Se o 1021, N
C w r (London) Ltd.
I ^$haftetbury Ave, W. .
Vol. No Friday September 15,19 .
SCNES OF CONFUSION
$ w 0 scenes of great confeusion in
Dominica now are the 0CD estate at
Castle .ruce and its problems; and
Goodwill Junior uigh School, loaded
witn Roseau boys whose school has
yet to be built. (~See page )* .*
on Castle Bruce, Government de-
nies Big A releases that it was will-
ing to help the people there to buy
CDC's estate. Xet we nave firm news
tnat three Ministers went to that
scene of confusion on Sun. 10th to
disues...atnat they agreed on full
reIlntatement of dismissed workers
am4 change of supervision, and weld
help local people to MDwy the land .
on two conditions; a) 0DC's willing
neas to sell and b) division into
plots collectivization had been
pressed. Meanwhile we learn that Ca'-
ib labourers have been brought in,
alf Polices We regard a statement
that the 3 Ministers went up there
as members of Dominica Labour Party
and not as Ms ministers s as omeonsi
;Kittens For Sale
Best quality ratting and mousing breed Three red
a d two Tiger stripes. Twenty- five cents each t
apply to: R-bi, B. AUftey 4i/ STAR Office
"' b to lie &1 II [II1 -. ..
Proud history of freedom
ITe history of the Press in dre Commonwealth Caribbean
over the last century is a fascinating one. It provides
perhaps a most obvious field for some scholarly research
for a Ph.D. thesis, though as far as I know none is being put
together, more's the pity.
It is a story dotted along the way in itself of Press freedom, and
with hard-nosed newspapermen made it one of the very corner-
who have, often at great personal stones of Society. The constitution
risk and privation, fought hard and of every independent Caribbean
long to bring into being that purest territory, and of all of the
of freedoms Freedom of the Associated States, specifically
Press. guarantees Press freedom.
During the last century, and well it was Delane, when he was
into this one, Britain, as the Editor of The Times of London in
imperial power, did not look with the last century, who laid down
favour on criticismof her policies what I believe to be a maxim for
in 'the Caribbean. Editors and every newspaperman.
Publishers have been jailed on "The duty of the Journalist," he
sedition charges sae withifi the said, "is the same as that of the
last 20 years, and quite a number historian to seek out the truth,
within the last 30 years. above all things, and to.present to
Yet these old-time Editors, his readers not such things as
through their guts and deter- Statecraft would wish them to--
mkiation, gained respect and reco- know, but the truth as near as he
gnttion for the "rincinle British can attain it "* Caribbean Blaaness
SCHOOLS ARE IN THE NEWS
The Dominica Grammar School is going
co-educational which is good news for
those who believe in equasiy of the sexes.
For many months now ,girls from the Con
vent and Wesley High School have attended.
senior classes for studies unobtaable during
the shortage of certain types of teachers,
Now the 6th form at DGS will have girls in
a special new uniform as part of the school's
coll-call Others will start in ist form, and
their numbers will increase gradually until
DGS becomes completely Co-ed. The an-
nouncement was made this week by Head*
master Gough. DGS and CHS announced'
over 5o% 0 level passes lately' ,
SL MWry's Acd y wel mto action mi
week with x6 teachers under Headmaser
Rev. Kbvin Felix. Eleven instructors aMe
graduate and four ~r women- AwOg
those with de are Mrs Rupet Sort
do M.Sc. (remember last week's front page?)
Mr. Rupert Lance BSc.,:Mr. Henry Volney
B.A., Miss Patsa Moaele Dip. E4- B A and
certain outstan adng SMA graduates such as
head boy Percival Marie, Edward. Royer
Benard B -ny -and- Howard Shillingd .
FOLLOW. MY LEADER
- -- --I
- ,te ce orat .aT y;ortu.Ai
Editt PHYLLIS SHAND ALLFREY --.
Page Two T H E S T A R riday,September 16, 1
J O'; N S P E C T OR is away for a week, will resume next issue~
THE NATIONAL PARK IDEA A Vehicle for Ecology-Education
(********.******S. .******* ..** Dominica ; by RUPERT SORHAINDO M.'
(One of the field stations for the Tropical Biology -Course which I did in,.W
Costa Rica. this summer was located at the Santa J.osa National Park in
Guanacaste Province.' At that site, I had the opportunity to talk with Park
officials, Peace Corps Volunteers, .and a number of ecolCgists about the.
role that National Parks could play in making Third World peoples more aware
of their environment. Those discussions helped to crystallize my views on
the subject. The following article (with slight modifications) will appear
in a book to be published later this year by the Organization for Tropical
Studies. I would like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude to'
the Conservation Foundation for providing me with a Travel' Grant which en-
abled me to participate in the OTS Tropical Diology Course.)
It can be convincingly, argued, that what has been labelled the
"global concern for the environment" is really far from being global.
Some of the views aired and the attitudes exposed at the U.1. Confer-
ence on the Environment held in Stockholm this past June demonstrated
that while economists, social planners, 'developers' and politicians
of the 'developed' countries have, generally speaking, recognized the
vital need for conservation, and have (albeit very late) been forced-
to admit the tremendous costs of overpopulation pollution of the
environment rapid depletion of such exhaustible minerals as fossil
fuel and so on -- their counterparts in most of the poorer nations
.tend to view environmental refinements as a luxury conflicting with
their determination to become industrialized and prosperous.
Ironically-J the Third World planners seem eager in their turn to
produce and pd~lute. And some go as far as insisting, in bursts of
ideological fervour, that the concern of the 'richer nations' reflects
nothing more than a plot of the one-time colonial powers to prevent
their erstwhile victim-states from coming to 'full economic power'.
There is no doubt that the subordination of the environment to
production, which has marked the whole long course of the Industrial
Revolution, has its appeal for the economically-emergent nations.Thus
Indonesia has seemed almost oblivious to the swift denuding of its
lush forests (for profit:) as well as the disappearance of the wild-
life that they once sheltered. Brazil, too, appears to approach
'development' with a relative indifference to ecological consequences.
The Trans-Amazon highway construction project is but one of the reck-
less drives of the Brazilian military junta, determined to ereot mon-
uments to strengthen its political positions.
This sort of shallow, naive approach to development is regrettable,
particularly as it comes at a time when the 'developed' countries,
being buried in their wasteproducts, being choked by their automobile
exhausts, and being threatened by severe fuel shortages, are forced
into re-examination of the traditional index of progress the GNP
(Gross National Product). There is serious thought being given to<
replacing the GNP index with a Quality of Life Index (QOL), which
would take into consideration the state of the physical, social and
psychological dimensions of man's environment.
The myopic views of such countries as Brazil, Indonesia and
Algeria in fact suggest that economic development is incompatible with
intelligent and ecologically sound management of resources; a view
that is wholly unacceptable to an increasing number of economists.
Optimistically, the Stockholm Conference evoked a remarkable aware-
ness by most countries that it is cheaper as well as. sanar to include
concern for the environment in the early stages of a developing econ-
Somy than to introduce it dat an advanced stage.
(Continued on page four)
**Q U E E N and COMMOMWEALTH**
The first State visit by the
British Royal Family to a Connrunist
country will take place from Oct,
17-24 when the Queen, the Duke and
Princess Anne go to Yugoslavia. ***
BRITAIN is 193 million in the red
due to the late dock strike and
DOMINICA: Long looked-for provision
for the welfare and protection of
children and young persons has at
last been made. Money was made aV-
ailable through the Evangelical
Church in Germany. It will be non-
sectarian and NOT run by Govt. but
will have representatives of govt.
agencies and N.Y.C. also one offic-
er of the Home Affairs Ministry on
its board; two others will repres-
ent the Christian Council, and 3
"other Private Sector interests".
In the Assembly debate the Min#,
Home affairs admitted that Govt,
did not have the cash to promulgate
,the home for young delinquents ear-
lier announced, for which Mr, E.L,
Christian (now Minr/Ed. was)trained*
This statutory body was established
during the last sitting of the Hase,
Mr. Stevens campaigned then for a
full-scale literacy campaign(Adult),
TRINIDAD: Sir Ellis Clarke G.C.M.G.
takes over the Governorship of Trin-
idad and Tobago fiom Sir Solomon
Hochoy, retiring this month. Hono.
Dr. Eric Williams' is to get a 120%
pay increase (yearly sal.now $3300)
Gov.Gen'a $3,500, Ministers up
to $2,000pam6 (also Att. General),
Increases, retroactive from Jan. 1'
1971! ice .pa.
UGANDA: Pres. Id$ Amin has ordered
a British Army training team of 17
out of the land by noon Pri.(today).
This follows his ridiculous alleg-
ation that Britain was planning to
have him assassinated.
VIOLENCE: Bermuda's Police Chief
George Duckett was shot dead. CID
are investigating. L -a>ckett's dau-
ghter was wounded. An explosion
in the GPO, St.John's, Antigua,
injured several, one boy of 15 being
in a serious condition. The public
of Dominica were thanked by Police
Supt. Phillip.s for co-operating in
the capture of three thieves who
raided E.Nassief's store last Sat.,
escaped with.$1600 and shot a woman
in the leg.The money was recovered.
Friday. September 15, 1972
- ---y ,
Youth Portrait I by ROSE 0
SEATED "-ONE DAY IN TEE GARDENS
Seated one day in the gardens
In my right-on Unisex pants
I was reading the Educator
As I brushed off .the stinging ants.
My mind was concerned with culture
For I wanted to cut down trees
And build us a rockshock stadium
To let for spectacular fees.
I switched on my small transistor
(I'm unhappy alone without noise)
And I read all the advertising
While awaiting- the Imitcap boys.
I regretted the end of my schooling
And wisht I had three months pay
At the same basic rate as the Premier-
Starting from National Day,
While reading and lining -and dreaming
In that cultural scenery,
Seated one d y in the Gardens
I was Oorkless' and restless and free.'
Prose Protest': .-A DISTRESSING SITUA-
(Goodwill Junior -Egh School) TtON.
Mothers with children
Children clean and scrubbed
With books in sweaty hands
And high expectations of School and
But what no place for little John
and Mary here?
Who wero' told the same last termti
How 'can siaot' frustration be? Yeit "t"is~"l
On the steps, in the corridor, evys he'e"
Mothers with children ... with ighi
Expectations of School and learningJ'
From classroom" to classroom
Packed with sweaty children
Children with no desks
Sitting: three to a chair
Children, in uniforms
With iooks"and pencils and no hope...
Two o~Lasee to a room
Ninety and more to-a class
Unqualified teachers two registers -
And still worse led
Two schools -to a building
Two sweepers to a school
Arrangement for sweeping and cleaning
By whom -- A Education Officer?
Then tell us, Sir,
Will the School be kept c3lan
And will our children learn
And if so, W IfE N?
,- Mother B,, ROSEAU.
We entirely endorse what tghis dis-
tressed parent, -who has never been in*
print'before, sites so clearly above.
Page Four T HE S T A R Friday. September 15.1972
TE.UNATIONAL PARK IDEA by RUPERT SORHAINDO (from Page Two)
The Western powers are ohly now beginning to show concern for environment, at
the cost of rebuilding ah entire system.
Fortunately, not all" the developing nations fall ihto the category of
'ecological sceptics'. IIexico and Iran, for example', have begun to question
the wisdom of 'unbridled industrialization', which in those countries has al-
ready wrought serious damage to the environment polluted waters,destruction
ofmuch of thei.forests, extensive erosion, and so on. India too has been faced
into recognizing the problems introduced by overpopulation, and has stepped up
its Family Planning efforts. *V
Dominica falls into the category of 'under-developed countries', and 'fre-
quently the dream of a Gilded Age tempts planners and'politicians to ignore
ecological considerations when opportunities for industrialization and in-
creased production present themselves.
Thus with little hesitation, a foreign lumber concern was, some few years
ago, granted the right to fell timber in the virgin Dominican rain forests.No
serious discussion seemed..to focus on the possible deleterious impact of de-
forestation on the island's vital water resources, or on soil stability. It
does not even appear that what might well have been a token concession for
reforestation was ever seriously intended to be implemented.
In fact it is now obvious that the economic returns frop lumbering weo r
negated by the adverse" effect of the deforestatioh'and lumbering activities.
The few miles of motorable roads traversing the area exploited for lumber
were continuously rutted by the heavy trucking equipment. The cost of rural
road repairs was gf' borne by the lumber company.
To further illustrate the low level of planning, the lumber mill was con-
structed, in close proximity to a new residential area; and particulate and
'noise.pollution subsequently caused much annoyance to the resident population,
Furthermore,. a large stretch of a major public road had to.be diverted as a
result of lumbering activities. Maybe fortunately, the company has ceased
operations, citing economic difficulties as the rationale foP closing down.It
is quite likely that with extended lumbering activities, irreversible damage
might have been done to the Dominican environment..
Another disturbing" trend which illustrates lack of concern or awareness' of
the environment:is increasing local dependence upon the use of pesticidesherb-
icides and chemical fertilizers for increasing production of a badly-managed
There is a definite tendency towards the indiscriminate use of pesticides
in the Dominican countryside, Very recently,, the judicious application of"
'banana-spray-mixture by"a slower, semi-mechanical method has been replaced
by the faster, but obviously more wasteful and indiscriminate aerial spraying
from airplanes When one considers the topography of the' Dominican landscape,
and its discontinuous patchy banana cultivation, interspersed among other food
crops dasheenn, tahnia,' cucumber etc.), one begins to appreciate the need fof
an ecological awakening. For while aerial spraying of baiinaa cultivation my'
be economically feasible and ecologically sound when these cultivations stretch
for continuous acreages, that certainly does not hold true for patchy 'and mixed
As for the use'of"herbicides, .the implications are even more disturbing,
because a new dimension -- a social dimension- is introduced. Until relat-
ively recently, 'weeds on cultivated lands were controlled manually. This
fomn of control, though tedious, was not necessarily uneconomical. It is cer-
tainly more ecologically sound than the indiscriminate application.of chemical
herbicides which has replaced the older manual method of weed control. The im-
pact of the introduction of. .his new technology on unemployment must be consid-
ered here. The traditional 'weeding' method gave'a large number, of unskilled
workers an opportunity 'for year-round employment.
Furthermore the disastrous effects of the sometimes indiscriminate use of
these active herbicidal chemicals cannot be accurately described herealthough
in the Dominican context it is conceivable that much of'the bio-nondegradablo
chemicals finds its way into the many streams which carve up the Dominican
The increasing dependence upon chemical fertilizers in boosting agricul-
tural production: considering the topography of-the Dominican terrain, the
.serious problems that' could result from 'washout' of chemicals into rivers
and streams are very real indeed, (Concluded on Page 10).
, TAR Jr. iitiF
__i*iWa -rw 1,1972 T H E
the ClyB ic Gamue closed rather aoberly
en Monday fa the vast utadiua i unhitrnch,
**at Gerimay. The day before ha ad vitased
the biuming of the Pakistani hoekese tcam
froe taking part in future 0lym.Xcs Pftor
they behaved in am 'unaportmmalike' aen-
mer after loaiag to the lest G(ruma For
y Medas TablP.e
ACte CaAr~ amwW1 t2Me
c ft ... Ss 6 t K so
'.,t a n v
'-i;; ; t t s ws
3 ,,. 9 s
'tl~ ,... 3i 3 &
Eareag ,~ "
,ri SC\m ,..9;^
'mr~ LeMa.:. 1K
Tas~Jte y-s. ..
fJtefttaa .-, .'ft
y'~aidxrit . .9
*eifl *. 4
Csffi5 .1, .0
Iryrgt- .. ... ,
; &ttt)2-!t .> '
i M~afi.4t's<'a. .-
9i.: ; !
1. ;. 1
4i -2 .w ~~
LAND REDUCTION SALEf
6ubtatial Redections effE q(oa orer 5,*0 psirs dT
Shoe for al the Family.
4sm 4W $$
anay yarsa either Pakia'Lt or Intia had
been bhethey chwapios. Amether tra4as r.-
Saltel after Ra sia defeated U.S.L. in the
be keitbll 51-50 (the U.S. had s oer
before beas defeated). As Awarieaa reo the
w rathe aarxpectedly uai the U.. also
took the 4 x 400 metrea relay, bet their
high-juaper, D)righ Stteasl, bowed to USa
champia9 Taorr1 trwk, T'@*', nod Uast OGr.
=a Sttfaa Jaug. f.ateOt wan (0I metres)
wa Bhlaim YTaxery Barsyr (erack U.S. mea
Sddie htrt listed the final dieo $*a m aie
anderstanding). aI all U.S.S.R. topped the
score with 9.9 andals (50 golds) to the USA
94 and 83 guide. QOly Caribbeen country in
the tafte is Jamaic silver, 1 broum,
On the rvease side of the Olympie medal
came ew tragedy of the Satmeinasties of
11 Israeli athletes; the uweasmly polities
of the Bfabtedoias ftre will participat.
umetr te ay S cot flag or t w flag of
sscew*) it order to take part, sad the
naw-expqP ed lack of reproseatatiaan f T7mt4
World couatris on tho Olympic CanMittue
(out of 74 mIeber u ealy 1 ftre Afriva).
Paternamlftie 84-year-old Awvry Brwltdag
retires frow the PresiAdemy afttr appoiat-
ing aM Irish power s his saeosc*r (dea..
cray is political, not matera* yeo' sea),
Vsaivkle charges of biehl%, graft ud
correptia i. uXnicb are. likely to be is-
vestigated, arisiAg from thu building af
(QUllB" i CfT_;i Pt)} -
-Vi ArtJp h_4E_*ab___-rtt 1,I
WT GAMES (frcu S.S
the b-ft tes ran chi s'a for and d drini
MBote I r piog ad ei her invelvaesat -of
losnfi rlltsciras and contraictors. The roof
ever Ciue tr ia a structure, esttiatad to oesti
s, With &. guAiruteed*d life of only a fev
yiarm, eoat tim. The architect does not
A.M YOU COTEAMs ATWO TRAVELULC ?
*. WlY TAKE A CHAMCEt?
W COFES TRtAVELLERS PERSONAL ACC1
U? INSURANCE POLICES .SIWt SPUEMALY
t WaT tOU tPIG. .
AL DUPIGNY CO., LTD
TUO rLETrs fI.OZ- E oS
t tO-rLTEiS for-- Si w0
i& asPssEam co. LM
R'OiiTECT Y7OUR YES 'si
P NowIs avariablc from yo'm optiUcn
High-quahw.. pr 4.spS .co sis:isg of
opdcally gpi4" ai pAois.ed klnss .
rost tifames b f s'ipterit costrucii.n
N iio h be confitsed with chea San
gOae. which distort vMoi iand create
NwarI enl the hetv
eyes are c.ank.,
i ---'. : '- ". "
S.te 'wsr opdcin sdy forE pair of
SI" es ..rim this tpj-qua~ y i ne.
O. LTD. '
amind hid at Cratf ii1 th4..
a e at Ifin! th-. eest
The loctl coaittee lpiitoa2$t4 ergath-
ise the 2.h l, ipt A set owt.o. rptri
tour with their famiiba-', f-irst class asN.
t suit ia the mbet thesis:. fapllt et as v #il
as former 01y]pian Iattl- vnr visited.
FORD TRANSIT VANLIoa:
in good condition. A reliable ork. Hcrie
AUSTIN DELIVERY VAN49B
las beea in use fatr oay 16 rosahs. li
TilE OMI\IA I BSP.ASAJU
Pigs of all Sizes
.. L.OLUVER GREEN
S'THE DOMIN11CA DISFPKNSARY
. y ----------
Electric and. Motor Dfriven
. Wedding Sets, Torches, Oau-
gets, Rods, Gogglrs,Ho.es
Hmanai ers, Flix, Eic.t Et"cc,
Oxy genand Acetylene Gases.
See us for all yOr we$ing 4req'-. nI.:
SPRINOFIEW TrWIU %
G^).iit. GTel>a ^-..,..
"THe :Er as~
ETTEPRt i ,Tv ONi ..'Lennox Ho..nythiY looks but tells him 'o walk aco.s's
his.swimning pool.-to prove that he
-i.. co troversial Rock Opera is stheson of God. The special he
"Jesus Christ Superstar"has opened in eets of the proud tion are ahnos
London a.t the. huge Palace Theatre effect 'of the production are almost
London at the. huge. Palace Theatre more startling The apostles get
which holds over a thousand people. more startling. The .lapostlesup and
Since, its; .irst night a few weeks a bit drunk at the .last suppel and
Since. its:first night a few weeks that's why they fall asleep in the
ago the Theatre has been packed and that's why they fall asleep~: in the
ago theTheatre ha eenpaced a Garden of Gethsinane. At each .trmh
critics have predicted that "Super- of Jesus' whipping, red lights
star" will be'played for at least fas under theplistic floot of
three years., With seats'in puch de- las undet the entire theatre
the stage until !the entire theatre
mand I considered myself very fort- in bathed in blood red light,
unati toebe sitting in a backrow Pilate washes his'hands in a..trans
last week and to be experaierIing the parent plastic trough and the ,wate
world-famous show. immediately turns to bblood. Jesus
As the electric guitars of the rises through the floor o the
__ ~_ L
_~__~__ _~_~__~~~ _~~_~_~_~_~ ___
_1 ___~__C_~_ L__~___ 1I 1 I_U ___I/_Li
remembered ourobsession vith the tune and is suspended in the air abo
"Jesus Christ Superstar" over what the.other actors f the whole of
used to be W.I.B.S, Dominica. It was the:last scene. Judas rises like-
a lunchtime favourite and eventually e, hanging from the end of a
became one of the most whistled and wise, hanging from the end of a
hummed tunes around Dominica. At one rope until he disappears through
stage it was also the most talked the ceiling.
about andThose who are shocked by just
about, and I- recall overhearing so- reading this account of the stage
eral conversations in which the more show 'ad better avoid the film
conservative churchgoers. of Roseau versibn-if or when it is shown in
described the song as blasemous or Dominic. Many have already expes-
even 'downright sacrilege.' If there sed disapprovaln o-" Jesus Christ
were such strong opinion against Superstar" bu even more have
that one song I wondered more and praised A" th critics say it may
more what their opinion would be had praised, As th critics say it may
they witnessed the entire performance will ply drafinr in millionoth do-
will be drawing in million'of dol-
with its twenty-five tunes, forty or lars. Though I can marvel. qt the
so actors, ultra modern lighting i
effects and blaring music. I myself lighting techniques, acting...an
music of the show I regard it."as
was amazed and though I could not. distortionof the truth,. "
agree with the ideas'expressed, it Throughoutistory man, i.nclu
was awell-presentd performance of Thrso-calledughoutistory man, nav d-
what' the last days of Jesus-appeared ai so-called ch stians, have *used
and abused th story, for their,
to be like to the writers of the opera.Xwn en ow Showy-bu s
The play covers the: week before own ends ow business is
Jesus' death on the cross. The men having a tupn at. making money op it.
and women, including the apostles, DOMINICAIT FIR-i;-IEO IN BITAIN
.ar-e presented.. as quite ordinary., In northwestern Pres. on there is
people with very human faults and a pageat every wenty'yearsa is
misgivings; Jesus too is portrayed as September tIecdt IAdianS & Ahians :,'ook
a normal man but with spiritual con- part in it, The WIest I'dien, Revi'vr4l
nections. All this is acceptable but Steel Banzd ,ad a proud 'Rlce: '(leader
where the play really becomes contreo- Ken Iatthews
versial is in the more radical changaahis co;~Andsmen from here Steplenx
in the characters of the leading fig- Peters', Ceci Jq"eph & James Fontaine,
ures. The audience is made to feel member of thie MIerrymaker-s). Mrs.'Tom-
sympathetic towards Judas and at the ilia Matthetws .isdalso a Dop; ican.
same time sorry for Jesus, Mary Mag- Last 1ear iMr.. IIatthews saved the
dalene is a huge but beautiful life of hAis neit-door -neighbour whoae
woman whose -love for Jesus is hinted house was ablaze for which he Was
to be a bit more than ordinary love. commended and,-iven a certificate of
Caiaphas, the. High Priest, is played the Society fir the Protection of
by a very talented Grenadian and Life from Tire for "Distinguished
Pontius Pilate is shown as a nice man Conduct".
forced to please the populace by sen- Mr. I tthews'iha, lived? in England
tending Jesus, Herod is played as a since 1957... 100,.000 people reside in
jazzy homosexual who likes Jesus' Prestoi, which was o6ercrowded fqr'.2the'
Guild celebrations. .
Pag Pe pyg- 4
Qcn~+crmhPrr ~~~ 1~312
ge of the tI
i padtm 1k a lauh
kWb SMe. AAWI & MuhMN W
easim wirb!Id ua wo-m
easek afodwM 9 *a 1JMo --
baaa cam d.
r oft snaas tomt a
p otrey and is ersi' abnw
Ui t anwftu za f ia*
- -lw= be B
mTd b* amtmeso uf *ROM
Owrme wbadk I be bad
rtaken, w dfiamrlfp poIpm
OWte amande o r-aNo d A
ha4 these detroyad whe
prementlg thm. to the *a-
t1horties to prove they wer
no lainter Barbdkams neOgOal
the tatetment thm. Asinans
were fntreaiied into Arie
to be w"uid by tBe eaimt"
regIa eW dit 'r' ad rtWle"
is a inworret rI thair pre-
LnoE in Aftrkeas iL is for
MFi. tLwewe or t-Ae carb-
beaM The crcfsuanrnar rI-
61*m ffU or Asiaf
easier tw rir p are a ll ua" 3livt of
u et tbl <*c3*ries f ftit
e mes ad;Mtes of vowr fapl tewtv a
waintmaat are I
T he 4We* IaZitiaP %te Sbt i *i '4t f"nJ sftent
gmind r*th'e Spaniarzse Dimes. Magi d ^ i
be uder C*Mbus d&1?- SOL do Ok: aeked 4W,
y^ tlya. 9!,3iaa ertwaeevei: tateman
It qfrito ag ric$iSture Ma c'r
t g 0i-i14 th9 e 41a not taole
to e mdelpd ric:;.urral &
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mOWent *v ,er contrated
rst sixafattl few soon d-
'S'me?'i by tir a a .
?"Wpto tho Mw.
S ar bu lI
LUr tthi anrd Part -
>-i bmtn tenm, mia'- In-
iaes sapld and prortored
AnQi 14 a CS1O4MT '
tAiWr t %a. t"an ;:A i- .
dmB tq mfderstaod t. tEa.
ndban apd no IoPer tnreS to
StWeqat in Bloe der ar
bif i0 Mnis* rafce ba n--
stag. q es e
Sa Eiwsi Ais ;.r-
- Ht ,,
UfaflewgtZA me*=aea to surp-
god itU *
First and Second Class Pa~por
aSr,; ai n team t 'Ea ia *pr I*p ubd
niah Sil Cr immraii aernOt to '1iR
the 'Ud Engdom wiea ay lias ..IMi
x pe. Tke ma that -am Vp and .
di c LoVit A 'cs I t W -97L O as OW m y
gteeow OsG .s ea itmiluer apma I
b. i utmm pommamm" a IM Ja1
iual i* Da Sal um 3 MWIIa 1. Im
al*4 -a "e dEas- ,aia c iUs bo
1 M1cb, t%.
AMy par m4 pammm a &p ars at
pr*s ad *. n m Al s e dm Ir M9as
Ltra*pAy to Bert Africa A*iMas t 1d i9
we geoged when Labouraw mm powep. J ama
tak- ano plM ias fet tha pAit* to
whA II hte bAa- far b.e paa tma yoa
ot IN omi .*d o" 0,0 o f JL I a I
hamltid ha'. -cd~ -o aq a-on
t s a6. dmeibameau plim-dI d ua is
b rinsm ati and . h. A firtm
pl-49 oe bos. wh iKO.W 0 skwnied
aermwr su" for n..= nua t
Nyift i Wmawts of Mr PMHu tW
widbt M irmb r "- r sat be a s dhe
mui of te AfMria Awis wl dBiisbh p* |
p-rk Wi *eibeastly ai4Ksmada by t Im
siil pesumnta, a a dim whum Mr Mwfme
wMS a caGiaet minm, to povidw thbm hw a
Bho in. s ewct mo of fsCt hin fad oat f
Eat Afica. I am qid idt des pYusm Tory
2o0Wmmn 1r a acc-pod our pupw argpn-
stibiy i dta cme of LUplda.
6aa -ssr' P4r 4p. M*laxr at Bi
ta a "tsl tad hIs sI itr wa.
,*3 *: \r 4. zrl' V31 NUM ': 4:
, A------", ._. ,, ..
,,- ,o_ .,. o, ; '., ;
GARDENING IN CONTAINERS ;' or TE WORLD, T -JUST_ A :SiJOW hAC
=Th e vrId 'jst a sowpace
Pot Plantig, -- by.- Landsman e d at Sowpa by
and I am ;:ju~t an,item. G
For those who prefer for reason I wait .to .e,bought and sold. B.
of maintenance or lack of space : The world is ust a showplace G
'container gardening' ,the follow- and I am :just an item.
ing is a versatile and interesting wait for the customer to come. R
way of having a small garden in an .. owpl A
otherwise empty verandah or court- 'The world. Js. just a showplace, U
yard, or even indoors, provided and I .am just an' item. D
the plants. are rotated frequently I wear a put-on. smiling face.
enough to get the sunlight they What a ghastly showplace
will need. In some cases direct where soulae are passing items,-
sunlight and light is requiired,and traded in.for rubbish every dayl
for this reason it is always a REV PHILIP POTTER'S MOTHER
good idea to keep changing and ro-S M
tating certain plants so that they .We were. Very happy to have a phone.
are always' in a healthy condition, call from -s.Violet.Peters, mother of.
Try to limit the plants to those' the Rov, Philip Potter. She wished us
which are basicallyy suited to pots, 'to express thanks not only to those
a lhl seyt or brought tokens of con-p .. "
unless you.plan.to plant them out gtulation an- loving, good wishes,
in a garden at a later date. Such u appreiation ad lso of thos who
plants as ferns, cordyline, cacti, but appreciation also of those who
difplant afehrns, crdyline, actvr wrote so feelingly of her. beloved
diffenbachia a.nd small gfoundcover son on the tainment of hs:1 h .
plants are generally most adaptable position in the Wreld Council of
But these areonly a few, and many psthe W.rld Cro
plant-lovers will find through ex- AR T c '--- ".
GARDEilNG column .(cont1iJ5de-fricoi'.I)
periment that other plants such as e in g ups,, Pot-bound. p-ants.
flowering shrubs might do very well t- hos he i fa gups*, Pot-bound -pents
depending on their location.Large dry ot the fastest, and should be
shrubs or small trees will suffer, change into larger container s. ,f-,
however,, if left in pots too long., ter two years.most plants are likely.
Their roots, become too large, andto become root-ound ad innee of
the plant will become 'pot bound' reshsoil.
k, and eventually die. Containers can be made. from-a :
Another suggestion is to make ariey of materials. Clay pots,.
sure all containers are clean, fee wooden containers,plastic pots or
of rust or fungus, and have good tubs are all good materials- to work
drainage oles. Prior to placing. with. Tins, provided they-'re large
soil in the pot, a few small stones enough, and cleaned properly, are
soil in the pot,.a few small stones adequate, but they tend. to hol( ,csat;
or gravel should be placed first to adeqate, but they tend, to he olaPa
ensure good drainage. Watering .heat, and the roots of the plant .
should be done as often as the plant should not touch the surfaces other-'
needs it, but do not keep the soil wise they will be scorched* If the
,constantly-soaked. Water well, but pots or containers are large onesaor
allow enough time between waterings if you wish to make wooden containers
for the plant to take up the mois- suitable for an entrance or court-
ture in the soil. If the soil is yard, .wooden cleats or supports un-.
allowed to dry out completely, .it derneath will provide air circulation
allowed to ,dry out completely, .it "and :will help prevent 'ungu8 d orde-
shrinks up and the water goes Cy fm settling prevent fungus or d- po.
straight to the sides of the pot fro ettlingnderneaththe pot..
and down to the drainage hole's with-,
out touching the root system. If By starting-.out on a small sale,
this happens, add new soil around and experimentingwith-different b
the edges. Surface watering is ihe plants and locations, you can build
t me t o c a up a pleasant and interesting 'move-
easiest method, but one can also al garden which can be a cool and
place saucers partially filled with able garden which can be a cool and
water, and so water from beneath, attraQtive, addition,.to your home -
In most cases, pots or containers especially the verandah.
should have some sort of saucer or AN EYE FOR SOME FOOD ..
container,,to prevent marking. A 47-year-old unemployed man of Pes-
.Depending upon how you wish to cara, Italy (Mario Ciccone) wrote to"
group your plants, those pots stand- a neWsp!pei that he woul.4 sell his
ing by themselves are likely to right eye to-feed his nie. childrea-.
need watering more frequently than
-Friday, September 15, 1972
Pag Te H S $ -1417
SS*T*A*R*S*P*O*R*T*S Morchrisf& '
FOOTBALL: First Division -
In last weekend matches, the' Saints and
Harlem '.Rovers match was abandoned bes
cause of threats of fights'among the
players. It ,ll'came about because of
lax referee-ing in our view, andplayers
deciding to deal with,situations..them-
selves. *The match' had'to be called off
after some sparring by'players.Moments
later, the field was swarminhg- ith ex-
cited fans waiting to know what it was
all about, At. that stage (late in the
second half) the game was a goalless
draw to be replayed sometime in the near
future. ..Roy Williams (Saints goalkeeper
was kept busy and had to pull. off some
brilliant saves to defy the Harlem
forwards from scoring. "
In another match Spartans vsCeltic
United, Spartans defeated Celtic U. 2-0;
goals came from Norman Dickson and Len-
nox Emanuel. Spartans did all'the goal
raiding and it was more luck, that-Cel-
tics did not suffer a worse defeat.The
Celtic U. Captain IDDewhurst left the
field twice, onde after? consultation
with the referee and later in the 2nd
half through injury. On both departures
playing with iO men (substitutes having
by then replaced othet boys) Spartans
found the nets soon after*
SECOND DIVISION: Paragons defeated
Saints 2-1. in a keenly contested affair
with many amusing moments. Goals came
from M14Leblanc &' M.Philbert for Paragons
Har.etm Rovers in a onesided affair
defeated Spaitans 4-0 on Tuesday.
In a replay match between Potters U
and Celtic U, teams played to a 1-1
draw. Both- teams muffed scoring chances
especially Potters: two 'easy chances
in 2nd half made it'obvious that they
could- win the match, but the'-players "
concerned failed to capitalize. Goals
came from a free-kick taken by Celtics U
G.Toussaint the equalizer from Bramble
Caroni Cardinals Basket-Ball. team will
stage a tournament from Sept'22-24 at
Windsor Park Court in Ro-seKau All match-
es start at 8.30 pm. Come and see-the
12 C a challenge other teams. ***
HARIE( ROCK ?ESTIVAL- ,y Felix Ahsel
Just as today, Friday, it rained cats
and dogs beforehand, but'. on- that Sat. &
Sunday 9th-10th Sept. the iieather could
Aot.-defeat.the Harlem Limersz A refresh-
'ing breeze gave the spectators strength.
First there was the opening by our very
charming lady ayor .I live in South
Roseau myself yTh the. B hands played
magnificently the kin.d of.music to
make one shake oneself: Belles Combo,
Mountain Chicken, Liquid Ice, Wooden
Stools and Every Mother's Child; ALSO
our Swinging Stars; Henry & the Saints,
Grammacks and a few others. M.Cs were
Mr. Harrigan.of. Dominx a, Mr.C.Jugg and
Mr. Big. ,...from Radiod ZDK in Anticua.
SpectatoraJJ I ..ea rly 700 meAnll n.-
and children both day out 9 .0of
of the. ,rlo. wore brA t hot-pants
which added to' colorful. scene.
The bars were W -sto ld -:everal
A Rock. Iostival Ion tO em efSered
f Domiica,, thanks to all the :eple.
who ma 3 .1t a rea. success* .
oc-------c rtu.LL-c Ly rp.J.LIe 01 -op I-aL.atd -ta U-~saU1/
xrlatmes -uD-Esned Dy Trop.K.-,AiJLrey
or i;opt all at ab Bath Rd.Roseau D/ca W,
XI1EA OFF FO2-.S' ITIO^AL- PA0 F.
Sas guest of .the sa'f. ovoB rvatiq Foun-
datipn, tp:oatteMid ace-te airy;:.sE6nam in
Z'ellwstone' arE', fWyQngO and to ,visit
two bther Parks. .ood news for us all.
THE NATIONAL PARK IDEA -R, Swhaindo
(Fr.p',) 1Tow might well be an approp-
riate time to consider effective altern-
atives to'the use of chemical fertilizers.
With regard to the Dominican fauna,
there are also some disturbing trends.
Here has. been an increasing demand for
the gustatory delight "frogs legh".This
exotic dish is prepared from the large
Prog heptoiactyluq fallax (known lcaly
as crapaud" and mountain chicken' .'he
increased demand for these frogs has led
to a virtual slaughter of the !'crapaud"
population,.. There seems to be no effec-
tive legislation regulating the catch of
the crapaud. Concern for the future of
the frog species.has been voiced in ec-
ological circles. And it is not unreason-
able to suggest. that there is a real
possibility of the crapaud going extinct
Of adequate measures are not taken to en-
sure their survival.
It would' seem that a logical first
step towards assuring preservation f.of.
bhat species should be the introduction
and enforcement of laws restricting
'crapaud-hunting' to the non-breedin
season. This would prevent the laughter
of gravid (egg -bearing) female. Con-
homitantly, limits should be placed on
bhe size of frogs captured.
Analysis of gut contents of cra-aud'
specimens have indicated that Ssects
m ake up a large portion of the 4rog. .diet,
Dhus the. crapaud might very welr play an"
Important role as a biological control
agent, keeping the population of harmful
insects down to an ineffective level.
Therefore outside of the scientific
Loss resulting from extinction qf hepto-
dactylus.fallax, the ecological damage
that could result should provide a strong:
stimulus for effective protective legis-..
Lation. : .(MOCT, 9 Q )
DOMINiICA W1EWSBRIEPS: Very 2oo9 state
of Soufriere-Scotts Head Roa w4s drawn
to Govt.'s attention byHBon.A.Mise and a
delegation,Thurs. Rev.Fr. Proesmans of
Pte Michel gave- three large cartons of
FUlrf to Princess argaret Hospital."
nop eepers. ave been-warneaain o.
P st u-prices of all goods forx:sale *
APOuLOG;. Sorry.. many copies of our page 8
are smudr,-due to adverse weather and
consequent elecatriga9. machine effect *
-' -~ ~~---I
T H '. T-1A R
*r- riddSpe]5tbb4ir 15- 1972:.;.