Group Title: Department of Animal Science mimeograph series - Florida Agricultural Experiment Station ; no. AN66-7
Title: Corn distillers dried grains with solubles as an ingredient in the baby pig diet
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 Material Information
Title: Corn distillers dried grains with solubles as an ingredient in the baby pig diet
Series Title: Department of Animal Science mimeograph series
Physical Description: 4 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wallace, H. D ( Harold Dean )
Combs, G. E ( George Ernest ), 1927-
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1965
 Subjects
Subject: Piglets -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Distillers feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Corn -- Milling -- By-products -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (p. 4).
Statement of Responsibility: H.D. Wallace and G.E. Combs.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "December, 1965."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072973
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 77560442

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Department of Animal Science Florida Agricultural
Mimeograph Series No. AN66-7 Experiment Station
December, 1965 Gainesville, Florida

CORN DISTILLERS DRIED GRAINS WITH SOLUBLES AS AN .
INGREDIENT IN THE BABY PIG DIET .

H. D. Wallace and G. E. Combs 2/


In a previous study (1) it was reported that 5% of either corn distillers-dridJ'
solubles or corn distillers dried grains with solubles reduced rate of gain hen.-.
:added to the diet of the young pig. It was also observed that pigs farrowed by sows
which had been fed 5% of distillers dried solubles during gestation performed no bet-
.ter than pigs from unsupplemented sows.

The present study had two objectives:

'1.. To further study the response of young pigs to supplementary distillers
dried grains with solubles.

2. To further study the possible nutritional carry-over effects in pigs far-
rowed from sows fed distillers dried solubles during gestation.


Experimental

One hundred, three-week-old crossbred pigs (Duroc-Landrace x Hampshire) were
divided into outcome groups according to weight, previous treatment of dam and sex,
and allotted to twenty pens of five pigs each. Ten pens of pigs were from litters
whose dams. had been on a continuous solubles supplementation program. The other ten
pens of pigs were from similar sows which had not been fed solubles. The feeding
program for the dams of the pigs used in this study is described by Wallace and Combs
(2). Pigs in five pens of each of the above groups were supplemented with 5% distil-
lers dried grains with solubles, while the remaining pigs received the control diet.
Compositions of the diets are shown in Table 1. All pigs were fed ad libitum by self-
feeder in concrete floored pens and water was supplied by automatic waterers. The
pigs averaged approximately 12 Ibs. liveweight initially and the feeding experiments
lasted for 8 weeks.

Results and Discussion

Average daily gains and feed requirements per pound of gain are presented in
Tables 2 and 3 respectively.





1/ The study was supported in part by a grant-in-aid from the Distillers Feed
Research Council, Cincinnati, Ohio.

2/ Wallace, Animal Nutritionist, and Combs, Associate Animal Nutritionist, Animal
Science Department. The assistance of B. R. Cannon and L. S. Taylor, swine
herdsmen, is gratefully acknowledged.








- 2-


Table 1. Composition:of Diets


Control Diet Distillers Dried
Grains With Solubles
S Diet


Yellow corn meal 58.30 55.80
Soybean oilmeal (50%) 25.40 22.90
Cane sugar 10.00 10.00
Distillers dried grains with solubles ----- 5.00
Stabilized fat 3.00 3.00
Defluorinated rock phosphate 1.40 1.40
Iodized salt 0.50 0.50
Trace minerals/ 0.10 0.10
B-vitamin premix/ 0.20 0.20
B12 supplement3/ 0.10 0.10
Vitamin A and D premix4/ 1.00 1.00
100.00 100.00


1/ Adds in ppm: manganese (29.6), iron (36.5), copper (2.5), cobalt (0.83), zinc
(42.0) and potassium (3.9).

2/ Contained 8,000, 14,720, 36,000 and 40,000 mg./lb. respectively of riboflavin,
pantothenic acid, niacin and choline chloride.

3/ Contained a minimum of 20 mg. B12 per lb,

4/ Contained 14 gm. vitamin A (10,000 IU/gm.), 2 gm. vitamin D (9,000 IU/gm.) and
438 gm. yellow corn.



Pigs from control sows gained 1.10 lb. per head daily compared to 1.15 for pigs
from sows which had been fed a diet containing dried distillers corn solubles. This
difference was not statistically significant. It should be pointed out that pigs
from the solubles supplemented sows, being some older on the average, had an initial
weight advantage of 1.8 lb. per pig which probably accounts for at least part of the
observed difference in rate of gain. Pigs from control sows required 2.18 lb. feed
per lb. gain compared to 2.19 lb. for the pigs from solubles supplemented sows.
Thus, as in the previous study (1) no evidence was obtained to suggest a nutritional
carry-over effect in the pig as a result of including distillers dried solubles in
the sows' diet.

Pigs fed the control diet gained significantly faster than pigs fed the diet
containing 5% dried distillers grains with solubles (1.19 vs. 1.05). Feed conver-
sion also favored the unsupplemented pigs (2.14 vs. 2.23). The unsupplemented pigs






-3 -


Table 2. Summary of Average Daily GainsI/


Pigs From
Control Sows


Control diet
Pens 1 and 11
Pens 2 and 12
Pens 3 and 13
Pens 4 and 14
Pens 5 and 15


1.11
1.28
1.23
1.13
1.20


Distillers dried grains with
solubles diet
Pens 6 and 16
Pens 7 and 17
Pens 8 and 18
Pens 9 and 19
Pens 10 and 20


0.84
1.09
1.00
0.96
1.13


(1.10)


1/ The fifty pigs from the control sows gained an average
while those from the solubles supplemented sows gained
difference was not significant.


Pigs From Solubles
Supplemented Sows


1.10
1.08
1.23
1.17
1.40 (1.19)


0.99
1.17
1.19
1.01
1.12 (1.05)

(1.15)


of 1.10 Ibs. per day
1.15 Ibs. per day. This


The fifty pigs fed the control diet gained 1.19 Ibs. per day while those sup-
plemented with dried grains with solubles gained only 1.05 lbs. per head daily.
This difference was significant (P < .01).



Table 3. Summary of Feed Required per Pound of Gain


Pigs From
Control Sows


Control diet
Pens 1 and 11
Pens 2 and 12
Pens 3 and 13
Pens 4 and 14
Pens 5 and 15


2.13
2.12
2.10
2.15
2.04


Distillers dried grains with
solubles diet
Pens 6 and 16
Pens 7 and 17
Pens 8 and 18
Pens 9 and 19
Pens 10 and 20


2.29
2.12
2.42
2.34
2.17
(2.19)


Pigs From Solubles
Supplemented Sows


2.40
2.12
2.25
2.15
1.98 (2.14)



2.27
2.19
2.11
2.13
2.21 (2.23)
(2.18)








-4-


consumed an average of 0.21 lb. more feed per head daily. These data tend to con-
firm results of the previous study (1) in which performance of the young pig was de-
pressed by including 5% of dried distillers grains in the diet. The reason for the
performance depression is not clear and further research is planned to determine why
a relatively small amount of this feed product appears to adversely affect the young
pig.


Summary

A feeding experiment, involving 100 early weaned pigs, was conducted to study
(a) the possible nutritional carry-over effects in pigs as influenced by sow gesta-
tion diet and (b) to study the influence on performance of including 5% dried dis-
tillers grains with solubles in the pigs' diet.

No evidence was obtained to suggest that including distillers dried solubles in
the sow diet would provide essential unidentified carry-over nutritional factors for
the young growing pig.

Including 5% of dried distillers grains with solubles in the diet significantly
depressed rate of gain of pigs during the period from 3 to 11 weeks of age.












References


1. Wallace, H. D. and G. E. Combs.
bles and distillers dried grains
nutritional factors for the pig.


1965. A study of corn distillers dried solu-
with solubles added as sources of unidentified
Fla. Animal Sci. Mimeo. Series AN66-1.


2. Wallace, H. D. and G. E. Combs. 1964. Distillers dried corn solubles in the
sow ration. Proc. Distillers Feed Research Conference 19:30-36. Cincinnati,
Ohio.








HDW:gem
12/10/65
1200 copies




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