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Star (Roseau, Dominica). December 21, 1979.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072476/00698
 Material Information
Title: Star (Roseau, Dominica). December 21, 1979.
Uniform Title: Star (Roseau, Dominica).
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publication Date: 02-04-1971
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Dominica -- Caribbean
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: sobekcm - UF00072476_00698
System ID: UF00072476:00698

Full Text

Sane Lowenthal1
S ar an, Inst tlu
R research fnsitute foxr
the Study ot gn
162 East 78 Stmret,
SNew York 10021, *Ly.,
U.S.A. -

0 u'wve t A

V '~'I. ,g *t

CENTURY by Rupert Sorhairnd
In the thick of the entirely predictable pop
u !ars uprising agaat the minority white Rhodesian
- Dite, ia Smith appeared on television in as
-*,.t to calm his foTCSers.
1n the course of his t$oadcasr, laden with
refermeces to retaliatory measures, he mnae a
:arEement which could well win the awir 1 for
the "Quate of the Century".
Ian Smith stated (with a straight face, at thao
Let u s'ot lose Our sense of pro~ porrrion
about whai is goiog on".
The man (like his ardent sufp1-,nr:, in~id'e
and outside Rhodesia) must be ms.d to be so
blind, to the stark reabties of the cndi'ion of his
backwardd". The fact is, that Mr. Smith and his
white Rhodesiaas who cortr:,n r.taf Country's
o3i]tica3! and econrxmic instimunns are out num-
bher'd vb the blacks (and original inhaStiats by a
TW'\ENTY to ONE margin.
ITh: it seems rhaT Snmith, .. -3:-,.; ot anI his

of faniasy. NeedI ss t. say, it w&:i :nor he much
i.. get before his iMusims are shoterd.
The British Ca vemttive Govesrment,
Sshich has for taonomic and m.ial re-sons sold out
the Africaa UMajrmiy t the renU~Itde whift Rho-
disima regimC, amu beat mach of the responsibi.
htt- for the Mboodbath iftt has already begun, in
In view of our association with Brit'iun, we
should take a fim sand against the dis'grcc fun
behaviou o thie Brtsh GoarI nient on tiWs issue.

rt. oaVe ort
Virt.4t c < ^ ^ YOHK 2LCj4t:' 4
1idA. Pt amvars 4. 197 2e .~ C-.'-

It is notified for general irjfo mtrion
that the Meeting to consider the 1972
Budget will be held at the Court House,
Roseau, at o0.0o acm. on Friday I Ith
February. 972.
Members of the public are hereby in-
vited to attend,
I Mau, Dai PierrF
Clerk if the Hnusewrf Asafatbly

M .P L. J71. 4G.OJ 4M-a On Febr.ryr, 49712

ign aid: necessary?

useful? damaging?


Pref e5 asot
Peter Bau





F: reserc.s, ~it is usually taken for i' nanit.: 'LI
ft prom eve if it is not indispc-esabl for it But e;.:
'omi'(usior doe, not follow Aid d'. t,
perfat: in a vacuum. Uinisfe mnana froa:i:
heaven,. its advocacy and ftow .st up ali 8mda
of repercussons, which can and often db-
mor. than oI-set the vti of' the inliow of
rf-sourLes rcan mention only a few of tOii
nmanri reatins w-hy this is so
Th&e reasons
1 Foreign akd prnmotes ;ocentCration f!
power ir the recipient coutlries b4 inrrec.-,ir.
the re k-src'c of the pnvrrrineit rtpfxa'Te,
to the private se-cto but mt .ch more s
because govrernentf eng.aagd iv compreh.t,e.
sitv planning anid rcmuntries with baa;n*. :.f
rnaimF-nt- difficltM.s are treated prefierne
'r:t in t 4he ,I' '4I'!IP of ai6. The ewtentie
state ef'onomkW co-aTtrols estabibhed under
cOPerwenr sive. paninrg anId faciiated f by
aid, largely putitise economic and. soaLi
life. Thiis pn;7ti ,avron wichb does aot rigr-
naote a foreign aid but is reinfaored, by 1i.
provokes and exacerbate' politMai tIsiofr n m
many Less deviopeA countries, because it
*comes all important who hkas tfhe. n -r,-
m=nnt The stakes in the ti t~ for poTil:r,:
poWer itcrea:,e e ..im.-r.lly~', and sc daes the-
intensity of singg.e for it, e-pp,-iey bt
not odayi ii9 multi-rarial coaRetir This ste-
s.:tr.,f i, largTiy behind the tbttfrneus of fthe
poifhcal stirggle' in mdn. pa' s of thb ;:1is
devciaped worif .'uiir; when pri'.rtal j eo.' is
ail impora.it-,- tn eT*rge -ad4 actihtie.s o*f
arustitins or r -.ourceRf men air dilvfle
from ec nt2..tc.haclfvity ,to political life p.;(,;
frorri choice. pairtl- f wm n'eu-iSkyo since th -.rl
er-oronw' oippcrt:unities or een. survival mIay
deppend iarg',.lv o poitucal devcopmernelnt,.
The dire.;orn of the activities of abP, mMea
gsi-arly ., f'. ecorn'nms a aattainent and pro-
gre-. im any soCiery.
"Tie p -.ferentm.i treatment of counGtr.s
with balance of paynrnt.? dilffrui.tl Sa. wihen inmurred under fonnal dtevelo-
ment planning. reirforces the poijcist on
of r.* and cormpoands itss e.c The adno-
f tion of thcs! t:riterid errurcts- gov~trn*
men.t ,o ma Tke their deveotrapent plans az
arnitious. as pos.,ibil, .o pursue in&atinas;.i
SlmoWneary and fiscal pnlicie and to dtjsspate
. thetr fwreigzt e:x change reserves. 7'hFse poI.-
des, create a crisis aiinopheret whirb d(i-
c roirages doewsit.i samiag and investmeTF :
They alio lead to Msrreptitirus export or
evon tfght of d:lomestic capital. And the pay,
ments difficulties ierve as plqsihle groiis
Conceded on Page 8

Page Two T H E T A R F~ii day,February 4, 1972

On Monday coming, 7th 'February, occurs the centenary of the landing
in Dominica of the F.M.I. (initials of the official Latin title of the
Order "Sons of Mary Immaculate") Fathers. This is a date which must be
full of meaning for Dominicans of every creed and of none. For on that
day, 7th February, 1872, began an epic in the religious life and his-
tory of Dominica. For a whole century, this Order has continued to serve
the people of this country faithfully and well and generations of Domin-
icans have every reason to experience a thrill of joy and happiness next
If the Dominica of 1972 is still a very difficult country, it is not
hard to imagine the conditions of 1872 -- no roads; numerous unbridged
rivers; poor economic conditions; gross illiteracy. To get from their
landing place to the parishes assigned to them, the Fathers must have
travelled for a whole day, at best. In the villages, there were few per-
sons of the standard of education and culture of the missionaries, who
must have experienced great loneliness in the remote areas of Dominica.
Few other persons would have dreamt of living their lives in those distant .
parts of what was then an almost totally undeveloped island. Life was
hard, difficult and dangerous from the elements. Yet, for 100 years,these
intrepid bearers of the Goseel have spent themselves in the cause of
Christ in Dominica. One of the original three priests and one Brother who
landed here exactly 100 years ago, Father Couturier, lived.39 years in
Dominica, mostly at La Plaine, where his remains lie buried. But with the
help of an appreciative and co-operative population, these missionaries
erected ,modest churches and schools and in every Parish committed to
their charge, made themselves "all things to all men".
Up to the time of their coming, it could not have been said that Dom-
inica had been completely Christianised. Along the western coast with
Roseau as a base, things were not too bad, but in the more distant Wind-
ward and Northern areas, conditions were far from satisfactory and it can
safely be said that the F.M.I. Fathers have been mainly responsible for
establishing the Church on a sound basis in those parts of Dominica where
at'least half the population lives.
With the important places that rural-born persons now hold in the life
of the community of Dominica, it is easy to .:see the credit which must go
to the F.M.$. in the character formation of such leading citizens. Due.
to the demographic patterBsi of our society, no less than four or five gen-
erations of our people have been formed spiritually, morally and in other
more mundane ways by the members of this Order. Thus they have become a
part of the national landscape, comparable with Diabbtin and the Boiling
Toca great Bishop and his able Vicar-General, Bishop Poirier and
Father Ardois, respectively, belong the credit of bringing the F.M.I.
Fathers to Dominica at a moment when the Church was in a desperate plight
here for want of priests. One can imagine the soul-searching which must
have gone in the Head of the Order on receiving the request to send his
priests to a distant unknown island, far from their home, Yet it was fin-
ally resolved; and resolved to the great benefit of the Dominica of today.
'Therefore on this important occasion Dominicans join in felicitat-
ing the F.M.I. Fathers and in letting them know how their hundred years'
toil in our midst has been appreciated. It is the universal wish and
expection of most of us that the members of this religious Order will be
with us for further generations to come, in order to continue a work so
steadfastly and so gloriously begun.
are having a spaial Concelebration Mass in the Roseau Cathedral on the
evening of 7th February. In these days of Christian Unity, we may all well
offer the Fathers a word of Congratulation on their Centenary. The Christia
Council has already sent off a letter of congratulation, ONE HUNDRED YEARS
of Service to this Island by the FMI Fathers is no small matter, and they
have given every other Church an example of perseverance,"

FYrIdIIv,- Ith~r 4, 19' Tg Thre

Bi~ITAIN has recoenised Bangladesh,
: BLIN: the British Ea, bass7y as set t
ahlaze by petrol bombs when 25,',K0 2
anrry Reputlicazr. attacked it and c
impeded fire-es.gneso by lying in the ;
"TR'INIDAD; with a dozer child deaths b
froai polio and 170 sufferers, Trin- t
idad was forced for public aealtli rea- b
sons to postpone carnival till May, c
tnereby losing about 4 cil.lion dolla-rs. a
hoteliers being .hard hit. e
Bri...:.B Minister of Overseas ievelop- ;
ment iichard *ood is now visiting aid-
ed territories. (-ast stops St.Vi.nent ,

1T1 CTL&iNCjLLOR Sir Hu- Woooding said
at graduation in Barbados th.at the UI (
mu~at preserve its character as a reg-
ional. institution to survive. earlier r
in Tri .idad he said "the University
rejects subversion as a tool for build-
ina a new society."
ZAMBIA: Presi.dent Kaunda has banned
the official Oppositior and. detained
12O of its members, led by ;imion KLap-
wepe', recently beaten 'v.. by a crowd
of 100. iaciements' have been ~any.
P.)ODEIW-A: African nationalist leader-
E ishop Muzorewa warned Britain's coak-
mssion that bloody revolution was
ihevitable if the country's white rxl-
ers ais not end racial oppressloz of
the African majority. le claim med-31
Africanr -died a-fter recent riots,noot
14 as officially stated.
S .n. PaFamous. Negro sin.cer ,Mahalia
Jackson died after a heart attack,60,
DOMINI.CA: The BAN.NA C-R3SS is -still
on aitb its search for scar-egoats -
the growers blame Government fahown at
last Sunday's .manoth farmers'meetirL
at ,arigot.,called by Mr. stevens; theL
Govt. wi i doubtless blaise A ''.Yv and
C.eevts, when the Peads of wi~dwards
Govts, meet ag sumtwoned tby Pretier e-.-
blanc takes place here soon. .-u.r col-
umais~.s have lone tried to draw atten-
tion to the slide dowt~ the slope of
-reser-,-oid. It is rather lat:
T IN OF otr, eon .e. inelc-
ents in and around House of Ass~embly
resumes Mon.,;eb. "th. 6ieanwhile ;)ep.-
Mkayor Annette 't.Hilaire has also been
served with a su-aons re th:e event.
housee cases cal-led for t.-s week are
postponea until March.
,'sENADA: A slroni- protest to Grenada a
;?pervisor of electiLons ha been lodged
against 'mainy irregularities" i.n enumer-
atlon by C',pposit .on ,eader R1lase.

iTH;E: :UE;, ow 4 1,s about to celebrate
he 20th year of her reigr. She has made
9 journeys to all different parts of the
T. KJTTS: claiminga that a libel suit
rougtt against Premier Bradsahaw Wuld not
e tried. partially in St. Kitt '"where
hf atmoepher'e is uot. conducive to jastlee"
arrister f. eoffrey boone tried t.G have .t
alJed in a Briitsh court, but. ,he applic-
,tion was refused. The suit arises out eo
*vents dur*inT tLe A riniuila l prison*.
OMI'KICA tT~ces pecussed Minister qf
finance Armour aiet tae Chamber of
commerce 'Ixecutive i res., h.arles !aynard,.
Lnd helzd ta!xK on imported commoditieo
nd *t? rie in tie cost of living. The
;-amfer (wnose full aecouct ri.l ae found
on pages 5 & 10" aske-u for a Prices Re-
view Conmmission; thix was refused by tne
Minister, who expressed Govt. 's concern
at increases in the cost of basic foods
and its determination to pt t curbs on ri.s-
Lnp prices "and force importers to obtain
less expen-ive alternrative imports, or',..
subst itutees.:"
tAD'li1" .": : for he sakie of nature'
beauty k future tourism, over 50,.0( acres
hav~e 'een d.esisna:ed a niat onal park.
Visit the DOMINICA HEALTH aind
DIET CENTRE for the whole range of
Modern Health Herbal and Vegetable
Concentrate Products.

Natex 2 -
Nisex 2 -

NateX 4 -

Natex 9 9
Natex ro
Natex i2A
Nates i6

Natex :6
Naiex r6
Natcxx 22

Natex 32
N,4,kex 71.

Livcr and Gai Bladder Function
Blood and Skin Troubles Boils,
Cartuncies, Ecema.
Anemia, DebiiLty and malutrition
For Figure Beauty
For the Nerves
For Digestive Troubles.
For ,te Glands.
For Ci nstip n.
For Respratorv Organs.
A Natural Tonmc,
Mucous Membrane
Genito Urinary Dtsorders.
For Blokd Pressure.

SThe abobe Modern Health Products
pioneer the the way to better health. Pa-
tient research and a unique process of pow-
dermng made it possible for no less than
95 of the so closely sought, health sus-
taming properues to be preserved in the

Ali obtaamned at the; DOMIIN1CA
corner of ilisborough and Cld Street

Friday, ebruary 4, 1972

Page Three

T' 7 V

by Rupert Sorhaindo by Collins O'Neill
The following remarks should not It is high time that our youths
be interpreted as a criticism of the and even adults find a method of
commendable effort being made by building more social and cultured
some sincere Dominicans towards thehe community. Too often
political education of their fellow both our old and young people roam
citizens. about the place having nothing to do;
The Black Powr Movement can be nowhere to go and nothing benefic-
a powerful, constructive force in ial to occupy their minds & tioughtsd
the building of a viable and just Some of the young people who sit and
lime .edT street corners, gossiping
Dominican society. But like every limeat street corners, gossiping
other politically-oriented organiz- uselessly, sooner or later develop
r z 'foreign' inclinations which may
action, its resources could become '
the vehicle for carrying ambitious inevitably lead them into great cal-
individuals along "ego-trips". amity and embarrassment. It is well
In that context, I would like to known that the older heads from wln
relate some personal observations, the juniors should take example have
relate some personal observations.
My interest is in helping to uncover nothing good themselves to offer.
incerehonest la shp n A youth gets his experience by
sincere, honest leadership doing just what he thinks wise and
Several months ago Mr. Dougla, --oin just what he
made a statement at a public meeting equitable; he tries to remedy his
in Roseau, wherein he suggested that shortcomings only when it
there was no need for an opposition higher ad bigger circles when it
prty in Dominica Such a vw is too late. Organizing more Social
party in Dominica. Such a view la-- & Cultural 01ubst is the only pose-
implied that Dominicans should have & cultural Club is the only hposs-
been satisfied .with the ruling Lab- bible means of successfully helping
our or Lelanc regime our young people. With such clubs,
our or Leblanc regime.
More recently, however, a state- the young people in particular, in-
ment attributed to Mr. Douglas seems stea of living can devote their
to indicate that he has reversed waste evenings to activities like
his judgment on that issue. He now games,discussions,debating,social
regards the Leblanc regime (and work,etc. To be a voluntary social
others in the Caribbean) as puppets worker (in my view) one does not
of the colonial powers. He further necessarily have to go to college;
predicts the triumph of the forces, through judgment,discretion and fre-
of liberation in Dominica and else- quent discussions at a club a lot cf
where. But these forces of liberation experience can be gained. Let us
sar move- form now more social elubs,help to
constitute an opposition party,move- breed mre.sane and cultivated minds,
ment...or whatever one wishes to and restrain our youth from giving
label it as' recklessly -and making oodlooknrg enr
I am indeed'quite curious as to What led Mr. Douglas to make his
what precipitated that drastic change original judgment? Could it be that
of heart; considering that the sit- he considered it politically exped-
uation in Dominica has not changed lent to ally with the Labour Party at
qualitatively since about 1968,when that time? I hope that a satisfactory
the infamous Seditious Bill was: answer will be forthcoming. What
drafted. Incid-entally, where was leaves me even more sceptical on the
Mr. Douglas (and many of his staunch grounds of credibility and sincerity,
followers, I might add) when oppos- is the impression Mr. Douglas left
ition to that repressive legislation with me at a Dominican dance in N.Y.
coalesced? Had it not been for that several months ago. He seemed bent on
opposition (which he earlier said discouraging me from opposing the Le-
Dominica did not need), the statement blanc regime, suggesting the embar-
attributed to Mr. Douglas subsequent- rassment that my involvement presum-
ly (referred to in the above para- ably created for my brothers in the
graph) would have,been seditious,for civil service, I wondered then, as-
according to the draft bill, it would I do now, "How broad is Rosie's def-
have been an act of sedition "to; inition of the concept of liberation?
advocate, teach, or defend disbelief If I have misinterpreted Mr.Doug-
in or opposition to organised Govern- las' remarks then I look forward to
ment". Opposition pressure forced a being "put straight".
withdrawal of that provision.
(continued next column) Rupert Sorhaindo. New Jersey,USA.
(continueA negxt column)

Friday,February 4, 1972

Page Four


Friday, February 4, 1972 TEE STAR Page Five
- Ajdvt.

On Monday a delegation consisting of members from the Chamber of Commerce
representing importers of milk,sugar ard corned beef met the Minister of Trade,
Finance and Industry to discuss the question of price increases in respect of
those and other commodities. It was emphasized that the factors affecting prirs
increases in basic commodities were beyond the control of local firms and the.
documents submitted to the Ministry bore testimony to the fact that increases
were a direct result of what happened in the outside world. Facts were brought
to illustrate the point that certainly in the case of StoKitts, St.Vincent and
Antigua, Dominica's prices were lower, and the mark-up allowed was also lower.
The following points were also stated by the delegation:-
It was essential that the public should be presented with the true facts re-
garding the problem of price increases in order to satisfy all concerned that
Snmark-up of 5% on wholesale and 10% on retail left no room for profiteering
on the part of the merchants.
2, That correspondence received from a UIC source, viz Glaxo-Allenburys (Export)
Ltd., stated tiat "local margins which allowed 5% wholesale and 10% retail
were completely unrealistic and we cannot imagine any trader finding shelf-room
for milk products in future."
3. The same source disclosed that the milk production in the world was falling
short of demaand and with the removal of certain subsidies by the British Govern-
ment manufacturers were now having to pay 50% more for milk compared to six
months agc,
4. The Government should at least honour the undertaking given last year to
allow a mark-up of 5% and 10% though those were considered very low.
5. That the stocks of sugar and milk which had been ordered on that understand-
ingagvnhaich represented substantial sums of money should make the situation
urgent enough for an immediate decision to be given.
6. That mark-up should not be confused with'profits because from the mark-up
one had to deduct salaries and wages, light, fuel and transport, rent, advert-
icing, credit facilities, provident fund, and leakages and shortages particularly
at the Customs.
7. That freight rates were on the increase, and that was one area where Govern-
ment might have a tay in keeping costs down.
8. The delegation urged that inasmuch as the firms had shown good faith by holding
agi prices towards the end of last year when there was an increase, Government
should now show goQo faith by removing the charges such as package tax, wharfage
tax and duty on sugar, and package and wharfage taxes on milk.
9. That out of $11,000,000 collected annually by Government the business com-
munity contributed about 70%/ and whatever could be demanded of business concerns
(and they had already show willingness to assist where they 'could) they could
not be expected to sell goods at or below cost which was what the Minister's de.-
cision was requiring of then. Such a decision would eventually destroy the
private sector which event the Chamber hoped was not Gocernment's intention.
10. The Chamber had recomme n d lnd urged on Government again the need to follow
3arbados, Trinidad and Jamaica by establishing a Prices Comnission on which
would be representatives of Youth Groups, Trade Unions, housewives and other
public interests. These could examine invoices and other documents and make re-
comr;endati0ns not only about prices; they could also investigate complaints of
11. The chaos at the Customs to which the Chamber has P%*t Ataiy directed the
attention of Government was a major factor in the cost of living as the damage,
pilferage and leakages there resulted in increased insurance rates. To date
nothing of significance had been done to correct this most unsatisfactory dEtuifn-
12, CARIFTA had also contributed to the rising cost of living but nothing has
been done to ensure that Dominica got benefits from it.
13. The Chamber had made frequent trips to Government on this matter end unlike
other cGovernments in the Caribbean (Barbados had recently fixed the mark-up on
basic commodities) could obtain no decision from Government which would enable
the firms to know what to do. It was more than time that a de-ision be made.
one way or the other.
14. The Minister was satisfied that the public should be apprised 4 t.2e fcsl d
the Chamber undertook through various media to bring these to the attention of
the public. (concluded on page ten)

Pat S_~x TH TR rdF_~u


Tothe MiMEtrate District 'G' & The Chief of Police
I, Adrtnwe CyrU!e,'nw resd ng at .Ca '-)16e6 In, thit'
Parlt of S t,. Andrew, do hereby r Ie you noticea thit t; is
my Intention to ppiy a: the Magisira:t's Court to be held
at Portsmouth on Mooday, the 3rd ~ay of Aprii, i972, e nu.
ing, fo a Retai Liquor Licence in respect of my premisesat
Cailbishls, the parish of St. Andrw: i

Dated the 17th day of December, 1971.
3-fl-'4 Adrianne Cyriia

Notice is hereby given tiat the under m-en-
tioacd person has apphed to the Minist. ry of Homem
Affairs for naturalization, and that any pers, n
who knows of any reason why naturalization
should not be granted, should send a writctn and
signed statement to that effect to the Mminstry of
Home Aflairs.

I'ctrmanenr 4 b-crary
Ministry of H-Cre- Affairs,'

H 4 15it G. 8i t; i t
j2S !h a *ary !972.


an ae .
forqua itv

and value


Thake aIo)k atthe
range of VP Britisl m~ es The ,me grapes go
ton makEVPD-it1gtol:akci of exipesiv
WnesWThich-xCCount ftbrVPs tine qajity.
SIiivlotdea t aS.

v r bo



The Viva -went 't-ough far more than the
usual testing tha goes jito a iew Car,
Because i wa, tees-p:oved at 'Punishmrne'nt
',:Parkl'.-V atxball's unique 700 acre proving
grouindc at Mlibrocdk in Bedfords hre
Test-proved fo r stT ngth. safety.
rebliaty aiid protecton.
f.. 'SHiTLINGFC)OD & C'.


P.O. BOX 3.
3G_ __

Appications are invi red ', m .ab pe'M' . r
the pos. of Town Corstabie. R<,s c,;T-:',w -

*Th'e post ; i;s p;nt;iNble and :n t i :
sale of $1620 x oo z6X' 2. 27 6 :i ;'.
- $3,-;o.

provided rb h v Roseau a o
,C JuliTic' .".; ;: ,e <;. ilt .i7- ' d hi' Rf--
, gul iions of the Roseau Town Cduni!. i
Apphications must h, addressed to tthe T'ow
Clerk acj rah the -Ote of :he Roseau Tcx:
Counca!' n.facla than the I6:h Fe ruar.. i;--

ST ( V S




man.ausanamesh I

g---L-~-~r -L----LI-I---CIIIL~II~ICWY

'-Friiy,-fpebrmar ';9 72 "
,^.^^z.^.^'z~.^^^^...-'^^ -

Page Six


i 44'. hi

a,2r:11 .jy~ far"lia~l~v, Ica,

,T,.~ ,,,,,- __..~_ I

Friday, February 4,, 1972 THE STAR Page Seven
PO_ BE WARNED by J.R.Ralph Casimir

The Supreme Ruler of Heaven and Earth,
The King of kings, the Lord of lords.
Behold the Fuehrers, the Duces, the Kaisers, the Czars
Cruelly destroying human lives, wading in human blood
Behold the war lords: seducers of the weaker sex, butchers of babes!
Behold the heartless mortals: "masters of slaves"!
Behold the tin gods of our world depriving man of the enjoyment of life!
They've all vanished in the presence of the Almighty Master.

Ye depraved Rulers of States
Who make paupers of taxpayers,
Degrading civil servants to a state of servility,
Abusing the trust placed in -6u by Citizens of the State.
Ye pork-barrel politicians: traitors of the electorate
.Who wilfully make false promises,
Blindly leading the despairing blind,

What matters if I am of a different "Party",
Why can't we work together for the welfare of the State?
What matters if we are of different creed
But do the will of our Heavenly Father?
What matters: she is woman, he is man?
Remember mother Eve was of father Adam.
What matters the difference of Race?
The alleged ascent of man from monkey is baseless.
What matters: you are intelligent, you are rith?
Your duty is to teach the ignorant, help the poor.

White, Red, Yellow, Black Power
Are all subject to the Almighty Power.
He rules the proud, the meek, the strong, the weak.
Power of intelligence, power of riches are all His.
Where is power in ignorance, poverty, hatred?
Where is power in idleness, lawlessness, wickedness?
Where'is power in disrespect, disobedience, 'indiscipline?

Ye inconsiderate employers of labour,
The servant also is of flesh and blood
And has responsibilities and dependents.
Ye don't-care, wayward labourer
Who gives half-day work for full-day pay,
The master is entitled to get satisfaction
In spending moneys he has earnestly acquired.

Ye scandalmcngers
scandalizing the innocent,
cowing seeds of hatred among brothers,
returning evil for good,
revelling in abu3e, filthiness, nakedness,
EE YE A 2rJ'D!

ft the imposition of fcrensive aecon mni con-
t,,$, especially, but not oly. xWr external
eea- .njic relations. whTch ae welcome to
gar .o ::-meft and to other infhintia' groups,
SC.-.::pr es planning does not augment
E. .:.'es, abut only increases and centralises
p~ciw.r. The extensive and cise economic
controls impede the movement of people
between places and jobs, estabtishment of
-aew enterprises and the expanaion of effi-
cieat producers. They retard the ermrrgence
aud spretd of experimentation, th- widening
at horitons and the erosion of atl;tardes and
c tomts adverse to material progress. These
Controls iavaEri3by extend to external con-
tacts, the restriction of which is especially
damaging because they serve as channels not
Sonly to skills, capital and cormModities, bst
atio to new ideas, methods, wants and crops.
*Aftogetter these various controls obstruct
:ite roderiisati~ o of the mind, which in
many less developed, countries is a rr,.aii.heif
of material progress-
S. Many recipient' goernmenis paursu
paicies extremely damaging to economic
devejlopraet They restrict the activities of
Ssome of the m t productive groups in the
country, often but not always ethnic minori-
ties: Chinese in Sout East Asia, Indhans inr
SButma Asians in East Afri a And these
restrictions are often followed by the expul-
sion or even destruction of large numbers
of people. Other policies adverse to de'-.-lop
,meat whici are pursued by must r.cpieats
af aid ipd cde the setting up of state mono-
poties and the introduction of restrictive
licensing in trade and industry. large-scale
restrictions on private investment both domes-
tic and foreign and large-s-abl state z:ubsi-
disation of -so-ci ed cooperative societies.
which in fact are dependencies of govern-
ment .departments rather than genuine co-
iperatives. All this is quite tatderstandable
because governments are more :interested ia
maintaining and increasing their power than
in prometiag the material progress of their
subjects. Unconditional foreign aid supports
these pobiciet
3. Foreign aid discorages recipient govern-
meits from borrowing abroad oti commercial
terms or otherwise admitting private capital.
It is politically unwise and may be political
suicide to encourage, or even .t secure 'cap:
tal on mar iet terms, if ft is availabe in the..
form of grants or grsat -tie koa as.
4. Foreign aid often biases development
policy ia directions based otn .iaproprpate
exteraal prototypes, adopted of which re-
tards rather than promotes d4evelopme nt,
and also leads to frustration and social &and
political tension. The proliferation of westnrn
type universities and of iteel mWlis and air-
lines provides obvious e;camnples. Moreover.
when resources are re rived from abroad
for nothing the valuable process of genet it
ing them is lost. When rsourte.s are b thb
generated an d used loc.ily. tr prsat al
:qualities and attitudes. social in.sthi.utio ns
and economic opportunitd't s required for 6i
employjmelt of these. Iesonrces are en-
couraged to develop simu ttanearsl.y
5. The advocates of aid encourage the v n-
fo~wated belief that the prime requsi.tes of
:development can be had for nothing; tley
ignore or dwbcure the fact that the peaop es
of devetlped counties themselvess have had
to deelop the faculties a-ttituder and inrti-
tuNtions favourable to m trial progress. I he

THE SEAR suggestion that 4id' as inispensatie fora
drtevlprm- : iimpje that matiien a progress
r: 'S-bi depends onm externaJ forces. This suggestion
S tends to paup.en. the rtcipien.ts by reinfrdc-
SFiKay i ~ag the attitude. wAidel prevalent in tbe
FebTdvimder4de;veloped world., notably so in South
.. h Asi.a; that .be opportniutis and resources
Fewr for the :eonoaic advan-ce of oneself or one's
": family have to be provided by sarneow eise,
*.1.. bv the state, by one's sruperiors. by richer
People, or fromi abroad. This s& an attitude
whicc is obvwousi"1 unfavourabe- tr ruoaienral.
Frign id:; 6. Prograrnmcs and projects supported by
S foreign aid often have negative productivity,
nec Way : in that itw. absor- more domestic inputs thaa
^. j ~ the value of output and vet for pohtiial
S reasons cannot be abandoned Large losses
'damalin? in aidisupported projects and activirnei are
Sconmmonplace in poor cotitnres and have
been rerurrent themes otf official reports In
S India and Ceyion. It is at times difficult to
assess what costs have been rakte into coTl-
PrtfsaI or sideration in these dcx:umeit.e but the losses
Peoer Saw have often been so huge that it is sate to
is professor of assume that the (nuJr'r, wN.ouid have been
ec.nomaics t with special better off othor the Arcjert The inabihty
reference to econOrnai of many aid re.ipients to service sa?.t loans
development and under- also suggests a iow or even nre 'tivt- pro-
develo.ped coinlries ducvtivFy of aid, Such adverse results ar,
at tbe Loandsn Stchol especially likely when the funds are spent
of Econoni's anda by persons who neither h ar the costs nor
the author of a
forthcoming tro enjoy the economic return and more eserat
"Dissent on Develoiu "naHy when the funds are external gifts.. And
meant: studies antd the i .rlin-ni of negate productivjt is
debates in devetopmnea increased further when it is belied d, as is
economics" often the. case, that all expenditure terowd
investment is productive.
NA. 7. Adv r-ac- of aid often .rrf:rde, bur.g,-
New in .. tions that the higher mconmes of actual or
respectivee donors have been extracted iTom
S0 December 3 97t the inderdeveloped world rather than
generated by themselves. Such .,uespgtiens
ob,.cure the nature of economic transactions
and processes. They ofter spi! over into the
domestic discussion af poor rcontries. where
they lead to the ruggesliano tat th e pros-
"Pf' i'" of better-off persons and groups has
been secured at the expense of the rest of
the population, rho-e notions then promote
confiscatory police' harmful to material
progress. The 'vgelitiinr of e-xternal resproni-
.ir. ty for material haI kwardness also en-
., courages damaging restrictions on externa$
8. F'oreui, aid has p)obabhy affected
adversely the market ooportunmtics and.
therefore, the economic positron and pros-
S- pecicts of many aid .recipr- etsr The major
donor countries erert substantiI hairri.rs
against the export of the same under-
de eloped fdantries to which they arc giv-
ing aid. These trade barriers reflect the
Operations of sectional interests in tih dotno
countries. Foreign aid diminishes the opposi-
tion to the erection of these barriers, both
within the donor countries and by spok tesm nen
of recipient c-iuuln es.
These various arguments do no? mean that
foreign aid cannot prwor te f the mater! pro.
gress -f recipients. but .tha t dotes nt ntnces-
sarily do so Econtomi prog-r~n d.,s not
deperid or, :vestible :'esour-ie s. bu on per-
sonal sooal, cultural and plrtica, factors.
The importance of these adverse; reperais-
sions suggests that aid is at least as likeI}
to retard development aJ to: praiote it.

friday, February 4, 1972 T H E S T.AAR.. Page Nine
We should thank the Livewire Group of young people of Salisbury for
their effort and good intention in trying to uplift the village of Sal-
isbury. I appreciate very much the panel discussion of January 21, on
the-.-'Grenada Declaration; but first I should apologize to the Panellists
Mrb. R.H.Lockhart, Barrister at Law, Mr. C.A.Maynard, LIB.,.Mr. Gordon
Moreau, B.Sc., Mr. R. Riviere, B.A. (moderator) and Mr. A.Riviere Secur-
ity Officer, for the behaviour of some illiterate,irresponsible young
boys, who have had no knowledgee of what was going on. Their hooliganism
has caused embarra-.ssment and shame to the decent respectable people of
Salisbury,. especially the Livewire Group :and Mr..Riviere who was doing
the recording -I wish & hope that all concerned '.will accept this apol-
ogy and forget the inconvenience daused by those boys.
Let me now express my opinion on the Grenada Declaration and West
Indian 'Unity. I would first ask these questions, "in.a world of great
competition and the formation of new blocks of nations, politically and
economically, can we survive individually in the West Indies?- What do we
think of Cecil Rawle? Was he not an advocator of W.I. Unity? Why.do we
have his bust at the roundabout near Princess Margaret Hospital??Why try
to betray him now was he not respected and loved throughout the Island?
There is no other way to save the West Indies from economic collapse than
collateral agreement.
I listened to the panellist summing up the past history of slave
settlers, and the advocates of W.I. Unity and.its failures. Should-we
accept the past failures as'positive ground to prevent us from pursuing
West Indian Unity? -'The failures of past West Indian Union were not the
fault of the people of the Island, but the failures of the hard-core.
politicians, who'through their own selfishness and prejudices divided
and prevented the people from becoming one. It is as simple as this'
The creation of one West Indies cricket team has brought about the spirit
of oneness in the sporting fields
On the economic field, CARIFTA (although the bigger islands like
Trinidad and Jamaica are the main beneficiaries:) has achieved some mutual
agreement. So why not total agreement to ..the formation of a West Indian
Nation? SlioUi & nation could be born but for bias and selfishness,caused
not by the people but by politicians. Let us go back to the Grenada de-
claration: I am not against the declaration at all, as it is a declarat-
ion of intent, "But" I say but, because we have to be very careful in
getting into a federation such as this, we must explore every possibility
before we commit ourselves to any concrete agreement -by which we may be
I agree with Mr. Lockhart fully when he said that we should know
whether the East Indian population of Guyana want federation, which I
doubt much they want. We know that there will always be difference of
Opinion in forming a federation, but we should not federate and find
ourselves at war from the start,-with certain people who may resent the
idea of a federation and were not allowed to participate in the decision
making. A referendum should be held by the participating islands to test
the opinion of all- people and to obtain a mandate from them to form such a
Union, especially from Guyana. Unless. this is done no head of Government
has the right to join the people of the islands in any political Union as
proposed. I :will say again that the destiny of the West Indian people
lies in a political Union as one nation, known as West Ihdians; and there
will not be any real economic survival until we form one. If not, we will
remain the speck of dust as the late President de Gaulle once Valled a
neighboring French island,
The people of the West Indies whether of Chinese descent, Indians,
Portugese, European of African should only look upon themselves as
\Judging of primary schools by the education officers will take place dur-
ing Febbuary and March. A big prize and school will be presented at a
Teachers Rally later,

BAxing Elite takes him in Five (from page five)
Last Saturday night at the Windsor (15) The Chamber drew attention to the
Park, a -very large crowd saw the recent practice on the part of the Comp-
12-round fight bet ween Kif Plite troller of Customs whereby certain baby
and Roy Cobra and it proved once foods, because of their high protein con-
and for all that Flite was the tent, were being classified as cereals
better man. -The 1st round 3rd and hence attracting a higher duty, with
saw Cobra jabbing, missing and the consequent increase in cost.
repeatedly struck on the face and(16) The Minister stated that Government
body by Elite in retaliation. in had recently considered this matter but
.4th round Cobra's new longer-reachhe could not give a decision and since
tactic k.Jept his left arm stretch-the Premier would have liked to hear from
&d in Flite's face light jabs the Chamber a meeting should be arranged
which only caused Elite to attack at an early date to have this matter
more -relentlessly.'At that stage finalized.
Cobra's fans were jubilant,seeing
their boy skilfully avoiding Flite R E A D E R'S V I E W
rushes up to the 5th round, but in M- adam, That Ph
its last minute Plite,landed arightth Schol
.to Cobra's chest, a left to his I read and heard all sides of the story
chin followed and that was: that. about the opening of Portsmouth Govt.School
In the other fights Young Dor- which we are all glad to see there. But
set gained a thrilling points: de- nowhere else but in the CSA NEWSLETTER
cision over Fighting ~Eines, (6 rds) did I see how the premier had boasted
whilst Ikes Bridges and Roy Cooke that "when he was first elected tp the
outpointed Kid Spoiler & Kid Crown. Leg.Co. in 1957, he promised the people
C R I C K E T: Last week-end's in Portsmouth a Secondary School, and
Shell Shielf Matches, were both drasza new road to l.oseau. Today his first
-.In St.Kitts overnight rain sogged promise was realized and his second soon
the playing strip on the last day would be." So that's how Egitish money
(Combined Is. vs. Trinidad) whilst is used to satisfy an ignorant elect6r -
ip Jamaica, 'Giana's 2nd innings ate,with an eye on the future. (Those
fillow-on asked for by McMorris things would have come to Portsmouth-. -
b'tted throughout the last day. anyhow). The way in which Wr.,-m.Bell
Scores Combined Islands; vs Trinidad seemed to flatter and play up to the
- C.Is. 140 & 1L61, Norbert Phillip Premier was ouite as some have stated.
51 n.o,* Bartholomew 2/48;Julian 4/ He (WF. Bell) like myself a Civil Ser-
88, Carew /929.* Trinidad 100 allout.vant, seemed to be playing politics too.
"They got *202,on the last day. In lst Aid cash should not be used for politi-
inning, Grayson Shillingford gct 6/49 cal speeches. By the way ,adam Editor ,
Guyana vs. Jamaica: Jamaica 467 fbr get a copy of the CSA NEWSLETTER and
Guyana 2199 and 405, study it it's one of the best.
,tjist concluded series by 2-1 when Portsihouth.
they beat Australia by 9 wkts in Editor's reply: W!e'll certainly study
the 5th and final Test Match.Austr- the newsletter if you in turn will study
alia 311 & 201; Rest, 567 & 146 the front page article by Professor P.
for ones Bauer, continued on p.8.It explains a lot!
At the enh of 1st day's play in
Shell Shield Guyana were all out, fca MISPRINT: On page Nine, second line from
176, ''Trinidad at close 49/ ~ all bottom of page, the word "school" should
out for 126. COMBINED IS. late read "shield". REGRETS: We have had
start 'Thurs.(rain) early close 48/4 to omit RAMA and Ma Titine this week -
2nd day started after lunnbl with space ran out.
Fir .dlay/Amory partnership for 100-
minutes, putt -ng on another 44 rns B.O.A.C, BARGAINS Reductions in air
until Findlay misread HHolford'ss fares to the Caribbean effective on April
googly b418, 94/5. Fine fielding 1 include EARLY BIRD, pay in advance fare
held down runs. Then Georgg Allen London-Barbados 99 in off season and
opened with a 6 over the pavilion; 130 in peak season (present year-round
thus Amory reached his 50 with ,4 rate 131.25 sterling).
Tea-time score: COMB.IS. 121/5, Printed & Published by the Proprietor,
Amory 55 not out R.E.Allfrey of CoptHall Mill House, at-
26 Bath Rd., Roseau, Dominica,?7est Indies.

Page Ten


Friday,February 4,1972