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NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER.
NEw sEutfEs. No 20 -V. 1 ] Al1.T1 \lORE. JAN. 10, 1818. [Ni. 20-VoL XIHI. wHaoL. No. 332'
THE PAST-THE PItSENT-FOit THE FUTURtE.
PRINTED ASD PUBLSIS 'ED IB" H. 1ILES, AT $5 PEiR AkNNU, PAYAHL. Is AnDVANCE.
Compensation of Congress. best qualified to se:ve us. Your high minded,
The writer of the following is known to meby his dashing, loquacious men are by no means the
manuscript, 'hough he has not given his name. safest and surest representatives of a republic
He is an old whig, of high standing-and I sub- can people. The writer is very much of opi-
mit his reproof fairly to my readers for their union with col. Barre, the best friend we had in
judgement on the subject. "1A differernce of opi-
nion is not a difference of pop-inciple."-Er the British house of commonnins during the revo-
n ia iree of ie r lution-that the only dangerto be apprehended,
A constant subscriber for your useful Week- as most likely to mar the peace and prusperi-
ly register, has been fi'equently gratified and ty of the United states, was changing the sim-
improved by your editorial observations on na plicity of their habits and manners into an imu.
tional and economical subjects. But in a tationof thepride, extravagancies, and prodi-
late number, he has noticed your remarks on gality of the high minded Luropeans. And
the compensation of congress with dee regret the congress have given us a sad sample
and serious alarm. You say, "the late compen- of what vain and avariciousmen can do to con.
station law was rather objected to on account laminate our country. Notwithstanding your
of its manner than for the amount of compen- aberration from correct principles in this in-
sation which it allowed." v,,hereas both the stance, the writer is still your friend aind vel
manner and the matter of that law was repi e- wisher.
ended by most of the serious and virtuous
part of the community. Can you seriously .-.--
contend for ten dollars per diem to the. mem- Case of an American seaman.
bears of congress, as a reasonable compensation! The following seems to be the amount of a
It would appear from your remarks, that you circumstance that has lately excited consider-
think this necessary to induce a man of talents able sensibility at New York. 'I he Briftsh
to. attend, and enable him to live at "W\ashing- sloop of war Esk,arrived there two or three
ton as a gentleman. Ah! what a fascinating go ith a large quantity of specie or
epithet! Is is not to be feared, that the efforts twe United States an i an tity indii duls
making to enable our members to live like gen- he butcher who supply ed her wi th fresh meal,
tleten, will, in tle end, destroy the morals, bought tip a letter from a certa in .Ton ia-
i confessio" -y, brought up a leta.er from a certain Johe dl-
and ruin the republican institutions oft our hap- iats, addressed to his sister, In ew York-,
py country As we disavow family claiming her interference for his release, stat-
tinctions, the term gentleman" with us can in that lhe had ost'his tetion, &,. She
import nothing more nor less than a man of eis1r dso e Recrdis in the city
gentle, easy manners, and of useful qualifica- carried this letter to the Recorder of the city
tions. Ten dollars per day may be necessary and pported it with such testimony as indu-
topocgambleriora prodialbut nether edl him to issue a w it (f habeas co1rpus, which
to support bermi a ko ge ut nemany was served o tle ohecaptain on the 12th uit. B :
of them are even contermiaous to a gentleman. he neglected to appeal, and it seems that no
One "precious confession" you have made in timely measure was taken to prevent the de-
saying-"their compensation ought never to parture (F the ship until the writ ws eisct-
be so great as to make it an object worth con- ed. and she sailed with Williams on board.-
tending for.I Now, sir, in many parts'of the This produced some remarks in the inews.pat
United States six dollars a day was sufficient lners, when -r. Buchait an.. the. iritish chu tsil,
to produce great competitions for seats in con- felt it his duty to explain thle afthir. saying.--
gress. And it is well known that many who "althoutfh the writ was not addressed corri(, t-
demeaned themselves so as to cont e in the in the l, either a to the name of the captain or iof
confidence of their constituents, and retain the vessel (as the name of the vessel is tlhe
their seats for a number of years, have, with
'six dollars a day, grow much richerthan an a *VWte repeat what wehlave said an lirndred timps
of their grade and prospects in life. i'lany tht before, that tlie practice of .,'rantin.. protectc i'r..s"
have declined on account of not being.a'ble to "(('a led," oght to 'hi- abt liled-mit admits a ewi
S. *ri-ghlt to search fr nmen, :!;t is ol no sort (;f' t;e
attend or make the sacrifice, were previously when "h mj,, .iy 7tsil them." I1 is deg,:,,in.-
persuaded tliht they could not retain their what!-is the lwrtyicon to he compelled to c,:,
seats. A man's family, however, may be in about him a. vocIher 1o s, f'rt'li that lie ik not a,
such a situation, and his professional business 6sh7e Let the pr'of rst \- here it oughlt-wihi the
in such a state,, as to preclude his attendance opposite party, and let its operation be confined to
in congress for any "reasonable" cnrmpern- p p -ces_ win er l no! l 's. The ,cean is
tion; but at the old allowance we l,.!l rei.t ; r e writ was addressed to captain Lenox, of the
be at a loss to find members, and such as are 'Plk.
VoL. XIH.- 21. /
514 NII'S' .REGISTER-JANUARY 10, 1I818--LOUISIANA,
Esk, and the commander's name Lennock) Emigration.
yet captain Lennock immediately inquired for t The following is communicated by a gentleman of
tins mulatto lad, whose name on the ship's Philadelphia, and may be relied upon fbr its accu-
books is John Robinson: who then, in the pre- racy-being made up from the manifests of all
sence of the pilot, denied that lie wanted his the passenger-vessels that entered at the custom-
d: h.lir!' but alone to obtain a protection.- house there, from the time to the time stated.-
Captain Lennock accordingly wrote a letter to The amount given may, with a small addition, be
gI would call on the rccor'der accept ed as the whole number of emigrants who
me, requesting I would call on the recorder arrived in that port during the year 1817; as in
and slate these facts, and also to mention that the winter season many do not commonly arrive
if it was required, that the boy should be sent in the United States.
back from Jamaica--with which statement the In presenting his thanks to his correspondent for
recorder expressed his satisfaction. this interesting statement of facts, the editor
It mu ste elldknown that sa infacethen would respectfilly remark, that if those, general-
It must be well known that since the peace l who have li oppouites of ect and
there has been no impressment in the British communicating such and many other statistical
navy; and it appears this lad was paid off in facts, would give a little attention to the subject,
England, and entered freely on board the Ber- they might convey much useful information to
inuda, from which vessel he was turned over to thepublic, and essentially assist the study of poli-
the Esk." tical economy.
In reply to this it has been published, that IENOG 8 OTN s-vGA Ro AT F ILAU L 28, rO LL CE-
Ihe recorder, so far from being satisfied with n, 31, 1817.
the explanations of the consul, has prepared a
statement of the particulars for the purpose of From whence. Per- In
prcentiing it' to the governor of New York, sons. vessels
"whIose duty it will be (and we doubt not it --- ---
will be v"...uily done) to communicate qhe France 66 6
same to the government of the United States." Itly 22
The pilot who conducted the Esk to sea, German 12
which he was previously directed by the civil Great Britain 1292 43
authority not to do, has been dismissed by the Englishl, Irish and Scotch, via. 4
bard of wardens of that port. British possessions in America. 57 11
olland* 4867 18
Debates in Congress. 7288 96
S d[nFrasins AnTICLE.] Most if not all of the persons that arrived by the
1The editors of the Aational Intelligencer, way of Holland, were Germans. The Dulch ship
for reasons unknown to us, have required that April has arrived in the Delaware since the wlt inst.
the editors of certain news-papers should ac- and is not included in the above return, with 550
knowledge the source from whence they derive passengers. CT'rotal British subjects 2280.
their accounts of the proceedings of congress.
We very well know that this requisition does Wealth of Louisiana.
Unot apply to the W'eekly Register; for we have A XMilledgerille paper says, tha-t negroes on the
repeatedly stated that our abstracts of those sngar estates of Louisiana are worth from 600 to
proceedings, &c. were always made from that 1000 dollars yearly; and the sugar crops are worth
unless otherwise ci'etlited-y-et- we are from 20 to 150,000 dollars a year. Stga'r land
paper', u .. e close to the city, sells for 5000 dollars the acre;
pleased to embrace an opportunity so fairly and no sugar land sell for less than 800 the hcre.
presented for offttering the respectful tribute of Mechanics of all descriptions soon grow rich. De-
our approbation to Messrs. Gales and Seaton cent board is from 40 to 60 dollars per month; but
for the very great ability and industry with claret is allowed to be used with discretion without
which they have performed this important ser- any extra charge; house rent is high, and even nak-
vice to theii,' country. It has often happened lots t front sreet 60 feet rel', e. t for.
t-a t h1 ITe 7. '- e (l .h conan dollars a foot per month. Tle American popa .
that thle Itellilgencer of one (ay has contained nation is increasing, and already balances the
saven or eight columns of the debates, &c. of French in the legislature. That there is a vast field
the preceding day. "We can well appreciate open for persons fond of public life; the creoles are
the *,,:'I!.c v of the system and the force of averse to it, and 'the state pays her officers better
the industry needful to accomplish things like than any of her sister states.
these. \ thee is verbal a in th "The governor has 7500 dollars a year; judge of
Vsope. knd teroe ~s a vealm t accuracy in.x- thel supreme court 500o dollars; inferior .judges in
speechtes'reported by them that we hardly ex- the eitv 4000, and those in the country 1500 and
pected: the editor of the e-'is;ter had the plea- 2000; yet these salaries are insignificant when com-
sure to hear the short speech delivered by Mr. pared to th'e profits of a cultivated farm."
C(.isy on the second day of this session-and, gcThese amounts appear enormous; yet
his memory being tolerably good and the they must be great. If the West-India sugar-
s.eech short, he t,. y!', lie could have repeat- planters can live by their L.ih-., ilhn.- of
ed it nearly word for word-and so it was pub-I Louisiana must soon grow immensely rich. It
lished from the notes taken for the Intelligen- is not understood that our sugar lands are less
e"! productive than those oft he West-Indies, and
NILES' REGISTER-JANUARY 10, 1818-FLORIDA AFFAIRS. 315
the duty that we levy on the imported article
acts as a bounty equal to, perhaps, nearly a
third of the amount received for it by the it est
India planter in favor of our own. As the cul-
tivation' rises to meet the demand for con-
sumption, this duty should be reduced. It is
too heavy-for sugar, to a very considerable
part of our population, is as a real necessary of
Navy of the United States.
Eltimnates. of the secretary .ft the year 1818.
RANK. .-: ;
35 captains' 100 7
26 masters commandant 60 4
8 lieats. commandant 50 3
170 lieutenants 40 2
10 acting lieutenants 40 2
420 midshipmen 19 -
48 surgeons 50 1
10 acting surgeons 50 1
42 surgeons' mates 30 1
45 pursers 40 1
12 chaplains 40 1
4 schoolmasters 25 1
75 sailing masters 40 1
20 captain's clerks 25 -
90 masters mates ~
25 gunners S185 20 1
25 carpenters |
20 sail makers J
45 boats'ns mates"I
40 gunner's do. 15 19-
40 carpenter's do. l0
25 sailmaker's do.)
90 do. gunners
4.0 stewards g
18 coopers 87 18
22 mast's at arms
10 ships corpo'ls
45 cooks J
2000 seamen 12 -
1600 ordinary seamen 10 -
350 boys 6 -
Provisions for 5,597 persons, making
2,042,905 rations at 25 cents.
Hospital stores, medicines, instru
ments, &c. including the marin
Repairs of vessels
Ordnance and ordnance stores
Repairs of navy yards, and construe
tion of docks, &c. .
Purchases of medals and swords
Amo't of pay
I ".8, Amo't of pay
=-3 and rations.
1 lieutenant colonel 75 12' 1.776
9 captains 40 3 6,291
24 first lieutenants 30 3 13,896
16 second lieutenants 25 2 7,136
73 sergeants 9 7,884
73 corporals 8 7,008
42' musicians 7 3,528
750 privates 6 54,000
Adjutant, paymaster, and
quartermaster, extra pay,
each, $30 per month
5 brevet majors command
ing stations, five rations
per day, extra
938 non-commissioned of-
ficers and privates, one
ration per day, each
camp-kettles, forage, &c.
Jl statement shewing the amount of duty "which accru-
ed on salt imported during the years 1815 and 1816,
and/Fom the Ist of January to 30th ,Tune, 1817; to-
gether with the amomint pai(d for bounty on picked
fish, exported, and.for allowzonces to vessels employ-
ed in the fisheries, thing the same period,
Period. Dutvonsalt. Bouinty. .ll., me-..
From Jan. to De.31, l55, 8s5.,4.1i 49 i ,
lI6. 1.100,7,1 70- 566 S 0 .'..,
June 30, !8117, 232,183 74 1,936 20
Dolls. 2,13,38,77 84.
'Register's office, Dec. 27, l 17.
.IOSEI'l NOURSE, Register.
288,000 Florida Affairs.
192,000 The injunction of secrecy under which the fol-
25,200 lowing resolution and laws were passed, having
been long since removed by the enacting authori-
1,138,504 50 ty, it is deemed unnecessary that they should be
longer withheld from the public eye. They are
5 now, therefore, published. Att. Int.
510,726 25 RESOLUTION.
- Taking into view the peculiar situation of Spain,
e and ofher American provinces, and considering the
25,009 influence which the destiny of the territory ad'join- '
300,000 ing the southern border of the United States m'n
S. have upon their security, tranquility, and com'-
100,000 JResolved, by th: Senate and flouse of 1r., ...A.
300,000 tives of the United States of .imerica, in Congres
15,000 assembled, That the United States, under the pe.
culiar circumstances of the existing crisis, cannot,
2,389,230 75 without serious inquietude, see any part of th'e(
t36 NILES' REGISTER--JANUARY 10, 1818--INTERNAL DUTIES.
s.id territory pass into the hands of any foreign country lying east of the river Perdido, and south
power; and that a due regard to their own safety of the state of Georgia and the Mississippi terri-
compels them to provide, under certain contingen- tory, and for other purposes," and the declaration
'es, for the temporary occupation of the said ter- accompanying the same, be not printed or publish-
ritory; they at the same time declare that the said ed until the end of the next session of congress,
t1lritory shall, in their hands, remain subject to unless directed by the president of the United
future negotiation. J. B. VA\RNUM, States, any law or usage to the contra-v notwith-
Speaker of the House of Representatives. standing. J. B. VARNUM,
GEO: CLINTON, Speaker of the House of Represe'otatives.
Vice-President of the United' States, and JOHN POPE,,
President of the Senate. President of the Senate, pro tempore.
January 15, 1811-approved, JAMES MADISON. March 3, 1811-approved, JAMES MADISON.
An act to enable the president of the United States, An act authorizing the president of the United
under certain contingencies, to take possession States to take possession of a tract of country
of the country lying east of the river Perdido, lying south of the Mississippi territory, and west
and south of the state of Georgia and the Mis- of the river Perdido.
sissippi territory, and for other purposes. Be it enacted, by the Senate and 1House of Repre-
Pie it enacted by the Senate and loause of Represen- sentatives of the United States of America in Congress
tatives of the Untied ,States of America in Congress assembled, That the president be, and he is hereby
aIssembled, That the president of the United States authorized to occupy and hold all that tract of
he, and lie is hereby authorised to take possession country called West Florida, which lies west ofthe
of, and occupy, all or any part of the territory ly- river Perdido, not now in possession of the United
ing east of the river Perdido, and south of the States.
siate of Georgia and the Mississippi territory, in Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, for the
case an arrangement has been, or shall be, made purpose of occupying and holding the country
with the local authority of the said territory, for aforesaid, and of affording protection to the inla-
delivering up the possession of the same, or any bitants thereof under the authority of the United
part thereof, to the United States, or in the event States, the president may employ such parts of the
of an attempt to occupy the said territory, or any military and naval force of the United States as he
part thereof, by any foreign government; and lie may deem necessary.
may for the purpose of taking possession, and oc- Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That for de-
cupying, the territory aforesaid, and in order to fraying the necessary expenses, twenty thousand
maintain therein the authority of the United States, dol..rs are hereby appropriated,to be paid out of any
employ any part of the army and navy of the United monies in the treasury not otherwise appropriated,
States, which lie may deem necessary. and to be applied to thie purposes aforesaid, under
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That one hundred the direction of the president. H. CLAY,
thousand dollars be appropriated for defraying Speaker of the House of Representatives.
such expenses as the president may deem necessa- WM. H. CRAXWFORD,
ry for obtaining possession as aforesaid, and the President of the Senate, pro tempore.
security of the said territory, to be applied under February 12, 1813-approved, JAMES MADISON-
the direction of the president, out of any monies
ii the treasury not otherwise appropriated.
Sec. 3. Be itfurther enacted, That in case posses. Laws of the United States.
-.., .f u.!: territory aforesaid shall be obtained by AN ACT 'TO ABO LISH THE INTERNAL DUTIES.
the United States, as aforesaid, that until other Be it enacted by the senate and house of representa-
provision be made by congress, the president lie, ties of the L-nited States of America in congress as-
and he is hereby, authorized to establish, within sembled, That from and after the thirty first day of
the territory aforesaid, a temporary government, December one thousand eight hundred and seven-
and the military, civil, and judicial powers thereof teen, the internal duties on licenses to distillers, on
shall be tested in such person and persons, and be refined sugars, licenses to retailers, sales at auction,
,- i nt- in such planner, as he may direct, for carriages for the conveyance of persons, and stamp-
the protection and maintainance of the inhabitants ed vellum, parchment and paper, shall be dis-
of the said territory in the full enjoyment of their continued; and all acts and parts of acts rela-
lihl.-r%, property, and religion. J. B. VARNUM, tive thereto, shall, from and after the said thirty
Speaker of the House of Representatives. first day of December, be repealed; Provided, That
GEO: CLINTON, for the recovery, remission and receipt of such du-
Vice-President of the United. States,'and ties as have accrued, and on the d., aforesaid re-
President of the Senate. main outstanding, and for the payment of drawbacks
January 15, 1811-approved, JAMES MADISON. or allowances on the exportation of any of the said
spirits or sugars legally entitled thereto, provided
A; act concerning an act to enable the president of the exportation be effected previous to the first
the United Stutes, under certain contingencies, day of January, one thousand eight hundred and
to take possession of the country lying east of the nineteen, and for the recovery a, I distribution of
river Perdido, and south of the state of Georgia fines, penalties and forfeitures and the remission
and the Mississippi territory, and for other pur. thereof which shall have been incurred before and
poses, and thi declaration accompanying the on the said thirty first day of December, thle pro-
sanme. visions of the aforesaid acts shall remain in full
He it enacted by the Senate and House of loepresen, force and virtue.
tutives of the United States of America in Congress Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the offices
assembled, That the act, and the act passed during of' the collectors of the internal duties and direct
the present session of congress, entitled "an act to tax, shall continue in each collection district, 'r-
onable the president of the United States, under spectively, until the collection of tl .: Jd.1i is oL .
certain cantlngcncics, to take possession of the mentioned, and of the direct tax, shall have been
NILES' REGISTER-JANUARY 10, 1818--INTERNAL DUTIES. S17
completed in such district, and no longer, unless
sooner discontinued by the president of the United
States,, who shall be, and is hereby empowered,
whenever the collection of the said duties and tax
shall have been so far completed in any district as
to render, in his opinion, that measure expedient,
to discontinue any of the said collectors, and to
unite, into one collection district, any two or more
collection districts, lying and being in the same
state; in which case, the collectors thereafter em-.
ployed in the collection of the said duties and tax
in such state or district, shall be appointed and re.
movable by the president alone: and for the promot-
ing of the collection of any of the abovementioned
duties or tax, which may be outstanding, after the
said thirty first day of December, the president of
the United States shall be, and he hereby is, em-
powered, at any time thereafter, to make such al-
lowance as he may think proper, in addition to tilhe
commissions now allowed by law, to any of the col-
lectors of the said duties and tax, and the same
from time to time to vary; Provided, that the whole
of such additional allowances shall not in the aggre-
gate, exceed five per centum on the amount of the
duties and tax paid into the treasury after that day;
and that the extraordinary allowances authorized
on the second and fourth sections of the act passed
March third, one thousand eight hundred and fil-
-teen entitled, "An act to fix the compensation and
increase the responsibility of the collectors ofthedi-
rect tax and internal duties, and for other purposes
-connected with the collection thereof," shall, after
the said 31st day of December, cease: and the office
of commissioner of the revenue shall cease, and be
discontinued, whenever the collection of the duties
and tax abovementioned shall be completed, unless
sooner discontinued by the president of the United
States, who shall be, and hereby is, empowered,
whenever the collection of the said duties and tax
shall have been so far completed, as, in his opinion,
to render that measure expedient, to discontinue
the said office; in which case the immediate super-
intendence and collection of such parts of the said
duties and taxes as may then remain outstanding',
shall be placed in such office of the treasury de-
,partment as the secretary, for the time being', may
designate: Provided however, That all bonds, notes,
or other instruments, which have been charged
with the payment of a duty; and which shall, any
time prior to the said thirty first day of December,
have been written or printed on vellum, parchment
or paper, not stamped or marked according to law,
or upon vellum, parchment or paper, not stamped
or marked at a lower rate of duty than is required
by law for such bond, note, or other instrument,
may be presented to any collector of the internal
revenue, or collector of the customs within the state
and where there [is] no collector, to the marshal of
the district, whose duty it shall be, upon the pay.
ment of the duty with which such instrument was
chargeable, together with the additional sum of ten
dollars: for which duty and additional sum, the
said collector or marshal shall be accountable to
the treasury of the United States; to endorse upon
some part of such instrument his receipt for the
same; and thereupon the said bond, note, or other
instrument, shall be, to all intents and purposes, as
valid and available to the person holding the same,
as if it had been or were stamped, or marked, as
by law required-any thing in any act to the contra-
Sec. 3. .And be it further enacted, That all per-
sons who shall obtain licenses for stills or boilers,
.or for.selling by retail, or certificates for carriages
extending beyond the said iLirty-first of December.
shall be allowed a deduction from the duties paid
or secured by them, proportionate to the pirt of
their term which may remain unexpired on the said
thirty-first of December, and the several banks or
bankers which may have agreed to make the annual
composition of one and a half per centum on their
dividends,'in lieu of the stamp duty on the note;
issued by them, shall pay only at the rate of one
and a half per centum per annum, on such divi-
dends for the portion of a year that shall remain
from the time of the last annual payment to the said
thirty.first of December, to be estimated upon the
dividend or dividends that have been or shall be.
declared and made by such bank or bankers re-
spectively, within a year from th time of suc.h list
annual payment, and in all cases in which pavymnts
shall have been made, or duties secured, for a term
extending beyond the said thirty-first of December,
on account of any certificates for the use of a car-
riage, or license to dis'il or retail, so much of the
sums so paid or secured as shall be proportioned to
the part of the term which may remain unexpired.
shall be refunded or remitted: Provided, That all
duties on sales at auction effected, and on refined
sugar removed, previously to the first dy of Jan-
uary, one thousand eight hundred anrd eighteen,
shall be paid in the same manner as if this act had
not been passed.
Sec. 4. 7nd be it further enacted, That all per-
sons who shall, on or after the said thirty-first of
December, have any blank vellum, parchment, or
paper, which has been stamped, and on which a
duty has been paid to the use of g.v.v io,,,r.t. shall
be entitled to receive from the collector of the
district to whom it maybe delivered, or from such
other revenue officer in the respective states or
districts as may be designated for that purpose by
the secretary of the treasury, the value of the said
stamps, after deducting, in all cases, seven and a
half per centum, and the said officers are bereby
authorized to pay the same; Pr-nvided, the said blank
vellum, parchment or paper, be presented within
four months after the said thirty first of Decem-
See. 5. .AI/,d be it further enacted, That on all
sums that be refunded in virtue of this act, as well
as all sums received after tlie thirty first day of De-
cember aforesaid, and before notice of this act, the
collectors shall be allowed a commission of six per
centum, to be charged by them in settling their
accounts with the treasury department.
Sec. 6. .Andbe it further, enacted, That in case a
collector shall not have in his hands a sufficient
sum out of which to reftiund the sums authorized to
be refunded by this act, or to defray the expen-
ses incident to the collection of the onI'.m.ig,'
duties-and direct tax, such repayments and expen-
ses shall be made and defrayed out of any money
in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, 'hat if, on the
settlement of the accounts of any collector relative
to the direct tax and internal duties, balances shall.
be found due to and from him on the different ac-
counts, they may be adjusted, so as to ascertain the
final balances, and if this be in favor of the collect.
tor, it shall be paid out of any money in the treasti-
ry rot otherwise appropriated.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the fifth
section of the act passed the third day of M.,rch,
one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, entiied
"An act to fix the compensation and increase the'
responsibility of the collectors of the (ir'c t to:,
and internal duties, and for other purposes co nee! -
318 NILES' REGISTER-JANUARY 10, 1818-PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE.
ed with the collection thereof," shall cease after the cit indulgence for such imperfections as may occur.
tliirty-first day of December, one thousand eight An exemption from error, it were presumption to
hundred and seventeen. H. CLAY, expect; hut whatever can be effected by an ardent
Speaker of the House of Representatives. attachment to our republican institutions, by a zeal
JOHN GAILLARD, in the performance of duty, strengthened by those
President of the Senate, pro tempore.. solemn sanctions which you have just witnessed,
Approved, December 23, 1817- and from an entire devotion of my best abilities
JAMES MONROE. and untiring industry to the public welfare, I may
: confidently promise. With the exertion of these,
Loan ffe certifates, aided by your wisdom, patriotism and friendly dis-
LORan oIfCe ceirtifcaieS positions, a kind Providence, I humbly trust, will
ARMY CERTIFICATES AND INDENTS OF IN- continue to dispense toour beloved country, those
TEREST. blessings, by which it has hitherto been so pre-
The following is tle substance of a letter from eminently distinguished.
the secretary of the treasury, shewing "the out- I cannot but felicitate myself, when I reflect on
standing loan office certificates, army certificates the auspiciousness of the period, at which the task
and indents of interest that appear on the books of of administering these duties has been assigned to
the treasury-accompanying a bill reported in me. I am cheered by the recollection, that I shall
the house of representatives "to authorize the have the advantage of the example of my distin.
payment of certain war office certificates." guished predecessor, who has filled the chair of
Loan office certificates, signed by the treasurer of state for the constitutional term, with signal fide-
loans, and countersigned by the respective loan lity and success.-Through a period of uncommon
officers"'-whole amount S100,576 42 national difficulty and embarrassment, terminating,
"Final settlement certificates issued by at length, in war, this state has fulfilled her duty
commissioners appointed to settle to the nation, free from the influence of sectional
claims during the revolutionary war, prejudice and local jealousy, while in her interior
in the several departments" 3,992 30 the march of improvement has been both steady
"Final settlement certificates issued by and rapid. In the mean time, the general govern-
commissioners appointed to settle meant has been so wisely conducted, as to have ad-
claims of individual persons for sup- vanced the interests, and eminently secured the
plies furnishedd' in the several states 15,530 22 confidence of its citizens. It is at peace at home
"Certificates issued by army contractors and abroad, and its character respected by all na.
'to officers and privates of the revolu- tions.
tionary army 38,414 52 These results fatrnish new proofs of the efficiency
Indents of interest, estimated amount of a republican government.-Founded on the po.
outstanding 500 00 pular will, and administered by the agents of the
people's choice, it has ceased to be a matter of ex-
159,013 56 periment, but has proved itself competent to the
demands of peace, and the exigencies of war, to
The average periodof interest on the several certifi- the preservation of the general weal, and to the
cates forming the foregoing aggregate amount, may diffusion of private happiness.
be estimated at thirty five years, or from the 1st Thanks to the wisdom, the patrotism and the
of January 1782: and it may be remarked, that the valor of our ancestors, it is not left to us, fellow
application for payment, from individual holders, citizens, to purchase our liberties at the price of
at the treasury, of late years, have been so few, our blood. To them, under the guidance of the.
that it is conjectured a very small proportion, Great Arbiter of nations, we are indebted for mani-
comparedwith the whole amount, would ever be fold blessings; yet there remains to us a wide field
claimed at the treasury. of usefulness, demanding the employment of our
The whole of them are barred by the statutes best faculties. Pennsylvania, as well from her lo-
of limitation, excepting such claims (to an inconsi- cality as from her population and resources, forms
derable amount) as remain filed with the auditor an important member of the union, and her mea-
of the treasury, and which have been rejected by sures thence derive a powerful influence. Itbe.
him as inadmissable. comes us then, in a spirit of conciliation and for-
JOSEPH NOURSE, Register. bearance, with harmony of design and unity of ac.
TreasuTy -Department, tion, to endeavor to render ourselves worthy of the
Register's Office, 5th January 1817. high trust to which we are called and of the con.
tinned approbation of our country, by persevering
Legislature of Pennsylvania. in a disinterested devotion to her cause and by cul-
tivating'with care those means we possess of ad-
Address delivered by WILLxAX FINDLA, esq. to both vancing the general interests.
houses of the legislature, on, his inauguration, To,accelerate the progress of internal improve.
December 16, 1817. ment, and thereby unite the whole state in ore com.
FRIENDS AND YELLOW-CITIZEs- mon bond of interest; to' uphold, by all our ener.
In entering upon the discharge of those duties gy, the liberty and'independence of our country;
to which I have been called by the voice of the to guard the rights of every citizen of the com-
people, I avail myself of the opportunity now pre- wealth; to maintain the legitimate sovereignty of
sented, to return to them, through you, my ac-, the state, on the one hand, whilst, on the other,
knowledgments for this distinguished mark of their we perform with fidelity our federal obligations; to
favor and confidence. Sensible, as I am, of the ar- provide for the general dissemination of knowledge;
duous duties, and high responsibilities, imposed by to advance, by salutary regulations, the prosperity
the constitution and laws on the executive magis. of agriculture, manufactures and commerce, so far
tr'ate of our state, I shall not expect to discharge as they fall within the pale of state legislation; to
them without having occasion to rely on the con. render the administration of justice easy, expedi.
tinuiance of that favor and confidence, and to soli- tious, and satisfactory; to establish an efficient
NILES' REGISTER-JANUARY 3, 1818-INDIAN NEWS. 319
militia system; to encourage those arts that supply and some -re;mentl1 clothin-. The boat thus laden,
and assist life; to cherish, by outr example the pu- was 1ntl.ri.,, I,,1. i. .:l .' 1 .1], l .-,, this place. ft
rity and beauty of the religion of the Redeemer, is due to major Muhlenburg to observe, that at
the only steadfast basis of that morality on which the time he detached the boat I have reason to be-
republics are founded; and to transmit, untarnish- lieve he was not apprised of any recent acis of hos-
ed, and undiminished, to our posterity, those sa- utility having, taken place in this quarter. It appears,
cred principles of liberty and equal rights which however, by a letterfrom lient. Scotr, received abo:it
we inherited from our fathers; these are some of the hour in which he was attacked, that he hhd been
the labors that remain for us to perform, and that warned of the danger which awaited him: I must,
our country has a right to expect at our hands. therefore, Conclude, that he felt it to be ,his din.v
I renew to you, fellow citizens, mysolemn pledge to proceed. Whether he had received from major
of a determination to devote myself to the public Muhlenburg a positive order to this elect, I have
good, and afford, to the full extent of the executive not yet learned. Upon the receipt of licut. Scott's
powers, a ready co-operation in all measures cal- letter, I had two boats fitted up with covers of
culated to promote the peace, happiness and liber- plank, port holes, ic. for defence, and detachedl
ty of ot'- constituents. WILLIAM FINDLAY. them under capt. Clinch, with a subaltern officer
Harrisburg, December 16, 1817. and 40 men, with an' order to sec,'ne the movement
The official majority in favor of Mr. Findlay was of lieut. Scott, and then to assist major ioi I I.i..-
7,059-not 7,005 as stated in the table we publish- This detachment embarked late in -. ,s .. ....'
ed in page 192, present vol. the 30th ult. and must have passed the scene or
Thomas Sergeant, esq. has been appointed secre- action (15 mites below this place) at nig'hit and 7
tary of state, hours after the affair had terminated. I have not
yet heard from captain Clinch. I shall immediately
strengthen the detachment undc-r maj3r Muhlen-
Indian News-Official. burg with another boat, secured against the ene-
Copy of a letter from major general Edmund P. my's fire. lie will, therefore, more up safely by
Gaines, to governor Rabun of Georgia, (received keeping near the middle of the river, which, with
by express ) dated 'Head-quarters, Fort Scott, his vessels and force, is quite practica)le. f shall,
Dec. 2, 1817.' moreover, take a position, with my principal force,
San-I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt near the junction of the rivers at the line of demiar-
of your excellency's letter of the20th oflast month. kation between the United States and Spain, and
The detachment of militia, I have no doubt will ar- shall attack any force near that place, or that may
rive in due time to enable me to put an end to the attempt to intercept our vessels or supplies below.
little war in this quarter, in the course of this or the The wounded men who made their escape, con-
next month. cur in the opinion that they had seen upwards of 500
With a view to ascertain the strength of the hos- warriors (supposed to be hostile) at different pli-
tile indians in the vicinity of Fowl Town, and to re- ces on the river' below the point of attack: of th'e
connoitre the adjacent country, I a few days past force engaged they differ in opinion; butl all Ba'ree
detached lieut. col. Arbuckle, with 300 men. The that the number was very considerable, extending
lieut. col. reports, that a party of Indians had pla- about one hundred and fifty yards aloting the shore,
ced themselves in a swamp, out of which about 60 at the edge of a swamp, ifn a thick wood.
warriors approached him and with a war-whoop I am assured by the friendly chiefs, that the hos-
commenceda brisk fire upon the detachment. They tile warriors of the town on the Chattahoochie, have
returned the fire in a spirited manner. It continu- been for some time past moving off* down the rive:',
ed not more than 15 or 20 minutes before the in- tojoin the Seminoles. Those now remaining on
dians were silenced, and forced to retire into the the river, are believed to be well disposed. O.ie of
swamp with a loss which lieut. col. Arbuckle esti- the new settlers there, however, has been recently
mates at from 6 to 8 killed, and a much greater killed; but it has been already proven, that the per-
number wounded. We had one man killed, and petrator of this act, together with most of the war-
two wounded. The enemy have since succeeded riors of this town (High Town) b-Ii. i' to and
in an affair in which the real savage character has have joined the hostile party. Ti,. 'i.:n.ll, chief
been fully exhibited. A large party formed an am- in 'l,. ,... :l.b .il,. 1, r, .n.i.i tl dispatched a party
boscade on the 30th ultimo, upon the Appalachico- in ;'., ..i l ".. I'..1*. .u lo made his escape to-
la river, a mile below the junction of the Flint and war-, il,: -' :.... .... 1 ...'. Oniskays, and seve-
Chattahoockie, attacked one of our detachments in ral other friendly chiefs, have tendered to me their
a boat, ascending'near shore, and killed, wounded, services, with their warriors, to go p rin t the ', -
and took the greater part of the detachment, co:i- minole's. Have promised to gi': .li-,t n i,.r;.-n .f
listing of 40 men, commanded by lieut. R. W. the time that may be fixed on -...t .% 'i;. 't ,
Scott. There were also on board the boat, killed and then to accept of their services.
or taken, 7 women, the wives of soldiers; six men The enclosed paper contains the substance of
only escaped, four of whom were wounded. I i.-, ,,l i have said to the chiefs who have visited me;
report that the strength of the current at the point several of whom reside south of the Appalachico:t,.
of attack, had obliged the lieut. to keep his boat The-chiefs were desirous I should communicate
near the shore. '1 hat the-indiaps had formedalong to them my views and wishes. I felt authorized
the bank of the river, and were not discovered uiii- to say but little, and deemed it necessary in what
til their fire commenced, in the first volley.ofwhich, I should say, to counteract the erroneous inmpres-
lieut. Scott and his most active men fell. The lieut. sions.by which they have been misled by pretcnd-
and his party had been sent from this place some ed British agents.
days before, to assist major Muhlenburg in ascend- I have th'e honor to be, most respectfully, v-iur
ing the river With three vessels, laden with military obedient servant, E. l'. t.\i.. L'.
retain only about 20 men of the party, and in their left fort Scott the 5th instant. O.ie object in vi-
place put a like number ofsick, with the v ..in:', .t: ...i :' at the present moment, was p-.-
320 NILES' REGISTER-JANUARY 10,1818-FINANCES OF VIRGINIA.
bubl to hasten the movement of the troops front 1807, 151 to 19; 1808, 15A to 36; 1809, 111 to 34;
this -.tate, who took up the line of march at 10 1810, 11 to 224; 1811, 9 to 16; 1812, 12 to 233;
o'clock on Sunday. Success to them! Previous to 1813, 181 to 30; 1814, 201 to 37; 1815, 141 to 25J;
their departure the subjoined complimentary gene- 1816, 13 to 21J.
ral order, was issued, and read to them. We un- Themarket fir cotton.-In 1816, the weekly sales
derstand' that Gen. Gaines contemplates visiting at Liverpool amounted to 5731 -bales; at London
the troops a. Point Petre, before he returns to the to 992; at Glasgow 777; other ports 11.
Indian nation. If so, we should presume, that fort Places from whence the cotton was imported.
Scott was not only secure against an attack from the 1814. 1815. 1816.
savages, but that offensive operations would cease United States 49,572 203,051 166,077
on our part, till le joins the army, when he will Brazils 150,930 91,055 123,450
put an end to the little war in that quarter. West Indies 74,081 52,840 49,235
"Head Quarters, Fort Hawkins, Dec. 14. East Indies 13,048 22,357 30,670
"The commanding general is pleased with the Flour imported.
military aspect of the detachment of militia, under The import into Liverpool, only, is given. 175,556
the command of Brigadier Gen. Glascock. The barrels were received at that port in 1809-vxtreme
officers and men appear qualified to meet the ene- prices 48 to 54s.; 1810, 100,817, at from 54 to 68;
my, with honor to themselves and benefit to their in 1811, 6110, at from 52 to 63; 1812, 12,623, at
country. The Major General is happy to learn that from 63 to 95; 1813, 891, at from 66 to 78; in 1814
1hey are anxious to take the field, and co-operate none; 1815, 79,727, 26 to 33; 1816, 19,492, 30 to
with the United States troops against the hostile 84s.
'r-.: ;, whose hands are stained with the blood of Wheat and flour may be imported from Canada.
helpless women atd children. The detachment when the average price is 67s. per quarter, and
shall be indulged with an early opportunity of from the United States and other foreign places
such a co-operation- for which the United States when the average is at 80s.
troops are equally anxious." Tobacco imported.
A correspondent at St. Stephens informs us that In 1814 1,280 hhds.
volunteer companies are forming thereto join Gen. 1815 ,- 15,450
Gaines. Access to the Gen. is much easier from 1816 7;600
A gentleman from St. Stephens says that he met
beteew:es that place and fort Hawkins, 400 wag. Fillnances of Virginia.
gons, carts and carriages! I -Reflector. Amount of receipts with which the treasurer is
charged for the 1st Oct. 1816 to 30th Sept. 1817,
Commercial Items. both inclusive, and of the warrants drawn for the
We abstract the following items from an extensive ame period. RECEIPTS.
and very comprehensive mercantile card publish- Literary fund 653,536 66
ed at Liverpool. Board of public works 82,987 75
COTTOx IMPOIrTED IPTO GREAT BRITAIN. Washington monument 400 00
1701 to 1705, average, for each year 1,170,881 Permanent revenue, land office, sales
1776 1780 : .706,013 of land, fines, &c. 644,082 19
1785 1790 :5,443,270
1791 1795 : : 26,500,000 S1,'I.2',6 60
1796 1800 37,200,000 wAnuRATS.
1801 1805 58,000,000 On literary fund 646,238 33
1806 1810 81,000,000 Permaneit revenue, &c. 575,267 34
1811 1815 71,300,000
1816 94,500,000 1,221,505 67
Greatest import in 1810-136,448,935 lbs.-in 1813
-50,966,000. Balance in favor of the revenue 159,700 93
Greatest import from the United States LITERARY FUNt).
in 1310, 253,963 bales. A letter was received by the legislature from the
other places (same governor, enclosing the following report on the li-
year) 307,210 terary fund.
From 1802 to 1307, inclusive of both, the quan- The president and directors of the literary fund,
tity received from the United States had about a with peculiar satisfaction, congratulate the general
proportion to the whole imported as 100 is to 125. assembly on the prospect that the wise and benefi-
The following shews the rate of the succeeding cent views of their patriotic predecessors, in laying
years-- the foundation of a system of public education, may
American. other sorts. be realized more speedily than was at first anticipa-
1808 bags 37,672 130,466 bales, ted. In obedience to the duty required of them by
1809 169,980 270,402 law, and to a resolution of the house of delegates,
1810 253,963 307,210 they now report to the legislature the present state
1811 128.192 198,039 of tie fund entrusted to theirmanagement; from
1812 95,331 165,874 which they hope it will be evident that the presi-
1813 -, 37,720 211,816 dent and directors have not beer.inattentive to the
1814 48,853 238,778 important interests confided to them, but have
1815 203,051 166,252 faithfully and diligently nursed the fund, from the
1816 166,077 203,355 feebleness of infancy to the vigor of youth, until it
The extreme prices of all the.sorts of cotton is promises in a short time to attain the strength of
given for 12 years-those of the "uplands" will, full maturity. It now remains for the representsa-
perhaps, afford the best geiieral idea of the whoie: I tives of the people to determine, what measure shall
Uplands, in 180J, 16A to 25d. 1806, 15 to 21 J; lbe adopted to render it completely adequate, and.
NILES' flEGISTRP1 -JANUARY 10, 1818 --FINANCES OF INDIANA. 821
apply it, by ajudicious plan, to the objects ofits in- Kentucky.
stitution. A bill has passed the senate to appropriate
The president and directors, however, think it $40,000 annually, of the state's dividend for bank
their duty to remark, that, in some particulars, the stock to improve the navigation of Kentucky,
laws now in force, in relation to a part of the sour- Green, Salt and Licking rivers.
c s from which the literary fund is derived, require The yeas and nays of the newa election bill were as
amendment. They therefore respectfully suggest, follows in the house of representatives.
that provisions ought to b.e made to suppress the YeAs-Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Allen, Anderson,
sales, within this commonwealth, of tickets belong- Barbour, Barr, Baylor, Bibb, Butler, Cassidy, Chew,
ing to schemes of lotteries not authorized by the le- Clarke, Davis,, Dawson, Donaldson, Dulaney, W.
gislature thereof, or by the president and directors Emerson,Field, Fleming,Fletcher,Gholson, Givens,
of the literary fund; and that more effectual regu- Glenn, Haynes, Hickman, Hopson, J. Hunter, W S.
nations are necessary to ensure the collection, and Hunter, Jameson, C. Johnson, J. Johnson, J. T.
payment into the treasury, of fines, penalties and Johnson, Lackey, Lane, Metcalfe, Mitchell, O'Ban-
firfeitures accruing to the said fund. As to the non, Parker, Parsons, Patton, Payne, John Porter,
first of these points, it is sufficient to say that they Reid, Roberts, Sanford, Sharpe, South, Shortridge,
concur in the view which has been taken of that Todd, Tribble, Trigg, Turner, IV. Wall, G. Wall,
subject by the revisors of the laws. In relation to Ward,White and .ier-56.
the second point, the board has been informed, that NArs-Messrs. Adair, Barrett, Bates, Bayne,
very generally throughout the state, when execti Beall, Cocke, Coffey, Cotton, Cunningham, Duncan
tions for fines are issued, and prove ineffectual, in .E mmersoo, Gaither, flart,Jewell,Knight, Letcher
consequence of the remval of the defendant from marshall, Mercer, Joseph Porter, Robinson, Rowan,
the county, or his contriving to keep his property Shacklett, Shackleford, Spillman, Smith, Thomson,
out of the way of the sheriff, no farther steps are Underweod, C. Walker, Wickliffe and Woods-30.
ever taken to enforce payment, but the amount is
lost to the commonwealth, though with proper ex-
ertions, it might be recovered. It is proper, also, FrNAi c or rTHI STATE.
to mention that a number of small fines, (amounting The treasurer's report, including, V57,030 35
collectively, to a large sum,) imposed by single remaining in the treasury on the 10th Nov. 1816,
magistrates, are received and never accounted for presents an aggregate of receipts for the year, of
by constables; no method being provided by law g256,955 75.
to bring those officers to account, and to compel The disbursements during the year, including
the payment into the treasury of fines received by $59,800 invested in bank stock, amount to 0199,516
them. To devise proper remedies, for preventing -leaving a balance of 357,439 75 in the treasury,
such losses to the fund, is respectfully submitted on the 10th Nov. 1817.
to the wisdom of the general assembly. The ordinary disbursements ofthe year amounted
State of the literary find on the 10 day of December to 395,802 01.
The following is the amount of stock, of various
descriptions belonging to the said fund. Finances of Indiana.
196 shares in the Farmers' bank of Vir- In the house of representatives, -Dec. 8.
ginia 819,600 00 The treasurer's, report was received and is as fol-
322 shares in the Bank of Virginia 32,200 00 lows:
Virginia 7 per cent. stock 621,000 00 "The treasurer, in obedience to an act of the ge.
Virginia 6 per cent. certificates 1,286 82 neral assembly, entitled an act concerning the au-
United States 6 per cent., stock 13,818 18 ditor of public accounts and the treasurer, approve.
3 shares in the James' river company 600 00 ed the 11th December, submits the following re-
Total 3688,505 00
The cash in the treasury (of which
B200,000 were received of the Unit-
ed States in the present month,)
to the credit of the literary fund, is 3215,303 31
Amount of the fund 3903,808 31
The interest to be received upon 1de pri.c;ipl
may be estimated as follows:
Th,: S.il ..fstocks in the banks of
1 -*,,.... II probably yield 8 per
centum per annum 34,144 00
The S621,000 Virginia stock will
yield 7 per cent. 43,470 00
The $15,105, six per cent. will yield 906 30
The 3 shares in the James' river com-
pany will probably yield, annually 96 00
I.nd the cash now in the treasury
(which will be vested shorty in
some productive stock,) may be es-
inated to yield 6 per centum per
iusm 12,918 19
Amount of annual interests S',1 ,.i53 49
By order of the board,
JAMES P. PRESTON, Pres.
That from the 16th Nov. 1816, to the 29th Nov.
1817, inclusive, there has been received on loan
; ,.*") 00
From sundry sheriffs within the
date aforesaid 4,251 09j
Making a sum total ,
Within the period above mention-
ed, there has been paid at the treasu-
ry in discharge of the late territorial
In payment of the officers of the ex-
In defraying the contingent expen-
ses of the government
In defraying the expenses of the
late convention of the Indiana territo-
In payment of the officers of the ju-
In payment of the members of the
general assembly for their services
during their late session, and defray.
ing expenses attendant thereon,
S NILES' REGISTER-JANUARY 10, 1818-FOREIGN ARTICLES.
Leaving in the treasury the 29th princess Charlotte, of some political importance.
Nov. 1817 a balance of 3,820 76 The succession to the crown of the kingdom of
Since which period to the 8th Dec. Hanover, which cannot go to a female, will probably
there has been paid at the treasury remain united with that of the kingdom of G. Bri.
the sum of 550 00 tain."
To ,the preceding however, that the important af-
Leaving a balance on the 8th Dec. fair may be viewed in all its bearings, we add the
1817, in the treasury of 3,270 _76 following from a London paper-"With respect to
Since the 29th of Nov. as aforesaid the other collateral branches of the family, there are
there has been paid into the treasury one child, five grand children, and four great grand
by sundry sheriff for the years 1814, children of the dutchess of Brunswick, and two
1815, 1816 and 1817 3,983 37 grand children of the queen of Denmark, his ma-
jesty's sisters, to whom the crown will devolve on
Leaving in the hands of the trea- failure of lineal descendants from our native prin-
surer on the 8th of Dec. 1817, the to- ces."
tal sum of S7,254 13A The papers are filled with details of the "fatal
Respectfully submitted, event," the "overwhelming calamity"-with as
DANIEL C. LANE, Treasurer of state, much fuss aud as much folly as the accouchment
was provided for. Every little thing is swelled into
an important matter:-thus, when she was taken
Foreign ArticleS. ill the archbishop of Canterbury, bishop of London,
wENGAsn, &c. A&c. &c. were summoned-When she was delivered
London dates of JVo,v. 16. of a still-born child, prince Leopold exclaimed
We little thought last week, when we laughed at "Thank God! thank God! the princess is safe'"
the stupid pomp and silly regulations that had been [What husband would not have done the same ?]
adopted in England in preparation for the lying-in Then a description of the dead baby-"it was per-
of the princess Charlotte, that we should now have fect, and.one of the finest infants ever brought into
to record her death. She was delivered of a still- the world!"-Then that she was composed, though
born male child on the evening of the 5th of No- much exhausted-that the archbishop and bishop
vember, and expired at half past 2, on the morning went home, the medical attendants remaining. On
of the 6th. The event was announced by a bulletin her getting worse, expresses were despatched to
to the-lord mayor of London, and the Courier says carry the sad tidings-and that she died at half
it has "blasted a nation's hope,".&c. She was the past two o'clock. Then commences the lugubrious
only legitimate child of the prince regent, and was accounts-the alack's and alas's would fill a little
born on the 7th of January 1796-and was in the volume. "Had the offspring survived it might have
*22nd year of her age. The duke of York, precious soothed our sorrows!" Then prince Leopold is pitied,
Frederick, is now presumptive heir of the British, but he is "as well as can be expected!'" and, by vir-
throne; but neither he, nor any of his numerous tue of his marriage contract, will relieve the la-
brothers and sisters have a legitimate child!- borers of Great Britain of the pretty little sum of
The editor of the Boston daily Advertiser, who 9222,000.(50,0001.) per annum, as long as he lives,
appears entirely to understand the whole of the if they are wise enough to pay it, for the great ser-
nmatter, gives us the following account of the con- vices that he has rendered the nation. The regent is
edition of the family of the Guelphs-"The prin- condoled with-he got sick, was "blooded," and
cess Charlotte of Wales, the news of whose death then got better. The great bell of St. aaul's was
is given in this paper, was born January 7, 1796, tolled. Then a Jeremiah that the sons and daugh-
and married May 2, 1815. lHer death must be a ters of "our present monarch are without laht1fdl
severe disappointment to the British nation, as it issue," and fears expressed that they may again
renders it extremely uncertain who will be the be compelled to import some Dutchman for a king.
successor of the prince regent, to the throne. It is After which is an account how the old queen was
remarkable that .although the twelve eldest chil- affected, and that that virtuous man, the duke of
dren of the present king are all living, viz. seven Clarence, was almost deprived of utterance when
sons and five daughters, the youngest of whom is lie heard the news! Then how the body of the
more than forty years old, not one of them has a princess was embalmed by several knighted doc-
legitimate child living. TI'e succession goes, on tors, and her internal parts deposited in an urn-
the death of the prince regent, to the duke of York, and how she is to be buried. The whole is con-
who is married to a daughter of the late king of eluded by the order for a general mourning, in
Prussia. This princess has never had any children, which each article of dress is described with the
and is now 50 years old. The two next sons of the detail of a millener's errant girl, by the lord cham-
king, the dukes of Clarence and Kent, have never berlain.
been married. The duke of Cumberland is married One paper gives us a list of no less than one hun-
but has no children, dred and twenty three persons who may pretend to
The duke of Sussex was married in 1793 and had the throne of Great Britain in right of blood! The
a son and a daughter, but his marriage was not ac- three "nearest the throne, being married and hav-
cording to the forms required by law, and has been ing children," are the king of Wirtemburg, his
declared' void, and his children are of course ille- brother Paul, and the wife and child of Jerome .Bo
gitimate. The duke of Cambridge is not married, naparte!-and the English seem already terrified ,,*
and although-the youngest of the king's sons is 43 the idea that a Bonaparte may be.their legitimatet
years old. The eldest of the daughters of George master. They seem even now to be calling uon
IlL. is a widow. The dutchess of Gloucester was parliament to fix the succession, if the home.-sck
married in 1816, and neither have any children, should remain without lawful issue; which A an-
The three other daughtershavenever been married. ticipated. Few of them are too old, as > the
The king has one nephew only, who is 41 years of number of their years, to have children; b they
age, and one niece who is 44, and is unmarried, have generally lived so fast that they are 'ry old
There is one consequence of the death of the in constitution. Yet it is hinted that tb regent
NILES REGISTER-JANUARY 10, 1818-FOREIGN ARTICLES. SS2
may be divorced from his wandering wife and take
0:-'There is much edification in the picture of
monarchy presented in the preceding abstracts; and
for this purpose, only, have we lumbered our pages
We shall not say that we rejoice at the death of
this young woman; but millions die everyyear that
Share as much entitled to our regret. What was she
to us-what had she done to claim the sympathy of
the world ?-Yet it seems to go very hard with some
our neighbors. Certain of out newspapers have four
or five columns of the chit-chat stuff condensed in
the preceding [to shew its nature]-one editor says
that the congress nemts is postponed to make room
for it! another calls it the "disti'essig event!" and
a third the "melaiv:holy occurrence," &c.
How wretched must be the state of a nation,
When its hopes of tranquility,-nay, perhaps, of the
preservation of its government, is made so much to
depend on the life of a poor girl! I
The same British papers that are so dolorous
about the death of the princess Charlotte, as mere
corimon-place things, have accounts of the execu-
tion of certain persons at Derby for high treason-
i. e. while the prince of Coburg was rioting on
about 100,0001. a year of their money, they would
not starve quietly, as good subjects ought to have
done. One of these had an amiable.and beloved
wife and daughter. They were hung, after which
their heads were chopped off and held up by the
hair to the view of the populace.
Wheat and flour were on the rise in England.
The new wheats were found inferior in yield and
short in quantity-yet it was probable, as the ave-
rage price, for five weeks, had not amounted to
80s. on the 15th of Nov. that the ports would be
shut, except to importations from the British Arne-
rican colonies-to be opened again in February.
The prices of wheat and flour were as follows:-
Wheat, tTbreiq,', 11 6d. to 16s. per 70lbs. English,
12 to 16. ; liih 6d. to 12s. Flour, American,
62 a 63s.'per bbl.
American 6 per cent. stocks, 105.
The ship Mary Ann, of New York, has arrived at
Liverpool, in sixteen days, from port to port.
The London Traveller of the 7th Nov. states
"with deep regret, that the fever still continues to
spread its ravages in Ireland. From Cork and
Derry, the reports are particularly alarming. The
hospitals are crowded and the exterior patients
numerous in all ranks, the most respectable not
SPeIFCH OP T.OUIS XVIII.
Pronounced at the opening of the session on the 5th
"G T'ra.'T7EN-At the opening of the last session
I spoke to you of the hopes inspired by the mar-
iiage of the duke de Berry. Though providence
has too suddenly withdrawn the =gift it bestowed,
yet owe behold in it the assurance of the future accom-
plishment of our 'wishes.
"The treaty with the holy see, which I mentioned
last year, has since been concluded. I have desire.
'ed my ministers, in communicating it to you, to
propose the project of a law, necessary to give the
legislative sanction to such of its conditions as
mlay be susceptible of it, and to make it in unison
with the charter, the laws of the kingdom, and
those privileges of the Gallican church, the pre-
cious inheritance of our fathers, of which St. Louis
and all his successors were no less jealous than of
the happiness of their subjects.
"The harvest of 1816, by its deficiencies, frus-
ttated, in a great degree, my hopes. The sufferings
of my people have afflicted my heart. I have how.
ever beheld with emotion, that almost every where
they have endured them with a degree of touching
fortitude; and if, in some places, they have broken
out into seditious acts, order was soon re-establish-
ed. In order to mitigate the misfortunes of that
period, I have found it necessary to make great ef-
forts, and extraordinary pecuniary sacrifices. The
details will be presented to. you, and the zeal with
which you are animated for the public good, will
not permit me to doubt that these unforeseen ex-
penses will have your sanction. The harvest of
this ye'-r is more satisfactory; but on the other
hand, some local calamities, and the blights which
have fallen upon the vineyards excite my pateinal
solitude for privations which, without your co-ope.
ration, I cannot relieve.
"I have ordered that the budget of the current
charges should be charged to you. If the expenses
resulting from treaties, and from the deplorable
war they have terminated, will not permit any im-
mediate diminution of the taxes voted in preceding
sessions, I have at least the satisfaction of thinking,
that the economy I have prescribed, will preclude
the necessity of an augmentation, .and that a vote of
credit, inferior to that of the last session will suf-
fice for all the wants of the year.
"The conventions which I signed in 1815, pre-
sented results which could not then bebforeseen,
have rendered a new negotiation necessary. Every
thing leads me to hope, that its issue will be favor-
able, and that conditions far above our means, will
be succeeded by others more conformable to equity,
to moderation, and to -*h- b.. iliy of sacrifices,
which my people support with a constancy that can
add nothing to my love for them, but which give
them new claims to my gratitude, and to the es-
teem of all nations.
"Thus, as I had the happiness of announcing to
you in the course of last session, the expenses
arising from the army of occupation are diminished
a fifth, and the period is not far distant, when we
may be permitted to hope, thanks to the wisdom
and energy of my government, to the love and con-
fidence of my people, and to the friendship of my
allies, that those expenses will entirely cease; and
that our country will resume among nations the
rank and renown due to the valor of Frenchmen,
and their noble character in adversity.
"To attain this end, I shall more than ever re.
quire an unanimity between the people and the
throne; that vigor, without which authority is pow-
erless. In proportion as that authority is strong,
will be diminished the necessity of its becoming
austere. The manner in which the depositories of
my power have used, what the laws have entrusted
to them, justifies my confidence. However, I feel
great satisfaction in announcing to you, that I do
not consider it requisite to continue the prevotal
courts beyond the term fixed for their existence by
the law which created them.
"I have digested, conformably to the charter, :;
law for recruiting. I wish that no privileges shoal I
be sought; that the spirit and dispositions of th At
charter, our true compass, which calls all Frentjb.i
men indiscriminately to offices and employnifut,
should not be illusory, and that the soldier sh s)uld
find no other limit to his honorable career, than
those of his talents and services. If the exec ition
of this salutary law should demand an au-gn enta-
tion in the budget of the war minister, you, ..s the
interpreters of the sentiment of my people, wilit not
hesitate to sanctions atgmentatious; which see Ire to
324 NILES REGISTER-JANUARY 0, 1818--CONGRESS.
France that independence and that dignity, without i is reported that a note has been addressed by
which there can be neither king nor nation, the emperor of Russia to the different powers of
"I have detailed to you our difficulties, and the Europe, on the affairs of South America, which has
measures they will require: in conclusion, I shall excited great attention.
direct your attention to objects of a more engaging We have some reports from Mina, via Nachito-
description. Thanks to the peace restored to the ches, one dated at that place Dec. 3, says that "re-
church of France, religion, that eternal basis of all cent news" had been received of him. They speak
felicity, even on earth, will, I doubt not, flourish of his uniform success, and state that he has beaten
amongst us; tranquillity and confidence begin to the royalists on every occasion, having destroyed
re-appear; public credit is strengthening itself; agri- three divisions of them, &c. But yet the news of
culture, commerce, and industry resume their ac- his capture may be true, though we do not believe it.
tivity; new master-pieces of art excite admiration. r.onUIDA.
One of my children is traversing, at this moment, For some important documents respecting the
a part of the kingdom, and in return for sentiments Floridas see page 315.
so deeply engraven on his heart, and manifested From the JVational Intelligencer of Jinuarl, 6.
bv his conduct, he is every where greeted with Despatches received from the commander of the
benedictions; while I, who have but one feeling, forces of the Urited States on our southern border,
the happiness of my people, who am desirous for have brought official information of the occupation
their good alone, of that authority which I shall of Amelia fslandon the 24th ult. by the U. States'
defend from all attacks, of whatever kind, I know troops under the command of Col. Bankhead, co-
that I am beloved by them, and I find in my heart operating with the naval force on that station, under
the assurance that this.consolation will never be the command of Capt. Henley.
denied to me." From the same-It has been stated in the public
nIssTE. prints in a variety of shapes; in some as a positive
The present population of St. Petersburg is stat- fact, in others upon a conjecture, that Mr. Bagot,
ed at 270,500 inhabitants including the garrison.- the British minister here, had protested against the
The proportion of foreigners is estimated at 1.8th transfer by Spain of East Florida to the United
thereof.-In point of numbers that capital ranks States, We have taken pains to ascertain the truth
die fifth city in Europe. of this statement, and are warranted in assuring
A London editor, speaking of the expected arri. our readers that it is altogether without founda-
val of the Russian fleet, and speculating on its ob tion.
3ect, says-"Should the object be an acquisition of The privateers Congress and High Flyer arrived
territory even by cession for a price, we have a right at Amelia, after its surrender. The latter hadl 120
to say, No, you shall not alter your relative situation; slaves on board, and was taken possession of by the
for that is virtually to alter ours, to which we cannot authority in command at the place. Heaven forbid,
consent till convinced that our interest shall not be that we should regard these smugglers and dealers
inpired." in men, as "patriots."
It seems that the answer once given by the em- [flCNo opposition was made. Col. Bankhead has
press Kate has been forgotten. They interfered in established a temporary police for the preservation
respect to the Turks; and she told them to attend of order, until civil authority can be introduced.
to their own business-that she would attend to Aury's adherents are represented as a wretched set
her's, as she pleased. of negroes, smugglers and adventurers.]
A London paper, of Nov. 10, says-The Russian
fleet sold to Spain has passed the Belt, and, it is
said, will immediately proceed direct to Cadiz, CONGRESS.
without stopping at any port in England. SENATE.
A Flanders mail contradicts the report that Spain January 2, 1818.-Mr. Leake offered for conside-
is to cede some territory in return for the Russian ration the following resolution:
fleet from Revel, delivered over to her. The pay- Resolved, That the committee on public lands be
ment, it is said, is to be made in money, 400,0001. instructed to enquire into the expediency ofameod-
of which she is to receive from us for the abolition of ing the several laws relative to the sale of public
.fhe slave trade, lands. [Agreed to on the 5th.]
"SPANISH AMERICA." Agreably to notice, Mr. Sanford, having obtained
We.have accounts from Buenos Ayres of October leave, introduced a joint resolution, directing that
last. They shew chiefly that the republic of the the journal of the convention which formed the
Rio de la Plata is increasing in strength and acquir- present constitution of thie United States, now re-
ing stability-and the public affairs appear to be mining ini the office of the secretary of state; and
very well conducted. The army that is acting all acts and proceedings of that convention, which
against the royalists of Peru has gained some con- are in the possession of the government of the Uni.
siderable advantages and that of Chili seems to ted States, be published under the direction of the
have effected its object. secretary of state.
In a manifesto respecting the privateers, the su- The resolution was twice read by unanimous
preme director of Buenos Ayres complains of the consent, and committed to Messrs. Sanford, King,
Depredations they are committing under the assurm- Macon, Eppes, and Tait.
.1 fl .;i thoseoe provinces, where the vessels licens- Mr. Tait,agreeably to notice, leave being obtained,
, ,d for that purpose, are required previously, to give introduced a bill in addition to the "act making
questionablee and ample bonds, strictly to conform appropriation for repairing certain roads therein
themselves Wo the ordinances and regulations laid described." [Appropriating dollars for the
dsoVn by that government, in conformity with the purpose of repairing and keeping in repair the road
general usages of nations, from Fort Hawkins to Fort :Stoddert.]
Many very rich prizes had recently arrived at The bill was read and passed to a second read.
Buenos Ayres-among them a ship from Manilla, ing-
witli the governor and his suit on board, captured Mr Burrill's motion, submitted on Wednesday
by c.pt. Chaytor, formerly of Baltimore. Wast, to enquire into the, expediency of amending
NILES' REGISTER--JANUARY 10, 1818-C-ONGRES. 33?
the laws prohibiting the African slave trade, and titled "an act providing for the payment of claims
of taking measures, in concert with other nations for property lost, captured or destroyed.by the ene-
for its entire abolition, was taken up, and, after my, while in thelm'lita'y service oftheUJnited States,
some interesting debate, postponed until Monday. and for other purposes."
The resolution, submitted by Mr. Burrill, on Mr. Conistsck offered for consideration the fol-
Wednesday last, instructing the committee on the lowing resolution:
District of Columbia to enquire into the expediency Resolved, That it is expedient to provide by,law
of commencing the erection of the centre building for placing on the pension list the officers of the ar-
of the capitol, and of making provision for the my who have been wounded in battle during the
speedy completion thereof, and also, to enquire late war with Great Britain.
whether suitable apartments c;.n be had in the capi- The engrossed bill for the relief ofJohn Ander-
tol fur the reception and accommodation of the li- son, was read a third time. [This bill proposes to
brary of congress; and in case such apartments a'.ow to col. Anderson 400 ]il...,L-in t, m,mu,,
c-nnot be had there, to enquire into the expediency of two judgments obtained g.o. -*' 1m t r :*he
of purchasing or erecting a convenient building timate value of certainpri-c ,' I.r..,-c :' ) .k -Tn o. ..
for the library, was taken up and agreed to. by his orders, in the discharge of his duty as an of-
January 5. Mr. Hunter, of Rhode Island, appear ficer oFthe army, on the North western frontier.]
ed and took his seat. This bill would have passed without debate, but
Mr. Campbell, from the committee on finance, that Mr. L oiwndes objected to its passing sub silentio,
to whom the subject had been referred, reported lest it might be brought into precedent hereafter
a bill to provide for paying to the state of Indi- to justify the indemnification of officers for like
ana three per cent. of the net proceeds arising judgments obtained against them, on the evidence
from the sales ofthe United States' lands within the of the judgment merely, without proof of the suit's
same; also a bill to allow the benefit of drawback having been duly defended. This suggestion gave
on merchandize transported by land conveyance rise to an exposition of the circumstances of this
from Bristol to Boston and from Boston to Bristol, Iclaim, by Messrs. Williams ofN. C. M'Coy, Walker
in like manner as if the same was transported I otKy. Johnson of Ky. Beecher and Rich; from which
coastwise; which bills were read and ordered to a it appeared that the claim was one of unexception-
second reading. able character, and that ample evidence to that
.January 6.-The senate was chiefly occupied in effect had been exhibited to the committee of
a debate on remitting the duties on West's painting claims. There was a motion to recommit the bill,
(the bill for which had passed the house of repre-. which was negatived by a large majority; .nd
sentatives)-the policy of, remitting the dutic-s in The bill finally passed without opposition.
any case being doubted-but the bill was ordered The house again resolved itself itn ,- ii--.
to a third reading. of the whole, Mr. Smith oftld. in tlh cilh: .-, 11 ..-
January 7.-Mr. Tailt offered a resolution to re- bill to prescribe the effect of certain rec id, and
quest of the president information of the number judicial -.. .. ..i 1, ;.
of ships put on the stocks, their class, the timber, After considerable time spent therein, the com-
&c. on hand, with an amount of Lhe sums disburs- mittee rose, and had leave to sit again. Adj. to
ed under the ast for the gradual increase of the Monday.
navy. JMonday .an. 5.-Mr 7Taylor, of New York, from
The bill from the house on remitting the duty on the committee on elections, to whom was referred
West's painting was passed. the petition of C. Ilammnond, e-n"'e-tirn the election
liousS o TrestrESErNTATyV.S. of Mr. Herrick, a member -t 'I... i.- from the
Friday, Jm. 2, 1818. On motion of Mr. Tallmad~e, state of Ohio, on the ground of his having held an
after a few remarks, explaining that, without some office under the United States, subsequent to the
such provision, Lhe widow of the lamented Law- fourth day of March last, made an elaborate report
rei.ce would be in a few months utterly destitute thereon, terminating with a recommendation to the
of the means of support, it was house to come to the following resolution: Resolved,
Resolved, That the committee on naval affairs be That Samuel Herrick is entitled to a seat in this
instructed to enquire into the expediency of con- house." The report was read, and referred to a
tinuing the pension of half pay to the widow of committee of the whole.
captain James Lawrence, deceased, during her wi- Mr. Taylor, from the same committee, made a
dowhood; or in case of its sooner termination, to special report on the case of Elias Earle, who held
his infant daughter, until she arrives to the age of the office of a deputy post master subsequent to
21 years. the fourth day of March last, declaring him also
[We like this motion, and only ask-is the same entitled to a seat in this house; which was read and
care extended to officers of the army? In which referred to the same committee of the whole.
where as noble hearts as ever bled in the cause of Mr. lRobertsoi, from the committee of Public
their country.] Lands, who were instructed to, inquire into the ex-
On motion of Mr Rich, it was. pediency of advancing the price at which the pub-
Resolved, That the committee on pensions and re- lie lands are held for sale, made a report on that
evolutionary claims be instructed to enquire into subject, concluding with a recommendation to the
the expediency of allowing, to Daniel -Warren, of house to adopt the following resolution: "Resolved,
Vermont, an increase of his pension. That it is inexpedient at the present time to in.
On motion of Mr. P'indall, it was crease the price of those public land required to
Resolved, That the committee on the judiciary be he sold." The report was read, and ordered to lie
instructed to enquire into the expediency of esst;b- on the table.
listing a district court in Virginia, west of the Al- Mr. R. from the same committee, to whom was
legany mountain. referred thle petition on Edmund Dana and others,
On motion of Mr, .ohnson, of Kentucky, it was praying to be allowed to purchase a considerable
Resolved, That the committee of claims be in- body of public lands on certain accommodauing
stwucted to enquire into the expediency ofproviding terms, reported unfavorably thereto: and tih report'
by-law for extending the provisions of an act en. was read and concusred hi.
536 NILES' REGISTER-JANUARY 10, 1818-CONGRESS.
Mr. Forsyth, from the committee on our foreign Tarr, Taylor, Townsend, Trmble, Tucker, S. C. Tyler, Walker,
NC C Walker. Ken. Westerly, Whiteside, Williams, Conn. Wil,
relations, reported a bill in addition to the act for lia,s. N. C. Wilson. Pen.- 8.
the punishment of certain crimes against the Unit- NAYS-Messrs. Abbott, Adams, Allen, Mass. Allen, Vt. Ander-
ed States, and to repeal the acts therein mentioned; son,Pa. Anderson, Ken. Austin, Ball. Barber. Ohio, ateman, Bay-
Icy, Beecher, Bloomfield, Bryan, Butler, Clasggett, Claibourne,
and the bill was twice read. Cobb, Colston, Cook, Crafts, Crawlird, Cr .. C ?., .i..... 1,h., ...
Mr. Holmes, of Massachusetts, from the select ton, Drake, Erving, S. C. Folger.Forney, I... ,I., F.....j, .-..
committee appointed to consider the subject, re- Hale, Hll, De. Hll N. C. Hasbrouk it I I N I.
'Hogg, Holmes, Col. Hopklinson, Hubbard, Honter, Irving, N. V.
ported a bill allowing compensation to the mem- Jones, Kinsey, Kirtlandl, Lawyer, Linit. Little. Livermore, Losyndes,
bers of the senate and house of representatives of W. Maelay, McCoy, Marclatnd. Mason, Mass. Merrill, Middleton,
UitedState. [The bil te co Miller, Muselv, Muupford. Jet. Nelson, H. Nelson, T. M. Nelson,
the United States. [The hill fixes the compensa- Nesbit,ogle, Orr, Owen,'Pal ..... .,,...,, i i..... e 1..1.. 1 ,.
tion at the rate of nine dollars per diem, and nine kin, Pleasants, Poindexter, P,.. s- .,...t.. H. l 1,s; 1.1. is .".,
dollars for every twenty miles travelling to and from Ken. Robertson, T... ii.. ., .. ,,. .-,.". I- .. ,i ... .
congress.] The bill was twice read and committed TeSrill', TerryTo, Tu To. i.., \ '' s .... i.'..'
Mr. Johnson offered for consideration the follow- ver, Whitmai, Williams, N.t. i ,, -.,-i..t.
ingresolutions: So the motion was negatived.
1lesolved, That the committee on the subject of The question was ti.en taken on striking out ntie
the militia be instructed to inquire into the expe- and inserting' six dollars at the allowance for eve-
diency of ,r.n-i.iiiig bv law for organizing the gene- ry 20 miles travel to and from congress; which mo-
ral staffof I.-, nilir i..f the several states, upon the tion was decided by year and nays, as follows:
principle of the general staff of the army of the For the amendment 93
United States, as far as practicable. Against it 76
Resolved, That the committee on the militia be So this amendment was carried.
instructed to inquire into the expediency of provid- Mr. Little, of Maryland, then moved to strike
ing by law a system of military discipline for the it ad insert in lieu thereof eight dollars as
militia oftheseveral states and territories. Agreed i e and insert in y.e there eigh dollars as
to. Mri, Bassett said hlie had voted against eight dol,
Mr. Johnson also offered a motion to increase the la te committee of the whole, because lie pre
salary of the post master general, and supported ferred six. He shioid now vote fr eight, because
it with a brief notice of the multiplicity of business he could not succeed in obtaining six.
i, 1 ill,1,-;d to do, & e. Mr. Poindexter, of M" i 7 ., said, that, as the
Se ,.-..i., resolved itself into a committee of the travelling allowance had been reduced to six, the
whole, Mr Smith, of Md. in tile chair, on the bill ig al o reduced to the same rate; for that
to prescribe the effect of certain records and judi- certainly ht t he travelling was the most laborious part
cal proceedingsebate agan too place. of the duty to perform for those who lived at any
SConsiderable debate again took place, int not distance from the seat of government.
having room to insert the sketches from the .a. Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, concurred entirely in
tional ltIeligencer, we shall not attempt an abstract. the opinion, that the travelling was the hardest part
The committee rose, and had leave to sit again, of the representative's duty, in a pecuniary view,
&c. and the house adjourned.
T&c es ay, Jan. 6.-O motion of Mr. llnmedes, of and for which members had not heretofore been
day, Jte 6sl-On motion ofd, Mr. p ee of sufficiently paid. There were occasions on which
Mass. the several orders of the day, preceding the were under a obligation to perform gratuitous
bill to fix the compensation of the members of the services for our country; but surely this was not
senate and house of representatives, were postpone one of them. He too, le said, should vote for thla
ed, and the house resolved itself into a committee reduction of :i,: [.... because he hoped the mileage
of the whole, Mr. Smith of Md. in the chair, on the and the pay, whatever they were fixed at, should be
said bill. at the same rate.
Mr. Ross, of Penn. to try the sense of the com. The question on reducing the daily pay from nine
mittee moved to strike out the word nine and insert to eight dollars, was then decided as follows.
six., as the daily compensation. YEAS.-Miessrs. Allen, Vt. Anderstn, P ... ... ,,.;r...T.it,
The question was loudly called for-when Mr. Barbour, Va. Bassett, Bateman, Bal ,-. .11...: ......
1Desha, of Ky. rose and spoke in favor of six dol- Bloonfield, Blount, Bode, Boss, Bur ". ,
lars. [In his speech he several times mentions Cosustoe k, Cook, Crafts, Cruger, Desha, f If
lars. [In his speech he several times mentions Ellicott, Erving, s. C. Floyd, Gai G -...-. ri ie, Harrison,
the interruption caused by the want of order in the Hendricks, Herbert, Herkimer, i.,,. I, I i i, Hitchciclk,
house.] He thought six dollars a day enough-and Holes, Mass. -Huntingdon, Jolnston, Ken. Lewis, Linn, ..";,-
Livermore, McLane, W. MarIa w. P. Maclay, Marrs -,h -,,v
said that tlie od.. [.- ti.,ii of the value so much Moore, Morton, H. Nelson, T. N. Nelson, New, Parris, Peter,Plea-
spoken of was occasioned by the multiplication of saims, Poindexter. Porter, quarles, Reed, Rhen, Rich, Richards,
banksin doingwhich congress had had its share, &c. Iobertsun, Lou. Ross, Samlpssonavae, S-etd S der, Settle. Seybert,
banks, i dogwhic congress had habits share, &. Saw, Sherwoodl. S. Smith, Bait. Sith,. Sitl, S. Suith, Southard,
AlMr. Ogle, of Penn. was in favor of nine dollars- Si-rir.l- Sp ,'d, Tarr, Taylor, Tomillkins, Townsend; Trimble,
1, ti i, uLe th ,m small enough for a just recom I.,. I, ,. I ,,ker, S.C. 'vl-er, U[lham, Walker, N.C. Walker,
Ke,. Wallace, Westerio, Whitcside, Williams, Conn. Williams,
."-c, .,..i L.lc..lse n h that his constituents would N. c. Wilkin, Wilson, Pen.-99.
think it to be so. NAYS.-Messrs. Abbot, Adams, Allen, Mass. Anderson, Ken.
Mr. L ), of N. J. moved to strike out nin eer, Brand arber, Ohio. Bitler, Claggett, Cobb, Colst,
S" t s o 7 Crawford, Cuslmaai, Darligitoni, Folger, Forney, Forsytb, Fuller,
insert eight-negatived. Hall, Del. Hall, N. C. Hasbrouck, Hogg, Holmes, Con. Hopkinson,
Mr. B-ssett, of Va. moved to strike out ,ine and fubbard. Hunter, Irving, NY. ionws, Kisey, Kirtland, Lawyer,
.. Lowntiles, M sCoy, Marleaind, Mason, Mass. Mercer, Middleton, Mil-
leave it r. ,-L ... ile com m ittee report- lr, Mos ly, Mus tbrr. I'.,.,, i.... .. 0s j i, t.. ... ,
ed the 1,11 1.) the n. .'...- I .n ... s, ..' .i..l., ,, ... .,, l ..
The motion to'strike out nine arid insert six dol- I I".,., .. ,. :... ,.,' i,es,. .rl 1 ...i S1. ,,. .',.
lars beintl renewed, was decided as follows: i.. .., ,.r, .... s,,, Williamis,N. Y.-70.
Y. AS-Messrs. Ballwin, Barbour, Va. Basset, Bellinger, Ben. So the duily pay wa;s fixed at eight dollars.
nett, Blount, Boden, Boss, Burwell, Caempbcll, Comstock, Desha, X*'. Little, then moved to ,, :1 v 11i. vole by
,.l.-,l ,.,T l.. lllictut, Gage, flarrissn, Hsidricks, Herbert
i .... i .... M.... .., ...,. ........ .. L h.. ich the travelling expenses had been reduced to
,.. .... .,. ,.. '. I .... '1i.,,, six dollars, with a view to fix it at eight; which
i,.. '^, .5.l',i-.'i,'h.'", 'll ,,, i ""....... would make it stand on the same footing as hereto.
t,, 1 1... W., L.Ir. l,.,.. :...,,.. u.,i d, s5, ,,.['. t ,i,i, fore, but at a little higher rate.
SILES' rP, iC [. IR-JANUARY 10, 1818-CONGRESS. S27
A good deal of desultory debate followed-of no M-r. Williamses statement.
importance. The question on reconsideration was After breakfast this morning-, George, a servant,
then taken, and decided in the affirmative, and the came into the dining room, and told me that a gen-
allowance for mileage was lixed at eight dollars for tieman was in my room, waiting to see me. I step.
every 20 miles, by a considerable majority. ped into my room, and col. John Anderson was
The question having been finally stated, "shall there. He handed me a letter, observing at the
the bill be engrossed and read a third time?"- same time, that he had prepared that letter for me,
And, after some speaking, the bill was ordered and that perhaps it would require same explanation.
to be so engrossed. I read over the letter with attention; and, having
The speaker laid before the house sundry depo. done so, observed to col. Anderson it was a very
sitions and documents on the subject of the contest- surprising communication. I then started to Mr.
ed election of Charles F. Mercer, a member of this Wilson's room, immediately adjoining my own.
house from the state of Virginia, which were refer- When in the act of opening my own door, he begged
red to the committee of elections. I would not show the letter. I made no reply to
Mr. Wendover, from the committee on the subject, this, but stepped into Mr. Wilson's room, and ask-
made a report, accompanied by a bill, to alter the ed him to do me the favor to walk into my room.
flag of the United States; which was twice read; I ;1q Mr. Wilson did, ; i-.:.. i.-.a on immediately
Wednesday, Jan. 7. Mr. Mercer submitted two behind me. After we had got itto my room, in the
resolutions for the purpose of having the journals presence of col. Anderson I handed the letter to
of the old congress down to 1783, and of the gene- Mr. Wilson, and, observing that it was a very ex.
ral convention that framed the constitution of the Iraordinary communication, requested him to read
-U. S. printed. it. When Mr. Wilson had read, or was nearly done
Mr. Williams, of North Carolina, rose and addres- reading the letter, I told .ol. Anderson that I re-
'sed the house in the following words: polled with indignation and contempt the offer he
"Mr. Speaker: 1 lay before the house a letter ad- made to me in the letter. Col. Anderson said, he
dressed and delivered to me by a person called asked my pardon; that it was designed only as a
colonel John Anderson. That man has, mistaken small compensation for the extra trouble he expect-
me much. Wherever I am known, at this place, ed to give the committee of claims in examinin*
and in the country from whence 1 came, no attempt the claims from Michigan territory, and exposing
of the kind would have been made. I feel it a the conduct of the British during the war; that it
duty to lay the letter and the statement thereon, was foreign from his intention to attempt any thing
made by myself, before the house. My feelings like a bribe; and requested me to burn the letter, or
are too much excited, nor would it be'my duty, to to give itto him. I told him I should.doneither; that
make any remarks pi the subject. It is for the his offence was unpardonable, such as I-could nor
houseto determine what shall be done." forgive, and ordered him to leave the room instant-
The papers handed by Mr. Hlilliamis to the clerk ly. Col. Anderson then begged pardon, and asked
were then read as follows: forgiveness with excessive earnestness. I told him
wAsniNaTOW, JAN. 6, 1818. I would listen to none of his apologies; that his
T/ie hoit. William Leewis. offence was an attack upon th: .! I T of congress
Honored sir-I return you thanks for the atten- generally, and upon mine personally; that no one
tion I received to my claims to pass so soon. Mr. should ever have my pardon or expect my forgive-
Lee will hand you some claims from the river Rasin, ness who should suppose me capable of such an in-
which will pass through your honorable committee; fluence as he had attempted to practice upon me.
and I have a wish that the conduct of the British Again 1 told col. Anderson to leave my room. He
in that country may be related in full on the floor advanced to the door, where he stood fbr some
of congress; which will give you some trouble in time, endeavoring to obtain my pardon, as he said,
making out the report, and supporting the same.- I told him it was in vain to ask it: h-t nierr'be.-
I have now to request that you will accept the of congress and of the committee of claims it was
small sum of five hundred dollars, as part pay, for my duty to examine his clahis, and, if just to sup-
extra trouble I give you; I will present it to you sb port them; that his offer was an attempt at bribery.;
soon as I receive some from government. This is was an attempt to influence my mind in .opposition
confidential, that only you and me may know any to my duty, and as such could tot be forgiven. 'He
thing about it; or in other -words, I give it to you as then desired me either to burner the letter or give
a man and a mason: and hope you belong to the so- it to him. I replied that I should do neither, and
city. Sir, should it happen that.you would not ac- again ordered him to leave my room. Whereupon
cept of this small sum, I request you will excuse he did leave my room. Mr. Wilson, after talking
me; if you do not accept, I wish you to drop me a on the subject of the letter for some time, suggest-
few lines; if you accept I wish no answer. I hope ed to me the propriety of calling in Mr. Win. P.
you will see my view on this subject; that it is for Maclay; but, as Mr. Wm. P. Maclay was not in, I
extra trouble, asked Mr. William Maclay, the room-mate of Mr.
I will make out a statement, and present the William P. Maclay, to come to my room. He com-
same to the committee, which will be supported by plied with my request; and, shortly after he arrived
gen. Harrison, col Johnson, Mr. Hulbard, Mr. in my room, Mr. William P. Maclay also stepped
Meigs, post master general, governor Cass's report in. These gentlemen, Mr. Wilson, Mr. William
as commissioner, and others. Relying on your ho- Maclay, and Mr. Wm. P. Maclay, were in my room
nor as keeping this a secret, and your exertions i. at the time the servant called to Mr.- Wilson, and
passing these claims as soon as possible, I need said a gentleman was below waiting to see him.
not inform you, that we are as poor tinfG:.unate Mr Wilson walked out of the room, and was gone
orphan children, having no representation in con- a few minutes. 'After he returned, he observed
gress-so must look on your honorable body as that col. Anderson was the person who had sent for
our guardians. Pardon this liberty from a stran- him; that col. A's business was to obtain his inter-
ger.. position to put a stop to further proceedings on the
I am, with high esteem, your most obedient and subject of his letter to me. The precise conversi-
humble servant, JOHN ANDERSON.
328 NILES' REGISTER-JANUARY 10, 1818--CHRONICLE.
tion between Mr. Wilson and col. Anderson can be
related by the former with minutenese.
.January 7th 1818.
The papers having been read through, Mr. W.
cWilson, of Pennsylvania, referred to in the above
narrative, handed in a statement of thehfacts which
fell under his observation, entirely corroborating
those stated by Mr. Williams as far as they came
under the observation of the former.
Mr. Foir:yth, of Georgia, moved that the house do
come to the following resolution:
Resolved, That the speaker do issue his warrant,
directed to the sergeant atarms attending the house,
commanding him to take in custody, whereverever to be
found, the body of John Anderson, and the same in
his custody to keep, subject to the further order
and direction of this house.
It appeared from the statement made by Mr. 'lar-
rison, that col. .ndereon, with "all the agitation be-
longing to terror or ofconscious guilt,"had informed
him and Mr. Johnson, of Ken. of what had happen-
ed with Mr. Williams-they told him that they
would not justily' his conduct or say any thing in
extenuation of it. Mr. Johnson regretted that the
suffering people of Detroit and Michigan had plac-
ed their confidence in one, whom, until this day, he
.ad himselfheld in the highest estimation. Mr.
Terry asked the forms of practice in'a case like this.
Mr. Clay said a warrant might issue to apprehend
the party offending. Mr. Por'syth referred to a case
in 1795 when a bribe in land had been offered to a
member. Finally, thle question on Mr. Forsyth's
motion was taken and agreed to unanimously.
The order of the day, the bill for comrnpensating
the members, was announced. Mr. Cllarrison moved
to recommit it for the purpose of fixing the pay of
the present congress at six dollars per day, and of
future congresses at eight dollars. This produced
another debate-and the motion was negatived.-
The. question was then taken on the passage of the
bill, and again there was much speaking. o But at
last it was decided as follows.
YEAS-Messrs. Abbot, Adams, Allen, Maq. Allen, Vt, Anderson,
Pen. Anderson, Ken. Austin, Ball, Barber, Ohio, Bateman, Bayley,
Beecher, Bloomfield, Bryan, Butler, Claggett, Claihorne, Colton,
Comstock, Cook, Crafts, Crawflrd, Cruger, Culbreth, Cushman,
Darlington. Drake, Earle, Ellieott, Floyd, Forney, Forsyth, Fuller.
SGage, Garnett,, Hale, Hall, Del. Hall, N. C. Herkimer, Hitchcoek,
Hogg, Holmes, Con. Hopkinson, Hubbard, Hunter, Irving, N,
Y. Jolnson, Ken. Jones, Kinsey, Kirtland, Lawyer, Lian, Little,
SLowndes, W. Maclay, WinVm. olaelay, M'Co, Mareaud, Mason,
Mass. Merrill, Midileton, Moore, Moselev, Jec. Nelsuoa,H. Nelson,
T. M. Nelson, Nesbitt, Orr, Owen, Palmrer, Parrott, Patcerson,
Pawling, Peter, P'inidall, Pitkin, Pleaants, Porter, RIiel, Richards,
Iting-gold, Robertson, Ken. Rwbertson, Lou. Bouggles, Savage,
Seluyler, Seudder, Settle, Sloumab, Alex. Sinyth, Spongler, Speed,
Storrs, Strong, Stuart. Tallonadge, Tarr, Terrell, Verry, Tompkins,
Townsend, Tucker, Va. U)hlian, Walker, N. C. Wallace, Wendover,
Williams, N. Y. Wilkin, Wilson, Pei.-109.
NAYS.-'Messrs. Baldwin, tarottir, Va. Bassett, Bellinger, Ben.
i,.r. -: *.i'. I. len,l Boss, ilurwell, Caoplbell, Cobb, Desha, Ed-
u ,1... I.. ., i. '. C. Folger. Harrison, Hasbroiek, Hendricks, Her,
L'-1, l|,ik, I-,ester, fHulincs, Mass. Huntingdon, Lewis, Liver-
nmore, MBLane, Marr, Mereer, M'il r. 'I t'-. f. d Mturray,
son. Sawyer, Shaw, Sherwood, Silsbee, S. Smith, Bal. Smithl J. S.
Smith, Southard, Spencer, Strother, Taylur, 'Triimblt,- 'ITucker, S.
C. Tyler, Walker, Kien. Wlhiteside, Whitman, Willias,, Coll. Wil.
liams, N. C.-60.
So the bill was passed (at eight dollars per day,
and eight dollars mileage) and sent to the senate
[Some who voted against the bill were in favor
of a higher sum, and vice versa.]
The hIouse then in committee of the whole, took
tup the bill making further appropriations for the
public buildings. Theblank ws filled with 230,000
dollars, agreed to, reported'to thle house, and order-
ed to be engrossed for a third reading.
Some time was then spent on the bill to give
effect to judicial records, &c. Nothing decided.
T(1The "congress news" inserted having occupi-
ed more space than we expected, to the exclusion
of some articles that we would have preferred to
others that are inserted-and the soace being limit-
ed, we must be very brief with Thursilay's proceed.
After other business, the speaker stated that
John Anderson was in.the custody of the sergeant
at arms. On motion of Me. Furosyti, a committee
was raised for the purpose of reporting a mode of
proceeding on the case-ag:'ee.d to, afterotwo hours
The engrossed bill appropriating 200,000 for
repairing the public buildings, was passed.
Sometime was spent on tlhe bill prescribing the
effect of certain judicial records, when the com-
nittee on the case ofJ. Anderson were ready to re-
port. The report required that lie should be
brought to the bar to answer iiterrogatories. The
report was agreed tot-the prisoner was brought to
the bar, and informed by thie speaker that if he
wished counsel, for reasonable time for witnesses,
&c. that they wouid be granted. He stated that
hlie desired counsel, and to summon witesses.-
He was remanded from the bart. It was ordered
that he should be furnished with the charge n t
him, with liberty to eng-age such counsel as lie
thought fit, and sutbrena such witnesses as lihe wish-
ed;-and appear before te houe e at o'clock to
o The uiouse adjourned at a late hou..
C lRON [ICLE.
CeTTOr Ah)n WOOL. Tlhe very great prices paid
for cotton, is, to our southern brethren, far more
productive of wealth than the mines of Mexico
and Peru. The steady price of uplands has been
about 30 cents, and it is stated that sales have been
made at 35 for upland, and 60 for Sea Islands. The
export of the late year has been large, and its value
probably exceeded trienty millions of dollars!-Thc
greater part ofit goes to England, where it is spun
and wove into cloth, and returned to us at a nuttch io
creased value. Thie British still talk much about
supplying themselves with cotton front India-last
year they received 30,000 bales, and they say they
they expect 150,000 bales in 1818.
Cotton, to the value of about 1"l.0 to.)'. was
brought to t'lugusta, Georgia, in waggons; in 11i
days proceeding the 19th nult.
We are told that large quantities of sheep's wool
nave lately been bought up in tile United States
for the purpose of being shipped to Fngland; which
we shall have to repurchase at five or six prices! If
it is sound policy to permit the existence of sucha
state of things, every nation in the world except
"our noble selves," have fools to govern them; for
none of them can see the advtntuiges of it.
JMlassachusetts claims. It is stated as a serious fect
that a certain Maj. Plearce hIas actually arrived at
Washington, to ask the United St:ates to remaune-
rate the state of Massachusetts for her militia ser-
vices in the late war!
Our navy. A writer in a New-York paper says-
"At i o period of tihe history ofthis country, either
of peace or war, were there so great a number of
officers and seamen in actual employment on the
seas, as at tise present moment."
An elephant, exhibited at New York, is very pro-
perly called a "great natural curiosity." ,