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 Frontispiece
 Title Page
 Preface
 The adventures of Robinson...






Group Title: Robinson Crusoe
Title: The little Robinson Crusoe
CITATION PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072783/00001
 Material Information
Title: The little Robinson Crusoe
Uniform Title: Robinson Crusoe
Physical Description: 191 p. : ill. ; 84 mm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Sherman, Conger, 1793-1867 ( Printer )
Fagan, J ( John ) ( Stereotyper )
Smith and Peck ( Publisher )
Durrie & Peck ( Publisher )
Publisher: Smith and Peck
Durrie and Peck
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
New Haven
Manufacturer: C. Sherman
Publication Date: 1843
 Subjects
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1864   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
United States -- Connecticut -- New Haven
 Notes
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956, supplement 1980-1981,
General Note: Spine title: Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Title page vignette.
General Note: Stereotyped by J. Fagan, printed by C. Sherman.
General Note: Part I of Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, retold.
General Note: Earlier issue of Lovett, R.W. Robinson Crusoe, 362.
General Note: Bound in slate-blue cloth, with vignette of Robinson Crusoe in gold on front cover, by B. Bradley, Boston, Mass.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072783
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 19580104

Table of Contents
    Frontispiece
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Preface
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    The adventures of Robinson Crusoe
        Page 8
        Page 9
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Full Text








Robinson and his Parents.


,4 L





THE

LITTLE


ROBINSON CRUSOE.


PHILADELPHIA:
SMITH AND PECK.
NEW HAVEN:
DURRIE AND PECK.
1843.




















Stereotyped by J. Fagan.
Printed by C. Sherman.











PREFACE.



THIs instructive and entertaining
history was written about one hundred
and fifty years ago, by a very ingenious
and celebrated person, Daniel De Foe.
Before he became an author, he way
a hosier, and then a pantile-maker;
but in business he did not succeed,
(5)





PREFACE.


and he sunk into great distress. He
published many works, of which
Robinson Crusoe is the chief. It is
said that he derived the idea of this
story from the narrative of Alexander
Selkirk, a sailor, who was left ashore
on the island of Juan Fernandez, and
was brought away by Captain Rogers,
after he had lived there by him-
self for many years. Let us hope
that this tale of wonderful adven-
tures, bitter sufferings, and perilous
escapes will teach our young friends
the advantages of a safe and quiet




PREFACE.


home, and care them of that sad
disorder of the mind, a discontented
and restless disposition.













i






THE ADVENTURES OF


ROBINSON CRUSOE.

ROBINSON CRUSOF, according to his
own account of himself, was, at the
age of eighteen, a discontented and
most unreasonable young gentleman.
He had kind parents, a comfortable
home, and all the advantages com-
monly arising from prosperous cir-
cumstances; and yet he was dissatis-
fied. He appeared to be weary of
good things, and to desire evil things
for the sake of the change. You will
see that he had more than enough of
amazing troubles and disasters, in the
course of his life, to teach him the
value of common comforts at home.
Our first print represents him sullen
and dejected by the fireside, with all
(8)


































Idsoet --nduhp

Is discontented and unhappy.





ROBINSON CRUSOL.


things convenient about him; his
sister has hold of his hand, and is
endeavouring by kindness to persuade
him into a good humour, whilst his
parents are representing the advantages
he there possessed, and are pointing
to the case of a poor beggar at the
door, to whom a servant has been
sent with relief; but who, in the mean
time, endures the pitiless wintry storm,
and hunger at the same time. Robin-
son, however, disregards all that can
be said and done to attach him to his
home; he becomes ill-tempered and
reserved; and, would you believe it, he
forms the sad resolution of leaving his
parents' house without their leave or
knowledge. I quite expect to find him
in some dreadful situation of distress
the next time we hear of him-let us
ee.





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


0 vs, here he is on board a ship in
a storm, which is just ready to sink.
They are getting a boat ready for him
and the rest of the crew. I fear it is
too small to take them every one. I
hope poor Robinson will escape some-
how that is the lad I mean; the
wind has just blown his hat off, do
not you see ? Before I tell you what
became of him this time, I must ex.
plain how he came on board that ship,
and where it was to have sailed. The
case was this. Robinson had stated
his discontents to some of his young
acquaintances, amongst whom was a
sailor-lad, whose father owned a vessel
trading from Hull, in Yorkshire, to
London. This lad told Crusoe that
he would be happy directly if he
would but go to sea a very great
mistake, indeed, which many a boy
finds out too late. However, Robinson





























Is overtaken by a Storm.





ROBINSON CRUSOL.


disliked home and regular habits so
much, that he took this bad advice-
ran away from his dear parents and
brothers and sisters without even say-
ing Good bye, and got on board this
vessel one fine autumn evening, in
company with his sailor-friend. I am
afraid that neither of these lads told
the captain of the vessel the truth,
or he would not have taken them;
but so it was: they sailed out of the
river Humber, and very delightful it
seemed at first; but, in a few hours,
the wind rose, and blew most boiste-
rously; the waves flew over the shipN
and tossed it up and down. Robinson
was dreadfully sick, and could not keep
his legs. At last the ship was thrown
upon some rocks, which knocked a
great hole in it; so that they began to
sink, and were obliged to take to their
boat, as I said before.





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


WELL, and so as soon as poor Robin-
son and all the people had got into the
little boat, the great ship went down !
Yes, it sunk down, down, down, into
the sea, till at last even the top of the
mast was covered by the waves. All
the corn and merchandise which were
to have been sold in London for
thousands of pounds, and all the ship,
that had cost thousands too, with their
boxes of clothes, and every thing, were
all lost at once, and never heard of
more. But Robinson and the rest of
them had no time to think of those
things, for they were afraid, every
moment, that their little boat, with
themselves in it, would also go down,
the weather was so tempestuous, the
sea was so rough, and their boat was
so overloaded. But it pleased Pro.




























The Ship sinks in the Sea.





ROBINSON CRUSOL


evidence to spare all their lives that
time. They arrived, at length, at a
place called Yarmouth, in Norfolk,
weak, and hungry, and frightened,
and miserable, I assure you; but the
people of the town were very good to
them, and gave them food, lodging, and
clothes; was not that very kind?
Robinson tells us that he had at this
time some money in his pocket, with
which he might have returned home,
if he had pleased. He had some
thoughts of doing so; but unhappily,
he felt moro ashamed of seeing his
friends again, and confessing his fault,
than of continuing to be a disobedient
runaway lad. So he proceeded to
London, where it appears some rqla-
tions of his were then living.





ROBINSON CRUSOL


RoBINSON CRusoE does not tell us
much of his visit to London, but that
he was still bent on going abroad, and
in fact obtained money of some of his
relations for that purpose. Perhaps
they thought it better that he should
go, unsettled and contrary as his dis-
position was, than be forced back
again to make his parents miserable by
his ill-humour. So, after spending
some time in London, young Crusoe
embarked in a trading vessel, bound
for Guinea, on the coast of Africa,
taking with him a few toys and trifles,
to deal with the natives for their
gold-dust. The engraving represents
him offering some strings of beads and
a hatchet for some gold-dust, brought
to him by a black prince not the






21





















Deals with a Black Prince.





XOBINSON CRUeso. 23
Black Prince of England, please to re-
member.
Robinson says, that this was the
only successful voyage he ever made.
He gained about 300 in money, and
some knowledge of navigation into the
bargain. He again returned to Lon-
don; but, strange to tell, did not visit
his parents at York, nor take any no-
tice of his other relations.





ROBINSON CRUSOL


ROBINSON had now money enough
to become the master of a Guinea
trading vessel, and soon set out again
to try his fortunes. They were mis-
fortunes indeed this time; for his
vessel was taken by Moorish pirates;
that is, sea robbers frum Morocco, and
he and all the crew were made pri-
soners-that is, slaves. See now
Robinson Crusoe reduced from pros-
perity to slavery from the condition
of a gentleman's son, or a merchant
on his own account, to that of a toiling
drudge in the house and garden of an
African robber!
Crusoe's master sometimes employed
him in fishing excursions; and on one
of these occasions, when there was
nobody but himself, one man and a
















/I _


Escapes from Slavery.





ROBINSON CRUSOZ 27
boy on board, Robinson began to
entertain the thought of making his
escape; so, knowing that this man
could swim perfectly well, and that
they were no great distance from shore,
Robinson shoved him suddenly over-
board, and putting out to sea with a
fair wind, soon got out of sight of
land. He easily persuaded the boy,
named Xury, to become his servant,
and help him all he could. And so
they remained a long time beating
about in the Mediterranean, and not
knowing whereabouts they were, nor
indeed to which place it would be best
to go.





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


As our friend Robinson Crusoe had
not fixed in his own mind on any
particular place to steer to, being
chiefly anxious to keep out of the way
of his African master, he was not
sorry to keep out at sea, till he thought
there was no fear of his being pursued.
Nor was he sorry at length to come
in sight of land, for he and the boy
were dreadfully distressed with thirst,
having no more water on board.
The shore they came to he never
knew the name of. They heard the
voices of many strange wild beasts at
a distance in the woods, which alarmed
them exceedingly; however, they
filled their jars with water, and killed
a hare which they had for their din.
ner. How they cooked it, I cannot





29






, l,' \


Shoots a Lion.




ROBINSON CRusZ. 31
say; I should think that it was served
up without seasoning, sauce, or cur-
rant jelly !
Whilst they were prowling about
on this wild shore, they came unex-
pectedly on a most terrific sight indeed;
-it was a very great lion, fast asleep!
Hapliily, Robinson had his gun with
him, with which he shot the lion.
They then went up to him, took off
his skin, and with this returned again
to their boat.





ROBINSON CRUSOL


I SUPPOSE that our two wanderers
must have sailed through the Straits
of Gibraltar without knowing it, for
the next we hear of them is, that
they were steering southward in the
Atlantic Ocean, hoping to meet with
some European ship. If Robinson
could have found a conveyance, then,
safely to his father's house at York,
how glad he would have been!
They continued out at sea some
time longer, and being much in want
of food, they approached a shore, and
saw some wild black people, of whom
they obtained some supplies, but who
seemed very much astonished, and not
a little frightened at their unexpected
guests, who did not wish to trouble
them long with their company, and





33


















Discovers a Sail ahead.





ROBINSON CRUSOM 35
therefore soon sought and regained
their little vessel. Whilst they were
driving before the wind, in much
anxiety as to their fate, Xury sud-
denly cried out, "0! master, a ship-
a ship!" They were both overjoyed
at the sight, which was evidently a
European vessel; and now their chief
effort was to make themselves per-
ceived; for the vessel, though in
sight, was not sailing towards them.
So they hoisted a white flag as high
as they could, and at length had the
joy of seeing that they were observed,
as the vessel now altered her course,
and came towards them.





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


WHEN the ship came up to our
adventurers, the captain inquired of
Robinson, in three different languages,
who and what he was; but unhappily,
this young man, not having improved
his time at school, understood not a
word he said in French, in Spanish,
or in Portuguese. At last, a Scotch
sailor, who chanced to be on board,
found that Robinson was an English-
man, and so got the needful informa-
tion out of him; which, when the
captain understood, induced him to
take the two young men on board,
with all their goods.
The Portuguese captain behaved
very well indeed to his new guests,
and offered to take them where he
was going, that was to the Brazils, in



























Treats with the Portuguese Captain.





ROBINSON CRUO8E. 3V
South America, and to buy his boat
at a fair price of him when he got
there. He also offered to take the
boy Xury, and employ him in his
ship, which was a great benefit to
both.
They had a prosperous voyage to
the Brazils. The captain, who was
generous as well as just, refused to
take anything of Robinson for his pas.
sage; and, at the same time, bought all
he had to sell at a very good price-.
the boat, and all that was in it, with
the lion's skin, produced him thus a
very useful sum of money; the thing
above all things needful in arriving on
a foreign shore.





ROBINSON CRUSOB


ANd now we find Robinson Crusoe
in quite a new situation and condition
in life. Being recommended by the
captain to an honest resident, who was
master of a sugar plantation, he ac-
quainted himself with the manner of
cultivating that plant, and of making
the sugar itself. At length he pur-
chased some land, and set up planter.
But Robinson began now to reflect
that he could have done better than
this at home, had he liked to have
settled on a farm, or to any other pro-
fession or business. In fact, though
he was succeeding as well as he could
expect, he began to be unhappy and
discontented again. At length, when
he had been about four years in the
Brazils, and had considerably increased





























Becomes a Planter.





ROBINSON CRUSOLE 43
his property, Robinson Crusoe deter-
mined to sell all off, and go to sea
again as a merchant; and what trade
do you think he fixed upon now to
carry forward on the seas ?-the slave
trade! I am sorry to say that he
resolved to sail to the coast of Africa,
to purchase poor negroes to work in
the plantations of Brazil





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


BUT our restless adventurer was
soon punished for his incurable dis-
content, and for his unjust purpose of
enslaving his fellow men. He sailed
in a good vessel, with a crew of four-
teen persons, and such articles of traffic
as would enable him to purchase slaves
of the African chiefs. But they had
not been many days out at sea, when
a violent tempest arose, such as in the
tropical seas is called a tornado; this
drove them far away from their in-
tended course, and, indeed, quite out
of their knowledge; so that, for twelve
days they knew not where they were,
nor whither they were going. Whilst
they were in this perplexity and terror,
one of the sailors suddenly called out
"Land !" That meant that he could





45



















Is again Shipwrecked.





ROBINSON CRUSOE 47
see land; but Robinson had no sooner
run out of the cabin to look out, than
the vessel struck upon a sand-bank;
and the motion being thus stopped,
the sea broke over with tremendous
violence, threatening every instant to
wash them all overboard, and to break
the ship in pieces. At last, they did
as before, and as is usual in such cases,
they got the boat down and embarked
in her, although they had little hope
that they could thereby escape. At
length, their worst fears were realized;
the fatal wave came which overset
their boat, and threw them all into the
stormy sea !





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


You would now expect an end of
the story, but that you know if they
had all been drowned, no one could
have told about the storm. Yes, one
was saved, and he got to shore without
any boat at all. It was Robinson,
himself, who was thrown out like the
rest of them; but so it happened that
the wave which upset the boat bore
him on its foaming edge, and at length
hurled him with violence on the shore.
He had just time to get on his legs,
and run higher up, before the next
wave came, which would have carried
him back again to the whelming
ocean. Poor Crusoe had scarcely
escaped this danger, when he dropped
nearly ir-ensible from the violence,
exertion. and fright, he had undergone.





49





















Eecapes from Drowningft



,ZD





ROBINSON CRUSOE


When he came to himself, he looked
up, and thanked God for his wonderful
deliverance. He was the only one
saved out of the whole company; he
never saw them afterwards, nor any
sign of them, but three of their hats,
one cap, and two shoes that were not
fellows-
Robinson cast his eyes to the
stranded vessel, which lay at some
distance, buffeted by the yet rolling
sea. It seemed to him a miracle that
he could have got on shore.





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


So our friend Robinson Crusoe is
at length landed all alone on an en-
tirely unknown shore What was to
become of him now-what should he
do? Can you tell me what you
would do in such a case-hunger
coming on, night approaching, and no
food or lodging provided! I rather
think you would wish yourself at
home again, as there is no doubt
Robinson did on that occasion. In
fact, he soon began to think that he
had but a dreadful deliverance from
a sudden to a lingering death. His
condition was indeed pitiable. He
was wet, and had no other clothes, nor
anything to eat and drink, nor any
prospect but that of perishing with
famine, or being devoured by wild
































Climbs a Tree.






ROBINSON CRUSOL 55
beasts. He had no weapon to defend
him, or to enable him to procure any
animal for his sustenance; he had
nothing about him but a knife, and a
tobacco-box and pipe, with a little
tobacco. He walked about in very
great distress and agony of mind, and
as night came on, he had nothing for
it but to climb up into a thick bushy
tree, out of the way of wild beasts, and
here he fell fast asleep.






ROBINSON CRUSOE.


THE next morning, early, Robinson
awoke in his leafy chamber, and
rubbing his eyes, wondered not a little
where he was. Hunger soon reminded
him that he had had no supper, and
when he had roused himself completely,
he could not tell where his breakfast
was to come from. This was rather a
serious predicament worse than sit-
ting by his father's fireside at York,
taking rolls and coffee on a rainy
morning.
Before Crusoe descended from the
tree, he looked out on the ocean. The
storm had abated, and he was sur-
prised to observe that the wreck of
the ship had been thrown higher up,
and much nearer the shore. This
gave him some comfort, and he walked






























Gets on board the Wreck.





ROBINSON CRUSOE. 59
as far as he could towards her, but still
found half a mile of water between the
vessel and the land. In a few hours,
however, the tide had ebbed out so far
that he could approach the ship by
swimming; and, after having paddled
round it for some time, he at length
found a bit of rope hanging from her
side, by which he swung himself up,
and got on board. Now, he perceived
that if they had all kept the ship, that
they would all have been safe, and he
would have had companions in his
exile.





ROBINSON CRUSOE


WHEN Robinson got on board the
vessel, it was a sad sight indeed. She
was wedged fast, so that the fore part
was secured and whole, but the hind
part was greatly damaged and broken,
and she was more than half filled with
water. All the masts, sails, and ropes
- which are called the rigging -
were gone. Happily, however, for
Robinson, he found the provision-room
but little injured, and the chief of the
stores remaining good. 0 with what
a relish did he devour biscuits and
bacon, cheese, and salt-fish, and how
refreshed he was by a drop of good
wine from the neck of a broken bottle,
though in his eagerness he sadly cut
his mouth with the glass! He found,
indeed, that he was in danger of in-





























The Ship's Provision-room.





ROBINSON CRUSOLE 63
dulging to excess after his long fast,
and therebfre presently set about
another kind of employment. He
knew that his very existence depended
on his being able to transport these
provisions to the shore, for his future
subsistence; but how was this to be
done? there was no boat, and the
remains of the vessel would not hold
together long, strained as it still was
by the force of the sea and wind. He
could, to be sure, swim away as be had
done, and he could put a biscuit or two
in his mouth; but it was needful to
hit on some better contrivance than
that-what do you think it could be ?





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


Do you knew what a raft is? It
is a platform of pieces of timber,
fastened together, and which will
be sure to float, because any single
piece would float by itself. Now it
is plain, that if a raft thus made be
put on the water, and not overloaded,
it will answer, in some degree, the
purpose of a boat; and if a man can
but keep his place and position upon
it, he may proceed with it in safety.
So Robinson set to work; and, finding
plenty of broken timber and scattered
rigging about, he corded a quantity
together as flat as a floor; and, having
tied to it a rope of sufficient length to
prevent its sailing away, he contrived,
by the help of lines, and with great
exertion, to heave it over the ship's





65














s a






Makes a Raft.





ROBINSON CRUSOE. 67
side. There was a splash! So-now
the raft has adjusted itself, and lies
pretty flat on the water, but bobbing up
and down with the waves. But Crusoe
soon steadied it a little with some of
the seamen's heavy chests, and with
casks of provisions, and other things.
Whilst he was doing this, the tide was
rising, and he had the unhappiness to
see his coat and waistcoat, which he
had left on shore, washed away by the
sea. However, he found others on
board the ship; and, having got as
much on his raft, of provisions, uten-
sils, tools, arms, and ammunition, as
it could well sustain, he pushed off;
and the sea being tolerably quiet, he
managed to row himself to land. Look
at him in the print; there he is, fouF
of business, is he not?
E2





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


ROBINSON did not get to land without
hazard and difficulty; for when his
raft touched the ground, the opposite
part began to sink in the water, so that
he and his wares were very nearly
sloped off into the sea. He just suc-
ceeded in preventing this, and at length
got all his goods up high and dry on
the shore. Oh, how thankful he was!
-there was food enough, and other
comfortable things for a long time to
come-no thoughts of starving now.
His next care was to find a place
of lodging for himself, and of security
for his goods. So, having piled them
together as well as he could, he took
a gun and some powder, and ascended
a high hill at no great distance. Then
it was that he discovered this strange





69


















Ascends a Hill.





ROBINsON CRUOr. 71
spot to be an island, for he could see
the ocean with its waves sparkling all
round it. The island itself was of
course not very large, nor was it barren;
there were woods and grassy vales, and
various animals skipping about, but
he could not discover the least sign of
a human being. You see him there,
on the top of the hill, in the engraving,
and there are his casks and chests in
a heap below. What has he done with
his raft? Oh! there it is, tied to a
stump driven into the sand!





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


RoBINsoN CRUSOE came down from
the hill, and walked about to explore
the island further, but was greatly
afraid of losing sight of his stores.
So be did not go a great way that day;
but when evening arrived, he felt very
much fatigued with his exertions, and
began to wish much for some quiet
lodging, in which he might lie secure
for the night. However, he could
find none then, and therefore he
barricaded himself round as well as
he could with the tubs, chests, and
boards; and having taken his supper,
passed the night pretty comfortably.
In the morning, he again looked towards
the ship, and finding she still re-
mained, he determined to try and raft
over as many more things as he thought






73



















His Raft upsets.





ROBINSON cauSO.. 75
would be useful to him; and, in fact,
went and came on this errand several
times, and greatly increased his stores
on the island. It was not to be ex-
pected that he should do this e61ry
time without an accident: on one oc-
casion, the raft, and all that was on it,
was upset and washed away, and
himself narrowly escaped drowning.
These expeditions were at length put
an end to as he had expected. One
morning, when he awoke, after a windy
night, and looked towards the sea, the
ship had entirely disappeared; not a
plank was visible; all had been borne
away by the curling green waves!





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


ROBINSON CRUSOz, though solitary,
was no longer destitute on his little
island. Provisions, drink, clothing,
tools, materials, arms, gunpowder, and
shot, with innumerable other articles,
not excepting MONEY! he had supplied
himself with in more or less abun-
dance. You will ask, of what use
money could be to him in an unin-
habited island? None whatever, cer-
tainly; but he prudently thought that
if ever a ship came that way, gold
would be of use again.
Still Robinson was without a habi.
station. He had goods, but no lodging,
and that was rather awkward; he was
also in constant terror of wild beasts
issuing from the woods, which might
eat his provisions, and perhaps himself






77




















Cuts Notches on his Stick.





ROBINSON CRUSn. 79
at last. So he considered what he
should do, and resolved to erect him-
self a tent with the sails and cordage
of the ship, until he could provide
himself some more secure habitation.
He found that he should soon lose
all knowledge of the days, months, or
years of his present life, unless he kept
some account of their progress; so he
got some long sticks, and cutting a
notch every day, could at any time
count them up, and find where he was
in the year.





ROBINSON CRUSOEL


ROBINSON'S tent would not have
protected him from the attacks of wild
beasts, of which he was so much
afraid, if he had trusted to ropes and
canvass. To fortify himself to his
satisfaction, he enclosed it in a ring
fence, made with stakes driven firmly
into the ground, and so high as not
to be mounted by men or animals.
He would not even make a door for
himself to enter, lest he should chance
to leave it open, but used a ladder,
which he always drew up after him.
So he was secure, and at the same
time solitary indeed. Within this
enclosure, or within his tent, he
brought all his various stores and
useful articles. This spot was close
under the side of a hill, in which he
scooped out a cave, which he made
his cellar.




81

tilrl l-f,


Fortifies his Tent.





ROBINSON CXUSM.


Now, though this young man was
for the present in much less distress
than might have been expected, he
was by no means happy. The thoughts
of his native land, and the social
comforts he had forsaken without
cause, often brought tears into his eyes;
and his utter loneliness made him,
for the most part, melancholy and
wretched. If he had not been obliged
to employ himself so much in labo-
rious occupations required by his situ-
ation, he might have lost his reason
altogether. I trust, therefore, that
none of my young readers will envy
him, however snug was his tent and
cave, and although he was a sort of
monarch over the island he inhabited.





XONINSON CRUSOE.


IT was, according to Robinson's
reckoning, the 30th of September,
1659, when he first set foot on this
island. At that period, mariners had
traversed the seas but little, and there
were countless lands and seas which
had never apparently been visited by
men. It would now be rather difficult
to find a solitary island, or even the
rocky summit of a mountain above
the sea, which has not been seen,
named, and laid down in some chart
or another.
Our adventurer did not neglect to
provide himself with pen, ink, and
paper, books, and nautical instruments,
out of the ship's stores; and these
relieved his dulness very much, and
enabled him to write his history at











Sa7I


'Writes his Adventures.





ROBINSON CRUSOE. 0I
full length. What he says in his
narrative about this island as an un-
known country to all the world, might
have been true almost two hundred
years ago; but this would not quite
do to write as existing to the present
day. The print shows Robinson in
his tent, writing his history by the
light of a lamp.





AOBINSON CIUSOL


As this is but a little book, and
Robinson Crusoe's story is a very
long one, we cannot give an account
of every thing he mentions in his own
history, but must content ourselves
with noticing the most interesting cir-
cumstances.
It happened very fortunately for
Robinson that the island had no savage
or venomous beasts upon it, which
was rather surprising for a spot in the
torrid zone. He found indeed wild
cats and wild goats, both of which he
tamed, and made of them a sort of
companions. Besides these, there were
birds, some of them good for food, and
parrots, one of which he caught, and
taught it to call him by his name.
His provisions brought from the




























Attends his Goats.





ROBINSON CRUSOL


ship would not have subsisted him
more than a few months, so that he
was very glad to find supplies on the
island of some sort. He had the
flesh and milk of the goats, of whose
skins he made himself clothes; and
he found grapes and wild fruits in
abundance. There were, besides, hares
and rabbits, and fish to be obtained
occasionally from the sea. Still he
would have wanted corn victuals, if
he had not chanced to shake out one
of the ship's bags in which a few grains
had remained. These sprang up, and
in time produced him all that be
required for himself and his goats.
In the print you see him attending
those animals.





ROBINSON CRIUSOM


WE have said that Robinson dug a
cave in the side of the hill. He
found this so much more cool and
comfortable, in the heat of the day,
than his tent, that he set to work to
enlarge it for a habitation at certain
times. He worked very hard at this
for eighteen days, and had just con-
gratulated himself on the progress he
had made, when a great misfortune
happened, which had very nearly put
an end to all his adventures. The
earth from above tumbled down sud.
denly, and almost buried him beneath
it! With much difficulty he extricated
himself, and then had all his work
to do over again; taking care now to
prop up the ceiling of his cave as he
proceeded. After this happened an




























Recovers from Illness.




ROBINSON cIror. 95
earthquake, which made poor Robin.
son quake, accompanied by a storm
which almost tore his tent from the
ground.
But a worse misfortune than these,
and one that alarmed him much more,
was a dangerous illness, an ague that
attacked him, and confined him to his
habitation many days, and which he
thought at one time would have ended
fatally. See how deplorable he looks,
with no attendants near but his ats
and his Poll-parrot!





ROBINSON CRUSOL


IT was some time before poor Robin.
son recovered his usual health and
strength; he could do little but
wander slowly about, trusting to
Nature as his only physician. When,
however, he became quite well, he
determined to make a more extensive
survey of the island than he had done
before; so he set out one fine morning
with such provisions as he could con.
veniently carry.
Wandering up by the banks of a
brook, he found many pleasant
meadows, rich and verdant; and in
places were growing many splendid
plants and flowers peculiar to the
warm climates. The chief of these
were aloes, sugar.canes, tobacco-plants,
and melons. Proceeding further, he






97










d






* A' .





Returns home laden with Fruit. '

G





ROMINSON causol. 99
came to woods of mahogany and cedar,
with vines and grapes in abundance.
When night came on, he climbed into
a trte as before: and this seems to be
the safest lodging in those countries
for travellers on such occasions. The
next morning he proceeded, and found.
the country still more luxuriant and
delightful, so that he could not help
feeling satisfaction at the thought that
it seemed to be all his own, and that
without dispute. Robinson travelled
thus some miles, and at length re
turned home laden with delicious
fruits.





100 ROBINSON CRUSOE.

BUT notwithstanding the fruits and
the animals Robinson obtained, he
found that he must turn farmer or
husbandman in earnest, if he would
be sure of a certain store of food for
the future. So he enclosed a piece of
ground, dug it up with much labour,
and sowed the grain in the proper
season. Do you know that the climate
in the torrid zone has only two kinds
of weather to mark the year, the
rainy season and the dry: thus it is
rainy in our spring and autumn, and
dry during our summer and winter.
The first time he sowed his corn, he
lost his crop for want of knowing this:
the dry season came, and it was all
parched up, and so perished. I think
Robinson Crusoe must have been




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