Group Title: Lake Alfred AREC research report - University of Florida Agricultural Research and Education Center ; CS74-3
Title: Description of most of Florida's citrus varieties with the exception of lemons and limes
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072466/00001
 Material Information
Title: Description of most of Florida's citrus varieties with the exception of lemons and limes
Series Title: Lake Alfred AREC research report
Physical Description: 11 p. : ; 22 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Pieringer, A. P
Tucker, D. P. H ( David Patrick Hislop )
Agricultural Research and Education Center (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Publisher: Agricultural Research and Education Center
Place of Publication: Lake Alfred FL
Publication Date: 1974
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus -- Quality -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: A.P. Pieringer, D.P.H. Tucker.
General Note: Title supplied by cataloger.
General Note: "March 29, 1974 - APP & DPHT - 20"--Cover.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072466
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 76882772

Full Text


TYPE AND
APT~ETTV PARiFNTAE .


AVERAGE SIZE
(rNCHES)


USUAL NO.
SEEDS/FRUIT


FLESH
TEXTURE


COLOR AT MATURITY
PEEL FLESH


EASE OF
PEELING


COMMERCIAL HARVEST
SEASON


1. 'Burgundy'


2. .'Duncan'



3. 'Foster'


4. 'Marsh'


5. 'Redblush'
(Ruby)






6. 'Thompson'
(Pink Marsh)


Grapefruit


Grapefruit



Grapefruit


Grapefruit


Grapefruit







Grapefruit


3 1/2 4


3 1/2 5



3 1/2 5


3 1/2 -
4 1/2


3 1/2 -
4 1/2






3 3/4 -
4 1/2


0-6


30-70



30-50


0-6


0-6







0-6


Ricey


Tender


Tender


Tender


Light
yellow


Light
yellow


Light
yellow &
pink
blush


Light
yellow


Light
yellow
with
crimson
blush


Tender &
firm


Tender


Light:
yellow


Intense
deep red
fading to
ruby red


Buff



Pink
fading
to amber


Buff


Ruby
fading
to pink
as season
progresses


Pink
fading to
amber


Difficult


Difficult



Difficult


Difficult


Difficult







Difficult


April June


October May



November March


November May


November May







December May


NTA'PTTV ARENTGE (ICHES







OTHER COMMENTS

1. Red coloration limited to the pulp, and this flesh
color is retained all season. High acid content.




2. Extremely seedy.



3. Extreme seediness makes it unpopular.





4. Has very few seeds and a large open
cavity in center of fruit. May acquire
a bland flavor late in season.

5. Often fails to reach legal maturity in
early part of season due to low Brix.
After Christmas season color often fades
to an off pink.







'AVERAGE SIZE
(TMPU CH


USUAL NO.
SPTTD /T?'RTTT


FLESH
TEXYTTRTT


COLOR AT MATURITY
PEEL FLESH


EASE OF
PEELING


d


1. 'Hamlin'


2. 'Homosassa'


3. 'Jaffa'


4. Navel


Sweet orange


Sweet orange


Sweet orange


Sweet orange


2 3/4 3


2 3/4 -
3 1/4


2 1/2 -
2 3/4


3 3 1/2


0-6


15-20


Smooth &
tender


Coarse &
tender


Golden
yellow


Orange
yellow


Orange to
orange red


Fine &
tender


0-6


Coarse & Pale
tender, orange
unique
flesh
texture


Light
orange


Difficult


Yellow Difficult


Yellow
orange


Yellow
orange


Difficult


Difficult


October January


December-February


December-February


October January


5. 'Parson Brown'


Sweet orange


10-20


2 1/2
2 3/4


Coarse &
tender


Yellow
orange


Yellow
orange


Difficult


October January


6. 'Pineapple'


7. 'Queen'


Sweet orange


Sweet orange


2 3/4 3


15-25
very
variable


10-20


2 3/4
3 1/4


8. 'Valencia'


0-6


Tender


Tender


Deep red Orange
orange, yellow
color change
very respon-
sive to sharp
drop in temp-
erature


Deep
orange


Golden
orange


Tender


Orange
yellow


Difficult


Difficult


Orange Difficult


December-February


January February


March June


rTA Tr"'T'rFr


TYPE AND
lAD 'TA E' '


7APT T TEXTURE


COMMERCIAL HARVEST
SEASON


Sweet orange


2 3/4 3







OTHER COMMENTS


1. A fine eating fruit if left to reach peak maturity on
tree. Will develop a good natural color break. I.:s
earliness makes its harvest possible before the danger
of winter freezes in Florida. Fruit quite susceptible
to splitting. Most widely grown, early sweet orange
in Florida.


3. Stylar end of fruit often fails to heal completely
which increases it susceptibility to invasion by dccay
organisms. Erratic bearer producing heavy and light
crops in alternate years. Fruit drops quickly after
maturity is reached.
4. Selections available in Florida produce small crops of
large fruit. Trees very sensitive to environmental
changes, such as lack of moisture. Require very best
of cultural care for best performance. 'Cleopatra'
mandarin rootstock not recommended due to poor yields.
Fruit from trees on rough lemon rootstock tend to dry
out early in the season. Tendency to mutate has pro-
duced many navel strains.


6. Tree is subject to alternate bearing-- a condition in
which a heavy crop is followed by a very light crop.
Most widely grown midseason sweet orange in Florida.







7. Similar to 'Pineapple'.



8. This variety usually has two crops of fruit on the tree
after bloom, the old and the new. Most important late
sweet orange grown in Florida. Accounts for 50% of
Florida sweet oranges.







# AVERAGE SIZE


USUAL NO.


FLESH
m r-t mTn'T T'm"


COLOR AT MATURITY
Dr1PT VT QU


EASE OF COMMERCIAL HARVEST


1. 'Clementine'


2. 'Dancy'


3. 'King'





4. 'Lee'






5. 'Minneola'


6. 'Murcott'
(Honey
orange)


Mandarin


Mandarin


Mandarin,
perhaps a
Tangor


"Citrus
Fruit"
('Clementine'
X 'Orlando')


Tangelo
(Grapefruit
X Tangerine)


Mandarin,
probably a
Tangor
(Tangerine
X Sweet Orange)


2 2 1/2


2 1/4 -
2 1/2


3 3 1/2





2 3/4 3






3 3 1/2


2 3/4


6-20


6-20


10-20





10-25






7-12


10-20


Deep
orange
red


Tender
with
little
rag



Tender
with
some
rag


Tender


Deep
orange
red


Deep
orange
red


Deep
orange





Deep
red
orange


Tender






Tender
with
some
rag


Tender
with
some
rag


Pale
orange


Deep
orange


Pale to
deep
orange


Red
orange



Orange






Red
orange


Deep
red
orange


Easy


Easy


Easy





Easy






Easy


Easy


November-January


November-January


February April





November-December






December-January


December March


TYPE AND


AV RIETY PARENTAGE ( R.


"'"'""'







OTHER COMMENTS

1. Has a small size limitation and may require a pol-
linator.





2. Often produces large crops of small fruit. Thinning
the crop early in the season will allow remaining
fruit to size satisfactorily.



3. Fruit is very susceptible to scab, a fungus disease.




4. Latest information indicates that it may not need a
pollinator.




5. Would benefit from a pollinator, however, not
'Orlando'.




6. Trees tend to alternate year bearing. Over bearing
during the heavy cropping year may result in extensive
limb breakage and tree collapse. This condition may be
alleviated partially by extra applications of nitrogen
and potash applied especially in the last few months
before harvest when the tree is under the greatest
stress. Good moisture should be available at this
time to ensure immediate availability of nutrients to
the tree. Thinning of a heavy crop early in the season
by hedging will also reduce limb breakage. Susceptible
to scab, fruit splitting and wind scar, and sunburn.
Fruit has extremely high sugar content.








TYPE AND
VARIETY PARENTAGE


AVERAGE SIZE
(INCHES)


USUAL
SEEDS/FRUIT


FLESH
TEXTURE


COLOR AT MATURITY
PEEL FLESH


EASE OF
PEELING


(INHE) EES/RUT EXUR PEL FLSH PEELING SEASON


COMMERCIAL HARVEST
SEASON


7. 'Nova'





8. 'Orlando'


9. 'Osceola'


10. 'Page'


11. 'Ponkan'


12. 'Robinson'


Tangelo
('Clementine'
X 'Orlando')


Tangelo
(Grapefruit
X Tangerine)

"Citrus
Fruit"
('Clementine'
X 'Orlando')

"Citrus
Fruit"
('Minneola' X
'Clementine')


Mandarin


Mandarin
('Clementine'
X 'Orlando')


2 3/4 3





2 3/4 3


2 1/2 -
2 3/4


2 2 3/4


2 3/4 -
3 1/4


2 1/2 -
2 3/4


0-30





0-35


15-25


0-25


0-20


Tender
with
little
rag

Tender


Tender


Tender
with
little
rag

Tender


Tender


Deep to
red
orange


Pale to
deep
orange

Deep
red
orange


Deep
orange


Deep
orange


Orange
to red
orange


Deep
orange



Deep
orange


Deep
red
orange


Deep
orange


Pale to
deep
orange

Deep
red
orange


Easy





Easy


Easy


Fairly
easy


Very
easy


Very
easy


November December





November January


October November.


October February


November January


October December









OTHER COMMENTS

7. Requires a pollinator. 'Lee', 'Orlando' and 'Temple'
are suitable for this purpose.



8. For increased fruit set in the absence of pollinators,
trees respond to girdling and to gibberellic acid sprays
applied between full bloom and 2/3 petal fall. Trees
should be fertilized more frequently, especially with
nitrogen, than other varieties as the foliage tends to
show symptoms of starvation especially in the fall.
Leaves of this variety are characteristically cup shaped.
9. This is a highly colored good looking fruit. May re-
quire a pollinator. Both leaves and fruit susceptible
to scab.
10.. Requires a pollinator. 'Lee', 'Orlando', and 'Temple'
are suitable for this purpose. Tends to bear too many
small fruit. Internal quality excellent. Susceptible
to scab. May lose a large no. of leaves during winter.
11. Alternate bearing in habit.



12. Requires a pollinator such as 'Temple', 'Orlando' or
'Lee'. Brittle wood and the tendency to bear friit near
the limb extremities may result in limb breakage and
tree collapse in years of heavy crops. To prevent such
collapse, fruit may be thinned and the tree limbs
propped with stakes.









AVERAGE SIZE
I(TNrCHS'


USUAL NO.
~EETS /PRrITT


FLESH
TEXTURE


COLOR AT MATURITY
PEEL FLESH


EASE OF
PEELING


COMMERCIAL HARVEST
SEASON


13. Satsuma


14. 'Seminole'


15. 'K-Early'
I (Sunrise)


Mandarin


Tangelo
(Grapefruit
X Tangerine)


"Citrus
Fruit"


2 1/4 -
2 1/2

3 1/4 -
3 1/2


2 3/4 3


10-25


0-10


Tender


Tender


Coarse


Pale
orange

Deep
orange


Pale
orange
yellow


Deep
orange

Deep
red
orange

Very
pale
orange


Very
easy

Easy


Easy


September October


February April


September November


16. 'Temple'


17. 'Thornton'


Tangor
(Tangerine X
Sweet orange)

Tangelo
(Grapefruit
X Tangerine)


2 3/4 3


3 3 1/2


15-20


10-25


Tender


Tender
with
some
rag


Light to
red orange


Pale
orange


Orange
to deep
red orange


Easy


Easy


Yellow
orange


January March


December February


VARTETY


TYPE AND
PARENTA(C


(T~r~q) EEDSFRUI TEXURE EEL LES




I. .


OTHER COMMENTS

13. Is a good candidate for 'Trifoliate orange' rootstock .
in the northern part of the State. Trees have a
characteristic open habit of growth with less foliagee
than is normal in citrus varieties.
14. Similar to 'Orlando' in quality, however, it i:; later
maturing.

15. Poor quality fruit and not recommended for planting.
Bitter flavor is evident; a carry over from thu:
grapefruit parentage.

16. Extremely susceptible to scab. In official taste
test panels, this fruit had the highest rating at
peak maturity.

17. Not very popular due to poor internal quality.




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