Half Title
 Title Page
 Robinson Crusoe

Group Title: Robinson Crusoe
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, mariner
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072753/00002
 Material Information
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, mariner with an account of his travels round three parts of the globe
Uniform Title: Robinson Crusoe
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ; 14 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Whittingham, Charles, 1767-1840 ( Printer )
Jennings, R. ( Bookseller )
Tegg, Thomas, 1776-1845 ( Bookseller )
Sutherland, James Runcieman, 1900- ( Bookseller )
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
A.K. Newman & Co ( Bookseller )
Richard Griffin & Co ( Bookseller )
Publisher: From the Press of C. Whittingham
Place of Publication: Chiswick (College House)
Publication Date: 1822
Subject: Castaways -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1822   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1822   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- Chiswick
Citation/Reference: Lovett, R.W. Robinson Crusoe,
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956
Statement of Responsibility: written by himself.
General Note: Sold by R. Jennings, Poultry; T. Tegg, Cheapside; A.K. Newman and Co. Leadenhall St. London; J. Sutherland, Edinburgh; and Richard Griffin and Co. Glasgow.
General Note: Parts I and II of Robinson Crusoe. Part II originally published under title: Farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Library's copy imperfect: v. 1, half-title p. lacking. Vol. 2 includes publishers' advertisements (4 p.) at end. P. 4 of advertisement lists this edition in the series: Whittingham's cabinet library.
Funding: Whittingham's cabinet library.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072753
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 27691505

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    Robinson Crusoe
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Full Text


Illisul-~*-mrs -------r_ ~p~r~r-iP~d-rlYaEil1Pll~bri.~i~=1YUII~I



3lis xsabels rount g9tr)e parts of tie Globe.



Jrom ti*e preE of L. uXbittintgaint,






THAT homely proverb used on so many occasion i
Bugland, viz. ** That what is bred in the bone will not
go out of the lesh," was never more verified than in the
story of my life. Any one would think that, afer
thirty-five years' affliction, and a variety of saheppl
circumstances, which few men, if any, ver went tkroogs
before, and after near seven years of peace and ejoymemt
in the fulness of all things, grown old, and whbe, if
ever, it might be allowed me to have bad expermece of
every state of middle life, and to know which was most
adapted to make a man complete happy; I say, after all
this, any one would have thought that the native pro-
penity to rambling, which I gave an aecount of in .m
first setting out in the world to have been so predom.-
nant in my thoughts, should be worn out, the volatile
part be fully evacuated, or at least condensed, and I
might, at sixty-one years of age, bare been a little hi
clined to stay at home, and have done venturing life ad
fortune any more.
Nay, farther, the common motive of foreign adsW
lures was taken away in me; for I bad no fort*,W
make; I bad nothing to seek: if I bad gained ten Ut~
sand pounds, I bad been no richer; for I had already
suafiient for me, and for those I had to leave it to; and

kli~,_~---L-~r-4;1 yL~q~--l- U~' -IC~ -~--- UIWOI_..~~~~CilLC--L-- ~

that I had wa4 %isiibly increaing- for. haviibg no ,rel,'t
family, I could not splend the income of what I had. un-
less I would set lup for an expensive wav of living, sucl
as a great family, servartse,eqipag gaietv, and the
like, which %were thiin.s I had no notion of, or inclina-
tion to; so that I had nothing ilnded to do but to sit
still, and fully enjoy what I had i aot, and (ee it increase
daily Iupon lla hands. Yet all these things lhad no
effect u pon min, or at least not enough to resist the
strongg d nclipatiol I had to ,o abroad again, liehli hung
i'Iout iime like a chronical distemper. In particular,
the de-i.re of seeing my nIew plantation in the island,
and tlhe cloiiy~I I left Ihere, ran in my head continuallv.
] dreialr d o1 it all night, and my imagination ran uPlon
i' all d >:1 ; it was ulpp)erinost in all Imy thoughts; and
m tfin-cs w i khd so st.adilyv and strongilv upon it that
I talked of it in mti sli (p; iln short, nothing could ie-
IoIVO it out of ili nmidi : it even broke so inleitiv into
W11I my di:..coiuris s tliat it mii:iie 1m conversation tiie-
u,.me, fir I could talk (,f nothi i ii.g else ; all Iay discourse
i,;n into it, evenl to impertinence; and 1 saw it in
I have often hard j)rsc.,ons of god jiudgmeiit say,
that all the .tir i;-ople iake in the \v crId about ghosts
and apparitions is o win to the sliengh o() iii;aginaition,
and the powiefuil ,ope1l,;tii of fi l,01 iln tlhir minds;
that theie is no such ll.ing a a spirit appearing, or a
Pghost walking, and the like: lia;t p ,oplc's poi ini a 'ee-
lionately upoi the past con verisat;iol of tlieir dceReased
friends so realizes it to themrl that they are capable of
fancyingf, upoin some '(etraordinarv circumstances, that
they see them, talk to them, and are answered l)v
them, mwihen, in truth, there is nothing bt shadow and
vapour in the thiing, and they really kiow nothing of
tlie matter.
For my part, I know not to this hour whether there
are a.ny such things as real apparitions, speetres, or
w alki n; of lpople after they arc dead ; or whether there
is any thing in the stories thev tell us of that kind more
than the pi oduct of vapours, sick minds, and wandering
fancies: but this I lnow, that my imagination worked
up to such a height, and brought me into such excess

of vapours, or what else I may call it, that I actually
supposed myself often upon the spot, at my old castle,
behind the trees ; saw my old Spaniard, Friday's father,
and the reprobate sailors I left upon the island ; nay, I
fancied I talked with them, and looked at them steadily,
though I was broad awake, as at persons just before
me; and this I did till I often frightened myself with
the images my fancy represented to me. One time, in
In sleep, I had the villany of the three pirate sailors
so lively related to me by the first Spaniard and Friday's
father that it was surprising; they told me how they
harbarously attempted to murder all the Spaniards,
and that they set fire to the pros isions they had laid up,
on purpose to distress and starve them; things that I
had never heard of, and that indeed were never all of
them true in fact ; but it was so warm in my imagina-
tion, and so realized to me, that, to the hour I saw
them, I could not be persuaded but that it was, or
would le, true; also how I resented it, when the Spa-
niard complained to ,me; and how I brought them to
justice, tried them before inm, and ordered them all
three to be hinged. What there \\as really in this
shall he seen in its place: for however I came to form
such things in my dream, and what secret converse of
spirits injected it, yet there was, I say, much of it true.
I own, that this dream had nothing in it literally and
specifically true; but the general part was so true, the
base, villanous behaviour of those three hardened rogues
was such, and had been so much worse than all I can
describe, that thie dream had too much similitude of
the fact ; and as 1 would afterwards have punished
them sevei ely, so, if I had hanged them all, I had been
much ii tlhe right, and even should lhate been justified
both hy tlie laws of (od and man. But to return to my
story : 1i this kind of temper I lived sone years ; I had
no enjoyment of mny life, no pleasant hours, no agreea-
hle diversion, but what had something or other of this
in it; so that Inmy wife, who saw y mind wholly bent
upon it, told ime very seriously one night, that she be-
lieved there was some secret powerful impulse of Pro-
vidence upon me, which had determined me to go thi-
ther again; and that she found nothing hindered my

going, but my being engaged to a wife and children.
She told me, that it was true she could not think of
parting with me: but as she was assured, that if she
was dead it would be the first thing 1 would do; so, as
it seemed to her that the thing was determined above,
she would not be the only obstruction; for, if thought
fit, and resoled to go--Here she found ne very in-
tent upon her words, and that I looked very earnestly
at her, so that it a little disordered her, and she stop-
ped. I asked her why she did not go on, and say out
what she was going to saR ? But I perceived that her
heart was too full, and some tears stood in her eyes.
" Speak out, my dear," said 1; are you %willing I
should go?"-" No," says she, very affectionately, I
am far from willing; but itf ou are resolved to go,"
says she, and rather thau I would be Ihe only hinder-
ance, I will go with you: for though 1 think it a most
preposterous thing for one of your years, and in your
condition, yet, if it must be," said she, again weeping,
" I would not lea e you ; for, if it be of Heaven, you
must do it; there is no resisting it: and if Heaven make
it your duty to go, lie will also make it mine to go with
you, or otherwise dispose of me, that 1 may not ob-
struct it."
This affectionate behaviour of my wife's brought me
a little out of the vapours, and I began to consider what
I was doing; I coi rented ny wandering fancy, and be-
gan to argue with myself sedately, w hat business 1 had,
after threescore Iears, and after such a life of tedious
sufferings and disasters, and closed in so happy and
easy a manner ; 1 say, what business had I to rush into
new hazards, and put mny self upon adventures fit only'
for youth and poverft to run into ?
With those thoughts I considered my new engage-
ment; that I had a wife, one child born, and my wife
then great with child of another: that I had all the
world eonuld give mie, and had no need to seek hazard
for gain; that I was declining in yeais, andi ought to
think rather of leaving what I had gained than of seek-
ing to increase it; that as to what my wife had said of
its being an impulse from Heaven, and that it should
be my duty to go, I had no notion of that: so, after

many of these cogitations, I struggled with the power
of my imagination, reasoned myself out of it, as I be-
lieve people may always do in like cases if they will:
and, in a word, I conquered it; composed myself with
such arguments as occurred to my thoughts, and which
my present condition furnished me plentifully with;
and particularly, as the most eflcctual method, I re-
solved to divert myself with other things, and to engage
in some business that might effectually tie me up from
any more excursions of this kind ; for I found that thing
returu ulpon me chiefly when 1 was idle, and had no-
thing to do, nor any thing of moment immediately be-
fore me. To this purpose I bought a little farm in the
county of Bedford, and resolved to remove myself thi-
ther. I had a little convenient house upon it; and the
land about it, I found, was capable of great improve-
Iment; and it was many ways suited to my inclination,
which delighted in cultivating, managing, planting, and
improving of land ; and particularly, being an inland
country, I was removed from conversing among sailors,
and things relating to the remote parts of the world.
In a word, I went down to my farm, settled my
S family, bought me ploughs, harrows, a cart, waggon,
horses, cows, and sheep, and, setting seriously to work,
became, in one half year, a mere country gentleman:
miy thoughts were entirely taken up in managing my
servants, cultivating the ground, enclosing, planting,
& c.; and I lived, as I thought, the most agreeable life
that nature was capable of directing, or that a man al-
ways bred to misfortunes was capable of retreating to.
I farmed upon my own land; I had no rent to pay,
was limited by no articles; I could pull up or cut down
as 1 pleased : what I planted was for myself, and what I
improved was for my family ; and having thus left off
the thoughts of wandering, I had not the least discom-
fort in any part of life as to this world. Now I thought
indeed that I enjoyed the middle state of life which
nmy father so earnestly recommended to me, and lived
a kind of heavenly life, something like what is de*
scribed by the poet, upon the subject of a country life-4
Free from vices, free from care,
Age has no pain, and youth no snare,'

But, in the middle of all this felicity, one blow from
unseen Providence unhinged me at ouce; and not only
made a breach upon me inevitable and incurable, but
drove me, by its consequences, into a deep relapse of
the wandering disposition, which, as I may say, being
born in my very blood, soon recovered its hold of me,
and, like the returns of a violent distemper, camo on
with an irresistible force upon me, so that nothing could
make any more impression upon me. 'I'his blow was
the lossof my wife. It is not my business here to write
an elegy upon my wife, give a character of her particu-
lar virtues, and make my court to the sex by the flat-
tery of a funeral sermon. She was, in a few words, the
stay of all my affairs, the centre of all my enterprises,
the engine that, by her prudence, reduced me to that
happy compass I was in, from the most extravagant and
ruinous project that fluttered in nay head, as above, and
did more to guide my rambling genius tian a mother's
tears, a father's instructions, a friend's counsel, or all
my own reasoning powers could do. 1 was happy in
listening to her tears, and in being moved by her en.
treaties; and to the last degree desolate and dislocated
in the world by the loss of her.
NN hen she was gone, the world looked awkwardly
round me. I was as much a stranger in it, in my
thoughts, as I was in the Brazils, when I lirst went on
shore there; and as much alone, except as to the assist-
ance of servants, as I was in my island. I know nei-
ther what to thiijk nor what to do. I saw the world
busy around me; one part labouring for bread, another
part squandering in vile excesses or empty pleasures,
equally miserable, because the end they proposed still
fled from them; for the men of pleasure every day sur-
feited of their vice, and heaped up work for sorrow and
repentance; and the men of labour spent their strength
in daily struggling for bread to maintain the vital
strength they laboured with: so living in a daily circu-
lation of sorrow, living but to work, and working but
to live, as if daily bread were the only end of wearisome
life, and a wearisome life the only occasion of daily bread.
This put me in mind of the life I lived in my king-
donm, the island; where I suffered no more corn to

grow, because I did not want it: and bred no more
goats, because I had no more use for them; where the
money lay in the drawer till it grew mouldy, aud had
scarce the favour to be looked upon in twenty years.
All these things, had I improved them as I ought to
have done, and as reason and religion had dictated to
me, would have taught me to search farther than human
enjoyments for a full felicity ; and that there was some-
thing which certainly was the reason and end of life,
superior to all these things, and which was either to be
possessed, or at least hoped for, on this side the grave.
But my sage counsellor was gone; I was like a ship
without a pilot, that could only run afore the wind:
my thoughts ran all away again into the old affair; my
head was quite turned with the whimseys of foreign ad-
ventures; and all the pleasant, innocent amusements of
my farm, my garden, my cattle, and my family, which
before entirely possessed me, were nothing to me, had
no relish, and were like music to one that has no ear,
or food to one that has no taste: in a word, I resolved
to leave olf housekeeping, let my farm. and return to
London; and, in a few months alter, I did so.
When I came to London, I was still as uneasy as I
was before; I had no relish for the place, no employ-
ment in it, nothing to do but to saunter about like an
idle person, of whom it may be said he is perfectly use-
less in God's creation, and it is not one farthing's matter
to the rest of his kind whether he be dead or alive.
This also was the thing which, of all circumstances of
life, was the most my aversion, who had been all my
days used to an active life; and I would often say to
myself, "1 A state of idleness is the very dregs of life:"
and indeed I thought I was much more suitably em-
ployed when I was twenty-six days making me a deal
It was now the beginning of the year 1693, when my
nephew, whom, as I have observed before, I had
brought up to the sea, and had made him comnmauder of
a ship, was come home from a short voyage to Bilboa,
being the first be had made. He came to me, and told
me that some merchants of his acquaintance had been
proposing to him to go a voyage for them to the Bast

Indies and to China, as private traders.--" And now,
uncle," says he, if you will, go to sea with me, I will
engage to land you upon your old habitation in the
island ; for we are to touch at the Brazils."
Nothing can be a greater demonstration of a future
state, and of the existence of an invisible world, than
the concurrence ofsecond causes with the ideas ofthings
which we form in our minds, perfectly reserved, and
not communicated to any in the world.
My nephew knew nothing how far my distemper of
wandering was returned upon me, and I knew nothing
of what lie had in his thought to say, when that very
morning, before he came to me, I had, in a great deal
of confusion of thought, and revolving every part of my
circumstances in mv mind, come to this resolution, viz.
that I would go to Lisbon, and consult with my old sea-
captain; and so, if it was rational and practicable, I
would go and see the island again, and see what was
become of my people there. I had pleased myself with
the thoughts of peopling the place, and carrying inha-
bitants from hence, getting a patent for the possession,
and I knew not what; when, in the middle of all this,
in comes my nephew, as I have said, with his project of
carrying me thither in his wav -o the East Indies.

S ':,,i ,l I Ii I

I paused awhile at his words, and, looking steadily at
him, What devil," said I, sent you on this unlucky
errand?" My nephew stared, as if he had been fright-
ened, at first; but perceiving that I was not much dis-

pleased with the proposal, he recovered himself. I
, hope it may not be an unlucky proposal, Sir," says he;
"* I dare say you would be pleased to see your new co-
lony there, where you once reigned with more felicity
than most of your brother monarchs in the world."
In a word, the scheme hit so exactly with my temper,
that is to say, the prepossession I was under, and of
hlich I have said so much, that I told him, in a few
words, if he agreed with the merchants, I would go
with him: but I told him I would not promise to go
any farther than my own island. Why, Sir," says he,
S)ou don't want to be left there again, I hope?"-
W" Why," said I, can you not take me up again on
your return?" lie told me it would not be possible to
do so; that the merchants would never allow him to
come that way will a laden ship of such value, it being
a month's sail out of his way, and might be three or
four. "* Besides, Sir, if I should miscarry," said he,
and not return at all, then you would bejust reduced
to the condition you were in before."
This was very rational; but we both found out a re-
medy for it; which was, to carry a framed sloop on
board the ship, which being taken in pieces, and ship-
ped on board the ship, might, by the help of some car-
penters, whom we agreed to carry with us, be set up
again in the island, and finished, lit to go to sea, in a
few dass.
I was not long resolving; for indeed the importuni-
ties of my nephew joined so effectually with my inclina-
tion that nothing could oppose me ; on the other hand,
my wife being dead, 1 had nobody concerned them-
selves no much for nie as to persuade me to one way or
the other, except my ancient good friend the widow, who
earnestly struggled with me to consider my years, my
easy circumstances, and the needless hazards of a long
voyage; and, above all, my young children. But it
was all to no purpose ;-I had an irresistible desire to
the voyage; and I told her I thought there was some-
thing so uncommon in the impressions I had upon my
mind for the voyage that it would be a kind of resist-
ing Providence if I should attempt to stay at borne:
after which she ceased her expostulations, and joined

with me, not only in making provision for my voyage,
but also in settling my family atfairs for my absence,
and providing for the education of my children.
In order to this, I made my will, aid settled the estate
I had in such a manner for my children, and placed in
such hands, that I was perfectly easy and satisfied they
would have justice done them, whatever might befall
me: and for their education, I left it wholly to the wi-
dow, with a snllicient maintenance to herself for her
care: all which she richly deserved; for no mother
could have taken more care in their education, or un-
derstood it better: and as she lived till I came home, I
also lived to thank her for it.
My nephew was ready to sail about the beginning of
January, 1694-5; and I, with my man Friday. went on
board in the Downs the 8th : having, besides that sloop
which I mentioned above, a very considerable cargo of
all kinds of necessary things for my colony; which, if I
did not find in good condition, I resolved to leave so.
First, I carried with me some servants, whom I pur-
posed to place there as inhabitants, or at least to set on
work there, upon my account, while I stayed, and either
to leave them there or carry them forward, as they
would appear willing ; particularly, I carried two car-
penters, a smith, and a very handy, ingenious fellow,
who was a cooper by trade, and was also a general me-
chanic; for he was dexterous at making wheels, and
hand-mills to grind corn, was a good turner, and a good
pot maker; he also made any thing that was proper to
make of earth or of wood; in a word, we called him
our Jack of all trades. With these I carried a tailor,
who had offered himself to go a passenger to the East
Indies with my nephew, but afterwards consented to
stay on our new plantation; and proved a most neces-
sary, handy fellow, as could be desired, in many other
businesses besides that of his trade: for, as 1 observed
formerly, Necessity arms us for all employment.
My cargo, as near as I can recollect, for I have not
kept account of the particulars, consisted of a sufficient
quantity of linen, and some English thin stuffs, for
clothing the Spaniards that I expected to find there;
and enough of them, as, by my calculation, might corn-

fortably supply them for seven years: if I remember
right, the materials I carried for clothing them, with
gloves, hats, shoes, stockings, and all such things as
they could want for wearing, amounted to above two
hundred pounds, including some beds, bedding, and
household stuff, particularly kitchen utensils, with pots,
kettles, pewter, brass, &c. and near a hundred pounds
more in ironwork, nails, tools of every kind, staples,
hooks, binges, and every necessary thing I could
think of.
I carried also a hundred spare arms, muskets, and
fusees; besides some pistols, a considerable quantity of
shot of all sizes, three or four tons of lead, and two
pieces of brass cannon ; and, because I knew not what
time and what extremities I was providing for, I carried
a hundred barrels of powder, besides swords, cutlasses,
and the iron part of some pikes and halberts: so that,
in short, we had a large magazine of all sorts of stores:
and I made my nephew carry two small quarter-deck
guns more than he wanted for his ship, to leave behind
if there was occasion; that, when we came there, we
might build a fort, and man it against all sorts of ene-
mies: and, indeed, 1 at first thought there would be
need enough for all, and much more, if we hoped to
maintain our possession of the island; as shall be seen
in the course of that story.
I had not such bad luck in this voyage as I had been
used to meet with; and therefore shall have the less
occasion to interrupt the reader, who perhaps may be
impatient to hear how matters went with my colony:
yet some odd accidents, cross winds, and bad weather,
happened on this first setting out, which made the
voyage longer than I expected it at first: and I, who
had never made but one voyage, viz. my first voyage to
Guinea, in which I might be said to come back again
as the voyage was at first designed, began to think the
same ill fate attended me; and that I was born to be
never contented with being on shore, and yet to be al.
ways unfortunate at sea.
Contrary winds first put us to the. northward, and we
were obliged to put in at Galway, in Ireland, where we
lay windbound two and twenty days; but we had this

satisfaction with the disaster, that provisions were here
exceeding cheap, and in the utmost plenty; so that
while we lay here, we never touched the ship's stores,
but rather added to them. Here, also, I took in seve-
ral live hows, and two cows, with their calves; which [
resolved, if I had a good passage, to put on shore in
my island; but we found occasion to dispose otherwise
of them.
\\e set out on the 5th of February from Ireland, and
had a very fair gale of wind for some days. As I re-
member, it might be about the 20th of February, in the
evening late, when the mate, having the watch, came
into the round-house, and told us he saw a flash of fire,
and heard a gun fired ; and while he was telling us of
it, a boy came in, and told us the boatswain heard ano-
ther. This made us all run out upon the quarter-deck,
where, for a while, we heard nothing ; but in a few
minutes we saw a very great light, and found that there
was some very terrible fire at a distance: immediately
we had recourse to our reckonings, in which we all
agreed, that there could be no land that way in which
the fire showed itself, no, not for five hundred leagues,
for it appeared at W.N.WV. Upon this we concluded
it must be some ship on fire at sea; and as, by our hear-
ing the noise of guns just before, we concluded that it
could not be far off, we stood directly towards it, and
were presently satisfied we should discover it, because
the farther we sailed, the greater the light appeared ;
though, the weather being hazy, we could not perceive
any thing but the light for a while. In about half an
hour's sailing, the wind being fair for us, though not
much of it, and the weather clearing up a little, we
could plainly discern that it was a great ship on fire, in
the middle of the sea.
I was most sensibly touched with this disaster, though
not at all acquainted with the persons engaged in it : I
presently recollected my former circumstances, and in
what condition I was in, when taken up by the Portu-
guese captain ; and how much more deplorable the cir-
cumstances of the poor creatures belonging to that ship
niost be, if they had no other ship in company with
them. Upon this, I immediately ordered that five guns

should be fired, one soon after another ; that, if possi-
ble, we might give notice to them that there was help
for them at hand, and that they might endeavour to
save themselves in their boat; for though we could see
the flames of the ship, yet they, it being night, could
see nothing of us.
We lay by some time upon this, only driving as the
burning ship drove, waiting for daylight; when, on a
sudden, to our great terror, though we had reason to
expect it, the ship blew up in the air; and immediately,
that is to say, in a few minutes, all the fire was out, that
is to say, the rest of the ship sunk. This was a terrible
and indeed an afflicting sight, for the sake of the poor
men; who, 1 concluded, must be either all destroyed
in the ship, or be in the utmost distress in their boat, in
the middle of the ocean; which, at present, by reason
it was dark, I could not see. However, to direct them
as well as I could, I caused lights to be hung out in all
the parts of the ship where we could, and which we had
lanthorns for, and kept firing guns all the night long;
letting them know, by this, that there was a ship not
far off
About eight o'clock in the morning, we discovered
the ship's boats by the help of our perspective-glasses ;
found there were two of them, both thronged with peo-
ple, and deep in the water. We perceived they rowed,
the wind being against them ; that they saw our ship,
and did their utmost to make us see them.
We immediately spread our ancient, to let them
know we saw them, and hung a waft out, as a signal for
them to come on board; and then made more sail,
standing directly to them. In little more than half ai
hour, we came up with them; and, in a word, took
them all in, being no less, than sixty-four men, women,
and children; for there were a great imanr passengers.
Upon the whole, we found it was a French merchant
ship of three hundred tons, home-bound from Quebec,
in the river of Canada. Thle master gave us a long ac-
count of the distress of his ship ; how the fire began in
the steerage, by the negligence of the steersman ; but,
on his crying out for help, was, as every body thought,
entirely put out; but they soon found that some sparks

of tile first fire had gotten into some part of the ship
so dillicult to *ome at that they eould not eflectually
quench it ; and afterwards getting in between the tim-
bers, and within the ceiling of the ship, it proceeded
into the hold, and mastered all the skill and all the ap-
plication they were able to exert.
They had no moue to do then but to get into their
boats, which, to their great comfort, were pretty large;
heing their long-loat, and a great shalop, besides a
small skiff, which was of no great serve ie to them, other
than to get sonme fresh water and provisions into her,
after they had secured their lives from the fire. They
had, indeed, small hope of their lives by getting into
these boats, at that distance from any land; only, as
they said well, that they cwre escaped Ifrom the fire, and
a possibility that some ship might happen to be at sea,
and might take thiein in. They had sails, oars, and a
compass; and were ipeplariin to make the best of their
way back to Ncwltiundlllad, tl, wind blowing pretty
fair, for it blew an 'eav gale at S.E. by E. They had
as much provision anld water, as with sparing it so as
to be next door to starving,, might support them about
twelve days; in which, if there had no had weather and
uocontrarv winds, the captinain aid he hoped he might get
to the Banks of Newfoundland, and might perhaps take
some fish, to sustain them till they might go on shore.
But there were so many chances against them in all
these eases, such as storms, to overset and founder them ;
rains and cold, to henumbn and perish their limbs; con-
trarv winds, to keep them out and starve them; that it
must have been next to miraculous if they had escaped.
In the midst of their consternation, every one being
hopeless and ready to despair, the captain, with tears
in his eyes, told me they were on a sudden surprised
with the joy of hearing a gun fire, and after that four
more; these were the five guns which I caused to be
fired at first seeing the light. This revived their hearts,
and gave them the notice, which, as above, I desired it
should, viz. that there was a ship at hand for their help.
It was upon the hearing of these guns that they took
down their masts and sails: the sound coming from the
windward, they resolved to lie by till morning. Some

imne nfter this, hearing no more guns, they fired three
muskets, one a considerable while after another; but
these, the wind being contrary, we never heard.
Some time after that again, thcv were still more
nireeablv surprised with seeing our lights, and hearing
the gt"ns which, as I have said, I caused to be fired all
tihe rrst of Ilth night: this sot them to work with their
oars, to keep their loats ahead, at least, tlit we might
the sooner conie up with them; and, at last, to their
inexpressibleh joy, theyv found we saw them.
It ii iml)possilble for nme to express the several gestures,
the strange ecstasies, the variety of postures, which
these poor delivered people ran into, to express the joy
of their souls at so unexpected a deliverInce. Grief
San(d f'ar are easily described; sighs, tears, groans,
rian n \cry few mot ions ol tlie head and hands, make
iup the sumKI of its vna i'ty ; but an excess of joy, a sur-
Iplie of joy, imns i thoIRllIsd extravaganices inl it: there
were some in tearms; some raging and tearing them-
selves, as if they had been in the greatest agonies of
sorrow; some staik raving and downright lmastio;
some ran about the ship| stramping with their feet, others *
Singing their hands ; siome were dancing, some sinaf
ing, some laughing, more crying; many quite dumb,
not able to speak a word; others sick and vomiting;
several swooning and ready to faint and a few were
crnosing thIeinselves, and giving God hanks.
I would not wrong them neither; there might be
many that were thankful aferwards,, but the passion
was ltoo strong for them at lirst, and they were not able
to master it; they were thrown into ecstasies and a
Lind of phlrensy; and it was but a very few that were
con0lposed and serious in their joy.
Perhaps, also, tie case may have some addition to it
from the particular circumstance of that nation they be-
longed to; I mean the hFrelich, whose temper is allowed
to ho more volatile, more passionate, and more sprightly,
and their spirits more fluid, than in other nations. I am
not philosopher enough to determinine tle cause; but
nothing I had ever seen before came up to it. The ec-
slisies poor Friday, my trusty savage, was in, when lie
found his father in the boat, cane the nearest to it;

and the surprise of the master and his two companions,
whom I delivered from the villains that set them on
shore in the island, came a little way towards it; but
nothing was to compare to this, either that I saw in
Friday, or anywhere else in my life.
It is further observable, that these extravagances did
not show themselves, in that different manner 1 have
mentioned, in different persons only; but all the variety
would appear, in a short succession of moments, in one
and the same person. A man that we saw this minute
dumb, and as it were stupid and confounded, would the
next minute be dancing and hallooing like an antic;
and the next moment be tearing his hair, or pulling his
clothes to pieces, and stamping them under his feet,
like a madman; in a few moments alfer that, we would
have him all in tears, then sick, swooning, and, bad not
immediate help been had, he would in a few moments
have been dead; and thus it was, not with one or two,
or ten or twenty, hut with the greatest part of them:
and, if I remember right, our surgeon was obliged to
let blood of about thirty of them.
There were two priests among them, one an old man,
and the other a young man ; and that which was strangest
was, the oldest man was the worst. As soon as he set
his foot on board our ship, and saw himself safe, he
dropped down stone dead to all appearance; not the
least sign of life could be perceived in him: our sur-
geon immediately applied proper remedies to recover
him, and was the only man in the ship that believed he
was not dead. At length he opened a vein in his arm,
having first chafed and rubbed the part, so as to warm
it as much as possible: upon this the blood, which only
dropped at first, flowing freely, in three minutes after
the man opened his eyes; and a quarter of an hour after
that he spoke, grew better, and in a little time quite
well. After the blood was stopped, he walked about;
told us he was perfectly well; took a drain of cordial
which the surgeon gave him, and was what we call
come to himself About a quarter of an hour after this,
they came running into the cabin to the surgeon, who
was bleeding a French woman that had fainted, and
told him the priest was gone stark mad. It seems he

had begun to revolve the change of his circumstances
in his mind, and again this put him into an ecstasy of
joy; his spirits whirled about faster than the vessels
could convey them, the blood grew hot and feverish,
and the man was as fit for Bedlamn as any creature that
ever was in it: the surgeon would not bleed him again
in that condition, but gave him something to doze and
put him to sleep, which, after some time, operated upon
him, and he awoke next morning perfectly composed
and well.
The younger priest behaved with great command of
his passions, and was really an example of a serious,
well governed mind: at his first coming on board the
ship, he threw himself flat on his face, prostrating him-
self in thankfulness for his deliverance, in which I un-
happily and unseasonably disturbed him, reallythinking
he had been in a swoon; but he spoke calmly, thanked
me, told me he was giving God thanks for his deliver-
ance ; begged me to leave him a few moments, and that,
next to his Maker, he would give me thanks also.
I was heartily sorry that I disturbed him, and not
only left him, but kept others from interrupting him
also. He continued in that posture about three mi-
nutes, or little more, after I lell him ; then came to me,
as he had said he would, and, with a great deal of
seriousness and affection, but with tears in his eyes,
thanked me, that had, under God, given him and so
many miserable creatures their lives. I told him I had
no room to move him to thank God for it, rather than
me, for I had seen that he had done that already; but,
I added, that it was nothing but what reason and hu-
manity dictated to all men, and that we had as much
reason as he to give tanks to God, who had blessed us
so far as to make us the instruments of his mercy to so
many of his creatures.
After this, the young priest applied himself to his
country folks; laboured to compose them; persuaded,
entreated, argued, reasoned with them, and did his ut-
most to keep them within the exercise of their reason;
and with some he had success, though others were for
a time out of all government of themselves.
I cannot help committing this to writing, as perhaps

it may be useful to those into whose hands it may fall,
for the guiding themselves in all the extravagances of
their passions; for if an excess of joy can carry men
out to such a length beyond the reach of their reason,
what will not the extravagances of anger, rage, and a
provoked inid, carry us to? And, indeed, here I saw
reason for keeping ta exceeding watch over our pas-
sions of every kind, as well those of joy and satisfaction,
as those of sorrow and anger.
We were soniewhat disordered by these extrava-
gances among our new guests, for the first day; hut
when they had been retired, lodgings provided for
them as well as our ship would allow, and they had
slept heartily--as most of them did, being fatigued and
frightened-they were quite another sort of people the
next day.
Nothing of good manners, or cimil acknowledgments
for the kindness shown them, ~ as wanting; the French.
it is known, are naturally apt enough to exceed that
way. The captain and one of the priests came to me
the next day, and desired to speak with me and my ne-
phew: the commander began to consult with us what
should be done with them ; and, first, they told us we
had saved their lies, so all they had was little enough
for a return to us for that kindness received. The cap-
tain said they had saved some money and some things
of value, in their boats, watched hastily out of the
flames, and if we would accept it, they were ordered to
make an offer of it all to us; they only desired to be
set on shore somewhere in our way, where, if possible,
they might get a passage to France. My nephew was
for accepting their money at first word, and to consider
what to do with them afterwards; but I overruled him
iu that part, for 1 knew what it was to be set on shore
in a strange country: and if the Portuguese captain
that took me up at sea had served me so, and took all f
had for my deliverance, I must have starved, or have
been as much a slave at the Brazils as 1 had been at
Barbary, the mere being sold to a Mahometan excepted:
and perhaps a Portuguese is not a much better master
than a Turk, if not, in some cases, much worse.
I therefore told the French captain that we had taken

them up in their distress, it was true, but that it was
our duty to do so, as we were fellow creatures; and we
would desire to be so delivered, if we were in the like,
or any other extremity; that we had done nothing for
then but what we believed they would have done for
u1, if we had been in their ease, and they in ours; but
that we took them up to save them, not to plunder
them ; and it would be a most barbarous thing to take
that little from them which they had saved out of the
fire, and then set them on shore and leave them ; that
tlis would be first to save them from death, and then
kill them ourselves; save them from drowning, and
abandon them to starving ; and therefore I would not
let the least thing be taken from them. As to set-
tinu them on shore, I told them, indeed, that was an
exceeding ditliculty to us, for that the ship was oound
to the East Indies; and though we were driven out of
our course to the westward a very great way, and per-
haps were directed by Heaven on purpose (ir their de-
li% erance, yet it was impossible for us wilfully to change
our voyage on their particular account; nor could my
nephew, the captain, answer it to the freighters, with
whom Ih was under charter party to pursue his voyage
by the way of Brazil: and all 1 knew we could do for
them was to put ourselves in the way of meeting with
other ships homeward bound from the West Indies,
and get them a passage, if possible, to England or
The lirst part of the proposal was so generous and
kind, they could not but be very thankful for it; but
they were in a very great consternation, especially the
passengers, at the notion of being carried away to the
East Indies: they then entreated me, that seeing I was
driven so far to the westward before I met with them, I
would at least keep on the same course to the Banks of
Newfoundland, where it was probable 1 might meet
with some ship or sloop that they might hire to carry
them back to Canada, from whence they came..
I thought this was but a reasonable request on their
part, and therefore I inclined to agree to it; for, indeed,
I considered, that to carry this whole company to the

East Indies, would not only be an intolerable seve-
rity upon the poor people, but would be raining our
whole voynge, by devouring all our provisions; so I
thought it no breach of charter party, but what an un-
foreseen accident made absolutely necessarv to ns, and
in which no one could say we were to blame; for the
laws of God and nature would have forbid that we
should refuse to take up two boats full of people in such
a distressed condition, and the nature of the thing, as
well respecting ourselves as the poor people, obliged
us to set them on shore somewhere or other for their
deliverance : so I consented that we would carry them
to Newfoundland, if wind and weather would permit;
and if not, that I would carry them to Martinico, in the
West Indies.
'The wind continued fresh easterly, but the weather
pretty good; and as the winds had continued in tile
points between N.E. and S.E. a long time, we missed
several opportunities of sending them to France; for
we met several ships bound to Europe, whereof two
were French, from St. Christopher's; but they had
been so long beating up against the wind that they
durst take in no passengers, for fear of wanting provi-
sions for the voyage, as well for themselves as for those
they should take in; so we were obliged to go on. It
was about a week after this that we made the Banks of
Newfoundland ; where, to shorten my story, we put all
our French people on board a bark, which they hired
at sea there, to put them on shore, and afterwards to
carry them to France, if they could get provisions to
victual themselves with. When I say all the French
went on shore, I should remember, that the young priest
I spoke of, hearing we were bound to the East Indies,
desired to go the voyage with us, and to be set on shore
on the coast of Coromandel; which I readily agreed to,
for I wonderfully liked the man, and had very good
reason, as will appear afterwards; also four of the sea-
men entered themselves on our ship, and proved very
useful fellows.
From hence we directed our course for the West
Indies, steering away S. and S. by E. for about twenty


d:liv together, sometimes little or no wind at all ; when
wc met with another subject for our humanity to work
upon, almost as deplorable as that before.
It was in the latitude of 27 degrees 5 minutes north,
on the 19th day of March, 1694-5, when wesapied a sail,
our course S.E. and by S.: we soon perceived it was a
large vessel, and that she bore up to us, but could not
at first know what to make of her, till, after coming a
little Iwalur,. we found she had lost her main-topmast,
foremnast, and bowsprit; and presently she fired a gun,
as a signal of distress: the weather was pretty good,
wind at N.N.W. a fresh gale, and we soon came to
speak with her.
We fotund her a ship of Bristol, bound home from
Harbadoes, but had been blown out of the road at Bar-
Ibadoes a few day3 before she was ready to sail, by a ter-
rible hurricane, while the captain and chief mate were
both gone on shore; so that, besides the terror of the
storm, they were in an indiflfrent care for good artists
to bring the ship home. They had been already nine
weeks at saw, nnd had met with another terrible storm,
after the hurricane was over, which had blown them
quite out of their knowledge to the westward, and in
which they lost their masts, as above. They told us
hey expected to have seen the Bahama islands, but
were then driven away again to'the south-east, by a
trong gale of wind at N.N.W. the same that blew now:
nd having no sails to work the ship with but a main-
ourse, and a kind of square sail upon a jury-foremast,
which they had set up, they could not lie near the
wind, but were endeavouring to stand away for the
But that which was worst of all was, that they were
Most starved for want of provisions, besides the fa-
igues they had undergone: their bread and flesh were
quite gone; they had not one ounce left in the ship, and
had none for eleven days. The only relief they had
was, their water was not all spent, and they had about
half a barrel of flour left; they had sugar enough ; some
succades, or sweetmeats, they had at first, but they
were all devoured; and they had seven asks of rum.
There were a youth, and his mother, and a maid-ner-

rant on board, who were going passengers, and think
ing tile ship was read to sail, unhappily came on board
the evening before the hurricane began ; and having no
provisions ,of their ()wn left, they were in a more de-
plorable condition than tile rest: for the seamen, being
reduced to such an extreme necessity themselves, had
0no comIpassion, w4e mai be sure, for the poor passen-
gers; and thIey wiere, indeed, in a condition that their
misery is %cr% hard to describe.
I had perhaps not known Ihis part. if my curiosity
had not led nme (thie %weallier being fair and the wind
abated) to go on hoard the ship. The second mate,
who, upon this occasion, comminaded the ship, had been
on board our ship, and he to l mie, indeed, they had
three passengers inl tlie great cabin, that were ill a de-
plorable coQxoition : Nav," sass lie, 1 believe they
are detd, for I have heard notlliin of them fior abo e
two da s; and I1 was afraid to imiluire after thenn" said
lie, for I had nothing to relieve them withl."
NVe immediately applied ourselves to give then
what relief we could spare; and, indeed, I had so far
overruled things iith my nephew, that I would have
victualed Ihem, though we had gone aw ay to \ iriginia,
or any oliher part o tihe coast of Amnerica, to have sup-
plied oursel es ; but there was ino wncessitv for that.
But now liev were in a n(ew danger,; foir they were
afraid of eating too much, even of that little we gave
them. The mate or ciomnlander brought six men with
him in his boat ; but these poor wretches looked like
skeletons, and were so weak that they could hardly sit
to their oars. The mate himself was very ill, and half
starved ; for lie declared lie had reserved nothing from
the men, and went share and share alike with them in
every bit they ate.
I cautionedtt him to eat sparingly, but set meat before
him inimediatehl ; and he had not caten three mouthfuls
before he began to be sick, and out of order; so he
stopped awhile, and our surgeon miixed him up some-
thing with some broth, which he said would be to him
both food and physic; and after he had taken it. be
grew better. In the mean time 1 forgot not the men ;
1 ordered victuals to be given them; and the poor

creatures rather devoured than ate it: they were so
exc\eeding hungry that they were in a kind ravenous,
and had no comnndam of themselves; and two of them
iae with so much greediness that they were in danger
of their lies the next morning.
The sight of these people's distress was very moving
to mIe, and brought to mind what I had a terrible pros-
piect of at nly first colmingl on shore in iny island, where
I had never the least inouthfil of food, or any prospect
ol procuring any; beside the hourly apprehentsionis
had tof bteiigI made the food of other creatures. But all
the hlbilc the nnte was thus relating to me the mise-
ialelh condition oif the ship's copiimani, I could n t put
*iut of uv I hou1ght the story lie had told me of the ree
poor creature in the great calin, Ix. t another, or
son, and tihe maid servant, whom hle had ld not .
of for two or three days, and whom, he seq c
f;ss, they lad whholly neglected, their owni el
Icing so great : ly which I understood, that ey a
Sulally given them no blood at all, and that therefore
tliey must lbe Iperilhed, and be all lying dead, perhaps,
(ni the lloor oi deck of the cabin.
As I therrefore kept the mate, whom we then called
captain, on board with his men, to refresh them, so I
also 'frgot not the starving crew that were left on oai d ;
liat ordIered nay own boat to go on board the ship, and,
with may mate and twelve men, to carry them a sack of
bread, and fiur or live pieces of beef to boil. Our sur-
geon charged the men to cause the meat to be boiled
while they stayed, and to keep) guard in the cook-room,
to prevent the men taking it to cat ratw, or taking it out
of tihe pot before it was well boiled, and then to give
every man but a very little at a time: and by this cau-
tion lie preserved tie men, who would otherwise have
killed themselves with that very food that wai given
them on purpose to save their lives.
At the same time, I ordered the mate to go into the
great cabiu, and see what condition the poor passengers
were in; and if they were alive, to comfort them, and
give them what refreshment was proper: and the sur-
geon gave him a large pitcher, with some of the pre-
pared broth which be had given the male that was on

board, and which lie did not question would restore
them gradually.
1 was not satisfied witlh this; but, as I said above,
having a great minid to see the scene of misery owhicl
I knew thel shi itself would present me \ilh, in a mo,11
lively ,maine, r Ihan I could have it bi report. I took the
caplain of Ilie ship, as we now called himp, with me, and
weint Ini self, a little after, iii their boat.
I found thel poor men on board almost in a tumult, to
get tlie victuals out of tie boiler bel'ore it was read ;
but any mate observed his orders, and kept a good guard
at the cook-room door; and the man he placed there,
after using all possible )persuasion to have patience,
kept thetimi toll by force: hIowetcr, he caused some his-
coui cakes to be dipped in tihe pot, aid softened with
the liquor of the ment which they c aled brewis, and
gave Ilhemn every one some, to stay their stomiachs, and
told them it was for their own salfety that lie was obliged
to giie themn but little i at lime. Hut it was all in vain;
and had I not eome on board, and their own commander
and olicers with mrie, aind with good words, and some
threats also of ,iing them no more, I believe they
would latle broken into Ilthe cook-rool by foreo, an;l
torn tlhe mneat out of' lth furnace ; for words are indeed
of ver small force to a hutigry belly : however, wo
pacified tlihem, amid fid therm gradually and cautiously
for lhe list. alnd the inext time gave t(he1 more,
and at last filled their bellies, and the men did well
But the misery of the poor passengers in lhe cabin
was of another nature, and far beyond tlie rest ; for as,
first, the ship's company had so little for themselves, it
was but too true that they had at first kept them very
low, and at last totally neglected them ; so that for six
or seven ldais it might be said they had really no food
at all, and for se er-rl days before very little. ''he poor
mother, w ho, as the tmen reported, was a woman of
sense and good breeding, had spared all she could so
affectioiiatcly for her son that at last she entirely sunk
under it; and when the mate of our ship went in, she
sat upon the floor or deck, with her back up against
the sides, between two chairs, which were lashed fast,

ind her head sunk between her shoulders, like a corpse,
though not quite dead. My mate said all he could to
revive and encourage her, and with a spoon put some
lwoth into her mouth. She opened her lips, and lifted
ap one hand, but could not slwuk : yet she understood
isalt lie said, anid Imadeo igns to liim, intimating that it
ivas too late for her, but pointed to her child, as if she
would have said ItheI should take care of him. How-
tVer, tihe mate, who was exceedingly moved with the
iight. endeavourcd to get some of the hroth into her
mouth, and, as lie said, got two or three spoonfuls
down; though I question whether he could he sure of
t or not: but it was too late, and she died the same
Fihe iouth, who was preserved at the price of his
imost aftectionate mother's life, was not so far gone ; yet
lie a1, in a cabin bed, as one stretched out, with hardly
ai) life tll in him. lie had a piece of an old glove in
lis mouth, hai ina eaten up the rest of it: however,
H-'iMng oiung, and hal ing more strength than his mother,
hie mate got something down his throat, and he began
e nsiliv to revive; though Ihy giving him, some time
hitter, but two or three spoonfuls extraordinary, he was
verv sick, and brought it up again.
But the next care was the poor maid : she lay all
ilon ulpon the deck. hard by her mistress, and just
lik, oe that had fallen down with an apoplexy, and
struggled for life. Her limbs were distorted; one of
her hantdst was clasped round the frame of a chair, and
she grilled it so hard that we could not easily make her
let it go: her other arm lay over her head, and her feet
lay both together, set fast against the frame of the cabin
table: in short, she lay just like one in the agonies of
death, and yet she was alive too.
The poor creature was not only starved with hunger,
and terrified with the thoughts of death, but, as the
men told us afterwards, was broken hearted for her
Inistress, whom she saw dying for two or three days
before, and whom sihe loved most tenderly. *
We knew not what to do with this poor girl: for
when our surgeon, who was a man of very great know-
ledge and expericuce, had, with great application, re-

covered ler as to life, he had her upon his hands as to
her senses; for she was little less than distracted for a
considerable time after, as shall appear presently.
Whoever shall read these memorandums must he
desired to consider, that visits at sea are not like a
journey into the country, where sometimes people stay
a week or a fortnight at a place: our business was to
relieve this distressed ship's crew, but not lie by for
then ; and though thev were willing to steer the same
course with us for some days, yet we could carry no
sail, to keep pace with a shipl that had no masts: how-
ever, as their captain begged of us to help him to set np
a main-topmnast, and a kind of a topmast to his jury-
foremast, we did, as it were, lie by him for three or
four days; and then having given him flie barrels of
beef, a barrel of poi L, t Ito hogsheads of bisc4it, and a
proportion of peas, lourr, and what other things we
could spare; and taking three casks of sugar, some
run, and some pieces of eight from them for satisfac-
tion, we left them; taking on board with us, at their
own earnest request, the youth and the maid, and all
their goods.
The vouing lad was about seventeen years of age; a
pretty, well bred, modest, and sensible youth, greatly
dejected with the loss of his mother, and, as it seems,
had lost his father but a few months before, at Barba-
does: lie begged of the surgeon to speak to me to take
him out of the ship; for he said the cruel fellows had
murdered his mother: and, indeed, so they had, that is
to say, passively ; for they might have spared a small
sustenance to the poor helpless widow, that might have
preserved her life, though it had been but just enough
to keep her alive : but hunger knows no friend, no re-
lation, no justice, no right; and therefore is remorse-
less and capable of no compassion.
The surgeon told him how far we were going, and
that it would carry him away from all his friends, and
put him perhaps in as bad circumstances almost as
those we found him in, that is to say, starving in the
world. Jie said it mattered not whither lie went, if he
was but delivered from the terrible crew that he was
among; that the captain (by which he meant me, for lie

coIuld know nothing of my nephew) had saved his life,
and lie was sure would not hurt him; and as for the
maid, lie was sure, if she caine to herself, she would be
very thankful for it, let is carry them where we would.
ThI surgeon represented the case so allfectionately to
le I that I fielded, and we took then both on board,
with all their good**, except eleven liogsheads of sugar,
which could not Ie removed or comei at; and as the
youth had a bill of lading for them, I made his com-
minander sign a writing, olliinz himself to go, as soon
as le canie to Bristol, to one NMr. Rogers, a merchant
there, to wlhomi the youth said lie was related, and to
delii er a letter which I wrote to hinm, and all the goods
he had belonging t tthe deceased widow ; which I sup-
pose was not done, for I could never learn that the shilp
came to Bristol, but was, as is most probable, lost at sea;
being in so disabled a condition, and so far from any
land, that I am of opinion the first storm she met with
afterwards she might founder in the sea; for she was
leaky, and had damage in her hold, when we met with
I was now in the latitude of 19 degrees S2 minutes,
antd had hitherto a tolerable voyage as to weather,
though, at Iirst, the winds had been contrary. I shall
trouble nobody with the little incidents of wind, wea-
ther, currents, &c. on the rest of our voyage; but, to
.shorten my story, for the sake of what isto follow, shall
observe, that 1 came to my old habitation, the island,
on the 10th of April, 1695. It was with no small diffi-
culty that I found the place; for as I came to it, and
went front it, before, on the south and east side of the
island, as coming from the Brazils, so now, coming in
between the main and the island, and having no chart
for the coast nor any landmark, 1 did not know it when
1 saw it, or know whether I saw it or not.
We beat about a great while, and went on shore on
several islands in the mouth of the great river Oro-
nooque, but none for my purpose; only this I, learned
by my coasting the shore, that I was under one great
mistake before, viz. that the continent which I thought
1 saw from the island I lived in, was really no continent,
but a long island, or rather a ridge of islands, reaching

from one to the other side of the extended mouthll of
that great river ; and that the savages who came to my
island were not properly those which we call Caribbees,
but islanders, and other barbarians of the same kind,
who inhabited something nearer to our side than the
In short, I visited several of these islands to no pur-
pose ; some I found were inhabited, and some were not:
on one of them I found some Spaniards, and thought
they had lived there; but, speaking with them, found
they had a sloop lay in a small creek hard by, and came
thither to make salt and to catch some pearl muscles,
if they could ; but that they belonged to the Isle do
Trinidad, which lay farther north, in the latitude of' 10
and 11 degrees.
Thus coasting from o0ne island to another, sometimes
with Ihi ship, sometimes with the Frenchmnen's shallop,
which we had fimund a convenient boat,'and therefore kept
her will their ery good will, at length I came fair on
the south side of myn island, and presently knew the
very conilenaiice of the place: so I brought the ship
safe to an anchor, broadside with the little creek where
my old habitation was.
As soon as 1 saw the place, I called for Friday, and
asked him if he knew where he was? lie looked about
a little, and presently clapping his hands, cried, '* O
yes, 0 there, O yes, O there !" pointing to our old ha-
bitation, and fell dancing and capering like a mad fel-
low; and I had much ado to keep him from jumping
into the sea, to swim ashore to the place.
"* Well, Friday," says I, "* do you think we shall find
anybody here or no? and do you think we shall see your
father ?" The fellow stood mute as a stock a good
while, but when I named his father, the poor afflection-
ate creature looked dejected, and I could see the tears
run down his face very plentifully. ** What is the
matter, Friday ?" says I ; are you troubled because
you may see your father ?"-" No, no," says lie, shak-
ing his head, no see him more : no, never more see
him again." "Why so," said I, Friday ? how do
you know that?"-" 0 no, O no," sa s Friday; he
long ago die, long ago; he much old man." '* Well,

well," says I, Friday, you don't know ; but shall we
see any one else then?" The fellow, it seems had bet-
ter eyes than I, and he points to the hill just above my
old house; and, though we lay halfa league off, he cries
out, We see, we see, yes, yes, we see much man
there, and there, and there." I looked, but I saw no-
body, no, not with a perspective glass, which was, I
suppose, because I could not hit the place; for the fel-
low was right, as I found upon inquiry the next day;
and there were five or six men all together, who stood
to look at the ship, not knowing what to think of us.
As soon as Friday told me he saw people, I caused
the English ancient to be spread, and fired three guns,
to give them notice we were friends; and in about half
a quarter of an hour after, we perceived a smoke arise
from-the side of the creek; so I immediately ordered
the boat out, taking Friday with me; and hanging out
a white flag, or a flag of truce, I went directly on shore,
taking with me the young friar I mentioned, to whom
1 had told the story of my living there, and the manner
of it, and every particular both of myself and those I
left there; and who was, on that account, extremely
desirous to go with me. We had besides about six-
teen men well armed, if we had found any new guests
there which we did not know of; but we had no need
of weapons.
As we went on shore upon the tide of flood, near high
water, we rowed directly into the creek; and the first
man I fixed my eye upon was the Spaniard whose life I
had saved, and whom I knew by his face perfectly well:
as to his habit, I shall describe it afterwards. I ordered
nobody to go on shore at first but myself; but there
was no keeping Friday in the boat; for the affectionate
creature had spied his father at a distance, a good way
off the Spaniards, where indeed 1 saw nothing of him;
and if they had not let him go ashore, lie would have
amped into the sea. He was no sooner on shore, but
he flew away to his father, like an arrow out of a bow.
It would have made any man shed tears, in spite of the
firmest resolution, to have seen the first transports of
this poor fellow's joy when he came to his father: how
he embraced him, kissed him, stroked his face, took

imr up in his arms, set him down upon a tree, and 'lay
down by him ; then stood and looked at him, as any one
would look at a strange picture, for a quarter of an hour
together; then lay down on the ground, and stroked
his legs, and kissed them, and then got up .7.in. and
stared at him; one would have thought the i. II .. he-
vwitched. But it would have made a dog laugh the
next day to see how his passion ran out another way;
in the morning lie walked along the shore, to and again,
with his father several hours, always leading him by
the hand, as i'f e had been a lady; and every now
and then he would come to the boat to fetch somethi ng
or other for him, either a lump of sugar, a dram, a bis-
cuitcake, ..... il;... .. other that was good. In the
afternoon ... I. i I .. ,other way ; for then he would
set the old man down upon the ground and dance about

A" ] -

him, and make a thousand antic postures and r'.-Itre :
and all the while he did this he would be :. n11 ,..
him, and telling himn one story or other of his travels,
and of what had happened to him abroad, to divert him.
In short, if the same filial affection was to be found in
Christians to their parents in our part of the world, one
would be tempted to say, there would hardly have been
any need of the fifth commandment.
inbt this is a digression : I return to my landing. It
would ie needless to take notice of all the ceremonies
and civilities that the Spaniards received me with. The
first Spaniard, who, as I said, I knew very well, was lie

whose life I had saved; he came towards the boat, at-
tended by one more, carrying a flag of truce also ; and
he not only did not know me at first, but he had no
thoughts, no notion of its beinii me that was come, till I
lsoke to him, "' Seignior," said I, in Portuguese, do
wou not know me?" At which he spoke not a word,
but giving his mnsket to the man that was with him,
threw his arms abroad, saying something in Spanish
that I did not perfectly hear, came forward and em-
braced me ; telling me he was inexcusable not to know
that face again, that he had once seen as if an angel from
heaven sent to save his life: he said abundance of very
handsome things, as a well bred Spaniard always knows
how, and then beckoning to the person that attended him,
bade him go and call out his comrades. HII then asked
me if I would walk to my old habitation, where lie would
give me possession of my own house again, and where
I should see they had made but mean improvements:
so I walked alone willth him but, alas! I could no more
find the place again than if I had never been there; for
they had planted so many trees, and placed them in such
a posture, so thick and close to one another, and in ten
years' time they were grown so big. that, in short, the
place was inaccessible, except by such winding and
blind ways as they themselves only, who made them,
could finad.
I asked them what put them upon all these fortifica-
tions: he told me I would say there was need enough
of it, when they had given me an account how they had
passed their time since their arriving in the island,
especially after they had the misfortune to find that I
was gone. lie told me he could not but have some
satisfaction in my good fortune, when he heard that I
was gone in a good ship, and to my satisfaction; and
that he had oftentimes a strong persuasion that, one
time or other, he should see me again ; but nothing that
ever befell him in his life, he said, was so surprising and
afflicting to him at first, as the disappointment he'was
under when he came back to the island and found I was
not there.
As to the three barbarians (so he called them) that
were left behind, and of whom, be said, he had a long

story to tell me, the Spaniards all thought themselves
much better among the savages, only that their number
was so small : and," says he, had they been strong
enough, we had been all long ago in purgatory ;" and
with that he crossed himself on the breast. "' But, Sir,"
says lie, I hope you will not be displeased when I
hall tell you how, forced by necessity, we were obliged,
for our own preservation, to disarm them, and make
them our subjects, who would not be content with
being moderately our masters, but would he our mur-
derers." I answered, I was heartily afraid of it when
I let t the there, and nothing troubled me at my part-
ing from the island but that they were not come back,
that I might have put them in possession of every thing
first, and left the others in a state of subjection, as they
deserved; but if they had reduced them to it, I was
very glad, and should be very far from finding any fault
with it: for I knew they were a parcel of refractory,
ungoverned villains, and were lit for any manner of
While I was thus saying this, the man came whom he
had sent back, and wiih him eleven men more. In the
dress they were in, it was impossible to guess what
nation they were of; but lie made all clear, both to
them and to nim. First he turned to me, and pointing
to them, said, These, Sir, are some of the gentlemen
who owe their lives to you ;" and then turning to them,
and pointing to me, he let them know who I was; upon
which they all came up, one by one, not as if they had
been sailors, and ordinary fellows, and the like, but
really as if they had been ambassadors of noblemen,
and I a monarch or great conqueror: their behaviour
was to the last degree obliging and courteous, and yet
mixed with a manly, majestic gravity, which very well
became them ; and, in short, they had so much more
manners than I that I scarce knew how to receive their
civilities, much less how to return them in kind.
The history of their coming to, and conduct in, the
island, after my going away, is so very remarkable, and
has so many incidents, which the former part of my re-
lation will help to understand, and which will, in most
of the particulars, refer to the account I have already

given, that I cannot but commit them, with great de-
light, to the reading of those that come after me.
I shall no longer trouble the story with a relation in
the first person, which will put me to the expense of ten
thousand said I's, and said he's, and he told me's, and I
told hin's, and the like; but I shall collect the facts
historically, as near as 1 can gather them out of my me-
liorv, froin what they related to me, and from what I
met with in my conversing with them and with the
In order to do this succinctly, and as intelligibly as I
can, I must go back to the circumstances in which I left
the island, and in which the persons were of whom I am
to speak. And first, it is necessary to repeat, that I had
seut away Friday's father and the Spaniard (the two
whose lives 1 had rescued from the savages) in a large
canoe, to the nimin, as I then thought it, to fetch over
the Spaniard's companions that he left behind him, in
order to save them from the like calamity that he had
been in, amu in order to succor them for the present;
and that, if possible, we might together find some way
for our deliverance afterwards.
When I sent them away, I had no visible appearance
of, or the least room to hope for, my own deliverance,
any more than I had twenty years before, much less
had I any foreknowledge of what afterwards happened,
1 mean, of au English ship coming on shore there to
fetch sue off; and it could not but be a very great sur-
prise to them, when they came back, not only to find
that 1 was gone, but to find three strangers left on the
spIot, possessed of all that I had left behind me, which
would otherwise have been their own.
The first thing, however, which I inquired into, that
1 might begin where 1 left off, was of their own ipart;
and I desired be would give me a particular account of
his voyage back to his countrymen with the boat, when
I sent him to fetch them over. He told me there was
little variety in that pait, for nothing remarkable hap-
pened to them on the way, having had very calm wea-
ther, and a smooth sea. As for his countrymen, it
could not be doubted, he said, but that they were over-
joyed to see him (it seems he was the principal man

among them, the captain of the vessel they had been
shipwrecked in having been dead some time); they
were, he said, the more surprised to see him, because
they knew that he was fallen into the hands of the
savages, who, they were satisfied, would devour him, as
they did all the rest of their prisoners; that when lie
told them the story of his deliverance, and in what
manner lie was furnished for carrying them away, it
was like a dream to them, and their astonishment, lie
said, was somewhat. like that of Joseph's brethren,
when he told them who he was, and told them the story
of his exaltation in Pharaoh's court; but when he
showed them the arms, the powder, the ball, and provi-
sions, that he brought them for their journey or voyage,
thev were restored to themselves, took a just share of
the joy of their deliverance, and immediately prepared
to come away with him.
Their first business was to get canoes: and in this
they were obliged not to stick so much upon the ho-
nest part of it, but to trespass upon their friendly
savages, and to borrow two large canoes, or periaguas,
on pretence of going out a fishing, or for pleasure. In
these they canm a; Nay the Itext morning. It seems they
wanted no time to gett themselves ready; for they had
no hagrage, neither clothes nor provisions, nor any
thing in the world but what they had on them, and a
few roots to cat, of which they used to make their
They were in all three weeks absent; and in that
time, unluckily for them, I had the occasion offered for
my escape, as I mentioned in my other part, and to get
off from the island, leaving three of the most impudent,
hardened, ungoverncd, disagreeable villains behind
me, that any man could desire to meet with; to the
poor Spaniaids' great grief and disappointment, you
may be sure.
I'he only just thing the rogues did was, that when the
Spaniards came ashore, they gave my letter to them,
and gave them provisions, and other relief, as I had or-
dered them to do; also they gave them the long paper
of directions which I had left with them, containing the
particular methods which I took fur managing every

part of my life there; the way how I bake( my bread.
bred up tame goats, and planted my corn; bow I cared
my grapes, made my pots, and, in a word, every thing
I did; all this being written down, they gave to the
Spaniards (two of them understood English well
enough): nor did they refuse to accommodate the Spa-
niards with any thing else, for they agreed very well for
some time. They gave them an equal admission into
the house, or cave, and they began to live very sociably;
and the head Spaniard, who had seen pretty much of
my methods, and Friday's father together, managed all
their affairs: but as for the Englishmen, they did no-
thing but ramble about the island, shoot parrots, and
catcl tortoises ; and when they came home at night, the
Spaniards provided their suppers for them.
The Spaniards would have been satisfied with this,
had the others but let them alone; which, however,
they could not find in their hearts to do long, bat, like
the dog in the manger, they would not eat themselves,
neither would they let the others eat. The differences,
nevertheless, were at first but trivial, and such as are
not worth relating, but at last it broke out into open
war: and it began with all the rudeness and insolence
that can be imagined, without reason, without provoca-
tion, contrary to nature, and, indeed to common sense:
and though, it is true, the first relation of it came from
the Spaniards themselves, whom Imay call the accusers,
yet when I came to examine the fellows, they could not
deny a word of it.
But before I come to the particulars of this part, I
most supplyy a defect in my former relation; and this
was, I forgot to set down, among the rest, that just as
we were weighing the anchor to set sail, there happened
a little quarrel on board of our ship, which 1 was once
afraid would have turned to a second mutiny; nor was
it appeased till the captain, rousing up his courage, and
taking us all to his assistance, parted them by force,
and making two of the most refractory fellows pri-
soners, he laid them in irons: and as they had been
active in the former disorders, and let fall some ugly,
dangerous words, the second time he threatened to
carry them in irons to England, and have them hanged

there for mutiny, and running away with the ship.
This, it seems, though the captain did not intend to do
it, frightened some other men in the ship; and some of
them had put it into the heads of the rest that the captain
only gave them good words for the present, till they
should come to some English port, and that then they
should be all put into gaol, and tried for their lives.
The mate got intelligence of this, and acquainted us
with it; upon which it was desired that I, who still
passed for a great man among them, should go down
with the mate, and satisfy the men, and tell them that
they might be assured, if they behaved well the rest of
the voyage, all they had done for the time past should
be pardoned. So I went, and after passing my honour's
word to them, they appeared easy, and the more so
when I caused the two men that were in irons to be re-
leased and forgiven.
But this mutiny had brought us to an anchor for that
night; the wind also falling calm next morning, we
found that our two men who had been laid in irons had
stole each of them a musket, and some other weapons
(what powder or shot they had we knew not), and had
taken the ship's pinnace, which was not yet haled up,
and run away with her to their companions in roguery
on shore. As soon as we found this, I ordered the
long-boat on shore, with twelve men and the mate, and
away they went to seek the rogues; but they could nei-
ther find them or any of the rest, for they all tied into
the woods when they saw the boat corning on shore.
The mate was once resolved, in justice to their roguerv,
to have destroyed their plantations, burned all their
household stuff' and furniture, and left them to shilt
without it; but having no orders, he let it all alone,
left every thing as he found it, and bringing the pinnace
away, came on board without them. These two men
made their number live; but the other three villains
were so much more wicked than they, that after they
had been t\\o or three days together, they turned the
two new-conmers out of doors to shift for themselves,
and would have nothing to do with them; nor could
they, for a good while, be persuaded to give them any
food: as for the Spaniards, they were not vet come.

When the Spaniards came first on shore, the business
began to go forward: the Spaniards would have per.
snaded the three English brutes to have taken in their
countrymen again, that, as they said, they might be all
one family; but they would not hear of it: so the two
poor fellows lived by themselves; and finding nothing
but industry and application would make them live
comfortably, they pitched their tents on the north shore
of the island, but a little more to tile west, to be out of
danger of the savages, who always landed on the east
parts of the island.
Here they built them two huts, one to lodge in, and
the other to lay up their magazines and stores in; and
the Spaniards having given them some corn for seed,
and :specially some of the peas which I had left them,
they dug, planted, and enclosed, after the pattern I had
set for them all, and began to live pretty well. Their
first crop of corn was on the ground; and though it
was but a little bit of land which they had dog up at
first, having had but a little time, yet it was enough to
relieve them, and find them with bread and other eata-
lhes; and one of the fellows being the cook's-mate of
the ship, was very ready at making soup, puddings, and
such other preparations as the rice and the milk, and
such little flesh as they got, furnished him to do.
They were going on in this little thriving posture,
when the three unnatural rogues, their own country-
men too, in mere humour, and to insult them, came and
bullied them, and told them the island was theirs; that
the governor, meaning me, had given them the posses-
sion of it, and nobody else had any right to it; and that
they should build no houses upon their ground, unless
they would pay rent for them.
'the two men, thinking they were jesting at first,
asked them to come in and sit down, and see what fine
houses they were that they had built, and to tell them
what rent they demanded ; and one of them merrily
said, if they were the ground landlords, he hoped, if
they built tenements upon their land, and made im-
provements, they would, according to the custom of
landlords, grant a long lease: and desired they would
get a scrivener to draw the writings. One of the three,

cursing and raging, told them they should see they
were not in jest; and going to a little place at a dis-
tance, where the honest men had made a fire to dress
their victuals, he takes a firebrand, and claps it to the
outside of their hut, and very fairly set it on fire ; and
it would have been all burned down in a few minutes, if
one of the two had not run to the fellow, thrust him
away, and trod the fire out iwith his feet, and that not
without sonie ditliculty too.
The fellow was in such a rage at the honest man's
thrustii: him away, that he returned upon him, with a
pole he had in his hand, and had not the man a% oided
the blow very nimbly, and run into the hut, he had
ended his dars at once. His comrade, seeing the dan-
ger they were both in, ran in after him, and immediately
they came both out with their muskets, and the man
that was first struck at with the pole, knocked the ftl-
low down that had be.un the quarrel with the stock of
his musket, and that before the other two could come
to help him; and then seeing the rest come at them,
they stood together, and presenting the' othtr cuds of
their pieces to them, bade them stand ofl.
The others had fire-arms with them too ; but one of
the two honest men, bolder thhn his comrade, and made
desperate by his danger, told them, if they oltered to
move hand or foot they were dead men, and boldly
commandthd them to lay down their arms. They did
not, indeed, lay down their arms, but seeing him so re-
solute, it brought them to a parley, and they consented
to take their wounded man with them and be gone;
and, indeed, it seems the fellow was wounded suffici-
ently with the blow. However, they were much in the
wrong', since they had the advantage, that they did not
disarm them el'ectually, as they might have done, and
have gone immediately to the Spaniards, and given
them an account how the rogues had treated them; for
the three villains studied nothing but revenge, and
every day gave them some intimation that they did so.
But not to crowd this part with an account of the
lesser part of the rogueries, such as treading down their
corn ; shooting three young kids and a she-goat, which
the poor men had got to breed up tame for their store;

and, in a word, plaguing them night and day in this
manner ; it forced the two men to such a desperation,
that they resolved to light them all three, the first time
they had a fair opportunity. In order to this, they re-
sols ed to go to the castle, as they called it (that was, my
old dwelling), where the three rogues and the Spa-
iiards all lived together at that time, intending to have
a fair battle, and the Spaniards should stand by, to see
fair play : so they got up in tle morning before day,
and came to the lace, and called the Englishmen by
tlihir names, telling a Spaniard that answered that they
wanted to speak with them.
It happened that the day before, two of the Spaniards,
ha\ ing been in the woods, had seen one of the two Eng-
lishmen, whom, for distinction, I called the honest men,
and lie had made a sad complaint to the Spaniards of
the barbarous usage they had met with from their three
countrymen, and how they had ruined their plantation,
and destroyed their corn that they had laboured so hard
to bring forward, and killed the milch-goat and their
thlro kids, which was all they had provided for their
sutcenance; and that if lie and his friends, meaning the
Spiianiards, did not assist them again, they should be
starved. When the Spaniards came home at night,
and they were all at supper, one of them took the free-
dom to reprove e te three Englishmen, though in very
gentle and mannerly terms, and asked them how they
could be so cruel, they being harmless, inotrensive fel-
lows; that they were putting themselves in a way to
subsist by their labour, and that it had cost them a
great deal of pains to bring things to such perfection as
they were then in.
One of the Englishmen returned very briskly, What
had they to do there ? that they came on shore with-
out leave; and that they should not plant or build
upon the island; it was none of their ground."-
" Why," says the Spaniard, very calmly, *' Seignior
Inglese, they must not starve." The Englishman re-
plied, like a rough-hewn tarpauling, "They might
starve and be d-- d ; they should not plant nor build iu
that place."-"' But what must they do then, Seignior ?"
said the Spaniard. Another of the brutes returned,

Do? d- n them, they should be servants, and work
for them."-*' But how can you expect that of them?"
says the Spaniard, they are not bought with your
money: vou have no right to make them servants.'
The Englishman answered, The island was theirs;
the governor had given it to them, and no man had any
thing to do there but themselves ;" and with that swore
by his Maker that they would go and burn all their new
hbts ; they should build none upon their land. Why,
Seignior," says the Spaniard, by the same role, we
must be your servants too."-" Ay," says the bold dog,
and so you shall too, before we have done with you ;
mixing two or three G-d d-n me's in the proper in-
tervals of his speech. The Spaniard only smiled at
that, and made him no answer. However, this little
discourse had heated them; and, starting up, one says
to the other, I think it was he they called Will Atkins,
Come, Jack, let's go, and have t'other brush with
'em; we'll demolish their castle, I'll warrant you ; they
shall plant no colony in our dominions."
Upon this they went all troopiig away, with every
man a gun, a pistol, and a sword, and muttered some
insolent things among themselves, of what they would
do to the Spaniards too, when opportunity offered; but
the Spaniards, it seems, did not so perfectly understand
them as to know all the particulars, only that, in gene-
ral, they threatened them hard for taking the two Eng-
lishmen's part.
Whither they went, or how they bestowed their time
that evening, the Spaniards said they did not know;
but it seems they wandered about the country part of
the night, and then lying down in the place which I
used to call my bower, they were weary, and overslept
themselves. The case was this ; they had resolved to
atay till midnight, and so to take the two poor men
when they were asleep, and, as they acknowledged
afterwards, intended to set fire to their huts while they
were in them, and either burn them there, or murder
them as they came ont. As malice seldom sleeps very
sound, it was very strange they should not have been
kept awake.
However, as the two men had also a design upon

them, as I have said, though a much fairer one than
that of burning and murdering, it happened, and very
luckily for them all, that they were up, and gone
abroad, before the bloody-minded rogues came to their
When they came there, and found the men gone,
Alkins, who, it seems, was the forwardest man, called
out to his comrade, Ha, Jack, here's thd nest, hut,
d- n them, the birds are down." They mused awhile,
to think what should be the occasion of their being
gone abroad so soon, and suggested presently that the
Spaniards had given them notice of it; and with that
they shook hands, and swore to one another that they
would be revenged of the Spaniards. As soon as they
had made this bloody bargain, they fell to work with
the poor men's habitation; they did not set fire, indeed,
to any thing, but they pulled down both their houses,
and pulled them so limb from limb that they left not
the least stick standing, or scarce any sign on the ground
where they stood; they tore all their little collected
household stuff in pieces, and threw every thing about
in such a manner that the poor men afterwards found
some of their things a mile off their habitation. When
they had done this, they pulled up all the young trees
which the poor men had planted; pulled up an enclo-
sure they bad made to secure their cattle and their
corn; and, in a word, sacked and plundered every
thing as completely as a horde of Tartars would have
The two men were, at this juncture, gone to find them
out, and had resolved to fight them wherever they had
been, though they were but two to three; so that, had
they met, there certainly would have been bloodshed
among them ; for they were all very stout, resolute fel-
lows, to give them their due.
But Providence took more care to keep them asun-
der than they themselves could do to meet; for, as if
they had dogged one another, when the three were
gone thither, the two were here; and afterwards, when
the two went back to find them, the three were come
to the old habitation again: we shall see their different
conduct presently. When the three came back like

furious creatures, flushed with the rage which the work
they had been about had put them into, they came up
to the Spaniards, and told them what they had done, by
way of scoffland bravado ; and one of them stepping up
to one of the Spaniards, as if they had been a couple of
boys at play, takes hold of his hat as it was upon his
head, and gi ing it a twirl about, fleering in his face,
says to himi, And yon, Seignior Jack Spaniard, shall
have the same sauce if' ou do not mend your manners."
The Spaniard, who, though a quiet, civil man, was as
brave a man as could he, and withal a strong, well-
made man, looked at him for a good while, and then,
having no weapon in his hand, stepped gravely upI to
him, and with one blow of his list knocked him down,
as an ox is filed with a pole-axe; at which one of the
rogues, as insolent as the first, fired his pistol at the
Spaniard immediately : he missed his body, indeed, for
the bullets went through his hair, but one of them
touched the tip of his ear, and he bled pretty much.
The blood made the Spaniard believe he was more
hurt tlha: lie really was, and that put him into some
heat, for before he acted all in a lperifet calm ; but now
result in to o go through with his work, he stooped, andt
took the fellow's musket whom he had knocked down,
and was just going to shoot the man who had tired at
him, when the rest of the Spaniards, being in the cave,
came out, and calling to them not to shoot, they step-
ped in, secured the other two, and took their arms from
When they were thus disarmed, and found they had
made all the Spaniards their enemies, as well as their
own countrmen, they began to cool, and, giving the
Spaniards better words, would have their arms again;
but the Spaniards, considering the feud that was be-
tween them and the oilier two Englishmcn, and that it
would be the best method they could take to keep them
from killing one another, told them they would do them
no harm, and if they would live )peaceably, they would
be very willing to assist and associate with them as they
did before; but that they could not think of giving
them their arms again, while they appeared so resolved
tu do mischief with them to their own countrymen,

and had even threatened them all to make them their
The rogues were now no more capable to hear rea-
son than to act with reason; but being refused their
arms, they went raving away, and raging like madmen,
threatening what they would do, though they had no
firearms. But the Spaniards, despisiug their threaten-
ing, told them they should take care how they offered
any injury to their plantation or cattle, for if they did,
they would shoot them as they would ravenous beasts,
wherever they found them; and if they fell into their
hands alive,' they should certainly be hanged. How-
ever, this was far from cooling them, bat away they
went, raging and swearing like furies of hell. As
soon as they were gone the two men came back, in pas-
sion and rage enough also, though of another kind;
tor having been at their plantation, and finding it all
demolished and destroyed, as above, it will easily be
supposed they had provocation enough. They could
scarce have room to tell their tale, the Spaniards were
so eager to tell them theirs; and it was strange enough
to lind that .three men should thus bully nineteen, and
receive no punishment at all.
The Spaniards, indeed, despised them, and espe-
cially, having thus disarmed them, made light of their
threatening; but the two Englishmen resolved to have
their remedy against them, what pains soever it cost to
find them out. But the Spaniards interposed here too,
and told them, that as they had disarmed them, they
could not consent that they (the two) should pursue
them with firearms, and perhaps kill them. But,"
said the grave Spaniard, who was their governor, we
will endeavour to make them do you justice, if you will
leave it to us: for there is no doubt but they will come
to us again, when their passion is over, being not able
to subsist without our assistance: we promise -you to
make no peace with them, without having a full satis-
faction for you ; and upon this condition we hope you
will promise to use no violence with them, other than
inyour own defence." The two Englishmen yielded to
this very awkwardly, and with great reluctance; but
the Spaniards protested that they did it only to keep

them from bloodshed, and to make all easy at last.
For," said they, we are not so many of us ; here is
room enough for us all, and it is a great pity we should
not be all good friends." At length they did consent,
and waited for the issue of the thing, living for some
dnys with the Spaniards; for their own habitation was
In about five days' time the three vagrants, tired
with wandering, and almost starved with hunger, hav-
ing chiefly lived on turtles' eggs all that while, came
back to the grove; and finding my Spaniard, who, as I
have said was the governor, and two more with him
walking by the side of the creek, they came up in a
very submissive, humble manner, and begged to be re-
ceived again into the family. The Spaniards used them
civilly, but told them they had acted so unnaturally by
their countrymen, and so very grossly by them (the
Spaniards), that they could not come to any conclusion
without consulting the two Englishmen and the rest;
but, however, they would go to them, and discourse
about it, and they should know in half an hour. It may
be guessed that they were very hard put to it; for, it
seems, as they were to wait this half hour for an an-
swer, they begged they would send them out sonic
bread in the mean time, which they did; sending, at
the same time, a large piece of goat's flesh, and a boiled
parrot, which they ate very heartily, for they were
hungry enough.
After half an hour's consultation, they were called
in, and a long debate ensued, their two countrymen
charging them with the ruin of all their labour, and a
design to murder them ; all which they owned before,
and therefore could not deny now. Upon the whole,
the Spaniards acted the moderators between them;
and as they had obliged the two Englishmen not to
hurt the three while they were naked and unarmed, so
they now obliged the three to go and rebuild their fel-
lows' two huts, one to be of the same, and the other of
larger dimensions than they were before; to fence
their ground again where they had pulled up their
fences, plant trees in the room of those pulled up, dig
up the land again for planting corn where they had

spoiled it, and, in a word, to restore every thing in the
same state as they found it, as near as they could; for
entirely it could not le, the season for the corn, and the
growth of the trees and hedges, not being possible to
be recovered.
Well, they submitted to all this; and as they had
plenty of provisions given them all the while, they
grew very orderly, and the whole society began to live
pleasantly and agreeably together again; only that these
three fellows could never be persuaded to work, I mean
for themselves, except now and then a little, just as they
pleased: however, the Spaniards told them plainly, that
if they would but live sociably and friendly together,
and study the good of the whole plantation, they would
be content to work for them, and let them walk about
and be as idle as they pleased: and thus having lived
pretty well together Ior a month or two, the Spaniards
gave them arms again, and gave them liberty to go
abroad with them as before.
It was not above a week after they had these arms,
and went abroad, but the ungrateful creatures began to
be as insolent and troublesome as before: but, how-
ever, an accident happened presently upon this, which
endangered the safety of them all; and they were
,obliged to lay by all private resentments, and look to
the preservation of their lives.
It happened one night that the Spanish governor, as
1 call him, that is to say, the Spaniard whose life 1 had
saved, who was now the captain, or leader, or governor
of the rest, found himself very uneasy in the night, aul
could by no means get any sleep : he was perfectly well
i'I body, as he told me the story, only found his thoughts
tumultuous; his mind ran upon men fighting and kill-
iig of one another, but he was broad awake, and could
not by any means get any sleep ; in short, he lay a great
while; but grow ing more and more uneasy, he resolved
to rise. As they lay, being so many of them, upon
goatskins laid thick upon such couches and pads as they
made for themselves, and not in hammocks and ship beds
as 1 did, who was but one, so they had little to do,
wheu they were willing to rise, but to get up upon their
fcet, and perhaps put ou a coat, such as it was, and

their pumps, and they were ready for going any way
that their thoughts guided them. Being thus got up,
he looked out; but, being dark, he could see little or
nothing; and, besides, the trees which I had planted, as
in my former account is described, and which were now
grown tall, intercepted his sight, so that he could only
look up, and see that it was a clear starlight night, and
hearing no noise, lhe returned and laid him down again:
but it was all one; he could not sleep, nor could he
compose himself to anything like rest; but his thoughts
were to the last degree uneasy, and he knew not for
Having made some noise with rising and walking
about, going out and coming in, another of them waked.
and calling, asked who it was that was up. The gover-
nor told him how it had been with him. Say you so?'
says the olher Spaniard; such things are not to be
slighted, I assure you ; there is certainly some mischief
working near us:'' and presently he asked him, Where
are the Englishmen?"-'1 They are all in their huts,"
says he, safe enough." It seems the Spaniards had
kept possession of the main apartment, and had made a
place for the three Englishmen, who, since their last
mutiny, were always quartered by themselves, and could
not come at the rest. Well," says the Spaniard,
there is something in it, I am persuaded, from my
own experience. I am satisfied our spirits embodied
have a converse with, and receive intelligence from, the
spirits unembodied, and inhabiting the invisible world ;
and this friendly notice is given for our advantage, if
we knew how to make use of it. Come," says he, "1 let
us go and look abroad; and if we find nothing at all
in it to justify the trouble, I'll tell you a story to the
purpose, that shall convince you of the justice of my
proposing it."
In a word, they went out, to go up to the top of the
hill, where I used to go; but they being strong, and a
good company, not alone, as I was, used none of my
cautions, to go up by the ladder, and pulling it up after
them, to go up a second stage to the top, but were
going round through the grove, unconcerned and un-
wary, when they were surprised with seeing a light as

nf lire. a very little way off from them, and hearing
the voices of men, not of one or two, but of a great
In all the discoveries I had made of the savages land-
ing on the island, it was my constant care to prevent
them making the least discovery of there being any
inhabitant upon the place; and when by any occasion
they came to know it, they felt it so effectually that
they that got away were scarce able to give any account
of it; for we disappeared as soon as possible; nor did
ever any that had seen me escape to tell any one else,
except it was the three savages in our last encounter,
who jumped into the boat; of whom, I mentioned, I
was afraid they should go home and bring more help.
Whether it was the consequence of the escape of those
men that so great a number came now together, or whe-
ther they came ignorantly, and by accident, on their
usual bloody errand, the Spaniards could not, it seems,
understand; but, whatever it was, it had been their
business either to have concealed themselves, or not to
have seen them at all, much less to have let the savages
have seen that there were any inhabitants in the place;
or to have fallen upon them so effectually as that not
a man of them should have escaped, which could only
have been by getting in between them and their boats:
but this presence of mind was wanting to them, which
was the ruin of their tranquillity for a great while.
We need not doubt, but that the governor and the
man with him, surprised with this sight, ran back im-
mediately, and raised their fellows, giving them an ac-
count of the imminent danger they were all in, and they
again as readily took the alarm; but it was impossible
to persuade them to stay close within, where they were,
but they must all run out to see how things.stood.
While it was dark, indeed, they were well enough,
and they bad opportunity enough, for some hours, to
view them by the light of three fires they had made at
a distance from one another; what they were doing
they knew not, and what to do themselves they knew
not. For, first, the enemy were too many; and, se-
condly, they did not keep together, but were divided

into several parties, and were on shore in several
The Spaniards were in no small consternation at this
sight; and as they found that the fellows ran straggling
all over the shore, they made no doubt but, first or last,
some of them would chIop in upon their habitation, or
upon some other place where they would see the token
of inhabitants; and they were in great perplexity also
for fear of their flock of goats, which would have been
little less than starving them, if they should have been
destroyed; so the first thing they resolved upon was, to
despatch three men away before it was light, two Spa-
niards and one Englishman, to drive all the goats away
to the great valley where the cave was, and, if need
were, to drive them into the very cave itself. Could
they have seen the savages all together in one body
and at a distance from their canoes, they resolved, il
there had been a hundred of them, to have attacked
them; but that could not be obtained ; for they were
some of them two miles off from the other; and, as it
appeared afterwards, were of two different nations.
After having mused a great while on the course they
should take, and beating their brains in considering
their present circumstances, they resolved, at last, while
it was still dark, to send the old savage, Friday's father,
out as a spv, to learn, if possible, something concerning
them; as what they came for, what they intended to do,
and the like. The old man readily undertook it; and
stripping himself quite naked, as most of the savages
were, away he went. After he had been gone an hour
or two, he brings word that he had been among them
undisco% ered; that he found they were two parties, and
of two several nations, who had war with one another,
and had a great battle in their own country : and that
both sides having had several prisoners taken in the
light, they were, by mere chance, landed all on the
same island, for the devouring their prisoners, and mak-
ing merry, but their coming so by chance to the same
place had spoiled all their mirth; that they were in a
great rage at one another, and were so near that he
believed they would tight again as soon as daylight

be ,an to appear: but he did not perceive that they had
anv notion of anybody being on the island but them-
selves, lie had hardly made an end of telling his
story, when they could perceive, by the unusual noise
they made, that the two little armies were engaged in a
bloody fight.
Friday's father used all the arguments he could to
persuade our people to lie close, and not be seen; he
told them their safety consisted in it, and that they had
nothing to do but lie still, and the savages would kill
one another to their hands and then the rest would go
away; and it was so to a tittle. But it was impossible
to prevail, especially upon the Englishmen; their cu-
riosity was so importunate upon their prudential, that
they must run out and see the battle: however, they
used some caution too, viz. they did not go openly, just
by their own dwelling, but went farther into the woods,
and placed themselves to advantage, where they might
securely see them manage the fight, and, as they thought,
not be seen by them; but it seems the savages did see
them, as we shall find hereafter.
'The battle was very fierce ; and, if I might believe
the Englishmen, one of them said he could p.-rceive that
,-nme of them were men of great bravery, of invincible
spirits, and of great policy in guiding the fight. The
battle, they said, held two hours before they could
guess which party would be beaten; but then that
party which was nearest our people's habitation began
to appear weakest, and, after some time more, some of
them began to fly; and this put our men again into a
great consternation, lest any one of those that tied should
a un into the grove before their dwelling for shelter,
and thereby involuntarily discover the place; and that,
Ibv consequence, the pursuers would do the like in
search of them. Upon this they resolved that they
wmrild stand armed within the wall, and whoever came
into the grove, they resolved to sally out over the wall
and kill them: so that, if possible, not one should re-
turn to give an account of it : they ordered also that
it should be done with their swords, or by knocking
them down with the stocks of their muskets, but not

by shooting them, for fear of raising an alarm by the
As they expected, it fell out: three of the routed
army fled for life, and, crossing the creek, ran directly
into the place, not in the least knowing whither they
went, but running as into a thick wood for shelter.
The scout they kept to look abroad gave notice of this
within, will this addition, to our men's great satisfac-
tion, viz. that the conquerors had not pursued them, or
seen which way they were gone; upon this, the Spa-
niard governor, a iman of humanity, would not suffer
them to kill the three fugitives, hut sending three men
out by the top of the hill, ordered them to go round,
come in behind them, and surprise and lake them pri-
soners, which was done. The residue of the conquered
people fled to their canoes, and got off'to sea ; the vic-
tors retired, made no pursuit, or very little, but drawing
themselves into a body together, gave two great scream-
ing shouts, which they supposed was by way of triumph,
and so the fizht ended: and tlie same daii, about three
o'clock in the alf'trnoon, tlihe also marched to their ca-
noes. And thus the Spaniards had their island again
free to themselves, their fright was over, and they saw
no savages in several years after.
After they were all gone, the Spaniards came out of
their den, and viewing the field of battle, they found
about two and thirty men dead on the spot: some were
killed with great long arrows, some of which were found
sticking in their bodies; but most of them were killed
with great wooden swords, sixteen or seventeen of
which they found in the field of battle, and as many
bows, witll a great many arrows. These swords were
strange, great, unwieldy things, and they must be very
strong men that used them: most of those men that
were killed with them had their heads mashed to pieces,
as we may say, or, as we call it in English, their brains
knocked out, and several their arms and legs broken;
so that it is evident they fight with inexpressible rage
and fury. We found not one man that was not stone
dead, for either they stay by their enemy till they have
quite killed him, or they carry all the wounded men
that are not quite dead away with them.

This deliverance tamed our Knglishmen for a great
while; the sight had filled them with horror, and the
consequences appeared terrible to the last degree, es-
pecially upon supposing that some time or other they
should fall into the hands of those creatures, who would
not (,nlv kill them as enemies, but kill them for food, as
we kill our cattle; and they professed to me, that the
thoughts of being eaten up like beef or mutton, though
it was supposed it was not to be till they were dead,
had something in it so horrible that it nauseated their
very stomachs, made them sick when they thought of it,
and filled their minds with such unusual terror that
theyv were not themselves for some weeks after. This,
as I said, tamed even the three English brutes I have
been speaking of, and, for a great while after, they were
tractable. and went about the common business of the
whole society well enough: planted, sowed, reaped,
and began to be all naturalized to the country. But
some time after this, they fl-l into such simple measures
again, as brought them into a great deal of trouble.
They had taken three prisoners, as I observed: and
these three being lusty, stout young follows, they made
them servants, and taught them to woi k for them ; and,
as slaves, they did well enough ; but they did not take
Ithlir measures with them as I did by min man Friday,
'iz. to begin with them upon the principle of having
saved their lives, and tlien instruct them in the rational
principles of life ; much less of religion, civilizing, and
reducing them by kind usage and affectionate arguing ;
but as they gave them their food every day, so they
gave them their work too, and kept them fully employ-
td in drudgery enough; but they failed in this by it,
that they never had them to assist them, and fight for
them, as I had my man Friday, who was as true to me
as the very Ilesh upon my bones.
But to come to the family part. Being all now good
friends, for common danger, as I said above, had effectu-
ally reconciled them, they began to consider their general
circumstances; and the first thing that came under their
consideration was, whether, seeing the savages particu.
larly haunted that side of the island, and that there were
more remote and retired parts of it equally adapted to

their way of living, and manifestly to their advantage,
they should not rather move their habitation, and plant
in some more proper place for their safety, and especi-
ally for the security of their cattle and corn.
Upon this, after long debate, it was concluded that
they would not remove their habitation; because that,
some time or other, they thought they might hear from
their governor again, meaning me; and if i should send
any one to seek them, I should he sure to direct them
to that side: where, if they should find the place de-
molished, they would conclude the savages had killed
us all, and we were -one; and so our supply would go
too. But as to the-ir tcoin and cattle, they agreed to
remove Ilhem into the valley where my cave wvas, where
the land was as proper for both, and where, indeed,
there was land enough: however, upon second thoughts,
they altered one part of their resolution too, and resolv-
ed only to remove part of their cattle thither, and plant
part of their corn there; and so if one part was destroy-
ed, the other might he saved. And one part of pru-
dence they used, which it was very well they did, viz.
that theyv never trusted those three savages, which they
had prisoner s, w ith know in anything of the plantation
they had made in that valley, or of any cattle they had
there, much less of 1lie cave there, which they kept, in
case of necessity, as a safe retreat; and thither they
carried also the two barrels of powder ihliich I had
sent them at my coming away. But, howei er, they re-
solved not to change their habitation ; yet the% agreed,
that as I had carefully covered it first wilhi a wall or
fortification, and then with a grove of trees, so seeing
their safety consisted entirely in their being concealed,
of which they were now fully convinced, they set to
work to cover and conceal the place yet more effectu-
ally than before. For this purpose, as I planted trees,
or rather thrust in stakes, which in time all grew up io
be trees, for some good distance before the entrance into
my apartments, they wert on in the same manner, and
filled up the rest of that whole space of ground, from
the trees I had set, quite down to the side of the creek,
where, as I said, 1 landed my floats, and even into the
very ooze where the tide slowed, not so much as leav-

ing any place to land, or any sign that there had been
any landing thereabouts; these stakes also being of a
wood very forward to grow, as I have noted formerly,
tlhe took care to have them generally much larger and
taller than those which I had planted ; and as they grew
:pace, so they planted them so very thick and close to-
ether, that when they had been three or four years
lrown, there was no piercing with the eye any consi-
derable way into the plantation: and as for that part
l which I had planted, the trees were grown as thick as a
man's thigh, and among them they placed so many other
short ones, and so thick, that, in a word, it stood like a
pallisado a quarter of a mile thick, and it was next to
impossible to penetrate it, but with a little army to cut
it all down; for a little dog could hardly get between
the trees, they stood so close.
But this was not all; for they did the same by all the
ground to the right hand and to the left, and round even
to the side of the hill, leaving no way, not so much as
for themselves to come out, but by the ladder placed
up to the side of the hill, and then lifted up, and placed
again from the first stage up to the top; and when the
ladder was taken down, nothing but what had wings,
or witchcraft to assist it, could come at them. This was
excellently well contrived; nor was it less than what
they afterwards found occasion for; which served to
Convince me, that as human prudence has the authority
of Providence to justify it, so it has doubtless the di-
rection of Providence to set it to work; and if we
listened carefully to the voice of it, I am persuaded we
might prevent many of the disasters which our lives
are now, by oar own negligence, subjected to: but this
by the way.
I return to the story.-They lived two years after this
in perfect retirement, and had no more visits from the
savages. They had indeed an alarm given them one
morning, which put them into a great consternation;
for some of the Spaniards being out early one morning
on the west side, or rather end of the island (which was
that end where I never went, for fear of being disco-
vered), they were surprised with seeing above twenty
canoes of Indians just coming on shore. They made the

best of their way home, in hurry enough; and giving
the alarm to their comrades, they kept close all that day
and the next, going out only at night to make their ob-
servation : but they had the good luck to be mistaken;
for wherever the savages went, they did not land that
time on the island, but pursued some other design.
And now they had another broil with tihe three Eng-
lishmen; one of whom, a most turbulent fellow, being
in a rage at one of the three slaves, which I mentioned
they had taken, because the fellow had not done some-
thing right which he bid him do, and seemed a little
intractable in his showing him, drew a hatchet out of a
frog-belt, in which he wore it by his side, and fell upon
the poor savage, not to correct him, but to kill him.
One of the Spaniards, who was by, seeing him give the
fellow ia barbarous cut with the hatchet, which he aimed
at his head but struck into his shoulder, so that he
thought lie had cut the poor creature's arm ofi, ran to
him, and entreating him not to murder the poor man,
placed hiimseli between him and the savage, to prevent
the mischief. The fellow being enraged the more at
this, struck at the Spaniard with his hatchet, and swore


he would serve hini as lie intended to serve tile savage;
which the Spaniard perceiving, avoided the blow, and
with a shovel which he had in his hand (for they were
all working in the field about their corn land), knocked
the brute down. Another of the LEnglishmen running
at the same time to help his comrade, knocked the Spa-

rniard down; and then two Spaniards more came in to
helpI their mnan, and a third Englishman fell in upon
them. They had none of them any firearms, or any
other weapons but hatchels and other tools, except this
third Englislhman; lie had one of my rusty cutlasses,
with which he made at the two last Spaniards, and
wounded them both. This fray set the whole family in
an uproar, and more help coming in, they took the three
Englislhmen prisoners. The next question was, what
should be done with them? They had been so often
mutinous, and were so very furious, so desperate, and
so idle withal, they knew not what course to take with
the for they were mischievous to the highest degree,
and valued not what hurt they did to any mian; so that,
in short, it was not safe to live with them.
The Sauniard who was governor told them, in so many
words, that if they had been of his own country, he
would have hanged them ; for all laws and all gover-
nors were to preserve society, ant those who were dan-
gerous to the society ought to Ie expelled out of it;
but as they were Englishmen, and that it was to the
generous kindness of an Englishman that they all owed
their preservation and deliverance, lie would use them
with all possible lenity, and would leave them to the
judgment of the other two Englishmen, who were their
country men.
(ne of the two honest Englishmen stood up, and said
thie, desired it might not be left to them ; For," says
he, I am sure we ought to sentence them to the gal-
lows:" and with that he gives an account how Will
Atkins, one of the three, had proposed to have all the
five Englishmen join together, and murder all the Spa-
riards when they were in their sleep.
When the Spanish governor heard this, he calls to
Will Atkins, How, Seignior Atkius, would you mur-
der us all? What have )ou to say to that." The har-
dened villain was so far from denying it that he said it
was true: and, G-d d-n him, they would do it still,
before they had done with them. Well, but Seignior
Atkins," says the Spaniard, what have we done to
you, that you will kill us? And what would you get by
killing us? And what must we do to prevent your kill-

ing us? Must we kill you, or you kill us? Wlhy will
you put us to the incessitv of this, Seignior Atkins. "
says the Spaniard very calmly, and smiling. Seignior
Atkins was in such a rage at the, Spaniard's making a
jest of it, that, had he not been lihld by three men, and
withal had no weapon near hiim, it was thought lihe
would have attempted to hai e killed the Spaniard in
the middle of all the company. This hair-brain car-
riage obliged them to consider serimouslv what was to
be (doii): the two I"nglishlimen, and the Spanuiard who
saved the Ior savage, were of the opinion that they
should hang one of the three, for an example to the rest;
and tliat pIlrticularly it should be ble that had twice at-
temptted to cnIImit murder with hi.s hatchet; and, in-
deed, there was somer r;eason to believe lie had done it,
for the poor savage was in such a miserable condition
with tII, woundi lie had received, that it was thought
he could not line. But tli(e governor Spaniard still
said no; it was an liItglishmian that had saved all their
lives, and lie would d never consent to put an EnIlish-
man to death, thliuhli lie had murdered halt of them;
nay, he said, if lie had been killed himself by an Eng-
lishmanai, ai'l haid time left to speak, it should be that
they should paridn Iim.
'I'lTis was so ,osiicvly insisted on by the governor
Spaniard that there was no gainlsaying it; and as eicr-
ciful counsels are most apt to prei ail. where they are
so earnest tl pressedl, so tlhey all carie into it; Ibu t hlie
it was to be ccIlitsdll d ihat should be done to keiep
them from doing the misiclhif Ithc designed: for all
agreed, governor and all, that means were to be used
for presto i iin the society from d;a ger. After a lo,
debate, it was agreed, first, that theli should be dis-
armed, and not permitted to have eillutr gun, powder,
shot, sword, or any weapon ; and should be tur ned out
of the society, and left to live here( they would, and
how the would, by themselrn'es; but that 1none of thel
rest, either Spaniards or English, should converse with
them, speak with them, or have anything to do with
them: that they should be forbid to come within a cer-
tain distance of the place where the rest dwelt; and if
they iffircd to commit any disorder, so as to spoil, burri,

kill, or destroy any of the corn, plantings, buildings,
fences, or cattle belonging to the society, they should
Ilie without mercy, and they would shoot them wherever
Ithev could lind them.
T'he governor, a man of great humanity, musing upon
tie sentence, considered a little upon it; and turning
to the two honest Fiinglishmiin, said, '' Hold ; you must
reilect that it will he long ere they can raise corn and
cattle of their own, and they must not starve ; we must
tlertfore allow them provisions." So lie caused to be
:nlled, that they should have a proportion of corn given
them to last them eilhit mouths, and for seed to sow, by
\llich time they nmighlt be supposed to raise some of
I heir own ; that they should have six mil ch goats, four
lic-goals, and six kids given them, as ivwll for present
sui litenice as for a store; and that they should have tools
"i l n them for thtir work in the lields, such as six hat-
ichet, an adze, a saw, and the- like; but they should
Jha e none of these tools or provisions, unless they
N Ould swear solemnly that they would not hurt or in-
iiUc anyV of the Spaniards with them, or of their fellow
Thus thev dismissed them the socielv, and turned
them out to shift for themselves. They went away sul-
len and refractory, as neither content to go away nor to
stay ; but, as there %was no remedy, they went, pretend-
ing to go and choose a place where they would settle
thelicisll es; and some pro% isions were given them, but
liI W CaipOiiS.
About four or five days after, they came again for
;oine I ictuals, and gave thie governor an account where
they had pitched their tents, and marked themselves
iout a habitation and plantation : and it was a very con-
Sc'ilent place, indeed, on the remotest part of the island,
N.E. much about the place here I providentially
lamlted in my first voyage, when 1 was driven out to sea,
the Lord alone knows whither, in my foolish attempt to
ail ronndLthe island.
Here the built themselves two handsome huts, and
contrived them in a manner like my first habitation,
being cloI under the side of a hill, having some trees
growing already on three sides of it, so that by planting

others, it would be very easily covered from the sight,
unless narrowly searched for. They desired some dried
goat skins, for beds and covering, which were given
them; and upon giving their words that they would
not disturb the rest, or injure any of their plantations,
they ga% e them hatchets, and what other tools they
could spare ; some peas, barley, and rice, for sowing;
and, in a word, any thing they wanted, except arms and
They lived in this separate condition about six months,
and had got in their first harvest, though the quantity
was but small, the parcel of land they had planted be-
ing but little; for, indeed, having all their plantation to
tbrm, they had a great deal of work upon their hands;
and when they came to make boards and pots, and such
things, tihe were quite out of their element, and could
make nothing of it : anid when the rainy season came on,
for want of a cave in the earth, they could not keep
their grain dry, and it was in great danger of spoiling;
and this humbled them much: so they came and begged
the Spl:;iiards to help theli, which they very readily
did ; and in four daa s worked a great hole in the side
of the hill for them, big enough to secure their corn
and other things froni the rain ; but it was but a poor
place, at best, compared to mine, and especially as mine
was then, for the Spaniards had greatly enlarged it, and
made several new apartments in it.
About thbce quarters of a year after this separation,
a new frolic took these rogues, hllich, together with the
former lillany they had coirimitted, brought mischief
enough upon them, and had very near been the ruin of
the whole colony. The three new associates began, it
seems, to be weary of the laborious life they led, and
that without hope of bettering their circumstances ;
and a whim took them that they would make a voyage to
the continent, from whence the savages came, and would
try if they could seize upon some prisoners among the
natives there, and bring them home, so as to make them
do the laborious part of their work for them.
The project was not so preposterous, if they had
gone no farther: but they did nothing, and proposed
nothing, but had either mischief in the design, or mis-

(Mhef in the event : and, if I may give my opinion, they
seizedd to be under a blast front Heaven; for if we will
,it allow a visible curse to pursue visible crimes, how
shall we reconcile the events ol things with. the divine
justice? It was certainly an apparent vengeance on
tlicir crime of mutiny and piracy that brought them to
tlih state they were in ; and they showed not the least
remorse for the clime, but added new villanies to it,
such as the piece of monstrous cruelty of wounding a
poor slave because lie did not, or perhaps could not,
understand to do what he directed, and to wound him
in such a manner as made him a cripple all his life, and
in a place where no surgeon or medicine could be had
fr his cure; and what was still worse, the murderous
intent, or, to do justice to the crime, the intentional
murder, for such to be sure it was, as was afterwards
the formed design they all laid, to murder the Spaniards
ill cold blood, and in their sleep.
But 1 leave obsersinig, and return to the story :-The
three fellows came down to the Spaniards one morning,
;:!,d in very humble terms desired to be admitted to
speak with them: the Spaniards very readily heard
what they had to say, which was this :-That they were
tired of living in the manner they did ; and that they
N'crc niot handy enough to make the necessaries they
wanted, and that having no help, they found they should
I,e starved ; but if the Spaniards would give them leave
(, take one of the canoes which they came over in, and
give them arms and ammunition proportioned to their
dlefence, they would go over to the main and seek their
fortunes, and so deliver them from the trouble of sup-
plying them with any other provisions.
The Spaniards were glad enough to get rid of them,
but very honestly represented to them the certain de-
struction they were running into ; told them they had
sulfered such hardships upon that very spot, that they
could, without any spirit of prophecy, tell them they
would be starved or murdered ; and bade them consider
of it.
The men replied audaciously, they should be starved
if they stayed here, for they could not work, and would
not work, and they could but be starved abroad and

if they were murdered, there was an end ofthem ; they
had no wives or children to cry after them: and, in
short, insisted importunately upon their demand ; de-
claring they would go, whether they would give them
anv arms or no.
The Spaniards told them, with great kindness, that if
they were resolved to 14o, they should not igo like naked
men, alnd Ibe in no condition to defend themsclh es: and
that though they could ill spare theit fire arms, having
not enIough for themselves, O et they would let them
have two muskets, a pistol, and a cutlass, and each man
a hatchet, which tlicv Ihought was suilicient for them.
In a word, they accepted the oller ; and having baked
them bread enough to serve them a month, and given
them as much goat's flesh as I the could eat while it was
sweet, and a great ba!set of dried grapes, a pot of fresh
water, and a youn kid alive c, they boldly set out in the
canoe for a voagec over the sea, where it was at least
fortv miles broad.
'The boat, iii-deed, was a lare- one, and would very
well have carried filften or twenty men, and therefore
was rather too hig fr tihemn to matnae ; but ;a thev had
a fair breeze, and Ilood-tide with them, they did well
enough. They had made a mast of a long pole, and a
sail of four large goat skins dried, wlhich they had
sewed or laced together ; and away tlhel w(ent merrily
enough: the Spaniards called after them,, Bun veytjo";
and no man ex er thought of seeing them any more.
The Spaniards were often sa inrg to one another, and
to the two honest lEtiglishlmen %who remained behind,
how quietly and comfirtaliy they lived, now these
tree turbulent fellows were gone ; as for their coming
again, that was the remotest thing from their thoughts
that could be imagined ; when, behold, after two and
twenty days absence, one of the Englishmen, being
abroad upon his planting work, sees three strange men
coming towards himi at a distance, with guns upon their
Away runs the Englishman, as itf he was bewitched,
comes frightened and amazed to the governor Spaniard,
and tells him they were all undone, for there were
strangers landed upon the island, but could not tell who.

The Spaniard, pausing a while, says to hii, How do
Nou mean, you cannot tell who? They are the savages
to be sure."--' No, no," says the Englishman; '' they
re men in clothes, with arms."'- Nay then," says the
Spaniard, why are you concerned It' they are not
asa aies, they miiust Ite friends; for there is no Christian
nation upon earth but will do us good rather than

\\ while they were debatiiig thus, came the three Eng-
lishmen, and standing without the wood. which was
Iew planted, hallooed to thel : they pret.sently knew
their voices, and so all the wonder of that kindC ceased.
lint now the admiration was t urnted upoln another ques-
tii, viz. What could be the matter, and what made
Itheli cone back again ?
It was not long before they brought the men in, and
iii(lliiriin where they had been, and what they had been
doing, they gave them a full account of their voyage in
a few words, viz. That they reached the land in two
days, or something less ; but finding the people alarmed
at their coming, and preparing with bows and arrows
to light them, they durst not go on shore, but sailed on
to the northward six or seven hours, till tihle eame to a
great opening, by which they perceived that the land
hlley saw firoin our island was not the main, but an
island ; ulpoln elnteriin that opening of the sea, they saw
another island on the i lilit hand, north, and several
imiore west ; and lbeingl resolved to land somewhere,
the puit over to one of the islands which lay west, and
\ienit holdlyv mi shore: that they fund the people very
rcourteous and friendly to them ; and that they gave
tlirn several roots and some dried fish, and appeared
very sociable; and the women, as well as the men, were
erv forward to supply them with any thing they could
get fort them to eat, and brought it to them a great way
upon their heads.
They continued here four days; and inquired, as well
as they could of them, by signs, what nations were this
way, and that way ; and were told of several fierce and
terrible people that lived almost every way, who, as
they made known by signs to them, used to eat men;
but as for themselves, they said, they never eat men or

women, except only such as they took in the wars; and
then, they owned, they made a great feast, and ate
their prisoners.
The Englishmen inquired when Ihey had had a feast
of that kind ; and they told them about two moons ago,
pointing to the moon. and to two liners ; and that their
great kin,, had two hundred prisoners now, whicEh he
had taken in his war, and they were feeding them to
make them fat for 1hie next feast. The Eng slishmen
seemed mig h't desirous of seeking those prisoners; hut
the others mistakirn them, thought tlhe were desirous
to have some of Ihem to carry away for their own eat-
ing; so they beckoned to them pointing, to the setting
of the sun., and then to the rising ; which was to signify
that the next morning at sunrising they would brini
some for them ; and. according ly, the next lmorniin
they brought down live women and eleven men, and
gavit them to the Einglishlmen, to carry with them on
their voyage, just as wve %would bring so many cows and
oxen dcown, to a seaport town to k ictual a ship.
As brutish and barbarous as these fellows were at
home, their stomachs turned at this sight, anid they did
not know what to do. To refuse the prisoners would
have been, the highest affront to the savage gentry that
could he offered them, and what to do with them they
knew( not. Hower er, after some debate, they resolved
to accept of tfhem; and, in return, lthi.y ave the
sa% ages that brought them one of their hatchets, an old
key, a kLii'*, and six or seven of their bullets; w which,
though they did not understand their use, they seemed
particularly pleased with; and tlien tIinug te poor
creatures' hands behind them, they dragged the pri-
soners into the boat for our imen.
'The J'Eglishmen were obliged to come away as soon
as they had them, or else they that gave them this noble
present would certain y hai e expected that they should
have gone to work with them, have killed two or three
of them the next morn ing, and perhaps have ini ited the
donors to dinner. But having taken their leave, with
all the respect and thanks that could well pass between
people, where, on either side, they understood not one
word they could say, they put oil with their boat, and

caine back towards the first island; where, when they
arrived, they set eight of their prisoners at liberty,
there being too many of them for their occasion.
In their voyage, they endeavoured to have some com-
,iniraition with their prisoners; but it was impossible
to make thim understand anN thing; nothing they could
..- to them, or give thcllin or do for them, but was
I,,oked upon as gointi to murder them. They lirst of
all unbound them ; util the poor creatures screamed at
That, especiallyy the woImeni, as if they had just felt the
knlilet at their throats; for they immediately concluded
theiv were unbound on uInrpose to be killed. If they
azve them any thing to eat, it was the same thing ; they
thlen concluded, it was for fear they should sink in flesh,,
1itd so not be fit enough to kill. If they looked at one
of tllhin more particularly, the party presently conclud-
,d, it was to see whether lie or she was fattest, and fit-
1les to kill first; nay, after they had brought them quite
, ove, andI Iean to use them kindly, and treat them
well, still they expected every day to make a dinner or
supper for their new masters.
When the three wanderers had given this unaccount-
able history or journal of their voyage, the Spaniard
ai4ed then where their new family was; and being
Stld that they had brought them on shore, and put them
into one of their huts, and were come up to beg some
1 ictuals for them, they (the Spaniards) and the other
t%,,o laiglishmen, that is to say, the whole colony, re-
soih d to go all down to the place and see them; and
did so, and Friday's father with Ihem.
W\Vlen they came into the hut, there they sat all
bound ; for when they had brought them on shore, they
hound their hands, that they might not take the boat
and make their escape; there, I say, they sat, all of
them stark naked. First, there were three men, lusty,
comniely fellows, well shaped, straight and fair limbs,
about thirty to thirty-five years of age; and five women,
whereof two might be from thirty to forty; two more
not above four or five and twenty ; and the fifth, a tall,
comely maiden, about sixteen or seventeen. The
woCmen were well favoured, agreeable persons, both in
shape and features, only tawny; and two of them, bad

they been perfect white, would have pa,,ed for verY
handsome women, even in London itself, having ple:4-
sant agreeable conutenaces, and lof a ver v modest bela-
viour: especially whelin tlhey came al'tcrwards, t)o 1
ciothed and dressed, as thi e called it, though that dre't,
was very indiellrent, it must be confessed; uf' which
LeI create'r.
The sii ght, ou may be sure, was soiilhit l ii uncouth
to our Spanialds, whlo were, to (iI ec them li just iharie-
ter, tmen ol tle best behavjiour, ,of tile almost caln, sedate
tempers, and perfect gmod lu i 1our, that e tr I 111't
with ; lani, in particular. o)1 thle ll(oSt m modesty as will
piesentll appertir: 1 say, lie( siliht wNas- vTer unco-mut, to(
see three naked in, anld (ive naked wonicn, all tot;, -
ther b(ound, and in tie most miserable tcircium tanri c
that lii uan n altur could he suippose d tol be, viz.. to i',
texp)teltii h every momeII nt to be drag-;.ld uti, andt hate
their braiLns knocked out, and thenl to bte at-e'i up likv ;i
calf that is killed for a dainty.
The lirst thing they did was to catu- e tIi (1 Indian,
Friday's father, to (o in, and se, first, if he knew a;n.
of them, and then if lie understood am l of their sp(ece.
As soon as the old man came in, hie looked seriously v'
them, but kiiew none of tihemli ; neither cotdd 1 any ol,,
them understand a word he said, or a sign lhe h onled
make, except one of thle wOmen'l. 1HNwe er, this was
enough to answer the endt, which was to) satisfy tlheml
that the men into whose hands thelcy were fatileii were
Christians; that they ablhorced eating men or noen:I
and that they might be sure they would not be killed.
As soon as they were assured of this, thit discovered
s!ch a ji and bv such awkw:artd gestures, several
wNs, as is hard lo describe; for, it seeils, thev wee
of se vral Inatitonls.
The woman who was their interpreter was )id, in the
next place, to ask them if they were Iwilling to, be ser-
vants, and io work tor he ,men whio hlad brought lthliii
away, to -av e their lives; at which they all Ie'll a dane-
ing; and presently one fWil to taking u1p this, and ano-
ther that, any thing that lay next, to carry on their
shoulders, to intimate that they were willing to work.
The governor, who found that the having women

S:miong them would presently he attended with some in-
,Coivenience, and mi-ilht occasion some strife, and per-
ilps blood, asked the three men what thev intended to
dl, with these women, and how they intended to use
thelr, whether as servants or as women? One of the
I:; Inliiehmen answered very boldly and readily, that they
4 ,unld use them as bot ; to which the governor said,
I iam not going to restrain you from it; you are your
4 ii m .asters as to that; but this I think is but just, for
;: ,idin disorders ain quarrels amo n you, and I de-
si-r it of yo for that reason onlv, viz. That you will all
Sni;age, that if any of you take any of these women, as
ia %v1umani or wife, that le shall take but one: and that
J1;ii in taken one, none else shall touch her ; for though
%e cannot marry alny one of, on, yet it is but reasona-
,le that, whlife von stay here, the woman any of vou
t;ikes should Ibe maintained bv t lie man that takes hter,
a;iin should be his wife ; I mean," says hle, while he
|.,l ntinu1ies here, and that none else sliall have any thing
te dlo with her." All this appeared so just that every
1one agreed to it withliot anly dil!iculty.
''hen the lEnglishman asked the Spaniards if they de-
i nd rto iake any of fth-iem But every one of them an-
S".were.d No):" some of th ,m said they had wives in
I Spaini, and the others did lnot like women that were not
i'lristiaiis: and all together declared that they would
,11 touch one of them: which was an instance of such
Sirtue as I have not met with in all my travels. On the
,tlie'r hand. to he short, the live Englishmen took them
.r .ry one a wife, that is to say, a temporary wife ; and
-, they set up a new form of living; for the Spaniards
;:ri1l Filidav's father lived in my old habitation, which
thley had enlarged exceedingly within. The three ser-
ants which were taken in the last battle of the savages
lived with them: and these carried on the main part of
the colony, supplied all the rest with food, and assisted
tihln in any thing as they could, or as they fond
Ie'cessity required.
But tihe wonder of this story was, how five such re-
fractfory, ill matched fellows, should agree about these
w omen, and that two of them should not pitch upon the
same woman, especially seeing two or three of them
S(: .. 11. F

were, without comparison, more agreeable than the
others: but they took a good way enough to prevent
quarreling among themselves; for they set the five
women by themselves in one of their huts, and they
went all into the other hut, and drew lots among them
who should choose first.
He that drew to choose first went away by himself
to the hut where the poor naked creatures were, and
fetched out her he chose; and it was worth observing,
that he that chose first took her that was reckoned the
homeliest and oldest of the five, which made mirth
enough among the rest; and even the Spaniards laughed
at it: but the fellow considered better than any of them,
that it was application and business they were to expect
assistance in, as much as in any thing else; and she
proved the best wife of all the parcel.
When the poor women saw themselves set in a row
thus, and fetched out one by one, the terrors of their
condition returned upon them again, and they firmly be.
lived they were now going to be devoured. Accord-
ingly, when the English sailor came in and fetched out
one of them, the rest set up a most lamentable cry, and
hung about her, and took their leave of her with such
agonies and affection as would have grieved the hard-
est heart in the world ; nor was it possible for the Eng-

lishmen to satisfy them that they were not to be imme-
diately murdered, till they fetched the old man, Fri-
day's father, who immediately let them know that the

11 e men, who were to fetch them out one by one, had
hliosen them for their wives.
When they had done, and the fright the women were
in was a little over, the men went to work, and the
Spaniards came and helped them ; and in a few hours
tlev had built them every one a new hut or tent for
their lodging apart; for those they had already were
crowded with their tools, household stuff, and provi-
sions. The three wicked ones had pitched farthest otf,
and the two honest ones nearer, but both on the north
shore of the island, so that they continued separated as
before; and thus my island was peopled in three places;
:il. as I might say, three towns were begun to be
Arnd here it is very well worth observing, that, as it
(nIe.n happens in the world (what thie wise ends of
God's providence are in such a disposition of things I
cannot say), the two honest fellows had the two worst
wives; and the three reprobates, that were scarce
worth hanging, that were tit for nothing, and neither
,,cmned born to do themselves good nor any one else,
hiad three clever, diligent, careful, and ingenious wives;
not that the list two were had wives, as to their temper
,or humour, for all the live were most willing, quiet,
passive, and subjected creatures, rather like slaves
than wives; but my meaning is, they were not alike
capable, ingenious, or industrious, or alike cleanly and
Another observation I must make, to the honour of a
diligent application on one hand, and to the disgrace of
a slothful, negligent, idle temper, on the other, that
when I came to the place, and viewed the several im-
provements, plantings, and management of the several
little colonies, the two men had so far outgone the
three that there was no comparison. They had, in-
deed both of them as much ground laid out for corn as
they wanted, and the reason was, because, according to
mny rule, nature dictated that it was to no purpose to
sw more corn than they wanted; but the difference of
tihe cultivation, of the planting, of the fences, and, in-
deed, of every thing else, was easy to be seen at first

The two men had innumerable young trees planted
about their huts, so that, when you care to the place,
nothing was to be seen but a wood: and though they
had twice had their plantation demolished, once hv
their own countrymen, and once hv the enenv, as shall
he shown in its place, yet they had restored all again.
aRd every thing was thriving and flourishing abouil
them : thev had Irapes planted in order, and managed
like a vineyard, though they had themselves never seen
any thing of that kind; and, by their good ordering
their iines, their grapes were as good again as anv of
the others. Thei had also found themselves out a re-
treat in the thickest part of the woods: where, though
there was not a natural cnave, as I had found, vet thev
made one with incessan t labour of tlreir haInds, and
where, when tlih ischief which followed happened,
they secured their wives and children so as they could
never be found ; tIhey Ia inii, iby sticking innumerable
stakes and poles of tlie wood which, as I said, grew so
readily, made the grove lmpassablc, except in some
places, where they climbed up to get over the outside
Part, and then went on Ib waRs of thfir own lea~ing.
As to tlie three reprolates, as I justly call them,
though they were much civilized by their settlement
compared to what they were before, and were not so
quarrelsome, having not tlie same opportunity ; vet one
of the certain companions of a prolligate mind never
left them, and that was their idleness. It is true, they
planted corn, and made fences; but Solomon's words
were never better verified than in tIhem, 1 went by
the vinevard of the slotlhful, and it was all overgrown
with thorns;'' for when the Spaniiards came to view
their crop. they could not see it ini somen places for
weeds, the hedge had several gaps i it, where lhe wild
goats had got in and eaten n p tlie corn ; perhaps here
and there a dead bush was crammed in, to stop them
out for the present, but it was only shutting the stable-
door after the steed was stolen : whereas, when they
looked on tle colony of tlhe other two, there was tile
very face of industry and success upon all they did;
there was not a weed to he seen in all their corn, or a
S'ap in any uof their hedges; and they, on the other hand,

verified Solomon's words in another place, that the
diligent hand maketh rich ;" for every thing grew and
thrived, and they had plenty within and without; they
had more tame cattle than the others, more utensils and
inecessaries within doors, and yet more pleasure and
diversion too.
It is true, the wives of the three were very handy and
cleanly within doors: and having learned the English
wais of dressing and cooking from one of the other
Englishmeni, who, as I said, was a cook's mate on hoard
the ship, they dressed their husbands' victuals very
nicely and well; whereas the others could not be
brought to understand it; but then the husband, who,
as I say, had been cook's mate, did it himself. But as
for the husbands of the three wives, they loitered about,
fetched turtles' eggs, and caught fish and birds; in a
word, anything but labour; and they tared accordingly.
'1i'le diligent lived well and comfortable ; and the sloth-
ful lived hard and beggarly ; and so, 1 believe, generally
speaking, it is all over the world.
But I now come to a scene dillerent from all that had
happened before, either to them or to me ; and the ori-
ginal of the story was this: Early one morning, there
came on shore five or six canoes of Indians or savages,
call them which you please, and there is no room to
doult they came upon the old errand of feeding upon
their slaves; but that part was now so familiar to the
Spaniards, and to our mnen too, that they did not con-
cern themselves about it, as I did: but having been
made sensible, by their experience, that their only bu-
siness was to lie concealed, and that if they were not
seen by any of the savages, they would go off again
quietly, when their business was done, having, as yet,
not the least notion of there being any inhabitants in the
island; 1 say, having been made sensible of this, they
had nothing to do but give notice to all the three plan-
tations to keep within doors, and not show themselves,
only placing a scout in a proper place, to give notice
when the boats went to sea again.
This was, without doubt, very right; but a disaster
spoiled all these measures, and made it known among
the savages that there were inhabitants there; which

Whs, in tlhe enld, the desolation of almost the whole co-
lony. After the canoes %%ith the savages were gone ofi',
the Spaniards peeped abroad again; and some of them
had the curiosity to go to the place where they had
been, to see what they had been doing. Here, to their
great surprise, they found three savages left behind,
and lying fast asleep upon0 the ground. It was sup-
posed they had either been so gorged with their inhu-
man feast tlial, like beasts, they were fallen asleep, and
would not stir whlen the othleis went, or thcv Iiad wan-
dered into the woods, and did not come back in time to
be taken in.
The Spani yards were greatly surprised at this sight, and
perfectly at a loss wlhat to do. The Spanish governor,
as it happened, was with them, and his advice was
asked, but lie profelsedl lie knew not what to do. As
for slaves, thev had enough already ; and as to killing
them, there were none of them inclined to that: the
Spaniard governor told me, they could not think of
shedding innocent blood : lor as to them, the poor crea-
tures had done them no wrong, invaded none of their
property, and they thought tl:ey liad no just quarrel
against them, to take a~wav t i'ir lives. And here
1 must, in justice to these Spaniards, observe, that
let the accounts of Spanish cruelty in Mexico and Peru
be what they will, I never met with seventeen men of
any nation whatsoever, in any foreign country, who
were so universally imodetst, temperate, virtuous, so very
good hunoured, and so courteous, as these Spaniards:
and as to cruelty, thie had nothing of it in their very
nature : no in humanity, no barbarity, no outrageous
passions; and yet all of them men of great courage and
spirit. Their temper and calmness had appeared in
their bearing the inisufli aile usage of the three Eng-
lishmen ; and their justice and humanity appealed now
in the case of the sai ages as above. After some consul-
tation, they resolved upon this; that they would lie
still awhile longer, till, if possible, these three men
might be gone. Hut then thle governor Spaniard re-
collected that the three savages had no boat; and if
they were left to rove about the island, they would cer-
tainly discover that there were inhabitants in it; and

s., they should be undone that way. Upon this they
went back again, and there lay the fellows fast asleep
still, and so they resolved to awaken them, and take
them prisoners; and they did so. 'The poor fellows
were strangely frightened when they were seized upon
and bound; and afraid, like the women, that they
should be murdered and eaten: for it seems, those peo-
ple think all the world does as they do, eating men's
flesh; but they were soon made easy as to that, and
away they carried them.
It was very happy for them that they did not carry
them home to their castle, I mean to my palace under
the hill; but they carried them tirst to the bower,
where was the chief of their country work, such as the
keeping the goats, the planting the corn, &c. ; and af-
terward they carried them to the habitation of the two
i:ii lishmen.
lHere they were set to work, though it was not much
Ilihy had for them to do; and whether it was by negli-
,rnce in guarding them, or that they thought the fel-
lows could not mend themselves, 1 know not, but one
f1' them ran away, and taking to the woods, they could
iiever hear of him any more.
They had good reason to believe he got home again
sooni after, in some other boats or canoes of savages
\\ho came on shore three or four weeks afterwards; and
" ho, carrying on their revels as usual, went off in two
days' time. This thought terrified them exceedingly;
f'>r they concluded, and that not without good cause
indeed, that if this fellow came home safe among his
comrades, he would certainly give them an account that
there were people in the island, and also how few and
weak they were; for this savage, as 1 observed before,
had never been told, and it was very happy he had not,
how many there were, or where they li% ed; nor had he
ever seen or heard the fire of any of their guns, much
less had they shown him any of their other retired
places; such as the cave in the valley, or the new
rerecat which the two Englishmen had made, and the
The first testimony they had that this fellow had
given intelligence of them was, that about two months

after this, six canoes of savages, with about seven, eight,
or ten men in a canoe, came rowing along the north
side of tice island, w here they never used to come be-
fore, and lauded, about an hour after sunrise, at a con-
enlient place, about a mile from the habitation of the
two Enl:ujishimen, where this escaped man had been
kept. As the Spaniard go ernor said, had they been
all there, the damage would niot Ihae been so much,
for not a man of them Iwould hiive escaped : hut the
case dillticedi now seiyr much, for two men to lifty Has
too much adds. Theli two men had the happiness to
discover them about a league oil, so that it was above
an hour beloic Ithe landteid; and as thev landed a mile
fronn their lii ts, it iwas sillme time beloi e tliev could comec
at them. Nhow, having great reason to beliei e that thev
were betlraYed, the first thliig they did wias to bind the
two slaves whichl were leftl, and cause two ,of the three
men wlhom thley Ibrought withl the women (who, it seems,
proved ver failhfil to lthem), to lead them,, ith their
two wvi es, and whatever they could carry awavy withi
them, to their reti ed places in the woods, which 1 hate
spoken of aboie, and there to bind the two fellows
hand and lfoot, till they heard farther.
In the necxt place, seeing the sai ages were all cone
on shore, and that they had bent their course directly
that wav, tlhv opened the fences where the mnilch-goats
were kept, and dlrv e Ithem all out ; leading their goats
to straggle in the woods, wlhither they pleased, that tlie
savages might think they were all hied vmild; but the
rogue who came with them was too cunning for that,
and gai e then an account of it all, for they went directly
to the place.
When the two poor frightened men had secured their
wises and goods, they sent the other slave they had of
the three whlo came with hlie women, and who was at
their place by accident, away to ie Spaniards with all
speed, to gii c them thle alarm, and desire speedy help;
and, in the mean time, they took their arms, and what
ammunition they had, and retreated towards the place
in the wood where their wives were sent; keeping at a
distance, yet so that they might see, if possible, which
way the savages took.

They had not gone far, but that from a rising ground
I!he could see the little army of their enemies come on
directly to their habitation, and, in a moment more,
co(old see all their huts and household stuff flaming up
together, to their great grief and mortification; for
They had a very great loss, to them irretrievable, at
Iastt for some time. They kept their station for a
While, till they found the savages, like wild beasts,
SIpread themselves all over the place, rummaging every
\;y, and every place they could think of. in search of
ipre. and in particular for the people, of whom, now,
it plainly appeared they had intelligence.
'The two Englishmen seeing this, thinking themselves
|nit secure where they stood, because it was likely some
tl' thle wild people miight come that way, and they might
c('ime too many together, thought it proper to make an-
olier retreat about half a mile farther: believing, as it
afterwards happened, that the farther they strolled, the
fi-ter would be together.
Their next halt was at the entrance into a very thick-
.rowu part of the woods, and where an old trunk of a
tire stood, which was hollow and vastly large; and in
this tree they both took their standing, resolving to see
there whatt might offr. They had not stood there long
Itfore two of the savages appeared running directly
that way, as if they already had notice where they
stood, and were coming up to attack them ; and a little
uay farther they espied three more coming after them,
ind live more beyond them, all coming the same way:
besides which, they saw seven or eight more at a dis-
tance running another way; for, in a word, they ran
e cry way, like sportsmen beating for their game.
The poor men were now in great perplexity whether
they should stand and keep their posture, or fly; but,
after a very short debate with themselves, they consi-
dered, that if the savages ranged the country thus before
help came, they might perhaps find out their retreat in
the woods, and then all would be lost; so they resolved
to stand them there; and it'they were too many to deal
with, theu they would get up to the top of the tree,
from whence they doubted not to defend themselves,
fire excepted, as long as their ammunition lasted,

though all the savages that were landed, which was
near fiftv, were to attack them.
Having resol ed upon this, they next considered
whether they should fire at the first two, or wait for
the three, and so take the middle party, by which the
two and the five that followed would be separated; at
length they resolved to let the first two pass by, unless
they should spy them in the tree, and come to attack
them. The first two savages confirmed them also in
this regulation, by turning a little from them towards
another part of the wood ; but the tree, and the five
after them, came forward directly to the tree, as if they
had known thie Englishmen weiei there. Seeing tlhem
come so straight towai ds them, Ihey resolved to take
them in a line as they came ; and as they resolved to
fire but one at a time, perhaps the first shot might hit
them all three: for which purpose, the mair who was
to fire put three or four small bullets into his piece ;
and having a Ifir loop-hole, as it were, from a broken
hole in the tree, lie took a sure aim, without being seen,
waiting till they were willing about thirty yards of the
tree, so that he could not miss.
While they were thus waiting, and the savages came
on, they plainly saw that one of the three was the run-
away savage that had escaped from them; and they
both knew him distinctly, and resolved that, if possible,
lie should not escape, though they should both fire ; so
the other stood ready with his piece, that if he did not
drop at the first shot, lie should be sure to have a se-
cond. But the first was too good a marksmran to miss
his aim; for as the sa' ages kept near one another, a
little behind, in a line, ihe fired, and hit two of them
directly: the foremost was killed outright, being shot
in the head; the second, \ which was tle runaway In-
dian, was shot through the body, and fell, but was not
quite dead; and the third had a little scratch in the
shoulder, perhaps byI the same ball that went through
the hody of the second ; and being dreadfully frighten-
ed, though not so much hurt, sat down upon the ground,
screaming and yelling in a hideous manner.
The live that were behind, more frightened with the
noise than sensible of the danger, stood still at first;

fior the woods made the sound a thousand times bigger
Ilian it really was, the echoes rattling from one side to
;iMjolher, and the fowls rising from all parts, screaming,
;:wl ei cry sort making a different noise, according to
their kind ; just as it was when I fired the first gun that
lptrhaps was ever shot off in the island.
However, all being silent again, and they not know-
ing what the matter was, came on unconcerned, till they
came to the place where their companions lay in a con-
dition miserable enough; and here the poor ignorant
creatures, not sensible that they were within reach of
the same mischief, stood all ofa huddle over the wound-
ci( man, talking, and, as may be supposed, inquiring of
liim how he came to be hurt; and who, it is very ra-
tional to believe, told them, that a flash of fire first, and
immediately after that thunder from their gods, had
killed those two and wounded him ; this I say, is ra-
tlinal; for nothing is more certain than that, as they
asiw no man near them, so they had never heard a gun
in all their lives, nor so much as heard of a gun; nei-
ther knew they anything of killing and wounding at a
instancee with tire and bullets: if they had, one might
i'asonably believe they would not have stood so un-
i ontccrned in viewing the fate of their fellows, without
.,ime apprehensions of their own.
Our two men, though, as they confessed to me, it
lriIvcd them to be obliged to kill so many poor crea-
tures, wiho, at the same time, had no notionof their dau-
,r0,; yet, having them all thus in their power, and the
lirst having loaded his piece again, resolved to let ly
both together among them ; and singling out, by agree-
miient, which to aim at, they shot together, and killed,
or very much wounded, four of then; the fifth, fright-
'teed cven to death, though not hurt, fell with the rest;
so that our men, seeing them all fall together, thought
tlrvI had killed them all.
The belief that the savages were all killed made our
two men come boldly out from the tree before they had
charged their guns, which was a wrong step; and they
were under some surprise when they came to the place,
and found no less than four of them alive, and of them,
two very little hurt, and one not at all: this obliged

them to fall upon them with the stocks of their mus-
kets; and first they made sure of the runaway savage,
that had been the cause of all the mischief, and of an-
other that was hurt in the knee, and put them out of
their pain : then the man that was not hurt at all, came
and kneeled down to them, with his two hands held up,
and made piteous moans to them, by gestures and signs,
for his life, but could not say one word to them that
they could understand. However, they made signs to
him to sit down at the foot of a tree hard by ; and one
of the Englishmen, with a piece of rope twined, which

he had by great chance in his pocket, tied his two hands
behind him, and there they left him: and with what
speed they could made after the other two, which were
gone before, *. i... it. .- any more of them, should
find the way t... II *... .I place in the woods, where
their wives, and the few goods they had left lay. They
came once in sight of the two men, but it was at a great
distance; however, they had the satisfaction to see
them cross over a valley towards the sea, quite the con-
trary way from that which led to their retreat, which
they were afraid of; and being satisfied with that, they
went back to the tree where they left their prisoner,
who, as they supposed, was delivered by his comrades,
for he was gone, andI the two pieces of ropeyarn, with
which they had bound him, lay just at the foot of the
They were now in as great concern as before, not

knowing what course to take, or how near the enemy
might be, or in what numbers; so they resolved to go
away to the place where their wives were, to see if all
was well there, and to make them easy, who were in
fright enough to be sore; for though the savages were
their own country-folk, yet they were most*terribly
afraid of them, and perhaps the more for the knowledge
they had of them.
V*hen they came there, they found the savages Bm
been in the wood, and very near that place, but had rot
found it: for it was indeed inaccessible, by the treed
standing so thick, as before, unless the persons seeking
it had been directed by those that knew it, which these
did not; they found, therefore, every thing very safe,
only the women in a terrible fright. While they were
here, they had the comfort to have seven of the Spa-
niards come to their assistance; the other ten, with
their servants, and old Friday, I mean Friday's father,
were gone in a body to defend their bower, and the
corn and cattle that was kept there, in case the savages
should have roved over to that side of the country; but
they did not spread so far. With the seven Spaniards
came one of the three savages, who, as I said, were
their prisoners formerly; and with them also came the
savage whom the Englishmen had left bound hand and
foot at the tree; for it seems they came that way, saw
the slaughter of the seven men, and unbound the eighth,
and brought him along with them; where, however,
they were obliged to bind him again, as they had the
two others who were left when the third ran away.
The prisoners now began to be a burden to them;
and they were so afraid of their escaping that they
were once resolving to kill them all, believing 4bey
were under an absolute necessity to do so for their own
preservation. However, the Spaniard governor would
not consent to it; but ordered, for the present, that
they should be sent out of the way, to my old cave in
the valley, and be kept there, with two Spaniards to
guard them; and give them food for their subsistence,
which was done; and they were bound there hand and
foot for that night.
.When the Spaniards came, the two Englishmen were

so encouraged that they could not satisfy themselves to
stay any longer there; but taking five of the Spaniards
and themselves, with four muskets and a pistol among
them, and two stout quarter staves, away they went in
quest of the savages. And first they came to the tree
where the men lav that had been killed ; but it was
easy to see that some more of the savages had been
there, for the had attempnted to carry t (r heir dead men
away, and had drag'"ed two of them a good way, but
had given it over. lrom thence they advanced to the
first rising ground, where they had stood and seen their
camp destroyed, and where they had the mortification
still to see some of tlie smoke : but neither could they
here see any of the savages. 'I'hey then resolved,
though with all possible caution, to go forward, towards
their ruined plantation; but a little before they came
tlitlher, corning in si:ht of the seashore, they saw
plainly. the savages all embarked again in their canoes,
in order to be gone. They seemed sorry, at first, that
there was no way to come at them, to give them a part-
ing blow ; but, upon tho whole, they were very wel
satisfied to be rid of them.
The poor Englishmen being now twice ruined, and
all their improvements destroyed, the rest all agreed to
come and help them to rebuild, and to assist them with
needful supplies. Their three countrymen, who wero
not Net noted for having tile least inclination to do any
good, yet as soon as they heard of it (for they living re-
mote eastward, knew nothing of the matter till all was
over), came and offered their help and assistance, and
did, very fricindlv, woik for several days, to restore
their habitation, and make necessaries for them. And
thus, in a little time, they were set upon their legs
About two days after this, they had the farther satis-
faction of seeing three of the savages' canoes come driv-
ing on shore, and, at some distance from them, two
drowned men: by which they had reason to believe
that they had met with a storm at sea, which had over-
set some of them ; for it had blown very hard the night
after they went off.
However, as some might miscarry, so, on the other

hIand, enough of them escaped to inform the rest, as
well of what they had (lone as of what had happened to
them, and to whet them on to another enterprise of the
same nature ; which they, it seems, resolved to attempt,
Nvith sulliciint force to carry all before them: for ex-
cept what the first man had told them of inhabitants,
they could say little of it of their own knowledge, for
they never saw one man ; and the fellow being killed
that had affirmed it, they had no other witness to cou-
firm it to them.
It was five or six months after this before they heard
any more of the savages, in which time our men were
in hopes they had either forgot their former had luck,
or given over hopes of better; when, on a sudden, they
were invaded with a most formidable fleet of no less
than eight and twenty canoes, full of savages, armed
with bows and arrows, great clubs, wooden swords, and
suchlike engines of war; and they brought such num-
hers with them, that, in short, it put all our people into
the utmost consternation.
As they came on shore in the evening, and at the
easternmost side of the island, our men had that night to
consult and consider what to do; and, in the first place,
knowing that their being entirely concealed was their
onlyv safety before, and would be much more so now,
while the number of their enemies was so great, they
therefore resolved, first of all, to take down the huts
which were built for the two Englishmen, and drive
away their goats to the old cave; because they supposed
the savages would go directly thither, as soon as it was
day, to play the old game over again, though they did
not now land within two leagues of it. In the next
place, they drove away all the flocks of goats they had
at the old bower, as 1 called it, which belonged to the
Spaniards; and, in short, left as little appearance ofinha-
hitants any where as was possible: and the next morning
early they posted themselves, with all their force, at
the plantation of the two men, to wait for their coming.
As they guessed, so it happened: these new invaders,
leaving their canoes at the east end of the island, came
ranging along the shore, directly towards the place, to
the number of two hundred and fifty, as near as our men

could judge. Our army was but small, indeed ; but
that which was worse, tiey had not arms for all their
number neither. The whole account, it sell, stood
thus: first, as to men, seventeen Spaniards, live Eng-
lislimen, old Friday, or Friday's father, the three slaves
taken with the women, who proved verv faithful, and
three other slaves, who lived witl tile Spaniards. To
arm tliese, they lhad eleven muskets, live pistols, three
fowlinllpieces, live muskets, or fowlingll)ieces, which
were taken i'v me from the mutinous seamen whom I
reductied, two swords. and three old halberts.
To their slaves they did not give either musket or
fusee, but they had every one a halbert, or a lonl shtll'
like a quarter-stall', with a great spike of iron fastened
intco each end of it, and hl Ihis side a hatchet : also
every onel of our imen had a hatchet. Two of the wo-
men couil no ,t )P pirevaliled upon hut they would come
into the tight, and tlhei had bows and arrows, which lte
Spaniards had taken fromtl tile savages when the first ac-
tioin ihalipened, which I have spoken of, where' the lai-
dians fought with one another; and the women had
hatchets too.
The Spianiard governor, whom I described so often,
coimmailded the whole: and Will Atkins, who, though
a dreadilful f Ilow tfr wickedness, was a most daring,
hold tellwv, contmandevd under him. The savages came
forward like lions; and our men, which was the worst
<(A their faite, had no advantage in the ir situation ; only
tlhal \\ill Atkins, who now proved a most useful fellow,
,with six men, was planted just behind a small thicket
of buishies, as an advanced guard, with orders to let the
lir't of tihei pass bv, and then fire into the middle of
them, and as soon as lit had tired, to milake his retreat as
inimble as le could round a part of tile wood, and so
come in bellind the Spaniards, where they stood, hav-
inli a thicket of trees before tlitem.
Whiien tile savages came on, they ran straggling about
every was in heaps, out of all manner of order, and \Will
Atkins let about tiftv of them pass by himl; then seeing
the rest come in a very thick throng, lie orders three of
his men to fire, having loaded their muskets with six or
scveen bullets apiece, about as big as large pistol-bul-

lets. low iany they killed or wounded they knew
not, but the consternation and surprise was inexpressi-
ble among the savages; they were frightened to the
last degree to hear such a dreadful noise, and see their
imen killed, and others hurt, but see nobody that did it;
when, in the middle of their fright, Will Atkins and his
other three let fly again among the thickest of them;
and in less than a minute the first three being loaded
naain, gave them a third volley.
Had Will Atkins and his men retired immediately,
as soon as they had fired, as they were ordered to do, or
had the rest of the body been at hand, to have poured
in their shot continually, the savages had been effectu-
ally routed; for the terror that was among them came
pri-ncipally from this, vi.. that they were killed by the
gods with thunder and lighting, and could see nobody
that hurt them; but Will Atkins, staying to load
again, discovered the cheat: some of the savages who
were at a distance spying them, came upon them be-
hind ; and though Atkins and his men fired at them
also, two or three times, and killed above twenty, re-
tiring as fast as they could, yet they wounded Atkins
himself, and killed one of his fellow Englishmen with
their arrows, as they did afterwards one Spaniard, and
one of the Indian slaves who came with the women.
This slave was a most gallant fellow, and fought most
desperately, killing live of them with his own hand,
having no weapon but one of the armed staves and a
Our men being thus hard laid at, Atkins wounded,
and two other men killed, retreated to a rising ground
in the wood ; and the Spaniards, after firing three vol-
less upon them, retreated also; for their number was
so great, and they were so desperate, that though above
fifty of them were killed, and more than as many
wounded, yet they came on in the teeth of our men,
fearless of danger, and shot their arrows like a cloud;
and it was observed that their wounded men, who were
not quite disabled, were made outrageous by their
wounds, and fought like madmen.
When our men retreated, they left the Spaniard and
the Englishman that were killed behind them; and the

savages, when they came R ip to them, killed them over
again in a wretched manner, breaking their armns, legs,
and heads, with their clubs and wooden swords, like
true savages; but finding our men were gone, they did
not seem to pursue them, but drew themselves up in a
ring, Nwhich is. it seems, their custom, and shouted
twice, in token of their victory ; afier -hiclh, they had
the mortilfiation to see several of their wounded men
fall, d in tg with tihe ni, ei loss of' blood.
The Spaniard governor having drawn his little body
up together upon a rising ground, Atkins, though lie
was woundtledr, would hale had Ihem march and charge
again all together at once: but the Spaniard replied,
' Seignior Atkins, you see how their wounded men fight:
let them alone till Imioriing ; all the wounded men will
be still and sore \\itli their wounds, and fHintl with the
loss of ,ood; iand so e .C hall have tlie fe:\er to en-
gage." Thi., ad ice w~ s good ; but W\ill Alk ins replied
merrily, ''That is true, Seignior, and so Ishall I too;
and that is lhe reason I wonul go on while I am warm."
-"Well, Seignior Atkins,"'' sas the Spaniard, ,you
have behaved gallantly, and done your part; we will
fight for you, if you cannot come on ; but I think it best
to stay till niorning:" so thiey wailed.
But as it was a clear moonlight nigit, and they found
the savages in great disorder albot their dead and
wounded men, and a great noise and hurry among them
where they lay, they afterwcards resolved to fall upon
them in the night ; especially% if thfe could come to gi iv
them but one volley before they were discovered,
which they had a fair opportunity to do ; for one of the
Einglishmen, in whose quarter it was where the tight
began, led them round between the woods and the sea-
side westward, and then turning short soutl, they camo
so near where the thickest of them lay, that, before they
were seen or heard, eight of them fired in among them,
and did dreadful execution upon them; in half a mi-
nute more, eight others tired after them, pouring in
their small shot in such a quantity, that abundance
were killed and wounded ; and all this while they were
not aide to see who hurt them, or which way to fly.
The Spaniards charged again with the utmost expe-

edition, and then divided themselves in three bodies,
iand resolved to fall in among them all together. They
had in each body eight persons, that is to say, twenty-
two men, and the two women, who, by the way, fought
desperately. They divided the fire-arms equally in
each party, and so the halberts and staves. They would
have had the women kept back, but they said they were
resolved to die with their husbands. Having thus
formed their little army, they marched out from among
the trees, and came up to the teeth of the enemy, shoot-
ing and hallooing as loud as they could ; the savages
sto(1o all together, but were in the utmost confusion,
hearing the noise of our men shouting from three quar-
ters together: they would have fought if they had seen
us ; for as soon as we came near enough to be seen,
some arrows were shot, and poor old Friday was
wounded, though not dangerously; but our men gave
tiem no time, but, running up to them, fired among
them three ways, and then fell ii with the butt ends of
their mnskets, their swords, armed staves, and hatchets,
and laid about them so well that, in a word, they set
up a dismal screaming and howling, flying to save their
lies which way soever they could.
Oulr men were tired with the execution, and killed
or mortally wounded in the two fights about one hun-
dred and eighty of them ; the rest, being frightened out
of their wits, scoured through the woods and over the
hills, with all the speed fear aud nimble feet could help
them to; and as we did not trouble ourselves much to
Pursue them, they got all together to the seaside where
they landed, and where their canoes lay. But their
disaster was not at an lend yet; for it blew a terrible
storm of wind that evening tr'om the sea, so that it was
iiiossible for them to go ofl'; nay, the storm continu-
ing all night, when the tide came up, their canoes were
most of them diiven by the surge of the sea so high
upon the shore that it required infinite toil to get them
ofl'; and some of them were even dashed to pieces
against the beach, or against one another.
Our men, though glad of their victory, yet got little
rest that night; but having refreshed themselves as
well as they could, they resolved to march to that part

of the island where the savages were fled, and see what
posture they were in. This necessarily led them over
the place where the fight had been, and where there
found several of the poor creatures not quite dead, and
yet past recovering life; a sight disagreeable enough to
generous minds; for a truly great man, though obliged
by the law of battle to destrov his enemy, takes no de-
light in his misery. H iwe er, there was no need to
give any orders inl this case ; for their own savages,
who were their servants, despatched these poor crea-
tures with their hat(hets.
At length, they came in view of the place where the
more miserable remains of the savages' army lay, where
there appeared about a hundred still: tleir posture
was generally sitting upo~ the ground, with their knees
up towards their mouth, and the head put between the
two hands, leaning down upon the knees.
When our men came within two musket-shots of
them, the Spaniard governor ordered two muskets to
be fired, without ball, to alarm them: this he did, that
by their countenance lie might know what to expect,
viz. whether they were still in heart to fight, or were
so heartily bcaten as to be dispirited and discouraged,
and so he might manage accordingly. This stratagem
took; for as soon as the savages heard the first gun and
saw the flash of the second, they started u upon their
feet in the greatest consternation imaginable: and as
our men advanced swilfly towards them, they all ran
screaming and selling away, with a kind of howling
noise, which our men did not understand, and had
never heard before ; and thus they ran up the hills into
the country.
At first our men had much rather the weather had
been calm, and they had all gone away to sea; but they
did not then consider that this might probably have
been the occasion of their coming again in such multi-
tudes as not to be resisted, or, at least, to come so many
and so often, as would quite desolate the island, and
starve them. 1ill Atkins, therefore, iwho, notwith-
standing his wound, kept always with them, proved the
best counsellor in this case: his advice was, to take the
advantage that offered, and clap in between them and

ltheir boats, and so deprive them of the capacity of ever
returning any more to plague the island.
They consulted long about this; and some were
against it for fear of making the wretches fly to the
woods and live there desperate, and so they should
have them to hunt like wild beasts, be afraid to stir out
about their business, and have their plantations conti-
nualiv rifled, all their tame goats destroyed, and, in
short, be reduced to a life of continual distress.
Will Atkins told them they had better have to do
with a hundred men than with a hundred nations: that
as they must destroy their boats, so they must destroy
the men, or be all of them destroyed themselves. In a
word, he showed them the necessity of it so plainly
tliat they all came into it; so they went to work imme-
diately with the boats, and getting some dry wood toge-
ther from a dead tree, they tried to set some of them on
lire, but they were so wet that they would not burn ;
however, the fire so burned the upper part that it soon
made them unfit for swimming in the sea as boats.
When the Indians saw what they were about, some of
them came running out of the woods, and coming as
near as they could to our men, kneeled down and cried,
Oa, Oa, Waramokoa," and some other words of their
language, which none of the others understood any
thing of; but as they made pitilul gestures and strange
noises, it was easy to understand they begged to have
their boats spared, and that they would be gone, and
never come there again. But our men were now satis-
tied that they had no way to preserve themselves, or to
save their colony, but eflectually to prevent any of these
people from ever going home again: depending upon
this, that if even so much as one of them got back into
their country to tell the story, the colony was undone;
so that, letting them know that they should not have
any mercy, they fell to work with their canoes, and de-
stroyed them every one that the storm had not destroy-
ed before; at the sight of which the savages raised a
hideous cry in the woods, which our people heard plain
enough, after which they ran about the island like dis-
tracted men; so that, in a word, our men did not really
know what at first to do with them. Nor did the Spa-

niards, with all their prudence, consider, that while
they made those people thus desperate, they ought to
have kept a good guard at the same time upon their
plantations; for though, it is true, they had driven away
their cattle, and the Indians did not find out their main
retreat, I mean my old castle at the hill, nor the cave
in the allev, vet thev fouund out my plantation at the
bower, and pulled it all to pieces, and all the fences and
planting about it; trod all the corn under foot, tore up
the vines and grapes, being just then almost ripe, and did
our men an inestimable damage, though to themselves
not one farthilng's worth of service.
Though our men were able to fight them upon all oc-
casions, yet they were in no condition to pursue them,
or hunt then up and down ; for as they weie too nimble
of foot for our men, when they found them single, so
our men durst not go abroad single, for fear of being
surrounded with their numbers. The best was, they
had no weapons ; for though they had bows, they had;
no arrows left, nor any materials to make any ; nor had
they any edged tool or weapon among them.
The extremitv and distress they were reduced to was
great, and indeed deplorable; but, at the same time,
our men were also brought to ierv bad circumstances
by them ; for though their retreats were preserved, yet
their provision was destroy ed, and their harvest spoiled ;
and what to do, or whih wa to turn to n themselves, they
knew not. The only refuge tiher had now was, the stock
of cattle they had in the valley by the cave, and some
little corn which grew there, and the plantation of the
three Englishmen, Will Atkins and his comrades, who
were now reduced to two ; one of them being killed by
an arrow, which struck him on the side of his head,
just under the temples, so that lie ne\er spoke more:
and it was very remarkable that this was the same bar-
barous fellow that cut tile poor savage slave with his
hatchet, and who afterwards intended to have murdered
the Spaniards.
I looked upon their case to have been worse at this
time than mine was at any time, after I first discovered
the grains of barley and rice, and got into the manner
of planting and raising my corn, and my tame cattle;

for now they had, as I may say, a hundred wolves upon
lie island, which would devour every thing they could
come at, yet could be hardly come at themselves.
\VWhen they saw what their circumstances were, the
first thin they concluded was, tlht they would, if pos-
.sible, drive them up to the farther part of the island,
south-west, that i' any more savages came on shore they
might not find one another ; then that they would daily
hunt and harass them, and kill as many of them as they
could come at, till they had reduced their number;
;iad if they could at last tame them, and bring them to
a;lii thilln, thce would gie them corn, and teach them
Ihow to plant, and live upon their daily labour.
In order to this, they so followed them, and so terri-
litd then with their guns, that in a few days, if any of
tliem fired a gun at an Indian, if he did not hit him, yet
ie woulhl fall down for fear; and so dreadfully fright-
ened they were that they kept out of sight farther and
fI;rther ; till, at last, our ieni following them, and almost
every day killing or wounding m some of them, they kept
up in the( woods or hollow places so much that it re-
lduced them to the utmost misery for want of food ; and
inRny were afterwards found dead in the woods, without
any hurt, absolutely starved to death.
When our men tound this, it made their hearts relent,
and pity moved them, especially the Spaniard governor,
who was the most gentlemanlike, generous minded
man that I ever met with in may lito; and he proposed,
if possible, to take one of themn- alive, and br-ing him to
understand what they meant, so far as to be able to act
as interpreter, and go among them, and see if they might
he brought to some conditions that might he depended
upon, to save their lives and do us no harm.
It was some awhile before any of them could be taken ;
but being weak and half starved, one of them was at
last surprised and made a prisoner. Hli was sullen at
first, and would neither eat nor drink; bnt finding him-
self kindly used, and victuals give him, and no violence
oll'ered him, he at last grew tractable, and came to him-
self. They brought old Friday to him, who talked
often with him, and told him how kind the others would
be to them all; that they would not only save their

lives, but would give them part of the island to live in,
provided they would give satisfaction that they would
eep in their own bounds, and not come beyond it to
injure or prejudice others; and that they should have
corn given them to plant and make it grow for their
bread, and some bread given them for their present
subsistence: and old Friday bade the fellow go and
talk with the rest of his countrymen, and see what they
said to it; assuring them, that if they did not agree im-
mediately, they should be all destroyed.
The poor wretches, thoroughly humbled, and re-
duced in number to about thirty-seven, closed with the
proposal at the first offer, and begged to have some
food given them; upon which, twelve Spaniards and
two Englishmen, well armed, with three Indian slaves
and old Friday, marched to the place where they were.
The three Indian slaves carried them a large quantity
of bread, some rice boiled up to cakes and dried in the
son, and three live goats; and they were ordered to go
to the side of a hill, where they sat down, ate their pro-
visions very thankfully, and were the most faithful tfl-
lows to their words that could be thought of, for, ex-
cept when they came to beg victuals and directions,
they never came out of their bounds; and there they
lived when 1 came to the island, and I went to see
They had taught them both to plant corn, make
bread, breed tame goats, and milk them: they wanted
nothing but wives, and they soon would have been a
nation. They were confined to a neck of land, sur-
rounded with high rocks behind them, and lying plain
towards the sea before them, on the south-east corner
of the island. They had land enough, and it was very
good and fruitful; about a mile and a half broad, and
three or four miles in length.
Our men taught them to make wooden spades, such as
I made for myself, and gave among them twelve hatchets
and three or four knives, and there they lived, the most
subjected innocent creatures that ever were heard of.
After this, the colony enjoyed a perfect tranquillity,
with respect to the savages, till I came to revisit them,
which was about two years after; not but that, now and

then, some canoes of savages came on shore for their
triumphal, unnatural feasts ; but as they were of several
nations, and perhaps bad never heard of those that came
before, or the reason of it, they did not make any search
or inquiry after their countrymen ; and if they had, it
would have been very hard to have found them out.
Thus, I think, I have given a full account of all that
happened to them till my return, at least, that was worth
notice. The Indians or savages were wonderfully civi-
lized by them, and they frequently went among them;
but forbid, on pain of death, any one of the Indians
comin to them, because they would not have their set-
tlement betrayed again. One thing was very remark-
aile, viz. that they taught the savages to make wicker-
work, or baskets, but they soon outdid their masters;
for they made abundance of most ingenious things in
wickerwork, particularly all sorts of baskets, sieves,
birdcages, cupboards, &c.; as also chairs to sit on,
stools, beds, couches, and abundance of other things;
being very ingenious at such work, when they were
once put in the way of it.
My coming was a particular relief to these people,
because we furnished them with knives, scissors, spades,
shovels, pickaxes, and all things of that kind which
they could want. With the help of those tools they
were so very handy that they came at last to build up
their huts, or houses, very handsomely, raddling or
working it up like basket-work all the way round;
which was a very extraordinary piece of ingenuity, and
looked very odd, but was an exceeding good fence as
well against heat as against all sorts of vermin; and our
men were so taken with it, that they got the wild sa-
vages to come and do the like for them ; so that when 1
came to see the two Englishmen'scolonies, they looked,
at a distance, as if they all lived like bees in a hive.
As for Will Atkins, who was now become a very in-
dustrious, useful, and sober fellow, he had made himself
such a tent of basket work as, 1 believe, was never
seen; it was one hundred and twenty paces round on
the outside, as I measured by my steps; the walls were
as close worked as a basket, in panels or squares of
thirty-two in number, and very strong, standing about

seven feet high : in the middle was another not above
twenty-two paces round, but built stronger, being oc-
tagon in its form, and in tie eight corners stood eight
very strong posts; round the top of which ie laid strong
pieces, pinned together with wooden pins, from which
he raised a p1 raid for a roof of eight rafters, very
handsome, I assure oou, and joined together very well,
though lie had no nails, and only a few iron spikes,
which lie made himself too, out of the old iron that I
had left there; and, indeed, this fellow showed abun-
dance of i n.enuitv in several things which lie had no
knowledge of': ie made him a forge, with a pair of
wooden bellows to blow the fire ; he made himself char-
coal for his work ; and he formed out of the iron crows
a middllinig ,godi am il to hammer upon : in this manner
lie made many filings, but especially hooks, staples, and
spikes, hlts and hinges.-Hut to return to the house:
After lie had pitchlid the roof of his innermost tent, lie
worked it up Ibetween the rafters with basket-work, so
firm, and thatched that over again so ingeniously with
rice-straw, and over that a large leaf of a tree, which co-
vered the top, that his house was as dry as if it had been
tiled or slated. Indeed, he owned thai the savages had
made the basket-work for him. Tlie outer circuit was
covered as a lean-to, all round this inner apartment,
and long rafters lav from the thirty-two angles to the
top posts of lie inner house, being about twenty feet
distant, so lhat there was a space like a walk within the
outer wicker-wall and without the inner, near twenty
feet wide.
The inner place he partitioned off with tlme same
wicker-work, but inuch fairer, and di ided into six
apartments, so that lie had six rooms on a floor, and out
of every one of these there was a door; first into the
entry, or coming into the main tent, another door into
the main tea4t, and another door into the space or walk
that was round it; so that walk was also divided into
six equal parts, which served not only for a retreat, but
to store up any necessaries which tihe family had occa-
sion for. These six spaces not taking up the whole
circumference, what other apartments the outer circle
had were thus ordered: As soon as onu were in at the

door of the outer circle, you had a short passage straight
before you to the door of the inner house: but on either
side was a wicker partition, and a door in it, by which
you went first into a large room, or storehouse, twenty
feet wide and about thirty feet long, and through that
into another, not quite so long; so that in the outer
circle were ten handsome rooms, six of which were
onily to be come at through the apartments of the inner
tent, and served as closets or retiring rooms to the re-
spective chambers of the inner circle ; and four large
warehouses, or barns, or what you please to call them,
which went through one another, two on either hand
oft the passage, that led through the outer door to the
inner tent.
Such a piece of basket-work, I believe, was never
seen in the world, nor a house or tent so neatly con-
tr ived, much less so built. In this great beehive lived
the three families, that is to say, \ ill Atkins and his
companion; the third was killed, but his wife remain-
ed, %iith three children, for she was, it seems, big with
child when lie died : and the other two were not at all
Backward to give the widow her full share of every
thing, 1 mean as to their corn, milk, grapes, &ec. and
when they killed a kid, or found a turtle on the shore ;
so that they all lived well enough ; though, it was true,
they were not so industrious as the other two, as has
been observed already.
One thing, however, cannot be omitted, viz. that as
for religion, I do not know that there was any thing of
that kind among them: they often, indeed, put one an-
other in mind that there was a God, by the very com-
mon method of seamen, viz. swearing by his name: nor
were their poor ignorant sai age wives much better for
having been married to Christians, as we must call
them ; for as they knew very little of God themselves,
so they were utterly incapable of entering into any dis-
course with their wives about a God, or to talk any
thing to them concerning religion.
The utmost of all the improvement which I can say
the wives had made from them was, that they had taught
them to speak English pretty well; and most of their
children, which were near twenty in all, were taught

to speak English too, from their first learning to speak,
though they at first spoke it in a very broken manner,
like their mothers. There was none of these children
above six years old when I came thither, for it was not
much aboi e seven years that they had fetched these five
savage ladies over; but they had all been pretty fruit-
ful, for they had all children, more or less; I think the
cook's mate's wife was big of her sixth child; and the
mothers were all a good sort of well governed, quiet,
laborious women, modest and decent, helpful to one
another, mighty observant and subject to their masters
(I cannot call them husbands), and wanted nothing but
to be well instructed in the Christian religion, and to
be legally married; both which were happily brought
about afterwards by my means, or, at least, in conse-
quence of my coming among them.
Having thus given an account of the colony in gene-
ral, and pretty much of my runagate English, I must
say somethiingof the Spaniards, who were the main body
of the family, and in whose story there are some inci-
dents also remarkable enough.
I had a great many discourses with them about their
circumstances when they were among the savages. They
told me readily that they had no instances to give of their
application or ingenuity in that country; that they were
a poor, miserable, dejected handful of people; that if
means had been put into their hands, yet they had so
abandoned themselves to despair, and so sunk under the
weight of their misfortune, that they thought of nothing
but starving. One of them, a grave and sensible man,
told me he was convinced they were in the wrong; that
it was not the part of wise men to give themselves up
to their misery, but always to take hold of the helps
which reason offered, as well for present support as for
future deliverance: he told me that grief was the most
senseless insignificant passion in the world, for that it
regarded only things past, which were generally im-
possible to be recalled, or to be remedied, but had no
views of things to come, and had no share in any thing
that looked like deliverance, but rather added to the
affliction than proposed a remedy; and upon this he
repeated a Spanish proverb, which though I cannot

repeat in just the same words that he spoke it in, vet
I remember I made it into an English proverb of my
own, thus:
In trouble to be troubled,
Is to have your trouble doubled.
He ran on then in remarks upon all the little improve-
ments I had made in my solitude; my unwearied ap-
plication, as he called it; and how I had made a condi-
tion which in its circumstances was at first much worse
than theirs, a thousand times more happy than theirs
was, even now when they were all together. He told
me it was remarkable that Englishmen had a greater
presence of mind, in their distress, than any people that
ever he met with: that their unhappy nation and the
Portuguese were the worst men in the world to struggle
with misfortunes; for that their first step in dangers,
after the common efforts were over, was to despair, lie
down under it, and die, without rousing their thoughts
up to proper remedies for escape.
I told him their case and mine differed exceedingly;
that they were cast upon the shore without necessaries,
without supply of food, or present sustenance till they
could provide it: that, it was true, I had this disad-
vantage and discomfort, that I was alone; but then the
supplies I had providentially thrown into my hands, by
the unexpected driving of the ship on shore, was such
a help as would have encouraged any creature in the
world to have applied himself as I had done. Soig-
nior," says the Spaniard, had we poor Spaniards been
in your case, we should never have got half those
things out of the ship, as you did: nay," says he, we
should never have found means to have got a raft to
carry them, or to have got the raft on shore without
boat or sail: and how much less should we have done
if any of us had been alone!" Well, I desired him to
abate his compliment, and go on with the history of
their coming on shore, where they landed. He told
me they unhappily landed at a place where there were
people without provisions; whereas, had they had the
common sense to have put off to sea again, and gone to
another island a little farther, they had found provi-

sions, though without people; there being an island
that way, as they had been told, where there were pro-
visions, though no people; that is to say, that the Spa-
niards of Trinidad had frequently been there, and had
filled the island with goats and Logs at several times,
where they had bred in such multitudes, and where
turtle and seafow Is were in such plenty, that they could
have been in no want 'of flesh, though they hadl found
no bread ; whereas here, they were only sustained with
a few roots and herbs, which they understood not, and
which had no ,substance in them, and which tle inha-
bitants gave them sparingly enough ; and who could
treat them no Ietter, unless they would turn cannibals,
and eat men's flesl, which was the great dainty of their
co ntrv.
They gave me an account how many ways they strove
to civilize tliht s:va es they were with, and to teach
them rational customs in the ordinary way of living, but
in \ ain; and how they retorted it upon them, as unjust,
that tliev, ho camrne there for assistance and support,
should *oit to set up for instructors of those that
gae r. .1 .d ; intimating, it seems, that none should
set upi, Ior the instructors of others but those who could
live \ itihout them.
ThcY g-a 'e ne d ismal accounts of the extcremities they
were drinen to; how soimetlimes they were many days
without any food at all, the island they were upon being
inhabited lb a sort of savages that lived more indolent,
and for that reason were less supplied with the neces-
saries of lilf than they had reason to believe others
were in the same part of the world : and i et they found
that these savages were less ra\enous and voracious
than those wlho had better supplies of food. Also they
added, thel could not but see with what demonstrations
of wisdom and goodness the governing providence of
(God directs the events of things in this world; which,
they said, appeared in their circumstances; for if,
pressed by the hardslipls they were under, and the
barrenness of thet country where they were, they had
searched alter a better to 1 c in, they had then been
out of the way of the relief that happened to them by
my means.

They then gave me an account how the savages whom
they lived among expected them to go out with them
into their wars; and, it was true, that as they had fire-
arms with them, had they not had the disaster to lose
their ammunition, they should have been serviceable
not only to their friends, but have made themselves
terrible both to friends and enemies; but being without
powder and shot, and vet in a condition that they could
Iiot in reason deny to go out with their landlords to
their wars, so when they came into the field of battle,
they were in a worse condition than the savages them-
selves, for they had neither bows nor arrows, nor could
they use those tile savages gave them ; so they could do
lnthing but stand still, and be wounded with arrows,
till they came up to the teeth of their enemy ; and then,
indeed, the three halberds they had were of use to
lliem ; and they would often drive a whole little army
wl;,ore them with those halberds, and sharpened sticks
put uito the minuzzles of their muskets: but that, for all
this, they were sometimes surrounded with multitudes,
a;nd in great danger from their arrows, till at last, they
tifund the way to make themselves large targets of
wood, which they covered with skins of wild beasts,
whose names they knew not, and these covered them
fromni the arrows of the sav ages: that, notwithstanding
these, they were sometimes in great danger; and five
of them were once knocked down together with the
c'libs of the savages, which was the time when one
of them was taken prison, that is to say, tihe Spaniard
whom I had relieved: that at tirst they thought he had
been killed; but when they afterwards heard he was
taken prisoner, they were under the greatest grief ima-
ginable, and would willingly have all ventured their
lives to have rescued him.
They told me that when they were so knocked down,
the rest of their company rescued them, and stood over
them fighting till they were come to themselves, all but
him who they thought had been dead; and then they
made their way with their halberds and pieces, stand-
ing close together in a line, through a body of above a
thousand savages, beating down all that came in their
way, got the victory over their enemies, but to their

great sorrow, because it was with the loss of their friend,
whom the other party, finding him alive, carried off,
with some others, as I gave an account before.
They described, most affectionately, how they were
surprised with joy at the return of their friend and com-
panion in misery, who, they thought, had been devour-
ed by wild beasts of the worst kind, viz. by wild men;
and yet, how more and more they were surprised with
the account he gave them of his errand, and that there
was a Christian in any place near, much more one that
was able, and had humanity enough, to contribute to
their deliverance.
They described how they were astonished at the sight
of the relief I sent them, and at the appearance of loa% ti
of bread, things they had not seen since their corning
to that miserable place; how often they crossed and
blessed it as bread sent from Heaven; and what a re-
viving cordial it was to their spirits to taste it, as also
the other things I had sent for their supply: and, after
all, they would have told me something of the joy they
were in at the sight of a boat and pilots, to carry them
away to the person and place from whence all these new
comforts came, but it was impossible to express it by
words, for their excessive joy naturally driving them to
unbecoming extravagances, they had no way to describe
them, but by telling mo they bordered upon lunacy,
having no way to give vent to their passions suitable to
the sense that was upon them; that in some it worked
one way, and in some another ; and that some of them,
through a surprise of joy, would burst into tears, others
be stark mad, and others immediately faint. This dis-
course extremely affected me, and called to my mind
Friday's ecstasy when he met his father, and the poor
people's ecstasy when I took them up at sea after their
ship was on tire; the joy of the mate of the ship when
lie found himself delivered in the place where he ex-
pected to perish ; and my own joy, when, after twenty-
eight years' captivity, 1 found a good ship ready to
carry me to my own country. All these things made
me more sensible of the relation of these poor men, and
more affected with it.
lfa ing thus given a view of the slate of things as I

found them, I must relate the heads of what I did for
these people, and the condition in which I left them.
It was their opinion, and mine too, that they would be
troubled no more with the savages, or, it they were,
they would he able to cut them oft', if they were twice
as many as before; so they had no concern about that.
Then I entered into a serious discourse with the Spa-
niard, whom I call governor, about their stay in the
island ; for as I was not come to carry any of them off,
,o it would not be just to carry off some and leave
others, who, perhaps, would be unwilling to stay if
Ilieir strength was diminished. On the other hand, I
told them I came to establish them there, not to remove
them: and then I let them know that I had brought
with me relief of sundry kinds for them; that I had
been at a great charge to supply them with all things ne-
rcssarv, as well for their convenience as their defence;
and that I had such and such particular persons with
me, as well to increase and recruit their number, as by
tie particular necessary employment which they were
bred to, being artificers, to assist them in those things
in which at present they were in want.
They were all together when I talked thus to them;
and before I delivered to them the stores I had brought,
I asked them, one by one, if they had entirely forgot
and buried the first animosities that had been among
them, and would shake hands with one another, and
e(iiage in a strict friendship and union of interest, that
so there might be no more misunderstandings and
Will Atkins, with abundance of frankness and good
humour, said, they had met with affliction enough to
make them all sober, and enemies enough to make them
all friends; that, for his part, he would live and die
with them; and was so far from designing any thing
against the Spaniards, that he owned they had done
nothing to him but what his own mad humour made
necessary, and what he would have done, and perhaps
worse, in their case; and that he would ask them par-
don, if I desired it, for the foolish and brutish things
he had done to them, and was very willing and desirous
of living in terms of entire friendship and union with
VOL. 11. H

_1 ~_I __ _~

them, and would do any thing that lay in his power
to convince them of it and as for going to England,
he cared not if lie did not go thither these twenty
'The Spaniards said they had, indeed, at first disarmed
and excluded Will Atkins and,his two countrymen for
their ill conduct, as they had let me know, and their
appealed to mne for the necessity they were under to (do
so; but that Will Atkins had behaved himself so
bravely in the great fight they had with the savages,
and on se eral occasions since, and had showed himself
so faithful to, and concerned for, the general interest of
them all, that they had forgotten all that was passed, and
thought he merited as much to be trusted with arms,
and supplied with necessaries, as any of them ; and they
had testified their satisfaction iin himh, by coIlnmittin
the command to himn, next to the governor himself;
and as they had entire confidence in him and all his
countrymen, so they acknowledged they had merited
that confidence by all the methods that honest mnin
could merit to be valued and trusted; and they most
heartily embraced thie occasion of giving nie this assur-
ance, that they would never have any interest separate
from one another.
Upon these frank and open declarations of friendship,
we appointed the next day to dine all together; and,
indeed, we made a splendid feast. I caused the ship's
cook and his mate to come on shore and dress our diin-
ner, and the old cook's mate we had on shore assisted.
We brought on shore six pieces of good beef, and four
pieces of pork, out of the ship's pro visions, ~ ith otr
punchbowl, and materials to fill it; and in particular, I
gave them ten bottles of French claret, and ten bottles
of English beer ; things lhat neither the Spaniards nor
the English had tasted for many years, and which it
may be supposed they were very glad of. The Spa-
niards added to our feast live whole kids, which the
cooks roasted ; and three of them were sent, covered up
close, on board the ship to the seamen, that they might
feast on fresh meat from on shore, as we did with their
salt meat from on board.
After this feast, at which we were very innocently

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