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 Experimental, results, and...
 Summary
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 Table 2 - Performance of pigs fed...














Group Title: Department of Animal Science research report - Florida Agricultural Experiment Station ; AL-1981-6
Title: Lactobacillus (Probiosª) in swine starter diets
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073127/00001
 Material Information
Title: Lactobacillus (Probiosª) in swine starter diets
Series Title: Department of Animal Science research report
Physical Description: 3 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Combs, G. E ( George Ernest ), 1927-
Copelin, Johnny Landon
University of Florida -- Dept. of Animal Science
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1981
 Subjects
Subject: Swine -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Lactobacillus   ( lcsh )
Gastrointestinal system -- Microbiology   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: G.E. Combs and J.L. Copelin.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "June, 1981."
General Note: Pages numbered 7-9.
Funding: Animal science research report (University of Florida. Dept. of Animal Science) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073127
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 80911954

Table of Contents
    Experimental, results, and discussion
        Page 7
    Summary
        Page 8
    Table 1 - Dietary treatments and diet composition
        Page 8
    Table 2 - Performance of pigs fed starter diets supplemented with the lactobacillus culture probios
        Page 9
Full Text
) DD
"Dep rtment of Animal Science 7 Florida Agricultural
Research Report AL-1981-6 Experiment Station
June, 1981 Gainesville, Florida



LACTOBACILLUS (PROBIOS) IN SWINE STARTER DIETS

G. E. Combs and J. L. Copelin2


The use of probiotics or microbial cultures to improve weight gains and
reduce enteritis has been suggested by several researchers as a viable alterna-
tive to low level antibiotic supplementation. However the inconsistency of
reported results indicated that further evaluations were needed before recom-
mendations were made regarding the value of probiotics in swine diets.

The present study was initiated to compare the performance of early weaned
pigs fed diets with and without a Lactobacillus culture (Prpbios ) and/or an
antibacterial compound.


Experimental

In each of two experiments 72 pigs weaned at three weeks of age were allot-
ted on the basis of initial weight, litter and sex to four treatment groups.
Three replicate pens of six pigs each were used to make a total of 18 pigs per
treatment group. All pigs were housed in an enclosed nursery equipped with
elevated pens having metal floors and wire-mesh sides. Each pen contained an
automatic waterer and self-feeder.

The dietary treatments and diet composition are presented in table 1.


Results and Discussion

A summary of the performance data for experiments 1 and 2 is presented in
table 2.

Experiment 1

Th addition of an antibacterial agent (ASP-250) and the combination of
Probios -ASP-250 significantly (P<.01) improved daily gain when compared to the
control and Probios' supplemented pigs. Co parable rates of gain were demon-
strated by pigs fed the control and Probios diets. Neither feed intake nor
feed efficiency was significantly (P<.05) influenced by dietary treatment.

Experiment 2

Performance, as measured by rate of gain, feed consumption and feed effi-
ciency was not sig ficantly (P<.05) affected by supplementing the diet with
ASP-250 or Probio s singly or in combination with ASP-250.


Experiments 269 and 269A.
Combs, Animal Nutritionist and Copelin, Assistant Animal Nutritionist, Depart-
ment of Animal Science, Gainesville.






- 8 -


The results obtained from these experiments indicate that the addition of
the Lactobacillus acidophilus culture Probios- was ineffective in improving rate
and efficiency of gain. Post-weaning scours Mas not a problem in either experi-
ment, consequently, the efficiency of Probios in controlling this condition was
not evaluated.


Summary

Two experiments involving 142 pigs weaned at three weeks of age were con-
ducted to study the effectiveness of Probioso in improving rate and efficiency
of gain when included in starter diets. &n both experiments the performance of
pigs fed diets supplemented with Probios did not differ significantly (P<.05)
from that of the control pigs. Consequently an economic advantage was not
associated with Probios supplementation.


TABLE 1. DIETARY TREATMENTS AND DIET COMPOSITION


Control
Treatment No. 1


Control
and
ASP-250
2


Control
and
Probios-
3


Control
and
ASP-250
and
Probios"'
4


Ground yellow corn
Soybean meal
Dynafos
Limestone
Salt
1
Trace mineral (CCC)2
Vitamin3premix (UF)
ASP-250 4
Probios4


72.61 72.36
24.19 24.19
1.60 1.60
0.90 0.90
0.50 0.50
0.10 0.10
0.10 0.10
0.00 0.25
0.00 0.00


100.00


100.00


Generously supplied by Calcium Carbonate Co., Quincy, IL. Contains: 20% zinc,
10% iron, 5.5% manganese, 1.1% copper, 0.15% iodine, 0.10% cobalt, and 2% cal-
cium.
Contains 13,200 mg riboflavin; 44,000 mg niacin; 26,400 mg pantothenic acid;
176,000 mg choline chloride; 22,000 mcg vitamin B ; 5,500,000 IU vitamin A;
880,000 ICU vitamin D and 22,000 IU vitamin E per kg of premix.
Contained 44 g chlortetracycline, 44 g sulfamethazine, 22 g procaine penicillin;
4per kg sf supplement.
Probios supplied by Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc., NuLabs Division,
Portland, OR.


72.56
24.19
1.60
0.90
0.50
0.10
0.10
0.00
0.05

100.00


72.31
24.19
1.60
0.90
0.50
0.10
0.10
0.25
0.05

100.00






- 8 -


The results obtained from these experiments indicate that the addition of
the Lactobacillus acidophilus culture Probios- was ineffective in improving rate
and efficiency of gain. Post-weaning scours Mas not a problem in either experi-
ment, consequently, the efficiency of Probios in controlling this condition was
not evaluated.


Summary

Two experiments involving 142 pigs weaned at three weeks of age were con-
ducted to study the effectiveness of Probioso in improving rate and efficiency
of gain when included in starter diets. &n both experiments the performance of
pigs fed diets supplemented with Probios did not differ significantly (P<.05)
from that of the control pigs. Consequently an economic advantage was not
associated with Probios supplementation.


TABLE 1. DIETARY TREATMENTS AND DIET COMPOSITION


Control
Treatment No. 1


Control
and
ASP-250
2


Control
and
Probios-
3


Control
and
ASP-250
and
Probios"'
4


Ground yellow corn
Soybean meal
Dynafos
Limestone
Salt
1
Trace mineral (CCC)2
Vitamin3premix (UF)
ASP-250 4
Probios4


72.61 72.36
24.19 24.19
1.60 1.60
0.90 0.90
0.50 0.50
0.10 0.10
0.10 0.10
0.00 0.25
0.00 0.00


100.00


100.00


Generously supplied by Calcium Carbonate Co., Quincy, IL. Contains: 20% zinc,
10% iron, 5.5% manganese, 1.1% copper, 0.15% iodine, 0.10% cobalt, and 2% cal-
cium.
Contains 13,200 mg riboflavin; 44,000 mg niacin; 26,400 mg pantothenic acid;
176,000 mg choline chloride; 22,000 mcg vitamin B ; 5,500,000 IU vitamin A;
880,000 ICU vitamin D and 22,000 IU vitamin E per kg of premix.
Contained 44 g chlortetracycline, 44 g sulfamethazine, 22 g procaine penicillin;
4per kg sf supplement.
Probios supplied by Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc., NuLabs Division,
Portland, OR.


72.56
24.19
1.60
0.90
0.50
0.10
0.10
0.00
0.05

100.00


72.31
24.19
1.60
0.90
0.50
0.10
0.10
0.25
0.05

100.00






- 9 -


TABLE 2. PERFORMANCE OF PIGS FED STARTER DIETS SUPPE4ENTED WITH THE
LACTOBACILLUS CULTURE PROBIOS9





Control
and
Control Control ASP-250
and and and
Treatments Control ASP-250 ProbiosF Probios"


Experiment 1

Avg. initial weight, kg 7.39 7.39 7.39 7.39
Avg. final weight, kg 22.20 23.84 21.49 22.88
Avg. daily gain, kg* .53 .59 .50 .55
Avg. daily feed, kg .97 1.08 .92 1.02
Avg. feed/gain 1.83 1.84 1.82 1.85


*ASP-250 and ASP-250 and Probios significantly different (P<.01) from
control and Probios treatments.

Experiment 21

Avg. initial weight, kg 5.14 5.14 5.14 5.14
Avg. final weight, kg 26.64 27.80 25.78 27.20
Avg. daily gain, kg .37 .39 .35 .38
Avg. daily feed, kg .74 .76 .69 .73
Avg. feed/gain 2.00 1.95 1.95 1.92


Treatment means not significantly different (P<.05).


. I




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