Title: Grow a row of vegetables in Florida
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072531/00011
 Material Information
Title: Grow a row of vegetables in Florida
Series Title: Circular
Alternate Title: Grow a row of ... in Florida
Physical Description: 12 leaflets in folder : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Carter, Lawrence
Stephens, James M
Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida A & M University, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville?
Publication Date: 198-?
 Subjects
Subject: Vegetable gardening -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: prepared by Lawrence Carter and James M. Stephens.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072531
Volume ID: VID00011
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46344649

Full Text



Circular 463
Leaflet 10


Grow A Row

STo of'

Tomatoes1


Grow a row of tomatoes for use with your lettuce and other vegetable dishes.
Tomatoes are good cooked or raw, and easy to grow in flowerbeds, baskets, or in the
garden. Just follow this step-by-step guide.
VARIETIES TO PLANT: (For staking and pruning) Floradel, Tropic, Better Boy, Manalucie,
and Cherry.
(Unstaked) Walter, Homestead, Florida MH-1, Bonnie Best, Stake-
less, and Floramerica.


WHEN TO PLANT:


North Florida
Feb-April
August


Central Florida
Feb-March
September


South Florida
Aug-March


STEP 1. SITE SELECTION
For your tomatoes, select a spot that is
bright and sunny. Stay away from shade,
tree roots, and shrubbery. Be sure there is a
good supply of water nearby for irrigating
as needed. Tomatoes do best on a fertile
soil, but will grow in most any soil if you
fertilize and water properly.


STEP 2. SOIL PREPARATION
Prepare the soil two or three weeks before
planting. First, remove all grass, roots and
weeds with a hoe and rake. Then, loosen the
soil to a depth of about 6 inches. Use a
roto-tiller if available or work the soil with
a spade, shovel or hoe. Rake again to level
ground.


Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Florida A&M University, University of Florida









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STEP 3. LIMING
Contact your county Extension agent
about testing the soil to see if lime is
needed. If recommended, spread 1 quart of
dolomite lime per 25 feet of row and work
into the soil at least three weeks before
planting.


STEP 4. FERTILIZING
Fertilize tomatoes regularly with a com-
mon garden fertilizer such as 6-6-6, 6-8-8 or
8-8-8. At planting time use about one quart
of fertilizer per 25 feet of row. Spread it on
top of the ground, then rake into the soil.
Apply another quart of fertilizer beside
the plants every 2 or 3 weeks. Keep the soil
moist by watering as needed. Use compost
or animal manure where available. Use 10
gallons per 25 feet of row. Work it into the
soil at least 3 weeks before planting.


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STEP 5. BEDDING
After fertilizing, prepare a raised seedbed
to keep heavy rains from drowning or rot-
ting roots. Use a rake or hoe to mound up
the soil along the row. Make the raised bed
about 6 inches high and 24 inches wide.


STEP 6. TRANSPLANTING
To properly set tomato plants, first mea-
sure correct spacing (allowing 24 inches for
staking varieties and 36 inches for ground
varieties) down the center of the row. Then,
dig a three-inch deep hole with your hand
or trowel. Pour in about a pint of water to
wet the soil. Place the plant roots in the
hole and cover (while lightly packing the
soil) to an inch above the roots. Do not dis-
turb plant roots after transplanting. Water
again to settle soil around all plants.


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STEP 7. STAKING AND PRUNING
Staking the tomato plants keeps fruit off
the ground and helps to conserve space.
Drive a 6-foot stake into the soil 4 to 6
inches beside each plant. As the plant
grows, continue to tie it to the stake with a
cord string 4 to 6 times during the growing
season. Make your tie just below the imma-
ture tomatoes. Remove side branches (suck-
ers) to produce larger tomatoes.


STEP 8. CULTIVATION
Keep weeds out of your tomatoes. Hoe the
row as needed, but at least once a week to
control all weeds. Hoe shallow, just below
the soil surface and two or three inches
away from the plant to prevent cutting into
the tomato roots. Pull weeds by hand when
necessary to prevent root damage.


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SIDEDRESSING


FER-


Feed tomato plants as they grow for
strong plants and large fruit. Every two
weeks, spread a handful of garden fertilizer
to the side of each plant. Lightly work the
fertilizer into the soil with a hoe or rake,
then, water to dissolve the fertilizer around
plant roots.


STEP 10. INSECT AND DISEASE
CONTROL
Spray or dust your tomatoes 3 to 5 days
after transplanting to control serious insect
and disease damage. Some of the most fre-
quent insect pests are hornworms,
stinkbugs, loopers, fruitworms, aphids,
leafminers, pinworms, cutworms and mole
crickets. When first signs of serious insect
damage appears, apply malathion, diazinon,
or sevin insecticide. For disease control,
spray once a week with maneb, zineb,
bravo, dithane M-45, or manzate 200.


STEP 9.
TILIZER



























Inspect tomato plants as they grow. Stop For best quality, pick tomatoes when
nsect or other problems from getting too fully red-ripe. You might prefer to pick
ar along by spotting them early. When to- some mature green tomatoes, if you like
nato fruit starts to form, check for disease them fried or in relish. Tomatoes can be
spots, insect damage, and fruit size. picked when pink and allowed to ripen at
room temperature in the home. After full
ripening, tomatoes store well for a reason-
able length of time when placed in the re-
frigerator.





For More Information
If you need to know more about growing your tomatoes,
contact your County Extension Service office.


PREPARED BY
Lawrence Carter
Extension Rural Development Specialist
and
James M. Stephens
Extension Vegetable Crops Specialist
The Cooperative Extension Service of Florida A&M University and University of Florida offers
educational programs, materials and assistance to all people without regard to race, color, or
national origin.


AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914
Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, Florida A&M University, University
of Florida and United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
K. R. Tefertiller, Director


This publication was promulgated at a cost of $2688.00, or $.04 per copy, to provide Florida home gardeners with
information on the planting care of tomatoes.


Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Florida A&M University, University of Florida


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STEP 12. HARVESTING


STEP 11. INSPECTING GROWTH




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