I- I a .. .. .. .-I. ni' I .. rh io, .... On thIe sa ea u point, 1 latino ti o G .1 i; -. C., .,
ol'Baltimor- to do his duty, and all r quisite justice to the sub- Inouniles, that in that place wr.ich it i 1.
jets ofhis majesty. lits o ot'lthe UTnit'd States in .. .. .
rtis my duty also to call ytolrarti.tilon alnd that ofthle president Louisiallan, a tl numbr ao' agrallt .. I ..
to taIr cotluct ofthtrlalventur Ir, s (ir Grgor .Grosr, wtal, hiar I.. Ii. .. I. ,, .-r1iniitrd nlets of liirrnii I. I :. ',1 I., e
Il- was ill arnns with the hands of ilsurgsnts in the prolvine .1 i. I1 a ,. [1. i. ..ll ,I Sitats; nlll that, it 1,1 Il I i. .'a, 11 l
Ven, ztela, has come to tIhes- states, and heean constantly -... i .1 .il, i Il. .. naastaurst coetrrdt ithase albses.
in enterpriztes to invadet- r dislilrb the t'ra utility tof his a ,.1i .i, I i.. r 1.. .. Ii-,. ': h I i .... II. on tlits rolt. Th-'
moajisty's possrssioins; itn that part of the world. HE lately recruited first is, t' i i i it, n a'l tr ctoutldt hI
inl Charleston a gr at lnulmber of adventilurrs, and aallong them wiilhinr t lim lits ola Louiiilnai blrcaus-, "t n- tiilf, dHl it maie ii
several persons of note, viz: one Roluse, sol of a colonel of' that parto 'it. a1 i,, I .. i it i. ... .. .,, i h L- ,, ai
name ail inhabitanil of that city; on Clhamll ion lll wl asi a con ll Spail. a i. a II |., I n-..I.... .-.r i .1 .i I. i I I-a I
m issary in the stervice-of tile United States in tle lae war. and trom i LinslarI; i. 1 i 'iL......i., ,.-. ..t i, .t.a..i, ...-. ,i
store-kteeper of ordlnaane ; onet H-ath, a lawyi r of tht santte plae.i until thle Uit-'! r r i j 1 i
tand nmla y others whose nal IT ,, I I p 'irelas.-.d, t dir rights, an .. ..i .. .I .1 ...... I ... ,
ar i 1. I 'III:. t -.... i aI ,I ... I-1. I -. .-I I,
t .. I. ] .. ,s -a t r,- I ,,-,,, ,, nqu I st unto II ie pr 1
r.111 Is -'1 a .. .1. Ii. -h I. L, n Iiti I I II ., I ...,ll,,l l i there aryl, hbe oecasi n tii r it I. I .. i .. |I I .I II Ir- .. 1
to common rTport,to recruit anora lpople. 11. ,. 111- .1 pr... i- .1....... 1. rr ilangil)iag thle questionss .tlo hIotiularie:s t:Caeent the tw
I ra .I I.. i i .. i-' Iran ,. I.i .a .. .. .. I1, 1 .... .I T i. 1. .,,.'.. .. -. 's ts s i ,e l. i f i i- l it I st 'ilsd. a d
-L IIh t a IIyI 1.-1 i .. lI ii. I as... I a i hi ,,sit t i ,a ... i ya na. -, :y
dinit yo ansd e.- s. o0 .-I- -.1 .1, F i.Ft- -- -tita-t 1 h

it 1.' .., i -l a ra-n ..I .. .. r r5 / (.I., .I Vi it Ira a a .,ts
tis prraitdent nhas proposed to pre!., ... i. ; I IW' ,, i' t, s '. I.I.' tl actl'l. te l il i t s t les' -y i lsiS
heitwf-an the king, mly taster, a d ..i .a i I I.. I I. i lnaslv,. so tlhat I.. I i, i ..
I" .1 i I i .'bi the oec ll atit n i f Galvc.zli 'n at t ti i i ..' V.
-,'. -a a., i. .11,1 law s, ,1 ..0. i o ,- ,i n-, ,,, i, s- E t an -in i .it it i t tiotrioil tl .i i a h, s11if-
1".s i, '.1 I';- vhi i i a .- ,.i i i and fcrl d llllch l ear tear, hy thet faeiiity allo'ty idi-to tio te ltirlia -, Fth (I-
ai l 'l a ih a-r- ., htbeliween til e natiUo aind governO it Isi f-iI air 'i n itl. i I ,., i,;Ti. al,,-a ; 'I- ial i -, ,,Isi i..,
aworll. I it-'n w, & e. 1, I ala i ... I i lr ..r ... I ..i. .Li .
2Sir"ledl) LUIS DII OENIS 1. ,i i. ti ... . ,, i.
J .... .. 9th JMiy 1817. anl oti r parts ao tih Unittd Stats i,. ...-. I S
No. 2. itia'own to you. sir, and to all tihe world. In ray -V lntl \tlii ii the
.-, 1. m' "- "-injuri i" ,*ai ,d to Aainericar eititzeas, by dt-r aiq ni-
t i f ,, '' -'. I~l:'n-t i*r iJ I *' ai n, or to tilt- latter, by tilt g-ivtwerr ifnl t (r .
SI--The message iof the presilcnt embral s t e.. ,,,rr.1, ., ,i L, i sir ,t,., le, y at
pr.i'1i in Itf p 'agftpli wst hiich It aln lls n ets the t-i -. .' ...., ,. i .i ca,1ndg-h J-S
.ihe i'-h'lI re-lations between ria antd thi Vstul 1rat-a, o ,ll. ji.ce td ,.-
V I,, X.V.,--5.








G,' ,I; ..' i1' i- 1 i'.-... AA I'i 2,- 8!8---id., 1,". ., V", iTH SPAIN.


These remarks, al.1 -.''tit.it i 'e .I.l .-. cannot fhil to coil- instant, anttiishil be happy to receive vou at tl iofliee ofl this de-
tiee you, as I aim'''' I '" 's .. '' l. whule world, that part' nit tie day al c tom-urrow, at .: o'clock, to conft-r with
lr i ii. rI.- I *i '' I I r 0 violence olu u pon ti e suoJee' of it. Ian iistruteil Iy the 'r-il-nt. nn-
<, + i .' IM.. 1 .. ,1 ,,i ,.,, .,. ... .*: this l t. e, t m o eani t'.s .1 ., i,. i -.i u.i .. X. h I.- I:.-
1 ', .. I e, t': president itt is tout hed is .',, I hope learned, iia . ... I I ,' ... i... ,''in '' i_.-
ti J lime i.. i:.l' auf I.. ... 11-. *.sill miit I ll miu. h this (opi llmant ad.i...'o I.. l i .mlji I ..-nt lt .i 1 ti l ii ll'l -.' int lri >. :. '
in,.i.: an.,, .11 ini ali i '. ,.1 .*1- consciqu-ei.ris whih t ile two ciunitri a. an of ithe carneistiess of his desire that the
p t,,...r [.'r I-t.,i n o ,''la-i i 1 1..L f* eoi. cuinnenicate ti the niegoeiation may it rmindte in an arrangement mutually satisfac.
I.., ,.. I,. i r I,Pj .. .. I, I ive trciquest uf you, story to both parties.
so 1 .. I I 'c .s .I : r.' .i expila lnliian on the l ai, with i ri. .;.; :... l.,il consideratioii, ce.
atL. ta.te it, .jel i" i li *-"1 .. ., ii. t- imeasurcs takl.by the (Sig'.1 !, -:.i:. QUINCY ADAMIS.,
presidiuit il relation to- cc .,,'.. -,.. I his initentionl s puon tdie ;uIb-i
lect. I llattr myself .liia *... I .il have Ihe goidn ls toe give e nNo. 5.
{lie said expia"iitiont as speedily as the east retqmlire;.; and i1 tih (Trraislation.)
mean time, allow me to renew the assurances or my high osiide- Don Luis de Onic to the secretary of atte.
.,, '.. ar.,,[ i-.'ct. SIi,--Aft, rI had inilruned you in mny nalte of the loth mf ot
,.,.,.. ,. LUIS nD ONIS. inrititl, and cot;fired .i ...... .; .nfec- ne'- on the 19lth,
jor. Qahn cainii'f .dolary, e. 6re cr. thii frank and fri''ily ,1.. ,i, I i catholiie majesty's go-
..'. ,.'. .. 1817. vernment towards that of'tlhe Utited Statis, of his s-h;:t.re desire
;to settlot. and teriimiiiate the dili ,... .. ;' r I 11-e two
No. '* gov'srmlentct, in a nmnintr Pst ,iA .' s.. i. ,' ,'i. .,id time
(Translation.) i positive ordLrs I ha.. '.ivecetd with suitable instructions to thar
The saoome to thesai.ne t fl ct, I also acquainted you, that the king, my master. being dlii
I I \Il.-m.,. ',i a.i. i'i., ...ived at the Federal City, as you posed toohlige tle United States in whatever night beh conmpati-
;. I .... I m...r .)",. I.' .. ,,istait, i'. I... -11.. A the L 'ii- blewithl the rihits and honor of the iouarcehy, and thle digity
fptil pap.s ;and documents, r latciq tc. iti-. i., 1 l piiiliig becoming his aitsg.t character, would conidetsceut to cede title two
between his eitaLolic iiiajst)y' govrrnmentii ad tiat ot the United Floridts to this reiiiilic, in ( c i. oiii i0.i, min.'- or equi-
fitat'.s, in Ite'L'siuiig limId eontinuingi with you, to a definitive con- valent which might hIe use:.,t *, .. a.i Br 2.. .
rcisuist, the- negotiation, wlhieh, by fortuitous causes, was suspend- this exeliange or equivalent must consist of a territory brlionging
ed in the lhginiiig of the preseintIyarr ifl had not hoped to give to the United States, and which iay ofil'r invariable points, mark-
you tiHe li fr ieiiig so tfIr disengaged, as to be able to devote to ed by nature, to fix time divisional line bitweeti the possessions of
lthse i, nportait concerns, all tile iattentioi they m'ay require.- tIhe union and thoseof the crown iof Spain, in a niaitn. r -vt-r to
iiit I ought Io longer to diletr on timy part, the nreeasary steps to adiit of doubt or conitrortesy hereafttr, his cithlie miiaj sty carls.
I; i n ltihiiil ciaiitiouiii .l nn. I. ..1.1 .'r. ..'. i. J I I '1'n j re .* -rr .1.a proposals fur thle -iI :.. w r equivalent, to be
proei'ed wilh i tin to tii -i l- 'i. .'. ,un I mai .im 1 1 ni'in:ii.u I .i, i i niOti l lis pri cip l f... i to (the ministerof
i i' I ', '..i.nn I ',. h t ; .1 i i. ) i ... ,.... .., t hi c UnitedStates at Madrid. Ti \ ..j mil ,. I .ii| al ti 1n. m .iJni tun I ,> i ui', .. min i .,uiii. i him, on thr ground of their being inadnm issabl'; and I wais ii-
i*.. i I .a l.i .. I ..,'mil i, I'.l %ti-i t .l.' *' n,. ,e n.. ri i m in. .' trained i by you tliat th yaresoconsies ir. i-i \ t --i is 'l.,'i,m *nwi d
.. i ii ii i hirht.lm.l *mim n .l iimsi t ,UII ii.hl- Ii. i.- 1- that Oc stquer ntlyit is ncessaryto h i i r- ...*. i-i **.* i ri.nlin
S I m i .. ..i ii ,i 'i i, .i ii ..,. ii t .11 .. [ i .'. maiy h lit'admiisialtic in th- e :xistiti si of thtinfs.
S .. 1. ,J ,, .. .. l ,j,.h .' 1 I A thlou~h tlt i-rpn..,l i ,.=yj ri ..ip l -,eIe-
I i t .I IIl' .. I ,...l' h I 1 7. ; ll' 1 tury o| stat", tW It. .'". .
I hI ihl,. .. "1 i l I' I-'m t iLl.tr obsolutte ,te r. m ir..t ., I I ... iI I.I t I
tvi it placed i n, oi'f enltertn into a nWgomlRtiolI'wiiiimia fmght fhn a nded on the[ 11 i. ..i : I o i .I.., ii r ,
efliectually r-store the most p.rteet harmnony httween te o two po- hle anid notorio.. ,,..i i .,,.. .i II I...h i *..i ,1ii
i'. hby ptutingan end to all disputes by io.'ins of a solernti tranis- has poss' ssed Imomm i Ii .. tL i i I..... i ....I il.-. k, !.t I.. ...id
"ietinm. which being founded oei the i'.; i. -i1. hf ...itual juisticel nnd also thel provinces and districts of entitry itossessed hy her to
and euoitirnled in gooduil thfaith with til ,: t .'i -* I utility, and trhi westward of Louislana. and which have verben ind( pendent
... ,, ..r ,,, i.. i c. C. ii I 'i; .' i t. 1, .'..h- '*.*. ''-, o i or absolutely uncon ntet, d tl ih. and st part' froi t, tlhat pro-
...tl.h I t..,.I. m 0n .,*- 1. II i .ll t1 imin. A vine", without haviiig ever pasard, ,... i. 'a '
I'm .I IC m ,. t, i.1' 1.',, .. J ...,,.I i iI, .,0,, I, '' 1d po is slsio'n, indi'r a fbr'ign d ti i...v I. h. I.'.m..l
,. .., I. tut ,ll'mat It.n htim in., r .ic..r .. I I1,1 .1 .'i Scatt's, suine: tli'i'in eirsacquisilion oi Louisiana, ni"eivi they hlavo a
c..-ii.'lini i.d .ri Ct '. hiIs 'n. Is..n.il p OinI gm 1u in .Ir .I ..1 il. right to a grvater extent ofi territory, both to the eastward ailnd
uM. I 1 I n.. .*. Ii ..i Iuni.ii> '-Id I. ii. mL..' 'ir..ln t f i' westward thlereoif by s' toting onl foot a dispute respemti:g the
its r >rorJ t i ir TO im it.i. It.m i ii in'r.l..imic .li -. l=1l a ,i ir boiiindu'ie liswh eih iep iariite th iiu f 'trom i ilheSpa:iishpossessiL *,and
-.ii) .i .s ti i... .h'...". I L ,,,..... .I ,-t Im 1 i i.i'i'' i pri tu'tbuilg that they ought to i.chimi- part of ti'os' n poslsiol s, it
uA I.,. s..i r. .. I .ii 1 1 i t '.r.. mi I .i .,'i r I....r.,F ; is not stralgiL that the exchaiiige or quiv nleiat lpropios-d fir the
nlu I.. 1ina 1 ..,i ,i., ht a-..tlt .r. ihr dl .r.LI ,I iI'I1. ,r. Flor-'as, did oppearinadlmissale It has thet, fr heconome indis."
im.C'.I rimit Simili, ilat .titf ntiil,''tj,' ...:r h I m t1 t "mm, ti .ii m *. I pIelnsaibly ilet'essairy to fIr- this qiu stioni of lnrii'l eii lsfroial alob-
t I l pstspu i u iui; prt l*,i' i L,' I.c.1 LI' .lt" r.it 't t. i ii ,. i i scurity,aindto adjn stand i stahilislh tl.utrui points O which ivide. or
ia ih, lin i. J Sti.a, it l.M dral, :a i.r, i L .r it m .mmm I i .., .tir.I ;i ought to divi e.', tile Spanilsh t, re ori t s froin tihow Of this repuillie.
l 11 i I.t I. t iOn- Il..- a 1 imI tiird II} I ireii .. I .rr. *rir I I li..ni li.' Utnless itis'inquiry and deliberation be previously made, it is .b-
i w itit l.i h r rl. d Imt i is mn 'i- it l.'...in Ei iIn Smiial.,t if. i1t .i.- solut>ly' itaposible to piint out or judge if a just tu iisalttnt,
:.- 1 a ir. d i) [i.. -I i l t.. Iii. dii I. t l .' I t1 ni.'. (iI.' whiich would ir ad1iu sis le and satlisf'ctory to t 'th e worn ti' tic g,
ilJ.. 1i,,l Ls r. .la of I .p- Iu rI ri'-i. i it I.t I ,. r l i i.. I 1 .ti, I t... parties. iasml n ehl t sthie retqtiisilt !iasi.o t it session and it., i qiiiva-
L .- ',.l.r nr rh, *ili l ..nii. r... ,.1.1 ,II.i. ,11 "d1 *I -q d''. I. I i' lent. is .i t; -, It;. hi ;s^bviois, m1lst he h1id in th)! v hlma-
W .1I r" m. li. il ii.st I t1.'1 I I m1..i.i1 ... -it ioi. *'i'i m I i. itm. tion if :1... 1. q. .,j 1.i -I in tile eulntract. whielh valli tion
si.ig5iit h.. 5 ,m.t,.|L.I!l. 6ib jit 0L aid ,' hit. I .... .1 i I." must be preceded iiy ei tablishiiig the I-'trilory below iging t, Spain,
ti itcr.io ,.,lm aud iLW.inih.hml rt.ia.limy .I allImnimm ll k.l n..i t ,.. m l. I and also that belonging to the United Stata..
Sjler-j.nl t 1m 0 i *. l'' ilt UItim..i 1 131Sii li c .i) iIir. ii it. ll uil.Ii You cannot, therfi're, but agree w ith m ,sir, that it is absolutely.
1' iI,. m '.v i' r .,tll t l D. ,it.. 't,. iieerssary we should first settle the principal Dointis .. I)., o the"
S ''e.' ti l ,I i t'j tiiri l IJ rit nI. m i i,, ir.,.t r. ,il i f ii II t' question of bouindaries, before we proceed tofiorm i 11 i' \pro
S*I l. ul. In ls.'.i i'rli,i4i.ii.. 1 & I se,. m1at ,;. 1 I': in' a', lF j posals for the cetssion of the Florid'ii and for aln qt1ivial, nt to
SI tIiri : i it,' llI.. LTnii m io .l m its rl, .in A *mii .l u-..'li jl,,-i,. .1... i.. ...,, i ,.. lr teli geini'eral andi deiniiive s tille"
i i',. l.ilh m ,,m m ,mimi amimci- in mili'-ip. .i n i'l I 'r ,. 111 I i. ii' ,i ... Altloi gh tl is nmattrrhas already
.-I s. h i I 11. r .lr, l tO mIL ci',mm, ll.'. J t .. p' e I. i been the subject ofinegociation ait Arae ji. tz, it cannot be said, that
sith ,o1.., i all Ihi- pIreomis enml'IrmLd I I> is. miIl it i iiji1 fr.I I.t,:,- the discussion should lie considered as t&li nmatled lrexhaIl sted, or
i, 11. I 111.li h'. in, Ii i i. inid ..niig mU, I a A ImlU all til tlihattlie Anmerican government, having then stated its positions
if.., l.. il" i. t..p i M the L'um. ,I nn.i it and opinions on tile subject, it will iot d, part from thai, although
.i : '.r. n.. .. q I ,r, i. tr V 1ii s otilI bin il'l i.a I i .i *1 the opinions his catholici maji'sty sustains, lie ditler' t. I .is uin-
fracn me vTi'. i-,i .i ir- .-n s I, .it er into this important negocia- questionable, that in the discussion nvlterd into at Arcalqjuteza'5d
S,.. l ii .. mi. i.'e ac 'r. m,, to you that wecommeneethime l. inlt'mi,.i r,.. ,,, i...l a g torground was toucIied on,or.
m, m Ii..l, j mn confervences; or in caseyou should considt.r thein nim- i.,. I tat -'0 r. i.' t,..1 Silii i.,it I..,)uld Virveasa slpportto their
.A-cesssary, that we discuss tlhe mranas of agreeing on and fixing the split. Ir -., a im Ail .ii i.,n rt.. J.AI .. Spain thtire were produced
most simple, expeditious and suitable mode of'proceeding, with all titles, dates, duetimenits and arguimnits, inconteistably proviiig,
.itssile despatch, to the settlement anti ilal qdjustinent of all the by abundant and irresistiblip evideic-, the rights of the tio-;arehy
ijfints in dispute. ct otheteritoryin qestioy i rig htsfuinld ton property andiitmne-
. I await o..,.r mr.'*r to t11.i note, animated hy the most lively .'i;l Ip'.'. .:i. ". ri' i L 1 by diff-rent powers, and never
di sire, and'il. i.. i II-.i-r, mg hopes, of terenmi ting all disagree- d..p-f trd b, m. I,... 'I'.. ,,. consequi'intly tonot contified to
Tientmi and discontents between two nation, which, by their Meutual points of opinion, on which ach party may respectively (iwinfaini
interests and the generosity of their sentiments, have always livid that which is best suited to them: it is reduced to unaltirab b truth
tm pt-rfeet union anti friendship, and ought to cement then more and positiveand certain thets. I assure you, sir, in the s alie of
alil more'Cir their common happiness. my government, and the king mty master, solemnly promsi'es it onm
In the mean while, I renew you my respects, and pray God to theinvielability of his royal word, that the moment it shIllI be
preserve you many years. shown and proved. that alny of the territories now in dispute.( de
(Signed) LI3 DEONI'S. i' 1 -li.u tg thd r.i''ei of Spin,I, ';sl] 'm thel ei tri'r' t)fii thf-
aJ'shington, loth D cr betm6 18 7. rl, n., h ithi' li.ii' 1 S h .. .1 S... r i. .ii I .
(N o. 4.) 't1..i e. 'i rrni m l. t .. i, .: l i, I' .ii.il ,. o.
The secretary of stateto Den Loi de Or.i. r t.,_ im .....* < *ill 'mi ,-- Ie r i .Ji ***" ** I 1 -
Department of state, December 16, 1817T. Ipauinih i :nai.:h ail.i uni,tio. rd l ilih. ti.rin,., I 1 iii ;.., f
Dan Luis e Onhist, the United States 6 the same. His majesty wishes for nothing tla"
ST1R I has ctbte h dfnatMiing pVurittetroft:etnTh is ice his owia, or towiith his grown as not a lawful riglt; I









NFLES REGTST1ER---M 'i:'H 8 i8s18-RELATIONS VWITt SPAIN. G7


caluntt but believe that thc vi. wc ,,'f v F..r .ivrp.nm, t clr're %wiltl has not, Tinor ,v. hall any other signification, in the Sp, .isil o
th6se I have just statl d, nrid I ,. .. i *, -c. ,. I ,- "i'. Fr '..i. I c ., ,- il, ..i i ..ti of restoring to an indirviilll,or c
time ill inculcdiat Il rsoiiing lie discussion commeIced ait A.ranl- nia'., c, I I I .. ....-. Queen received froi hliln, or from i,;
jutl. .nastu whbat r I tics to its principal pOi.lLts, and. bv illp rtially so thita J.ri. r n ..r .i :.. i ..;. I. I .i J. .1.-I..
examini g tl groupu !, 11. 1 ,, .'. the ted by t e *e i ,I .. 1 '* 1 i ,i- f u i |i i
c. ig l ...i ,'.. l., ,o pulalion) ,,,,.,,,. a. c .. ,
S. ..l .I. ,r h I I I .t I, i, i .l gs ,r. .I., l a.. I I.I ,. ,c ....I r .'. ll ,lc ,c .. '
ri cill. i i, I ,. I i Guidc-d b 1. .... i .* i serve as the basis of the co-.tract.
reason aid mutual c itice. it will be eas ., c 'The three elauso's by which they aft-rwards go on to ulfil tlic
i.. 14, ; ...I .. i.. ., sel tled oncil cIll, d ct ll t a just result ;s convention, agiete perfectly with the s tid title, nd y suprtint
t c. ..... 1i,... I .-* do, or ought it sjparat Loutsianca trom and explaining each other. th.-y fix it in a clear and precise saia;-
tic-- Sipanish c plc ssessios and tihus terl iinc:t i. i, i TI. i eri'. Tie first clause says: "'That his cath .;, i.- i .
which IS cocn l, etrc witlh thei qiuciLion of 1. :,. I ... .. .' Louisiina to France, with the sale extent i h .1 II *1' r.... .
m ur simple and easy to arr.aiige, as voui admitted, w\-Ii vn con- by Spain." It is wll known that no part f;the Flu'idas or othe.l
versed an tliat polintin our late confEr l-nc; and it will thelreflre Spanish possessions, was tlhe included in Loulisiana, or allnnexld
provetlnooHstacle into "'r ir'i;lln? on the ce-ssion desired by (hie to it. At that tiie Louisiana was, in tile hands of Spain, pit'-
Unitedc Statis, rF;ld ,,,, ,. i by noeancosof a final sttl'mnent eisrlv what it was whwn ceded by France, il viri. of t treaty
of all pIc.ldi.lg diiff rlenes, which .nay :at the same time emibraci. of 764. Inl tile isaimn treaty its eastern obuund:iri.s arv Inarlkld by
whcltievcr Itt...' e li, I i 1. 1,: i .. I, i .. i np cn F ac n it J r.J 1 a tn..i. 1. p .t.1 iit cI I 1t ..,; i.
Yot mc I .. .. .. tihe lost co,. ... I I ..,.,! .. ,..C,. .I ,. c,...t.. II. I-: c, IcI I.r
Eimn tle justauld proai tr iclcracecomi plishinig the Intgociation to be ei- chartrain, and Mau- I a r ...I tL c .,,,,,,* .. I c i.. ,,l
ter.d Iupon, antd ii c'lut whicl was adn opt( d Iy I r. Errvinlg. the '" i. l. ... i.. i .' I ....1 i I i i
miiisterofl the United Stat:s. in his Inote of tie 26th of August, .,. i,...1.1. II h- territory which Spain rPtrocrdLd tIJ
1816, iln i.1. I '. ; 1.. : .. '.r i -, i-. cas Fralce, bc ranse it is the only one w ich si e possessed uldrl thl'
retldy to e.,1 I. .. I 11i I ,. ,, i I I' 1 *'" i l nalime of Louisiana. Ti'l secolndelalise agrees with th irst,a.lI
dispute, ali pledgfi-d himself i, ,, ,... ,. i. ',, opporrtlunly declares and fixesits import.--t says: '";id witilc lIt!
since ieen lldone 0on tihe part of ,..' 'i. saneextent it had when possessed Iy Franev," expressions w victi
-.. r i;.,.i,;.... .. i... ,,,e- easou ls subsist which tllen dictated necessarily ref I., i i .- i l, ... i .,t ',i. .. it. -i-t ic .i I ...
9 ..-, c-,. n ... I. i ,.. r ." 1 i e t,-i sity of r si ingi tie dscus te eil cession. hy ., I i. r I .... I .I''' I .I i I.. ., '
sion; reasons ,of whicli you ar0 doulnlirss filly t .., ,i r,. I cc I, ,l the ii i. aid the cecssion maic I l y Itl,
.,r. i .. 1,..' ..n lattcd hy any expla actions, ir *i .. ii i [ *. r I i Spain, of Louisilaa. As thefirst of th 'ie two a s-
'-... ... c..l ia..I, because lthe areself-vidient, and identified with sins took piect-in the year 1763, iand the second inl 176., it is \i-
the souldest ariciples uf justice. dent that, during that interval.France posiS.ssedi Louiisiana in the
As in colusi' lr;Liounof these reasons and principl.:s, I hope you nmannteritated; aond with tie saru extent did she edit tu Spai!',
will have no obj-ction to agree to a succinct examination of tile nor rould she cede it with rnore, as I e then possessed nothing )lortv
qu,-stiun of boInIlarii'S, anld to a rational and fiir illquicry into the in that part of theI A c, rican contilerit.
titles aRl grounds on which R ach govC ernm ent rests its rights and If ,, .i l 1. ..., .i t. .i1 e. *tI'-i..; ** T
pretensitansi. 'The iaturral order scems to require- that we should the ..I',I .. r.1.' 1 .11ii I I .. I t c r I g.'' I I''1 I1'c I.
i .- ; 1. ,, ;, ,1 ... c aund inqui ry iithl what relates tl there ras- Frane- poSessieed Lonisiana jointly with the territory cedie by her
T. ,.. I.....,, ,, .. .'... ". .'. '. i.. i. i. 1 V r t ",, "' in 1763, i uld uld place e his clause in absolute contra-
1 i' i 'r 11 I ...' 1 .. ... ... ~ I .I .. I ....l r .. i thee itl.. anid with the first clause of' tie treaty ofre-
ner, thous which regard tle w. stern; it being, neverthe lesis. well trocession beIcause, Louisiana not having, prior to the year 1703,
ilut.terstoud, that neither by this actnllorantyo.iewlatv'er oftlhstc while i. I, 11...1 .., i ,.. ir.. same extent it had whel in te
Whicie conutributte to produce the present negociatiln, it shall ;b hand s i -t.,,i. ,i it. I ..li ..i I',r Ir. .' ... I' I, i .nmletlhat
inferred, that ihis cathoulic imajesty renoutinesi ill ay planner, tllh it haii. when ceded cby FIrancce to i., I i ', I.,1 '.. that the
right iL. h many have, to reclaim against thie nonl-fulfillnenit secondci chlas would ie absurd land .i,, l .. ..., i.' if all..... I.. rn
of t'i,; .. .I S St. Ildephonso. concluded between Spain and p-'rio'l of' time anteriorto 1 63. It .t 1 i.,- .I' ....I.,, i .....' I*,
Fralne- intlte ve ar 1800, and against thr soul'lln slip) lationll con- in i', because .,.. i i i i 1.i ,, I- i i
itiledi ill the additional articles o! the samin tree.ty. tfurnintg n cs- more o c icur ., c i it I 1 11 ,.r.r. i i', I ...T ..-..i I
ential |i. ...i l c i. r c I .,. tihe two nations. oneof i i i i -.. r t ..,i ... .
iThe ..,. i i ** .. that side, join thuse of W est press .i... I., i...1... 1 ........,. *.n. (r. r,..,,i ,
Fiorida,and are so pr, cisely established Sald fixjd by )iublie trea- contained i ... i i..... i id i. I 1 1.. l I -I
;.-., ti. i I ,)... .i..I ..'ror.rn t illt c la still ersirst iii tihe secncid clause, that which is considered the tllulamenltal basis it
rp i.....I r, cir I .. I.., ,. I b he extended bI this Spanisih pI- the first, would hb rendered false and erroneous. It vouid beal.-
,.. I r i .... I'.....i .. i l h wever, te imnagic.tion, resolr soiutily contradictoryto t theexprecs 1, '' ',..i fi .. ,r--
i .. i .1 '', ...I l. c. r, .,, ies IUs 'bcl to thi' ty..silce Spain not having received I ...... i .. I I .. F ......: -. I
1 .. '. I ... c. i, .1 iii .. i ., ., left of the 'issis- the extent in which sie posesesfed it prior to the year 1763, but
sippi, and pois ssed wihaLare no. I ':. cr I wt t:i: .'i.' I'" wilth that which it hd witlit was eeededn 1761. the retrocession,
I.lcisiaiaan d W\ ,st Florida, still .. *. ,. t. r which ias I Ilave just said, i. i .. .' l.c. tic ct and intent of the
will lillow. that Spain acqulir e 1 i i.- i' .I I tIraty, c ild ii not Tfake pla.. l i ..- ', ,i only cede back to
Frailce. That power, while in possession of those territory's, as F'ra'.ee whlt she ihaI received from her; nor could she, moreover,
shte was until 1760. .,;.. i ., ii., i ..I..1 puiit out thi-ir rcsp:.c- iddc to the rrtrccession lan y other particular territory of her dre
tiri limiitsass she t. .., .i.r Ic I.. I? .,.ite uniimiportant 11 tile inicions, withou)lc ex'pres ing or eclliillcrn ig it. Louisiana was
present quettiton. It is certain. that by the treaty of 1753, France celded c ibacko France. such as it was received from ieir. and as she
ceded to F-,i. **.. ,ii i. territory posstesstd by iher to idv east- p( s esssed it il 1800, and had possessed it since .cI 1 c i. .i..1I ..
wair of' .. 'I... ,., r with cite exception of the island of Or- In act, if Louisiana, while it the hands of .. I ., i *.. I .*
Ieaci; ,and it is also erltain,. tit E gl: iud united, as ier ow,tro. part oo West P'loridaInd if' Spain had received no part tteretUfor
ihat y),ar, tlle sacile territory to loridai. which, by the sacmie trea- of th. other Florida, from- France, how could she cadt it back to
ty Spaicn had ocdc to her;1 .I.r. 1.. .. 1 f. i "i. i 1. '. Fralce, or cede it without naming it, or sa ig a single word
trier and port of Pesaicola, i. ll ,' .r *. r I ..- *. t which cuuld allude to this idea? Let us therefore agree, that it is
ilmie, anld i o oth r, it has ( vt r since been klnowi I ii.. .1 i i ,. ... ... i .., r, iiI .,1 .. I ., -.I clause
1779. Sliain conqut 'red tie said territory of W .V st 1 C .. 1 ir 0. = I .. ," .' 1. I 1i -. I -,, ..1.c .- ic. ic n which it
Engi td; atn Ithis _' ,, ...... >, .- i .. ... l s ai 1 I l i .. ... onrexion with tlhe first clause, and
solecm n trcaty,bet-, .. .." ,, ..i i ...c .....' I, with t i ... I'. i I .i a r ,I .. i..hi.'t.-,,. ii
I',] l i, i [-.i.H .I. ,...hl. [ [... ,,,t cc n o uticctthe' lly -. .. ... I.,i ,,, .,t. : ,..I.. ,i .t .'l..,.,'

said t [h lt It is i. ..I i.* '.. II..r ..i .Ic'.. c 'i 1''c 't r ... 1c *',', I .' I i i ... I .I c I ii m'll 'i- l' I ll
c i .ed froim2r anc i lt i..* 1 It,- IIi I .. i. In *. p,.m .1 .,I. ..*',0..i as .....a.s r ,.I r jl lrs.. hI...l ..,...I 'lanI.
them i!cthl of Erigland, in 1783, classed as two distinct provinces, tweer Spain andiot.- i ... i I ,,Ii. ',r I '.i ,- .
cicd univtrsaliv knhwn by the names of VWet Florida and E'ist clause could reier, it,, 1. i '. '
Florida. _n ,. I ., .. r, 1 .. .i | ... r. i -.. I 1. T thar'of 1764, by which France ceded I ,. ., i l... '",' i. IJ
dlistincct, t.'.-..,i ..1 i r ..i .i ii'..- I I this treat, tiheeaster boundaries .,f L mo is. i. .. '. t I '*. .
isoanac, cil.., ... i.. -.. .. I, Ic i ..I .tid e.0 .I r'Ib M -- .1i .1. .:l :c s i t, .,- .. ,'i c 1 i .
anddseparat in t i ti r I'. i..... .,,i .. ., -, ., i1 Ilih l.. i.' .', P-iITr. .in i I'i, M I. i. I t t' "1 II -
.'fri n the year 1763- .. .I c i, i 1, I I.l i t r. '.. i .. .i ,Ii r ,.. -:t, '. i i 1I I1 i l i .1 I .
anid instrum ents wli i 1 I' .i i ** i '' i i... ...... I -. -' *...... '
separate, asthey o IIi .ili T. 1 .. ir i r.h il I .11.. ..1 '.. 1 1 *. r '. c l .
tiocold .t..."- i I I J'.r..., r I m 1 .' I I- .' I Il i:
Thisr beix g tile ease, how cal your government still maintain ,, i .. r I, .......... r- r.. I i ...I 1..it i~ *.I'11. i. l
its cccc.''-- I bt. L' c 1 -.1. ., dLouisianac omf''o n .ri,, ,. :.ir., rc ..c.i ic i d ci. | T F.rc.l i.. c p.I ;I Ic,11 -1'I
sue ,. r.,r .l .... ,I.r I .... 1 .. by the treaty of r Ibt ..- J...t L .. '.a.....1.. 1 "-It j. nt.. 111 'il I Ir -.
p cIG.... '., :1,. i ,.. ..... itedbuitthe retrocession it;ar i lr l ... : li, i *" *' .i.t
ft i .,,. i..i 1, .. l. ,,- i w. et. ...y in tile whole treaty that I nt .- r* *t'. *i'' i I ,. ,, l,,, ,
bI.a i, I ..... I If I... A11 '. i I orida which is the ob- fiaumnu. i ,1 .l-r IIII l l "' I c. ri .' '
Ii, .p. ,I I.,^ .1^ 1..; -1 Ith .' .a .: cJl s .. c t. i' .A c i I -
.Pcf I ...' I ,1 11 J. .1. :- I ,i, ,' I ,I c c g'' r 11 .. .. .c1III,., ll S .1 ,Il* I L I A1 I 1c r ,c i Ia
i .. ... ..,. i, ,. ... .. I. 1... .c .i c i ,r .. .'. '
.. ..I .. ... territory resto' ed ', i. .. .... i. .t t ;... .t ".
c I. ...... ,1 I 11 II I I I II 1' I .. r i. !h:1 "1 L
,I. .) .1 XIt l' ll ,, .









6 NLJ S PT.i.- FIT.0-- \f \RCH I 8. 1Rt .I-R-ELATIrl TTH SPAIN.


,, .,.. i ., ,'r iT.i..;s; .i rii.. i,,,. of the Mississippi, is in .11: p.,-.r r nlay be compatible within h rightIl afil P hoIniot
I... L. I* ""e '".l . i : i,, for ite t rini of Ih is aji sy's co1' ly C .tiM .
thLree yars; itwvas consorquirntly thought proper to refer to this I reIew to )you, sir, the assurances of my respects, and I pray
1 ., i1 i f .i (' i A A d i7'. ..dul God to presDrve you manuy yers.
-., i.. I .I 'ts. .... .li .. (Signed) LUIS DE ONIS,
.I ,...i ,...... it., iri ,.r., i- ldi ; :,ipi.. 1.i l. ..- HFashingto,l29th December, 1817.
If**.. dil ., IIslIard i I j 1... L >lI t r., 'i? r 1 Itll l Il l Jr--*
in .. pi a,. ii', rijsi.ll <1 if %.il iiin sl .pp r ...- i. Lil-. i l. I No. 6.
1 '--L i.. .li 1 :. r: r.- .,11'. .' I l '. ...i I 1'1i. iihI (T translation )
SI *r.: ir. ... *,. n .p -.J : ..i.1 .r t ..,.i i I .1 ..... The name t Ithe/ s me.
possible to give anotha r interpretation to any al' the said clauses, SIR-In mynote of he 29tlh fll r I ,. .1,. I proved toyou toe
as ithat would place theill inl cl otriadietion witi, 1., .i,. 5 1 I. ,r.ld deino 'stration, wl.'l, i irl,. l. to be fully oi lvlinle-
vouli 1i ur over e (' rL ri' ;,i: l, ,ii .ll ii' .l" i I > i .ii,'i and' uug i t, b t Ile t e I b. I r uui. .. L .*.i *I.
i "1 .l.. si s..L'1 .Il .i] I.l l... i shur ., ,IlI.,' t ,. l.r oii ,i i..'.1 r h..I **' uinch ineu- troverthilie, .I ui -. nI 'ir. 1 t" .' 1. i..., l.1 ,...~,.- .I1.1 United States. 3 iil d-,ii'l : bi .1i 'I.l.i )*.1 lnirly to acknowledge, that Louisiana neither ldos nor
it liind, vir, that hyi the 6t article oftr4st treaty, France sol-mnly can include aut im' oi' -.*. ,t 'lui.i. .\ 1 I. .i- i-.i i 5 .*.. .i.i...1
...r '.. .1. f. iflorida, or i iny portion of theter- your answer to I.i. .. At,.1 ii a t s.' t, ... I,.. ., '. a, ,I ,
*, i i 1c.J b,. I i i., i. tI" iri. ..- 1763. HOW Ltleh co lld shlt ill lut1 proceed to I. '..,, i,. l,. l i .111 i... ul it. .* !tti.d
i .. "1 ]i 1., li .-, i i part t it, event .ir i t.ail, Ii, oI bound ies .. 1 .IL1 t .1- ... l T .-i ii I 1 i' lit l
i.r-t' y of St. Ildephonso were not specifically anid -I I. --. ..., r. iirst, in ord i i .i I .i.. -i I. i. a .i .i c .r
to thL rari-uecssiol of I... 1,:,.. i .... i v.as at that tine. und as eImIbaFr;lss tihe plain and expil itious course of this illnvstigation;
it liad bein since 176,1? I h. .j... t,. ...,, rejects atll doubts oni but being desirous of not losing :aus instant in explaining every
Uoiiti tio clear antd evident. By the treaty of St. Ild-phonso, pointrelativetosoimportanta liatt;r, Ianticipate thecxamination
r, r .r i'. tr I i it i .L.-.i.ii si..a *' .. ,i i, tle havids of the western boundaries of Louisiana, which is til second point
,'i ;ian, 1. .' r d. i. ... ..r.i .- '11 kown oftlit question, thereby flihilitating whatever may claim your at-
h r' I I .1 ..... I I i .*it t yranet t~ntion as to loth, in their respective order, ani enablilng you to'
waisn r 1 i .. .i .. i... i a .. 1..:., .. 'r claimed colnprellend the truth at unce.
u pri r. tl idl to any thing -ii'o re. MIoild F.- .~ .r i ** i .. ..... i. ii.,. i ';ted States, having rec-ived tlie pr-
iniet, ulsder N aileoo.havr fAil-d to clainm i,., i *.I : r .- -- .., L .r it, 1 .1 Ft ,..' with ni greater rtxtent than it had
r,, ;' i i ,ii, ,I :ar, ih ... I .-1 i-. i .-i. .1 i.. .I ,. i ..i fwhi::ih when Francr r.e,-civd it froun Spain in 1800, alnd wit-:. Spain
i 1 .*.1i 'I i ,I 11, **1 .... 11, I I i i- i ii i- le claim? acquired it ronm France in 1764, that andi no otl r ought to b.' tih
.* i, i.: .,I. I ... i a .. I 1 **I t, .Iila i r I., .. ...adid inot extent which properly belongs toit, il.0j ii i-..- i .. i .u "
*.**, I, r.J *I .r, i-,ri,. l i i.,. ,, ..,.. .r i. .., d.liver- rilg to a y. other reaso as or groun ds ii rt.i .. .. I I
id tlhat 1-.' .: i...r i I i..- I', .... ,, ...r ....t i '.f r.Ildepihouso; since Spain 1-' 'ini C d. l I br.k to Fratnce
Tlhic'- .. .[ I.. ...... f ... .. I, what sie ihad received *-.. Ci I.. .*. i heinlg that
.h,: United Statues and Spain, whliech is sow Ipeding, declared inl witch France sold to the Unlited States.it is easy to investigated amn
'taw official ;sutes, "-that the eastern boundaries of Louisiana 'are establish what wVre, and in all that period continued to hlie ie pro-
j pioiicd'uolt by the course oflthe 'I.. i..I Ii aid 'i i di.. I. P...i .s i. i ki'.- and limits of Louisiana; but lamn willing to admit, that
-'iiill ,nd the lakes Poit tchartrain nli.l :'!.,...i *'.: a i.... 1.1 ..... disaiistitut, e theUnited States in all the rights.or pretel-
dI I *a 1 l i il .....c aore to 1 % II' i t I >1" .l: l i i l i .r .. .....r..1|* l : i...i l. .1 In 1.i-il l.: .-
i ,. ,,.* il i ,ih l i i, t ,1 5 1 i l. ,t, rs .. ( l t ....,11 .1 1, ] tl,a ... ...., h., nr sil ......., .r ....
S .. ii- .i I .- ., i r ,a inl virtue of the to that cf ret is expressed 6r insinuated in tile treatyn between
i ,.. L. .' .' France and the United States, by i. P. tie I i ... .. ..t a
S. I. !'I tedr, i2/th Tear.'" that tie contrary is evidently to I i... -r:d Ir .. 1 '.i.. I'. .t
"Tihe t:ast r-l It. ,,i ,,- i i.tmisitiia i-re poinlttd out, by the Franeijnsert-ed, word fir word, in this treAty, the concelusive clauses
etirs* of the alississippi; n antafterwards by the river lherville,thie ofthat ofSt. Ilephllonso, which speak simply and precis.-ly of the
.lakes" P'oitehartrail, and Maurepas. This tthe line in dematr- retrocession of Lotuisiana 1 admit (to go on to a aore eopious and
kattiiowhicsoii'undsl 'the territory c..ided by Soain to Frai ce, t.' ::iti, IL. .I. ,.i. i.I. II.iL i e United States have succeeded to
the ir, sty t'iihe 30thl of VX snose,'9th y':ar. Ntliling beyond r,. si e... 111,' anot '- C. Ia r iaVe haId at another period; ald I
Slimitiswold hve beenl asiad fr by Fraiiceand us she l did nothing Call I.i. t i -.L i i. .:i .. .'.i.i l, ,..r, r .1t T -lir.*
S ur.. tlhli sh ubstilute thiL U nlited. Statieis inl 1. iI,, h .h:)1. i, .... 11. A.. i,.r ,I I I d I I. .., ,1 >.n I, 1. L, ,I ,3

SE,., uir qi pi 1 ... L,.i .r -1.1 ,.,1\ stipulated bltwel tlies -.. L.,ui .. I [I. I I|.L 101i LI.. 11'..1 % .'r1i...
tl- i.. b I a.. i ... I'iriis r A ,"I .i It is well knoUwn that for ages before France thought of forining
: '...-.. I year.'. establishlniis on the Mississippi. and therefore Ilug before she had
"'This question could tl noi i t .e 1 l i 1i .ii i l .1 i l. I, 1i. 01t i*i ".-.1. i ir:;, dJ I.,_ whole rrito-
sionl hbret een Soi:in ntol thit U il3ied ,' .... I.. .1 I .,r ...rnl II I .. I' .. I.., t. pl .. .. I t- I Yuflc tan to the
of tl: rialies o'f est ,, i ,. 1 redJ L I1: J ..r:. i r. lr I TI ..' i II asternt plartofthe said gulf, as far
tanate Itrtsace tand 0i \%,-i ... .i.l I, i i [ i ',."il' I .i, .1 ..i. I. .vas then known ulderthe extensive
"Spiti' could nly .1 : i .: .. ... i ri .,. .. I s nut actually peopled by Spaniards
ceivedfi t'oin hi'r te i.1.1h i .' 11 'I. t iA. i 11 t .. 5 i i. t..1' .l '' 1 ... I iu .tii' li ,I that it was discovered byiheiin as
to tl Ussited Slates,;. ..I II. i- s.. i. ,. 13 1I., Il.. ... .i....i i* .rly as the year 1511, under tile expedition of Juall Poice de
If, notwithstandinig this full ami irresistible demonstration, you Leon; that all the coast, from the present Florida, to Pallueo. was
sishonl lie of opinion, sir, hat i is still Ineessary to clear iip this explored by Francisco de Garay in 1518, and also by Hernando de
point,.)e i.- i.. ,. .; i iir I 'l th Sot, and coatinualty by other Spanish commanders nitil .5il,
c iplatnatioi ti. r t.. iJ .I t i .... ., i, .. .ii.,t .1, t nothl- when it -. 1.' nii I .i ..i it ,,; .l i Vil f1 I A
i. c 1 1 i i j i. I ?[ ... 1. .il l .1...I.. 1 O. at Sorge C ,r o -. 1.1* ..... I .iir ... i .i. .. I*.. >e I. in
1, i0k e i A u. I .... .. .. A .-,.,I .... .. i... 1'1...,,0 itac
vdlomiperl e t i i l. e i I. ii r. .. ....r > ,, I n o i r. I.. I Lid.. o-- i 1 Tl l ., i wI., andit was coni tir idthatfrtal those
iItport of the exp r'ssions tmeiploy, d in tl*w said treaty- It is u1nues- remote irriods, Spain was established as the mistress and posses-
touble that itagre.:s i.l li i :... i ,i. c. i li. ati.i--o ',- j si, .-f ali i1. -I ..-ast and territory; and that sIhe never permitted
that when a law orti'rie ..i. i ..' ., *T -t ..' ,., ,. .t. : r.. .'r thy gull of Mexico, nor any of the territories
arithi iy t oflht wori'ds Ic 1.1.. ,. i ,.I i ., i.. w 1,, jr' 1." .1 i Inavi ig repeated the royal orders by which slte
Slaw :r -treaty, is thi oll: \- 1 i, i .... .-. i r, .i r. cil-....I said irohlibition, and charged the Spanishviee-
woNi Ir .-. *; .lu'.r ..- h hat s occurred. .'..a i i 1 ii ite lniost strict observance of the same.
'I iI -..... "' t. I- Ii -. hat alre, or ought to hbe the I I.- rii ,l .,i J. i-tr,.n ol the crown of Spiain to the north
weterln ilounaldaris oi Loulisialnaald ihat are those which s-cparate xI, ,i .1 ,, te1.I. .. -: higl up as tihe Californias, is not less
,ii i o i. p t.ii- ii .t 1t.. 111i. S1 I..,isi possessions; should I not certain and indisputable, thet Spaniards having explored it as far
;a i ii .l i. iti .l. i h.... ; .II -1... I ,l .- .1, it-. as the 47th degree. in thie expedition under Juan de Fuea in 1592,
r t ', i, .i .. .1 boti I _. r -.. .i .. ;l..i! l[. ii .. ..i er the A. ldmiral Foute, to the 55th li-ri ill i 'l
i t I, .Ir ,, ,i I 'gticnents on wslhii : I I l. !..- ..1.,, ., ofSpanini in these vast regis iis, '. ..,L s iti ,i it
1,. '" i, i '! I '-'i ii. I.. I extent ot West FlorillI, in lislled, and her rights of discovery, conquest, and possession being
1 I I i i ..l .d Il., .r .... ,i, I ,I ,1 i.. .1 r -I itrd, slit cauld scarcely possess a property ibunded ont
.. i .. '... iii .i.i. r .. ....i T... (I t I....u ,1, -I r: l' .ctalble pi'iaCipl.s, whetherofthe law f t'nlations, of ipuo
I- oi'' i si. :i i1,1 .. ',o y others which serve as a basis to such acquisitions
-" H ll'.-,..g I 1 I s i 11. III- ld. r P'-PI .l' .. 111 -\ r: n i,[ > I l [ .C i l .l l. |i. 1 I l.- t l l i.. ..l- a.J i J.,1 I ..UI. I th 4i l l '.
0 l I nh -" 31 -11-i'..d .. bt ..II. i h 1 l..h ... !,. l ... ,'1 i1 .. iw. 1. It l, IolP Illl.: M ..1. I1.I nll .[I.1 ., Iht
11 i 1c 1 I I rP>** an.-[ r l I. r. .. l........ 1 (.1i ..- Pru..- ... ..Iri l ..- l i d .,I 1 .1. A j, .. 1-II -0
c. .... i ... r .... .. I .- I.-, ... -i ,.... ..,. i.. .1, hIt manner Spain extended her population anti f sounded
: 1 :, .. 1 i ,,, ,,I .,, ., i.I., ,'.,,. .. .11 r,..,i in different points of the vast territory of which she
S.. L.s. ...i. I I II I, .... i -..n .... i inalsfttleall)ntof w as the mistress and possusor, in this part oftlien tw wrirld. All
l 'l '.1i .-" ,- t I ..I t .i 0.-i a.ll ii .. -. .r i .. ii ... jirtry extending tron the io de las Paloim s to the eanfinea


.' '. I lh i ...l ll .' l .na', ll .' ,l i h ,.,n .,i ,.4 J.a ll,-, n. l,,.i, .. In I is Ijrl i I~nci., t '
-'.F if.i.." l .l i- '.I == [iII',l i i tn iii i ii rl ., i I- 'iI 1. 5 6l4i 4 ,d..r l ... .. i.t l, ,-1r inl, .. .l. l i, I -la



-,, iop, uI I. I ,U t hr, 01 1 l ,in a .i ,i, Iitu t, sl I ngthat sta tly oi b, tio. Ihl, l d . n.i-. %At th-f. 1 time o ct
ai, blop. ul h:t ib U I-t iisi) I.' -'lbt:li I All -)mituOtle tihgt -taautly siacb tiiauoi lilsL i i.ttii,., c she tiwloe of tcoifid

,r...;..- --- - - -









NILES' REGISTER--nTARTC ? s8, 1818 -RELATIONS WITH SPAIN. '0


rstrt 5. .i.;;o I r. l i, .1i..ii., ijiys of Santa Rosa and Espiritu St. iernard. Two of Idi vessels were captured v tihe Spanis
, tS .. .r .m l .. i .- t \v l ol .. l... I- *i.ri .r. .ri, r ai .., ii.. l e ,c.i i ,.uir rt .r.- ...i I.
?-f'.f ; :ir i ; l. -netrated i tot l the ,.,'.. I r. '. .F -. .- r, .-.,, i t r'. -, ", i h i.li- i' I ., I..1
'i. I. ., .,*, :.,.... a Aurora. Ocali, A p.I.- .I ,, .. I. I *pl. a I. ..e .1 r.'.-r !, ,..I ,. Ti ill i r
Molbite. CChasquin, Guigute, Ul.mngu,, Guachoya inr oth r, '.. i I ... ,,,.1 .., .... H .' .. .. ,,.., i,.
which it would be tedious to enoiirer;i-. Thlie sam- Tl-roon od .. 1.1,. ..,T .,,,,,,,.. i., i ,
Siio, after having in person surveyed the coast and interior of the I m I -.,, .i ,,, i
country crossed thl Mtisississippi, and penetrated as far as the itiu ditF tlhe firt, and t i .. i t. r it. a- I i ., ..I .., i
.Negro. in 1542, diid at Giailirya. yr. ) While on tl.,r ., i.... i,, .
No Europ an nation had yt attempted to disturbthe Spaniards is i tile interior of 1.. .: .. .. I
"r. il.;, | .. P .,--, in the in w world; none had trod o i ant print i bulous mines of S-,, i .r i, ,. ,. '.,
IJI I.l -j : Fr ..r.., ', and the Spaniards continued -. ,l.1.- rhF-'1 t .r y his own .... .. i ., ,., ri r, i i I ,
.estialishmenr ts, as the oldynation which had acqi.Lr- i- Ir'. ,. -, r, .xp-litions n i 1.. ii. l.. I,, iI ....... ...
.s; ,L i, a, that part of til: American cmntiinet and 11y onFort St. Louis, and .i .1 i .. 'i ., ,,, i 1
Si I I to the new kingdoms of L on and San Salle. The remainder oft. F- ,,n .. .., ,,, .. ..,
t ..j .,r ei ,- ,,. ,- _- aud tu the pro- ar.. .. I .. i d ... io .. }1 ;.. I;.f. 5 .1 .1, t n lIrcin. .i h .ill
'l b .,,,***,,,,I L r jA l exasii 1i 69e0. : .. l l n. I, 1.r. i x, r, : l, ., i i, e. a ndseof tie Indians.
lets, and posts, uinlr the name of PrF r I ii i i' In the men time ws of-.i.;-..r. -.,. i .. ri. ,i. : ,
'hia del Ru'fugio, Sx. Antonio, E [ i. ,i. dS ll .. ,,,i,1 .I r ri 1 .1 i ii:1. ,p.. i ...
doebes, Ayeses, and San M igu l i t 1i : .. ,i, F i .I .. i...-.. ,- r ,,,. ,f..r ti ,. .. 1 .i .- i ,I ,.
ci,. Riu Roxu (Red river,) exter ..L I I .. i n.-. ..- i .. I .... i ."'i ilr q. iisig theexterininationo 'all fireign-
that river. ers who would dare to rpenitrate into 1- i- of Mexico. Ai ex-
"Lug before the. i.1 ,-ii tiheramslves in New M -xico, peditioun was then resbalvd on. to be i i.- I at Colaquila, under
wherr they built ti.r: apjrl I i ', 'a Fe, in339 degrees north lai- itihe coinraland of A luza de Leon. to seeir the country and Ihunt
.t,.- o....I ...I ,..1 ..i -.1 ..... its ieiglbori i .. i. t .. .I' T7r. ..i. m y were still renair ing. ti ', I' i ,fit with
lI.,, II', i .Fl ir..,. ..... .,l ri't i. rivers that r, , le arrive on the 2d of 1, .1, it ', at tile

trh Iodian nat ions; ., I' ,r i ..... llr imle Spli ... --.. e 1 *I ... :. ., .ll, I I SI, .... r. ....U. .r 1 "
.the tE-rrtory iplng t.. t., o I i of Ni'w 1. I i .,, i..i wreckid. Having hIardl in his narchl that
I. l ,i '1. i l .i operty. These dominrins ssome of La Sill':s coImlpaions wPre still wandilering about tihe
.i., I -I.... ".. ti t crown of. Spaill wern: e .. I ...i .Ii. I ... .,..r, or had tal ., i I'. :- with the Ilidlais. hle shiap d Il
i .. .I I -I I i ii.. say, .i i i i ', I wards ihe i i t Asimais. and was reec iv d ty
LI. I Sl,t,. 1 .1 ri .... r '- r ...i i. which, being on tihe sallnl. thi ir with 'marks o ri iildsli p and ri-sp-et; bi-. however. li il in
SI ....~. I. ., I 1,: ... i, to Spain, sine,' Lte whole traces of tile French, as no illor1 of their "ere ill -xistenr'e
i-,.,,iil I i.. ,, rr. ,. ilt r i:.. .' i. ,teli property. iitcoitestably A loiizo id Lcoin tr atnl I., : ; .i, Ti , i ,. i -
apquired, she hlad coiustatitly mraintainedl amnionig r puIi 'ssions, and called tihen Tesxas. i ii r .. I r .. .... .. ..
not hlrcaius sshe occupi-dit throughout its whole extent, which was O,: tlhe 22d of May, of I the same year,j i wrolt to th e vierroy. ill.
impossible, bht onl the principle gcnuei. il. .,,;.1 i'C .r the i formini:g him, that there existed neither Fr i ...
priol'rty of : lake (ir narrow sea, and 'ri i, i. 'r reigners ill the whole clounLri; that thle 1 I,. i. ..
rtil ivi, pssdlr tl nio other power is i1. Ii iii1 tie i gre"tartaclinenrt aind good will to th Spaniards; awl that itw would
1 I' I I j *i'r'. 1 biy tie occupation . i.... i e v, ry proper to establishh i lissio::s and L ... ... i L .. ..
These premises '..;.,: ,1t.I|.1, I 1t notto Ie shakiln, i rl"a ;;ii. i .l i ,,, future atm-nipt I I ,.
are all supposed b h i 1 ..r ,.i '.1 onurnents, tradition ,. ,i .. IT 1.1. I, )iquelst. This ', F,. i 1
imp re'i'i'. bl-. .l ei utIc I r'. ..-I .. I ,,.,- ..., i ,, .' ... ,i .i .,, in M exico, thl- mission of S I. ... .h. 1 1. .
51' i... 'ri a ..,1 i ',i i' i... ..'... r I il 1690, after that nation had voluntarily suhmitied to
Ab early as th. .. r I -.. .. 1 r ., ,'n of Spain. The viceroy of Mexico continued to take
France an(d a : .i ,, .. .. r t ,, ... ,,i.r .. i. ,. mI asinr S Ibcr protecting tile, country and preventinig the
Spaniards, a .. i ..... i, ,,i, .. ..r i ,.. -i i f aln Ferenlch advullturers. The court of Spain,un be-
Amrerioa. The Fi i. 1i .. .. .. .. _. ..i .i. i. I I o s .1 of what lhal passidt, i-rllewed rigoroi s oldirs io tihe
river St. Lawrence, and those of the EnI glish were directed to di:t '. i, isn also gi ... ,, i'. i. ... ,..i .
l-relnt parts of the coast on the Atlantic. Hence originuatil ihI-, iernt of hlie Ildii;ns. -. i I i I 1. .
basis on which the two nations afterwards founded and ext. tded d r don Dnomingo de TFr. ,. I i1 1 i., 1 I .
their resp, etive settlements. I shall now only speak of thlos. tile co!nllianid f ... ... .,; ,li ,, ;.. r ;... i ,t
niad,' by tie Frei l as they serre as a support totheiactual pr. ten- period the iro' .... I .1 i ., .. .... .
sins ofthe United Status. Franeis Ribaut, all a:dvt iturer of under tl, Spa ii .,, I ....,,, ...i .. *,
that nation, lohad already penetrated into Florida with some ollow- by thte Frech t I i .... .
ers, towards the end of the sixteenth century, and built the fort You see. sir i. .. ... .
called Charles Lv Fort; but this rash enterprize oni thre territory 'rirc-l r that pi. i. .i;. i, 1i.. i ,. I .
of' tlhe crown of Spain wis .. .. ii.. i ., i.. ..... .t ; .; i. ..ld was ,r' ., .r ., I .
td, the Spanilh governor, I -. I *i i, i i ... i. .-1 ..I excursion wasi., .., i. .. .,, .. i i .. I i f. -
taken the fort, and made prisoners of' ibaut and all his, people. reigniir to r xpl .. ... I r .1..1 ..i :i.. .i. > id
Mlentioni is likewise'it ade by soime writers, of another Frenchman, is rt)ot sulistaiitiidly difi 'el'nl from that made 1. ':. L i .
called Rene de Ltudonnirre, who is said to harv landed iraom the in tilhe country of the Catfres ti the north east I II ,
squadron of admiral Culigrny, on the coast of Florida, in the i ear H lope; by which. however, France acquired in ., i i
a .'ii l I i i liel hernamed Carohn,about (lie spot wh re of -i. I'... i, ; ., i l. ....1. i w re i I ri '
!'o- t.'. i but the same writers add, lihat the Spa- sail ..i ...r I.1 ... i i trrriri es ar there ii tie
liards inuni-diately atackedr the French, 'put thiem to di:ath, and world, especially in e'xteasive o6minions, still ntiw alld hillyy p1)o-
raed tile fort or redoubt they had built. Others say, that it was pled, in whielhi cxeursiois of that nature hae not beFen mid ea h
ii.,, 't, ,,, *" i.,i -",''.,, I afterwards built e fort tr f r i 1,, ,,, ,1,-, .,, -,A' ,, ,
U[l 1. \* ,2s.. i i, : *1 5, i .l i.i.eer ... ; I.-.. .l : r .. ... ... ,
j'. m.1," ... [ii .lh, ,I i a ,, T r, 5 r e- at a distance, actatedeil other by curiosity or aihbition, undlrtak .
It' 11' Ii '., '.'l iiI i. i I i1..., is still more ridiculous, vwho to lixp lore aiiknown co nries, inhabited by other ptuple and g
i. ,, F.. .i e been made a prisoner by the Indians, at the tin;' v.r'...1 .) .. I. i .. '
'. e **, ia war with the French of Canada, and taken to the1. ..i ,.' .. :. ,. i. r l, L, ., '. ren and
linois, when eehi .. ...., I, .; ,l i -:.. country as far .. I riii ,,i ] r i, .. i l .., of thie
the banks of the .... ir I..,..., ., i .i ,", of which hie tiol ( .. .. .... I. ,
pesslssiun ii tie'narme of Louis the fourteenct, and gave it tli. '. i i oo, ,... .,. r ,,.., dividuals of La T'I'le's exp -
Iaiieal at Louisiana, (doubtless in 1.. .. .... i, 1i, i ... I i.. IJ r had survived it. as Mr. Doi Pratr hal it ior wh.ilethur
rneital'act.) It is added, that this 1....i I [ .. i .. .i i ; '
and rutarued to Can.da, where I .I .11 1. .r., ..i ,. .;. I i i F 1, i .
afterwards published 'it ini France ri. .-.1. *, -.. i..i .iu a ine- w.irds thee-d rof th .. .. .... ..
nmoir, vwhicl 'he dedicated to thre .. '. i 'ese a ... rich |.... ...1 .
counts and others of the liki e nltii .......' .. I. their. '. .. Enterpor sing people froi Calnada, hoth Fi iel-
reives, n-,.i ri...,,1 i, i.i i. ,0 ., i, .- ,, ., i.tives, communicated with thii Inuian tribs, nld p-.
1 t. il... l, i.. ti' ...' .. 1 i..r t ..,- '. .,1 ,, into tht, intifior to pulrchas- cnttli, ai for I their pur-l
.*1. r t'' i r. .. ,' ... ..... ., iLe. Some of theol, therefore, fixeii thremselcl s at tli
S, ... ., 11 -' "'" ,' i i -1 I u u .1 i I. I ,,. ass, not as ettlers., Ilit .t Si '"'
S- I l., I ..i r .. .. I 1.. Ca:nadaand the nlativto s i
I ii. i .. ... tecordig to Mn hli took placi at thie post of the Illinois, long betPfon tihe first ifoulld;
i, ,JI .. .....,.,, .* i is. W hatis certain, tiouo l' thieFrenich olouy 'of Loli i .. .
.. r, ,. ,1. .. .. ;.,. roin Canada Father '1.". t i 1.1 hadn i. .,. ., a m isso:-.
", i, .1,11 ,,.. ..i. ,. ,,,,,, t.,,1 ,I, .1... cross inlg it e rary, into t. i i .. ,a calli-d . .
Si~i i .,'oi i C. r. ,, -i .tiSuperior; a,..1
'1.3 Sm, -oil. 1 l.,... r ,-.F -. -n 0 i.. o F,, '.ro .it ii o t e r. lorn- Ohe .. F F
"" l ..r i ri ..r. ..'-4 'r rowhence ;Cliaorwoamginrg I. ,.. 'F oi.-;.,';i,.1 r V
... ...... .., ... .. i w. In I oig o l ... ... *
'h w an lu.' ,l N ... ',', ,; ," ", "[ ,. t
..o... ,.i -. e-,,, r. n th of t J T h-y I ,.
it 1* n. .A : 41 ,, ( t 1 1 1 *1. : 0 1 Ii
(.I L' h.. ,,*I LI. I [, *, ,, I l i' t ,l I I. .I .. . .I i ., rl i r '.. .
S[- ..m1t o I ..te a sta. oita l L k .. tn I i'1.,I0 n 1dthe ..,, ,. i i ,
?-,r .. ......" ,f i -4ic., U, a o'.s ,l,5.,, to take.e' ,a t-,, L -, h o f U ,









7 NITES REGrSTER--MARCI 28, 1818--RELATIONS ,I ii S;PAIN


hligher up titan the mouth of the river. Soliet and either Mar. Natchitclches; and the right of p"n'erty .nd pussession on tle par
and on their return from their excursion. thiey found the Illinois Mississippi, was notorious.
etca.nped at the Great Pensasc. Soliet continued his r, treat; I am aware that the I'rench attacked the missions of Texatd,
-nd either Marquez dtertrinted to r,--,;,, : i, ... Indians, to during the war between France and Spain under the regency of
intstr let th e iln tie prie elifs oF .I. ,, r .. I, In this at- the duke of Orleans; that ftr !;.;, i- .... ,i. 1 .. .., .1 f,..
tempt r ie .. i 1, i missionaries, who afterwards thle post of Natehitor hes, and t'l.i' II, c..' ,. i. L i .1 : i
ics'ededl t *., I *.t i r slufficiently regular, composed Antonio dte liexar. till thb C''i-r "ar nf tie province, the marquis
otI litn;ii aniid Catadians whlo Ihd met and united with each ie Velero, advanced to i In ,s...., ..; kep the elitmy in chf.ck.
other their p: ip;l' wre no ways subitjtet to tlle 1rtPeclh govern- This conmlander Inarched .,,.. i .. inl 1719 drover them front
ment; ut h ive i i ;,' '.- .'.., of s veral Indian Ina- ihe Spanish posts, anid i.1, :-. il1, i. I., shut thelstselves up in
hist horderi. *..I I. li i i..... .
tie yii'st iltt'l S; waiiot t. 0:'': .. :-.' i :'* I' n''-r ".., .. ,L- lition is connected with the authentic facts, of which
,, r L '.l -.. i1. ., i ,' *' '1 l ,i I ihas m ade tip a ridic lous and f.a u lous tale, in his
.. .. 1 i l.: ..1. .,'ei- 1 i i, isinn i a, wisal ra lhen hesp neaks of a Frenchman of tile name
S ., -, i ,. 1. 1 .i r ...., i [ ,.. and supply oses cerp ilu conventions entered iinto Ie-
i ,,, ,. "1 llin is. OI th i I ,1 .. r ... .. ll.. Iet ., k 1 r,-,r :r. .U) ,. ( .1). T. 11
S i il6 k ind rif colo n l/. .. .,. .', 1. L- .', I- ,l ,r 1 i- N .- I.. ,: i ,...li rr .. ..i l
i of a n d u n tau l ect. I" *l....' ii .l.-. .. h. I I il.. i .I .. .. .J..., I... i* r.. ,, i r. n pi .*rt '
t nat da, of going to buy ..sl- in U I s'..-.-. ., 1.. ., it.. i.. t ni, .) t. )
i I .rI entofthe ., 1 I. i :., I i .. **' eontra:band trade, anti explore the. country. Both Ile
ali -. L i 1 i. e first spot *,,i.,I -r. i I .,, .. .npanions ware seized and conveyed to Miexico. Alter
This ..I. .. i 1. oxi, about ii..r '* I* *, l' Iadvanitres. St. Dennis nlade lis escape, and was one
east 1 i t 'I I ... it, year .699 or mlre strictly spiea-k of those who set out from Natchiloches with other Frinchsmen, to
ingit '"' .'.. I t.. I I I d, .it.- t' .. l '.'-. 1 fr t.. I exas, as 1 have before started.
blished .. ... i .. y .. i, *- .. 'fqluis lde Aguayo come to Texas, rej-w-
of theiit r ,. L i' i r I r served the g R t r ,i.i -.1.i il.-, 11 ,, .. ,** '.,.1 .. ..l... ..'i. .. ir Pilar, Adiaesi
,., .," i ..,r rl,- formed on the banks of the i i.1 t. .I i i ,, a-. i Lf..i-i,and Dolorest
... .. \. i, I 1 passed .... i. ....... ,i... of their known by the name oi' Orqutizaco; he greatly imiprove'd Sanl An
i .r.. raise .* 1 I bank of tonio de Besar, and placed tie whole frontier of the provitle
S -- .T. i .. ,. r .'.. I. ..i: .1 .. '. .. 1. .- ; r.- iectabhle state. T'lus the Spanish settlements remained
,,, i. .i .., .t. i... I .. -. .......1, until Louisiana was ceded to Spain, when si. c I. -
i i Ir. i ri.. -., i'i ..' .:i. It '. 1. .rl .. ... ,..and Orquizae were suppressed as being :i... ..I .. I .
S... .ii i i,... .1.. I ..'.l 1.. i ..*t i s 1 %., F rrther proof that the post.of Natlhitoches was acknow-
.,. ii. ...... .i,'l.. i,,l.. .. "t". .1 5 r. l., 'r,.. I ,it.si being within the Spanish territory,
S I i *' r i .. .i. i ., ,11 2I r ., I II. it .. I is, thiatwhen captain Don Domi li-
1 ,, I ,,ii ..1.. i. n 1,- .. I.T .1 i *... i I1 I.... ~ ,,i,.., .: ie with It party to 'texas, after St. Dennis and his
i i I'. I ", I ',. I .. r were sent to Mexico. he paid a friendly visit to the
I.I r I.l ,.., i1 ,ia c ,, ,, ll ....: t. .i. J ,.I i .h lr h... ,. .r ., r ...t i l ,: I -
1. 1.... .. ... ... . ... ... 11... .. ... ti. a .... ... ... ... .. ...... .. T l... .......i
S i.. .1 11 11.. I .. .. i ir- rIt. t, ir ,1 Mia: in tile year 1742, the FrenchI ir.. I .. ..
Si ', .-.' .. of cattle, and fielio"t t l r.- .. .i I, ,, i h.'iin;- i t-ir.us to remove that fort, which had been injured
., I I lp up supply, turtnetl Pn.- .,. 1i I, somewhat artther from the bank of the Rio
Si ....It ,: p. ries of Ataeapas; at thi'h..' i I.. ,, .i' ,,ver,) he waited on the Spanish governor of lthe
Louisiana there upon appliled to tie command is, .i I.II' .l :i 'l,,cuel de S;ar-u..I. .1. 'i.:.'-1 li..-- i 1 per
I ', .. ,1. .... I ,.,J .-I. ...... i .-., r Sandoval :7 .u s..l .r. r ,t-.r, 1.. '1. he
'' '' '..... ......... I .. ,.I ...... it, w as no I .11,,. 11, ... -. .I r t.- its
.II 11 '. 1 "h'" *J "'.i' 'I.''l. ."i. ,..,. N, i otwithstai ding, thle viceroyof Mexico, oNf
S'' "'" '- '' '* ':. I ,1, t I, ..I this act of accommodation, higilly disapprove
"* I'. '.i I- i L* i i t t ir.. .''" i rI .. i .1., hed colonel Don Franeisco de Brito to Aidaea
l,, I, t'l..It .. 1Il .1 ,1 .5"r 1ti.. t. -. ... I i., .. ,, I .. n. i"or Sandoval, and bring him under guard to
io f t tat pirt o it territory afterwards ceiJ. '. I ... I there before court martial; which was car,
Snnll trais!tein-ed 1'y hier it) the Uitedl Snatrs; as was also al. ,,so thaw.
ill ts Fi L ...... La Ftrele A1 aylst eiet wi all the rigor ofthe law.
Foure. A -vaelles, the Rap ". I; ui1nquestionable, fiom the historical series of ficts adi the
S I r i lnex1ceptionable documents, that hle province of Texas
," '' I'.. ... i- I .t I- 1 I- c i t1t Mississippi, and that the French never crossed
h ,' 11 1 ,. .... ,i,, i .. lhrat district, but through ithe suffl rance or permils
SI i '' "' ,l.sh g'oiernors; and that in consequence of the
,., 'i .. '' h :' 1.: hI they were permitted
.' ." | 'i' j -" h I' f ,' '" '" ' ie I,, u, i-T ,- ,.. a ullI to hold, fo)r that
it .'. i. 5 i.! ,' ., : t". "' r i 'p all the incursions d rswer io sued te ,,, p ..i r,- .F ,, .., i, n ...l sI t, 's
tl -', -,'.I ,. ...t l.. '.'I into other points of dets asert it"ued to (t,. ilL' r.Fi. I. ii....
":" ,; hI i o...:.. .,. i ,, '. ta... ,, T,i ati ato sor tlliiln. estruy the said IpMss. The Spanish eommanudant advanTled with
I 'n,..1 .i.. .. i .. ..' .,r ... ..lf Touheilg oi the Ie- a suffielent f .. ... . ... i but e acceeeded to the
.-.. ..i ..,. .. .. i hicih gavr e rise to their settlement tr f'r 1- it I i ,, 1. ., l .1 whi I- ',i. J Io
NaKasakias, twenty- leago'lus hbeow C aio!ia. The inhabitaints c.i r, T. lodo, Whicn is midway .
Illinoi, w~1 ilad no1 cetIm xuioin or dpeti eewhatve whlsaver on Casnada couosiflercd a the dtlviling line, tinl the d-
,i d.t I .,,il *i .1 i i..l .. ,I, i .I.... trade witti tile te'"eit oit ti ttuo course In this state 'i ... .... i will,-
"!, .,L i ....t "I i..1i ,. l* 1 .i ..1 .. i .,, ut i t further change, and so continued until ,I .. .i Lruii-
S, i ,r,,. i ... 1,, ,,.-,. .r F ,i ,. r ana to spaint relieved those provinces of Spansii h Am eriea lro n-
ii r.. r... I. .. ., iii 1 ..i i all emnbarrassment and trouble from the French. But it always
', .. ..,i, i .f1 i... ,r ,F .'1 I, r ... i iaiskaskiias bu"t hwas ani undeniable fact, established by thu irresistible titles and
i. ,i 1. .. I I.1 t i. I i,.i .,.... ir'i the Inials, doeuln'nnts, that the French neither held nor hadl held, to the
until tle Louisi sna ctn mainy sent M. de Boisturiant, as the ... I of the Missiisiippi. in 1719. .i .. .i. i rl.... i
lieutenant, withl troops, to reduce and diretr l. .-ni.-,,,, r i I. ,hich they held merely by i t. .- .' .. .. .1 ': i .
Swas afterwards cosi erably increase i in ec thd i n ''h ,. .h SI' i i *:., .. I Ilat the Spaninsh settlement of .\. -.i I- .'.I .'i -
S .. i .. ... I ,......, ..i I. r. 'l., 1. i ,I on t he Rio Roxo, (Red iver., i .i ..i i. I' 1
S.. ..i ,.. i. .I exist until Louisiana was transferred to Spain. The paro-
i.' *. r i i. .. i. and it was ..,l i i .1 r .I' ie. .,1 ..I ..:.. ... ,1I Adtacs, with the registers o'
'. 'l1 i i G ;tieviv e, .I .. i. i .' .i.. 1. ,. '.. itt still m ore eircumstantially,
S' .. inconsiderab'l s.ttle'ivmet, whicli as wae-l l, I, ... .I:..,: if the pastoral visit, made in 1805. by
r' I'"j. .. ... ..i rl, e. ory was c dt d to E ngland. D (on ... I ..I. I, 1 Ir, i. I. i, .. i..- Il ... i. ,
.,i ; il 1 .nti oand historical evi I ,, i Il!. t... :. I ..F 1 .1 i It : ..I., t I. "
S. e -'ench L miemiaa, a 't. .e ir n dividing it into '. iIi i I ', .... 'L i ''. 11 iir i ; I l I rI- -It Ii i.. ri -i Ii":
S roving 1 .1i ..i ;,.,,; i.. ,. i. .1 ...iI' i rili northll nd ear .i ,. f ...... .. rr, If-N. I ',, 'ei...
... .... .... ..... ... r p p i n d f I .
at v tti. said i, ... .... of Natche. l ing tl. principal l ,i ..... I. .. I ..... i, ..the Spainist
s e t .. . t o t h. I . a r t e r' .. .. i -- . .- n . 1 "
they cultivated tobacco. The settlement ..i '. ...i i, ... ii ... .. .I ,, rl i t i,...,L l. i .. .I i. i i.
Thie:y at iterwards Formed, was considered :. .1 i .i.., .1 L I llr ...'. I .. ih ',- L i l I ,'..1 t. r.t 1s i iI ,.
Lo tisiant F .. ,.. .. i t .... ..
It Itviuld h, b c Ias .o prove that this latter settlement was made ....... I . ... r.. .. ...: f r i ... i* .
It) t e F r, eh w ithin I h I .... . '. | .I II ... .,, 1.. I .. .. I ir. 1 .. .. ... . ..-r .- I ..
: lThe h o FLdieisc l nsi or or stle .... i t o ... I .. .... ,.. ,.. la: udestinteaind p.-, ,s.',' 1.. 'il *, r -
ithe govu.s n'ri tf the- province tf Texas. iBeftir i I, h I .' The Spaiiardts thad i rded much earlier lhan
;ulnddl N .-w-O~.Hais, t:t 're already exis td lthe l' .... i I ,. .. Inditan litlions; with thle MliStoSuri's. textnd-
. .1 La Ptarasima Co ., ..... ,, i'thatl name; the P dor'eas. I1. ..,.l r,. I ,, .r
*,' : ..,,-,,,- nt a very sho-t ,' I ..--- f i, I .- -, ,,-- 0 I t'arther to the northtwe,.t. LI.. I 'o .,









NILES' REGISTER- ~tI'IACH 2B, 18tS--ELATiONS WITH SPAIN. 7.4


a&b finally with several others as being within the dominions of Lower Canada, extending suiih to a line rumring from the river
the crown of Spain. allt anon, and following the chaiid os the Alleghailes until it struck
lThel French themselves never disputed the rights of the Sparni above Chlieur Bay. Englal;d extenduld her possessions to the soulh
yards to possession andt prope ty, snor laid claim to these parts of of the said line, on the coast of the Atlantic. from tie river S:.
the territories of the Spanish monarchy. The court of' France Mary to ii,, li.t C. .... ..,,,..J e.!i is r. ., .... ..,:.'il
Always tookthl- greatest c;arenot to injure tile rights ofSpail, on ttrritor.l:..,,- ..,,r', r. C '.,A..i[ I 1.. i:,, ,-,. i,,. ,,,
4 oeCasios sf n o n of leaking gn of wan whiop h1er set la1 Whichll ad been aled to ler by France, at the
aLouiNiana; and the French settlers at all times carefully rcspvcted peac otl l "13.
dte rit ank of the Missisippi. throughout its whole extlt, as But FI le as you know, sir, wsy the treaty of li3, excltde
th.I u-el known sopert of Stpin. No memorial can he fiunld frol 'tile coiltnent ol North A~inrie, wviih the exception of L u i-
clart"ory of a co strar pi ion, except a decree of Louis the isna, then reduce to tile island or New Orletts,and to the tract oe
flurtecnth, dqted at Fontainblieu, oil thie th Sept. 1712, in fitvor ct"ltr'y to the north of sltsuIti.l ald extendtlg tlto ihL Biiih In.s
oif I. Crozslt, ceiling tsa Ilim, anld the company fbrnd; In himi teia. I t'tret, she cTdhit L t both le C li
French settlenentof'Loulsiana, with an ideal and : .. .. L '.. extending oatr t i left sidleof '
c1tiol of bchtlariesly extending them mnentalll f, 1. ; h, i.. tIe Bayo I aInehll, aind tiln ces I
ntsl te Eiglit ine of Caolia anti al wi thle l.sistsippi la %' V th selt si t tiver ilerill- the lake, M. i n'epAs ast't P'ont-
frm thie ia to the Illinois, &c. t is eidtlre. sat the eourt of lt l i nrait, the coast and slasds. to t!e river Perdhio. Sain s cede
Fran the d not then. any ko I s v of ta the eograpy ofat it iil-e mantle, Florida to Enlagud, such as I have described it; ti -
eintll, o that tie w-ns texic vrat consierrd s bortrig on tIe il thi year 176 thicl is tlle second period we it is nece v
iesstsstilppi; ortwit.lite l OSc Louis U t te fourteesiths hticarris Ihis lh tisiii nd fi tte iais rearred to, site acquirl, by cesli'to,
u n tud tos eirom raneth r a l n, old h .Lon in>. :Sh imfteT-
lhhirality sofar in that grant, as u, givethe' Freten o panty eesl .rn cumit. 1 1 '.. I .. .. et i ihL u-ttly
the River Missiutippi and the Mi ssionr. Ile mi iht, wiith equal ,do .'t qir I I0 t 1, ,, ,- I .i.,h she had cEglibd trn lht ie
eason, have sivn that orthe Anmazons.thle L Pli a ant Oronuko. I l ich sh hus, ided to vie cr it
*You are perfectly aware, sir, the expressions of this grant are 3 "' tI i)fre It i 8 Tre co. e tr et s t o'
vague and absurd. They never could alter the fiurd limits ofi 3 aettl i76, before mnrtioed, re those lesio it isb necessary s
rente Loiuristin or te Spanish. pooss sessions t of LO e in view. togetlher 'sith s thlat of Sl. epthoso, y which Spaits
trec Lourteiina or ealse Spnsh idred s te oh cede hoelt c o Fr, lce wiat she ihad recivtd ftrai her; and Firanet
Sfoutnth wa always consider s tl act t a disorerel ep ', d, i ;
imsotinition. T'ie Spanairds constantly preserved their dominion sio byd ii rb.- -.r 1t. i h- Is tv -,r ,nhiisl prestir sha
over all Ith right blank of the lMisissippi ti the li Missou i, and over 1rioserion b n' L, isoianea 6is S1 pa. t. a si/ h .h pre htd ir-
adl ihe territories and waters from the former to the right itore of ce/med itfrmsr oraine, ill 17t-i.
the latter. Even the French, themselves, notwithstanding this 'The treaties between ran.e ansd the Unied Stases, a. d t between
flinous grant, never ventured to go beyond the certiin and well the latter aiul Spain, she fis in 177d. and the i'ound iis ;795, sustt
known limits of their settlement, or violate those of the territory likewise be kept in view, to iUlsttteincontat~lhrle rights nd estia.
aild dominions of the crown of Spain. It is, tlerelbre', of no con- al i unenable principles. To the treaties just mentioned, your
shlience to s it sueh a blunder was committed by those whso -ave'nens t and his eiiaLhulic ii;Tjt-sty may add all such other titie-s
penned the said grant at Fontainbleluu If' a document of this ad documents 1 -:. .i ,.. .,....' .1' settle any
nature was sufficient to dispossess a nation of its dominiions, or of doubt whiich adei e ,ir i. e., ', .. .d that the
a.y part of them, what security could there be in a ry psrt of basis of a demuarteaiol ssay be laii down upon a due understanding,
the possessions of independent kingdoms and states? Can there h-i and established iand fixtie with the greatest possible exactmnes.
a inld capable of coneriving, that such a paper can fail to be You are plertfetl) awnarc,sir, th tlr there hlie In oheer lust mode
.abhird and completely despicable, since it never took effect, has of settling the dispute hi reiaion ta the question of bouuldliries, afll
a'iays been resisted as rash and emtravagant, and since the in- that it is ihe we which has l aysaly be lt i!adoprcd, by all nations. in
cante'stibl' rights of Spain, to the property and possession of tlie similar casea; it bet-in the uaxiouu s. wh of hIis ca;iltlic .imajesty thlae
siid territories, existed then atid do still exist Certainly not. this dinareatitil may be tso aecotiplidditl as to leave i l r'o!l filr
'hit e conlr of France was imnmeliately sensible of the extravi- doubts or eoutroversy in fultue,by proeeEdin'g to it with good lhith,
g6ner of that grant, as no farthr mention was made of it. On the and in a tlanner that may be satisfactory to t.,th parties.
anstrary, wlseln it'eeded Louisiana tu Stpin in 1764, al. Kerlet, who. I, therefore, coelndle this note \-it- tshe sane piniun I exprcssit
had been nsaly years governor of ihat provisles. was ord.ere to itn nyfriier oe, .. r *,,,. .-. i i ..- .
thaw up 1a meoie, ctonaiting adesiripiion ofit tropcr extent r ,, 1d i .. ir, ,1 I .,
stad limits, This memuir, delivered by tedulh e of C' hoiscal lnia 1 1&1 .....' l .* .. ., .i so. i- trou t to seln,,
irtr ofFrauncs i the Spanish alubasslor sit lParis, a a osupldcnlernt ., L., u. 11.. ,, i i a ,. .,-. r ,, ..i ,t i' .'... i
to the act of eesslon of Louisiana agrees substnsially with tat be determined by the amoud proposed. i' ,., l L. pi ., ,I I .
which I have just now p1ontdoust. I waildeanrythis demtas- point out tome any other, which, hilt it fulfils that objea.ctry be
iosn still fasrter.if I thought it necessary; and I will do stt, if you conciliatory ad compatible with the rights and hoouir of the crown
J. ii 11 li,, ',i....i.i. 1.. it., in the mean time, I now con- of Spaill, you inay be assj,.'i. ., i. -,i I .r. u I *, .; i'r j' ,
t U ite S"11 ,t s.,r, n f i .. i *r, and I[! ... -A Ir,, J i .[ ,: I M.. ,.i i .in .. ',I
tU nsit l S tates in thr nam e of t ekin in) a1 kIi i, I I iIII ,-1. ,,, 11io-31 ,. .., i i.:1 Hi ,. ', 1 .,,,I
&Spain ass an original and indisputiale right to all the right bank osf amicable inincr, t ais t.j I i. ,i1, i r' i.... '.i .
the iississippi. lis majesty Ihasi resolved to elaim this right, solely With these seutiruen I r. i '. ; .,,, t .
wih a view to adhere to the tsti plaseddis, or state of possessio.t, in disposnl,:asd pray God to preserve ou nia_ yeUars.
wlsicl tle crown of Spain was 1hesnt shie acquired Loiisiasa itn (Isignedl) LUIS DE 0twi1,
17r64, and in which that (it France wasit tle time sdie siside tie a uldnrL nltc: / rth /ht;;n'try, I15&
ts'ion. His. mnijcsty pavi ig die respect to all snch treaties an d
ealtventionls,Oas hbave aesi t change in the state oif possession f the No. 7.
Itwo niltions in tha t pos t of Aoinrica, religiously confines himself t' (FTiiaridhi)
the express perixl, wtelln Louisiana swas eircms'asribed by the e ssell T'e P anr to hie ,'ain:.
nnown extent nil hou iddrics, with which it passed intothi e hands of o !R-f, ,,in. 1si, i, 0 1. I,. ., .' ,f ..' t,:r
the United States. i i- 1 .-. I ." i. .....,,,.. ll |t i -1 i .. ,' | 5 .. .. Io tt,
As these boundaries, to t e westward oithe Missi-ssilppi, lthlouglh .., '- ., Is., I .... Li...... ........
lwaysn io acknowledged, otoious ten akomarktrutgiteh .,I ave...a i, i.' ir '.. o 'b .,h 5, i .1. 1I 1. ..I.
the formality necessary to avoid doubts and arbitrary pretensions, e -. .... ... l .... i..,, i, "1 .... ', ,
and as it is orily evident timht they undoubtedly proceed from the nid weest otf that provincer. ancquird fi'o Flra te bIy tiht: Unitedr
bMliexicn Gulf: by the river Martnenta or lMairmituetao, andAroroyo States; I Inow proceed to discuss dia ilh.renrt poji ui. n wi;ich you
Hontlo by drawing a line between Katehitocehes and Adalie, %vlicl government funds claims against those of his eaih, lic majesty.
crosses ltrd River. aid Cexttends towards the Missouri. I have done io As this rnmater was s.uicietily discussed (ventihtlh) aud placed in
ti're than point out the Iasis fol a li'neofem ti ad ter te trongt ofr r ligt of evidence hy thie ''' .. I Ii- .,i ;. ,l .-
we haveagreud on this basis. a eotlnisdion composed of Slpanitdts lntes address ed by it to eMr. PiLstClainy, i, .i .' ,.o iii 1 .1
aMt Americans, fuormnlly appointed ian authorized by their respee- to thie Alniurieets comninssioi. coaipotset .. ,. 1. 1 .i .u-t.' i r.
ti governments. can iatnd ought alone, to examine aad fix tie born. Motiroe: nind alst inl those \lhel ill te last iltstalle were addressed
diaries betwevu the possessions of the two powers keepilba it view by it to Mr. Serving, at 3lldrid, I hattil ti esl e the sulbjec' hI'illh,
theldouments exhibited ot both sidest and eoupairing them oi the Sand precisely, merely touehingl om tile printciml p;oi nts of lthedispstlla
spot with the points to which they refer. l'Ihe basis I now speak of' and showing with simplicity and elear.irs, to what tie slate of the
as necessary for thiS desnarcaot of boundaries, must be soug'hl tbr (iluestionr is reduced, and in what mniniitie it shiukld e itirly and just-
pineriely in :l, I1. 1i.. k ,. I.. .. i.i ...u. i ..-. 1 .. ,l l -h 1 .5. i y irranigeld
showed the prvsts 'I,.l, .,, '- .. I ili r, ,1 .. ..* .t., I divide into two classes theri ,i .. -r,.- .
France, and Eiglagnd, in 1763 andi 176t, sinte we estmnot seek for ninlsd satisfletion and indeinsli -.1 !.,, ,,i 'I ,. ',I l, .
them in breeding periods, the possessions uofthe three piwersi i. i,, .,.. -, .. ''. ,' .
this part of the American continent, being then very different tfroali rn-et r lnz. II. 1-u.hi I,. Ii I.-Ii '. .- *' *,oi i .l Ii.r .*1;-
what they hafe been after those periods, in virtue of public tre'?- b'r. 1,0 ... l..-i. ,'I ....''..;i.,-i i. .1 ,,
ties,.whicl are,atnd ought to he. inviolable, i. .i,, tI''' t- .*i' i .
'The situation, therefore, of thi three powers, until 1763, was as ,I .. i ..... I .I .. ,. ih:: i. i . h '. y
MIllowe 'The arown of Spiliin extedted its doiiinion to the east, over French l tl uizers in tile coasts of Spaisn, aind coi.demncd by lIrcncls
the right side ofthe Mississippi. from its mouth to the month ofthe consuls residig in the Spanish ports. To this the whole question of
Missouri; rid to tlhe north, over tle right side of the latter river, iildemnificiioni is reduced.
tsom its mouth to its source. Florida, already, contracted by the The points embraced by the fi st class, areas follows:
ist-rusir establishment of Louisiana. commenced at thle river Perdi. ist. fhe dmaag-s ad injuries unlawfully can ti! by Spanish 4.
do, anld extending eastward. towards the riv.,r Santa Maria,(St. thorities' nd subjects on Amierican hitizress;; ti!d by Asnricasn an.
Itfury~s) ielutded the whole Penitnsula, wlicli extend as far as the '.''irkr, .'.' *,n., ri,, .,,ii .. .. i.. eiown ol'Spain; i viuk'J
it h tt.I| 16 It,, t. Ju-il LI LI or *.,, Ii d 1 1.I,,. r i-i it .1 le'twe l Spainl and Grei'lt Bpn'tiil, %vhicht '. i i s 1 *i i '.'
I'* If,,j Py I' t. ` p t tti. .dtl '. D'1aag1e WtsWd itsnjtiLs i t:ti ,- ii .Si ,li ..... l', ..'









72 NILES' RW'8~TEi.- rM.l-isi ,8; 1818s-RLATfONS WITHi SPAIN.


in consequence of the interruption of the place of deposit at Ne'N tent of thei. .1: ;,' *,.,i.... I ..., ,,t war or'ot with
S.i ,., i,.... ... ,ofthe-intendant of the royal treasury of Spaiin the power *, .. I. ... .i'th saidefeet'c;'
I* I ..... .' Louisiana. 3dly. Iijueies, damages and losses On the part of' S;pin this has been done: id if lher edbrt have
ca e".d to citizens of United tate by Spah hori a not poded the itel te Sde siredi efcct, trhe fault does not rest with her.
S, i ,. ,. ,, i ..,. P ,. i l-. .1.. : .. ;. I. .i .,-i .1 .. i ,, i : ,, ... o ni th e t c o a sts unh r d ili
,...1 ... ...1. .,.., I .... i, .... ...... i ,j ii .'1 .. ], ..i r i . .I i e particular cha. ae

the !oiii ,ls em braced by thi e I, '.. I ... l-' I ,* ,l. r i. i. ,,. i .,, ,1 i i . ii ,,l ,. ... .i-,i .,. I..d
dcd i d signed. e'st-i ... .. i ,
FriS i: i I. .1 d in the first point are ackniowid.t quently their recourse, as the aggrieved party, was always open to
let ed ,,i, 1. .. ,,i.J.. -* ... 1** justice; :mnd to carry t ,' ,, i .. .1 ... Spain w\as th i in
i i ii.. i i i ,i I ,t i. i .i I I i .l i .. ith G reatl B riiain.
,l 11 i .1 .i .. .lll r i. .ir.I 1 .i ..,. .,.-, sir, ti at She, thetefbre, could notl t i .. 1 ... i i .i i l..i i en-
the slllspenisiont of this conveetionl did not originate with his catholic tering hier ports, as they.. .i r, .,,r ,. ias,
majesty's government. His majesty is ead totoorivefullaec to it; hut agoaastthe English. i. I .. i.. ,,: their
aiii oi t ll baisi of that convention we can establish and agr(e ot cruise, committed aggressions on Aterican vesel on rica prten!e o
what may ie most justsuitable and expeditious, to r-make a re i ... .. .i, ,. govern.
c l sltisftaction for the afbreaaid injuries a; ..... ..... r .1... ,. ,r i ,. .. .. i i. ,. were al-
in hie conventionl, to be r illt 'iil .,.. '.. i., i' t.' i .... i... NeitheVr wai it in the
the in jtm iesalld lo es ,...... i .. -. .. I180 to thee pa' Spanaish ports where tlhe iiltnju: :. l i i,, .., i *
i. .. ... .i. i i i..i. i .I the trihbuo ls of cassation, to i .. 1 1 ., i i
S I 1 i .. l. 1I .. .-.i ji 1. the decision f ttile Fren co;n ,1 i I I ...1
S" ,. .* i... ..1 i, i.l. It wasu:iquestion'ablvin F Ian i .r. i ., i
Ik 1 .. .... I .... ..* ', to be acknowledged I natcd-d aind in Francere te t- -
S. .. ... ... to tile examination itnd delanification be laiitld oft Spain ftll situc ijrttias, andl not of
,1. ,I .i i .. ... .. ...i. to determine the, nessary France who was the cause of thluim and the power eumbhled to cnm.
.... .,,, ,, ', .. i ,. ..,,....... to bo stipulated on the ba- i .i. ,., i .i make due satisfietion, as they were her sub.
sis ot iha;tor1 02.i i. ... i i. ,
The sCcond point, namely,thatof thle suspension of thedeposite ...i.. .. i .... .,,, ii. ,..
at New Orleans, might be omitted. You are aware, sir that it .., ..... 'i..t ..I .. .... ... ii. .I- ,r. i,
lasted but a very shortiiae, an id i the depth of winter, wheel the .I .1 ... ... i .., ,,, .. .... r, ,.. ......
expolrtatiol ofathe irodi ue of lte western state wses 'iery iaconsid- I'' .. I ." .1 rl .... .. i ai ,. a ,..... ,, ,I .
erable, and very hazai dous and difficult; that, moreover, the **! I Ii. :....; i .
I .. :.. .~'. .. i .. ...i ..... e.nelie ce to the A. e A 'i I' i l .... 1i 1i.,1 1 i. that by no established principles
Sll .. ,,' 1 1 i, I ..I .... in tile streamll inste I .1' i ii I, .. ... i, .... be considered resi possible lir scich
1 II i J i.. .I i .... ...,i .. '.. Orleani; and tliat thesaid indenlfieations. n tci even indirectly, in cise 'Fra ce should if
S. .. ,, h ly disapproved io by to makiethenl l I .1.1 .. .... i.. ,i i wlich Sir
i.. ,,. ., .... 1. .. -ett d his m ini .. 1r, i .. .. ,. i .. .. .. i, -, ;at B ritain, de.
suitable saltisaction to the United States, ian his royal in .... i .. .1 1 .1 .I ,, I i I ilto the po .tu
S..;.I' "' ** *i ;.. i i ci i, thisaffair oughtfromeI 'i, ... i. ., its ally, and there condemned, karejustlyand lawfully
I .1 ,.r, '.......'. i a condemned, according to the law olf ntions, and that the owners of
,, .., .... ..i,,,r ,i,. ii .a hi ,.',..i:: ...- .the property, p iofr to its condel nlatiaon, have no longer a clailli to
S'. .... .. '' r .... i *'. it after iond' i ation has takeh place. From this and other deci.
M ,I, I,, i i.. rI ..i -I.., ........ i .,. i ,
a .. ,. .|ai .. h .... t. i. 'I i b 1e lie at ei.t. n.as chi. ei p' ,i a a ,i t. i I ,
s I ,111,a .. .f..r i ... ,th ein, ] .... 1. ... .. I ........ ... 1 .,
t.,, .' .. .i,' ,1 1. .... .. .' by th eintenl, nations, the se ntence pronouncini I ,r I i;i ....1 i.. ..,i ,.,I ...
.l ., h I (11, ... ..". i ...i .,. I I I I I

uaider coveerofthl deposit, enormous fr:alds .- .... i .. i. ,i i ., i .. i nation has ..h I r .. ,,. L.
royIl revenue. By tlhe treaty no provision v .. a ,1 i.. ..i. ,,, its power :. .
.i I II. I"- ii. .. iiii I. I. i. I. I II I Ie r., .i 1. .. . I .... station n fll tilhe i juries coinlnitted orb
I" ,. 1,. ..., i. .. .. .I.. ii I -i from New Orleans to an- iits coasts, and in its ports, onat friendly or neutral nation, it is bound.
S... I. ...r ,, ri. i. .i ., "I, i I..... to rhe intermediate pe-t to nothing lloo e, ia.t Ii. ., ...i .. ,,; mai ni ot
: .', I ..-,..,. .... ...I.;.. .r the said deposit, and the asignim'g have prniduced thl .. i. ... pplicd lay
Sr. Jettfrson, in his letterof e 5t oLfth Of September. 1793, to Mr.,
I .... i*' .' was, therefore, not bound to become' George IHammonid. It is al.o admiitted I. .. .. ..1
.d i.. ,. I I .. .in -, -.-.. ,... 1I .... ,:. I i ,IL. '. ,1 .. 1, a he obligatio tns of' ,.. .. I ,I, i ., .I
short iiterliaptiol of tlie deposit, i ..... i I ... ... i re existing treaty betw, en the two nations.'
'a.. ...1 11.. i. iii ,.1. i. i i I i .. ... i. ,. ... Spain had not been the ally of France at
ii '. .. ... ..... .[ ..... .... i. i ... i .. eninthat ense L.th* principle lhavej ustil-
-, i .. .' i .. dictated 1 ...11 .. i-, t being then the anly of France in the war
Notwithstanding liese reasons, and various others which I against C-i i. i.,., might certainly ehilloy, atmoig the ex-
eouldIadduce.to provethat tlhegovernmetit o '-i .. t.t I ..1 r:.. .. i.,. .i ,.. ii, .. r..; ; i... t, ... ,
r. .l..a. I r i i .. ..i ... ....1 I i a. .... i i I. i i t I. i court ; biut I lo not considt t i neces-
." -" 'I '.. .; ". atthey till i si s i -. 1.I ..I h ....+ .. .I ;. .. r ,
,. ,J .... ,., ..1,.. i .. .. .. ... .. ti e of Sp-in agaii st the he im of .. ..... .- r I.. i I .,-.
jolt comlnission. e There .I ar. i I -. ', ,. 1 i i o in juries.inasmuch as this capital e:cef)ion atatnds csit, Hailely, that sa -
ellding this point, as lth as it I r ...i' .... i .. I. 1ii' tisfaction tir those injuries was already made to the United States
order of the intendint of New *. .I i i .... ....... i i.. by France, l eo!iequ i.. i .... i ., ir,. ...is idt-
a td and signed, ifr required by you; i 1 .. .. i; .... i , ...i 1 .. ... ,L .- .. i,r, .... it su-
.; .* ro te i. ...i ., .,, .. obligation spoken of, which
I I I 1. I. .. .. I now 1. I' il. I I. i '1 I i wa's andt could only lie but one, is i hereby evinced to have been ex-
S.I .,..,i .......I I I ..itizens of the United Stares by tinguishd. The French government Ihas positively declared, that
i' .... t,' ... 'i r ,'..,I ,t the capture of American vessels on 'in tiht special convettionl concluded l htween France an tile Uni-
'. I a-, .i1 ,. I I. ;I. I mdlemnation in Spanish ports, form- ted States, this poibt na settled; -ld, I II .. i... invention by
ii' .,., .t '. whichthis claimland de ando ,f ih ,, I due conlpeu-
r .. 1, .1 i .. ... '.1. ...i Ii ...u ii i i., station I fr the .. .... ... .1 ,, were attended to
i' andred medt .. .1 ... .- i',, there aty of cea,
this part of the question was dheissed in a very lutminoutlls nman. sion or sale of Louniiaina." T iiat is lo say, that the atmounIt of the
aler inl the notes addressed by his eatlhlie majesty's government to said i!njiri sanll loses wasi I .... .i .1 i .,i ii I in i the
the Amnerican miniilers on the lothl Feibruar and sih March, 1805; pricos'tipulated for Louisian ,r 1,n .. .. ...., is tlhen
.l, .., .i.. 1 i .. ... .i -" I'.: made to he United States for all that was eCtimiated and agreed on
*. i ,, .. .... ..,.oh, i r, i .. .r ., .:.,... .... i ,.. bert\een the French and Amuericanll u .. i .. i. .. ,. i.
.... ,I r. ii ii, i 1 .. h .. ..., b t i.. ; tl ; of the said lo sies and injt ies, Ic i. ... .I. .i 1 1..
S,. t .i ,1 ,. i... ,, ., .. 1 'ridi ga e v a erbal asnraLnce to thi i, .1
t "In, o ,i iI .. ... .. .I.i. ..s .i..., ., ,i Iinisterof state. andtn th minister i .... .
i.t' ,I .,'. i .... h. ...... ri. a i ., ,i, ,. ,i ii hi a similar assurance to the Spanish anmbassidor; at Paris. His catho.
itasts aind ports agressions have leen committed by another against lic majesty also demantldetl a formal and categorical answer of the
,, ,- I' i i ... 'L c.eiic. mstances Frencht governmlentll oan this point, which formal declaration I here
i .. i .. I .. i nations. copy: it is thu; expressed, inl th I. ,.. .. ',, r. 1 themlinister
a. .i ., ,i 1 i. IIi rl L. Li...i I .. les Ii, it .. ..C France to the ainhnssi dor of I .... i
tioiof Spain is reduced to exercise its rood offices witl i.h II ...ir "'Bourbon L'Arehamtl)Lult. Oil. ft.i t. r. (27th July,
ing party. and to aid the cla mns of tli. i pstv n r,.ovlr. FPsh 1804.) Monsieur LAmbassiadle. I have duly laid before his imperial
S I .'l r I l, ri i, i. .. .II .. ., i,, i, r 1i i I. .. r .. i 1. i. .1 ,. I,. I. ., r to address to m e, da-
r .1' .,..I l l I ..a ..I r .I .a i ..,....- .. i. ,- i i. ,t. ... i I, ,.. 1. .1 .. ... sw hich has taken place
-. r ..'.;, i r.i ..l,. hich shall be within the extent of between the court of Spain anll the government of the United
' i,. .... a, i,, .,,.i., ,. i n. ilnd.andshall ust all their ellirts to t ; -. T ill i ... .. -1 t. .l. ..: r ,:.,, .
n rd effae. which may h te, 'ii .1..a t.*1 i .i t I ;t. vesselss -I .. .I .i .. .. .. i It i. ........ i ..i. ..II l..
and effects, which may L- ~, r 1L..u la .iT- !r2,:e a t. Lt s th-e 0 ex- lI .,. I -. .,-%., LA uL ll .rt .'..; i ;I rI L U : a o