GROW A ROW
Most everybody likes fresh cucumbers in their green
salad. They are easy to grow in Florida home gardens.
For planting and care of your row of cucumbers,
follow this simple step-by-step guide.
VARIETIES TO PLANT: (Slicers) Marketer, Ashley, Poinsett, Cherokee
(Picklers) Ohio ?R-17, Pixie, Explorer
WHEN TO PLANT: North Florida
Step 1. SITE SELECTION
Select a warm, sunny spot away
from trees and bushes. Make sure
there is a good water supply handy.
Plant beside a fence where cucumber
vines need supporting due to limited
Jan-March September Sept-March
Step 2. SOIL PREPARATION
Expect to do a lot of hard work
getting the soil ready to plant.
First, hoe, rake and remove all
weeds and trash from the cucumber row.
Then loosen the soil so it will be
airy and easy to work.
Prepare the soil early so it will
be ready to plant at the proper time.
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Step 3. LMING
Test your soil to see if lime is
needed. If lime is needed, use "do-
lomite". Apply 3 weeks or longer be-
fore planting. Spread it on the soil
and work in. Use 1 quart per 25 feet
of row length.
Step 4. FERTILIZING
Use about 4 quarts of 6-6-6, 8-8-8
or other regular garden fertilizer to
grow a 25 foot row of cucumbers. Before
making the bed, spread one quart over
the row area. Mix it well with the soil.
Add more beside the plants every 2 weeks
as they grow.
Cow, chicken or other animal manure
may be used instead of regular garden
fertilizer. At least a week before
planting, spread and mix 10 gallons to
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Step 5. BED PREPARATION
After you scatter the fertilizer,
work up a raised bed of soil. Use a
hoe or rake. Make the bed about 6
inches high and 2 or 3 feet wide.
Make beds so that the cucumber plants
will grow up out of the water when it
Start your cucumber plants by seed-
ing. Use ounce packet to plant 100
feet of row. Plant seed inch deep and
2 to 3 inches apart. Be sure to keep
the soil moist at planting time. When
they come up space plants about 6 inches
apart in the row by pulling out unneeded
Step 7. CULTIVATION:
Cultivate the cucumber plants
about twice a week. Use a hoe or
rake to loosen and work the soil
around the plants. Cultivate to
remove weeds. Pull weeds by hand
Step 9. INSECT & DISEASE CONTROL:
Watch out for destructive pests
such as insects & diseases. Look for
aphids, leaf miners, beetles, and
worms. Spray or dust only when you
must. When needed, use malathion,
diazinon, or sevin. For diseases
which cause leaves to spot, turn
yellow and decay, spray once a week
with maneb or zineb. Do not spray
in the morning when bees are active.
Bees are needed to pollinate cucum-
Step 8. SIDE DRESSING FERTILIZER
Feed plants as they grow. Every
two weeks, spread a little fertilizer
by hand to the side of each plant.
Then, water into the soil with a garden
Step 10. TRELLISING:
Due to the vining nature, tie
cucumber plants to make them climb a
trellis, fence, or other support.
Trellis them to save space and to keep
fruits off the ground where rotting
may occur. Also, upright growth makes
it easier to take care of and pick the
Step 11. CHECKING MATURITY: Step 12. HARVESTING:
Keep an eye on your plants for Pick cucumbers while they are
the first sign of cucumbers ready still tender, crisp and green. Remov
to pick. With most varieties, fruits large fruits from the vines so that
on the vine will be ready about 40 to new fruits are encouraged to grow.
50 days after seeding. Use small young slicing cucumber;
for pickling or fresh use.
For more information:
If you need to know more about growing your cucumbers, contact your County
Extension Service office.
Extension Rural Development Specialist
James M. Stephens
Extension Vegetable Specialist
The Cooperative Extension Service of Florida A&M University and University
of Florida offers educational programs, materials and assistance to all people without
regard to race, color, or national origin.
AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914
Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, Florida A&M University, University of Florida
and United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
D. R. Tefertiller, Director
This leaflet was promulgated at a cost of $1,661.35, or $0.03 per copy, to provide
Florida home gardeners with information on the planting care of cucumbers.