Group Title: Animal husbandry mimeograph series - University of Florida Department of Animal Husbandry and Nutrition ; 55-15
Title: "C" sugar in the creep ration of suckling pigs
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072857/00001
 Material Information
Title: "C" sugar in the creep ration of suckling pigs
Series Title: Animal husbandry mimeograph series
Physical Description: 3 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Combs, G. E ( George Ernest ), 1927-
Haines, C. E
Wallace, H. D ( Harold Dean )
University of Florida -- Dept. of Animal Husbandry and Nutrition
Publisher: University of Florida, Dept. of Animal Husbandry and Nutrition
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1956?
 Subjects
Subject: Swine -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Swine -- Growth -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: G.E. Combs, C.E. Haines and H.D. Wallace.
General Note: Caption title.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072857
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 76942920

Full Text






Animal Husbanr Mtmeograph
Series No. 55-15 -

"C" SUGAR IN THE CREEP RATION OF SUCKLING PIGS'

G. E. Combs, C. E. Haines and H. D. Wallace2

Cane sugar, either refined or unrefined, has proven to be an ingredient that

increases the palatability of rations fed young pigs. The acceptance of starter

rations (1) and creep rations (2) has been enhanced by the addition of various

levels of refined cane eugar. More recent work (3) shows that while levels up

to 15 per cent of refined or unrefined sugar increased gains and feed efficiency

of early weaned pigs, inclusions of similar amounts of sugar from invert cane

molasses were not as effective.

The purpose of this study was to determine if "C" sugar, the residue of

white and brown sugar refining, increased the palatability of creep rations and

the level of sugar which proved most effective,

Experimental
Sows and litters were removed from the farrowing stall when the pigs were

approximately one week of age and placed on an alfalfa-clover pasture. Creep

rations containing various levels of sugar were introduced as the first litter

in the lot reached 14 days of age. At 56 days of age the pigs were removed

from the experiment, thereby making a total of approximately 42 days in which

the pigs had access to the creep rations.


1. "C" Sugar supplied by Minford & Co., Inc., Fellsmere, Florida

2, Combs, Assistant Animal Husbandman; Haines, Graduate Assistant and Wallace
Associate Animal Husbandman, Department of Animal Husbandry and Nutrition.
The technical assistance of Mr. W. E. Collins, Swine Herdsman, is greatefully
acknowledged.








The first 6 lots (100 pigs) were given a choice of consuming rations con-

taining 0, 10, 20, or 30 per cent sugar. The last 6 lots (168 pigs) had access to

rations that contained 10, 20, 30, or 40 per cent sugar. All rations were self-

fed in a portable pig creep and feeders were rotated weekly to prevent position

preference. For purposes of demonstrating the value of creep feeds, the weight

gains of a non-creep fed group (62 pigs) were compared to a similar number of pigs

that received a creep feed,

The composition of the basal ration is presented in Table 1.

Table I -- Basal Rationi

Ground yellow corn 71.17
Soybean oil meal 13,00
Tankage 14.00
Salt-trace minerals2 .53
Vitamins and antibiotics 1.30

1. Sugar was added to this ration at the expense of corn. The percentage
protein was kept constant by increasing the amount of soybean oil meal
and tankage.

2. Salt-trace mineral mixture was composed of: iodized salt (50 Ibs,),
MnSO4 a H20(921 gm.) FeSO4 H20(398 gm.) CuSO4 5H20(125 gm.) CoCo3
(10 gm.) and ZnSO4 H20(350 g.n.).

3, Vitamin and antibiotic fortification included 4,580 1.U. vitamin A,
396 I.U. vitamin D per lb. of feed plus 0.2 and 0.1 pounds per 100 Ibs.
of feed of Lederle Fortafeed and Aurofac 10, respectively.

Results and Discussion

As indicated in Table 2, the pigs in all lots showed a decided preference

for rations containing sugar.

In the first 6 lots, the increase from 10 to 20 per cent sugar resulted In

approximately a fourfold Increase in feed consumption and the consumption was

nearly tripled when the sugar was increased from 20 to 30 per cent. The com-

paratively large consumption of the 30 per cent sugar ration and the near re-

fusal of the ration containing no sugar prompted the substitution of a 40 per

cent sugar ration for the one containing 0 per cent sugar.

-2 -









Table 2 -- CONSUMPTION OF CREEP FEED BY SUCKLING PIGS
FED VARIOUS LEVELS OF "C" SUGAR
(FROM 2-8 WEEKS OF AGE)


Lot No. No. Pigs

1 20

2 15

3 19

4 9

5 19

6 18


0

5.0

1.0

I.5

5.0

1.5

3.5


Percent of

10

27.5

13,0

26.5

24,0

29.5

20.5


100 17.5 141.0 566.0 1548.5
:; ----- ------ -I-

10 20 30 40
I 20 57.5 58,5 131.0 171.0

2 14 41.5 95.5 207.0 121.5

3 21 144.5 158,0 253.0 258,0

4 42 12.5 100,0 366.5 734.5

5 36 52.0 152.0 360.5 415.0

6 35 59.0 145.0 413,5 233.5


168 367.0 709.0 1731.5 1933,5



The last 6 lots were offered rations containing 10, 20, 30, and 40 per cent

sugar and the total feed consumption for each sugar level was 367, 709, 1731.5

and 1933.5 pounds respectively. These figures clearly demonstrate that the pigs

preferred the 30 and 40 per cent sugar rations.


-3-


Sugar in

20

152.0

40.5

63.0

12.0

190.5

108.0


Rations

30

299.0

276.5

186.5

96.0

348.5

342,0






While there was occasionally observed to be a few pigs in each lot that had

a tendency to scour, this condition never presented a major problem. The con-

sistency of the "C" sugar was such that small tumps were formed during the mix-

ing operation. However, since no sorting of the feed was observed, this problem

is of minor importance to the swine producer,

As shown in Table 3, the pigs that had access to creep rations weighed con-

siderably more at weaning time than pigs that were not creep fed.


Table 3 -- WEIGHT GAIN COMPARISON OF CREEP FED AND NON-CREEP FED PIGS

Ration Av, 56 day
Treatment No. Litters No, Pigs Av. Birth Weight weight

No creep feed 8 62 2,9 24,8

With creep feed II 74 3.1 40.5


Summary
A total of 268 suckling pigs were given access to creep rations that con-

tained 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 per cent "C" sugar. The pigs showed a marked pre-

ference for the rations containing 30 or 40 per cent sugar, with the greatest

consumption occurring with the 40 per cent sugar ration. These figures clearly

indicate that the presence of high levels of "C" enhances the palatability of

creep rations. As evidenced by the weight gained and physical appearance of the

pigs consumption of high level sugar rations had no detrimental effect on the

pigs' performance.

Pigs that were creep fed weighed an average of 15.7 pounds more at 56 days

of age than pigs not fed a creep ration,

I, Lewis, C. J., D, V. Catron, G, E. Combs and G. C. Ashton. 1953, Cane sugar
in pig starter. J. Animal Sci, 12:923.

2. McMillan, F. A. and H. D. Wallace, 1954. Palatability studies on creep feed
formulations for suckling pigs. J. Animal Sci. 13:39.

3. Dios, F., V. C. Speer, G0 C. Ashton, C. H. Lin and D. V. Catron. 196, Com-
parison of refined cane sugar, invert cane molasses and unrefined cane sugar
in starter rations for early weaned pigs. J. Animal Sci, 15:315.




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs