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Group Title: Circular - University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences ; 500
Title: Selected shrubs for north Florida
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072589/00001
 Material Information
Title: Selected shrubs for north Florida
Series Title: Circular Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Physical Description: 7 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Ingram, Dewayne L ( Dewayne Lebron ), 1952-
Midcap, J. T
Barrick, William Edgar, 1946-
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1981?
 Subjects
Subject: Ornamental shrubs -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: D.L. Ingram, J.T. Midcap and W.E. Barrick.
General Note: Cover title.
Funding: Circular (Florida Cooperative Extension Service) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072589
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 08817822

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HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida





SIY-f


Circular 500

Selected Shrubs for

North Florida
D. L. Ingram, J. T. Midcap and W. E. Barrick


Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville, John T. Woeste, Dean for Extension





SELECTED SHRUBS FOR NORTH FLORIDA
D. L. Ingram, J. T. Midcap and W. E. Barrick*


Ornamental shrubs are an important part of the
home landscape. Florida homeowners can select
from a large variety of available plants. Home-
owners and landscape designers must be aware of
basic shrub characteristics to make wise selections.
Each plant or plant group must serve a useful pur-
pose to achieve a well designed landscape.
Homeowners often select plants with bright
flowers or unusual foliage. Only a limited number of
unusual or accent plants can be used effectively in
the landscape and their location must be skillfully
planned. A complete landscape plan should be
developed before the plants are purchased.
Shrubs are selected on the basis of height, plant
form, foliage characteristics, flower color, season of
bloom and adaptation to the planting site.
Knowledge of these characteristics allows the
designer or homeowner to choose proper plant
materials to create the desired landscape. Shrub
growth habit is quite variable and can be cate-
gorized as broad spreading, spreading, globose,
upright spreading, upright or columnar (Figure 1).
Foliage characteristics and branching habit deter-
mine shrub texture. Flowering shrubs can be
selected to provide color during all seasons in
selected areas of the landscape. Knowledge of flower
color and season of bloom help eliminate incompati-
ble color combinations.
Shrubs are evaluated by their adaptability to the
environmental conditions of the landscape site. En-
vironmental conditions include the amount of
sunlight (full sun, partial shade or shade) and
tolerance to salt spray, particularly in coastal areas.
Soil characteristics of the site may restrict shrub
selection. Some shrubs are tolerant of poorly
drained soils while others grow best in dry sandy
soils.
Some plants in retail outlets may be rated accord-
ing to grades and standards as established by the
Florida Department of Plant Industries. Ranked
from best to poorest quality, these classifications
are: Florida Fancy, Florida No. 1, Florida No. 2 and
Florida No. 3. The lower the grade, the less likely
plants will be acceptable.


Figure 1. Shrub growth habit characteristics I


Because most plants are not rated as to grade,
they should be inspected closely before purchase.
Shrubs with an unhealthy appearance or with weak
or poorly formed branches should not be purchased,
because they usually develop into "leggy" plants.
Each plant should be examined for insects, diseases,
and mechanical damage such as scarred, cracked, or
peeling trunks and branches. Abnormally small or
yellow leaves are an indication of either nutritional
disorders, weak root systems, or improper produc-
tion or shipping procedures.
The root system of container grown plants should
be well established but not root-bound. Roots
should be distributed throughout the soil medium
and not protruding outside the container or
penetrating into the ground. The soil ball of balled
and burlapped (B & B) plants should be intact and
moist.
North Florida, as discussed in this publication, in-
cludes the area from Pensacola to Jacksonville and
south to Ocala. These are general guidelines and
microclimatic factors of given locations may vary.
The following table lists selected shrubs for North
Florida. Space does not allow including all shrubs
that could be grown in North Florida. The scientific
name, common name, growth habit, estimate of
common height, flower color and season, light re-
quirements soil type preference, degree of salt
tolerance, and other comments of interest are in-
cluded. Cultivars of some plant species listed here
may differ in growth habit, flower color, foliage
characteristics and/or size. This information should
help homeowners and landscape horticulturists
select appropriate shrubs for specific purposes and
locations in their landscapes.


Broad Spreading Spreading Globose Upright

*Authors are Assistant Professors, Ornamental Horticulture, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville


Columnar






SCIENTIFIC/
COMMON NAME


GROWTH
HABIT


FLOWER
COMMON COLOR/
HEIGHT SEASON


LIGHT
CONDITIONS


SOIL
TYPE


SALT SPRAY
TOLERANCE COMMENTS


Abelia grandiflora
'Sherwoodii'
Sherwood Abelia


Spreading,
compact


White,
summer


Full sun,
shifting
shade


Fertile,
moist


Leaves and flowers also
smaller than A. grandi-
flora


Ardisia crenata Upright, 3-4' Incon.1 Shade Fertile, No Coral red berries in
Coral Ardisia multi-stems acid winter; 'Alba' is white
_____ berried cultivar
Buxus microphylla Globose, 3-4' Incon. Partial Fertile, No Tolerates shearing;
Japanese Boxwood compact shade, acid nematodes, mites and
shade leaf miners are problems
Euonymus fortune Broad Spread- 1-2' Incon. Sun, Variety Yes Many cultivars available,
Creeping Euonymus ing, densely shade most are variegated
branched
Gardenia jasminoides Spreading, 1-2' White, Partial Fertile, No Susceptible to nema-
'Prostrata' compact spring shade acid todes, white fly and sooty
Prostrate Gardenia mold
Ilex crenata 'Helleri' Spreading, 2-3' Incon. Full sun, Well-drained, No 'Convexa' is another
Dwarf Japanese Holly compact partial acid dwarf cultivar
shade
Ilex cornuta 'Rotunda' Spreading, 2-4' Incon. Full sun, Well-drained, No Multi-spined leaves;
Dwarf Chinese Holly compact partial acid best in groups
shade
Ilex vomitoria 'Nana' Spreading, 3-4' Incon. Full sun, Variety Yes Other cultivars include
Dwarf Yaupon Holly compact shade 'Stokes Dwarf' and
'Schellings'
Juniperus chinensis Spreading 2-3' Incon. Full sun Fertile, Mod. 2 Cultivars include 'Par-
Chinese Juniper well-drained sonii', 'Parsonii Variegata'
and 'Aureovariegata'
Juniperus conferta Broad 1-2' Incon. Full sun Fertile, Mod. Superior cultivars in-
Shore Juniper Spreading well-drained clude 'Blue Pacific' and
'Compacta'
Juniperus horizontalis Broad 12-15" Incon. Full sun Fertile, Mod. Cultivars include 'Bar
Spreading Juniper Spreading well-drained Harbor', 'Wiltonii', 'Plu-
mosa' and 'Douglasii'
Lagerstroemia indica Spreading 4' Variety, Full sun Variety No Cultivars include
Dwarf Crape-Myrtle summer 'Petite Snow', 'Petite
Pinkie', 'Low Flame'
and 'Dwarf Purple'
Mahonia fortune Upright, 3-4' Yellow, early Partial Well-drained No Thick mounded shrub; good
Fortune's Mahonia multi-stems spring shade as specimen or accent
Nandina domestic Spreading, 2-3' Incon. Full sun, Fertile No Cultivars include
compact compact partial 'Purpurea Dwarf' and
Dwarf Nandina shade 'Harbour Dwarf'
Rhododendron obtusum Spreading 4' Variable, Partial Acid No Variety of colors and
Kurume Hybrid Azaleas spring shade growth habits

1 Incon. is abbreviation for inconspicuous.




SMALL SHRUBS

SCIENTIFIC/
COMMON NAME


GROWTH
HABIT


COMMON FLOWER
HEIGHT COLOR/
SEASON


LIGHT
CONDITIONS


SOIL
TYPE


SALT SPRAY
TOLERANCE COMMENTS


Serissa foetida Spreading 2' White, Partial Fertile, No Used as edging and
Serissa warm season shade moist foundation plant
Yucca smalliana Rosette, 2-3' White, Full sun, Well-drained Yes Used best in groups; very
Adam's Needle no trunk summer partial shade similar to Y. filamentosa

MEDIUM SHRUBS

Abelia grandiflora Spreading 5-6' White, Full sun, Fertile, No Aggressive; good for
Glossy Abelia summer partial moist hedge
shade
Aucuba japonica Upright 5-6' Incon. Shade Fertile, No Multi-stems; variegated
Aucuba organic cultivars available
Berberis julianae Spreading, 5-6' Yellow, Full sun, Clay Mod. Black fruit; sharp
Wintergreen Barberry dense spring partial loam spines
shade
Berberis mentorensis Upright 5-6' Yellow, Full sun, Fertile Mod. Good for hedge
Mentor Barberry Spreading spring partial
shade
Berberis thunbergii Spreading, 6' Yellow, Full sun, Variety Mod. Good clipped hedge; red-
Japanese Barberry densely spring partial leaved cultivars are
foliated shade available
Callicarpa americana Spreading, 5-6' Lilac, Partial Fertile, No Showy magenta fruit in
Beauty Berry compact spring shade moist autumn; var. alba has
white fruit
Cephalotaxus Upright 5-6' Incon. Shade Fertile, No Slow grower; good for
harringtonia moist northern exposure
Japanese Plum-Yew
Fatsia japonica Upright 5-6' Incon. Partial Fertile, Mod. Does well in landscape
Fatsia shade acid containers
Gardenia jasminoides Spreading, 5-6' White, Partial Fertile, No Susceptible to nematodes,
Gardenia compact spring shade acid white fly and sooty mold;
showy spring color
Hydrangea macrophylla Spreading 5-6' Blue to pink, Partial Fertile, No Semi-evergreen in


French Hydrangea


Spreading


late spring shade


White
turning
purplish,
summer


Partial
shade


well-drained


Fertile,
well-drained


Plorida; flower color
varies with soil pH
Deciduous, large leaves;
good for wooded areas


ta Spreading 5-6' Incon. Full sun, Well-drained, No Not readily infested by
ii Compacta' partial acid scale insects
urford Holly shade
a Spreading 5-6' Incon. Ful' sun, Well-drained, No Popular cultivars include
I


al


acid


I'
'Hetzii and Rotundifolia


Hydrangea quercifolia
Oakleaf hydrangea


Ilex cornut
'Burfordi
Dwarf Hl
Ilex crenat
Japanp -


Holly




an na cam ra
Lantana


Up i 1
mu -s ms


Red,p ,
orange or yel-
low, summer


u. sun


va ey


Ses


uscep e o ros


Leucophyllum frutescens Spreading, 5-6' Lavender, Full sun Well- Mod. Good for hot, dry
Texas Sage compact summer drained, locations
sandy
Loropetalum chinese Spreading, 6-8' Cream to Partial Fertile, No Horizontal branching;
Loropetalum compact yellow, shade well- drained needs frequent watering
spring
Mahonia bealei Upright, 5-6' Yellow, Partial Well- drained No Used as specimen and
Leatherleaf Mahonia clumping early shade in foundation; attractive
spring grape-like fruit
Mahonia lomariifolia Upright, 6-8' Yellow, Partial Fertile, No Interesting specimen
Chinese Holly-Grape multi-stems early shade well-drained with trunk and fruit
spring character
Myrtus communis Spreading, 4-6' White, Partial Fertile, No 'Microphylla' is
Myrtle open spring shade well-drained superior selection

Nandina domestic Upright, 5-6' White, Partial Fertile No Red fruit in winter
Nandina multi-stems spring shade
unbranched
Photinia glabra Upright, 6-8' White, Full sun Fertile No Young foliage is red; P.
Red-Tip Photinia open spring x Fraseri, excellent hybrid
Rhaphiolepis indica Spreading, 5' Rose-pink, Shade Fertile, Yes Excellent seaside plant
India-Hawthorn open spring acid
Rhododendron spp. Spreading 5-6' Variable, Partial Fertile, No Deciduous; R. austrinum
Native Azaleas spring shade acid, well-drained (yellowish), R. canescens
(white to pink), R. chap-
manii (pink)
Rhododendron simsii Spreading 6-8' Variable, Partial Fertile, No Evergreen
Indian Hybrid Azaleas spring shade acid, well-drained

Spiraea cantoniensis Spreading 5-6' White, Full sun Fertile No Excellent border plant
Reeves Spirea spring
Spiraea thunbergii Spreading 5-6' White, Partial Fertile, No Excellent border or
Thunberg Spirea spring shade, well-drained informal hedge plant
full sun
Tetrapanax papyriferus Upright 8' Creamy Full sun, Variety No Produces suckers; sus-
Rice-paper Plant white, partial ceptible to frost
winter shade
Viburnum suspensum Spreading 6-8' White, Full sun, Fertile No Easily maintained at
Sandankwa Viburnum spring shade smaller size
Viburnum tinus Columnar 6-8' White Full sun Fertile, No Good background plant
Laurestinus to pinkish, well- drained or screen
late winter
Yucca gloriosa Upright 6-8' White, Full sun Well-drained Mod. Good for hot, dry
Spanish Dagger summer locations





SELECTED SHRUBS FOR NORTH FLORIDA


LARGE SHRUBS
SCIENTIFIC/
COMMON NAME


GROWTH
HABIT


COMMON
HEIGHT


FLOWER
COLOR/
SEASON


LIGHT
CONDI-
TIONS


SOIL
TYPE


SALT SPRAY
TOLERANCE


COMMENTS


Callistemon citrinus Upright 10-15' Red, Full sun Well-drained Mod. Good specimen or accent
Lemon Bottle-brush Spreading late spring plant
Callistemon rigidus Upright 8-10' Red, Full sun Well-drained Mod. Leaves are quite stiff
Bottle-brush Spreading late spring
Camellia japonica Upright 10-12' Variable, Full sun, Well-drained, No Many cultivars available
Camellia Spreading winter partial shade acid
Camellia sasanqua Upright 10-12' Variable, Full sun, Well-drained, No Many cultivars available
Sasanqua Spreading winter partial shade acid
Cassia bicapsularis Upright, 10-12' Golden Full sun Variety No Often killed back to
Butterfly Bush multi-stem yellow, fall ground in N. Florida
Cocculus laurifolius Spreading, 12-15' Incon. Full sun, Variety No May be injured by cold;
Cocculus weeping partial shade coarse texture
Elaeagnus pungens Spreading 12-15' Incon. Full sun Variety No Vigorous growth; long
Silverthorn sweeping shoots
Euonymus japonica Spreading 8' Incon. Full sun, Variety Mod. Many cultivars with
Japanese Euonymus partial shade variegation; tolerates
heavy pruning
Feijoa sellowiana Spreading, 8-10' White with Full sun, Variety Mod. Edible fruit; good
Pineapple Guave compact red stamens, partial shade clipped hedge
spring
Fortunella japonica Spreading 12-15' White, Full sun Variety Yes Attractive, fragrant
Kumquat spring edible fruit
Ilex cornuta Spreading 12-15' Incon. Full sun, Well-drained, No Scarlet or red berries;
Chinese Holly partial acid good cut foliage; 'Burfordii'
shade is popular cultivar
Ilex vomitoria Spreading 12-15' Incon. Full sun, Variety Yes Excellent large shrub
Yaupon Holly shade
Illicium anisatum Spreading, 8-10' Incon. Full sun, Variety No Easily maintained to
Anise compact shade smaller size; crushed
foliage is fragrant
Junperus chinensis Columnar 12-15' Incon. Full sun Fertile, Mod. Cultivars include 'Sylvestris'
Chinese Juniper well-drained and 'Torulosa'
Lagerstroemia indica Upright 12-15' White, pink, Full sun Variety No Deciduous; susceptible
Crape-Myrtle Spreading red or purple, to powdery mildew
summer
Ligustrum japonicum Upright 10-12' White, Full sun, Variety No Fragrant flowers; excel-
Japanese Privet Spreading spring partial shade lent screen or barrier
Ligustrum sinense Spreading 8-10' White, Full sun, Variety No Variegated form; often


s rin


arti 1 sh
*. a


12


used as cli ed hed e
Sow e na-


Chinese Privet
S- e io '


rea i





c mp g s: e
Nerium oleander Upright 12-15' Red, pink, Full sun Variety Yes Showy flowers; excellent
Oleander cream or seaside shrub
white, summer
Osmanthus fortune Upright 8-10' Incon. Full sun, Fertile, No Foliage clustered at tips
Fortune Osmanthus Spreading, open partial shade well-drained
Osmanthus fragrans Upright 12-15' White, Full sun, Fertile, No Fragrant flowers
Sweet Osmanthus Spreading, open winter partial shade well-drained
Osmanthus heterophyllus Upright 8-10' Incon. Full sun, Fertile, No Fragrant flowers;
Holly Osmanthus Spreading, partial well-drained variegated cultivars
open shade include 'Aureus' and
'Variegatus'
Photinia serrulata Upright 15-20' Incon. Full sun Fertile No Flowers have unpleasant
Chinese Photinia Spreading odor
Pittosporum tobira Spreading, 8-10' White, Full sun, Fertile, Yes Easily maintained at
Pittosporum compact spring shade acid smaller size;
variegated selections
available
Platycladus Globose, 15-20' Incon. Full sun Variety No Often misused, not a
orientalis densely foundation plant
(Thuja orientalis) foliated
Oriental
Arbovitae
Podocarpus macrophyllus Upright, 20-25' Incon. Full sun, Variety Mod. Easily maintained at
Yew Podocarpus compact shade smaller size
Podocarpus nagi Upright 20-25' Incon. Full sun, Variety Mod. Strong accent plant;
Nagi Podocarpus shade good cut foliage
Prunus caroliniana Spreading 20-25' White, Shade Fertile No Easily trained to small
Cherry-Laurel spring tree or clipped hedge;
messy fruit
Pyracantha coccinea Spreading 15-20' White, Full sun Variety No Often trained as espalier;
Firethorn spring fruit in fall
Taxus floridana Upright 8-10' Incon. Partial Fertile, No Used as topiary, hedge
Florida Yew Spreading shade well-drained or specimen; Florida
native
Ternstroemia Upright 12-15' White Partial Fertile, No Reddish midribs in leaves;
gymnanthera shade, well-drained commonly used as clipped
Japanese shade hedges
Cleyera
Viburnum odoratissimum Spreading, 15-20' White, Full sun Variety No Not a foundation plant;
Sweet Viburnum dense spring regular pruning required
Xylosma spp. Spreading 15-20' Incon. Full sun, Variety No Used as specimen or
Xylosma partial shade patio plant
Yucca aloifolia Upright, 12-15' White, Full sun, Well-drained Yes Excellent seaside plant;
Spanish Bayonet clumping summer shade accent plant
Yucca elephant- Upright 15-20' White, Full sun, Well-drained Yes Tallest yucca; good
ipes summer shade specimen or framing
Spineless Yucca plant in large area


- u rn a M


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Illustrations by Yaeko Duran


This publication printed at a cost of $1,075.00, or 7.17 cents per copy to inform Floridians about or-
namental horticulture. 8-15M-81.


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCES, K. R. Tefertlller, director, In cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this Infor-
mation to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educa- IFAS
tlonal Information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex or
national origin. Single copies of Extension publications (excluding 4-H and Youth publications) are available free to Florida
residents from County Extension Offices. Information on bulk rates or copies for out-of-state purchasers is available from
C. M. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing this
publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability.




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