|UFDC Home||myUFDC Home | Help ||
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
SILES' WEEKLY REGISTER.
NEW ERIES. No. 4-VOL. II] BALTIMORE, MARC!! 21, 1818. [No. 4-Vot XIV. waor. No. 342:
THF PAST-THE PRESEsT--FOR THE FUTURE.
PRInTED ANDl PUURISH.D BY II. IILES, AT f5 P Ia ANvUM, PAYABI. IN ADVANCE.
G3The great quantity of documentary articles and appears to have been considered rather in the
that presses upon us, compels a deferment of mis- light of a privy council to the president, than as a
cellaneous subjects, original and selected. In the co-ordinate branch of the legislature. Indeed, if
present number some of those articles are disposed we mistake not, it was so termed in conversation
of-by the aid of a supplement, we expect with occasionally, if not in official proceedings of that
our next to get through with the volume of papers day. There are not many, probably, of the present
belonging to our relations with Spain-after which, generation of readers, who remember the fact, that1
the remarks on banking shall be resumed, and con- in the first session of the first congress of the Unit-
tinued to the end first contemplated. It is with ed States, president WAsaHIsNTO personally came
much pleasure we observe that these remarks have into the senate, when that body was engaged on
-been copied into several newspapers-and, judg- what is called executive business, and took part in
ing from many private letters received, they ap- their deliberations. When he attended, he took
pear to have obtained the decided approbation of the vice-president's chair, and the vice-president
the public at large. A late mission to Europe, took that of the secretary of the senate; one or
and the condition for paying the dividends of the other of the secretaries occasionally accompanied
bank in London-shall not be neglected, the president on these visits. The president ad-
( -The editor will be absent from home the en- dressed the senate on the questions before them,
suing week, intending to visit Washington city- and in many respects exercised a power in respect
but the common business of his office will be at- to their proceedings, which would now be deemed
tended to as usual. entirely incompatible with their rights and privi-
leges. This practice, however, did not long con-
Political Memoranda. tinue. An occasion soon arose of collision of opi-
are indebted for the follin very interesting union between the president and the senate, on some
We are indebted for tate the follig ver e nomination, and he did not afterwards attend, but
statement to the JVational Intelligencer. communicated by message what he desired to lay
In the house of representatives of the United before them.
States, there are now, out of 184 members, only
six who were members of the tenth congress,
S(1807-8-9) and havecontinued in the house without
intermission. Of those who were members of that
congress,'and are members of the present house,
but who have had intermissions of service, there
are but six or seven. Yet the principle of rotation
is even more strongly illustrated, in the senate of
the United States, though intended by the consti-
tution to be the more permanent service. In that
body there is but one individual who was a senator
in the tenth congress. In the senate at present
eight members out of forty were members of the
house of representatives in the tenth congress; and
of the present house of representatives two mem-
bers were in that congress senators both from the
state of Maryland.
These facts afford materials for much reflection
on the practical operation of our system of govern-
It may be added, that there is no member of
the executive department of the government who
was then concerned in the administration of the go-
vernment. Mr. MXobuRoE was then a minister abroad,
and Mr. Anims a member of the senate. Of the
present governors of the several states, there is not
one who at that day filled the same office. Of the
twenty, two were then representatives in congress.
TOox T-E SAME.
It cannot have escaped the observation of those
who have attended to the legislative history of our
country, that, with the growth of our government,
the complexion of the ESA.'r of the United States
has gradually varied from that which it appears to
have worn in the'infancy of our political institu-
tions. and that the character of its deliberations
more and more nearly approaches that of the repre-
The senate, on its first organization under this
constitution, secluded itself from the public eve,
At this period the legislative as well as execu- ,
tive proceedings of the senate were always trans-
acted in secret session; and the public knew of the
proceedings of that branch of the government only
from its messages to the other house announcing
its decisions. It became evident, however, that,
in practice, all responsibility to the constituent,
under such circumstances, was ideal; but it was
not until the 20th of February, 1794, after a con-
siderable struggle, that the senate came to a reso-
lution that its legislative proceedings should, after
the end of that session, be public, and that galle-
ries should he provided for the accommodation of
auditors. On this question we find the yeas and
nays registered, nineteen members having voted for
it, and eight against it.
From the day of this triumph of popular princi-
ples, the senate has gradually parted with the cha-
racter of reserve, which appears to have belonged
to it. By the increase of its numbers from the ad-
mission of new states into the union, its legislative
business has become so laborious, that its peculiar
character of an executive council is almost over-
looked, notwithstanding the great importance of
this feature in our government; and the debates in
tihe senate are ot much greater length, at this day,
in proportion to thle numbers composing the body,
than those of the house of representatives.
It has long been a subject of regret, that the de-
bates in the senate have not been regularly repol't-
ed; and we perceive that regret to increase, in pro-
portion as the senate acquires the popular charac-
ter. We shall hereafter divide our attention more
equally between the two branches of the legisla-
ture, and avail ourselves of any aid we can procure,
to give satisfactory reports of the proceedings in
the senate as well at in the house of representa-
tives, for the National Intelligencer, as well as for-
a congressional history, which~ we have air idea of
50 NILES' REGISTER-MARCH 21, 1818-U. S. EXPORTATIONS.
Exportations from the United States.
Treasury department, 16lh .fan. 1818.
Sin-I have the honor to transmit a statement of
the exports of the United States, during the year
ending the 30th September, 1817, amounting, in va-
lue, on articles
Of domestic produce or manufacture,
Of foreign produce or manufacture, to 19,358,069
Which articles appear to have been exported to the
following countries, viz:
To the northern countries of
Europe, j3,828,563 2,790,408
To the dominions of the Ne-
therlands, 3,397,775 2,387,543
Do. of Great Britain, 41,431,168 2,037,074
Do. of France, 9,717,423 2,717,395
Do. of Spain, 4,530,156 3,893,780
Do. of Portugal, 1,501,237 333,586
All other, 3,907,178 5,198,283
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, sir,
your most obedient servant,
WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD.
lThe hon. the speaker ofthe house of representatives.
Statement of exports, the produce and manufacture of
the United States, commencing the 1st day of Oc-
tober, 1816, and ending on the 30th day of Septem-
Species of merchandise.
Fish dried or smoked quintals
Oil, spermaceti gallons
whale and other fish do.
Spermaceti candles do.
Wood staves and heading M.
hoops and poles do.
boards and plank do.
hewn timber tons
lumber of all kinds dollars
masts and spars do.
oak bark and other dye do.
all manufactures of do.
Naval stores, tar barrels
Ashes, pot tons
Skins and furs dollars
liams and bacon pounds
lildes. No. of
Hor;ned cattle do.
A le do.
Species of merchandise. Quantity or
Sheep No. of 16,848
Hogs do. 1,103
Poultry dozens 1,386
Wheat bushels 96,407
Indian corn do. 387,454
Rye do. 1,702
Oats .. do. 72,854
Barley do. 4,093
Beans do. 824
Peas .. do. 4,384
Potatoes do. 103,211
Apples .barrels 16,877
Flour do. 1,479,198
Meal, rye. do. 78,067
Indian .do. 106,763
bukwheat do. 57
Shipstuf cwt. 1,810
Biscuit, or ship bread barrels 59,052
do. do. kegs 63,194
Rice tierces 79,296
Indigo pounds 4,071
Cotton, sea island. do. 8,101,88
other do. 77,547,44E
Tobacco hhds. 62,365
Flaxseed bushels 222,594
Hops pounds 3,735
SMustard do. 30C
Wax do. 160,22Z
Household furniture dollars 100,743
Coaches and other carriages do. 37,29(
Hats do. 14,141
Saddlery do. 14,661
SBeer, porter and cider, in casks gallons 160,51
bottles do- 13,511
Boots pairs 65;
Shoes, leather .do. 17,16(
SCandles, tallow pounds 780,633
wax do. 8,80i
SSoap do. 2,021,48;
SStarch do. 35(
i Snuff do. 5,08(
) Tobacco, manufactured do. 1,115,87'
8 Leather do. 60,01:
3 Lead do. 111,03
5 Maple sugar do. 36,45.
6 Bricks. M. 43:
5 Spirits from grain gallons 53,81.
1 Essence of bark do. 31
4 Linseed oil do. 14,55.
0 Spirits of turpentine do. 38,49
2 Cables and cordage cwt. 13,19
3 Iron, pig tons. 201
8 bar do. 2:
8 nails pounds 473,02
4 castings dollars 32,78:
8 all other manufactures of
1 iron, &c. do. 45,94
9 Spirits, from molasses gallons 418,70
0 Sugar, refined pounds 144,40
9 Chocolate. do. 11,35
2 Gunpowder do. 713,04
9 Copper and brass, and copper 8,76
1 manufactured dollars
7 Medicinal drugs do. 30,30
3 Merchandise, and all articles
8 not enumerated,
6 manufactured do. 349,23
5 raw produce do. 385,i4
2 Total value of the statement, Dollars 68,313,50
NILES' REGISTER -MARCH 21, 1818-U. S. EXPORTATIONS.1 .51
STATEMENT OF EXPORTS, STATEMENT OF EXPORTS--coroTTwrrn.
T'ie produce and manufacture of foreign countries commencing on
the Ist of October, 816, and ending on the 30th of Sept. 1817. Quantity or value.
Quantity or value. SPECIE.a OF MERnCIAlDIZE. Entit'd to Not Total
--drawback en titled.
SPECIES OF MERCHANDIZE. Entit'd toNot Total .aw e--- ----
drawback entitled. Glass, black quart bottles, groce 3,442 253 3j695
---- ----- window, not above eight
Value ofgoods freeof duty, dolls. 800.812 800,812 inches byten 100 sq. ft. 1 56 26 182
at 7 1-2 per cent. 55,622 10,111 65,733 window, lot above ten
at 15 do. 1,084,920 251,755 1,339,075 inches by twelve 300 463 703
at 20 do. 670,809 126.957 797,766 window, aiaove ten inches
at 25 do, 4,464,380 856,671 5,321,051 by twelve, 12 12
at 30 do. 669,892 138,983 808,875 Duck, Russia pieces 1,175 213 1i388
at 33 1-3 do. 326,285 89,439 415,724 ravens 1,310 401 14720
at 40 do. 46,183 21,677 67,860 Boots, .. pairs 971 271
Wines-Madeira galls 17,571 1,159 18,730 Shoesand slippers, silk 2,466 2,466
Burgundy, Champain,&e. 1,559 1,072 2,631 leather, for men, &e. 2,504 74 2,578
Sherry and St. Lucar, 65,107 3,852 68,959 Cigars .- -1000 1,850 405 2,2V5
Claret, &Tc in bottles or Cards, playing, packs 1,926 1,920
cases 25,167 4,964 30,131 -
Lisbon, Oporto. &c. 46,272 6,973 52,645 Totalvalueof the foregoing, dolls. 16,086,146 3,271,92.3 19,3.8,069
Trenerife. Fayal, l&. 77,114 33,517 110.631
All other 436,965 19,046 456,011
Spirits from grain 48,812 5,634 54,446 SU TR AIlY
other materials 262.773 40,649 303,422
Molasses 9,676 4,781 14,457 Of the value and destination ef the Exports of t'h
Beer, ale and porter, in bottles 2,090 970 3,060 Uf States, agreeably t he preceding statements.
otherwise 4,432 1,711 6,143
Oil,foreign fishing, spirmaceti 4,839 4,839 8.
whale and other fish 6,936 3,230 10,16 5
olive, in casks 3,044 460 3.504 Domestic Foreign s
Teas,hohea pounds 102,408 983 103,391 Whither exported,
souchongandother black 237,504 35,817 273,321 produce produce .
imperial, gunpowder, &e 7,363 2,576 9,939
hysonsand young hyson 128,803 7,792 136.595
hyson skin & other green 393,657 800 394.457
Coffee 8.935,702 1,094, 7n 10,030,072 Russia .- 134,557 505,d36
Cocoa 704,848 276,056 980,904 640,393
Chocolate 00 100 Sweden. ...... 101,775 5).I91
Sugar, brown 14,608.917 1,267,351 15,876.268 Swedi, h West Indies 314,659 67,095
white, clayed orpowdered 3,539.826 743,554 4,283,380 542i723
candy. 23,039 83 23,122 Denmark and Norway- 202,989 243,138
loaf 11,680 718 12,398 Danish West Indies 1,053,370 590,727
Almonds. .- 4,070 105 5.135 -- 2,090,224
iFruits, currants -. .0 6,359 6,439 Holland .. 2,583,5 1,905,905
prunes and plumbs 21,281 750 22.031 Dutch West Indies and American
figs 2,330 278 2,608 colonies- 747,159 310,274
raisins, in jars and boxes 13,269 7,076 20,345 Dutch East Indies 62,050 171,364,
all other 8,312 8,312 -- 5,785,318
Candles, tallow 37.000 37,000 England, Man and Berwick 27,104.408 729.1i05
wax or spermaceti 10,550 10,550 Scotland 2,930,602 18,2.13
Cheese -... 69,449 4,14 73,863 Ireland 2,064.114 75.763
Snap 231,356 24,251 255,607 Gibraltar 1,617,827 852.770
Tallow .- 274,048 3,584 277,632 British East Indies 87,021 2,1,3.1l
Spices--mace 1,361 191 1,52 British West Indies 3,802,142 60,105
nutmegs 9,844 464 10,308 Newfoundland and British fisheries 1,391 -2,730
einllnamon 000 0 5 30 ,350BritishlAmericancolonies 3,6!1,292 27,527
cloves- 5.383 868 6,251 Other Britishcolonies 1,451 -
pepplIr -- 2,063,516 212,719 2,270,235 -- I -
pimento 154,182 3,269 157,451 HanseTowns and ports ofGermany :, i, i. ,)i
Chinese cass 402,529 38,414 440,943 3,3.15,631
Tobacco, manufactured other Frenchl European portion Atlantic 6,935,623 1,337.6,2
thansnulf, &c. 80,756 80,756 do. do Mediterranean 185,912 307,590
snuf, 8,748 1,100 9,848 French West Indies and Americanll
Indigo 274,545 20,499 295,045 Colonies- 2,470,330 893,240
Cotton .. 1,995,712 49,120 2.044,832 Prench EastIndies 4.946 -
Powder, gln 200.493 24,270 224,763 Bourbon and Mauritius 117,612 128,923
Starch -- 5,791 5,791 --. --- i -
Quicksilver 24.560 24.560 Spanish European ports on Atlantic 561 ~00
Paints-ochre dry 124,117 23,453 147.570 do do M. .dit'rratneal 46,476 .17,95
in oil 1,305 3,501 4,206 Teneriffe and the other Camnries 8.07o 47672
white and red lead 185,219 20,822 206,041 Floridas- 130,719 25,699
whiting and Paris white 20,569 20,569 Honlduiras,Camlp. aclhy nd .MIsquito
Lead, pigs, bars and sheet 1,188.693 23,718 1,217,411 shore 96,415 2,6.i21.
manufactures of. & shot S03,971 30,176 834.147 Spanish West Indies and Ameriran
Cordage, cables sld tarred -. 436.803 12,494 4149.07 eoloniics ... 3,606,588 3,477,511
untarred, and yarn 74,492 1,300 75,792 -- I 8,423,936
twide, packthread and Poltu-gal 542,822 i,3t.1
seine -- 12,81 12,81 Madeira 48,8 2 31,271
Copper and composition- Fayal and the otler Azores 28,6e_ i,'763
rods and bolts 39,543 39,548 Cape deVerds Islands 65 131 55,239
nails and spikes 1,053 4,762 5,825 Coast of Brazil and otler American
&ron S steel wire,not above No.18 1,01 1,061 Colonies- -. 415,796 229,899
ton, nails 213,406 35,025 248.431 --- ,834,'23
spikes- ... 27,006 27,006 Italy and Malta 12,223 1,309,4li 1,433,714
bars and bolts. rolled ewt. 23,164 2,266 24,430 Triest and other Austrian ports in
otherwise 8,060 1,142 9,202 the Adriatic 86,377 293,332 379l,70
anchors 11 11 Tlrlkv. Levant, Egypt, Mucha and
sheet, rod and hoop 1.129 6.370 7,499 %.1... ..... 23, 0i 279.5071 .332,012
kteel, 2,278 1,003 3,281 Mosrocco and Barbary states 2.433 6,20' 8,6 11
1emp 346 346 China 182,447 386,213: 548,6i0
Ailurn ......- 3 3 Asia, (g-nrally)- 161,203 401,015' A2 210
Copperas- -- 1 I Wst Indies do. 2.7:.9,00 784.i0 3.53.76
alt buslhls. 41,105 11,336 55,441 Europe do. *- 1,1866 57,080t, 1'.
lnauber salts wt. 25 25 Africa do. 79,951 87,300: 'I
:oal bushels. 1,152 1,152 Slthl S .as -. 5.770 70,6i3, 76,817
isb,foreign ea.ght&dried,qiuint'l 1,672 3,672 North-west coast of America 117,.493 993,3-16 1,110.839
pickled, salmon, barrels 243 243 ---- -- ---
!! other' 1"' 17 Total dolls. ;07,71,569
S NILES' REGISTER-1MARCH ~1, 1818-U. S. EXPORTATIONS.
SUMMARY of the value of Exports of each state.
States. Domestic Foreign Total
New Hampshire -. 170,599 26,825 197.424
Vermont 913,201 913,201
Massachusetts 5,908,416 6,019,581 11,927,997
RIlhde Island -. 577,911 372,556 950,467
Connecticut 574,290 29,849 604,139
New York 13,680,733 5,046,700 18,707,433
New Jersey 5,849 5,849
Pennslvsania 5,538,003 3,197,589 8,735,592
Delaware -. 38,771 6,083 44,854
Maryland . 5,887.884 3,046,046 8.933,930
*District of Colimbia- 1,689,102 79,556 1,768,658
Virginia 5,561,238 60,204 5,621,442
North Carolina 955,211 1,369 956,580
South Carolina 9,944,343 428,270 10,372,613
Georgia -... 8,530,831 .59,883 8,790,714
Ohio- 7,749 7,749
Louisiana 8,241,254 783,558 9,024,812
tTerritory of the United States 108,115 108,115
Total. dolls 68,313,500 19,358,069 87,671,569
*Georgetown 127,265 21,644 148,909
Alexandria 1,561,837 57,912 1,619,749
Total. dolls. 1,689,102 79,556 1,768,658
tMichigan territory 64,228 64,228
Miissssippi do. 43,887 43,887
Total dolls. 108,115 108,11
Of the value of Exports of the growth, produce and
manufacture of the United States, during the year
ending on the 30th day of September, 1817.
The Sea, 1,671,000
dried fish, or cod fishery,
pickled fish,or river fishery.(er'
ring, shad, salmon, mackarel)
whale (common) oil and bone
spermaceti oil and candles
The Forest, 6,484,000
Skins and furs -
Gins wag -
Produ sct of wood-
lumber (boards, staves, shingles,
hoops and poles,heirn timber,
S masts and spars)
oak hark and other dye
naval stores, (tar, pitch, rosin,
I.- ,r le a .,
lh. I, PLtL ml pI arl
Product of animals--
beef, tallow, hides, live cattle
butter and cheese -
pork pickled, bacon, lard, live
horses and mules .
wheat, flour and biscuit
indian corn and meal
rye meal. -... -
al other (as, pulse, potatoes
*cotton .. .
All ioIer agricuitunal products-
flax seed -
nmple sugar -
"various items. (poultry, 5nus-
tar" &.) -
'Sea-Island cotton valued at 40 cents peround
Ulpland do. 25 t tod.
SUMMARY ST ATE NIENT- cOnTrINV'n.
soap and tallow candles 358,000
leather, boots, shoes, saddlery 56,000
grain, (spirits, beer and starch) 118,000
coaches, and other carriages 340,000
various items, (snuff, wax can-
dies, tobacco, lead, linseed oil) 334,000
spiritsfi-om molasses 251,009
sugar refined 36,00
gun powder .. 357,000
rass and copper 8,000
medicinal drugs 30,000
Articles not distinguished in returns,
raw produce -.
Statement of the duties collected on the importation of
articles which were afterwards re-exported without
being entitled to drawback.
Species of merchandise.
Goods paying duty ad valorem,
at 71 per cent.
33 1-3 do.
Wines, Madeira -
Burgundy, Champaign, &c.
Sherry and St.Lucar -
claret, &c. in bottles or cases
Lisbon, Oporto, &c.
Teneriffe, Fayal, &c. -
all other -
Spirits, from grain
Beer, ale and porter, in bottles
Oil, foreign fishing-, whale and other fish
olive, in casks -
Teas, bohea -
souchoug, and other black
imperial, gunpowder, &c. -
hyson and young hyson
hyson skin, and other green
Sugar, brown -
white, clayed or powdered -
Fruits, currants -
prunes and plumbs -
raisins, injars, boxes, &c.
NILES' REGISTER-MARCGt 21, 1818-RELATIONS WITH NAPLES. 53
Species of Merchandise.
Chinese cassia -
Tobacco, manufactured, other than
snuff and cigars
Paints, ocre dry -
in oil -
white and red lead
Lead, pigs, bar and sheet
manufactures of, and shot
Cordage, cables and tarred -
Cordage, untarred and yarn
Copper, and composition rods and bolts
nails and spikes
in bars and bolts rolled
sheet, rod and hoop -
Fish, foreign caught and dried
pickled salmon -
all other -
Glass, black quart bottles
window, not above 8 inches by 10
do. 10 do. 12
above 10 do. 12
Shoes, leather for men, &c. -
Total. Dollars 627,206 37
Treasury department, register's office,
January 16th, 1818.
JOSEPH NOURSE, Register.
Relations with Naples.
We have the documents submitted by the presi-
dent of the United States, at the call of the
house of representatives, in relation to the claim
of our merchants for their property seized and
confiscated under the authority of the king of
Naples. They make a heavy pamphlet of 35
pages. The following letters, probably, contain
every thing that is generally interesting.
JMr. Pinkney to the marquis di Circello.
NAlaples, August S4th, 1816.
The undersigned, envoy extraordinary of the
Taited States of America, has already had the ho-
nor to mention to his excellency the Marquis di
Circello, secretary of state and minister for foreign
affairs of his majesty the king of the two Sicilies,
the principal objects of his mission; and he now
invites his excellency's attention to a more detail-
ed and formal exposition of one of those objects.
The undersigned is sure that the appeal, which
he is about to make to the well known justice of
his Sicilian majesty, in the name and by the orders
of his government, will receive a deliberate and
candid consideration; and that, if it shall appear,
as he trusts it will, to be recommended by those
principles which it is the interest as well as the
duty of all governments to observe and maintain,
the claim involved in it will be admitted, effectual-
ly and promptly.
The undersigned did but obey the instructions
of the president of the United States, when he
assured his excellency the Marquis di Circello, at
their first interview, that his mission was suggested
by such sentiments towards his Sicilian mri, i.l
as could not fail to be approved by him. h'Iu,:
sentiments are apparent in the desire which the
president has manifested, through the undersigned,
that the commercial relations between the terri-
tories of his majesty and those of the United
States should be cherished by reciprocal arrange-
ments, sought in the spirit of enlightened friend-
ship, and with a sincere view to such equal advan-
tages, as it is fit for nations to derive from one
another. The representations which the undersign-
ed is commanded to make upon the subject of the
present note, will be seen by his majesty in the
same light. They shew the firm reliance of th'e
president upon the disposition of the court of Na-
ples impartially to discuss and ascertain, and faith-
fully to discharge its obligations towards foreign
states and their citizens; a reliance which the un-
dersigned partakes with his government; and under
the influence of which, he proceeds to state the
nature and grounds of the reclamation in question.
It' cannot but be known to his excellency the
Marquis di Circello, that, on the first ofJuly, 1809,
the minister for foreign affairs of the theh govern-
ment of Naples, addressed to Frederick Degan,
Esq. then consul of the United States, an official
letter, containing an invitation to all American ves-
sels, having on board the usual certificates of ori-
gin and other regular papers, to come direct to Na-
ples with their cargoes; and that the same minis-
ter caused that invitation to be published in every
possible mode, in order that it might come to the
knowledge of those whom it concerned. It will
not be questioned that the promise of security ne.
cessarily implied in this measure had every title,
in the actual circumstances of Europe, to the con-
fidence of distant and peaceful merchants. The
merchants of America, as was to have been expec-
ted, didconfide. Upon the credit and under the
protection of that promise, they sent to Naples
many valuable vessels and cargoes, navigated and
documented with scrupulous regularity, and in no
respect obnoxious to molestation; but scarcely had
they reached the destination to which they had
been allured, when they were seized, without dis-
tinction, as prize or as otherwise forfeited to the
Neapolitan government, upon pretexts the mii:
frivolous and idle. These arbitrary seizures, wi re
followed, with a rapacious haste, by summary de-
crees, confiscating in the name and for the use of
the same government, the whole of the property
which had thus been brought within its grasp; and
these decrees, which wanted even the decent affec-
tation of justice, were immediately carried into
execution, against all the remonstrances of tho.-i
whom they oppressed, to enrich the treasury of !.'r
54 NILES' REGISTER-MARCH 21, 1818--RELATIONS WITH N APIEP.
The undersigned persuades himself, that it is responsibility stands upon the plainest foundations
not in a note addressed to the Marquis di Circello, of natural equity.
that it is necessary to enlarge upon the singularly It will not be pretended, that a merchant is call-
atrocious character of this procedure, for which no ed upon to investigate, as he prosecutes his traffic,
apology can be devised, and for which none that is the title of every sovereign, with whose ports, and
intelligible has hitherto been attempted. It was, under the guarantee of whose plighted word, he
indeed, an undisguised abuse of power, of which trades. He is rarely competent. There are few
nothing could well enhance the deformity, but the in any station who are competent to an investiga-
studied deception that preceded and preparedit; a tion so full of delicacy, so perplexed with facts
deception which, by a sort of treason against socie- and principles of a peculiar character, far remov-
ty, converted a proffer of hospitality into a snare, ed from the common concerns of life. His predi-
and that salutary confidence, without which nations cament would be to the last degree calamitous, if
and men must cease to have intercourse, into an in an honest search after commercial profit, he
engine of plunder. might not take governments as he finds them, and
The right of the innocent victims, of this une- consequently rely at all times upon the visible ex-
qualled act of fraud and rapine, to demand retri- elusive acknowledged possession of supreme autho-
bution, cannot be doubted. The only question is, rity. If he sees all the usual indications of estab-
fiom whom are they entitled to demand it? Those, lished rule; all the distinguishing concomitants
who at that moment ruled in Naples, and were in of real undisputed power, it cannot be that he is
fact, and in the view of the world, the government at his peril to discuss mysterious theories above
of Naples, have passed away before retribution his capacity or foreign to his pursuits, and more-
could be obtained, although not before it was re- over, to connect the results of those speculations
quired; and, if the right to retribution regards on- vWithievents of which his knowledge is either im-
ly the i. r-on ... those rulers as private and ordi- perfect or erroneous. If he sees the obedience of
juary'wrongdoers, tile American merchant, whom the people, and the acquiescence of neighboring
they deluded and despoiled in the garb and with princes, it is impossible that it can be his duty to
the instruments and for the purposes of sovereignty, examine, bef~aie he ships his merchandise, whether
must despair forever of redress, it be fit that these should acquiesce or those obey.
The undersigned presumes, that such is not the If, in short, he finds nothing to interfere with or
view which the present government will feel itself qualify the dominion which the head of the society
justified in taking of this interesting subject; he exercises, over it and the domain which it occu-
trusts that it will, on the contrary, perceive that pies, it is the dictate of reason, sanctioned by all
the claim, which the injured merchant was autho- experience, that he is bound to look no farther.
rized to prefer against the government of this It can be of no importance to him that, notwith-
country before the recent change, and which, but standing all these appearances announcing lawful
for that change, must sooner or later have been rule, the mere right to fill the throne is claimed
successful, is now a valid claim against the govern- by, or even re-sides in, another than the actual oc-
ment of the same country, notwithstanding that cupant. The latent right (supposing it to exist)
change. At least, the undersigned is not at pre- disjointed from and controverted by the fact, is to
sent aware of any considerations which, applied to him nothing while it continues to be latent. It is
the facts that characterise this case, can lead to a only the sovereign in- possession that it is in his
different conclusion; and certainly it would be power to know. It is with him only that he can
matter for sincere regret, that any considerations enter into engagements. It is through him only
should be thought sufficient to make the return of thathe can deal with the society. And if it be true,
his Sicilian majesty's power fatal to therights of that the sovereign in possession is incapable, on
friendly strangers, to whom no fault can be ascribed, account of a conflict of title between him and
The general principle that a civil society may another, who barely claims, but makes no effort to
contract obligations through its actual government, assert his claim, of pledging the public faith of the
whatever that may be, and that it is not absolved society and of the monarch to foreign traders, for
from i hem by reason simply of a change of govern- commercial and other objects, we are driven to the
Inenit or of rulers, is universally received as incon- monstrous conclusion, that the society is, in effect
trovertable. It is admitted, not merely by wri- and indefinitely, cut off from all communication
ters on public law, as a speculative truth, but by with therest of the world. It has, and can have,
states and statesmen, as a practical rule; and, ac- no organ by which it can become accountable to,
cordingly, history is full of examples to prove, or make any contract with foreigners, by which
that the undisturbed possessor of sovereign power needful supplies may be invited into its harbors, by
in any society, whether a rightful possessor or.not, which famine may be averted, or redundant pro-
with reference to other claimants of that power, ductions be made to find a market in the wants of
may not only be lawful object of allegiance, but by strangers. It is, in a word, an outcast from the
many ofhis acts, in his quality of sovereign de facto, the bosom of the great community of nations, at
may bind the society, and those who come after the very moment too, when its existence, in the
him as rulers, although their title be adversary to, form which it has assumed, may every where be
or even better' than his own, The MarqiLis de Cir- admitted. And, even if the dormant claim to the
cello does not need to be informed, that the earlier throne should, at last, by a fortunate coincidence
annals of England in particular, abound in instruc- of circumstances, become triumphant, and unite
tions upon this head. itself to the possession, this harsh and palsying
With regard to just and beneficial contracts, theory has no assurance to give, either to the socie-
entdred into by such a sovereign with the mer- ty or to those who may incline to deal with it, that
chants of foreign nations, or (which is the same its moral capacity is restored, that it is an outcast
thing,) with regard to the detention and confisca- no longer, and that it may now, through the pro-
tion of their property, for public uses, and by his testing will of its new sovereign, do what it could
authority, in direct violation of a pledge of safety, not do'before. It contains, of course, no adequate
upon the faith of which, that property arrived and certain provision against even the perpetuity of
within the reach of confiscation, this continuing the dilemma which it creates. If, therefore, a civil
NILES' REGISTER--MARCH 21, 1818-RELATIONS WITH NAPLES. 55
society is not competent, by rules in entire posses- high and sacred, contracted by a government in the
sion of the sovereignty, to enter into all such pro- full and tranquil enjoyment of power, to perish
mises to the. members of other societies as neces- with the first revolution, either in form or rulers
sity or convenience may require, and to remain un- through which it may happen to pass; or (to state
answerable for the breach of them, into whatsoever the same proposition in different terms) that it is
shape the society may ultimately be cast, or into the natural operation of a political revolution in a
whatsoever hands the government may ultimately state, to strip unfortunate traders, who have been
fall; if a sovereign, entirely in possession, is not betrayed and plundered by the former sovereign,
able, for that reason alone, to incur a just respan- of all that his rapacity could not reach-the right of
sibility, in his political or corporate character, to reclamation.
the citizens of other countries, and to transmit The wrong which the government of Murat in-
thar. responsibility, even to those who succeed him flicted upon American citizens, wanted nothing
by displacing him, it will be difficult to show that that might give to it atrocity or effect, as a rob-
the moral capacity of a civil society is any thing bery introduced by treachery; but, however per-
buta name, or the responsibility of sovereigns any nicious or execrable, it was still reparable. It left
thing but a shadow. And here the undersigned in the sufferers and their nation a right, which was
will take the liberty to suggest, thatit is scarcely notlikely to be forgotten or abandoned, of seeking
for the interest of sovereigns to inculcate as a max- and obtaining ample redress, not from Murat sin.
im, that their lost dominions can only be recovered ply, (who individually was lost in the sovereign,)
at the expense of the unoffending citizen of states but from the government of the country, whose
in ami.y, or, which is equivalent to it, to make that power he abused. By what course of argument
recovery the practical consummation of intermedi- can it be proved, that this incontestable right, from
ate injustice, by utterly extinguishing the hope of which that government could never have escaped,
indemnity and even the title to demand it. has been destroyed by the reaccession of his Sici-
The undersigned will now, for the sake of per- lian majesty, after along interval, to the sovereign-
spicuity and precision, recall to the recollectionof ty of the same territories?
his excellency the Marquis di Circello, the situa- That such a result cannot in any degree he in-
tion of the government of Murat at the epoch of ferred from the misconduct of the American claim.
the confiscations in question. Whatever might ants, is certain; for no misconduct is imputable
he the origin or foundation of that government, it to them. They were warranted in every view of
had for some time been established. It had obtain- the public law of Europe, in holding commercial '
ed such obedience as in such times was customary, communication with Naples in the predicament in
and had manifested itself, not only by active inter- which they found it, and in trusting to the direct
nal exertions of legislative and executive powers, and authentic assurances, which the government of
but by important external transactions with old the place affected to throw over them as a s!i eld
and .indisputable regular governments. It had against every danger. Their shipments were strict-
been (as long afterwards it continued to be) recog- ly within the terms of those assurances; and no-
nised by the greatest potentates, as one of the thing was done, by the shippers or their agents, by
European family of states, and had interchanged which the benefit of them might be lost or im-
with them ambassadors, and other public ministers paired.
and consuls. And Great Britain, by an order in From what other source can such a result be
council of the 26th of April, 1809, which modified drawn? Will it be said that the proceeds of these
the system of constructive blockade, promulgated confiscations were not applied to public purposes
by the orders of November, 1807, had excepted during the sovereignty of Murat, or that they pro.
the Neapolitan territories, with other portions of diced no public advantages, with reference to
Italy, from the operation of that system, that neu- which the present government ought to be liable?
trals might no longer be prevented from trading The answer to such a suggestion is, that let the
with them. fact be as it may, it can have no influence upon the
Such was the state of things when American subject. It is enough that the confiscations them-
vessels were tempted into Naples, by a reliance selves, and the promise of safety which they violat-
upon the passports of its government, to which ed, were acts of state, proceeded from him who
perfidy had lent more than ordinary solemnity, was then, and for several successive years, the so-
upon a declaration as explicit, as it was formal and vereign. The derivative liability of the present
notorious, that they might come without fear, and government reposes, not upon the good, either
might depart in peace. It was under these circ i.- public or private, which may have been the f- nit of
stances, that, instead of being permitted to retire such a revolting exhibition of power, emancipated
with their lawful gains, both they and their cargoes from all the restraints of principle but upon the
were seized and appropriated in a manner already general foundations, which the undersigned has al-
related. The undersigned may consequently as. ready had the honor to expose.
sume, that if ever there was a claim to compensa- To follow the proceeds of these spoli:tlons into
tion for broken faith, which survived the political the public treasury, and thence to all the uses to
power of those, whose iniquity produced it, and which they were fin:.lly made subservient, can be
devolved in full force upon their successors, the no part of the duty of Ihe American claim-nt. It
present claim is of that description, is a task which he has no means of performing, and
As to the demand itself, as it existed against the which, if performed by others, could neither
government of Murat, the Marquis di Circello strengthen his case nor enfeeble it. And it may
will undoubtedly be the first to concede, not only confidently be insisted, not only that he has no
that it is above reproach, but that it rests upon concern with the particular application of these
grounds in which the civilized world has a deep proceeds, but that, even if he had, he'would be
and lasting interest. And with regard to the lia. authorized to rely upon the presump'lio;, that they
ability of the present government as standing in the were applied as public money to public en'!s, or
place of the former, it may be taken as a corolla- left in the public coffers. It must be remembered,
ry from that concession; at least until it has been moreover, that whatever ma;y have been the desti-
shown, that it is the natural fate of obligations, so ny of these unhallowed spoill, they cannot have '.v: t
s6 1TLES) REGISTER-MARCH 21, 1818-RELATIONS WITH NAPLES.
failed to be instrumental in meliorating the condi- In support of this pretension, it is assume i. that
tion of the country. They afforded extraordinary the abuse of power and violation of good faith, by
pecuniary means, which, as far as they extended, which these arbitrary acts were committed, are of
must have saved it from an augmentation of its such a nature as to survive the political authority
burdens; or by relieving the ordinary revenue, made of the author of them, and that of course, as there
tliat revenue adequate to various improvements, accrued a right of reclamation against the govern.
either of use or beauty, which otherwise it could ment of Murat, there exists one also against the
not have accomplished. The territories, therefore, present government of the two Sicilies.
under the sway of Murat, must be supposed to His excellency adds, that although the Ameri-
have returned this Sicilianmajesty less exhausted, can claimants have not the means of ascertaining
more embellished, and more prosperous, than if to what uses the produce of the above mentioned
the property of American citizens had not in the sales was applied, yet, they may presume, that it
mean time been sacrificed to cupidity and cunning. was expended in works and objects of public utility
t mrus' further be remembered, that a part of that or left in the public coffers, and therefore affirms,
property was notoriously devoted to the public that underthis point of view, likewise, his majesty's
service. Some of the vessels seized by the orders government is bound to indemnify the victims of
of Murat, were, on account of their excellent con- the spoliations committed during the ascendancy
struction, converted- into vessels of war, and as of Murat.
such commissioned by tile government; and the Without undertaking to inquire, whether a sort
undersigned is informed that they are now in the of succession or inheritance, in legitimate and ille-
possession of the officers of his Sicilian majesty, gitimate governments, can be maintained noon
and used and claimed as belonging to him. good grounds, the undersigned will be content to
The undersigned, having thus briefly explained remark, that whatever may be the opinion of publi-
to the Marquis di Cir illo the nature of the claim, cists as to this point, no one has ever pretended to
which the government of the United States has visit tile injustice of the contracts or deeds of usur-
commanded him to submit to the reflection of the pers upon the people, subjected to their yoke, or
government of his Sicilian majesty, forbears at pre. upon the legitimate sovereigns.
sent to multiply arguments in support of it. He That theory would, indeed, be a disconsolate one,
feels assured that' the equitable disposition of his which should extend the power of an enemy, not
majesty renders superfluous the further illustra- only to the consequences of fact, buc even to those
tions of which it is susceptible. of right. The victory which restored the legiti-
The undersigned lias the honor to renew to his mate prince, would be fatal to both, if it must have
excellency the Marquis di Circello the assurances the effect of making him responsible for the acts of
of his distinguished consideration: injustice and violence which the usurper might
(Signed) 'WILLIAMI PINKNEY. have perpetrated against foreign nations.
--It avails not to say, that these are of the descrip.
(Translation.) tion of obligations and engagements which survive
'The marquis of Circello, mister of foreign affairs, the overthrow of the usurped dominion, as common
at .Mapies, to Jr. Pinkney, special minister 'of the to the nation over which that dominion was exercise.
United States. ed. This would be the place to determine whether
Japles, 15th October, 1816. we could reasonably qualify, as an obligation, ail en-
Although the government of his majesty, the gagement from government to government, or na.
cing of the twl o Sicilies, was, from the first moment, lion to nation, a mere right of reclamation, which,
in a situation to judge of the validity of the reinon- according to the obligation of Mr. Pinkney himself,
trance and demands made by his excellency Mr. the United States kept in reserve, to be exercised
Pinkney, envoy extraordinary of the United States with Murat, had not his power been subverted.
of America, in his note of the 24th August last, But tie undersigned will simply ask his excel.
nevertheless, wishing to examine and discuss them lency, if that very right is not to be regarded as
under all their aspects of right and of fact, it has null, seeing that the continual, strong, vehement
waited accordingly, until all the materials and demands, officially made by the consul general of
lights were collected, proper to this end. the United States, at Naples, upon the minister of
The many difficulties attending ihe search after Murat, for the restitution of the confiscated vessels
those materials owing to the change in the order of and cargoes, or compensation to the American
things, during which-the facts occurred that have owners, were rejected, or remained without a reply?
given'rise to the demands of Mr.'Pinkney, rendered However this may be, it is always incontestable, that
it impossible for th'e royal government to reply to it is not against the actual government of his majes-
the note of his excellence before his departure from ty, that a right to which he, who created it, would
Naples. [This reply 'was forwarded to .Mr. Pinkney not hearken, can be tried, as it were, in the nature
at St. Pelersburfh]. of an appeal.
Now that the papers and appropriate inquiries It is among the principles of reason and justice,
have shed tlie strongest light upoi the affair in that a sovereign, who never ceased to be in a state
question, the undersigned, counselor arid secretary of war with the usurper of his dominions, and who,
of state, minister of foreign affairs of his majesty very fai from having afforded grounds for presum-
the king of'the two Sicilies, hastens to give, by or- irg that his rights were waved, as is asserted in tlhe
der of his sovereign, the following reply to Mi'. note of the 24th August, carried into effect, in con-
1'inkney, requesting his excellehcy to be pleased cert with his ally, England, a p')werful expedition
to conimunicate it to his government. in the islands of Procida and IsChia, nearest to the
All the airguments contained in the note of the capital of his usurped kingdom, in'the year 1809,
4rth August, look to tie end of making his ma. precisely that in which the confiscation of the Ame.
jesty'.s government responsible for the consequen- rican ships at Naples took place. It is among the
-ces of the confiscation and sale, whether just or principles of reason andjustice, that he should not
Iunjust, of scvceral American vessels and cargoes, be, on regaining his dominions in process of the war
which took Wlace in Naples, while the kingdom was whicl had compelled him to absent himself from
14eld by M.ral. t .n',i, 1 -- ,. ibl foi' the ex~ esses of his enemy:
NILES' REGISTER-MARCH q1, 181&-RELATIONS WITH NAPLES. 57
Let then the relations of the usurer, with the Murat did not deem himself authorized to de.
powers friendly or allied to France, have been what cide in any way, and submitted the report to his
they may, the inferences which the American mer brother-in-law, Napoleon, who decreed, in margin,
chants may have drawn from them, in relation to the that the vessels and cargoes in question should be
prosecution of their trade at Naples, should not be confiscated, because the embargo laid in the ports
made to recoil upon the treasury of a sovereign, of the United States, induced him to believe that
who, not only did not show any, the least acquies- the produce must be British property, and its in.
ence in the usurpation; but did all that was in his production into the continent a breach, therefore,
power, and all that circumstances would permit to of the two famous Berlin and Milan decrees.
vindicate his abused rights. There is still less foun- On the disclosure of this decision of Bonaparte
nation for the arguments brought forward in the in Naples, it was ordered, also, that the proceeds
note of the 24th August, to prove that the Neapoli- of the sales should not be paid over to the treasu.
tan nation was, in some sort, a party to the mnea- ry of the state, but that a separate and special ac-
sures, by which the Americans suffered, and there- count should be opened for them, which was done
fore liable; in solidum, for the consequences. accordingly. In order to understand well this dis-
Ifthe inhabitants ofthe kingdom of Naples could tinction, and to be able to draw from it the conse-
.only have signified their wishes, these would un- quepces applicable to the case, it is useful to note,
doubtedly have been. for the maintainance of rela- that during the military occupation of the kingdom,
tions of justice and friendship with the Americans, there existed a treasury, so called, destined to re-
the only nation, which, by means of its neutrality, ceive the public revenues, and defray the public
might provide a vent for the commodities accu- charges; and, as among the latter, the support of
mulated through so many years in the kingdom, the luxurious household of Murat was nIt ihe
under the operation of the noted continental sys- least onerous, accordingly the sums allotted to
tem of ruinous memory. this purpose,, were paid into the hands of a parti-
But every body knows that the Neapolitan na- cular treasurer, who disposed of them as his master
tion, prostrated by a foreign domination, was but directed.
the mournful spectator and first victim of the ar- Resides this particular chest, into which, noreo-
bitrary acts which were daily committed: so far, ver, all the proceeds of the private domain were
then, from being able to indemnify others, it would emptied, Murat established another by the name
be exceedingly fortunate if she could find means of of separate account or fund, contoo a parte,) as a
compensating herself for the losses and immense receptacle for the sum arising from the sale of the
injuries which she sustained during the occupation vessels and cargoes confiscated in 1809.and 1812,
of the kingdom. and also for the profits of the licenses, which, in
These considerations would be more than suffi- imitation of England and France, he sold to the
cient to prove, that the claims of the American vessels entering and leaving the ports of the king-
merchants cannot reach either the actual govern- dom. The new fund was always considered as ap-
ment of his majesty or his people. pertaining to the extraordinary and private domain
But to make the demonstration complete, and to of Murat himself. Ah irrefragable proof of this
exhibit the question under all its aspects, the un- may be offered. The 1st article of one of his de-
dersigned will admit, for a moment, the absurd crees of 25th April, 1812, is conceived in the fol-
hypothesis, that the present government of Naples lowing terms: "The commission established by our
stands in the place of that of Murat, and has suc- decree of November 30th, 1811, for the purpose
ceeded to all his obligations, of liquidating the accounts ofeur royal household,
The demand of Mr. Pinkney would not be, on is, in addition, charged with examining the ac-
this account, the less unsustainable, since the con- counts of the vessels sequestered in our ports, re-
fiscation and sale of the American vessels and car- garded by us as the property of our extraordinary
goes, were acts which proceeded directly from the and private domain.?'
powerand from the will of Bonaparte. There ex- Besides. it is enough to read the account ren-
ists, in fact, in the archives of the treasury, a re- dered, of the cashier of the separate fund, to know
port of the minister Agar, who presided over that that the.sums paid into it, were dissipated in lar-
department in 1809, addressed to Murat, who was gesses to the favorites of Murat, in marriage por-
then at Paris. tions to some of his relatives, and in other licenti.
The minister relates in this report, that two ous expenses of Murat, and of his wife, (-:r[.r- ll.
American ships had arrived at Naples, one from during their visit at Paris. It appears, moreover,
Salem, the other, last from Algiers, laden with that Murat having anticipated, on said fund, a sum
colonial produce. And that the necessary orders of two hundred thousand livres on account of the
had been given to put the same under sequestra- treasury, towards the cost of the expediition with
lion, conformably to the directions antecedently which, during several months, lie menaced Sicily
issued from higher authority, with respect to the with an invasion from Calabria, the minister of the
other vessels arrived at Naples, before the depar- finances, lost no time in reimbursing the fhnd with
ture of Murat for Paris. proceeds of the public taxes.
He proceeds then to point out the great benefit From the foregoing statement, two important
which the treasury would derive from opening the and obvious consequences are to be drawn. The
market to the colonial produce lying on board those first is, that Murat only lent his name in the confis-
ships, or in the custom house of Naples, by the cation ofAmerican ships, as he did.merely in all the
duties which would be collected upon the sale of other measures pursued in Naples, during the oc.
it, and upon the export of the oils which the Ame- cupation of the kingdom. This was no mystery,
ricans would take as return cargoes. nor could foreign nations be ignorant of it. Still
The minister remarks, in fine, that the confisca- less could they be unacquainted with the extent of
tion itselfof the American vessels and cargoes was the power which Bonaparte usurped, in order to
but an inconsiderable resource, compared with the give all possible latitude of effect to his decrees
very great advantage which would have resulted to of Milan and Berlin, in the countries over which
the treasury from an active Amenican trade, could he exerted his fatal inguience.
it have bden tolerated in the pqrts of the kingdom. Obstinate in his fantasies, absolute in his vwil. he
58 NILES' REGISTER-IMARCH 21,1818-RELATIONS WITH SPAIN.
studied only to enlarge the sphere of his favorite
plan. A mere remonstrance on this head, if Murat
had allowed himself to prefer one, would have
cost the latter his crown. Holland furnished an
incontestible example of this truth.
Murat, then, let it be repeated, was but the pas-
sive instrument of the will of Bonoparte, in the
confiscation of the American ships, and if this
could give birth to responsibility, such responsibi-
lity should no longer be imputed to the country
over which he reigned, and still less to the govern-
ment which has there resumed its lawful authority.
The other, and not less important consequence,
is, that the treasury, which was the fund of the
state, never enjoyed the proceeds of the confisca-
tions, and that, instead of being employed to alle-
viate the burdens of the people, or applied to the
improvement or embellishment of the country, as
is supposed in the note of the 24th of August, those
proceeds only served to feed the caprices, and the
oriental pomp of the family of Murat, and his ad-
Afte .this rapid and faithful exposition of facts,
the undersigned will not enter upon the inquiry,
whether the American merchants would have been
entitled to call for indemnity, if the power, which
commanded and executed the confiscation of their
property had, unfortunately, continued to flourish.
He will go no further than to remark to Mr.
Pinkney, that such a call could not affect the actual
.'* 'irTiment of hi majesty, nor his people; and his
-.;c .:ll.I ai.l Ili, government are too enlightened
and too impartial not to be fully convinced of this,
now that they can dwell upon circumstances, which
perhaps were not previously within their know-
The undersigned renews to Mr. Pinkney, on this
occasion, the assurance of his most distinguished
(Signed) IL MARCHERE DI CIRCELLO.
Relations with Spain.
PROM THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF MONDAY LAST.
On Saturday the president communicated to tihe
house of representatives, a complete view of the
state of our relations with Spain, up to this date.
The message and the report of the secretary of
of state are as follows:
To the speaker of the house of representatives.
In compliance with a resolution of the senate of
the 16th of December, and of the house of repre-
sentatives of the 24th of February last, I lay before
congress a report of the secretary of state, and the
papers referred to in it, respecting the negotiation
with the government of Spain. To explain fully
the nature of the differences between the United
States and Spain, and the conduct of the parties, it
has been found necessary to go back to an early
epoch. T'ie recent correspondence, with the do-
cuments accompanying it, will give a full view of
the whole subject, and place the conduct of the
United States, in every stage, and under every
circumstance, for justice, moderation, and a firm
adherence to their rights, on the high and honora-
ble ground, which it has invariably sustained.
'r;l., *;.':..., Mfarch 14, 1818.
Department of state, 14th March, 1818.
The secretary of state, to whom have been re-
ferred the resolutions of the senate of 16th Decem-
ber, and of the house of representatives of of 24th
February last, has the honor of submitting to the
president the correspondence between this depart-
ment and the Spanish minister residing here, since
he received the last instructions of his government
to renew the negotiation which, at the time of the
last communication to congress, was suspended by
the'insufficiency of his powers. These documents
will shew the present state of the relations between
the two governments.
As in the remonstrance of Mr. de Onis of the 6th
of December, against the occupation by the United
States of Amelia Island, he refers to a previous
communication from him, denouncing the expedi-
tion of sir Gregor McGregor against that place, his
note of 9th July, being the paper thus referred to,
is added to the papers now transmitted. Its date,
when compared with that of the occupation of
Amelia by McGregor, will shew that it was writ-
ten ten days after that event; and the contents of
his note of 6th December will shew that measures
had been taken by the competent authorities of the
United States to arrest McGregor as soon as the
unlawfulness of his proceedings within our juris-
diction had been made known to them by legal evi-
dence, although he was beyond the reach of the
process before it could be served upon his person.
The tardiness of Mr. Onis's remonstrince is of it-
self a decisive vindication of the magistrates of the
United States against any imputation of neglect to
enforce the laws; for, if the Spanish minister himn-
self had no evidence of the project of McGregor,
sufficient to warrant him in addressing a note upon
the subject to this department, until ten days af-
ter it had been accomplished, it cannot be suppos-
ed that officers, whose authority to act commenced
only ai the moment of the actual violation of the
laws, and who could be justified only by clear and
explicit evidence of the facts in proof of such vio-
lation, should have been apprized of the necessity
of their interposition in time to make it effectual
before the person accused had departed from this
As, in the recent discussions between Mr. Onis
and this department, there is frequent reference to
those of the negotiation at Aranjuez in 1805, the
correspondence between the extraordinary mission
of the United States at that period, and Don Pedro
Cevallos, then the minister of foreign affairs in
Spain, will be also submitted as soon as may be, to
be laid before congress, together with the corres-
pondence between Don Francisco Pizarro and Mr.
E't li.g, immediately preceding the transmission
of new instructions to Mr. Onis, and other corres-
pondence of Mr. Onis with this department, tend-
ing to complete the view of the relations between
the two countries.
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS.
[Accompanying this report were the documents,
of which the following is a list:]
No. 1. Don Luis de Onis to the secretary of state,
9th July, 1817.
No. 2. The same to the same, 6th December,
No. 3. The same to the same, 10th December,
No. 4. The secretary ofstate to Don Luis de Onis,
16th December, 1817.
No. 5. Don Luis de Onis to the secretary of state,
29th December, 1817.
No. 6. The same to the same, 5th January, 1818. 4
No. 7. The same to the same, 8th January, 1818.
No. 8. The same to the same, 8th January, 1818.
No. 9. The secretary of state to Don Luis de dnis,
16th January, 1818,
NILES' REGISTER-MARCH 21, 18 8--RELATIONS WITH SPAIN. 59
No. 10. Don Luis de Onis to the secretary -.t-p.,fr;c I l reply to his representations, and com-
state, 24th January, 1818. m.-cn;ng at the source of each of the subjects of
No. 11. The same to the same, 10th Februar;, dlft.rence, and exploring them to their present
1818. state. This letter, framed with much precision
No. 12. The secretary of state to Don Luis de and force, may be considered as conclusive. It is
Onis, 12th of March, 1818, (with enclosures, A. 1, impossible to present the whole of it in one paper.
B. 2, C. 3, D. 4, E. 5.) We have selected the' concluding paragraphs,
which will afford to every reader a general idea of
The documents are of such volume, that it would the present state of our relations with Spain.
require the whole space of our columns for a week
to publish them. E.,.';.:: fa letter from Mfr. secretary A)nais to don
We must therefore content ourselves with the Luis Dr Oxis, dated March 12, 1818I
following abstract, for the present. "You perceive, sir, that the government of the
No. 1. Is a letter from the Spanish minister to United States is not prepared either to renounce
the secretary of state, remonstrating against the any thing of the claims which it has been so long
expedition of Sir Gregor McGregor, then on foot. urging upon the justice of Spain, or to acquiesce
No. 2. Is also a letter from the Spanish minister in any of those arguments which appear to you so
to the secretary ofstate, dated December 6, 1817, luminous and irresistible. Determined to pursue
remonstrating against the measure, just announced the establishment of their rights, as long as by any
in the president's message, of the suppression of possibility they can be pursued through the paths
the establishments at Amelia Island and Galvezion. of peace, they have acquiesced, as the message of
No. 3. Is a letter from the same to the same, of the president at the commencement of the present
the 10th December, 1817, announcing his readiness session of congress has informed you, in that policy
and desire to renew the negotiations on the exist- of Spain which has hitherto procrastinated the ami-
ing differences between the United States and cable adjustment of these interests; not from an
Spain, and to bring the same to a speedy termina- insensibility to their importance to this union, nor
tion. from any indifference to the object of being upon
No. 4. Is a letter from the secretary of state to terms of cordial harmony with.Spain; but, because
the Sp.,nish minister, appointing a time to com- peace is among the dearest and most earnest ob-
municate with him on the subject of his last note, jects of their policy; and because they have consi-
and assuring him of the satisfaction of the presi. dered, and still consider it, more congenial to the
dent at the information it conveyed. r.'rncirl..s .. ilri.,nilt, and to the permanent wel-
No. 5. Is a long letter from the minister of Spain, f' ,'-I L ...'i ..., ......, to wait for the favorable opera-
of 29th December last, containing a treatise rela- tion of time upon the prejudices and passions op-
tive to the eastern boundary of Louisiana, and ad- posed to them, than to resort to the unnecessary
vancing anew all the claims heretofore set up by agency of force. After a lapse of thirteen years of
Spain in this respect, patient forbearance, in waiting for the moment
No. 6. Is a letter ofstill greater length, ofthe 5th when Spain should find it expedient to meet their
January last, from the Spanish minister, -,n.l .. i .li a..n &r nit l -; L ,f i*- n g ?i., a f. ) ., .wl I.ri-rm..;
same character, respecting the western '..m.'..l.i ;, l'l. ': I-rmil, t.J I I .Il e C.- lrc ',I. I. I.,-; r 1 :' ; ... ...
Louisiana. them, ii w;ll in ..l litti a i; ..nil :i ','t to wait
No. 7. Is a letter, also of considerable length, of somewhat longer with the same expectation. The
the 8th of January last, respecting the claims of president deems this course even more advisable
the United States on Spain for spoliations. than that of referring the questions depending be-
No. 8. Is a letter from the Spanish minister of tween the two nations to the arbitrament or medi:.-
the same date, making a formal protest against the tion of one or more friendly European powers, as
actual occupation of Amelia Island, just then an- you have been authorized to propose. ''he state-
nounced by the president to congress. ment in your note of the 10th of February, in refer-
No. 9. Is a letter from the secretary of state to ence to this subject, is not altogether correct. It
the Spanish minister, under date of the 16th Jan- is not the British government which, on this occa-
uary, waving a reply to the long letters of M. D.: : i,., has offered: but your government which, with-
Onis, on the ground of the staleness of the subjects out first consulting or asking the concurrence of
of them, and their frequent discussion hlr. .:.('. : i : United States, has requested the mediation of
proposing a negotiation on specific terms; justify- Great Britain. The British government, as must
ing the occupation of Amelia Island; and express- be well known to you, have declined the offer of
ing a desire to proceed to conclude a treaty, with. their mediation, unless it should be requested by
out reverting to a course of proceeding, the only both parties; and have communicated to the go-
result of which must be further procrastination. vernment of the United States this overture on the
No. 10. Is a letter from the Spanish minister, of part of Spain. 'The president has thought proper
date January 2-1, complaining that a discussion of from motives which he has no doubt will be deem-
the old topics is avoided, and intimating that it ed satisfactory, both to Great Britain and Spain,
must be because his arguments and the claims of to decline uniting in this request. He is indeed
Spain are unanswerable, trc.-proposing a different fully persuaded that, notwithstanding any prepos-
project ofa treaty; and renewing the protest against sessions which the British government may hereto-
the occupation of Amelia Island and Galvezton. fore have entertained with regard to any of the
No. 11. Is another letter from the Spanish mi- points in controversy, they would have been entire.
nister, soliciting a reply to his former letters; reca- ly discarded in assuming the oilice of a mediator.
pitulating his former points, and offering to submit But it has hitherto been the policy, both of Europe
the differences between the United States and and of the United States, to keep aloof from tihe
Spain to the mediation of any one or more of the general federative system of each other. The, Eu-
European powers. ropean states are combined t..j'.:-i. i, and connect-
No. 12. Is a very long and able reply from the ed with one i.,l. I,'-, I... a ".,lr ,, 1i.. of important
secretary of state to the several letters of the interests and i...i' ..,.i. with which the 'United
Spanish minister; complying with his wish for a ,r'.'-, have no concern, with which they have al-
6.0 NILES REGTSTER-MARC14 21,1818-CONGRESS.
ways manifested the determination notto interfere, these events occurred, the congress of the United
and of which no communication being made to them States, aware of the great and growing danger of
by the governments of Europe, they have not in- them, which had been so long before distinctly
formation competent to enable them to estimate foreseen, had made it the duty of the executive
their extent and bearings. The United States, in government, in the case of such a contingency, to
justice to themselves, in justice to that harmony take the temporary possession of the country
which they earnestly desire to cultivate with all which might be necessary to avert the injuries that
the powers of Europe, in justice to that fundamen- must result from it. Amelia Island was taken, not
tal system of policy which forbids them from enter- from the possession of Spain, but of those from
ing the labyrinth of European politics, must de- whom she had been equally incapable of keeping
dine soliciting or acceding to the interference of or of recovering its possession, and who were using
any ot'er government of Europe, for thesettlement it for purposes incompatible with the laws of na-
of heir differences with Spain. tions and of the United States. No purpose, either
But however discouraging the tenor and charac- of taking or of retaining it as a conquest from
ter of your recent notes has been to the hopes Spain, has ever been entertained, and unless ceded
which the promises and professions of your govern- by Spain to the United States, it will be restored,
ment had excited, that the time for adjustment of whenever the danger of its being again thus occa-
these differences with Spain, herself, had at length pied and misused shall have ceased.
arrived, the United States will iot abandon the ex- It is needless to add, that the proposal, that
pectation that more correct views of the subject the United States should take any further mea-
will ultimately be sugres.:ed to your government, sures than those already provided by law for pre-
and they will always be'disposed to meet them in venting armaments hostile to Spain within the ter-
the spirit of justice and amity. With radrd to ritories of the United States, is inadmissible. The
those parts of the province of Louisiana, whi ch have measures already taken, and the laws already exist-
been incorporated within the state of that name, it ing against hostile armaments within our jurisdic-
is time that the discussion should cease-forming tion, incompatible with the obligations of neutral.
part of the territory of a sovereign and independent ty, are sufficient for its preservation; and the neces-
state of this inion, to dispose of them is not within sary means will continue to be used, as they have
the competency of the executive government of been, to carry them f;i w',iIll into execution.
the U. States; nor will the discussion he hereafter I have the honor to be, with great consideration,
continued. But if you have proposals to make, to sir, your obedient and very humble servant.
which it is possible fir the government of the Unit- JOHN QUINCY ADAMS.
ed States to listen with a prospect of bringing them
to any practicable conclusion, I am authorized to
receive them, and to conclude with you a treaty for CONGRESS.
the adjustment of all the differences between the;
two nations, upon terms which may be satisfactory SEaATE.
to both. Alarch, 11.-After other business-
With regard to the motives for the occupation Mr Ruggles moved that the bill providing for
of Amelia Island, the messages from the president the recov-ry of fugitive slaves, f&c. be postponed to
of the United States to congress, and my letter to the first Monday in July next, (to reject it) which
you of 16th January, have given the explanations motion was decided in the negative as follows:
which, it is presumed, will be satisfactory to your YEAS.-Messrs. Burrill, Daggett, Horsey, Hun-
government. The exposed and feeble situation of ter, King, Morrow, Noble, Roberts, Ruggles,
that island, as well as the remainder of East Flori- Tichenor, Van Dyke-11.
da, with their local position in the neighborhood of NAYS.-Mcssrs. Campbell, Crittenden, Dicker-
the United States, have always been among the pri- son, Eppes, Fromentin, Gaillard, Goldsborough,
mary inducements of the United States for urging Johnson, Leake, Macon, Otis, Sanford, Smith, Tait,
to Spain, the expediency to the interests of both Talbot, Taylor, Williams, of Mississippi, Williams,
nations, that Spain should cede them for a just of Tennessee-18.
and suitable equivalent to the United States. After the rejection of some proposed amend-
In the letter of the 28th of January, 1805, from ments-the bill was ordered to a third reading.
Messrs. Pinkney and Monroe, to Mr. Cevallos, the JMarch 12.-Mr Roberts, from the committee of
following passage stands prominent among the ar- claims, made an unfavorable report'on the memo-
guments used by them to that effect. "Should rial of a committee on behalf of the surviving offi-
Spain," say they, "not place a strong force in Flo- cers of the revolutionary army, soliciting an equita-
rida, it will not escape your excellency's attention, ble settlement of half-pay for life, as promised by
that it will be much exposed to the danger of being the resolves of congress.
taken possession of by some other power, who The bill respecting the transportation of persons
might wish to hold it with very different views to- of color for sale, &c. was ordered to a third read-
wards Spain than those which animate the govern- ing.
ment of -he United States. Without a strong force The bill from the house of representatives pro-
being there, it might even become an asylum for viding for the recovery of fugitive slaves and in-
adventurers and freebooters, to the great annoy- dented servants, was read a third, as amended,
ance of both nations", passed, and returned to the house for concurrence
You know, sir, how far the events thus anticipat- in the amendments.
ed, and pointed out so early as in January, 1805, Those who voted for its passage were Messrs.
to the prudent forecast of Spain, have been realiz- Campbell, Crittenden, Eppes, Fromentin, Gaillard,
ed. Pensacolahas been occupied by another pow- Goldsborough, Johnson, Macon, Otis, Sanford,
er, for the purpose of carrying on war from it Smith, Stokes, Tait, Talbot, Taylor, Williams of
against the United States, and Amelia Island has of Miss. Williams of Tenn.-17.
been occupied by adventurers, to the great annoy- Against the bill-Messrs. Burrill, Daggett, Dick.
ance of both nations, and all others engaged in law. erson, Horsey, Hunter, King, Lacock, Morrow, No-
ihl commerce upon the Gu.lph of Mexico. Before Ib!e, Roberts, Dluggles, Tichenor, Van Dyke--!.
NILES' REGISTER- MARCH 21, 1818--CON(ir'ES5, 61
The bill in addition to the act for thepromotion Reed, Rhea, Rice, Rich, Richards, Ringgold,
of the useful arts, was considered in committee of Robertson, Ken. Ruggles, Sampson, Savage, Saw-
the whole, amended, and subsequently ordered to yer, Schuyler, Scudder, Sergeant, Settle, Seybert,
be engrossed for a third reading. Shaw, Sherwood, Silsbee, Simpkins, Slocomb, S.
March 13. The engrossed bill in "addition to Smith, Smith, Balt Alex. Smyth, J. S Smith, Speed,
the act to promote the progress ofthe useful arts," Stewart, N. C. Strong, Stuart, Md. Tallmadge,
and the engrossed bill respecting the transporta- Tarr, Taylor, Terrill, Terry, Tompkins, Townsend,
tion of persons of color for sale, &c. were Tyler, Wallace, Wendover, Williams, Con. Wil-
severally read the third time, passed and sent liams, N. Y. Williams, N. C. Wilkin, Wilson, Pen.
to the other house for concurrence. Adjourned to -127.
'Monday. Nays-Messrs. Anderson, Penn. Anderson, Ken,
JlMarch 16. The same message was received from Bassett, Bellinger, Bleomfield, Blount, Boden,
the president, as was on Saturday received by the Desha, Forney, Harrison, Hendricks, Johnson, Ken.
house of representatives, respecting our relations Jones, Kinsey, Livermore, Mumford, T. M. Nelson,
with Spain. Porter, Quarles, Robertson, Lou. Southard, Spen-
Two messages were also received from the pre- cer, Strother, Trimble, Tucker, Va. Tucker S. C.
sident, transmitting all the information in the pos- Walker, N. C. Whiteside-28.
session of the executive relating to the proceedings So the house determined that the petition be not
under the act of the last session setting apart and received.
disposing of certain public lands for the encourage- Friday, ,alfarch 13. After receiving several re-
ment of the cultivation of the vine and the olive; ports, &c.
and a statement by the secretary of the treasury, of The house again having resolved itself into a
the progress made under the act to provide for sur- committee of the whole, Mr. Smith, of Maryland,
Veying the coast of the United States: all whish in the chair, on the resolutions in favor of the power
messages were read. and duty of congress to authorise the making of
The following resolve, yesterday moved by Mr. roads and canals within the several states:
Storer, was taken up and agreed to. Mr. Tucker' concluded his speech in favor of the
Resolved, That the secretary of war be instruct- resolutions.
ed to procure copies of the existing militia laws of Mr. Pindall delivered a speech on the same side
the several states and territories, with correct re- of the question, of about an hour's length.
ports of the number and organization of the militia, Mr. Orr followed on the opposite side of the
and cause the same to be laid before the senate in question, in a speech of considerable length.
the first week in the next session. Mr. Clay then again addressed the committee,
SThe following resolution, yesterday moved by about two hours, in support of the resolutions, and
Mr. Roberts, was taken up and agreed to. in reply to their opponents.
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to en- Mr. '/elson spoke a short time in r :ply to Mr.
quire into the expediency of making further pro- Clay, and
Visions by law, for preventing the introduction of Mr. Clay briefly rejoined; after which,
slaves into the United States,-from any foreign The committee rose and reported the resolutions
kingdom, place or country. to the house, and
The proposition to adjourn on Monday the 12th T'he house adjourned at half past five o'clock.
April was taken up; and a motion being made to Saturday, .March 14. The common business of
postpone the consideration thereof to next Monday the day being disposed of-
week, was decided in the alffrmative, by yeas and The house having resumed the consideration of
iays, 16 to 5. the report of the committee of the whole, on the
Mr. King laid upon the table a long resolution subject of roads and canals; and
proposing in substance, that the president of the The question being on agreeing to the first reso-
United States be requested to cause to be resum- lution reported by said committee in the following
ed and completed the survey of the harbors of Bns- word':
ton, Newport, and ew-York, with the two entranc- 1. Resolved, That congresshaspower, under the
es thereof: of the waters of Lower Chesapeake constitution, t appropriate money for the con-
bay and of York river, for the purpose of truct of of post roads, military and other roads,
two suitable stations for depots, &c. and ti.r ti,~ and of canals, and for the improvement of water
report be submitted to the senate within the first courses.
week ofthe next session. Several gentlemen spoke on the subject-a mo-
SHOUSE OF n iI'RESENTATI'VES. tion for indefinite postponement was ,,iglt. Ld--
The following were the yeas and nays on the mo. ayes 77, nays 87.
tion that Pazos' memorial should not be received- The question was then taken on concurring in
YEAs-Messrs. Abbott, Adams, Allen, Vt. Aus- the first resolution adopted by the committee of
'tin, Baldwin, Ball, liarbour, Va. Barber, O. Bate- the whole, as above stated, and decided as follows:
man, Bayley, Beecher, Bennett, Boss, Bryan, Bur- YEAs-Messrs. Abbott, Anderson, Ky. Baldwin,
well, CaRmphjll, Cla-ett, Claiborne, Cobb. Colston, Barber; Ohio, Bateman, Iiaylev, Beecher, Bloom-
Comstock, CGokl, (. i, :. Cruger, Culbreltl Cush. field,Campbell,Colsto:', Comstock, Crawford, Cru-
man, Darlington, Uirake, Earle, Edwards, Ellicott, ger, Cushman, Darlington, Ellicott, Ervin, S. C.
E:.:in, S. C. Folger, F,'Gsytl, Gage. Garnett, Iall, Forsyth, Ga-e, Hall, Del. IHarrison, Hasbrouck,
N. C. Hasbrouck, Hlrbert, Herkimer, Hitchcock, Hendricks,t Herbert, IIerkilner, derrick, Heister,
HorSg, Holmes, Con. lubbard, Hunter, Hininindon, Hitchcock, Holmes, Mass. Hopkinson, Hubbard,
irvir:g, N Y. Johnso', Va. Kirtland, Lawyer, Linn, Irving, IN Y Johnson, Ky. Jones, Kinsey, Lawyer,
Little, Lowndes, M'Lane, W. P. Maclay, M'Cov, Linn, Livermore, Lowndes, M'Lane, W. P. M'Clay,
Marchand, M.,rr, Mason, Mass. Mercer, Merrill, Marchand, Marr, Mercer, Middleton, Moorc, Mor-
Middleton, Mills, Moore, Morton. Moseley, Mur- ton, Mumford, Merry, Jer. N,'-son, Opder,, O.le,
ray, Jer. Nelson, I-. Nelso ., N %. C. .-i n. 0 -l, Palmer, Parott, P.tterso,, Pawling, Peter, Pin.
Orr, Owen, Palmer, P.rrotI, Pr,..-.... PP i r, dall, Poi:;d:-xer, Porter, Q 'ales, Ri-i, Robert-
Peter, Pindall, Pitkin, Pleasants, Poindexter, son, Ky. Robertson, Lou. Savage, Souuyler, Ser-
62 NILES' REGISTER--MARCH 21, 1818-CONGRESS.
geant, Seybert, Simpkins, Slocumb, S. Smith, Bal. "Resolved, That congress has power under the
Smith, Southard, Spencer, Stuart, Md, Tallmadge, constitution to construct roads and canals necessa-
Tarr, Taylor, Terrill, Trimble, Tucker, Va. Up- ry for commerce between the states; provided, that
ham, Wallace, Wendover, Westerlo, Whiteside, private property be not taken for public purposes,
Whitman, Wilkin, Wilson, Mass. Wilson, Pa.-90, without just compensation."
NA.s-Messrs. Adams, Allen, Mass. Allen, Vt. After negativing some proposed amendments-
Anderson, Pa. Austin, Ball, Barbour,. Va. Bassett, The question on concurring in the third resolve,
Bellinger, Bennett, Blount, Boden, Bryan, Bur- as above stated, was then decided as follows:
well, Butler, Clagett, Cobb, Cook, Crafts, Cul- YEAs-Messrs. Anderson, Ky. Baldwin, Bate-
breth, Desha, Drake, Earle, Edwards, Folger, For- man, Bayley, Beecher, Bloomfield, Campbell, Cols-
ney, Garnett, Hale, Hall, N. C. Hogg, Holmes, Hun- ton, Comstock, Crawford, Cruger, Cushman, Dar-
ter, Huntingdon, Johnson, Va. Kirtland, M'Coy, lington, Ellicott, Ervin, S. C. Forsyth, Gage, Hall,
Mason, Mass. Mason, R. I.Merrill, Mills, Moseley, Del. Harrison, Hasbrouck, Herbert, HIerkimer, Her-
]L Nelson, T. M. Nelson, New, Orr, Owen, Pitkin, rick, Hi ster, Hitchcock, Hopkinson, Hubbard, Ir-
Pleasants, Reed, Rhea, Rice, Richards, Ringgold, ving, N. Y. Johnson, Ken. Jones, Kinsey, Lawyer,
Ruggles, Sampson, Sawyer, Scudder, Settle, Shaw, Livermore, Lowndes, M'Lane, Marchand, Moore,
Sherwood, Silsbee, Alex. Smyth, J. S. Smith, Speed, Morton, Mumford, Ogden, Ogle, Pl.mer, Parrott,,
Stewart, N. C. Strong, Terry, Tompkins, Town Patterson, Pawling, Peter, Pindall, PRrter, Quarles,
send, Tucker, S. C. Tyler, Walker, N. C. Wil- Rich, Robertson, Ken. Robertson, Loll. Savage,
liams, Con. Williams, N. Y. Williams, N. C.-75. Schuyler, Sergeant, Simpkins, Bal. Smith, Spen-
So the first resolution was adopted, cer, Stuart, Md. Tallmadge, Tarr, Terrill, Trim.
The second resolution having been read in the ble, Upham, Wall tce, Wendover, Westerlo, White-
following words: side, Wilkin, Wilson, Mass. Wilson, Pen.-71.
2. Resolved, That congress has power, under the NArs-Abbott, Adams, Allen, Mass. Allen, Vt,
constitution, to construct post roads and military Anderson, Pa. Austin, Ball, Barbour, Va. Barber,
roads, provided that private property be not taken Ohio, Bassett, Bellinger, Bennett, Blount, Boden,
for public use without just compensation. Boss, Bryan, Burwell, Butler, Clagett, Claiborne,
After debate- Cobb, Cook, Crafts, Culbreth, Desha, Drake, Earle,
Thequestion was then taken on agreeing to the Edwards, Folger, Forney, Garnett, Hale, Hall, N.
second resolution as above stated, and decided as C. Hendricks, Hogg, Holmes, Mass. Holmes, Con.
follows: Hunter, Huntingdon, Johnson, Vir. W. Maclay,
YEas-Messrs. Anderson, Ken. Baldwin, Barber, W. P. Maclay, M'Coy, Marr, Mason, Mass. Ma.
Ohio, Batemen, Bayley, Beecher, Bloomfield, son, R. I. Mercer, Merrill, Mills, Moseley, Mur-
Campbell, Colston, Comstock, Crawford, Crqger, ray, Jer. Nelson, H. Nelson, T. M. Nelson, New,
Cushman, Darlington, Ellicott, Ervin, S. C. For- Orr, Owen, Pitkin, Pleasants, Poindexter, Reed,
syth, Gage, Hall, Del. Harrison, Hasbrouck, Hen. tRhea, Rice, Richards, Ringgold, Ruggles, Samp..
bricks, Herbert, Herkimer,iHerrick, Hiester, Hitch- son, Sawyer, Scudder, Settle, Seybert, Shaw, Sher-
cock, Hopkinson, Hubbard, Irving, N. Y. Johnson, wood, Silsbee, Slocumb, S. Smith, Alex. Smyth,
Ken. Jones, Kinsey, Lawyer, Linn, Livermore, J. S. Smith, Speed, Stuart, N. C. Strong, Strother,
SLowndes, M'Lane, Marchand, Marr, Mercer, Taylor, Terry, Tompkins, Townsend, Tucker, Va.
Moore, Morton, Mumford, Murray, Ogden, Ogle, Tucker, S. C. Tyler, Walker, N. C. Walker, Ken.
Palmer, Parrott, Patterson, Pawling, Peter, Pin- Whitman, Williams, Con. Williams, N. Y. Wil.
dall, Porter, Quarles, Rich, Robertson, Ken. Ro- liams, N. C.-95.
bertson, Lou. Savage, Schuyler, Sergeant, Seybert, So the resolution was not agreed to.
,Simkins, Slocumb, Bal. Smith, Southard, Speed, The fourth resolution was then read in the fol.
:Spencer, Stuart, Md. Tallmadge, Tarr, Taylor, lowing words:
Terrell, Trirble, Upham, Wallace, Wendover, "Resolved, That congress has power under the
Westerlo, Whiteside, Wilkin, Wilson, Mass. Wil- constitution, to construct canals for military pur-
son, Pa.-82. poses, provided that no private property be taken
NAys-Messrs. Abbott, Adams, Alien, Mass. Al- for any such purpose without just compensation
len, Vt. Anderson, Pa. Austin, Ball, Barbour, Va. being made therefore "
Bassett, Bellinger, Bennett, Blount, Boden, B ss, The question on said resolution was then decided
Bryan, Burwell, Butler, Clagett, Claiborne, Cobb, as follows:
Cook, Crafts, Culbreth, Desha, Drake, Earle, Ed- YEAS-Messrs. Abbott, Anderson, Ky. Baldwin,
wards, Folger, Forney, Garnett, Hale, Hall, N.C. Bateman, Bayley, Beecher, Bloomfield, Campbell,
Iogg, Holmes, Mass. Holmes, Con. Hunter, Hunt- Colston, Comstock, Cruger, Cushman, )Darlington,
ingdon, Johnson, Va. W. Maclay, W. P. Maclay, Ellicott, Erving, S. C. Forsyth, Gage, Hall, Del.
M'Cov, Mason, Mass. Mason, R. I. Merrill, Mills, Harrison, Hasbrouck, Hendricks, Herbert, Herki..
Moseley, Jer. Nelson, H. Nelson, T. M. Nelson, mer, Herrick, Hiester, Hitchcock, Hopkinson, Hub-
New, Orr, Owen, Pitken, Pleasants, Poindexter, hard, Irving, N. Y. Johnson, Ky. Jones, Kinsey,
Reed, Rhea, Rice, Richards, Ringgold, Ruggles, Lawyer, Linn, Livermore, Lowndes, M'Lane, Mar.
Sampson, Sawyer, Scudder, Settle, Shaw, Sher- chand, Marr, Mercer, Moore, Morton, Mumford,
wood, Silsbee, S. Smith, Alex. Smyth, J. S. Smith. Murray, Ogden, Ogle, Palmer, Parrott, Patte:son,
Stewart, N. C. Strong, Terry, Tompkins, Town- Pawling, Peter, Pindall, Pois(r, Q-larles, Rich,
send, Tucker, Va. Tucker, S. C. Tyler, Walker, Robertson, Ky. Robertson, Lou. Savage, Schuyler,
N. C. Whitman, Williams, Con. Williams, N. Y. Sergeant, Seybert, Simkins, Slocumb, B.i. Smith,
Wiliams, N. C.-84. Southard, Speed, Spencer, Stuart, Md. Tallmadge,
,So theresolution was not agreed to. Tarr, Taylor, Terrell, Trimble, Upham, Wallace,
Mr. Strother desired to record his vote in the Wendover, Westerl.), Whiteside, Wilkin, Wilson,
.negative on this question, having been accidently Mass. Wilson, Pa.-81.
out of the house when the question was put; but NAYs-Messrs. Adams, Allen, Mass. Aller, Vt.
the standing rule forbad the le ive. Anderson, Pa. Austin, Ball, 1iarbour, Va. Barber,
The third resolution was then read as follows: Oh o, B.assett, Beliinger, Bennett, Blount, Boden,
Boss, Bryan, Burwell, Butler, Clagett, Claiborne,
NILES' REGISTER-MARCH 21, 1818-CONGRESS. GS
Cobb, Cook, Crafts, Culbreth, Desha, Drake, Earle, The bill, as amended, was ordered to a third
Edwar,!s, Folger, Furney, Garnett, Hale, Hogg, reading.
Holmes, Mass. Holmes, Con. Huntingdon, John- The house then went into a committee of the
son, Va. W. Maclay, W. Maclay, M'Coy, Ma- whole, Mr. Herbert in the chair, on the bill from
son, Mass. Mason, R. I. Merrill, Mills, Moseley, the senate,making appropriations for repairing and
Jer. Nelson, H. Nelson, T. M. Nelson, New, Orr, keeping in repair certain roads, from Fort Haw-
Owen, Pitkin, Pleasants, Poindexter, Reed, Rheti, kins to Fort St. Stephens, and from Columbia in
Rice, Richards, Ringgold, Ruggles, Sampson, Sa\f- Tennessee, by the Choctaw agency,to Madisonville
yer, Scudder, Settle, Shaw, Silsbee, S. Smith, Alex. in Louisiana. To the same committee had bee,-
Smyth, J. S. Smith, Stewart, N. C. Strong, Stro- referred a bill, reported to day, respecting the
their, Terry, Tompkins, Townsend, Tucker, Va. Chesapeake canal.
Tucker, S. C. Tyler, Walker, N. C. Walker, Ken. This produced a considerable debate-[From the
Whitman, Williams, Con. Williams, N. Y. Wil- elucidation of this business by Mr. AFLane, it ap.
liams, N. C.-83 pears that the original stock of the company was
So the resolution was not agreed to. 400,000 dollars, of which about 150,000 dollars
The result of the whole proceeding is, that the have been paid up and expended. The state of
house have come to the following resolution: Pennsylvania has.agreed to take an additional stock
"That congress have power, under the constitu- to the amount of 75,000 dollars; Maryland to the
tion, to appropriate money for the construction of amount of 50,000, and Delaware to the amount of
post roads, military and other roads, and of canals, 20,000, provided the United States agree to take
and for the improvement of water courses." shares to the amount of 150,000 dollars. The es-
Mr. Poinderter then submitted for considera- timated expense of the work is 800,000 dollars,
tion the following resolution: the balance is expected to be made up by individual
"Resolved, That congress have power, under the subscription.)
constitution, to appropriate money in aid of the After several gentlemen had spoken, for and
construction of roads and canals, which shall be against the bills, the committee then rose, re-
laid out, and constructed, under the authority of ported their assent to the bill respecting the Ala.
the legislatures of the states through which they bama and Tennessee roads bill, and reported pro-
pass." gress on the canal bill.
After some conversation- The bill fist mentioned was then ordered to be
The q'aestion being taken thereon, was decided engrossed for a third reading, by yeas and nays,
in the negative. 83 to 55.
Mr. Lowvndes then remarked, that, after the deci- Tuesday, Alarch 17. After some remarks to the
sion of this house to day, there could he do doubt proposition submitted by Mr. Taylor on the 10th,
that a large majority of the house entertained the to amend the rules of the house, was agreed to,
conviction of the power of congress to appropriate without a division, as follows:
money for the purpose of constructing roads and "After six days from the commencement of a
canals. The sense of the house being thus ascer- second or a subsequent session of any congress,
trained, and the obstruction removed to anypropo- all bills, resolutions and reports which originated
sition embracing that object; he moved that the in the house, and at the close of the next preced-
firther consideration of the report lie on the table. ing session, remained undetermined, shall be re-
The motion having been agreed to- sumed and acted on in the same manner as if an ad-
Mr. Tucker, of Va. from the committee on roads jotirnment had not taken place."
and canals, reported a bill making further appro- On motion of Mr. Forsyth,
priations for the Cumberland road; which was twice Resolved, That the committee on the judiciarybe
read and committed. instructed to enquire into the expediency of alter-
Our relations -with Spain. ing so much of the laws now in force for regulating
A message in writing was received from the pre- the territorial governments of the United States
sident of the United States by Mr. J. J. Monroe, as requires a freehold property in the territories
respecting the relations of the United States with respectively, as a qualification for office.
Spain; which message and report were read and The house went into committee on the bill pro.
referred to the committee of foreign relations. viding for the due execution of the laws of the
And the house adjourned. United States in the state of Mississippi.
Monday, .Aarch 16. After disposing of much [The salary of the district judge was fixed at
minor business-Mr. Pindexter, from a select comr 2000-and of the district attorney at 500 dollars,
mittee, reported a bill authorising the election of which were concurred in by the house, and the bill
a delegate from the territory of Michigan, and ex- ordered to be engrossed for a third readingg]
tending the right of suffrage to the citizens of said The house resolved itself into a committee of
territory. [Ordered to be engrossed for a third the whole, Mr. Smith of Mhd. in the chair, on the
reading next day.] bill in addition to "an act for the punishment of
Mr. T'llmadge, from the committee on roads and certain crimes against the United States," and to re-
canals, reported a bill authorising a subscription peal the acts therein mentioned; (to incorporate in.
on the part of the United States, to one thousand to one act, with some amendments, the several
shares in the stock ofthe Chesapeake and Delaware i .. 1.e,- l ..C1 -- passed to enforce the neutral obli-
canal company; which was twice read and com- -,,i.nsi ." i .. United States.)
mitted. The committee spent two hours very busily in
Mr. Mercer, from the committee to whom it had discussing the details of this :till, and motions
been referred, reported the resolution from the to alter or modify them, when, a little after five
senate directing the publication of the journal of o'clock, the committee rose, repor'cd progress,
the convention, with an amendment, proposing the anl obtained leave to sit again. Adjourned.
publication of the secret journals of congress, and Wednesday, .March 18. The "neuttrality bill,"
its correspondence with foreign powers, prior to so called, which occupied a cmnmittee ofthle whole
the trc-aty of peace with Great Britain in 1783. yesterday, was again so taken up. A motion was
The amendment was agreed to. made to postpone it indefinitely-and it was so
64 NILES' REGISTER-MARCH 21, 1818--CHRONCLE.
postponed 72 to 62. This determination was re-
considered, and the bill again brought before the
committee. After many motions, &c. the commit-
tee rose at 5 o'clock, reported progress and had
leave to sit agoin-and the house adjourned.
Thursday, March 19.-After disposing of sundry
matters of no general importance-
The house again resolved itself into a committee
of the whole on the "neutrality bill." The com-
mittee finally got through the bill and reported it
to the house as amended, and it was ordered to be
The disputed right of Mr. Herrick to a seat in
the house, occupied the remainder of the sitting.-
0:1Ofour affairs with JVaples, the National In-
telligencer observes-The documents respecting
the Neapolitan mission afford little comfort to our
suffering merchants. It would appear that the po-
verty of that government is such as to forbid even
a compliance with'their own ideas of what is right.
SThe Aurora contains a translation of the mani-
festo of the congress of the United Provinces of
Rio de la Plata, addressed to all the nations of the
world. It is a very important and highly interest-
ing state paper, which shall be presented to our
readers as soon as possible.
f "We are compelled to omit our notices of fo-
reign events-we have had several late arrivals
from Europe, but they brought no important news.
Nor has any thing of moment occurred in "Spanish
America" that we know of. Aury hasleft Amelia,
ostensibly for Charleston.
SBank of the U. S. The house of representatives
of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania have refer-
red the proposed tax on the bank of the United
States to the early attention of the next session of
the legislature; by which, there is very little doubt
it will be severely taxed. So say my letters from
Mr. Dupont's powder mill on the Brandywine, ex-
ploded at about I past 9 o'clock, on Thursday last.
The shock was felt at Wilmington as though an
earthquake were about to engulph the town. A let-
ter received by the editor of the REGISTEt was part-
ly written in the middle of the street,the people hav-
ing left their houses, in awful expectation of the
explosion of the magazine; which, however, was
uatf at 12 o'clock, and the damage then considered
as over. We have yet to learn the dreadful parti-
culars-the hasty letter says-"Dupont's house gone
--many killed-bis wife and daughter safe-Du-
planty's cotton mill injured-McLane's mill safe,
except the glass broken."
'Ilstory of congress.-Messrs. Gales and Seaton,
the editors of the National Intelligencer, have is-
sued proposals for publishing by subscription, "A
history of the congress of the United States, in-
cluding the proceedings, votes, and debates (as
far as preserved) in the senate and house of repre-
sentatives; from the commencement of the first
session of the first congress in 1789, to the end of
the second session of the fourteenth congress in
1817,-and afterwards to be continued.
Public lands. 'Tie -inttsville Republican of the
10th inst. says, that at the sale of public lands in
that territory, some of the best of the land sold at
73 dollars per acre, and that the amount of sales
for the last week was 1,460,000 dollars.
The Nashville Clarion says, that the sale of lands
for the two last weeks amounted to about three
millions of dollars; that very little that was go od
went for less than thirty dollars an acre.-Eleven
townships and ten fractional townships were offer-
ed for sale. On the first of March, another sale
is to take place.
The. president's message on opening the session of
congress, is highly spoken of in London papers.-
One of them observes-"While the finances of all
the governments of Europe are more or less disor-
dered and the subjects are every where ground
down with heavy taxes-we find the head of these
republicans at the close of an expensive war pro-
posing the repeal of the internal taxes," &c.
The supreme court of the United States adjourn-
ed on Saturday last, after a laborious session.-
Some of its decisions shall be RESrSTERED.
Col. R. J. .Tohnson, of Kentucky, has address-
ed a circular to his constituents informing them
that he will decline a re-election to congress at
the ensuing election. We are truly sorry to lose
this statesman from the great council of the nation.
Indian toar.-We have not much information as
to the progress of the war against the Seminoles,
&c. It is understood that gen. Jackson has prohi.
bited letters from the army giving accounts of the
movements of troops, &c. But his forces are pro-
bably organized, and something decisive may bd
expected at an early date.
It seems to be understood that eooidbine and JVi-
chols, a pair of precious villians, afe with the Se-
minoles, urging them on to murder; they are, pro-
bably, the real authors of the war. It is stated that
they have two armed schooners, manned with 50
men each, besides 50 negroes trained as cavalry.-
It is thought that they shield themselves under the
protection of the Spanish line-but that line will
not be respected if hostilities are carried on with-
in it. We hope that these wretches may mix in the
fight with as much zeal as they have fermented
the war, so that Jackson may give a good account
Dr. Woodward,1late surgeon's mate of the Constel-
lation frigate, died at Norfolk, and was buried there
on the 26th ult. in the most respectful manner, with
masonic and militaryphonors.
ROBBEIY OF THE MAIL.
General post office, .farch 16, 1818.
The amount of bank notes, post notes, drafts,
bills of exchange and checks (saved and recovered
from the robbery of the mail of the 11th) is about
ninety thousand dollars, and now in possession of
the general post office. As soon as the mutilated
fragments of the addresses and envelopes can be
arranged, with their proper contents, they will be
forwarded by mail, as originally designed.
A descriptive schedule of the whole will be im-
mediately published, and transmitted to the sever.
al sections of the United States for the information.
of those concerned.
Notices were immediately issued to the banks,
merchants, and others, in Philadelphia, of the rob-
bery; and an express dispatched to New York, to
guard against the payment or acceptance of drafts,
checks, or post notes, which may have been robbed
from the mail, and not yet suaedor recovered.
0O'The Franklin Gazette of Thursday last, edited
by Mr. Bache, post master at Philadelphia, says-
One of the principals [of the mail robbers] has been
taken in this city, and is committed to prison.
Five others, who were concerned in passing off the
money, are in custody. We have been too much
engaged in pursuit of the culprits, to give a detail-
ed account in this day's Gazette.