Title Page

Group Title: Robinson Crusoe
Title: Life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072801/00002
 Material Information
Title: Life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner with an account of his travels round three parts of the globe
Uniform Title: Robinson Crusoe
Physical Description: 2 v. in 1 (591, 9 p.) : ill. ; 15 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Anderson, Alexander, 1775-1870 ( Illustrator )
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Munroe & Francis ( Publisher )
Publisher: Munroe & Francis
Place of Publication: Boston
Publication Date: between 1850 and 1853
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1852   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1852   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Massachusetts -- Boston
Citation/Reference: Lovett, R.W. Robinson Crusoe,
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956,
Statement of Responsibility: written by himself ; two volumes in one ; with new designs on wood by Anderson.
General Note: Spine title: Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Dates from publisher's advertisement (9 p.) at end, in which last item is dated 1845 and citations below. Munroe & Francis closed business operations in 1853. Cf. American literary publishing houses, 1638- 1899, v. 1.
General Note: Parts I and II of Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Parts I and II of Robinson Crusoe. Part II originally published under title: Farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072801
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 27866827

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Full Text





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THAT homely proverb used on so many occasions in Eng.
land, viz. That what is bred in the bone will not go out of
the flesh," was never more verified than in the story of my life.
Any one would think, that after thirty-five years' affliction
and a variety of unhappy circumstances, which few men, if
any, ever went through before, and after near seven years of
peace and enjoyment in the fulness of all things, grown old,
and when, if ever, it might be allowed me to havehad expe-
rience of every state of middle life, and to know which was
most adapted to make a man completely happy; I say, after
all this any one would have thought that the native propensity
to rambling, which I gave an account of in my first setting out
in the world to have been so predominant in my thoughts,
should be worn out, the volatile part be fully evacuated, or at
least condensed, and I might, at sixty-one years of age, have
been a little inclined to stay at home, and have done venturing
life and foetue any more.
Nay, further, the common motive of foreign adventures was
taken away in me: for I had no fortune to make; I had noth-

ing to seek: if I had gained ten thousand pounds, I had bees
no richer; for I had already sufficient for me, and for those I
had to leave it to; and that I had was visibly increasing: bfr
having no great family, I could not spend the income of what
I had, unless 1 would set up for an expensive way of living,
such as a great family, servants, equipage, gayetv, and the
like, which were things I had no notion of, or inlclination to;
so that I had nothing indeed to do but to sit still, and filly
enjoy what I had got, and see it increase daily upon my hands.
Yet all these things had no effect upon me, or at least not
enough to resist the strong inclintionl I had to go abroad
again, which hung about me like a chronic:l distemper. Inb
particular, the desire of seeing my new ilaintatiow in the
island, and the colony I left there, ran in my held continually.
I dreamed of it all night, and my imagnintioo ran upol it all
day; it was uppermoost in alt my thoughts; and mny fancy
worked so steadily and strongly upon it thi:t I talked of it ii
my sleep; in short,, nothing could remove it out of my mind ;
it even broke so violently into all my discourses, thit it made
my conversation tiresome, for I could talk of nothing else; all
my discourse ran into' it, even to impeirinence; and I saw is
in myself
I have often heard persons of good judgment say, that all
the stir people make in the world about ghosts and apparitions,
is owing to the strength of imagination, and the powerful ope-
ration of fancy in their minds; that there is no such thing as
a spirt appearing, or a ghost walking, and the like ; that
people's poring affectionaitehy upon the past conversation of
their deceased friends, so realizes it to them, that they are
capable of fancying, upon some extraordinary circumstances,
that they see them, talk to them, and are answered by them,
when, in truth, there is nothing but shadow and vapor in the
thing, and they really kn-" nothing of the matter.
For my part, I know not to this hour whether there are any
such things as real apparitions, spectres, or waliSkg of people
after they are dead; or whether there is any thing in the
stories they tell us of that kind, more than the product of


2apors, sick minds, and wandering fancies; but this I know,
that my imagination worked up to such a height, and brought
me into such excess of vapors, or what else I may cal it, that
I -actually supposed myself often upon the spot, at my old
castle behind the trees; saw my old Spaniard Friday's father
adlltke reprobate sailors I left upon the island; nay, I fancied
I talked with them, and looked at them steadily, though I was
broad awake, as at persons just before me; and this I did ti
I often frightened myself with the images my fancy repre-
sented to me. One time, in my sleep, I had the villany of the
three pirate sailors solively related to me by the first Spaniard
and Friday's father, that it was surprising: they told me how
they barbarously attempted to murder all the Spaniards, and
that they set fire to the provisions they had laid up, gn pur-
pose to distress and starve them; thigs that I had never
heard of; and that, indeed, were never all of them true in fact,
but it was so w.urm in my imagination, and so realized to me,
that, to the hour I stw thenm,I could not be persuaded but 0"'
that it was, or would be, true; also how I resented it when
the Spaniard complained to me; and how I brought themto
justice, tried them before me; and ordered them all three to
te hanged. What there was really in this shall be seen in its
place; for however I came to form such things in my dream,
and what secret converse of spirits injected it, yet there was,
I say, much of it true. I own, that this dream had nthig in
it literally and specifically true; but the general part was so
true, the base, vilanous behavior of these three hardened roguea
was such and had been so much worse than all I can describe
that the dream had too much similitude of the ~ct; and as 1
would afterwards have punished them severely. *, if I had
hanged them at, I 'had been mudh in the right, and even
should have been justified both by the laws of God and man.
But to retwk my story: In this kind of temper I lived some
years; I o enjoyment of my life, no pleasant hours, no
agreeable iMrion, but what had something or other.of this
an i; so ..that my wife, who saw my mind wholly beat opoa

it, told me very seriously one night, that she believed thdp .
was some secret powerful impulse of Providence upon n'R
which had determined me to go thither again; and that s&
found nothing hindered my going, but my being engaged
a wife and children, She told me, that it was true sh.b-~ d
not think of parting with me; but as she- was assured, Ilf
she was dead, it would be the first thing I would do, so, as it
seemed to her that the thing was determined above, she would
not be the only obstruction; for, if I thought fit, and resolved
to go-- Here she found me very intent upon her words, and
that I looked very earnestly at her, so that it a little disordered
her, and she stopped. I asked her, why she did not go on,
and say out what she was going to say. But I perceived that
her heart was too full, and some tears stood in her eyes.
"Speak out, my dear," said I; "are you willing I should
I go?"--" No," says she, very affectionately, "I am ftr from
willing; but if you are resolved to go," says she, and rather
than I would be the only hinderance, I will go with you; for
though I think it a most preposterous thing for one of your
years, and in your condition, yet, if it must be," said she,
again weeping, "I would not leave-you; fdr, if it be of Heav-
en, you must do it: there is no resisting it: and if Heavenr
make it your duty to go, he will also make it mine to go with
you, or otherwise dispose of me, that I may not obstruct it."
This affectionate behavior of my wife's brought me a little
out of the vapors; and I began to consider what I was, doing :
I corrected' my wandering fancy, and began to argue with
myself sedately, what business I had, after threescore years
and after such a life of tedious sufferings and disasters, and
closed in so happy and easy a manner; I say, What business
had I to rush into. new hazards, and put myself upon adven-
tures fit ony for youth and poverty to run into?
With those thoughts I considered' my new engagement;
that I had a wife, one child born, and nry wife then great with.
child of another; that I had al the world could give me, and
had no need to seek hazard for gain;. that I was declining in


year-, and ought to think rather of leaving what I had gained,
than of seeking to increase it; that as to what my wife had
.said of its being an impulse from Heaven, and that it should
be if, duty to go, I had no notion of that: so, after many of
the(- cogitations, I struggled with the power of my imagination,
reasoned myself eut of it, as I believe people may always do
fi like c'-',-:- ;L rhey' will:.and, in a word, I conquered it;
dompose'd rIi -,11' with such arguments as occurred to my
thOughts, and which my present condition furnished me plen-
tifhlly with; and particularly, as the most effectual method, I
resolved to divert myself with other things, and to engage in
some business that might effectually tie me up from any more
excursions of this kind;. for I found that thing return upon me
chiefly when I was idle, and had nothing to do, nor any thing
of moment immediately before me. To this purpose I bought
a little farm in the county of Bedford, and resolved to remove
myself thither. I had a little convenient house upon it; and
the land about it, I found, was capable of great improvement;-
and it was many ways suited to my inclination, which delight-
ed in cultivating, managing, planting, and improving of land;
and particularly, being an inland country, I was removed
from conversing among sailors, and things relating to tne re-
mote parts of the world.
In a word, I went down to my farm, settled my family,
bought me ploughs, harrows, aoart, wagon, horses, cows, and
sheep, and, setting seriously to work, became, in one half
year, a mere country gentleman : my thoughts were entirely
taken up in managing my servants, cultivating the ground,
inclosing, planting, &c.; and 1 lived, as I thought, the most
agreeable life that nature was capable of directing, or that a
man always bred to misfortunes was capable of retreating to.
I farmed upon my own land; I had no rent to pay, was
limited by no articles; I could pull up or cut down as I
pleased: what I planted was for myself, and what I improved
was for my family; and having thus left off the thoughts of
wandering, I had not the least discomfort in any part of life as
to this world. Now I thought indeed that I enjoyed the middle

state of life which my father so earnestly recommended to me,
and lived a kind of heavenly life, something like what is'de-
scribed by the poet, upon the subject of a country life-
Free from vices, free from care,
Age has no pain, and youth no snare.
But, in the middle of all this felicity, one blow-from unseen
Providence unhinged me at once; and not ontl made a breach
upon me inevitable and incurable, but drove me, by its con-
sequences, into a deep relapse of the wandering disposition,
which, as I may say, being born in my very blood, soon re-
covered its hold of me, and, like the returns of a violent dis-
temper, came on with an irresistible force upon me, so that
nothing could make any more impression upon me. This
blow was the loss of my wife. It is not my business here to
write an elegy upon my wife, give a character of her particu-
hlr virtues, and make my court to the sex by the flattery of a
funeral sermon. She was, in a few words, the stay of all my
affairs, the centre of all my enterprises, the engine that,-by
her prudence, reduced me to that happy compass I was in,
from the most extravagant and ruinous project that fluttered
in my head, as above, and did more to guide my rambling
genius than a mother's tears, a father's instructions, a friend's
counsel, or all my own reasoning powers could do. I was
happy in listening to her tearg and in being moved by her en-
treaties; and to the last degree desolate and dislocated in the
world by the loss of her.
When she was gone, the world looked awkwardly round me
I was as much a stranger in it, in my thoughts, as I was m
the Brazils, when I first went on shore there; and as much
alone, except as to the assistance of servants, as I was in my
island. I knew neither what to think nor what to do. I saw
the world busy around me; one part laboring for bread,
another part squandering in vile excesses or empty pleasures,
equally miserable, because the end they proposed still fed from
them; for the men of pleasure every day surfeited of their,
vice, and heaped up work for sorrow and repentance; and.

the men of labor spent their strength in daily struggling for
bread to maintain the vit.l strength they labored with; so
living in a daily circulation of sorrow, living but to work, and
working but to live, as if daily bread were the only end of weari-
some life, and a wearisome life the only occasion of daily bread.
This put me in mind of the life I lived in my kingdom, the
island; where I suffered no more corn to grow, because I did
not want it; and bred no more goats, because I had no more
use for them; where the money lay in the drawer till it grew
mouldy, and had scarce the favor to be looked upon in twenty
All these things, had I improved them as I ought to have
done, and as reason and religion had dictated to me, would
have taught me to search farther than human enjoyments for
a full felicity; and that there was something which certainly
was the reason and end of life, superior to all these things, and
which was either to be possessed, or at least hoped for, on this
side the grave.
But my sage counsellor was gone; I was like a ship with-
out a pilot, that could only run afore the wind; my thoughts
ran all away again into the old affair; my head was quite
turned with the whimseys of foreign adventures; and all the
pleasant, innocent amusements of my farm my garden, my
cattle, and my family, which before entirely possessed me,
were nothing to me, had no relish, and were like music to one
that has no ear, or food to one that has no taste; in a word, 1
resolved to leave off house-keeping, let my farm, and return to
London; and in a few months after, I did so.
When I came to London, I was still as uneasy as I was be-
fore; I had no relish for the place, no employment in it,
nothing to do but to saunter about like an idle person, of whom
it may be said he is perfectly useless in God's creation, and it
is not one farthing's matter to the rest of his kind whether he
be dead or alive. This also was the thing which, of ajI-
cumstances of life, was the most my aversion, who
all my days used to an active life; and would often s&u '
~lf, "A state ofM%, is the very dregs oflife;" ma
4:.. V

*I. 11l. III. --- -*_ __ -*-- ..J- .


indeed I thought 1 was much more suitably employed when I
was twenty-six days making me a deal board.
It was now the beginning of the year 1693, when my nephew,
whom, as I have observed before, I had brought up to the sea,
and had made him commander of a ship, was come home from
a short voyage to Bilboa, being the first he had made. He
came to me, and told me that some merchants of his acquaint-
ance had been proposing to him to go a voyage for them to
the East Indies and to China, as private traders.-" And now,
uncle," says he, if you will go to sea with me, I will engage
to land you upon your old habitation in the island; for we are
to touch at the Brazils."
Nothing can be a greater demonstration of a future state,
and of the existence of an invisible world, than the concur-
rence of second causes with the ideas of things which we form
in our minds, perfectly reserved, and not communicated to any
in the world.
My nephew knew nothing how far my distemper of wan-
dering was returned upon me, and I knew nothing of what
he had in his thought to say, when that very morning, before
he came to me, I had, in a great deal of confusion of thought,
and revolving every part of my circumstances in my mind
come to this resolution, viz. that I would go to Lisbon, and
consult with my old sea-captain; and so, if it was rational
and practicable, I would go and see the island again, and see
what was become of my people there. I had pleased myself
with the thoughts of peopling the place, and carrying inhab-
itants from hence, getting a patent for the possession, and I
knew not what; when, in the middle of all this, in tomes my
nephew, as I have said, with his project of carrymg me thither
in his way to the East Indies.
i paused a while at his words, and, looking steadily at him,
" What devil," said I, "sent you on this unlucky errand?"
M4. ephew stared, as if he had been frightened, at first; but
~pedeiving that I was not much displeased with the proposal
he recovered himself. "I hope it may not be an unlucky
proposal, sir," says he; I dare say yoa would be pleased '


Robinson's Nephew persuades him to go to Sea again.

3K-,---- .------------------------------



see your new colony there, where you once reigned with
more felicity than most of your brother monarchs in the world."
In a word, the scheme hit so exactly with my temper, that
is to say, the prepossession I was under, and of which I have
said so much, that I told him, in a few words, if he agreed
with the merchants, I w d go with him; but I told hiin I
would not promise to go ny farther than my own island.
" Why, sir," says he, y don't want to be left there again,
I hope? "-" Why," said can you not take me up again
on your return?" He tol it would not be possible to do
so; thatethe merchants wo ever allow him to come that
way with a laden ship of su value, it being a month's sail
out of his way, and might ree or four. Besides, sir,
if I should miscarry," said h and not return at all, then
you would be just reduced to the condition you were in
This was very rational; but we-both found out a remedy for
it; which was, to carry a framed sloop on board the ship,
which, being taken in pieces, and shipped on board the ship,
night, by the help of some carpenters, whom we agreed to
carry wiith us, be set up again in the island, and finished, fit
to go to sea in a few days.
Iwas not long resolving; for indeed the importunities of
my nephew joined so effectually with my inclination, that
nothing could oppose me; on the other hand, my wife being
dead, Ihad nobody concerned themselves so much for me as
to persuade me to one way or the other, except my ancient
good friend the widow, who earnestly struggled with me to
consider my years, my easy circumstances, and the needless
hazards of a long voyage; and, above all, my young children.
But it was all to no purpose;-I had an irresistible desire to
the voyage; and I told her I thought there was something so
uncommon in the impressions I had upon my mind for the
voyage, that it would be a kind of resisting Providence if I
should attempt to stay at home; after which she ceased her
expostulations, and joined with me, not only in making pro-w

vision for my voyage, but also in settling my family affairs for
my absence, and providing for the education of my children.
In order to this, I made my will, and settled the estate I
had in such a manner for my children, and placed in such
hands, that I was perfectly easy and satisfied they would have
justice done them, whatever might befall me; and for their
education, I left it wholly to the widow, with a sufficient main-
tenance to herself for her care; all which she richly deserved,
for no mother could have taken more care in their education.
or understood it better; and as she lived till I came home, 1
also lived to thank her for it.
My nelhew was ready to sail about the beginning of Janu-
ary, 1694-5; and I, with my man Friday, went on board in the
Downs the 8th; having, besides that sloop which I mentioned
above, a very considerable cargo of all kinds of necessary things
for my colony; which, if I did not find in good condition, I
resolved to leave so.
First, I carried with me some servants, whom I purposed to
place there as inhabitants, or at least to set on work there, upon
my account, while I staid, either to leave and them there, or
carry them forward, as they would appear willing; particularly,
I carried two carpenters, a smith, and a very handy, ingenious
fellow, who was a cooper by trade, and wasalso a general mechan-
ic; for he was dextrous at making wheels, and hand-mills to
grind corn, was a good turner, and a good pot-maker; he also
made any thing that was proper to make of earth or of wood;
in a word weialled him our Jack-of-all-trades. With these I
carried a tailo who had offered himself to go a passenger to
the East Indies with my nephew, but afterwards consented to
stay on our new plantation, and proved a most necessary,
handy Hellow, as could be desired, in many other businesses
besides that of his trade; for, as I observed formerly, Neces-
sity arms us for all employment.
My cargo, as near as I can recollect,-for I have notot ac-
count of the particulars,-consisted of a sufficient ri ntt, of
linen, and some English thin stuffs, for clothing the-pa ud
that I expected to find there; and enough of them, as, bTrb
^-~b~sa 4

calculation, might comfortably supply them for seven years.
if I remember right, the materials 1 carried for clothing them,
with gloves, hats, shoes, stockings, and all such things as they
cold want for wearing, amountedto above two hundred pounds,
including some beds,bedding, and household stuff, particular-
Iv kitchen-utensils, with pots, kettles, pewter, brass, &c., and
near a hundred pounds more in iron-work, nails, toolsofeverv
Laid, staples, hooks, hinges, and every necessary thing I could
thiik of.
I carried also a hundred spare arms, muskets, and filsees;
besides oome pistols, a considerable quanlitsy of shot of all sizes,
thrce or four tons of lead, and two pieces of brass cunon ; and
because I knew not what time and what extremities 1 was pro-
siding for, I carried a hundred barrels of powder, besides
swords, cutlasses, and the iron part of some pikes and hal-
berds: so that, in short, we had a large magazine of all sorts of
stores; and I made my nephew carry two small quarter-deck
guns more than he wanted for his ship, to leave behind, if there
wants occasion ; that, when we came there, we might build a fort,
and man it against all sorts of enemies; and, indeed, I at first
thought there would be need enough for all, and much more,
it we hoped to maintain our possession of the island, as shall
be seen in the course of that story.
1 had not such bad luck in this voyage as I had been used to
meet with, and therefore shall have the less occasion to inter-
rupt the reader, who perhaps may be impatient to hear how
matters went with my colony; yet some odd accidents, cross
winds, and bad weather, happened on this first setting out,
whiich made the voyage longer than I expected it at first; and
1, who had never made but one voyage, viz. my first voyage to
Guinea, in which I might be said to come back again, as the
voyage was at first designed, began to think the same ill fate at-
tended me, and that I was born to be never contented with
being on shore, and yet to be always unfortunate at sea.
Contrary winds first put us to the northward, and we were
obliged to put in at t(;luay, in Ireland, where we lay wind-
bound two-and-twenty ldays; but we had this satisfaction with

the disaster, that provisions were here exceeding cheap, and in
the utmost plenty; so that while we lay here, we never touched
the ship's stores, but rather added to them. Here, also, I took
in several live hogs, and two cows, with their calves; which I
resolved, if I had a good passage, to put on shore in my island;
but we found occasion to dispose otherwise of them.
We set out on the 5th of February from Ireland, and had a
very fair gale of wind for some days. As I remember, it might
be about the 20th of February, in the evening late, when the
mate, having the watch, came into the round-house, and told
us he saw a flash of fire, and heard a gun fired; and while he
was telling us of it, a boy came in, and told us the boatswain
heard another. This made us all run out upon the -quarter-
deck, where, for a while, we heard nothing; but in a few min-
utes we saw a very great light, and found that there was some
very terrible fire at a distance: immediately we had recourse to
our reckonings, in which we all agreed, that there could be no
land that way in which the fire showed itself, no, not for five
hundred leagues, for it appeared at W. N. W. Upon this we
concluded it must be some ship on fire at sea; and as, by our
hearing the noise of guns just before, we concluded that it
could not be far off, we stood directly towards it, and were pres-
ently satisfied we should discover it, because, the farther we
sailed, the greater the light appeared; though, the weather be-
ing hazy, we could not perceive any thing but the light for a
while. In about half an hour's sailing, the wind being fair for
us, though not much of it, and the weather clearing up a little,
we could plaiy discern that it was a great ship on fire, in the
middle-of tlhsea.
I was umt sensibly touched with this disaster, though not at
all acquainted with the persons engaged in it: I presently J
collected my former circumstances, and in what conditMl
was in, when taken up by the Portuguese captain; an
much more deplorable the circumstances of the poor creatures
belonging to that ship must be, if they had no other ship in
company with them. Upon this, I immediately ordered that
five gunm should be fired, one mon after another; that, if Fo

sible, we might give notice to them that there was help for them
at hand, and that they might endeavor to save themselves in
their boat; iir though we could see the flames of the ship, yet
they, it being night, could see nothing of us.
We lay by some time, upon this, only driving as the burning
ship drove, waiting tbr daylight; when, on a sudden, to our
great terror, thigh we had reason to expect it, the ship blew
up in the air; and immediately, that is to say, in a few minutes,
all the fire was out, that is to say, the rest of the ship sunk.
This was a terrible and indeed an afflicting sight, for the sake
of the poor men, who, I concluded, must be either all destroy-
ed in the ship, or be in the utmost distress in their boat, in the
middle of the ocean; which, at present, by reason it was dark,
I could not see. However, to direct them as well as I could,
I caused lights to be hung out in all the parts of the ship where
we could, and which we had lanthorns for, and kept firing guns
all the night long; letting them know, by this, that there was a
ship not far off.
A bout eight o'clock in the morning, we discovered the ship's
boats by the help of our perspective glasses; found there were
two of them, both thronged with people, and deep in the water.
We perceived they rowed, the wind being against them; that
they saw our ship, and did their utmost to make us see them.
We immediately spread our ancient, to let them know we
saw them, and hung a waft out, as a signal for them to come
on board; and then made more sail, standing directly to them.
In little more than half an hour, we came up with them; and,
in a word, took them all in, being no less than sixty-four men,
women, and children; for there were a great many passengers.
Upon the whole, we found it was a French merchant ship of
thiee hundred tons, home-bound from Quebec, in the river of
Canada. The master gave us a long account of the distress of
his ship; how the fire began in the steerage, by the negligence
of the steersman, but on his crying out for help, was, as every
body thought, entirely put out; but they soon found that some
sparks of the first fire had gotten into some part of the ship so
difficult to come at, that they could not effectually quench it:

'Ship on Fire at Sevb




and afterwards getting in between the timbers, and within the
ceiling of the slip, it proceeded into the hold, and mastered all
the skill and all the application they wer able to exert.
They had no more to do tlen but t get into their boats,
which, to their great conlbrt, were ip. tty large: being their
long-boat, and a great shallow, besides a small skiti, which was
ofno great service to them, other than to get some fresh water and
provisions into her, alter they had secured their lives from tle
lire. They had, indeed, small hope of their lives by getting
into these boats, at that distance fromi any land ; only, as they
said well, that they were escaped from the fire, and a possibility
that some ship might happen to be at sea, and might take then;
in. They had sails, oars, and a compass; and were preparing
to make the best of their way back to Newfoundland, the wind
blowing pretty fair, for it blew an easy gale at S. E. by E.
They had as much provision and water, as, with sparing it so
as to be next door to starving, might support then a:out twelve
days; in which, if they had no had weather, and no contrary
winds, the captain said lie hoped he might get to the Banks
of Newfoundland, and might perhaps take some fish, to sustain
them till they might go on shore. But there were so many
chances against them in all these cases, such as storms, to
overset and founder them ; rains and cold, to benumb and per-
ish their limbs; contrary winds, to keep them out and starve
them; that it must have been next to miraculous if they had
In the midst of their consternation, every one being hope-
less and ready-to despair, the-captain, with tears in hIs eyes,
told me they were on a sudden surprised with the joy of hear-
ing a gun lire, and after that four more; these were the five
guns which I caused to be fired at first seeing the light. This
jed their hearts, and gave them the notice, which, as
ave, I desired it should, viz. that there was a ship at hand
fr their help. It was upon the hearing of these guns, that
they took down their masts and sails: the sound coming from
the windward, they resolved to lie by till morning. Some
time after this, hearing no more guns, they fired three muskets,



ome a considerable while after another; but these, the wind be.
ing contrary, we never heard.
Some time after that again, they were still more agreeably
surprised with seeing our lights, and hearing the guns,.which,
as have said, I caused to be fired all the rest of the night: this
set them to work with their oars, to keep their boats ahead, at
least, that we might the sooner come up with them; and, at
last, to their inexpressible joy, they found we saw them.
It is impossible fbr me to express the several gestures, the
strange ecstasies, the variety of postures, which these poor de-
livered people ran into to express the joy of their souls at so
unexpected a deliverance. Grief and fear are easily described;
sighs, tears, groans, and a very few motions of the head and
hands, make up the sum of its variety; but an excess of joy, a
surprise of joy, has a thousand extravagances in it: there were
some in tears; some raging and tearing themselves, as if they
had been in the greatest agonies of sorrow; some stark raving,
and downright lunatic; some ran about the ship stamping with
their feet, others wringing their hands; some were dancing,
soma singing, some laughing, more crying; many quite dumb
not able to speak a word; others sick and vomiting; several
swooning, and ready to faint; and a few were crossing them-
selves, and giving God thanks.
I would not wrong them neither; there might be many that
were thankful afterwards,-but the passion was too strong fo
them at first, and they were not able to master it: they were'
thrown into ecstasies and a kind of frenzy; and it was but ('
very few that were composed and serious in their joy.
Perhaps, also, the case may have some addition to it from
the particular circumstance of that nation they belonged to; I
mean the French, whose temper is allowed to be more volatile
more passionate, and more sprightly, and their spirits alre
fluid, than in other nations. f am not philosopher enough ,~
determine the cause; but nothing I had ever seen before cat
up to it The ecstasies poor Friday, my trusty savage, was i1
when lie found his father in the boat, came the nearest to it;
and the surprise of the master and his two c.nmpsanie whom


I delivered from the villains that set them on shore in the
island, came a little way towards it; but nothing was to compare
to this, either that I saw in Friday, or any where else in
my life.
It is further observable, that these extravagances did not
show themselves, in that different manner I have mentioned,
in different persons only; but all the variety would appear, in
a short succession of moments, in one and the same person.
A man that we saw this minute dumb, and as it were stupid
and confounded, would the next minute be dancing and hal-
looing like an antic; and the next moment be tearing his hair,
or pulling his clothes to pieces, and stamping them under his
feet, like a madman; in a few moments after that, we would
have him all in tears, then sick, swooning, and, had not imme-
diate help been had, he would in a few moments have been
dead; and thus it was, not with one or two, or ten or twenty,
but with the greatest part of them; and, if I remember right,
our surgeon was obliged to let blood of about thirty of them.
There were two priests among them, one an old man, and
the other a young man; and that which was strangest was, the
oldest man was the worst. As soon as he set his toot on board
our ship, and saw himself safe, lie dropped down stone-dead, to
all appearance; not the least sign of file could be perceived it
him: our surgeon immediately applied proper remedies to re-
cover him, and was the only man in the ship that believed he
was not dead. At length he opened a vein in his ann, having
first chafed and rubbed the part, so as to warm it as much as
possible: upon this the blood, which only dropped at first,
lowing freely, in three minutes after the man opened his eyes;
and a quarter of an hour after that he spoke, grew better, and
in a little time quite well. After the blood was stopped, he
walked about; told us lie was perfectly well; took a dram of
cordial, which the surgeon gave him, and was what we call come
to himself. About a quarter of an hour after this, they came run-
ning into the cabin to the surgeon, who was bleeding a French
woman that had fainted, and told him the priest was gone stark
mad. It seems he had begun to revolve the change of his cir

cumstances in his mind, and again this put him into an ecstasy
of joy: his spirits whirled about faster than the vessels could
convey them; the blood grew hot and feverish, and the m.
was as fit for Bedlam as any creature that ever was in it: tie
surgeon would not bleed him again in that condition, but le
him something to doze and put him to sleep, which, after, aie
time, operated upon him, and he awoke next morning perfhly
composed and well.
The younger priest behaved with great command of his
passions, and was really an example of a serious, well-governed
mind: at his first coming on board the ship, he threw.himself
flat on his face, prostrating himself in thankfulness for his de-
liverance, in which I unhappily and unseasonably disturbed
him, really thinking,he had been in a swoon; but he spoke
calmly, thanked me, told me he was giving God thanks for
his deliverance; begged me to leave him a few moments, and
that, next to his Maker, he would give me thanks also.
I was heartily sorry that I disturbed him, and not only left
him, but kept others from interrupting him also. He con-
tinued in that posture about three minutes, or little more, after
I left himi; then came tonoe, as he had said he would, and,
with a great deal of seriousness and affection, but with tears
in his eyes, thanked me, that had, under God, given him, and
so many miserable creatures, their lives. I told him I had no
room to move him to thank God for it, rather than me, for I
had seen that he had done that already; but I added, that it
was nothing but what reason and humanity dictated to all
men, and that we had as much season as he to give thanks to
God, who had blessed us so far as to make us the instruments
of his mercy to so may of his creatures.
After this the youlig priest applied himself to his country
folks; labored to compose them; persuaded, entreated, ar-
gued, reasoned with them, and did his utmost to keep them
within the exercise of their reason; and with some he had
success, though others were for a time out of all government
o themselves.
1 cannot help committing this to writing, as perhaps it m.y

-a L

be useful to those into whose hands it may fall, for the guiding
themselves in all the extravagances of their passions; for if an
excess of joy can carry men out to such a length beyond the
reach of their reason, what will not tile extravagances of anger,
rage, and a provoked mind, carry us to t And, indeed, here
I saw reason for keeping an exceeding watch over our pas-
sions of every kind, as well those of joy and satisfaction, as
those of sorrow and anger.
We were something disordered, by these extravagances
among our new guests, for the first day; but when they had
been retired, lodgings provided for them as well as our ship
would allow, and they had slept heartily,-as most of them did,
being fatigued and frightene,-they were quite another sort
of people the next day.
Nothing of good manners, or civil acknowledgments for the
kindness shown them, was wanting: the French, it is known,
are naturally apt enough to exceed that way. The captain
and one of the priests came to me -the next day, and desired
to speak with me and my nephew: the commander began to
consult with us what should be done with them; and, first,
they told us that we had saved theirs lives, so all they had was
little enough for a return to us for that kindness received.
The captain said they had saved some money and some things
of value, in their boats, catched hastily out of the flames, and
if we would accept it, they were ordered to make an offer of
it all to us; they only desired to be set on shore somewhere in
our way where, if possible, they might get a passage to France.
My nephew was for accepting their money at first word, and
to consider what to do with them afterwards; but I overruled
him in that p'irt, for I knew what it wato be set on shore in
a strange country; and if the Portuguese captain that took
me up at sea had served me so, and tool all Thaul for my de-
liverance, I must have starved, or have been as much a slave
at tile Brazils as I had been at Barbary, the mere being sold
zo a Mahometan excepted; and perhaps a Portuguese is not a
much better master than a Turk, if not, in some cases, rdach


1 therefore told the French captain that we had taken them
up in their distress, it was true, but that it was our duty to do
so, as we were fellow-creatures; and we would desire to be so
delivered, if we were in the like, or any other extremity; that
we had done nothing for them but what we believed tilh
would have done for us, if we had been in their case, and they
in ours; but that we took them up to save them, not to plun-
der them; and it would be a most barbarous thing to take
that little from them which they had saved out of the fire,
and then set them on shore and leave .them; that this would
be first to save them from death, and then kill them ourselves;
save them from drowning, and abandon them to starving;
and therefore I would not let the least thing be taken from
them. As to setting them on shore, I told them, indeed,
that was an exceeding difficulty to us, for that the ship was
bound to the East Indies; and though we were driven out
of our course to the westward a very great way, and perhaps
were directed by Heaven on purpose for their deliverance,
yet it was impossible for us wilfully to change our voyage on
their particular account; nor could my nephew, the'captain,
answer it to the freighters, with whom he was under charter-
party to pursue his voyage by the way of Brazil; and all 1
knew we could do for them, was to put ourselves in the way
of meeting with other ships homeward-bound from the West
Indies, and get them a-passage, if possible, to England or
The first part of the proposal was so generous and kind,
they could not but be very thankful for it; but they -ere in
a very great coniternas.on, e-pe.-'ll y the passengers, at the
notion of benz carried awai to the E.st Indies: they then en-
treated me, Ili 1, seeing I wai driven -o lIr tothe westward before
I met with them, I would it leist keep on the same course to
the Banks of Newfoundland, where it was probable I might
meet with some ship or sloop that they might hire to carry
them back to Canada, from whence they came.
I thought this was but a reasonable request on their part,
and therefore I inclined to agree to it; for, indeed, I coemsi


ered, that to carry this whole company to the East Indies,
would not only be an intolerable severity upon the poor peo.
ple, but would be ruining our whole voyage, by devouring all
our provisions; so I thought it no breach of charter-party, but
what an unforeseen accident made absolutely necessary to us,
and in which no one could say we were to blame; for the laws
of God and nature would have forbid that we should refuse to
take up two boats full of people in such a distressed condition;
and the nature of the thing, as well respecting ourselves as
the poor people, obliged us to set them on shore somewhere
or other for their deliverance; so I consented that we would
carry them to Newfoundland, if wind and weather would per-
mit; and if not, that I would carry them to Martinico, in the
West Indies.
The wind continued fresh easterly, but the weather pretty
xod ; and as the winds had continued in the points between
N. E. and S. E. a long time, we missed several opportunities
of sending them to France ; for we met several ships bound to
Europe, whereof two were French, from St. Christopher's;
but they- had been so long beating up against the wind, that
they durst take in no passengers, for fear of wanting pro-
visions for the voyage, as well for themselves as for those they
should take in ; so we were obliged to go on. It was about
a week after this that we made the Banks of Newfound-
land; where, to shorten my story, we put all our French peo-
ple on board a bark, which they hired at sea there, to put
them on shore, and afterwards to carry them to France, if
they could get provisions to victual themselves with When I
say all the French went on shore, I should remenmbF, that the
young priest I spoke of, hearing we were bound to the East
Indies, desired to go the voyage with us, and to be set on
s re on the coast of Coromandel; which I readily agreed to,
for I wonderfully liked the man, and had very good reason, as
will appear afterwards: also four of the seamen entered them-
selves on our ship, and proved very useful fellows.
From hence we directed our course for the West Indies,
steering away S. aqd S. by E. for about twenty days together,


sometimes little or no wind at all, when we met with another
subject for our humanity to work upon, almost as deplorable
as that before.
It was in the latitude of '27 degrees 5 minutes north, on the
19th day of March, 1634-5, when we spied a sail, our course
S. E. and by S.: we soon perceived it was a large vessel, and
that she bore up to us, but could not at first know what to
make of her, till, after coming a little nearer, we found she
had lost her iain-topmast, foremast, and bowsprit; and pres-
ently she tired a gun, as a signal of distress: the weather
was pretty good, wind at N. N. W., a fresh gale, and we soon
came to speak with her.
We tfuud her a ship of Bristol, bound home from Barbadoes,
but had been blown out of the road at Barbadoes, a few days
before she was ready to sail, by a terrible hurricane, while the
captain and chief mate were both gone on shore; so that, be-
sides the terror of the storm, they were in an indifferent case
for good artists to bring the ship home. They had been al-
ready nine weeks at sea, and had met with another terrible
storm, after the hurricane was over, which had blown them
quite out of their knowledge to the westward, and in which
they had lost their masts, as above. They told us they ex-
pected to have seen the Bahama Islands, but were then driven
away again to the south-east, by a strong gale of wind at
N. N. W., the same that blew now: and having no sails to
work the ship with but a main-course, and a kind of squad,
sail upo i ury-foremast, which tely had set up, they o- *a
not lie n*the wind, but were endeavoring to stand awayf,'
the Canaries.
But that which was worst of all was, that they were almost
starved for want of provisions, besides the fatigues they had
undergone: their bread and flesh were quite gone: they had
not one ounce left in the ship, and had none lor eleven days.
The only relief they had was, their water was not all spent,
and they had about half a barrel of flour left; they had sugar
enough; some succades, or sweetmeats, they had at first, but
they were devoured; and they had sveoneauks of rum.
29 W

There were a youth and his mother, and a maid-sentant, on
board, who were going passengers, and thinking the ship was
ready to sail, unhappily came on board the evening before the
hurricane began; and having no provisions of their own left,
they were in a more deplorable condition than the rest; for'
the seamen, being reduced to such an extreme necessity them-
selves, had no compassion, we may be sure, for the poor pas-
sengers and they were, indeed, in a conditions that their
misery is very hard to describe.
I had perhaps not known this part, if mny curiosity had not
led me (the weather being fair, and the wind ablited) to go on
board the ship. The second mnate, who, upon this occasion,
commanded the ship, had been on board our ship, and he told
me, indeed, they had three passengers in the great cabin, that
were in a deplorable condition. Nay," says he, I believe
they are dead, for I have heard nothing of thenm for above two,
days; and I was afraid to inquire after them," said he, for 1-
had nothing to relieve them with."
We immediately applied ourselves to give them what relief
we could spare; and, indeed, I had so far overruled things
with my nephew, that 1 would have- victualled them,, though
we had gone away to Virginia, or ay ,IlI- part of the coast
of America, to have supplied ourselves; but there was no ne-
cessity for that.
But now they were in a. new danger; for they were afraid
of e ,tiiig too much, even.of that little we gave them. The
mato.- or er commander .Ii -It i,:i,i with hi in Lhjxb.u. but
Ilie-e poor wretpes looked like skeletons, an-i .-.ek,
that they could hardly sit. :il., i:lrr. The i ia re'i--lf ,rs
very ill, and half starved; for tie declared lie had reserved
nothing from th.e men, and went share and share ahke with
them im ever bit they ate.
S I cautioned him to eat sparingly, but set meat before him
immediately; and he bad not eaten three mouthfuls before he
began to be sick, and out of order; so be stopped awhile, and
our surgeon mixed him up something with some broth, which
he said would be to him both food and physic; and after

he had taken it, he grew better. In the mean time 1 forgot not
.the men: I ordered victuals to be given them; and the poor
creatures rather devoured than ate it: they were so exceeding
hungry, that they were in a kind ravenous, and had no com-
mand of themselves; and two of them ate with so much
greediness, that they were in danger of their lives the next
The sight of these people's distress was very moving to me,
and brought to mind what I had a terrible prospect of at my
first coming on shore in my island, where I had never the least
mouthful of food, or any prospect of procuring any; besides
the hourly apprehensions I had of being made the food of
other creatures. But all the while the mate was thus relating
to me the miserable condition of the ship's company, 1 could
not put out of my thought the story je had told me of the three
poor creatures in the great cabin, viz. the mother, her son, and
the maid-servant, whom he had heard nothing of for two or
three days, and whom, he seemed to confess, they had wholly
neglected, their own extremities being so great; by which I
S understood, that they had really given them no food at all, and
that therefore they must be perished, and be all lying dead,
perhaps, on the floor or deck of the cabin.
As I therefore kept the mate, whom we then called captain,
on board with his men, to refresh them, so I also forgot not
the starving crew that were left on board; but ordered my own
boat to go on board the ship, and. niilh my mate and twelve
men, to. carry tl.,m a sack ol bread, an.I four or five pi-.ces of
beef to L Our surgeon chlarg :d llr men to cause tih meat
to be tl..,iW iilei they ltii., aii. to keep guard in the cook-
room, to prevent the mer nlii it to eat raw, or taking it out
of the pot before it was well boiled, and then to give every man
but a very little at a time; and by this caution he preserved .
the men, who would otherwise have killed themselves will ihat
very food that was given them on purpose to save their lives. ,
At the same time, I ordered the mate to 'o into tht great
cabin, and see what condition the poor passengers were in;
and il'they were alive, to comfort them, and give them what


efreshiment was proper: and the surgeon gave him a large
pitcher, with some of the prepared broth which he had given
hie mate that was on board, and which he did not question
would restore them gradually.
I was not satisfied with this; but, as I said above, having a
great mind to see the scene of misery which I knew the ship
itself would present me with, in a more lively manner than I
could have it by report, I took the captain of the ship, as we
now called lin, with me, and went myself, a little after, in
their boat.
I found the poor men on board almost in a tumult, to get the
victuals out of the boiler before it was ready; but my mate ob-
served his orders, and kept a good guard at the cook-room door;
and the man he placed there, after using all possible persuasion
to have patience, kept them off by force: however, lie caused
some biscuit-cakes to be dipped in the pot, and softened with
the liquor of the meat, which they called brewis, and gave them
every one some, to stay their stomachs, and told them it was
for their own safety, that lie was obliged to give them but little
at a time. But it was all in vain; and had I not come on board,
a!nd their own commander and officers with me, and with good
words, and some threats also of giving them no more, I believe
they would have broken into the cook-room by force, and torn
the meat out of the furnace; for words are indeed of very small
thrce to a hungry belly: however, we pacified them, and fed
them gradually and cautiously for the first, and the next time
gave them more, and at last filled their bellies, and the men did
well enough.
But the misery of the poor passengers in the was of
another nature, and far beyond the rest; for as, first, the ship's
company had so little for themselves, it was but too true that
they had at first kept them very low, and at last totally neglect-
ed them; so that for six or seven days it might be said they
had really no food at all, and for several days before very little
The poor mother, who, as the men reported, was a woman of
sense and good breeding, had spared all she could so affectioq
ately for her son, that at last she entirely sunk under it; and


when the mate of our ship went in, she sat upon the floor or
deck, with her back up against the sides, between two chairs,
which were lashed fast, and her head sunk between her shoul-
ders, like a corpse, though not quite dead. My mate said all
he could to revive and encourage her, and with a spoon put
some broth into her mouth. She opened her lips, and lifted up
one hand, but could not speak; yet she understood what lie
said, and made signs to him, intimating that it was too late for
her, but pointed to her child, as if she would have said they
should take care of him. However ,the mate, who was exceed-
ingly moved with the sight, endeavoured to get some of the
broth into her mouth, and, as he said, got two or three spoonfuls
down, though I question whether he could be sure of it or not;
but it was too late, and she died the same night.
The youth, who was preserved at the price of his most af-
fectionate mother's life, was not so far gone; yet he lay in a
cabin-bed, as one stretched out, with hardly any life left in him,
He had a piece of an old glove in his mouth, having eaten up
the rest of it: however, being young, and having more strength
than his mother, the mate got something down his throat, and
he began sensibly to revive; though by giving him, some time
after, but two or three spoonfuls extraordinary, he was very
sick, and brought it up again.
But the next care was the poor maid: she lay all along upon
the deck, hard by her mistress, and just like one that had fallen
down with an apoplexy, and struggled for life. Her limbs were
distorted; one of her hands was clasped round the frame of a
chair, ante griped it so hard, that we could not easily make
her let it her other arm lay over her head, and her feet lay
both together, set fast against the frame of the cabin-table: in
short, she lay just like one in the agonies of death, and yet she
was alive too.
The poor creature was not only starved with hunger, and
terrified with the thoughts of death, but, as the men told us af-
te rds, was broken-hearted for her mistress, whom she saw
Sfor two or three days before, and whom she loved most

342 ItoiNto i ( so,:.
We knew not what to do with thi.i poor girl; for when our
surgeon, who was a man of very great knowledge and expe-
rience, had, with great application, recovered her as to life, he
had her upon his hands as to her senses; lor she was little less
than distracted lor a considerable time alter, as shall appear
Whoever shall read these memorandums must be desired
to consider, that visits at sea are not like a journey into the
country, where sometimes people stay a week or a fortnight
it a place ; our business was to relieve this distressed ship's
crew, but not lie by Lhr them ; and thoughthey were willing
to steer the same course with us lhr some days, vet we could
carry no sail, to keep pace with a ship that had no masts,
however, as their captain begged of us to help hill to set up a
limin-topinast, and a kind of a topmast to his jiury-foremast,
we did, as it were, lie Iy hi in lr three or four days; and then,
having given him live barrels of beef, a barrel of pork, two
hoigsheads of biscuit and a proportion of peas, flour, and what
other things we could spare, and taking three casks of sugar,
sollne rilnl, and )llle pieces-of-eight from them for satisfaction,
we left theln ; taking on board with us, at their own earnest
request, the youth and the maid, and all their goods.
The voung lad was about seventeen years of ae; a pretty,
well-bred, modest, and sensible youth, greatly dejected with
the loss of his mother, and, as it seems, had lost his father but
a tfw months before at Barbadoes; he begged of the surgeon
to speak to me to take him out of the ship; for he said the
cruel tillows had murdered his mother; and, indeed, so they
had, that is to say, passively; for they might hW spared a
small sustenance to the poor helpless widow, that might have
preserved her life, though it had been but just enough to keep
her alive ; but hunger knows no friend, no relation, no justice,
no right, and therefore is remorseless, and capable of no
The surgeon told him how far we were going, and that it
would carry him away from all his friends, and put him ii
haps in as bad circumstances alinost as those we found hiMin


tnat is to say, starving in the world. He said it mattered not
whither he went, if he was but delivered from the terrible
crew that he was among; that the captain (by which he meant
me, for he could know nothing of my nephew) had saved his
life, and he was sure would not hurt him; and as for the maid,
he was sure, if she came to herself, she would be very thank-
ful for it, let us carry them where we would. The surgeon rep-
resented the case so affectionately to me, that I yielded, and we
took them both on board, with all their goods, except eleven
hogsheads of sugar, which could net be removed or come at;
and as the youth had a bill of lading for them, I made his com-
anander sign a writing obliging himself to go, as soon as he
-caine to lribtul, to one Mr. Rogers, a merchant there, to whom
lthe youth said he was related, and to deliver a letter which I
wrote to him, and all the goods he had belonging to the de-
"ciased widow; which I.suppose was not donefor I could
over learn that the ship came to Bristol, but was, as is moat
probable, lost at sea; being in so disabled a condition, and so
3ar from aiiy Jtaud, that I am of opinion the first storm she met
with afterwards, she might founder ia the sea; for she was
leaky, and had d.umage in her hold, when we met with her.
1 was now in the altitude of 19 degrees 32 minutes, and had
hitherto a tolerable voyage as to weather, though, at first, the
winds had been contrary. I shall trouble nobody with the
little incidents of wind, weather, currents, &c. on the rest of
our voyage; but, to shorten my story, ftr the sake of what is
to bfllow, shall observe, that I came to my old habitation, the
island, el&the 10th of April, 1695. It was with no small diffi-
culty thi 1 found the place; for as I came to it, ad went
from it, before, on the south and east side of the island, as
.coming from the Brazils, so new, coming in between the main
and the island, and having no chart for the coast, nor mry
landmark, I did not know it when I saw it, or know whether I
saw it or not.
We beat about a great while, and went on shore on several
hands in the mouth of the great river Oronooque, but Bo em
ar mypurpose4 onlythis Ileared by my eoa&4inig-the w


that I was under one great mistake before, viz. that the con-
tinent which I thought I saw from the island I lived in, was
really no continent, but a long island, or rather a ridge of
islands, reaching from one to the other side of the extended
mouth of that great river; aiml that the savages whocame to.
my ishind were not properly those which we call Caribbees,
but islanders, and other barbarilins of the same kind, who in-
habited something Inearer to our side than- he rest.
In short, I visited several of these islands to, no purpose:
some I fonaud were inldabited,.and some were not: on one of
them I found some Spaniards, and thought they had lived
there; but speaking with then, found they had a sloop lay
in a salld creek hard by, and came thither to make salt and
to catch some pearl muscles, if they could; but tlmt they be-
toniged' to the Isle de Trinildd, which liy Lirtlher north, in the-
latitude of 10 and 11 degrees.
Thus, coasting from one island to. another, sometimes with,
the ship, sometimes with the Frenchmen's slillop,. wlich we
had fbund a convenient boat, and thlrefore kept her with their
very good' will, at length I came fair on the south side of my
island, and presently knew the very countenance of the place ;
so I brought the ship safe to an anchor, broadside with the
little creek where my old habitation was.
As soon as I saw the place, 1 called for Friday,. and asked
him if he knew where he was. lie looked about a little, anda
presently, clapping his hards, cried, "Oyes,. there! Oyes,.
0 there! pointing to our old habtation, ant fell dancing and
capering like a mad fellow ; and I haad much ado-toeep hin~
from jumping into the sea, to swim ashore to-the place.
Well, Friday," says I, do youthink.we shall find any bod}-
here, or no.? and do you think we shall see your father?"
The fellow stood mute as a stock a good while; but when I
named his father the poor affectionate creature looked de-
jected, and I could see the tears run down his face very plen-
tifully. "What is the matter, Friday?" says I: "are y
troubled because you may see your father ? "-" No, no
ays he, shaking his head, no see him more; nonever

-s-.- I


see him again."-" Why so," said I, Friday? how do you
know that "-" 0 no, 0 no," says Friday; he long ago
die long ago; he much old man."-" Well, well," says I,
" f riday, ou don't know; but shall we see any one else
then?" The fellow, it seems, had better eyes than I, and he
points to the hill just above my old house; and though we lay
half a league off, he cries out, We see, we see, yes, yes, we
see much man there, and there, and there." I looked, but I
saw nobody, no, not with a perspective-glass, which was, 1
suppose, because I could not hit the place; for the fellow was
right, as I found upon inquiry the 'next day; and there were
five or six men all together, who stood to look at the ship, not
knowing what to think of us.
As soon as Friday told me he saw people, I caused the
English ancient to be spread, and fired three guns, to give M
them notice we were friends; and in about half a quarter of
an hour after, we perceived a smoke arise from the side of the
creek; so I immediately ordered the boat out, taking Friday
with me; and hanging out a white flag or a flag oftruce, 1
went directly on shore, taking with me the young friar I men-
tioned, to whom I had told the story of my living there, and
the manner of it, and every particular both of myself and those
1 left there; and who was, on that account, extremely de-
sirous to go with me. We had besides about sixteen men wa
armed, if we had found any new guests there which we did 9
know of; but we had no need of weapons.
As we went on shore upon the tide of flood, near high water
we rowe4 directly into the creek; and the first man I fixed
my eye upon was the Spaniard whose life I had saved, and
whom I knew by his face perfectly well: as to his habit, I shall
describe it afterwards. I ordered nobody to go on shore at
first but myself; but there was no keeping Friday in the boat,
for the affectionate creature had spied his father at a distance,
a good way off the Spaniards, where, indeed, I saw nothing of
him; and if they had not let him go ashore, he would have
jumped into the sea. He was no sooner on shore, bt hte Vl
away to his father, like an arrow out of a bow. Irnwota e 1i

made any man shed tears, in spite of the firmest resolution, to
have seen the first transports of this poor fellow's joy when he
came to his father; how lie embraced him, kissed him, stroked
his face, took him up in his arms, set him down upon a tree,
and lay down by him; then stood and looked at him, as any
one would look at a strange picture, for a quarter of an hour
together; then lay down on the ground, and stroked his legs,
and kissed them, and then got up again, and stared at him:
one would have thought the fellow bewitched. But it would
hive made a dog laugh the next day to see how his passion
rai out aiinther way : in' the morning he walked along the
shore, to and again, with his father several hours, always
leading himi by thle hand, as if lie had been a lady; and every
now and then lie would come to the boat to fetch something
or other for him, either a lump of sugar, a dram, a biscuit-
cake, or something or other that was good. In the afternoon
his frolics ran another way ; for then he would set the old man
down upon the ground, and dance about him, and make a
thousand antic postures and gestures; and all the while lie
did this, he would be talking to him, and telling him one story
or other of his travels, and of what had happened to him
abroad, to divert him. In short, if the same filial affection was
to be found in Christians to their parents in our part of the
world, one would be tempted to say, there would hardly have
been any need of the fifth commandment.
But this is a digression: I return to my landing. It would
be needless to take notice of all the ceremonies and civilities
that the Spaniards received me with. Thie first Spaniard,
who, as I said, I knew very well, was he whose life I had saved;
lie came towards the boat, attended by one more, carrying a flag
of truce also; and he not only did not know me at first, but ie
had no thoughts, no notion of its being me that was come, till
I spoke to him. Seignior," said I, in Portuguese, "do you
not know me ?" At winch he spoke not a word, but giving his
musket to the man that was with him, threw his arms abroad,
saying something in Spanish that 1 did ni)t perfectly hear,
came forward and embraced me, telling me he was inexcusa-

friday rejoin to see his father.
Friday rejoiced to see his Father.

Y --


ble not to know that face again, that he had once seen as if an
angel from heaven sent to save his lili : he said abundance of
very handsome things, as a well-bred Spaniard always knows
how; and then beckoning to tihe person that attended him,
bade him go and call out his comrades. lie then asked me if
I would walk to my old habitation, where he would give me
possession of nmy own house again, and where I should see
they had made but mean improvements: so I walked along
with him ; but alas! I could no more find the place again than
if I had never been there; for they had planted so many trees,
and placed them in such a posture, so thick and close to one
another, and in ten years' time they were grown so big, that,
in short, the place was inaccessible, except by such windings
and blind ways as they themselves only, who made them,
could find.
I asked them what put them upon all these fortifications: he
told me I would say there was need enough of it, when they
had given me an account how they had passed their time since
their arriving in the island, especially after they had the mis-
fortune to find that I was gone. lie told me he could not but
have some satisfaction in my good fortune, when he heard that
I was gone in a good ship, and to my satisfaction; and that he
had oftentimes a strong persuasion that, one time or other, he
should see me again; but nothing that ever befell him in his
life, le said, was so surprising and afflicting to him, at first, as
the disappointment he was under when he came back to the
island and found I was not there.
As to the three barbarians (so he called them) that were left
behind, and of whom, lie said, he had a long story to tell me,
the Spaniards all thought themselves much better among the
savages, only that their number was so small: And," says he,
" had they been strong enough, we had been all long ago in
purgator ; and with that le crossed himself on the breast.
" But, sir," says he, I hope you will not be displeased when
I shall tell you'how, forced by necessity, we were obliged, for
our own preservation, to disarm them, and make them our sub-
jects, who would not be content with being moderately out


masters, but would be our murderers." I answered, I was
heartily afraid of it when I left them there, and nothing trou-
bled me at my parting from the island but that they were not
come back, that I might have put them in possession of every
thing first, and left the others in a state of subiection, as they
deserved; but if they had reduced them to it, I was very glad,
and should be very ifr from finding any fault with it; for I
knew they were a parcel of refractory, ungoverned villains,
and were fit for any manner of mischief.
While I was thus saving this, the man came whom he had
sent back, and with him eleven men more. In the dress they
were in, it was impossible to guess what nation they were of;
but he made all clear, both to them and to me. First lie turned
to me, and pointing to them, said, "These, sir, are some of
the gentlemen who owe their lives to you;" and then turning
to them, and pointing to me, he let them know who I was;
upon which they all came up, one by one, not as if they had
been sailors and ordinary fellows, and the like, but really as if
they had been ambassadors of noblemen, and I a monarch or
great conqueror: their behavior was to the last degree obliging
and courteous, and yet mixed with a manly, majestic gravity,
which very well became them; and, in short, they had so much
more manners than I, that I scarce knew how to receive their
civilities, much less how to return them in kind.
The history of their coming to, and conduct in, the island
after my going away, is so very remarkable, and has so many
incidents, which the former part of my relation will help to un-
derstand, and which will, in most of the particulars, refer to
the account I have already given, that I cannot but commit
them, with great delight, to the reading of those that come
after me.
I shall no longer trouble the story with a relation in the first
person, which will put me to the expense of ten thousand
said I's, and said he s, and he told me's, and I tojdMii's, and
the like; but I shall collect the facts historicallyI p near as I
can gather them out of my memory, from what tlqy related


to me, and from what I mct with in my conversing with them
and unith the place.
In order to do this succinctly, and ias intelligibly as 1 can, I
must go back to the circunstmnces in which I left the island
and in which the persons were of whom I am to speak. And
first, it is necessary to repeat, that I had sent away Friday's
tfther and the Spaniard (the two whose lives I had rescued
from the svageas) in a large canoe, to the main, as I then
thought it, to letch over the Spaniard's companions that he
left behind himi, in order to save them from the like cldamity
that he had been in, and in order to succor them for the pres-
ent; and that, if possible, we might together find some way
for our deliverance afterwards.
When I sent them away, I had no visible appearance of, or
the least room to hope for, my own deliverance, any more than I
had twenty years before; much less had I any foreknowledge of
what afterwards happened-I mean, of an English ship coming
on shore there to fetch me off; and it could not but ie a very
great surprise to them, when they came back, not only to find
that I was gone, but to find three strangers left on the spot,
possessed of all that I had left behind me, which would other-
wise have been their own.
The first thing, however, which I inquired into, that I might
begin where I left off, was of their own part; and I desired
he would give me a particular account of his voyage back to
his countrymen with the boat, when 1 sent him to fetch them
over. He told me there was little variety in Qat part, for
nothing remarkable happened to them on the way, having
had very calm weather, and a smooth sea. "As for his coun-
trymen, it could not be doubted," lie said, but that they were
overjoyed to see him (it seems he was the principal man
among them, the captain of the vessel they had been ship-
wrecked in having been dead some time); they were," lie said,
" the more surprised to see him, because they knew that lie
was fallen into the hands of the savages, who, they were satis-
fied, would devour him, as they did all the rest of their prisoners;
that when he told them the story of his deliverance, and in what

manner he was furnished for carrying them away, it was like
a dream to them; and their astonishment," he said, "was
somewhat like that of Joseph's brethren, when he told them
who he was, and told them the story of his exaltation in Pha-
raoh's court; but when he showed them the arms, the powder,
the ball, and provisions, that he brought them for their jour-
ney or voyage, they were restored to themselves, took a just
share of the joy of their deliverance, and immediately prepared
to come away with him."
Their first business was to get canoes; and in this they
were obliged not to stick so much upon the honest part of it,
but to trespass upon their friendly savages, and to borrow two
large canoes, or periaguas, on pretence of going out a fishing,
or for pleasure. In these they came away the next morning.
It seems they wanted no time to get themselves ready; for
they had no baggage, neither clothes nor provisions, nor any
thing in the world but what they had on them, and a few roots
to eat, of which they used to make their bread.
They were in all three weeks absent; and in that time, un-
luckily for them, I had the occasion offered for my escape, as
I mentioned in my other part, and to get off from the island,
leaving three of the most impudent, hardened, ungoverned,
disagreeable villains behind me that any man could desire to
meet with-to the poor Spaniards' great grief and disappoint-
ment, you may be sure.
The only just thing the rogues did was, that when the
Spaniards came ashore, they gave my letter to them, and
gave them provisions, and other relief, as I had ordered
them to do; also they gave them the long paper of direc-
tions which I had left with them, containing the partialar
methods which I took for managing every part of my life
there; the way how 1 baked my bread, bred up tame goats,
and planted my corn; how I cured my grapes, made my
pots, and, in a word, every thing I did; 4,:this being
written down, they gave to the Spaniards (twp otfieni under-
stood English well enough); nor did they lise to aeammain-
date the Spaniards with any thing else, fbr$they agread"vew


well for some time. They gave them an equal admission into
the house, or cave, and they began to live very sociably; and
the head Spaniard, who had seen pretty much of my methods,
and Friday's father together, managed all their affairs; but as
for the Englishmen, they did nothing but ramble about the
island, shoot parrots, and catch tortoises; and when they
came home at night, the Spaniards provided their suppers
for them.
The Spaniards would have been satisfied with this, had the
others but let them alone; which, however, they could not find
in their hearts to do long, but, like the dog in the manger,
they would not eat themselves, neither would they let the
others eat. The differences, nevertheless, were at first but
trivial, and such as are not worth relating, but at last it broke
out into open war; and it began with all the rudeness and in-
solence that can be imagined, without reason, without provo-
cation, contrary to nature, and, indeed, to common sense;
and though, it is true, the first relation of it came from the
Spaniards themselves, whom I may call the accusers, yet
when I came to examine the fellows, they could not deny a
word of it.
But before I come to the particulars of this part, 1 must
supply a defect in my former relation; and this was, I forgot
to set down, among the rest, that just as we were weighing the
anchor to set sail, there happened a little quarrel on board of
our ship, which I was once afraid would have turned to a
second mutiny; norWas it appeased till the captain, rousing
up his courage, anwling us all to his assistance, parted them
by for, and making two of the most refractory fellows pris-
om'lhp laid them in irons; and as they had been active in
thriMnner disorders, and let fall some ugly, dangerous words,
the second time he threatened to carry them in irons to Eng-
land, and have them hanged there for mutiny, and running
away with the ship. This, it seems (though the captain did
not intendi do it), frightened some other men in the ship;
and omae 4ftheVlaad put it into the heads of the rest that the
captain ody gate them good words for the preu till dty


sboald come to some English port, and that then they should
be all put into gaol, and tried for their lives. The mate got
intelligence of this, and acquainted us with it; upon which it
was desired that 1, who still passed for a great man among
them, should go down with tle mate, and satisfy the emen, aln
tell them that they might be assured, if they behaved well the
rest of the voyage, all they had done for the time past should
be pardoned, So Ivwent, and after passing my honor's word
to them, they appeared easy, and the more so when I caused
the two men that were in irons to be released and forgiven.
But this mutiny had brought us to an anchor for that night;
the wind also falling calm next morning, we found that our
two men who had been laid in irons had'stole each of them a
musket, and some other weapons (what powder or shot they
had we knew not), and had taken the ship's pinnace, which
was not yet hauled up, and run away with her to their com-
panions inl roguery on shore. As soon as we found this, L
orderjl the long-boat on shore, with twelve men and the mate,
and awray they went to seek the rogues; but they could neither
find them or any of the rest, for they all fled into the woods
when they saw the boat coming on shore. The mate was
once resolved, in justice to their roguery, to have destroyed
their plantations, burned all their household stuff and furniture,
and left them to shift without it; but having no orders, he let
it all alone, left every thing as he found it, and bringing the
pinnace away, came on board without them. These two men
made their number five; but the other three %ill tin u ere so
much more wicked than they, that alier6.-i l.i-d beei, two or
three days together, they turned the t1mi le"-coiiiers out of
doors to shift for themselves, and ,',oulId h l iP t-Iliing 1to 'do
with them; nor could they, for a good white, b e pier.su ded to
give them any food; as for the Spaniards, they %\ere not yet
come. 0'
When the Spaniards came first on.ghore, the business began
to go forward: the Spaniards would hi\e persuaded the three
English brutes to have taken in their two countrymen again,
that, as ihey said, they might be all one family; but they would
S 30 X

354 RKOII.S(: N 'N CSOE.
not hear of it; so the two poor follows lived by themselves;
and finding nothing but industry and application would make
them live comfortably, they pitched their tents on the north
shore of the island, but a little more to the west, to be out of
danger of the savages, who always landed on the east parts of
the island.
lere they built them two huts, one to lodge in, and the
other to Jay up their magazines and stores in; and the Span-
iards having given them some corn for seed, and especially
some of the peas which I had left them, they dug, planted, and
inclosed, alier the pattern I had set for them all, and began to
live pretty well. Their first crop of corn was on the ground;
and though it was but a little bit of land which they had dug
up at first, having had but a little time, yet it was enough to
relieve them, and find them with bread and other eatables;
and one of tlle fellows being the cook's mate of the ship, was
very ready at making soup, puddings, and such other prep-
arations as the rice and the milk, and such little flesh as they
got, Furnished himi to do
They were going on in this little thriving posture, when the
three unnatural rogues, their own countrymen too, in mere
humor, and to insult them, came and bullied them, and told
them the island was theirs; that the governor (meaning me)
had given them the possession of it, and nobody else had any
right to it; and that they should build no houses upon their
ground, unless they would pay rent for them.
The two men, thinking they were jesting at first, asked
them to come in and sit down, and see what fine houses they
were that they had built, and to tell them what rent they de-
manded; and one of them merrily said, if they were the
ground landlords, he hoped, if they built tenements upon their
land, and made improvements, they would, according to the
custom of landlords, grant a long lease; and desired they
would get a scrivener to draw the writings. One of the three,
cursing and raging, told them they should see they were not
in jest; and going to a little place at a distance, where the
honest men had made a fire to dress their victuals, W takes a


firebrand, and claps it to the outside of their hut, and very
fairly set it on fire; and it would.have been all burnt down in
a few minutes, if one of the twoC had not run to the fellow,
thrust him away, and trod the fire-out with his feet, and that
not without sone difficulty too.
The fellow was in such a rage at the honest man's thrusting
him away, that he returned upon him, with a pole he had in
his hand, and had not the man avoided the blow very nimbly,
and run into the hut, he had ended his days at once. His
comrade, seeing the danger they were both in, ran in after him,
and immediately they came both out with their muskets, and
the man that was first struck at with the pole, knocked the
fellow down that had begun the quarrel with the stock of his
musket, and that before the other two could cometo help him;
and then, seeing the rest come at them, they stood together,
and presenting the other ends of their pieces to them, bade
them stand off.
The others had fire-arms with them too; but one of the two
honest men, bolder than his comrade, and made desperate by his
danger, told them, if they offered to move hand or foot, they were
lead men, and boldly commanded them to lay down their arms.
They did not indeed lay down their arms, but seeing him so
resolute, it brought them to a parley, and they consented to take
their wounded man with them and be gone; and, indeed, it seems
the fellow was wounded sufficiently with the blow. However,
they were much in the wrong, since they had the advantage,
that they did not disarm them effectually, as they might have
done, and have gone immediately to the panards, and given
them an account how the rogues had treated them for the
three villains studied nothing but revenge, and every klave
them some intimation that they did so.
But not to crowd this part with an account of the lesserart
of the rogueries, such as treading4own their corn; shooting
three young kids and a she-goat, wich the poor men had got
to breed up tame for their store; and, in a word, plaguing
them night and day in this manner; it forced the two mew e
such a peation, that they resolved to fight.them a* i

the first time they had a fair opportunity. In order to this
they resolved to go to the castle, as they called it (that was,
my old dwelling), where the three rogues and the Spaniards
all lived together at that time, intending to have a fair battle,
and the Spaniards should stand by, to see fair play : so they
got up in the morning before day, and came to the place, and
called the Englishmen by their names, telling a Spaniard that
answered that they wanted to speak with them.
It happened that the day before, two of the Spaniards, hav-
ing been in the woods, had seen one of the two Englishmen,
whom, for distinction, I called the honest men, and he had
made a sad complaint to the Spaniards of the barbarous usage
they had met with from their three countrymen, and how they
had ruined their plantation, and destroyed their corn that they
had labored so hard to bring forward, and killed the milch-
goat and their three kids, which was all they had provided for
their sustenance; and that if he and his friends (meaning the
Spaniards) did not assist them again, they should be starved.
When the Spaniards came home at night, and they were all
at supper, one of them took the freedom to reprove the three
Englishmen, though in very gentle and mannerly terms, and
asked them how they could be so cruel, they being harmless,
inoffensive fellows; that they were putting themselves in a
way to subsist by their labor, and that it had cost then a great
deal of pains to bring things to such perfection as they were
then in.
One of the Englishmen returned very briskly, What had
they to do there? that they came on shore without leave; and
that they should not plant or build upon the island; it was
none of their ground."-" Why," says the Spaniard, very
calmly, "Seignior Inglese, they must not starve." The Eng-
lishmen replied, like a rough-hewn tarpauling, "They might
starve and be d- d; they should not plant nor build in that
place."-" But what must they do then, seignior ?" said the
Spaniard. Another of the brutes returned, "Do? d--i
them, they should be servants, and work for them."-" But
how can you expect that of them says the Spaniard;" they

are not bought with your money: you have no right to make
them servants." The Englishman answered, "The island
was theirs; the governor had given it to them, and no man
had any thing to do there but themselves;" and with that
swore by his Maker that they would go and burn all their new
huts; they should build none upon their land. Why, seign-
ior," says the Spaniard, by the same rule, we must be your
servants too."-" Ay," says the bold dog, and so you shall
too, before we have done with you;" mixing two or three G-d
d- n me's in the proper intervals of his speech. The Span-
iard only smiled at that, and made him no answer. However,
this little discourse had heated them; and, starting up, one
says to the other-I think it was he they called WillAtkins-
" Come, Jack, let's go, and have t'other brush with 'em; we'll
demolish their castle, I'll warrant you; they shall plant no
colony in our dominions."
Upon this they went all trooping away, with every man a
gun, a pistol, and a sword, and muttered some insolent things
among themselves, of what they would do to the Spaniards
too, when opportunity offered; but the Spaniards, it seems,
did not so perfectly understand them as to know all the par-
ticulars, only that, in general, they threatened them hard for
taking the two Englishmen's part.
Whither they went, or how they bestowed their time that
evening, the Spaniards said they did not know; but it seems
they wandered about the country part of the night, and then,
lying down in the place which I used to call my bower, they
were weary, and overslept themselves. The case was this:
they had resolved to stay till midnight, and so to take the two
poor men when they were asleep, and, as they acknowledged
afterwards, intended to set fire to their huts while they were
in them, and either burn them there, or murder them as
they came out: as malice seldom sleeps very sound, it was
very strange they should not have been kept awake.
However, as thle two men had also a design upon them, as 1
have said, though a much fairer one than that of burning and
murdering, it happened, and very luckily for them all, that


they were up, and gone abroad, before the bloody-minded
rogues came to their huts.
When they came there, and found the men gone, Atkins,
who, it sees, was the forwardest man, called out to his com-
rade, Ha, Jack, here's the nest, but, d- n them, the birds
are flown." They mused awhile, to think what should be the
occasion of their being gone abroad so soon, and suggested
presently that the Spaniards had given them notice of it; and
with that they shook hands, and swore to one another that
they would be revenged of the Spaniards. As soon as they
had made this bloody bargain, they fell to work with the poor
men's habitation: they did not set fire, indeed, to any thing,
but they pulled down both their houses, and pulled them so
limb from limb, that they left not the least stick standing, or
scarce any sign on the ground where they stood: they tore
all their little collected household stuff in pieces, and threw
every thing about in such a manner, that the poor men after
wards found some of their things a mile off their habitation.
When they had done this, they pulled up all the young trees
which the poor men had planted; pulled up an inclosure they
had made to secure their cattle and their corn; and, in a word,
sacked and plundered every thing as completely as a horde
of Tartars would have done.
The two men were, at this juncture, gone to find them out,
and had resolved to fight them wherever they had been, though
they were but two to three; so that had they met, there cer-
tainly would have been bloodshed among them; for they
were all very stout, resolute fellows, to give them their due.
But Providence took more care to keep them asunder than
they themselves could do to meet; for, as if they had dogged
one another, when the three were gone thither, the two were
here; and afterwards, when the two went back to find them,
the three were come to the old habitation again : we shall see
their different conduct presently. When the three came back
like furious creatures, flushed with the rage which the work they
had been about had put them into, they came up to the Span-
ards, and told them what they had done, by way of scoffand


bravado; and, one of them stepping up to one of the Spaniards,
as if they had been a couple of boys at play, takes hold of his
hat as it was upon his head, and giving it a twirl about, fleering
in his face, says to him, And you, Seignior Jack Spaniard,
shall have the same sauce, if you do not mend your manners."
The Spaniard, who, though a quiet, civil man, was as brave a
man as could be, and withal a strong, well-made man, looked
at him for a good while, and then, having no weapon in his
hand, stepped gravely up to himi, and with one blow of his tist
knocked him down, as an ox is felled with a pole-axe; at
which one of the rogues, as insolent as the first, fired his pistol
at the Spaniard immediately: he missed his body, indeed, for
the bullets went through his hair, but one of them touched the
tip of his ear, and he bled pretty much. The blood made the
Spaniard believe he was more hurt than he really was, and
that put him into some heat, for before he acted all in a perfect
calm; but now resolving to go through with his work, he
stooped, and took the fellow's musket whom he had knocked
down, and was just going to shoot the man who had fired at
him, when the rest of the Spaniards, being in the cave, came
out, and calling to him not to shoot, they stepped in, secured
the other two, and took their arms from them. ..
When they were thus disarmed, and found they had made
all the Spaniards their enemies, as well as their own country-
men, they began to cool, and, giving the Spaniards better
words, would have their arms again; but the Spaniards, con-
sidering the feud that was between them and the other two Eng-
lishmen, and that it would be the best method they could take
to keep them from killing one another, told them they would .
do them no harm, and if they would live peaceably, they would
be very willing to assist and associate with them as they did
before; but that they could not think of giving them their arms
again, while they appeared so resolved to do mischief with
them to their own countrymen, and had even threatened then
all to make them their servants.
The rogues were now no more capable to hear reason than
to act with reason; but being refused their arm, they wnt

1,f 'lNO.ltSON CRUSOE.
raving away, and raging like madmen, threatening what they
woula do, tliough they had no fire-arms. But the Spaniards,
despising their threatening, told them they should take care
how they offered any injury to their plantation or cattle, for
if they (lid, they would shoot them as they would ravenous
beasts, wherever they found them; and if they fell into their
hands alive, they should certainly be hanged. However, this
was far from cooling them; but away they went, raging and
swearing like furies of hell. As soon as they were gone, the
two men came back, in passion and rage enough also, though
of another kind; for having been at their plantation, and tind-
ing it all demolished and destroyed, as above, it iill easily be
supposed they had provocation enough. They could scarce
have room to tell their tale, the Spaniards were so eager to tell
them theirs; and it was strange enough to find that three men
should thus bully nineteen, and receive no punisluenot at all.
The Spaniards, indeed, despised them, and especially, hav-
ing thus disarmed them, made light of their threatening; but
the two Englishmen resolved to have their remedy against
them, what pains soever it cost to find them out. But the
Spaniards interposed here too, and told them, that as they had
disarmed them, they could not consent that they (the two)
should pursue them with fire-arms, and perhaps kill them.
" But," said the grave Spaniard, who was their governor, we
will endeavor to make them do you justice, if you will leave it to
us; for there is no doubt but they will come to us again, when
their passion is over, being not able to subsist without our as-
sistance: we promise you to make no peace with them, with-
out having a full satisfaction for you; and upon this condition
we hope you will promise to use no violence with them, other
than in your own defence." The two Englishmen yielded to
this very awkwardly, and with great reluctance; but the
Spaniards protested, that they did it only to keep them from
bloodshed, and to make all easy at last. "For," said they,
"' we are not so many of us; here is room enough for us all,
and it is a great pity we should not be all good friends." At
length they did consent, and waited for the issue of the thing,


living for some days wirhl the Spaniards; for their ewn ttabi-
tation was destroyed.
In about five days' time, the three vagrants, tired with wani-
dering, and almost starved with hunger, having chiefly lived
on turtles' eggs all that while, came back to the grove; and
finding my Spaniard, who, as I have said, was the governor,
and two more with him walking by the side of the creek, they
came up in a very submissive, humblb manner, and begged to
be received again into the family. The Spaniards u.ed Ithem
ciilly, but told them they had acted so unnaturatly by their
countrymen, and so very grossly by them (the Spaniards), that
they could not come to any conclusion without conuthing the
two Englishmeri and the rest; but, however, they iould go to
them, and discourse about it, and they should krnowa in hal 'an
hour. It may be guessed that they were very haid put to it;
for, it seems, as they were to wait this half lour for an answer,
they begged they would send them out some bread in the
mean time, which they did; sending, at the same time, a l$rge
piece of goat's flesh, and a boiled parrot, which they afe very
heartily, tor they were hungry enough.
After half an hour's consultation, they were called in, and a
long debate ensued; their two c.iountryrmen charging them v iih
the ruin of all their labor, and a design to murder them; all ,
which they owned before, and therefore could not deny now.
Upon the whole, the Spaniards acted the nmoderators' be-
tween them; and as they had obliged the two Englishmen not
to hurt the three while they were naked and unarmed, so they
now obliged the three to go and rebuild their fellows' two huts,
one to be of the same, and the other of larger dimensions, than
they were before; to fence their ground again where they had
pulled up their fences, plant trees in the room of those pulled
up, dig up the land again for planting corn where they had
spoiled it, and, in a word, to restore every thing in the same
state as thevy lound it, as near as they could; for entirely it
couMltioi be, the season for the corn, and the growth of thd
treed d hedges, not being possible to be recovered .
\el, they subibitted to ai tis; and as they had pleity oj

provisions given them all the while, they grew very orderly,
and the whole society began to live pleasantly and agreeably
together again; only that these three fellows could never be
persuaded to work, I mean for themselves, except now and
then a little, just as they pleased: however, the Spaniards
told them plainly, that if they would but live sociably and
friendly together, and study the good of the whole plantation,
they would be content to work for them, and let them walk
about and be as idle as they pleased; and thus having lived
pretty well together for a month or two, the Spaniards gave
them arms again, and gave them liberty to go abroad with
them as before.
It was not above a week after they had these arms, and went
abroad, but the ungrateful creatures began to be as insolent
and troublesome as before; but, however, an accident happen-
ed presently upon this, which endangered the safety of them
all; and they were obliged to lay by all private resentments,
and look to the preservation of their lives.
It happened one night that the Spanish governor, as I call
him, that is to say, the Spaniard whose life I had saved, who
was now the captain, or leader, or governor of the rest, found
himself very uneasy in the night, and could by no means get
any sleep: he was perfectly wellin body, as he told me the story,
only found his thoughts tumultuous; his mind ran upon men
fighting and killing of one another, but he was broad awake,
and could not by any means get any sleep: in short, he lay a
great while; but growing more and more uneasy, he resolved
to rise. As theylay, being so many of them, upon goat-skins
laid: thick upon such couches and pads as they made for them-
selves, and not in hammocks and ship-beds, as I did, who was
but one, so they had little to do, when they were willing to
rise, but to get up upon their feet, and perhaps put on a coat,
such as it was, and their pumps, and they were ready for
going any way that their thoughts guided them. Being thus
got up, he looked out; but, being dark, he could see little or
nothing; and, besides, the trees which I had planted, a my
former account is described, and which were now grown tall,




intercepted his sight, so that he could only look up, and see
that it was a clear, star-light night; and hearing no noise, he
returned and laid him down again: but it was all one; he
could not sleep, nor could he compose himself to any thing
like rest; but his thoughts were to the last degree uneasy, and
he knew not for what.
Having made some noise with rising and walking about,
going out and coming in, another of them waked, and calling,
asked who it was that was up. The governor told him how it
had been with him. Say you so ? says the other Spaniard;
"such things are not to be slighted, I aiIIrr- you; there is
certainly some mischief working near us;" and presently he
asked him, Where are the Englishmen? "-" They are all
in their huts," says he, safe enough." It seems the Spaniards
had kept possession of the main apartment, and had made a
place for the three Englishmen, who, since their last mutiny,
were always quartered by themselves, arid could not come at the
rest. Well," says the Spaniard, "' there is something in it,
I am persuaded from my own experience. I am satisfied our
spirits imbodied have a converse with, and receive intelligence
from, the spirits unimbodied, and inhabiting the invisible
world; and this friendly notice is given for our advantage, if
we knew how to make use of it. Come," says he, "let us go
and look abroad; and if we find nothing at all in it to justify tne
trouble, I'll tell you a story to the purpose, that shall convince
you of the justice of my proposing it.
In a word, they went out, to go up to the top of the hill,
where I used to go; but they, being strong, and a good compa-
ny, not alone, as I was, used none of my cautions, to go up by
the ladder, and pulling it up after them, to go up a second
stage to the top, but were going round through the grove, un-
concerned and unwary, when they were surprised with seeing
aljght, as of fire, a very little way off from them, and hearing
t O.ices of men, not of one or two, but ol'a great number. v'
I the di-eterif.~ I had made of the stages landing9o. '
the' d, it %as ,my constant care to preneni them I iv ,
the least discove'ty of there being any inhabitant uponat


place; and when by any occasion they came to know it, they
telt it so effectually, that they that got away were scarce able
to give any account of it; for we disappeared as soon as pos-
sible; nor did ever any that had seen me escape to tell any one
else, except it was the three savages in our last encounter, who
jumped into the boat; of whom, I mentioned, I was afraid they
should go home and bring more help. Whether it was the con-
sequence of the escape of those men that so great a number came
now together, or whether they came ignorantly, and by acci-
dent, on their usual bloody errand, the Spaniards could not,
it seems, understand; but, whatever it was, it had been their
business either to have concealed themselves, or not to have
seen them at all, much less to have let the savages have seen
that there were any inhabitants in the place; or to have fallen
upon them so effectually, as that not a man of them should
have escaped, which could only have been by getting in be-
tween them and their boats: but this presence of mind was
wanting to them, which was the ruin of their tranquillity for a
great while.
We need not doubt, but that the governor and the man with
him, surprised with this sight, ran back immediately, and
raised their fellows, giving them an account of the imminent
danger they were all in, and they again as readily took the
alarm; but it was impossible to persuade them to stay close
within, where they were, but they must all run out to see how
things stood.
While it was dark, indeed, they were well enough, and they
had opportunity enough, for some hours, to view them by the light
of three fires they had made at a distance from one another;
what they were doing they knew not, and what to do themselves
they knew not. For, first, the enemy were too many; and,
secondly, they did not keep together, but were divided into
several parties, and were on shore in several places.
The Spaniards were in no small consternation at this sight;
and as they found that the fellows ran straggling'all over the
shore, they made no doubt but, first or last, some ofthem
would chop in upon their habitation or upornr te other place

*?< -


where they would see the 4ken of inhabitants; and they
were in great perplexity alsotr fear of their flock of goats,
which would' have been little less than starving them, if they
should have been destroyed; so the first thing they resolved
upon was, to despatch three men away before it was light,
two Spaniards and one Englishman, to drive all the goats
away to the great valley where the cave was, and, if need
were, to drive them into the very cave itself. Could they
have seen the savages all together in one body, and at a dis-
tance from their canoes, they resolved, if there had been a hun-
dred of them, to have attacked them; but that could not be
obtained; for they were some of them two miles off from the
other, and, as it appeared afterwards, were of two different
After having mused a great while on the course they should
take, and beating their brains in considering their-present cir-
cumstances, they resolved, at last, while it was still dark, to
send the old savage, Friday's father, out as a spy, to learn, if
possible, something concerning them; as what they came for,
what they intended to do, and the like. The old man readily
undertook it; and stripping himself quite naked, as most of
the savages were, away he went. After he had been gone an ,.
hour or two, he brings word that he had been among them un-'*'
discovered; that he found they were two parties, and of two
several nations, who had war with one another, and had a
great battle in their own country; and that both sides having
had several prisoners taken in the fight, they were, by mere,
chance, landed all on the same island, for the devouring their
prisoners and making merry, but their coming so by chance to
the same place had spoiled all their mirth; that they were in a
great ,age at one another, and were so near, that he believed
they would fight again as soon as daylight began to appear;
did not ,er rice that they had any notion ol' anv bdy
ith land but themselves. He h.d hardly made an'
e* tory, when they could perreeiee, by tile u.L :
usuI io0e, that the two little armies were engage%
ma l l


Friday's father used all the arguments he could to persuade
our people to lie close, and not be seen; he told them their
safety consisted in it, and that they had nothing to do but lie
still, and the savages would kill one another to their hands, and
then the rest would go away; and it was so to a tittle. But it
was impossible to prevail, especially upon the Englishmen;
their curiosity was so importunate upon their prudentials, that
they must run out and see the battle: however, they used
some caution too, viz. they did not go openly, just by their
own dwelling, but went farther' into the woods, and placed
"themselves to advantage, where they might securely see them
manage the fight, and, as they thought, not be seen by them;
but it seems the savages did see them, as we shall find hereafter.
The battle was very fierce; and, if I might believe the Eng-
lishmen, one of them said he could perceive that some of them
were men of great bravery, of invincible spirits, and of great
policy in guiding the fight. The" battle, they said, held two
hours before they could guess which party would be beaten;
but then that party which was nearest our people's habitation
began to appear weakest, and, after some time more, some of
them began to fly; and this put our men again' into a great
consternation, lest any one of those that fled should run into
the grove.before their dwelling for shelter, and thereby invol-
untarily discover the place; and that, by consequence, the
pursuers would do the like in search of them. Upon this they
A resolved that they would stand armed within the wall, and
.who ier came into the grove, they resolved to sally out over
(fte %all and kill them: so that, if possible, not one should
return to give an account of it; they ordered also that it
should be done with their swords, or by knocking them down
with the stocks of their muskets, but not by shooting them, for
fear. of raising an alarm by the noise.
.A Itev expected I'ell out: three of theo d army fed
for life and cros-ing the creek,ran directly place not
in the lea-t knowing % hither they went, b toito a
thick wood for shelter. The scout they abroad
gave notice of this within, .with this addit J r menas

great satisfaction, viz. that the conquerors had not pursued
them, or seen which way they were gone; upon this, the
Spaniard governor, a man of humanity, would not suffer them
to kill the three fugitives, but sending three men out by the
top of the hill, ordered them to go round, come in behind
them, and surprise and take them prisoners, which was done.
The residue of the conquered people fled to their canoes, and
Xot off to sea: the victors red, made no pursuit, or very
little, but drawing themselves into a body together, gave two
great screaming shouts, which they supposed was by way of
triumph, and so the fight ended; and the same day, about
three o'clock in the afternoon, they also marched to their
canoes. And thus the Spaniards had their island again free
to themselves; their fright was over, and they saw no savages
in several years after.
After they were all gone, the Spaniards came out of their
den, and viewing the field of battle, they found about two and
thirty men dead on the spot: some were killed with great,
long arrows, some of which were found sticking in their bodies;
but most of them were killed with great wooden swords, six-
teen or seventeen of which they found in the field of battle,
and as many bows, with a great many arrows. These swords
were strange, great, unwieldy things, and they must be very
strong men that used them: most of these men that were killed
with them had their heads mashed to pieces, as we may say,
,or, as we call it in English, their brains knocked out, and ser-
eral their arms and legs broken; so that it is-evident they fight
with inexpressible rage and fury. We found not one man that
was not stone dead, for either they stay by their enemy till
they have quite killed him, or they carry all he wounded men
that are not quite dead away with them.
This deliverance tamed our Englishmen for a great while-
the sight had filled them with horrorNyd the con inces
appeared terrible to the last degree, especially upon 9upoang
tat some tim& other they should fal into the hands f thoe
creatures wfi uld not only kill them as enemies, ltut kj
-them far oodwe kill our cattle; and they professed.. ji,

I -f,


that the thoughts of being eaten up like beef ormutton, thoxgh
it was supposed it was not to be till they were dead, had
something in it so horrible, that it nauseated their very
stomachs, made them sick when they thought of it, and filled
their minds with such unusual terror, that they were not
themselves for some weeks after. This, as I said, tamed
even the three English brutes I have been speaking of, and,
for a great while after, they were tractable, and went about the
common business of the whole society well enough; planted,
sowed, reaped, and began to be all naturalized to the country.
But some time after this, they fell into such simple measures-
again, as brought them into a great deal of trouble.
They had taken three prisoners, as I observed; and these
three being lusty, stout young fellows, they made them ser-
vants, and taught them to work for them; and, as slaves, they
did well enough; but they did not take their measures with
them as 1 did by my man Friday, viz. to begin with them.
upon the principle of having saved their lives, and then in-
struct them in the rational principles of life; much less of re-
ligion, civilizing, and reducing them by kind usage and affec-
tionate arguing; but as they gave them their food every day,.
so they gave them their work too, and kept them fully em-
plbyed in drudgery enough; but they failed in this by it, that
they never had them to assist them, and fight for them, as I
had my man Friday, who was as true to me as the very flesh
upon my bones.
But to come to. the family part. Being all now good
friends,-for common danger, as I said above, had effectually
reconciled them,-they began toconsider their general circum-
stances; and the first thing that came under their consideration
was, whether, seeing the savages particularly haunted that
side of the island, and that there were more remote and retired
parts of it equally adapted to their way of living; and mani-
stly to their advantage, they should not rather move their
habitation, and plant in some more proper place for their
safety, and especially for the security of their cattle and corn-
Upon this, after long. debate, it was.concluded that they

would not remove their habitation; because that, some time
or other, they thought they might hear from their governor
again, meaning me; and if I should send any one to seek
them, I shouldbe sure to direct them to that side; where, if
they should find the place demolished, they would conclude
the savages had killed us all, and we were gone; and so our
supply would go too. But as to their corn and cattle, they
agreed to remove them into the valley where my cave was,
where the land was as proper for both, and where, indeed,
there was land enough; however, upon second thoughts, they
altered one part of their resolution too, and resolved only to
remove part of their cattle thither, and plant part of their corn
there; and so if one part was destroyed, the other might be
saved. And one part .of prudence they used, which it was
Very well they did, viz. that they never trusted those three
savages, which they had prisoners, with knowing any thing
of the plantation they had made in that valley, or of any cattle
they had there, much less of the cave there, which they kept,
in case of necessity, as a safe retreat; and thither they car-
ried also the two barrels of powder which I had sent them at
my coming away. But, however, they resolved not to change
their habitation; yet they agreed, that as I had carefully cov-
ered it first with a wall or fortification, and then with a grove
of trees, so, seeing their safety consisted entirely in their being
concealed, of which they were now fully convinced, they set
to work to cover and conceal the place yet more effectually
than before. For this purpose, as I planted trees, or rather
thrust in stakes, which in time all grew up to be tree*for
some good distance before the entrance into my apartmihts,
they went on in the same manner, and filled up the rest of
that whole space of ground, from the trees I had set, quite
down to the side of the creek, where, as I said, I landed my
floats, and even into the very ooze where the tide flowed, not
Jo much as leaving any place to land, or any sign that there
d been any landing thereabouts; these stakes also being of
A-wood very forward to grow, as I have noted formerly, they
took care to have them generally much larger and taller than


those which I had planted; and as they grew apace, so they
planted them so very thick and close together, that when they
had been three or four years grown, there was no piercing
with the eye any considerable way into the plantation; and,
as for that part which I had planted, the trees were grown as
thick as a man's thigh, and among them they placed so many
other short ones, and so thick, that, in a word, it stood like a
palisado a quarter of a mile thick, and it was next to impos-
sible to penetrate it, but with a little army to cut it all down;
for a little dog could hardly get between the trees, they stood
so close.
Bu" this was not all; for they did the same by all the ground
to the right hand and to the left, and round even to the top of
the hill, leaving no way, not so much as for themselves to come
out, but by the ladder placed up to the side of the hill, and
then lifted up, and placed again from the first stage up to the -
top; and when the ladder was taken down, nothing but what
had wings, or witchcraft to assist it, could come at them.
This was excellently well contrived; nor was it less than what
they afterwards found occasion for ; which served to convince
me, that as human prudence has the authority of Providence to
justify it, so it has doubtless the direction of Providence to set
it to work; and if we listened carefully to the voice of it, I am
persuaded we might prevent many of the disasters which our
lves are now, by our own negligence, subjected to: but this
by the way.
I return to the story.-They lived two years after this in
perfect retirement, and had no more visits from the savages.
They had indeed an alarm given them one morning, which put
them into a great consternation; for some of the Spaniards
being out early one morning on the west side, or rather end of
the island (which was that end where I never went for fear of
being discovered), they were surprised with seeing above
twenty canoes of Indians just coming on shore. They made
the best of their way home, in hurry enough; and giving the
alarm to their comrades, they kept close all that day and the
next, going out only at night to make their observation: but


ihey had the good luck to be mistaken; for wherever the sav-
ages went, they did not land that time on the island, but pur-
sued some other design.
And now they had another broil with the three Englishmen;
one of whom, a most turbulent fellow, being in a rage at one
of the three slaves, which 1 mentioned they had taken, because
the fellow had not done something right which he bid him do,
and seemed a little intractable in his showing him, drew a
hatchet out of a frog-belt, in which he wore it by his side, and
fell upon the poor savage, not to correct him, but to kill him.
One of the Spaniards, who was by, seeing him give the fellow
a barbarous cut with the hatchet, which he aimed at his head,
but struck into his shoulder, so that he thought he had cut the
poor creature's arm off, ran to him, and entreating him not to
murder the poor man, placed himself between him and the
savage, to prevent the mischief. The fellow, being enraged
the more at this, struck at the Spaniard with his hatchet, and
swore he would serve him as he intended to serve the savage;
which the Spaniard perceiving, avoided the blow, and with a
shovel which he had in his hand (for they were all working in
the field about their corn-land), knocked the brute down.
Another of the Englishmen, running at the same time to help
his comrade, knocked the Spaniard down; and then two
Spaniards more came in to help their man, and a third English-
man fell in upon them. They had none of them any fire-arms,
or any other weapons but hatchets and other tools, except this
third Englishman; he had one of my rusty cutlasses, with
which he made at the two last Spaniards, and wounded da m
both. This fray set the whole family in an uproar, and Wre
help coming in, they took the three Englishmen prisoners.
The next question was, what should be done with them.
They had been so often mutinous, and were so very furious,
so desperate, and so idle withal, they knew not what course to
take with them, for they were mischievous to the highest de-
ee, and valued not what hurt they did to any man; so that,
m short, it was not safe to live with tLIg.-
The Spaniard who was goverorld them, i so many
.. 6*

~1--;.- --Y* -- ~C

N__~--~ ?

The Spaniard defending the Savage.

Y ----

words, that if they had been of his own country, he would
have hanged them; for all laws and all governors were to pre-
serve society, and those who were dangerous to the society
ought to be expelled out of it; but as they were Englishmen,
and that it was to the generous kindness of an Englishman
that they all owed their preservation and deliverance, he would use
them with all possible lenity, and would leave them to the judg-
ment of the other two Englishmen, who were their countrymen.
One of the two honest Englishmen stood up, and said they
desired it might not be left to them; For," says he, I am
sure we ought to sentence them to the gallows; "and with that
he gives an account how Will Atkins, one of the three, had
proposed to have all the five Englishmen join together, and
murder all the Spaniards when they were in their sleep.
When the Spanish governor heard this, he calls to Will
Atkins, "How, Seignior Atkins, would you murder us all
What have you to say to that ?" The hardened villain was
so far from denying it, that he said it was true: and, G-d d-n
him, they would do it still, before they had done with them.
" Well, but, Seignior Atkins," says the Spaniard, what have
we done to you, that you will kill us ? And what would you
get by killing us ? And what must we do to prevent your
killing us? Must we kill you, or you kill us? Why
will you put us to the necessity of this, Seignior Atkins?
says the Spaniard very calmly, and smiling. Seignior Atkins
was in such a rage at the Spaniard's making a jest of it, that,
had he not been held by three men, and withal had no weap-
on near him, it was thought he would have attempted to have
killed the Spaniard in the middle of all the company. This
hair-brain carriage obliged them to consider seriously What
was to be done: the two Englishmen, and the Spaniard who
saved the poor savage, wese of the opinion that they should
hang one of the three, for an example to the rest; and that par-
ticularly it should be he that had twice attempted to commit
murder with his hatchet; and, indeed, there was some reaaon
to believe he had done it, for the poor savage was n lk
miserable condition with the wound he had receivedlWlri

was thought he could not live. But the governor Spaniard
still said no; it was an Englishman that had saved all their
lives, and he would never consent to put an Englishman to
death, though he had murdered half of them; nay, he said,
if he had been killed himself by an Englishman, and had time
left to speak, it should be that they should pardon him.
This was so positively insisted on by the governor Spaniard,
that there was no gainsaying it; and as merciful counsels are
most apt to prevail, where they are so earnestly pressed, so
they all came into it: but then it was to be considered what
should be done to keep them from doing the mischief they de-
signed; for all agreed, governor and all, that means were to
be used for preserving the society from danger. After a long
debate, it was agreed, first, that they should be disarmed, and
not permitted to have either gun, powder, shot, sword, or any
weapon; and should be turned out of the society, and left to
live where they would, and how they would, by themselves;
but that none of the rest, either Spaniards or English, should
converse with them, speak with them, or have any thing to do
with them; that they should be forbid to come within a certain
distance of the placiewhere the rest dwelt; and if they offered
to commit any disorder, so as to spoil, burn, kill, or destroy
any of the corn, plantings, buildings, fences, or cattle belong-
ing to the society, they should die without mercy, and they
would shoot them wherever they could find them.
The governor, a man of great humanity, musing upon the
sentence, considered a little upon it; and turning to the two
honest Englishmen, said, Hold; you must reflect that it will
be long ere they can raise corn and cattle of their own, and
they must not starve; we must therefore allow them pro-
visions." So he caused to be added, that they should have a
proportion of corn given them to last them eight months, and
for seed to sow, by which time they might be supposed to
raise some of their own; that they should have six milch-goats,
four he-goats, and six kids given them, as well for present sub-
sistence as for a store; and that they should have tools given
them for their work in the fields, such as six hatchets, an adze,


a saw, and the like; but they should have none of these, Ai
or provisions, unless they would swear solemnly that ti 0y
would not hurt or injure any of the Spaniards with them, r
of their fellow Englishmen.
Thus they dismissed them the society, and turned them out to
shift for themselves. They went away sullen and refractory,
as neither content to go away nor to stay; but, as there was
no remedy, they went, pretending to go and choose a place
where they would settle themselves; and some provisions were
given them, but no weapons.
About four or five days after, they came again for some
victuals, and gave the governor an account where they had
pitched their tents, and marked themselves out a habitation
and plantation; and it was a very convenient place, indeed,
on the remotest part of the island, N. E.; much about the place
where I providentially landed in my first voyage, when I was
driven out to sea, the Lord alone knows whither, in my foolish
attempt to sail round the island.
Here they built themselves two handsome huts, and contrived
them in a manner like my first habitation, being close under
the side of a hill, having some trees growing already on three
sides of it, so that by planting others, it would be very easily
covered from the sight, unless narrowly searched for. They
desired some dried go:tt-skins, for beds and covering, which
were given them; and upon giving their words that they
would not disturb the rest, or injure any of their pl.tnta:tions,
they gave them lhtctlets, and what other tools they could
spare; some peas, barley, and rice, tr sowing; and, in a
word, any thing they wanted, except arms and am:nunition.
They lived in this separate condition about six months, and
had got in their first harvest, though the quantity was but
small, the parcel of land they had planted being but little;
for, indeed, having all their plantation to form, they had a
great deal of work upon their hands; and when they came to
make boards and pots, and such things, they were quite out
of their element, and could make nothing of it; and when the


rainy season came on, for want of a cave in the earth, they
could not keep their grain dry, and it was in great danger of
spoiling; and this humbled them much; so they came and
begged the Spaniards to help them, which they very readily
did, and in four days worked a great hole in the side of the
hill for them, big enough to secure their corn and other things
from the rain; but it was but a poor place, at best, compared
to mine, and especially as mine was then, for the Spaniards
had greatly enlarged it, and made several new apartments in it.
About three quarters of a year after this separation, a new
frolic took these rogues, which, together with the former vil-
lany they had committed, brought mischief enough upon them,
and had very near been the ruin of the whole colony. The
three new associates began, it seems, to be weary of the labo-
rious life they led, and that without hope of bettering their
circumstances; and a whim took them, that they would make
a voyage to the continent, from whence the savages came, and
would try if they could seize upon some prisoners among the
natives there, and bring them home, so as to make them do
the laborious part of their work for them.
The project was not so preposterous, if they had gone no
farther: but they did nothing, and proposed nothing, but had
either mischief in the design, or mischief in the event; and,
if I may give my opinion, they seemed to be under a blast
from Heaven; for if we will not allow a visible curse to pursue
visible crimes, how shall we reconcile the events of things with
the divine justice? It was certainly an apparent vengeance
on their crime of mutiny and piracy that brought them to the
state they were in; and they showed not the least remorse for
the crime, but added new villanies to it, such as the piece of
monstrous cruelty of wounding a poor slave, because he did
not, or perhaps could not, understand to do what he directed,
and to wound him in such a manner as made him a cripple all
his life, and in a place where no surgeon or medicine could
be had for his cure; and what was still worse, the murderous
intent, or, to do justice to the crime, the intentional murder,-


for such to be sure it was,-as wasafterwards the formed design
they all laid, to murder the Spaniards in cold blood, and mi
their sleep.
But I leave observing, and return to the story:-The three
fellows came down to the Spaniards one morning, and in very
humble terms desired to be admitted to speak inth them: the
Spaniards very readily heard what they had to say, which was
this:-That they were tired of living in the manner they did;
and that they were not handy enough to make the necessaries
they wanted, and that having no help, they found they should
be starved; but if the Spaniards would give them leave to take
one of the canoes which they came over in, and give them'
arms and ammunition proportioned to their defence, they
would go over to the main and seek their fortunes, and so de-
liver them from the trouble of supplying them with any other
The Spaniards were glad enough to get rid of them, but
very honestly represented to them the certain destruction they'
were running into; told them they had suffered such hard-
ships upon that very spot, that they could, without any spirit
of prophecy, tell them they would be starved, or murdered,
and bade them consider of it.
The men replied audaciously, they should be starved if they
staid here, for they could not work, and would not work, and
they could but be starved abroad; and if they were murdered,
there was an end of them: they had no wives or children to
cry after them; and, in short, insisted importunately upon
their demand; declaring they would go, whether they would
give them any arms or no.
The Spaniards told them, with great kindness, that if they
were resolved to go, they should not go like naked men, and
be in no condition to defend themselves; and that though they
could ill spare their fire-arms, having not enough for them-
selves, yet they would let them have two muskets, a pistol,
and a cutlass, and each man a hatchet, which they thought
was sufficient for them. In a word, they accepted the offer;
and having baked them bread enough to serve them a month,

and given them as much gas' flesh as they could eat while it
was sweet, and a great basket of dried grapes, a pot of fresh
water, and a young kid alive, they boldly set out in the canoe
for a voyage over the sea where it was at least forty miles
The boat, indeed, was a large one, and would very well
have carried fifteen or twenty men, and therefore was rather
too big for them to manage; but as they had a fair breeze,
and flood-tide with them, they did well enough. They had
made a mast of a long pole, and a sail of four large goat-skins
dried, which they had sewed or laced together; and away
they went merrily enough: the Spaniards called after them,
Bon veyajo; and no man ever thought of seeing them any
The Spaniards were often saying to one another, and to the
two honest Englishmen who remained behind, how quietly and
comfortably they lived, now these three turbulent fellows were
gone; as for their coining again, that was the remotest thing
from their thoughts that could be imagined ; when, behold,
after two-and-twenty days' absence, one of the Englishmen,
being abroad upon his planting work, sees three strange men
coming towards him at a distance, with guns upon their
Away runs the Englishman as if he was bewitched, comes
frightened and amazed to the governor Spaniard, and tells
him they were all undone, for there were strangers landed up-
on the island, but could not tell who. The Spaniard, pausing
a while, says to him, How do you mean, you cannot tell
who? They are the savages, to be sure."--"No, no," says
the Englishman; they are men in clothes, with arms."
"Nay, then," says the Spaniard, why are you concerned?
If they are not savages, they must be friends; for there is no
Christian nation upon earth but will do us good rather than
While they were debating thus, came the three Englishmen,
and.standing without the wood, which was new planted, hal-
looed to them: they presently knew their voices, and so all


the wonder of that kind ceased. &bt now the admiration wae
turned upon another question, viz. What could be the matter,
and what made them come back again ? a
It was not long before they brought the men in, and inquir-
ing where they had been, and what they had been doing, they
gave them a full account of their voyage in a few words, viz.
That they reached the land in two days, or something less;
but finding the people alarmed at their coming, and preparing
with bows and arrows to fight them, they durst not go on
shore, but sailed on to the northward six or seven hours, till
they came to a great opening, by which they perceived that
the land they saw from our island was not the main, but an
island; upon entering that opening of the sea, they saw
another island on the right hand, north, and several more
west; and being resolved to land somewhere, they it over to
one of the islands which lay west, and went bolly on shore;
that they found the people very courteous and friendly to
them; and that they gave them several roots and some drie$
fish, and appeared very sociable; and the women, as well as
the men, were very forward to supply them with any thing
they could get for them to eat, and brought it to them a great
way upon their heads.
They continued here four days; and inquired, as well as
they could of them, by signs, what nations were this way, and
that way, and were told of several fierce and terrible people
that lived almost every way, who, as they made known by
signs to them, used to eat men; but as for themselves, they
said, they never ate men or women, except only such as they
took in the wars; and then, they owned, they made a great
feast, and ate their prisoners.
The Englishmen inquired when they had had a feast of
that kind; and they told them about two moons ago, pointing
to the moon, and to two fingers; and that their great king had
two hundred prisoners now, which he had taken in his war,
ind they were feeding them to make them fat for the next
feast. The Englishmen seemed mighty desirous of seeing
tjose prisoners; but the others, mistaking them, though she


were desirous to have somef them to carry away for theit
own eating; so they beckoned to them, pointing to the setting
of the sun, and then to the rising; which was to signify, that
the next morning at sun-rising they would bring some for
them ; and, accordingly, the next morning they brought down
five women and eleven men, and gave them to the English-
men, to carry with them on their voyage, just as we would
bring so many cows and oxen down to a seaport town to
victual a ship.
As brutish and barbarous as these fellows were at home,
their stomachs turned at this sight, and they did not know
what to do. To refuse the prisoners would have been the
highest affront to the savage gentry that could be offered them,
and what to do with them they knew not. However, after
sbue debae, they resolved to accept of them; and, in return,
they gave the savages that brought them, one of their hatchets,
an old key, a knife, and six or seven of their bullets; which,
though they did not understand their use, they seemed particu-
larly pleased with; and then tying the poor creatures' hands
behind them, they dragged the prisoners into the boat for
our men.
The Englishmen were obliged to come away as soon as they
had them, or else they that gave them this noble present would
certainly have expected that they should have gone to work
with them, have killed two or three of them the next morning,
and perhaps have invited the donors to dinner. But having
taken their leave, with all the respect and thanks that could
well pass between people, where, on either side, they under-
stood not one word they could say, they put off with their boat,
and came back towards the first island; where, when they
arrived, they set eight of their prisoners at liberty, there being
too many of them for their occasion.
In their voyage, they endeavored to have some communi-
cation with their prisoners; but it was impossible to make
them understand any thing; nothing they could say to them,
or give them, or do for them, but was looked upon as going to
murder them. They first of all unbound them; but the poor


creatures screamed at that, e lly the women, as if they
had just felt the knife at their throats; for they immediately
concluded they were unbound on purpose to be killed. I
they gave them any thing to eat, it was the same thing; they
then concluded, it was for fear they should sink in flesh, and
so not be fat enough to kill. If they looked at one of them
more particularly, the party presently concluded, it was to see
whether he or she was fattest, and fittest to kill first; nay, after
they had brought them quite over, and began to use them
kindly, and treat them well, still they expected every day to
make a dinner or supper for their new masters.
When the three wanderers had given this unaccountable
history or journal of their voyage, the Spaniard asked them
where their new family was; and being told that they had
brought them on shore, and put them into one of their huts,
and were come up to beg some victuals for them, they (the
Spaniards) and the other two Englishmen, that is to say, the
whole colony, resolved to go all down to the place and see
them; and did so, and Friday's father with them.
When they came into the hut, there they sat all bound;
for when they had brought them on shore, they bound their
hands, that they might not take the boat and make their
escape; there, I say, they sat, all of them stark naked. First,
there were three men, lusty, comely fellows, well-shaped,
straight and fair limbs, about thirty to thirty-five years of age;
and five women, whereof two might be from thirty to forty;
two more not above four or five andtwenty; and the fifth, a tall,
comely maiden, about sixteen or seventeen. The women
were well-favored, agreeable persons, both in shape and fea-
tures, only tawny; and two of them, had they been perfect
white, would have passed for very handsome women, even in
London itself, having pleasant, agreeable countenances, and of
a very modest behavior; especially when they came afterwards
to be clothed and dressed, as they called it, though that dress
was very indifferent, it must be confessed; of which hereafter.
The sight, you may be sure, was something uncouth to our
Spaniards, who were, to give them a just character, men of

382 ROBINSON (d sOE.
the best behavior, of the mdbalm, sedate tempers, and per-
fect good-humor, that ever I met with; and, in particular, of
the most modesty, as will presently appear: I say, the sight
was very uncouth, to see three naked men and five naked
women, all together bound, and in the most miserable circum-
stances that human nature could be supposed to be, viz. to be
expecting every moment to be dragged out, and have their
brains knocked out, and then to be eaten up like a calf that is
killed for a dainty.
The first thing they did was to cause the old Indian, Friday's
father, to go in, and see, first, if he knew any of them, and
then if he understood any of their speech. As soon as the old
man came in, he looked seriously at them, but knew none of
them neither could any of them understand a word he said,
or a sign he could make, except one of the women. However,
this was enough to answer the end, which was to satisfy them
that the men into whose hands they were fallen were Christians;
that they abhorred eating men or women; and that they might
be sure they would not be killed. As soon as they were as-
sured of this, they discovered such a joy, and by such awkward
gestures, several ways, as is hard to describe; for, it seems,
they were of several nations.
The woman who was their interpreter was bid, in the next
place, to ask them if they were willing to be servants, and to
work for the men who had brought them away, to save their
lives; at which they all fell a dancing; and presently one fell
to taking up this, and another that, any thing that lay next,
to carry on their shoulders, to intimate that they were willing
to work.
The governor, who found that the having women among
them would presently be attended with some inconvenience,
and might occasion some strife, and perhaps blood, asked the
three men what they intended to do with these women, and
how they intended to use them, whether as servants or as wo-
men. One of the Englishmen answered ve boldly and
readily, that they would use them as both; to ilich the gov-
ernor said, "I am not going to restrain you frp# it; you arq


your own masters as to that; bttbis I think is but just, for
avoiding disorders and quarrels among you, and I desire it of
you for that reason only, viz. that you will all engage, that if
any of you take any of these women, as a woman or wife, that
he shall take but one; and that having taken one, none else
shall touch her; for though we cannot marry any one of you, yet
it is but reasonable that while you stay here, the woman any
of you takes should be maintained by the man that takes her,
and should be his wife; I mean," says he, while he continues
here, and that none else shall have any thing to do with her."
All this appeared so just, that every one agreed to it without
any difficulty.
Then the Englishman asked the Spaniards if they designed
to take any of them. But every one of them answered, No: "
some of them said they had wives in Spain, and the others did
not like wom&n that were not Christians; and all together de-
clared that they would not touch one of them; which was an
instance of such virtue as I have not met with in all my travels.
On the other hand, to be short, the five Englishmen took them
every one a wife, that is to say, a temporary wife; and so they
set up a new form of living; for the Spaniards and Friday's
father lived in my old habitation, which they had enlarged ex-
ceedingly within. The three servants which were taken in
the late battle of the savages lived with them; and these car-
ried on the main part of the colony, supplied all the rest with
food, and assisted them in any thing as they could, or as they
found necessity required.
But the wonder of this story was, how five such refractgry,
ill-matched fellows should agree about these women, and that
two of them should not pitch upon the same woman, especially
seeing two or three of them were, without comparison, more
agreeable than the others; but they took a good way enough
to prevent quarrelling among themselves, for they set the five
women by themselves in one of their huts, and they went all
into the other hut, and drew lots among them who should
choose first.
He that drew to choose first weat away by himself to the


hut where the poor naked afatures were, and fetched out her
he chose; and it was worth observing, that he that chose first
took her that was reckoned the homeliest and oldest of tie five,
which made mirth enough among the rest; and even the Span-
ards laughed at it: but the fellow considered better than any
of them, that it was application and business they were to ex-
pect assistance in, as much as in any thing else; and she
proved the best wife of all the parcel.
When the poor women saw themselves set in a row thus,
and fetched out one by one, the terrors of their condition re-
turned upon them again, and they firmly believed they were
now going to be devoured. Accordingly, when the English
sailor came in and fetched out one of them, the rest set up a
most lamentable cry, and hung about her, and took their leave
of her with such agonies and affection, as would have grieved
the hardest heart in the world; nor was it possible tbr the
Englishmen to satisfy them that they were not to be immediately
murdered, till they fetched the old man, Friday's father, who
immediately let them know that the five men, who had fetched
them out one by one, had chosen them for their wives.
When they lhad done, and the fright the women were in was
a little over, the men went to work, and the Spaniards came
and helped them; and in a few hours they had built them
every one a new hut or tent for their lodging apart; for those
they had already were crowded with their tools, household
stuff, and provisions. The three wicked ones had pitched
farthest off, and the two honest ones nearer, but both on the
north shore of the island, so that they continued separated as
before; and thus my island was peopled in three places; and,
as I might say, three towns were begun to be built.
And here it is very well worth observing, that, as it often
happens in the world (what the wise ends o God's providence
are in such a disposition of things I cannot say), the two
honest fellows had the two worst wives; and the three repro-
bates, that were scarce worth hanging, that were fit for noth-
ing, and neither seemed born to do themselves good, nor any
one else, had three clever, diligent, careful, and ingenious



wives; not that the first two wen bad wives, as to their tem.
per or humor, for all the live were most willing, quiet, passive,
and subjected creatures, rather like slaves than wives; but my
meaning is, they were not alike capable, ingenious, or indus-
trious, or alike cleanly and neat.
Another observation I must make, to the honor of a diligent
application on one hand, and to the disgrace of a slothful, neg-
ligent, idle temper on the other, that when I came to the
place, and viewed the several improvements, plantings, and
management of the several little colonies, the two men had so
far outgone the three, that there was no comparison. They
had, indeed, both of them as much ground laid out for corn as
they wanted, and the reason was, because, according to my
rule, nature dictated that it was to no purpose to sow more
corn than they wanted; but the difference of the cultivation,
of the planting, of the fences, and, indeed, of every thing else,
was easy to be seen at first view.
The two men had innumerable young trees planted about
their huts, so that when you came to the place, nothing was
to be seen but a wood; and though they had twice had their
plantation demolished, once by their own countrymen, and
once by the enemy, as shall be shown in its place, yet they
had restored all again, and every thing was thriving and flour-
ishing about them: they had grapes planted in 'order, and
managed like a vineyard, though they had themselves never
seen any thing of that kind; and by their good ordering their
vines, their grapes were as good again as any of the others.
They had also found themselves out a retreat in the thick-
est part of the woods, where, though there was not a nat-
ural cave, as I had found, yet they made one with incessant
labor of their hands, and where, when the mischief which
followed happened, they secured their wives and children, so
as they could never be found; they having, by sticking in-
numerable stakes and poles of the wood which, as I said,
grew so readily, made the grove unpassable, except in some
places, where they climbed up to get over the outside part,
and then went on by ways of their own leaving.
33 Z

As to the three reprobates, as I justly call them, though
they were much civilized by their settlement compared to
what they were before, and were not so quarrelsome, having
not the same opportunity, yet one of the certain companions
of a profligate mind never left them, and that was their idle-
ness. It is true, they planted corn, and made fences; but
Solomon's words were never better verified than in them,-" I
went by the vineyard of the slothful, and it was all overgrown
with thorns;" for when the Spaniards came to view their
crop, they could not see it in some places for weeds; the hedge
had several gaps in it, where the wild goats had got in and
eaten up the corn; perhaps here and there a dead bush was
crammed in, to stop them out for the present, but it was only
shutting the stable-door after the steed was stolen ; whereas,
when thev looked on the colony of the other two, there was
the very face or industry and success upon all they did; there
was not a weed to be seen in all their corn, or a gap in any of
their hedges; and they, on the other hand, verified Solomon's
words in another place-" that the diligent hand inaketh rich; "
for every thing grew and thrived, and they had plenty withiir
and without; they had more tame cattle than the others, Imiore
utensils and necessaries within doors, and yet more pleasure
and diversion too.
It is true, the wives of the three were very handy and cleanly
within doors; and having learned the English ways of dress-
ing and cooking from one of the other Englishmen;, who, as I
said, was a cook's mate on board the ship, they dressed their
husbands' victuals very nicely and well; whereas the others
could not be brought to understand it; but then the ilsband,
who, as I say, had been cook's mate, did it himself. But as
for the husbands of the three wives, they loitered about,
fetched turtles' eggs, and caught fish and birds; in a word,
any thing but labor, and they fared accordingly. The diligent
lived well and comfortably, and the slothful lived hard and
beggarly; and so, I believe, generally speaking, it is all over
the world.
But I now come to a scene dirifrent from all that had hap-


opened before, either to them or to me; and the original of the
story was this: Early one morning, there came on shore five
or six canoes of Indians or savages, call them which you
please, and there is no room to doubt they came upon the old
errand of feeding upon their slaves; but that part was now so
familiar to the Spaniards, and to our men too, that they did
not concern themselves about it, as I did; but having been
made sensible, by their experience, that their only business
was to lie concealed, and that if they were not seen by any
of the savages, they would go off again quietly, when their
business was done, having, as yet, not the least notion of there
being any inhabitants in the island; I say, having been made
sensible of this, they had nothing to do but give notice to all
the three plantations to keep within doors, and not show them-
selves, only placing a scout in a proper place, to give notice
when the boats went to sea again.
This was, without doubt, very right; but a disaster spoiled
all these measures, and made it known among the savages
that there were inhabitants there; which was, in the end, the
desolation of almost the whole colony. After the canoes with
the savages were gone off, the Spaniards peeped abroad again;
and some of them had the curiosity to go to the place where
they had been, to see what they had been doing. Here, to
their great surprise, they found three savages leftbehind, and
lying fast asleep upon the ground. It was supposed they had
either been so gorged with their inhuman feast, that, like
beasts, they were fallen asleep, and would not stir when the
others went, or they had wandered into the woods, and did no
come back in time to be taken in.
The Spaniards were greatly surprised at this sight, and
perfectly at a loss what to do. The Spanish governor, as it
happened, was with them, and his advice was asked, but he
professed he knew not what to do. As for slaves, they had
enough already; and as to killing them, they were none of
them inclined to that; the Spaniard governor told me, they
could not think of shedding inuo-ent blood; for as to them,;


the poor creatures had done them no wrong, invaded none of
their property, and they thought they had no just quarrel
against them, to take away their lives. And here I must, in
justice to these Spaniards, observe, that let the accounts of
Spanish cruelty in Mexico and Peru be what they will, I never
met with seventeen men of any nation whatsoever, in any
foreign country, who were so universally modest, temperate,
virtuous, so very good-humored, and so courteous, as these
Spaniards; and as to cruelty, they had nothing of it in their
very nature; no inhumanity, no barbarity, no outrageous pas-
sions, and yet all of them men of great courage and spirit.
Their temper and calmness had appeared in their bearing the
insufferable usage of the three Englishmen; and their justice
and humanity appeared now in the case of the savages, as
above. After some consultation, they resolved upon this;
that they would lie still a while longer, till, if possible, these
three men might be gone. But then the governor Spaniard
recollected, that the three savages had no boat; and if they
were left to rove about the island, they would certainly dis-
cover that there were inhabitants in it; and so they should be
undone that way. Upon this they went back again, and there
lay the fellows fast asleep still, and so they resolved to awaken
them, and take them prisoners; and they did so. The poor
fellw.vs were strangely frightened when they were seized upon
and bound; and afraid, ike the women, that they should be
murdered and eaten; tfr it seems, those people think all the
world does as they do, eating men's flesh; but they were soon
made easy as to that, and away they carried them.
It was very happy for them that they did not carry them
home to their castle, I mean to my palace under the hill; but
they carried them first to the bower, where was the chief of
their country work, such as the keeping the goats, the plant-
ing the corn, &c.; and afterwards they carried them to the
habitation of the two Englishmen.
Here they were set to work, though it was not much they
had for them to do; and whether it was by negligence in


guarding them, or thatghey thought the fellows could nut mend
themselves, I know not, but one of them ran away, and taking
to the woods, they could never hear of him any more.
They had good reason to believe he got home again soon
after, in some other boats or canoes of savages who came on
shore three or four weeks afterwards, and who, carrying on
their revels as usual, went off in two days' time. This thought
terrified them exceedingly; for they concluded, and that not
without good cause indeed, that if this fellow came home safe
among his comrades, he would certainly give them an account
that there were people in the island, and also how few and
weak they were; for this savage, as I observed before, had
never been told-and it was very happy he had not-how many
there were, or where they lived; nor had he ever seen or heard
the fire of any of their guns, much less had they shown him
any of their other retired places; such as the cave in the val-
ley, or the new retreat whclh the two Englishmen had made,
and the li'e.
The first testimony they had that this fellow had given in-
telligence of them was, that about two months after this, six
canoes of savages, with about seven, eight, or ten men in a
canoe, came rowing along the north side of the island, where
they never used to come before, and landed, about an hour
after sunrise, at a convenient place, about a mile from the
habitation of the two Englishmen, where this escaped man had
been kept. As the Spaniard governor said, had they been all
there, the damage would not have been so much, for not a M
of them would have escaped; but the case differed now veC T
much, for two men to fifty was too much odds. The two men
had the happiness to discover them about a league off, so that
it was above an hour before they landed; and as they lauded a
mile from their huts, it was some time before they could come
at them. Now, having great reason to believe that they were
betrayed, the first thing they did was to bind the two slaves
which were left, and cause two of the three men whom they
brought with the women (who, it seems, proved very faithful
to them) to lead them, with their two wives, a eer they


could carry away with them, to they retired places in the
woods, which I have spoken of above, and there to bind the
two fellows hand and foot, till they heard further.
In the next place, seeing the savages were all come on shore,
and that they had bent their course directly that way, they opened
the fences where the milch-goats were kept, and drove them
all out; leaving their goats to straggle in the woods, whither
they pleased, that the savages might think they were all bred
wild; but the rogue who came with them was too cunning for
that, and gave them an account of it all, for they went directly
to the place.
When the two poor frightened men had secured their wives
and goods, they sent the other slave they had of the three who
came with the women, and who was at their place by accident,
away to the Spaniards with all speed, to give them the alarm,
and desire speedy help; and, in the mean time, they took
their arms, and what ammunition they had, and retreated to-
wards the place in the wood where their wives were sent;
keeping at a distance, yet so that they might see, if possible,
which way the savages took.
They had not gone far, but that from a rising ground they
could see the little army of their enemies come on directly to
their habitation, and, in a moment more, could see all their
huts and household stuff flaming up together, to their great
grief and mortification; for they had a very great loss, to them
irretrie able, at least for some time. They kept their station
for a while, till they found the savages, like wild beasts, spread
themselves all over the place, rummaging every way, and every
place they could think of, in search of prey; and in particu-
lar fbr the people, of whom, now, it plainly appeared they had
The two Englishmen, seeing this, thinking themselves not
secure where they stood, because it was likely some of the
wild people might come that way, and they might come too
many together, thought it proper to make another retreat
about halfa mile farther; believing, as it afterwards happened,
that the farther they strolled, the fewer would be together.


Their next halt was at the entrance into a very thick-grown
.part of the woods, and where an old trunk of a tree stood,
which was hollow and vastly large; and in this tree they both
took their standing, resolving to see there what might offer.
They had not stood there long, before two of the savages
appeared running directly that way, as if they already had
notice where they stood, and were coming up to attack them;
and a little way farther they espied three more coming after
them, and five more beyond them, all coming the same way;
besides which, they saw seven or eight more at a distance,
running another way; for, in a word, they ran every way, like
sportsmen beating for their game.
The poor men were now in great perplexity whether they
should stand and keep their posture, or fly; but, after a very
short debate with themselves, they considered, that ifthe savages
ranged the country thus before help came, they might perhaps
find out their retreat in the woods, and then all would be lost;
so they resolved to stand them there; and if they were too
many to deal with, then they would get up to the top of the
tree, from whence they doubted not to defend themselves, fire
excepted, as long as their ammunition lasted, though all the
savages that were landed, which was near fifty, were to attack
Having resolved upon this, they eat considered whether
they should fire at the first two, or wait for the three, and so
take the middle party, by which the two and the five that fol-
lowed would be separated: at length they resolved to let te frst
atwo pass by, unless they should spy them in the tree, and cqm
to attack them. The first two savages confirmed them alft i
-this regulation, by turning a little from them towards another
part ofthe wood; but the three, and the five after them, came
forward directly to the tree, as ifthey had known the English-
men were there. Seeing them eome so straight towards there,
-they resolved to take them in a line as they came; and as they
resolved to fire bat one at a time, perhaps the first shot might
hit them all three; for which purpose, the man who was to ir
put.three or four .small buuets into his piece,; and haud s


fair loop-hole, as it were, from a broken hole ir the tree; he
took a sure aim, without being seen, waiting till they were
within about thirty yards of the tree, so that he could not miss.
While they were thus waiting, and the savages came on,
they plainly saw that one of the three was the runaway sav-
age that had escaped from them; and they both knew him
distinctly, and resolved, that, if possible, he should not escape,
though they should both fire; so the other stood ready with
his piece, that if he did not drop at the first shot, he should be
sure to have a second. But the first was too good a marks-
man to miss his aim; for as the savages kept near one another,
a little behind, in a line, he fired, and hit twoof them directly ;
tile foremost was killed outright, being shot in the haad: the
second, which was the runaway Indian, was shot through the
body, and fell, but was not quite dead; and the third had a
little scratch in the shoulder, perhaps by the same ball that
went through the body of the second; and being dreadfully
frightened, though not so much hurt, sat down upon thie
ground, screaming and yelling in a hideous manner.
The five that were behind, more frightened' with the noise-
than sensible of the danger, stood still at first; for the wooiYB
made it sound a thousand times bigger than it really was, tlhe
echoes rattling from on. side to another, and the fowls rising:
from all parts, scream and every sort making a different.
noise, according to their ind ;. just as it wavs when I fired the
first gun that perhaps was ever shot off hi the ishand.
However, all being silent again, and they not knowing whia
the matter was, came on unioncerned, till they came to tihe
place where their companions lay, in a condition miseral',l
enough; and here the poor ignorant creatures, not sensible-
rhat they were within reach of the same mischief, stood all ol-
a huddle over the wounded man, talking, and, as :may be sup-
posed, inquiring of him how he came to be hurt; anid who it
is very rational to believe, told them, that a flash of fire first,
and immediately after that, thunder front their gods, had killed
those two and wounded him; this, I say, is rational; for
nothing is more certain than that, as they saw no. man. neaz


them, so they had never heard a gun in all their lives, nor so
much as heard of a gun; neither knew they any thing of kill-
ing and wounding at a distance with fire and bullets: if they
had, one might reasonably believe they would not have stood
so unconcerned in viewing the fate of their fellows, without
some apprehensions of their own.
Our two men, though, as they confessed to me, it grieved
them to be obliged to kill so many poor creatures, who, at the
same time, had no notion of their danger, yet, having them
all thus in their power, and the first having loaded his piece
again, resolved to let fly both together among them; and
singling out, by agreement, which to aim at, they shot togeth-
er, and killed, or very much wounded, four of them; the fifth,
frightened even to death, though not hurt, fell with the rest;
so that our men, seeing them all fall together, thought they had
killed them all.
The belief that the savages were all killed made our two
men come boldly out from the tree before they had charged
their guns, which was a wrong step; and they were under
some surprise when they came to the place, and found no less
than four of them alive and of them two very little hurt, and
one not at all: this obliged them to fall upon them with the
stocks of their muskets; and first ith i~- sure of the run-
away savage, that had been the 1( 1.uts I he r nichief, rnd
of another that was hurt in the kn,-e, it~ ut them~l o-,' h.:ir
pain; then the man that was not hurt tt all care ~Jr ele
down to them, with his two hands held up, and n nie.:.LI
moans to them, by gestures and signs, for hiis e, but r -,il.
not say one word to them that they could understand. How-
ever, they made signs to him to sit down at the foot of a tree
hard by; and' one of the Englishmen, with a piece of rope-
twine, which he had by great chance in his pocket, tied his
two hands behind him, and there they left him; and with
what speed they could made after the other two, which were
gone before, fearing they, or any more of them, should find
the way to their covered place in the woods, where their
wives, and the few goods they had left, lay. They came once

Tying tie Enemy to a Tree.

Y ------------~------r~


in sight of the two men, but it was at a great distance; how-
ever, they had the satisfaction to see them cross over a valley
towards the sea, quite the contrary way from that which led
to their retreat, which they were afraid of; and being satisfied
with that, they went back to the tree where they left their
prisoner, who, as they supposed, was delivered by his com-
rades, for he was gone, and the two pieces of rope-yarn, with
which they had bound him, lay just at the foot of the tree.
They were now in as great concern as before, not knowing
what course to take, or how near the enemy might be, or in
what numbers; so they resolved to go away to the place where
their wives were, to see if all was well there, and to make
them easy, who were in fright enough, to be sure; for though
the savages were their own country-folk, yet they were most
terribly afraid of them, and perhaps the more for the knowl-
edge they had of them.
When they came there, they found the savages had been in
the wood and very near that place, but had not found it; for
it was indeed inaccessible, by the trees standing so thick, as
before, unless the persons seeking it had been directed by
those that knew it, which these did not: they found, there-
fore, every thing very safe, only the women in a terrible fright.
While they were here, they had the comfort to have seven of
the Spaniards come to their assistade; the other ten, with
their servants, and old Friday (I mean Friday's father), were
gone in a body to defend their bower, and the corn and cattle
that was kept there, in case the savages should have roved
over to that side of the country; but they did not spread so
far. With the seven Spaniards came one of the three savages,
who, as I said, were their prisoners formerly; and with them
also came the savage whom the Englishmen had left bound
hand and foot at the tree; for it seems they came that way,
saw the slaughter of the seven men, and unbound the eighth,
and brought him along with them; where, however, they
were obliged to bind him again, as they had the two others
1rho were left whenthe third ran away.
The prisoners no1 began to be a burden to them; and they


were so afraid of their escaping, that they were once resolving
to kill them all, believing they were under an absolute neces-
sity to do so, for their own preservation. However, the Span-
iard governor would not consent to it; but ordered, for the
present, that they should be sent out of the way, to my old
cave in the valley, and be kept there, with two Spaniards to
guard them, and give them food for their subsistence, which
was done; and they were bound there hand and fbot for that
When the Spaniards came, the two Englishmen were so en-
couraged, that they could not satisfy themselves to stay any
longer there; but taking five of the Spaniards and themselves,
with four muskets and a pistol among them, and two stout
quarter-staves, away they went in quest of the savages. And
first they came to the tree where the men lay that had been
killed; but it was easy to see that some more of the savages
had been there, for they had attempted to carry their dead
men away, and had dragged two of them a good way, but had
given it over. From thence they advanced to the first rising
ground, where they had stood and seen their camp destroyed,
and where they had the mortification still to see some of the
smoke; but neither could they here see any of the savages.
They then resolved, though with all possible caution, to go
forward, towards their ruined plantation; but a little before
they came thither, coming in sight of the sea-shore, they saw
plainly the savages all embarked again in their canoes, in
order to be gone. They seemed sorry, at first, thab there was
no way to come at them, to give them a parting blow; but,
upon the whole, they were very well satisfied to be rid of them.
The poor Englishmen being now twice ruined, and all their
improvements destroyed, the rest all agreed to come and
help them to rebuild, and to assist them with needful supplies.
Their three countrymen, who were not yet noted for having
the least inclination to do any good, yet as soon as they heard
of it (for they, living remote eastward, knew nothing of the
matter till all was over), came and offered their help and as-
sistance, and did, very friendly, work for several days, to re-


store their habitation, and make necessaries for them. And
thus, in a little time, they were set upon their legs again.
About two days after this, they had the further satisfaction
of seeing three of the savages' canoes come driving on shore,
and, at some distance from them, two drowned men; by which
they had reason to believe that they had met with a storm at
sea, which had overset some of them; for it had blown very
hard the night after they went off.
However, as some might miscarry, so, on the other hand,
enough of them escaped to inform the rest, as well of what they
had done, as of -what had happened to them, and to whet them
on to another enterprise of the same nature; which they, it
seems, resolved to attempt, with sufficient force to carry all
before them; for except what the first man had told them of
inhabitants, they could say little of it of their own knowl-
edge, for they never saw one man; and the fellow being
killed that had affirmed it, they had no other witness to con-
firm it to them.
It was five or six months after this before they heard any
more of the savages, in which time our men were in hopes they
had either forgot their former bad luck, or given over hopes of
better; when, on a sudden, they were invaded with a most
formidable fleet of no less than eight-and-twenty canoes, full
of savages, armed with bouvs and arrows, great clubs, wooden
swords, and such like engines of war; and they brought such
numbers with them, that, in short, it put all our people into
the utmost consternation.
As they came on shore in the evening, and at the eastern-
most side of the island, our men had that night to consult and
consider what to do; and, in the first place, knowing that their
being entirely concealed was their only safety before, and would
be much more so now, while the number of their enemies was
so great, they therefore resolved, first of all, to taKe down the
huts which were built for the two Englishmen, and drive away
their goats to the old cave; because they supposed the savages
would go directly thither, as soon as it was day, to play the old
game over again, though they did not now land within tip


leagues of it. In the next place, they drove away all the
ocks of goats they had at the old bower, as I called it, which
belonged to the Spaniards ; and, in short, left as little appear-
ance of inhabitants any where as was possible; and the next
morning early they posted themselves, with all their force, at
the plantation of the two men, to wait for their coming. As
they guessed, so it happened : these new invaders, leaving their
canoes at the east end of tie island, came ranging along the
shore, directly towards the place, to the number of two hun-
dred and fifty, as near as our men could judge. Our army
was but small, indeed; hut that which was worse, they had
not arms for all their number neither. The whole account, it
seems, stood thus: first, as to men, seventeen Spaniards, five
Englishmen, old Friday, or Friday's father, the three slaves
taken with the women, who proved very faithful, and three
other slaves, who lived with the Spaniards. To arm these,
they had eleven muskets, five pistols, three fbwling-pieces,
five muskets, or fowling-pieces, wliich were taken by me from
the mutinous seamen vwhom I reduced, two swvords, and three
old halberds.
To their slaves they did not give either musket or fusee, but
they had every one a halberd, or a long stall, like a quarter-
staff, with a great spike of iron fastened into each end of it,
and by his side a hatchet; also every one of our men had a
hatchet. Two of the women could not be prevailed upon but
they would come into the light, and they had bows and arrows,
which the Spaniards had taken from the savages when the first
action happened, which I have spoken of, where the Indians
fought with one another; and the women had hatchets too.
The Spaniard governor, whom I described so often, com-
manded the whole; and Will Atkins, who, though a dreadful
fellow for wickedness, was a most daring, bold fellow, com-
manded under him. The savages came forward like lions;
and our men, which was the worst of their ifte, had no advan-
tage in their situation; only that Will Atkins, who now proved
a most useful fellow, with six men, was planted just behind a
sriall thicket of bushes, as an advanced guard, with orders to

. i


fet the first of them pass by, and then fire into the middle of
them, and as soon as he had fired, to make his retreat as nim-
ble as he could round a part of the wood, and so come in be-
hind the Spaniards, where they stood, having a thicket of trees
before them.
When the savages eame on, they ran straggling about every
way in heaps, out of all manner of order, and Will Atkins let
about fifty of them pass by him ; then seeing the rest come in
a very thick throng, he orders three of his men to fire, having
loaded their muskets with six or seven bullets apiece, about as
big as large pistol-bullets. How many they killed or wounded
they knew not, but the consternation and surprise was inex-
pressible among the savages; they were frightened to the last
degree to hear such a dreadful noise, and see their men killed,
and others hurt, but see nobody that did it; when, in the mid-
die of their fright, Will Atkins and his other three let fly again
among the thickest of them; and in less than a minute the
first three, being loaded again, gave them a third volley.
Had Will Atkins and his men retired immediately, as soon
as they had fired, as they were ordered to do, or had the rest
of the body been at hand, to have poured in their shot continu-
ally, the savages had been effectually routed; for the terror
that was among them came principally from this, viz. that they
were killed by the gods with thunder and lightning, and could
see nobody that hurt them ; but Will Atkins, staying to load
again, discovered the cheat; some of the savages who were at
a distance, spying them, came upon them behind; and though
Atkins and his men fired at them also, two or three times,
and killed above twenty, retiring as fast as they could, vet they
wounded Atkins himself, and killed one of his fellow English-
men with their arrows, as they did afterwards one Spaliard,
and one of the Indian slaves who came with the women. This
slave was a most galla fellow, and fought most desperately,
killing five of them wibt his own hand, having no weapon but
one of the armed staves and a hatchet.
Our men, being thus hard laid at, Atkins wounded. il.l
other men killed, retreated to a rising ground in tlhe

.^_ ^

and the Spaniards, after firing three volleys upon them, re-
treated also; for their number was so great, and they were so
deccrate, that though above fifty of them were killed, land
more than as many wounded, yet they came on in the teeth
of our men, fearless of danger, and shot their arrows like a
cloud; and it was observed that their wounded men, who
were not quite disabled, were made outrageous by their
wounds, and fought like madmen.
When our men retreated, they left the Spaniard and the
Englishman that were killed behind them; and the savages,
when they came up to them, killed them over again in a
wretched manner, breaking their arms, legs, and heads, with
their clubs and wooden swords, like true-savages; but finding
our men were gone, they did not seem to pursue them, but
drew themselves up in a ring, which is, it seems, their custom,
and shouted twice, in token of their victory; after which,
they had the mortification to see several of their wounded men
fall, dying with the mere loss of blood.
The Spaniard governor having drawn his little body up to-
gether upon a rising ground, Atkins, though he was wounded,
would have had them march and charge again all together at
once; but the Spaniard replied, Seignior Atkins, you see
how their wounded men fight: let them alone till morning ;
all the wounded men will be stiff and sore with their wounds,
and faint with the loss of blood; and so we shall have the
fewer to engage." This advice was good; but Will Atkins
replied merrily, That is true, seignior, and so shall I too;
and that is the reason I would go on while I am warm."-" Well,
Seignior Atkins," says the Spaniard, "you have behaved
gallantly, and done your part; we will fight for you, if you
cannot come on; but I think it best to stay till morning :" so
they waited.
But as it was a clear muinlhi.h td and they found the
Savages in great disorder akl:"ii thir i-f d and wounded men,
Sand a great noise and hurry among them where they lay, they
' afterwards resolved to fall upon them in the night, especially
d ey could come to give them but one volley before they

.r. ^S'I9

were discovered, which they had a fair opportunity to de; for
one of the Englishmen, in whose quarter it was where the fight
began, led them round between the woods and the sea-side
westward, and then turning short south, they came so near
where the thickest of them lay, that, before they were seen or
heard, eight of them fired in among them, and did dreadfid
execution upon them; in half a minute more, eight others
fired after them, pouring in their small shot in such a quantity,
that abundance were killed and wounded.; and all this while
they were not able to see who hurt them, or which way to fly.
The Spaniards charged again with the utmost expedition,
and then divided themselves in three bodies, and resolved to
fall in among them all together. They had in each body eight
persons, that is to say, twenty-two men, and the two women,
who, by the way, fought desperately. They divided the fire-
arms equally in each party, and so the halberds and staves.
They would have had the women kept back, but they said
they were resolved to die with their husbands. Having thus
formed their little army, they marched out from among the
trees, and came up to the teeth of the enemy, shouting and
hallooing as loud as they could; the savages stood all together,
but were in the utmost confusion, hearing the noise of our
men shouting from three quarters together: they would have
fought if they had seen us; for as soon as we came near
enough to be seen, some arrows were shot, and poor old Fri-
day was wounded, though not dangerously; but our men gave
them no time, but, running up to them, fired among them
three ways, and then fell in with the butt-ends of their mus-
kets, their swords, armed staves, and hatchets, and laid about
them so well, that, in a word, they set up a dismal screaming
and howling, flying to save their lives which way soever they
Our men were tired with the execution, and killed or mor-
tally wounded, in the two fights, about one hundred and eighty
of them; the rest, being frightened out of their wits, scoured
through the woods and over the hills, with all the speed fear
and nimble feet could help them to; and as we did not t(r
34 AA
^ ^ L,.

ourselves much to pursue them, they got all together to the
sea-side where they landed, and where their canoes lay. But
their disaster was not at an end yet; tLr it blew a terrible
storm of wind that evening from the sea, so that it was im-
possible for them to go off; nay, the storm continuing all
night, when the tide came up, their canoes were most of them
driven by the surge of the sea so high upon the shore, that it
required infinite toil to get them off; and some of them were
even dashed to pieces against the beach, or against one
Our men, though glad of their victory, yet got little rest
that night; but having refreshed themselves as well as they
could, they resolved to march to that part of the island where
the savages were fled, and see what posture they were in.
This necessarily led them over the place where the fight had
been, and where they found several of the poor creatures not
quite dead,and yet past recovering life; a sight disagreeable
enough to generous minds; for a truly great man, though
obliged by the law of battle to destroy his enemy, takes no
delight in his misery. However, there was no need to give
any orders in this case; for their own savages, who were their
servants, despatched these poor creatures with their hatchets.
At length, they came in view of the place where the more
miserable remains of the savages' army lay, where there ap-
peared about a hundred still; their posture was generally sit-
ting upon the ground, with their knees up towards their mouth,
and the head put between the two hands, leaning down upon
the knees.
When our men came within two musket-shots of them, the
Spaniard governor ordered two muskets to be fired, without
ball, to alarm them: this he did, that by their countenance he
might know what to expect, viz. whether they were still in
heart to fight, or were so heartily beaten as to be dispirited and
discouraged, and so he might manage accordingly. This
stratagem took; for as soon as the savages heard the first gun
and saw the flash of the second, they started up upon their
Sfeet in the greatest consternation imaginable; and as our men


advanced swiftly towards them, they all ran scr hk
yelling away, with a kind of howling noise, whin
did not understand, and had never heard before; and y
ran up the hills into the country.
At first our men had much rather the weather had been calm,
and they had all gone away to sea; but they did not then con-
sider that this might probably have been the occasion of their
coming again in such multitudes as not to be resisted, or, at
least, to come so many, and so often, as would quite desolate
the island, and starve them. Will Atkins, therefore, who,
notwithstanding his wound, kept always with them, proved the
best counsellor in this case: his advice was, to take the advan-
tage that offered, and clap in between them and their boats,
and so deprive them of the capacity of ever returning any more
to plague the island.
They consulted long about this; and some were against it,
for fear of making the wretches fly to the woods and live there
desperate, and so they should have them to hunt like wild
beasts, be afraid to stir out about their business, and have their
plantation continually rifled, all their tame goats destroyed, and,
in short, be reduced to a life of continual distress.
Will Atkins told them they had better have to do with
a hundred men than with a hundred nations; that as they
must destroy their boats, so they must destroy the men, or
be all of them destroyed themselves. In a word, he showed
them the necessity of it so plainly, that they all came
into it; so they went to work immediately with the boats,
and getting some dry wood toget'ier from a dead tree, they
tried to set some of them on fire, but they were so wet that
they would not burn; however, tae fire so burned the upper
part, that it soon made them r nfit for swimming in the sea
as boats. When the Indians se w what they were about, some
of them came running out of t e woods, and coming as near as
they could to our men, knee ed down and cried, "Oa, Oa,
Waramokoa," and some other words of their language, which
none of the others understood any thing of; but as they made
pitiful gestures and strange noises, it was easy to understand

K Ih) l to have their boats spared, and that they would be
g f ever come there again. But our men were now
sata-j iat they had no way to preserve themselves, or to
save their colony, but effectually to prevent any of these peo-
ple from ever going home again; depending upon this, that
if even so much as one of them got back into their country
to tell the story, the colony was undone; so that, letting them
know that they should not have any mercy, they fell to work
with their canoes, and destroyed them every one that the
storm had not destroyed before; at the sight of which the sav-
ages raised a hideous cry in the woods, which our people heard
plain enough, after which they ran about the island like dis-
tracted men; so that, in a word, our men did not really know
at first what to do with them. Nor did the Spaniards, with all
their prudence, consider, that while they made those people
thus. desperate, they ought to.have kept a good guard at the
same time upon their plantations; for though, it is true, they
had driven away their cattle, and the Indians did not find out
their main retreat-I mean my old castle at the hill-nor the
cave in the valley, yet they found out my plantation at the
bower, and pulled it all to pieces, and all the fences and plant-
ing about it; trod all the corn under foot, tore up the vines
and grapes, being just then almost ripe, and did our men anm
inestimable damage, though to themselves not one farthing's
worth of service.
Though our men were able to-fight them upon, all occasions,
yet thev were in no condition to pursue them, or hunt then
up and down ; for as they were too nimble of foot for our men,
when they found them single, so our men durst not go abroad
single, for fear of being surrounded with their numbers. The-
best was, they had no weapons; for though they had bows,
they had, no arrows left, nor any materials to make any; nor
had they any edged tool or weapon among them.
The extremity and distress they were reduced to was great,
and indeed deplorable; but, at the same time, our men
were also brought to very bad circumstances by them;
fir though their retreats were preserved, yet their provision


was destroyed, and their harvest spoiled; and l, L.-b d. or
which way to turn themselves, they knew nci. -TlI ...nly
refuge they had now was, the stock of cattle they had in the
valley by the cave, and some little corn which grew there, and
the plantation of the three Englishmen, Will Atkins and his
comrades, who were now reduced to two; one of them being
killed by an arrow, which struck him on the side of his head,
just under the temples, so that he never spoke more: and it
was very remarkable, that this was the same barbarous fellow
that cut the poor savage slave with his hatchet, and who after-
wards intended to have murdered the Spaniards.
I looked upon their case to have been worse at this time
than mine was at any time, after I first discovered the grains
of barley and rice, and got into the manner of planting and
raising my corn, and my tame cattle; for now they had, as I
may say, a hundred wolves upon the island, which would de-
vour every thing they could come at, yet could be hardly
come at themselves.
When they saw what their circumstances were, the first
thing they concluded was, that they would, if possible, drive
them up to the farther part of the island, south-west, that if
any more savages came on shore they might not find one
another; then that they would daily hunt and harass them, and
kill as many of them as they could come at, till they had re-
duced their number; and if they could at last tame them, and
bring them to any thing, they would give them corn, and teach
them how to plant, and live upon their daily labor.
In order to this, they so followed them, and so terrified them
with their guns, that in a few days, if any of them fired a gun
at an Indian, if he did not hit him, yet he would fall down for
fear; and so dreadfully frightened they were, that they kept
out of sight farther and farther; till, at last, our men following
them, and almost every day killing or wounding some of them,
they kept up in the woods or hollow places so much, that it
reduced them to the utmost misery for want of food; and
many were afterwards found dead in the woods, without any
hurt, absolutely starved to death.


WH- hIir men found this, it made their hearts relent, and
p-iy n *.i~ them, especially the Spaniard governor, who was
the most gentleman-like, generous-minded man, that I ever
met with in my life; and he proposed, if possible, to take one
of them alive, and bring him to understand what they meant,
so far as to be able to act as interpreter, and go among them,
and see if they might be brought to some conditions that
might be depended upon, to save their lives and do us no
It was some while before any of them could be taken; but
being weak and half starved, one of them was at last surprised
and made a prisoner. He was sullen at first, and would
neither eat nor drink; but finding himself kindly used, and
victuals given him, and no violence offered him, he at list
grew tractable, and came to himself. They brought old
Friday to him, who talked often with him, and told him
how kind the others would be to them all; that they would
not only save their lives, but would give them part of the
island to live in, provided they would give satisfaction that
they would keep in their own bounds and not come beyond it
to injure or prejudice others; and that they should have corn
given them to plant and make it grow for their bread, and
some bread given them for their present subsistence; and old
Friday bade the fellow go and talk with the rest of his coun-
trymen, and see what they said to it; assuring them, that if
they did not agree immediately, they should be all destroyed.
The poor wretches, thoroughly humbled, and reduced in
number to about thirty-seven, closed with the proposal at the
first offer, and begged to have some food given them; upon
which, twelve Spaniards and two Englishmen, well armed,
with three Indian slaves and old Friday, marched to the place
where they were. The three Indian slaves carried them a
large quantity of bread, some rice boiled up to cakes and dried
in the sun, and three live goats; and they were ordered to go
to the side of a hill, where they sat down, ate their provisions
very thankfully, and were the most faithful fellows to their
words that could be thought of; for, except when they came

g beg victuals and directions, they never came outqgtheir
nds; and there they lived when I came to the islan-, and
I went to see them.
They had taught them both to plant corn, make bread,
breed tame goats, and milk them; they wanted nothing but
wives, and they soon would have been a nation. They were
confined to a neck of land, surrounded with high rocks behind
them, and lying plain towards the sea before them, on the
south-east corner of the island. They had land enough, and
it was very good and fruitful; about a mile and a half broad,
and three or four miles in length.
Our men taught them to make wooden spades, such as I
made for myself, and gave among them twelve hatchets and
three or four knives; and there they lived, the most subjected,
innocent creatures that ever were heard of.
After this, the colony enjoyed a perfect tranquillity with
respect to the savages till 1 came to revisit them, which was
about two years after; not but that, now and then, some ca-
noes of savages came on shore for their triumphal, unnatural
feasts; but as they were of several nations, and perhaps had
never heard of those that came before, or the reason of it, they
did not make any search or inquiry after their countrymen;
-and if they had, it would have been very hard to have found
them out.
Thus, I think, I have given a full account of all that hap-
pened to them till my return, at least, that was worth notice.
The Indians or savages were wonderfully civilized by them,
and they frequently went among them; but forbid, on pain of
death, any one of the Indians coming to them, because they
would not have their settlement betrayed again. One thing
was very remarkable, viz. that they taught the savages to
make wicker-work, or baskets, but they soon outdid their
masters; for they made abundance of most ingenious things
in wicker-work, particularly all sorts of baskets, sieves, bird-
cages, cupboards, &c.; as also chairs to sit on, stools, beds,
couches, and abundance of other things; being very inmenioau
at such work, when they were once put in the way of it.


My emring was a particular relief to these people, because
we furnished them with knives, scissors, spades, shovels, pick-
axes, and all things of that kind which they could want. With
the help of those tools they were so very handy, that they
came at last to build up their huts, or houses, very hand-
somely, raddling or working it up like basket-work all the
way round; which was a very extraordinary piece of inge-
nuity, and looked very odd, but was an exceeding good fence,
as well against heat as against all sorts of vermin; and our men
were so taken with it, that they got the wild savages to come
and do the like for them; so that when I came to see the two
Englishmen's colonies, they looked, at a distance, as if they all
lived like bees in a hive. As for Will Atkins, who was now
become a very industrious, useful, and sober fellow, he had
made himself such a tent of basket-work, as, I believe, was
never seen; it was one hundred and twenty paces round on
the outside, as I measured by my steps; the walls were as
close worked as a basket, in panels or squares of thirty-two
in number, and very strong, standing about seven feet high;
in the middle was another not above twenty-two paces round,
but built stronger, being octagon in its form, and in the eight
corners stood eight very strong posts; round the top of which
he laid strong pieces, pinned together with wooden pins,
from which he raised a pyramid for a roof of eight rafters,
very handsome, I assure you, and joined together very well,
though he had no nails, and only a few iron spikes, which he
made himself too, out of the old iron that I had left there; and
indeed, this fellow showed abundance of ingenuity in several
things which he had no knowledge of; he made him a forge,
with a pair of wooden bellows to blow the fire; he made him-
self charcoal for his work; and he formed out of the iron
crows a middling good anvil to hammer upon; in this manner
he made many things, but especially hooks, staples and spikes,
bolts and hinges.-But to return -to the house : After he had
pitched the roof of his innermost tent, he worked it up between
the rafters with the basket-work, so firm, and thatched that
over again so ingeniously with rice-straw, and over that a



largeleaf of atree, which covered the top, that his houasw as
dry as if it had been tiled or slated. Indeed, he owned that the
savages had made the basket-work for him. The outer circuit
was covered as a lean-to, all round this inner apartment, and
long rafters lay from the thirty-two angles to the top posts of
the inner house, being about twenty feet distant; so that there
was a space like a walk within the outer wicker-wall and with-
out the inner, near twenty feet wide.
The inner place he partitioned off with the same wicker-
work, but much fairer, and divided into six apartments, so
that he had six rooms on a floor, and out of every one of these
there was a door; first into the entry, or coming Into the main %
tent, another door into the main tent, and another door into the
space or walk that was round it; so that walk was also divided
into six equal parts, which served not only for a retreat, but
to store up any necessaries which the family had occasion for.
These six spaces not taking up the whole circumference,
what other apartments the outer circle had were thus ordered:
As soon as you were in at the door of the outer circle, you
had a short passage straight before you to the door of the
inner house; but on either side was a wicker partition, and a
door in'it, by which you went first into a large room, or store-
house, twenty feet wide, and about thirty feet long, and
through that into another, not quite so long; so that in the
outer circle were ten handsome rooms, six of which were only
to be come at through the apartments of the inner tent, and
served as closets or retiring rooms to the respective chambers
of the inner circle; and Four large warehouses, or barns, or
what you please to call them, which went through one another,
two on either hand of the passage, that led through the outer
door to the inner tent.
Such a piece of basket-work, I believe, was never seen in
the world, nor a house or tent so neatly contrived, much less
so built. In this great bee-hive lived the three families, that
is to say, Will Atkins and his companion; the third was liled,
but his wife remained, with three children, for she was, it
seems, big'with child when he died; and the other two were


not at all backward to give the widow her full share of every
thing, I mean as to their corn, milk, grapes, &c., and when
they killed a kid, or found a turtle on the shore; so that they
all lived well enough, though, it was true, they were not so
industrious as the other two, as has been observed already.
One thing, however, cannot be omitted, viz. that as for re-
ligion, I do not know that there was any thing of that kind
among them: they often, indeed, put one another in mind that
there was a God, by the very common method of seamen, viz.
swearing by his name; nor were their poor, ignorant, savage
wives much better for having been married to Christians, as
we must call them; for as they knew very little of God them-
selves, so they were utterly incapable of entering into any
discourse with their wives about a God, or to talk any thing to
them concerning religion.
The utmost of all the improvement which I can say the
wives had made from them was, that they had taught them to
speak English pretty well; and most of their children, which
were near twenty in all, were taught to speak English too,
from their first learning to speak, though they at first spoke it
in a very broken manner, like their mothers. There was, nonv
of these children above six years old when I came thitlier, for it
was not much above seven years that they had fetched the,:e fi e
savage ladies over; but they had all been pretty fruitful, fr
they had all children, more or less; I think the cook's mate's
wife was big of her sixth child; and the mothers were all a
good sort of well-governed, quiet, laborious women, modest
and decent, helpful to one another, mighty observant and
subject to their masters (I cannot call them husbands), and
wanted nothing but to be well instructed in the Christian re-
ligion, and to be legally married; both which were happily
brought about afterwards by my means, or, at least, in con-
sequence of my coming among them.
Having thus given an account of the colony in general, and
pretty much of my runagate English, I must say something
of the Spaniards, who were the main body of the family, and in
whose story there are some incidents also remarkable enough.


I had a great many discourses with them about their cir-
cumstances when they were among the savages. They *k
me readily that they had no instances to give of their apli-
cation or ingenuity in that country; that they were a poor,
miserable, dejected handful of people; that if means had been
put into their hands, yet they had so abandoned themselves to
despair, and so sunk under the weight of their misfortune, that
they thought of nothing but starving. One of them, a grave
and sensible man, told me he was convinced they were in the
wrong; that it was not the part of wise men to give themselves
up to their misery, but always to take hold ofthe helps which
reason offered, as well for present support as for future deliv-
erance: he told me that grief was the most senseless, insignifi-
cant passion in the world, for that it regarded only things past,
which were generally impossible to be recalled, or to be rem-
edied, but had no views of things to come, and had no share in
any thing that looked like deliverance, but rather added to the
affliction than proposed a remedy; and upon this he repeated
a Spanish proverb, which though I cannot repeat in just the
same words that he spoke it in, yet I remember I made it into
an English proverb of my own, thus:-
In trouble to be troubled,
Is to have your trouble doubled.
ile ran on then in remarks upon all the little improvements
I had made in my solitude; my unwearied application, as he
called it; and how I had made a condition which, in its cir-
cumstances, was at first much worse than theirs, a thousand
times more happy than theirs was, even now when they were
all together. He told me it was remarkable that Englishmen
had a greater presence of mind, in their distress, than any
people that ever he met with; that their unhappy nation
and the Portuguese were the worst men in the world to strug-
gle with misfortunes; for that their first step in dangers, aer
the common efforts were over,'was to despair, lie downpader
it, and die, without rousing their thoughts up to proper rem-
edies for escape.

Ii *- -

I told him their case and mine differed exceedingly; that
they were cast upon the shore without necessaries, without
supply of food, or present sustenance till they could provide
it; that, it was true, I had this disadvantage and discomfort,
that I was alone; but then the supplies I had providentially
thrown into my hands, by the unexpected driving of the ship
on shore, was such a help as would have encouraged any crea-
ture in the world to have applied himself as I had done.
" Seignior," says the Spaniard, "had we poor Spaniards been
in your case, we should never have got half those things out
of the ship, as you did; nay," says he, "we should never
have found means to have got a raft to carry them, or to have
got the raft on shore without boat or sail; and how much less
should we have done if any of us had been alone!" Well, I
desired him to abate his compliment, and go on with the his-
tory of their coming on shore, where they landed. HIe told
me they unhappily landed at a place where there were people
without provisions; whereas, had they had the common sense
to have put off to sea again, and gone to another island a little
farther, they had found provisions, though without people;
there being an island that way, as they had been told, where
there were provisions, though no people; that is to say, that
the Spaniards of Trinidad had frequently been there, and had
fiilel the island with goats and hogs at several times, where
they had bred in such multitudes, and where turtle and sea-
fowls were in such plenty, that they could have been in no
want of flesh, though they had found no bread; whereas here,
they were only sustained with a few roots and herbs, which
they understood not, and which had no substance in them, and
which the inhabitants gave them sparingly enough; and who
could treat them no better, unless they would turn cannibals,
and eat men's flesh, which was the great dainty of their
They gave me an account how many ways they strove to
civilize the savages they were with, and to teach them rational
customs in the ordinary way of living, but in vain; and how
they retorted it upon them, as unjust, that they, who came


there for assistance and support, should attempt to set up for
instructors of those that gave them food; intimating, it soems,
that none should set up lbr the instructor. of others but ttiD
who could live without them.
They gave me dismal accounts of the extremities they
were driven to; how sometimes they were many days without
any food at all, the island they were upon being inhabited by a
sort of savages that lived more indolent, and for that reason
were less supplied with the necessaries of life, than they had
reason to believe others were in the same part of the world;
and yet they found that these savages were less ravenous and
voracious than those who had better supplies of food. Also
they added, they could not but see with what demonstrations
of wisdom and goodness the governing providence of God
directs the events of things in the world; which, they said,
appeared in their circumstances; for if, pressed by the hard-
ships they were under, and the barrenness of the country where
they were, they had searched after a better to live in, they had
then been out of the way of the relief that happened to them
by my means.
They then gave me an account how the savages, whom they
lived among, expected them to go out with them into their wars;
and it was true, that as they had fire-arms with them, had they
not had the disaster to lose their ammunition, they should have
been serviceable not only to their friends, but have made them-
selves terrible both to friends and enemies; but being without
powder and shot, and yet in a condition that they could n t
i reason deny to go out with their landlords to their wars, o
when they came into the field of battle, they were in a worse
condition than the savages themselves; for they had neither
bows nor arrows, nor could they use those the savages gave
them; so they could do nothing but stand still, and be wounded
with arrows, till they came up in the teeth of their enemy;
and then, indeed, the three halberds they had were of use. to
them, and they would often drive a whole little -mef bere
them with those halberds, and sharpened stick l _i A the
muzzles of their muskets; but that, for all ths' tyj'were

I. L

45 .

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