Title: Grow a row of vegetables in Florida
ALL VOLUMES CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072531/00009
 Material Information
Title: Grow a row of vegetables in Florida
Series Title: Circular
Alternate Title: Grow a row of ... in Florida
Physical Description: 12 leaflets in folder : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Carter, Lawrence
Stephens, James M
Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida A & M University, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville?
Publication Date: 198-?
 Subjects
Subject: Vegetable gardening -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: prepared by Lawrence Carter and James M. Stephens.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072531
Volume ID: VID00009
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46344649

Full Text





SCircular 463
Leaflet 8

Grow A Row


Collar ds






Collard greens are grown and liked by most home gardeners. The collard is a good
crop for both winter and summer greens in Florida home gardens. For planting
and care of your collard plants, follow this simple step-by-step guide.

VARIETIES TO PLANT: Georgia, Vates, Louisiana Sweet


WHEN TO PLANT:


North Florida
Feb-March
Aug-Nov


Central Florida
Aug-April


South Florida
Aug-Feb


STEP 1. SITE SELECTION
Select a site with good sunlight near the
home away from trees and bushes. Locate
the garden near a good water supply. Some
shade will not harm your collard plants. A
good fertile soil is required to grow healthy
plants.


STEP 2. SOIL PREPARATION
Prepare the soil early so it will be ready
to plant at the right time. First, spade, hoe,
rake and remove all weeds and trash from
the collard row. Then loosen the soil so that
it will be airy and easy to work.


Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Florida A&M University, University of Florida
























STEP 3. LIMING
Get help from your county agent with
testing the soil to see if lime is needed. If
lime is required, use "dolomite". Apply your
lime at least three weeks or longer before
planting. Spread the lime on the soil and
thoroughly mix it using a hoe or rake. Usu-
ally, about 1 quart of lime per 25 feet of row
length will be required if the soil test acid.


STEP 5. SEEDBED
PREPARATION
Prepare a firm raised seedbed after apply-
ing the required fertilizer. The raised bed
will prevent heavy rains from drowning or
rotting roots. Make the seedbed about 6
inches high and 24 inches wide. Smooth the
bed with a rake before planting.


STEP 4. FERTILIZING
Use about 4 quarts of 6-6-6, 8-8-8 or other
regular garden fertilizer to grow a 25-feet
row of collard greens. Before making your
raised seedbed, spread one quart over the
row area. Mix the fertilizer (using a hoe or
rake) thoroughly with the soil. Add more
fertilizer beside plants every 2 or 3 weeks
as they grow.
Animal manure or compost may be used
with or without regular garden fertilizer.
Spread approximately 10 gallons to the row
and thoroughly mix with the soil at least
three weeks before planting.


STEP 6. SEEDING
Collards will grow well from seeds or
plants. To start from seed, first open your
seedbed with your hoe or rake handle about
2 to 3 inches deep down the center of the
row. Plant seeds inch deep by hand or use
seed packet by slowly placing or shaking
seeds in the seedbed. Cover them with soil
and lightly pack by hand or with metal part
of your rake. Keep the soil moist until seeds
come up. Thin plants to about 4 to 6 inches
apart in the row.

























STEP 7. TRANSPLANTING
Collards grow well when they are trans-
planted with small healthy plants 6 to 8
inches tall grown from seed. To properly set
collard plants, first measure correct spacing
of 10 to 18 inches apart down the center of
the seedbed or row. Then dig a three inch
deep hole with hand or trowel. Pour in
about a pint of water to wet the soil. Place
the plant roots in the hole and cover (while
lightly packing the soil) to a half inch above
the roots. Do not disturb plant roots after
transplanting. Water again to settle soil
around all plants.


STEP 9. INSECT AND
DISEASE CONTROL
When insects or diseases start to show
damage on your collards, you may need to
spray or dust them. Collards are attacked
by aphids and cabbageworms, when leaves
are tender. Aphids may be controlled with
malathion or diazinon. For worms, use
sevin or BT (Bacillus Thuringiensis). Spray
once a week with maneb or zineb for disease
control.


STEP 8. CULTIVATION
Hoe the collard row area once a week to
keep out all weeds. You should hoe shallow,
just below the soil surface to prevent cut-
ting or disturbing the collard roots. Pull by
hand any weeds growing too close to the
plants.


STEP 10. OBSERVING GROWTH
Inspect the collard plants as they grow.
Stop insect or other problems from getting
too far along by spotting them early. Young
tender collard leaves may be eaten early,
but let them mature as much as possible to
increase the yield.

























STEP 11. HARVESTING
Collards may be harvested any time after
the plants are large enough by either cut-
ting off the head or picking the older leaves
as they mature. Leave the younger, upper
ones to develop. Be sure to store some for
later use. They can be cooked and placed in
the freezer to reduce space requirement.







For More Information
If you need to know more about growing your collards,
contact your County Extension Service office.


PREPARED BY
Lawrence Carter
Extension Rural Development Specialist
and
James M. Stephens
Extension Vegetable Crops Specialist
The Cooperative Extension Service of Florida A&M University and University of Florida offers
educational programs, materials and assistance to all people without regard to race, color, or
national origin.


AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914
Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, Florida A&M University, University
of Florida and United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
K. R. Tefertiller, Director


This publication was promulgated at a cost of $2688.00, or $.04 per copy, to provide Florida home gardeners with
information on the planting care of collards.


Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Florida A&M University, University of Florida




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs