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 Experimental, results, discussion,...
 Table 1 - Dietary treatments and...
 Table 2 - Performance of pigs fed...














Group Title: Department of Animal Science research report - Florida Agricultural Experiment Station ; AL-1982-5
Title: Oats and alfalfa meal in pig starter diets
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073137/00001
 Material Information
Title: Oats and alfalfa meal in pig starter diets
Series Title: Department of Animal Science research report
Physical Description: 4 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Combs, G. E ( George Ernest ), 1927-
Coffey, M. T
University of Florida -- Dept. of Animal Science
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1982
 Subjects
Subject: Swine -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Oats as feed -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Alfalfa as feed -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: G.E. Combs and M.T. Coffey.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "August, 1982."
Funding: Animal science research report (University of Florida. Dept. of Animal Science) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073137
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 81144156

Table of Contents
    Experimental, results, discussion, and summary
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Table 1 - Dietary treatments and diet composition
        Page 15
    Table 2 - Performance of pigs fed starter diets containing 10% oats, 20% oats, or 5% alfalfa meal
        Page 16
Full Text



Department of Animal Science i 13 Florida Agricultural
Research Report AL-1982-5 Experiment Station
August, 1982 Gainesville, FL


OATS AND ALFALFA MEAL IN PIG STARTER DIETS1

G. E. Combs and M. T. Coffey2


Recent research data indicate that the use of high fiber starter diets
is an effective method of reducing post-weaning scours and improving per-
formance of young pigs.

The present study was conducted to compare the performance of pigs fed
diets containing 10% oats, 20% oats or 5% alfalfa meal.


Experimental

The pigs used in this study were weaned at three weeks of age directly
onto the experimental diets. One hundred forty-four pigs were allotted on
the basis of initial weight, litter and sex to four treatment groups. Six
replicate pens of six pigs each were used to make a total of 36 pigs per
treatment group. All pigs were housed in an enclosed nursery equipped with
elevated pens having expanded metal floors and wire-mesh sides. Each pen
contained an automatic waterer and self-feeder.

The dietary treatments and diet composition are presented in table 1.


Results and Discussion

A summary of the performance data is presented in table 2.

There were no differences (P<.05) in average daily gain among the
dietary treatments. Pigs fed the 20% oats diet (4.2 fiber) tended to con-
sume more feed which is probably a reflection of the lowered energy content.
Differences in feed efficiency were not significant (P<.05), but as the
fiber level of the diets increased, feed/gain tended to increase and was
highest with the 20% oats diet.

Scouring was not a problem in this experiment. This is probably the
major factor contributing to the similarity of performance among treatment
groups.

Summary

One hundred forty-four pigs weaned at three weeks of age were used to
study the influence of fiber level and fiber source on performance. Rate
and efficiency of gain was not different (P<.05) among pigs fed a corn-soy


IExperiment 273.
2Combs, Animal Nutritionist and Coffey, Assistant Animal Nutritionist, Animal
Science Department, Gainesville.






14 -


control (2.5% fiber) 10% oats diet (3.4% fiber), 20% oats diet (4.2% fiber)
or 5% alfalfa meal diet (3.6% fiber). The incidence of scours was minimal
which precludes an assessment of the ability of high fiber diets to prevent
or alleviate scours in young pigs.






- 15 -


TABLE 1. DIETARY TREATMENTS AND DIET COMPOSITION


Control Oats Oats Al falfa meal
10% 20% 5%
Fiber, % 2.5 3.4 4.2 3.6

Gr. yellow corn 72.61 62.80 53.80 68.30
Gr. oats ----- 10.00 20.00
Alfalfa meal --- --- --5.00
Soybean meal 24.19 24.00 23.00 23.50
Dynafos 1.60 1.60 1.60 1.60
Limestone 0.90 0.90 0.90 0.90
Iodized salt 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25
Trace minerals (CCC)1 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
Vitamin premix (UF)2 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
ASP-2503 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25


IGenerously supplied by Calcium Carbonate Company, Quincy, IL.
20% zinc, 10% iron, 5.5% manganese, 1.1% copper, 0.15% iodine,
cobalt, and 2% calcium.
2Contains 13,200-mg riboflavin; 44,000 mg niacin; 26,400 mg pan
acid; 176,000 mg choline chloride; 22,000 mcg vitamin B12; 5,5
vitamin A; 880,000 ICU vitamin D3 and 22,000 IU vitamin E per
3Contained 44 g chlortetracycline, 44 g sulfamethazine, 22 g pr
penicillin per kg of supplement.


Contains
0.10%


tothenic
00,000 IU
kg of premix.
cocaine






- 16 -


TABLE 2. PERFORMANCE OF PIGS FED STARTER DIETS CONTAINING
10% OATS, 20% OATS OR 5% ALFALFA MEAL


Control Oats Oats Alfalfa meal
10% 20% 5%

Avg. initial weight, kg 5.28 5.28 5.29 5.28

Avg. final weight, kg 22.99 22.42 23.42 22.76

Avg. daily gain, kgi .36 .35 .37 .35

Avg. daily feed, kg .73 .71 .78 .73

Avg. feed/gain1 2.03 2.03 2.11 2.09


1Treatment means not different (P<.05).




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