Niles' weekly register
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073182/00002
 Material Information
Title: Niles' weekly register
Physical Description: 47 v. : ; 25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Niles, Hezekiah, 1777-1839
Niles, William Ogden, d. 1857
Publisher: H. Niles
Place of Publication: Baltimore
Creation Date: January 7, 1815
Publication Date: 1814-1837
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- United States -- 19th century   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Maryland -- Baltimore -- Baltimore
Coordinates: 39.283333 x -76.616667 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from University Microfilms (American periodical series: 1800-1825); on microfiche from Library Resources, Inc.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 6, no. 1 (Mar. 5, 1814)-v. 52, no. 26 (Aug. 26, 1837).
Numbering Peculiarities: Issues for Mar. 5, 1814-Aug. 26, 1837 called also: Whole no. 131-whole no. 1,352.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vols. 13-21 called also: New ser., v. 1-9; v. 26-35: 3rd ser., v. 2-11; v. 37-49: 4th ser., v. 1-13; v. 51-52: 5th ser., v. 1-2.
General Note: Title from caption.
General Note: Editors: Mar. 1814-Aug. 1836, H. Niles; Sept. 1836-Aug. 1837, W.O. Niles.
General Note: Supplements accompany some volumes.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 07329918
lccn - sn 85022629
System ID: UF00073182:00002
 Related Items
Preceded by: Weekly register (Baltimore, Md.)
Succeeded by: Niles' national register

Full Text


N.,. I l F r V' fi.J 1. %LiI 'I P t1. ~'1 1-:F LiA .1 N UA !; 7. 1 1 1~.L M 1 (0 N 7O

.-2--tL~ rr1:.n,7511 d I,. 1,.- It-'s. I, rl. [ .. .

.'l.. -.*' plan ''.- i.l;r.-: -,,i rmy, and get tu'
our "prize lists" so .I..ig J..-: .-':i.1, induced its post-

i 's01i c'; of Great Britain.
fThe following is from the same hand to which we
were indebted for the article in our last number,
headed "Agriculture, manufactures and com-
merce," andl will .PI.i ''i.. .- the reader, curious
of fact and seeking the truth.]
Is there not some Mistake in supposing that it is
In consequence of the value of the commercee of
Great Mrn.. .-, that she is enabled to bear the enor-
mous taxes, duties, excises and loans that the pre-
sent war has made i"-i,,: .', -.-il r. li'ri for 1810
are stated as follows -
Nett re'"ene piyabil into the exche-
(quer l,,r ;i I."., 311,344,69a5
Loans for the same year, 59,922,777
Poor rates for 1810 28,8150,000
Amount of Tythes ':... ..,.i

Emporium Feby. p. 281. $ 422,347,4.
In the same work, p. 24.1, the real value of the
imports and exports of Great Britain are given as

'.,: i "[, ,i i -, l i.i. t .1,.l:.iding' "revenues, resources,
,., t1 '. ,r 1.. c t 1t i..' ,i .Is, of every discrip'*on at
1, -,,':, ... i ...iI ," .rod the "Rrilish anuitic-
I, ..-, t.a, s,.,,- .- .q.... 7n, at 4 1., L .':1 i i
'TI-e --1 r -n.-- p'i r."',l property in Great Bri-it a at
3 ,- 0 )v ii,, .' 'i,,,l ,I ." -- ,1 i l l .l .- ,,l v ,' "
.*.. .' ,. i. -i, a t 4 ,5 7r ,' ,4 1 1 7 .ll- *.1 I 1l t .
ficullty of accounting for how that .',vei ,,l,.. can
raise such immense sums of paper, ma.y seemr to be
obviated if we can suppose the credit of the paper
medium to be kept up ; 422 millions of dollars per
&nn. t., I,' .,1 about a tenth part of the amount of
.lh._.r -; ,'m oney. If 'i -..'. r. -r. il 71.
country lay their ta-. i.!. ....i '.' .1 r, ,.,
doubt but that. that ,r ,r ;_ .'..- .' I % .-. i. .
there) and so conti --. "i ,l ic_-.,- -, .,- [ ,.i,
that thev will be principally expended within the
realm ; that for any part of the war expences,-or
those of trade, or of civil government, for which
they are obliged to make payments oit ii.- Fi.-
dom, they can keep up such a surplus ..I I ,. LI
the shape of exports, as will discharge those pay-
ments-it seems probable the nation nmay continue,
while this paper retains its crc'dit,'tQ bear such
enormous expenditures-but it is a fickle foundation
, i r" entirely upon that credit.
It also appears by the samre work, (Emporium) p.
", that the paper currency had depreciated 35
per cent." This circumstance must create a necessity
for heavier taxes and greater loans to meet a corres-
pondent rise in the rice of f.., ..Ii r,' i to be put-

Impoilr. Exports. chased with paper, or, what is the same thing, to
1805 63,582,146 sterling, 51,109,131 meet the fall in the value of that paper.
1806 50,621.,707 53,028,881 If 1,. 1,;-.,,, .. ]i..: .I. r..:... ;.. f our continen-
1807 53,509,990 50,482,661 tal m..r,, r..-Id tb- r-.1 1 ,r I to calculate the
1808 55,718,693 49,969,746 final -'. ,'ct..u ..I ih,- l : .i, r*.. r, wve might fix
1809 59,851,352 66,017,712 upon some data to ascertain the period of its circu,
1810 74,538,061 62,702,409 lation ; but all the powers of a strong government
---- --- are on the side of the PIh;'-. \~,.pi''. ,' l.',,. ltere
6)357,812,954 6)333,310,540 w-i' no power t..' i.i.,,,i iI. ,.... i-ha If. i-.-.r. W e,
Avea 5,,------ 5,5-- 15---- ,.. ,._, can .Jr.-.. .r' ..'... i'-',.ri, from its fate to
Average 59,635,492 5 5,551,757 predict the fat ,,; ,:l.it I' *'.-.a lritain. That, in
A'verre'l annual excess of imports for six years, time, its credit will be finally destroyed, there cais
', '.-excess of imposts in 6 years 24,502,410 be little doubt; as it is '!.Ar..* ,.-.I- to suppose 200
which is equal to 108,790,700 dollars. millions a year can be added- ;ill..,i. 'inking its va-
If ri,: o ,.eai-r. ,, ..: correct in the work they lue: Its period, then, may ji .. ,.. by domestic
S -.:-r d I,, ..... Il, are g; -., .. ..'.. ., i... :..,,:n .i ..,,., orm when '".: .i c.r.nri .- ,' '1 o longer
ri.ty, i nss pretty clear that tli-e i .1.4 e .-I' I, .le i. i .- ,I ,nce due on ,i.:- i 1 ,.J :,,d expeditions
in those years l.,%1 I.- i; e no aid in the pay- to other countries. That day had arrived in the
ient of the ..l,-.c ,B-:p...,..:. But we find in ite : ,rI ; we have stated, and accordingly their paper
same work, p. ;..that in the above 6 years there was diminished in value-but during that period
was raised for the p'.hi .- e.vice the' p,...1;,, i hi merchants and manufacturers accuimulaLed great
of 5!-,372,323. sterling, equal to .,._ ,,23..114 stocks, which now they i nay havee an opportunity of
d..ll .-P. As it appears from what is above -tiiterl, dlspi,-..,-, of on the continent .,,.. E. .p.-..-id L, I is
that no relief for the public burdens was (<.obi i..i ,. ,, ,w,,- revere the balance ,.t" I' .i. l-.,,d i..'t r i.t
o'is, ,, fir,, ,!le b..1 ,sic of trade, even if we admit a favorable.*
n'. r.: i.th 1 pr.,-li ..' 11) per cent. on the exports as
1p....,nig l,- v 1,.l- t,-, have been exported in Bri- *It would rather appear that an effect the reverse
"t'isit ships, which was not t;,e fact-for by the same of this has been experienced by the peace in Europe.
work, p. 248 it 'rpp-ars thbt -.e tons of shipping During the war, it seems, immense sums of money
which cleared i',.. i r I-..'" ot Great Britain in from the continent 'had been invested in the British
the years 1806, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, were "British funds for secure 1 hr,ci r.-. now drawing out ofthe
8,944,694 tons" and -'lr,.rn /,.' l, :.2 tons."- country, to a e-,r,.,,i,.rJIl depression in the price
V I wre. then, are We to look for the mears oft pv, .-, i: .-, icks. Thus, at least, it is that the minis-
ing those prodigious sums of money, c.:.i..i,ntit i,r1,.,i: i account for the fall of the funds ; being
?'.-. d ,:.,. that pc.-.pIe ? The same work, p g,. ,', ,' ,i. ,,,, to admit that the war with .America has
- t- !i i--"he ,i' hle annual income of the people of any material effect upon fhem.--E. BE(,

,') NILES' WEEKLY ArE(TiT7R- A.!U5 .AY, JANUARY 7, 1A815

Eut what we set out with was in idea vuat it w-is 130l3 S "iust, from Egland for Quebec, captur-e6
Out the camrnterce of Grea t iti tl t the nation iy the s:ae, divested and made a cartel of. She
;'ei'ed oln r rte payment of its immense taxes; an has arr eda at Liverpool.
it seemti cle:-. in the years .ve h.,ve stated, c,.m- Tnie Mammolth, Twhen last heard of (and we have"
imrcc 'rc:"ht no retlief-indeed wa.s a burden on (le aecoutlm of her fioni Liverpool) had been out
the nation 1 energy: aut Iheir agriculture .aid ma we,! -, ad mad,. 16 k'izes. She cruized 17 days
nufcttur.a3-their vast mass of real andI personal ;, Cape Cear, Trelan.. Sver'ai valuable vessels
property, and, above all, their tour thousand had been manned for the U:ited Stites. We shall
.mir ili'a.' of niioniii money, were truly, it wotid hava.e a better accouti of hei her e tier.
seell, e l. c upon which thl'. ',overllent cl(cu 1304.. Sloop Christiannt,, of Kilkadee, Scotland,
lated-Fr by their laxes, duties and excises it was captured by the Clhass.ur of U ;timiore and made
necessary only to camse one fifth part of ti3s !lown!t a cartel of
onery to pss through the treasury anid they hrd 1305. rig Pr.ldtnce, of Aberdeen, from the island
100 millions zt coimman.Bnd. ut supposing a tlurtther of LIizarote for Loidon,, with barilla and wine,
(l'precmi;tio!a of paper moncy to 5 pier cent. they captured b,, the same' and bilrnlt.
mllsl, in that case, c:use 1000 millions to g'o the ,3,0.c. op Favorite, front the same for the same,
:Ti-e round,,, atid so on to tile end of tilhe chaptr, laden wth tile s. Ae, captured .by do. and do.
whici, probablY., cannot be a long one; bor it is a 1307. Brig Marquis Corniwllis, from the s.ime for
swvord that cuts both X'ways-as, while the deprecia- the santme, capTure by the same and being of little'
tti continues,-,. ... of higher taxes and more value, made a cartel of
issues of p,per ....... ,ll continually press upou 1308. Brig Alert, of Pool, from Newfoundlnd
them, until tlic whole system mus t t. from mere wilth tim7!er, captured by tie same and bornt.
decrepitudiel-an incapacity of perforraing what it 1309. Irig i 1trnion,, of Aberdeen, from New-
u-sed to per.:f in.rm. fionndland tor London, captured tile same and made
if this reasoning is Just it would seem that corn- aotI:el of.
merce, as a national benefit, may be estimated above 310. Ship Carlbury, of London, from Jamaica,
ts re.d value--holding but an inferior place to either with a immense carco of cotton, cocoa, hides, indi-
agriculture or manuificturcs. go, &c. captured by the same, divested of 237 se-
---.......... -- roons of indigo and ordered into port. [As the Chas.
S; seur has arrived, we consider the Carlbhirv, as a
A,inerican i rizes. g'oodpri'ie, the indigo being worth about $50,000.]
cd'ITIa'U.EI Riia'o [uo'ronsit 28, 'To im:c-ariima 31, The Ciasseur, also captured and manned the va-
1814 ]- r-~a 121. luable brig Eclipse, (14 guns arrived, at New-York
The winds and seas. are Britain's wide doninin, and already accounted forb) ; brig CoiTmmerce, a va-
SAnd not asail, but by permission spretlds! Iliable vessel, ladeut with fish ; the brig Antelope,
r(ii'hese lists on1v in.-1h'l+ such enemy vessels .e. il-l 1 21b carronades and a long Torn, (without re-
safely arrive in i...r ...rl ., ir are sunk or burnt, ., *-' I""* i from Havanp, with 9'0 boxes of sugar;
otlierwise "satishtorily" accounted fori. A record thle schooner Fox, laden with fish ; brig Atlantic,
of all the prizes :heard of will le kept from the of Londoni, 8 guns, and ship fames of do. 12 guns,
Ist inst. and those re-c:iptuied be published occa- an .' from the Ri er' Ph'te, with great cargoes
sionally in separate lists, of himdes, tallow, bark, furs, &c. ship Theodore, of
-93* Tr. a 2 u o Liverpool, 8 guns, from .i Marenham, with 1600 bales
12933. Brig Concord, captured bya letter ofmarque of cotton ; brig Amicas, of Liverpool, from Lisbon,
ofi iding -on, N. C. divested anYd made a cartel of'. with wool, fiitit, and 2 bales of' woole.ns-and several
1294. riig' Speculation from Luziarote for Lon- other vessels, making eighteen in the whole. G(p-
don, captured by the Grampus, of IBaltiore ,divest- tain Boyle brought in 43 prisoners, and parole led 10,
tcd and being an old vessel, given il to the prisoners. d ag s cruie o' three mou th. f ci ehass.ti'
T'he Gra.pts has arrived at New York, with tle ad been an United States vessels, acting under the
los of lier captain, that excellent seaman and wor- orders to "sink, burn and cdestro ," the certain lJoss
thy man, Joii Miurphl, tand one seaman, in a contest to the enemy would have exceeded a million and :r
with a -rikdsl sloop ot war oil' the Canaries, disgui- half Of dollars. As war is, emphatically, a content to
ed as a merchantlani, from .hom, however, she see "who can do the other the most harm," let tLose
escaped by de_.)erateb, daring eertion. wlo nanimage its business think of ths. Ii is tr.,
1295.. i,.n_ '.: )hn Sherbrooke, 12 guns, fiom we atre much more '. ,il i, i. the whole should, ar-
hlif.tx i A,,.': ,., laden with fish ind oil,:c .i .i r, i,. our ports ; buit this we cannot hope for. Some
Ad by tIm. Syren of Baltimore, and plarnid on shore, I of them probably will, and in any event, the pCias,
at Recl:awa., N. J. to avoid a r'cc;pture by ithe !e rhas madeLa profi ble prize. She is a bcrmec-i.
bi-ding s"tidnit o 'New-York. t 1 ......' L,, vessli, carrying 16 Lonl'.
, te prize crew, set her on tve, and it e was burnt. C.p tatin Boyve while ',. round the coasts of
ile '1 ,r"na"itt, &e". was saved. Great Jh,-itait liad many "hair breadth 'scapL s." He
t1296 Ship Ad vi'entue, of' tiverpool, ca pttired t Was otlce so near a frigaLe ts to e.xclaonge broadsides.
the tU. S. brig S.\ rca, o1' .te Afrit'a cae' t. With hel! At ttnotii.' time it' wifs tlrti'Iv surrounded
S27. bhip Parni, fron.. i I,, .. ; -Iifaix, bt two frigates and two mau of war br gs-and was
'pulured by the TanImotTi ..l .; ., oil' thetoten chased, lbut e asilv ont-manc-uvred .hem e, IT,
rS mail d .t ta111. tot11,11 bv A Al'i f a'om a fii'ate lie had thiee "neeo
1.9 A 'nniaid Klitzt tiaor ,'. ,I.. for M wounded. While of .Enl..r.he issued tl .. -
'amia c'l)t ire. by do. ild d7. N) C r nat ion, end by a c.ti ,ei it to Larot,, ih
1,. t Idp J'ania, 13o. do. captiued by do. and o it',t ,to ae-c it st k utp at Lloyd's cofle' Irtus e
do;:. o. ...tF, 2io.tais Lote, Esq. commandrler of tre 15rivate,
-13uT. S!'.'p Ani' t y, fromrr Quebec for E airbad e It o s, ao ed b i/ t?' (',s.,se '., 6 '?c.
ca,,tl,." l.i;;.' C". .. I I' CLAdJWATlO --Whe rea,: it ls become cus-
_.. *l /'z, frm Nlev''foundln ttifo Princ.e Ed- 01n1ary ith the aridmlirals of Great Bri'tain, cor'-
"<' *t,1 t''rn Co tal.! i" 'u tiali 2 forces on ;,;e cots of the u oi-d
-. ... ^ i [ -. ,'^ !'l i"., "';i". c l'i i -;.l;@ t' p-'S .... r t ""Ic ,,.ar with sjir jo ,l Borlsise S r
't".t. },i } t-L .S ;.C 2.d i,,n, d n" Ak'.;:;'ud c i-m-a ,.

AILES' KV3':LY .. E STER.-A ? h: r-h:. r.... 2 t1

of the said United States in a state of strict and ,-,' Th 0 rpi, sailed from and lils returned to
0r;,"n'ts blockade willthot T- "11; power to P *-,I...ih ]: 'f after a cruise of tent, dcis la,-
S I -' declaration, '........ 0 adequate, den witii the choisest spoils of the fe, '-:nd si.ity
tore to maintain said blockade. prisoners. Besides the above she captured the trains-
I do, tilerefbre, by virtue of the power and autho- pqrt ship Amaztn, 6 guns, 18 man, an elegant 'e-
rity in me vested (possessing sufficient force) de- sel, from London for Halifiax w.-it' aci"rgo oi' beef)
clare all the ports, harbours, bays, creeks, rivers, pork, bread and flour. Also the tr;, ..,porc in)
inlets, outlets, islands and sea coast of the united i'. --., 440 toia, 6 18!b ca'romndes, with '
'. .... .. of G. Britain and Ireland, in a state of ,:..,; ..r rum, brandy, beef, pork, flour !
strict and rigorous blockade. And I do further de- i-bath which were t banned and ordered i.to Mi. -
clare, that I consider the force untd my command, I'.. ii prisoners : 'e twoa mni;r., and.
ad equate to maintain str, ictly, rigorouly and effee- several other officers, i. :' nc.- vessels e'lon '-edI
tAdly the said blockade. And I do hereb ri,'p:'- 1' the fleet that lately sailed from Portsmolth, IP.-
0t. respective ofieers, whether captains, ( ,i', '' which the great prize Jame's (see No. IO o .'.
ers or commandmg officers under my commahd, one. The prizesorof ihe io'.'py may be rnoai 'at"l'.'
employed or to be employed on the coast of Eng- valued at 4 uo. 500,000 dollars-a.nd we hope for thelii-
land, Ireland and Scotland, to pay strict attention to arrival.
the execution of this my proclamation. And I do 1325. D'ig Harvest, laden wit! fis,. furs, &c. se"!'
hereby catiion and forbid the ships and vessels of into an eastern port by the yrk of [.ild'ir,
all and ever nation in amity and peace with the 1326. Schooner Prinsce R1?' ,,,., ni" wi;jh 3 bis :!.-
United Sates from entering or attempting to enter, wives and a quantity of salicmn, sent in by tie iD *!i
or from com ng or attempting to come out of of Pori land,
any of the said ports, harbors, bays, creeks, rivers, 1327. P:ivateer retali ttion, 5 rn1, 20 m2 n
inlets., otles, islands, or sea c iast, under any pre- captured near Bl'ii'rntabie (.,ss.) w by';h .'sop ';d
tence whiatsoever. And thi't no person may pled l Friends, fit ted out for the o(c:c.sin, and mannciVd b"
ignorance of this my procllanmation, I have ordered volunteers. By good rna,.:em.-ent she was t, keh b
tue samtl to be made public in : .. cormplcic stn'prise, andl carric thoit ISttl^a n'5
Give:i under mly hand on boa .. ,, ,._d, day 1323. B ig Conmmerce, avcr vaiiaiievessec, co,
and d.tce as above. THOIMAS iOYLE. peered and copper fastened, Ihdn with f 1> and ni 0
By cWs mand of the cominOling ii fli0cer.. sent into Charleston, S. C. by thte Cha.sse'ur of 1ititi
,. J. STANSPtURY, SeA'y. more.
1311, 1312, 1313, 1314, 1315, !316, 1317; 1318, 1339. SI:op Farmer with flourI' nd v.-'ieai, c:.!tu;,:
1319, 32, 1321, forwteen vessels, viz. brig Se. ed bv t Ah Ma:I moth of .i timeor a. sik-
F'iower, 'from St. Johns to imrbadie; brig'' 1330. '.. jiritanhiia, fob L'iverp:i l, laien Ie .itvi
tiam h1ienos Ay,'es to Greenock; sloop F .... lumber, cm pwtmred bv the sB.me .-id'h m n
1.roa Liverpool to London; brig Venus, from Bor- 1331. S!-hooner Twio Brothers, ]:Id,'n with flsiI-
delaux to London; brig Diana, from LUiverp')ol to captured by the same and made a c-rtlel o' .
Quebec; sloop Leith Packet, fPolri Teneriiff to li'ab- '1332. !iP" Ann Eliza;, fr Merimac01 ,, in ,
Til; W'illiami aind Ann, from Gl.asg'1.'. to Jam.'ii-; captured iy the same and burn!.
,* ; 2 nd Jane, do. do; b. rque WVdlia, from St. 1333. ':i Uza, for the same, in ballast, cap ;t.e-d
Andr;ew's to Grecnock;ship Si Edwarid Pellew, front by ditto :'.:id ditto.
Qucebec to Glasgow; brig' Deiloni, from Cetle to 1334. H;i-;g Ansley, from Quebiec for ,arbadop.aq
*. .1 r .1'; Trni'on, from St. Johns to Liibonl; with horses and iumnber, caijutred by the sirame aid
br-'g Du.ck, fionm Fort-en-Ventura to TencIrfe; sciit'lId.
ship Mary, from Point P1;tre, Giuadl:doupo, foal Ha- 133.;. Brig Sarah, from Cork for h AlriAdhe, witl
13.X, cauIr11ed by the United Si.ates sloop of war OF 00 lbb. iGonr, capinred by the same and burnt.
P'ececk, capt; ".'., .. during, cruise ol'near- 1336. 1rig' bir lome Pophami, wvih 11-uit, cmta..
ly five monthss, on the "o:..sts of I i ,1i, hIrelanl, red by the same, and dito(. i *
S'.rrina:m, &c.--all slink or burnt, e':c!ept two ot 1337. Sehoolnc I, fro. m X-Ni-foindIim'd f;ent
little value that were made cartels of. The proper- 1,isbon, with f;,i, captured b5y thi same ;in'll;- '*;it.
',y destroyed is estimated to have been worth 1338. Ship ChIll pi:i, frtoi),n Lod'ifbn Q'iue:c
49 .9,222 dollars. F'r particlu.s'rt see the 1 i1icial wiii dlry Ngods, c witured by the same, ;i"v'st"' 4 '
letter cilpt. WarringtIont to the secretary of theher ca'r;.o (,Noi'tih from 8j to 1(i,000 dohia:'s) and
navye. Ihe Peacmck lost but one mai [and by sick- n-de a cartiel of.
.. her c:ise. Three of her priz-s have dl- 1039, 1340. Two otiier vessels ca1, "tlied by 11!
ready' been noticed in our lists, and are, therefore, samile and destro'ei.
n't. counted now. '1hosae ve.wseis were laden with The 211v.moiit aso capt, red Tan oC'dered in -
--I, codii,1; 2, hides and tallow: 3, salt: 4, barley, b'arque Mar, brigrs Ale:.!nder d h-,r,1'
oats, br:i ,dy, co.'k; 3, salt. 6, Telneriif wine; 7, the sMiO M 0ntor; with v,1 ;tale car"o ....
lcoals; 8, co('d, crates and 1lass; 9 timber; 10, hlm- i.p thi} schooner Thomas, G,,od ,,I.,') 1... .
ber; 11, brandy, wine and verdigIretse; 12, fish; J.se"'ih mad0 Eiiza. SO.3e n., tw1 ,-n1vl pa.,,i,',"'
IS, c:,rgo not stated.; 14, sugIar, 1ode(e, rum and all, and piaroled about 300 !psi N .- T'ie a-&ii',' e'.'I
mTI:Ises. They carried in' tihe wile 0 guns, nwid Ihns arrived At f' f '1. ?i.'!. fii! f .1I,'h s
4050 .' 1341." Sch;ncr ---- ,from 1lhf':-c to. ',,.';: .
.12!. Privateer 7-"' ..s -o'f guns, O0 men, with a a"g'o '" dIy godts, c::pt;'cd b a c.' 1
raptu :,d by the ., 1it ..i b '. 'rougit, i o i'oust l.nd st' it'j C.". ... a .-
po p rsta wed :n ;20,00 wcreor-,-d ,; Q lrop n i je :
323. Sc'hooner Britanina, in bdalbist, comnmanoted iAense,! by the caos.
Iy caypta": Preem.wan, latcof the priv1a;wer Liverpoiol 1:!'. *"*i.s j ityYs' Ionp of v.'.: Av" .-,:,,
p:uci=et, captu:'.! by the Hmlpy of i.itimore and t g:Iunsi, suInk Iby the U. 3. sloop uf "f : '."r "
,"'i .mo "te .:n,!irte, afer tatn 4001on of 4. m.ut:;.f
.. 24. B'^g HlditRx Packet, from Aberdeen for '!ich, acc,'Irding io !:. j'.us, aicun; .hI: l;"'"y
ftat'ax, with ai viable caruo of 6irv goods, hard- ithirv men killed aind wo'indeui .;- .'r-i ,2.' .'.
warc and sun.ries, captu:ed by ,bt: same, di.'ested killed and. i .+ ** w,-d. ., P,. -y, '. ",.,'
1 r ;^ la-':,:c1s ani, at riveid at. Isw th s a -


1343. Brig Atalanta, 253 tons, (f ,-.-.rl the ele Tiep: iv,teer Syren, of B.tirmm c, returning fiom
gant schooner Siro, of B-tiimore) coppered anii a cruise ws chased offN..'. Yoik, and lost on mak-
fobund in the best manner, and laden wishan exceed- i g the DIAltware, Nov. 16, being run ashore by
ingiy rich cargo of wines, brandy, silks, cambricks, the pilot; where she was atiackt d by three barges
and dry goe.ls-firom Bordeaux for Pensacol.t, cap- from a razee at anchor, -wAich were kepi at bay
tured by the U. S. sloop of war W.sp, and sent into fob 'wo hours; but finding no chance of escape, the
Savannah. privateer was set on fire, and her crew (only 20 in
O(f The cargo of the ship J.nes. prize to th numiber with 6 prisoners in charge) reached the
Portsmouth, see No. 1290, as advet tist d Iby the mar- .New-Jersev shore in safety. One of t- e enemy's
shal, consists of 250 packages of British dry goods, bn! g',s is said to have sunk. The Syren has cap-
containing a prodigious variety of valuable aricles ; t.tr-d ,nd manned several valuable vessA-ls.
32 pipes Holland gin, 40 pipes brandy; 32 do. red 13,54. Brig Hiram from Liverpool, last fiom Cork,.
wine; 60 puncheons rum; 25 boxes raisins ; 40 bag.s w 'h a convoy from which she separated in a g' le,
pepper; 12 chests tea; 80 caiks gun-powder; 6 bound fir St'. John's, with a cargo of dry goods,
bags nuts ; 2 cases almonds ; 14!; cases pickle ;- crockery, cordage, &c. captured by the David Por-
'besides packages of' fish sauce, mustard, glass, t'er of ioston, divested of goods to the value of
corks, nails, &c. &c. &::. 2 printing presses, 2 ion's 100,000 :.nd given ip.
of lype, &c &c. The James, as to goods, was a The David Porter has arrived at Boston with her
sort of MVoah's 09rk. We do not believe her invoice rich spoils, after a cruise of onlv fifteen days, during
was over-rated when given at 100,000 sterling.- which she captured the Hiram, re-caplured the ship
This is touching John lBull in a very tender p!:tce. Dorohy Ann (1353)'anil cptured.twov luarble brigs,
1344. The v:;lu.ble brig Europa, eight 18 pound which she ordered into port.
carronisdes, 2 long 9's, and 22 men, with 175 tons 1355. Brig N ncy, from Lfghorn, with an ex-
of sweet oil, &c. sent into a southern port by the ceding rich cargo of silks, oil, sulphur, marbl-, &c.
Patapsco of Baltimore. She was from MA:ia for se-t in o New York, by the famous privateer Scourge
London, before the "Yankee" changed her desti- of that port.
nation. 1356. Ship Lord Hood, from Quebec for London,
1345. Brig Canada, 10 gtn.s, from Bermuda, la- captured bi tihe same and burnt.
den with 300 puncheons of rum, sent into Wilming- 1357. Brig Trident, from ditto for ditto, captured
ton, N. C. by the Lawrence of Baltimore. by ditto and diito.
1346. Schooner Fox, a tender of the 1358. Brig Haddock, from ditto for ditto, captur-
Ra:unilier, brought into Newbern, N. C. by the crew ed hby ditto and ditto.
in distress. She had on board only 8 men. .= .re .1.r 1359. Brig B-field, from ditto for ditto, captured
er part of bar original compliment t had ,.' ..-I.e. '.; ditto and ditto.
1347. Brig William, laden with 194,087 1360. Brig Susan and James, captured by the
lbs of gum, worth from 50 to 60,000 dollars, sent Fox of Portsmouth aad burnt.
into Newhern by the of Baitiinore. 1361. Schooner Retrieve, captured by ditto and
1348. Brig L'Ulicc, 7 men, 90 tons, v:ith a cargo of ditto.
pork, captured by the U. S. S. Wasp, and burnt. 1362. Brig Concord, captured by ditto and made
1349. Brig Bon Accord, 131 tons, 7 men from a cartel of.
Seville for London, with a cargo of Merino wool, 1363. Brig Cossack, laden with wvine, sent into
fruits and wine, captured by the s'nme and sunk. Boti-ti, by the Surprize of Baltimore. This vessel.
1350. Transport, brig Mary, 10 men, 2 guns, 151 iaci been captured bv the Gr,.ni Tturk, of S em,
tons, laden with ordnance and military stores, cap- r --cpture !by t;.e i Blwzvrk, 74, and taken again
toured by the same, being cut out from a: convoy of and sent i-ito port by thl Surprize.
a 74 and a bomb vessel, and burnt in the face of the 1364. S< sooner Pink, captured by the Grand
enemy. Turk of Salem, and stink.
1351. Brig Three Brothers, 7 men, 114 tons, with 1365. 1P i', P .., i... from St.,John's for Liver-
lime, captured by the same and burnt. pool, wi:i lumber, captured by dlitto and ditto.
13S52. Brig Baccmus, 11 men, 2 guns, 169 tons, 1366. B:ig Belgrade from Malta for Falmouth,
I ldn with fish, from Gibraltar, captured, by the captured by the sam, divested of some guns, &c
sa:iIe and destroyed. and p'rniitten to proceed.
1253. Ship Ann !' ..l. with a cargo of hides, 1367. Brig Robert Stewart, with lumber, capture.
talloii-, &c. sent into Boston, by the Saratoga, of ed by the same and burnt.
New York-valuable. This vessel had been c p. 1368. Schooner Commerce, laden with fish, c;ap-
tu'Wrd by the 5 and recaptured by the IMaid- tured by the same and destroyed. The Grand Turk
stone frigate, was re-re-c.pti ured by the D.,vid Pr-- has arrivedd at S them afier a cruize of 103 days, with
ter, an.1 is now sacif.fitcIorily accounted for. lHer 44 oii her original crew (the rest liing on board her
cargo consists of 500 iarquaters ,' .- in raw prizes) and fifty prisoners. Besides heli above, she
i!des] of' t.llow, 17,270 ox hide t. I. s horse captured 7 or 8 other vessels, one with ,n invoice
hides, 2 do. chichille skins, 164 buck skins, and ol 30,000 s'.-r|ng-all which were manned and
cannot afford less CLEr.A profit hian from 100 to o;'dered for the U. S. The G. T. has on board goods
120,000 dollars. A very clever "comfortable" ma tei. to the v-lue of 20,000 dollars.
.-'Tlihe priva:cter S i atog-a has i'etur-iid, afterr a 1369. Schooner Mars, from Halifatn, with a cargo
cruise of 110 days, during which she captured, tile o'- t i.karel, captured by the Surprize of Baltimore,
schr'. M'iry, cargo fi!,. Rrig Swiftsure, 12 321b and sunk.
c.:uaLonades, and 2 long. 9's, and schr. James, 6 12lb. 1370. A transport sloop "alden with naval stores aln various
cata ide, .ld 2 1it). ditto, both lad -n with fish ip.impm.ents o"i war," stnk by the enemy in Champlahi, when
.arur.a i i aug away i-.oni commodore Macdonough; and sintie raised.
*uei'ig- ii compa:y.v, th-iy made battle, but were soon See othicn leitur.
.)n--iied to strike their colors. Ship Ann D. ..ti Scoon-or Bird, from Newfoundland for the West Indice,
'rrivd, sce -o. 153. Ship nte .rpri. ... .. .. j : cargo of fish, captured b3 the Grand Turk and sent ilts
for L).iidon, with a cargo of hides, ivory, &c. scih. I37r. Ship Ocean, 3as tons. of and fjr London, laden with a
M tr,., with fish-all which were manned .nd order, argo or masts viz. 3 asts. 35 bow-sprits for men of'tr-
'o t4 r od lmbter, sad sent into,
cl for tlie Unite I S.tates. The privateer has brought C.-- t., ,. iii. ,t..i.s'alein. The privtteer htdelt'
i.' some indigo, ivory and tfrers. has dsiti kee captured.


,s..n,-r Georgiai from Martinico tforN I' i t. r' il r 1 .. ,,, i- .ysteered 'ir... -.,,.t :. hr ,T, ,n
u..ah 0 I..4lm rmil, hhd,.and afew i arre Is f st ,r ,t r- .. : X NE -. I ',' ,--AL1 I ... I. '.
-_ by t-e Grand Turk. hoartdec ,.. ,, i ..r, -salo Fit t' r, i i.,.. I, r n
1374. Sloop -- captured by the Scorpion, of Salem. (of btirT, -'. ,,'.,. J permitted h-r to proceed. P, .....
2 .>.,,. ,1 _i w.u ., _- -- a!tv thn i-net. 33rc. 3. iat. 31, 06, Y .-".'* W. 'fhle fleet
i '" *. .' .... Il .. it". r.td bilged., ive I :i ., I ,,l lI it t .. a .. .. fi t eomi at, a
I I e. L .. c. i c t...ci tucreld by the laorgl ,.... r'.A t.,. tI,,. L so erO el ,I t i ., ;
Md.t ,i I '.I ,. i l the ric r. A t tow o P M .t h y tha- e tp thr cax p.aid i i
iI r t .a. l ,. r. ., c. i .L. i' ., C a s tin e w it .. .. ... f r ,r ,,'.l ye a o ut I ,.
S .1 1, . ,r i ,. .. .I.. I. orought inut .. .. .-.,* ,, -, 1 i r 'l f 11i Ty prtt it
,l r I t '. s Ia I r I ,,. *. l I .
1379. Brig --- laden with fish, sent into ---- by the i....I .. .'. *.i ** or ourside--tht
letter o.' *..t..- .Tonqu ille, of New-York: I -' I c '' '''. 1' 11 .t ,i,,
1380. 1..... from St. Lucia, criptured by the Saucy Jac ('1.. I,'l ," ,,"". "' t ,, >r d.,e
of Chariestoa, divested and given up. r
1381. Schooluer "I.. .. .i 1 ,y ditto and ditto. I* ,i. ,.. I.- ii d of IHe,s; in
1382. S hooker -.. r.. t',.i- .r, ptcurted by ditto and made a r -* i -" 1 *. I "' tI. i ;
t e a r c'i. .' iI r i, t c 'r, ', i i lt-I .1 ,
1383. 31-t ', .u ittrd ily said t id-tr and burnt. at the brigs, after a contest ofliltcen .e..r r r.i. 1..,,,.-
135 [, i.. i .' I lirovisions, captured by the Saucy Jack, i titime th -schooailnt rrholst l. l rcotts dtd O'ollrtiiltw'd itrtjgon
sllsted id given up to t te prisoila. the school. r .cfaign, wh in Iots-rriug the brig strike, s1u' tu;d, sail
138 Siiip antlia, fiur long guits and eight 12-poamlud cnrtir- ami got ofl with thi other britg who itrttck half an hooir hbire,
maldes, richly tiden with dry I .t.iurc-d n tit. sanit after a Co .e. ived it best to 8slc all the prizes atrutlek, aitd tl ollt:nblher
vis' o" .'ttr-nent of an hour, I- I l. I t th ric helti t i' r t rg o' ur tnee am offiterni-s on boar *'i '*. .i Ii bo.at i ..... w oic
and >I, '.* xacey Jck tad ont kill.tI att tn cwubo ard-tie board the stlhooner so ttucht, we" ..I' I '. ., : ;.. -u:nit L'Med
Amn ... il *1 atd five wound td. ot;t the fto r priy. s and dtsp-e.lt .' I ..... L',...* t ititates.
1358. Sde.icrttoir Was' 1, lden with provisions, captured by Ike Like the gallant Perr.y, wee may siay, "i -/e Ae wet the enemy aml
sam auti sent i Lo St. Miry'. thly are ours.'" Ji this Iuticqual cotuttx every llan acted as Aike-
138-- ichoolner Ja't,e, troin Janonica for St. John's, ladrin with ricans sltnuh do.
.... *,t n, *... ,..*-br i.r. '...ii. the Saucy Jack; wh t r The 1tol owilng is a list of the vessels e ,e--"'1.
:L.. '* i .. i .,ic t ll .r.i .1 I. goods, taken lrol thie Men.
A..-1; ... t,, I, .I.... Shii Rosti, l 16 35
S I ....* i...... .. .ra battle the Saney Jack had with Ship P'itiecss, .... 2 14
itwoe e. I =r. itrt'.stcing:- Bllrg Portse, ..... 8 25
ccc ..i t ll.c.' .ir.l f1. Sttcyj Jck:--October3 at six S. 13, 2 12
P. : q. 1 .' t t i soutth ind Nrvaia, souuth-.ast by Only Son, 13 28
soithl, fiitait ,.. ....- ... ten P. M. hove, too in conmplai y Schlool r t .. ..*.. 'i I, t. I P 1rty, 6 20
virth tic, Paeket, ur ti'ttiLr. At oick A. M. saw two shiis one oc .l' .. t 1' i' .-. .at.l t t*. 12 lbr s.
standing to tihe t, -. l. t has", and tit two b itng with -
gulln shot, iir:d Ir i .. romh our long guris, on which, 46 13-t
aICe of tlh, ships returned't the fire antd oahi itimediatrly shlortt ntd Tih two I, r ,.r. r i t. *, .1 their colors and ilmade off.
pail. At six A. MI. irLiogi within i hall'fgi shot ofi the.on fotlld tlltt Dec. 4th, ir.... i. .. i *i ,, dl0 the prizts dispatch,,ed ri '
onne motnttedsixten tindthe otthir 'ig teen, b t tid llnot appear to til Unitd i r i ,11 id. ... ; in all
be well manaliied. At s, veil hoist'i thi, colors and bigain tl the ,n cn ntiuret to sv.nty-cole, .',,., 1 houar' the ,, M:tie
Fn .'. .I i rl. r t, .. .1 .1 i; -- ,. ., .T ,T t st of' oeulr w;ity to the port oi' ldestiniation; ,1 "'t thie
.i. .. .,. t ic I ., ,, i i ., i i It. i ci d; sit r igilt made the land oa' Ctape Romailoine--.o c'..'s the
I i. ,..'. i... .. .- i... .. ., ,i i ,ed off. when c'rui. ', lasting smta days.i. Our l\ss is one killed (Johli Irwin) aind
SlI. E ., ., ,* i 1 1 t before ei.glt fbIur" wou n iu1, al l o tie recovery du g well,
' ,,, .......... r, .. ,...., I .cotgrap,-a d .unsqti- N.B. 'Thu prizes are large and valuable, loaded with coffee
, ., .. .. .. it. c. c ,, .. t out of rach of the chi, fly.
e ... ,' ... T i to t l 0.,.I 0 -> l1; l],d eight i en 1t.9t. Ship R'osielin, .... ......n, an I'-. t -r-:ssel of "6t
Scll' *1 ,i it i, .'.t -., ....1 c.ilt. ..", I. ull, aid th r tons hurt ln and copper. I, l, I ..i and cC ffee,
$pars and riegi g w.-re very iluech cut up. e' t ;ptur. d by the Kemp, of I' dltiore, ...* ., .i Charlteton.
Kingston. Jamica, aosvember 2.--Y, st'rday cmory.ing, the Vol- 'Th ilTosanwilo i,.t i .. .,, i ., .,. she was
ii I... i.; ... i.. I T e, aiind transport ship Goldet Fleece i i i .i 11. r I i roil to 2
., '. ...... on board '5 troops, appear.d-i in t)le ... 1 ..i Sh was afltrwards set ire to by n British brig.
.. r i.-ill. ... wildsiwre notir atfiledto reach Port 13r' P.. P .,i' 8 g aslll 26 itent, Ilcaily laden with scugur
j> i tr t i.. [is paper was put to prtiss. and t i a d skt it into C.ll'lr f" rl- iue.
Sc 1 t, ,..-,. ., about twelve, o'elclik, off the Navassa, the 1396, Ship l' Printes, 2 gns, 1 I .. ,I., i r ost' sigrc
Voleano p -etr'ived ai schooner standing towards tre, which fired a,cd ,.lle.,' s int irto -- by the samo.
several hiot whelln ithy wrer rotiurni. TI'ite Volcuino shortcn.d 1397. .chiooK-r -- ltade.i with 5.00 bhishels of salt, sent into
sail, irt ordc r that the setooner might aippracelh her'. At ariott Otraf-'ck, bfy ithe ., .' Wasp.
eight o'clock the (ollowving mortniii', hie wss ascert.ici.cd to bi. a 1398. Schoonr i i from I:difax fti r I. ,
large 'lack vss, 1 w;th white streaks, white ri alongside arid a valuable carto, of dry g.ods, W est India *, 1 .I.. > t..'
., I to board, but i' 1;. -. Volcano was ni t a ( K Trchant- hy thii Surprcir e ot i hi t lore, dive:stEd nild lIiti-;t.
i r. elea.iiavotrd to. i which litme several vollias i' 13(0, 1:0C. Twit stratll v e'iS.sl captured by itlLio and ditto-olne
nltcqu.try and great gits w- r disechargedt at Sher. tt swept her burnt, the othicr givt'i upi to the prisoners.
deck and Iiilled noas't of those who nd.iiivor, d to boitd, wh.nli the 1401t. Schoort r OMary, Ilom- HUaliaix 'for the Weet Indies, (cargo
reninitd r w, re pere -ived to run elow. ihe Voileio thi li chi.s d inot itnctiontci) tc:iptured by the salmie and hi!rnt,
iher fou th ". iles, but 1i reiving no probability oifctmingi upi with t14i2. Brig CulirtI'tIy, 00 totls, ladenl with 3 tcocs cordage, 200
her, r' linquishled the iputrsoit. Dutrintr the 'out it, a very ntel priti packi .ut s atd batc s of u a i i : ,,;. .. > a,. -
alill ty, li'titelnant i. P. Ftutzen, and two a q aIt rity of iron, sent ...... i .. ,. t i ,. ,. t, t ci
S.- i .. .1. ..i. .. 1. The privateer had ink It. I. The invoices of this vessel are said to artuouit to 300yQoa
... att pt to afford l' er dollars.
any ;issiosttainet; she nitoit six carriage g'uns oni a pivot and was 1403. Schooner Polly, froiaitl Halifix for IMartiniqult, laden with
full atf niel ,ish, c. sie t into iBoston. by the Dlish ofsi' li.irti'tcli.
i. i., L'tui'a, lado tn wi'ti salt and a f.w boxes of tin, cap- ltiol, Schoon-r Swiit.laItii vx *i. i. i,,... ,,. ;1 .; i..'s
,*,,. 1. I".. lMacedonian of Portsmouotlh, divcbted of the tin anid lfo GfrnaJa, capturcid hy Lhi i- I ... ,. -it
bJrlit, into --. Thlie Expedition had taken three other prizes which \ie
S~^ F.; E. .1 ,.,. ; .,, *.. i,.' i.r Livrpool with 95 tonlls hope to notice ac little while h.lnce,.
ofrt,.i. ,1 ,,.....,.r, ., ,ieId by the sale and bnurt. l 10.5. Shlip Aimiiabhl, tr'en Havanna, wider Spaillshi colors, sent
1. -'." 1 ', I i ,.I r.,.s, two guns, 10 ien, ill it, o WVilmingtoni, N. C. by tt Roger of Norolk'.- ,igar.
ballast, *' ..i, captueid iy the same alinl sunk. 14 r. Schoonet -- -, wtih a vali i'Lle cairi. i glais
.391. -, '. Mari r, laden with ilsh. captured by the same hardware, liad, &ce. &c. sent into 13 tufurt. by till Heco of
and made a ca.rtl of. N..wbetrio.
(0"he Macctldo.ian also manned two vess' is-she was at t.- -- lad'n with provisions antd stoirs fbi the allicr
only twenty days hinving caorTi.d iwav hi.r bowsprit a gilt. "t,- ,, t ". t'ti'jtig Mobiie in a rin;ke for Pcrnsacolta ay
has has arrived at Prtsnoumth with tw.enty-two piiric,nrs. r and tlhrte captured by oubr troops. Li:tcky!
139z, Scholoier -, with a crgo gof codJoill. slit into Charles- 8. SelhooITr Ma'ry, "L'tiin St. Johi's tfr Castine, with a rich
tn0 by tI" ,IlReoitli.l of Baltimtoir'. eni Cg of dry goods, caplunvd by thel C ,:t of Salem, divested of
139 Brig S. B. Two gulns. iw w-ve uumen, from Haviana ifor Lon- 1 '}) coa's of dry goditis. ilarorixed Icl arivied in ,rr. The pti.
do"n. tidre with suglrt and coTCCe, s nt ilito by the K nip, vran. r c.is safely arrived wiit liver ricli sani at 'l'hoi siai stown). his
of RitNitIore. prizI was uind,'r ctoivoy of iin raisedd s2couA, r. with w lhom tl c
t" lihe Kemp sailed from 1Wilmcington on the -th of'Nol .' i r 'I'r St, .rt tind ;nii; 'ht, butc n., n' tli: Cwil.rliintl
bp', wa: returned to thit sa0tan port on tihe 6th of .i. i .., .lini g tip ... 1 *ii i, '. i .British vessel,
hi' ,"rh, I'',, f h h t7 ,,,,, I ,fe\ L .r e' the
SI I ,. r i t.!i ltiit, ad w s bheiteti oi within the loss r t one. l;i rI ,,1
-i' ...'' I '* "* '1 .' -." I i i 1 *i; ..u i.i 1 i I 1 woundctl-- nt the convoved schooiter 0i i [ .
paie sail, iout evniry ,salh vitiig illn ichse_. M'ei, i'i-i came up with i wards takeii alid orrvcd t.s at ov- stotrd ity .,
discover ,,.,, L t. 32.32 N
S, .. ', \' D,' lher t, i. i :his to uts .id ( tAn officer of the Eclyinioni has started, that i,. i,.i, ,r
Rrove usont of'thi 'fl-et-i m slhci i,..l. i e 1n ih hai killed ari d siceo died of tiitir wouud:il ... qI i .,t l
run heir out of sight, during the 1 ct .1 j h. ,t I. ., dli Neti-hatel aLteerl was .it"f-;C'.


,il ht.: drafts- or "Conscription."
The lost of "FTcr-T, i,!fteence" being laid in the sea that washes the shores of the little island of
.a--ftcti fe-i, at a loss fsr some 7oioy -word, happily grasped "conscription," and wielded it with no
tih ie efficton the minds of the people. It is astonishing how complete may be a decision when a large
bedy of men r te an! d cc t lcgetier to mislead the I'- T .*.'-. .'1 I dare sav, there are. tens of thousands
of ver; l:)net men ic .h recly believe tlat the pins ior raising a milltarv force ateyiv before congress,
od the-ir %.'.qin wt'h .' erj,'azn BSo sfiarte, and never were embodied on paper but hy him, except in the
p;,.i: ct t' tlie screar of war, or in 40e bill recently reported to the senate by Mr. Giles.
' To undecei-e honest men, and g ive cur readers, in general, a document of high interest, we dcvote.
a great' part ,ith:s number 1o theinsertiun of WAsTlsiKroN's plan flo' organizing an army ill 1790. That
it w.s fis plan, is undeniiie from the assertion of gen. .Knox--that "it was modged according to thde al-
',!',n.' y, Wasula Z's vere f-a-used to insert."
We hartii y recoilmend it to the perusi: of every one. Let Mr. .fimroe's project (page 137) andt Mr.
Sbill (npag. -1'i) be also c .. rf 1., read-and let the reader lay his hand on his heart and say wvhiohl
looks the nioie like a "conscriptivn."
Ti assist. 11 criect'io,, however, and present the leading features of the three plans, we have put them.
-in ief contr-.sl, ,r' roady refrencr,c as occasion requires:

XwasivTd s's ( 5LA1x. T.ONUiLd.-S P'LASt.
I. Liable to service AllpeCrsons 1. Liable to service. AU persons 1. Jiable
between the ages of eighteen and between the ages of eighteen and, the sa
si.t', except shese excepted by jbrty five, except as excepted in plan.
the t.-svci state:, Sc. and all 'Washington's plan.
ticntwl m ariners-[i",.; are divi-
ded into cla ses, for marine ser-
vices, &e.]
0. Classes. Youths of 18, 19 and 20 2. Class. All persons from 18 to 2. Class.
ears old f'or the first class- 45 years old, in a general class roe's.
iit n from 21 to 45, the second for service. -
class; those from 45 to 60 the
third class.
Requis.itions /jfr men. All per- 3. Requisitions for men,. The whole 3. RequiiS
s,.s, :xcelpi as before exsepted, body of the militia from 18 to ration
between the ages of 18 and 60 45 years are divided into classes semial'r
years, to be formed into legions, or companies, of 100 men, who roe's-i
:'. ".",' companies and sec- shall "futrniish men for the war, "shall s
.. 1. persoini each. WVieti and replace them in case of ca- te mn of
nen i're wanted to'"raosB7 Ai Alt. suialty." If any class,or company dischar
Ns'l," they shall be furnished by fails to provide the men rcqu:r- person
the classes from 18 to 45 years ed (which it may do by szib.1ti- militia
oh"; the executive of the United tutes out o! any class) a draf; ducted
States, or the commander in shall be made; but the persons vice re
chief of the militia of each so drafted rmily also furnish that in
state, shall- assess the lnui- substit'ates; and the rest of the to serve
bears required ; and from x.'A(;t class shall compensate the per- stitutes
section, ii' the demand be so son drafted by money equal to The mi
g-iat, "one person shall be. de. tile bonoay money paid by the be comn
tached by indiscri.fninate druft," United Siates, according to their United
and the others of the section respective fe-oper-y. The mien limits
shlil co ipensate him in money, thus drafted to be as regulars. .;.
ftc. Thi' nien thuils draficd to ..
be as regulars fir thiee years, territo
aid not to serve longer than that Kentul
p)ero0'l at one time; but the be req
draft may be repeated as often defenc
re-occasion requires. TL.epow- house
o.r to obtain stbstivutes regulat- the bill
ed ard con feied, lo certain cases, term o
rf./' af'-ce citi-nu deni- oene yea
while rninors, had not served in
the militia, -c.
7 a'ccpeiect:':. Persons above the 4'. E.raipt/ios. All persons above 4. Ex,-eml
ages of 45 years and to 60, the age of 45 years. lovrcr
sTulst, in cases o cctunl', inva-
son or rebqio ln, firni.h t'hir
a, i ot'l' me, i lie mania er as i
Se-c other ciasse. s.

Biys' rLAS.
to servicc. All persons
me as in Mr. .ualimoc's.

The same as Mr. .Mln-

itions fir mcci. The ope-
of the classification es-
/ the same as Mr. hhizn-
biit the persons drafted
serve in the di1tict for ith
two -","", inl~.a sooner
ged. ,. h..i i *'* tim e a.
inay have served in the
theretofore, shall be "e-
fromn the period of ser-
*quired by this plan--so
one can be compelled.
-e a second time. Subn
are allowdc(l in all cases.
litia, so drafted, shall nrnt
!pell-;d to serve out of the
States, nor beyond 1lie
of tha state or territory
, thie same, and the li-
t n,.- adjoining state or
ry, except that lose of
ekv and Tennessee may
luired to serve in the
e of Louisiana. j-'In the
of representatives, where
twas chiefly opposed, the
f service was litted to

pti ns.

The same as Mr'i.,

According to Iy, .;-' ; .. ." 0; of theI n'.e pl:.ns, the above is a fhai abI.tract of thi r cot ,.ts. on t h
.iiir miateiriial p:in's. i ', : -n.thit V : -' -'s s 'a f ore rigid and severe thain M r. Ale -oe's,
:i. tilltt ofP ';Zronec l essentiy hard"a-' th:n Mr. Gie,v'; wi"c.h, in fact and lInest tr1;tl, ltas nothing
oiroc in it tif'ian _.'teo.' oft/' semice "/e i 1-ia from six rsitla.tls to. two years; and no man can
Z:: l a a t tiig ,1o0ie o I, t.
A. ery considerable part of tWiAirXC-TO's plan is' m"re matter of dceaii, '". little applrca1ion to.
t.'---" ---... ..'.: obect o tisertin it nos'; but '-e prefe, to give it enl il !st it ggii o. mig e


vorik itself into a belief that in the sections left out were contained some thing's essential to ibhe n-rits of
the whole, ... .-'.. i, ad, when any thing is omitted by government in putblisi ig tsconmgu
locations ..,, \ ', .... *.- abroad, even th., i .. .- not yet have been cbsed.
Whether Jonapmae took his ideas of a "conscription" rom. the project Iid 'bneore congress by gen.
f!~ tiigt,,niandi extended the plan; or whether he drew it from tle pr.lctices of thie SRom:in repiic,
and other ancient governimnts, is a matter of little importance. It is suficienit to shew that irl. .7,f'o",i"
(and much less Mr. Giles) did not take Ayoleom's. On tile merits or demerits of either of t(ii.oe i]a';,
I have nothing to say-1 would only shew how foolishly, or vwickedly, it has been called a "F'aN.;. c:M:-

ashin-ton's Plan Hence we look around Eirope in vain f:-or u exti-
O0 i Titi GiEN tFIAL A NiEtiiA s iT O' THE Iu LITIA OIF E "i I- ,,,; ,.. ,.. O F, .i T the :
I USIIr SIT'rLT.S, PrraUsnUIi BY ORiiiER OF l"lyl OU -ri.LJT. i,, 1 t x- .
OF .RL'aESNTAT-VES. where, and thepeophi- generally mad ,;-:1
SarJ Oarce, January 18, 1790. te elevatio i ,,. ie of lthe few: .I ,
Stan-Havinj, sunmitted to your consideration a nation appeal oc bbsi "l ml, o i condi
p.eu fir the rrangenent of Bhe militia of the Uni irtd in some external war--grappig wt il in at-d cod-c
Sta', which I had presented to to e late congress, ,lot<,,_or enmeavorn:g to extricate, itself irot,-m
aid you ,,. approved the -general i p... ., .- debts, which threatento overwel nit wi,
.of,; w ith cert., exceptio' now :b 1. ,, t l'lPines and_ linislcr; sen niitler i hax
ly the same ybefso you, inodijjled ordein t. toM e sure. nor inclination to bring fofireI, d instit o
i g/o,_,mtis shou'eid p!e/a I has ie b i- y aeixiou,s desurit to devised a n .. B tluyo seiem io un.irsteadiii .il lhe Mt.
system of defec, adequate to the le pro e cx t- cei,,w ln maxim of pAlitiie-d: vide a.ii g-,ornr.
CiCs o lie" h United Sltte, wohther aris ing rom in- Mci o, the Uniled St ates CoieJ t;el ors ,,rl cries.
teradl or otornal causes ; ,nd at the satlie tpie, to if o t ,, Ciimll
erect a syandird of republican .... cl I ce 1- e '.u.i
pm eint oe,; ia supe orl to, iti .... i i ..- .. .
0o' we-alil. doi, e .'reat principni -ei.' -1 -
Thi convulsive event, goierated by the inor di- p,;irl witt p n nai, io mp iii" 'l i
nate ptiur t ies of ritch, s or .mbt on, requoiu tht I0 Je A bc, ri a i ve xi t w' ',
gVi.r iltnelt stshould fpo ssess a stlolil Ciorrect ive ar.i il m "*. -
Tile idea is, thelCoirej,et subiIae'l, whether ell I e *o ,i se r s. I -
Cei ito di ary be sal-einvtid c,2n, s heey po-u I ',.tpca 2 to receivee lhe isp
wit saf yuo ,t 'p pii preps of i f oibert, 111nlesS *presioirs of T ent i e. oi }.u-,
thi same shall le termed of the people themselves, ae.li, asicrtalid I. the w' {. l wot i Fcre53c
and siipported by their ha ints and Liesanirs. ne,' be e e .'sr mi 5e b'T th i ma1 y
I have the honor to be sir, with the most perfect pu pose I i' .h" tee t ler.
respect, your obedient servant, uTie caoies by ri,' ,, ,,bcenuis.h a
St mO retr t s ", decline-, through the variros ages of' the wo '-d,
S Secretary forthe dqpartlent o! war. m:,y be c lmnly and accimt.lv ',dc'rmislll ; aid clth. d
t7"eres.ident of the united cStrates. United y bat e sphacd e fi.xl,"
T I m")UC,'' O,V nate condition of' toai" tieir cI :'cc1 of cnl-
That a well constituted re public is more fxt'orabie phie, within Ih aciuit lt>d $ of' all the
ti the liberties of society, and tiat is principles known soci lies and govern enlts o. i' ; .1 .
g'i-e a higher elevation to the human Tinid than any i, ... of the over icnt,',, n1hthe
C(oer ti:m of government, ias generally Ieen ac- of any oi vast 'and lica i. m v.ill d'-t
knowledg-cd by tihe ioprjivd.iccd and enlighieneid pest ol a due .. of i s several parts. IPs
prrl of mankind. e,,;. --;i, coimercc-its laws-i s fiamic-
tlt it is at the sane time tn ackowledged, that unL- i i C-:a M, Aad. iis Te 1 eens nd iham! LfI,
1tss a republic prepares itself hy p'oper a,'range- all require c:)I.ieiatio, aIl tol h,'1est exerci Ci
* inents to ineet those exigencies to which 4!l sate; -of political wisdom.
n"e, ill a degree, lFable; Biat its peace ld existelnce It is the inlenitioi of the ire'ent attempt to sup-
are more precariols than the fbinis of gioverlnceit o;'cst tile mot efii el:t s-scet of deftence whiich may
Swi ichs the wil of o one directs the condiuc of tile be conmlaiible with tie itrets oi a feve op: ti,
while bor tie delnce of tIe nai oin. system whxleh shall not onli proI the I' p(1 Cn epted
A gsvernlmelt wliose measures must be thie result e icb, but which, in its op-'rations :l':!l alko prc-
o0 inultiplied 1:1., I. .. is seldomn in a siiii;l.tin duce thiaose lihabits and miners Vwhei wi1 .1'i.rt
to produce instanltly those exertions which thie occa- stra nti h and durability to Ile whole I'-iinincl t.
sioi may demaiid ; tierefore it oigiht to possess The mfoderin pP'actic.e ofl ,':rope, within fect Lto
su-'l einerge'ic est1:ixishmenisi.s I shod entbte i, by the e:r.pi'..ment of sx!in n armies, .:;s created
tilhe vigor of its n ci tizens, l0Cto contoul events as such W mass of opinioii iN thie '. ir, tli it even pi-p-
they -;ris, instead of beiii convulsed or subverted lfsophlcs, and ile adsvocies of liberty, lhave f'c-
by ilthem. quenlly cln!s:-ed. their use 11d 5 necessity, in cei't:..
it is thie misfortune of xo.ler,,, ages, th1 r. ;,. -
meIs have b eni formed by enomee and ,, .. i n wnloesvr .'iOus- a cldidly Cestimlates 1-
sted of ste of e--that without fixed principlles, they pawver iof' diciplhle, and the "ten;cncyV of milit,.; V
are braced, or relaxed, from time to time, according lUbits, will h colnslralind t1 o co Ks'a, tamt wl'amcvX'ta
to tile i. :! '. .. .r of thix rulers, or the may be the efiieacey of a st.ondhig army in w'ar, it
ruled: q p' separate int erests from icnlot, iI psee, be considered as fri ndi" to the
dthe peo-ple, excepting in stone of the higiiloned mo- rights of human aitxit'e. The recent. ii.i'Lance in
narclics, inl which all opi;-a,,i.on to AhT will Hf'the o 'fic e, c'lmot, with pfopricidet, be hro'l to overturn
priiinces sc''IS ainnihiated; tie gmencra!l !incipe, built upon tbe ;;piifii'm expe-


rience of mankind. It may be found, on examining length it acquires a force which controls with irrc,
the causes that appearl.. 1, tu:nc ', .ltrl'e milil-.r si-table sway. The effects of salutary or pernicious
of France, that while th. c-ri p,':.. .: 'e'e habits, operating on a whole national, are ininense,
wound up in the nation to the highest pitch, that and decide its. rank and character in the world.
lihe discipline of the army was proportionably re- Hence the science of legislation teaches to scrt-
laxcd. But any argument on this head may be con- tinize every national institution, as it may introduce
sided as unnecessary to the enlightened citizens proper or improper habits to adopt with religious.
of the U. States. zeal the former, and reject with horror the latter.
A small. corps of well disciplined and well in- A republic constructed on the principles heretin
formed, artillerists and engineers, and a legion for stated, would be uninjured by events, : Ii tci-,i. to
ihe protection of the frontiers, and the magazines overturn a government supported solely by the un-
:..l *'-.:.-r.,l-, are all the military establishment certain power of a standing army.
n1,. i .y 'i.: required for the present use of the The well informed members, of the community,
Un,. Z ,.. The privates of the corps to be en- actuated by the highest motives of self-love, would
listed for a certain period, and after the expiration form the real defence of the country. IRebellions
of which to return to the mass of -i.- .i;tiz,... would be prevented or suppressed with ease. Inva-
An energetic national militia is to be regarded as sions of such a government would bh undertaken only
the cAt'irTA.sicuireiTy of a free republic; and not a by madmen; and the virtues and knowledge of the
atu tli,, army, forming adistinc, class in the c..n'-,' ..pl wouldd _t _.:til -t...pio-i the introduction of
I i lr,'. t. I iline .
It is the introduction and diffusion of vice and cor- But the second principle-a militia of substitutes,.
eruption of manners into the mass of the people, is pregnant, in a degree; with the mischiefs of a
that renders a standing army necessary. It is when standing army; as it is highly probable the sulibsti,
pulhlic -pirit i- despised, and avarice, indolence and tutes from time to time, will be nearly the same
al1. i... : .,l manners predominate, and prevent the men, and the most idle and worthless part of the,
-.t-bl,- iment of institutions which would elevate community. Wealthy families, proud of distinc-
!i ....... i .t Ilic youth .11 the paths of virtue and tions which riches may confer, will prevent their
homn'", that a standing army is formed and riveted sons from serving in the militia of substitutes, the
forever, plan will degenerate into habitual contempt; a stand-
While the humanM character remained unchanged ing army will be introduced, and the liberties oC
and societies and governments of considerable ex- the people subjected to. all the contingencies of
teot are formed; a principle ever ready to execute events.
the laws and defend the state, must constantly exist. The expense attending an energetic establishment
Without this vital principle, the government would of militia, may be strongly urged as an objection to
be invaded or overturned, and trampled upon by the the institution. But it is to be remembered, that
bold and ambitious. No commun-itiy can be long held this objection is levelled at bolth svstemi. whether.
together, unless its '1 gn.-,i .AIC r dt t.i'.. to ;.t, r. rotation or by substitutes. I .."- t I, numbers
1 ...... ul>: ..;. .-n.,. are equal, the expense will also be equal. The esti-
it ,t dl.Iulbt bU Jo,.'k.-1 to reject a standing army mate of the expense will show its unimpgrtance,
for the military branch of the government of the when compared with the magnitude and beneficial
United States, as possessing too fierce an aspect, and effects of the institui ion.
being hostile to the principles of liberty, it will fbl- But the people of the li.h.d :i' es % ill cheerfully
low that a well-constituted militia ought to be c. rh- .:.'aent to the expenses .. rr... ec .Iculated to
listed. serve as a perpetual barrier to their liberties ; es-
A consideration of the subject will show the im- pecially as they well know that the disbursements
practicability of disciplining at once the mass of the will be made among the members of the same com-
people, All l:cuat ;i..- on the subject of a power. munity, and therefore cannot be injurious.
ful militia, v ill .*e ,I 11. one or other of the follow- Every intelligent mind would rejoice in the estab-
ingprinciples. lishment of an institution, tinder' whose auspices
First. Either efficient institutions must be estab- the youth and vigor of th constitution would be
listed for the military education of the youth ; and renewed with each successive g ,,:I i. l t'.. .t1 which
that the knowledge acquired therein shall be diffused would appear to secure the great principles of free-
hir-i.. ;i..tt th. community, by the mean of rotation. dotm and happiness against the injuries of time and
Or, events.
Secondly. That the militia must be formed of The following plan is formed on these general prin-
substitutes, after the manner of the militia of Great ciples :
Britain. First. That it is the indispensible duty of every
if the United States possess the vigor of mind to national to establish all necessary institutions for its
establish the first institution, it may reasonably be own perfection and defence.
expected to produce the most unequivocal advan- *..c. .1h. That it'is a capital security to a free
tages. .\ gi,' ,le n ,,i....1 q.;-.r ill be introduced, .i..- f-., li.: Igreat body of the people to possess a
with it- ,t..:ii.,..e trti .-t .',;,.: l consequences. competent knowledge of the military art.
The youth will imbibe a love of their country, re Thirdly. That this knowledge cannot be attained
verence and obedience to its laws; courage andcle- in the present state of society but by establishing
ovation of mind; openness and liberality of charac- adequate institutions for the ii ,.it education of
ter ; accompanied by a just spirit of honor; in ad- youth, and that the knowledge acquired therein
edition to which, their bodies will acquire a robust- should be diffused throughout the community by
Bess, greatly conducive to their personal happiness, the principles of rotation.
as well as the defence of their country'; while habit. Fourthlv. That every man of tile proper age and
with its silent but efficacious operations, will durable ability of body, is firmly bound by the social conm-
cement the system, pact, to perform, personally, his proportioei of mill-
Habit, that powerful and universal law, incessant- tary duty for the defence of the state.
ly acting on the human race, well deserves the atten- I'ifthly. That all men of the legal military age,
fion of legislators-formed at first in individuals, by should be armed, enrolled, and held responsible ir
separate and almost *,ii."-cc;.,l- i-,,..t,',. until it different degrees of miiitry service.


And sixthly. That agreeably to the constitution, which, ill peace and war, shall pervade the militia
tihe United States are to provide for organizing, arm- of the United States.
-ing ,in.i drdpl;.Li ; the militia; and for governing AU requisitions for men to roin Ax ANatrs, either
sutchpart of them as may be employed in the service for state or federal purposes, sl .ii b- fL] ,.id :.1 by
qf the United States; reserving to the states respec- the advanced and main corps, by U.,.,.a, ....' : ..
tively the appointment of the officers, and the au- The executive government, or commander in chief
thority of training the militia according to the disci- of the militia of each state, will assess the numbers
pline prescribed by congress. required on the respective legions of these corps.
Tar l PLAI.-The period of life in which military The legionary general will direct the proportions
service shall be required of the citizens of the United to he furnished by each part of his command. Should
States, to commence at eighteen, ar:d terminate at the '.I- Jrrr mr.. Ie so great as to require one man from
age of sixty years. eachi recon, then the operations hereby directed
The men comprehended by this description, exclu- shall :i.:- pr ft' .rnd by single sections. But if a less
give of such exceptions as the legislatures of the number should be required, they will be furnished
respective states may think proper to make, and all by an association of sections, or companies, accord-
actual mariners, shall be enrolled for different de- ing to the demand. In any case, it is probable that
agrees of military duty, and divided into three dis- mutual convenience may dictate an agreement with
tinct criass3s. an individual, to perform the service required. If,
The first class shall comprehend the youth of 18, however, no agreement can be made, one must be de-
19 rod 20 years of age, to be denominated the ad. Lached by an indiscriminate draught; and the others
-vance corps. shall pay him a sum of money, equal to the averaged
The second class shall include the men from 21 to sum which shall be paid in the same legion for the
45 years of age-to be denominated the main corps voluntary performance of the service required.
The third class sha.l comprehend, inclusively, the In case any sections, or companies of a legion, af.
men from 46 to 60 years of age-to be denominated ter having furnished its own quota, should have more
the reserve corps. men willing to engage for the service required, other
All the militia of the United States shall assume companies of the same legion shall have permission
the form of the legion which shail be the permanent to engage th m. The same rule to extend to the
establishment thereof. .1;fr:u, legions in the state.
A legion shall consist of one hundred and fifty- The legionary general must be responsible to the
three commissioned officers, and two thousand eight commander in chief of the militia of the state that
hundred and eighty non-commissioned officers and the men furnished are according to the description,
privates, formed in the following manner, and that they are equipped in the manner and march-
First.--Leionary staff ed to the rendezvous, conformably to the orders for
One leg'ionary, or major-general. tt purpose.
Two aids-de-camp, of the rank of major ; one of The men who may be drafted, shall not serve more
vlihom to be the legionary quarter-master. than three years atone time.
One inspector and deputy adjutant general, of the The reserved corps being destined for the domes-
rank of lieutenant-colonel. tic defence of tie state shall not be obliged to fur.
One chaplain. nish men, e-xcepting in cases of actual invasion, or
Srebellion-and then the men required shall be fur-
Second.-The brigade staff nished by means of the sections.
One brigadier-general. The actual commissioned officers of the respec-
One brigade-inspector, to serve as an aid-de-camp. tive corps, shall not be included in the sections nor
Third-The regimental stajf. in any of the operations thereof.
One lieut. col. commandant. The respective states shall be divided into portions.
Two majors. or districts; each of which to contain, as nearly as
One adjutant. may be, some complete part of a legion.
One paymaster, or agent. Every citizen of the United States, who shall serve
One quartermaster. his country in the field, for the space of one year,
SFourth--Tw1o brigades of infantry. .-ii2'r it si officer or soldier, shall, if under the age
Each brigade of '2 regiments; each regiment of .. r' ,;:.j one years, be e:..-.].ic.1 f,\'ot :..vice
companies, forming 2 battalions; each company of a required in the advanced cu., pf II e -1.i e .iebove
captain, lieutenant, ensign, 6 sergeants, 1 drum, 1 the age of twenty-one years, then every year he shlll
fife, and 64 rank and file. so serve in the field, shall be estimated as equsl to
Fifth-T-wo companies of riryemen, six years service in thie main or reserved corps, and
Each company to have a captain, lieutenant, en- shAll .7T..i.1 L,;, exempt him from every service
sign, 6 sergeants, a buglehorn, 1 drain, and 64. rank therel.. l.r i, : -... I term of six years, except in cases
and file. of actual invasion of, or .:'. ..n within, the state iii
Sixth-M battalion of artillery. which lie resides. And it shall also be a permanent
Consisting of fouit companies, each to have a cap- establishment, that six years actual service in tihe
tain, captain-lieutenant, 1 lieutenant, 6 sergeants, field slhiill entirely free every citizen fiom any fur-
12 artificers, and 53 rank and file. other demands of service, either in tlie nir,. I in
Seventh--1 squadron of cavalry, the field, unless in cases of invasion or rebellion.
Consisting of two troops; each troop to have a .All actual marine's, or seamen, in the respective,
captain, 2 lieutenants, a cornet, 6 sergeants, I far- states, shall be registered in districts, and divided
rier, 1 sadler, I trumpeter, and 64 dragoons. into two classes. Thle first class to consist of all
In case the whole number of the advanced corps the seamen, from the age of sixteen to thirty years,
-in any state should be insufficient to form a legion of inclusively. The second class to consist of all those
this extent yet the competent parts must be preserv- of the age of thirty-one to, forty-five inclusively.
ed, and the reduction proportioned, as nearly as The first class shall be :.: "1.. *iL le to serve three
may be, to each part. years on board of some public armed vessel, or ship
TIhe companies of all the corps shall be divided of war, as a commissioned officer, warrant officer, or
into SECTIOxs of twelve each. It is proposed by this private mariner, for which service they shal'treceive
division to establish one tmiiform vital principle, k he customary wages and emoluments.


But should the state not demand the said three the expense of their own horses, and uniform helI
years service during the above period, fi-om the o.gelm I-ts, an- horse furniture; but they shall receive fo"
of sixteen to thirty years then the party to be e:- rage finr their horses, swords, pistols, and clothing
empted entirely therefiom, equal in value to the infantry.
The person so serving shall receive a certificate At the age of twenty-one years, every individual
of' his service, on parchment, according to the form having served in the manner and for the time pre-
which shall be directed, which shall exempt him scribed, shall receive an honorary certificate thereof,
fi-om any other than voluntary service, unless in such on parchment, and signed by the legionary general
exigencies as may require the services of all the and inspector.
members of the community. The names of all persons to whom such certificates
The second cl I.- '. .11 be responsible for a pro- shall be given, shall be fiirlv registered in books to
portion of service, in those cases to which the first beprovided for that purpose.
class shall be unequal. The numbers required shall And the said ceir ificale, or an attested copy of the
be firnfilshed by sections in the same manner as is register aforesaid, shall be required as an indispen-
.. -' .'"- for the sections of the militia, sibl- qualification for exercising any of the rights of
OF THE ADVANCED CORPS'. it free citizen, until after the age of years.
The advanced corps r." tai'i~-:d not only as a The advanced legions, in all cases cf invasion or
school ni which the youth ,i t1 H. U.,ited States are rebellion, shall on requisition of !awful authority,
to be instructed in the art of war, but they are, ia all be obliged to wmach to any place within the United
,cases of exigence, to serve as an actual defence to States, to remain embodied for such time as shall be
the community. directed, not to exceed one year, to be computed
The whole of the armed corps shall be clothed fi'om thle time of marching' 'rotm the regimental pa-
i. .:.-" ii iw to the manner hereafter directed, armed rades; during the period of titeir being onl such ser-
and subsisted at the expense of the United States ; vice, to be placed on the continental establishment
and all the youth of the said corps, in each state, of' pay, subsistence, clothing, for.ige, tents, camp
shall be encamped together, if practicable, or by equipage, and all such other allovances as are made
legions, which enrcimmpmenis shall be denominated to the federal troop.; at the same time and under the
the amtudil campps'ef di cciplim'. same circumstances.
The yomi;h ,i 18 and 19 years shall be disciplined If the military service so required should be for
for thirty days successively in each year; and those such a short period as to render an cC'.tul issue of
q!' 20 years shall be disciplined only for ten days in clothing unnecessary, then an allie-ance should be
each year, which shall be the last ten days of the an- made, in proportion to the innuial cost of clothing
nial encampments. for the federal soldier, ,:- .1.i.. to estimates to he
'The non-commissioned officers and privates are furnished for that purpose f'otm the war office of the
it)t to receive any pay during the said time. Blmt United States.
.the commissioned officers will receive the pay of In case the legions of the advanced corps should
,thl.ir relative ranks, atreebdly to the federal esta- march to..any place, in consequence of a I- .1;i';.nr
bliishment for tihe isn:r L ,. of tile general government ill le.'l and proper ek-
In order that the 1.. h. n r-ffecttually answer the pences of such march shall be pLid by the Unit(d
end: proposed, the first day of January shall be the States. But should they be embodied, and march,
fi seat period for till who attain the age of eighteen in consequence of an order derived fi'om the autlo-
ya's, in any part, or during the course of each rity of t:e state to which they belong, and for state
yeor, to be emolled in the advanced corps, and to purposes, then the expenses will be borne by the
tike the necessary oaths to perlbrm personally such state.
Jegl military service as may be directed for the full Tihe advanced corps shall be constituted on such
eand complete term of three years, to be estimated principles that, when completed, it will receive one
from the time of eitrance into thile said corps ; and third part, and discharge one third part of its
;.lo to take an oath of allegiance to the state and numbers annually. By this arrangenmicnit, two thirds
to tIhv United States. of the corps will at all times, be considerably disci-
The commanding ,officer, or general of the ad- plined; bhi t, as it will only receive those of 18 ycars
vanced ;:legions of the district, slail regulate tihe of age, it will not be completed, until the third
manner of the service of the youth respectively, year after its institution. Those who have already
whether it shall be in the in.mtiry, artillery, or ca- attained the ages of 19 and 20 years, will, in the
valry ; but after having entered into either of therm, first instailce, be enrolled in the main corps.
no change should be allowed. iBut one half of the legionary officers to be ap-
Each individual at his first joining the annual pointed thli first, and the other the second year of
camps o!' discipline, will receive complete arms and the establishment.
accoutrements, alt which, preiviot:sly to his being The officerss of each grade in the states respec-
disch.rge l from the said camps, he must return to tlively, shall be divided into three classes, which
the regimental q'.arter-mnasier, on the penalty of shall' by lot, be niunb.rcd one, two, and three,
dollars, or months imprisonment. gand one of the said classes, according to their tum.r
The sail aris and accoutremenis shall be marked bers, shall be deranged every third year. In the'
9n some conspicuous place with the letters iM. U. S. first period of nine y"ars, one third part will have
And all sdesa o0: puc-hatses of any of aid arlms or to serve three, one third part six, anid one third part
accoutrements, shall be severely punished according line years. But atfcr the said first period the se-
to law. veral classes vill serve nine years, which shall he
And eacil individual wii! also, on his first entrance Ithe limitation of service hlv virtue of the name ip-
intto tie advanced corps, receive the fol lowing arti- .'. ,i ...1 in such cat:es where there may iot:
cles of uniform closing; one hat, one uniform short _. --- ...' ._ 4 of the s:ne igradle, the liniilation
coat, ene waist coat, and one pair of over-alls ; iof nine years service sh:Ill be observed. All vacan-
which he shall retain in his own possession, and for cies occasioned by the i'oiesaid doranrements, or-
which he shall be held accountable, and be compel- any.casualties, shall be immediately filed by newv
led'to replace ail deficiencies during his service in appointments
t.Si2e !:nnutial cirlnps of discipline. Tile captains and subalterns ofthie ,ndva.,ccd corps,
* T"i'hese Vw'he shalh. erve in tile caal'.t.y, sIhall be ai i. ';oIlt b' less b t;san tWetl'.jy.ou'e, nor1 PQre thl:an tuir-'



fV-five; and, the field officeers shall not exceed forty At the commencement of the annual camps of dis-
fIve years of age. lr idt., the deputy quartermaster Will make regular
Each company, battalion and regiment, shall have 1 issues to the legionarv or regimeat:d qiartermast'r3.
;, fixed parade or place at b hlch to assemble. The as the casc may be. of all the articles, of every species,
companies shall assemble at their own parade and provided by the United States,
march to tilhe parade of tle battalion, and the bat- The returns for tie said articles to be examined
talons to tl.-: ::r-t -'.1 parade; and when thus em- and certified by the high-est leionary orq 'imcntal
bodied the : ..' ..- ... march to the rendezvous of officer, as the case may be, who sl.di be responsible
the legion. Every commanding officer of a .'*-:i r ,r: ,'. the accuracy thereof,
battalion and regiment, will be accountable to his At the expiration of the annual cam:nps of disci-
superior officer that his command is in the most per- pline, all pHulic property (clothing .-xcetieed) shall
ect orde.r. be returned to the deputy quartermasters of the state
The officers to receive subsistence"money in lieu who shall holly the legionary quartermaster accounit-
of provisions,, in proportion to their respective ble for all deficiency. All the apparatus and prci-
grades; and those whose duties require them to be perty so returned shall be carefully examined, repair
on horseback will receive forage in the same pro- ed and deposited in a ma:;aziinc, to be provided its
portion, each st'ae for that purpos-e, under the clh:rge of the
Every legion must have a chaplain, of respecta- said deputy quartermaster, until the ensuing annual
ble talents and character, who besides his religious encampment, or anyoccasion which may render a
functions, should impress on the minds of the youth, new issue necessary.
at stated periods, in concise it-:..,.i ** i,.: rnl,. ,. Corporal punishments shall never be inflicted in
advantages of flee governme,,. -, 'i -: -'. *-.- -,'. l die annuld camps of discipline, but a systi'm of fine
society-and that such governments Gan only ie sup- and imprisonment shall be formed for the regular
ported by the knowledge, spirit, ana virtuous con-1 government, of said camps.
duct of thle youth; to b,. illustrated by the most con-
spicuous examples of history. OF TIHE MAIN CORPS.
No amusements should be admitted in camp, but As the main and reserved corps are to be rplenk
those which correspond with war. The .. t"a-- Ishea by the principle of rotation from the advanced
of men and horses, running, .. :0; nd such corps, and u timately to consist of men, who have
other exercises as should rend-r t!. b....I flexible received their military education therein, it is pro-
and vigorous. per that one uniform arrangenmeat should pervade
The classes should if I,...I.i -, be formed near a the severni classes.
river, and remote from large cities. The'first is ne- It is for this rea-.on, tle legion is established as
cessary for the practice of the manaomuvres, the se- the commotm form of all the corps of the militia.
condod to avoid tile vices of populous places. The ,, ,, ,: i ,.,.:,.: the great i. .i ,
The time of the annual encampment shall be di- tv of 111he ..I wili form the prina
vided into six parts or periods of fire days each.- *,, i-C ,- .-.t the country.
The first of which shall be occupied :o ...,., i. e responsible for their propicrtion of-
Ihe air, attitudes, and first principles of a soidicr- men, to firm an armny whenever necessity shall die-
tle second in learning the mantel exercise, and to, 't:te the m.neasure; and on every sudden occasion Ito
m irch individually. ;tnd in small squads. The third which tihe advanced corps shall be incompetent, an
and fouritlt in exercising and manceuviring in detail adequate number of non-commissioned officers and
and by battilions and regiments. In th. .1".. '-i "iales shall be added themclo, from the main corps,
vouth of i' i '. having been disciplined .t.., i ,.. ,- ., means of the sec.ions.
iwo precedimn annual encampments, are to be Iinlnt- The main or as wil be perfectly armed in the first
ed. This period is to be employed in the exercise instance, and will practice the exercise and ma-t
and tactics of the legion: or, if more than one, int nm'Vres forr "a;'s in each year, and will assemble il
c it..- i : rand manoiuvres of tile whole body their respective districts, by companies, I X 1 .. ,
--,, ,,,., .. ticking and defending in various regiments, or "g'iions, as shall be directed by tihe
,'.,.n- r-,, groutids and positions; in fine, in le'BioiTry g'encrai'l; b t it must be a fixed irul, that
reprehensing all the real images of war, excepting in the populous parts of the states, the Uregiimenti
tile efliusicn of blood. mist assemble once annually, and the legions once
The guards, and every othleer -:..,. -., -.- in three years.
camp, to he r'.. ii i Alihoitgh the main; corps cannot acquire a great
Bach statt .' ..... ,, the season in which degree of military knowledge, in a fewt days pre-
its respective annual encampm-,ents shalibe formed, scribed for its annual exer-cis; yet by the constant
so as best to suit te health of the men, and tile ge. accession of the youth from thue advanced corps, it
neral interests of the! society. will soon command respect for its discipline, as well
The U. S. to make an adequate provision to sup- as its numbers.
ply the arms, .-i .i rations, artillery,ammunition, Whien the- youth anre transferred from the advanced
ib-ag-, straw, tents, camp-equipage, including eve- corps, they sh di invariably join the fiank compa1
ry requisite for the annual camps of discipline; and ties, thlc cavdry, or artillery of the main corps, al-
:itso for the pay and subsistence of the legionary ofi- cording to tile nature of their former services.
c-rs, and for -I. F.ii... ... .-...:- 1 staff: one inspec- OF THE RESETRVED COnPs.
tor-elltneral, wOi- h*[lj -ei t .- i, rl, one quartermas- The reserved corps will atis hl,- onty oitwice annually for tihe
ir--general, with a depLuv for each state. stterein tnifa tt. it t r il ii s it I i e, si line l
T idese oilers will be essential to tile uniformity, tlie.lCcnee or ihe tate o;ny rienilr thei mi s en ecessarv.
economy and efficacy of the system, to be appointed such are thel propoitilns o*'he plan: to wiich it nay be ne
in tihe manner prescribed by the constitution of the ..' '. 'iii -i, ti. pe
United States. i t'rs ft Ieontnu hiti fIr L-the i- -en.
-I .----------------ie-s
i i i .-. .n .. .* .. ..... l respo si, i. u tder all lormi s of soci-ty and is the
the t ,i.;.,i c ,I. I t, J blic property of., .'; tereof ma
species, delivered to him for the annsial c'amtlps of wei fare. 'rhe pubtli c'conveni,-ne inav aiiso ] inat:- .. ,'
discipline; and his deputy in each st ate shall 0b r. .- lh i ttt imi a i it rspeet ile pri.iii .pt gistrate, aud
1 ,bl. o, ,m .. IlDe -t i-re!' : C- I0:,LCee m reinith ,am )rh :p5 -r aI ,
possible to hiam C:Is. r- t i.u;' ei:' tt b. :;iniiiii;t. s it-I measar: ... F


importance, should never be frustrated by the accommodation of ..- ,-.it ihe enr.Ir, tnr; I': tie, advanced corps, in such of their
indivhuac. "" h,.,.,-,,,l hi i,, .,i.,', d cAunties as they miayjudgeproper.
Themilitary age has generally comnmenc-d at sixteen, and t .. I ih.: .L ,' r .T.... in.,ns may bie assumed oS thi' toml
initiated at the age of 60 y:ars; but thie youth of sixteen do I.., ....,,,-. 0 's. .,, r ir., Unlited Stt-s, half : li,:. .,
co-inno-cl sc. a'ni I bs 1 '"C-rr'.- .if robu- '"-,r t, s to enp .,, ', -i,i, 1- -,.- ,. ..i i ,s said, pucuca;,t to th. .. ...4
tl. ,r, I., .. .- Ih -,i. 1,, i I I i .. be dedu tetd, on accsuic ucl il,
ii. I ;cc.. rI u* i], c.0a, ,c,1-,c.,' W.in., 0 fi.t-: r 1I6 ei'._ 1!j i s-ttled part! ofthecounsry.
.-i;' i, I ,, -- .. .. -ars ofag. Tie proportion of mr of military age, from eighteen to sixth
U.-.i s, Ih..1 i -'-U .-11 U y- l i n..i ito chre years inclusively, of two ciiiious oft people of all ages and sexe,
capital elases, and that each elass'ihall br formed into legion; may be estimated at four hundred thousand. Thore may tei de
the r'sos for which siall he given i su .011. ducted from this ucer, as actual mariners, bout fifty thoacd
huce advanced corps, sand ac nusl amps vfdriseiplnear'e istitt' -acd a farther number of twenty.Hve tho usand, to include exvript
ed in oradertointroduce an operative, military spirit in th- coiracni- of religious sects, and of every other sort which tile rspc'ctcVB
citi' to establish a course of honorable 'iliitary service, which wiil states may think proper to ma ie.
at ae ftame ti e, could the i cicdsof the youngg sen, to a i e qThrc biundred sand tweifive thqusaend tlh :reforme ma be as..
oh-di..-oce *,f.: a .. i,.u r -r, cinr, h 1, ,i of war, and b, ..1. .,, |ie numiier of opert.ive e.i;'.l *..c. to compse the
iri l I. I,'. !.l Ir, ilu. r :. ti 'yifi i'e '''.i. I irt proportion at tin several ta .,.I c; which would bhtn
tJ in nis C ..i .-.j .k, d, l .d.t.h h,is ,i *r '- ,i i fi l. -
A. ,, I ..,,. .il., cc r,,il,, ",,t t obligations of tl, I F., i tl c, i..,s Cdorlis.l oi tenth composed of the
Isr ic c '. ". ""I I i.,IT I,; d i [iie impos ibilty .,VL '. i,- -. s t of13, acri oly ac 3-,5a
Idr 'l ,, 1. I:s .-.;. a, c. I a,' war. by ay ot -cr jS-undly-'The mai corps. six tenths aind one tweintiethc, .l2,t
sr, ,,.,, ilan.uc,, i' discipiir, durg mth period ot nonacge. Thirdly-'TIe revered corps, two tenths and Rne twen-
ilt il.. c..' -.,jr> i .I.'quiir'tlnhis iilportacit kilowicIge, cannot tict
Icc.i',.l'd mc,, ,_ period of lift, withso litl, iccjury tothle ., *' 812o04
W ,ui .1, .. .. ,,- .,' i ',; ,,, il i t; -. ,, to ,i- body of the I iwo- 3I Co
Ji i i .i U c.ii I -. ,r ,1 I i, L- p.t rt ths )e T" i : .l .' i: I, -'. n i',rl -1 f ,r 0i..- 4p'-' ? .l i' i' tL i-r ,
zact'y uftht cuuo try, stilt e L it On- r of vrluiiis e:lil lo ',ii r-- ''' I i i i i .i.j Li- I, I.I.j111'iii
aidnoi in the tawis'a4t! cities. In oilt reiars, it is usual or i sfit -in s:' :it thirty tioimosani men.
smole ehildrv'n, from rile a.ge f foiur-- I' o '-, .- '-i- [i r- follows an istininte fr-icied i r theii rpose of esxhihilg
ciarn soue trade oremniiy n in.t, in Ir ,.. .1 .1 ,' 1. 1 1,' .i c" iii'u.itl xpost e pfsild e inc'titlition of the advaio-dt corps, staying
'or niaster. In g- eral,'the h labor or Ir ,., it, *. .s -ame t 30,000 cen.] "
this periodd, sides ampcv re.aviaicg the trouble of tciiion, m ai-a It is to be hsurved, tha; the oflcera for four legions will be
a large prolit to thie tluntr. Wl'hs ire i -st icae is stated, to shllow ad. qiats te. ciommandm thI- vouth ot is, who commence the ir dici-
hi.n t ,i r.-,.i, r iSic, ti ill rise in the. first opra-isai i oi thpror pi'i h" first yc, r, aid that thee sai.ie linnij r of officers will he
p."o t 1'cuia, "I [Ir .. -. fwill recntir the iuIasure pcirf-ctly _- requirrid lor the second 3 ar. 'Tlic youth ofthle tilurd year ncmay
fcluiL and remove every difficulty. b. itnerporeatrd iby seelties inc the existing eorpis, so that no atu
outh is the' time for thei se t a itse o tc avsil irtcerl of thost- 1e editinl ofiiic'rs ill mIit' r gin:i'd on their "cecicu.
whici it has a : i.,, '. .i -. 1, ,1 bvy wht iid it is to be invigo t-ti it nlfce it apPcelr tluIt tile expenl ce of 10.000 mnen, fur
and pres:r. ; .. .. i passions i c'-;.:i'i aie at, ', A'-, c, to '
asro-'gly icnflulo ee'-c -rti, s spIr p -r militiiry i> i ie T i ea to r-.c, c'-
pr$s.ionn. t li cinld r ., c I rltiur'd ,l '.,c -li i;cc. Tlil 3(, 0:, tbr tie 3d y ar, to 3901440
I C I., i;1 ,-'t', iLi- pr-i.. i i asIsur I il i', r x- If the o 'ith ithe three ages of sO andes bed cf dcie
f i .i .. l .1 ict l ll I .. t, 1 i,.i I'..,,. :-br its general Xceli're pliniiu d at once, the lost tientioic-d sucl will Ibe about lie
nid pti-rapls its iniadiat- subsistence, wili reluctantly quit his f d asinual expenscl of the camps of discipline, from
do:, i,: .l' : I;,, i i. n cici, howevt;er, is to be deducted 6, c 1 i.., 1i. 6 lne
c.h il.ihic.th u'si. 1 i .i, c in ,c c l ,.tc ,,-. 'h I ldc rIlaxedl xpetsce of tile slancdarids and colors tilte : 1.-i i *,' th
Si .v .b1,1-li .,i Ai' pr' s 'n a 'i c ie o ra ''d, ,i ilbeofa tr tle i re. art d sie ttelartti I ..i S
i c'i .1 fc l.. hi' I ciet" ve s :l i" I 'r ii: eIn *.r Iv ', re oli iced often r thal onit: in twenty years, 6,000,
a'lon i,,. .,i -ii .... *>ii r,'".l'.d l iis 0it-acftid', salld p ishei d ait e d S -2'
cpr lrsngly.' As soon s --ii tetaic tiot i age of Ia t hood, a Ti he annlcal expense of' the advanced corps, 334, 40
1c c['', i --i- i. ct i,:Ii;;.;. li.J,I. .i i,- society, ill occur I-- -
i,, iit .,l l,, tllh iro.li. l-, .. servi,-, will bh. too I Thus for n sum less than four hundred thousand dollars annut
ineonsiii.irable tosiijurn tl -ir industry. It wilt be sufficiently sti-! tlly. which, apportiond coi three milltois of' people, would lie
nulated to psopCr 'xerfionls, by tcite prospect of opulcte lee att. nd- c itil' "ore tbun one -eighthi ofa dollar eal, an energetic republican
inou the cultiyatiou of a lertile soil, orthe pursuits ofa produc- milita may be durahl3 establisled-othe invaloabl.- principles aof
tive commerce. ... lil>!-rty secured and pt icrpetuated, mad i ditiginlied national librio
It is presumed that thirty days annually during the eighteenth erected on tie solid foundation of public virtue.
nnti ''icete.tithi, and tent'i i d ." ,, tl0.- ,'i.- cit yirar is s tile The aiuin anii rcsrcLved carpis sll st hbe pe-tl-ctl organized iT
~- i-, 1,:; ,e i, ,r i,, i i.,' b. ,- .1 i i. I ti to the ac- t lh' first iiist ce; but thie adt e inceed corps will nots be eaoiiljtlte;
,1 1 Hi .. .j tt. fi ti.,: i ,, e c,,. ., o ..:. da s n 'ight be until tiue tlii ) ear of its i .stit tio .ctr
i' ,i,'; L 'i the two precede years, Tle oniiination of truoso' various i scrptiois into one lIMl
-. .uti ,aig. .. ]... o i,.. ,,,,i,. so as to invest it with thu hi si t arn l g'rehaii cat i cnc' ler of pul'i 's,
V.i, i"- .. ,.11 1-,|i i i the plIbic, tofacilitatetiem- mic eveey possiblestuation i, as long ben a subject of' discussion
li ,: .i i .. I, t .s p co umsed sIhll o1, a in- c:il .fIr'i vace of' Opiniontcnc. But noi otliher [or o applt-oa s so well to
lit'|, r .'ml- |,,,h .,.|t A -g | ,itiz7s n; ther-tir, thoy will nit "" ': -*'ustained th..:critrion oftih e and sever- ex-i, nation, :vi tie
Ie entioled to ain pay. 3ti ttl tiohe, f eeiig ior the maciln ortis Rocnic.: legion. This flnoidaiuil, organization) aceonimmodatid to
air-; i a diflire.t rdicanie:;n ; they are supposed to inv. passed the purposes oIf mioderi war, stih retains its original energy acni
through the course of discipline rh-quirtd Iy ti,' laws ui to !;e sp.- riority. Ofthe a111iei-intc, l'oylius acll V. g.-ilti ave described
comiipctelt to instruct others ic tie ici v ara '. ,',i, i '" in "' u ilii' i~hs crsnt ar.ohiUrt s oufthl : TI.. I'li r r. iar-
wvill l ave but small elaic ficr pt:iir na: er viis cc s o-' I ci ,- ,l ,, ,,. ii ctls eo li praiive vicw of tic 1. 1. .... l- d i lisatr-
tiey il list insel considerable r.xpelscs to ic' -rpao e idhe vcis- c. to santayg's oh' thle Mleicoiai anid Iromani ris, ami their recsec-
execute properly their respective uolivs, they outght to be paid tice rdohis Ii iuttks, hc s let to mankind an insrctir-cvec aid ir)-
swhilr oi actual duty. r eportai t ;,.". i"'i ,it v ,'Ins, ithe ilusitrious mlarsdhal Saxe lias
As saon as thi service of the o ytlh expr's inl the ad-ane'l ilao s i.'led -.1.' i. I. .. of lire ar's, i aid strenuously uirgas.
terps, they are to be enrolled in th cuainr coir Oi l Ou thi. t'* p tio; n iiti ill ... iiif .rce o y t oit sr fr. m '.: ,1 "r .w .... ii -,
Tii' repchlic ree-ives disciplined aid reeieiis.,ns, ho -, ,,'.-,, ,I I i il'iclfig'>'ct v.-teran, late iispeetor gCceral .., l. c1,.' i6
their public rights, and are pre pared to dcfnd thems, tile Unitel St.te, re, com:ends thie adoption o the iegiocn."
'Thce o.aiin corps is instituted. to ipresere and circulate sI'.,:i | .ipon a review," says lie, "of all slthe icilitary of Europe, there
Out thie community, the military discipline, acquirii ip ii '.v co iUt afpptnr to bet asiogle forcit which could ie safely adopted
S.... 1 i. 'o, 'o arm the people, aid fix- iriilv by practice ,, I h,- Unitied Stiates. They ir cuesceptriochiy diflfTernt from
S" I -. ". d tlaxims, whiceih ale essmetisl to te 1 i -Is 'r; acid like oil utsher Iicli. instituotis seen to hine
-. ,, 'a i' 1 1. i iucs r .rc ; ,. ]..ic designgn. Tlie local situation oft
'Ii- i .1 ... 1 1 I to pre r s Ivent ,, 't o i -.' 1 the country, the Ir 1 ,i vernnl et t, the character of' the
ieldl, whosestrengthi is eqlt:oa O tiSi' ti i '" ,, at .cd ill in:iy i.taaices til chaactiet-r of the prince, have
tiv'. cacqtaign. Bot by orgtiiZinig aind ricIe'niirg, t i-c' ,, i tlh.iit.uen'e i cfi nee srttinug thi tbfoiundation and liscilpline of-
S ,i propoih ofthe 'oaiilger a td rcobic' ,' : .... oii I. I, I ,. li that we should
,i .Ii ci..- ,,,,.,..,ur.,i., i h ensaLed, ic caes oi' Ieie'ssity, t. I ,i i .., h I d,' -; '." i..1. inst been adopted hy
counter tIle st urget itis of ar. t lre ', t ct Io.fc ciudt hL ic c. ii.i, ihii whi-.her it he exat-
SIt would he difliclt, previously to the actual formation of the- oioned is' applicable to. all countries or as it may imintL-diately
-ausual camps of discipline, to ascertain thie niu.nher in each state. L cifte vxistiing or pruoibale necssitv of this, it will be ifocnil
,fwhlchlit would lie com posed. "TI', friontler couniities of several '' soperior tio tnos 0 ci r.
states ar thi,,iy ihilibite(!. a-id rieq ce tll cu t i itCeul forecelthe "'f idotg a eomlP-Ce acid little armys of itsl, it is read) to
thtir nii--cliauc' (-fT-c'se. Th'-re -lie other isiucnt .. ..... c.i its olperationls 0. tie shore:lit iicaie o, ii *. aisrm.-
friom which it i. ci t '.. ; .' i. au driavc away thiceir .. t llvinig til thie ecijon1il trl i)trts ofI tilhe I- ,, of any
fijl'fr eilt' i lc ", .1, ... possible dicaription, it is el'pa'red, tor met ev ry Sp eic-s of w):r
Nio evil will rcesilt, if tsic establimiiment of the advanced eorps that ilay ['. ., 1. i. '.j .1 ,., .-'rcv ease ofdctaclienju,
should ie oisitbled in such districts for a fetw 'vears. Icsidese tcke tile first tC..,-i ....... I l ':rved, acnd :cv i. i,. 1,
ibrh. aranice in this r spert would lessen thle cx;cnse, and render "Iassmenuts -.l f ,. i- ,,- ..,i .1i.-,i, i., '4, ih arcici's 0, i I *i
thic itstiotitiii moire cocpticlilewith thepubli fiinanes,. tracncd, t.. i. .. ci. -,! I .0 .i, ,,,., ,, i.- oificer, Will Ie nVoidee ,
The several siate i- gislatitrns, therefore as bicst understanding Vi ttt addLsed to "'i co 'ti th U it ed
I c.i' lcl rm"it, tijhtbe. inve-.ted lhc .. ,Ide, tr ,iihdrcd t- o tce i.c.c.lcricss ol the clted P-.t.
** ,cj(. of ai c(, -.abf M eh i c;.ilisis.,


it may easily ..wcrt itstif. from this sketch, that in forming. Itis conceded, that people,solicitous to be exonerated from their'
1 !-.. '. il ,, '. r f, ..* rtask is to d termino the necessary pr-,- proportion of poulie duty. may exclaiml asaist the proposed ar-
Vi'., ; j t.i. .peci os' soldiers -hich is to compose it. "This rargementas aniuintolerabl,- hardship: hut it ought to be strongly
must obviously depe.id dimon what will hbe the theatre. and what; imnlpressed that while loeiety has its charms, it also has its indlei-
the style of the war. On the plains of Poland, whole brigades p-orible obligations. That to attempt such a degree of refine,
o r ta,. in would lie necessary against every enemy; but. in the rent, as to exonerate the members of the community from all
fI ... amour the liis of America, a sinl .. 'I -.-' I -.i .., I, -;.4.pie of thie exercise, and
be isore than siltflei'i-it agaiist any. A .id as i, 1 h i ** it.' l t.. rl. 1i -. 'i r ..l "0.. t
kinds of war to which w, are much exposed, _.6. -,. ",, '* '"! l-r *-r- : otonly the right ofpersonal serrie from
the seaside ay0 asl Eropean power, eled hv r ..r,r ..i-.1.-- I ,r byrrrrl.. i:- r. I.r to regulate the service on prireiplesof
"tilld on Our Xire.ne efit, and an invasion c ---... I -r Il ... -. .i -frence. All being bound, none caneom.
in,-its by an indian enemy, it follows, of, our.-, It '*. r: -l, r, .i" .i'r .'.- ,, .-i. obliged to performhis equal proportion.
n' i ; .'.' u'r should make the greatest psj *,I -")" .rne .' ,I si.,.- ri oi tlo Lie a permanent rl.e. that those who in
i. of t section is intended to interest the pa- youth, derlie or r-fuse to subject themselves to the course of mi.
triotiism and pride of every individual in the militia to support litary education, estahlishe"d Iy the laws, would be consider-d aS
the itgal measures or a free government-to reader every man nsvworthy of public trust or public honors, and be excluded there-
active in thie public cause, by introducing the spirit* ofemulation, frro aceor-diingly.
and a degree of personal responsibility. If the majesty of the laws should be preserved inviolate in this
The common mroode of recruiting is attended with too great respect the operations of tile propos,,d plan would fost -r agori.,
destruction of morals to I h tolerated, and is too nhe,-rtain to be. ous public spirit; infuse tiheprnciples of enerryandstability into
the principal resource of a wis- nation in time of ldaug-r. The tile xxoly politic; and give an high degree of political splendor to
ipblit fa.t;l r, f... ,,i rounded Iby unworthy individuals. who the national character.
hold out drlu.,. .',.. -, which can never he r,-aliz,'d. By suoh
means an unprincipled binrditti are often coliectfd for the pur-
pose of defending ev, ry thing that should lie dear to freemen.
Thre consequonce,-i are natural; such men eithe-r desert in tim, of P OCC r OceedilS O Con-greSS.
dang 'l or are ev-r ready on the slight,.st disgust to turn their D
arms aisist their country. IN SENATE.
iBy tilte establishment of the sections, ani ample and permanent
source is opened, wh-nrc the state, in every extigence. may b. December 29. The bill for tnxing house-hold
uppllid wiLhl men, whose all depends upon the prosperity of their ft nittre, c., was passed to third reading.
In cases of necessity, an army may be formed of citizens, whose December 30. Mr. Kerr, a senator from Ohio, in
previous knowledge of disciplin- will enahl- it tos proa rd to an the place of Mr. Worthingtoon took his seat.
.m; ...l 0 ,, ... l sigr oe sier il re-o The death of Mr. Br-en, a senator from Virginia
1.. %. .vwas ainnouinc'-d, and the askui order taken to pay
...te previous arra...mt.-. i 1, .'-, I' 1., 1r..--i e.It, respect of congress to the memory of the de-
..i'L a1141' ..;1...' r ip. rar-, ., I I-, ..A.,- IF], .
-.1 I,: ,un ... E ,i- .-i.,ration for war. The artilerv and its ceased.
nuilt ...,u ,p- o. i i. .. ,i. .,nd accoutrements orf ev-er kind, .]onday, January 2. The bill laying duties on
ad i .... .,ri ought rose a fracture d iti tsehold furniture, having been read a third time
thi U ..r-I It,--S. 11 .. -,IL .'1 impor'taneethrit thefpr-sent period -
fho0n.. U.- -,r Lu. it,r t,. ii adriquate institutions to produce as aik.nii I, he qoesLion n ri p is,- I-, Wwas decided
thle ni-essary apparatus of war. n 'e affirmative by thI I.:.'. n '
It is n.iwurtliy the dignity of a rising and free empire to d- AS-Messrsa. Anderson, Btibhb, Brown, Chase, Condit, Gail-'
lioed oi libreign and fortuitous supplies of the essential mean-s of 1r, !,Kr-rr, Lacuk, MNorrow, Rolhrts, Robinson, Taylor, Turner,
defence. arrrr, all, Walk.r, Wiharton-16.
wrll clot'ring for thr troops could, with ease, be nanu cttured NAYS-Messrs. Daueectt, Horsey, Hunter, King, Lambert, Ma.
within thie Uirterd Stat s, anr! tire estaolishinirt il that respect srr. Stmith, Thonripsom, Wells-I.
world tend to the e!icouravt-rleIlt of imporitant iimatitfatorei. pase, and the concurrence of te
"fie mlisdurr-ments made in each state for the ration 80 the bill war pased, and the concurrence of the
anti other ...l. ....i for the annual camp of E. i. ... I.,- of representatives desired in the amendments
would mios' n .., vii, circulate the money arising from the Ihereto.
public reveLoule.
The local circumstances of the Uoited States, their nuir-roum The senate resumed the consideration of Mr.
seaiorls, and the protection of their commerce, require a naval Varniim's motion contemplating the reporting a bill
-,-I't. ie, ethe steesity of ten' e rosbd ican n eniera- or a draft of eighty thousand militia, to serve for
for the marine as well as the land service. But one e m abe ie ine months: winichl hilzin been amended so as to
complished with much greater facility than the rtllr, o ri, r I ,, the committee, instead of reporting a bill,
ir'atrion of a soldier for thie field req'ulres a dt-gr:e of hii, .il it th
whi nocrt flr lear edwithtt rreeh irw ad :bor; swliereas '" enquire into the expediency of adopting such a
the common course of sea servt, .. l,.-... ,...rni ve-ssls. measure was agreed A).
ditrs butliteui froom the service ,.. ...., .. sl Mir. Horsey submitted for consideration the fobl
Thrrefrorem, tLih edeation for Nvarr ir it,, 1w ,iilth nbvtriled
without any expense to the state. -Il 5r .. to bI requisite lWilg resolution :
oitne lh.alofrmari.. .. ..-,.,i .,. ., ., ,i Resoh-riced, That the fiscal committee be instructed
Sand tar reder thlr : ,, -.. ... -..i. .. ... : I pepiAre and report a bill allowing drawbacks of
personal service, it demandedd within a given period, the duties imp1oied on goods, wiires anid merchant.
Thie coustitutious of the respective states, and of the United dize manufactured within the United States export
States, I.., -e directed the modes ill r]lich the ofilea-rs of the -
militia 1.11n r,. appointed, no asirration can be made their in. to :nry foreign port or place.
.11 .\.....'i. .; ..... ie supposed that some oidles irfappoitmrient are The senate resumed the consideration of the di-ect
b i'.l li thai olttrs, to inspire the highest propri tv of bill.
conduct yet there are none so detbetive to serve as n sultffie'iit I
reason .. i......-. .il ; .- .....:" i. .. ,;1.: t isrtain, tis ti Tturner moved to reduce *he proposed amount
that ti-. ....i. ..... ,.'r p.... .' .. i hie reputation of the tax fi'om six millions to foinr millions five raln-
r'i t I nr 1. 1 ;, I ti th punr tment should eo'- sdr hinto dred fhforthand dollars ; which motion was decided as
seli as -., 1i.k i, i, -..au-nu'y for a proper choice, tf'liws :
The wisdo.not'i the states will be mnauilfstcd by inrucing those YEAS.-Anderson, Bibb, Condit, Lambert, Smith, Turner,
eiltiter-,ofwhomtheilate Americana-n--'I -r--) rd1 t'. accept Wharton--7.
otfapp.inltine.its ill tlie militia. The ...-, ,- ... ..I ..,1.,. v know- NAYS.-Bledsoe. Brown. Chase. Daggett, Fromentin, Gaillard,
ledge winch they possess, was acquired at too greatia |riee, and is Germaii, Horsy, Hunter, Kerr, F... L .- ..-k. Mason, Morrow,
too '.i. ,.. bieij^ ii.,.,i ii t..1. .1- ; rI ..rl. r.l ii i r.1'h-l. and Itoberts, Tait, Taylor, Thair psom, i .u, ., W alker-20.
1-end '' r i" n. .1. .I I H. .1 ....I I I --. 1lOjSo Or REP tRSENTATIVES.
s-end .... '. I. i -i, .ihi .,. .... ,,.. ir .... *.l. i,- I. eal TAursday, D)e 29.- T his day was consume ed in
to theoliject, and rigidly tLlborced, no energetic national -.,;ir., .:.- i 1, ..r ir-i diicnelt after amendment and mo-
at e ta ited as a principle of exuption, te plan an r, n respecting thle bill to establish a
"not be cxereit-d. It is the wisduin of political establihrirts,. to national bmik, the most of which appeared to be got
nake the wealthof individuals siubserinirt ro the general good,rand tip only to waste time. We intended a detail of
not to, seter it to corrupt, or attain undue indulgence. them, but the room is required for other things.-
*"Sworn enemies settled on our extremi- i..i"-.i..- Britilh in The house .;at until 7 o'clock in the evening, and
Canada-the "rod hild ovI r the acrk of the '.I c .. ."11 Whiat
-and did Washingtfon adopt ,' i. I I, of the ")but:uirk of the tThe paragraph and the two that follow we recommend should
itgiron riani liberties of the .. 'I In rlry be Meuidered a "nie. be real at leastttwicc over. Not hecaust ,Ii ..h ,.'-i,' ii % rs wise
Iat notyrtltht," bat he dtroriitydid. x139, Rr., olstnrs,' burt n accoui.tof thuf estr-ig .. t'., i.0al. bit..

-,;'-. .ILES' WEEKLY IL'GIET'R-SA. i'.r'iAY, JA'NUARY 1813.

'the =mwjrity;rose w;it an t''. ,ir.:. J't.- n..r.c.i' of. [On ;.,... and n-vs inserted above, it may no"
paslsiin, the bill the next daiy. ba amiss to remark, that several in the negative so
.i'Fridla, Dec. 30.-After some other business, the voted from consOtitutisOl objections to the bill-
hous' *.*'" -' : 'p "ie bank bill, but the proceed- others on account of its details.]
S.. ..i...... e i by message from the senate Tuesda.y, .Tinmuari-3. A bill to establish an uniform
:i1 the death of one of their body, Mr. system of bankruptcy, and the bill fi-om the senate
I; : ., I .'.rgiia, and the usual resolutions to St- to appoint certain naval officers (admirals) were
tend the funeral were passed and the house ad- re-.1 -..i r:f-,,: I.
journed. l .. .'.i. en came up to reconsider the vote
Salt'day, )Dec. 31..-No business done, on ac. on the bill respecting the nation:d bhank. Manv re-
co,,- .., .h.. ,. ,i of Mr. lDent. marks were made by different gentlemen shewing-
S,. '. -A good d'al of minor business their reasons why they should vote for or ag gnst
4..-:. .'; I. :.. of, the house again toe,k up the bill the mot ion. After they had spoken, Mr. -LHae said
to establihs a national bt'.k-after a good many mro- he had made his motion with the hope of obtaining"
tions had been made, they came to the main question, a compromize... *, .1.- ;... opinions, and a modifi-
"shallthe bidiparte?" and the yeas and nays were as cation of the .r....:;-. |LW. But, finding its friends
follows: so wedded to it as to attempt to fbrce it through
YEAS--',fes-urs. Alexander, AhItn, And-.rson, Archer, Avery, the house, lie withdrew his motion for a reconsider.-

1.. r, -. eI. -, Farrow, Find- Mr. M'Kim renewed the motion to -e-consider the
l. ,, .. ,, .. .. "',";' .1 ,' "- vote on the bank bill ; not f'om any intention to
..,,, i ,ii ,'- 1 i ... i. ,, ,' t ,i l'. K-, change his vote, but from a disposition to accommo-
1.,, .. ....... ,'.,, ',. ,. .'-- r)lyio MI-Cy, Idate his friends on a question of so ntmuch magni-
!- ,. I I ,.. ,, -. 1 r f ,.. ) .. r "
S'. ... .. ... .... ,..11. ,., .. Pa. stu'n,. ha question was decided by yeas and nays-for
an'',, a' Ymi", 1:i.,. L .1,'" I lliilis, wil- .a re-consideration 107, against 54. After some time.
NA: '" I- ,.' ...... ... h ylysr V i. ines, Oiv- the bill was ,'e-committed to a select committee-
h.. .. .. ., ., ril Biwt, yeas 89, nays 71,
'3p'"1 ..' '"'I i lpto Col.,,', Wednesdaij, Jan. 4. Mr. Fisk foni the committee
Sii', ., .'" i ,.' '. i ', "] ,,n' '' .'s and means, to whom was referred the amend-
"son, ilenAer ... .. ... ... .. i r. .T. r of the senate, to the flurniture tax bill, recom-
Jl'I' ,. i .. i mend a disagreement to the same ; and the questioii
ewton. ,, ,,., i. .. ,i ... i tr, .l0, on t in, lai ten thereon, they were according ly disa-
e.ed, W i. .... i i ...... .. .. y, sher- greed to.
S'.. '. .. .. '... .. amendments of the senate to the bill for tax-
"' .* .'. o ass. inter--so. ing certain manufacture-s, were considered in corn-
Tile state of the vote having beeh declared- mittee of the whole, and afterwards in the house.
'LThle bS:r:!!tc. (Mr. hClieves of S. C.) lose. After T'hcse o amedmtients which go to exempt pig' iron
"aly I,..., I i ,1,.: rule o(' the house, which makes it from taxation, and add umbrellas and parasols, were
the right and duty of the Speaker to vote in two disagreed to, and tl)e others were agreed to.
cases, of which this was one, he proceeded to as- The house spent some time in committee of th'e
sign briefly the reasons which influenced him to vote v'lhole, on the bill to prohibit intercourse with tha
against the bill. T1-e noticed the opinions expressed enemy, and for other purposes ; which underwent a
ont both sidcs of the house for and against the mea- considerable discussion, until late in the day, when
sure; and declared his conviction that the bill pro- the committee rose, reported progress and obtained
posed a dangerous, unexampled, and, lie might al- leave to sit again thereon.
most siy, it desperate resort. Ile cursorily examine.
sfed the three views in which the passage of the bill ,",< f-". f .
had been advocated, namely as calculated to resus- .T- ** + V
citate public credit; to establish a circulating me- MISCELLANEOUS.;
sdistm; and to afford the ways and means for the sup- f ATitTFotII coxvE:,NrroN. The Idoinsgs of this as-
p-ort of the government. He delivered, with even -*i.0 i .:- are still a profoundb l secret, except it ;ip
more than his usual eloquence and inipressiveness, pears thtt a person Firom Vermont, appointed, no bo-
his opinions on these several points, and'concluded dy knows how, h:is been received, nut as a del-g'ate,
with expressing his solemin belief, tl'-t nei'thcr of but as '"assistant so crtarv." Some persons lhave
'liese purposes would be answered by the bill. tHe supposed they waulc .:,... in the first week in
itenied that tl'' ,, ,.f this bill was dennmaded this math adi think they will report to their r,-
by the safety t.'. ..., but intimated-his opinion speative legisalaui-es before theif .::. -1 i are
thlat a n:tionl bank bill miglit be i'-tame:l, 1'y which made pub)lie. But we have no 1. .- ..., .. hi '.tese
the nvow-ed objects oii the present; bil might be ac- proceedings are.
codmplished, which he had no dcibt would unite a The -. of this ~- .;. let it end as it maiv,
i. in its favor. i% vote as pain- will be infeticitous. At two or three places the "pub-
':., i ..m to tive, he o. '. obliged to vote licansi ond sinncrs" have field meetings, and resolve-
ii the Ineg"'.tivc. thiit they considered it inexpedient to pay the du.
The S peo k'cr': vot e hcainitm produced an.eqlzit- ,f ties for li-nses until after the i.. i .. -.1 ie
Ivoes, he declared the decision oci the house to b_., :-r't -wrdi co-venio:tn were published, by which, they
t-; it the bi'lshould no puss., woui]L .. -,.' their conduct. Are these tlie i-.ia
So :rni.-: e;s.i is nit E:c'rc. f -- haist"- thi "friends of ordcr d la"
AIte'r which Mr. Hall, who had voted in the nega-i -- the "s':t.o s P'
tive, moved a rccons.idcr.tion- -uot because he hlad' Ve do not see any reason to apprehend the tlhinge-'
chianrg'e. his opinion, but to afford his friends .:" p-ito mi-i talked of--we believe iere is a "redeem-
lportunity df giving such shape to the bill :a spirit" in the people of 'u. ,lsslc rsetts lhat will
unite all the members favorable to the prince the jacins ito the ""ottoniless pit" i .,
cstblishingi such a bank-2-before the qucston !sin l n toin and ., ..,i meal and .;- : '
decided on t-ir m'toctn the est '* m t d- the overt af.{


C, 0
f l> .O

N'v.T .,Lr .-.-The intelligence of an enemy's bib, if he opposed the white, red and black allied
4l:..t b :. off the Bulize, as stated in eur last, must savages.]
i ire h..-., premature. We have accounts from New The British, before they left Pensacola committed
Orleans to the 10th of December, at which time the every excess-"pillage, ravaige, destruction and fire
enemy had not been heard of in that quarter, nor marked their proe'res':" and to cap the whole, they
did they seem much to care howv soon he came, being carried offt' lit ..: belonging to their "dear
amply prepared to receive him. Gen. Jack.sonarriv- friends" the Spaniards! Letters from thence are
ed there about the 2d of that month with a fine body filled with enlogiums on the conduct of .Tacksoaij
of men. lie proceeded down the river i day or two they call him the "liberator of Pensacola"-and well
afterwards to inspect the different forts and works, might the people of' that place declare, that "our
some of which are represented as very powerful ; Chactar.s were more civilized than the (rcligioua)
and we are well supplied with block ships, gun En'lish!"
boats, rafts, &c. His whole command is estimated BALTIM.toIR. The following tale was told to the
at 22,000 men, besides the militia of Jouisiana--of committee of vigilance of the city of Baltimore, by
these about 10,000 were with him on the 2d Decem- two persons who have been with the enemy since
beir, and the -Kentucky and Tennessee boys were August last, and were in the Menalaus frigate at the
pushing on to join him, as were also the Georgia time of the de- onstratioion Baltimore. The attempt
troops. The following despatch received at Mfil- to pass the Ferry Branch [Port Covington] was
ledverill', by the governor of Georgia, on the 10th, made, as one of them states, by eighty boats car-
gives us some infrmral ion of tihe enemy. trying about 25 men each, eight of which were en-
I... '. '. -, 'eI. 21.-Yesterday a despatch was tirely destroyed, with a loss as was admitted by
received by the governor from general M'Intosh, some inferior officers,after their return, of from 5 to
stating that information had been given by the indi. 600 men! Two boats only went from the .e'aliu,
ans of the arrival at the mouth of the Appalachicola both of which returned, but 17 of the i'.:-, .,.
in Florida of a large British fleet, having on board missing. They have coiiimunicated some other in-
a ,or-iing to the enemy's statement, fourteen thaoi- formation, highly interesting, but improper to com-
sand troops, and a considerable part of them blacks. municate at the present time.
Sven of the vessels are said to be very large, the [We pot no faith in thi. :p..ri i -, ..' .-t sr.-r 3
i'e.ainder of smaller size and loaded with ammuni- -but it is impossible to l1i .. i'i ,r. .. .1.. 1, .
tion and presents for the Indians. The British have not sMifer severely on tihe occasion alluded to, though
built a strong fort at For'ies's store, and priced in the admiral, (-cadid rsotd!) does not even menntic.n
it a garrison of 300 men. All the Indians have been the expedition.]
invited to come to receive presents-The Red Sticks Su-;-r CAIU;I.-At has placed at the disposition of
tuld many runaway negroes have gone. thle government of the United States, 250,000 dol-
If the above news be true, the British evidently lars, to pay the troops in thil .' ,, i be pssed
intend carrying on an active warfare against this to the credit of the state in i' --. i. .,-i ..'oi qurota
state, and we sh.ll not be surprised if an attempt of the direct tax. -i l.i i--. ,_ p '.i. i 3 of this
be made to prevent a junction between our army aud transaction shall be recorded.
that under general Jackson. S,Ts. *rnorsujs.-The leg-islatlie of South Ca;-
The troops at fort HIiwkins amonnnting to about lina has passed a law to riise a brigade of state
2500, struck their tents on nMond:ay, and took up troops-ihe officers are: Daniel Elliott lHger, b'i-'
the line of march for Mobile, of which place ~i.1 -': 1:'" *-eneral ; Andrew ficAkenis and JTrifles R'.
neighborhood gen. M'lntosh will have the c.-.n colonels; Fierancis ~, IDliesslijie and ll. G.
nitand, g'n. Jackson intending to remain in the vi- 3di;,7efo, lieutenant-colonels ;, ames J31. JAbien and
cinai.. of' New-O:leans. Of the route of the army John Canty, 1st majors ; .dSdres Hasell and John S.
we deem it improper to speak. emaner, 2d majors.
[Applachicola hiy miay be about 250 miles, south New YO!IK, '(;o. Tomnpklin having proceeded to
in a dii!ect line from Miiied;;eville, and about 500 Albany, the command of this post liue devolved on
east from th.e mouth of the Mi.isissippi. The IFlint brig. gen. ld,,l. In a letter to the mayor, he of'i:-r
river, wichl emptieus into .lii b:y, :has a navigation hlis-warmes L thl'nks to the corporation of tllhe city ftv:-
foe small vessels or lxiot.s a couskierabic distance il- its liberality tnd patriotism. "!n ,.. 1 e .. ...
to the country inhab)ited y the Smit i.nde the 0nost to have given great saisfiaction in his military capa-
savagne indians of the so.ith, .and also the most hos- city, and to have secured the attachmeniit and esteecu
tile. It is possible ththathe "bulwark of I. of 'all parties.
may have made his appearianca here to give Jiig and Cas'is-.-'Tiie British iat Castine have had a re-
spirit to his "dear alliess" thea saage_'s iiand --'raes; port that the indepcndenci and Con:tui tio u'iti'
and, perhaps, leave asmall oirce, with a : I, sup- 27" privateers, and 13,000 men, were. ini conmplete.-
ply of arms and ammunition, for the purpose of readiness at Dtoston iar an attack on that place !
miirdering women and children on the inland frYon- Ti,: .Inosar;s..-The original twentv-tl-:ee host-
tiers of Georgia, while with his chief body he pro- ages held by thelBritish government ii, ,.i-, .. 'I
ceeds on his grand expc'.itin.]. at :.-..,. been released. They arrive ...
PEnsACO',A. By a sloop that lias arrived at Wilt on the 22d ult. from Qt(ebe'c,
mington, N. C. with a c:,r'go of sugar, nd with se- LIIITAIY.
Veral passengers from li .iana, we learn "that great MNj. g.en M2aomb hias resumed Ihis' command at.
dissatisfaction wih king F-'erdinasnd existed there, Platws/urPh, where ie iiapreht:.,ioil of a winti'
and that thought fiir t the capture of Penisacola by campaign seems coilnsid;rably lessened.
g'encral Jackson hid given a shock in that plac-. Lt. col. 'Tol'ws'n, is at present in .1leltiiorne, on a
which occasioned the'stopping'f AImerican vessel, vMiit to his friends. It i; llie fist time that h; lisa
-yet as scoil as tlhoi received accounts of the man- left his corps since the war.
hier in wh;ci Pensacola was restored, all d:ficuliies Col. Jo-seph Dl. Le.n1ed, of the ,ith regiment .U,
ceased, the vessels were liberated and the Americans Jinfantry, has bheen lately tried hv : court mrtmrtial,
treated with great respect." convened at PIrhlJal;d, of i ; i
to.ri'hso''s conduct at I'ensacola will be approved, was; pTres;,lent, and found ,",; .l "i* I and .mI -
we trust, by all iaen, except thie. acobins of his own bezz-'lement of'public moniess" It was r'..-.l i.
euntry, wlho ''it'Ld ~airvet ; 6'c1'bitvi',ib a *i?- iIe am enIr t .1'5 bye. 0. 78g '.. or :
... .a; ,.. ";. ,,I-


b."---: b-it., ,r..l "i.' :.r.c-b" b r.ls '- ie .. ,.'e .. li i n i t'.. pr.o -r nr' a few men, I.. tl .:- r .-r .'. "
count of the Un'.. .! r tla-, at SI "5 I':., c'.i ar. c ndiu t, t. :, bring, d.gr.ice .-. the w ihole arrr.
andpaid forthem attli0t ri: butt .,r.rr-d '.'. Iit ltht ''-r., -he du'y rf every one of the de.
:. al r.:.-:;-ri ,r he ri. : :r ... i'; *' .I.'l, t..clin.erat, Ir. ..: -.-rt. id dirrd.?ri c riih.ct of any
.- ii 'r i--:.i ili '] -[ c mi'.:''ir, .t p-r- i!.e -..l..har.., :o lIh t. thie com njmmidir.g general
-l..- ',. r., to .t rthe l. ".- r rri, t 'h j.- Z m i ': I r i ,: ,:rr m r.la..ry p ir4 1.iroi .in the offenders.
pr',i; tb i,,m I .m 2I ,f 2 ] ..ri -ach settQ amounting The embarkation rt' th; tr.-'..- will take place
;ri ii, r.i.".- t, 175 1..ll'.r, lie was -..il g'.i iu1 1,.: ,i board the transports nowin the Cumber-
1,k. -"i,, ri r.rie ir ,., gnd sentenced to be land thver.
..,',i:,ry Ich I'-.ni.,re is approved by the com- Tih general invokes the benedictions of heaven
mAI.ln. offi'.:- .r .- 11.;: district, and the said colonel for this army-for its safe -i., gl..r-.r-.] is ho-
I.er.?:.J r ,.. i., 1',gcr .L.1 officer of the army. norable return-humbly -o:.-s,.g J. ait e -Irong
The Democratic Press, says-"We understand arm of pbwer is alone derived from the Alimil .
that an arrangement for the exchange of prisoners 1. 'c.-r n-n..1
Ir,' he.- tnale, ir, i il, .r 4i,)j'r,, r.'.,-r.r ,re expected AN DR. Hi \ NL ,.;. gen. of Ten. and
.n arti., ,r, he (Ui .lri s ,.i, S 'nI 10 maj. gen. Carroll.
Ieadd-quarters, Jaasville, A'ot. 24, 1814. Tair. MEN ,r T" rXN.Fssras-k..By the adjutant general
GENEiRAL ORlDti RS. --' I ,. *' lr. I.,i i..r ... .r ,. i
S.;. ,/ilr '- l i it: r ", i..r .," ..:,,, ,ai1 t li .,ran to our 4, I .t ii ,. -.,:, Ol,... i. r. ..--r,0 r" I 1 .
IIn ,,-. .,. tr.b,:- I:,l '. i i,, prom ptitude you have .T c1'i. I pI .- .. ''..' 1 1 t ere l' on trse e a 'i-
eb,.rle i -l-inhm.la: to the field, are lb,. I ."e. ,l,.-,.* r r.'. th- lower country; con-
cb,-i,! fit-ie a., -m,,h to the field.
No.sooner was the willol. ,r r,-: ,:1 .r,,n k..-.,1, i f it-ii Ic-i -',, r.J men; under the command
than you threw aside the :'.r n,: t i -.. gprr-:rl v ,r,,il. The balance of our armir
ful (; iz:n, and1 att,,..l yourselves in the armor of u .' 11 .....frt he lindian country by land,
War. '. -f forts Stiog her, W illiams, :r .I" :l.,- ,' .
SThe convulsions I -... w r I,- I : 1 I 1 ,e I ,,
.i 1 t. i h h, i t ~ hI ? lji'ginl *'I'I I e !n, 'L rd.bt .l '_ ird
.r *.i.g i'*g' .' .. -itim ',-. n ''' marched without the limits of the state in about
I[].gl.. t-' .i. Iar I r "I' -.. i one month. Tennessee has now eleven thousand
oi n' 1 i .' i' a ie i i ll. hundred -r... ;, in the service of the United
,.,. I,, ., ,.-,,,, g g .n he. |, ..ii.ii., ,i,' "rr,', r ,,. h;,h ., I ., third of the m en w ho
arn- r.r ,i, l .,i ,r ,'ri,, iF .- returns of the mili-
T h pi.' -. tia ,,.T ... .. s ', h l->, .:I bl-en m ade to m y office
T h ar. r '. ,:. i ,, ,0,, .. i,- e n e m y na h i l : ,t I i. g,1i a ,k e th e m militia o f th e
li |hg' j't.n.g i.. I:, a,,.,' a ggjg' en temy' a stl l in''g g
.lh .r., ..hi I, li', ,,, i,- a ,li I., enabled to st yet I presume t'h.

n.rnL,.:-'h..I I.~.t ,hIr rc .,, ~.: ,."- i, I ,, ,h h, e ir, d
l,,n'... ,.,, ,,.i, I.,.,r.,-', .,,l lT : I, ;ll n,,, t,i l', *I. ,.i .,i ,r I.-,.. l,. p..r

l,. I,', ,,i t i r 1 1, -- > .. i g 1 -a *. ... '.. n" .. l ld ..
lI........-,. .,1 'gai ggg .i, ... 1,k r.....:'e .i .,11'.' -,I' ,-,- a "'-1 from Cape Flo-
i i, l ".. ..it g '. 'i i of O rleans. O ur .' 1 ..... .-,i .- 0r-...I. ; r
.r il .a'r ..l i. ar t- '. i- i V .. .-,. I' i 1i r Il r dship's arrival, by having an ade-
1 "ti' la" ,r i.a.i,.,.u .ia lg- it T l. ,,'' .: ,- ''a e I .. ,hi T ,,T ,i is dueto
SSa .'.-I ii. ,I- .. .., .: r, r .ifI..rr has beet
Our state has risen i,n thi- 1,;. 1.. i 1i; of -r,.hI '3 ".- '. ,.' '''; arch our troops, and
., .a,,.I I.. l,,: i '..', w ... .: rm y ,I l b- p :., -..,-, e ..-.. ive in tim e to avert the
e. 'l 'ti.,,,,i,. -h ., w ith those w ho have 1 ,, .. i, r tl.t -' a -,,, I ... i l..ri..i, t.. i.-
,i .'V- il h i. 1-',.I. We terni world. Our-n Ira i mi ..1-i ...gi, l ,"- i.-
The war has I. -..... l.g 11. ,1 "i I- .. and is still willing to make many more, to
.u re of it is" so r r 1 l .i ..er .,.. ,- ne. :'i i "' ll- i l ',' t he un ion .
CL.--.r they areeat this moment. "There are ,.... .. ,sI which our citi .ens will
T'he whole circumference of the United i?-'.: not fiore go t, ."- '. the present try-
can be invaded, I .i Ia, by the British or their n.,,ie. ,"- s ""s '"I '"1"= y not be unava ".
rous indian allies. Let us then be watcliful oi our ,9 .
territory, that its soil be not polluted by the sacri- NAVAL.
legious tread of the savage, or of the subjects ofI The -".. frigate did not sail from New Yorie,
11.,i r,,,.-.,,iai.ra. who basely employs them. as reported in our last.
ni' .' i -,n ..r '-L: tiT les '. : a r"i .' 'l":' c m ri. C "p. "m i t 'I i h,is head quarters at
march i- .- r co untr, a .0u. ,- i, .anh. : r.T i....l.- r convoyof the gun-
section of ou r union whi ch is' u .. .. ) ao rved h ti p ,I t I'i..,Ii t. Mary's and Ame-
ple westward of the Allegha:n u ...1 bou. .,.
The city of New-Orlea.ns is taie grand depot of VWe have a report that the sloop of war Waep BIas
the products of our country, and every one of us .; 1.1 returned to France, after a brilliant cruise.
ought to feel a strong interest in defending this
great mart of trade and source of wealth to the up- POSTS .'lIlPT.
per country. r i. 1,11 :',i la.-,.; a direct tax of six millions has
It will afford your general infinite satisfaction, if passed the senate, 'and only wants the signature of
VmOr conduct in camp and while on the march, shall the president to become a law-ayes 23, nays 7.
be sucii as i,. b- ;, ;ii t i...... .i... citizens. He A strong bill is helir..e ,e house to preventsnmu'
hopes everl s.,li ,.r &'.!l ..:,,ii l: I r,,.i ,,i .. ,-, &c. It was .x.r,.el to be-engrossed for a
ot the a-rn. l. t '.i ..i': ,,.:- .. i a i,,,'I reading-all but 8 or 9 of the opposition be-
peaceful c,:,';ze'., nor al'. ii',-':. I I' h private pro- ing absent when the vote Was jken, to prevent a
P 1 .. I uctQra "'_.