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 Front Cover
 Frontispiece
 Title Page
 Robinson Crusoe
 Gulliver's Travels: A voyage to...
 Back Cover






Group Title: Robinson Crusoe
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072780/00001
 Material Information
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Uniform Title: Robinson Crusoe
Alternate Title: Adventures of Robinson Crusoe and Gulliver's travels, complete in one volume
Physical Description: 35 p. : ill. ; 16 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Swift, Jonathan, 1667-1745
Slater, John ( Publisher )
Publisher: Published by J. Slater, 42 Division-Street
Place of Publication: New-York
Publication Date: between 1842 and 1849
Edition: New ed., carefully adapted to youth ; embellished with neat engravings on wood.
 Subjects
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1845   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1845   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York
 Notes
Citation/Reference: LC children's books
Citation/Reference: Baldwin Library
Statement of Responsibility: from the original work of Daniel Defoe.
General Note: Abridged.
General Note: Cover title: Adventures of Robinson Crusoe and Gulliver's travels, complete in one volume.
General Note: Date from imprint files of the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass.
General Note: Publisher's ad on outside lower cover.
General Note: Issued with: Gulliver's travels into the kingdom of Lilliput. New York: Published by J. Slater, between 1842 and 1849.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072780
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 13539225

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Frontispiece
        Page 2
    Title Page
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Robinson Crusoe
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
    Gulliver's Travels: A voyage to Lilliput
        Page G 3
        Page G 4
        Page G 5
        Page G 6
        Page G 7
        Page G 8
        Page G 9
        Page G 10
        Page G 11
        Page G 12
        Page G 13
        Page G 14
        Page G 15
        Page G 16
        Page G 17
        Page G 18
        Page G 19
        Page G 20
        Page G 21
        Page G 22
        Page G 23
        Page G 24
        Page G 25
        Page G 26
        Page G 27
        Page G 28
        Page G 29
        Page G 30
        Page G 31
        Page G 32
        Page G 33
        Page G 34
        Page G 35
        Page G 36
    Back Cover
        Back Cover
Full Text














ADVENTURES OF

ROINSON CRUSOE,
AND
GULLIVER'S TRAVELS
COMPLETE IN ONE VOLUME. *
Embellished with a number of Engravings.


NEW-YORK:
PUBLISHED BY J. SLATER, 42 DIVISION-ST.







































,F





~L~37~~








* THE
LIFE AND ADVENTURES
OF

ROBINSON CRUSOE:
FROM THE ORIGINAL WORK OF
DANIEL DEFOE,
NEW EDITION,
CAREFULLY ADAPTED TO YOUTH.
Embellished with neat Engravings on Wood.














NEW-YORK:
PUBLISHED BY J. SLATER,
42 DIVISION-STREET.












ROBINSON CRUSOE.






I wAs born of a good family in the city of York, where
my father, who was a native of Bremen, had settled, after
having got a handsome estate by merchandise. My brain
was early filled with rambling thoughts; but my father of-
ten persuaded me to settle to some business, and my moth-
er used the tenderest entreaties, yet nothing could prevail
upon me to lay aside my desire of going to seapnotwith-
standing the extreme uneasiness which my father and
mother always showed at the thoughts of my leaving
them. I hardened myself against the prudent and kind
advice of my most indulgent parents, and being one day at
Hull, I met with one of my companions, who was going to
sea in his father's ship, and he easily persuaded me to go
with him. On the 1st of September, 1751, I went on
board the.ship, which was bound for London, and without
letting my father know the rash and disobedient step I had
taken, set- sail; but no sonner was the ship out of the
Humber, than the wind began to blow, and the sea to rise
in a most terrible manner. Having never been at sea be-
fore, I was sick, and my mind was filled with terror. The
next day the wind abated, and the Jaa grew calm; I was
no longer seasick, and my companion laughed at my fears.
The weather continued calm for several days, and we at
1'






ROBINSON CRUSOE.


length came into Yarmouth roads, where we cast anchor
to wait for a wind. On the eighth day in the morning,
the wind increased. I now began to see terror in the faces
even of the seamen themselves; and as the master passed
by me, I could hear him say softly to himself, Lord be
merciful to us, we shall be lost.' When I heard this I was
terribly frightened; such a dismal sight I had never seen
before, the sea ran mountains high, and broke upon as
every three or four minutes. I cannot express the horror
of mind 1 was then seized with. The storm still increased,
and I saw (what is but too seldom seen) the master, the
boatswain, and several others at prayers, expecting every
moment the ship would go to the bottom. The storm how-
ever beginning to abate, the master fired guns for help, and
a light ship which had ridden it out just ahead of us, ven-
tured a boat to help us. It was with the utmost hazard
that it came near us ; and our men casting a rope over the
stern with a buoy, they, after much labor and hazard,
got hold of it, and we hauled them close under the stern,
and got all into the boat. But we had hardly left the ship
a quarter of an hour, when we saw her founder.
As it was impossible for the boat to get up with the ship
to which she belonged, we endeavored to reach the shore,
and partly by rowing, and partly by being driven by the
waves, we at last, with great difficulty, got to lanl, and
walked to Yarmouth. Had I now had the sense to return
home, my father would have received me with tenderness :
but a weak and foolish shame opposed all thoughts of it; I
was afraid of being laughed at among the neighbors, and
should be ashamed to see not only my father, but every
body else. I had, without blushing, committed an action
which bore all the marks of folly, but was ashamed of re-
turning, though that was the wisest step I could have
taken. I remained some time in doubt what course to
take; but having money in my pocket, I travelled to Lon-






ROBINSON CRUSOE.


don by land. On my arrival in that city, the master of a
ship who had been on the coast of Guinea, taking a fancy
to me, told me, that if I would go the voyage with him I
should be at no expense; and if I would carry any thing
with me, I should have the advantage of trading for myself.
Encouraged by this offer, by the assistance of some of my
relations, with whom I still corresponded, I raised forty
pounds, which I laid out in such toys and trifles as he di-
rected me to buy. During this voyage, my worthy friend in-
structed me in the mathematics, and the rules of naviga-
tion; this voyage made me both a sailor and a merchant;
for I brought home five pounds nine ounces of gold dust for
my adventure, which yielded me in London, at my return,
almost three hundred pounds sterling. I was now set up
for a Guinea trader; but my friend, to my great misfor-
tune, dying soon after his arrival, I resolved to go the same
voyage again, and having left two hundred pounds in the
hands of my friend's widow, I embarked in the same vessel.
This was one of the most unhappy voyages that ever man
made; for as we were steering between the Canary Islands
and the African shore, we were surprised in the gray of
the morning by a Moorish rover of Salee, who gave chase
to us with all the sail she could make. We were obliged
to submit, and were all carried prisoners into Salee, a port
belonging to the Moors. I was kept by the captain of the
rover as his own prize, and made his slave.
My master, having the longboat of our English ship, had
a little state room, or cabin, built, in the middle of it, like
a barge. In this pleasure boat we frequently wait out
fishing; and one day he had appointed to go out with two
or three Moors of distinction, and had therefore sent over
night a larger store of provisions than usual; and ordered
me to get ready two or three fusees with powder and shot,
which were on board his ship; for that they designed to






8 ROBINSON CRUSOE.
have sport at fowling as well as fishing. But in the morn-
ing he came on board, telling me that his guests had de-
clined going, and ordered me, with the man and boy, to
sail out with the boat, and catch some fish, for his friends
were to sup with him. At this moment the hopes of my
deliverance darted into my thoughts; every thing being
prepared, we sailed out of the port to fish; but purposely
catching none, I told Muley that this would not do, and
that we must stand farther off, which he agreeing to, we
set sails, and I, having the helm, ran the boat out near a
league farther, and then brought her to, as if I would fish;


when giving the boy the helm, I stepped forwards, and
stooping behind the Moor, took him by surprise and tossed
him into the sea; he arose immediately, for he swam like
a cork, and called to me to take him in; but fetching out






ROBINSON CRUSOE.


one of the fowling pieces, I presented it at him, and told
him that if he came near the boat, I would shoot him, so
he turned about, and swam towards the land, and, as he
was an excellent swimmer, I make no doubt but that he
reached the shore with ease. When he was gone, I turned
to the boy, whom they called Xury, and said to him, 'Xury
if you will be faithful to me, I will make you a great man,
but if you will not stroke your face to be true to me, (that
is, to swear by Mahomet and his father's beard) I must
throw you into the sea too.' The boy smiled in my face,
and spoke so innocently, that I could not mistrust him; he
swore to be faithful to me, and to go over all the world
with me.
While I was in view of Muley, I stood out to sea, but it
no sonner grew dark, than I changed my course, and steer-
ed to the south. I made such sail, that before the end of
the next day, I believe I was beyond the Emperor of Mo-
rocco's dominions. Yet so dreadful were my apprehensions
of falling again into my master's hands, that I would not
stop to go on shore till I had sailed in this manner five
days; and then, the wind shifting to the southward, I ven
tured to come to an anchor at the mouth of a little river.
The principal thing I wanted was fresh water; but
though I was no less afraid of the savages than of the wild
beasts, our necessities obliged us to land, for we had not a
pint. The next morning Xury asked for one of the jars,
and said he would go and seek for water. I asked him
why he would go. The boy answered with so much affec-
tion, that I could not help loving him,-' If wild man
comes, they eat me, you go away.'-' Well, Xury,' said I,
'we will both go, and if the wild men come, we kill them;
they.shall eat neither of us.' I then gave Xury a dram
out of one of the case bottles, and having hauled the boat
as near the shore as we thought proper, we waded to land,
carrying nothing but our arms, and two jars for water.






ROBINSON CRUSOE.


The boy seeing a low place about a mile up the country,
rambled thither; and, by-and-by, I saw him come running
towards me, when, thinking he might be pursued by some
savages, or frightened by some wild beast, I ran to meet
him; but when I came nearer, I saw something hanging
over his shoulder, which was a creature he had shot, like
a hare, and we found it very good meat; but the great joy
that poor Xury came with, was to tell me that he had found
good water, and seen no wild mans. We therefore filled
our jars, feasted on our hare, and then set sail.
Several times after, we were obliged to go ashore for
fresh water; and once in particular, early in the morning,
Xury called softly to me, and told me, that we had best go
farther off the shore; for,' says he,' look, yonder lies a
dreadful monster, fast asleep.' I looked where he pointed,
and saw a great lion that lay on the side of the shore, under
the shade of a piece of the hill that hung a little over him;
upon which, charging my three guns, I took aim at his
head, but laying with his foot raised a little above his nose,
the slug broke his leg. He started up growling, but fell
down again, and gave the most hideous roar that ever I
heard; but firing again, and shooting him in the head, I
had the pleasure to see him drop. I resolved to take off
his skin, and going ashore, the boy and I accomplished it:
then, spreading it upon the top of the cabin, the sun dried
it in two days' time, and it afterwards served me to lie
upon.
About ten days after, as I was steering out to sea, in or-
der to double a cape, I had the view of some islands, which
I supposed to be those of Cape Verd. I was afraid of ven-
turing so far from the shore, for if I should be taken with a
fresh gale of wind, I might never be able to reach again
the one or the other. In this dilemma I sat down in the
cabin, when on a sudden, Xury cried out in a frights
'Master, master, a ship!' foolishly imagining that it was





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


his master's ship, come so far in pursuit of us. I jumped
out of the cabin, and saw that it was a Portuguese vessel,
and instantly stretched out to sea with all the sail I could
make: they perceived me by the help of their glasses, and
shortened sail to let me me come up. A Scotch sailor on
board called to me, and I answered, that I had made my
escape from the Moors at Salee. They very kindly took
me in and all my goods. We had a very good voyage to
the Brazils, and arrived at All Saints' Bay in about twenty-
two days. The generous captain recommended me to an
honest man who had a plantation, with whom I lived till I
had learned the manner of planting and making sugar, after
which I purchased a piece of land, and became a planter.
I had lived there about four years, and had contracted an
acquaintance among several merchants. I had frequently
talked to them of the method of purchasing negroes on the
coast of Guinea, and they being pleased with the project,
easily prevailed on me to make a voyage for that purpose.
We fitted out a ship of about one hundred and twenty tons
burden, which carried six guns and fourteen men, besides
the master, his boy, and myself. In this vessel I set sail.
We had very good weather for about twelve days; but
soon after we had crossed the line, a violent hurricane
drove us quite out of our reckoning, and for many days to-
gether not any in the ship expected to save their lives. In
this distress one of our men early in the morning cried out,
' Land !' and we had no sooner run out of the cabin, in
the hope of seeing where we were, but the ship struck
upon a shoal. It is not easy to conceive our consternation;
for as the rage of the sea was great, we supposed that the
ship would, in a few minutes, break to pieces. We had a
boat on boar 1, which the mate took hold of, a d with the
help of the rest of the men, flung her over the ship's side,
and getting all into her, committed ourselves to God's





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


mercy. We steered towards land, but after we had rowed,
or rather been driven, about a league and a half, a wave,
mountain-high, came rolling astern of us with such fury,
that it overset the boat at once, and separated us one from
another. This wave carried me a vast way towards the
shore, and having spent itself, went back, and left me upon
the land almost dry, but half dead. I stood still a few mo-
mets to recover breath, and then took to my heels, and with
all the strength I had left me, ran towards the shore. I got
to the main land, clambered up the cliffs on the shore, and
sat me down upon the grass. Having rested myself, I
walked along the shore in search of fresh water: having
found some, and quenched my thirst, I put some tobacco in
my mouth, to prevent hunger, and having climbed a tree,
rested myself till morning. I then found the sea calm, and
the tide ebbed so far out that I could come within a quar
ter of a mile of the ship. The weather being extremely
hot, I pulled off my clothes, and took to the water: when
I came to the ship, I observed a small piece of rope hang-
ing down, I got hold of it, and got into the forecastle. To
my great joy I saw that all the ship's provisions were dry,
and being well disposed to eat, I went into the bread-room,
and slipped on a waistcoat, filled my pockets with biscuit,
and eat as I went about other things: I also found some
rum in great cabin, of which I took a dram.
As I found several spare yards, I let them down with
ropes by the ship's sides, and going down to them, tied them
together and made a raft, placing several pieces of plank
upon them crossways, and laid upon it all the pieces of
board that came to hand. I next emptied three of the
seamen'schests; then lowered them down upon the raft
and filled them with bread, some dried goat's flesh, and
three Dutch cheeses. I found several cases of bottles, in
which were some cordial waters, and about five or six gal-
lons of arrack; these I stowed by themselves, there being





ROBINSON CRUSOE. 13
ua room for them in the chests. I also let down the car-
penter's chest, which was worth more to me than a ship-
load of gold. I next found two good fowlingpieces, and
two pistols, with some powderhorns, two barrels of powder,
and two old rusty swords,-all of which I placed on the
raft, and with this invaluable cargo, resolved to put to sea.


J.my rLn wenii very weu, anu wlut I en tcereu a creei,
where I thrust it on a flat piece of ground, over which the,
tide flowed, and there fastened it by sticking a broken oar
into the ground. Thus I stayed till the water ebbed, when
I placed my cargo safe on land. At night I barricadoed
myself round with the chests and boards I had brought on
shore. The next day I resolved to make a second voyage.
My raft being too unwieldy, I swam to the ship, and made
another, on which I placed two or three bags of nails and
spikes, some tools and firearms, barrels of musket-bullets,





14 ROBINSON CRUSOE.
a large bag of small shot, and all the men's clothes I could
find, a square fore top sail, a hammock, and some bedding,
all which I brought safe to land. I now made a little hut
with the sails, and some poles, and into it I brought every
thing I knew would spoil either with the sun or rain; I
piled all the empty chests and casks in a circle round the
hut to fortify it; I blocked up the door with boards; and
spreading one of the beds upon the ground, laying my two
pistols just at my head, and my gun by me, I went to bed
and slept very quietly all night.
Every day at low water, I went on board, and brought
away something. I had been thirteen days on shore, and
had been eleven times on board the ship. Indeed had the
weather continued, I believe I should have brought away
the whole ship, piece by piece; but preparing the twelfth
time to go on board, I found the wind began to rise; how-
ever, at low water I went. Rummaging the cabin, I dis-
covered a locker with draws in it, in one of which I found
two or three razors, and a pair of large scissors, with ten
or a dozen good knives and forks, and in another about
thirty-six pounds worth of gold and silver coin. At the sight
of this money I smiled to myself, and said aloud, 0 drug!
what art thou good for? one of these knives is worth all
this heap; I have no manner of use for thee; even remain
where thou art, and go to the bottom.' However, upon
second thoughts, I took it away, and wrapping it all in a
piece of canvass, began to think of making another raft,
but while I was preparing it, the wind began to rise, and
to blow off shore; I then found it was time to be gone, lest
I should not be able to reach the shore: accordingly, I let
myself down into the water, and swam to land.
It blew very hard all night; and in the morning when I
looked out, no more ship was to be seen. I now went in
search of a place where I might fix my dwelling, endeavor-






ROBINSON CRUSOE.


ing to choose one where I might have the advantage of a
healthy situation, fresh water and security. I found a little
plain on the side of a rising hill, which was there as steep
as the side of a house, so that nothing could come down to
me from the top. On the one side of this rock was a hol-
low place like the entrance of a cave, before which I resolv-
ed to fix my tent. This plain was not above one hundred
yards broad, and twice as long, descending to the sea. Be-
fore I set up my tent, I drew a half circle before the hol-
low place, which extended twenty yards, and in this half
circle pitched two rows of strong stakes, driving them into
the ground like piles, sharpened on the top: then I took
the pieces of cable I had cut in the ship, and laid them in
rows one upon another up to the top; and this fence was
so strong, that neither man nor beast could enter it. The
entrance I made by a short ladder to go over the top, which
when I was in I lifted after me. Into this fence I by de-
grees carried all my riches, all my provisions, ammunition,
and stores, and made me a large tent to secure myself and
them from the weather. When I had done this, I began to
work my way into the rock, laying all the earth and stones
I dug out within my fence, in this manner of a terrace:
and thus I had a cave just behind my hut. But before the
above works were completed, a sudden storm of thunder
and lightning filled me with the greatest terror; for my
powder suddenly darted into my mind, and my heart sunk
within me at the thought, that at one blast it might be
destroyed-on which not only my defence, but the provi-
ding of my food entirely depended. No sooner was the
storm over, than I laid aside every other work to make
boxes and bags, in order to separate my powder. I put
them into the holes up and down the rocks, in such a man-
ner, that one parcel could not fire another.
While all this was doing, I walked out at least once





16 ROBINSON CRUSOE.
every aay with my gun, to see if I could kill any thing fit
for food, and to acquaint myself, with what the island pro-
duced. The first time I went out I had the pleasure to find
that there were goats in the island; but they were so shy,
that it was the most difficult thing in the world to come up
with them; but observing that they did not easily see objects
above them, I killed them by climbing the rocks, and shoot-
ing at those in the valley. I found in the woods a sort of
wild piegon, which built in holes of the rocks; and taking
some young ones I endeavored to bring them up tame, but


when they grew old they flew away: however, I frequently
found their irests, and got their young ones, which were
very good meat.
After I had been about ten or twelve days on shore, it
came into my thoughts that I should lose my reckoning o.





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


time, and should not be able to distinguish the Sundays
irom the working days. To prevent Lmis, I set up a large
square post on the shore where I first landed, and cut upon
it with a knife, 'I came on shore here, the 30th of Septem-
ber, 1652.' Upon the sides I cut every day a notch, and
every seventh was as long again as the rest, and every first
day of the month as long again as that long one, and thus I
kept my weekly, monthly, and yearly reckoning.
I got from the ship some pens, ink, and paper, some ma-
thematical instruments, and three good bibles, with several
other books, which I carefully secured. I also brought to
shore with me two cats, and a dog swam on shore, which
was a trusty servant to me many years; nay, he was so
good a companion# that I was at a loss for nothing that he
could fetch me; and he only wanted power of speech to be-
come a most agreeable friend.
When my habitation was finished, I found it far too small
to contain my movables : I had hardly reom to turn myself;
so I set about enlarging my cave, and worked sideways into
the rock, farther thanimy outside pale, and hewing a way
through, made a back door to my storehouse. I then made
me a table and chair, which were great conveniences; shelv-
ed one side of my cave, and knocked up pieces of wood in
the rock, to hang my things on. When my cave was set to
rights, it looked like a general magazine for all necessary
things.
What a different situation was I now in, from that I was
in when I first ]anded,-when I was afraid of perishing with
hunger, or of being devoured with wild beasts. I frequent-
ly killed goats for my subsistence, the fat of which supplied
my lamp, which was a dish made of clay, baked in the sun;
and for a wick, I made use of oakum. In my rummaging
among the things, I found a little bag with some husks of
corn in it, and wanting it, I shook it out by the side of my





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


fortification. This was just before some heavy rain; and
about a month afterwards, I saw some green stalks shooting
4 out of the ground; but how great was my astonishment,
when some time after, I saw about ten or twelve ears of
barley! It was some time before I recollected the bag with
the husks; and I thought they could have been pro-
duced by nothing less than a miracle. With this barley
there came up also a few stalks of rice, and these were
worth more to me than fifty times their weight in gold; and
I carefully preserved them for seed.
When I had been about a year in the islands, I was taken
extremely ill, which frightened me terribly, imagining 1
should die for want of proper help. This fit of illness
proved a violent ague, which made me so weak that I could
hardly carry my gun : and when the fit was on me I almost
perished with thirst. One night, as I was ruminating on
my sad condition, expecting the return of my fit, it occurred
to my thoughts, that the Brazilians took no physic but to-
bacco; and I went, directed by heaven, no doubt, to search
for some in the chest; and there I found a bible I brought
both that and the tobacco to my table; I steeped some of
the last in rum; some I burnt in a pan of coals, holding my
head over the fume; and some I chewed. During the in-
terval of this operation, I opened my book, and the first
words on which I cast my eyes, were--'Call upon me in
the day of trouble, and I will deliver thee.' The words
struck me; but I could read no more, for the tobacco made
me excessively sleepy. I therefore went to bed, and falling
into a sound sleep, I believe I slept two days; and awoke
perfectly recovered.
I now took a survey of the island; and at about two miles
distance from my habitation, found some fine savannas, and
a little further a variety of fruit, melons upon the ground,
and vines covered with clusters of grapes. I proceeded with





ROBINSON CRUSOE. 19
my discoveries, and came to an opening that seemed to de-
scend to the west, where every thing was in such constant
verdure, that it looked like a beautiful garden. I carried
some grapes and a few limes back with me; but the grapes
were spoiled before I got home. I went the next day, and
gathered a large quantity of grapes, and hung them upon the
branches of the trees, that they might cure and dry in the
sun; but as for the limes and melons, I carried as many as
I could well stand under. I was so enamored with this
place, that I built myself a bower, fenced with a double
hedge; and this country house, as I called it, cost me two
months' labor; but I hardly began to enjoy my habitation,
when the rains came on, and I was obliged to retreat to my
old one, taking with me my grapes, which were now be-
come fine raisins of the sun.
I had been concerned for the loss of one of my cats; but
about this time she came home, and increased my family
with three kittens, she having bred, as I supposed, by a wild
cat, of which there were some in the woods, and they soon
multiplied so fast that I was obliged to drive them from me.
The rainy and dry seasons now appeared quite regular to
me. I dug a piece of ground as well as I could, with a
wooden spade of my own making, and began to sow my own
grain; but as I was doing it, it occurred to my thoughts that
I would not sow all, for fear it should not grow, so I re-
served about a handful of each sort; and well it was I did
so, for it did not come up till many months afterwards.
When I saw it did not grow, I sought for moister ground,
and dug up a piece nearer my bower, which answered to my
wishes; and my crop amounted to about half a peck of each
kind: by this means I was made master of my business;
knew when to sow, and that I might expect two seed-times
and two harvests every year; for the corn I set first came
up after the next wet season.





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


When the rains were over, I made a visit to my bower,
where I found the stakes I set for my defence were shot up
into trees, which I pruned, and made as much alike as pos-
sible; and they became a complete shade. This was my
work in the dry season; and to employ myself when I could
not go abroad, I made baskets, having, when a child, taken
much delight to see a basket-maker.
In one of the dry seasons, I took another ramble, armed
with my gun and hatchet, and guarded by my faithful dog.
When I had passed the valley in which stood my bower, I
eame within view of the sea, and it being a clear day, I
plainly discovered land; but whether island or continent, I
could not tell; I guessed it could not be lest than twenty
leagues off. I imagined it was some savage coast, and such
indeed it proved. In this journey I caught a parrot, having
knocked it down with a stick, brought it home with me, and
taught it to speak. I found in the lower grounds, hares but
as they were not like what I had seen, I was afraid to eat
them; and I had no need to make experiments, as I had
goats, pigeons, and turtle, which, added to my grapes,
Leadenhall Market could not have furnished a better table.
Here was also an infinite number of fowls, but I was too
sparing of my powder to shoot them. I travelled about
twelve miles eastward along the shore, and then setting up
a great post for a mark, returned homeward, designing that
my next tour should be the contrary way, till I came to this
post. I took a different way home from that I went; but
unfortunately lost myself, and wandered about very uncom-
fortably; -ill at last I was obliged to find out the seaside,
to seek for my post, being tired to death with the heat of the
weather and the weight of my arms. I now rested myself
a week, employed in the weighty affair of making a cage for
my parrot, which soon became one of my favorites.
My corn was now coming up, and the goats and hares





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


having tasted the sweetness of the blade, lay at it night and
day, as soon as it sprang out of the ground, so that it could
get no time to shoot into a stalk. To defend it, I surround-
ed it with a hedge, and, in the meanwhile, shooting some
of the creatures by day, I set my dog to watch it by night,
which he did so faithfully, that the enemies forsook the
place, and the corn grew and began to ripen apace. When
the corn was in ear, I was nearly as much troubled by
birds; but having killed three, I used them as we do mur-
derers in England,-hanged them in chains, to serve as a
terror to the rest. Not a fowl afterwards came near my
corn, indeed, near the place, as long as my scarecrows hung
there. When the corn was ripe, I made me a sithe with a
sword, and cut off none but the ears, which I rubbed out
with my hands. At the end of my harvest, I guessed I had
a bushel of rice and two bushels and a half of barley. I
kept all this for seed, and bore the want of bread with pa-
tience, as I had now a tolerable prospect of having as much
as I wanted.
This article of bread was a great difficulty: I had neither
plough nor harrow. For the first I made my shovel do;
and to supply the place of a harrow, I went over it myself,
dragging after me the heavy boughs of a tree: and when
I came to make bread, I had innumerable wants; I wanted
a mill to grind it, sieves to dress it, yeast and malt to make
it into bread, and an oven to bake it. However I had six
months to contrive all these things in. In the meantime I
enlarged my arable land. I made me some misshapen pots
of clay, that all broke in the sun except two, which I cased
in wicker-work ; but I succeeded better in little pans, fiat
dishes, and pitchers, which the sun baked surprisingly hard;
but they would not bear the fire so as to boil any liquid, and
I wanted one to boil my meat. One day, after I had dress-
ed my dinner, I went to put out my fire, and found a piece






ROBINSON CRUSOE.


of one of my earthen vessels burnt as hard as a stone, and
as red as a tile; this taught me to burn my pipkins; and I
soon wanted for no sort of earthen vessels. When I found
that I had a pot that would bear the fire, I set it on with a
piece of kid, in order to make me some broth, which an-
swered tolerably well. I made me a wooden mortar and
pestle, and also a sieve out of some of the seamen's neck-
cloths, and at length made a sort of oven of a broad shallow
earthen vessel, and a tiled hearth. When I baked, I drew
the live embers forwards upon the hearth, till it was very
hot; then sweeping them away, I set down my loaves,
whelming the earthen pot over them, which baked my barley
bread as well as the best oven in the world. My thoughts
often ran upon the land I had seen: and I began to make
myself a canoe. I felled a great cedar, but when the im-
possibility of launching this heavy thing came into my mind,
I gave myself this foolish answer, Let me but once make
it, and I'll warrant I'll get it along when it is done.' But
all my devices to get it into the water failed me, and there-
fore I gave it over, determining to enjoy what I had, with-
out repining for what I could not get. My clothes now be-
gan to decay; so I made myself two waistcoats out of some
watch coats, which lasted me a great while. I made a cap
out of a goat's skin, with the hair side outwards, to throw
off the rain, and also another waistcoat of the same skin;
but I must acknowledge that they were wretchedly done.
I made me too an umbrella, which I could shut up, and take
abroad with me; and this secured me both from the heat
and the rain.
I now built me a small boat, intending to go round my
little kingdom, but in which I had nearly lost my life: almost
dead with fatigue, I at length arrived at my little castle.
I got over the fence, and laid me down to sleep in the shade;
but judge my surprise, when I waked, at a voice calling me





ROBINSON CRUSOE. 23
by the name several times, Robin Crusoe, poor Robin
Crasoe, where are you? where have you been ?' I was so
dead asleep at first, that I thought Idreamt somebody spoke
to me : but as the voice continued to repeat' Robin Crusoe,'
I waked dreadfully frightened; but my eyes were no sonner
open, than I saw poll sitting on the hedge, and immediately
knew that it was he that spoke to me. I immediately called


him; and the poor sociable creature come as he used to do,
and sat on my thumb, crying. Poor Robin Crusoe,' as if
he had been overjoyed to see me again. I now began to
perceive my powder considerably abated; dreading what
should become of me when I could kill no more goats, (for
my kid did not breed,) I set snares to catch some alive; but
my snares were broken, and my bait devoured. At length
I resolved to try pitfalls in one of which I found three





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


kids-a male and two females; these kids I brought home.
It was some time before they would feed; but, however,
they grew tame, and I found that I might supply myself with
goats flesh, when I had no powder and shot left. I inclo-
sed a piece of ground to keep my goats, proposing, as my
flock increased to add more ground to my inclosure; and I
had soon, not only goat's flesh to feed upon, but milk too;
for now I set up a dairy, and made myself butter and cheese.
It would have made a stoic smile, to see me and my family
sit down to dinner. There was my majesty, all alone like
a king, attended with my servants. Poll, my favorite, was
the only person permitted to talk to me. My dog, grown
very old, sat always at my right hand, and my two cats, one
on one side of the table, and the other on the other, expect-
ing now and then a bit from my hand, as a mark of special
favor. I had at length a great mind to go to the point of
the island, to see how the shore lay, and resolved to travel
here by land. And now, reader, I will give thee a short
sketch of the figure I made. I had a great, high, shapeless
cap, made of a goat's skin, a jacket, with the skirts coming
down, to the middle of my thighs; and a pair of open knee'd-
breeches of the same, with the goat's hair hanging to the
middle of my leg. Stockings and shoes I had none; but I
had made a pair of somethings, I scarcely know what to call
them, to flap over my legs like splatterdashers, but of a
most barbarous shape; and so indeed were all the rest of
my clothes. I had a broad belt of goat-skin dried; and I
hung on one side a saw, and on the other a hatchet; I had
another belt, not so broad, fastened over my shoulder
Under my arm hung two pouches, for my shot and powder-
On my back I carried a basket; on my shoulder a gun, and
over my head, a great clumsy umbrella. My beard was cut
short, except what grew on my upper lip, which I had trim-
med into a pair of large Mahomedan whiskers. But as for





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


my figure, I had so few to observe me, that it was of no
manner of consequence.
In this figure I went my new journey, and was out five or
six days. I was exceedingly surprised with the print of a
man's naked foot on the shore, which was plainly to be seen
on the sand. I listened, I could hear nothing, I went upon
a rising ground, to look farther, but I could see only that
one impression. There was plainly a foot, toes, heel, and
every part very distinct. I hurried home to my fortifications,
looking behind me every two or three steps, and fancying
every tree, bush, and stump to be a man. I had no sleep
that night, but my terror gradually wore off; however I
strengthened my fortification, and planted a number of
stakes on the outside of my wall, which growing, became a
thick grove. After having secured my habitation in the
strongest manner possible, I sought for a place of security
for my live goats; and at length found a piece of ground,
rendered almost inaccessible by nature, so that it cost me
but little pains to make it so; and then I removed the she-
goats and two he-goats into it. After I had thus secured
one part of my live stock, I went about the whole island,
and rambled more to the western point than I had ever
done before. I was presently convinced, that the seeing
the print of a man's foot was not such a strange thing
in the island as I had imagined, for on my approaching the
Shore I was perfectly confounded, nor is it possible to ex-
press the horror I felt, at seeing the shore spread with
skulls, hands, feet and other bones of human bodies: and
particularly a place, where, as I supposed, there had been
a fire made, and a circle dug in the earth for the savage
wretches to sit down to their inhuman feasts. I turned
away my face from the horrid spectacle, and left the place
as soon as possible.
Some time after, in the midst ofa very stormy night I was





ROBINSON CRUSOTI


startled at the firing of a gun : I hastened up to the top of
my hill: and heard another. I imagined that these were
signals of a ship in distress; and such it proved, as I dis-
covered the next day. I cannot explain the emotion I felt
at the sight of this wreck, 0 0 that there had been but one
saved!' cried I, that I might have had one companion, one
fellow creature to have spoken to, and have comforted him
in his affliction.' Under the power of this impression, no-
thing would serve me, but I must go in my boat to the
wreck, which lay at a little distance. I furnished myself
with a stock of provisions, for fear of being driven out to
sea; and having begun my voyage, I in two hours time
reached the ship, which was Spanish built. She stuck fast
jammed in between two rocks, and the stern and the quar-
ter were beaten to pieces by the sea. On coming near it,
a dog yelped and cried; but there was no other living crea-
ture on board; and all the goods were spoiled by the water.
I, however, took two of the seaman's chests into my boat,
without knowing what was in them.
When I had got my treasure home, and began to unload,
I found several bottles filled with cordial waters, and some
neckcloths and shirts, which were very useful to me; about
1,100 pieces of eight, and about a pound weight of solid
gold,-but of what use was this to me ? I would have given
it all for three or four pair of shoes and stockings. After
this acquisition, I lived in my old manner, though terrified
with fears of the savages. One morning very early, I saw
five canoes of them on shore. I clambered up the hill, and
by the help of my perspective, discovered no less than ihir-
ty dancing round a fire. I soon after saw two miserable
creatures dragged out of the boats; one of whom was im-
mediately knocked down, but the other, starting from them,
ran with incredible swiftness along the sands towards me.
I confess I was horribly frightened, when I saw him come





ROBINSON CRUSOE.


my way, imagining that he would be pursued by the whole
body; however, I kept my station, and quite lost my ap-
prehensions when I found but three followed him. He
greatly outran them, and was in a fair way ofescaping them
all, when coming to a creek, he plunged into it, landed, and
ran on as swift as before. Of the three that followed, but
two entered the water, the other returning back. I hastily
fetched my guns from the foot of the ladder; and having a
short cut down the hill, I clapped myself in the way be-
tween the pursuers and the pursued, hallooing aloud to him
that fled, and beckoning my hand for him to stop; then
rushing at once upon the foremost, knocked him down with
the stock of my piece. The other stopped, as if frightened,
but when I advanced towards him, I perceived he was fit-
ting his bow to shoot me; upon which I shot him dead di-
rectly. The poor savage who had fled was so terrified at
the noise of my piece, though he saw his enemy fallen, that
he stood stock still, but seemed rather inclined to fly than
to come towards me. However, when I gave him signs of
encouragement, he came nearer, kneeling down every ten
or twelve steps; on his coming close again, he laid his head
upon the ground, and placed my foot upon it. But there
was more work to do; the man I had knocked down came
to himself, and my savage began to be afraid. 1 then pre-
sented the piece to the man, when the poor fellow, whose
life I had saved, made a motion for my sword, which I gave
him; and he struck off his enemy's head at one blow, and
in a quarter of an hour buried both the bodies in the sand.
I then took him away to a cave at the further part of the
island. Here I gave him bread and a bunch of raisins to
eat, and a draught of water, which he wanted much; and
having refreshed him, I made signs for him to lie down upon
some rice-straw, which the poor creature did, and soon
went to sleep.






28 ROBINSON CRUSOE.
He was a well-made, handsome fellow, of about twenty-six
years of age, of an olive-colored complexion, with long black
hair. He had a small nose, that was not fiat; and fine
teeth, as white as ivory. After he had slept about an hour,






















he awaked again, and came running to me in the enclosure,
Just by where I had been milking my goats; then falling
down again, he laid his head flat upon the ground, and set
my foot upon it, as before; and after this, made all possible
signs of thankfulness, subjection, and submission. I began
to speak to him, and to teach him to speak to me; and first,
I made him know that his name should be Friday, which
was the day on which I saved his life. I taught him to say
Master, and let him know that was to be my name. The
i next day I gave him clothes, at which he seemed pleased.
As we went by the place where he had buried the twc men.






ROBINSON CRtSOE.


he pointed exactly to the spot, making signs that he would
dig them up again, and eat them: at which I appeared very
angry, and beckoned with my hands to him to come away,
which he did immediately. Having now more courage, and
consequently more curiosity, I took my man Friday with me,
giving him the sword in his hand, with the bows and ar-
rows at his back, which I found he could use very dexter-
ously. I also gave him a gun to carry; and taking two for
myself, away we marched to the place where his enemies
had been: when I came there, my blood ran cold in my
veins: the place was covered with human bones, and the
ground dyed with blood; great pieces of flesh were left here
and there, half eaten, mangled, and scorched, I saw three
sculls, five hands, and the bones of three or four legs and
feet: and Friday, by his signs, made me understand that
they brought over four prisoners to feast upon; that three
of them were eaten up, and he, pointing to himself, was the
fourth; and that they had been conquered, and taken pris-
oners in war. I caused Friday to collect the remains of this
horrid carnage; then to light a fire, and burn them to ashes.
When this was done, we returned to our castle. The next
day I made a little tent outside my fortification, and at night
took in my ladder, that he might not be able to get at me
while I slept. But there was no need of this precaution;
for never man had a more faithful servant, he had the same
affection for me as a child has for his father; and I dare say,
he would have sacrificed his life to save mine. I was great-
ly delighted with him, and made it my business to teach him
every thing proper to render him useful, especially to speak,
and understand me when I spoke; and he was so merry, so
diligent, and so pleased when he could understand me, or
make me understand him, that he was a very agreeable com-
pany.
After I had been two or three days returned to my castle,
3*






ROBINSON CRUSOE.


I was desirous to bring him off from the relish of human
flesh; so I took him out with me one morning to the woods,
in order to take a kid from my herd; but as I was going, 1
saw a she-goat lying down in the shade, and two young kids
sitting by her; when making signs for Friday not to stir, I
shot one of the kids. Poor Friday, who had at a distance
seen me kill the savage his enemy, but did not see how it
was done, trembled, and looked so amazed, that I thought
he would have sunk down: he did not see the kid I had
shot, but ripped up his waistcoat to feel if he was not
wounded, and thought I was resolved to kill him; for he
came and kneeled down to me, and embracing my knees,
seemed to entreat me not to kill him. But taking him by
the hand, I laughed at him, and pointed to the kid I had
killed, and beckoned him to run and fetch it, which he did.
The next day I set him to beat out some corn, and sift it, and
in a little time Friday was able to do all the work for me,
as well as I could do it myself. In short, this was the pleas
antest year I had led in the island; for as my man began
to talk pretty well, I had some use for my tongue again.
From this time I had a mind to venture over to Friday's
Island, and see if I could possibly join those bearded men,
whom he had spoken of to me, not doubting but we might find
some means of escaping from thence.
I was now entering into the 27th year of my captivity, and
intended soon to set sail; when one morning I bid Friday go
to the seashore to see if he could find a turtle; but he had not
long been gone, when he came running back, and cried,' 0
master 0 sorrow 0 bad !'-' What's the matter Friday ?'
said I. 0 yonder there,' said he, one, two, three canoe !
one, two, three !'-' Well, Friday,' said I, do not be fright-
ened.' I then took my perspective glass, and went up the
side of the hill, when I saw twenty-one savages, three pris
owners, and three canoes. I bid him see what they were






ROBINSON CRUSOE. 31
doing he did to, and told me that theygwere all about the
fire, eating the flesh of one of their prisoners; and that a
bearded man lay bound upon the sand, whom he said they
would kill next. I had not a moment to lose, for two had
stooped down to untie the Christian, in order to murder him,
' Now,' said I,' Friday, do as you see me do.' I laid the


muskets down, and took one ; and then we both fired. Three
were killed, and five wounded. The rest jumped up imme-
diately on their feet; but knew not where to run. I resol
ved to pursue them, and ran to the canoe, calling Friday
to follow me; but I was no sooner in the canoe, than I found
another poor creature lie there alive, bound hand and foot.
I immediately cut the twisted flags; and seeing that he had






ROBINSON CRUSOE.


been bound so tight that he was almost dead, I gave him a
dram, and ordered Friday to tell him of his deliverance; but
when the poor fellow looked in his face, and heard him
speak, it would have moved any one to tears to have seen
how he kissed, embraced, hugged him, danced, sung, and
then cried again. It was sometime before I could make him
tell me what was the matter; but when he came to himself,
he said, he was his own dear father. He then sat down by
him, held the old man's head close to his bosom, and chafed
his arms and ankles, which were stiff with binding. The
Spaniard having expressed to me the utmost gratitude for his
deliverance, gave me an account of the shipwreck, and the
situation of his companions; and it was resolved that Fri-
day's father and the Spaniard should go in the boat to fetch
them over.
About eight days after they were gone, Friday wakened
me one morning, by crying out, Master, they are come !' I
dressed, and hastened to the top of the hill, and plainly dis-
covered an English ship lying at anchor. They ran the boat
ashore on the beach, and eleven men landed, three of them
unarmed, who, by their gestures seemed to be prisoners : and
one of them I could perceive using the most passionate ges-
tures of entreaty, affliction, and despair, while the two
others, though their grief seemed less extravagant, appeared
pleading for mercy. At this instant I saw a villain lift up
his arm to kill one of the prisoners; but he did not strike
him. The men having left the prisoners and gone into the
woods, I went up to them with my man Friday, and said to
them in Spanish, who are you, gentleman ?' They started
at the noise ; but prepared to fly. I then said to them in
English,' Gentlemen, perhaps, you have a friend near you
whom you little expect. Tell me your case.'-' I was com-
mander of that ship,' replied one of the prisoners; 'my men
have mutinied against me, and if they do not murder me,





ROBINSON CRUSOE. 33
they intend to leave me and these two gentlemen assore in
this desolate place; they are but in that thicket, and I trem-
bled for fear they have seen you. Having concerted matters
with the captain, and armed ourselves, we went to the sail-
ors, and the captain reserving his own piece, the two men
shot one of the villains dead, and wounded another. He
who was wounded cried out for help, and I coming up, gave
orders for sparing their lives, on condition of their being
bound hands and feet while they stayed in the island.


A little time after, another boat came. We formed an
ambuscade, but one of the principal ringleaders in the mu-
tiny, with two of the crew coming towards us, the captain
was so eager, that he let fly, killed two on the spot, and the
thirdran for it. I immediately advanced with my whole





34 ROBINSON CRusOE.
army, upon which Will Atkins, one of the ringleaders, cal-
led out,' For God's sake, captain, spare my life.' The cap-
tain told him he must lay down his arms at discretion, and
trust to the governor's mercy, upon which they all submit-
ted, and with their assistance we seized the ship


When I saw my deliverance thus put into my hands, I was
ready to sink with surprise; I was not able to answer one
word, but a flood of tears brought me to myself, and a little
while after I recovered my speech. I then in my turn em-
braced the captain as my deliverer, and we rejoiced togeth-
er. Having the prisoners brought before me, I asked them
what they had to say in their own defence, telling them I





ROBINSON CRUSOE. 33
had power to execute them there. They pleaded the cap-
tain's promise of mercy. I then told them that I intended to
go passenger in the ship, with all my men; but that they,
if they went, could only go as prisoners; observing, how-
ever, that they might, if they chose it, stay in the island.
This they gladly accepted, and I prepared to go on board
the next day. The captain returning to the ship, got every
thing ready for my reception.
When he was gone, I talked to the men, told them my
story, and how I managed all my household business; left
a letter for the fifteen Spaniards, and made them promise to
treat them in common with themselves. The next day I
went on board the ship, taking Friday with me; thus I left
the island, after being on it twenty-eight years, and arrived
safely in England. Sometime after, I went to Lisbon, to
look after my effects in the Brazils, and found the gener-
ous captain, who had been so much my friend, still alive-
and he put me in the way of recovering the produce of my
plantations. And a few months after there arrived ships in
the Tagus, with effects for my use, to the amount of fifty
thousand pounds, besides one thousand a year which I ex-
pected to receive annually from my plantation.


THE END.


















1I


7"
UNoo


'A


He then commanded his General who was an old experienced leader
and a great patron of mine, to lead up the troops in close order and march
them under me ; the foot by twenty-four abreast, and the horse by sir
teen, with drums beating, colors flying, and pikes advanced. The body
consisted of three thousand foot and a thousand horse.


,lj


-rC3~ ad











GULLIVER'S TRAVELS

INTO THE KINGDOM OF



RECORDING HIS

STRANGE ADVENTURE IN THAT REMOTE
COUNTRY.
Embellished with neat Engravings on Wood.














NEW-YORK:

PUBLISHED BY J. SLATER,
42 DIVISION-STREET.









GULLIVER'S TRAVELS.



A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


CHAPTER I.

Gulliver gives some account of himself and his first inducements to travel.
He is shipwrecked, and swims for for his life; gets safe on shore in the
country of Lilliput; is made a prisoner, and carried up the country.
MY father had a small estatein Nottinghamshire; I was
the third of five sons. After completing my education,
I was bound apprentice to Mr. James Bates, an eminent
surgeon in London, with whom I continued four years; and
my father now and then sending me small sums of money, I
laid them out in learning navigation, and the mathematics,
useful to those who intend to travel, as I always believed it
would be, some time or other, my fortune to do.
Shortly after the expiry of my indentures, I was recommend-
ed to be surgeon to the Swallow, Captain Abraham Pannell,
commander; with whom I continued three years and a half,
making a voyage or two into the Levant, and some other
parts.
I afterwards accepted an advantageous offer from Captain
William Pritchard, master of the Antelope, who was making
a voyage to the South Sea. We set sail from Bristol, May 4,
1699, and our voyage at first was very prosperous; but in our
passage from these seas to the East Indies we were driven
by a violent storm to the noth-west of Van Diemen's Land,
and the ship immediately split. Six of the crew, of whom I
was one, having let down the boat into the sea, made a shift
1*





GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


to get clear of the ship and the rock. We rowed about three
leagues till we were able to work no longer. We therefore
trusted ourselves to the mercy of the waves, and in about
half an hour the boat was overset. What became of my
companions in the boat, or of those who were left in the
vessel, I cannot tell; but I swam as fortune directed me, and
was pushed forward by wind and tide till I got to the shore,
about, as I conjectured, eight o'clock in the evening. I then
advanced forward near half a mile, but could not discover
any sign of houses or inhabitants. Being extremely tired,
and finding myself much inclined to sleep, I lay down on the
grass, which was very short and soft, where I slept sounder
than ever I remembered to have done in my life. When I
waked, I attempted to rise, but was not able to stir; for, as
I happened to lie on my back, I found my arms and legs were
fastened on each side to the ground; and my hair was tied
down in the same manner. I likewise felt several slender
cords across my body, from my armpits to my thighs. I
heard a confused noise about me; but, in the posture I lay,
could see nothing except the sky.
In a little time I felt something alive moving on my left
leg, which advanced gradually up to my chin; when, bending
my eyes downward, I perceived it to be a human creature not
six inches high, with a bow and arrow in his hands and a
quiver at his back. In the mean time I felt at least forty
more of the same kind (as I conjectured) following the first.
I was in the utmost astonishment, and roared so loud, that
they all ran back in a fright. However, they soon returned,
and one of them, lifting up his hands and eyes by way of ad-
miration, cried out in a shrill but distinct voice, Hekinah degul!
the others repeating the same words several times. I lay all
this while in great uneasiness; at length, struggling to get
loose, 1 had the fortune to break some of the strings, and






TO LILLIPUT.


wrench out the pegs that fastened my left arm to the ground.
I was just able to turn my head about two inches. But the
creatures ran off a second time before I could seize them:
whereupon there was a great shout in a very shrill accent,
and after it ceased one of them cried aloud, Tolgophonac !
when in an instant I felt above a hundred arrows discharged
on my left hand, which pricked me like so many needles.
When this shower of arrows was over, I fell a-groaning with
pain, and then striving again to get loose, they discharged
another volley larger than the first, and some of them attempt-
ed with spears to stick me in the sides; but by good luck I
had on me a buff jerkin, which they could not pierce. I
thought it best to lie still, and my design was to continue so
till night, when, my left hand being already loose, I could
easily free myself ; and as for the inhabitants, I had reason
to believe I might be a match for the greatest army they
could bring against me. But when the people observed I was
quiet, they discharged no more arrows; but, by the noise I
heard, I knew their numbers increased; and about four yards
from me, over against my right ear, I heard a knocking for
above an hour, like that of people at work; when turning
my head that way, as well as the pegs and strings would per-
mit me, I saw a stage erected about a foot and a half from
the ground, capable of holding four of the inhabitants, with
two or three ladders to mount it; from whence one of them,
who seemed to be a person of quality, made me a long speech,
whereof I understood not one syllable. Immediately about
fifty of the inhabitants came and cut the strings that fastened
the left side of my head, which allowed me to turn to the
-ight, and observe the person and gesture of him that was to
speak. He appeared to be taller than any of the other three
who attended him, whereof one was a page that held up his
train, and seemed to be somewhat longer than my middle-





GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


finger; the other two stood one on each side to support him.
I answered in a few words, Jut in the most submissive man-
ner, lifting up my left hand and both my eyes to the sun, as


















calling him for a witness; and being a (nost famished with
hunger, I put my finger frequently to my mouth, to signify
that I wanted food. The hurgo (for so they call a great lord,
as I afterwards learnt) understood me. He descended from
the stage, and commanded that several ladders should be ap-
plied to my sides, on which above a hundred of the inhabit-
ants mounted, and walked towards my mouth, laden with
baskets full of meat.
There were shoulders, legs, and loins, shaped like those of
mutton, and very well dressed, but smaller than the wings of
a lark. I ate them by two or three at a mouthful, and took
three loaves at a time, about the bigness of musket-bullets.
They supplied me as fast as they could, showing the greatest
wonder at my bulk and appetite. I then made another sign,
that I wanted drink. Being a most ingenious people, they
slung up with great dexterity one of their largest hogsheads,


8





TO LILLIPUT.


then rolled it towards my hand, and beat out the top: I drank
it off at a draught for it did not hold half a pint; they brought
me a second hogshead, which I drank in the same manner,
and made signs for more ; but they had none to give me.
When I had performed these wonders, they shouted for joy,
repeating several times as they did at first, Hekinah degul!
They made me a sign that I should throw down the two hogs-
heads, but first warning the people below to stand out of the
way; and when they saw the vessels in the air, there was
another shout of Hekinah degul!
After some time there appeared before me a person of
high rank from his imperial majesty. His excellency advan-
ced forwards up to my face, with about a dozen of his retinue,
and spoke about ten minutes without any signs of anger, but
with a kind of determined resolution, often pointing forwards,
which, as I afterwards found, was towards the capital city,
about half a mile distant; whither it was agreed by his ma-
jesty in council that I must be conveyed. I answered in few
words, but to no purpose, and made a sign to signify that I
desired my liberty. It appeared that he understood me well
enough, for he shook his head by way of disapprobation.
However, he made other signs to let me understand, that I
should have meat and drink enough, and very good treatment.
I once more thought of attempting to break my bonds; but,
when I felt the smart of their arrows upon my face and hands,
and many of the darts still sticking in them, and observing
likewise that the number of my enemies increased, I gave
tokens to let them know that they might do with me what
they pleased. Upon this the hurgo and his train withdrew.
Soon after I felt great numbers of people on my left side. re-
laxing the cords to such a degree that I was able to turn
upon my right. But before this they had daubed my face
and both my hands with a sort of ointment, which, in a few
minutes, removed all the smart of their arrows.





GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


It seems, that upon the first moment I was discovered, the
emperor had early notice of it, and determined in council,
that I should be tied in the manner I have related (which
was done while I slept) ; that plenty of meat and drink should
be sent me, and a machine prepared to carry me to the capital
city.
These people being excellent mathematicians, five hundred
carpenters and engineers were immediately set at work to
prepare a great engine for my conveyance. But the principle
difficulty was to raise and place me in this vehicle. But
they at last, by means of pulleys, wheels, hooks, and other
contrivances, succeeded in their purpose. All this I was
told; for, while the operation was performing, I lay in a
profound sleep, which was caused by the force of some sleepy
potion the emperor's physicians had mingled in the wine I
partook of. Fifteen hundred of the emperor's largest horses,
each about four inches and a half high, were then employed
to draw me towards the metropolis, which, as I said, was
half a mile distant.
About four hours after we began our journey, I was awa-
ked through the curiosity of one of the officers in the guards,
who put the sharpend of his half-pike a good way up into
my left nostril, which tickled my nose like a straw, and made
me sneeze violently, whereupon they stole off unperceived ;
and it was not till three weeks after that I knew the cause
of my waking so suddenly. We made a long march the re-
maining part of the day, and rested at night with five hundred
guards on each side of me, half with torches, and half with
bows and arrows, ready to shoot me if I should offer to stir.
The next morning at sunrise we continued our march, and
arrived within two hundred yards of the city-gates about noon.
The emperor and all his court came out to meet us.
At the place where the carriage stopped there stood an





TO LILLIPUT.


ancient temple, esteemed to be the largest in the whole king-
dom. In this edifice it was determined Ishould lodge. The
great gate was about four feet high, and almost two feet
wide, through which I could easily creep. On each side
was a small window, not above six inches from the ground.
into that on the left side the king's smith conveyed fourscore
and eleven chains, like those that hung to a lady's watch in
Europe, and almost as large, which were locked to my left
leg with six-and-thirty padlocks. On the other side of the
great highway, at twenty feet distance, there was a turret at
least five feet high. Here the emperor ascended, with many
principals lords of his court, to have an opportunity of view-
ing me, as I was told, for I could not see them. It was
reckoned that above a hundred thousand inhabitants came out
of the town upon the same errand. When the workmen
found it was impossible for me to break loose, they cut the
remaining strings that bound me. But the noise and asto-
nishment of the people at seeing me rise and walk are not to
be expressed. The chains that held my left leg were about
two yards long, and gave me not only the liberty of walking
backwards and forwards in a semicircle, but, being fixed
within four inches of the gate, allowed me to creep in, and
lie at my full length in the temple.



CHAPTER II.

The Emperor of Lilliput, attended by several of the nobility, comes i
see Gulliver in his confinement. The Emperor's person and habit de-
scribed. Learned men appointed to teach Gulliver their language.
His pockets are searched and his sword and pistols taken from him.
WHEN I found myself on my feet, I looked about me, and
must confess I never beheld a more entertaining prospect.
The country around appeared like a continued garden, and





GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


the enclosed fields, which were generally forty feet square,
resembled so many beds of flowers. The tallest trees appear-
ed to be seven feet high. I viewed the town on my left
hand, which looked like the painted scene of a city in a
theatre.
The emperor now descended from the tower, and was ad-
vancing on horseback towards me, but had like to have met
with a serious mishap from the terror of his beast, which
plunged and reared when he came within sight of me. This
prince, however, being an excellent horseman, kept his seat
till some of his attendants ran to his assistance. When he
alighted, he surveyed me round with great admiration; but
kept beyond the length of my chain. He ordered me
victuals and drink, which his cooks and butlers pushed for-
ward in a sort of vehicles upon wheels, till I could reach
them. Twenty of them were filled with meat and ten with
liquor; each of the former afforded me two or three good
mouthfuls; and I emptied the liquor of ten vessels, which
was contained in earthen vials, into one vehicle, drinking it
off at a draught; and so I did with the rest. The empress,
and young princes of the blood of both sexes, attended by
many ladies, sat at some distance in their chairs; but upon
the accident that happened to the emperor's horse, they alight-
ed, and came near his person. He is taller, by almost the
breadth of my nail, than any of his court. His dress was
very plain and simple, and the fashion of it between the
Asiatic and the European; but he had on his head a light
helmet of gold, adorned with jewels, and a plume on the
crest. His sword was almost three inches long: the hilt
and scabbard were gold enriched with diamonds. His voice
was shrill but clear, and I could distinctly hear it when I
stood up. The ladies and courtiers were all most magnifi-
cently clad. His majesty spoke often to me, and I returned





TO LI;LIPUT.


answers; but neither of- us could understand a syllable.
After about two hours the court retired, and I was left with
a strong guard, to prevent the impertinence of the rabble,
who were very impatient to crowd about me as near. as they
durat.
Towards night I got with some difficulty into my house,
where I lay on the ground, and continued to do so about a
fortnight; during which time the emperor gave orders to
have a bed prepared for me. Six hundred beds of the com-
mon measure were brought in carriages, and worked up in
my house; a hundred and fifty of their beds; sewn together,
made up the breadth and length; and these were four double;
which, however, kept me but very indifferently from the
hardness of the floor, which was of smooth stone. By the
same computation, they provided me with sheets, blankets,
and coverlets.
As the news of my arrival spread through the kingdom, it
brought prodigious numbers of rich, idle, and curious people
to see me.
In the mean time the emperor held frequently councils, to
debate what course should be taken with me; and I was
afterwards assured, by a person of great quality, that the
court was under many difficulties concerning me. After
several consultations, a commission was issued out, obliging
all the villages round the city to deliver in every morning
six beeves, forty sheep, and other victuals for my sustenance;
together with a proportionable quantity of bread and wine,
and other liquors; for the due payment of which his majesty
gave assignments upon his treasury. An establishment was
also made of six hundred persons to be my domestics, who
had board-wages allowed for their maintainance, and tents
built for them very conveniently on each side of my door.
It was likewise ordered, that three hundred tailors should
2





GULLIVER'S TRAVELS


make me a suit of clothes, after the fashion of the country;
that six of his majesty's greatest scholars should be employed
to instruct me in their language: and, lastly, that the em-
peror's horses, and those of the nobility and troops of guards,
should be frequently exercised in my sight, to accustom them-
selves to me. All these orders were duly put in execution ;
and in about three weeks I made great progress in learning
their language; during which time the emperor frequently
honoured me with his visits, and was pleased to assist my
masters in teaching me.
His majesty one day said he hoped c, I would not take it ill,
if he gave orders to certain proper officers to search me; for
probably I might carry about me several weapons, which must
needs be dangerous things, if they answered the bulk of sc
prodigious a person." I said, His majesty should be sat-
isfied; for I was ready to strip myself, and turn out my
pockets before him." Two officers were then appointed for
this task. These I took up in my hands, put them first in
my coat-pockets, and then into every other pocket about me
except my two ibbs and another secret pocket, which I ha.
no mind should be searched, wherein I had some little ne-
cessaries that were of no consequence to any but myself.
In one of my fobs there was a silver watch, and in the other
a small quantity of gold in a purse. These gentlemen made
an exact inventory of every thing they saw; which I after-
wards translated into English, and is as follows :
Imprimis, In the right coat-pocket of the great man-
mountain (for so I interpret the words quinbus flestrin) we
found a great piece of coarse cloth, large enough to be a
foot-cloth for your majesty's chief room of state. Next we
saw a huge silver chest, with a cover of the same metal,
which we were not able to lift. We desired it should be
opened, and one of us stepping into it, found himself up to






TO LILLIPUT.


the mid-leg in a sort of dust, some part whereof flying up to
our faces, set us both a-sneezing for several times together.
In the left there was a sort of engine, from the back of which
were extended twenty long poles, resembling the palisadoes
before your majesty's court; wherewith we conjectured the
man-mountain combs his head. In a large pocket we saw
two hollow pillars of iron, about the length of a man, fastened
to strong pieces of timber larger than the pillars; and upon
one side of the pillars were huge pieces of iron sticking out,
cut into strange figures, which we knew not what to make
of. There were two pockets which we could not enter; these
he called his fobs. Out of the right fob hung a great silver
chain, with a wonderful kind of engine at the bottom. We
directed him to draw out whatever was at the end of that
chain ; which appeared to be a globe, half silver and half of
some transparent metal; for on the transparent side, we saw
certain strange figures circularly drawn, and thought we
could touch them, till we found our fingers stopt by that lucid
substance. He put his engine to our ears, which made an
incessant noise, like that of a water-mill. He called it his
oracle, and said, it pointed out the time for every action of
his life. From the left fob he took out a net almost large
enough for a fisherman, but contrived to open and shut like
a purse, and which served him for the same use : we found
therein several massy pieces of yellow metal, which, if they
be real gold, must be of immense value.
c Having thus, in obedience to your majesty's commands
diligently searched all his pockets, we observed a girdle
about his waist made of the hide of some prodigious animal,
from which, on the left side, hung a sword of the length of
five men; and on the right a bag or pouch divided into two
cells, each cell capable of holding three of your majesty's
subjects. In one of these cells were several globes, or balls,






GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


of a most ponderous metal, about the bigness of our heads,
and requiring a strong hand to lift them: the other cell con-
tained a heap of certain black grains, but of no great bulk or
weight, for we could hold above fifty of them in the palms of
our hands.
<< This is an exact inventory of what we found about the
body of the man-mountain, who used us with great civility,
and due respect to your majesty's commission.
cc Clefrin Frelock, Alarsi Frelock."
When this inventory was read over to the emperor, he
directed me, although in very gentle terms, to deliver up the
several particulars He first called for my scimitar, which I


took out, scabbard and all. In the mean time he ordered
three thousand of his choicest troops (who then attended
him) to surround me at a distance, with their bows and






TO LILLIPUT.


arrows just ready to discharge; but I did not observe it, for
my eyes were wholly fixed upon his majesty. He then
desired me to draw my scimitar, which, although it had got
some rust by the sea-water, was in most parts exceeding
bright. I did so, and immediately all the troops gave a shout
between terror and surprise; for the sun shone clear, and
the reflection dazzled their eyes as I waved the scimitar to
and fro in my hand. His majesty, who is a most magnani-
mous prince, was less daunted than I could expect; he or-
dered me to return it into the scabbard, and cast it on the
ground as gently as I could, about six feet from the end of
my chain. The next thing he demanded was one of the hol-
low pillars; by which he meant my pocket pistols. I drew
it out, and at his desire, as well as I could, expressed to him
the use of it; and charging it only with powder, I first
cautioned the emperor not to be afraid, and then I let it off
in the air. The astonishment here were greater than at the
sight of the scimitar. Hundreds fell down as if they had
been struck dead; and even the emperor, although he stood
his ground, could not recover himself for some time. I then
delivered up my pistols, my scimitar, my pouch of powder
and bullets; and last my watch, which the emperor was
very curious to see, and commanded two of his tallest yeo-
men of the guards to bear it on a pole upon their shoulders,
as draymen in England do a barrel of ale. He was amazed
at the continual noise it made, and the motion of the minute-
hand, which he could easily discern; for their sight is much
more acute than ours. I then delivered over to the custody
of his majesty my several effects, with the exception of the
articles contained in the private pocket, which escaped their
search, wherein there were a pair of spectacles, a pocket
perspective, and some other little conveniences, which, being
of no consequence to the emperor, I did nc find myself
bound in honour to discover.





GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


CHAPTER III.

Gulliver diverts the Emperor and his nobility of both sexes in a very un-
common manner. The diversions of the Court of Lilliput described.
Gulliver has his liberty granted him upon certain conditions.
My gentleness and good behavior had gained so far on the
emperor and his people, that I began to conceive hopes of
getting my liberty. I took all methods to cultivate this dis-
position. The natives came by degrees to be less apprehen-
sive of any danger from me; I would sometimes lie down,
and let five or six of them dance on my hand ; and at last the
boys and girls would venture to come and play at hide and
seek in my hair. I had now made a good progress in under-
standing and speaking the language. The emperor had a
mind one day to entertain me with several of the country
shows, wherein they exceeded all nations I have known both
for dexterity and magnificence. I was diverted with none so
much as that of the rope-dancers, who performed upon a
slender white thread, extended about two feet, and twelve
inches from the ground.
There is likewise another diversion, which is only shown
before the emperor and empress, and first minister, upon
particular occasions. The emperor lays on the table three
fine silken threads of six inches long; one is blue, the other
red, and the third green. These threads are proposed as
prizes for those persons whom the emperor has a mind to
distinguish by a peculiar mark of his favor. The ceremony
is performed in his majesty's great chamber of state. The
emperor holds a stick in his hands, while the candidates ad-
vancing, one by one, sometimes leap over the stick, some-
times creep under it, backward and forward, several times,
according as the stick is advanced or depressed. Sometimes
the emperor holds one end of the stick, and his first minister
the other; sometimes the minister has it entirely to himself.
Whoever performs his part with most agility, and holds out





TO LILLIPUT. La

the longest in leaping and creeping, is rewarded with tl
blue-colored silk; the red is given to the next, and the green
to the third, which they all wear girt twice rpund about the
middle; and you see few great persons ajxq this court who
are not adorned with one of these girdles.
The horses of the army, and those of the stables,
having been daily led before me, were, n lo shy. The
riders would leap them over my hand, as I1i t on the
ground; and one of the emperor's huntsT all large
courser, took my foot, shoe and all; whict indeed a
prodigious leap. I had the good fortune to diver'the empe-
ror one day after a very extraordinary manner. I dadd he
would order several sticks of two feet high, and the thick-
ness of an ordinary cane, to be brought me, which being
done, I took nine of these sticks, and fixing them firmly in
the ground in a quadrangular figure, two feet and a half
square, I took four other sticks, and tied them parallel at
each corner about two feet from the ground; then I fastened
my handkerchief to the nine sticks that stood erect, and ex-
tended it on all sides, till it was tight as the top of a drum;
and the bfur parallel sticks, rising about five inches higher
than the handkerchief, served as ledges on each side. When
I had finished my work, I desired the emperor to let a troop
of his best horse, twenty-four in number, come and exercise
upon this plain. His majesty approved of the proposal, and
I took them up, one by one, in my hands, ready mounted
and armed, with the proper officers to exercise them. As
soon as they got into order, they divided into two parties,
performed mock skirmishes, discharged blunt arrows, drew
their swords, fled and pursued, attacked and retired, and, in
short, discovered the best military discipline I ever beheld.
The parallel stick secured them and their horses from falling
over the stage; and the emperor was so much delighted, that
ne ordered this entertainment to be repeated several days,
and it was my good fortune that no ill accident happened in





GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


these entertainments; only once a fiery horse, that belonged
to one of the captains, pawing with his hoof, struck a hole
in my handkerchief, and his foot slipping, he overthrew his
rider and himself; but I immediately relieved them both, and,
covering the hole with one hand, I set down the troops with
the other, in the same manner I took them up.
Two days after this adventure, the Emperor, having order-
ed that part of his army which quarters in and about the me-
tropolis, to be in readiness, took a fancy of diverting himself
in a very sin gular manner. He desired I would stand like a
Colossus, with my legs as far asunder as I conveniently could.
He then commanded his general to draw up the troops in
close order, and march them under me twenty-four abreast,
and the horse by sixteen, with drums beating, colours flying,
and pikes advanced. This body consisted of three thousand
foot and a thousand horse.
I had sent so many petitions for my liberty, that his ma-
jesty at last granted my request, but upon certain conditions,
drawn up by the chief secretary, which I solemnly agreed to.
These articles were brought to me by Skyresh Bolgolam, the
admiral of the realm, who was pleased, without any provoca-
tion, to be my mortal enemy, attended by several persons of
distinction. After they were read, I was demanded to swear
to their performance in the manner of my own country, and
then in the method prescribed by their laws; which was, to
hold my right foot in my left hand, and to place the middle-
finger of my right hand on the crown of my head, and my
Lhumb on the tip of my right ear. But because the reader
may be curious to have some idea of the style and manner of
expression peculiar to that people, as well as to know the ar-
ticles upon which I recovered my liberty, I have made a trans-
lation of the whole instrument, word for word, as near as I
was able, which I here offer to the public :
Golbasto Momarem Eviame Gurdilo Shefin Mully Ully
Guc, most mighty emperor of Lilliput, delight and terro






TO LILLIPUr.


the universe, whose dominions extend five thousand bhastruge
(about twelve miles in circumference) to the extremities of
the globe; monarch of all monarchs, taller than the sons of
men; whose feet press down to the centre, and whose head
strikes against the sun; at whose nod the princes of the
earth shake their knees; pleasant as the spring, comfortable
as the summer, fruitful as autumn, dreadful as winter: His
most sublime majesty proposes to the man-mountain, Itaely
arrived at our celestial dominions, the following articles,
which by solemn oath he shall be obliged to perform:-
1st, The man-mountain shall not depart from our do-
minions, without our license.
2d, He shall not presume to come into our metropolis
without our express order; at which time the inhabitants
shall have two hours' warning to keep within doors.
"3d, As he walks the said roads, he shall take the utmost
care not to trample upon the bodiesf any of our loving sub-
jects, their horses, or carriages, nor take any of our subjects
into his hands without their own consent.
"4th, If an express requires extraordinary despatch, the
man-mountain shall be obliged to carry, in his pocket, the
messenger and horse a six-days' journey, once in every moon,
and return the said messenger back (if so required) safe to
our imperial presence.
5th, He shall be our ally against our enemies in the
island of Blefuscu, and do his utmost to destroy their fleet,
which is now preparing to invade us.
6th, That the said man-mountain shall, at his time of
pleasure, be aiding and assisting to our workmen, in helping
to raise certain great stones towards covering the wall of the
principal park, and our other royal buildings.
"Lastly, That, upon his solemn oath to observe all the
above articles, the said man-mountain shall have a daily al-
lowance of meat and drink sufficient for the support of 1724
of our subjects, with free access to our royal person, and






GULLIVR'S VOYAGE


other marks of our favor. Given at our palace at Belfaborae,
the twelfth day of the ninety-first moon of our reign."
I swore and subscribed to these articles with great cheer-
fulness and content, although some of them were not so
honorable as I could have wished; whereupon my chains
were immediately unlocked, and I was at full liberty, the
emperor himself, in person, doing me the honor of being
present at the whole ceremony.


CHAPTER IV.

Mildendo, the metropolis ofLilliput, described, together with the Empe-
ror's palace. A conversation between Galliver and a principal secre-
tary, concerning the affairs of that Empire. Gulliver offers to serve the
Emperor in his wars.
THE first request I made, after I had obtained my liberty,
was, that I might have license to see Mildendo, the metropo-
lis. The wall which encompassed it is two feet and a half
high, and at least eleven inches broad, so that a coach and
horses may be driven very safely round it; and it is flanked
with strong towers at ten feet distance I stepped over the
great western gate, and passed very gently and sideline
through the two principal streets only in my short waistcoat,
for fear of damaging the roofs and eaves of the houses with
the skirts of my coat. The garret-windows and tops of
houses were so crowded with spectators, that I thought in all
my travels I had not seen a more populous place. The city
is an exact square, each side of the wall being five hundred
feet long; The two great streets, which run across and di-
vided it into four quarters, are five feet wide. The lanes
and alleys, which I could not enter, but only viewed them as
I passed, are from twelve to eighteen inches. The town is
capable of holding five hundred thousand souls: the houses
are from three to five stories high: the shops and markets
well provided.




TO LILLIPUT.


The emperor's palace is in the centre of the city where
the two great streets meet. It is enclosed by a wall of two
feet high, and twenty feet distance from Jhe buildings. The
outward court is a square of forty feet, and includes two
other courts: in the inmost are the royal apartments, which
I was very desirous to see, but found it extremely difficult;
for the great gates, from one square into another, were but
eighteen inches high and seven inches wide. However, I
made a shift, by very careful stepping, to get over into the
inmost court; and lying down upon my side, I applied my
face to the windows of the middle stories, which were left




















open on purpose, and discovered the most splendid apart-
ments that can be imagined. There I saw the empress and
the young princes in their several lodgings, with their chief
attendants about them. Her imperial majesty was pleased
to smile very graciously upon me, and gave me out of the
window her hand to kiss.
One morning, about a fortnight after I had obtained my





GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


liberty, Reldresal, principal secretary for private affairs, came
to my house attended only by one servant. He ordered his
coach to wait at a distance, and desired I would give him an
hour's audience; which I readily consented to.
He then informed me that they were threatened with a
sudden invasion from the island of Blefuscu, another great
empire of the universe, almost as large and powerful as that
of Lilliput. The quarrel," he proceeded, began upon the
following occasion : It is allowed on all hands, that the pri-
mitive way of breaking eggs was upon the larger end; but
his present majesty's grandfather, while he was a boy, going
to eat an egg, and breaking it according to the ancient prac-
tice, happened to cut one of his fingers; whereupon the
emperor his father published an edict, commanding all his
subjects, upon great penalties, to break the smaller end of
their eggs. The people so highly resented this law, that
there ha-e been six rebellions raised on that account; where-
in one emperor lost his life and another his crown. These
civil commotions were constantly fomented by the monarchs
of Blefuscu; and when they were quelled, the exiles always
fled for refuge to that empire. It is computed that eleven
thousand persons have at several times suffered death rather
than submit to break their eggs at the smaller end. Now,
the Bi-endian exiles have found so much credit in the empe-
ror of Blefuscu's court, and so much private assistance and
encouragement from their party here at home, that a bloody
war has been carried on between the two empires for six-
and-thirty moons, with various success; during which time
we have suffered heavy losses, but the damage received by
the enemy is reckoned to be somewhat greater than ours.
However, they have now equipped a numerous fleet, and
are just preparing to make a descent upon us; and his im-
perial majesty, placing great confidence in your valour and
strength, has commanded me to lay this account of his affairs
before you."





TO LILLIPUT.


I desired the secretary to present my humble duty to the
emperor; and to let him know, "c that I thought it would not
become me, who was a foreigner, to interfere with parties;
but 1 was ready, with the hazard of my life, to defend his
person and state against all invaders."



CHAPTER V.
Gullivcr, by an extraordinary stratagem, prevents an invasion. A high
title of honour is conferred upon him. Ambassadors arrive from the Em"
Deror of Blefuscu, and sue for peace. The Emperor's apartments ow
fire by accident; Gulliver instrumental in saving the rest of the palace.
THE empire of Blefuscu is an island situated to the north-
east of Lilliput, from which it is parted only by a channel of
eight hundred yards wide. I had not yet seen it, but when
I was told it was only, even at high water, in the middle,
about seventy glumgluffs deep (between five or six feet,) I
provided myself with proper hooks and tackling, and about
half an hour before high water I waded with what haste I
could, and swam in the middle about thirty yards, till I felt
the ground. I arrived at the fleet in less than half an hour.
The enemy was so frightened when they saw me, that they
leapt out of their ships, and swam to shore, where there could
not be fewer than thirty thousand souls; I then took my
tackling, and fastening a hook to the hole at the prow of each,
I tied all the cords together at the end. While I was thus
employed, the enemy discharged several thousand arrows,
which gave me much disturbance in my work. My greatest
apprehension was for mine eyes; but I kept, among other
little necessaries, a pair of spectacles in a private pocket,
which, as I observed before, had escaped the emperor's
searches. These I took out, and fastened as strongly as I
could to protect my eyes, and thus armed, went on boldly
3





GULLIVER'S VOTAGE


with my work. I had now fastened all the hooks, and taking
the knot in my hand, began to pull; and with great ease
drew fifty of the enemy's largest men-of-war after me.
The Blefsecudians were at first confounded with astonish-
ment; but when they perceived the whole fleet moving in
order, and saw me pulling at the end, they set up a loud
scream of grief and despair. When I had got out of danger.
I stopped awhile to pick out the arrows that stuck in my
hands and face, and rubbed on some of the same ointment
that was given me at my first arrival. I then took oil my
spectacles, and waiting about an hour, till the tide was a
little fallen, I waded through the middle with my cargo, and
arrived safe at the royal port of Lilliput.
The emperor received me at my landing with all possible
encomiums, and created me a nardac upon the spot, which is
the highest title of honour among them. His majesty then
proposed that I should assist him still further in destroying
the power of his enemies ; but to this I would not assent, and
the emperor 1 could see was much chagrined at my irt'l.sal.
About three weeks after this exploit there arrived a :n-lemn
embassy from Blefuscu, with humble offers of a peace, which
was soon concluded, upon conditions very advantageous to
our emperor. When the treaty was finished, wherein I did
them several good offices by the credit I now had at court,
the ambassadors, who were privately told how muchli had
been their friend, made me a visit in form. They began with
many compliments upon my valour and generosity, and invited
me to that kingdom in the emperor their master's name.
Accordingly, the next time I had the honour to see our em-
peror, I desired his general license to wait on the Blefuscu-
dian monarch, which he was pleased to grant me, but, as I
could perceive, in a very cold manner.
It was not long after this interview that I had an opportu.






TO LILLIPUT.


nity of doing his majesty, at least as I then thought, a most
signal service. I was alarmed at midnight with the cries of
many hundred people at my door. 1 heard the word
burglum repeated incessantly; several of the emperor's
court, making their way through the crowd, entreated me to
come immediately to the palace, where her imperial Majes-
ty's apartment was on fire. I got up in an instant; and or-
ders being given to clear the way before me, and it being
likewise a moonlight night, I made a shift to get to the palace


without trampling on any of the people. I found they had
already applied ladders to the walls of the apartment, and
were well provided with buckets, but the water was at some
distance. These buckets were about the size of a large
thimble, and the poor people supplied me with them as fast
as they could; but the flame was so violent that they dul






GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


little good. The case seemed wholly desperate and deplore
le; and this magnificent palace would have infallibly been
burnt down to the ground, if, by a presence of mind unusual
to me, I had not suddenly thought of an expedient. I had,
the evening before, drank plentifully of a most delicious
wine called glimigrim; and, by the luckiest chance in the
world, I had not discharged myself of any part of it; and this
I voided in such a quantity, and applied so well to the proper
places, that in three minutes the fire was wholly extinguish
ed, ana the rest of the noble pile which had cost so many
ages in erecting, preserved from destruction,



CHAPTER VI.

Of the inhabitants of Lilliput ; their laws and customs, Gulliver's way of
living in that country.

THE common size of the natives is somewhat under six
inches h:gh, so there is an exact proportion in all other ani-
mals, as well as plants and trees; for instance, the tallest
horses and oxen are between four and five inches in height,
the sheep an inch and a half, more or less; their geese about
the bigness of a sparrow, and so the several gradations dowr-
wards, till you come to the smallest, which, to my sight, were
almost invisible; but nature has adapted the eyes of the Lil-
liputians to all objects proper for their view; they see with
great exactness, but at no great distance.
There are some laws and customs in this empire very pe-
culiar: they look upon fraud as a greater crime than theft,
and therefore seldom fail to punish it with death; for they
allege, that care and vigilance, with a very common under-
standing, may preserve a man's goods from thieves, but hon-
esty has no fence against superior cunning.





TO LILLrPUT.


Ingratitude is among them a capital crime, as we read it
to have been in some other countries: for they reason thus;
that whoever makes ill return to his benefactor must needs
be a common enemy to the rest of mankind, from whom he
has received no obligation, and therefore such a man is not
fit to live. The old and diseased among them are supported
by hospitals; for begging is a trade unknown in this empire.
And here it may perhaps diver' the curious reader, to give
some account of my domestics, and my manner of living in
this country, during a residence of nine months and thirteen
days. Having a head mechanically turned, and being like-
wise forced by necessity, I had made for myself a table and
chair convenient enough out of the largest trees in the royal
park. Two hundred sempstresses were employed to make
me shirts, and linen for my bed and table, all of the strongest
and coarsest kind they could get; which, however, they were
forced to quilt together in several folds, for the thickest was
some degrees finer than lawn. Three hundred tailors were
employed in the same manner to make me clothes; but they
had another contrivance for taking my measure. I kneeled
down, and they raised a ladder from the ground to my neck;
upon this ladder one of them mounted, and let fall a plumb-
line from my collar to the floor, which just answered the
length of my coat; but my waist and arms I measured myself.
I had three hundred cooks to dress my victuals, in little
convenient huts built about my house, where they and their
families lived, and prepared me two dishes apiece. I took
up twenty waiters in my hand, and placed them on the table;
a hundred more attended below on the ground, some with
dishes of meat, and some with barrels of wine, and other li-
quors slung on their shoulders; all which the waiters above
drew up as I wanted in a very ingenious manner by certain
cords, as we draw the bucket up out of a well in Europe.
3*






GULLIVER'S VOYAGX


A dish of their meat was a good mouthful, and a barrel of
their liquor a reasonable draught. Their mutton yields to
ours, but their beef is excellent. I have had a sirloin so large,
that I have been forced to I ke three bites of it; but this
Is rare. My servants were astonished to see me eat, bones
and all, as in our country we do the leg of a lark. Their
geese and turkeys I usually ate at a mouthful, and I confess
they far exceed ours. Of their smaller fowl I could take up
twenty or thirty at the end of my knife.
One day his imperial Majesty desired that himself and
his royal consort, with the young princes of the blood of both
sexes, might have the happiness," as he was pleased to call
it, of dining with me." They came accordingly, and I
placed them in chairs of state upon my table, just over
.lllLumlmIIIIIlluillnUIfllllilllil AII~i-I.hMMIMiii,


against me, with their guards about them. Flimnap, the
lord-high-treasurer, attended there likewise, with his white
staff; and I observed he often looked on me with a sour
countenance. That minister aad always been my secret






TO LILLIPUT.


enemy, though he outwardly caressed me more than was
usual to the moroseness of his nature. He represented to
the emperor ( the low condition of his treasury; that he was
forced to take up money at a great discount; that exchequer-
bills would not circulate under nine per cent. below par;
that I had cost his Majesty above a million and half of
sprugs (their greatest gold coin, about the bigness of a span-
gle) ; and, upon the whole, that it would be advisable in the
emperor to take the first fair occasion of dismissing me.'



CHAPTER VII.

(hlliver being informed of a design to accuse him of high treason, make
his escape to Blefuscu. His reception there.

WHIVN I was just preparing to pay my attendance on the
emperor of Blefuscu, a considerable person at court (to whom
I had been very serviceable at a time when he lay under the
highest displeasure of his imperial Majesty,) came to my
bhose very privately at night, in a close chair, and without
sending his name, desired admittance. The chairman were
dismissed; I put the chair with his lordship in it, into my
coat-pocl-et; and giving orders to a trusty servant to say I
was indisposed and gone to sleep, I fastened the door of my
house, placed the chair on the table, according to my custom,
end sat down by it. After the common salutations were
ever, observing his lordship's countenance full of concern,
and Inquiring into the reason, he desired I would hear him
with patience in a matter that highly concerned my honour
and my life." His speech was to the following effect, for I
took notes of it as soon as he left me :-
c You are to know," said he, that several committees or
council have been lately called, in the most private manner,
on your account, and it is but two days since his majesty
came to a full resolution.





GULLIVER'S VOYAGE


You are very sensible tnat Skyresh Bolgolam (galbet, or
high-admiral), has been your mortal enemy almost ever since
your arrival. His original reasons I know not; but his
hatred is increased since your great success against Blefus-
cu, by which his glory as admiral is much obscured. This
lord, in consort with Flimnap the high-treasurer, whose enmi-
ty to you is notorious on account of some old grudge, Limtoc
the general, Lalcon the chamberlain, and Balmuff the grand
justiciary, have prepared articles of impeachment against you
for treason and other capital crimes."
This preface made me so impatient, being conscious of my
owil merits and innocence, that I was going to interrupt him,
when he entreated me to be silent, and thus proceeded :
Out of gratitude for the favors you have done me, I pro-
cured information of the whole proceedings, and a copy of the
articles ; wherein I venture my head for your service."
His lordship then put into my hands a copy of the bill ot
impeachment, which contained a number of separate charges,
all of which were very frivolous and unfounded. The prin-
cipal charge related to the assistance I had given at the lire,
which was declared to have been done from the most traitor-
ous malice; and the offence, I was informed, was one which
incurred the highest penalties of iie law. My refusals to
concur with his majesty in destroying the power of Blefiscu,
was next dwelt upon as a grievous act of rebellion ; also my
accepting the courtesies of the Blefuscudian ambassadors, &c.
In the several debates upon this impeachment," contin-
ued his lordship, it must be confessed that his majesty stren-
uously endeavoured to extenuate your crimes. On the other
hand, the treasurer and admiral insisted that you should be
put to the most painful and ignominious death. It was at last
agreed on as a middle course, by a great majority of the coun-
cil, that instead of a capital punishment, you should be con-
demned to the loss of your eyes.
c In three days your friend the secretary will be directed






TO LILLIPUT.


to come to your house, and read before you the articles of im-
peachment; and then to signify the great lenity and favour
his majesty and council, in the mitigated sentence awarded
against you, which his majesty does not question you will
gratefully and humbly submit to; and twenty of his majesty's
surgeons will attend, in order to see the operation well per-
formed, by discharging very sharp-pointed arrows into the
balls of your eyes as you lie on the ground."
His lordship then left me, and I remained alone, under
many doubts and perplexities of mind.
At last I took my resolution. Recollecting I had his im-
perial majesty's license to pay my attendance upon the em-
peror of Blefuscu, I seized a large man-of-war, tied a cable
to the prow, and, lifting up the anchors, I stripped myself,
put my clothes (together with my coverlet, which I carried
under my arm), into the vessel, and, drawing it after me, be.
tween wading and swimming, arrived at the royal port of
Blefuscu, where the people had long expected me.
I shall not trouble the reader with a particular account of
my'reception at this court, which was suitable to the gene-
rosity of so great a prince, nor of the difficulties I was in for
want of a house and bed, being forced to lie on the ground,
wrapped up in my coverlet.


CHAPTER VIII.
Gulliver, by a lucky accident, finds means to leave Blefuscu, and, after
some difficulties, returns safe to his native country.
THREE days after my arrival, walking about, I observed,
about half a league off in the sea, somewhat that looked like a
boat overturned. I pulled off my shoes and stockings, and,
wading two or three hundred yards, I found the object to ap-
proach nearer by force of the tide, and then plainly saw it to
be a boat, which I supposed might by some tempest have been
driven from a ship.





GUI.LIVEALS VOYAGE


1 shall not enter into a detail of the dilliculties I was ander,
by tie help of certain paddles, which cost me ten lays making,
to get ily boat to the royal port of' llefuscu, where a mighty
concourse of people appeared upon my arrival, full of womner
at the sight oi so prodigious a vessel. I told the emperor
C, that my good fortune had thrown this boat in my way, to
carry nim to some place whence I might return to my native
conllllry, and begged his majesty's orders tfr getting materials
to lit it up, together witl his license to depart ;' which, alter
some kind expostulations, lie was pleased to grant.
lie oficred ime at the salme time his gracious protection, if
I would continue in ils .service ; wherein, although I believed
himin sincere, yet 1 resolved never more to put my confidence
in princes or minister;, where I could possibly avoid it; I
therefore politely declined the honour. Neither did l1 ind the
emperor at all displeased ; and 1 discovered, by a certain ac-
cident, that he was very glad of my resolution, and so were
most of his ministers.
lThese considerations mov;d mnc to hasten imy departure
somewhat sooner then I intended ; to which tlte court, impa-
tient to have me away, very readily contributed. Jive hun
dred workmen were employed to make two sails to my boat,
according to my directions, by quilting thirteen folds of their
strongest linen together. I was at the pains of making ropes
and cables, by twisting ten, twenty, or thirty of the thickest
and strongest of theirs. A great stone that I happened to
find, after a long search by the sea-shore, served me for an
anchor. I had the tallow of three hundred cows for greasing
my boat and other uses. I was at incredible pains in cutting
down some of the largest timber-trees for oars and masts;
wherein I was, however, much assisted by his majesty's ship-
carpenters, who helped me in smoothing them, after 1 Iad
done the rough work.
In about a month, when all was prepared, I sent to receive





TO LILLIPUT. 35

his majesty's commands, and to take my leave. The emperor
and royal lhmily came out of the palace; I lay down on my
face to kiss his hand, which he very graciously gave me; so
lid the empress and young princes of the blood. His majesty
presented me with fifty purses of two hundred sprugs apiece,
together with his picture at full length, which I immediately
pnt into one of my gloves, to keep it from being hurt.
I stored the boat with the carcasses ofa hundred oxen and
three hundred sheep, with bread and drink proportionable,
and as much meat ready dressed as four hundred cooks could
provide. I took with me six cows and two bulls alive, with
as many cwvs and rams, intending to carry them into my own
country, and propagate the breed ; and to feed them on board,
I had a good bundle of hay and a bag of corn. I would
gladly have taken a dozen of the natives, but this was a thing
the emperor would by no means permit; and, besides a dili-
gent search into my pockets, his majesty engaged my honour
t not to carry away any of his subjects, although with their
own consent and desire."
having thus prepared all things as well as I was able, I
set sail on the twenty-fourth day of September, 1701, at six
in the morning. My intention was to reach, if possible, one
of those islands which I had reason to believe lay to the north-
east of Van Diemnen's Land. 1 discovered nothing all that
day; hut upon the next, about three in the afternoon, when
I had by my computation made twenty-four leagues from Ble.
flscu, I described a sail steering to the south-east: my course
was due east. I hailed her, but could get no answer ; yet I
found I gained upon her, for the wind slackened. I made all
the sail I could, and in half an hour she spied me; then hung
out her ancient and discharged a gun.
It is not easy to express the joy I was in upon the unex-
pected hope of once more seeing my beloved country and the
dear friends I had left in it. The ship slackened her sails,





GULLIVER'S VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT.


and I came up with her between five and six in the evening,
September 26. My heart leaped within me to see her
English colours. The vessel was an English merchantman,
returning from Japan by the North and South Seas. On re-
lating my adventures, which I did in a few words, the captain
thought I was raving, and that the dangers I had undergone
had disturbed my head; whereupon I took my black cattle
and sheep out of my pocket, which, after great astonishment,
clearly convinced him of my veracity. I then showed him
the gold given me by the emperor of Blefuscu, together with
his majesty's picture at full length, and some other rarities of
that country, and gave him two purses of sprugs.
I shall not trouble the reader with a particular account of
this voyage, which was very prosperous for the most part.
We arrived in the Downs on the 13th of April 1702. My
cattle I got safe ashore, and set them a-grazing in a bowling-
green at Greenwich, where the fineness of the grass made
them feed very heartily, though I had always feared the con-
trary : neither could I possibly have preserved them in so long
a voyage, if the captain had not allowed me some of his best
biscuit, which, rubbed to powder, and mingled with water,
was their constant food. The short time 1 continued in
England I made a considerable profit by showing my cattle
to many persons of quality and others, and before I began my
second voyage, I sold them for six hundred pounds. I staid
but two months at home, and after taking leave of my friends,
I went on board the lAdventure, a merchant-ship of three
hundred tons, bound for Surat, Captain John Nicholas, of
Liverpool, commander. But my account of this voyage must
be referred to the second part of my travels.


THE END.






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