PUBLISHED BY J, BABCOCK & SON,
AND S. BABCOCK &-CO.
Chae -ston, S. C.
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The Baldwin Lbrary
\TI! H ELNGRAVINGS
SII)NELS PRESS :
P'UBLISIIHD IY J. BABCOCK SO0-N
A',D S. BABCOCK &- CO.
BOOKS FOR CHZLDREBN,
ORNAMENTED WITH PLATES,
JUST PUBLISHED AND FOR SALE,
BY J. BABCOCK & SON,
S. BBAB3OCK & CO.
WATTS' Divine Songs; Little Goody Two-Shoes;
Holiday Sports; The Little Deserter; The History
of Blue Beard; Robinson Crusoe; The Riddle Book;
Whittington and his Cat; Pictured Alphabet; House
that Jack Built; Ill-Natured Boy; Marriage of Cock
Robin ; Present for Little Girls; History of Beasts;
do. of Birds; Good-natured Little Boy; Death of
J. B. & SON are constantly publishing and add-
ing to their Stock of Juvenile Books, which they
ofer, at wholesale or retail, on reasonable terms.
THOSE who are accustomed in their early
days to do wrong, will with difficulty be
persuaded to do right when they shall be
grown to the age of maturity. The parents
of Robinson left him early to the guidance
of his own will, and, as he loved play bet-
ter than his book, his youthful days passed
without any attention being paid to the im-
provement of his mind. Those hours which
ought to have been spent in some useful
study, were squandered away among idle
boys in the street, to his own detriment.
and the disgrace of his fond parents.
One day, as Robinson was walking about
the port of New-York, the place of his na-
tivity, he met with one of his old compan-
ions, whose father was master of a ship,
and who was then on the point of sailing
for London. The young sailor persuaded
Robinson to go with him, which he did
without taking leave of his parents, and
thereby committed a rash and wicked ac-
The wind was favourable, they weighed
anchor and proceeded on their voyage.-
Robinson soon lost sight of the lands and
nothing was left to his view but the ship in
which he was sailing, the water beneath,
and the sky above.
The two following days, the winds and
weather proved favourable; but, on the
third, the heavens began to be overcast,
and every thing seemed to forebode an ap-
proaching storm. The air sometimes ap-
peared to be on fire, and dreadful peals of
thunder followed the vivid flashes of light-
ning; the rain fell in torrents, and the wind
blew the billows of the ocean to a tremen-
dous height. One moment thie vessel ap-
peared mounting to the clouds, and the next
moment as if descending to the lowest re-
gions : sometimes it lay on one side, and
sometimes on the other.
All on a sudden, crack crack went the
deck. "'Heaven have mercy on us!" cried
the sailors, who turned pale with terror,
and lifted up their eyes to heaven. "What
is the matter ?" said Robinson, who was al-
ready half dead with fear. "Ah!" replied
the seamen, "we are lost; a clap of light-
ning has shivered our mizen mast to pie-
ces, and our main mast is equally in dan-
ger." We are lost!" exclaimed another
voice from the inside of the ship: "we have
sprung a leak, and we have already four feet
water in the hold."
At these words, Robinson, who was seat-
ed on the cabin floor, fell into a swoon, and
entirely lost his senses. All the crew ran
to the pumps, and exerted all the force they
were masters of, to keep the ship from sink-
ing. The captain fired signals of distress,
which awakened Robinson from his swoon,
but soon threw him into a worse state,
when he supposed it to be the noise occa-
sioned by the ship's foundering.
After some time, a large boat came to
their assistance; but it was with great dif-
ficulty, on account of the dreadful waves,
that they could get on board of it : and
Robinson must have perished, had not a
compassionate sailor thrown him on board
of the boat. They had rowed but a short
distance from the ship when they saw it
sink. Fortunately, at this instant, the wind
abated, otherwise the.boat, loaded as it was,
must have been overwhelmed in the waves.
However, after many dangers, they reach-
ed the ship to which the boat belonged, and
were all taken on board.
Th_ ship that had received them then set
sail for England, and, in a few weeks en-
tered the mouth of the river Thames, and
soon after anchored in the port of London.
They then went on shore, happy in the idea
of having escaped with their lives.
Robinson amused himself for a few hours
in reviewing some parts of this great city ;
but his stomach telling him he stood in need
of something to eat, he went in search of
the master of the vessel, who received him
kindly, and made him sit down to the table
After dinner, the captain asked him what
business brought him to London; when he
replied that pleasure was his only motive,
and at the same time confessed, that he had
undertaken the voyage unknown to his pa-
rents. When the captain heard this, he
appeared much shocked, and advised him
to return immediately to his native country,
and at the knees of his parents to implore
Our imprudent adventurer then took his
leave of the captain ; but, as he was going
to enquire for a ship, different ideas crowd-
ed on his mind. "If I now return (said he
to himself,) my parents will punish nie for
leaving them, and my companions will
laugh at me for having seen only two or
three streets in London."
On reaching the quay, he found no ship
ready to sail for United States; he met
with the captain of a Guineaman, who very
kindly invited him to take a cup of tea on
board of his ship, and Robinson accepted
the invitation. The consequence of this
meeting was, that Robinson agreed to go
to Guinea with the captain : and, at that
moment, he totally forgot his parents,
friends, and country.
They accordingly set sail with every ap-
pearance of a pleasant passage; they had
passed by Calais, cleared the channel, and
got into the Atlantic Ocean, without any
accident. The wind, however, now chang-
ed, and was so violent, that it blew them on
the coast of America.
They had not sailed long on the coast,
when they heard the report of cannon : and
as they were at some distance from the
land, they concluded they were signals of
some ship in distress. They therefore
steered their course towards the report of
the guns, and soon discovered, by a flame
at a distance, that it was a ship on fire,
which soon blew up, ant nothing more was
heard or seen of her. The captain, how-
ever, bent his course that way, and contin-
;ed his signals, hoping he might thereby
pick up some of the crew, who had proba-
bly taken to their boats. It fortunately so
happened, that the crew of the unfortu-
nate ship, directed by the signal guns of
the Guineaman, come up with her, and
were all saved.
The good and generous captain, having
safely conveyed to Newfoundland the peo-
ple he had saved, pursued his voyage to
Guinea with a favourable wind, and arriv-
ed safe at Madeira, carrying with him
thither the crew of another ship he had met
with in the greatest distress.
As the captain was obliged to stop here
some time, in order to repair his ship,
which had been damaged by the storm,
Robinson, in a few days, began to be tired
of inactivity, and wished for wings that he
might, as quick as thought, fly over the
During this interval, a Portuguese ship
arrived from Lisbon, bound to Brazil : and
Robinson, getting acquainted with the cap-
tain, heard him talk so much of gold and
precious stones, that he conceived the most
ardent desire to go there, and load his
pockets with those valuable articles.
He then informed his good friend, the
captain, that he intended to sail in the
Portuguese ship to Brazil, As the captain
had just learned from Robinson himself
that he had left his parents without their
knowledge, he was very glad to get rid of
him, fearing he should have no success
while so impious a youth was on board. He
therefore gave him leave to depart, gave
him some money, and the best' advice he
could. Robinson took a kind leave of his
friend, went on board the Portuguese ship,
and sailed for the Brazils.
The voyage proved agreeable for several
days; at last, a violent storm blew from
After weathering the storm seven days,
a sailor cried cut with excess of joy, that
he saw land, which brought every one on
deck. This joy, however, was of short du-
ration; for they ran upon a bed of sand,
where they remained fixed, and exposed to
the furious waves, which rolled over the
ship in vast bodies.
All on a sudden the cry was general that
the ship was filling with water. Every one
instantly flew on deck, the long boat was
handed out with incredible haste, and every
one endeavoured who should first get in.
The boat was so loaded, that it was easy to
foresee, that it would never reach the shore,
which was at a considerable distance. In
fact a monstrous wave was seen rolling to-
wards them, which buried them all in the
bosom of the deep.
The boat being thus overset, Robinson
and the rest of the ship's company were
exposed to the mercy of the ocean; but the
same wave that overset them carried Cru-
soe with it and threw him on the shore. He
was thrown against a piece of rock with
such violence, that the pain awoke him
from the swoon into which terror had
thrown him. He opened his eyes, and see-
ing himself on land, he exerted all his ef-
forts to gain the height of the shore.
When he had recovered himself, he rose
to look round. Good God, what a sight!
The ship, the boat, and his companions, had
all disappeared nothing remained but a
few planks of the ship, which the waves had
thrown on shore. Himself was the only
one who had escaped death.
Weary and fatigued be wished to find
some place where he might enjoy a little
repose; but no hut was in view, nor could
he find any place so secure as that of the
birds, who passed their evenings in the
trees. He clambered up into one, and
there passed the night, having properly se-
cui ed himself from falling while sleeping.
In the morning he descended from the tree,
in search of food, having eaten nothing the
preceding day ; but his searches were vain,
nothing presented itself that the human
stomach could digest. He threw himself
on the ground, shed a torrent of tears, and
wished he had perished in the sea, rather
ttiarn be left to die a miserable death by
He was now forming in his mind by
what means he should put an end to his mis-
erable existence, without waiting the tedi-
ousness of dying with hunger, when he saw
a sea falcon devouring a fish he had taken,
and said to himself,, If God furnishes
these birds ith food, he will not suffer me
to die with hunger." This idea renewed
his spirits, and he exerted himself to walk
along the sea shore.
At last perceiving some shells lying on
the sand, he ran to them, and to his inex-
pressible joy found they were oysters.
Though these saved him from perishing
with hunger, yet he knew not where to
take his nocturnal abode, secure from sav-
ages and wild beasts, if such were there.
His last night's lodging had been so uncom-
fortable, that he dreaded repeating the ex-
periment. What will it serve," said he
to himself, "that I have escaped the fury of
the sea, and have found something to keep
me from dying with hunger, If I am at last
to be devoured by wild beasts ?"
Poor unfortunate wretch that I am!"
exclaimed he, at the same time lifting up
his trembling hands to heaven, Is it then
true, that I am separated from all human
beings, and that I must remain here with-
out hopes of ever being taken from this
desert island !"
His attempts to discover a place where
he might repose in safety, were for a long
time ineffectual; but at last he came to a
small mountain, the front of which was as
perpendicular as a wall. He examined this
side with great attention, and found in it a
little hollow place, to which the entrance
was very narrow.
As he had neither pick-axe nor chisel,
with which he might easily have increased
the dimensions of the hollow place, he set
his head to work how to supply the want of
them. He observed that there were sever-
al willow trees near the spot; these he
pulled up by the roots, with great difficulty,
in order to plant them at the entrance of
his intended cavern, and thereby make his
habitation more comfortable and secure.
He rose the next morning at break of day,
when he hastened to the shore to appease
his hunger with oysters, and then return
to his labours. Having pursued a different
route this morning, he, in his way to the
shore, had the good fortune to meet with
a tree that bore large fruit. He indeed
knew not what they were, but hoped to find
them good to eat, and immediately knocked
It was a nut of a triangular form, as
large as the head of a small child. The
outer bark was composed of threads, re-
sembling hemp in appearance. The second
bark, on the contrary, was as hard as a
shell of a tortoise; and Robinson soon dis-
covered that this would supply the place of
a bason. The contents were a moist sub-
stance, which tasted like sweet almonds,
and in the midst of it, which was hollow,
something like milk, of a sweet and agreea-
ble flavour. This was indeed a most glo-
rious repast to the half famished Robinson.
It was the cocoa-nut.
His empty stomach could not be content-
ed with one single nut, but he knocked
down a second, which he ate with the same
eagerness. His joy on this discovery filled
Shis eyes with gratitude. The tree was
very large, but it was the only one he saw
a the place.
He carried with him some oysters to
serve him for his dinner, and he went cheer-
fully to his labour. He had collected, on
the borders of the sea, some large shells,
which served him instead of a spade, and
which very much accelerated his business.
He soon afterwards discovered a tree, the
inner bark of which formed a good substi-
tute for cords or threads.
He then continued his work with great
assiduity, and planted tree against tree un-
til he had formed a strong palisade before
his intended habitation. Every night and
morning he watered his little plantation
from the neighboring rivulet, and for that
purpose made use of the cocoa-nut shell.
He soon had the pleasure to see his little
plantation in a thriving condition, and very
beautiful to the view.
Having hitherto succeeded to his wishes,
he began to think in what manner to hollow
out the little cavity in the rock, so as to
make it big enough for his use. As he
knew it would be in vain to attempt it with
his hands alone, he set about looking for
some tool that might assist him in his ope-
It was not long before he met with a
large and sharp stone, which not only re-
sembled a hatchet with a sharp edge, but
had even a hole in it to receive a handle.
After repeated trials, he fixed a handle to
it, and gave it all the appearance of the
tool so much wanted.-Searching further
among the stones, he found one that an-
swered the purpose of a chisel, and others
that proved excellent substitutes for a mal-
By the assistance of these tools his work
was so far advanced, in the course of a few
days, that he had made sufficient room to
lie in comfortably. He collected a suffi-
cient quantity of grass, of which he made
hay by exposing it to the sun ; and of this
made his bed.
Robinson, in order that he might not
forget the order of the days, and to know
when Sunday returned, invented a new
kind of Almanack. As he had neither pa-
per, nor any thing else to write on, he made
choice of four trees that stood close togeth-
er, and whose barks were smooth. On the
largest of the four trees, he every night
made a mark with a sharp stone, to shew
that the day had passed. When seven
marks had been made, he made a stroke
through them all, and this was a mark for
a week. Every time that he had made
four marks in the second tree. hIe knew that
one month had passed, for which he made
one mark on the third tree. When lie had
made twelve marks on the third tree, he
then made one on the fourth, which denoted
the year being completely finished.
Necessity obliged him to make large ex-
cursions into the island, in pursuit of the
indispensable necessaries of life.
Robinson rose in the morning with the
sun, and prepared for his tour. He hung
his pouch to a string, which he threw across
his shoulders, put his hatchet instead of a
sword, into his belt, and began his march.
His first visit was to his cocoa-nut tree,
on order to supply his pouch with two nuts.
Having supplied himself with this excellent
provision, he went in search of some oys-
ters; and being supplied with these matters,
to be eaten only in case of necessity, he
took a hearty draft of water, and then pro-
ceeded on his journey.
At last he came to a brook, where he re-
solved to sit down and dine. He seatte
-himself under a large tree, whose spread-
. ig boughs afforded a shade to a great dis-ii
tance, and joyfully regailed himself. But
in the midst of his repast, and all on a sud-
den, a distant noise terribly alarmed him.
He looked around him on all sides, and at
last perceived a whole troop of savage ani-
mals approaching him, which had some re-
semblance to our sheep, except that they
had a hump on their backs, which, on that
account, made them resemble little camels.
These are called lamas-they are beasts
of burden, and peculiar to some parts of
Robinson, having killed one of these crea-
tures with his hatchet, threw it across his
shoulders, and was carrying it home to his
cavern, when, in his way thither, to his
great joy, lie discovered seven or eight cit-
ron trees, whose ripe fruit had fallen to the
ground. He carefully collected them, and
carried them home to his habitation.
With a sharp stone he skinned the lama,
whose flesh he so far roasted in the sun, as
to make it eatable ; and some of his citrons
squeezed into water afforded him an excel-
lent and refreshing liquor. The skin he
hung up to dry, and of this hereafter in-
tended to make himself shoes.
Robinson slept very soundly this night,
and was angry with himself for lying so
long. He was going out in order to make
war on the lamas, but heaven prevented;
for he had no sooner put his head out of
his cavern, than lie was obliged to return.
It rained so violent that the ground was
covered with water, and this accompanied
with the most dreadful thunder, which
broke with such violence on the rock, that
it seemed to shake it to the very foundation.
This so terrified poor Crusoe, who, from a
want of proper education, was naturally
timid and superstitious, that he ran out of
his cavern, and fell down in a swoon.
He remained for some time in a state of
insensibility ; but, on recovering himself,
found the rain, thunder, and lightning, had
During the thunder storm, a flash of
lightning had set fire to a large piece of
wood, which had kept burning for a con-
siderable time. Robinson now rejoiced to
find that he had obtained some fire, and
even from that very event which had before
given him so much uneasiness. He im-
mediately set about to keep up the fire con-
stantly, and for that purpose built a kind of
stone chimney, in his new habitation. He
watched his fire attentively, that it might
not go out, so that he could now roast the
flesh of his lamas, in a manner fit for hu-
man creatures to eat.
Going one day to the borders of the sea
to collect oysters, he could find only a few ;
-2 ROBINSON CRUSOE.
but, instead of them, discovered what gave
him infinitely' more satisfaction. .Though
he had nevereaten of them himself, he had
heard that -they were wholesome and deli-
cions food.-This was a fine large turtle,
which weighed nearly an hundred pounds.
Robinson, with some difficulty, carried
the turtle home to his habitation, by the as-
sistance of his hatchet penetrated the under
shell, dressed a part of it for his dinner,
and made of it a most sumptuous feast. As
lie could not possibly eat it all at once, he
was at loss how to preserve it from petre-
Necessity had taught him wisdom; and,
as he had neither tub nor salt, he set his
head to work, in what manner he should
preserve the delicate food. He found the
upper shell, which lie had not broken,
would supply the place of a tub, and no-
thing but salt was wanting.
What a fool, I am !" said Robinson to
himself, here is a plenty of sea-water,
and that will supply the place of salt."
He filled his shell with sea-water, put the
remainder of the turtle in it, and it was
thus preserved from putrefaction.
These happy successes encouraged him
to exert his genius in greater attempts.
Wishing to have some living animal about
him, and the lamas were the only animate
beings except the spider, which he had seen
on this island. But how he should get a
pair of them alive into his possession was
a great difficulty to surmount. He deter-
mined to form one of the ends of his cords
into a noose, and throw this over the head
of the first lama that should approach him.
He rose next morning early, and having
furnished himself with his hatchet, provis-
ions, and other things necessary, he pro-
ceeded in his design of catching lamas alive.
In the course of his journey he saw a pit
at a distance, and advancing up to it, he
found it was full of a white substance,
How shall I express his joy, when, on
tasting it, he found it to be excellent salt!
he instantly filled his pockets with it. This
discovery gave fresh spirits to Robinson,
and he hastened to the spot where he hoped
to trap a lama.
It was not long before he ensnared a fe-
male lama, which had two young ones,
who, seeing their dam ensnared, came up
without any appearance of fear, to Robin-
son, and licked his hands, meaning there-
by, perhaps, that they wished their dam to
be set at liberty.
Robinson then dragged the old lama to
his habitation, and there the two young
ones of course followed her. On his arri-
val at his hut, he formed a little stall with
bricks, into which he put the lama and her
young ones. It is impossible to express
the joy Robinson felt on having compan-
ions, even though they were not human.
One day as he was sitting full of thought,
the idea struck him to explore other parts
of the island, as he had seen but a small
part of it; he determined therefore to pro-
ceed on his tour; the next morning he load-
-ed one of his lamas with four days provis-
ions, equipped 'himself, and having implor-
ed the divine protection, set out on his jour-
He had reached the centre of the island
when he saw the impression of human feet
on the sand, at which he grew pale and mo-
tionless, concluding that if there were
inhabitants on the island, they could be
only savages or cannibals, not less to be
dreaded than the beasts of the forest. A
little further he discovered a pit, in which
were evident marks of a fire extinguished,
and about it were scattered the hands and
feet, sculls and other bones of human crea-
tures, the remains of a horrible and unnat-
He returned home and put his habitation
in the best state of defence, and cut a sub-
terraneous passage from his house, through
which he might escape in case of an attack.
Some years passed without any thing
material occurring. One clear and sereln
morning, he perceived the smoke rising at
a distance; his fright was followed by cu-
riosity, and he hasted to the top of the hill,
at the foot of which was his grotto; he
there clambered a high tree, from which
he discovered several canoes fastened to
the shore, and savages dancing round a
great fire; presently two poor creatures
were dragged from the canoes, one of the
savages knocked one of them down, and
two others fell immediately upon him to
cut him to pieces and prepare for a feast.
The other captive, while the savages were
butchering his companion, took to flight,
and ran with great swiftness near to Robin-
Robinson descended the tree and pro-
ceeded to the spot where the fugitive had
concealed himself. Robinson made signs
for him to follow him, which he did with
evident marks of fear. In a little time the
fears of the indian were removed, and he
made Robinson to understand that he was
willing to become his slave; for though he
understood not the language of the Indian,
lie was charmed with the sound of a human
voice, to whiclhhe had long been a stranger.
As this affair happened on a Friday,
Robinson gave to his companion the name
,if FRIDAv. He gave him a skin to cover
himself with, and made him set down by
him. Friday obeyed in the most respectful
manner, offering a lance to Robinson, and
holding the point to his own breast, in to-
ken of absolute submission to his will.
Robinson, ever since his arrival on this
island, had experienced no felicity like the
present; all his fears centered in the idea,
that the savages might return in quest of
their victim, and demolish his habitation.
He therefore set about making his cottage
as strong as possible, by throwing up en-
trenchments around it, and fortifying it
with all the-methods he could devise. Dur-
ing this time Robinson endeavored to
learn Friday something of the English
language, and the man seemed no less de-
sirous. In less than six months he made
such progress, that he could make himself
tolerably well understood.
One morning as Robinson was walking
towards the sea-shore, he was much pleas-
ed with the sight of a ship, though at a great
distance. Robinson soon perceived her to
be an Amperican vessel, which was steering
for the island, and soon came to anchor.
Surprise, fear, and joy, seized Robinson
by turns, and also his attendant, Friday.
The sight of a vessel, which might take
him off that island, gave him joy; but this
was succeeded by surprise and fear, be-
cause he could not comprehend the motive
that could bring a ship on these coasts;
but supposed she must have been driven out
of her course by tempestuous and contrary
winds. This turneiTout as Robinson sup-
posed ; they cast anchor near the island,
and sent their boat on shore in search of
res h water, and were much surprised at
finding a white man on an island in so des-
olate a part of the globe. Robinson was
quite overjoyed at the prospect he now had
of once more returning lo his native home,
and the great pleasure he enjoyed in the
company and conversation of man, from
whom he had been so long separated. Af-
ter taking in a small supply of water, they
set off for the ship, with Robinson and his
companion. The next day they again went
on shore for more water: Robinson now
took from his cabin such things as he thought
might be useful to-lm oni time passage; he
then took a last farewell of his habitation,
and the water cask being filled, they all
returned on board, and the ship sailed.
A favourable voyage at length brought
him in sight of his native country, and the
heart of Robinson was expanded with joy ;
when, suddenly, a violent tempest arose
which in spite of all the efforts of the sea-
men drove the ship on a sand bank, and
forced away the keel and part of the hold.
The water rushed in with such violence,
that the only chance of escaping was in the
boat, in which they happily reached the
When he came in sight of his native
city, he could not help shedding tears. He
had already learned that his mother, whom
he so tenderly loved, had paid the debt of
nature. On his arrival at New-York, he
hastened to an inn, and thence sent a mes-
senger to prepare his father for the recep-
tion of his supposed lost son. The mes-
senger had orders to tell the father, that a
person had arrived with news from his son,
who would be -with him in a few days.
The supposed stranger was introduced, and
after a short interview, declared himself
his son.-Let my readers judge, for it is
impossible to describe, how great was the
tenderness of this meeting.
Friday, astonished at scenes so entirely
nev to him, gaped about him in silence,
without being able to fix his attention on
any particular object. In the mean time,
the arrival of Robinson, and his surprising
adventures, engrossed the conversation of
all companies; every one wished to see
him ant hear his history, and he was em-
ployed from morning to night, in relating
BOOKS AND STATIONARY.
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