GROW A ROW
VARIETIES TO PLANT:
Grow a row of pepper to add zest to the rest of
your vegetable dishes. Pepper is good by itself, too,
and so easy to grow in your Florida vegetable garden.
Just follow this simple step by step guide.
(Bell) Early Calwonder, Florida Giant, Yolo Wonder
(Special Types) Cuban, Banana, Hot, Jalapeno
WHEN TO PIANT:
For your peppers, select a spot
that is bright and sunny. Stay away
from shade, tree roots, and shrubbery.
Be sure there is a good supply of wa-
ter nearby for irrigating the peppers
when needed. Peppers do best on a
fertile soil, but most any soil will
do if you fertilize and water it
Step 2. SOIL PREPARATION
Go to work two or three weeks before
planting to prepare soil. First, remove
all trash, roots, and weeds with a hoe and
rake. Then, loosen the soil to a depth
of about 6 inches. If you have one, use a
rototiller. Or work the soil with a spade,
shovel, or hoe. Rake once more and level
Feorida CoopeAative Extension SeAvice/Flodida AVM Unive ivUnivueAity oi Florida--
Step 3. LIMING
Ask your County Agent about testing
your soil to see if lime is needed. If
needed, spread dolomite lime over the
entire garden area and work into the soil
at least three weeks before seeding. The
agent will tell you how much to use.
Step 5. BEDDING
After fertilizing, prepare a
raised planting bed to keep heavy rains
from drowning the roots. Use a rake or
hoe to mound up the soil along the row.
Make the bed about 6 inches high and 24
Step 4. FERTILIZING
Fertilize peppers regularly with a
common garden fertilizer such as 6-6-6
or 8-8-8. Start out at planting time
with about a quart of fertilizer per 25
feet of row. Spread it on top of the
ground, then rake into the soil. Apply
another quart of fertilizer beside the
plants every 2 or 3 weeks. Keep the
Use compost or animal manure where
available. Use 10 gallons per 25 feet
of row. Work it into the soil at least
3 weeks before planting.
Step 6. GOOD PLANES
Start your peppers by using plants.
Obtain good healthy disease free plants
that are 4 to 6 inches tall. They may
be bare-rooted or growing in a planting
pot. Do not disturb the roots anymore
than is necessary. Keep them watered.
Step 7. SPACING PLAN]
to grow and produce.
inches apart down the
space for each plant
Set plants 12 to 18
Step 8. TRANSPLANTING
To set a pepper plant properly,
first measure the correct spacing. Then
dig a three inch deep hole with hand or
trowel. Pour in about a pint of water
to wet the hole. Insert the plant roots
and cover to a half inch above the roots.
Disturb the roots as little as possible.
Step 9. CULTIVATION
Keep weeds pulled out of the pepper.
Hoe the row once a week to keep out all
weeds. Hoe shallow, just below the soil
surface, to prevent cutting into the
Step 10. INSECT & DISEASE CONTROL-
Spray or dust your pepper plants
only when you must to control serious
insect or disease damage. When needed,
use malathion, diazinon, or sevin
for insects. Spray once a week with
maneb, zineb, or bravo for disease
Inspect the pepper plants as they
grow. Stop problems from getting too
far along by spotting them early. When
peppers start to form, check daily to
see if ready to pick.
For more information:
If you need to know more about growing
Bell peppers are ready when still
green and fairly young. Eat pods at
almost any size, as long as they are
crisp and fresh. Do not allow them to
turn red, unless you like red peppers.
Red bell peppers are delicious and nu-
tritous, so find ways to use them.
Remember, most of the small varieties
are very hot, so use with caution.
your peppers, contact your County Extension
Extension Rural Development Specialist
James M. Stephens
Extension Vegetable Specialist
The Cooperative Extension Service of Florida A&M University and University
of Florida offers educational programs, materials and assistance to all people without
regard to race, color, or national origin.
AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914
Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, Florida A&M University, University of Florida
and United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
K. R. Tefertiller, Director
This leaflet was promulgated at a cost of $1,661.35, or $0.03 per copy, to provide
Florida home gardeners with information on the planting care of peppers.