• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Frontispiece
 Title Page
 The farther adventures of Robinson...






Group Title: Robinson Crusoe
Title: The life and surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE TURNER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072765/00002
 Material Information
Title: The life and surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
Uniform Title: Robinson Crusoe
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Major, John, 1782-1849 ( Publisher )
Barton, Bernard, 1784-1849
Cruikshank, George, 1792-1878 ( Illustrator )
Nicol, William ( Printer )
Fox, A ( Engraver )
Raddon, William, fl. 1817-1862 ( Engraver )
Gorway, W ( Engraver )
Jackson, John, 1801-1848 ( Engraver )
Slader, S. V ( Engraver )
Williams, Thomas ( Engraver )
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Shakespeare Press (London, England) ( Printer )
Publisher: Printed at the Shakespeare Press, by W. Nicol, for John Major
Place of Publication: London (Fleet St.)
Publication Date: 1831
 Subjects
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1831   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Lovett, R.W. Robinson Crusoe,
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956
Citation/Reference: Osborne Coll.,
Statement of Responsibility: with introductory verses by Bernard Barton ; and illustrated with numerous engravings from drawings by George Cruikshank expressly designed for this edition.
General Note: "The text ... is restored in this edition by a careful collation with the early copies of both parts of the work." -- Pref. signed J.M. i.e. John Major
General Note: Caption title, v. 2: Farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Frontispiece engraved by Augs. Fox (v.1) and W. Raddon (v.2); other engravers include Gorway, J. Jackson, Slader, and Thos. Williams.
General Note: Part I and II of Robinson Crusoe. Part II originally published under the title: Farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072765
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001801246
oclc - 29632426
notis - AJM5007

Table of Contents
    Frontispiece
        Page i
    Title Page
        Page ii
        Page iii
    The farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
        Page 241
        Page 242
        Page 243
        Page 244
        Page 245
        Page 246
        Page 247
        Page 248
        Page 249
        Page 250
        Page 251
        Page 252
        Page 253
        Page 254
        Page 255
        Page 256
        Page 257
        Page 258
        Page 259
        Page 260
        Page 261
        Page 262
        Page 263
        Page 264
        Page 265
        Page 266
        Page 267
        Page 268
        Page 269
        Page 270
        Page 271
        Page 272
        Page 273
        Page 274
        Page 275
        Page 276
        Page 277
        Page 278
        Page 279
        Page 280
        Page 281
        Page 282
        Page 283
        Page 284
        Page 285
        Page 286
        Page 287
        Page 288
        Page 289
        Page 290
        Page 291
        Page 292
        Page 293
        Page 294
        Page 295
        Page 296
        Page 297
        Page 298
        Page 299
        Page 300
        Page 301
        Page 302
        Page 303
        Page 304
        Page 305
        Page 306
        Page 307
        Page 308
        Page 309
        Page 310
        Page 311
        Page 312
        Page 313
        Page 314
        Page 315
        Page 316
        Page 317
        Page 318
        Page 319
        Page 320
        Page 321
        Page 322
        Page 323
        Page 324
        Page 325
        Page 326
        Page 327
        Page 328
        Page 329
        Page 330
        Page 331
        Page 332
        Page 333
        Page 334
        Page 335
        Page 336
        Page 337
        Page 338
        Page 339
        Page 340
        Page 341
        Page 342
        Page 343
        Page 344
        Page 345
        Page 346
        Page 347
        Page 348
        Page 349
        Page 350
        Page 351
        Page 352
        Page 353
        Page 354
        Page 355
        Page 356
        Page 357
        Page 358
        Page 359
        Page 360
        Page 361
        Page 362
        Page 363
        Page 364
        Page 365
        Page 366
        Page 367
        Page 368
        Page 369
        Page 370
        Page 371
        Page 372
        Page 373
        Page 374
        Page 375
        Page 376
        Page 377
        Page 378
        Page 379
        Page 380
        Page 381
        Page 382
        Page 383
        Page 384
        Page 385
        Page 386
        Page 387
        Page 388
        Page 389
        Page 390
        Page 391
        Page 392
        Page 393
        Page 394
        Page 395
        Page 396
        Page 397
        Page 398
        Page 399
        Page 400
        Page 401
        Page 402
        Page 403
        Page 404
        Page 405
        Page 406
Full Text




























































6TV R,

G.Crukshanpuw2


P),b 1-hd by 7k,9ah ajor b0 0,e7 S17- t Jzdy Il83/


\F





THE LIFE
AND
SURPRISING ADVENTURES
OF

ROBINSON CRUSOE,
OF YORK, MARINER.

WITH INTRODUCTORY VERSES BY BERNARD BARTON,
AND ILLUSTRATED
WITH NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS
FROM DRAWINGS
BY GEORGE CRUIKSHANK
EXPRESSLY DESIGNED FOR
THIS EDITION.

VOL. II.













LONDON:
PRINTED AT THE SHAKSPEARE PRESS, BY W. NICOL,
FOR
JOHN MAJOR, FLEET STREET.
1831.






















'Twere well with most, if books that could engage
Their childhood, pleas'd them at a riper age ;
The man, approving what had charm'd the boy,
Would die at last in comfort, peace, and joy;
And not with curses on his art, who stole
The gem of truth from his unguarded soul.
COOPER.


























FARTHER ADVENTURES
OF

ROBINSON CRUSOE, &c.


THAT homely proverb used on so many occasions
in England, viz. "That what is bred in the bone
will not go out of the flesh," was never more veri-
fied than in the story of my Life. Any one would
think, that after thirty-five years affliction, and a
variety of unhappy circumstances, which few men,
if any, ever went through before, and after near
seven years of peace and enjoyment in the fulness of
VOL. II. B





9 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

all things; grown old, and when, if ever, it might
be allowed me to have had experience of every state
of middle life, and to know which was most adapted
to make a man completely happy; I say, after all
this, any one would have thought that the native
propensity to rambling, which I gave an account of
in my first setting out into the world to have been
so predominant in my thoughts, should be worn
out, the volatile part be fully evacuated, or at least
condensed, and I might at sixty-one years of age
have been a little inclined to stay at home, and have
done venturing life and fortune any more.
Nay farther, the common motive of foreign ad-
ventures was taken away in me; for I had no for-
tune to make, I had nothing to seek; if I had gained
ten thousand pounds, I had been no richer; for I
had already sufficient for me, and for those I had to
leave it to, and that I had was visibly increasing;
for having no great family, I could not spend the
income of what I had, unless I would set up for an
expensive way of living, such as a great family, ser-
vants, equipage, gaiety, and the like, which were
things I had no notion of, or inclination to ; so that
I had nothing indeed to do, but to sit still, and fully
enjoy what I had got, and see it increase daily upon
my hands.
Yet all these things had no effect upon me, or at
least not enough to resist the strong inclination I
had to go abroad again, which hung about me like
a chronical distemper; particularly the desire of






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 3

seeing my new plantation in the island, and the
colony I left there, run in my head continually. I
dreamed of it all night, and my imagination ran
upon it all day ; it was uppermost in all my thoughts,
and my fancy worked so steadily and strongly upon
it, that I talked of it in my sleep; in short, nothing
could remove it out of my mind; it even broke so
violently into all my discourses, that it made my
conversation tiresome; for I could talk of nothing'
else, all my discourse run into it, even to imperti-
nence, and I saw it myself.
I have often heard persons of good judgment say,
that all the stir people make in the world about
ghosts and apparitions, is owing to the strength of
imagination, and the powerful operation of fancy in
their minds ; that there is no such thing as a spirit
appearing, or a ghost walking, and the like; that
people's poring affectionately upon the past conver-
sation of their deceased friends so realizes it to them,
that they are capable of fancying upon some extra-
ordinary circumstances that they see them, talk to
them, and are answered by them, when, in truth,
there is nothing but shadow and vapour in the thing;
and they really know nothing of the matter.
For my part, I know not to this hour whether
there are any such things as real apparitions, spectres,
or walking of people after they are dead, or whether
there is any thing in the stories they tell us of that
kind, more than the product of vapours, sick minds,
and wandering fancies. But this I know, that my





4 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

imagination worked up to such a height, and brought
me into such excess of vapours, or what else I may
call it, that I actually supposed myself oftentimes
upon the spot, at my old castle behind the trees,
saw my old Spaniard, Friday's father, and the
reprobate sailors I left upon the island; nay, I
fancied I talked with them, and looked at them so
steadily, though I was broad awake, as at persons
just before me; and this I did till I often frighted
myself with the images my fancy represented to
me; one time in my sleep I had the villany of the
three pirate sailors so lively related to me, by the
first Spaniard and Friday's father, that it was sur-
prising; they told me how they barbarously at-
tempted to murder all the Spaniards, and that they
set fire to the provisions they had laid up, on pur-
pose to distress and starve them ; things that I had
never heard of, and that indeed were never all of them
true in fact ; but it was so warm in my imagination,
and so realized to me, that to the hour I saw them, I
could not be persuaded but that it was or would be
true; also how I resented it when the Spaniards
complained to me, and how I brought them to jus-
tice, tried them before me, and ordered them all
three to be hanged. What there was really in this,
shall be seen in its place; for however I came to
form such things in my dream, and what secret con-
verse of spirits injected it, yet there was, very much
of it true, I say. I own, that this dream had nothing
in it literally and specifically true; but the general






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 5

part was so true, the base villanous behaviour of
these three hardened rogues was such, and had
been so much worse than all I can describe, that
the dream had too much similitude of the fact; and
as I would afterwards have punished them severely,
so if I had hanged them all, I had been much in the
right, and should have been justifiable both by the
laws of God and man.
But to return to my story; in this kind of tem-
per I had lived some years, I had no enjoyment of
my life, no pleasant hours, no agreeable diversion
but what had something or other of this in it; so
that my wife, who saw my mind so wholly bent
upon it, told me very seriously one night, that she
believed there was some secret powerful impulse of
Providence upon me, which had determined me to
go thither again; and that she found nothing hin-
dered my going, but my being engaged to a wife
and children. She told me, that it was true she
could not think of parting with me ; but as she was
assured, that if she was dead it would be the first
thing I would do ; so, as it seemed to her that the
thing was determined above, she would not be the
only obstruction; for if I thought fit, and resolved
to go-- here she found me very intent upon her
words, and that I looked very earnestly at her; so
that it a little disordered her, and she stopped. I
asked her why she did not go on, and say out what
she was going to say. But I perceived her heart
was too full, and some tears stood in her eyes:





6 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

" Speak out, my dear," said 1f are you willing I
should go ?" "No," says she, very affectionately,
" I am far from willing : but if you are resolved to
go," says she, rather than I will be the only hin-
drance, I will go with you; for though I think it a
most preposterous thing for one of your years, and in
your condition, yet if it must be," said she again,
weeping, I won't leave you; for if it be of Heaven,
you must do it there is no resisting it; and if
Heaven makes it your duty to go, he will also make
it mine to go with you, or otherwise dispose of me,
that I may not obstruct it."
This affectionate behaviour of my wife's brought
me a little out of the vapours, and I began to con-
sider what I was a doing ; I corrected my wander-
ing fancy, and began to argue with myself sedately,
what business I had, after threescore years, and after
such a life of tedious sufferings and disasters, and
closed in so happy and easy a manner, I say, what
business had I to rush into new hazards, and put
myself upon adventures, fit only for youth and po-
verty to run into ?
With those thoughts, I considered my new en-
gagement that I had a wife, one child born, and
my wife then great with child of another 3 that I
had all the world could give me, and had no need to
seek hazards for gain j that I was declining in years
and ought to think rather of leaving what I had
gained, than of seeking to increase it; that as to
what my wife had said, of its being an impulse from






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 7

Heaven, and that it should be my duty to go, I had
no notion of that; so after many of these cogita-
tions, I struggled with the power of my imagina-
tion, reasoned myself out of it, as I believe people
may always do in like cases, if they will; and, in a
word, I conquered it; composed myself with such
arguments as occurred to my thoughts, and which
my present condition furnished me plentifully with;
and particularly, as the most effectual method, I
resolved to divert myself with other things, and to
engage in some business that might effectually tie
me up from any more excursions of this kind; for
I found the thing return upon me chiefly when I
was idle, had nothing to do, or any thing of mo-
ment immediately before me.
To this purpose I bought a little farm in the
county of Bedford, and resolved to remove myself
thither. I had a little convenient house upon it, and
the land about it I found was capable of great im-
provement, and that it was many ways suited to my
inclination, which delighted in cultivating, manag-
ing, planting, and improving of land; and particu-
larly, being an inland county, I was removed from
conversing among ships, sailors, and things relating
to the remote parts of the world.
In a word, I went down to my farm, settled my
family, bought me ploughs, harrows, a cart, waggon,
horses, cows, sheep; and setting seriously to work,
became in one half year a mere country gentleman;
my thoughts were entirely taken up in managing
my servants, cultivatingthe ground, enclosing, plant-





8 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

ing, &c. and I lived, as I thought, the most agree-
able life that nature was capable of directing, or
that a man always bred to misfortunes was capable
of being retreated to.
I farmed upon my own land, I had no rent to pay,
was limited by no articles; I could pull up or cut
down as I pleased; what I planted was for myself,
and what I improved, was for my family; and hav-
ing thus left off the thoughts of wandering, I had
not the least discomfort in any part of life, as to
this world. Now I thought indeed, that I enjoyed
that middle state of life which my father so ear-
nestly recommended to me, a kind of heavenly life,
something like what is described by the poet upon
the subject of a country life :
Free from vices, free from care,
Age has no pain, and youth no snare.

But in the middle of all this felicity, one blow
from unforeseen Providence unhinged me at once;
and not only made a breach upon me, inevitable and
incurable, but drove me, by its consequences, into a
deep relapse into the wandering disposition ; which,
as I may say, being born in my very blood, soon
recovered its hold of me, and, like the returns of a
violent distemper, came on with an irresistible force
upon me so that nothing could make any more
impression upon me. This blow was the loss of
my wife.
It is not my business here to write an elegy upon
my wife, to give a character of her particular virtues,






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 9

and make my court to the sex by the flattery of a
funeral sermon. She was, in a few words, the stay
of all my affairs, the centre of all my enterprises, the
engine that by her prudence reduced me to that happy
compass I was in, from the most extravagant and
ruinous project that fluttered in my head, as above,
and did more to guide my rambling genius, than a
mother's tears, a father's instructions, a friend's
counsel, or all my own reasoning powers could do.
I was happy in listening to her tears, and in being
moved by her entreaties, and to the last degree deso-
late and dislocated in the world by the loss of her.
When she was gone the world looked awkwardly
round me, I was as much a stranger in it, in my
thoughts, as I was in the Brasils when I went first
on shore there; and as much alone, except as to
the assistance of servants, as I was in my island. I
knew neither what to do, or what not to do ; I saw
the world busy round me, one part labouring for
bread, and the other squandering in vile excesses or
empty pleasures, equally miserable, because the end
they proposed still fled from them for the men of
pleasure every day surfeited of their vice, and heaped
up work for sorrow and repentance, and the men of
labour spent their strength in daily struggling for
bread to maintain the vital strength they laboured
with; so living in a daily circulation of sorrow,
living but to work, and working but to live, as if
daily bread were the only end of wearisome life,
and a wearisome life the only occasion of daily bread.






10 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

This put me in mind of the life I lived in my king-
dom, the island, where I suffered no more corn to
grow, because I did not want it and bred no more
goats, because I had no more use for them; where
the money lay in the drawer till it grew mildewed,
and had scarce the favour to be looked upon in
twenty years.
All these things, had I improved them as I ought
to have done, and as reason and religion had dictated
to me, would have taught me to search farther than
human enjoyments for a full felicity, and that there
was something which certainly was the reason and
end of life, superior to all these things, and which
was either to be possessed, or at least hoped for, on
this side the grave.
But my sage counsellor was gone, I was like a
ship without a pilot, that could only run before the
wind; my thoughts run all away again into the old
affair, my head was quite turned with the whimsies
of foreign adventures ; and all the pleasing innocent
amusements of my farm and my garden, my cattle
and my family, which before entirely possessed me,
were nothing to me, had no relish, and were like
music to one that has no ear, or food to one that
has no taste; in a word, I resolved to leave off
housekeeping, let my farm, and return to London:
and in a few months after I did so.
When I came to London I was still as uneasy as I
was before; I had no relish to the placebo employ-
ment in it, nothing to do but to saunter about like an






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 11

idle person, of whom it may be said, he is perfectly
useless in God's creation, and it is not one farthing
matter to the rest of his kind whether he be dead or
alive. This also was the thing which of all circum-
stances of life was the most my aversion, who had
been all my days used to an active life; and I would
often say to myself, a state of idleness is the very
dregs of life ;" and indeed I thought I was much
more suitably employed when I was twenty-six days
a making me a deal board.
It was now the beginning of the year 1693, when
my nephew, whom, as I have observed before, I
had brought up to the sea, and had made him com-
mander of a ship, was come home from a short
voyage to Bilboa, being the first he had made; he
came to me, and told me, that some merchants of
his acquaintance had been proposing to him to go
a voyage for them to the East Indies and to China,
as private traders; And, now, uncle," says he,
"if you will go to sea with me, I'll engage to land
you upon your old habitation in the island, for we
are to touch at the Brasils.
Nothing can be a greater demonstration of a future
state, and of the existence of an invisible world,
than the concurrence of second causes with the ideas
of things which we form in our minds, perfectly re-
served, and not communicated to any in the world.
My nephew knew nothing how far my distemper
of wandering was returned upon me, and I knew
nothing of what he had in his thoughts to say, when






12 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

that very morning, before he came to me, I had, in
a great deal of confusion of thought, and revolving
every part of my circumstances in my mind, come
to this resolution, viz. that I would go to Lisbon,
and consult with my old sea-captain; and so, if it
was rational and practicable, I would go and see the
island again, and see what was become of my people
there. I had pleased myself also with the thoughts
of peopling the place, and carrying inhabitants from
hence, getting a patent for the possession, and I
know not what j when in the middle of all this, in
comes my nephew, as I have said, with his project
of carrying me thither, in his way to the East Indies.
I paused awhile at his words, and looking steadily
at him, What devil," said I, sent you of this un-
lucky errand ?" My nephew stared, as if he had been
frighted at first; but perceiving I was not much dis-
pleased with the proposal, he recovered himself. I
hope it may not be an unlucky proposal, Sir," says
he; I dare say you would be pleased to see your
new colony there, where you once reigned with more
felicity than most of your brother monarchs in the
world."
In a word, the scheme hit so exactly with my tem-
per, that is to say, with the prepossession I was
under, and of which I have said so much, that I
told him, in a few words, if he agreed with the mer-
chants I would go with him: but I told him I would
not promise to go any farther than my own island.
" Why, Sir," says he, you don't want to be left






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 13

there again, I hope ?" Why," said I, can you
not take me up again in your return 3" He told me,
it would not be possible to do so; that the merchants
would never allow him to come that way with a
loaden ship of such value, it being a month's sail
out of his way, and might be three or four: Be-
sides, Sir, if I should miscarry," said he, and not
return at all, then you would be just reduced to the
condition you were in before."
This was very rational; but we both found out a
remedy for it, which was to carry a framed sloop on
board the ship, which, being taken in pieces and
shipped on board the ship, might, by the help of
some carpenters, whom we agreed to carry with us,
be set up again in the island, and finished, fit to go
to sea in a few days.
I was not long resolving; for indeed the importu-
nities of my nephew joined in so effectually with my
inclination, that nothing could oppose me: on the
other hand, my wife being dead, I had nobody that
concerned themselves so much for me, as to persuade
me one way or other, except my ancient good friend
the widow, who earnestly struggled with me to con-
sider my years, my easy circumstances, and the
needless hazards of a long voyage i and, above all,
my young children: but it was all to no purpose; I
had an irresistible desire to the voyage; and I told
her I thought there was something so uncommon in
the impressions I had upon my mind for the voyage,
that it would be a kind of resisting Providence, if I






14 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

should attempt to stay at home; after which she
ceased her expostulations, and joined with me, not
only in making provision for my voyage, but also
in settling my family affairs for my absence, and pro-
viding for the education of my children.
In order to this I made my will, and settled the
estate I had in such a manner for my children, and
placed it in such hands, that I was perfectly easy
and satisfied they would have justice done them,
whatever might befal me; and for their education, I
left it wholly to my widow, and with a sufficient
maintenance to herself for her care : all which she
richly deserved; for no mother could have taken
more care in their education or understood it better;
and as she lived till I came home, I also lived to
thank her for it.
My nephew was ready to sail about the beginning
of January, 1694-5, and I with my man Friday went
on board in the Downs the 8th, having, besides that
sloop which I mentioned above, a very considerable
cargo of all kinds of necessary things for my colony,
which if I did not find in good condition, I resolved
to leave so.
First, I carried with me some servants, whom I
proposed to place there as inhabitants, or at least to
set on work there upon my own account while I
stayed, and either to leave them there, or carry them
forward, as they should appear willing; particularly,
I carried two carpenters, a smith, and a very handy,
ingenious fellow, who was a cooper by trade, but






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 15

was also a general mechanic3 for he was dexterous
at making wheels, and hand-mills to grind corn,
was a good turner, and a good pot-maker; he also
made any thing that was proper to make of earth,
or of wood; in a word, we called him our Jack of
all trades.
With these I carried a tailor, who had offered him-
self to go passenger to the East Indies with my ne-
phew, but afterwards consented to stay on our new
plantation, and proved a most necessary handy fel-
low as could be desired, in many other businesses
besides that of his trade j for, as I observed former-
ly, necessity arms us for all employment.
My cargo, as near as I can recollect, for I have
not kept an account of the particulars, consisted of a
sufficient quantity of linen, and some thin English
stuffs for clothing the Spaniards, that I expected to
find there, and enough of them as by my calculation
might comfortably supply them for seven years: if
I remember right, the materials which I carried for
clothing them, with gloves, hats, shoes, stockings,
and all such things as they could want for wearing,
amounted to above two hundred pounds, including
some beds, bedding, and household stuff, particularly
Kitchen utensils, with pots, kettles, pewter, brass, &c.
besides near a hundred pounds more in iron-work,
nails, tools of every kind, staples, hooks, hinges,
and every necessary thing I could think of.
I carried also a hundred spare arms, muskets, and
fusees, besides some pistols, a considerable quantity






16 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

of shot of all sizes, three or four tons of lead, and
two pieces of brass cannon; and because I knew
not what time and what extremities I was providing
for, I carried an hundred barrels of powder, besides
swords, cutlasses, and the iron part of some pikes
and halberts ; so that, in short, we had a large ma-
gazine of all sorts of stores ; and I made my nephew
carry two small quarter-deck guns more than he
wanted for his ship, to leave behind if there was
occasion; that when we came there we might build
a fort, and man it against all sorts of enemies : and
indeed I at first thought there would be need enough
for it all, and much more, if we hoped to maintain
our possession of the island, as shall be seen in the
course of that story.
I had not such bad luck in this voyage as I had
been used to meet with; and therefore shall have
the less occasion to interruptthe reader, who perhaps
may be impatient to hear how matters went with
my colony j yet some odd accidents, cross winds,
and bad weather happened on this first setting out,
which made the voyage longer than I expected it at
first; and I, who had never made but one voyage,
viz. my first voyage to Guinea, in which I might be
said to come back again as the voyage was at first
designed, began to think the same ill fate still at-
tended me; and that I was born to be never con-.
tented with being on shore, and yet to be always
unfortunate at sea.
Contrary winds first put us to the northward, and






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 17

we were obliged to put in at Galway, in Ireland,
where we lay wind bound two-and-thirty days; but
we had this satisfaction with the disaster, that pro-
visions were here exceeding cheap, and in the ut-
most plenty; so that while we lay here we never
touched the ship's stores, but rather added to them:
here also I took several hogs, and two cows with
their calves, which I resolved, if I had a good pas-
sage, to put ashore in my island but we found
occasion to dispose otherwise of them.
We set out the 5th of February from Ireland, and
had a very fair gale of wind for some days ; as I re-
member, it might be about the 20th of February in
the evening late, when the mate, having the watch,
came into the round-house, and told us he saw a
flash of fire, and heard a gun fired ; and while he
was telling us of it, a boy came in, and told us the
boatswain heard another. This made us all run
out upon the quarter-deck, where for a while we
heard nothing, but in a few minutes we saw a very
great light, and found that there was some very
terrible fire at a distance. Immediately we had
recourse to our reckonings, in which we all agreed
that there could be no land that way in which the
fire shewed itself, no, not for five hundred leagues,
for it appeared at W. N. W. Upon this we con-
cluded it must be some ship on fire at sea; and as
by our hearing the noise of guns just before, we
concluded it could not be far off, we stood directly
towards it, and were presently satisfied we should
VOL. 11. C





18 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

discover it, because the farther we sailed the greater
the light appeared, though the weather being hazy
we could not perceive any thing but the light for
a while ; in about half an hour's sailing, the wind
being fair for us, though not much of it, and the
weather clearing up a little, we could plainly discern
that it was a great ship on fire in the middle of the
sea.














I was most sensibly touched with this disaster,
though not at all acquainted with the persons en-
gaged in it Ipresentlyrecollected my former circum-
stances, and in what condition I was in when taken
up by the Portugal captain ; and how much more
deplorable the circumstances of the poor creatures
belonging to this ship must be if they had no other
ship in company with them: upon this I imme-
diately ordered that five guns should be fired, one
soon after another, that, if possible, we might give
notice to them that there was help for them at






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 19

hand, and that they might endeavour to save them-
selves in their boat for though we could see the
flame of the ship, yet they, it being night, could see
nothing of us.
We lay by some time upon this, only driving as
the burning ship drove, waiting for daylight; when,
on a sudden, to our great terror, though we had
reason to expect it, the ship blew up in the air, and
immediately, that is to say, in a few minutes, all the
fire was out, that is to say, the rest of the ship sunk.
This was terrible, and indeed an afflicting sight, for
the sake of the poor men, who, I concluded, must
be either all destroyed in the ship, or be in the
utmost distress in their boats in the middle of the
ocean, which, at present, by reason it was dark, I
could not see; however, to direct them as well as I
could, I caused lights to be hung out in all the parts
of the ship where we could, and which we had lan-
terns for, and kept firing guns all the night long
letting them know by this, that there was a ship not
far off.
About eight o'clock in the morning we discovered
the ship's boats, by the help of our perspective
glasses; and found there were two of them, both
thronged with people, and deep in the water we
perceived they rowed, the wind being against them;
that they saw our ship, and did the utmost to make
us see them.
We immediately spread our antient, to let them
know we saw them and hung a waft out, as a






o,0 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

signal for them to come on board; and then made
more sail, standing directly to them. In little
more than half an hour we came up with them, and
in a word took them all in, being no less than sixty-
four men, women, and children ; for there were a
great many passengers.
Upon the whole, we found it was a French mer-
chant ship of three hundred tons, homeward-bound
from Quebec, in the river of Canada. The master
gave us a long account of the distress of his ship,
how the fire began in the steerage by the negligence
of the steersman; but, on his crying out for help,
was, as every body thought, entirely put out : but
they soon found that some sparks of the first fire
had gotten into some part of the ship, so difficult to
come at, that they could not effectually quench it;
and afterwards getting in between the timbers, and
within the ceiling of the ship, it proceeded into the
hold, and mastered all the skill and all the applica-
tion they were able to exert.
They had no more to do then but to get into their
boats, which, to their great comfort, were pretty
large: being their long-boat, and a great shallop,
besides a small skiff, which was of no great service to
them, other than to get some fresh water and pro-
visions into her, after they had secured themselves
from the fire. They had indeed small hope of their
lives, by getting into these boats at that distance
from any land ; only, as they said well, that they
were escaped from the fire, and had a possibility,






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 61

that some ship might happen to be at sea, and might
take them in. They had sails, oars, and a compass;
and were preparing to make the best of their way to
Newfoundland, the wind blowing pretty fair; for it
blew an easy gale at S. E. by E. They had as much
provisions and water, as, with sparing it so as to be
next door to starving, might support them about
twelve days; in which, if they had no bad weather,
and no contrary winds, the captain said, he hoped
he might get to the banks of Newfoundland, and
might perhaps take some fish to sustain them till
they might go on shore. But there were so many
chances against them in all these cases; such as
storms to overset and founder them; rains and cold
to benumb and perish their limbs ; contrary winds to
keep them out and starve them; that it must have
been next to miraculous if they had escaped.
In the midst of their consultations, every one
being hopeless, and ready to despair, the captain
with tears in his eyes told me, they were on a sudden
surprised with the joy of hearing a gun fire, and after
that four more; these were the five guns which I
caused to be fired at first seeing the light: this re-
vived their hearts, and gave them the notice which,
as above, I designed it should, viz. that there was a
ship at hand for their help.
It was upon the hearing these guns, that they took
down their masts and sails; and the sound coming
from the windward, they resolved to lie by till morn-
ing. Some time after this, hearing no more guns,





22 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

they fired three muskets, one a considerable while
after another; but these, the wind being contrary,
we never heard.
Some time after that again, they were still more
agreeably surprised with seeing our lights, and hear-
ing the guns, which, as I have said, I caused to be
fired all the rest of the night; this set them to work
with their oars to keep their boats ahead, at least
that we might the sooner come up with them; and
at last, to their inexpressible joy, they found we saw
them.
It is impossible for me to express the several ges-
tures, the strange ecstacies, the variety of postures,
which these poor delivered people run into, to express





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 3

the joy of their souls at so unexpected a deliverance;
grief and fearare easilydescribed; sighs, tears,groans,
and a very few motions of the head and hands,
make up the sum of its variety; but an excess of
joy, a surprise of joy, has a thousand extravagances
in it; there were some in tears, some raging and
tearing themselves, as if they had been in the greatest
agonies of sorrow; some stark raving and down-
right lunatic; some ran about the ship stamping
with their feet, others wringing their hands ; some
were dancing, some singing, some laughing, more
crying; many quite dumb, not able to speak a word;
others sick and vomiting, several swooning, and
ready to faint ; and a few were crossing themselves
and giving God thanks.
I would not wrong them neither; there might
be many that were thankful afterward; but the pas-
sion was too strong for them at first, and they were
not able to master it 5 they were thrown into ecsta-
cies and a kind of frenzy, and it was but a very few
who were composed and serious in their joy.
Perhaps also the case may have some addition to
it, from the particular circumstance of the nation
they belonged to; I mean the French, whose temper
is allowed to be more volatile, more passionate, and
more sprightly, and their spirits more fluid, than of
other nations. I am not philosopher enough to de-
termine the cause, but nothing I had ever seen
before came up to it the ecstacies poor Friday, my
trusty savage, was in, when he found his father in





24 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

the boat, came the nearest to it; and the surprise
of the master, and his two companions, whom I
delivered from the villains that set them on shore
in the island, came a little way towards it; but
nothing was to compare to this, either that I saw
in Friday, or any where else in my life.
It is farther observable, that these extravagancies
did not shew themselves in that different manner I
have mentioned, in different persons only; but all
the variety would appear in a short succession of
moments in one and the same person. A man that
we saw this minute dumb, and, as it were, stupid
and confounded, should the next minute be dancing
and hallooing like an antic ; and the next moment be
tearing his hair, or pulling his clothes to pieces, and
stamping them under his feet like a madman ; a
few moments after that, we should have him all in
tears, then sick, then swooning; and had not imme-
diate help been had, would, in a few moments more,
have been dead; and thus it was, not with one or
two, or ten or twenty, but with the greatest part of
them and, if I remember right, our surgeon was
obliged to let above thirty of them blood.
There were two priests among them, one an old
man, and the other a young man; and that which was
strangest was, that the oldest man was the worst.
As soon as he set his foot on board our ship, and
saw himself safe, he dropped down stone dead, to
all appearance; not the least sign of life could be
perceived in him our surgeon immediately applied





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 25

proper remedies to recover him; and was the only
man in the ship that believed he was not dead; and
at length he opened a vein in his arm, having first
chafed and rubbed the part, so as to warm it as
much as possible ; upon this the blood which only
dropped at first, flowed something freely; in three
minutes after the man opened his eyes; and about
a quarter of an hour after that he spoke, grew better,
and, in a little time, quite well; after the blood was
stopped he walked about, told us he was perfectly
well, took a dram of cordial which the surgeon gave
him, and was, what we called come to himself;
about a quarter of an hour after this they came
running into the cabin to the surgeon, who was
bleeding a French woman that had fainted, and told
him the priest was gone stark mad. It seems he had
begun to revolve the change of his circumstances in
his mind, and this again put him into an ecstasy of
joy; his spirits whirled about faster than the vessel
could convey them the blood grew hot and feverish,
and the man was as fit for Bedlam as any creature
that ever was in it; the surgeon would not bleed
him again in that condition, but gave him something
to doze and put him to sleep, which, after some
time, operated upon him, and he waked next morn-
ing perfectly composed and well.
The younger priest behaved himself with great
command of his passions, and was really an example
of a serious, well-governed mind ; at his first coming
on board the ship, he threw himself flat on his face,





26 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

prostrating himself in thankfulness for his deliver-
ance; in which I unhappily and unseasonably dis-
turbed him, really thinking he had been in a swoon:
but he spake calmly; thanked me; told me he was
giving God thanks for his deliverance ; begged me
to leave him a few moments, and that next to his
Maker he would give me thanks also.
I was heartily sorry that I disturbed him, and not
only left him, but kept others from interrupting him
also; he continued in that posture about three mi-
nutes, or a little more, after I left him, then came
to me, as he had said he would, and with a great
deal of seriousness and affection, but with tears in
his eyes, thanked me that had, under God, given him
and so many miserable creatures their lives; I told
him, I had no room to.move him to thank God for
it rather than me; for I had seen that he had done
it already; but I added, that it was nothing but
what reason and humanity dictated to all men, and
that we had as much reason as he to give thanks
to God, who had blessed us so far as to make us
the instruments of his mercy to so many of his
creatures.
After this the young priest applied himself to his
country-folks; laboured to compose them; per-
suaded, entreated, argued, reasoned with them, and
did his utmost to keep them within the exercise of
their reason and with some he had success, though
others were, for a time, out of all government of
themselves.






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 27

I cannot help committing this to writing, as per-
haps it may be useful to those into whose hands it
may fall, in the guiding themselves in all the extra-
vagancies of their passions ; for if an excess of joy
can carry men out to such a length beyond the reach
of their reason, what will not the extravagancies of
anger, rage, and a provoked mind, carry us to ? And,
indeed, here I saw reason for keeping an exceeding
watch over our passions of every kind, as well those
of joy and satisfaction, as those of sorrow and anger.
We were something disordered by these extrava-
gancies among our new guests for the first day; but
when they had been retired, lodgings provided for
them as well as our ship would allow, and they had
slept heartily, as most of them did, they were quite
another sort of people the next day.
Nothing of good manners, or civil acknowledg-
ments for the kindness shewn them, was wanting;
the French, it is known, are naturally apt enough to
exceed that way. The captain and one of the priests
came to me the next day; and, desiring to speak
with me and my nephew, the commander began to
consult with us what should be done with them;
and first, they told us, that as we had saved their
lives, so all they had was little enough for a return
to us for the kindness received. The captain said,
they had saved some money, and some things of
value in their boats, catched hastily out of the flames:
and if we would accept it, they were ordered to
make an offer of it all to us they only desired to






28 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

be set on shore somewhere in our way, where, if
possible, they might get passage to France.
My nephew was for accepting their money at first
word, and to consider what to do with them after-
wards but 1 overruled him in that part; for I
knew what it was to be set on shore in a strange
country j and if the Portugal captain that took me
up at sea had served me so, and took all I had for
my deliverance, I must have starved, or have been
as much a slave at the Brasils as I had been in Bar-
bary, the being sold to a Mahometan only excepted;
and perhaps a Portuguese is not a much better
master than a Turk, if not, in some cases, a much
worse.
I therefore told the French captain that we had
taken them up in their distress, it was true; but
that it was our duty to do so, as we were fellow-
creatures, and as we would desire to be so delivered,
if we were in the like or any other extremity; that
we had done nothing for them, but what we believed
they would have done for us, if we had been in their
case and they in ours; but that we took them up
to serve them, not to plunder them; and that it
would be a most barbarous thing, to take that little
from them which they had saved out of the fire, and
then set them on shore and leave them; that this
would be first to save them from death and then kill
them ourselves, save them from drowning and
abandon them to starving: and therefore I would
not let the least thing be taken from them: as to





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 29

setting them on shore, I told them indeed that was
an exceeding difficulty to us, for that the ship was
bound to the East Indies; and though we were
driven out of our course to the westward a very
great way, which perhaps was directed by Heaven
on purpose for their deliverance, yet it was impos-
sible for us wilfully to change our voyage on this
particular account; nor could my nephew, the cap-
tain, answer it to the freighters, with whom he was
under charter-party to pursue his voyage by the way
of Brasil; and all I knew he could do for them
was, to put ourselves in the way of meeting with
other ships homeward-bound from the West Indies,
and get them passage, if possible, to England or
France.
The first part of the proposal was so generous and
kind, they could not but be very thankful for it; but
they were in a very great consternation, especially
the passengers, at the notion of being carried away
to the East Indies : they then entreated me, that
seeing I was driven so far to the westward before I
met with them, I would at least keep on the same
course to the banks of Newfoundland, where it was
probable I might meet with some ship or sloop that
they might hire to carry them back to Canada, from
whence they came.
I thought this was but a reasonable request on
their part, and therefore I inclined to agree to it
for indeed I considered, that to carry this whole
company to the East Indies would not only be an





30 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

intolerable severity to the poor people, but would
be ruining our whole voyage by devouring all our
provisions; so I thought it no breach of charter-
party, but what an unforeseen accident made abso-
lutely necessary to us; and in which no one could
say we were to blame for the laws of God and
nature would have forbid, that we should refuse to
take up two boats full of people in such a distressed
condition j and the nature of the thing, as well res-
pecting ourselves as the poor people, obliged us to
set them on shore somewhere or other, for their de-
liverance so I consented that we would carry them
to Newfoundland, if wind and weather would per-
mit ; and, if not, that I would carry them to Marti-
nico in the West Indies.
The wind continued fresh easterly, but the weather
pretty good; and as it had blowed continually in
the points between N. E. and S. E. a long time, we
missed several opportunities of sending them to
France; for we met several ships bound to Europe,
whereof two were French, from St. Christopher's
but they had been so long beating up against the
wind, that they durst take in no passengers for fear
of wanting provisions for the voyage, as well for
themselves as for those they should take in; so we
were obliged to go on. It was about a week after
this, that we made the banks of Newfoundland,
where, to shorten my story, we put all our French
people on board a bark, which they hired at sea
there, to put them on shore, and afterwards to carry





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 31

them to France, if they could get provisions to vic-
tual themselves with : when, I say, all the French
went on shore, I should remember that the young
priest I spoke of, hearing we were bound to the
East Indies, desired to go the voyage with us, and
to be set on shore on the coast of Coromandel: I
readily agreed to that, for I wonderfully liked the
man, and had very good reason, as will appear after-
wards; also four of the seamen entered themselves
in our ship, and proved very useful fellows.
From hence we directed our course for the West
Indies, steering away S. and S. by E. for about
twenty days together, sometimes little or no wind
at all, when we met with another subject for our
humanity to work upon, almost as deplorable as
that before.
It was in the latitude of 27 degrees 5 minutes N.
and the 19th day of March, 1694-5, when we espied
a sail, our course S.E. and by S. We soon per-
ceived it was a large vessel, and that she bore up
to us ; but could not at first know what to make of
her, till, after coming a little nearer, we found she
had lost her main-topmast, foremast, and bowsprit;
and presently she fires a gun as a signal of distress.
The weather was pretty good, wind at N. N. W. a
fresh gale, and we soon came to speak with her.
We found her a ship of Bristol bound home from
Barbadoes, but had been blown out of the road at Bar-
badoes, a few days before she was ready to sail, by a
terrible hurricane, while the captain and chief mate






32 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

were both gone on shore; so that beside the terror
of the storm, they were but in an indifferent case for
good artists to bring the ship home; they had been
already nine weeks at sea, and had met with another
terrible storm after the hurricane was over, which
had blown them quite out of their knowledge to the
westward, and in which they lost their masts, as
above; they told us, they expected to have seen
the Bahama Islands, but were then driven away
again to the south-east by a strong gale of wind at
N.N.W. the same that blew now, and having no
sails to work the ship with, but a main-course, and
a kind of square sail upon a jury-foremast. which
they had set up, they could not lie near the wind, but
were endeavouring to stand away for the Canaries.
But that which was worst of all, was, that they
were almost starved for want of provisions, besides
the fatigues they had undergone; their bread and
flesh was quite gone, they had not an ounce left in
the ship, and had had none for eleven days; the only
relief they had, was, their water was not all spent,
and they had about half a barrel of flour left ; they
had sugar enough; some succades or sweetmeats
they had at first, but they were devoured; and they
had seven casks of rum.
There was a youth and his mother, and a maid-
servant, on board, who were going passengers, and
thinking the ship was ready to sail, unhappily came
on board the evening before the hurricane began
and, having no provisions of their own left, they





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 33

were in a more deplorable condition than the rest;
for the seamen, being reduced to such an extreme
necessity themselves, had no compassion, we may
be sure, for the poor passengers; and they were in-
deed in a condition that their misery is very hard to
describe.
I had perhaps not known this part, if my curiosity
had not led me, the weather being fair, and the wind
abated, to go on board the ship : the second mate,
who upon this occasion commanded the ship, had
been on board our ship; and he told me indeed, that
they had three passengers in the great cabin, that
they were in a deplorable condition Nay," says
he, I believe they are dead, for I have heard no-
thing of them for above two days; and I was afraid
to inquire after them," said he, for I had nothing
to relieve them with."
We immediately applied ourselves to give them
what relief we could spare and indeed I had so far
overruled things with my nephew, that I would have
victualled them, though we had gone away to Vir-
ginia, or any part of the coast of America, to have
supplied ourselves; but there was no necessity for
that.
But now they were in a new danger, for they were
afraid of eating too much, even of that little we gave
them. The mate or commander brought six men
with him in his boat, but these poor wretches looked
like skeletons, and were so weak they could hardly
sit to their oars 3 the mate himself was very ill, and
VOL. II. D





34 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

half-starved, for he declared he had reserved nothing
from the men, and went share and share alike with
them in every bit they ate.
I cautioned him to eat sparingly, hut set meat be-
fore him immediately, and he had not eaten three
mouthfuls before he began to be sick, and out of
order; so he stopped awhile, and our surgeon mixed
him up something with some broth, which he said
would be to him both food and physic; and after he
had taken it, he grew better: in the meantime I for-
got not the men; I ordered victuals to be given them,
and the poor creatures rather devoured than ate it;
they were so exceeding hungry, that they were in a
manner ravenous, and had no command of them-
selves; and two of them ate with so much greedi-
ness, that they were in danger of their lives the next
morning.
The sight of these people's distress was very
moving to me, and brought to mind what I had a
terrible prospect of at my first coming on shore in
my island, where I had not the least mouthful of
food, or any hopes of procuring it; besides the hourly
apprehension I had of being made the food of other
creatures. But all the while the mate was thus re-
lating to me the miserable condition of the ship's
company, I could not put out of my thought the
story he had told me of the three poor creatures in
the great cabin; viz. the mother, her son, and the
maid-servant, whom he had heard nothing of for
two or three days 3 and whom he seemed to confess





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 35

they had wholly neglected, their own extremities be-
ing so great by which I understood, that they had
really given them no food at all; and that therefore
they must be perished, and be all lying dead perhaps
on the floor or deck of the cabin.
As I therefore kept the mate, whom we then
called captain, on board with his men to refresh
them, so I also forgot not the starving crew that
were left on board, but ordered my own boat to go
on board the ship, and with my mate and twelve
men to carry them a sack of bread, and four or five
pieces of beef to boil. Our surgeon charged the
men to cause the meat to be boiled while they
staid, and to keep guard in the cook-room, to pre-
vent the men taking it to eat raw, or taking it out
of the pot before it was well boiled, and then to give
every man but a very little at a time; and by this
caution he preserved the men, who would otherwise
have killed themselves with that very food that was
given them on purpose to save their lives.
At the same time I ordered the mate to go into
the great cabin, and see what condition the poor pas-
sengers were in, and, if they were alive, to comfort
them, and give them what refreshment was proper;
and the surgeon gave him a large pitcher with some
of the prepared broth which he had given the mate
that was on board, and which he did not question
would restore them gradually.
I was not satisfied with this : but, as I said above,
having a great mind to see the scene of misery,





36 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

which I knew the ship itself would present me with,
in a more lively manner than I could have it by
report, I took the captain of the ship, as we now
called him, with me, and went myself a little after
in their boat.
I found the poor men on board almost ina tumult
to get the victuals out of the boiler before it was
ready; but my mate observed his order, and kept a
good guard at the cook-room door j and the man
he placed there, after using all possible persuasion
to have patience, kept them off by force : however,
he caused some biscuit cakes to be dipped in the pot,
and softened them with the liquor of the meat,
which they call brewis, and gave every one one, to
stay their stomachs, and told them it was for their
own safety that he was obliged to give them but
little at a time. But it was all in vain, and had I
not come on board, and their own commander and
officers with me, and with good words, and some
threats also of giving them no more, I believe they
would have broke into the cook-room by force, and
tore the meat out of the furnace ; for words are in-
deed of very small force to an hungry belly : however
we pacified them, and fed them gradually and cau-
tiously for the first time, and the next time gave
them more, and at last filled their bellies, and the
men did well enough.
But the misery of the poor passengers in the
cabin was of another nature, and far beyond the
rest for as, first, the ship's company had so little





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 3f

for themselves, it was but too true, that they had at
first kept them very low, and at last totally neg-
lected them; so that for six or seven days, it might
be said, they had really had no food at all, and for
several days before, very little.
The poor mother, who, as the first mate reported,
was a woman of good sense and good breeding, had
spared all she could get so affectionately for her son,
that at last she entirely sunk under it and when the
mate of our ship went in, she sat upon the floor or
deck, with her back up against the sides, between
two chairs, which were lashed fast, and her head sunk
in between her shoulders, like a corpse, though not
quite dead. My mate said all he could to revive
and encourage her, and with a spoon put some broth
into her mouth ; she opened her lips, and lifted up
one hand, but could not speak : yet she understood
what he said, and made signs to him, intimating,
that it was too late for her ; but pointed to her child,
as if she would have said, they should take care of
him.
However the mate, who was exceedingly moved
with the sight, endeavoured to get some of the broth
into her mouth ; and, as he said, got two or three
spoonfuls down, though I question whether he could
be sure of it or not: but it was too late, and she
died the same night.
The youth, who was preserved at the price of his
most affectionate mother's life, was not so far gone;
yet he lay in a cabin-bed as one stretched out, with






38 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

hardly any life left in him ; he had a piece of an old
glove in his mouth, having eaten up the rest of it;
however, being young, and having more strength
than his mother, the mate got something down his
throat, and he began sensibly to revive, though, by
giving him some time after but two or three spoon-
fuls extraordinary, he was very sick, and brought it
up again.
But the next care was the poor maid ; she lay ail
along upon the deck hard by her mistress, and just
like one that had fallen down with an apoplexy, and
struggled for life ; her limbs were distorted, one of
her hands was clasped round the frame of a chair,
and she griped it so hard, that we could not easily
make her let it go ; her other arm lay over her head,
and her feet lay both together, set fast against the
frame of the cabin-table; in short, she lay just like
one in the last agonies of death ; and yet she was
alive too.
The poor creature was not only starved with hun-
ger, and terrified with the thoughts of death, but, as
the men told us afterwards, was broken-hearted for
her mistress, whom she saw dying for two or three
days before, and whom she loved most tenderly.
We knew not what to do with this poor girl; for
when our surgeon, who was a man of very great
knowledge and experience, and with great applica-
tion recovered her as to life, he had her upon his
hands as to her senses, for she was little less than
distracted for a considerable time after as shall
appear presently.





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 39

Whoever shall read these memorandums, must be
desired to consider, that visits at sea are not like a
journey into the country, where sometimes people
stay a week or a fortnight at a place. Our business
was to relieve this distressed ship's crew, but not to
lie by for them; and though they were willing to
steer the same course with us for some days, yet we
could carry no sail to keep pace with a ship that
had no masts : however, as their captain begged of
us to help him to set up a main-topmast, and a kind
of a topmast to his jury-foremast, we did, as it were,
lie by him for three or four days, and then having
given him five barrels of beef, a barrel of pork, two
hogsheads of biscuit, and a proportion of peas, flour,
and what other things we could spare ; and taking
three casks of sugar, some rum, and some pieces of
eight of them for satisfaction, we left them, taking
on board with us, at their own earnest request, the
youth and the maid, and all their goods.
The young lad was about seventeen years of age,
a pretty, well-bred, modest, and sensible youth;
greatly dejected with the loss of his mother, and, as
it seems, had lost his father but a few months be-
fore at Barbadoes. He begged of the surgeon to
speak to me to take him out of the ship : for he
said, the cruel fellows had murdered his mother;
and indeed so they had, that is to say, passively;
for they might have spared a small sustenance to
the poor helpless widow, that might have preserved
her life, though it had been but just to keep her alive.





40 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

But hunger knows no friend, no relation, nojustice,
no right; and therefore is remorseless, and capable
of no compassion.
The surgeon told him how far we were going,
and how it would carry him away from all his friends,
and put him perhaps in as bad circumstances, al-
most, as those we found them in that is to say,
starving in the world. He said he mattered not
whither he went, if he was but delivered from the
terrible crew that he was among: that the captain
(by which he meant me, for he could know nothing
of my nephew) had saved his life, and he was sure
would not hurt him; and as for the maid, he was
sure, if she came to herself, she would be very
thankful for it, let us carry them where we would.
The surgeon represented the case so affectionately
to me, that I yielded, and we took them both on
board with all their goods, except eleven hogsheads
of sugar, which could not be removed, or come at
and as the youth had a bill of lading for them, I
made his commander sign a writing, obliging him-
self to go, as soon as he came to Bristol, to one
Mr. Rogers, a merchant there, to whom the youth
said he was related, and to deliver a letter which I
wrote to him, and all the goods he had belonging to
the deceased widow; which I suppose was not done;
for I could never learn that the ship came to Bristol;
but was, as is most probable, lost at sea, being in so
disabled a condition, and so far from any land, that I
am of opinion, the first storm she met with after-






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 41

wards she might founder in the sea; for she was
leaky, and had damage in her hold when we met
with her.
I was now in the latitude of 19 deg. 32 min. and
had hitherto had a tolerable voyage as to weather,
though at first the winds had been contrary. I shall
trouble nobody with the little incidents of wind, wea-
ther, currents, &c. on the rest of our voyage; but,
shortening my story for the sake of what is to fol-
low, shall observe, that I came to my old habitation,
the island, on the 10th of April, 1695. It was with
no small difficulty that 1 found the place; for as I
came to it, and went from it before, on the south
and east side of the island, as coming from the Bra-
sils; so now coming in between the main and the
island, and having no chart for the coast, nor any
land-mark, I did not know it when I saw it, or know
whether I saw it or no.
We beat about a great while, and went on shore
on several islands in the mouth of the great river
Oroonoque, but none for my purpose only this I
learnt by my coasting the shore, that I was under
one great mistake before, viz. that the continent
which I thought I saw from the island I lived in,
was really no continent, but a long island, or rather
a ridge of islands reaching from one to the other
side of the extended mouth of that great river; and
that the savages who came to my island, were not
properly those which we call Caribbees, but islanders,
and other barbarians of the same kind, who inhabited
something nearer to our side than the rest.





42 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

In short, I visited several of the islands to no
purpose; some I found were inhabited, and some
were not. On one of them I found some Spaniards,
and thought they had lived there; but speaking
with them, found they had a sloop lay in a small
creek hard by, and that they came thither to make
salt, and catch some pearl-muscles, if they could;
but they belonged to the Isle de Trinidad, which
lay farther north, in the latitude of 10 and 11 de-
grees.
But at last coasting from one island to another,
sometimes with the ship, sometimes with the French-
man's shallop, which we had found a convenient
boat, and therefore kept her with their very good
will; at'length I came fair on the south side of my
island, and I presently knew the very countenance
of the place so I brought the ship safe to an an-
chor broadside with the little creek where was my
old habitation.
As soon as I saw the place, I called for Friday,
and asked him, if he knew where he was ? He
looked about a little, and presently clapping his
hands, cried, 0 yes, 0 there, 0 yes, 0 there !"
pointing to our old habitation, and fell a-dancing
and capering like a mad fellow; and I had much
ado to keep him from jumping into the sea, to
swim ashore to the place.
Well, Friday," said I, do you think we shall
find any body here, or no ? and what do you think,
shall we see your father ?" The fellow stood mute
as a stock a good while; but when I named his





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 43

father, the poor affectionate creature looked dejected,
and I could see the tears run down his face very
plentifully. What is the matter, Friday ?" says I;
" are you troubled because you may see your
father ?"-"No, no," says he, shaking his head,
"no see him more, no ever more see again."-
"Why so," said I, "Friday? how do you know
that ?"-" O no, O no," says Friday, he long ago
die 3 long ago, he much old man."-" Well, well,"
says I, "Friday, you don't know: but shall we see
any one else then ?" The fellow, it seems, had
better eyes than I, and he points just to the hill
above my old house; and though we lay half a
league off, he cries out, "Me see me see yes, yes,
me see much man there, and there, and there." I
looked, but I could see nobody, no, not with a per-
spective-glass which was, I suppose, because I
could not hit the place; for the fellow was right, as
I found upon enquiry the next day, and there were
five or six men all together stood to look at the
ship, not knowing what to think of us.
As soon as Friday had told me he saw people, I
caused the English ancient to be spread, and fired
three guns, to give them notice we were friends;
and in about half a quarter of an hour after, we
perceived a smoke rise from the side of the creek
so I immediately ordered a boat out, taking Friday
with me; and hanging out a white flag, or flag of
truce, I went directly on shore, taking with me the
young friar I mentioned, to whom I had told the





44 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

whole story of my living there, and the manner of
it, and every particular both of myself and those
that I left there, and who was on that account ex-
tremely desirous to go with me. We had besides
about sixteen men very well armed, if we had found
any new guest there which we did not know of;
but we had no need of weapons.
As we went on shore upon the tide of flood near
high water, we rowed directly into the creek; and
the first man I fixed my eye upon was the Spaniard
whose life I had saved, and whom I knew by his
face perfectly well ; as to his habit, I shall describe
it afterwards. I ordered nobody to go on shore at
first but myself; but there was no keeping Friday in
the boat ; for the affectionate creature had spied his
father at a distance, a good way off of the Spaniards,
where indeed I saw nothing of him; and if they had
not let him go on shore he would have jumped into
the sea. He was no sooner on shore, but he flew
away to his father like an arrow out of a bow. It
would have made any man shed tears in spite of the
firmest resolution, to have seen the first transports
of this poor fellow's joy, when he came to his
father; how he embraced him, kissed him, stroked
his face, took him up in his arms, set him down
upon a tree, and lied down by him; then stood and
looked at him as any one would look at a strange
picture, for a quarter of an hour together; then lied
down upon the ground, and stroked his legs, and
kissed them, and then got up again, and stared at




OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 45

him; one would have thought the fellow bewitched :
but it would have made a dog laugh to see how the
next day his passion run out another way : in the
morning he walked along the shore, to and again,
with his father, several hours, always leading him
by the hand as if he had been a lady; and every
now and then he would come to fetch something or
other for him to the boat, either a lump of sugar, or
a dram, a biscuit, or something or other that was
good. In the afternoon his frolics ran another way;
for then he would set the old man down upon the
ground, and dance about him, and make a thousand


antic postures and gestures; and all the while he
did this he would be talking to him, and telling him
one story or another of his travels, and of what had





46 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

happened to him abroad, to divert him. In short, if
the same filial affection was to be found in Christians
to their parents in our parts of the world, one would
be tempted to say there would hardly have been any
need of the fifth commandment.
But this is a digression I return to my landing.
It would be endless to take notice of all the cere-
monies and civilities that the Spaniards received me
with. The first Spaniard whom, as I said, I knew
very well, was he whose life I had saved: he came
towards the boat attended by one more, carrying a
flag of truce also ; and he did not only not know
me at first, but he had no thoughts, no notion, of
its being me that was come till I spoke to him.
"Seignior," said I, in Portuguese, "do you not
know me ?" At which he spoke not a word; but
giving his musket to the man that was with him,
threw his arms abroad, and saying something in
Spanish that I did not perfectly hear, came forward,
and embraced me, telling me, he was inexcusable
not to know that face again that he had once seen,
as of an angel from Heaven sent to save his life :
he said abundance of very handsome things, as a
well-bred Spaniard always knows how; and then
beckoning to the person that attended him, bade him
go and call out his comrades. He then asked me if
I would walk to my old habitation, where he would
give me possession of my own house again, and
where I should see they had made but mean improve-
ments so I walked along with him; but,alas I





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 47

could no more find the place again than if I had
never been there; for they had planted so many
trees, and placed them in such a posture, so thick
and close to one another, and in ten years time they
were grown so big, that, in short, the place was in-
accessible, except by such windings and blind ways as
they themselves only who made them could find.
I asked them, what put them upon all these forti-
fications ? He told me, I would say there was need
enough of it, when they had given me an account
how they had passed their time since their arriving
in the island, especially after they had the misfor-
tune to find that I was gone : he told me he could
not but have some satisfaction in my good fortune,
when he heard that I was gone away in a good ship,
and to my satisfaction; and that he had oftentimes a
strong persuasion that one time or other he should
see me again : but nothing that ever befel him in
his life, he said, was so surprising and afflicting to
him at first, as the disappointment he was under
when he came back to the island, and found I was
not there.
As to the three barbarians (so he called them)
that were left behind, and of whom he said he had a
long story to tell me; the Spaniards all thought
themselves much better among the savages, only
that their number was so small. And," says he,
" had they been strong enough, we had been all
long ago in purgatory;" and with that he crossed
himself on the breast. But, Sir," says he, I





48 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

hope you will not be displeased, when I shall tell.
you how, forced by necessity, we were obliged, for
our own preservation, to disarm them, and make
them our subjects, who would not be content with
being moderately our masters, but would be our
murderers." I answered, I was heartily afraid of it
when I left them there ; and nothing troubled me
at my parting from the island, but that they were
not come back, that I might have put them in pos-
session of every thing first, and left the others in a
state of subjection, as they deserved : but if they
had reduced them to it, I was very glad, and should
be very far from finding any fault with it for 1 knew
they were a parcel of refractory, ungovernable vil-
lains, and were fit for any manner of mischief.
While I was saying this, came the man whom
he had sent back, and with him eleven men more: in
the dress they were in, it was impossible to guess
what nation they were of; but he made all clear
both to them and to me. First he turned to me,
and pointing to them, said, "These, Sir, are some
of the gentlemen who owe their lives to you ;" and
then turning to them, and pointing to me, he let
them know who I was ; upon which they all came
up one by one, not as if they had been sailors, and
ordinary fellows, and I the like, but really as if they
had been ambassadors or noblemen, and I a monarch
or a great conqueror : their behaviour was to the last
degree obliging and courteous, and yet mixed with
a manly majestic gravity, which very well became





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 49

them; and, in short, they had so much more man-
tiers than I, that I scarce knew how to receive their
civilities, much less how to return them in kind,
The history of their coming to, and conduct in
the island after my going away, is so very remark-
able, and has so many incidents, which the former
part of my relation will help to understand, and
which will, in most of the particulars, refer to that
account I have already given, that I cannot but com-
mit them with great delight to the reading of those
that come after me.
I shall no longer trouble the story with a relation
in the first person, which will put me to the expense
of ten thousand said I's, and said he's, and he told
me's, and I told him's, and the like; but I shall
collect the facts historically as near as I can gather
them out of my memory from what they related to
me, and from what I met with in my conversing
with them, and with the place.
In order to do this succinctly, and as intelligibly
as I can, I must go back to the circumstance in
which I left the island, and in which the persons
were of whom I am to speak. And first it is neces-
sary to repeat, that I had sent away Friday's father
and the Spaniard, the two whose lives I had rescued
from the savages ; I say, I had sent them away in
a large canoe to the main, as I then thought it, to
fetch over the Spaniard's companions whom he had
left behind him, in order to save them from the like
calamity that he had been in, and in order to sue-
VOL. II. E





50 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

cour them for the present, and that, if possible, we
might together find some way for our deliverance
afterward.
When I sent them away, I had no visible appear-
ance of, or the least room to hope for, my own deli-
verance, any more than I had twenty years before;
much less had I any foreknowledge of what after-
ward happened, I mean of an English ship coming
on shore there to fetch me off; and it could not but
be a very great surprise to them when they came
back, not only to find that I was gone, but to find
three strangers left on the spot, possessed of all that
I had left behind me, which would otherwise have
been their own.
The first thing, however, which I inquired into,
that I might begin where I left off, was of their own
part j and I desired he would give me a particular
account of his voyage back to his countrymen with
the boat, when I sent him to fetch them over. He
told me there was little variety in that part; for
nothing remarkable happened to them on the way,
they having very calm weather and a smooth sea
for his countrymen it could not be doubted, he said,
but that they were overjoyed to see him (it seems
he was the principal man among them, the captain
of the vessel they had been shipwrecked in having
been dead some time 3) they were, he said, the more
surprised to see him, because they knew that he was
fallen into the hands of the savages, who, they were
satisfied, would devour him, as they did all the rest






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 51

of their prisoners; that when he told them the
story of his deliverance, and in what manner he was
furnished for carrying them away, it was like a
dream to them ; and their astonishment, they said,
was somewhat like that of Joseph's brethren, when
he told them who he was, and told them the story
of his exaltation in Pharoah's court; but when he
shewed them the arms, the powder, the ball, and the
provisions that he brought them for their journey or
voyage, they were restored to themselves, took a
just share of the joy of their deliverance, and imme-
diately prepared to come away with him.
Their first business was to get canoes 3 and in
this they were obliged not to stick so much upon
the honest part of it, but to trespass upon their
friendly savages, and to borrow two large canoes or
periaguas, on pretence of going out a-fishing, or for
pleasure.
In these they came away the next morning; it
seems they wanted no time to get themselves ready,
for they had no baggage, neither clothes, or provi-
sions, or any thing in the world, but what they had
on them, and a few roots to eat, of which they used
to make their bread.
They were in all three weeks absent, and in that
time, unluckily for them, I had the occasion offered
for my escape, as I mentioned in my other part, and
to get off from the island; leaving three of the most
impudent, hardened, ungoverned, disagreeable vil-






52 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

lains behind me that any man could desire to meet
with, to the poor Spaniards great grief and disap-
pointment you may be sure.
The only just thing the rogues did, was, that when
the Spaniards came on shore, they gave my letter to
them, and gave them provisions and other relief, as
I had ordered them to do; also they gave them the
long paper of directions, which I had left with them,
containing the particular methods which I took for
managing every part of my life there ; the way how
I baked my bread, bred up my tame goats, and
planted my corn; how I cured my grapes, made
my pots, and, in a word, every thing I did; all this
being written down, they gave to the Spaniards, two
of whom understood English well enough ; nor did
they refuse to accommodate the Spaniards with every
thing else, for they agreed very well for some time;
they gave them an equal admission into the house, or
cave, and they began to live very sociably ; and the
head Spaniard, who had seen pretty much of my me-
thod, and Friday's father together, managed all their
affairs ; for as for the Englishmen, they did nothing
but ramble about the island, shoot parrots, and catch
tortoises, and when they came home at night, the
Spaniards provided their suppers for them.
The Spaniards would have been satisfied with this,
would the other but have let them alone; which,
however, they could not find in their hearts to do
long but like the dog in the manger, they would





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 53

not eat themselves, and would not let others eat
neither; the differences, nevertheless, were at first
but trivial, and such as are not worth relating: but
at last it broke out into open war, and it began with
all the rudeness and insolence that can be imagined,
without reason, without provocation, contrary to na-
ture, and indeed to common sense i and though, it is
true, the first relation of it came from the Spaniards
themselves, whom I may call the accusers, yet when
I came to examine the fellows, they could not deny
a word of it.
But before I come to the particulars of this part, I
must supply a defect in my former relation; and this
was, that I forgot to set down among the rest, that
just as we were weighing anchor to set sail, there
happened a little quarrel on board our ship, which I
was afraid once would have turned to a second mu-
tiny ; nor was it appeased till the captain, rousing up
his courage, and taking us all to his assistance, parted
them by force, and making two of the most refractory
fellows prisoners, he laid them in irons; and as they
had been active in the former disorders, and let fall
some uglydangerous words the second time, he threat-
ened to carry them in irons to England, and have
themhanged there for mutiny, and running away with
the ship.
This, it seems, though the captain did not intend
to do it, frighted some other men in the ship and
some of them had put it into the heads of the rest,
that the captain only gave them good words for the






54 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

present till they should come to some English port,
and that then they should be all put into gaol, and
tried for their lives.
The mate got intelligence of this, and acquainted
us with it j upon which it was desired that I, who still
passed for a great man among them, should go down
with the mate and satisfy the men, and tell them,
that they might be assured, if they behaved well the
rest of the voyage, all they had done for the time past
should be pardoned. So I went, and after passing
my honour's word to them they appeared easy, and
the more so, when I caused the two men who were
in irons to be released and forgiven.
But this mutiny had brought us to an anchor for
that night, the wind also falling calm. Next morn-
ing we found that our two men who had been laid in
irons, had stole each of them a musket and some
other weapons ; what powder or shot they had we
knew not and had taken the ship's pinnace, which
was not yet haled up, and run away with her to their
companions in roguery on shore.
As soon as we found this, I ordered the long-boat
on shore, with twelve men and the mate, and away
they went to seek the rogues; but they could neither
find them or any of the rest; for they all fled into the
woods when they saw the boat coming on shore.
The mate was once resolved, in justice to their ro-
guery, to have destroyed their plantations, burnt
all their household stuff and furniture, and left them
to shift without it but having no order, he let it all






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 5S

Alone, left every thing as they found it, and bringing
the pinnace away, came on board without them.
These two men made their number five: but the
other three villains were so much wickeder than these,
that after they had been two or three days together,
they turned their two new-comers out of doors to
shift for themselves, and would have nothing to do
with them; nor could they, for a good while, be per-
suaded to give them any food: as for the Spaniards,
they were not yet come.
When the Spaniards came first on shore, the busi-
ness began to go forward; the Spaniards would have
persuaded the three English brutes to have taken in
their two countrymen again, that, as they said, they
might be all one family; but they would not hear of
it: so the two poor fellows lived by themselves, and
finding nothing but industry and application would
make them live comfortably, they pitched their tents
on the north shore of the island, but a little more to
the west, to be out of the danger of the savages, who
always landed on the east parts of the island.
Here they built them two huts, one to lodge in;
and the other to lay up their magazines and stores in;
and the Spaniards having given them some corn for
seed, and especially some of the peas which I had
left them, they dug and planted, and enclosed, after
the pattern I had set for them all, and began to live
pretty well; their first crop of corn was on the
ground, and though it was but a little bit of land
which they had dug up at first, having had but little






56 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

time, yet it was enough to relieve them, and find them
with bread and other eatables; and one of the fellows
being the cook's mate of the ship, was very ready at
making soup, puddings, and such other preparations,
as the rice and the milk, and such little flesh as they
got, furnished him to do.
They were going on in this little thriving posture,
when the three unnatural rogues, their own country-
men too, in mere humour, and to insult them, came
and bullied them, and told them the island was theirs
that the governor, meaning me, had given them pos-
session of it and nobody else had any right to it; and,
damn 'em, they should build no houses upon their
ground, unless they would pay them rent for them.
The two men thought they had jested at first, and
asked them to come in and sit down, and see what
fine houses they were that they had built, and tell them
what rent they demanded: and one of them merrily
told them, if they were ground-landlords, he hoped if
they built tenements upon their land and made im-
provements, they would, according to the custom of
landlords, grant them a long lease; and bid them
go fetch a scrivener to draw the writings. One of
the three, damning and raging, told them they should
see they were not in jest; and going to a little place
at a distance, where the honest men had made a fire
to dress their victuals, he takes a firebrand and claps
it to the outside of their hut, and very fairly set it o0
fire ; and it would have been all burnt down in a few
minutes, if one of the two had not run to the fellow,






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 57

thrust him away, and trod the fire out with his feet,
and that not without some difficulty too.
The fellow was in such a rage at the honest man's
thrusting him away, that he turned upon him with a
pole he had in his hand; and had not the man avoided
the blow very nimbly, and run into the hut, he had
ended his days at once. His comrade, seeing the
danger they were both in, ran in after him, and im-
mediately they came both out with their muskets;
and the man that was first struck at with the pole,
knocked the fellow down that had begun the quarrel
with the stock of his musket, and that before the
other two could come to help him; and then seeing
the rest come at them, they stood together, and pre-
senting the other ends of their pieces to them, bade
them stand off.
The other had fire-arms with them too; but one
of the two honest men, bolder than his comrade, and
made desperate by his danger, told them if they of-
fered to move hand or foot they were all dead men,
and boldly commanded them to lay down their arms.
They did not indeed lay down their arms 3 but see.
ing him so resolute, it brought them to a parley, and
they consented to take their wounded man with them,
and be gone; and, indeed, it seems the fellow was
wounded sufficiently with the blow: however, they
were much in the wrong, since they had the advan-
tage,that they did not disarm them effectually, as they
might have done, and have gone immediately to the
Spaniards, and given them an account how the rogues






58 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

had treated them; for the three villains studied no-
thing but revenge, and every day gave them some
intimation that they did so.
But not to crowd this part with an account of the
lesser part of their rogueries, such as, treading down
their corn, shooting three young kids and a she-goat,
which the poor men had got to breed up tame for
their store; and in a word, plaguing them night and
day in this manner, it forced the two men to such a
desperation, that they resolved to fight them all three
the first time they had a fair opportunity. In order to
this they resolved to go to the castle, as they called
it, that was my old dwelling, where the three rogues
and the Spaniards all lived together at that time, in-
tending to have a fair battle, and the Spaniards should
stand by to see fair play. So they got up in the
morning before day, and came to the place, and cal-
led the Englishmen by their names, telling a Spa-
niard that answered, that they wanted to speak with
them.
It happened that the day before two of the Spa-
niards having been in the woods, had seen one of the
two Englishmen, whom for distinction, I call the
honest men; and he had made a sad complaint to
the Spaniards, of the barbarous usage they had met
with from their three countrymen, and how they
had ruined their plantation, and destroyed their corn,
that they had laboured so hard to bring forward, and
killed the milch-goat, and their three kids, which was
all they had provided for their sustenance; and that






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 59

if he and his friends, meaning the Spaniards, did not
assist them again, they should be starved. When
the Spaniards came home at night, and they were all
at supper, he took the freedom to reprove the three
Englishmen, though in gentle and mannerly terms,
and asked them, how they could be so cruel, they
being harmless inoffensive fellows, and that they were
only putting themselves in a way to subsist by their
labour, and that it had cost them a great deal of pains
to bring things to such perfection as they had.
One of the Englishmen returned very briskly,
" What had they to do there? That they came on
shore without leave, and they should not plant or
build upon the island; it was none of their ground."
" Why," says the Spaniard, very calmly, Seignior
Inglese, they must not starve." The Englishman
replied, like a true rough-hewn tarpaulin, they
might starve and be damn'd, they should not plant
nor build in that place." But what must they do
then, Seignior ?" says the Spaniard. Another of the
brutes returned, Do! d-n them, they should be
servants, and work for them." But how can you
expect that of them ?" says the Spaniard, they are
not bought with your money; you have no right to
make them servants." The Englishman answered,
" The island was theirs, the governor had given it to
them, and no man had any thing to do there but
themselves ;" and with that swore by his Maker,
that they would go and burn all their new huts; they
should build none upon their land.





60 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

Why, Seignior," says the Spaniard, by the
same rule, we must be your servants too." Ay,"
says the bold dog, and so you shall too, before we
have done with you;" mixing two or three G-d
d-mme's in the proper intervals of his speech. The
Spaniard only smiled at that, and made him no an-
swer. However, this little discourse had heated them;
and starting up, one says to the other, I think it was
he they called Will Atkins, Come, Jack, let us go
and have t'other brush with them : we will demolish
their castle, I'll warrant you; they shall plant no
colony in our dominions."
Upon this they were all trooping away, with every
man a gun, a pistol, and a sword, and muttered some
insolent things among themselves, of what they
would do to the Spaniards too, when opportunity
offered 3 but the Spaniards, it seems, did not so per-
fectly understand them as to know all the particulars;
only that, in general, they threatened them hard for
taking the two Englishmen's part.
Whither they went, or how they bestowed their
time that evening, the Spaniards said they did not
know but it seems they wandered about the coun-
try part of the night and then lying down in the
place which I used to call my bower, they were weary,
and overslept themselves. The case was this : they
had resolved to stay till midnight, and so to take
the two poor men when they were asleep; and as
they acknowledged afterwards, intended to set fire
to their huts while they were in them, and either





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 61

burn them in them, or murder them as they came
out: and, as malice seldom sleeps very sound, it was
very strange they should not have been kept waking.
However, as the two men had also a design upon
them, as I have said, though a much fairer one than
that of burning and murdering, it happened, and very
luckily for them all, that they were up, and gone
abroad, before the bloody minded rogues came to
their huts.
When they came there, and found the men gone,
Atkins, who it seems was the forwardest man, called
out to his comrades, Ha! Sack, here's the nest;
but d-n them, the birds have flown." They mused
awhile to think what should be the occasion of their
being gone abroad so soon, and suggested presently,
that the Spaniards had given them notice of it and
with that they shook hands, and swore to one ano-
ther, that they would be revenged of the Spaniards.
As soon as they had made this bloody bargain, they
fell to work with the poor men's habitation ; they
did not set fire indeed to any thing, but they pulled
down both their houses, and pulled them so limb
from limb, that they left not the least stick standing,
or scarce any sign on the ground where they stood;
they tore all their little household-stuff in pieces,
and threw every thing about in such a manner, that
the poor men afterwards found, some of their things
a mile off of their habitation.
When they had done this, they pulled up allthe
young trees the poor men had planted; pulledup ah





62 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

enclosure they had made to secure their cattle and
their corn ; and, in a word, sacked and plundered
every thing, as completely as a hord of Tartars
would have done.
The two men were at this juncture gone to find
them out, and had resolved to fight them wherever
they had been, though they were but two to three;
so that, had they met, there certainly would have
been bloodshed among them; for they were all very
stout, resolute fellows, to give them their due.
But Providence took more care to keep them
asunder, than they themselves could do to meet :
for, as they had dogged one another, when the
three were gone thither, the two were here and
afterwards, when the two went back to find them,
the three were come to the old habitation again :
we shall see their differing conduct presently. When
the three came back, like furious creatures, flushed
with the rage which the work they had been about
had put them into, they came up to the Spaniards,
and told them what they had done, by way of scoff
and bravado; and one of them stepping up to one
of the Spaniards, as if they had been a couple of
boys at play, takes hold of his hat, as it was upon
his head, and giving it a twirl about, fleering in his
face, says he to him, "And you, Seignior Jack
Spaniard, shall have the same sauce, if you do nl
mend your manners." The Spaniard, who, though
a quiet civil man, was as brave as a man could be
desired to be, and withal a strong well-made man,





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 63

looked steadily at him for a good while and then,
having no weapon in his hand, stepped gravely up
to him, and with one blow of his fist knocked him
down, as an ox is felled with a pole.axe; at which
one of the rogues, insolent as the first, fired his
pistol at the Spaniard immediately ; he missed his
body indeed, for the bullets went through his hair,
but one of them touched the tip of his ear, and he
bled pretty much. The blood made the Spaniard
believe he was more hurt than he really was, and
that put him into some heat, for before he acted all
,in a perfect calm; but now resolving to go through
with his work, he stooped and took the fellow's
musket whom he had knocked down, and was just
going to shoot the man who had fired at him; when
the rest of the Spaniards, being in the cave, came
out, and calling to him not to shoot, they stepped
in, secured the other two, and took their arms from
them.
When they were thus disarmed, and found they
had made all the Spaniards their enemies, as well as
their own countrymen, they began to cool; and
giving the Spaniards better words, would have had
their arms again; but the Spaniards, considering
the feud that was between them and the other two
Englishmen, and that it would be the best method
fly could take to keep them from killing one ano-
thgi, told them they would do them no harm; and
if they would live peaceably they would be very
willing to assist and associate with them, as they did





64 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

before; but that they could not think of giving
them their arms again, while they appeared so re-
solved to do mischief with them to their own coun-
trymen, and had even threatened them all to make
them their servants.
The rogues were now more capable to hear reason
than to act reason ; and being refused their arms,
they went raving away, and raging like madmen,
threatening what they would do, though they had no
fire-arms : but the Spaniards, despising their threat-
ening, told them they should take care how they
offered any injury to their plantation or cattle; for
if they did, they would shoot them, as they would
do ravenous beasts, wherever they found them; and
if they fell into their hands alive, they would cer-
tainly be hanged. However, this was far from cool-
ing them; but away they went, raging and swearing
like furies of hell. As soon as they were gone,
came back the two men in passion and rage enough
also, though of another kind; for, having been at
their plantation, and finding it all demolished and
destroyed, as above, it will easily be supposed they
had provocation enough ; they could scarce have
room to tell their tale, the Spaniards were so eager
to tell them theirs ; and it was strange enough to
find, that three men should thus bully nineteen, and
receive no punishment at all.
The Spaniards indeed despised them, and especi-
ally having thus disarmed them, made light of all
their threatening ; but the two Englishmen resolved





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 65

to have their remedy against them, what pains so-
ever it cost to find them out.
But the Spaniards interposed here too, and told
them that as they had disarmed them, they could
not consent that they (the two) should pursue them
with fire-arms, and perhaps kill them: But," said
the grave Spaniard, who was their governor, "we
will endeavour to make them do you justice, if you
will leave it to us; for, as there is no doubt but
they will come to us again when their passion is
over, being not able to subsist without our assist-
ance, we promise you to make no peace with them,
without having a full satisfaction for you; upon
this condition we hope you will promise to use no
violence with them, other than in your defence."
The two Englishmen yielded to this very awk-
wardly, andwith great reluctance 3 but the Spaniards
protested, they did it only to keep them from blood-
shed, and to make all easy at last; "For," said
they, we are not so many of us; here is room
enough for us all, and it is great pity we should not
be all good friends." At length they did consent,
and waited for the issue of the thing, living for
some days with the Spaniards; for their own habi-
tation was destroyed.
In about five days time the three vagrants, tired
with wandering, and almost starved with hunger,
having chiefly lived on turtles' eggs all that while,
came back to the grove 3 and finding my Spaniard,
who, as I have said, was the governor, and two
VOL. II. F





66 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

more with him, walking by the side of the creek;
they came up in a very submissive humble manner
and begged to be received again into the family.
The Spaniards used them civilly, but told them,
they had acted so unnaturally by their countrymen,
and so very grossly by them, (the Spaniards) that
they could not come to any conclusion without con-
sulting the two Englishmen, and the rest; but how-
ever they would go to them, and discourse about it,
and they should know in half an hour. It may be
guessed that they were very hard put to it; for it
seems, as they were to wait this half-hour for an
answer, they begged he would send them out some
bread in the meantime which he did, and sent them
at the same time a large piece of goat's flesh, and a
broiled 'parrot, which they ate very heartily, for they
were hungry enough.
After half an hour's consultation they were called
in, and a long debate had among them, their two
countrymen charging them with the ruin of all their
labour, and a design to murder them; all which they
owned before, and therefore could not deny now;
upon the whole, the Spaniards acted the moderators
between them and as they had obliged the two
Englishmen not to hurt the three, while they were
naked and unarmed, so they now obliged the three
to go and build their fellows two huts, one of
the same, and the other of larger dimensions than
thly were before; to fence their ground again,
where they had pulled up the fences, plant trees in






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 67

the room of those pulled up, dig up the land again
for planting corn, where they had spoiled it and,
in a word, to restore every thing in the same state
as they found it, as near as they could, for entirely
it could not be, the season for the corn, and the
growth of the trees and hedges, not being possible
to be recovered.
Well, they submitted to all this, and as they had
plenty of provisions given them all the while, they
grew very orderly, and the whole society began to
live pleasantly and agreeably together again; only
that these three fellows could never be persuaded
to work, I mean for themselves, except now and
then a little, just as they pleased; however, the
Spaniards told them plainly, that if they would but
live sociably and friendly together, and study in the
whole the good of the plantation, they would be
content to work for them, and let them walk about
and be as idle as they pleased; and thus having lived
pretty well together for a month or two, the Spa-
niards gave them their arms again, and gave them
liberty to go abroad with them as before.
It was not above a week after they had these arms,
and went abroad, but the ungrateful creatures be-
gan to be as insolent and troublesome as before;
but however, an accident happened presently upon
this, which endangered the safety of them all they
were obliged to lay by all private resentments, and
look to the preservation of their lives.
It happened one night, that the Spaniard governor,





68 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

as I call him, that is to say, the Spaniard whose life
I had saved, who was now the captain, or leader, or
governor of the rest, found himself very uneasy in
the night, and could by no means get any sleep: he
was perfectly well in body, as he told me the story,
only found his thoughts tumultuous; his mind ran
upon men fighting, and killing one another, but was
broad awake, and could not by any means get any
sleep; in short, he lay a great while ; hut growing
more and more uneasy, he resolved to rise: as they
lay, being so many of them, upon goat-skins, laid
thick upon such couches and pads as they made for
themselves, not in hammocks and ship-beds, as I
did, who was but one, so they had little to do; when
they were willing to rise, but to get up upon their
feet, and perhaps put on a coat, such as it was, and
their pumps, and they were ready for going any way
that their thoughts guided them.
Being thus gotten up, he looked out but, being
dark, he could see little or nothing and besides, the
trees which I had planted, as in my former account
is described, and which were now grown tall, inter-
cepted his sight, so that he could only look up, and
see, that it was a clear star-light night; and, hear-
ing no noise, he returned and laid him down again;
but it was all one, he could not sleep, nor could he
compose himself to any thing like rest, but his
thoughts were to the last degree uneasy, and yet he
knew not for what.
Having made some noise with rising and walking






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 69

about, going out and coming in, another of them
waked, and, calling, asked who it was that was up?
The governor told him how it had been with him.
Say you so!" says the other Spaniard, such
things are not to be slighted, I assure you; there is
certainly some mischief working," says he, near
us ;" and presently he asked him, Where are the
Englishmen?"--" They are all in their huts," says
he, safe enough." It seems, the Spaniards had
kept possession of the main apartment, and had
made a place, where the three Englishmen, since
their last mutiny, always quartered by themselves,
and could not come at the rest. Well," says the
Spaniard, there is something in it, I am persuaded
from my own experience; I am satisfied our spirits
embodied have converse with, and receive intelli-
gence from, the spirits unembodied, and inhabiting
the invisible world; and this friendly notice is given
for our advantage, if we know how to make use
of it. Come," says he, let us go out and look
abroad; and if we find nothing at all in it to justify
the trouble, I'll tell you a story to the purpose, that
shall convince you of the justice of my propos-
ing it."
In a word, they went out to go to the top of the
hill, where I used to go but they, being strong, and
in good company, not alone, as I was, used none of
my cautions to go up by the ladder, and then pull-
ing it up after them, to go up a second stage to the
top, but were going round through the grove uncon-





70 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

cerned and unwary, when they were surprised with
seeing a light as of fire, a very little way off from
them, and hearing the voices of men, not of one or
two, but of a great number.
In all the discoveries I had made of the savages
landing on the island, it was my constant care to
prevent them making the least discovery of there
being any inhabitant upon the place ; and when by
any necessity they came to know it, they felt it so
effectually, that they that got away, were scarce able
to give any account of it, for we disappeared as soon
as possible, nor did ever any that had seen me, es-
cape to tell any one else, except it was the three
savages in our last encounter, who jumped into the
boat, of whom I mentioned that I was afraid they
should go home, and bring more help.
Whether it was the consequence of the escape of
those men, that so great a number came now toge-
ther ; or whether they came ignorantly, and by acci-
dent, on their usual bloody errand, the Spaniards
could not, it seems, understand : but whatever it was,
it had been their business, either to have concealed
themselves, as not to have seen them at all ; much
less to have let the savages have seen that there were
any inhabitants in the place; or to have fallen upon
them so effectually, as that not a man of them should
have escaped, which could only have been by getting
in between them and their boats ; but this presence
of mind was wanting to them; which was the ruin
of their tranquillity for a great while.






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 71

We need not doubt but that the governor, and the
man with him, surprised with this sight, ran back
immediately, and raised their fellows, giving them an
account of the imminent danger they were all in;
and they again as readily took the alarm, but it was
impossible to persuade them to stay close within
where they were, but that they must all run out to
see how things stood.
While it was dark indeed, they were well enough,
and they had opportunity enough, for some hours, to
view them by the light of the three fires they had
made at a distance from one another; what they
were doing they knew not, and what to do them-
selves they knew not; for, first, the enemy were
too many; and, secondly, they did not keep toge-
ther, but were divided into several parties, and were
on shore in several places.
The Spaniards were in no small consternation at
this sight; and as they found that the fellows ran
straggling all over the shore, they nuade no doubt,
but, first or last, some of them would chop in upon
their habitation, or upon some other place, where
they would see the tokens of inhabitants; and they
were in great perplexity also for fear of their flock of
goats, which would have been little less than starv-
ing them, if they should have been destroyed so
the first thing they resolved upon, was to dispatch
three men awaybefore it was light, viz. two Spaniards
and one Englishman, to drive all the goats away to
the great valley where the cave was, and if need
were, to drive them into the very cave itself.





72 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

Could they have seen the savages all together in
one body, and at any distance from their canoes, they
resolved, if there had been an hundred of them, to
have attacked them; but that could not be obtained,
for there were some of them two miles off from the
other, and, as it appeared afterwards, were of two
different nations.
After having mused a great while on the course
they should take, and beaten their brains in consider-
ing their present circumstances, they resolved at last,
while it was still dark, to send the old savage,
Friday's father out as a spy, to learn if possible some-
thing concerning them, what they came for, and
what they intended to do. The: old man readily un-
dertook it, and stripping himself quite naked, as
most of the savages were, away he went. After he
had been gone an hour or two, he brings word
that he had been among them undiscovered, that he
found they were two parties, and of two several
nations, who had war with one another, and had had
a great battle in their own country, and that both
sides having had several prisoners taken in the fight,
they were by mere chance landed in the same island
for the devouring their prisoners, and making merry;
but their coming so by chance to the same place had
spoiled all their mirth : that they were in a great
rage at one another, and were so near, that he be-
lieved they would fight again as soon as daylight
began to appear; but he did not perceive that they
had any notion of any body's being on the island but
themselves. He had hardly made an end of telling






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 73

the story, when they could perceive, by the unusual
noise they made, that the two little armies were en-
gaged in a bloody fight.
Friday's father used all the arguments he could to
persuade our people to lie close, and not be seen;
he told them their safety consisted in it, and that
they had nothing to do but lie still, and the savages
would kill one another to their hands, and then the
rest would go away; and it was so to a tittle. But
it was impossible to prevail, especially upon the
Englishmen, their curiosity was so importunate upon
their prudentials, that they must run out and see the
battle; however, they used some caution, viz, they
did not go openly just by their own dwelling, but
went farther into the wgods, and placed themselves
to advantage, where they might securely see them
manage the fight, and, as they thought, not to be
seen by them; but it seems the savages did see
them, as we shall find hereafter.
The battle was very fierce, and if I might believe
the Englishmen, one of them said he could perceive
that some of them were men of great bravery, of
invincible spirits, and of great policy in guiding the
fight. The battle, they said, held two hours before
they could guess which party would be beaten; but
then that party which was nearest our people's habi-
tation began to appear weakest, and, after some time
more, some of them began to fly and this put our
men again into a great consternation, lest any of those
-that fled should run into the grove before their dwell-






74 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

ing for shelter, and thereby involuntarily discover the
place, and that by consequence the pursuers should
do the like in search for them. Upon this they re-
solved, that they would stand armed within the wall,
and whoever came into the grove they should sally
out over the wall, and kill them, so that if possible
not one should return to give an account of it j they
ordered also, that it should be done with their swords,
or by knocking them down with the stock of the
musket, but not by shooting them, for fear of raising
an alarm by the noise.
As they expected it fell out: three of the routed
army fled for life, and crossing the creek ran directly
into the place, not in the least knowing whither they
went, but running as into a thick wood for shelter.
The scout they kept to look abroad gave notice of this
within, with this addition to our men's great satisfac-
tion, viz. that the conquerors had not pursued them,
or seen which way they were gone. Upon this the
Spaniard governor, a man of humanity, would not
suffer them to kill the three fugitives; but sending
three men out by the top of the hill, ordered them to
go round and come in behind them, surprise and
take them prisoners; which was done : the residue
of the conquered people fled to their canoes, and
got off to sea; the victors retired, made no pursuit,
or very little, but drawing themselves into a body
together, gave two great screaming shouts, which
they supposed were by way of triumph, and so the
fight ended; and the same day, about three o'clock






OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 75

in the afternoon, they also marched to their canoes.
And thus the Spaniards had their island again free to
themselves, their fright was over, and they saw no
savages in several years after.
After they were all gone, the Spaniards came out
of their den, and viewing the field of battle, they
found about two-and-thirty dead men upon the spot;
some were killed with great long arrows, some of
which were found sticking in their bodies, but most
of them were killed with their great wooden swords,
sixteen or seventeen of which they found in the field of
battle, and as many bows, with a great many arrows.
These swords were strange great unwieldy things,
and they must be very strong men that used them
most of those men that were killed with them had
their heads mashed to pieces, as we may say, or, as
we call it in English, their brains knocked out, and
several their arms and legs broken; so that it is
evident they fight with inexpressible rage and fury.
They found not one wounded man that was not stone
dead; for either they stay by their enemy till they
have quite killed them, or they carry all the wounded
men, that are not quite dead, away with them.
This deliverance tamed our Englishmen for a great
while; the sight had filled them with horror, and the
consequence appeared terrible to the last degree, even
to them, if ever they should fall into the hands of
those creatures, who would not only kill them as ene-
mies, but kill them for food as we kill our cattle.
And they professed to me, that the thoughts of being:






76 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

eaten up like beef or mutton, though it was supposed
it was not to be till they were dead, had something
in it so horrible that it nauseated their very stomachs,
made them sick when they thought of it, and filled
their minds with such unusual terror, that they were
not themselves for some weeks after.
This, as I said, tamed even the three English brutes
I have been speaking of, and for a great while after
they were very tractable, and went about the com-
mon business of the whole society well enough;
planted, sowed, reaped, and began to be all natura-
lized to the country; but some time after this they
fell all into such measures, which brought them into
a great deal of trouble.
They had taken three prisoners, as I had observed;
and these three being lusty stout young fellows, they
made them servants, and taught them to work for
them ; and as slaves they did well enough; but they
did not take their measures with them as I did by
my man Friday, viz. to begin with them upon the
principle of having saved their lives, and then in-
struct them in the rational principles of life, much
less of religion, civilizing and reducing them by
kind usage and affectionate arguing; but as they
gave them their food every day, so they gave them
their work too, and kept them fully employed in
drudgery enough ; but they failed in this by it, that
they never had them to assist them and fight for
them as I had my man Friday, who was as true to
me as the very flesh upon my bones.





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 77

- But to come to the family part: being all now
good friends, for common danger, as I said above,
had effectually reconciled them, they began to con-
sider their general circumstances; and the first thing
that came under their consideration was, whether,
seeing the savages particularly haunted that side of
the island, and that there were more remote and re-
tired parts of it equally adapted to their way of
living, and manifestly to their advantage, they should
not rather remove their habitation, and plant in some
more proper place for their safety, and especially
for the security of their cattle and corn.
Upon this, after long debate, it was concluded that
they would not remove their habitation, because
that some time or other they thought they might
hear from their governor again, meaning me; and if
I should send any one to seek them, I should be sure
to direct them to that side, where if they should find
the place demolished they would conclude the sava-
ges had killed us all, and we were gone, and so our
supply would go away too.
But as to their corn and cattle, they agreed to re-
move them into the valley where my cave was,
where the land was as proper for both, and where
indeed there was land enough; however, upon second
thoughts they altered one part of that resolution too,
and resolved only to remove part of their cattle thi-
ther, and plant part of their corn there; and so, if
one part was destroyed, the other might be saved
and one piece of prudence they used, which it was





78 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

very well they did; viz. that they never trusted those
three savages, which they had prisoners, with know-
ing any thing of the plantation they had made in that
valley, or of any cattle they had there; much less of
the cave there, which they kept in case of necessity
as a safe retreat ; and whither they carried also the
two barrels of powder which I had sent them at my
coming away.
But however they resolved not to change their
habitation; yet they agreed, that as I had carefully
covered it first with a wall, or fortification, and then
with a grove of trees ; so seeing their safety consisted
entirely in their being concealed, of which they were
now fully convinced, they set to work to cover and
conceal the place yet more effectually than before:
to this purpose, as I had planted trees, or rather
thrust in stakes which in time grew up to be trees,
for some good distance before the entrance into my
apartment, they went on in the same manner, and
filled up the rest of that whole space of ground, from
the trees I had set quite down to the side of the creek,
where, as I said, I landed my floats, and even into
the very ouze where the tide flowed, not so much
as leaving any place to land, or any sign that there
had been any landing thereabout. These stakes also
being of a wood very forward to grow, as I have noted
formerly, they took care to have generally very
much larger and taller than those which I had plant-
ed, and as they grew apace, so they planted them so
very thick and close together, that when they had





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 79

been three or four years grown there was no piercing
with the eye any considerable way into the planta-
tion. And as for that part which I had planted, the
trees were grown as thick as a man's thigh; and
among them they placed so many other short ones,
and so thick, that, in a word, it stood like a pali-
sado a quarter of a mile thick, and it was next to im-
possible to penetrate it but with a little army to cut
it all down ; for a little dog could hardly get between
the trees, they stood so close.
But this was not all; for they did the same by all
the ground to the right hand, and to the left, and
round even to the top of the hill, leaving no way,
not so much as for themselves to come out, but by
the ladder placed up to the side of the hill, and then
lifted up and placed again from the first stage up to
the top; which ladder, when it was taken down,
nothing but what had wings or witchcraft to assist
it, could come at them.
This was excellently well contrived, nor was it
less than what they afterwards found occasion for;
which served to convince me, that as human prudence
has the authority of Providence to justify it, so it has,
doubtless, the direction of Providence to set it to
work, and, would we listen carefully to the voice of
it, I am fully persuaded we might prevent many of
the disasters which our lives are now by our own
negligence subjected to; but this by the way.
I return to the story: They lived two years after
this in perfect retirement, and had no more visits





80 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

from the savages; they had indeed an alarm given
them one morning, which put them into a great
consternation : for some of the Spaniards being out
early one morning on the west side, or rather the
end of the island, which, by the way, was that end
where I never went, for fear of being discovered,
they were surprised with seeing above twenty canoes
of Indians just coming on shore.
They made the best of their way home in hurry
enough, and, giving the alarm to their comrades,
they kept close all that day and the next, going out
only at night to make observation; but they had the
good luck to be mistaken, for wherever the savages
went, they did not land that time on the island, but
pursued some other design.
And now they had another broil with the three
Englishmen, one of which, a most turbulent fellow,
being in a rage at one of the three slaves which I
mentioned they had taken, because the fellow had
not done something right which he bid him do, and
seemed a little intractable in his shewing him, drew
a hatchet out of a frog-belt, in which he wore it by
his side, and fell upon the poor savage, not to cor-
rect him but to kill him. One of the Spaniards who
was by, seeing him give the fellow a barbarous cut
with the hatchet, which he aimed at his head, but
struck into his shoulder, so that he thought he had
cut the poor creature's arm off, ran to him, and en-
treating him not to murder the poor man, clapt in
between him and the savage to prevent the mischief.




OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 81

.- -_-----
















The fellow being enraged the more at this, struck
at the Spaniard with his hatchet, and swore he would
serve him as he intended to serve the savage; which
the Spaniard perceiving, avoided the blow, and with
a shovel which he had in his hand, for they were all
working in the field about their corn-land, knocked
the brute down; another of the Englishmen running
at the same time to help his comrade, knocked the
Spaniard down, and then two Spaniards more came
to help their man, and a third Englishman fell upon
them. They had none of them any fire-arms, or any
other weapons but hatchets and other tools, except
this third Englishman; he had one of py old rusty
cutlasses, with which he made at the two last Spa-
niards, and wounded them both. This fray set the
whole family in an uproar, and more help coming in,
VOL. II. G





82 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

they took the three Englishmen prisoners. The next
question was, what should be done with them? they
had been so often mutinous, and were so furious, so
desperate, and so idle withal, that they knew not
what course to take with them, for they were mis-
chievous to the highest degree, and valued not what
hurt they did to any man; so that, in short, it was
not safe to live with them.
The Spaniard who was governor, told them in so
many words, that if they had been of his own coun-
try he would have hanged them; for all laws and
all governors were to preserve society, and those who
were dangerous to the society ought to be expelled
out of it 3 but as they were Englishmen, and that it
was to the generous kindness of an Englishman that
they all owed their preservation and deliverance, he
would use them with all possible lenity, and would
leave them to the judgment of the other two English.
men, who were their countrymen.
One of the two honest Englishmen stood up, and
said they desired it might not be left to them; "For,"
says he, I am sure we ought to sentence them to
the gallows ;" and with that he gives an account
how Will Atkins, one of the three, had proposed to
have all the five Englishmen join together, and mur-
der all the Spaniards when they were in their sleep.
When the Spanish governor heard this, he calls
to Will Atkins : How, Seignior Atkins," says he,
" would you murder us all? What have you to
say to that ?" That hardened villain was so far from





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 83

denying it, that he said it was true, and G-d d-mn
him they would do it still before they had done with
them. Well, but Seignior Atkins," said the Spa-
niard, what have we done to you that you will kill
us? And what would you get by killing us? And
what must we do to prevent your killing us? Must
we kill you, or will you kill us ? Why will you put
us to the necessity of this, Seignior Atkins ?" says
the Spaniard very calmly and smiling.
Seignior Atkins was in such a rage at the Spa-
niard's making a jest of it, that had he not been
held by three men, and withal had no weapons with
him, it was thought he would have attempted to
have killed the Spaniard in the middle of all the
company.
This harebrained carriage obliged them to consider
seriously what was to be done. The two English-
men and the Spaniard who saved the poor savage,
were of the opinion that they should hang one of
the three for an example to the rest; and that
particularly it should be he that twice attempted
to commit murder with his hatchet and indeed
there was some reason to believe he had done it,
for the poor savage was in such a miserable con-
dition with the wound he had received, that it was
thought he could not live.
But the governor Spaniard still said, no, it was an
Englishman that had saved all their lives, and he
would never consent to put an Englishman to death
though he had murdered half of them; nay, he said
if he had been killed himself by an Ebglishman, and






84 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

had time left to speak, it should be that they should
pardon him.
This was so positively insisted on by the governor
Spaniard, that there was no gainsaying it; and as
merciful counsels are most apt to prevail, where
they are so earnestly pressed, so they all came into it;
but then it was to be considered what should be done
to keep them from doing the mischief they designed;
for all agreed, governor and all, that means were to
be used for preserving the society from danger.
After a long debate it was agreed, first, that they
should be disarmed, and not permitted to have either
gun, or powder, or shot, or sword, or any weapon,
and should be turned out of the society, and left to
live where they would, and how they could by them-
selves ; but that none of the rest, either Spaniards
or English, should converse with them, speak with
them, or have any thing to do with them ; that they
should be forbid to come within a certain distance
of the place where the rest dwelt : and that if they
offered to commit any disorder, so as to spoil, burn,
kill, or destroy any of the corn, plantings, buildings,
fences, or cattle belonging to the society, they should
die without mercy, and they would shoot them
wherever they could find them.
The governor, a man of great humanity, musing
upon the sentence, considered a little upon it, and
turning to the two honest Englishmen, said," Hold,
you must reflect, that it will be long ere they can
raise corn and cattle of their own, and they must
not starve we must therefore allow them provi-





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 85

sions." So he caused to be added, that they should
have a proportion of corn given them to last them
eight months, and for seed to sow, by which time
they might be supposed to raise some of their own;
that they should have six milch-goats, four he-goats,
and six kids given them, as well for present subsist-
ence as for a store; and that they should have tools
given them for their work in the fields such as six
hatchets, an axe, a saw, and the like: but they
should have none of these tools or provisions unless
they would swear solemnly that they would not hurt
or injure any of the Spaniards with them, or of their
fellow Englishmen.
Thus they dismissed them the society, and turned
them out to shift for themselves. They went away
sullen and refractory, as neither contented to go away
or to stay j but as there was no remedy they went,
pretending to go and choose a place where they
would settle themselves, to plant and live by them-
selves j and some provisions were given them, but
no weapons.
About four or five days after they came again for
some victuals, and gave the governor an account
where they had pitched their tents, and marked them-
selves out an habitation and plantation : it was a
very convenient place indeed, on the remotest part
of the island, N. E. much about the place where I
landed in my first voyage when I was driven out to
sea, the Lord knows whither, in my attempt to sur-
round the island.





86 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

Here they built themselves two handsome huts,
and contrived them in a manner like my first habi-
tation, being close under the side of a hill, having
some trees growing already on three sides of it j so
that by planting others it would be very easily co-
vered from the sight, unless narrowly searched for.
They desired some dry goat-skins for beds and cover-
ing, which were given them; and upon their giv-
ing their words that they would not disturb the rest,
or injure any of their plantations, they gave them
hatchets, and what other tools they could spare: some
peas, barley, and rice, for sowing, and, in a word, any
thing they wanted but arms and ammunition.
They lived in this separate condition about six
months, and had gotten in their first harvest, though
the quantity was but small, the parcel of land they
had planted being but little; for indeed having all
their plantation to form, they had a great deal of
work upon their hands; and when they came to make
boards, and pots, and such things, they were quite
out of their element, and could make nothing of it;
and when the rainy season came on, for want of a
cave in the earth, they could not keep their grain
dry, and it was in great danger of spoiling: and this
humbled them much so they came and begged the
Spaniards to help them, which they very readily did;
and in four days worked a great hole in the side of
the hill for them, big enough to secure their corn
and other things from the rain: but it was but a
poor place at best compared to mine and especially





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 87

:as mine was then; for the Spaniards had greatly en-
larged it, and made several new apartments in it.
About three quarters of a year after this separa-
tion a new frolic took these rogues, which, together
with the former villany they had committed, brought
mischief enough upon them, and had very near been
-the ruin of the whole colony. The three new asso-
ciates began, it seems, to be weary of the laborious
life they led, and that without hope of bettering their
circumstances; and a whim took them that they
would make a voyage to the continent from whence
the savages came, and would try if they could not
seize upon some prisoners among the natives there,
and bring them home, so as to make them do the
laborious part of their work for them.
The project was not so preposterous if they had
gone no farther ; but they did nothing and proposed
nothing but had either mischief in the design or mis-
chief in the event ; and if I may give my opinion,
they seemed to be under a blast from Heaven; for
if we will not allow a visible curse to pursue visible
crimes, how shall we reconcile the events of things
with the divine justice ? It was certainly an apparent
vengeance on their crime of mutiny and piracy that
brought them to the state they were in; and as they
shewed not the least remorse for the crime, but added
new villanies to it, such as particularly the piece of
monstrous cruelty of wounding a poor slave because
he did not, or perhaps could not understand to do
what he was directed, and to wound him in such a





88 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

manner as, no question, made him a cripple all his
life, and in a place where no surgeon or medicine
could be had for his cure; and what was still worse,
the murderous intent, or, to do justice to the crime,
the intentional murder, for such to be sure it was,
as was afterwards the formed design they all laid to
murder the Spaniards in cold blood, and in their
sleep.
But I leave observing, and return to the story:
The three fellows came down to the Spaniards one
morning, and in very humble terms desired to be ad-
mitted to speak with them; the Spaniards very rea-
dily heard what they had to say, which was this, that
they were tired of living in the manner they did, that
they were not handy enough to make the necessa-
ries they wanted; and that, having no help, they
found they should be starved; but if the Spaniards
would give them leave to take one of the canoes
which they came over in, and give them arms and
ammunition proportioned for their defence, they
would go over to the main, and seek their fortune,
and so deliver them from the trouble of supplying
them with any other provisions.
The Spaniards were glad enough to be rid of
them; but yet very honestly represented to them
the certain destruction they were running into; told
them they had suffered such hardships upon that
very spot, that they could, without any spirit of pro-
phecy, tell them that they would be starved or be
murdered; and bade them consider of it.





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 89

The men replied audaciously, they should be starv-
ed if they stayed here, for they could not work, and
would not work and they could not but be starved
abroad; and if they were murdered, there was an end
of them, they had no wives or children to cry after
them; and, in short, insisted importunately upon
their demand, declaring that they would go, whether
they would give them any arms or no.
The Spaniards told them with great kindness, that
if they were resolved to go, they should not go like
naked men, and be in no condition to defend them-
selves, and that though they could ill spare their fire-
arms, having not enough for themselves, yet they
would let them have two muskets, a pistol, and a
cutlass, and each man a hatchet, which they thought
was sufficient for them.
In a word, they accepted the offer, and having
baked them bread enough to serve them a month,
and given them as much goat's flesh as they could
eat while it was sweet, and a great basket full of
dried grapes, a pot full of fresh water, and a young
kid alive to kill, they boldly set out in a canoe for a
voyage over the sea, where it was at least forty
miles broad.
The boat was indeed a large one, and would have
very well carried fifteen or twenty men, and there-
fore was rather too big for them to manage but as
they had a fair breeze and the flood tide with them,
they did well enough; they had made a mast of a
long pole, and a sail of four large goat's-skins dried,





90 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

which they had sewed or laced together; and away
they went merrily enough; the Spaniards called after
them, Buin vilge;" and no man ever thought of
seeing them any more.
The Spaniards were often saying to one another, and
to the two honest Englishmen who remained behind,
how quietly and comfortably they lived now those
three turbulent fellows were gone ; as for their ever
coming again, that was the remotest thing from their
thoughts, that could be imagined when, behold,
after twenty-two days absence, one of the English-
men being abroad upon his planting work, sees three
strange men coming towards him at a distance, two
of them with guns upon their shoulders.
Away runs the Englishman, as if he was bewitch-
ed, comes frighted and amazed, to the governor
Spaniard, and tells him they were all undone, for
there were strangers landed upon the island, he could
not tell who. The Spaniard pausing a while, says to
him, How do you mean, you cannot tell who ?
They are savages to be sure."-" No, no," says the
Englishman, "they are men in clothes, with arms."
-" Nay then," says the Spaniard, why are you
concerned? If they are not savages, they must be
friends; for there is no Christian nation upon earth
but will do us good rather than harm."
While they were debating thus, came the three
Englishmen, and standing without the wood which
was new-planted, hallooed to them; they presently
knew their voices, and so all the wonder of that kind





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 91

ceased. But now the admiration was turned upon
another question, viz. What could be the matter, and
what made them come back again ?
It was not long before they brought the men in;
and inquiring where they had been, and what they
had been doing, they gave them a full account of
their voyage in a few words, viz. that they reached
the land in two days, or something less, but finding
the people alarmed at their coming, and preparing
with bows and arrows to fight them, they durst not
go on shore, but sailed on to the northward six or
seven hours, till they came to a great opening, by
which they perceived that the land they saw from
our island was not the main, but an island: that en-
tering that opening of the sea, they saw another
island on the right hand north, and several more
west i and being resolved to land somewhere, they
put over to one of the islands which lay west, and
went boldly on shore; that they found the people
very courteous and friendly to them, and that they
gave them several roots, and some dried fish, and
appeared very sociable: and the women, as well as
the men, were very forward to supply them with any
thing they could get for them to eat, and brought it
to them a great way upon their heads.
They continued here four days, and inquired, as
well as they could of them by signs, what nations
were this way, and that way ; and were told of seve-
ral fierce and terrible people, that lived almost every
way; who, as they made known by signs to them;





92 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

used to eat men : but as for themselves, they said,
that they never ate men or women, except only such
as they took in the wars; and then they owned that
they made a great feast, and ate their prisoners.
The Englishmen inquired when they had a feast of
that kind, and they told them about two moons ago,
pointing to the moon, and then to two fingers; and
that their great king had two hundred prisoners now,
which he had taken in his war, and they were feed-
ing them to make them fat for the next feast. The
Englishmen seemed mighty desirous to see those pri-
soners, but the others mistaking them, thought they
were desirous to have some of them to carry away
for their own eating. So they beckoned to them,
pointing to the setting of the sun, and then to the
rising j which was to signify, that the next morning
at sun-rising they would bring some for them; and
accordingly the next morning they brought down
five women and eleven men ; and gave them to the
Englishmen to carry with them on their voyage, just
as we would bring so many cows and oxen down to
a sea-port town to victual a ship.
As brutish and barbarous as these fellows were at
home, their stomachs turned at this sight, and they
did not know what to do; to refuse the prisoners
would have been the highest affront to the savage
gentry that offered them; and what to do with them
they knew not; however, upon some debate, they
resolved to accept of them and in return they gave
the savages that brought them one of their hatchets,





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 93

an old key, a knife, and six or seven of their bullets,
which, though they did not understand, they seemed
extremely pleased with; and then tying the poor
creature's hands behind them, they (the people)
dragged the prisoners into the boat for our men.
The Englishmen were obliged to come away as
soon as they had them, or else they that gave them
this noble present would certainly have expected that
they should have gone to work with them, have
killed two or three of them the next morning, and
perhaps have invited the donors to dinner.
But having taken their leave with all the respects
and thanks that could well pass between people,
where, on either side, they understood not one word
they could say, they put off with their boat, and
came back towards the first island, where when they
arrived, they set eight of their prisoners at liberty,
there being too many of them for their occasion.
In their voyage they endeavoured to have some
communication with their prisoners, but it was im-
possible to make them understand any thing; ao-
thing they could say to them, or give them, or do
for them, but was looked upon as going about to
murder them: they first of all unbound them, but
the poor creatures screamed at that, especially the
women, as if they had just felt the knife at their
throats; for they immediately concluded they were
unbound on purpose to be killed.
If they gave them any thing to eat, it was the same
thing; then they concluded it was for fear they should





94 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

sink in flesh, and so not be fat enough to kill; if
they looked at one of them more particularly, the
party presently concluded it was to see whether he
or she was fattest and fittest to kill nay, after they
had brought them quite over, and began to use
them kindly and treat them well, still they expected
every day to make a dinner or a supper for their
new masters.
When the three wanderers had given this unac-
countable history or journal of their voyage, the
Spaniard asked them where their new family was ?
And being told that they had brought them on shore,
and put them into one of their huts, and were come up
to beg some victuals for them; they, the Spaniards,
and the other two Englishmen, that is to say, the
whole colony, resolved to go all down to the place
and see them, and did so, and Friday's father with
them.
When they came into the hut, there they sat all
bound; for when they had brought them on shore
they bound their hands, that they might not take the
boat and make their escape 3 there, I say, they sat,
all of them stark naked. First, there were three men,
lusty, comely fellows, well shaped, straight and fair
limbs, about thirty to thirty-five years of age, and
five women ; whereof two might be from thirty to
forty, two more not above four or five and twenty,
and the fifth, a tall, comely maiden, about sixteen or
seventeen. The women were well favoured, agree-
able persons, both in shape and features, only tawny;





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 95

and two of them, had they been perfect white, would
have passed for handsome women, even in London
itself, having pleasant, agreeable countenances, and
of a very modest behaviour, especially when they
came afterwards to be clothed, and dressed, as they
called it, though the dress was very indifferent it
must be confessed, of which hereafter.
The sight, you may be sure, was something un-
couth to our Spaniards, who were, to give them a
just character, men of the best behaviour, of the most
calm, sedate tempers, and perfect good humour that
ever I met with ; and, in particular, of the most mo-
desty, as will presently appear: I say the sight was
very uncouth, to see three naked men and five naked
women, all together bound, and in the most misera-
ble circumstances that human nature could be sup-
posed to be, viz. to be expecting every moment to
be dragged out, and have their brains knocked out,
and then to be eaten up like a calf that is killed for
a dainty.
The first thing theydid was to cause the old Indian,
Friday's father, to go in and see first if he knew any
of them, and then if he understood any of their
speech. As soon as the old man came in, he looked
seriously at them, but knew none of them; neither
could any of them understand a word he said, or a
sign he could make, except one of the women.
However, this was enough to answer the end,
which was to satisfy them, that the men into whose
hands they were fallen were Christians; that they.





96 LIFE AND ADVENTURES

abhorred eating of men or women, and that they
might be sure they would not be killed. As soon as
they were assured of this, they discovered such a joy,
and by such awkward and several ways as is hard to
describe, for it seems they were of several nations.
The woman who was their interpreter was bid, in
the next place, to ask them if they were willing to be
servants, and to work for the men who had brought
them away to save their lives? At which they all fell
a dancing; and presently one fell to taking up this,
and another that, any thing that lay next, to carry
on their shoulders, to intimate that they were willing
to work.
The governor, who found that the having women
among them would presently be attended with some
inconveniency, and might occasion some strife, and
perhaps blood, asked the three men what they intend-
ed to do with these women, and how they intended
to use them, whether as servants or as women ? One
of the Englishmen answered very boldly and readily,
that they would use them as both. To which the go-
vernor said, I am not going to restrain you from
it; you are your own masters as to that : but this I
think is but just, for avoiding disorders and quarrels
among you, and I desire it of you for that reason
only, viz. that you will all engage, that if any of you
take any of these women as a woman, or wife, he
shall take but one; and that, having taken one, none
else shall touch her for though we cannot marry
any of you, yet it is but reasonable that while you





OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 97

stay here, the woman any of you takes should be
maintained by the man that takes her, and should
be his wife; I mean," says he, "while he continues
here; and that none else shall have any thing to do
with her." All this appeared so just, that every one
agreed to it without any difficulty.
Then the Englishmen asked the Spaniards if they
designed to take any of them? But every one of them
answered, "No :" some of them said they had wives
in Spain and the others did not like women that
were not Christians; and all together declared, that
they would not touch one of them; which was an
instance of such virtue as I have not met with in all
my travels. On the other hand, to be short, the five
Englishmen took them every one a wife; that is to
say, a temporary wife; and so they set up a new
form of living; for the Spaniards and Friday's father
lived in my old habitation, which they had enlarged
exceedingly within; the three servants, which were
taken in the late battle of the savages, lived with
them; and these carried on the main part of the
colony, supplying all the rest with food, and assist-
ing them in any thing as they could, or as they found
necessity required.
But the wonder of this story was, how five such
refractory, ill-matched fellows should agree about
these women, and that two of them should not pitch
upon the same woman, especially seeing two or three
of them were, without comparison, more agreeable
than the others: but they'took a good way enough
VOL. II. H




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs