Group Title: Citrus Station mimeo report - University of Florida Citrus Experiment Station ; CES 64-4
Title: Citrus industry in Argentina and Brazil
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: Citrus industry in Argentina and Brazil
Series Title: Citrus Station mimeo report
Physical Description: 1 leaf : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: DuCharme, E. P ( Ernest Peter )
Citrus Experiment Station (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Florida Citrus Commission
Publisher: Florida Citrus Experiment Station :
Florida Citrus Commission
Place of Publication: Lake Alfred FL
Publication Date: 1963
Subject: Citrus fruit industry -- Argentina   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruit industry -- Brazil   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: E.P. DuCharme.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "October 8, 1963."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072417
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 75958926

Full Text

Citrus Station Mimeo Report CES 64h-
October 8, 1963

Citrus Industry in Argentina and Brazil

E. P. DuCharme
University of Florida
Citrus Experiment Station
Lake Alfred, Florida

Thirty years ago the citrus industry of Argentina and Brazil constituted
an important facet of their agricultural economics. Then the tristeza disease
virtually destroyed the entire industry during the next 15 to 20 years. Both
Argentina and Brazil give estimates that each has lost approximately 10,000,000
trees because of tristeza. For a time citrus fruits were in short supply and
fruit had to be imported as the industries rebuilt. Today the citrus industry
in these countries has come back strong and has been almost completely reor-

The reshaping and rebuilding of the industry is vigorously moving forward.
Growers are planting new groves, using new rootstocks, changing varieties and
employing as much as possible the latest methods in citriculture. The increas-
ing production of fruit over and above internal consumption in these countries
has resulted in the resumption of their place in the world citrus market. The
rising production in these countries is being accompanied by the development of
a new citrus processing industry.

At one time citrus processing was limited to citrus confection products,
citrus juice-based beverages and small amounts of concentrated, cooked and
sweetened orange juice to be used as a beverage and cooking additive. Now,
citrus processing is being done in modern stainless steel-equipped factories
producing good quality single strength and concentrate juice. These products
are pasteurized and treated with sodium benzoate preservative. Argentina has
one such juice factory in operation, one in construction, and one to be built
within the next five years. In Brazil the record is almost the same. One
juice plant is about complete, another is on the drawing board now and should
be in operation within 18 months and there are rumors of others to be built.

The operating juice factory in Argentina is now expanding its capacity
and entering the field of frozen concentrate. These industrial developments
are influencing fruit production and demands are now being made for good quality
fruit and the production of an adequate supply of mid-season fruit in order to
lengthen the processing season.

As yet the industrialization of citrus in Argentina is young and all of its
products are not sufficient to meet all of the demands being placed upon it. As
long as the industry there,can and will continue to produce a quality product it
will not only remain in but also with strengthen its position in the world citrus

Florida Citrus Experiment Station
and Florida Citrus Commission,
Lake Alfred, Florida.
OO-10/8/63 EPD

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