Title: Policy background.
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072554/00006
 Material Information
Title: Policy background.
Physical Description: Book
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072554
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: The Isser and Rae Price Library of Judaica
Holding Location: The Isser and Rae Price Library of Judaica
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text





























4t


POLICY


BACKGROUND


THE IIPLIC1TIONS OF

JORD.N'S P.CT UITH THE TERROR ORGANIZATIONS









































THE EMBASSY OF ISRI.EL
Washington, D.C.


December 4, 1968











2) Jordvnian cl.-ct with Terror cr--.nizations: (n Nov'ember 16, 1968, the
government of Jordan concluded a pact with the terrorist organizati( is
operating against Israel from Jordan. This pact defines the spheres in
which the terrorist organizations are free to.operate, and the character
and means of support extended to them by the Jordanian authorities.

2) By granting official sponsorship and protection to these organizations,
the Jordan Government has assumed direct responsibility for acts of terror
directed and carried out from bases in its territory. This responsibility
extends to all terror actions irrespective of their nature: attacks from
across the cease-fire line, by opening fire on Israeli forces or on Israeli
civilians residing in the vicinity of the line or working along it; and
indiscriminate terror acts against civilians inside Israel.

3) The pact illustrates the degree of credence that can be attributed to
official Jordanian pronouncements denying responsibility for, or knowledge
of the terror operations. (Ct the Security Council on .-ugust 12, 1968,
the Cordanian representative had denied the existence in Jordan of train-
ing camps and recruitment centers for the terrorist organizations, or
knowledge of any coordination between their organizations and the Gov rn-
ment of Jordan and other Irab Governments.)

4) raids Intensified Since 1act's Conclusion: Since the conclusion of the
agreement with the terror organizations, 50 Jordanian attacks have occurred,
including the shelling of Israeli villages and towns from across the cease-
fire line, sabotage raids, and acts of violence against the civilian popu-
lation.

5) In 1l.of these attacks, Katyusha rocket launchers were used. The intro-
duction of the .Katyusha, a heavy weapon of Soviet manufacture, represents
: further escalation of the border warfare. The employment of such a
heavy piece could not be possible without-the cooperation of the Jordanian
authorities. (See attached list of Jordanian violations of the cease-fire
since the November 16, 1968 pact.)

6) Cne suc. act of outright wanton murder was the particularly grave inci-
dent that took place in Jerusalem on November 22nd. On that day, a vehicle
containing a large quantity of explosives was brought to the Lahane Yehuda
Liarket and detonated at 9:30 a.m. It was a Friday, and the market was
crowded, mainly with women engaged:in their Sabbath shopping. The hour
was close to the morning class intermission in a nearby school. The ex-
plosion killed d twelve, among them two .-rab shoppers. Fifty-three men,
women and children were wounded, seven of them seriously, including two ;rabs.,

On the same day, two terror organizations announced their responsibility
for the attack -- ;l-;ssifa, the military arm of El-Fat'ah, and a group which
calls itself "The Lopular Front for the Lierlation of Palestine." Both
these organizations operate out of bases in Jordan and are among the groups
..:it; .:. h the Jorc~:n:-n Government signn_ t.;e :act.







-2-


7) Terror attacks from Jordan continued after the Jerusalem outrage. On
the night of November 29-30, the Dead Sea potash Lorks at Sodom were
shelled from Jordanian territory by 130 mm. rockets. ,t least fifteen of
them fell on the site. On the night of December 1-2, a concerted attack
was carried out from Jordanian territory against the Israeli farming
villages of Yardena and Degania l.lef in the Jordan Valley. On the night
of December 2-3, an attack on an even broader and more intensive scale was
launched from Jordan against Israeli farming villages in the Jordan and
Beisan Valley areas. The targets were Kfar iRupin, Ilaoz Haim, Nevei Eitan,
Hamadiya, Beit Yosef, Yardina, ishdot Yaakov, Tel Katzir, and Kvutzat
Kinneret. Iraqi units stationed in Jordan took part in the shelling
against these civilian centers using 122 mm. guns.

C) Israeli Commando Response: Jordanian aggression having reached a new
.oint of escalEt'ion, an Israeli commando unit on the night of December 1-2
blew up two Jordanian bridges approximately 40 miles east of the Sodom
Stash Uorks shelled on the previous night. The action was taken in pur-
suance of Israel's right of self-defense, in an attempt to ward off the
persistent acts of aggression and to impress upon the Jordanian authorities
the dangers inherent in violations of the cease-fire by regular or irreg-
ular forces.

9) Jordan L akes Lockery of Cease-Fire: The continuous warlike acts against
Israel from Jordan, carried out with Jordanian governmental support, makes
a mockery of Jordan's acceptance of the cease-fire. By the pact with the
terror organizations, the Government of Jordan has publicly assumed full
responsibility, practical, moral and juridical, for acts of terrorism-
directed and perpetrated from bases situated in Jordanian territory.








C..T.LLCU O. C ..L....-l V"-.ILL.TIONS FRC.T JO:;DeJN
SINCE CUNCLUSIONi OF _.CT VITI TEiIRiIST OiGITIZ.,.TIONS
ON NOVTEkBEi. 16, 1968


16 -
16 -
16 -
16 -
16 -


Bazooka shell fired south of Um Sus.
Two bazooka shells fired at road of Libbutz Gesher.
Bazooka shell fired at water pump near Tirat Zvi; pump damaged.
Several shots northeast of .llenby Bridge.
Light arms fire towards east of ..shdot Ya'X-kov; exchange last-
ing three hours.


6. Nov 17 Several bursts towards northeast of .shdot Ya'L-kov.


17 -
17 -
17 -

19 -
19 -1
19 -
19 -
19 -
19 -


16. Nov 20
17. Kov 20


18. Nov 20


19. Nov 20

20. Hlov 22


30. Nov 26


31. iTov
32. Nov

33. Icov
3 ^. lCo-.


Bazooka shell at border police patrol near Kibbutz Gesher.
Light arms fire and several mortar shells towards Tirat Zvi area.
iLachine-fun fire north of Um Sidra.

Fire at -.shdot Ya'ikAov area.
Bazooka shell towards Tirat Zvi area.
Several bursts towards Tirat Lvi area.
Several bursts southeast of Sha'1.r Hagolan.
Eight armored mortar shells in Tirat Zvi area.
Two bazooka shells and light arms fire at patrol north of
Beit Yosef.


- Several bursts southeast of Gesher.
- Three improvised shells at Ein Yahav; three mines found during
search.
- Light arms fire and several mortar shells at area east of
LKaoz Hayim.
- Several mortar shells south of l;amat Hagolan.

- Light arms and mortar fire towards Um Sidra area; fire resumed
after interval of over an hour.
- Several bursts towards ..shdot Ya'z.kov area.
- Bazooka shell south of Um Sus.
- Several bursts at -shdot Ya'i.kov area.

- Two bazooka shells north of Um Sus.
- Several bursts south of Ihfar :'uppin.
- Several bazooka shells south of Tirat Zvi.
- -ortars fire towards south of Drmya Bridge; fire lasting about
half an hour.
- Fire directed east of Beit Yosef.
- Several bursts south of Damy'a. Bridge.
- Light arms fire and bazooka shells at patrol northeast of
Tirat Zvi.

- Three Iatyusha rockets fired at sha'i.r Hagolan, Hasada and
Ilineret.
- Light arms fire south of --llenby Bridge.
- Light arms fire north of .dam Bridge.


- Light arms fire northeast of -.shdot Ya.-ov.
- ou. atu' r c- ..--- ide area.


Nov
iTov
Nov
Nov
Nov


7.
8.
9.

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.


iov
Nov
Nov

Nov
ITov
1Tov
Nov
Nov
Nov


21.
22.
23.

24.
25.
26.
27.


26.
29.
30.


Nov
Nov
Nov

Nov
Nov
N ov



Nov
Nov
Nov








"C.TI.LCGUD OF Cr...S-FITr VICL- TIONS


36.
37.
38.
39.


Nov
Nov
Nov
Nov


40. Nov
41. Nov


28 -
28 -
28 -
28 -


28 -
28 -


42. Nov 28 -


43.
44.
45.
46.
47.

40.
49.
50.


Nov
Nov
Nov
Nov
Nov

Dec
Dec
Dec


30 -
30 -
30 -
30 -
30 -

1 -

1 -
1 -


Light arms fire at Uin Shurt.
Light arms fire north of lshdot Ya'Lkov.

Light arms fire northeast of E-shdot Ya'hkov.
hachinegun fire towards Um hurt area; exchanges lasting
25 minutes.
Burst south of Trat 2vi.
Light arms fire and mortar shells at Um Shurt; exchanges
lasting 35 minutes.
Lortar shell east of Beit Yosef.

Fifteen Katyusha rockets at Dc(d Lea '..ors near Sodom.
Two bazooka shells at half-track southeast of ..shdot Ya'.-kov.
Light arms fire south of Tirat Lvi.
Light arms fire south of Lllenby Bridge.
Bazooka shell southeast of Tirat Zvi.

Bazooka shell towards Neve Ur area.
Two bazooka shells south of Tirat Lvi.
Gunshells at Yardenc; one civilian wounded.


.-s described in preceding text, intensive shelling of Israeli farm
villages in the Jordan and Beisan Valley areas occurred on December 2 and 3,
1968.









l"


..G-.' T.;O




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs