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 Material Information
Title: Niles' weekly register
Physical Description: 47 v. : ; 25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Niles, Hezekiah, 1777-1839
Niles, William Ogden, d. 1857
Publisher: H. Niles
Place of Publication: Baltimore
Creation Date: March 12, 1814
Publication Date: 1814-1837
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- United States -- 19th century   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Maryland -- Baltimore -- Baltimore
Coordinates: 39.283333 x -76.616667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from University Microfilms (American periodical series: 1800-1825); on microfiche from Library Resources, Inc.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 6, no. 1 (Mar. 5, 1814)-v. 52, no. 26 (Aug. 26, 1837).
Numbering Peculiarities: Issues for Mar. 5, 1814-Aug. 26, 1837 called also: Whole no. 131-whole no. 1,352.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vols. 13-21 called also: New ser., v. 1-9; v. 26-35: 3rd ser., v. 2-11; v. 37-49: 4th ser., v. 1-13; v. 51-52: 5th ser., v. 1-2.
General Note: Title from caption.
General Note: Editors: Mar. 1814-Aug. 1836, H. Niles; Sept. 1836-Aug. 1837, W.O. Niles.
General Note: Supplements accompany some volumes.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 07329918
lccn - sn 85022629
System ID: UF00073182:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Weekly register (Baltimore, Md.)
Succeeded by: Niles' national register

Full Text






NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER.

No. 2 or voL. VI.] BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, MttincH 1; 1814. [weaosE o. 182.

Hfxc omli meminisse juvabit.-YViss L.
Printed, and published by H. NILES, South-st. next door to the Merchants' Coffee Houge, at $ 5 per annum.

coNTINUEJi Filto. suPPLE.rr 'ET To NO. 1. undoubtedly one of the enemy's ships; others are
soon compelled her to retire. A party of s .... ''*el' you will please to return with the troop
now made their appearance on the brow of the motun- 'I.' I'lnce as soon as possible.
tain (which being perfectly bald, exhibited them to II. fiC i loN.
view) and commenced a fire on our camp. I Order- P. S The object of the.enemy's fleet must be in-
ed colonel Chrystie to dislodge them, whb entered tended to cover the retreat of their troops or to bring
on, the service with alacrity, but found himself an- on a reinforcement. II. D.
ticipated by lieutenant Eldridge, the adj utant of the .najor Teflerl'e 51s 3.
regiment, who, with a promptness and gallantry It is possible the fleet in sight may be our o'wn; a
highly honorable to that young officer, had already p. .. i.,,,. i..r.l. ,, ,,, ., to determine e arid
gained the summit of the mountain, with a party .. ,r ,' ,,, i,,.ot DEARBORIN.
Volunteers, and routed the Barbarian allies of the General Lewis.
defender of the Christian faith. This young man Dear general-I amn induced to suspect thd.t the
merits the notice of government. enemy's fleet have an intention on this place. Two
"These little affairs cost us not a man. Sir small'schooners have I... ,r .,i,;...; -t, -.h i i.
James L. Yeo being disappointed of a tragedy, next minutely for three or four hours this afternoon. I ,e'
determined in true dramatic style, to amuse us with have gone on towards the head of the lake, and theit
a farce. An officer with a flag was sent to me from sips appear to have tken taken same coure course ; thev
his ship advising the, that as I was invested with sa- may take on board additional troops oear the head
ages on my rear a fleet in my front, and a powerful of the lake and be here before .. t, o nacr th= 1 l e'a.
army on my flank, he and the officers commanding You will please to send Milton'- ,-.,.: hr ..I .,d .,)l ij
his Britannic majesty's land forbes, thought it a duty of Chandler's brigade, and colonel Burn's light dra-
to demand a surrender of my army. I answered goons with all possible despatch ; they ought if p0os-
that the message was too ridiculous to merit a reply. sible, to be here some time to-morr6w forenoon.
No. 7. was delivered to me at about 6 this morning. You will follow with the remainder of the troops as
Between 7 and 8 o'clock, : I.,. ie -- .*.. .., we had, soon as practicable.' It will be necessary to take care
being loaded, first with sick, and next with ammu- that. your boats are not taken or lost. General
nition, &c. the residue of camp equipage and bag- Swart'wont asid colonel Scott should return as soon
gage was put in the boats, and a detachment of .. I.. can .
hundred men of the 6th regiment detailed to pro- You'rs with esteem. H. DEARBORN.
ceed in them. Orders were prepared to be given General Lewi"s.
them to defend the boats, and if assailed by any of ORasEs.--ADI.rtTAiZ G E NES"AL.'S O' ICE,
the enemy's small vessels' to carry them by board- liad quarters, Fort George, June 10, 181i.
ing. By some irregularity, which T lI',e .,% be i t B eir- .. tle i. I ... -\ ,. .. ;t'., ..f I- i.-'
ib le t : ;.- ve:;', !,.: !,,at ps 1 1 itT h.i t t ,.. d ct, -l .-. -'.:j.,l 1 .! t.. 'f. ...... I, i t -I ..t ile trv 'I ... .. ti H
elAe:t-, ilaeLii ,t-,l [ *. I) r b .i e -tlin.. i.. Ft'tir,,r-.. t' ] f, .:- 1 .1 1 .t 'the ninth military department.of the
ing. When they had progressed about three miles, United States, devolves on the major general Lewis.
a breeze sprung up, and an armed schooner overhaul- All persons concerned are ..tl. L-i accordingly.
"ed them. Those who were enterprising kept on and By command,
escaped; others ran to the shore and deserted their \W. SCOTT. aziuti&nt genera!.
boats. We lost twelve of the number, principally i- .:... ,' letetteir from colonel James: Bumrn, 2d light
containing the baggage of the offiers and men. A.agoo.si, to major general VDeorborn.
At ten I put the army in motion on our return to "In the afternoon of the 5th our advance-guard,
this place. The\savages and incorporated militia consisting of the light infmtntry, under the command
hung on our flanks and rear throughout the march, of captains Hindman, Biddle, and: Nicholas, a part of
and picked, up a few i'r (g;l,.. -. On our retiring the rifle corps under captain Lytle, and a detachment:
the British army advanced, and now occupies the ofthe ',l d-. ..,". under captain 6 elden, commenced
ground we left." a sharp skirmish with tbe advance of the entm'y,
PAPI'RS liEEi riM TO BYT RGENEAL LEV 1, said to bea detachment oflthe 49th regiment, which.
Head quarters, Niagara, June 6, i14. soon retreated, covered by a thick woods, havivgr
Dear fenerat-You will please to proceed with as however, several wounded on both sides, and one
little delay as may be, and take command of the ad- drago,.- horse killed. In the evening oi"r advance
vanced army. Brigadier generals Boyd and S n *", ,.*-- .. 1,; ,I s., ,,. 'i- .'-~;.. .. e army took
w out, and c..l..n..l .. t, .. ,1 .'.-.i ,p.i. *...,, In. 1 i... l, s.. th, ,:i.'.. "1i I. 't infantry, and
ordered an ai ibr..'.. '.f (.git r.x' t .'I 1..' r t .t '' '' ..'' : -..'t e r t the 26th regi.
equipped as cavalry to attend you. You will attack ment, formed the right wing. The artillery, under
the enemy a's soon as practicable; your force will captains Towson and L. Leonard, the centre. Tiic
i.ftsure success: every possible effort should be made 51h, 6Ifth, 23d, amnd some riflernen, the left wing', and
for preventing the enemy's escape. the cavalry in the rear. A -;trong picket gllatd wa.v
Ma.f success and glory attend you. posted soncme distance in front, also string flank and
Yours with esteem, 11. DC.U BOIt N rear guards in such manner as to surrou',t. the w:lo.uh
Jfajor kenerai Lewis. encampment with centinels--he troops lay inde"'
Niagara, Jnne 6, 1813. arms without any covering. Our nuirbers in tihet
Dear general--A ship having appeared thit morn- field did not exceed one thousand. Three hunadriei.
ng steering towards tlie head of the lake. vxitich is efl.etivch of the I;:. '.i, i. n-its .:".' er'
VOL. V1, C'.







20 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 18i.

camped on the borders of thl. 1k.. -iboit the-i.. miile- Montreal, June 18, ItS,
distant, for the protection ,.I ihe b-... 1 e eel,.n. Sin--I deem it my duty to improve the earliest
forced our picket and attacked us about two o'clock opportunity possible, to give you a more detailed
in the morning (which was very dark) with their account of the affair of the 6th instant, near Stony
army an,- I"*.li "n-, expecting, no doubt, to throw us Creek, than I have before had it in my power to do,
into confusion. Their views were, in this instance On the morning of the 5th I arrived at Forty-mile
however, completely frustrated, and when the day Creek. The detachment under general Winder was
dawned, hone were to be seen except their killed and then under marching orders for Stony creek. After
wounded, who covered the field of battle. The at- a short halt the whole marched for that place, and
tack began on our right, and was gallantly repelled arrived there between five and six o'clock P. M, at
by the ;fire of the liglh troops and 25th regiment., which place a small picket of the enemy was posted,.
commanded by inajor Smith. In a few minutes it but retired on our approach. The advanced guard
became general along the. whole, line, and was nobly pursued, and, soon fell in with a picket of about 100
returned by. the artillery of the centre, conmmandedl strong, under colonel Williams. A skirmish ensued.
by captains Towson and L. Leonard, and again by I hastened the main body. Williams retreated and
the troops of the left wing, viz. the 5th, under lieu. our advance pursued. The pursuit was continued
l.-,: ,t1 c.l,-),_1 ilioiin, Ii,: .l. c-, im.-,nd-J bvy major rather longer than I could hav wished, but returned
\rT.lt,,. *nd the 16111 The Iu.- little: intermission for one hour, during which rine '..", sun-set. I had ordered the 13th and 14th, who
the ,inemy attempted, by frequent charges to break were in the rear, to take a'position for. the night near
our line, but without effect, being obliged to give the mouth of the creek, to cover the boats, (should
way by the well directed fire of our brave troops. they arrive) which would be on the route which I in-
T.he 13th and 14th regiments (which had been tended to pursue the next morning, and a favorable
detached the preceding evening) were active in position presenting itself, 1 encamped with the resi-
makiig prisoners, and advanced with much ardor to cue of the troops, excepting captain Archer's comlr
the field in hopes of sharing with the gallant 5th and pany of artillery, which accompanied the 13th and
2th, **'I .3 r,;i,;. -i -'..p.,- the glory of another corn- 14th on the spot where we had halted, with an ad-
t. captureof bra ree vanced picket om half to three quarters of a mile
I ItA. Ilii 1i, -iil,'-i E -',r1.I capture of hrigadier-'gene- picket from h l to
rals Chandler and Winder, who were taken in the in front, with express orders for them to keep out
action unknown to any part of the army and hurried constantly a patrol. A right and left flank guard
and a rear guard were also posted. I gave positive-
into the enemy's lines, prevented the future opera- ad e rear guard were also posted. I gave positive
tions from being carried into effect with the promp- orders for the troops to lay on their arms. Contrary
titude which would assuredly have taken place had to my orders fires were kindled; but there are doubts
either of those ollicers been present to command, whether this operated for or against us, as the fires
S- of the 25th, which were in tfrout, and by my orler
V.,.u %.d be :ttrprit,-. to find our loss so small- had been abandoned, enabled to see a part of the ei.
that of the enemy exceeds ours much ; they lost in emiy, while the fires on our left enabled the enemy
killed about sixty, many wounded, and upwards of to se our line. On the whble, I think it operated
seventy prisoners, all regular's and principally of the against us. I did expect the enemy would attack us
49th regiment.. Several of their officers were killed, that night, if he intended to fight; but perhaps this
wounded and missing. A'flag was sent bycolonel Her- was not expected by all. I hac( my horse confined
vey, asking permission to make -ii.n. -r ih- ii, t. me, and directed that the harness should not be
also to be allowed to send a surg.. i., i., itind their taken from the artillery horses. I directed where
own wounded, which I readily granted. On the re- and how the line should he formed, in case of attack.
turn of day-light I found the command devolved on About an hour before day light, on th.: mi.:,r;ing of
me, aad being at a loss what steps to pur.tie ni tihe the 6th, the alarm was given. I was ,oisi.i% up.
unpleasant dilemma, occasioned by the ca[tIre of ind the 25th, which lay near me, was almost -as Im.
our generals; finding the ammunition of many of the stantly formed, as well as the 5th and 23d, whichI
troops nearly expended, I had recourse to a c6ioncil was on the left, under the immediate eve of general
of the field officers present, of whom a majority coin- Winder. Owing to the neglect of the front picket,
cided in opinion with me that we ought to retire to or some other cause, the Britishofficerssay, that they
our former position at the Forty-mile Creek, where were not hailed, or an alarm given, until they were
we could be supplied with ammunition and provi- within three hundred yards of our liin. The extreme
sions, and either advance or remain until further or- darkness prevented' us from seeing or knowing at
ders. Every aid was afforded by the staff The as- what point they intended to attack us, until an at.
sistantadjutant general major Johnson, and brigade tack was made on our right. A well directed fire
majors Jones and Wartenby exerted themselves in was opened upon them from the 25th and from nearly
rendering all the assistance in their power. the whole line. .After a few minute 1I heard several
The army on this occasion hits proved its firmness muskets in our rear, iin the direction of the rear
.and bravery, by keeping its position in a night attack, guard, and then expected that the enemy had gained
in which thd yells of the Indians mingled with the our rear by some. path .unknown to -me, and were
roaring of cannon and musketry were calculated to about to attack us in' rear. I instantly ordered co.
intimidate. The enemy charged repeatedly, atid so lonel M1ilton, with the 5th, to form in our rear near
dark was the night that our army could not distin- the woods, to -meet with such circumstances as
guish friend from foe; in one of those they .succeeded might take place, knowing that I could call him to
in e4rrying oil a six-pounder, a howitzer and a cais- any other point, if necessary, at any moment. I had
son ti-thle mortification of our brave artillery. I pre- observed, that the artillery was not covered, and di-
surne-it was on that occasion also that we lost our ge- reacted general Winder to cause the 23d to be formed
nerals who were distinctly heard encouraging our' so far to the right, that their right should cover the
men to fight. The squadron of dragoons remained artillery. .At this moment I heard a new burst of
formed and steady at their post, but could not act on fire from the enemy's left on our right, and not able
accountt of the darkness of the night, and the thick- to see any thing which took place, I set out full speed
tiess of the adjacent woods. Much credit is due to towards the right, to take measures to prevent myj-
the troops generally, but too much praise cannot be right flank from being turned, which I expected %s'
qai of the conduct of the 5th and 25th regiments." Ahe object of the enemy. I had proceeded but a fey?








NILES' WEEKLY R-IitSTER--PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. 27

yards, before my horse fell under me, by which fall Extract of' a letter from the secretary at war to major
; received a serious injury, Here was a time when I .general Dearborn, dated
have no recollection of what passed, but I presume War department, June 9, I813.
it was not long. As soon as I recovered I recollected Your letters of the 6th and 8th inst. have been
what my object was, and made my way to the right, received. There is, indeed, ,,.n s,r .e tf,, al;t. al-
and gave major Smith such directions as I thought tending our efforts. I canll J-g. I.- i.,m .AL LhUe.
proper, to prevent his right from being turned by r .pise occasioned by the t'ss escapes oj a beaten ene-
surprise. I was then retmu-ing towards the centre, m1 ; first on the 27th ultimo, and again on the 1st
and when near the artillery, heard men, who, by the instant. Battles are not gained when an inferior and
noise, appeared to fe in confusion, it being the point broken enemy is not destroyed. Nothing is done,
at which I expected the 23d to be formed. I.. .p.. h.- any th;ng that might have been done, is omit,
ted it was that regiment. l approached them, and as ted,-: This maxim is as old as the profession of arms,
Ioon as I was near enough, I saw a body of men, who and in no walk of life applies with as m iuch force as
I thought to be the 23d, in rear of the artillery, bro- in that of a soldier.
ken. I hobbled in amongst them, and began to rally Should Proctor have retired from MaIden, and
them, and directed them to form; but soon found my been able to effect a junction with Vincent's corps a
mistake; it was the lBritish 49th,who had pushed for- the head of the lake, it has been done for oQ of
ward to the head of their column and gained the rear two purposes; either to dispute with you the pos
of the artillery. I was immediately disarmed and session of the Peninsula, or more securely to effect;
conveyed down the column to its rear. It was not their general retreat to Kingston. The latter is the
vet day, and the extreme darkness of the night, to more probable conjecture of the two, and is strength,
which was added the smoke of the fire, put it totally ened by the appearance of Yeo on the upper part of
out of our power t( see the situation of the enemy. e lake, and by ile position which Vincent has take
This was all that saved their columns from sure and thee' .
total destruction, of which some of their officers are EXTRACT.
aware. After seeing the situation ot the column as I Sn-I hwe been so reduced in strength as to be
passed, I did hope and expect that general Winder, incapable of any command, Brigadier general Boyd
on the first dawn of light, would see tkeir -.t1 1..r. i the only general officer present, and from resigina.
and bring colonel Milton with the 5th, (who I had tions, sickness, and other contingencies, the number
still kept in reserve until I could have day-light to of regimental officers present fit for duty are far be-
discern their situation) to attack this column, which low what the service requires. A considerable por,
I am sure, he would have done to advantage; but, to tion qf our army being composed of new recruits,
my mortification, I soon learned that he had fallen and the weather having been extremely unfavorable
into the same mistake with myself; and by endeavor- to health, the sick have become so numerous, in ad-
ing to learn what was taking place in the cetre, he edition to the wounded, as to reduce the effective
was also taken, as well as miyor Van De Venter. To force far below what could have been contemplated;
the extreme darkness of the night, the enemy's but if tihe weather should become favorable, which
knowledge of his intended point of attack, and our ought to be expected, a' at part of the sick will
not knowing at what point to expect him, must he pr.hpbh%1 be fit for dlty in a short time; Theene-
attributed his partial success, and not to a want ,rI h t,, -n reinforced at the head of the lake
strength or bravery in our troops, who, generally, be- it a:,b.0, "n. .o men of the 104th regiment. A ves-
haved remarkably. well under all the circumstances; sel carrying ammunition and other munitions of wa?
and however unfortunate the event, ias it relates to bound to the head of the lake, was captured four
myself, I only ask that all the circumstances may be days since by one of commodore Chaunicey's schoo-
taken into consideration, in making up your opinion ners, from which I conclude, that the enemy will
upon the conduct of general Winder and myself in endeavor to keep up such a force at or near the head
this affair, which I am sure you will do, and I flatter of the lake,'as to present any part of our force in this
myself you will see no cause of censure. I regret that quarter fi om joining or proceeding "to Sackett's ar.'
,my decrepid situation, and the rapidity with which bor for the purpose of attacking Kingston, and such
we have been brought to this place, has put it out of is the state of the roads in this fat county.- in conse-
my power to give you a detailed account of the affair quence ofcontintial rains, as to render any operatio ,-
, earlier. I am now able to walk some with the aid of. against the .enemy extremely difficult without the a d
a cane, and 1 hope 1 shall continue to recover. of a fleet for the transportation of provision, ammiu-
I have the honor to be, &c. &c. nition and other necessary supplies. The enemy
s JOHN ( I1.1 NDLER, brigadier general would probably retreat on our approach and keep
.Major general Dearborn. out of our reach, being covered by one or more aprm
Head quarters, Fort George, June2th. ed vessels, which remains Go1 this part of the alke,
SI -As the general is unable to write, I-am di- rhe whole of thesee embarrassments have resulted
erected by him to inform you, that in addition to the from a temporary loss of the command of the lake.
debility and fever he las been afflicted with, he has The enemy has availed himself of .hl, a,'a..t'-re -,u'
within the last twenty-four Wburs experienced a vio- forwarded reinforcements and supplies."
lent spasmodic attack on his breast, which has Extract of a letter from the secretary at g'ar to majot
obliged him to relinquish business altogether, bnd general D., '', ddated
'the command is given over to major general Lewis, s, itpartnient, ouly i. 1813.
whb will in future make the necessary communica- "The leisure you now have offers a fine opportn;
tions to the department of war. The British fleet city for the adjutants and inspectors general to at
still rides triumphant in this section of the lake. tend to their particular duties. Some of the p., t;
of which yQu speak from the enemy, may practipi4.
I havethehonorto be sir, with great respect nd a trick on tos who fllw them. Thee st
opnsidegatioiu, your obedient and humble s-vn te circ ct. Chauncey il I pe, s
SAMUELS. CONE, re-appear on the lake. A battle will then decide
J1. D. 0. to geralDearborn. which of us shall be victor for the campaign. I amr
Hou, general John Armstrong, afraidthat we have all Alor.g :z.ed on Ah belief. rE i
Secret Aryof r, pleasisg, .bt aIl ,.urL.dd, ,z. tLat we wvle *^!
i*crts of wI':,*' '*-








28 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 1814..

of the enemy as to naval means and naval prepara- sense, as well as military principles, put you o'1
tion on thed ltkes. Are we sure that our calculations the defensive. These circumstances changed, the
with regard to lake Eric have been better than those reason of the rule changes with them ; and it now
with regard to lake Ontario ? A week or two will becomes your business, in concert with the fleet, to
decide this question." harass and destroy the enemy, wherever you can find
aHea quarters, Fort George,.Timc 25, 1813. him. Of the competency of your force there can he
snm- have the mortilication of informing you of no doubt,, provided your estimate of his be but
.an unfortunate and ,.-.:-..'i .111 event, which oc- tolerably correct."
curred yesterday. 0 tl- 1 .', '.' coning, lieutenant War department.,T.y, 30. 1813.
colonel Blirstler with 570 men, infantry, artillery, Sri-I h:ave; this moment received intbrmnation that
Cavalry, and riflemen, in due proportion, was order- fort Alcigs is again attacked, and by a considerable
ed to inarch, by tile way of Queenstown, to a place rer.iidar force. This must have bedn drawn from De
called the Beaver Dams, on the high ground about Rottenbergs's corps. His late insolencelin pushing
eight or nine miles fram Queenstown, to attack and his small attacks to the very outline of your works,
disperse a body of the enemy collected there for the has been intended to mask the weakness produced
purpose of procuring provisions, and harassing those by this detachmnent. If (as you say) ybi can beat
inhabitants who are considered friendly to the Uni- him, do it without delay; and remember, that if you
ted States; their force was from the most direct in- beat, you must destroy him. There, is no excuse
formation, composed of one company of the 104th for a general who permits a beaten enemy to escape
regiment, above "0 i- ... -. from 150 to 200 militia, and to rally. These remarks grow out of some re-
and from 50 to 60 indrins. At eight o'clock yester- cent events in your quiarrer, and require no explana-
day mornlingf, when within about two miles of the tion. It is the president's wish that you should
Beaver Dams, our detachment was attacked from an communicate filly and freely with brigadier general
ambuscade, but soon drove the enemy some dis- Williams. It is only by this kind([ of intercourse that
tance into the woods, and then retired to a clear the efforts of all can be united in promoting the pub-
field, and sect an express for a reinforcement, sav- lie good.
ing lie would maintain his position until reinforced. I am, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient,
- I reinforcement of three hundred men marched humble servant, JO1IN ARMSTRONG.
immediately unI,-r the command ofcolonel Chrystie, Brigadier general Boyd,
but on arriving at Qtteenstowfl, colonel Chrystie re- P'ort George.
ceived authentic information that lieutenant colonel
Beerstler with his command had surrendered to the Extract of a letter jhrom brigadier-general John P.
enemy, and the reinforscment returned to camp. ]o!"d to t ,o f ,-.. ivar, d ited
man whobelonged to a s-nail coips of "ottic -" I bador;, Julty 27, 1813.
A man who belonged to a small corps o mounted i had the honor to address you last on the 24th
volunteer r ii.-mnen, came in this morning, who states instant. On the 22d instant, general Lewis and conm-
that the enemy surrounded our .1- .l.... .... ,* itcey were advised by me that from in-
woods, and towards 12 o'clock c-,oin,.. ..,,:..d a ceived from major Chapin and deserters,
attack; that our troops fought m., i, t. ,- I captured ordnance and their
until the artillery had expended e wioleo 1. ," .:. .|, ,. .f ammunition, stores, &c. are at the
munition and then surrendered, and at 0. C.i1 ..i. X --1 ,t1-1:. It wtI t tos i, e. that- a small
the surrender the informant made his esc, rp. li ,: ,ii, prise, take, testrov, or bring them
it should have been deemed proper to remain several ff i part of the fleet might be allowed to assist in
hours in a position surrounded with woods v, ,,',-"' nr, ,, or troops.
either r iskig a dec e .aeto -1 1 'r, .. UQ ,LtlU troops.
either risking a decisive action, I .... 1,,-: retr e, Yesterday the Lady of the Lake brought me a let-
remains to be accounted for, as I' pr ... ter .om commodore Chauncey, stating that he ap-
of waiting for a reinforcement from a proved of the enterprize and. 'wld g"o himself a,,ith
teen or sixteen miles. his fleet to the head of the lake, and requested guides,
No information has been received of the killed or information &c. .1 have deemed it proper to detail
wotunded. The enemy's fleet huts again arrived in inftiot md e hase deemed it proper to detail
Sounded he enemy number of troops under the command of colonel
our ntghborspectod estee Scott, which will embark on board the Ladv of the
be it respect nd esteem, I sir, yourlm- Lake, with directions to join the squadron, which
ble servan-t, fH. DAROuRN-. is believed to be now somewhere near Little York."
lion. .Tohn .Arinestron i, secretary of "wal r
rlietract of a letter jfrom brit-gadie'-geneiral Boyd to the
Varrlepa:irtment, Joly6, s113. secret' y at vaur, dated
Sint-I have the president's orders to express to Fort George, niiy 31, i813
you his decision, that you retire from the command "I iad the honor to address yot on the 27thi inst.
of district No. 9, and of the troops within the same, Agreeably to the plan therein suggested, commo-
until your health be re-established, and until farther dore Chauncey arrived here on the 28th instant and
orders. received on board the fleet a body of men under the
.I have the honor to be, sitr, withc-ery great respect, command of colonel Scott. Light and contrary winds
your most obedient and very humble servant, retard their progress up the lake, but ere this the
JOHN AR.3tSTRONG. attack has probably been made on the head of the
fIajor gen. Iemn-y iearlboi. lake. No information has as yet been received.
"The enemy has lately kept his indians so con-
Correspondence between the secretary of war and stantly scouring the woods of our vincinity, that we
brigadier general Boyd. gain iiodeserters nor intelligence of his movements."
Extract of a letter from the secretary of -war to brisga- Colonel Scott's Repomrt.
dier general Bloyd, dated ort George, Augulst 3, 1813.
War department, July 30, 1813, Srn-I have the honor to report, that in obedience
"The restriction put upon you with regard to the to your orders I proceeded on board the fleet with t he
enemy, was but commemnsurate with their command detachment of troops under my command, destined
of'the lake. So long as they had wings and you had to act against the enemy's post at the head of Little
dnly feet; so long as they could be transported, sup- lake, or Biurlington bay ; in sight of which place I
plied and reinforced, by water and at will, coinmon arrived late in the evening.of the 30th ultimo, tlhe






NILES' WEEKLY It LG ISTER-PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. 90

fleet having been greatly delayed by the almost con- lose, in a squall, two small schooners, which upset.
slant calm which has prevailed since we sailed. On the night of the 10th a sei ere .cannonade was
This delay of forty-eight hours, after our destina- heard on the lake, which we ascertaired in the
tioAlbecamne obvious to the enemy, enabled him to an- morning, resulted in the loss of two of our smallest
ticipate our arrival by a reinforcement of 200 men schooners. Undiscouraged by these slight disasters,
from the nearest posts onl this side of the lake, of commodore Chauncey is still in pursuit of the ene-
which we were early apprized. Nevertheless, conm- my, resolved to bring" him to a general engagement.
modore Cbauncey, with my concurrence, thought it These circumstances have necessarily delayed the
advisable to land the detachment from the army, to- attack upon the enemy, which was contemplated in
gether with about 250 marines and seamen from the my last letter. General Porter is assembling a body
fleet, (making a total force of about 500 men) the of volunteers and indians at lnuffaloe, with a view to
better to enable us to ascertain the exact force and co-operate in this enterprise, lie will probably jona
position of the enemy's camp. The landing was us soon. .-, ,i,;.: h..i, ....-i be done without the
made on the neck of land which nearly cuts oftfthe co-operatin- *ii..l. 1i .f, i'il be attempted. To
Little lake from lake Ontario. From this point ". l..,, -r1: the enemy, without being able to cut off hii,
could plainly discover the enemy's position on }iur- retreat, would be only beating without capturing
lington heights, surrounded on"- -: ;..l-.:-- a creek, him.
and in front by ani entrenchment and a battery of 1 have the honor to be, sir, with great respect,
seven pieces of cannon. The Little lake or bay is your most obedient servant,
between those two points, six or seven miles across. JOHIIN P. BOYD, Brig. Gen. o'uni
Perceiving the strength of the enemy',s position, lon. John .drmstrong, Sec'ry of War.
and learning from the inhabitants, that the fobrece on ieuad-quarter, Iort George, August s5, 1813.
the heights, independent of the reintbreement above Sin-I had thle honor to address you on the 12tih
mentioned, was nearly equal to our own, the cbm- instant.-Since which time nothing of importance
vmodore determined not to risk an attack, especially has occurred. Commodore Chauncey has leftlthis
as our boats would have been greatly annoyed 'i I t. of' the lake, and the enemy have now so far the
ascent towards the head of the bay, by a smallschr. ascendancy as to render the proposed enterprise'
of the enemy's, having on board one 18 pound car- against his land force impracticable. Yesterday ge-
ronade. The channel connecting the two lakes did neral Porter arrived at this place with a body of vo-
not alt r.r water for the passage of either of our hlnteers and indians, which had been previously as-
schooners. In the above opinion I fully concurred sembled at IBuflaloe. In the event of such an attack
with the commodore. It may be added, that thie as was contemplated, this force would be of infinite
enemy received a further reinforcement of 400 men service. At prescint they can only be employed to
the same evening by land from Kingston, harrass thie enemy.
On our retturni to this harbor the fleet put into I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient
York, at which place we burnt the barracks and pub- servant,
lie stores, and brought off one piece of ordnance, JOHN P. BOYD, BVi. Gen. Conm.
(24 ponder) eleven batteaux, and about- "' ,1 '-ri... Ir... Jo/ l .1 ... .*.'. .', SSec'ry of War.
of flour and hard bread. The barracks and stores Letters from the secretary at war to maljot-geneier
had been repaired since the 27th May. Thirty or Lewis, commanding at Sackett's Harbor.
forty sick and wounded in hospital, '. L. Ei.., taets of a letter from 'the secetavtr of wa toma -
and four prisoners (regulars) brought ,.1; I,,, -general .Lewis, dated
had been no garrison at the place for thle f:-. eII,. t War Dtgartnrent, J.uly 9, 8in.
previous. I .\i .lr,hi was expedited to general Dear'bor yes-
I have the honor to be, sir, your most lj-..., .. ,., .. It a',:- '-;nm t.. retire frot11 the comli.yi:nICl
servants, o(f thie ,, .1.1 .m i.:, Anot'ier was sent to loyd.
W. SCOTT, Col. comn. detachment. forbidding him to engage in any atlthir with the ene-
Brigadier-general Boyd, commanding, &Sc. &c. r..:, that could be avoided, and subjecthi.g himi to the
Extract of a letter : ,, ... ... .TLhn P. orders X.*" ., rj ,-.', r,.. Hampton and of yourself.
Boydto t/he ....... ,, ...,, ...... This 1.- (l:.c !I 0..r.... is now the oldest officer in
Hlead-quarters, For ..,'., U. C. August 8, 1813. the district) was intended to meet the cortingeucy
"By Tuesday's mail 1 i i ..'honor to receive suggested in my last letter, viz. that if we regained
your commands of the 30th instant, and yesterday a the command of the lake, and Yeo retired under the
number of letters enclosed, which were u it ... Ir -'u t'- Kingston; that this moment of uperiority
directed. must not be lost, and that bringing down Boyd's
"Conceiving- myself at liberty to act .. i.;' .1. on division a blow might be struck at that place. To
the arrival of the fleet, an expedition was immediate- favor this enterprise, orders will be sent to general
ly concerted against the enemy, and acceded to by Hampton to push his head-quarters to the p),sition
commodore Chauncey. One thousand was to en~bark held by our army the last campaign on lake Chanm-
on board the fleet, under the command of brigadier- plain ; and a requisition for ten thousand militia from
general Williams, to land at the lead of the lake.- the states of New York and Vermont, ill retiffbrce-
The army at this place was to move in two columns ment of this part of the plan, will be superadded.
against the enemy's fi-ont, while general Williams "The moment Chauncey goes out our stores along
assailed his rear and cut off his retreat. Yesterday the south shore of the lake should be broughlitdowi
morning, the time when t the troops were to have ems- to the harbor, and in that case, your smitall post
barked, the enemy's fleet was disco-.ered off this (consisting of regular troops) drawn into-your main
place. body."
msodoreChauncey weighed anchor, approach- war )Department, J'ly 3, 1isI.
oa and by ever. ;,i.:. ,i ...,. (lit a leewa-rd po- Sint-It is not in d-.J ..i.... -1.l-, hlit probable, that
s would admit, 0,1.:,,ii i.. -nI age." thie British fleet : 1..1..: IJ,, ,, r. .upon ti.t I i lI ,
Head-quarters, Fort George, August12, 1313. out the G(enetral Pike, refuse a battle and take shlwl-
Sa--I had the honor to address you the 8th inst.' ter under the guns of Kingston until their new brig
Unfavorable winds continued to thVwart the wishes of shall restore to them the superiority. A question of
commodore Chauncee to bring the enemy to action ; much importance arises on this supposed state of
and about the 9th i.istant hlie was so unfortunate as to things. What will be the best possible employment







g0 :-~lLEs' WEEKLY REGISTER--,A 'uRfAY, frl.A .C'fI 12, 1384.
tf our force during the period we may be able to, ded by an act of the session of congress which clo Q.
command the lake ? Shall we reinforce the troops .3 wo of these will be raised in the state
fort George from Sackett's Harbor and cut off Vi ... iiI.. and the third in that of Kentucky.
vent, or shall we bring from fort George the mass of "Whatever these troops may fall short of the
the division there, and uniting them to your present number and strength c.-. :mri.]l.,t._J by the laws utn-
command, attack the enemy at Kingston ? If the der % ,:l,. i-. I -, l r,e raised, must necessarily be
latter part of the alternative be adopted, two things made up from militia and volunteers; whence will
must be done. A heavy body of militia should be arise the necessity of s.,.. r I., *i..n i,,'. to the pro.
assembled at Ogdensburg to draW to that point -.i.. .- .f fenlistments, so that in the event of their
eneinmy's attention,- and general Hampton should I -l, ., which may be readily foreseen, time may be
move rapidly and ',, C,lrc:. .1. t Monwtreal. Our left for resorting to the other expedient."
assembled force at d.. -. II .,'- would amount ,,.,- ...... ,
to seven thousihnd men, independently of the naval Srv-Yotnr letter of tl.. 1 ?, ..II .Inri. ,s,
means. The enemy'sI -..l Ih.,..- .1 l-;',,..:--, i- .**"'" It ',, ,-,,,, cause, delayed much beyond the usual
bour thousand. Could a successful atta 1..- m l.n II,,t the mail, and even some -I .J. r the re-
here, the fate of the campaign is i-.:;i.:!--|.i'.-"- ,-:..,|r of your despatch of the 20th.
- that of the war. The object is great; but in pro- You will find by my letter of the 5th instant, the
'portion ad it is so, the means of effecting it ought to plan prescribed for your part of the ensuing cam-
be .:11, .. il':.. 1 From the sketches I have been paign; and to prevent any ill effect arising from its
able I., 1 1o.I.Ic i .t Kingston atnd its vicinity, I h v ,,,; ,-.,.,; second copy i. ,.:. .ri inclosed. It
no doubt but that the attack should be made on tt1,r ,. pi..ib [,l that colonels M'Arthur and Cass will
works which cover the battery on Navy Poin t.- both be promoted to the rank of brigadier, and will
These gitined, town, battery, and harbor are all at L'- ..;cn,.1 I.. rk.: .. n, ,,. ..1 f t'.. two brigades in-
your discretion. Beware of dividing your n: ta.I-I I. ,,,.-, .. 1..i n,, .... ii .. ,, e." r;ie armv. In tilhe
Confine it to a single point, but let that point be :a .. .. -F ,,,,.-, -, ., I ,, r.. of this division,
commanding one. I did not mention the tw. .. ur...F i .f 'lie line, the
Believe me, general, veryrespectfully and '. ,- r17I and 19th, parts of I...:I. .i.. i h. .1 with you.
fully yours, The filling up of these would be an important ser-
JPHN ARMSTRONG. vice, and you are requested to promote it. If you
Mlajor-general Lewis, Sackett's Harbor, are at ease with regard to the safety of your present
Correspondence between the secretary of war and post, against the attacks of the enemy, atid have se-
major general Harrison, cured to yourself the means of subsisting it, there
can lie no motive for eiti-r 1.'.1 .|.' \ by new
Extract of a letter from the secretary of oasr, to major drafts e no mn tie militia, ',.'''F byi Oew
general t!dliam ff. tarrison, dated the other hand, your force should be so reduced as
War department, March 5, 5553.
"I have the honor to ... l.. r ..:...- ..i "" ,: .I I 1 perilous, without a further rein-
your despatches of tihe lI t, ',.I ", ih ,ld.n,., ,'F..:cir ...... ,,. r, employ the two regiments raised
"The suspension of .'...., n. ..... .: .. .. I ,.-.. '"" .. ...y of them as may be .... '. to
appears to have been r. -- Ih t tl. 1 ,,, I H,- 1' I r"iair the policy (. :..1I.I.,: to
m ay be the case, your .' ..-.,-' ..,, ",' ., -iF M ....I.." "' .- '* t *' I i.', by the difficulty of sub-
den should not cease. 1 .. ..., i .1,, : iI'. ,'..t, ,, '' ,1 h''ere arises a .:...1 ,,.' ,,i ..I I..,.
waay as shi ll be best calcul ,-.I '. k'-- i I. ,' .. ,. F '- 'it of force to pi....r ,,. r,- ',r: .'nr
mv's alarm for the safety. t ., i p..':. ,'.I ""',, [ '. ant of means to subsist a Ir:.1 ,
ships of war wintering tl,. r.: ,..- L I ,1 be ., ,. ". .'' '' 1 .that alone, you will r.
able to appreciate the -',-.: ,.t ri,,: p .-,'- I. 1 F' ... 'l interpose the wilder-
state, that we shall vetr, :...... b.- n, ....r ,I th ""' '. "r and the enemy.
Niagara and St. Lawrence. ... .F d.ccuoi,, have not grown out of any sug.
*',,,i did well in stopping ahr ,, .-. I "- be found in your letters, but have been
itegitients from Ohio. To i.. .i.,.1 .-. .,-.,* .F..iFe '''r I '' '1 by a circumspection which it is always
so long as your objects It i,.:-. I 1 1 ... n, Fe- proper to extend beyond themere limits of existing
nanoe of your present posii... :, i 1.. a circumstances.
very useless expenditure of both public spirit and I am, sir, with great respect, your obedient ser4
public money. vant, JOHN ARMSTRONG.
As your campaign is now at an end, and yet near- .0fajor general William 1L. Harrison,
ly approached to that which is coming, it may be Fra(nklzton, Ohio.
proper to communicate to you the president's views war department, tarch 9, 1813.
in relation to your ssrbsequent movements. F i -Tlie government have r',. ,-, ..I h., I.
iwt n.iila ,i ,'I" that Malden can ."i' L..' sue- ing number of boats on lake Erie, for the purpou*
_'l' lly '.ppr, ~ '..: I by tlie route you are now up- oft' -F i.-p. '. tie troops on that lake. Cleveland is the
on, at twod .'r ..' thie year--mid-winter and mid- poii tir'I..- t west, where any portion of these can
summer. 'Ti,.: t, ir. is gone, and to wait for the be made with sufficient expedition. If the whole
latter would be hardly less disastrous than defeat could be made there the better. These boats will
itself. What remains for us to do is to keep our be of the kind known by the name of Schenectady
present ground 'lIt i.- lake opens, and then to ap- boats, narrow, and sharp ahead, and flat-bottomed.
roachh our object by water, and under convoy o'f the They will carry from forty to fifty men each, with
vessels of war building at Presque Isle. These will their '':. 'L' arms and accoutrements, and provi-
be afloat and ready to operate by the middle of May. sion f. n- FrI ,yage. It is proposed to commit the
13y the same time boats for the transportation of the superintendence of this service to you, 'and to he-
trbops, a train of artillery, '5,i. ..., -&c. may be stow upon you, pro hac vice, the staff' appointment
constructed. Cleveland is believed to be the place of deputy quarter miiter vener-il If' workmen can-
best fitted for this purpose, It will also be made not be found at (C 1:.,t.n: ,.r,'l ,rI,. r pl-ices on the
'lhe depot of the troops to be employed on the expe- lake, you will tak'.: i.- o r, Pr,, t. L. i're. Such ma-
rdition, .which will be the 24th regiment now at trials as you may want, other than those produced
Massac; ard three of tlhe 20 new regiments provi- by the country itself, you will provide at Pittsbur'






NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-PUBT.C, DOCUMENTS. g*

E'.d have sent on without delay. Funds, for this derable numbers on the Auglaize and St. Mary's
purpose, will be put under your control, and you rivers; and every exertion is now making.to increase
will be careful to make reports weekly of your pro- them, intended for the double purpose of taking
gress. down the provisions to the rapids, and fbr C'. ,'.,
Very re'pec .fTi.-. I n, si i, ...,ir obedient servant, the lake with the baggage of the army hi it .B..; I'
JOH:. ARMSTRONG. I had calculated upon being able partially to use
Captain Jessup, Washington, this mode of transportation, even if the enemy
should continue their naval superiority on the lake;
Extract of a letter from major general William II but, with this advantage on our side, tihe whole bag-
larrison to the secretary sf war, dated gage of the army could be safely and r'. .,, .
Head qnarters, Chilieothe, ZMarcl 17, 1513. carried alono' the coast in the boats and p,_..
"The known candor of your character is a suffi- co e in the r i ts pnd ., i I
client security for my receiving your pardon for thie army tou the C nada shore.
liberty I take in making objections to the plan of "' l hav te nada shore. e
operations communicated in your letter of the 5th m I e .t.ed tery, bun cum-
instant. If there is a positive certainty of our get- bered with heavy baggage, would ind no difficulty in
ting tie command of lake Erie, and having a regu- rc round the at any season, but what the
force of three thousand five hundred, or even eney would create, and e have the means of sub-
three the thousand well disciplned n, the proposed listing a force that would be irresistible.
art t oeu andsetot fwre d .armc i p e l landing op.n he ob actions to proceeding this way, stated.
plan of setting out fom Cleveland, lnd myl ll better to colonel Mtonroe, arose from the time
thle northern shore, below Maiden, would perhaps b ccs srt c ontc bt fte we
be thile one iy which that place and its dependeniies would be iedsaty the strait boats aoter we
coult be most easily reduced. am unacquainted with isould haer a ed at t he strait; but i objection
e ct, to l hi ty ee t is entirely obviated by our obtainin the command
the extent of the preparations that are making to ob- t i our oti the command
n a s oity Of te lake,st as the boats and peroges built upon the
tapthe n aI superoty upon lake Erie; but, should Miami will answer the oprpse. With regardtot.
they fi the troops bel assepnembled at Cleveland, lcth e ie d se o o
ee it m would ec r be dhefficulttosg t deupo.tthe propr quantum of force, my opinion is, that not io 1 .
track for making the sattak round the head of the eauxliar cops of migiata should in le em loed Ti ue
lake The attempt to cross the lake from Cleveland only orse oi f rie ia o the employed he-
should not be made with any other than well disci troops on that description. This, however, could not
lined troops. A comparatively small number tops of oboct, considering every showever, coud not
men of this description could effect the object, and be eobjoctu considering the very short time that it
wouldbeonreceseoy to employ them. Let the moment
for those the means of conveyance might be obtain- for the commencement of the march Trom the, ra-
ed; but thte means of transporting sun h an army as pids be fixed, and the militia might be taken ',., lit
would be required of militia, or undisciplined regu- point, proceed and accomplish tile project, and re-
lars, could not be procured.' I can see no reason turn home in two month s.
.-tiy Cleveland should be preferred as the point of "Amongst the reasons which makes ithnecessary to
embarkation for the troops, or the d..po.., r p,, :,h pl) a I ,g. I;,r I ,m sorry to mention the dis-
visions and stores. These are .Ire it.p ..-c'u;i 'mu,:l i .n i.'nI i ).h,,-,i ,. 1 the service which appears
icuat the rapld n of Miami, or in ,, .-i,,,r .. be erpl ..-,l i v p,- tern c un try; numbers must give
sent thither to an amount neaor, ,-,lii ut, l ,n .- I. c.; ,- '. *ch ,ugit to be produced by con-
Gumption of a protracted cam glr. in .l.,g i,- -b.e l .i ,d ,u. .-id%, which ne0vor existed in
ltxpense and difficulty of transheorif Icthe inv w u .1rm3 Iupeor d greea than amongst the
artillery and stores for anl arm, rnd tie h eadl ( '* l:t il t ua" i "i w "h w thm
the lake, would be very consi e.hae tih I Ik here i,,e 1.'i Ii. oat v r The new drauihts from this
possessed by our ships, and thel,- ,' t." L t .- C i '..." ,"i t a r
in boats along it margin, the .1 rL4 .. I ve no doubt, however, but a
difficulty in the land route. Tt,.:i..,rilri pl-i.:. .,.i.i,, n'ihb r ,'od men can be procured and
in your letter is, in my opinion, nor tl;c;rint r .. lih.,i the L. ,1l, ed to serve on horseback, Ken-
cure success. Admitting tha: tile p Iw,, ie.)uil b te t, k woteuId fitenish ome regiments that would not
raised by the time pointed out, they would be very be to tm diat fought at the river Raisin,
little superior to militia; tihe officers having, withl and be % n -pinion, superior a to e anyf mi-
carcely ansexception, to leai n their duty before they litia that ever took the field in modern times. Eight
could instruct their men; we have, therefore, no alter- troops of cavalry have been formed in K. i,,-I:,.
native but tomake up by numbers the deficiency i IW offer me theiriservice; and several of h.i.-u tcre
discipline. intended for twelve months volunteers. Governor
"I am well aware of the intolerable expense which Shelby has some thoughts of taking the field in per-
attends the employment of a large militia force.- son-a number -of good men will follow him. He
We are now, however, in a situation to avoid those thinks that an ,i'i, c. from me to the people of the
errors, which made that of the last campaign so pe- state P,.;u1] I.. ,, ,- tr: I have strong ob-
euliarly heavy. Our supplies are pTrocured, and so jectio.s t) .. l.se will nevertheless
deposited that the period for the march of the army .ave recourse to one, should other leans fail of
fon the advanced posts can he ascertained to' an bringing forward a sufficient force.
hour, and of course the troops need not hbe called ,"very exertion shall in the iean tim, be used
out until the moment they are to act. Experience to fbrward the recruiting service: for a few weeks..
has convinced me that militia are more efficient in I think that my services would be more useful in that
tile early than in the latter part of their service.- than any other employment."
Upon the whole, it is my decided opinion that the War Department, April 4, is1_.
rapids of Miami should be the point df rendezvous S I-Your despatch of the I7th ultimo, from Chi-
for the troops, as well as the principal depot. In- licothe, has been received, and I hasten to commiuni-
deed it most necessarily be the first deposit-the pro- cate to yotu the views of the president, in relation to
visions for the army be so placed that they can be the next campaign,'and the injunctions growing out
taken to the lake in no other way. The artillery and of these, with regard to the employment of the lui-
a considerably supply of ,hnh,nt., are ah.: .!% ,., lo c.
.ere.. Boats ,.1 r, .,,u, i, '1 'a coosi'l =Otr first object is to get a command of the lakes.







g _NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, MARCII 12, 1814.

Means to accomplish this object have been taken, new staff has been given to you. Captain Adams
and we have the fullest assurance, that by the 1st has been appointed assistant-adjutant-general, and
day of June it will be accomplished. Mr. Bartlett deputy-quarter-master-general of your
This fict assumed, there can be no longer a doubt division. The brigadier-generals M'Arthur and
by what means or by what route the division of the Cass are employed in superintending the recruiting
army assigned to you, ought to approach Malden. service. A letter from the latter gives reason to
A passage by -water will carry you directly to the believe, that this will go on well in the state of Ohio.
fortress you would attack without impairing your I am, sir, very re-.ec flli, your most obedient
strength lby fatigue, or diminishing it by battle. A servant,
passage by land will, on the other hand, call for JOHN ARMSTRONG.
great eff orts,'and expose you to great losses, which Jlfajor-general Harrison,
if they do not destroy, will at least cripple you.- Cum. the 8th military Adistrict, U. S.
The former will be easy, safe, anti economical; the
latter difficult, dangerous and enormously expen- Extract of a letter from major-general garrison to tle
sive. secretary of -iwar, dated
On the other supposition, that we fail to obtain the Head-QuartersCasmp Meigs, April21, 3813.
command of the lake a new question will arise: The plan for tuture operations, as laid down in
whether the campaign shall take. an offensive or de- your letter of the 4th, is no doubt the best that
fensive character ? Be this question determined as could have been devised in the event of the promised
it inay, the utmost extent which c. be -,.,, i.. the naval success, and a prosperous issue to the recruit-
force employed will he seven thou- ..,1 bf-;c t e... ing business. My measures will therefore be entire-
Various reasons determine this point. The enemy y directed to the prosecution of the campaign in
have never had in the field, for the defence of Mal- Tha way.
den, more than two thousand men. Their number There is nothing to be feared as to the ulterior
has no doubt been hitherto limited by their means operations of the campaign.
of subsistence, and this cause is not likely to suf- I shall cause the movements of the enemy to be
fer any very materiI change in their favor during wly tched; but the event o their landing
the ensuing campaign. More than seven thousand iat Lower Sandusky, that post cannot be saved. I wilt
men, therefore, would be unnecessary on our part. direct it, in such an event, to be evacuated. The
Again : to maintain a greater number, would be im. stores there are not of much consequence, excepting
practicable, in the present state of the treasury. about 5 a0 stand of trms, which 1 will case to be
It now remains only to signify to you, clearly and removed as soon as the roads are practicable-at
distinctly, the kind of force the government mean present it is imossible."
hereafter to employ in offensive operations, if it can Extract of a letter from the secretary of war to major-
be obtained. era-,al William H prison, dated
When thelegislatir.- ia I. ir I r t -..-.n, ,id r. I WarP epirtent,M ay 8, 813,
the measure of ;uwii.;it., ti.. a I .. i,, i ,rw .tr,. i^- -" Y.ii' .-tte r., f the 21st and 25th ultimo have
giments of the line, -. i:.. ly ii. t. i vI- Oi !"' in re1,i ,.j. I im .:r meant that you, or your ar-
superceding hereaf .-' l, .: t' nr-n pi,., ,.. Ilg ,t h :- ..:- '." I Il. campaign, now collected at
militia, except in n,.,in .,t ..i. mis,.,,. I', t.t M.-I., -i,-,i.1 be.c brought back to Cleveland for
obedience to this polh- i.p.:-'.,i ir u-ng I-.- nt,'k'. .k- .. .1I, M itrrii -.n ..-, Ih ,t the boats built.
the 8th military dis i., t ,.( rt..- I r-.l -ii ,.;, t.'ir tlere liould i. ,e :i..n thi c.,,- in the wake of
of thesenewregimeli., u Ihrl i'i-..,, ,nr, .1perr. 1Ie, tieet .. ,*,..i,. t', or to the very foot of the
added to the two refn i r. ,. ,-,.... .... ,. ii Ir ''p t'.l- .1 i .:, practicable and expedient,
district,and il... 2" ih in rim,, : .'..* ai i.... ,.[ ''it ,n ir t, ,.: .ii,- what was wanted. The lots
tal of seven regimer'-. ..-* ien h ,i,- r. ,, i h-i. .h.ll I -.1,.1 -i.l. i. 1 iajor Jesup are not decked,
number forbids the L. .lc', in it .,,, .*-,'i .. in 'r il i-ut -. i..,gani tl .. i:ded, and very competent to
militia drafts will i., -c.--'-er-, .i.:n h, oi I ,, Ite ri i. ni]..n ot t- Ic ke, particularly between the
been collected. Till, i..'. i.-r, iu b-: Jone, ,r a' chi n .,i' .I.. azil I.l.e west shore."
least till time ble ghie,, I.., th. '%p.:ri neur. .. m ,r,, .
militia only are to be c .l--d ,ut, a:m. ,l .l be ie, .- t ,,'a, .,I t' .e'i,', '"..,, the secretary of war to major-
ry t;r the defence of your posts on the Miami, and geneDrat Ittlam 11. amri.on, dated
of your depots of provision tle lake. And should i Your future requisitions for ordnance stores
the recruiting service go on less fortunately in the will be governed by the quantity on hand at fort
patriotic states of Kentucky and Ohio, than in other Meigs and Franklinton, and by the number and
parts of the union, you are in that case, and in that calibres of the pieces vou propose to take with you
case only, authorised to call out so many militia against Malden. Your whole train, if I am well in-
drafts as will make good the deficiency;, and organiz- forined, amounts to thirty-five pieces, of which nine
ing these under the rules already prescribed, await are eighteen pounders.
the far'thlr orders of the president 4i your camp at "e e th e ,
the Rapids. The 24th regiment was, on the 10th instant, at
To these orders I have6to add, that you will regard Lexington, (Kentucky) on their way to Cleveland.
it as vour duty to keep this department regularly You will give it any. other point of rendezvous you
and frequently informed of the actual condition of may think proper, and adopt such means to assemble
the troops under your command i as well in regard the other parts of your division as will be most ad-
to equipment and supplies of provision and ammu- visable. On this head, I would but suggest that the
nation, as to number, discipline and health; and that arrangement which shall best mask your real design
your weekly and mon thly reports shall include also and most impress the enemy with a belief that your
the state of the ordnance and quarters-master's de. march to M..aliden will be by land, will be the best.
p w-r in., .. -,..,;...- partionlarly hie number of horses Clothing fbr the 26th, 27th and 28th regiments
nuid oxen employed by both. You will readily per- has been forwarded from Pliiladelphia.
ceive the necessity for giving this order, when I The last accounts of the boats preparing by
state, that no return of any description from your major Jesop were favorable. That officer will ne-
division of the army has ever boen received at the cessarily report to you and take your orders."
adjutant-general's office. Your proportion of the TO BE CO.rrT!NT:s,







NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-CONGRESS" 33

Proc edi s of Con ress. The main question on the passage of the bill was
Proceedings of Congress decided by the following votes :
I S T. YEAS-M-3essts Alexander, Alston, Archer, A'er'-. Bard, Bar
ld SoT.r i onet, BG.eal, Bowen, Bradley, Brown, Burwell, rLui.., aldwell,
Mondayy, Mfarch 7.-Mr. Bibb, of Geo. submitted Calmotui, Chappell, Clark, Comstock, Conard, C, I-i1..., Creiglh
the following resolutions. to, Crouch,:Csthhert, Davis of Pa. Denyelles, Desh a. Duvaol
Resolved, That the President of the United States he requested arl,, tl'ppes, oEvas, Farrow, Findleywyn, Fisk of Vturd Fis, Griffin
to cause to be laid before the Senate such information as he may Foruy, Forsythe, Frakli, GoHundwyerford, Gourdirsl, Grifl
possess, calculated to shew what hat been the practice of Great irondy Harris, Hasourck, awes, IVa.ugerf o d, i ersol, Kned
Britain concerning liher native subject naturalized in other coun- .hao Irwin, Irving, sawksn o Kilb. Johnson of a. LKennffedts,
tries and taken in arms against her; also what is the general prac- LKent of L il. err, Ker'shaw, Kilo ii,MKig of M' C. Leff Mots
twice of the nations of Europe relative to thie naturalization or eni. Lowtsd... *i s.., NelIon, iwton, lOrisb, Parker, MPi-
ployment in warof the nativesuldieets of each other. gonry, leasa..ts, elon Neof Penn, Ohen ofy, Parer, Rich,
Resolved, That the President of the United States be requested keas, Piper, Pleasants, Rhea of Pennrt Skinner, SmRich,
to cause to be laid before the Senate such information as he may Ritigold, Roa tlobertsin, Sage eor, Skinner, T ro ithp or
possess, calculated to shew under what circumstances, and on Penn. Smith of Va. TannthililU Taslor, Telfailr, Troup, ILdree,
S l' r.,, B.; i has eii tie praticetsf resi Ward of N. J. Whitehill, Williams, Wilson of Penit, Wood,
.., m.l,,:., nati, ci,... of the United States, impressed into Wrigs s yy of V geow oy-7.
her service. NAYS-Messrs. Bailies of Mass. Bayly of Va. Bigelow, Boyd_
SResolved, T Il.,l E. President ofc the United States be requested lBradlury, Bretkenridge, Brigham, Caperton, Chaspios, Ciiley'
to cause to I- 1i ,.1 .r., tihe Senate, such information as lie smav Culpepper, Davenpotr, Davis of Mass. Dewey, Ei,' Gasto Ged-i
possess, calculated to shew what has been the conduct of Gralt dest (,. i 1,, ,I. Grosvenor, Haleo, Hophloi, of VY. Jacikstmi
Britain relative to American seanmen on board her ships of war, at lIt. l. it Markel Y- Kii i, If.. 1- i.. Ti-, .it, Miller.
and since the commencement of war with the United States. tot-tr, liloser, market, ., i c. .... P .-, kil.., ......,
tWrednesday, March 9.-The resolutions submitted P.tter, J i.t X. ti..i,. .,.Lt. ., ...., a!... .
by Mr. Bibb, of Geos. on Monday, were this dav cal- vose. Ward of Mass. w'- h,,.. I.. ,., 0 ,t ..i 'Is .
led up, and after being amended by the addition of Winter--5.
the following resolution, ots motion of ar. King, So the bill was passed and sent to the senate for
ere adopted: coneLIrrence.
erle i a t :te pr. esit. r. .,t i ,1 .. .. ,equestedi And the house adjourned at sun set.
to cause to be laid before hit. *,,'.. .i .... ... lie may 'rithty, .fIarch 4.-O()n motion of Mr; Eppes, the
lied nationI as ." l s1-.- s..-... t, ... ", 1..11 making appropriations to support the military
her, and for wl in.i....... ...... i. .i a... .ct: dilishment of thp United States tor the : tr 1814,
the nation in whose service, they were taken. committee of te hole,
T'ie following resolutions were submitted by Mr. passed through a conticittee of tile whole, Ms,
The following resolutionso Macon of N. C. in the chair, the blanks therein

The president f the Uited States having hy the constitution being filled with the f sumsl s
Spowertofill upall vacancies that may a p.- ii, ii...,,_. For thepayof te arsy and miitia,56
of the senate, by granting commissions .h,1.u, ,'Al ,sp.. -,s ti,. FUrago to officers 24,706.
end of the next session. Subsistence 4,377,470
Reolved, That in the opinion of the senate no such vacancy Camnp and field equipage 4.160,000
cait happen in slla office not before full. Il. I, I o,.I I1. l 'i ,i t Wii.t .
Resolved That in the opinion of te senate the office of envoy "I),,."', 'o.d "'"-'.' ,
extraorditiary and minister pie:.p.,, 'h Z .., i a.,t ..i,. I- .' .
treaty of peace with the Uni'.d KI.,,'I'',I ..ti ir, H itttai atil It..I ,.1 .I- ,' .3.0ii.0i,. ,'00
Ireland, had not been filledatac., i .-,..,. it, I it.i,- .,,h., r i-,...I ...- ....-. .. 700,000
upon theeighteenthdavof Jui-, 1. D. I I.. 't....I l,, i,. r t, i '...I I 5ir.0i.i, i0,OO0
recess of the senate ujion the il,,i d.,j iw 1,. I ,' -.l tl, ; ,- ,,,, 700,0 o0
same seas itot ftll. elttii l M..t it. "lI 454,000
Resolved, That the granting..i Lo,,.,,, ,. it ,\lbrb"' (-.,tlai.t, I 1 I. -...1, 'I, .Il was Ordered to be en-
J o h n Q A di nm a ,n d J a m e s A I ,l. h... 11 K 0 b .. ... I r '. t l. ,, l t l .e,, -.
ni Mi,.i Grest I,,: .i. i ; q..'.. i't.'c 'e n It.,,1 I Mr 1-.ppt-,, the bill to support.the
i, .- ,1 il ..... t, s in the i.c ic,. I. ... ,-O ti -.i IIt \ I ,,|' itle Ut ..' i 1 t'Si i t 'r tIle vear 181., then
tro..p: i.o n, .. t st, is stn. .t h : l. t .le of tlie whole, M rp. M a
saerll a s a. lei in t^lc .i r Il.*' : .. ..... ..... .I "- 1 ) o n. ks therein were .fill,:i
tl' the senate, an as the s ial- I,.I i- ,, ."I it. ...t. *t. ,l I J tollt.. -i.. l ,,ll-,. i
&heir appotltintnit: whserepo i ,I .. .. ; e officers
Resolved, That while ti. : rlIte t.i'* it,- Ih" n.ll'., .' ,,'d t .,, ,, officers -
nityof theofliceof preside. i. t I t... L i '1 .- i .. ... ,I 11. .i p ... i...; .
times, as a high and ess ht. l n f i-l ....i.....t... '... t ..t.,,,-. .. 120,000
thdmnselves to maintain al.j [,. i i i.i- in. in J i.d I. h..: *1* .. .. .. s 1,500,000
cntive authority thereby estab' ilt.l, i,. '1 .. ir I 0. i t.'t ...,i t .1-.. 1 .300 ,000
tided to themselves as well as ,i. ili. i i'. i.i .i, rt.. ... .i. ,. .' oo
protect the lower over appoiittients tuolfiee, wltili thie outtIti.- -Nav.lt ...Yad i,. osno
tion has placed in that body. From these considerations, joined Navy &ads, corps 21.79
to the conviction that the rights of the senate have been infringed -I| TI. I., 77, 8 in
bL n i|it 1 ....,t ..nt. i. Lt sc i.,lidity of which theadvice and.con- . 27,60 7
E, t ,i i ,, i.,,. : r,. I. thesenate find themselves called .,;. '-, '- .,. of ditto "0 4.6,000 7
t pon by their duty tothe states, and in support other onstitusiisn, .h ha been ths amended was ordered
reluem.tiitly to protest, and liry do hereby solemnly protest against it fs'I ill 'h g been tsus amended was ordered
the commissiotiing as atbresaiil,ufAlbertGallatin,J ohn Q.Adams, to be engrossed for a third reading.
anid JAises A. ayard, as an act not authorized hy the constitution A report from a joint committee of the senate ian
and it the perflrnante of whick the power of the senate ihas been com ittee of the Senate
disregarded. house of representatives was concurred in, fixiin
noTsr. or .uwatr':tiSTNTA'J'Tivrs. the adjournment of congress on the 11th of April.
Thursday, March 3.-The usual minor matters The house, on motion of Mr. Lowndes, of S. C.
being disposed of, the consideration of the loan bill resolved itself into a committee of the whole, Mr.
was resumed. Mr. Nelson spoke in favor of the bill, Stanford of N. C, in the chair, on three several bills
and Mr. Grosvenor against it. The latter caused referred to said committee of the whole, viz. the
much irritation and was called to order by the bill from the senate authorising the building certain
speaker for his personalities, for which lie made floating batteries; the bill frontom the senate giving a
!the required explanation. Several motions were bounty for prisoners brought into port by private
made, but the house determined to have the pre- armed vessels; and the bill reported by thlie niava,
vious question put-ayes 91. committee of this house, authorising the president
The previous question was then put in the fol- to cause to be built or purchased a certain number :
lowing form, viz. "shall the main question now be of vessels to carry not less than 16 nor more tha:o
put?" and decided in the affirmative by the fol- 20 guns.
lowing vote:-,For the previous question 93-Against No objection was made to either of the two {irst
It 53, of these bills-on the last mentioned it appeared i'M






34 NILES' WEi2KLY REGISTER-SATUIRDAV, MARCH 12, 114,L

explanation, that of the vessels of war ordered to more V0..- r'.-..: batteries for the defence of tihe ports
be built two of the sloops were ready for sea; three and .i of ti.- .ii...i oi >l ,, was ar third time
n.-riy I :-A, an.] the other in forwardness ; and that read and, .:,:.l. f Ti.,: I, Ar ,.-. are to be built on
the large vessels were considerably progressed in. Fulton's 1". : -: .i 1. -'-. ]
On the suggestion of Mr. M'Kim, it was agreed to The r ..,t' td bill making appropriations for the
alter the bill so as to include vessels from eight to support ...i tle r tvvy of the United States was read a
twenty guns, as might be li.jo h)i bestfitted ftr the third time and passed without debate by the fol-
service. The bills w.,:r ord.Ji'.,.i to. a third r I .i,, 1- e.
without opposition. I --. ... alexander, Archer, Avery, Bard, Barnet, BI. ,
On the question of pi- .G.'- 1,h: bill a.r,,, ,-.,.. 1 ,Bieh Ii.. .., ..,s' : ( ; .rt" t ..,c ,
the building of one or ir .i : r1 ,iti batt-i .- .1 i i Creighton, Croncl culpepper, ithhelit, Davis, De-
third reading, some debate arose. yeles, Desha, Durall, Earle, Epp, F,.-,.. Findly, F sk of
Vt. Fislkof o N. Y, roracy, i.. ,.,',I.l,,h Gadts, GIOldsho-
Mr. Post, of N. Y. did not see why the experi- ron'h, Geowy, Gourdir --, Gran1, ill H-, 'sa-
ment need be tested on so large a scale as by the brook, Hasees, Hopkins of N. Y. I ...... O '. lhig-
appropriation of i,-0,u' '. Mr. M'Kim commended 'ham Irwin, Irving, .aekson, Johnson of .... ..' of
the plan, and Mr. ".iiri, f N. Y. who had inspected is, Lover, .... ,- *......, 'in. ,, M'Kim, li I1 I.
the model of the floating battery very particularly ecr, tofflt, Montgomery, Moore, Moseley. Murfree, "l !.
rose, as lie said, with reluctance, to oppose his opi- sol, .ton, Parker, Pearson, Pkenns, Pipe., I
union to that which appeared to be entertained I., i. ,.I an r',.. ...., i..,e Sage, ... .-
those gentlemen (federalists) with whom he g. f v..... r ..,, ..ri. Sturgef, asaiuehill,
I .,I i I. ,,,rroup, Vose, Ward of Mass. Ward of N. J.
rally acted. He said that the perfect efficiency ..I i,. wilcox, Williams Wilson, Winter, Wood
this model had been proved to him. If ne dessary to ". ..
the defence of our waters, as he believed it to be, .G! r, atCha, pimlon, ElP H lfty, Kent
the expense ought .to be no objection; hii only ob. [ i,,- -..-'J I. i I, r l I .,,. ,, ppr-.pr;xt'.-.r,: .:..* r,.
section to the present appropriation was, that it was ,,i.,,,, ,,. i.l i,.) establishment for the year
not double as much. 1814, was read a third time.
He spoke of the opinion of commodore Bainbriklge. i' ward oM t d ope t t d
with whom he conversed when at Boston last stun- Mr. Ward of Ms. A opposed to tebill and Mr,
mer, of the complete protection ,such a floating bat- Mcon spoke at length in support of8 lt-at a late
tery would afford to the harbor of Boston. The plan hour it passed.-Ayes 82; nays 38.
which this bill proposed to carry into effect, was, 'Jfonday, lMarch 7.--Many private petitions were
he said, perhaps the most perfect thing of the IkChl pi. 'ii.:d .in. referred; and several reports on supch
ever proposed to any government; the men would Ii.. p-t.,..,i- r 1. ,
perfectly protected, and the steam engine by \ ih ,i MIe. ,ii,,:ri,.11, fl-om the committee on the judi-
it would be impelled would be entirely out of reach ciary, reported a bill prescribing the mode of com-
of the enemy. If set on fire by red-hot shot, the fire mencing', pr-_.':cting and deciding controversies
11-i 1 i.: i.' ,,l. ,x-iiio,, hi- 1 by water froo) ti.. i., .-' s I-'.- .-ir more states, which was twice read
ergi':; ,i, I ii, t, i, ,,, i i. : would keep l.., Al- .i'1 ', immi ,l -1.
ers at a distance by the facility with which hot -vtrr 1 I -in,'m i appropriation bill for the support of
could be ejected on them in almb-t- -ai, cl.ri, ir .f'i'"-rt .ilii.% passed through a committee of tihe
&c. &c. h -!.'?. Mr 'tanford of N. C. in the cb-ir and the
Mr. Lowndes said indeed it was .in -' ,-Y:r:;nr,t i' k; I. i '.; been filled with. the % .. appro-
but so was every useful invention whi-, in-' pul ii, Iw ,'' l. i I,- i .. 1 list, &c. was reported to the
use. The true question was, is it ;i. cIi-,:i.n,:I ''. -. T i' r'i,:-.t, on one of the items of appro.
which there is reason to believe ,'r he i. .. pr:I I't" 1 .., on motion of Mr, Bigelow, taken by
the country? He believed it was, ftr.im h.l. c' .J.:n.-.l ?.i *i.,l n -, viz. on the appropriation of 50,000
which appeared in its favor. It was 1m:.'.:.. ".r i. 1.g 1I. .1, tr ithe contingent expenses of foreign inter-
ly recommended by the secretary ci t ., c"..r. ,: r. concurrence 'with the committee of the
letter which he desired ,-h.dd i.. l ie ,,. .-.. .- .. ... .; article of the bill, the votes stood,
that the measure now proposed sl,.il.! Il. ,-., [re 'r :.i .inI rence 69-Against it 52..-The other ap-
The bill therefore had thesancti.,. 'r, ,.. ,..t ;c-.- |'rp-' ..... were permitted to pass without oppo-
ral of the most distinguished no ll : ...f rl,-e .i ,.n. t.i.1 the bill was ordered to be engrossed for
naval committee of this house, b,' .A!-.:. ,t"h.- ei -. I l,.l i.'I: ding.
cutive authority. Tuesday, March 8.-VMr. Grundy from the com-
The question on ordering the bill to a third read- mittee of foreign relations, to whom was referred so
i:;g was determined by yeas and nays :-lFor the bill muche of the president's message at the commence
82--against it 4.. ment of the session, as relates to these matters, re-
So the bill-was ordered to be read a third lime i"i..',l I,- l\ ,,* i,-J b;lli
Saturday, dMarch 5.-The engrossed bill to ,i'. the ports and harbars of the Unitt
thorise the president to cause to be built or pu1. ,, ., ,', i,,, rP,,.r Pesidentof the UniteR States may
chased such vessels as are therein described, (i0t. al ... ... .... .n ..c. or powers, or their sunhjects, as the
more than twenty vessels, carrying, not less than ase ybe, i amtyth the United States, to fit out, arm, ad
uequip for war, public and private sh,[,, i., X :,'... I t i.t
eight, nor more than twenty-two guns) was read a zes, and procre suppliesin the ports ,at '-.i-rl ..i in-: I -,.'ed
third time aIld passed. States, so far as will be consistent .h, i. ..I.. ..' ,.I hie
After some debate o the bill fro the sena ited States other powers in mit .- '
After some debate on tihe bill fr'om the senate al. 1'ioidd however, that no privilege 'alloWed in tiny such case,
lowing one hundred dollars bounty for each prisone-ri s all he continued after it shall be known that a like privilege is
of war, brought. into port and delivered to the "-' .. .... .p ,..,, private, in t.le
per officers, by our letters of marque and privateers, of which, ii....,.. ,- .... .,. i .i .|-. in '.
it was passed-ayes 83; nays 55. It appeal .1 I., .... -, .... .. ..
remarks of the gentlemen- that the balan.:. ..* ,,, ,, ,,,, t ot eadeq tebond with
change was about 2000 against us; .'.: .. .... ....n,;r ,.. such privateers, and to adopt
chiefly by the vile conduct of the enemy in making such other regulations to secure the due performance of the fore-
goine provision, whenever, in his judgment cireamstances masy
prisqawer, of t'ar of those they had impressed. .Jequire it.
The bill from the senate to authorise the president The bill was twice read and referred to a select
to cause to be built, equipped and employed one or committee of the whole.






14hLES EMlkLY REGI.T-RT-BRlTi II VERACITYI,

M r. Ingersoll reported a bill respecting thepost-of- prt .;. ........ rit .,.,. .. ,... [' .. r.r. I
fice establishment-it has four sections. 1-l, .,, .... ,' .. .
V id e s t h e p o s t -m a s t e t .' i. hr .', t I .. : .- .. .: j l..' ,, ,. ,, .. ..' , i ,. L .h -,
and in all the incorp., ,- .' i .. U. ,r I I
shall be appointed by iLh prc.nde. i t rltl d I. ', p .' i. .. ...' . ....
of the senate. 2-That the post-manters .n ll ; ,.' .,, ,, ..,on laiminfi uner
return quarter-yearly, to the post-masler-geii '" *i- i .'i....r of Gi'orgia.
a general account of receipts and : i,-"... : 1 : ''. .0j" i-,|l 1n its very intro-
shewing the number of clerks emplo1,-.', ,..I a.. there is little probability that it will be
amount of their compensation, which shall be re- passed.]
turned quarter-yearly by the post-master-general to
Whe secretary of the treasury. 3--That no contin-
gent fund shall be left at the disposal of the post- British Veracity.
master-general-but his amounts to be settled quar- Rno3t TuE 3osT05o GAZETTE.
ter-yearly at the treasury department. 4-Abolishes Having lately seen in the British Naval Chroniced
the privilege of franking to post-masters ; but in- for May last, a publication signed Thomas Cooke
: .1 thereof they shall be allowed to defray out of Jones, surgeon of I-. B. M. late ship Java ; in which
the public funds in their hand%, all letters they may accusations of ill treatment towards the British
..i, 1 ilic 1.u r-.: ., of the post-office establishment, wounded prisoners, while 0l board the U. S. frigate
ll bdil *... t- i..- r, ,d and committed. Constitution, under the command of commodore
YAzoo cLAiM3s.-Tho billfirom the senate for r.. -, i ,;,,i,,-,,!,,. art. brought forward : I conceive it my
pensating certain claimants to lands in the Mlisis- duty, least silence should be construed in an acknow-
sippi territory, was taken up, and, having beie. ., -.. I- I..,,. .- of its correctness, to expose some of the
read, the question was stated, shall the bill be read falsehoods composing that statement.
a second time ? itu .., .., .. ...I with considerable egbo
A motion was made to lay the same on the table, tism,, ..l ... .: .....:.:.:.l skill, he
but, attheearnest ..gg-r..;., rMr.sFiskof.Vt.and makes the F.ii o'bservatiohs;
Mr. Lattimore of Missis.ippi, ws withdrawn. ""heir (the British w nde) removal to the
Mr. Troup, in this early atage of the b-,ine, hei (thte ritish Wo [nde) removal to ther-
made a motion to reject the bill, and supported I Is n a the derivatons l L.: ,. .-r..
avery abl -O.,..:.-1h. Mr. "w.':gh wished the bill... l food, and the repeated d, 1..-.,,,.. ".-. =,"-
avery abll .. r.V ,ght wished the Lill '. being carried below, and kept there for e-
take the ieg ,r course, and i poel Mr,-. T. in a | , rent times on the report of an
speech of some length. Mr L .,. ,,- i rent times on the report ofan
from the Mis. Ter.) spoke I... s contrasted with those of the
the bill, to quiet, the poss ... ,- .. ....... i ut ofH whom who lost theif
represented. Mr. Fi'skof I ". ,... of hom w h, lo ntheis
tioni. He wished ittobe Ir, .., 1 M, I, I on board, were laid in cots
gersol, unprepared to d eci, .. I' '1 ,.. .thy part of the ship,provided
ed th bill to lieon the1 tab' -,ih i,, r .,. .. I tro competent and at-
nays 81. Mr. Grosvenor u, -I ,1 i l o ... '. I" ,.i, -. allowed to be removed when
the usual course, il,, ..A fn l, i I, I': -.. he hold with the oth-er pIsobn-
or against it. Mr. t n. ., .. 0 .... ntting out lilht and fresh
avowal. He thought the -i wi.-. ..pu .,lols ,1 ..- n.. ,, i, I .tude of St. Salvador, thie
respectful to the other br,. -f il.: -I, ,r ,h '-.. .1 -- npearss a miraculous as it
I'l i ,w bI, l, ]wi houa c on .T s C ; and truly evinced both
l. -.i s n. ua t-Te uOl.r res ed ., .. ..-, in patiently submitting
.,nd,.: ., .iC unfinished busing ess of .,.... o o i -, cruelties io their situa
1 p 1 1.1 fll ,, I 'e'Zu ,. o bstaclo e
day-the Yazoo claims. After some remark,. n IIn'. ."*["- ."I .. r obstacle
Messrs. Oakley, Troup, Pitkin and Murfree, I.1 -. A*i 'u"IL .. ow .n ., I nfic.
question to reject the bill was put and lost, as I..I. '- i'- i t' n u' .ot al.
,os s I, ,,' .,I| oiici.d the e... fitness the nature otthesm
YEAS.-Mes.ss. Aleandr, Alon, Bard Barn, ri. i eindl or compute their number. I ordered one
oen, Brown, Burwell, Caldwell, Calhoun, Conasl, r, C,,.... .1 i ,istants, Mr. Capponi, to attend, when their
bert, Davis of, ... i. i I.- .i r ant went round, and lie enumerated 4i6 who
row, Forsythe, l .1 Se i, .l.I n. .. i i .',, S t I .I t i ... r i 1. 1
Griruindv. Hall, flaw i,.i ,i .neTg ,, ,, .. I. ge unable to stir from theih cots, independent oi
o Vi.. i n'rl N'. I I. .. .i ...' Illi..,. who hade received what they called si1 g'ht
I i.' .T' n', -, air., ..ou a." Commodorc I ..1 i L- ;as severely wound-
t' ..l...'. ,,.. ...... w tr d w l 'e 'r o ed in the right thlig,, ., .1 h 'ie a their amputations'
SN .. l 1.1. re n.l ..i ;.. b perished under my own inspection.
t' ." .. t 'he .. -.ie t,heIib, "I have noticed these facts that yonr readers may
-,,, ... i .. .., ... t .. l i .. t,. it .. be convinced of the falsity oftleir official dispatcl-e
N. ,. i ..... 'i"t di : Grosvenora, 'kale 6 ris', '. and authloise their being received with some
n I.' -.'kson of VirLT. Kent of N. .7. .r .
,',1.1 KII.1........ ,,... ., *... ," nIV i ..,. i ..'. i e' of skepticism .
S .. ., ..... ..... .,. I.. .. ient my assistant, with most of the wounded.
.n ,. ih iesric, Piesns, .inI 1:... ,,r. ,the evening, and remained myself in the Ja-
son, ERuggles, Seyber. -. ...1. I Siin Smith of va till withlll afew minutes of her':'.,', ., i ,r rret
r ,<, '.. v. ,...,, one poor fellow only remained, wh,, ..I .. a
,,-i,,,,. ".', on, hiteWilco, Willia,,, .'.. .,, nlm sket ball, which entered the ;.,i,, orbit, and re-
l i,, .-.,, .ti'.,. Winter, Wooid, Wright, Yarney-92. malned imbedded in the brain, I was in alticrdo
The bill was then read a second time by its title, mortis, and I begged the American lieutenant to. let
It was then moved and carried that the bill be re- me stay with him undisturbed for a few minutes, as
forred to a select'committee; and finally, with the I expected his immediate dissolution. This Yankee
fdllowin.F instructions ayes 75, nays 63. son of humanity proposed assisting him into eternity
,.' rin, the committee to which was referred t, ..'i _, instantly dragged him into file boat, and he ex
I.. ,e LrsirQ ,entitled "an actbfortheindemnificationof .,, -.. 11 d g .m, t ., t .
eTsifints t9s IB!ie the Miississippi tenritory," be iiucted ilto re- pirc alongside the Cnttton






6 INILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, MARCH 12, l!4.

It is not true that there was any distinction made officers of the Constitution that "oppression c ield
between the British and American wounded. They ijflict," why come forward then and offer thanks f or
were slung promiscuously together on the gun deck, kind and handsome treatment ? (Se letters of
and every thing which humanity could dictate that general Hislop and others.)
the ship afforded, was provided for their comfort To complete the climax of false assertions relative
and convenience. The ship was cleared for action to that action, one of the Lieutenants of the Java, in a
but once during the time they were on board; that letter to the Editor of the Naval Chronicle for June,
\Vas when the Hornet hove in sight, and as soon as her asserts, that I am hmaI ihman ny birlh, and wa lat.-
character could be ascertained, all the wounded, lu an assistant surgeon in the Bvriis- navy .' The
British and American, were brought on the gun- truth is, I was born in the state of Mary land, and have
deck together.-Captain Lambeirt and Mr. Waldo, never been on the ocean except in the service of my
were the only wounded persons not removed I. ': '.:.. .,>, I pledge myself to sub.stnti:nat by ihe mo,..*t
birth deck, on this occasion; the.former was kIt i. l ,- ,|,cit .. testimony, should it be necessary, very
the last moment from principles of delicacy aRs .... II ,.i,g ri,, [have here stated.
as humanity. Every exertion was made to land the I challenge the British to produce a solitary in-
pr;--on.-ri at St. Salvador as soon as possible, that stance where they lh:ve given a faithful and candi4
d.i,' .,,,:lt be "provided with every little luxury relation of their actions with us,since the dcclaratiml
from competent and attentive nurses," that our men of the present war. They have of late, esta.blishet.
of course could not receive onboard. for themselves, a kind of national character, that i
.It is equally false that we had 46 men 'wounded. trust, none-will envy them the possession of; they
"Slight hurts" and all others, included, there were have proved, that although they may not ah.lays be a-
.. .... 7, .: *'.. Wh.,- request his assistant to attend ble to conquer in battle ; they can prlevLricate,def I'te
;rr tic fhe pu p j:e i counting them, when Dr. Jones or mistake with as much ease as any nation on ea.'th.
ornL..'f, ro ,y ,.th r officer on board, could have AMOS A. EVAN.S,
enumerated them if he chose, an hundred times Late surgeon of the U1. S. frigate Constifintion
a day ?
The doctor says, four of our amputations perished
under his own inspection, We had but five ampu- p
stations altogether; four of them are now receiving ('5 "
pensions from their country, and may be seen al- MISCELLANEOUS.
most any day about the navy yard in Charlestown; A M a nc TA. no.InD is now sitting at the city of
and the fifth died of a malignant fever, north of the Washington, by order of the secretary of war, on Sa-
equator, one month after the action. It is a fact, sus- turday last, under the presidency of 1 6- o'.- p. .' t..4
ceptible of the clearest and most positive proofs, that general, colonel Nicoll, and composed .. I, l.,llu....
not one of oaur men died during the time the doctor ing members, viz. Dr. Tilton, physician and surgeon-
was on board the Co.ii'.'nit, nor, un il '1. r' tim'i L'- Ieral, Drs. Martin and Thomas, hospital surgeons,
after we left St. ~',ld.',.' and Drs. fLays, Watkins, and Mercer, reginmental
"This yankee son of humanity .r,",':. .i li'r;,'-s ii,,,ei.', Dr. Watkins has been appointed to act
Jhim into eternity, &c." No man ht lth,... lieute- as recorder to the board. We understand (says the
nant Hoffman, will hesitate to lprino.nce [, J. an nationalal Intelligencer) that the object of conveniing
iif.it,'ol' cilumniator. He (It. If. .11.. ,r' i.- t. L...,r.l, is a complete organization of tie medi-
f.or gu.'dri: of heart, for humane i, .l '.. 'lr,, I.-.:l- .i Ilil ,.fI the army; 'that they will take into con-
'ings, for gentlemanly and correct cui,.i1'r,. D r'..I P ler ,t...' all matters relating to that department,
now is for his capacity to assert t. .. ":d ,tdidl- .il *.I: .e such regulations as may tend to increase
fled falsehoods. Lieutenant (then "n.1I[pm ,; t...2r, nii: I- .."-:talibility of the medical sta:t, and pIrolorna
man,' who was present when this man was removed the good of the service.
from the Java, and whose v .-.iJ i ..... .11 .1,, 1...... S.unMUG Lt:. Coods to tC.,, i,, C. p,,, .1.
asserts, that no such observation was made; on i'i l aely seized at Buxton, .'il. -.-..-I.... ....
contrary, that he (Mr. G.) by the orders of lieut.. li .\ brig called a Portuguese, but owned in ,Bpston,
repeatedly solicited Dr. J. to visit the man then spo- has been seized at Cockspur Roads, south of Savan-
ken of, and endeavor if possible to relieve him; but nab, by one of the U. S. barges. Goods to a consi-
that he I-l'ete-.c e~,.:i to see him until they were derable amount had been landed. The prize is va-
ready tc. lei: i i' tip, when he was removed into lued at 20 or S ,,'.. and we are more pleased at
the boat at the doctor's request. If the doctor's the.capture .,Il Hit, ",'.my in disguise, than of two
charge had been founded .in truth, would lie not honest Englishmen. No wonder that the friendss of
have reported Mr. II. immediately on his arrival at commerce", cry out when such things happen so fi-e-
the Constitution ? The ward room officers of the quently.
Constitution will recollect to have heard Dr. Jones HEAD MrONEr." A London paper of November 21,
frequently spoken of during the cruise, as an inhu- says-" The prince regent has agreed to the claim's
man monster for his conduct to this same unfortu- of the indian warriors, in regard to head money, fto-
nate sailor. prisoners of war brought in by them, with a view to
I leave the punishment due his presumption for restrain the indians from murdering such Americans
calling in question the officiall dispatches," (after as may be taken by them in the war in Canada. 'T'he
having fabricated himself such a tissue of assertions, terms were proposed to government by a board, of
withouteven a coloring of truth,) to the first officer which major-general Vincent was president, which
of the Constitution who may have the good fortune assembled at Kingston, on the 30tl August.
of an opportunity to take him by the nose. IseuS. couNxcsi. Fifty or sixty indians, about
When the officers of the Java left the Constitution twenty of whom were chiefs, of thie Shiniuanoes,
at St. Salvador, they expressed the warmest grati- fWyandots, Senecas, If1iamies, Potawatamnies, Ottaa'as
tlude for the humane and generous treatment they and Kicklapoos tribes assembled in council at mDa'ton,
had experienced; nor, was this contemptible hypo- 0. where they were to have been met by major-gene-
crite sparing of his acknowledgments on that occa- ral Iarrison, but indisposition prev'nted his atten-
aion. After having suffered every thing from the dance. Mr. .Joln1son, india:t agent, proceed to 10
ultimate object of the mctting-wltich w:- to sitde
Sou of the Hon. Mr. German, of the U.S. Senate. a peace, &c,








miles' "WEEKLY REGISTER-EVENTS OF THE WAR 37

Pi e ic P rsos. A little while since prep' died Ir1 an ,, roess ons of' er n U.
I .I'. ".. ', K,,l.'. III this talk ie'',' t i-',o ,.,,
ihe consequences of the conduct of .if, ..r r, ,, ,i,r,.-,..:. he obtained I. ',- Ir. i. .i;.
S die use of the jails in that -&t-: f.' 11", 1 r.. I Ir ts are sied c.. I i .
S, ", of prisoners of war. In -''.:.-'r i, i. -
if the late act, (see page 4,) the pr .. iii ..... may have l .i ...'. l]s
in Ipswich jail have been removed ., .I ,n i .. ...... ,,. the Indt rsan
1 'mrb ehe/ d. r .. r, ,r.,,
i.'-it'TT.-lf'rom thre .'a iloaeil I ,, ,,. ,i ,, lerof the patriots.
v 'ral very important decisions w- ,,,. .. .r '"'' I.' ', City, [for
the ope ing' of the supreme e court ,; : i ,i '' i ,1 .... r .... .. L'.." .i. ect vew c.i 1, .1
iln ni t 1'.m which -as one, in the ca- ,i'.. J I'l r' i ''. I.. St. a s rive
l!it and ship Aurora, Anmerican vessels due:nLM d I,. .r,, .,,,, i ..... i, ,. i, ,....j on their march to
private ar med vessels of the United States since tihe aboutninety; and dn th ;....... r .I,.. ,.e ,,,.... l ,, :,
wa for being found ....-, r t I t licence, v 1, ,t .r A t isl A"towstiso ,, ,'' .l.. ',,, ,air r..r. .
Sncondens all property protected by an enemy' I .,, ,., i. eared two stories hig, and imminediatev
F-...----'-.- tl, v wair. In another case also (the pri- proceed to surenying the land. 0.. I n .,, i, i. -n proil, .
,' 1., ,i .,, vs. the Rapid and cairgol of .. ', .I aveno dobt ,... ,r ., .
sei sailing to the port of the enemy for the "*., r, .r..e, ...., ;weredaily arriving.
away tlie property of American citizens, Tihe Aulotohewanc ...... i,', .,[ I h ..t. e,,1 The
th:: sentence of condemInation of vessel and ( .' i. .of whieh t .t' .' i .. ndas tt
'r sa w k6l11 l i' t lr- 1 h i ,,.,i l, I ,q ua lity
was conlirm'l. The opinion of tihe court oil .. inAAmerica. mV ., i .1 ... *:. rT ,l.I i..ii. aiarge
ases nwas, we believe, unanimous. aboutfe ivemiles ove,1 .''.i ''.1 ..' '.. ,i,,
The above decisions, which put the axe to -: t i f S rt Mitchiell.
root of a very extensive fraudulent traffic with the These waters bring an excellent navigation into the heart oi
onemv, cannot f.il to be acceptable as well to ,, .. .... On the twenty-fifth of Ja-a -- n Th
i '..I which was quite round,and eat ii. i, -I
Cir and lion t-st merchant, as to all the friends of .. was growing in abundance at t i, t ..- r
Wir 'I i... 1,. United States." inohles. The orange tree .... ',.,, and is
COLOi EL .1 iNN.-iri te nre-The brave tnowr ornamented with its yellow ir..., !I.' .i' I.',,.ds ona
Cor, s .- rom he br prairie, which isbseven or eight miles wide and ., .r'' I.,,.. I .,,,-
esol, J.Irrso'x, who commanded the mounted '. i '..i ...untryis admirably suited to 'i. .,.,l it.,'
irelet at thie defeat of Proctor, and was then :t.:y. d ,. *.... ,.. well supplied with ammunition and provision.
vrely \\-ountded, arrived in this city yesteTday, and They will raise crop this season, and are determined to hold the
:took his seat as a representative from 1. ..:I:' country or lose z.;.. l%, .. defending it." .
i: .,. r, ...receivedseveral wounds in various parts .A .. ,
S 1 it gives us sgreatpleasur.: i : .I I .. 1 1. i .. ., ,. r-,, .,,
his geneir alhealth is ., .*, r .... it ,i l. .1 i.. Ih ''....... I .... i
has thi happi.- prospect of entirely '' .. ... i
use of' his left arm and hand, whi, ': .... .pan.iards a' patriot to see their dift
sh attered ." .
V!O-T rrT[. Gemer, MILITARY.
F I'o Timothy F. ( .,1.t, "n '"- .',- A late -*.. I i' -r "lays:- W e le r, n, I, "
S .... division of the .1 -i 'i i ,, i. e.. instructions :.-... .-. ,
"'in r.onse.quence of the late a*' t 'i ': ,.' ...-. r, r i.n to the northern army, so soon as
on the frontiers of the state of ." I.. 1. .. ', ... i .I h e is now 1' L' I i ,, i.'.,i.,with
posed sitl action of the frontier of this star -. ,,. I .-... [,.. ,, chiefs of the north-western tribes.
tictrlarly the public property at this p- .:. I ."''' .i '""i''.' of restoring peace, shall be cor.-
S'proper to direct you to cause r.,,: 1. ,. 1, I"
tinder your command, to be holden in 1- ..i. i' '' 8thlKing's regiment
u'archi at the shortest notice to such point .. -, '.'. !':i., -,.v, 1 i : .....l a" 700. 1 light company
is they be directed, for the defenee of thi. r ,.', \1 ...'. i, ri,... :"' .,. pany blacks 100. 1 do
against any invasion which may be attempted by the arLillery 80. 1 -in d-lo"nn. 100. Jadian force 14Q0.
enemies of our country. In case of an event so high- Waterville's h. ,- .,. ,,t *.:r.nan troops were daily
Iy to be deprecated, it is expected that every' man expected on thi..' i .l... .
.- ll .. l..Ill/do his duty. Tlhe ice on lake Erie is still :.,. F '--:, .'i,-,- o .,
MARTIN CHITTENDEN. above point Ebino; below the p.... '. I,'. i .....I ..
l'hi:'. 'ni, .TTaen:uarsT 7th, 1814. the 4th ult.
'SER We have a report from Detroit by wray of Cle-'eland.,
'SOUTI ER orgiE .Joss'rI. w lichl slates that an attack upon that post was appre-
F.rr'act < te. /er r ended. It says, it was ascertained that 2 or 300 13ri
Sa ,. 5, ... "" tish and Indians where near the river French ; the
ia ,. ii shiris... rIt. i ar.ecorrn ete wi, set tremi ie s," rY whole force coming on supposed to be, in all, 1500.
'* '' '' -'li. t ierdn a talk from thie governor x[i P. ..i .'. ,,1. 1 .i 1 colonel raubee, the infamous leader oF
ivered in his piresenceto tire ,.. I I .. 4 lately m urderi, g ..i .. ': r
was- I l u z
... an ignorant 5, i 1. i...... 1: ..:, .1.1 with a small party of the enemy, has arrived at Day-
chib ie, ard aid then to crurh',s i '." i i .' ... on his way to Citcinnatti, a prisoner. We learn
trn sIterisiqis tI. '"' ,' ,, ',"" also from Daytan, that the Indians in council, were
them no moreI-theyl had dteivedi, divided. and ruined their na- understood to have acquiesced in the most perfect
tiosi. The British sverenot I, .... 1, country border- ntanier with the wishes of government. It, is also
h' 'lI .. sl ofI ',, tl. I t I' rh.y shr ld costes
S... ... .... lo ias t', United States would drivethem said that, lieutenants Fish and Larwill, who were
** .. ... '.i ceicd ) i..... ....... .. ..sometime since taken bythe enemyon D.: T r:i, '.ts
i are',1 os r e .eiIt I as .e .1 i have i, di. li'..;.' i and arrived at Detroit.
** i thre Sli'noli' s to hep thsirold ehie's t destroy PLA i '*, ...... --Military mnoeemeni,-We under.
'hr ,r ,1, ; i I .l iri. hii was t roir g the iears stand, that in confe 't...i r .....r. .. r... ,r,,.' ..
S, .1 .. I .. .. I in co in inand, w ho is : i i .. .. .1 B row n and s ... .. .'.. r r. i ,- ....l ir,.
'to let the prophet's i par' vc 't earn en taki hO in by tI be ha hi.1, i I I .. M ills, in t '(- I'i 1 1" ....... I r 1 '
Vre then some antiotlition to unir for their i women and cliit- General T', ..I .... '' .... tihe ground, with the rear Runror.
ren. Thie chiefs he saw were ic oi,. c-, corsislting .. I' .. and a detachment of dragoons,








, NJ ~ILUS' WEIWKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 181.,

under lieutenant Wright, until one o'clock, P. M. The columns bout 40 of the crew made their escape with S16,009
uoder Brown and Macomub separated about twcle miles front the 1 is, of
Mills; the laturlursuing the route to Clateueay. aild the for,-r tin cash ; but 30 of her company were taken. She
taking the road to Sackett's Harbor. The general lodged that night had on board 43 prisoners who were re-taken.
with the rear guard nine miles from ith Mills; Brown marcled to Extr act of a letter fion captain John WDeiet, to tha
Malone, six leasures. without halt; and Macnib encamped ho about -a J H t
fourteen and an .i5- An. I.: ],.,,,, the Mills-the snow being on an secrelairy of thenary, dated
areragse, two feet ten inches deep. On the 14th, general Wilkinson "CHlIAILSTOX. (S. C.) Feb. 21 1614.
putde .'. '. ,., plae, and hImscfilay at "The Alligator hals been refitted and wil sail in
h .h .t 5..h.,.;, : .- -" mess, under colonel e lii"
seri to protect his rear from insult. On the inmrning of the lith, the morning to cruize on the coast and inlets between
understanding the enemy had made no movement from the shore Stono and fort Royal. The enemy continue on the
of Canada, the general left the commandml of the rear column with oat b hv o i d i
colonel Bisselli the first officer ofhl grade i the army, and, being coast, but have not committed any depredations, or
Much indisposed L. 1 .... ..,. ,r;:,., came on to sent their boats in, since the attack on the Alligator.
his place. The r.. .,,- .. I,:, .: 1-,. jih arrived ,ith One of their large CL'.I : ,-.,; .. ill that action
hils column, and .-. i'.- i,' rI, .:,. ii"- i]C i...iig morning, I f t lar m I ~- A i a
with about 1s0o 0.. ,, ..,...:. ,.,a.-, ,1,.e.., On the irsthi as been p pied up, ... N., tl E.. -., very much in-
colonel Bissell .,i-chl..I u......... i. h, ...,.... hringingsup jured. I have sent for her to be brought here. Also
overy straggler, and took quarters here, which had been prepared an officer and one seaman have been fbu'nd and buried,
for him. -
On Saturday, the nineteenth, the enemy at Cornwall and the the former with his arm shot off and a musket shot
Coteafde La, hearing, (by the agency of their loval subjects seat- wound.
tred over this country) that our troops had linaritded from Cha The saucy P rcidelnt."-Extract of a letter dated
teatiguay on thefifteenth, ansld hil arrived here,. ventured to cross saucy rc et-Extract o a leter daed
the St. Lawrence, with a motley tribe of regular, provincials, Feb. 22, in.-ide the Light, Sandy Hook, from anl
,and adetalchmentof the devil's wn---sedetsary militia, and their Officer of the Frigate President, to his friend in
brethren, a band of savages. This martial body amused them-
'selves at French Mil's until one o'clock, P. M. and then marched l'ovidence,
.iu -.;t.r ,,.-. ..,i illery, and two cart loads of coigrsve Situations in which we have been placed this
i.!' -L I ..,- .1 the roads, eleven miles froia the ills, a cruise, will, I think, add lustre to the well establish-
Jih-. i- % .i.r I to1 lalone, snid the main bodv passed on e' cacti C i R iet
t Chaliiaugay, whereit arrived ahoutfour o'clock in the morning ed character of Com. Rodgers.
of the twentietb. Here, ii .i. ,... ..i plunder began. "After passing the light, saw several sailone large
tile of eay.,rt or essefl with every drop of w hisev er, 1 t. the windward-backed our maintopsail and
eCild :, -.i, was seized on as public property, and, ..... .1 'l,..iul ship for action. The strange sail came down
wa1. By-Jiss gleaning, without diseriisinatioh eeen e th in- within g-tn ishot hauled her wind on the larboard
dividual and the public, it is believed that the enemy carried olff
between onelhundred and fifty and two hundred barrels of all sorts tack. We continued with our maintopsail to the
of provisions, good and had, public and private, mast three hours, and seeing no probability of the 74
Owing to the precaution of the enemy, or the defection of the gun ship's bearing down to en-a-e the President
people in tihe quarter invaded, the intelligence oif this invasion own engage
was not known here before twelve o'clock ont Monday the twenty- gave her a shot to windward and hoisted our colours
first; and it was then reported that the enemy, from two thousand -when she bore up for us reluctantly--when within
to three thousand strong, wvith eight; pieces of artillery atld a h afdy l st
of raguoits and Indians,lsl had e. p 1 1, bertrea C halfci gun shot, backed his maintopsail. At this mo-
three miles east of Chateaugu. .... this place. Ge- ment all hands were called to muster aft; and the
niral Wilkinson instaltiv ioiitedl his lilors ordered the troops Commodore said a few,but impressive words ; though
ustnder arns, ansd at 5 oelock three T- .I ,-i'... -, .. ,, ..
columns to nmset i,,. 1 .. e.....i e ol .' .I ,,i',,I ', ..i. .. -un- e ,* ,-- t.- lI,,t ..,l.-" stim ulant coutt"
seven pieces of ..... r.- .. s i.l!.I. .1..-.. i r- i,,. de ii- "** ,i;.s 'i ,,. I ,n,- -loriously insight
1te, ad at 9 o'clock, .1 1 ,. ..I ; ., .' .I 1 o,. ,* ,.st, h'e .' I,L. .' were assembled
,.r-., lu .,.., ,,. i i ,.:.,. ,- ., ** -.: '1 e engagement ? Wore ship to engage,
,'clock the procediig morni... .- 1 .. ,,, I... t -i, t, l momentt the cutter being discovered off,
hiliiesast o induceastemto (,, :....d, 1...... .1. d .s .-i to take in the pilot ; and the British
resmianded to their quarters-the enemy being lbftv miles alead of 74, (strange as it must appear) making sail to the
themn, and the pursuit of course vain. About eleven o'clock oni soiuthlward and ea;stwa! d ; orders were given to hlaute
SMonday the tweity-first, thle front of the enemy was met about
eleven miles from the mills, and their nairabout eighteen iles. aboard thie fore and main tacks,to run in, there being
In this innocent enterprise, the poor inhabitants -.n it, i..l ih. n, .n .;.lit fw,-n our deck, a frigate and a gun-brig.
'have been pillaged of 'ihi.i "'l. :5 1. t-it-, have. ,e* h- t I,,- c" t I, c.rs ui.der of the 74 had it in his power for
oneludllred regular I I,- have reached this
place, and it isreporteda larger number took'tlie road by Malone 5 hours to bring uis at any moment, to an engage-
to S;ckett's Harbor. Thus, -,,,,I ..,,t,,,, u, d. ''.-., Il.. 0. ;our imai'i-top-sail to the mast during that
gained a loss; aild thus may *-. 1 ,.- i., il! i t ,1 n. .... ,
editionss, Colonel Scott, of the lo3d regiment, a.,d I- ...
colonel Morrison of the 89th, it is said collmmanded, it -i .....
orncutrpriseoat :s, ,i,,- ;,,..:,. ,1. could have wafted theintelli- MowEr T.EASONF.-FfieO the Boston Yankee.
gene to this plI ...- I'.- .1, ,, u e t emy crossed thie St. Law- and Mr. J. I
sence, iand had hie adventured as the'as he lit, very few oi" the de- .-lih Bigeilov, Jacob lsigelosi, and Mr. J. W.
tacnieplt would have ever got back, unless by exchange. Jenkins, of the town of Biurre, (Worcester county)
NAVAL. were yesterday examined before the honorable judge'
The enemy force now in the Chesapeake under Davis on a charge -of traitorously giving aid and
ruflian Cockburn, consists of two 74's, 2 frigates, 2 comfort to the enemy, and assisting in the escape of
brigs and a schooner. They have done very little bu- certain British prisoners, lately confined in Worces-
siness lately. ter goal. The evidence was numerous--and as fol-
A New York paper says-"Captain Darby Allen, of lows :
the British navy, has made a rude attack on commo- Mr. Undterswood testified, that seven British pri-
dore Rodgers, in a British paper and concludes in soners came to his house on the morning of the 13th
the followingmanner:-'"And that commodore Rodg- January, and demanded breakfast, which he gave
ers may not altogether contemn.thie humble name them, and received a five dollar bill in payment.--
.of Darby Allen, he may be assured that the writer The prisoners enquired "for the BIGELOWS, of
of this letter is of equal rank to himself itn a much Biarre, for Marshal Bigelow and for Jacob Bigelow."
smaller ship than the President, but would be very Mr.,Underwood stated that he had heard of Mr.
happy to have an opportunity of making himself bet- Prince's proclamation after the prisoners breakfast-
ter known to him." ed at his house-he went himself in pursuit of them
Well-well ; we hope that capt. Darby Allen may on the road to Barre, and saw four of them taken at
be gratified, for we should like to see what sort of a ZBigelow's house.
man this Darbyk Allen is. Mr. Oliver Brooks, deputy sheriff of Barre, testi-'
The Mars privateer of New York, after being 11 fled-That Mr. Adams asked him to serve a search-
times chased on her .cruise, was driven ashore on warrant on Jacob Bigelow-he refused to do it at
-jcc!avrway beach (N. ,T.) h- a 74'and a frigate. A- that late hour-At 8 o'clock Mr, BrookI sa~ ihe went







MILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-EVENTS OF THE WAR. g9

to ligelow's house, and asked Jacob Bijelow if it his son, to be recognized in 2000 dollars, with two
was probable the other three prisoners would be sureties in 1UO each, to appear at the district court
taken-Bigelow replied, "that they were safe-aud to be lioldefi in May next.
the other fourmight be released through my means." The above mentioned Mr. Jenkina did not appear
Bigelow also said, "they were under an .lgVr;--, i1. court, having made his escape to- Canada.
not to tell where they were-if it had no:- L ,r' AIDING PRISONERS OF WAR.
the d- d guard that came after them, they would From Bell's (London) Weekly M.essenger.-.Richard
hae lhad them away sleek." He gave the deputy WelchAtood indicted for unlawfully, wilfully, and fe-
sh iff the watch word, "all's well," and went to loinously aiding and assisting Gaspard Henry Van
Viunt's house, where the four prisoners were that Tilborg, and others, then being alien enemies of his
had been taken. Jacob Bigelow offered him i100 majesty, and ].r..;ucr, -, war, on parole at Andover,
each for every one of them he could get clear out of to escape from his majesty's dominions. Gaspard
the house. Jenkins said he would guarantee the Henry Van TAborg stated, that he is a native of Brus-
money. He went into the house and found the guard, sels, that in the month of November last, he was a
13 in number, and told them what Bigelow and Jezi- prisoner of war, on parole at Andover. On the 1st
kins had offered him to assist in their escape-that of October, about 7 in the evening, he left Andover,
during the time he was in Hunt's house, Bigelow and in company with -. n, .tif.s o .. on turning
Jenkins were waiting outside with sleighs to carry on a cross-road, le-. *re w eL by two men, named.
off the prisoners. Lodge and Culleford, who were furnished with two
Joseph -Dale examined-He testified that Jacob horses and some provisions. They accompanied thea
Bigelow had acknowledged to him, that he had aid- men about six luisea, when,.:.. e ,;... ,,..i whistle,
ed and assisted the prisoners' escape from Worcester the prisoner came up with L' I- LI.iu hJr..r._,, where-
and that he had received a thousand dollars for it- upon witness and the other fugitives, a it L.... ge ,,di
thatt he would-do it again. Next morning he told Cu]leford, mountedtwo nm each horse, and proceed-
him the same, when he arrested Jacob Bigelow, on ed by cross-roads towards Ringwood, the prisoner
the marshal's proclamation, and carried him to Wor- at the bar attending orlfbot as their guide. They ar,
:, te. -rl, ,t Mr. Hurd the gaoler refused t. .:.: L;, ri'.. I at Ringwood about five o'clock the next morn.
him, after which he was arrested himself by r;D:1...* "*,. but not choosing to go into town, were conduct-
ArchibeldFobes, Esq. examined-testified that he ed to a neighboring wood by Welsh and Lodge,
was at the caking of the prisoners at 'squire Bige- where they remained until three o'clock, at which
low's house-that he heard Jacob Bigelow say at time Welsh and Lodge brought them bread, cheese,
Hunt's tavern, 26th January, after Dale's affair, that beer and rum ; and, having .g..r, i'ft them r he did aid and assist in the escape of the British about eight o'clock in the c.iii., ithl Collrl;..d
prisoners, and received a.thousand dollars and would and the horses : they then ;r..:.,:Jl ,,i ..,ds Cihrt,
do so again.. Church, in the same manner as before, Welsh still at.
Mr. IIaughton, of Barre, examined-testified i h:, -'.i-..'. on foot. They reached Christ Church about,'
he was at Bigelow's house, 13th January at 8 o'clock 3 o'clock in the morning; when Culleford took away
in the evening, that he was request. .1 t.. .. i.,-. ti,: l.. .. ;. V..1-I nd Lodge conducted them to the
and look ~f.-'i ,, '.L T ., p ,. ,,,e'r,. ..-, u U,g. I.., c*.,..-. '\.1 i ii. .. went to look out fora boat, but
said he would use -al the leans in his power ton j1, A.., i ... ,the officers again retreated to a wood
port the British prisoners out of the ULn it. 1. h ..- h ..i l;, ,, provisions were brought them by Cul-
that Bigelow told him it was improper for him to be lefotd and Lodge. After remaining there until the
there- both of the Bigelows told him so. 12th of October, a boat was engaged and they em-
Doctor 7Falker examined-Testified that one '.i .... for Cherbourg; but the wind proving con.
the prisoners,, major Valette, was brought into his trary, they were obliged to return, having been seve-
house, and delivered to him a pair of pistols.n ,r!i. r- ni h 1ir- it sea. The .fi.cers had given Lodge and
A. B. [which were here r'oughIt into coW,'r .lid '-.,',:t .'d .. .n.I b.. A ,-ire l to gi-e them 600 guineas
identified.] He said he gave the pistols into the more when they should reach the French coast. The
care of Mr. Lovely, of Worcester,, one of the men truth of this statement was supported by a variety
that carried the prisoners to W c1-ir' gaol, that of other i: :.t.: ,c The jury reported a i crdb. t u
he knew Mr. Bigelow well-he liad two sons .ii,,, .-' -1 :' years' ,., '.'
had resided in Canada, occasionally, for several
years back. Orr in n il
Mr. Ifr-d, the gaoler of Worcester, testified, that Orders in Coiuicil.
Jacob Bigelow had been in the gaol with the prison- Every Englislhman in the United States said that
ers three weeks before their escape-and a second the orders in council were repealed. Great men in
time, ten days before their escape-and a third time, Congress had also declared the fact; and we our-
o the Monday preceding the Wednesday they selves, from the effrontery of many, were led to be-
effected their escape. lieve that they had been suspended, though we never
The counsel for the prisoners, Mr. Francis Blake thought they were repealed, or that their principle
and Mr. Prescott, contended that there was no ex- was, in any manner, abandoned. The following ar.
isting statute law that provideAl for the punishment tiles from late London papers, place this matter
of the offence described in the warrant. Much tinfe in a very clear light. On -which the Enquirer"'
was taken up by the counsel to convince the court observes,---" How is this ?-We had supposed,
that their positions were correct. They were ably that the once famous Orders in Council had
replied to by the district attorney who contended become a dead letter in the British maritime
that even if the crime committed by the prisoners code, in consequence of the repealing order of
was not described by any statute, yet nevertheless it 1812. But we are surprised to find the lion is not
would come under the description of a misdemeanor, dead, but only sleepeth-and may again pounce upon
and cited Coolrdge's case of a forcible arrest of a our trade, unless we stipulate against it in our treaty
vessel legally captured-and although the offence, of peace. We see in the Enlish papers in our pos-
was not described in the statute, the court had session three Orders in Council fi,:.rr, lh.: Prince Re-
decided it to be a misdemeanor. The judge, after gent; one on the 30th November last, declaring that
an examination that took up the whole day, dis- as the province of East lFriezland, the dubhy of Bre-
charged .b4jah '.. ., '.. ..: .,.!,..,. .. Bigeivov. men, &c. were no longer under the dominion of








4,0 NILES' WEEKLY REGISTER-SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 1814.

Prance, the blockade of that part of the coast of at Cassel, with 30,000. The duke of V.Aui., at
Germany, which was instituted by the orders in Metz, with 10,000. General Rapp at Dantzie vith
council of the 26th of April, 1809, &c. shall be dis- 15,000. Marshal Suchet at Barcelona with 35,1000
continued, with the exception of such ports only as Marshal Soult, near Bayonne with 65,000, .and d..i-
may still be occupied by the troops of the enemy. ly receiving reinforcements. The viceroy at Verona,
The two othernvare dated the 11th December, andthey with 50,000. The king of Naples, saidlto be march-
respectively make similar provisions, as to the ports ing with 30,000. It is also understood that the late
if the United Provinces, and as the coast between conscription will soon be completed. Other bodies
Trieste.and the southern extremity of Dalmatia. of troops at Luxemburg, Cologne, Antwerp, &c. If
From the late L, o-.a papers. these statements be true, the military power of
SUTICE ItEAI., Ivs o 1ILOCxCADN. France is nearly as great as ever it was.
Foreign office, Nor. 27.-The Prince Regent has The following matters are meationed-the com-
caused it'to be notified to the ministers of friendly bined armies had violated the neutrality of the
powers at this court, that in consequence of informa- Swiss cantons, and entered their country with
tion which had been received that the provinces of' 200,000 men, supposed to be destined for Italy. In
East Friezlhind, the state of Kniphausen. the duchy of a battle between the vice-roy and the Austrians on
Oldenbtlrg; and the duchy of Bremen, were no longer the A dige, the latter were beaten with loss. Soult
under the dominion of France, his royal highness and Wellington fought on the 12th and 13th of Dec.
was pleased, in the name and on the behalf of his Neither appear "to have gained any thing but hard.
majesty, to direct that the blockade of that part of knocks." Two commissioners have left Paris to
the coast of Germany, comprehended within the meet the congress at M1anheim; but a Paris article
above description (which was instituted m virtue of of Jan. 13, says-'.'After having themselves fixed
his majesty's orders in council of the 26th April, the basis of peace, and after they had been accept-
S 09, and of the 17th of May, 1809; or of any other ed by the emperor, the allied powers have refused
atders in council, instruction or notification,)'should to sign them, a circumstance unparalelled in the
')c .liCw ininied with the exception of such posts as history of nations."
i,:1 b, o:.:upied by thle troops of the enemy. Another of the 31st December, informs us that
OTICE O. BLOCKADE RAISAED. deputations from the legislative body and the coun-
reignn office, Dec. 11.-The prince regent has cil Uf state, appointed to examine the documents re-
i.aused it to be notified to the ministers of friendly lative to the proposals of the allied powers, had
.cowers resident at this court, that, in consequence firmly represented and insisted that more liberal
of the re-establishment of the ancient relations of terms should be offered. This, perhaps, is a finesse
peacee and.amitv between H. M.and ttte United Pro- of .A"iloleon, feeling himself getting strong again,
vitces of the Netherlands, he has been pleased to di- to revoke his acceptance of the preliminaries--but
S.-t d te l..I .ck a...' all the ports and placesof tlhe then, it is also said that Ferdinand was about to leave
-.1,i Ut,. Provinces (except such ports or places Paris to re-assume tile government of Spain. On
as may be still in the p,,--- i.n, ,. ii,,li-t re can'nO.l the whole, we cannot form an opinion. The chief
of France) shall be :-..l... 1 i r. :.... l ii :.1l I',:t., as we have them, are stated.
*ships and vessels belonging to the said United Pro- Wellington's army is much weakened by desert
-,inces shall have free admission into the ports of his tion. It was thought in London that he would not
majesty's dominions, and shall be treated in the same hold his position much longer.
-manner as the ships of states in amity with his ma:- There has been a change in the French ministry
iesty and be suftercd to carry on any trade now law- which it is said, has delayed the expected arrange,
fullyy carried on in neutral ships. mont of our own affairs.
H s '., .1 i h;i In,- -1. alo c ui ,d it t., be tiiotified
.. "-ime mnaiit.rii- th., *;' ,.i.rl by the latest POSTSCRIP 1'
advices from the coast of the Adriat, tlihat th1e c-r.s,t. Copy of a letter from lieut. Creighton, conimanding the
between Trieste and tile southern eitremnt)ot Dil. United States br'ig attlesnake, to the secretary of
matia, inclusively, is, for the most part, no longer the na.vj.
.under the dominion of France, he has been pleased 1u. s. Brig Rattlesnake, at sea, 21st Feb. 1814.
to direct that the blockade of that extent of coast Sin-HIavimg this moment brought to an American
should be discontinued, with the exception of such privateer after a long and anxious chance of thirteen
:ports and .places as may still be occupied by the hours, I avail myself of the opportunity she affords
.io.:.vi tt.e enemy, of giving you the earliest information of the ves-
-.-.. sels under my command. 1 have sent in two neu-
trals which I truist you will approve of, when I have
lTHE CHR.ONICLE. Time to make known to you particulars respecting
The .I..11 -~: ., ..f Massachusetts closed its winter them-the first, a brig, had on board a British offi-
session lr il> l [ -'l utimo. cer and nine men, which I now have in charge. Off
FOREIGN NEWS. Cape Francois on the 7th instant, I captured and
By a vessel that has arrived at New York from destroyed an English brig with a cargo of coffee.
France, with ai very valuable cargo, we have Paris We have been chased by a frigate and a line -of
dates to about the 20th of Jan. The failure of the battle ship, both of which the Rattlesnake avoided
mail from .e.Alw York, yesterday, has prevented the by her superior sailing, and the Enterprize by her
details, (if aby there are) from reaching us in time usual good fortune; in the first instance we separa-
for this number. But by a summary of the news, ted, but joined company again five days after. I pray
furnished by the supercargo of the vessel, it seems you, sir, to pardon my not being more communica-
thle state of affairs had not assumed any decisive tive, as the commander of the privateer is extrertely
character, anxious to make sail in pursuit of a large convoy, in
Thle 'Freich armies are thus noticed. The duke all one hundred sail, that left Havanfla eight days
of Tarrento, with 40,000 men, marching towards since-I hope to give account of them myself.
Holland. The duke of Ragusa at Mayence with I have the honor to be, with high consideration
50,000. The prince of Eckinuhl, (cut off by the and respect, vour obedient servant,
Swedes) near lhlinbitrg with 30,000. Th'e duke of JOHN 0. CtEIGHTON.
BWtuo gtt Strasbui'g witlh 30,000. Count Bertrandl T'leb ua. v,.,,. i.,,... ....,, of the navy.