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 Experiment
 Results and discussion
 Table 1 - Bedding density and water...
 Table 2 - Quantity of material...














Group Title: Department of Animal Science research report - Florida Agricultural Experiment Station ; AL-1982-1
Title: Use of shredded paper as a bedding material
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073133/00001
 Material Information
Title: Use of shredded paper as a bedding material
Series Title: Department of Animal Science research report
Physical Description: 2, 1 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Johnson, E. L ( Edward L )
Ott, E. A ( Edgar A )
University of Florida -- Dept. of Animal Science
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1982
 Subjects
Subject: Livestock -- Housing -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Livestock -- Equipment and supplies -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Waste paper   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: E.L. Johnson & E.A. Ott.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "January, 1982."
Funding: Animal science research report (University of Florida. Dept. of Animal Science) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073133
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 80979787

Table of Contents
    Experiment
        Page 1
    Results and discussion
        Page 2
    Table 1 - Bedding density and water absorbancy of test materials
        Page 3
    Table 2 - Quantity of material used
        Page 3
Full Text

Department of Animal Science Florida Agricultural
Research Report AL-1982-1 Experiment Station
January, 1982 Gainesville, Florida



/ 7;j? USE OF SHREDDED PAPER AS A BEDDING MATERIAL
/ij E. L. Johnson & E. A. Ott1


Materials for the bedding of stalls and pens for all classes of livestock
are becoming increasingly difficult to find, and the cost of these materials
has increased dramatically over the past few years. Many new bedding
materials are now being utilized by the horse industry in place of the tradi-
tional straw, wood shavings and sawdust. Among these new materials is a paper
product made by shredding waste paper. The quality of the product depends
upon the quality of the paper. This ranges from new uncirculated stock that
is purchased specifically for shredding to used paper that is gathered at various
locations and brought to a central facility to be shredded. Shredded paper
bedding has been and is receiving considerable use in this country by the
broiler industry and from the horse and dairy industry in England. It is now
gaining attention from the horse industry in the United State.


Experiment
The University of Florida Horse Research Center conducted an experiment
consisting of two trials comparing shredded uncirculated paper bedding against
the traditional straw and wood shaving bedding materials.

Trial I

The first portion of the experiment was designed to determine the absorb-
ency of the three materials. The procedure for this test was to weigh a given
volume of these materials, saturate them with water and then weigh the.materials
to determine water uptake. To accomplish this 1000 milliliter containers were
filled with the various materials and then weighed. The weights of the-bedding
materials were 74, 43, and 248 grams, respectively, for shredded paper, straw,
and wood shavings. Two hundred fiftymilliliters of water was poured over the
samples and let stand for one hour. The excess was poured off and the samples
weighed, which allowed for determination of Water absorbed. There were two
replications of this test. "
Trial II

This trial, conducted over a 23 day period, was designed to determine on
a quantitative basis the relative usage of the three materials. The trial utilized
10 Thoroughbred and Quarter Horse yearlings. Horses were housed for 7 hours
in each 24 hour period in 12 x 12 stalls that were stripped of all bedding
materials prior to the beginning of the trial. Bedding materials were weighed
into the stalls before the horses were placed in them. Stalls were spot cleaned
on a daily basis and additional bedding added as needed. This material was
weighed and recorded as it went into the stalls. In addition, visual observations
were made to note any significant characteristics or problems.


Johnson, Assistant Professor, Extension Equine Specialist and Ott, Professor,
Animal Nutritionist, Department of Animal Science, Gainesville, FL.







Results and Discussion

Trial I

The average amount of water absorbed by shredded paper, straw and wood
shavings was 470, 240, and 85 grams per 100 grams material respectively
(Table-1). Shredded paper absorbed 4.7 times its weight, straw absorbed
2.4 times its weight and wood shavings absorbed only .85 times its weight.
The absorbency of shredded paper was slightly better than straw and superior
to wood shavings.
Trial II

Horses bedded on shredded paper required 12.2 pounds bedding per day.
Those on straw required 17.9 pounds per day, and those on wood shavings
required 39.5 pounds per day (Table 2). Bedding stalls with paper required
less material than using either straw or wood shavings. This may be due to
the fact that paper is more absorbent than the other two materials as
indicated by table I.

The paper bedding was a dustless, clean product and no animals were
observed trying to eat the bedding material. It did have a slight tendency
to pack in the horses' hooves which permitted the horses to track small
quantities out of the stalls. Also, some horses were apprehensive the first
time they entered stalls bedded with paper. Neither of these items posed
serious problems.

Tests conducted by other stations indicate there are no heavy metals or
other toxic elements in the ink that are harmful to animals or plants. The
material is completely biodegradable and makes an excellent mulch.

There are two management areas that should be addressed. First, if the
material is to be spread on fields via an open conveyance it must be covered
or dampened to prevent the material from blowing if there is much dry material
being transported. Secondly, though no flammability tests were conducted, it
would be reasonable to assume that it is more flammable than the other materi-
als, therefore greater caution should be exercised in the barn area with
matches, cigarettes and other materials that could start a fire.

There seems to be no problem with using this material for bedding from
an animal standpoint and only minor problems from the management standpoint.
Therefore, due to frequent shortages of conventional bedding materials and
the high cost of transportation, materials of this type may find considerable
use in the equine industry. Other factors that may lead to increased use of
such materials as shredded paper are year round availability, reduced labor,
and use for horses that have allergic reactions to other bedding materials or
are suffering from respiratory problems. These materials may also compete with
traditional bedding from an economic standpoint.













TABLE 1 Bedding Density and Water Absorbancy of Test Materials

Bedding Test Test
Density 1 11 Avg
(g/1000 ml) g H20/100 g g H 0/100 g g H20/100 g


Shredded paper* 74 480 460 470
Straw ** 43 240 240 240
Wood shavings 248 80 90 85

*Agri-Bed II, provided by Consolidated Fibres Inc., Atlanta GA
**Excellent quality oat straw.













TABLE 2 Quantity of Material Used


Material Use
Material Number Per Stall per day
of horses (Pounds)

Shredded paper* 4 12.2
Straw (oat)** 2 17.9
Wood Shavings 4 39.5


*Agri-Bed II, provided by Consolidated Fibres Inc., Atlanta GA
**Excellent quality oat straw.













TABLE 1 Bedding Density and Water Absorbancy of Test Materials

Bedding Test Test
Density 1 11 Avg
(g/1000 ml) g H20/100 g g H 0/100 g g H20/100 g


Shredded paper* 74 480 460 470
Straw ** 43 240 240 240
Wood shavings 248 80 90 85

*Agri-Bed II, provided by Consolidated Fibres Inc., Atlanta GA
**Excellent quality oat straw.













TABLE 2 Quantity of Material Used


Material Use
Material Number Per Stall per day
of horses (Pounds)

Shredded paper* 4 12.2
Straw (oat)** 2 17.9
Wood Shavings 4 39.5


*Agri-Bed II, provided by Consolidated Fibres Inc., Atlanta GA
**Excellent quality oat straw.




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