• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Preface
 Robinson Crusoe






Group Title: Robinson Crusoe
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072751/00002
 Material Information
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Uniform Title: Robinson Crusoe
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Stothard, Thomas, 1755-1834 ( Illustrator )
Cadell, Thomas, 1773-1836 ( Publisher )
Davies, William, d. 1820 ( Publisher )
Blackwood, William, 1776-1834 ( Publisher )
Heath, Charles, 1761-1831 ( Engraver )
McQueen, Benjamin ( Printer )
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
A. & R. Spottiswoode ( Printer )
Publisher: Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies
W. Blackwood
Place of Publication: London (Strand)
Edinburgh
Publication Date: 1820
 Subjects
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1820   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Scotland -- Edinburgh
 Notes
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956,
Statement of Responsibility: embellished with engravings from designs by Thomas Stothard.
General Note: Caption title, v. 2: Further adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: "Printed by A. and R. Spottiswoode, Printers Street, London" -- V. 1, verso of half-title p., v.2, leaf opposite t.p.
General Note: Plates engraved by C. Heath, printed by B. McQueen.
General Note: Probably the samae as Lovett, R. W. Robinson Crusoe, 247, although Lovett states that the plates for this edition were re-engraved by a James Heath.
General Note: Parts I and II of Robinson Crusoe. Part II originally published under title: Farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072751
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 63956309

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Page i
    Title Page
        Page ii
    Preface
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    Robinson Crusoe
        Page 1
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Full Text



















THE

LIFE AND ADVENTURES

OF


ROBINSON CRUSOE.


VOL. II.





































































Printed by A. and R. Spottiswoode,
Printers-Street, London.









THE


LIFE AND ADVENTURES

OF

ROBINSON CRUSOE.

EMBELLISHED

WITH ENGRAVINGS FROM DESIGNS

BY

THOMAS STOTHARD, ESQ. R.A.


IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.


LONDON:
PRINTED FOR T. CADELL AND W. DAVIES, STRAND;
AND W. BLACKWOOD, EDINBURGH.
1820.












THE


PREFACE.



THE success the former part of this WORK
has met with in the world, has yet been no
other than is acknowledged to be due to the
surprising variety of the subject, and to the
agreeable manner of the performance.

All the endeavours of envious people to
reproach it with being a romance, to search
it for errors in geography, inconsistency in
the relation, and contradictions in the fact,
have proved abortive, and as impotent as
malicious.

The just application of every incident, the
religious and useful inferences drawn from
every part, are so many testimonies to the
good design of making it public, and must
legitimate all the part that may be called
invention or parable in the story.


VOL. II.








PREFACE.


The Second Part, if the Editor's opinion
may pass, is (contrary to the usage of Second
Parts) every way as entertaining as the First;
contains as strange and surprising incidents,
and as great a variety of them; nor is the
application less serious or suitable; and
doubtless will, to the sober, as well as the
ingenious READER, be every way as pro-
fitable and diverting; and this makes the
abridging this WORK as scandalous as it is
knavish and ridiculous. Seeing, to shorten
the Book, that they may seem to reduce
the value, they strip it of all those reflec-
tions, as well religious as moral, which are
not only the greatest beauties of the WORK,
but are calculated for the infinite advantage
of the READER.

By this, they leave the WORK naked of its
brightest ornaments ; and yet they would (at
the same time they pretend that the Author
has supplied his story out of his invention)
take from it the improvement which alone
recommends that invention to wise and good
men.








PREFACE. V

The injury these men do to the PROPRIE-
TOR of this WORK, is a practice all honest
men abhor; and he believes he may chal-
lenge them to shew the difference between
that and robbing on the highway, or break-
ing open a house.

If they cannot shew any difference in the
crime, they will find it hard to shew why
there should be any difference in the punish-
ment: and he will answer for it, that nothing
shall be wanting on his part to do them
justice.













THE


FURTHER ADVENTURES

OF


ROBINSON CRUSOE,






THAT homely proverb used on so many occasions
in England, viz. That what is bred in the bone will
not go out of the flesh, was never more verified
than in the story of my LIFE. Any one would
think that after thirty-five years affliction, and a
variety of unhappy circumstances, which few men,
if any, ever went through before, and after near
seven years of peace and enjoyment in the fulness
of all things; grown old, and when, if ever, it
might be allowed me to have had experience of
every state of middle life, and to know which was
most adapted to make a man.completely happy; I-
say, after all this, any one would have thought
that the native propensity to rambling, which I
gave an account of in my first setting out into the
VOL. II. B









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


world to have been so predominant in my thoughts,
should be worn out, the volatile part be fully eva-
cuated, or at least condensed, and I might at sixty-
one years of age have been a little inclined to stay
at home, and have done venturing life and fortune
any more.
Nay further, the common motive of foreign ad-
ventures was taken away in me; for I had no fortune
to make, I had nothing to seek : if I had gained ten
thousand pounds, I had been no richer; for I had
already sufficient for me, and for those I had to
leave it to; and that I had was visibly increasing;
for having no great family, I could not spend the
income of what I had, unless I would set up for an
expensive way of living, such as a great family,
servants, equipage, gaiety, and the like, which were
things I had no notion of, or inclination to; so
that I had nothing indeed to do but to sit still, and
fully enjoy what I had got, and see it increase
daily upon my hands.
Yet all these things had no effect upon me, or at
least not enough to resist the strong inclination I
had to go abroad again, which hung about me like
a chronical distemper; particularly the desire of
seeing my new plantation in the island, and the
colony I left there, run in my head continually. I
dreamed of it all night, and my imagination run
upon it all day; it was uppermost in all my
thoughts, and my fancy worked so steadily and
strongly upon it, that I talked of it in my sleep;









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


in short, nothing could remove it out of my mind;
it even broke so violently into all my discourses,
that it made my conversation tiresome; for I could
talk of nothing else, all my discourse run into it,
even to impertinence, and I saw it myself.
I have often heard persons of good judgment
say, that all the stir people make in the world
about ghosts and apparitions is owing to the
strength of imagination, and the powerful opera-
tion of fancy in their minds; that there is no such
thing as a spirit appearing, or a ghost walking, and
the like; that people's poring affectionately upon
the past conversation of their deceased friends so
realises it to them, that they are capable of fancy-
ing upon some extraordinary circumstances that
they see them, talk to them, and are answered by
them, when in truth, there is nothing but shadow
and vapour in the thing; and they really know
nothing of the matter.
For my part, I know not to this hour, whether
there are any such things as real apparitions, spec-
tres, or walking of people after they are dead, or
whether there is any thing in the stories they tell
us of that kind, more than the product of vapours,
sick minds, and wandering fancies. But this I
know, that my imagination worked up to such a
height, and brought me into such excess of va-
pours, or what else I may call it, that I actually
supposed myself oftentimes upon the spot, at my
old castle behind the trees, saw my old Spaniard,
B2









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


Friday's father, and the reprobate sailors whom I
left upon the island; nay, I fancied I talked with
them, and looked at them as steadily, though I
was broad awake, as at persons just before me ; and
this I did till I often frightened myself with the
images my fancy represented to me : one time in
my sleep I had the villany of the three pirate sai-
lors so lively related to me by the first Spaniard
and Friday's father, that it was surprising ; they
told me how they barbarously attempted to mur-
der all the Spaniards, and that they set fire to the
provisions they had laid up, on purpose to distress
and starve them, things that I had never heard of,
and that indeed were never all of them true in fact :
but it was so warm in my imagination, and so real-
ised to me, that to the hour I saw them, I could
not be persuaded but that it was or would be true;
also how I resented it when the Spaniard com-
plained to me, and how I brought them to jus-
tice, tried them before me, and ordered them all
three to be hanged: what there was really in this,
shall be seen in its place; for however I came to
form such things in my dream, and what secret
converse of spirits injected it, yet there was, I say,
very much of it true. I own, that this dream had
nothing literally and specifically true; but the ge-
neral part was so true, the base and villanous be-
haviour of these three hardened rogues was such,
and had been so much worse than all I can de-
scribe, that the dream had too much similitude








OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


of the fact; and as I would afterwards have
punished them severely, so if I had hanged them
all, I had been much in the right, and should
have been justifiable both by the laws of GOD
and man.
But to return to my story. In this kind of tem-
per I had lived some years; I had no enjoyment of
my life, no pleasant hours, no agreeable diversion
but what had something or other of this in it, so
that my wife, who saw my mind so wholly bent
upon it, told me very seriously one night, that she
believed there was some secret powerful impulse
of Providence upon me, which had determined
me to go thither again; and that she found no-
thing hindered my going but my being engaged to
a wife and children. She told me, that it was true
she could not think of parting with me ; but as she
was assured, that if she was dead it would be the
first thing I would do ; so, as it seemed to her that
the thing was determined above, she would not
be the only obstruction : for if I thought fit, and
resolved to go-here she found me very intent
upon her words, and that I looked very earnestly
at her; so that it a little disordered her, and she
stopped. I asked her why she did not go on, and
say out what she was going to say ? But I perceived
her heart was too full, and some tears stood in her
eyes. Speak out, my dear, said I, are you willing
I should go ? No, says she, very affectionately, I
am far from willing ; but if you are resolved to go,
B3








LIFE AND ADVENTURES


says she, and rather than I will be the only hin.
derance, I will go with you; for though I think it
a preposterous thing for one of your years, and in
your condition, yet if it must be, said she again,
weeping, I won't leave you; for if it be of Hea-
ven, you must do it; there is no resisting it; and if
Heaven makes it your duty to go, he will also
make it mine to go with you, or otherwise dis-
pose of me, that I may not obstruct it.
This affectionate behaviour of my wife brought
me a little out of the vapours, and I began to con-
sider what I was doing; I corrected my wander-
ing fancy, and began to argue with myself se-
dately, what business I had, after threescore
years, and after such a life of tedious sufferings
and disasters, and closed in so happy and easy a
manner, I say, what business had I to rush into
new hazards, and put myself upon adventures, fit
only for youth and poverty to run into?
With those thoughts, I considered my new en-
gagement; that I had a wife, one child born, and
my wife then great with child of another; that I
had all the world could give me, and had no need
to seek hazards for gain: that I was declining in
years, and ought to think rather of leaving what I
had gained than of seeking to increase it; that as
to what my wife had said, of its being an impulse
from Heaven, and that it should be my duty to
go, I had no notion of that; so after many of these
cogitations, I struggled with the power of my









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


imagination, reasoned myself out of it, as I believe
people may always do in like cases, if they will;
and, in a word, I conquered it; composed myself
with such arguments as occurred to my thoughts,
and which my present condition furnished me
plentifully with: and particularly, as the most ef-
fectual method, I resolved to divert myself with
other things, and to engage in some business that
might effectually tie me up from any more excur-
sions of this kind; for I found the thing return
upon me chiefly when I was idle, had nothing to
do, or any thing of moment immediately before
me.
STo this purpose I bought a little farm in the
county of Bedford, and resolved to remove myself
thither. I had a little convenient house upon it,
and the land about it I found was capable of great
improvement, and that it was many ways suited to
my inclination, which delighted in cultivating,
managing, planting, and improving of land; and
particularly, being an inland country, I was re-
moved from conversing among ships, sailors, and
things relating to the remote part of the world.
In a word, I went down to my farm, settled my
family, bought me ploughs, harrows, a cart, wag-
gon, horses, cows, sheep ; and setting seriously to
work, became in one half year a mere country gen-
tleman; my thoughts were entirely taken up in
managing my servants, cultivating the ground, en-
closing, planting, &c. and I lived, as I thought, the
B4









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


most agreeable life that nature was capable of di-
recting, or that a man always bred to misfortunes
was capable of being retreated to.
I farmed upon my own land, I had no rent to
pay, was limited by no articles, I could pull up or
cut down as I pleased: what I planted was for
myself, and what I improved, was for my family;
and having thus left off the thoughts of wandering,
I had not the least discomfort in any part of my
life, as to this world. Now I thought indeed, that
I enjoyed the middle state of life which my father
so earnestly recommended to me, a kind of heavenly
life, something like what is described by the poet
upon the subject of a country life.

Free from vices, free from care,
Age has no pains, and youth no snare,

But in the middle of all this felicity, one blow
from unforeseen Providence unhinged me at once ;
and not only made a breach upon me, inevitable
and incurable, but drove me, by its consequence,
into a deep relapse into the wandering disposition;
which, as I may say, being born in my very blood,
soon recovered its hold of me, and, like the returns
of a violent distemper, came on with an irresistible
force upon me; so that nothing could make any
more impression upon me. This blow was the loss
of my wife.
It is not my business here to write an elegy upon
my wife, to give a character of her particular vir-








OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


tues, and make my court to the sex by the flat-
tery of a funeral sermon. She was, in a few words,
the stay of all my affairs, the centre of all my enter-
prises, the engine that by her prudence reduced
me to that happy compass I was in, from the most
extravagant and ruinous project that fluttered in
my head as above; and did more to guide my ram-
bling genius, than a mother's tears, a father's in-
structions, a friend's counsel, or all my own reason-
ing powers could do. I was happy in listening to
her tears, and in being moved by her entreaties,
and to the last degree desolate and dislocated in the
world by the loss of her.
When she was gone, the world looked awk-
wardly round me; I was as much a stranger in it,
in my thoughts, as I was in the Brasils when I
went first on shore there; and as much alone, ex-
cept as to the assistance of servants, as I was in
my island. I knew neither what to do, or what
not to do. I saw the world busy round me, one
part labouring for bread, and the other part squan-
dering in vile excesses or empty pleasures, equally
miserable, because the end they proposed still fled
from them; for the man of pleasure every day sur-
feited'of his vice, and heaped up work for sorrow
and repentance; and the man of labour spent his
strength in daily struggling for breath to maintain
the vital strength he laboured with; so living in a
daily circulation of sorrow, living but to work, and
working but to live, as if daily bread were the only









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


end of a wearisome life, and a wearisome life the
only occasion of daily bread.
This put me in mind of the life I lived in my
kingdom, the island; where I suffered no more
corn to grow, because I did not want it; and bred
no more goats, because I had no more use for
them: where the money lay in the drawer till it
grew mildewed, and had scarce the favour to be
looked upon in twenty years.
All these things, had I improved them as I ought
to have done, and as reason and religion had dic-
tated to me, would have taught me to search further
than human enjoyments for a full felicity, and that
there was something which certainly was the reason
and end of life, superior to all these things, and
which was either to be possessed, or at least hoped
for, on this side the grave.
But my sage counsellor was gone; I was like a
ship without a pilot, that could only run before the
wind; my thoughts ran all away again into the old
affair, my head was quite turned with the whim-
sies of foreign adventures; and all the pleasing
innocent amusements of my farm and my garden,
my cattle, and my family, which before entirely
possest me, were nothing to me, had no relish,
and were like music to one that has no ear, or
food to one that has no taste. In a word, I re-
solved to leave off house-keeping, let my farm, and
return to London; and in a few months after I
did so.









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


When I came to London, I was still uneasy as
before ; I had no relish to the place, no employ-
ment in it, nothing to do but to saunter about like
an idle person, of whom it may be said, he is per-
fectly useless in GoD's creation, and it is not one
farthing matter to the rest of his kind, whether
he be dead or alive. This also was the thing
which of all circumstances of life was themost
my aversion, who had been all my days used to an
active life; and I would often say to myself, A
state of idleness is the very dregs of life; and in-
deed I thought I was much more suitably em-
ployed, when I was twenty-six days making me a
deal board.
It was now the beginning of the year 1693,
when my nephew, whom, as I have observed be-
fore, I had brought up to the sea, and had made
him commander of a ship, was come home from a
short voyage to Bilboa, being the first he had
made; he came to me, and told me, that some
merchants of his acquaintance had been proposing
to him to go a voyage for them to the East Indies
and to China as private traders ; and now, uncle,
says he, if you will go to sea with me, I will en-
gage to land you upon your old habitation in the
island, for we are to touch at the Brasils.
Nothing can be a greater demonstration of a
future state, and of the existence of an invisible
world, than the concurrence of second causes with
the ideas of things which we form in our minds,









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


perfectly reserved, and not communicated to any
in the world.
My nephew knew nothing how far my distemper
of wandering was returned upon me, and I knew
nothing of what he had in his thoughts to say,
when that very morning before he came to me I
had, in a great deal of confusion of thought, and
revolving every part of my circumstances in my
mind, come to this resolution, viz. That I would go
to Lisbon, and consult with my old sea captain;
and so, if it was rational and practicable, I would
go and see the island again, and see what was be-
come of my people there. I had pleased myself
also with the thoughts of peopling the place, and
carrying inhabitants from hence, getting a patent
for the possession, and I know not what; when in
the middle of all this, in comes my nephew, as I
have said, with his project of carrying me thither,
in his way to the East Indies.
I paused a while at his words, and looking stea-
dily at him, What devil, said I, sent you on this
unlucky errand? My nephew startled, as if he had
been frighted at first; but perceiving I was not
much displeased with the proposal, he recovered
himself. I hope it may not be an unlucky propo-
sal, Sir, says he; I dare say you would be pleased
to see your new colony there, where you once
reigned with more felicity than most of your bro-
ther monarchs in the world.
In a word, the scheme hit so exactly with my









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


temper, that is to say, with the prepossession I
was under, and of which I have said so much, that
I told him, in few words, if he agreed with the
merchants, I would go with him: but I told him,
I would not promise to go any further than my
own island. Why, Sir, says he, you don't want
to be left there again, I hope ? Why, said I, can
you not take me up again on your return ? He told
me it could not be possible that the merchants
would allow him to come that way with a loaded
ship of such value, it being a month's sail out of
his way, and might be three or four. Besides, Sir,
if I should miscarry, said he, and not return at all,
then you would be just reduced to the condition
you were in before.
This was very rational; but we both found out
a remedy for it, which was to carry a framed sloop
on board the ship, which, being taken in pieces
and shipped on board the ship, might, by the help
of some carpenters, whom we agreed to carry with
us, be set up again in the island; and finished, fit
to go to sea, in a few days.
I was not long resolving; for indeed the impor-
tunities of my nephew joined in so effectually with
my inclination, that nothing could oppose me: on
the other hand, my wife being dead, I had nobody
concerned themselves so much for me, as to per.
suade me one way or other, except my ancient
good friend the widow, who earnestly struggled
with me to consider my years, my easy circum.









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


stances, and the needless hazard of a long voyage ;
and, above all, my young children: but it was all
to no purpose ; I had an irresistible desire to the
voyage; and I told her I thought there was some-
thing so uncommon in the impressions I had upon
my mind for the voyage, that it would be a kind of
resisting Providence, if I should attempt to stay at
home; after which she ceased her expostulations,
and joined with me, not only in making provision
for my voyage, but also in settling my family affairs
in my absence, and providing for the education of
my children.
In order to this, I made my will, and settled the
estate I had in such a manner for my children, and
placed in such hands, that I was perfectly easy and
satisfied they would have justice done them, what-
ever might befal me; and for their education, I
left it wholly to my widow, with a sufficient mainte-
nance to herself for her care: all which she richly
deserved; for no mother could have taken more
care in their education, or understood it better;
and as she lived till I came home, I also lived to
thank her for it.
My nephew was ready to sail about the begin-
ning of January 1694.5, and I with my man Friday
went on board in the Downs the 8th, having be-
sides that sloop which I mentioned above, a very
considerable cargo of all kinds of necessary things
for my colony, which, if I did not find in good con-
dition, I resolved to leave so.









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


First, I carried with me some servants, whom I
purposed to place there, as inhabitants, or at least
to set on work there upon my own account, while
I stayed, and either to leave them there, or carry
them forward, as they should appear willing; par-
ticularly I carried two carpenters, a smith, and a
very handy ingenious fellow who was a cooper by
trade, but was also a general mechanic; for he was
dexterous at making wheels, and hand-mills to
grind corn, was a good turner, and a good pot.
maker; he also made any thing that was proper to
make of earth, or of wood; in a word, we called
him our Jack of all trades.
With these I carried a tailor, who had offered
himself to go passenger to the East Indies with my
nephew, but afterwards consented to stay on our
new plantation, and proved a most necessary
handy fellow as could be desired, in many other
businesses besides that of this trade; for, as I ob-
served formerly, necessity arms us for all employ-
ments.
My cargo, as near as I can recollect, for I have
not kept an account of the particulars, consisted of
a sufficient quantity of linen, and some thin Eng-
lish stuffs for clothing the Spaniards, that I ex-
pected to find there, and enough of them as by my
calculation might comfortably supply them for
seven years; if I remember right, the materials
which I carried for clothing them, with gloves,
hats, shoes, stockings, and all such things as they









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


could want for wearing, amounted to above 200
pounds, including some beds, bedding, and house-
hold-stuff, particularly kitchen utensils, with pots,
kettles, pewter, brass, &c. besides near an hundred
pounds more in iron-work, nails, tools of every
kind, staples, hooks, hinges, and every necessary
thing I could think of.
I carried also a hundred spare arms, muskets,
and fusees, besides some pistols, a considerable
quantity of shot of all sizes, three or four tons of
lead, and two pieces of brass cannon; and because
I knew not what time, and what extremities I was
providing for, I carried an hundred barrels of pow-
der, besides swords, cutlasses, and the iron part of
some pikes and halberts; so that, in short, we had
a large magazine of all sorts of stores ; and I made
my nephew carry two smallquarter-deck guns more
than he wanted for his ship, to leave behind, if there
was occasion; that when they came there, we might
build a fort, and man it against all sorts of enemies:
and indeed, I at first thought there would be need
enough of it all, and much more, if we hoped to
maintain our possession of the island, as shall be
seen in the course of the story.
I had not such bad luck in this voyage as I had
been used to meet with; and therefore shall have
the less occasion to interrupt the reader, who per-
haps may be impatient to hear how matters went
with my colony; yet some odd accidents, cross
winds, and bad weather happened, on this first set-









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


ting out, which made the voyage longer than I ex-
pected it at first; and I, who had never made but
one voyage, (viz.) my first voyage to Guinea, in
which I might be said to come back again, as the
voyage was at first designed, began to think the
same ill fate still attended me; and that I was born
to be never contented with being on shore, and yet
to be always unfortunate at sea.
Contrary winds first put up to the northward,
and we were obliged to put in at Galway in Ire-
land, where we lay wind-bound two-and-thirty
days; but we had this satisfaction with the dis-
aster, that provisions were here exceeding cheap,
and in the utmost plenty; so that while we lay
here we never touched the ship's stores, but rather
added to them; here also I took several hogs, and
two cows, with their calves, which I resolved, if I
had a good passage, to put on shore in myisland; but
we found occasion to dispose otherwise of them.
We set out the 5th of February from Ireland,
and had a very fair gale of wind for some days.
As I remember, it might be about the 20th of Fe-
bruary in the evening late, when the mate having
the watch, came into the round-house, and told
us he saw a flash of fire, and heard a gun fired;
and while he was telling us of it, a boy came in,
and told us the boatswain heard another. This
made us all run out upon the quarter-deck, where
we 'heard nothing, but in a few minutes we saw a
very great light, and found that there was some
VOL. II. C









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


very terrible fire at a distance; immediately we
had recourse to our reckonings, in which we
all agreed that there could be no land that way, in
which the fire shewed itself, no not for 500 leagues,
for it appeared at W. N. W. Upon this we con-
cluded it must be some ship on fire at sea; and as
by our hearing the noise of guns just before, we
concluded it could not be far off, we stood directly
towards it, and were presently satisfied we should
discover it, because the further we sailed the greater
the light appeared, though the weather being hazy
we could not perceive any thing but the light for a
while; in about half an hour's sailing, the wind
being fair for us, though not much of it, and the
weather clearing up a little, we could plainly dis-
cern that it was a great ship on fire in the middle
of the sea.
I was most sensibly touched with this disaster,
though not at all acquainted with the persons en-
gaged in it; I presently recollected my former
circumstances, in what condition I was in when
taken up by the Portugal captain; and how much
more deplorable the circumstances of the poor
creatures belonging to this ship must be if they
had no other ship in company with them: upon
this I immediately ordered, that five guns should
be fired, one soon after another, that, if possible,
we might give notice to them that there was help
for them at hand, and that they might endeavour
to save themselves in their boat; for though we









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


could see the flame in the ship, yet they, it being
night, could see nothing of us.
We lay by some time upon this, only driving as
the burning ship drove, waiting for day-light;
when on a sudden, to our great terror, though we
had reason to expect it, the ship blew up in the
air, and immediately sunk: this was terrible, and
indeed an afflicting sight, for the sake of the poor
men, who, I concluded, must be either all de-
stroyed in the ship, or be in the utmost distress in
their boats in the middle of the ocean, which at
present, by reason it was dark, I could not see :
however to direct them as well as I could, I caused
lights to be hung out in all the parts of the ship
where we could, and which we had lanthorns for;
and kept firing guns all the night long; letting
them know by this, that there was a ship not far off.
About eight o'clock in the morning, we disco-
vered the ship's boats, by the help of our perspec-
tive glasses; and found there were two of them,
both thronged with people, and deep in the water;
we perceived they rowed, the wind being against
them; that they saw our ship, and did the utmost
to make us see them.
We immediately spread our ancient, to let them
know we saw them; and hung a waft out, as a sig-
nal for them to come on board; and then made
more sail, standing directly to them. In a little
more than half an hour, we came up with them,
and, in a word, took them all in, being no less than









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


sixty-four men, women, and children; for there
were a great many passengers.
Upon the whole, we found it was a French
merchant-ship of 300 tons, homeward-bound from
Quebec, in the river of Canada. The master gave
us a long account of the distress of his ship, how
the fire began in the steerage by the negligence of
the steersman; but, on his crying out for help,
was, as every body thought, entirely put out: but
they soon found that some sparks of the first fire
had gotten into some part of the ship, so difficult
to come at, that they could not effectually quench
it; and afterwards getting in between the timbers,
and within the ceiling of the ship, it proceeded
into the hold, and mastered all the skill and all the
application they were able to exert.
They had no more to do then but to get into
their boats, which, to their great comfort, were
pretty large; being their long boat, and a great
shallop, besides a small skiff, which was of no great
service to them, other than to get some fresh water
and provisions into her, after they had secured
themselves from the fire. They had indeed small
hopes of their lives by getting into these boats at
that disatnce from any land; only, as they said
well, that they were escaped from the fire, and had
a possibility, that some ship might happen to be at
sea, and might take them in. They had sails, oars,
and a compass; and were preparing to make the
best of their way to Newfoundland, the wind









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


blowing pretty fair; for it blew an easy gale at
S. E. by E. They had as much provisions and
water, as, with sparing it so as to be next door to
starving, might support them about twelve days;
in which, if they had no bad weather, and no con-
trary winds, the captain said, he hoped he might
get to the banks of Newfoundland, and might
perhaps take some fish to sustain them till they
might go on shore. But there were so many
chances against them in all these cases; such as
storms to overset and founder them; rains and
cold to benumb and perish their limbs; contrary
winds to keep them out and starve them; that it
must have been next to miraculous if they had
escaped.
In the midst of their consultations, every one
being hopeless, and ready to despair, the captain
with tears in his eyes told me, they were on a sud-
den surprised with the joy of hearing a gun fire,
and after that four more; these were the five guns
which I caused to be fired at first seeing the light:
this revived their hearts, and gave them the notice,
which, as above, I designed it should, viz. that
there was a ship at hand for their help.
It was upon the hearing these guns, that they
took down their masts and sails; and the sound
coming from the windward, they resolved to lie by
till morning. Some time after this, hearing no
more guns, they fired three musquets, one a consi-
derable while after another; but these, the wind
being contrary, we never heard.
c3









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


Some time after that again, they were still more
agreeably surprised with seeing our lights, and
hearing the guns, which, as I have said, I caused
to be fired all the rest of the night: this set them
to work with their oars to keep their boats a-head,
at least that we might the sooner come up with
them ; and at last, to their inexpressible joy, they
found we saw them.
It is impossible for me to express the several
gestures, the strange ecstasies, the variety of pos-
tures, which these poor delivered people ran into,
to express the joy of their souls at so unexpected
a deliverance. Grief and fear are easily described;
sighs, tears, groans, and a very few motions of
head and hands, make up the sum of its variety;
but an excess ofjoy, a surprise of joy, has a thou-
sand extravagancies in it; there were some in tears,
some raging and tearing themselves, as if they had
been in the greatest agonies of sorrow; some stark
raving and downright lunatic; some ran about the
ship stamping with their feet, others wringing
their hands; some were dancing, several singing,
some laughing, more crying; many quite dumb,
not able to speak a word; others sick and vomit-
ing, several swooning, and ready to faint; and a
few were crossing themselves and giving GOD
thanks.
I would not wrong them neither; there might
be many that were thankful afterward; but the
passion was too strong for them at first, and they








OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


were not able to master it; they were thrown into
ecstasies and a kind of frenzy, and so there were
but a very few who were composed and serious in
their joy.
Perhaps also the case may have some addition to
it, from the particular circumstance of the nation
they belonged to ; I mean the French, whose tem-
per is allowed to be more volatile, more passionate,
and more sprightly, and their spirits more fluid,
than of other nations. I am not philosopher
enough to determine the cause, but nothing I had
ever seen before came up to it: the ecstasies poor
Friday, my trusty savage, was in, when he found
his father in the boat, came the nearest to it; and
the surprise of the master, and his two companions,
whom I delivered from the two villains that set
them on shore in the island, came a little way to-
wards it; but nothing was to compare to this,
either that I saw in Friday, or any where else in
my life.
It is further observable, that these extravagancies
did not shew themselves in that different manner
I have mentioned, in different persons only: but
all the variety would appear in a short succession
of moments, in one and the same person. A man
that we saw this minute dumb, and, as it were,
stupid and confounded, should the next minute be
dancing and hallooing like an antic; and the next
moment tearing his hair, or pulling his clothes to
pieces, and stamping them under his feet like a
c 4









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


madman; a few minutes after that, we should have
him all in tears, then sick, then swooning; and
had not immediate help been had, would in a few
moments more have been dead; and thus it was,
not with one or two, or ten or twenty, but with
the greatest part of them; and, if I remember
right, our surgeon was obliged to let above thirty
of them blood.
There were two priests among them, one an old
man, and the other a young man; and that which
was strangest was, that the oldest man was the
worst.
As soon as he set his foot on board our ship, and
saw himself safe, he dropped down stone-dead, to
all appearance; not the least sign of life could be
perceived in him; our surgeon immediately ap-
plied proper remedies to recover him; and was the
only man in the ship that believed he was not dead:
and at length he opened a vein in his arm, having
first chafed and rubbed the part, so as to warm it
as much as possible : upon this the blood, which
only dropped at first, flowed something freely; in
three minutes after, the man opened his eyes; and
about a quarter of an hour after that, he spoke,
grew better, and in a little time quite well; after
the blood was stopped, he walked about, told us he
was perfectly well, took a dram of cordial which
the surgeon gave him, and was what we called
come to himself; about a quarter of an hour after
this, they came running into the cabin to the sur-









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


geon, who was bleeding a French woman that had
fainted; and told him, the priest was gone stark
mad. It seems he had began to revolve the change
of his circumstances in his mind, and this put him
into an ecstasy of joy; his spirits whirled about
faster than the vessels could convey them; the
blood grew hot and feverish; and the man was as
fit for Bedlam as any creature that ever was in it;
the surgeon would not bleed him again in that
condition, but gave him something to. doze and
put him to sleep, which, after some time, operated
upon him, and he waked next morning perfectly
composed and well.
The younger priest behaved himself with great
command of his passion, and was really an ex-
ample of a serious well-governed mind; at his first
coming on board the ship, he threw himself flat
on his face, prostrating himself in thankfulness for
his deliverance; in which I unhappily and unsea-
sonably disturbed him, really thinking he had been
in a swoon; but he spoke calmly; thanked me;
told me he was giving GOD thanks for his deliver-
ance; begged me to leave him a few moments,
and that, next to his Maker, he would give me
thanks also.
I was heartily sorry that, I disturbed him; and
not only left him, but kept others from interrupt-
ing him also; he continued in that posture about
three minutes, or a little more, after I left him;
then came to me, as he had said he would, and,









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


with a great deal of seriousness and affection, but
with tears in his eyes, thanked me, that had,
under GOD, given him and so many miserable
creatures their lives. I told him, I had no room
to move him to thank GOD for it, rather than me;
for I had seen that he had done that already: but
I added, that it was nothing but what reason and
humanity dictated to all men, and that we had as
much reason as he to give thanks to GOD, who had
blessed us so far as to make us the instruments of
his mercy to so many of his creatures.
After this the young priest applied himself to
his country folks; laboured to compose them; per-
suaded, entreated, argued, reasoned with them, and
did his utmost to keep them within the exercise of
their reason; and with some he had success, though
others were, for a time, out of all government of
themselves.
I cannot help committing this to writing, as per-
haps it may be useful to those into whose hands it
may fall, in the guiding themselves in all the extra-
vagancies of their passions ; for if an excess of joy
can carry men out to such a length beyond the
reach of their reason, what will not the extravagan-
cies of anger, rage, and a provoked mind, carry us
to ? And indeed, here I saw reason for keeping an
exceeding watch over our passions of every kind,
as well those of joy and satisfaction, as those of
sorrow and anger.
We were something disordered by these extra-









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


vagancies among our new guests for the first day;
but when they had been retired, lodgings pro-
vided for them as well as our ship would allow,
and they had slept heartily, as most of them did,
being fatigued and frightened, they were quite
another sort of people the next day.
Nothing of good manners, or civil acknow-
ledgments for the kindness shewn them, was want-
ing; the French, it is known, are naturally apt
enough to exceed that way. The captain, and
one of the priests, came to me the next day; and,
desiring to speak with me and my nephew, the
commander, began to consult with us what should
be done with them; and first they told us, that, as
we had saved their lives, so all they had was little
enough for a return to us for the kindness received.
The captain said, they had saved some money, and
some things of value in their boats, catched hastily
out of the flames ; and if we would accept it, they
were ordered to make an offer of it all to us; they
only desired to be set on shore somewhere in our
way, where, if possible, they might get a passage
to France.
My nephew was for accepting their money at
first word, and to consider what to do with them
afterwards; but I over-ruled him in that part; for
I knew what it was to be set on shore in a strange
country; and if the Portugal captain that took me
up at sea had served me so, and took all I had for
my deliverance, I must have starved, or have been









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


as much a slave at the Brasils, as I had been at
Barbary, the being sold to a Mahometan only ex-
cepted; and perhaps a Portuguese is not a much
better master than a Turk, if not, in some cases,
a much worse.
I therefore told the French captain, that we had
taken them up in their distress, it was true; but
that it was our duty to do so, as we were fellow-
creatures, and as we would desire to be so deli-
vered, if we were in the like or any other extre-
mity; that we had done nothing for them, but
what we believed they would have done for us if
we had been in their case, and they in our's; but
that we took them up to serve them, not to plun-
der them; and that it would be a most barbarous
thing, to take that little from them which they
had saved out of the fire, and then set them on
shore and leave them; that this would be first to
save them from death, and then kill them our-
selves; save them from drowning, and then aban-
don them to starving; and therefore I would not
let the least thing be taken from them. As to set-
ting them on shore, I told them, indeed, that was
an exceeding difficulty to us, for that the ship was
bound to the East Indies; and though we were
driven out of our course to the westward a very
great way, which perhaps was directed by Heaven
on purpose for their deliverance, yet it was impos-
sible for us wilfully to change our voyage on this
particular account; nor could my nephew, the cap-









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


tain, answer it to the freighters, with whom he was
under charter-party to pursue his voyage by the
way of Brasil; and all I knew he could do for them
was, to put ourselves in the way of meeting with
other ships homeward-bound from the West-Indies,
and get them passage, if possible, to England or
France.
The first part of the proposal was so generous
and kind, they could not but be very thankful for
it: but they were in a great consternation, espe-
cially the passengers, at the notion of being car-
ried away to the East Indies: they then entreated
me, that seeing I was driven so far to the west-
ward before I met with them, I would at least
keep on the same course to the banks of New-
foundland, where it was possible I might meet
with some ship or sloop that they might hire to
carry them back to Canada, from whence they
came.
I thought this was but a reasonable request on
their part; and therefore I inclined to agree to it;
for indeed I considered, that to carry this whole
company to the East Indies, would not only be an
intolerable severity to the poor people, but would
be ruining our whole voyage by devouring all our
provisions; so I thought it no breach of charter-
party, but what an unforeseen accident made abso-
lutely necessary to us; and in which no one could
say we were to blame; for the laws of GOD and
nature would have forbid that we should refuse









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


to take up two boats full of people in such a dis-
tressed condition; and the nature of the thing, as
well respecting ourselves as the poor people, ob-
liged us to see them on shore somewhere or other
for their deliverance ; so I consented that we would
carry them to Newfoundland, if wind and weather
would permit; and if not, that I would carry them
to Martinico in the West Indies.
The wind continued fresh easterly, but the wea-
ther pretty good; and as it had blowed continually
in the points between N. E. and S. E. a long time,
we missed several opportunities of sending them to
France ; for we met several ships bound to Europe,
whereof two were French, from St. Christopher's;
but they had been so long beating up against the
wind, that they durst take in no passengers for
fear of wanting provisions for the voyage, as well
for themselves as for those they should take in ; so
we were obliged to go on. It was about a week
after this, that we made the banks of Newfound-
land, where, to shorten my story, we put all our
French people on board a bark, which they hired
at sea there, to put them on shore, and afterwards
to carry them to France, if they could get provi-
sions to victual themselves with: when, I say, all
the French went on shore, I should remember,
that the young priest I spoke of, hearing we were
bound to the East Indies, desired to go the voyage
with us, and to be set on shore on the coast of Co-
romandel. I readily agreed to that; for I wonder-









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


fully liked the man, and had very good reason, as
will appear afterwards; also four of the seamen
entered themselves in our ship, and proved very
useful fellows.
From hence we directed our course for the West
Indies, steering away S. and S. by E. for about
twenty days together, sometimes little or no wind
at all, when we met with another subject for our
humanity to work upon, almost as deplorable as
that before.
It was in the latitude of twenty-seven degrees
five minutes N. and the 19th day of March 1684-5,
when we espied a sail, our course S. E. and by S.
We soon perceived it was a large vessel, and that
she bore up to us ; but could not at first know what
to make of her, till, after coming a little nearer,
we found she had lost her main-top-mast, fore-
mast, and bowsprit; and presently she fires a gun
as a signal of distress; the weather was pretty good,
wind at N. N. W. a fresh gale, and we soon came
to speak with her.
We found her a ship of Bristol bound home from
Barbadoes, but had been blown out of the road at
Barbadoes, a few days before she was ready to sail,
by a terrible hurricane, while the captain and chief
mate were both gone on shore; so that beside the
terror of the storm, they were but in an indifferent
case for good artists to bring the ship home: they
had been already nine weeks at sea, and had met
with another terrible storm after the hurricane was









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


over, which had blown them quite out of their
knowledge to the westward, and in which they
had lost their masts as above; they told us, they
expected to have seen the Bahama islands, but
were then driven away again to the south-east by
a strong gale of wind at N. N. W. the same that
blew now, and having no sails to work the ship
with, but a main course, and a kind of square sail
upon a jury fore-mast, which they had set up,
they could not lie near the wind, but were endea-
vouring to stand away for the Canaries.
But that which was worst of all, was, that they
were almost starved for want of provisions, besides
the fatigues they had undergone : their bread and
flesh was quite gone, they had not an ounce left in
the ship, and had had none for eleven days; the
only relief they had, was, their water was not all
spent, and they had about half a barrel of flour
left; they had sugar enough; some succades or
sweet-meats they had at first, but they were de-
voured; and they had seven casks of rum.
There was a youth and his mother, and a maid-
servant, on board, who were going passengers,
and thinking the ship was ready to sail, unhappily
came on board the evening before the hurricane
began; and, having no provisions of their own left,
they were in a more deplorable condition than the
rest; for the seamen being reduced to such an ex-
treme necessity themselves, had no compassion,
we may be sure, for the poor passengers; and they









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


were indeed in a condition that their misery is very
hard to describe.
I had perhaps not known this part, if my curio-
sity had not led me, the weather being fair, and the
wind abated, to go on board the ship: the second
mate, who upon this occasion commanded the
ship, had been on board our ship ; and he told me
indeed, that they had three passengers in the
great cabin, that they were in a deplorable condi-
tion : nay, says he, I believe they are dead, for I
have heard nothing of them for above two days;
and I was afraid to inquire after them, said he, for
I had nothing to relieve them with.
We immediately applied ourselves to give them
what relief we could spare; and indeed I had so
far over-ruled things with my nephew, that I
would have victualled them, though we had gone
away to Virginia, or any part of the coast of Ame-
rica, to have supplied ourselves; but there was no
necessity for that.
But now they were in a new danger; for they
were afraid of eating too much, even of that little
we gave them : the mate or commander brought
six men with him in his boat; but these poor
wretches looked like skeletons, and were so weak,
they could hardly sit to their oars : the mate him-
self was very ill, and half-starved; for he declared
he had reserved nothing from the men, and went
share and share alike with them in every bit they
eat.
VOL. II. D









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


I acutioned him to eat sparingly, but set meat
before him immediately, and he had not eaten
three mouthfuls before he began to be sick, and
out of order; so he stopt awhile, and our surgeon
mixed him up something with some broth, which
he said would be to him both food and physic;
and after he had taken it, he grew better; in
the mean time I forgot not the men; I ordered
victuals to be given them, and the poor crea-
tures rather devoured than eat it; they were so
exceeding hungry, that they were in a manner ra-
venous, and had no command of themselves; and
two of them eat with so much greediness, that
they were in danger of their lives the next morning.
The sight of these people's distress was very
moving to me, and brought to mind what I had a
terrible prospect of at my first coming on shore in
my island, where I had not the least mouthful of
food, or any hopes of procuring it; besides the
hourly apprehension I had of being made the food
of other creatures. But all the while the mate was
thus relating to me the miserable condition of the
ship's company, I could not put out of my thought
the story he had told me of the three poor creatures
in the great cabin ; (viz.) the mother, her son, and
the maid servant, whom he had heard nothing of
for two or three days; and whom he seemed to
confess they had wholly neglected, their own ex-
tremities being so great; by which I understood,
that they had really given them no food at all; and









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


that therefore they must be perished, and be all ly-
ing dead perhaps on the floor or deck of the cabin.
As I therefore kept the mate, whom we then
called captain, on board with his men to refresh
them, so I also forgot not the starving crew that
were left on board, but ordered my own boat to
go on board the ship, and with my mate and twelve
men to carry them a sack of bread, and four or
five pieces of beef to boil. Our surgeon charged
the men to cause the meat to be boiled while they
stayed, and to keep guard in the cook-room to pre-
vent the men's taking it to eat raw, or taking it
out of the pot before it was well boiled, and then
to give every man but a little at a time ; and by this
caution he preserved the men, who would other-
wise have killed themselves with that very food
that was given them on purpose to save their lives.
At the same time, I ordered the mate to go into
the great cabin, and see in what condition the poor
passengers were in, and, if they were alive, to com-
fort them and give them what refreshment was
proper; and the surgeon gave him a large pitcher
with some of the prepared broth which he had given
the mate that was on board, and which he did not
question would restore them gradually.
I was not satisfied with this; but as I said above,
having a great mind to see the scene of misery
which I knew the ship itself would present me
with, in a more lively manner than I could have
it by report, I took the captain of the ship, as we
D 2









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


now called him, with me, and went myself a little
after in their boat.
I found the poor men on board almost in a
tumult to get the victuals out of the boiler before
it was ready: but my mate observed his order,
and kept a good guard at the cook-room door;
and the man he placed there, after using all possi-
ble persuasion to have patience, kept them off by
force; however, he caused some biscuit cakes to
be dipped in the pot, and softened them with the
liquor of the meat, which they call brewis, and
gave them every one one, to stay their stomachs,
and told them it was fbr their own safety, that
he was obliged to give them but little at a time.
But it was all in vain, and had I not come on
board, and their own commander and officers with
me, and with good words, and some threats also
of giving them no more, I believe they would have
broke into the cook-room by force, and tore the
meat out of the furnace; for words indeed are of
a very small force to an hungry belly: however
we pacified them, and fed them gradually and cau-
tiously for the first time, and the next time gave
them more, and at last filled their bellies, and the
men did well enough.
But the misery of the poor passengers in the
cabin was of another nature, and far beyond the
rest; for as, first, the ship's company had so little
for themselves, it was but too true, that they had
at first kept them very low, and at last totally









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


neglected them; so that for six or severe days, it
might be said, they had really had no food at all,
and for several days before very little.
The poor mother, who, as the first mate re-
ported, was a woman of good sense, and good
breeding, had spared all she could get so affection-
ately for her son, that at last she entirely sunk
under it: and when the mate of our ship went in,
she sat upon the floor or deck, with her back up
against the sides, between two chairs, which were
lashed fast, and her head sunk in between her
shoulders, like a corpse, though not quite dead.
My mate said all he could to revive and encou-
rage her, and with a spoon put some broth into
her mouth: she opened her lips, and lifted up one
hand, but could not speak: yet she understood
what he said, and made signs to him, intimating,
that it was too late for her, but pointed to her
child, as if she would have said, they should take
care of him.
However the mate, who was exceedingly moved
with the sight, endeavoured to get some of the
broth into her mouth; and, as he said, got two or
three spoonfuls down, though I question whether
he could be sure of it or not: but it was too late,
and she died the same night.
The youth, who was preserved at the price of
his most affectionate mother's life, was not so far
gone; yet he lay in a cabin-bed as one stretched
out, with hardly any life left in him; he had a
D









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


piece of an old glove in his mouth, having eaten
up the rest of it; however, being young, and hav-
ing more strength than his mother, the mate got
something down his throat, and he began sensibly
to revive, though, by giving him some time after
but two or three spoonfuls extraordinary, he was
very sick, and brought it up again.
But the next care was the poor maid: she lay
all along upon the deck hard by her mistress, and
just like one that had fallen down with an apo-
plexy, and struggled for life: her limbs were dis-
torted, one of her hands was clasped round the
frame of one chair, and she griped it so hard that
we could not easily make her let it go; her
other arm lay over her head, and her feet lay
both together, set fast against the frame of
the cabin-table: in short, she lay just like one
in the last agonies of death; and yet she was
alive too.
The poor creature was not only starved with
hunger, and terrified with the thoughts of death,
but, as the men told us afterwards, was broken-
hearted for her mistress, whom she saw dying two
or three days before, and whom she loved most
tenderly.
We knew not what to do with this poor girl;
for when our surgeon, who was a man of very
great knowledge and experience, and with great
application recovered her as to life, he had her upon
his hand as to her senses, for she was little less









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


than distracted for a considerable time after; as
shall appear presently.
Whoever shall read these memorandums, must
be desired to consider, that visits at sea are not
like a journey into the country, where sometimes
people stay a week or a fortnight at a place. Our
business was to relieve this distressed ship's crew,
but not lie by for them; and though they were
willing to steer the same course with us for some
days, yet we could carry no sail to keep pace with
a ship that had no masts: however, as their cap-
tain begged of us to help him to set up a main
top-mast, and a kind of top-mast to his jury fore-
mast, we did, as it were, lie by him for three or
four days; and then having given him five barrels
of beef and pork, two hogsheads of biscuit, and a
proportion of peas, flour, and what other things
we could spare; and taking three casks of sugar
and some rum, and some pieces of eight of them
for satisfaction, we left them, taking on board with
us, at their own earnest request, the youth, and
the maid, and all their goods.
The young lad was about seventeen years of
age; a pretty, well-bred, modest, and sensible
youth; greatly dejected with the loss of his mother,
and, as it seems, had lost his father but a few
months before at Barbadoes. He begged of the
surgeon to speak to me, to take him out of the
ship; for he said, the cruel fellows had murdered
his mother ; and indeed so they had, that is to say,
D4









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


passively; for they might have spared a small sus--
tenance to the poor helpless widow; that might
have preserved her life, though it had been just to
keep her alive. But hunger knows no friend, no
relation, no justice, no right; and therefore is re-
morseless, and capable of no compassion.
The surgeon told him how far we were going,
and how it would carry him away from all his
friends, and put him perhaps in as bad circum-
stances, almost as we found them in; that is to
say, starving in the world. He said he mattered
not whither he went, if he was but delivered from
the terrible crew that he was among: that the cap-
tain (by which he meant me, for he could know
nothing of my nephew) had saved his life, and he
was sure would not hurt him; and as for the maid,
he was sure, if she came to herself, she would be
very thankful for it, let us carry them whither we
would. The surgeon represented the case so affec-
tionately to me, that I yielded, and we took them
both on board with all their goods, except eleven
hogsheads of sugar, which could not be removed,
or come at; and as the youth had a bill of lading
for them, I made his commander sign a writing,
obliging him to go, as soon as he came to Bristol,
to one Mr. Rogers, a merchant there, to whom the
youth said he was related, and to deliver a letter
which I wrote to him, and all the goods he had
belonging to the deceased widow: which I suppose
was not done, for I could never learn that the ship









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


came to Bristol; but was, as is most probable, lost
at sea, being in so disabled a condition, and so far
from any land, that I am of opinion, the first storm
she met with afterwards, she might founder in the
sea; for she was leaky, and had damage in her
hold when I met with her.
I was now in the latitude of 19 deg. 32 min. and
had hitherto had a tolerable voyage as to weather,
though at first the winds had been contrary. I
shall trouble nobody with the little incidents of
wind, weather, currents, &c. on the rest of our
voyage; but, shortening my story for the sake of
what is to follow, shall observe, that I came to my
old habitation, the island, on the 10th of April,
1695. It was with no small difficulty that I found
the place; for as I came to it, and went from it
before, on the south and east side of the island, as
coming from the Brasils, so now coming in be-
tween the main and the island, and having no
chart for the coast, nor any landmark, I did not
know it when I saw it, or know whether I saw it
or no.
We beat about a great while, and went on shore
on several islands in the mouth of the great river
Oroonoque, but none for my purpose; only this I
learned by my coasting the shore, that I was under
one great mistake before, viz. that the continent
which I thought I saw from the island I lived in,
was really no continent, but a long island, or rather
a ridge of islands reaching from one to the other









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


side of the extended mouth of that great river;
and that the savages who came to my island, were
not properly those which we call Caribbees, but
islanders, and other Barbarians of the same kind,
who inhabited something nearer to our side than
the rest.
In short, I visited several of the islands to no
purpose; some I found were inhabited, and some
were not. On one of them I found some Spaniards,
and thought they had lived there; but speaking
with them, found they had a sloop lay in a small
creek hard by, and that they came thither to make
salt, and catch some pearl-muscles, if they could;
but they belonged to the Isle de Trinidad, which
lay further north, in the latitude of 10 and 11
degrees.
Thus coasting from one island to another, some-
times with the ship, sometimes with the French-
man's shallop (which we had found a convenient
boat, and therefore kept her with their very good
will), at length I came fair on the south-side of my
island, and I presently knew the very countenance
of the place; so I brought the ship safe to an an-
chor, broadside with the little creek where was my
old habitation.
As soon as I saw the place, I called for Friday,
and asked him if he knew where he was ? He looked
about a little, and presently clapping his hands,
cried, 0 yes, 0 there, 0 yes, 0 there! pointing
to our old habitation, and fell a dancing and caper.








OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


ing like a mad fellow; and I had much ado to keep
him from jumping into the sea, to swim on shore to
the place.
S Well, Friday, said I, do you think we shall find
any body here, or no? and what do you think, shall
we see your father? The fellow stood mute as a
stock a good while; but when I named his father,
the poor affectionate creature looked dejected;
and I could see the tears run down his face very
plentifully. What is the matter, Friday, said I ?
are you troubled because you may see your father ?
No, no, says he, shaking his head, no see him
more, no ever more see again. Why so, said I, Fri-
day ? how do you know that ? O no, O no, says
Friday, he long ago die; long ago, he much old
man. Well, well, said I, Friday, you don't know :
but shall we see any one else then ? The fellow, it
seems, had better eyes than I, and he points just
to the hill above my old house; and though we
lay half a league off, he cries out, Me see! me see!
yes, yes, me see much man there, and there, and
there. I looked, but I could see nobody, no, not
with a perspective glass; which was, I suppose,
because I could not hit the place; for the fellow
was right, as I found upon inquiry the next day,
and there were five or six men altogether stood
to look at the ship, not knowing what to think
of us.
As soon as Friday had told me he saw people, I
S caused the English ancient to be spread, and fired









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


three guns, to give them notice we were friends;
and about half a quarter of an hour after, we per-
ceived a smoke rise from the side of the creek ; so
I immediately ordered a boat out, taking Friday
with me; and, hanging out a white flag, or a flag
of truce, I went directly on shore, taking with me
the young friar I mentioned, to whom I had told
the whole story of my living there, and the manner
of it, and every particular, both of myself, and those
that I left there; and who was on that account ex-
tremely desirous to go with me. We had besides
about sixteen mel very well armed, ifwe had found
any new guest there which we did not know of;
but we had no need of weapons.
As we went on shore upon the tide of flood,
near high water, we rowed directly into the creek;
and the first man I fixed my eye upon, was the
Spaniard, whose life I had saved, and whom I knew
by his face perfectly well; as to his habit, I shall
describe it afterwards. I ordered nobody to go on
shore at first but myself; but there was no keep-
ing Friday in the boat: for the affectionate crea-
ture had spied his father at a distance, a good way
off of the Spaniards, where indeed I saw nothing
of him ; and if they had not let him go on shore,
he would have jumped into the sea. He was no
sooner on shore, but he flew away to his father
like an arrow out of a bow. It would have made
any man shed tears, in spite of the firmest resolu-
tion, to have seen the first transports of this poor








OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


fellow's joy, when he came to his father; how he
embraced him, kissed him, stroked his face, took
him up in his arms, set him down upon a tree, and
lay down by him; then stood and looked at him
as any one would look at a strange picture, for a
quarter of an hour together; then lay down upon
the ground, and stroked his legs and kissed them,
and then got up again, and stared at him; one
would have thought the folly bewitched; but it
would have made a dog laugh to see how the next
day his passion run out another way : in the morn-
ing he walked along the shore, to-and-again, with
his father, several hours, always leading him by
the hand, as if he had been a lady; and every now-
and-then would come to fetch something or other
for him from the boat, either a lump of sugar or
a dram, a biscuit, or something or other that was
good. In the afternoon his frolics ran another
way ; for then he would set the old man down upon
the ground, and dance about him, and made a
thousand antic postures and gestures ; and all the
while he did this, he would be talking to him, and
telling him one story or another of his travels, and
of what had happened to him abroad, to divert
him. In short, if the same filial affection was to be
found in Christians to their parents, in our parts
of the world, one would be tempted to say, there
hardly would have been any need of the fifth
commandment.
But this is a digression; I return to my landing.









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


It would be endless to take notice of all the cere-
monies and civilities that the Spaniards received
me with. The first Spaniard, whom, as I said, I
knew very well, was he whose life I saved: he
came towards the boat, attended by one more,
carrying a flag of truce also; and he did not only
not know me at first, but he had no thoughts, no
notion, of its being me that was come, till I spoke
to him. Seignior, said I in Portuguese, do you
not know me ? at which he spoke not a word; but
giving his musquet to the man that was with him,
threw his arms abroad, and saying something in
Spanish that I did not perfectly hear, came for-
ward and embraced me, telling me, he was inex-
cusable not to know that face again that he had
once seen, as of an angel from heaven sent to save
his life: he said abundance of very handsome
things, as a well-bred Spaniard always knows how;
and then beckoning to the person that attended
him, bade him go and call out his comrades. He
then asked me if I would walk to my old habita-
tion, where he would give me possession of my
own house again, and where I should see there had
been but mean improvements. So I walked along
with him; but, alas! I could no more find the
place again than if I had never been there; for
they had planted so many trees, and placed them
in such a posture, so thick and close to one ano-
ther, in ten years time they were grown so big,
that, in short, the place was inaccessible, except by









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


such windings, and blind ways, as they themselves
only who made them could find.
I asked them, what put them upon all these for-
tifications ? He told me, I would say there was
need enough of it, when they had given an account
how they had passed their time since their arriv-
ing in the island, especially after they had the
misfortune to find that I was gone : he told me he
could not but have some satisfaction in my good
fortune, when he heard that I was gone in a good
ship, and to my satisfaction; and that he had often-
times a strong persuasion, that one time or other
he should see me again; but nothing that ever
befel him in his life, he said, was so surprising and
afflicting to him at first, as the disappointment he
was under when he came back to the island, and
found I was not there.
As to the three Barbarians (so he called them)
that were left behind, and of whom he said he had
a long story to tell me; the Spaniards all thought
themselves much better among the savages, only
that their number was so small. And, says he,
had they been strong enough, we had been all long
ago in purgatory; and with that he crossed himself
upon the breast. But, Sir, says he, I hope you will
not be displeased, when I shall tell you how,
forced by necessity, we were obliged, for our own
preservation, to disarm them, and making them our
subjects, who would not be content with being mo-
derately our masters, but would be our murderers.









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


I answered, I was heartily afraid of it when I left
them there; and nothing troubled me at my part-
ing from the island, but that they were not come
back, that I might have put them in possession of
every thing first, and left the other in a state of
subjection, as they deserved : but if they had re-
duced them to it, I was very glad, and should be
very far from finding any fault with it; for I knew
they were a parcel of refractory ungovernable vil-
lains, and were fit for any manner of mischief.
While I was saying this, came the man whom he
had sent back, and with him eleven men more: in
the dress they were in, it was impossible to guess
what nation they were of; but he made all clear
both to them and to me. First, he turned to me,
and pointing to them, said, These, Sir, are some of
the gentlemen who owe their lives to you; and
then turning to them, and pointing to me, he let
them know who I was; upon which they all came
up one by one, not as if they had been sailors, and
ordinary fellows, and I the like, but really as if
they had been ambassadors or noblemen, and I a
monarch, or a great conqueror: their behaviour
was to the last degree obliging and courteous, and
yet mixed with a manly majestic gravity, which
very well became them; and in short, they had so
much more manners than I, that I scarce knew
how to receive their civilities, much less how to
return them in kind.
The history of their coming to, and conduct in














































































~QBITP~Q;h~ -^Mo


8~-B~~i~h~L










OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


the island, after my going away, is so remarkable,
and has so many incidents, which the former part
of my relation will help to understand, and which
will, in most of the particulars, refer to that account
I have already given, that I cannot but commit
them with great delight to the reading of those
that come after me.
I shall no longer trouble the story with a relation
in the first person, which will put me to the ex-
pence of ten thousand said I's, and said he's, and
he told me's, and I told him's, and the like ; but I
shall collect the facts historically, as near as I can
gather them out of my memory, from what they
related to me, and from what I met with in my
conversing with them, and with the place.
In order to do this succinctly, and as intelligibly
as I can, I must go back to the circumstance in
which I left the island, and which the persons were
in of whom I am to speak. At first, it is neces-
sary to repeat, that I had sent away Friday's fa-
ther and the Spaniard, the two whose lives I had
rescued from the savages; I say, I had sent them
away in a large canoe to the main, as I then thought
it, to fetch over the Spaniard's companions, whom
he had left behind him, in order to save them from
the like calamity that he had been in, and in order
to succour them for the present, and that, if pos-
sible, we might together find some way for our
deliverance afterward.
When I sent them away, I had no visible appear-
VOL. II. E









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


ance of, or the least room to hope for, my own de-
liverance, any more than I had twenty years before;
much less had I any foreknowledge of what after
happened, I mean of an English ship coming on
shore there to fetch them off; and it could not but
be a very great surprise to them, when they came
back, not only to find that I was gone, but to find
three strangers left on the spot, possessed of all that
I had left behind me, which would otherwise have
been their own.
The first thing, however, which I enquired into
(that I might begin where I left off), was of their
own part: and I desired he would give me a parti-
cular account of his voyage back to his countrymen
with the boat, when I sent him to fetch them over.
He told me there was little variety in that part;
for nothing remarkable happened to them on the
way, they having very calm weather, and a smooth
sea: for his countrymen, it could not be doubted,
he said, but that they were overjoyed to see him
(it seems he was the principal man among them,
the captain of the vessel they had been shipwrecked
in having been dead some time) : they were, he
said, the more surprised to see him, because they
knew that he was fallen into the hands of savages,
who, they were satisfied, would devour him, as
they did all the rest of their prisoners: that when
he told them the story of the deliverance, and in
what manner he was furnished for carrying them
away, it was like a dream to them; and their asto-










OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


nishment, they said, was something like that of
Joseph's brethren, when he told them who he was,
and told them the story of his exaltation in Pha-
raoh's court: but when he shewed them the arms,
the powder, the ball, and the provisions that he
brought them for their journey or voyage, they
were restored to themselves, took a just share of the
joy of their deliverance, and immediately prepared
to come away with him.
Their first business was to get canoes; and in
this they were obliged not to stick so much upon
the honest part of it, but to trespass upon their
friendly savages, and to borrow two large canoes,
or periaguas, on pretence of going out a-fishing, or
for pleasure.
In these they came away the next morning; it
seems they wanted no time to get themselves ready,
for they had no baggage, neither clothes, or provi-
sions, or any thing in the world, but what they had
on them, and a few roots to eat, of which they used
to make their bread.
They were in all three weeks absent, and in that
time, unluckily for them, I had the occasion of-
fered for my escape, as I mentioned in my other
part, and to get off from the island; leaving three
of the most impudent, hardened, ungoverned, dis-
agreeable villains behind me, that any man could
desire to meet with, to the poor Spaniards' great
grief and disappointment, you may be sure.
The only just thing the rogues did, was, that
E Q









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


when the Spaniards came on shore, they gave my
letter to them, and gave them provisions, and other
relief, as I had ordered them to do; also they
gave them the long paper of directions, which I
had left with them, containing the particular me-
thods which I took for managing every part of my
life there ; the way how I baked my bread, bred up
my tame goats, and planted my corn ; how I cured
my grapes, made my pots, and, in a word, every
thing I did: all this being written down, they gave
to the Spaniards, two of whom understood English
well enough; nor did they refuse to accommodate
the Spaniards with any thing else, for they agreed
very well for some time: they gave them an equal
admission into the house, or cave, and they began
to live very sociably; and the head Spaniard, who
had seen pretty much of my method, and Friday's
father together, managed all their affairs : for, as
for the Englishmen, they did nothing but ramble
about the island, shoot parrots, and catch tortoises,
and when they came home at night, the Spaniards
provided their suppers for them.
The Spaniards would have been satisfied with
this, would the other but have let them alone;
which, however, they could not find in their hearts
to do long; but, like the dog in the manger, they
would not eat themselves, and would not let others
eat either: the differences, nevertheless, were at
first but trivial, and such as are not worth relating ;
but at last it broke out into open war, and it began









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


with all the rudeness and insolence that can be
imagined, without reason, without provocation,
contrary to nature, and indeed to common sense;
and though it is true, the first relation of it came
from the Spaniards themselves, whom I may call
the accusers, yet when I came to examine the fel-
lows, they could not deny a word of it.
But before I come to the particulars of this part,
I must supply a defect in my former relation; and
this was, that I forgot to set down among the rest,
that, just as we were weighing the anchor to set
sail, there happened a little quarrel on board our
ship, which I was afraid once would turn to a
second mutiny; nor was it appeased till the captain,
rousing up his courage, and taking us all to his
assistance, parted them by force, and making two
of the most refractory fellows prisoners, he laid
them in irons; and as they had been active in the
former disorders, and let fall some ugly dangerous
words the second time, he threatened to carry
them in irons to England, and have them hanged
there for mutiny and running away with the
ship.
This, it seems, though the captain did not intend
to do it, frighted some other men in the ship; and
some of them had put it in the heads of the rest,
that the captain only gave them good words for the
present, till they should come to some English port;
and that then they should be all put into a gaol,
and tried for their lives.









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


The mate got intelligence of this, and acquainted
us with it; upon which it was desired, that I, who
still passed for a great man among them, should
go down with the mate, and satisfy the men, and
tell them, that they might be assured, if they be-
haved well the rest of the voyage, all they had
done for the time past should be pardoned. So I
went, and after passing my honour's word to them,
they appeared easy, and the more so, when I caused
the two men who were in irons, to be released and
forgiven.
But this mutiny had brought us to an anchor
for that night, the wind also falling calm; next
morning we fund, that our two men who had
been laid in irons, had stole each of them a mus-
quet, and some other weapons; what powder or shot
they had, we knew not; and had taken the ship's
pinnace, which was not yet haled up, and run
away with her to their companions in roguery on
shore.
As soon as he found this, I ordered the long-
boat on shore, with twelve men and the mate, and
away they went to seek the rogues; but they could
neither find them, nor any of the rest; for they all
fled into the woods when they saw the boat coming
on shore. The mate was once resolved, in justice
to their roguery, to have destroyed their planta-
tions, burnt all their household-stuff and furniture,
and left them to shift without it; but having no
order, he let all alone, left every thing as they









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


found it, and bringing the pinnace away, came on
board without them.
These two men made their number five; but the
other three villains were so much wickeder than
these, that after they had been two or three days
together, they turned their two new-comers out of
doors to shift for themselves, and would have no-
thing to do with them ; nor could they for a good
while be persuaded to give them any food: as for
the Spaniards, they were not yet come.
When the Spaniards came first on shore, the
business began to go forward; the Spaniards would
have persuaded the three English brutes to have
taken in their two countrymen again, that, as they
said, they might be all one family; but they would
not hear of it: so the two poor fellows lived by
themselves; and finding nothing but industry and
application would make them live comfortable, they
pitched their tents on the north shore of the island,
but a little more to the west, to be out of the dan-
ger of the savages, who always landed on the east
parts of the island.
Here they built two huts, one to lodge in, and
the other to lay up their magazines and stores in;
and the Spaniards having given them some corn
for seed, and especially some of the peas which I
had left them, they dug and planted, and enclosed,
after the pattern I had set for them all, and began
to live pretty well. Their first crop of corn was
on the ground, and though it was but a little bit








LIFE AND ADVENTURES


of land which they had dug up at first, having
had but a little time, yet it was enough to relieve
them, and find them with bread or other eatables;
and one of the fellows, being the cook's mate of the
ship, was very ready at making soup, puddings,
and such other preparations, as the rice and the
milk, and such little flesh as they got, furnished
him to do.
They were going on in a little thriving posture,
when the three unnatural rogues, their own coun-
trymen too, in mere humour, and to insult them,
came and bullied them, and told them the island
was theirs; that the governor, meaning me, had
given them possession of it, and nobody else had
any right to it; and, damn them, they should build
no houses upon their ground, unless they would pay
them rent for them.
The two men thought they had jested at first;
and asked them to come and sit down, and see what
fine houses they were that they had built, and tell
them what rent they demanded : and one of them
merrily told them, if they were ground-landlords,
he hoped if they built tenements upon the land,
and made improvements, they would, according to
the custom of all landlords, grant them a long
lease; and bid them go fetch a scrivener to draw
the writings. One of the three damning and rag-
ing, told them, they should see they were not in
jest; and going to a little place at a distance, where
the honest men had made a fire to dress their vic-









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


tuals, he takes a fire-brand and claps it to the out-
side of their hut, and very fairly set it on fire; and
it would have been all burnt down in a few minutes,
if one of the two had not run to the fellow, thrust
him away, and trod the fire out with his feet, and
that not without some difficulty too.
The fellow was in such a rage at the honest man's
thrusting him away, that he turned upon him with
a pole he had in his hand; and had not the man
avoided the blow very nimbly, and run into the
hut, he had ended his days at once. His comrade,
seeing the danger they were both in, ran in after
him, and immediately they came both out with their
musquets; and the man that was first struck at with
the pole, knocked the fellow down, who began the
quarrel, with the stock of the musquet, and that
before the other two could come to help him; and
then seeing the rest come at them, they stood toge-
ther, and presenting the other ends of their pieces
to them, bade them stand off.
The others had fire-arms with them too; but
one of the two honest men, bolder than his com-
rade, and made desperate by his danger, told them,
if they offered to move hand or foot, they were all
dead men; and boldly commanded them to lay
down their arms. They did not indeed lay down
their arms; but, seeing him resolute, it brought
them to a parley, and they consented to take
their wounded man with them, and be gone; and
indeed, it seems the fellow was wounded suffi-








LIFE AND ADVENTURES


ciently with the blow; however, they were much
in the wrong, since they had the advantage, that
they did not disarm them effectually, as they might
have done, and have gone immediately to the Spa-
niards, and given them an account how the rogues
had treated them; for the three villains studied
nothing but revenge, and every day gave them some
intimation that they did so.
But not to crowd this part with an account of
the lesser part of their rogueries, such as treading
down their corn, shooting three young kids, and a
she-goat, which the poor men had got to breed up
tame for their store; and, in a word, plaguing them
night and day in this manner, it forced the two
men to such a desperation, that they resolved to
fight them all three the first time they had a fair
opportunity. In order to this, they resolved to go
to the castle, as they called it, that was my old
dwelling, where the three rogues and the Spaniards
all lived together at that time, intending to have
a fair battle, and the Spaniards should stand by to
see fair play. So they got up in the morning before
day, and came to the place, and called the English-
men by their names, telling a Spaniard that an-
swered, that they wanted to speak with them.
It happened that the day before two of the Spa-
niards, having been in the woods, had seen one of
the two Englishmen, whom, for distinction, I call
the honest men; and he had made a sad complaint
to the Spaniards, of the barbarous usage they had









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


met with from their three countrymen, and how
they had ruined their plantation, and destroyed
their corn, that they had laboured so hard to bring
forward, and killed the milch-goat, and their three
kids, which was all they had provided for their
sustenance; and that if he and his friends, meaning
the Spaniards, did not assist them again, they should
be starved. When the Spaniards came home at
night, and they were all at supper, he took the
freedom to reprove the three Englishmen, though
in gentle and mannerly terms, and asked them, how
they could be so cruel, they being harmless inof-
fensive fellows, and that they were putting them-
selves in a way to subsist by their labour, and that
it had cost them a great deal of pains to bring things
to such perfection as they had ?
One of the Englishmen returned very briskly,
What had they to do there? That they came on
shore without leave, and that they should not
plant or build upon the island; it was none of their
ground. Why, says the Spaniard, very calmly,
Seignior Inglese, they must not starve. The Eng-
lishman replied, like a true rough-hewn tarpaulin,
they might starve and be damned, they should not
plant nor build in that place. But what must
they do then, Seignior ? says the Spaniard. Ano-
ther of the brutes returned, Do! d-n them, they
should be servants, and work for them. But how
can you expect that of them ? they are not bought
with your money; you have no right to make them








uV LIFE AND ADVENTURES

servants. The Englishmen answered, the island
was theirs, the governor had given it to them, and
no man had any thing to do there but themselves;
and with that swore by his Maker, that he would
go and burn all their new huts; they should build
none upon their land.
Why, Seignior, says the Spaniard, by the same
rule, we must be your servants too. Ay, says the
bold dog, and so you shall too, before we have
done with you, mixing two or three G-d d-n-
me's in the proper intervals of his speech. The
Spaniard only smiled at that, and made him no an-
swer. However, this little discourse had heated
them; and starting up, one says to the other, I
think it was he they called Will Atkins, Come,
Jack, let us go and have the other brush with them ;
we will demolish their castle, I will warrant you;
they shall plant no colony in our dominions.
Upon this they were all trooping away, with
every man a gun, a pistol, and a sword, and mut-
tered some insolent things among themselves, of
what they would do to the Spaniards too, when
opportunity offered; but the Spaniards, it seems, did
not so perfectly understand them as to know all
the particulars ; only that, in general, they threat-
ened them hard for taking the two Englishmen's
part.
Whither they went, or how they bestowed their
time that evening, the Spaniards said they did not
know; but it seems they wandered about the coun.









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


try part of the night ; and then lying down in the
place which I used to call my bower, they were
weary, and overslept themselves. The case was
this: they had resolved to stay till midnight, and
so to take the poor men when they were asleep;
and they acknowledged it afterwards, intending
to set fire to their huts while they were in them,
and either burn them in them, or murder them as
they came out : and, as malice seldom sleeps very
sound, it was very strange they should not have
been kept waking.
However, as the two men had also a design
upon them, as I have said, though a much fairer
one than that of burning and murdering, it hap-
pened, and very luckily, for them all, that they
were up and gone abroad, before the bloody-
minded rogues came to their huts.
When they came thither and found the men
gone, Atkins, who it seems was the forwardest
man, called out to his comrades, Ha Jack, here's
the nest; but d-n them, the birds are flown : they
mused awhile to think what should be the occa-
sion of their being gone abroad so soon, and sug-
gested presently, that the Spaniards had given them
notice of it; and with that they shook hands, and
swore to one another, that they would be revenged
of the Spaniards. As soon as they had made this
bloody bargain, they fell to work with the poor
men's habitation; they did not set fire indeed to any
thing, but they pulled down both their houses, and









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


pulled them so limb from limb that they left not
the least stick standing, or scarce any sign on the
ground where they stood; they tore all their little
collected household-stuff in pieces, and threw every
thing about in such a manner, that the poor men
found, afterwards, some of their things a mile off
from their habitation.
When they had done this, they pulled up all the
young trees which the poor men had planted;
pulled up the inclosure they had made to secure
their cattle and their corn ; and, in a word, sacked
and plundered every thing as completely as a herd
of Tartars would have done.
The two men were at this juncture gone to find
them out, and had resolved to fight them wherever
they had been, though they were but two or three :
so that, had they met, there certainly would have
been bloodshed among them; for they were all
very stout resolute fellows, to give them their
due.
But Providence took more care to keep them
asunder than they themselves could do to meet:
for as they had dogged one another, when the three
were gone thither, the two were here; and after-
wards, when the two went back to find them, the
three were come to the old habitation again; we
shall see their differing conduct presently. When
the three came back, like furious creatures, flushed
with the rage which the work they had been about
put them into, they came up to the Spaniards, and









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


told them what they had done, by way of scoff
and bravado; and one of them stepping up to one
of the Spaniards, as if they had been a couple of
boys at play, takes hold of his hat, as it was upon
his head, and giving it a twirl about, fleering in his
face, says he to him, And you, Seignior Jack Spa-
niard, shall have the same sauce, if you do not
mend your manners. The Spaniard, who, though
quite a civil man, was as brave as a man could de-
sire to be, and withal a strong well-made man,
looked steadily at him for a good while; and then,
having no weapon in his hand, stept gravely up to
him, and with one blow of his fist, knocked him
down, as an ox is felled with a pole axe, at which
one of the rogues, insolent as the first, fired his pis-
tol at the Spaniard immediately: he missed his
body indeed, for the bullets went through his
hair, but one of them touched the tip of his ear,
and he bled pretty much. The blood made the
Spaniard believe he was more hurt than he really
was, and that put him into some heat, for before
he acted all in a perfect calm; but now resolving
to go through with his work, he stooped and took
the fellow's musquet whom he had knocked down,
and was just going to shoot the man who had fired
at him ; when the rest of the Spaniards, being in
the cave, came out, and calling to him not to shoot,
they stept in, secured the other two, and took
their arms from them.
When they were thus disarmed, and found they









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


had made all the Spaniards their enemies, as well
as their own countrymen, they began to cool; and
giving the Spaniards better words, would have had
their arms again; but the Spaniards considering
the feud that was between them and the other two
Englishmen, and that it would be the best method
they could take to keep them from one another,
told them they would do them no harm; and if
they would live peaceably they would be very wil-
ling to assist and associate with them, as they did
before; but that they could not think of giving
them their arms again, while they appeared so re-
solved to do mischief with them to their own
countrymen, and had even threatened them all to
make them their servants.
The rogues were now more capable to hear rea-
son than to act reason: but being refused their
arms, they went raving away, and raging like mad-
men, threatening what they would do, though they
had no fire-arms: but the Spaniards despising
their threatening, told them they should take
care how they offered any injury to their planta-
tion or cattle; for if they did, they would shoot
them, as they would do ravenous beasts, wherever
they found them; and if they fell into their hands
alive, they would certainly be hanged. However,
this was far from cooling them; but away they
went, swearing and raging like furies of hell. As
soon as they were gone, came back the two men in
passion and rage enough also, though of another









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 65

kind; for, having been at their plantation, and
finding it all demolished and destroyed, as above,
it will easily be supposed they had provocation
enough; they could scarce have room to tell their
tale, the Spaniards were so eager to tell them
theirs; and it was strange enough to find, that
three men should thus bully nineteen, and receive
no punishment at all.
The Spaniards indeed despised them, and espe-
cially having thus disarmed them, made light of
their threatening; but the two Englishmen re-
solved to have their remedy against them, what
pains soever it cost to find them out.
But the Spaniards interposed here too, and told
them, that they were already disarmed: they could
not consent that they (the two) should pursue them
with fire-arms, and perhaps kill them : but, said
the grave Spaniard, who was their governor, we
will endeavour to make them do you justice, if
you will leave it to us, for, as there is no doubt
but they will come to us again when their passion
is over, being not able to subsist without our as-
sistance, we promise you to make no peace with
them, without having a full satisfaction for you;
and upon this condition we hope you will promise
to use no violence with them, other than in your
defence.
The two Englishmen yielded to this very awk-
wardly, and with great reluctance; but the Spa-
niards protested, they did it only to keep them
VOL. II. F









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


from bloodshed, and to make all easy at last, for,
said they, we are not so many of us; here is room
enough for us all, and it is great pity we should
not be all good friends. At length they did con-
sent, and waited for the issue of the thing, living
for some days with the Spaniards; for their own
habitation was destroyed.
In about five days time the three vagrants, tired
with wandering, and almost starved with hunger,
having chiefly lived on turtles eggs all that while,
came back to the grove; and finding my Spaniard,
who, as I have said, was the governor, and two
more with him, walking by the side of the creek,
they came up in a very submissive humble manner,
and begged to be received again into the family.
The Spaniards used them civilly, but told them,
they had acted so unnaturally by their country-
men, and so very grossly by them (the Spaniards),
that they could not come to any conclusion with-
out consulting the two Englishmen, and the rest;
but however they would go to them, and discourse
about it, and they should know in half an hour.
It may be guessed that they were very hard put to
it; for it seems, as they were to wait this half-hour
for an answer, they begged he would send them
out some bread in the mean time; which he did,
and sent them at the same time a large piece of
goat's flesh, and a broiled parrot; which they eat
very heartily, for they were hungry enough.
After half an hour's consultation they were









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


called in, and a long debate had about them, their
two countrymen charging them with the ruin of all
their labour, and a design to murder them; all
which they owned before, and therefore could not
deny now; upon the whole, the Spaniards acted the
moderators between them; and as they had obliged
the two Englishmen not to hurt the three, while
they were naked and unarmed, so they now ob-
liged the three to go and rebuild their fellows two
huts, one to be of the same dimensions, and the
other larger than they were before ; also to fence
their ground again, where they had pulled up the
fences, plant trees in the room of those pulled up,
dig up the land again for planting corn, where
they had spoiled it; and, in a word, to restore
every thing in the same state as they found it, as
near as they could; for entirely it could not be,
the season for the corn, and the growth of the
trees and hedges, not being possible to be reco-
vered.
Well, they all submitted to this; and as they
had plenty of provisions given them all the while,
they grew very orderly, and the whole society
began to live pleasantly and agreeably together
again; only that these three fellows could never
be persuaded to work ; I mean, not for themselves,
except now and then a little, just as they pleased;
however, the Spaniards told them plainly, that if
they would but live sociably and friendly together,
and study in the whole the good of the plantation,
F 2









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


they would be content to work fbr them, and let
them walk about and be as idle as they pleased;
and thus having lived pretty well together for a
month or two, the Spaniards gave them their arms
again, and gave them liberty to go abroad with
them as before.
It was not above a week after they had these
arms, and went abroad, but the ungrateful crea-
tures began to be as insolent and troublesome as
before: but, however, an accident happened pre-
sently upon this, which endangered the safety of
them all ; they were obliged to lay by all private
resentments, and look to the preservation of their
lives.
It happened one night, that the Spaniard gover-
nor, as I call him, that is to say, the Spaniard
whose life I had saved, who was now the captain,
or leader, or governor of the rest, found himself
very uneasy in the night, and could by no means
get any sleep: he was perfectly well in body, as
he told me the story, only found his thoughts tu-
multuous; his mind ran upon men fighting, and
killing one another, but was broad awake, and
could not by any means get any sleep ; in short,
lie lay a great while ; but growing more and more
uneasy, he resolved to rise: as they lay, being so
many of them, upon goat-skins, laid thick upon
such couches and pads as they made themselves,
and not in hammocks and ship-beds, as I did, who
was but one, so they had little to do, when they









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


were willing to rise, but to get up upon their feet,
and perhaps put on a coat, such as it was, and their
pumps, and they were ready for going any way
that their thoughts guided them.
Being thus gotten up, he looked out; but, being
dark, he could see little or nothing ; and besides,
the trees which I had planted, as in my former ac-
count is described, and which were now grown tall,
intercepted his sight, so that he could only look
up, and see that it was a clear star-light night; and,
hearing no noise, he returned and laid him down
again; but it was all one, he could not sleep, nor
could he compose himself to any thing like rest,
but his thoughts were to the last degree uneasy,
and yet he knew not for what.
Having made some noise with rising and walk-
ing about, going out and coming in, another of
them waked, and, calling, asked who it was that
was up ? The governor told him, how it had been
with him. Say you so ? says the other Spaniard ;
such things are not to be slighted, I assure you;
there is certainly some mischief working, says he,
near us; and presently he asked him, Where are
the Englishmen ? They are all in their huts, says
he, safe enough. It seems the Spaniards had kept
possession of the main apartment, and had made
a place, where the three Englishmen, since their
last mutiny, always quartered by themselves, and
could not come at the rest. Well, says the Spa-
niard, there is something in it, I am persuaded








LIFE AND ADVENTURES


fiom my own experience; I am satisfied our spirits
embodied have converse with, and receive intelli-
gence from, the spirits unembodied, and inhabit-
ing the invisible world; and this friendly notice is
given for our advantage, if we know how to make
use of it. Come, says he, let us go out and look
abroad ; and if we find nothing at all in it to jus-
tify our trouble, I will tell you a story to the pur-
pose, that shall convince you of the justice of my
proposing it.
In a word, they went out to go to the top of the
hill, where I used to go; but they, being strong,
and in good company, nor alone, as I was, used
none of my cautions to go up by the ladder, and
then pulling it up after them, to go up a second
stage to the top, but were going round through the
grove unconcerned and unwary, when they were
surprised with seeing a light as of fire, a very little
way off from them, and hearing the voices of men,
not of one or two, but of a great number.
In all the discoveries I had made of the savages
landing on the island, it was my constant care to
prevent them making the least discovery of there
being any inhabitant upon the place; and when by
any necessity they came to know it, they felt it so
effectually, that they that got away were scarce able
to give any account of it, for we disappeared as
soon as possible, nor did ever any that had seen me
escape to tell any one else, except it were the three
savages in our last encounter, who jumped into the









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


boat, of whom I mentioned that I was afraid they
should go home, and bring more help.
Whether it was the consequence of the escape
of those men, that so great a number came now to-
gether ; or whether they came ignorantly, and by
accident, on their usual, bloody errand, the Spa-
niards could not it seems understand; but what-
ever it was, it had been their business, either to
have concealed themselves, and not have seen
them at all; much less to have let the savages have
seen that there were any inhabitants in the place;
but to have fallen upon them so effectually, as that
not a man of them should have escaped, which
could only have been by getting in between them
and their boats; but this presence of mind was
wanting to them, which was the ruin of their tran-
quillity for a great while.
We need not doubt but that the governor, and
the man with him, surprised with this sight, ran
back immediately, and raised their fellows, giving
them an account of the imminent danger they were
all in; and they again as readily took the alarm,
but it was impossible to persuade them to stay close
within where they were, but they must all run out
to see how things stood.
While it was dark indeed, they were well
enough, and they had opportunity enough, for
some hours, to view them by the light of three
fires they had made at some distance from one ano-
ther; what they were doing they knew not, and









LIFE AND) ADVENTURHES


what to do themselves they knew not; for, first,
the enemy were too many; and, secondly, they did
not keep together, but were divided into several
parties, and were on shore in several places.
The Spaniards were in no small consternation at
this sight; and as they fund that the fellows ran
straggling all over the shore, they made no doubt,
but, first or last, some of them would chop in upon
their habitation, or upon some other place, where
they would see the tokens of inhabitants; and they
were in great perplexity also for fear of their stock
of goats, which would have been little less than
starving them, if they should have been destroyed;
so the first thing they resolved upon was to dis-
patch three men away before it was light, viz. two
Spaniards and one Englishman, to drive all the
goats away to the great valley where the cave was,
and, if need were, to drive them into the very cave
itself.
Could they have seen the savages altogether in
one body, and at a distance from their canoes, they
resolved, if there had been an hundred of them, to
have attacked them; but that could not be obtained,
for there were some of them two miles off from the
other, and, as it appeared afterwards, were of two
different nations.
After having mused a great while on the course
they should take, and beaten their brains in consi-
dering their present circumstances, they resolved
at last, while it was dark, to send the old savage









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


(Friday's father) out as a spy, to learn, if possible,
something concerning them, as what they came
for, and what they intended to do, and the like;
the old man readily undertook it, and, stripping
himself quite naked, as most of the savages were,
away he wpnt: after he had been gone an hour or
two, he brings word, that he had been among them
undiscovered, that he found they were two par-
ties, and of two several nations, who had-war with
one another, and had had a great battle in their
own country, and that both sides, having had se-
veral prisoners taken in the fight, they were by
mere chance landed in the same island for the de-
vouring their prisoners, and making merry; but
their coming so by chance to the same place, had
spoiled all their mirth; that they were in a great
rage at one another, and were so near, that he be-
lieved they would fight again as soon as day-light
began to appear; but he did not perceive that they
had any notion of any body's being on the island
but themselves. He had hardly made an end of
telling the story, when they could perceive, by the
unusual noise they made, that the two little armies
were engaged in a bloody fight.
Friday's father used all the arguments he could
to persuade our people to lie close, and not be
seen; he told them, their safety consisted in it,
and that they had nothing to do but to lie still,
and the savages would kill one another to their
hands, and the rest would go away; and it was so








LIFE AND ADVENTURES


to a tittle. But it was impossible to prevail, espe-
cially upon the Englishmen; their curiosity was
so importunate upon their prudentials, that they
must run out and see the battle; however, they
used some caution, viz. they did not go openly
just by their own dwelling, but went further into
the woods, and placed themselves to advantage,
where they might securely see them manage the
fight, and, as they thought, not to be seen by them;
but it seems the savages did see them, as we shall
find hereafter.
The battle was very fierce, and if I might be-
lieve the Englishmen, one of them said, he could
perceive, that some of them were men of great
bravery, of invincible spirits, and of great policy
in guiding the fight. The battle, they said, held
two hours, before they could guess which party
would be beaten; but then that party which was
nearest our people's habitation began to appear
weakest, and after some time more, some of them
began to fly; and this put our men again into a
great consternation, lest any of those that fled
should run into the grove, before their dwelling,
for shelter, and thereby involuntarily discover the
place; and that by consequence the pursuers
should do the like in search for them. Upon this
they resolved, that they would stand armed within
the wall, and whoever came into the grove, they
should sally out over the wall, and kill them; so
that, if possible, not one should return to give an









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


account of it; they ordered also, that it should be
done with their swords, or by knocking them down
with the stock of the musquet, not by shooting them,
for fear of raising an alarm by the noise.
As they expected, it fell out; three of the rout-
ed army fled for life, and crossing the creek, ran
directly into the place, not in the least knowing
whither they went, but running as into a thick
wood for shelter; the scout they kept to look
abroad gave notice of this within, with this ad-
dition to our men's great satisfaction, viz. That
the conquerors had not pursued them, or seen
which way they were gone. Upon this the Spa-
niard governor, a man of humanity, would not suf-
fer them to kill the three fugitives; but sending
three men out by the top of the hill, ordered them
to go round, and come in behind them, surprise
and take them prisoners, which was done; the re-
sidue of the conquered people fled to their canoes,
and got off to sea; the victors retired, and made
no pursuit, or very little; but, drawing themselves
into a body together, gave two great screaming
shouts, which they supposed were by way of tri-
umph, and so the fight ended: and the same day,
about three o'clock in the afternoon, they also
marched to their canoes. And thus the Spaniards
had their island again free to themselves, their
fright was over, and they saw no savages in several
years after.
After they were all gone, the Spaniards came









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


out of their den; and, viewing the field of battle,
they found about two-and-thirty dead men upon
the spot; some were killed with great long arrows,
several of which were found sticking in their bo-
dies; but most of them were killed with their
great wooden swords, sixteen or seventeen of
which they found in the field of battle, and as
many bows, with a great many arrows: these
swords were great unwieldy things, and they must
be very strong men that used them: most of those
men that were killed with them had their heads
mashed to pieces, as we may say, or, as we call it
in English, their brains knocked out, and several
of their arms and legs broken; so that it is evident
they fight with inexpressible rage and fury; they
found not one wounded man that was not stone
dead; for either they stay by their enemy till
they have quite killed them, or they carry all the
wounded men, that are not quite dead, away with
them.
This deliverance tamed our Englishmen for a
great while: the sight had filled them with horror,
and the consequence appeared terrible to the last
degree, especially upon supposing that some time
or other they should fall into the hands of those
creatures, who would not only kill them as ene-
mies, but kill them for food, as we kill our cattle.
And they professed to me, that the thoughts of
being eaten up like beef or mutton, though it was
supposed it was not to be till they were dead, had









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


something in it so horrible, that it nauseated their
very stomachs, made them sick when they thought
of it, and filled their minds with unusual terror,
that they were not themselves for some weeks
after.
This, as I said, tamed even the three English
brutes I have been speaking of; and, for a great
while after, they were very tractable, and went
about the common business of the whole society
well enough; planted, sowed, reaped, and began
to be all naturalized to the country; but some
time after this, they fell all into such simple mea-
sures again as brought them into a great deal of
trouble.
They had taken three prisoners, as I had ob-
served; and these three being lusty stout young
fellows, they made them servants, and taught them
to work for them; and, as slaves, they did well
enough; but they did not take their measures with
them, as I did by my man Friday, viz. to begin
with them upon the principle of having saved their
lives, and then instructed them in the rational
principles of life, much less of religion, civilizing
and reducing them by kind usage, and affectionate
arguing; but, as they gave them their food every
day, so they gave them their work too, and kept
them fully employed in drudgery enough; but they
failed in this by it, that they never had them to
assist them and fight for them, as I had my man
Friday, who was as true to me as the very flesh
upon my bones.









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


But to come to the family.part. Being all now
good friends (for common danger, as I said above,
had effectually reconciled them), they began to
consider their general circumstances ; and the first
thing that came under their consideration was, whe-
ther, seeing the savages particularly haunted that
side of the island, and that there were more remote
and retired parts of it equally adapted to their way
of living, and manifestly to their advantage, they
should not rather remove their habitation, and
plant in some more proper place for their safety,
and especially for the security of their cattle and
corn.
Upon this, after long debate, it was conceived,
that they should not remove their habitation; be-
cause that some time or other they thought they
might hear from their governor again, meaning
me: and if I should send any one to seek them, I
would be sure to direct them on that side, where,
if they should find the place demolished, they
would conclude the savages had killed us all, and
we were gone, and so our supply would go away
too.
But as to their corn and cattle, they agreed to
remove them into the valley where my cave was,
where the land was as proper to both, and where
indeed there was land enough: however, upon se-
cond thoughts, they altered one part of that reso-
lution too, and resolved only to remove part of
their cattle thither, and plant part of their corn









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


there; and so, if one part was destroyed, the other
might be saved: and one piece of prudence they
used, which it was very well they did; viz. That
they never trusted these three savages, which they
had taken prisoners, with knowing any thing of
the plantation they had made in that valley, or of
any cattle they had there; much less of the cave
there, which they kept in case of necessity, as a
safe retreat; and thither they carried also the two
barrels of powder which I had left them at my
coming away.
But, however, they resolved not to change their
habitation; yet they agreed, that as I had carefully
covered it first with a wall and fortification, and
then with a grove of trees; so, seeing their safety
consisted entirely in their being concealed, of
which they were now fully convinced, they set to
work to cover and conceal the place yet more ef-
fectually than before: to this purpose, as I had
planted trees (or rather thrust in stakes, which in
time all grew to be trees) for some good distance
before the entrance into my apartment, they went
on in the same manner, and filled up the rest of
that whole space of ground, from the trees I had
set, quite down to the side of the creek, where, as
I said, I landed my floats, and even into the very
ooze where the tide flowed, not so much as leaving
any place to land, or any sign that there had been
any landing thereabout : these stakes also, being of
a wood very forward to grow, as I had noted for-









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


merely, they took care to have generally very much
larger and taller than those which I had planted,
and placed them so very thick and close, that when
they had been three or four years grown, there
was no piercing with the eye any considerable way
into the plantation: as for that part which I had
planted, the trees were grown as thick as a man's
thigh; and among them they placed so many other
short ones, and so thick, that in a word it stood
like a palisado a quarter of a mile thick, and it was
next to impossible to penetrate it, but with a little
army, to cut it all down; for a little dog could
hardly get between the trees, they stood so close.
But this was not all; for they did the same by
all the ground to the right hand, and to the left,
and round even to the top of the hill; leaving no
way, not so much as for themselves to come out,
but by the ladder placed up to the side of the hill,
and then lifted up, and placed again from the first
stage up to the top: which ladder, when it was taken
down, nothing but what had wings or witchcraft to
assist it could come at them.
This was excellently well contrived : nor was it
less than what they afterwards found occasion for;
which served to convince me, that as human pru-
dence has authority of Providence to justify it, so
it has, doubtless, the direction of Providence to set
it to work ; and, would we listen carefully to the
voice of it, I am fully persuaded we might prevent
many of the disasters which our lives are now, by









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


our own negligence, subjected to. But this by
the way.
I return to the story : they lived two years after
this in perfect retirement, and had no more visits
from the savages; they had indeed an alarm given
them one morning, which put them in a great con-
sternation; for some of the Spaniards being out
early one morning on the west side, or rather end
of the island, which, by the way, was that end
where I never went, for fear of being discovered,
they were surprised with seeing above twenty ca-
noes of Indians just coming on shore.
They made the best of their way home, in
hurry enough; and giving the alarm to their com-
rades, they kept close all that day and the next,
going out only at night, to make observation:
but they had the good luck to be mistaken; for
wherever the savages went, they did not land at
that time on the island, but pursued some other
design.
And now they had another broil with the three
Englishmen; one of which, a most turbulent fel-
low, being in a rage with one of the three slaves,
which I mentioned they had taken, because the
fellow had not done something right which he
bid him do, and seemed a little untractable in his
shewing him, drew a hatchet out of a frog-belt, in
which he bore it by his side, and fell upon him,
the poor savage, not to correct him, but to kill
him. One of the Spaniards, who was by, seeing
VOL. II. 0









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


him give the fellow a barbarous cut with the hat-
chet, which he aimed at his head, but struck into
his shoulder, so that he thought he had cut the
poor creature's arm off, ran to him, and entreating
him not to murder the poor man, clapped in be-
tween him and the savage, to prevent the mischief.
The fellow, being enraged the more at this,
struck at the Spaniard with his hatchet, and swore
he would serve him as he intended to serve the
savage; which the Spaniard perceiving, avoided
the blow, and with a shovel, which he had in his
hand (for they were working in the field about
the corn-land), knocked the brute down: another
of the Englishmen, running at the same time to help
his comrade, knocked the Spaniard down; and then
two Spaniards more came to help their man, and a
third Englishman fell upon them. They had none
of them any fire-arms, or any other weapons but
hatchets and other tools, except the third Eng-
lishman; he had one of my old rusty cutlasses,
with which he made at the last Spaniards, and
wounded them both : this fray set the whole family
in an uproar, and more help coming in, they took
the three Englishmen prisoners. The next ques-
tion was, What should be done with them ? They
had been so often mutinous, and were so furious,
so desperate, and so idle withal, that they knew
not what course to take with them, for they were
mischievous to the highest degree, and valued not
what hurt they did any man; so that, in short, it
was not safe to live with them.









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


The Spaniard, who was governor, told them in
so many words, that if they had been his own
countrymen, he would have hanged them all; for
all laws, and all governors, were to preserve society;
and those who were dangerous to the society ought
to be expelled out ofit; but as they were English-
men, and that it was to the generous kindness of
an Englishman that they all owed their preserva-
tion and deliverance, he would use them with all
possible lenity, and would leave them to the judg-
ment of the other two Englishmen, who were their
countrymen.
One of the two honest Englishmen stood up, and
said, they desired it might not be left to them:
for, says he, I am sure we ought to sentence them
to the gallows; and with that gives an account
how Will Atkins, one of the three, had proposed
to have all the five Englishmen join together, and
murder all the Spaniards, when they were in their
sleep.
When the Spanish governor heard this, he calls
to Will Atkins. How, Seignior Atkins, says he,
Will you murder us all? What have you to say
to that? That hardened villain was so far from
denying it, that he said it was true, and G-d
d-mn him they would do it still before they had
done with them. Well, but Seignior Atkins, said
the Spaniard, what have we done to you that you
will kill us? And what would you get by killing
us ? And what must we do to prevent your killing









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


us ? Must we kill you, or will you kill us? Why
will you put us to the necessity of this, Seignior
Atkins? says the Spaniard very calmly, and smil-
ing.
Seignior Atkins was in such a rage at the Spa-
niard's making a jest of it, that, had he not been
held by three men, and withal had no weapons with
him, it was thought he would have attempted to
have killed the Spaniard in the middle of all the
company.
This hare-brained carriage obliged them to con-
sider seriously what was to be done. The two
Englishmen and the Spaniard, who saved the poor
savage, were of the opinion, that they should
hang one of the three for an example to the rest;
and that particularly it should be he that had
twice attempted to commit murder with his
hatchet; and indeed there was some reason to be-
lieve he had done it, for the poor savage was in
such a miserable condition with the wound he had
received, that it was thought he could not live.
But the governor Spaniard still said, No, it was
an Englishman that had saved all their lives, and
he would never consent to put an Englishman to
death, though he had murdered half of them; nay,
he said, if he had been killed himself by an Eng-
lishman, and had time left to speak, it should be,
that they should pardon him.
This was so positively insisted on by the gover-
nor Spaniard, that there was no gainsaying it; and









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


as merciful counsels are most apt to prevail, where
they are so earnestly pressed, so they all came into
it; but then it was to be considered, what should
be done to keep them from the mischief they de-
signed; for all agreed, governor and all, that means
were to be used for preserving the society from
danger. After a long debate it was agreed, first,
that they should be disarmed, and not permitted
to have either gun, or powder, or shot, or sword,
or any weapon, and should be turned out of the
society, and left to live where they would, and
how they could, by themselves; but that none of
the rest, either Spaniards or English, should con-
verse with them, speak with them, or have any
thing to do with them; that they should' be for-
bid to come within a certain distance of the place
where the rest dwelt; and that if they offered to
commit any disorder, so as to spoil, burn, kill, or
destroy any of the corn, plantings, buildings,
fences, or cattle belonging to the society, that
they should die without mercy, and would shoot
them wherever they could find them.
The governor, a man of great humanity, musing
upon the sentence, considered a little upon it; and
turning to the two honest Englishmen, said, Hold;
you must reflect, that it will be long ere they can
raise corn and cattle of their own, and they must
not starve; we must therefore allow them provi-
sions. So he caused to be added, that they should
have a proportionwof corn given them to last them
G 8









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


eight months, and for seed to sow, by which time
they might be supposed to raise some of their own;
that they should have six milch-goats, four he-
goats, and six kids, given them, as well for present
subsistence, as for a store; and that they should
have tools given them for their work in the field;
such as, six hatchets, an axe, a saw, and the like.
But they should have none of these tools or provi-
sions, unless they would swear solemnly, that they
would not hurt or injure any of the Spaniards with
them, or their fellow Englishmen.
Thus they dismissed them the society, and
turned them out to shift for themselves. They went
away sullen and refractory, as neither contented to
go away or to stay; but as there was no remedy,
they went, pretending to go and choose a place
where they should settle themselves, to plant and
live by themselves; and some provisions were given,
but no weapons.
About four or five days after, they came again
for some victuals, and gave the governor an ac-
count where they had pitched their tents, and
marked themselves out an habitation or planta-
tion; it was a very convenient place indeed, on
the remotest part of the island, N. E. much about
the place where I providentially landed in my first
voyage, when I was driven out to sea, the Lord
alone knows whither, in my foolish attempt to sur-
round the island.
Here they built themselves two handsome huts,








OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


and contrived them in a manner like my first ha-
bitation, being close under the side of a hill, hav-
ing some trees growing already to the three sides
of it; so that by planting others, it would be very
easily covered from the sight, unless narrowly
searched for: they desired some dry goat-skins for
beds and covering, which were given them; and
upon their giving their words that they would not
disturb the rest, or injure any of their plantations,
they gave them hatchets, and what other tools
they could spare; some pease, barley, and rice, for
sowing, and, in a word, any thing they wanted but
arms and ammunition.
They lived in this separate condition about six
months, and had got in their first harvest, though
the quantity was but small, the parcel of land they
had planted being but little; for indeed, having
all their plantation to form, they had a great deal
of work upon their hands; and when they came
to make boards, and pots, and such things, they
were quite out of their element, and could make
nothing of it; and when the rainy season came on,
for want of a cave in the earth, they could not keep
their grain dry, and it was in great danger of spoil-
ing : and this humbled them much; so they came
and begged the Spaniards to help them, which
they very readily did; and in four days worked a
great hole in the side of the hill for them, big
enough to secure their corn and other things from
the rain; but it was but a poor place at best, corn
G 4








LIFE AND ADVENTURES


pared to mine; and especially as mine was then;
for the Spaniards had greatly enlarged it, and made
several new apartments in it.
About three quarters of a year after this separa-
tion, a new frolic took these rogues, which toge-
ther with the former villany they had committed,
brought mischief enough upon them, and had very
near been the ruin of the whole colony : the three
new associates began, it seems, to be weary of the
laborious life they led, and that without hope of
bettering their circumstances; and a whim took
them, that they would make a voyage to the con-
tinent from whence the savages came, and would
try if they could not seize upon some prisoners
among the natives there and bring them home, so
as to make them do the laborious part of the work
for them.
The project was not so preposterous, if they
had gone no further; but they did nothing, and
proposed nothing, but had either mischief in the
design, or mischief in the event; and, if I may
give my opinion, they seemed to be under a blast
from Heaven; for if we will not allow a visible
curse to pursue visible crimes, how shall we recon-
cile the events of things with divine justice? It
was certainly an apparent vengeance on their crime
of mutiny and piracy, that brought them to the
state they were in; and, as they shewed not the
least remorse for the crime, but added new villa-
nies to it, such as, particularly, that piece of mon-








OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


strous cruelty of wounding a poor slave, because
he did not, or perhaps could not, understand to do
what he was directed; and to wound him in such
a manner, as no question made him a cripple all
his life, and in a place where no surgeon or medi-
cine could be had for his cure: and, what was still
worse, the murderous intent; or, to do justice to
the crime, the intentional murder, for such to be
sure it was, as was afterwards the formed design
they all laid, to murder the Spaniards in cold blood,
and in their sleep.
But I leave observing, and return to the story:
The three fellows came down to the Spaniards one
morning, and, in very humble terms, desired to be
admitted to speak with them: the Spaniards very
readily heard what they had to say, which was
this: that they were tired of living in the manner
they did; that they were not handy enough to
make the necessaries they wanted; and that hav-
ing no help, they found they should be starved;
but if the Spaniards would give them leave to take
one of the canoes which they came over in, and
give them arms and ammunition, proportioned for
their defence, they would go over to the main,
and seek their fortune, and so deliver them from
the trouble of supplying them with any other pro-
visions.
The Spaniards were glad enough to be rid of
them; but yet very honestly represented to them
the certain destruction they were running into;









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


told them, they had suffered such hardships upon
that very spot, that they could, without any
spirit of prophecy, tell them, that they would
be starved or murdered; and bade them consider
of it.
The men replied audaciously, they should be
starved if they stayed here, for they could not
work, and would not work; and they could but
be starved abroad; and if they were murdered,
there was an end of them, they had no wives or
children to cry after them; and, in short, insisted
importunately upon their demand, declaring that
they would go, whether they would give them
any arms or no.
The Spaniards told them, with great kindness,
that if they were resolved to go, they should not
go like naked men, and be in no condition to de-
fend themselves; and that though they could ill
spare their fire-arms, having not enough for them-
selves, yet they would let them have two musquets,
a pistol, and a cutlass, and each man a hatchet,
which they thought sufficient for them.
In a word, they accepted the offer; and having
baked them bread enough to serve them a month,
and given them as much goat's flesh as they could
eat while it was sweet, and a great basket full of
dried grapes, a pot full of fresh water, and a young
kid alive to kill, they boldly set out in a canoe for
a voyage over the sea, where it was at least forty
miles broad.









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


The boat was indeed a large one, and would have
very well carried fifteen or twenty men ; and there-
fore was rather too big for them to manage: but
as they had a fair breeze and the flood-tide with
them, they did well enough: they had made a mast
of a long pole, and a sail of four large goat-skins
dried, which they had sewed or laced together;
and away they went merrily enough : the Spaniards
called after them, Bon Veajo; and no man ever
thought of seeing them any more.
The Spaniards would often say to one another,
and the two honest Englishmen who remained be-
hind, how quietly and comfortably they lived,
now those three turbulent fellows were gone: as
for their ever coming again, that was the remotest
thing from their thoughts could be imagined;
when, behold, after twenty-two days absence, one
of the Englishmen being abroad upon his planting-
work, sees three strange men coming towards him
at a distance, two of them with guns upon their
shoulders.
Away runs the Englishman, as if he was be-
witched, and became frighted and amazed, to the
governor Spaniard, and tells him they were all un-
done, for there were strangers landed upon the
island, he could not tell who: the Spaniard pausing
awhile, says to him, How do you mean, you can-
not tell who? They are savages to be sure. No,
no, says the Englishman, they are men in clothes,
with arms. Nay then, says the Spaniard, why are









LIFE AND ADVENTURES


you concerned? If they are not savages, they
must be friends; for there is no Christian nation
upon earth, but will do us good rather than harm.
While they were debating thus, came the three
Englishmen, and standing without the wood which
was new planted, hallooed to them ; they presently
knew their voices, and so all the wonder of that
kind ceased. But now the admiration was turned
upon another question, viz. What could be the
matter, and what made them come back again ?
It was not long before they brought the men
in; and inquiring where they had been, and what
they had been doing, they gave them a full ac-
count of their voyage in a few words, viz. That
they reached the land in two days, or something
less; but finding the people alarmed at their com-
ing, and preparing with bows and arrows to fight
them, they durst not go on shore, but sailed on to
the northward six or seven hours, till they came
to a great opening, by which they perceived that
the land they saw from our island was not the
main, but an island: that entering that opening
of the sea, they saw another island on the right
hand north, and several more west; and being re-
solved to land somewhere, they put over to one of
the islands which lay west, and went boldly on
shore; that they found the people were courteous
and friendly to them, and they gave them several
roots, and some dried fish, and appeared very so-
ciable; and the women, as well as the men, were









OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


very forward to supply them with any thing they
could get for them to eat, and brought it to them
a great way upon their heads.
They continued here four days, and inquired,
as well as they could of them by signs, what na-
tions were this way, and that way ; and were told
of several fierce and terrible people that lived
almost every way; who, as they made known by
signs to them, used to eat men; but as for them-
selves, they said, that they never eat men or wo-
men, except only such as they took in the wars,
and then they owned that they made a great feast,
and eat their prisoners.
The Englishmen inquired when they had a
feast of that kind; and they told them two moons
ago, pointing to the moon, and then to two fingers;
and that their great king had two hundred pri-
soners now, which he had taken in his war; and
they were feeding them to make them fat for the
next feast. The Englishmen seemed mighty de-
sirous to see those prisoners; but the others mis-
taking them, thought they were desirous to have
some of them to carry away for their own eating.
So they beckoned to them, pointing to the setting
of the sun, and then to the rising; which was to
signify, that the next morning, at sun-rising, they
would bring some for them; and accordingly, the
next morning, they brought down five women,
and eleven men; and gave them to the English-
men to carry with them on their voyage, just as




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