Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00265
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Publication Date: Sunday, February 20, 1977
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
sobekcm - UF00072147_00265
System ID: UF00072147:00265

Full Text


Vol. 7. No. 8

Urs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institute for
Study of Man, T
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N,Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448,


Dennis Pantin
THE Calypso King of the
World was crowned at the
Queen's Park Savannah on
Monday gone. He is King
Shadow, the King from
Hell. His crowning came
by the spontaneous accla-
mation of the thousands
present at the "Clash of
the Giants" on the Savan-
nah green on Monday
The CDC can hold its
Dimanche Gras presenta-
tion on Sunday but that
is only officialdom; or
perhaps the Calypso King
show of Trinidad -and



Tobago. After the emotion
and the passion of Mon-
'day night, Sunday's show
can only be farce.
The competition was so
stiff that the runner-ups
could justifiably claim
regal stature. Short-Shirt,
the Antiguan contender,
came within arms-length
of the crown.
In fact, Short-Shirt got

Error To Give

UWI Low,


THE closing down of the University has not had the
impact which one would expect from the loss of a vital
public utility. That is not surprising. The services the
University provides are not quite as urgent as those of,
say, T.&T.E.C. or W.A.S.A. Nonetheless we ought to
consider them to be at least as important in the long
run, and to be duly concerned at any development which
appears to threaten the smooth running of the institution
which provides them.
This is not the place to enter the ongoing, if at
present muted, controversy over the proper role of the
University. It is sufficient to note in passing that some
people are satisfied to accord it little more than the
status of T.&.T.E.C. or W.A.S.A., to see it as an agency
specialising in turning out the cadre of highly-trained
technocrats required for.the running of an increasingly
complicated society.
For others, the University ought to occupy a much more
exalted position, to be a kind of guiding light, intellectually
morally,, even spiritually, in an ideally secular society. Neither
view seems to square with the more popular images of the
institution. On the one hand, there is the impression that the
University is producing the "wrong" type of graduate, that there
is too much emphasis on the arts and the social sciences to the
detriment of the physical sciences and the technically-oriented

It is a criticism the Prime
Minister has made on more
than one occasion, and of
which a variant is often
expressed by some employers
to the effect that the gradu-
ates of U.W.I. are long on
theory and short on practical
At a more general level,
there would appear to be an
ambivalent attitude toward
the University.
At the same time that there
is a residual respect, even
awe, for such an institution of
learning, and' a growing
appreciation of the economic
value of- higher education,
there is also a resentment of
the claims of the University,
perhaps arising out of both a
latent anti-intellectualism and

a sense of the failure of the
University really to support
these claims by providing
consistent clarification of
public issues, in short a grow-
ing impatience of the often
obfuscatory role of the institu-
In that context, the appa-
rent lack of reaction to the
closure of the University may
have less to do with the
absence of inconvenience to
the public or with the pre-
occupations of Carnival, than
with some unspoken relega-
tion of the institution to a
very low level of priority.
That would be a mistake,
if only because of the poten-
tial of the University both for
good and for evil.
0 See Page Five

a grip on the throne only
to see it snatched away
within minutes by the
Ghost from Hell.
Calypso Rose, the other
representative from the
country of Tobago, placed
a close third, with her fiery
"San Fernando the place
with plenty tempo."
Sparrow, the Super-Star,
could only place fourth in
this year's competition,
but it is staying power
which will count over the
span of time and the
Birdie could point con-
tentedly to his long string
of victories over the years.
Kitchener may have
placed third or fourth
except that the timing of
his' entry was too late:
after the King has been
crowned, there is no room
for runner-ups to compete.
He, even more than
Sparrow, however, could
recount his tenure among
the front-runners.
Shadow won for many
reasons. There is no doubt
that national pride played
a part The huge Savannah
audience responded to
Short-Shirt with the love
and respect that the Trini-
dadian automatically gives
both to the talented and
the victim of officialdom.
Vivian Richards, When
and Tourist Leggo, were
enthusiastically received by
the crowd with several
encores for the latter tune.
However, the controversy
over the banning of the
Antiguan for the Calypso
King contest and for the
Road March, have also
generated national senti-


Eddie Baugh introduces a
new series of explorations.
See Pages'6 and 7

ments, reflected in the
response to Shadow.
The under-dog support
was also there for the dis-

THE Pakistani captain is
on record as saying that,
had his team been given
more time to acclimatize
to Australian conditions
and had the tour been a
full five Test series, they
would surely have
emerged victors.
It is a statement which
must inform any analysis
of what has happened so
far on this tour.
The tourists have made
rather heavy weather of
the three pre-Test outings
yet one is extremely wary
of drawing any binding
conclusions therefrom.
Earl Best writes on Pack
page and page Eight


(Express Photo)

tant Shadow who disdain-
fully dismissed his dismal
showing in last year'stcom-
petition by calling on the
judges to jump since "they
cah play a guitar string"
and had "degrees in
The fanatical response
at the Savannah is, most
importantly of all, a gut
response to the chord
which Shadow pulls in the
sub-conscious of his
There is a quality of
music, beat and lyrics,
intricately woven together
in a hypnotic web around
listeners and kept them,
more than the judges,
jumping for more.
It is this extra some-
thing which separated
Shadow from Short-Shirt,
or Rose or Sparrow and
which could have allowed
the order of the last three
positions to be re-arranged
but not the first.
See Page Five




Middle -Management

Imperialism On The Move

OF all the rising American countries there are at least four,
Brazil, Venezuela, Mexico and Cuba whose power and
strength are unquestionable and who have begun the
process of seeking to extend their own influence and power
in the region and the world.
Brazil is undoubtedly the most significant new power
in America. It is by far the largest with a land area almost
equal to that of the United States. It has a population of
over 120 million and possesses abundant natural resources.
In addition, Brazil has been able to maintain an impressive
rate of growth over the last ten years or so.
Just as little doubt can be
expressed over the question of
Venezuelan power. Her oil Sold
resources now make her the
richest country in South W rites M ich
America and the extent of her
proven reserves together with W ri s
the rich and varied mineral
deposits in the Guayana region has maintained a system of
guarantees her continued democratically elected govern-
material prosperity. ment's secure and independent
Perhaps Venezuela's greatest enough to play the game of
single advantage, one that gives world power.
her legitimacy and credence in While Mexico may never
the councils of the world, is attain the same status as Brazil
that she has escaped- the or the current status of Vene-
political instability which zuela, it will nevertheless be a
afflicts -the South American nation always to be reckoned
countries. Ever since 1958, she within the region itself. Mexico


is the most populous Spanish-
speaking country in the world,
and is the sixth largest country
in the American continent.
Mexico's size, location, and
resources both material and
cultural, together with the con-
certed efforts of her last Presi-
dent on the world stage, have
given her a significant interna-
tional status.
Of the four countries, Cuba
is perhaps the most interesting

Bloc Needed

ael Harris

of all By no means does Cuba
possess the physical or econ-
omic resources of the other
three. Yet Cuba can never any
longer be ignored in the coun-
cils of the region.
In the first place, it was
Cuba's success in establishing a
revolutionary regime allied to
the Soviet Union which with
one blow demolished the entire

Angostura Old Oak Rum
A mellow blend of light
Trinidad rums. Smooth.
clean tasting

theoretical and strategic struc-
ture of the Monroe Doctrine.
In addition, Cuba has
demonstrated time and again,
the most recent instance being
her intervention in Angola, her
readiness to actively participate
in external military and politi-
cal enterprises in pursuit of her
revolutionary and ideological
Above all, it must never be
forgotten that, in a world
divided into camps, behind
Cuba stands all the persuasive
hardware of the Soviet Union.
In terms of sheer geogra-
phical proximity, it is inevitable
that these American powers,
all of which, with the partial
exception of Brazil, border on
the Caribbean Basin, would
cast their eyes on the islands in
extension of economic and
political influence.
Now listen to Venezuelan
President Perez speaking in
January last year.
"We think that stability in
the Caribbean is essential for
the region and we do not
want the area to be exposed
to any international, strat-
egic or tactical experiment
or adventure "
Yet in the last decade at
least social and political in-
stability has been evident in
everyone of the Caribbean
Unable to meet even the
most minimal demands of their
populations for economic and
social improvement, the island
governments have found them-
selves oscillating madly between
the poles of political repression
and manipulation.
Under these circumstances
the degree of political security
and trust necessary to any
meaningful progress towards
regional economic and .political
integrationhas not been forth-
Indeed, at the present time,
any objective analysis of the
trends in the Commonwealth
Caribbean may well conclude
that the prospect is one of
greater fragmentation than
Politically the area govern-
_ments are espousing a whole
range of ideological principles
from Marxism-Leninism to
Spiritual Despotism and none
of them feels secure enough
to surrender much sovereignty
to the goal of integration.

In economic terms the
situation is hardly any better.
The most serious effort .at
regional co-operation since the
Federation, CARICOM, has
been agonisingly slow in its
Not only are all the usual
problems of economic integra-
tion movements present, but in
many instances the goodwill
of the participants seems sadly
lacking. The recent announce-
ments that both Jamaica and
Guyana are to develop trading
links with the COMECON
countries could pose a serious
threat to the continued exist-
enceof CARICOM.
Meanwhile within everyone
of the islands unemployment
grows, inequality widens, social
tensions deepen, and that
"impotence which results in a
general loosening of the ties
of civilized society" becomes
more and more in evidence.
SUnder these circumstances
the attempts by the middle-
sized American powers-to con-
trol the political and economic
destinies of these islands must
become bolder and bolder.
These powers shall be in
the forefront of world discus-
sion on such major issues as
commodity prices, tariffs,
cartelisation, debt management
etc., all of which shall see the
generation of much tension, if
not hostility. They shall be
very concerned not to have the
Caribbean as launch pads for
their own destabilisation.
Some commentators have
already suggested that, in the
context of the new configura-
tions of power on the world
stage, the United States will be
quite prepared to allow the
growth of sub-spheres of
influence throughout the region
while it retains a broad hege-
Whatever the. scenario, for
the Caribbean islands the sure
way to the protection and
maintenance of our sovereignty
remains the same.
More urgently than ever
before are we faced with the
task of constructing a solid
regional bloc, economically and
politically capable of repulsing
attempts at subversion from
wherever they come.

SConcluded From
Last Week



Agents for:

Manufacturers Represen atives
And General Insurance Agents
No. 5 Concession Rd. Sea Lots
Phone: 62-37813

**. .'

BEST boy, why Tapia
didn't bring a band this
year? This country like
ma-too bad and all yuh
have to ride with Carnival
and thing. It would do the
party image good.
I took the point from
yet another member of
the Tapia Advisory Coun-
cil we have we own
think-tank too, only thing
is that it is an honorary
NAC, anybody could join
it, and there is no way the
party could put it away in
So I took the point. If

WED. FEB. 9.
Trawler captain fined
$3000 as vessel and goods
seized. Senate _approves
bill giving 4.8m. in rebates
to motor assembly indus-
tries. Calypsonians Associ-
ation. expels Duke. 51
more postmen plead- not
guilty. Police probe reports
of driving permits racket
Naparima B-iwl to be back
in service by June. Jamaica
revising extradition laws
to deal with money
smugglers. Protest mounts
over ban on'Tourist-Leggo';
Sparrow issues challenge
to Short Shirt. Schoolboy
held by fraud squad.
UWI calls out riot police;
staff locked in during
.rampage on campus. ASJA
head attacked by man with
knife. Joseph announces
probe into operation of 20
Junior Sec. Schools. Presi-
dent Clarke to decide on
trawler's fate. Canon
Lamont gets new posting
to Woodbrook. Premium
gas 2.35 per gallon in
Guyana. Sugar Union
writes Caroni on short pay.
16 new health centres this
year to cost $4.8m. says
Minister. DeSouza: rebate
is to encourage assembly

Still On My Own

Trinidad is the headquarters
of mas, then everything in
the country, from politics
to religion, will have to
relate to mas. You can't be
in mas and be afraid of
powder too.
Sounds o.k. but what
does all that truly mean?
Well, I don't really know
myself because a genuine
and valid Trinidadian could

CDC adds 3rd entrance
on Chancery Lane to ease
mas' congestion. UAWU
press for removal of UWI
physics lecturer McEvoy;
team to be appointed for
probe into charges. No
undated letters for PNM
candidates in Local Gov't
elections. Jamaica bans
imports of cars and,
whiskey; curbs on 128 new
items. Anguilla's Chief
Minister Gumbs rules out
link with St. Kitts. Castro
willing to meet Carter,
speaks warmly of US Presi-
dent. Cedros born Mervyn
Dymally's being considered
as possible U.S, envoy to
Trinidad and Tobago.
4 die as V2m. US dollar
well blows up at Trintoc
in Point Fortin. Mahabir
to ULF: tell coroner all
you know about explosion.
ULF highlights squatting
in Budget debate. UAWU
for public meeting at
Woodford Square today..
Phase II win North Pano-
rama finals with original
tune by Len- "Boogsie"
Sharpe. Panday calls for
State-owned agencies to
cut housing costs.
Bernard Primus resigns
as chairman of IDC. Hindu

Says Lloyd B

like mas and play, could
like mas and watch, could
hate mas and stay home
to write a book or could
go to the Test Match in
Barbados on the long
Carnival week-end.
Or they could do all
these things in turn from
one year to the next.
Or they could even love
mas and hate mas at one
and the self-same time.
Which is probably true of
everyone of us, even if
only some of us may
become aware of the tug-
of-war condition.
If relating to mas is any
of those responses then
problem solved and talking
about it is only a way of
checking out the kind of
Trinidadian that you hap-
pen to be dealing with.
The real problem only
starts when you tell me
that Tapia must organise
a Carnival Jamboree or a
Buy Local because in
politics you have to under-
stand you people.

"Boy, they understand
they people, they really
understand- how Trinidad-
ians does think. You eh
see how they make mas
with all yuh in the 1976
"If Tapia serious about
doing anything with this.
country, all you have to
bring out some mas, all
yuh have to be a kind of

Archbishop Pundit Jankie
Persad Sharma dies. Chalk-
dust stabbed at Regal tent.
Sugar goes up in Barbados.
Central Bank warns about
illegal dollars; it could cost
offenders all their assets.
UWI foreign students
demanding refund.
Sunday Gleaner fails to
come out in Jamaica as
workers strike. Caribbean
Governments viewing pri-
vate medical school in
W Cont'd on Page 10

SUNLIMU rctlnuAMY LU, Ia/ I IAlrI rAuc


lest --

Carnival band.
There ent no way you
can beat the thing, so you
have to join the thing.
"I not saying you
-should like mas; person-
ally you could always stay
home and make up some
Tapia pages but the party.
The party must identify
with the thing. Good for
your image, true to God."
I surrender again. Good
for the Movement's image
but what about-the Move-
ment's substance? Is that
not a question that we
also have to ask?
Everybody seems to be
talking about the art of
image-making. It is the
same old scene of magic,
trying an easy' gambit to
catch the popular imagina-
Yes, we want to catch
the imagination of the
people in anticipation of
what our substance eventu-
ally might accomplish.
In the powerlessness of
our condition we simply
do not believe that we can
catch the imagination of
the public for missions
already accomplished; so
we have. to be always
playing mas.


Try something Best.
Make a deal with. Organise
a Union. Infiltrate the
Village Councils. Organise
some community things.
Go by Habib and let them
fit you out with some Gold
"The Tapia product is
undoubtedly the best; all
you have the best plan, the
best candidates, the hardest
workers, the bestorganisa-
tion in fact.
"But the thing is to
market it, Lloydie boy,
the thing is to market it;
I tell you to bring out a
band next year, and the
thing might suddenly begin
to click."
Well, maybe. Maybe
next year, the thing might,
suddenly begin to click.
But it not going to click
because Tapia decide to
bring out a 1978 band.
Or if it could click only
after Tapia bring out a
band, you'd better count
me out because I like iy
mas but I still on another

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom CoUntries
Other Caribbean
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)

TT $25.00 per year

U.S. $25.00
Stg. t 14.00


SuIrJicc rates uandil ras fo.(r
tlih'r w" '1 01t riei i~I riequst.
Taple, 82-84 St. Vincet St.. TuInapuna, & 22 Cipriani Bvd.
P.O.S. Trinidad & Tohailo, VW.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-25241.

Keep abreast of the
real currents in the

Caribbean Sea

Fresh Commentary

Every Friday Morning,


Rates for 1977

Cameras & Film



See Us First,






NEVER more than a some-
times reader of the old
Sunday Punch column
called "Weirdness Around
the World", I've been
always prejudiced against
the idleness that seemed to
inspire the diligent raking
of the news to find those
precious odds and ends of
But I've found recently
that I can stay in my
crease, minding my own
business, and still find an
inordinate amount of odd-
balls coming my way.
That is life. Were I looking
for them, I'm sure I'd have
had a hard time of it
scouring newspaper
columns, and keeping
pencil and pad handy all
the time.
And when it occurred
to me that some of them
were good enough to write
home about, it seemed I
had forgotten all the really
choice ones.
Back I went, flipping
through old newspapers,
only to be let down time
and again by what I had
thought was the unfailing
photographic memory of a
layout man.
Still, memory, however
fallible, is what I have to
fall back on. And for any
inaccuracy that might occur
in the telling, I have the
consolation of knowing for
sure that it is publicity the
people likely to be mis-
represented wanted. The
kind of publicity is second-



So that until a couple
of months ago, I'd never
heard of a performer called
Shecky Greene. Now I feel
safely far enough from the
reach of his lawyers to
commend him to posterity
as "Mr. Juicy Fruit".
There was he, pacing a
long peninsular platform,
into the midst of the
audience in this glittering
Las Vegas auditorium. He
was singing "My Way", and
he squatted on the plat-
form to deliver his message
directly to a pair of giggling
The song ended and the
applause subsided with
Shecky Greene still flirting
with the girls. "You're
chewing gum!" he cried to
one of them. "Come on,
give that to me."
He took the gum from
the girl's mouth, popped
it into his own, and moved
on to begin his next act.
Enough to make the,
ghost of Spoiler "hold mih
head and bawl", I thought.
But the audience didn't
react-in any peculiar way
- many indeed may not
have seen SheckyGreene's
display of gumption,at all.
(Hooray for TV!)
It took a British rock
group to make the spit hit


Talking Toas ers and Sawd st Bwed

make me 'hold ik head and bawl'

the fan. The Sex Pistols,
described as the foremost
purveyors of "punk rock",
gained international not-
oriety when they engaged
in vomiting ,and spitting
matches in a London air-
The revulsion was far
from universal, .however.
The day after the Sex
Pistols cussed and carried
on on a TV show, 20,000
copies of their albums were
"Start big to make it
big," 'must be the motto of
another curiosity in the
rock world. Thor, a flaxen-
haired body-builder, is now
being eagerly promoted as
a new sensation who not
only sings but can bend
iron bars and perform'
other superman feats as
part of his act.
Well, they said it: "there's
no business like show

business". A new-turn, an"
old twist recycled. Any-
thing for a sensation.
When the idea hit Dino
De Laurentiis,. he was
struck not so much by' the
celluloid terror of the
return of King Kong, as by
the prospect of "probably
making more money than
any other man in America
next year".
"Next year" has arrived,
So King Kong is back,
44 years after it first
appeared, -and expected
this time to swallow up
even more profits for
Hollywood than "Jaws".
And now the world,
having rid itself of Gary
Gilmour, has yet to see
the last of Evel Knievel
(the K is not silent).
Once again, his end
seems to draw nigh. The
motorcycle stuntman who
has gone soaring wingless
over canyons with his
motorbike, whetted ajaded
,public's appetite for, his
blood, by venturing to
jump over an indoor pool,
said _to be the world's
He has never failed to
disappoint the gloating
millions hankering to see
the daredevil die. But this
time his motivation to put
them off again derives at
least in part from the fact
that the pool is stocked
with man-eating sharks.
If you're on the look-
out for weirdness, technol-
ogy seldom lets you down.
How about the talking
watch? Look at it this
way: in this minutely
organised modern world,
don't we all waste precious
time in getting up to see
the time?
The talking watch then
("Look here, is 7 a.m. and
you late, eh!) neatly elimi-
nates what is perhaps the'



Cor. Edward Le
Cipero Streets
I &
'Main Road,
*~~ ~ III '

most frustrating Catch-22
of the modern world.
But what about the
talking-back toaster? It
wasn't one of the 'better
mornings for the Toronto
"woman whose toaster not
only charred the bread to:
coals, but replied "Ten-.:
four, Good Buddy"' when
she swore at it.
How come? Well the
wire coils in the toaster,
vibrating against the tin
backplate, gave the effect
of a speaker, while the
appliance's resonance was
on the same frequency on
which a citizen's band
radio in the house next
door was transmitting.
With the proliferation .
of these "CB" sets' in
North America, all kind. ,
of uninvolved people are -1
picking up messages ,des- .
tined for others. Doesn't
matter that your stereo is
turned off, the speakers
could still be broadcasting.
Which could be a'little -
upsetting, for example, if -
you're preaching the Lord's
Prayer on your church's
Public address system, and ,
comes the voice: "That's a
ten-four, Good buddy."
Or suppose your mouth
is properly wired up after a
jaw fracture...
SWith an energy crisis on
and the cold grip of winter
tightening, how seemly it
was for the new President
to have the reviewing stand
for his inauguration parade
solar heated.
All well and good, except
that the solar heating
system had the bad taste to
perform less than ade-
quately, forcing the authori-
ties to resort to the bad old
fossil fuels as dignitaries
buttoned up their coats
and stared seriously ahead.
If you ever thought that
a loaf of bread you bought
tasted like sawdust, you
could have had something
there. Bread is being made
from wood pulp, and
marketed in the' US as
"the startling-new break-
through in bread", low in
calorie, high in fibre.
Not so fast, said the
Canadian health authori-
ties, claiming the, product
was inadequately tested.
Still, it's some consola-
tion that "weirdness
around the world" is
producingnot only circuses -
for the masses, but some -
bread for them too.
-Lerinox Grant '



Monday's Audience


'Power To The People'

hordes at last Monday
night's Calypso Show
snatched people's power
back from officialdom.
Frustrated by insufficient
and narrow entrances to
the Savannah, they began
by banging and banging on
the galvanised palings
round the North Stand
and ended by acclaiming
Shadow as King.
They scrambled and
pushed, scratched and
tugged to find space among
the seats and gain a place
in the sun.
Thousands thronged the
Savannah hours before the
show began just as multi-
tudes ,had crowded the
ticket booths during the
Sponsored jointly by
the Calypso Revue and the
Original Young Brigade,
the celebrated Clash of
Giants finally came of age
this year as substitute for

THE immediate issue
which has led to the clos-
ing of the UWI's doors is a
strike by the non-academic
The strike arose out of
an alleged incident between
a lecturer and a worker,
and the alleged failure of
the authorities to take
appropriate action.
On the surface this
appears to be the action
of a united set of workers.
And on the surface it
appears as if the Workers
have significant student
It may very well be the
case, though, that at least -a
significant minority of the
workers do not support
the action, and that the
vast majority of students
do not support, and may
not be particularly inter-
ested in, the issue.
A- Sunday Guardian
editorial (13/2/77) irrespons-
ibly took the opportunity
to pour odium on the
heads of the students, and
particularly to castigate
the "foreign" students
resident at St. Augustine.
Quite apart from the
ugly jingoism (only,slightly
less malevolently exhibited
in the "Short Shirt" con-
troversy) which seems to
be seeping into the national
character, what such an
editorial response could do
is to harden attitudes and
encourage polarizations
and confrontations, which
would in turn justify a
chest-beating "I told yLu
so". (LT.)

Whatever may have been
the facts on other occasions,
there is sufficient ambiguity
about the present( proceedings
to enforce ,some caution on
The workers' organization
used to be called the Non-
Academic Staff Association.
Its new name is the Univer-
sity and Affiliated Workers:'
Union, which incidentally is
the name of a counterpart
union in Jamaica led by
Trevor Munroe, who is also
the General Secretary of the
Marxist-Leninist Workers'
Liberation League.
Spearheading the activities
of the UAWU at St. Augustine
has been Russell Andalcio,
who is reported to be the
Union's grievance officer, and
who has at some time been
employed by the Council of
Progressive Trade Unions, the
member-unions of which are
almost identical with the con-
stituent unions of the, United
Labour Front.
The ULF has been especially
active on the campus, and its
campus affiliates have' spon-
sored a series of lectures fea-
turing leading lights of the
organization. According to a
press report, the ULF has
taken over the top posts in the
Lecturers' organization, WIGUT
The ULF may therefore feel
that it carries some political
clout on campus. How has it
been attempting to use its
position to politicise the Uni-
versity? What long-run gains
does it expect from such
It is considerations such as
these which should have been
raised in the Sunday Guardian
editorial rather than the mis-
guided allegations against the
students and the workers.
There are reports that
workers, students and lecturers
who were not willing to go
along with the strike were
subjected to- intimidation.
Are such tactics permissible,
especially at the University?
*We ought to remember that
the University was one of the
seedbeds of the long period of

upheaval which began in 1968.
The agitations of that time
gave birth to the NJAC.
Today's agitators already have
an organization which they
may be hoping will be the
vehicle of a new phase of
militant political activity.
As we have noted, some
people see the University as a
"centre of consciousness", as

a source of enlightenment for
the society as a whole.
Such a role is not incom-
patible with a variety of politi-
cal alignments among Univer-
sity people; nor is it incom-
patible with the efforts of a
Union to represent the interests
of the non-academic workers.
It would certainly be
negated by mindless militancy
and blind agitation.

what the CDC passes off
on the public as the crown-
ing of the Calypso King.
The balance sheet? Well,
apart from the riotous
coronation of Shadow,
Tourist Leggo was un-
ambiguously favoured as
.the 1977 Road March,
Calypso Rose was admit-
ted into the realm of the
profession's big-leaguers
while Lord Kitchener was
agonisingly if momentarily


Once inside, we roared
gleefully at thespicy offer-
ings of Grand-Master Bill
Trotman, M.C. We cheered-
andjeered as the North and
Grand Stands swayed.
And when finally we
were 'infected by the
hellish howls of Shadow-
mania, nothing could stop
the -swarm all over the,
performers' grand arena.
It was the inevitable
climax to the side-shows
which had been building
up way-back beyond the
entrances, to all the jam-
ming and the storming.
The gigantic and frenetic
prance-session around
Shadow was simply a cul-
mination, a consummation
The overall weakness of
the Revue. soon let the
I Continued on Page 8


Frederick St & Henry

Port of Spain






Agitation~a'sN lace On Cam -



painter and poet walked
the hot road, history-less

- Walcott, Another Life

WITH the possible exception of Wilson Harris,
the writer who exhibits in his work most
acutely, at an explicit, theoretical level, what
I am calling the West Indian quarrel with
history, is Derek Walcott. This paper becomes,
in its latter part, specifically an. examination
of ,Walcott, but only as a way of realising iri
some concreteness the general view which the
first half presents. If Walcott represents an
extreme manifestation of the quarrel, then
that extremism is all the more useful in
helping to highlight the norm. And to put that
norm into sharp focus, to dramatise my topic
and its implications, I can do no better than
begin by quoting from a fairly recent paper by
Walcott, a paper entitled "The Caribbean
Culture or Mimicry?" which he read at the
University of Miami American Assembly on
the United States and the Caribbean in April

In the Caribbean history is-irrelevant,
not because it is not being created, or
because it was sordid;but because it has
never mattered, what has mattered is the
loss of history, the amnesia of the races,
what has become necessaryis imagination,
imagination as necessity, as invention.

This rather bold assertion could no doubt
appear heretical, not only in the light of the
universal axiom that history always matters,
but especially in view of the West Indian's
feverish concern to find his own most satisfy-









ing relationship to the axiom. How can one
tell people who have suffered a deep disturb-
ance at the fear that history has done them
wrong or passed them by, or who are busily
asserting that they did have a noble history
or that they do have the potential for making
history how can one tell them that history
is irrelevant, since one thereby seems to
render pointless, at one blow, all their efforts?
But what precisely does Walcott mean?
In what sense can history be irrelevant for
any people, since there must remain some
sense in which such an assertion cannot.be
true? To what extent is it valid to speak of the
historical and the imaginative faculties as if
they are mutually exclusive? Is Walcott des-
cribing a condition which is, or a condition
which he would like to see availing? Or per-
haps what we should ask ourselves is, simply,
why is it important to Walcott to hold this
idea; what need is.it satisfying for him? Is it a

means by which he.is'able to justify certain
evasions on his part? Whatever the answers,
the assertion betrays a certain uneasiness,
preoccupation; agony concerning history and
,the idea of history whkil Walcott shares with
many other creative writers of the West Indies.
It is remarkable the extent to which all the,
major writers have addressed themselves to
the problems which they see history as pre,
seating for them. The question of the extent
to which their creative work has been deter-
mined -by 'their involvement with these
problems is one which deserves extensive and
separate treatment
What this paper ultimately seeks to do is to
clarify some of the questions raised by Walcott's
statement, or at least to explain how his progress hasl
led him to it. Suffice it to say for the moment that
when Walcott claims that history is irrelevant in the
Caribbean, what he is doing.is finding his way round
the bogeyman that history, thetvery idea of history;
has become for himby denying its importance And
when he stresses instead "the amnesia of the races",
the "loss of history", as a positive, creative condition
of Caribbean man, and the supremacy, for Caribbean,
man, .of imagination over history, this is i way.of
arguing for the Caribbean potential for cultural
identity and achievement.


At this point, too, it is. helpful to note that the
whole essay of Walcott's from which Idhave quoted
may be seen as a studied attempt to answer a notori-
ous and much quoted statement by V.S. Naipual, a
statement which continues to arouse great indignation
among West. Indians. Ironically, while the statement
itself is nihilistic, it has provoked some very positive
and seminal responses. I refer, of course, to the
statement on West Indian history which occurs in
The Middle Passage and which ends: historyy is
built around achievement and creation; and nothing
was created in the West Indies".2 The echo6'f that
"nothing'' has not ceased in West Indian writing All
the major writers Brathwaite, Harris, Lamming.and
Walcott have addressed themselves explicitly to the
charge at one time or another. The echo is there in
the Walcott essay from which I have quoted, an
essay which argues the positive value of the West
Indian condition of "nothingness". Indeed, the
concept "nothing" is a major theme in Walcott's
work.3 Walcott's "nothing" ultimately goes ~sch
wider and deeper than Naipaul's, but the foramrgstill
owes some of its resonance to the latter. The echo is
heard, too, in Brathwaite's Arrivants:
for we who have achieved nothing
who have not built
who have forgotten all
and dare to remember
the paths we shall never remember
.. and now nothing
so let me sing
let me remember

let me suffer

n U~ aI




Derek Walcott

to remind me now
of my lost children4

And again:
So I who have created
nothing but these worthless
weeds, these need-
less seeds, work... 5
Note that it is not only the word "nothing", but
also the words "achievement" and "creation", from
Naipaul's statement, which are-echoed in Brathwaite.
Incidentally, theparentage of this "nothing" rests not
only with ]Naipaul. Aime Cesaire must also be ack-
nowledged, 'ho, in -Cahier, prefigures Brathwaite
when he claims a destiny for

those who never tamed steam or electricity
those who did not explore sea or sky
but.. .-now in their innermost depths
the country of suffering
those who knew of voyages only when uprooted
Naipaul, for his part, was corroborating and
perpetuating the view of people like the English
historian J.A. Froude, who, in his book The English
in the West Indies or, The Bow of Ulysses (1887) had
painted a damning picture of the West Indies, seeing
the history of the region as only brutality and futility.
'Naipaul, we remember, invokes Froude with assent
and uses a quotation from him as epigraph to The
Middle Passage, a quotation to which Walcott for one
has addressed himself directly on more than one
occasion, e.g. in the short poem "Air" (The Gulf).
West Indians are still disturbed by Froude's indict-
ment, a disturbance whose recorded _history, as
Wilson Harris has reminded us, goes back to J.J
Thomas' Froudacity (1889). And of special-interest
here is the fact that Thomas' rebuttal turns on the
basic question of the philosophy of history.


Otr rather desperate need to disprove Froude
rather than simply ignore him, might well .betray 'a
seep-seated fear that he may be right. It would seem -
tbst no matter how convinced we are in our -heads
that he is wrong, so deeply has the blight of history
infected us that we still break into an ague at his
indictment. This inspite of the fact that Froude was
"writing nearly a hundred years ago, in circumstances -
appreciably different from those of the present, and,


what is perhaps even more to the point, that when he
thought about the potential of the West Indies for
developing a culture and a people, he was really
thinking in terms of the European colonisers. The
blacks, the newly freed slaves, were, for him simply
outside the pale of such a possibility, and he discusses
them only to dismiss them.
Anyway Froude and Naipaul, as indeed all of
us who disagree with them, voice the West Indian's
fear that we still are not "a people in the true sense of
the word", and that nothing, no "culture", no
achievement can ever come out of the region. One
aspect of this fear is the sense of historylessness -
"the apparent void of history which haunts the
black man" "in the Americas as a whole",7 as
Harris puts it. The rationale would run as follows: If
such history as their was was only futility and bru-
tality, if, that is to say, nothing was achieved, and if
history is "achievement" and visible monuments,
then we are without history, outside of history.
Closely related to this view is the idea, vigorously
contested, that we are also without a past because
the ancestral gods of the uprooted peoples died or
were forgotten in the sea-crossing, and-the people
have found no satisfactory substitutes.
Behind the argument for historylessness is a
basically determinist view of history, which would
condemn us to being, indeed, forever, the slaves of
history. The argument challenges us to examine or re-
examine not only our idea of history, to look again
at the question what is history, but also to examine
our notions of what constitutes achievement, Brath-
waite, Harris, Lamming, Walcott all in their differ-
ent ways may be seen as,answering, consciously, the
charge of historylessness, as showing that the West
Indian, the seeming "clown df history", mere Naipaul-
esque mimic man, is, tq quote Harris, "not without
history, but in fact is pregnant with a native con-
stitution". 8


And here I should like, in order to help clarify
the point of view from which I see these matters, to
refer with assent to the opinions of Octavio Paz on
the nature and use of history. His analysis of the
Mexican condition is of profound relevance to the
West Indies. I should like to quote at some length
from an essay in his Labyrinth of Solitude, in which
examining whit he calls the "servant psychology" of
the Mexican, he gives what -he says would be the
standard historical explanation of that phenomenon,
and then proceeds to dispute that explanation:

The unquestionable analogy that can be
observed between certain (Mexican)
attitudes and those of groups subservient
to the power of a lord, a caste or a foreign
state could be resolved in (the following)
statement: the character of the Mexican
is a product of the social circumstances
that prevail in our country, and the his-
tory of Mexico, which is the history of
these circumstances; contains the answer
to every question.9

Paz then develops this point to show how history,
is used to answer all present questions and explain, or
explain away, the Mexican character. Then he,says,

The fault of interpretations like the one
I have just sketched out is their simplicity.
Our attitude towards life is not condi-
tioned by historical events, at least not in
the rigorous manner in which the velocity
or trajectory of a missile is determined
by a set of known factors. Our living
attitude a factor we can never know
completely, since change and indetermi-
nation are the only constants of our
existence is history also .. History is
not a mechanism and the influences
among diverse components of an his-
torical event are reciprocal, as has been
said so often.. A historical event is not
the sum of its component factors but an
indissoluble reality. Historical circum-
stances' explain our character to the
extent that our character explains those.
circumstances, Both are the same. Thus
any purely historical explanation is in-
sufficient . which is not the same as
saying it is false. 1 0
This is a salutary reminder for those of us West
Indians who are quick to find easy historical explana-
tions for all our ills and-to sink into the self-righteous-
ness which often attends such explanations.

Now let us turn back briefly to Naipaul. Having
said that "The history of the islands can never be
satisfactorily told", he proceeded to take up his own
challenge by producing The Loss of El Dorado: a
history (1969). This history, while adding to our
store of information about what happened in the
West Indies, only confirms Naipaul's limited view of
history. However commendable its cold anger at the
brutality and futility which he chronicles, it is only an
elaboration on the conventional European history of
the region. It is a good example of how, busily
searching history for explanations of our present
attitudes and view of things, we can fail to realise
that our notions of what the history is which we
must explore have been predetermined by the very
attitudes which that history is supposed to explain or
The "two forgotten stories" 12 which make up
Naipaul's book, constitute for him the only moments
when Port-of-Spain entered history. After these events,
he says, the city "dropped out of history":12
Port-of-Spain was a place where things
had happened and nothing showed. Only
people remained, and their past had
dropped out of all the history books.
Picton was the name of a street; no one
knew more. History was a fairy-tale about
Columbus and a fairy-tale about the
strange customs of the aboriginal Caribs
and Arawaks; it was impossible now to
set them in the landscape. History was
the Trimidad five-cent stamp: Raleigh
discovering the Pitch Lake. History was
also a fairy-tale not so much about
slavery as about its abolition, the good
defeating the bad.13
Beyond its value in confirming the unreal
quality which history has often assumed for West
Indians, this passage rests on some questionable
assumptions. History is what is found in history
books. The past of the people of Port-of-Spain is
simply a matter of what people like Picton, the
people with authority and power, did. The easy
dichotomy between "history" and "people" is sur-
prising. As if history is a mighty river, separate and
self-contained, and people are either lucky or unlucky
depending on whether they are able to get into the
flow. As if people are not history. The passage
depends on the view that the history of the region
is essentially the record of what the coloniser did to
his victim, a view which in turn would proceed from
the view that history is essentially the record of the
ever shifting balance of political and economic


In contrast to Naipaul, Lamming has made a
significant contribution to an understanding of these
matters partly because he has always been careful to
recognize and to show that what happened was not
only what Prospero did to Caliban, but also what
Caliban must have done, less obviously but no less
incisively, to Prospero. Lamming has recognized that,
as. Paz says, "the influences among diverse compo-
nents of an historical event are reciprocal". Mean-
while, Brathwaite, poet-historian, has.been making his
formidable contribution largely in terms of recovering
the "lost" history of the African ancestors, and of
re-awakening the old gods-indeed, of demonstrating
that they never really died. Doing this has meant, in
effect, writing the history of that survival and con-
tinuity in the West Indies getting at what was most
creative in the people's strategies for survival, and.at
the secret sense of history which they had never lost.
His achievement in this respect brings to mind the
experience of Peter J. Wilson, author of Oab Antics,
an anthropological study of the Caribbean island of
Providencia. Wilson says that in doing the research for
his book, he found two histories of the island one
the written history contained in European reports of
the island and in such island records as wills and land

The other history is that told by any
islander and held in common mind by
all, but for which there is no documen-
tary reference. The juxtaposition of the
two seems to me to reveal first the possi-
bility that history is what historians do,
rather than that it is a thing-in-itself, a
position taken by such historians as
Collingwood...14 (This) second (history)

.. is very much an ideological history,
showing a concern for what islanders
perceive to be their major problem in
relation to their past- and environment:
their origin, their racial heterogeneity
. I see it as a positive history, as all.
ideological histories are, affirming the
present with validation from the past.As

Continued Next Wk


IN the opening game of the
tour, Pakistan played to a tame
draw against the Leeward Islands
in Antigua and reputations took
a knock. Only Mushtaq (23-5-88-
4), Saleem Altaf (4-1-6-5 and 13-
5-33-2) and Safraz (23-8-50-3 in
the second innings) with the ball
and Mushtaq again, Sadiq and
Majid Khan with the bat did
anything of note. Neither the
highly touted batsman Javed
Miandad nor his bowling counter-
part Imran Khan raised any
eyebrows as the Pakistanis scored
420 runs for the loss of only 11
wickets while conceding 527 runs
,for 19 wkts.
The second game of the tour
saw the visitors suffering an
ignominious and totally unex-
pected defeat at the hands of a
much maligned President's XI.
The. wicket was reported to be
not unlike the ones on which the
recent series in Australia was
played in that it had some pace
and bounce in it
Yet, the Pakistani batsmen
floundered against the pace of
the three Test prospects. Croft,
Garner and Norbert Phillip be-
tween them shared 9 of the first
innings wickets and had the Pakis-
tanis out for a modest 203 before
stumps on the first day.
Then skipper Kallicharan, in only
his second trip to the middle for this
season, took a convincing century off
them to see his team to a first innings
lead of 177. By the end of play on the
second day the tourists had begun
another inept showing against the
quickies and before lunch on the last
day they had skidded to an innings
and 64 runs defeat.'
Only Haroon (41) and (41), Wasim
Raja (30) and Wasim Bari (38)
managed to lend any status to the
batting. Croft ended with impressive

It Is Ten To One That

Mushtaq Is


Dead To Ketch West

Indian Corbeau Alive

match figures of 32-10-109-10 while
Garner's figures were 31-11-86-7.
After Castries, Barbados where
touring teams have traditionally.fared
badly in territorial games. Here again
the stars failed to shine. Haroon,
arguably the only in form batsman,
scored an even 100 and Asif got 89
and 54 as Mushtaq's men scored almost
700 runs in their two innings.
The home team replied stoutly
with 419 for 7, declaring 24 runs
behind the tourists' 443. In this inn-
ings, all the front-line bowlers were
given 20-odd overs and Imran Khan's
unspectacular 24-6-73-2 were the best
figures returned.
Unspectacular as the figures are,
Imran did produce quite a few excel-
lent balls and the one with which he
removed David Murray's off stump
was a superlative delivery that cut
back several centimetres from outside
the off stump. Mushtaq was duly
impressed for Imran did not bowl a
single ball in the 27 overs of the
Barbados 2nd. innings, during which,
they lost two wickets in scoring 99.
However, before that Pakistan's
2nd innings had yielded 240 runs for

8 wkts. with all the batsmen but
Javed and Imran getting over 30.
Garner, like Holder, had bowled fairly
extensively in the first innings but both_
were used sparingly in the 2nd, the
West Indian selectors having included
both of them in the 13 players named
for the Test on the previous after-
noon. The cat and mouse game begun
by Mushtaq earlier had been joined
by Holford.
There's a theory about in West
Indian cricketing circles that touring
teams tend to tone down their own
pre-Test performances so as.to enhance
the reputations of ordinary players
and thus get them on to the Test
team where they can cut them to bits.
Reputations and Australian perfor-
mances notwithstanding, too much of
the batting has been too inept to be
feigned. The manner in which Haroon,
the most consistent of the batsmen to
date, has been getting his runs is not
calculated to inspire confidence in his
batting while the relative paucity of
their' returns in the middle makes it
difficult for many of the others to be
brimming with confidence.
Yet one cannot drive away the

memory of the splendid humbling of
the confident Australians in Sydney
but a few short weeks ago by this
same bunch whose reputations have
in no way been enhanced by their
exertions thus far.
It's not that I think that the reputa-
tions of Croft and Garner which have
in a few short weeks grown, in the
wake of their successes in Castries,
from the size of a Cito Velasquez
headpiece to the size of an Alva
Maund float are destined, like both
float and headpiece, to be consigned
to some misty resting place come
Ash Wednesday to emerge again only
when Carnival and Cricket come
around again next year.
But I cannot but feel that there's
more to Mushtaq than has so far met
the eye. To write a regular column in
a daily paper as a touring captain, not
alienate perceptibly, at any rate -
at least some members of the team
and Not Lose the series requires a
more than moderate astuteness. The"
handling of the bowling in the Barba-
dos 2nd innings is near conclusive
proof that Mushtaq is playing dead
to ketch Cobo alive.

'Power To

The People'
O From Page 5
audience into the action
which forced Emcee Melody
to promote Lord Short-
Shirt in the order.
Soon an evening of_
theatre became an evening
of participation and then
an evening of unbridled
excess, so starved is the
public of opportunity for
genuine action-roles.
In this carnival/calypso
culture complex, who
does not have scores to
settle with what Shadow
has repeatedly called
"Society" has persistently-
chosen to disregard the popular
viewpoint not least in regard
to the official ranking of the
calypsonians at the CDC-
organised contest.
Shadow is perhaps the most
obvious case. In 1975 the
feeling was that Shadow was
not given his due. Then for all
his popularity in 1976, he was
rated perilously close to last.
Come 1977, Winston Bailey
has been promising "not to
go back there". Society, he
sings, "dread here in Trinidad".
Once the public gained the
ascendant last Monday evening,
they decided to give the
Shadow the weight they
thought he deserved
The response to Short-
Shirt's Tourist Leggo was
*equally an attack on the class
of highfalutin' officials.
'It was all spontaneous, dis-
organized and haphazard. And
dangerous. But an important
sign of the times.



Famous Brands
Still Cameras Movie Cameras
Radio & Cassette Recorders Binoculars
Watches (Ladies & Gents) French Perfumes
Camera nAccessorieser Abercromby S

Also Full selection of Unique:1
Souvenirs Handicraft Novelties

f .-.. */- ..

Enjoy Shopping at the

Corner Abercromby Street & Independence quare .Souc,
Port of Spain. Phone: 51707

i -

* -e-.



Jamaica Daily News
"WITH all the optimism
in the world, the Caribbean
region will be in deep
trouble throughout 1977
and for a large part of
1978, and I don't know
how we are going to sur-
vive", Caricom Secretary
General Alister Mclntyre
said here yesterday.
"I think the time has
come", he continued,
"when we have to put
everything on the table
and review the whole
arrangement and see how
we are going to deal with
the problems that face us.
"If we donrt do any-
thing about them, the
consequences are clear -
it happened in East Africa
and in Latin America -
everyone will drift off
doing his own thing."
Mr. McIntyre who was in
Jamaica on a short business
visit, was speaking in his
hotel room just before
leaving for his headquarters
in Guyana yesterday.
He said the underlying
problem of Caricom -was
the impact of the interna-
tional economic crisis
which has beeg affecting
the region since 1973-4.
"Now further elements
have been added such as
bad weather last year which
screwed up a lot of tne
export crops of the region;

In St Patrick
Queen Show
SEVEN winsomeSt. Patrick
lasses will face the judges
at the Miss Youth Group
Competition come Carni-
val Friday night when the
1977 Extravaganza finally
lets go.
Venue is the Lisa Cinema
Santa Flora.
Three of the Queens are
still only cadettes. Young-
est contestant is Sharon
Montano, 14, Miss Cynthia's,
Sewing and Cultural
School. Ann Marie Fraser,
Miss Erin Student Council,
is 15 while Alisa Joseph,
Miss Trinity Youth Group,
is 16.
The other four contes-
tants, able to claim the
vote, are Bernadine Celes-
tine, Miss Buenos Ayres
Student Council; Jennifer
Belgrave, Miss Rancho
Quemado; Patricia Billy,
Miss Group United Jacob
Settlement; and Kathleen
Gibson, Miss Angles Sports
Sponsored by the Area
Revitalization Movement,
the show begins at 9.00
p.m. sharp. Follow-up
action on Saturday is at
the Unique Hall and on
Sunday at Subnaik Park,
Children's Playground.


and Strain

and the continuing reces-
sion in bauxite and tour-
ism" in most places, he
"So there has been a
general slowing down in
economic growth through-
out the region, even in
Trinidad where in spite of
their oil wealth, there has
been no improvement in
the unemployment situa-
tion". he said.
Mr. McIntyre said a team
of Caricom technicians last
month concluded an over-
haul of the "rules of the

game for inter-Caricom
trade" to deal with the
immediate problems. The
proposals arrived at have
been circulated to all
member territories and
after these have been
studied, a meeting will be
called to take decisions
based on the proposals. No
date has yet been set for-
this meeting.
He said that the propos-
als called for immediate
attention to be given to
find "a more satisfactory
arrangement for the 'mar-

keting of agricultural pro-
duce in the region", and
to get Governments to
expedite work in the field
of industrial planning be-
cause we still haven't got
the basic industries we
were talking about since
When Carifta was started,
he recalled, there was a list
of industries to be set up,
but apart from the steel
industry in Trinidad, "we
haven't done anything in
paper; we haven't done
anything in plastics; we
haven't done anything in
car manufacture as opposed
to car assembly".
He added: "We still
have a.lot to overcome -
the persistent and not

unreasonable complaints
from the Less Developed
Countries (LDCs); a new
origin system which is vital
to the whole advance of
the agriculturaland agro-
industrial production; and
the whole business of
restriction on trade."

I still receive all the Tapia
publications faithfully
every week. I intended to
write after the elections
and say that I had rarely
seen such honest politicians
at work. Your honesty
cane across beautifully
from the pages of Tapia.
Kingston, Jamaica

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III ... : N.%

PAGE 10 1APIA bUNUAY tI-tbnUMrtY Lu, iv//

THERE is more money
today in the affairs of
steelbands than there are
pans, music, or joy.
Men and women no
longer play the music of
pan for the fun and the
joy that used to be the
main cause of it; they play
strictly for gain.
The whole arrangement
of the Carnival season is
clear evidence of this.
When you examine the
farce of Panorama with
so many bands vying for
honours, the rip-off by


In Pan
businessmen, the great
influx of tourists into the
luxurious hostels and guest
houses, the tremendous
advertisements that com-
panies get out of it and
the sales of so many
different kinds of drinks





by Michael Anthony Harris

before and during the
actual two days what else
could you conclude?
The fact that the steel-
band movement can be

P.O. Box 119, San Fernando Trinidad, West Indies.
Telephones: 65-78051 & 65-78026 Cables: Marketers' San Fernando

Nationwide availability

with the speed and economy of local service
Office & Showrooms situated at 68 G ,cding Village, San Fernando.

exploited in such a way
makes it impossible to put
a proper band on the road
without sponsorship.
The whole exercise is a
costly business and it takes
no less than $30 to $40
thousand dollars to bring a
band on the road.
It's a big thing today
for a band to win Panorama
even when the name of a
company is featured. Losing
means no business at all.
Advertisements are al-
ways more attractive with
winning bands and ads
often run for weeks
after the Carnival
Yet there exists the
ironical situation that the
only people not to profit
out of this situation are
the steelbandsmen and
The gains from Pano-
rama and the many other
competitions are little com-
pensation for the sacrifices
put out in-bringing a band
on the road.
The steelband is also
responsible for filling the
coffers of many and there
is no good reason why
there cannot be a different
arrangement to ensure a
better deal for panmen.
The whole question of a
brighter day or a new
horizon for the steelband
movement can only be
seen in a different system
of politics and government
and in a different social
order. Yet much room
exists for improvement
under the present social


Pan Trinbago can become
active in providing leader-
ship and direction towards
this end, instead of being
the passive body it now is.
If the whole arrangement
of Carnival and competi-
tion is restructured, un-
employment amongst steel-
bandsmen could diminish.
Why for example after
all these years is there not a
pan industry in the country?
Another aspect is the issue
of pan in schools a
source of employment.
Advertisement signs on
jerseys (not pans), banners
and in panyards cannot
mean anything else but
bread for pan men.
A little dictum which
says that sense make before
book is all that is required
to work for the fulfillment
of the steelbandsman
If Pan Trinbago is to
feature in all this, it must
first become a professional
organisation. Its members
must abandon the seasonal
view of the steelband move-
ment and must come to see
it as an on-going concern
throughout the year.
That is the 6nly way
they will be able to-do
something positive for
steelbandsmen. All of the
officers must make pan
their life. It is the only
way for pan men to build
anything enduring.
Businessmen function
throughout the year, the
government functions
throughout the year. Pan-
Trinbago must also function
in a professional capacity.

Meeting Resumes March 7

THE Tapia Meeting of
constituency spokesmen
which began at the Port-
of-Spain Centre last Satur-
day February 12 is to
resume at the same venue
on Monday March 7, 1977.
Following presentation
of a Report from the
National Executive, the
Meeting was adjourned so

From Page 3
Grenada with 'great con-
sternation'. Catholic Chap-
lain wants early probe into
UWI row. Death row
petition sent to President
4 racing pool officials face
charges today. 'Contact'
man sought in passport
racket OPEC experts meet
in Vienna to discuss price
issues. Law Reform com-
mission drafts new marine
insurance laws. Caroni has
produced 28,349 tons sugar-
so far. Free trawler, orders

that a fuller house could
participate in the discus-
The March 7 meeting
will also have before it the
Draft 1977 Budget which
Treasurer Ivan Laughlin
has been charged to pre-
sent to the Executive on
Monday February 28.
$800,000 backpay for
top police officers; Tribunal
refers to 'hazards' in
making award. Fr. Newton
resigns from Trinidad
Diocese. Racing pools
cases put off to March
2nd. Post office cases
postponed to Feb. 17. UWI
dispute still unresolved.
Fluor lockout charge
Fluor lockout charge dis-
missed. More mass com-
munication schools needed
says Institute Director
Hosein. Royal Bank to
open Agriculture section.



LAST week, as in recent
weeks, the news was
dominated by Senator
Richardson and his self-
styled anti-corruption
Assisted by as the
the reports would have
them dramatic perfor-
mances of the police, the
new Attorney General
continues to root-out the
sources of corruption,
immorality and ineffici-
ency in public affairs.
The Senator has set
himself no easy task. The
task, indeed, is akin to
the sixth labour of
Hercules of classical
It may be recalled that
the Augean stables had
not been cleaned for
thirty years and Hercules
performed the task in one
day by turning the rivers
Alpheus and Perueus
through the stables.
Of course Senator
Richardson is no Hercules.
In fact, when all is con-

Whose Victory Is Government's


sidered of his past per-
formance in public and
his position in the party,
he must be regarded as
very small fry.
This is why there is so
much scepticism over the
campaign. The public
remains unconvinced of
the sincerity especially in
respect of the complete-
ness of the anti-corrup-
tion drive.
For there is this sour
note to the campaign:
that the ruling party
would emerge triumphant,
untouched, unscathed
from the whole exercise.
To anyone vaguely
familiar with the func-
tioning of the party it is
quite easy to guess the



sources of information
leading to the arrests.
And this makes the
affair most disturbing.
For unless, a token few
of its heads roll, the
ruling party is sure to
emerge .the victors, des-
pite its long history of
complicity and condem-
nation of the corruption.
The about face of the
Government on this ques-
tion of corruption must
certainly be construed as
a post-election victory for
Tapia. Those political
pundits who followed
closely the campaign of
Tapia at the last elections,
were indeed struck by
the consistency with
which the government




was accused of compli-
city in the corruption
that is now taken for
,granted in public life.
It is perhaps gratifying
to Tapia to know that
the criticism has not
fallen on deaf ears.
Although this response
may be viewed as a
triumph for the new
Tapia politics, it must
by no means be con-
strued as a signal of a new
type of politics on the
part of the government.
Despite the encourage-
ment, great deal remains
to be seen. True enough,
the government has al-
ready adopted the Tapia
language of localisation,
almost as though they


Winter Night;

SLennox Grant

A Friday afternoon
tradition was started in
'the early 1970s at the St.
Augustine campus of the
University of the West
Indies in Trinidad. Cen-
tred on a darkened bar
and lounge equipped with
stereo and located in the
Students Union complex,
it was called 'West Ind-
ian Evening".
From mid-afternoon till
whenever the party
ended, there would be
played only West Indian
music calypso, reggae
and, those few items of
Indian music which
proved to be recurrent
favourites because of the
closeness of their rhythm
to calypso.
On special occasions,
like the end of term, the
action would extend to
the adjoining dining hall;
a DJ would be hired, and
on at least one memor-
able night a team of
Indian tassa drummers
was introduced at an

inspired moment to raise
the tempo even higher.
The term "West Indian
Evening" stuck. Few
people wondered aloud
why it seemed possible
and necessary to organise
only a West Indian
"evening" on a campus of
the University of the
West Indies. The ques-
Stion of course was rhetor-
ical. For the choice of the
term represented a minor
triumph for those who
were motivated enough
to pester the shadowy
figures in the control
room to play a little of
"we kinda music". And
the decision to devote the
bar's best patronised
afternoon to West Indian
music was the result of
successful political pres-
sure having been applied.
It didn't seem to mat-
ter much that another
related effect was that it
became difficult to ask for
"we kinda music" on the
other days of the week.
In other words, that the

reports from Toronto
reality fiad changed but | the perl
little. I cou
Ours had remained a underst
music and a culture family o
besieged, a beneficiary of had hea
concessions which left before,
things very much the come e
same, but in which, treated
nevertheless, we could then, mi
glory once a week, on "West I
Friday. | a kind
All of that didn't occur occasion
to me recently as I sat for the f
watching the "Cultural ing than
Afternoon" presented by ally was
the Third World Student 4 I, hov
Union of York Univer- expect
sity. World
It was cold in that little presenta
hall in Stong College, and markedly
I kept looking round as Indian. i
much to see if a door had ited p
been left open as to make .Bruce
out who were applauding coolie ta]
and making comments no appe
behind me. "Indian
There hadn't been the prog
enough time before the a Beharry.
lights went out to read In the
and study the programme environs
distributed by a smiling values o:
TWSU hostess, and in are all-pe
any case I wouldn't know have e

Id early, though,
and that it was a
occasion; that we
rd and seen it all
and so we hadn't
expecting to be
to "art". It was,
uch like the UWI
ndian Evenings",
of "significant"
more instructive
act of its happen-
for what it actu-

vever, could not
that a Third
Student Union
ition would be so
y Afro-West
'here was a spir-
erformance of
St. John's "De
king over..." but
earance of the
Dance" listed on
ramme for Ceta

North American
lent where the
f show business
rvading, I would
expected more

invented it; simultane-
ously we are witnessing
the surreptitious intro-
duction of the Tapia
plan for national service
even the illustrious
Willie Demas has chosen
to jump on the band-
The implications are
clear for the Tapia
Movement We must
continue to press for
reforms that are badly
needed in the public ser-
vice and to oppose and
to criticize the Govern-
ment on its controversial
Lennie Nimblett
St. Anns.
31Jan. 1977

slickness in the TWSU
presentation with a
greater emphasis being
placed on packaging. In-
stead the lighting 'was
several times inadequate,
and the sound system so
bad that the music to
which dancers performed
was all but inaudible. But
that could not fairly be
held as a failing if what
the students set out to do.
was to achieve natural-
ness with the minimum of
sets and costuming.
Humorous skits; dance;
folk singing; calypso;
drumming I was/ pre-
pared to accept it as
representative of the
state of the arts West
Indian at York. It hap-
pened that Bernice Black-
man had brought with
her the experience and
training of the Mausica
singers of Trinidad. So
the TWSU folk choir was
outstanding among -per-
formances that night.
For the rest, it was
good that they didn't take
themselves too seriously.
A flag of Caribbean cul-
ture had been raised on a
Canadian winter's night,
and taking the invitation
to "party with us after
the show", we headed in
the direction where
things would inevitably
revert even in a Carib-
bean university to
Boogie-town U.S.A.



four roads 112, henry st. 42, eastern mn. rd. cross crossing



SCENTING blood, the
West Indian selectors cer-
tainly closed in for the kill
early o'clock.
Their plans were doubt-
less set back by the un-
availability of both Daniel
and Holding which meant
that the Unholy Trinity
which so haunted Tony
Greig's cohorts in England
last year was reduced to
one serviceable member in
the person of Andy Roberts.
The early doubts about
his fitness having been
dispelled in the Shell Shield
outings, he proceeded to
sink hearts with a listless,
wicketless performance
against- the tourists in
So the frenzied search
for, pacemen led to the
inclusion of four quickies
in the President's. XI.
Two of these have duly
been included in the 13
along with Roberts and
There is, thus, every
-likelihood that all four of
these will play and Juma-
deen, the only real spinner
in -the party, will sit out
this one.


Although Fredericks has
been used sporadically in
the last two series, Richards
has already got a couple of
Pakistani scalps under his
belt and Foster seems likely
to pick up wickets if the-
tourists (Haroon and
Mushtaq in particular)
continue to bat in their
present style, I personally
go for Jumadeen ahead of
If we are thinking in
terms of bowling the
opposition out twice, Foster
is not a serious option for
he can only loosely be
called a "spinner".
If the pace attack were
fully operational, taking a
chance on an all pace
attack in the first Test
would be defensible.
But with the basket in
the hands of at least one
-greenhorn, it seems sheer
folly to put all our eggs in it
as we have been doing for
some time now.
Frankly, I thought
Bernard Julien had done
enough to earn him a place
and I should have opted
,for his experience ahead
of Garner's ability to make
the ball rise to uncom-
fortable heights off a fairly
good length.
Still his omission is by
no means a major tragedy
since one has the impres-
ion that he's at his best
when made to fight for his.

Series Could Depend

.M .

On I

place. Both he and Collis
King will be breathing
quite uncomfortably down
Foster's neck.
Murray's desultory suc-
cess with the bat in the
Shell Shield games means
that Foster will bat at
number six after Greenidge,
Fredericks, Kallichara'n,
Richards and Lloyd.
mmmI mmaiImen, .

Andy Roberts

Shillingford mainly be-
cause he does not bowl
will almost certainly be
handling the drinks. The
rest of the line-up is likely
to be Murray, Holder,
Garner, Roberts and Croft.
Which brings me to the
captaincy about which I
feel a persistent disquiet.
Lloyd, simply put, is a
laglee captain. Which of
us who witnessed the last
day of the fourth Test
against India last year can
forget how our skipper
contrived to let Amarnath,
Viswanath and the others
score 400 plus in the last
innings to win.
There are school cap-
tains who would be very
embarrassed if caught


setting some of the fields
that Lloyd set on that
Worse was the unpardon-
able blunder he made in
relieving Jumadeen to take
the new ball just when it
was clear that the spinner
had so completely frus-
trated the batsmen that
they were just about ready

(Express Photo)
to throw caution to the
wind and go after the
bowling, a situation in
which Jumadeen is master.
In addition, those who
have been looking closely
at Lloyd's captaincy will
have noted a distinct pre-
dilection for quickies since
with them in the attack
he rarely has to eschew
the unimaginative ortho-
doxy 6f his field-placing.
In England as in Australia
he simply packed the slip
area and waited for the
inevitable catch. He knew
that with bowlers of the
pace of the, ones at his
disposal that catch must
come sooner or later and
come they almost always
did. -

But in Australia, unlike
in England, they always
seemed to come later rather
than sooner. And in
England. there was -a
maturing Daniel to support
a recently matured Holding
and Roberts.
At hand too, was a bat-
ting line-up that, spear-
headed by the phenomenal
Richards with able support
from Greenidge, was regu-
larly coming off. So we eat
dem raw in England and
were whitewashed Down
But what we need is not.
so much a new captain as
a strong, competent,
knowledgeable manager
home series notwithstand-
It is well-nigh incred-
ible- that players of the
immense experience and
-knowledge of Gary Sobers
and Wes Hall were sitting
idly by, mere spectators
or radio and/or television
commentators while we,
impossibly, were beaten
by India in the Queen's
Park Oval and by Australia
there and all over the
island continent


The time for pressing
these gentlemen into the
service of the WICBC on a
permanent basis is long
come. Let us therefore not
delay any longer.
We simply cannot afford
not to use all the expertise
we possess to maximize
the output even of our
indisputably talented play-
ers even if we honestly
believe our resources to be
There is, of course, a
lesson to be learnt from
England's present crop of
players. The team that at
one point threatened to
maul India 5-0 at home is
very much the same team
that did not see a pool
against us in England last
Surely the skill of Ken
Barrington as manager is a
contributory factor -al-
thoiug, there are others.
One thing clearly demon-
strated by that series is
that the best wickets are
not those prepared with

. the composition of the
local team uppermost in
the head groundsman's
Good wickets are those
which give a little, if not
help, encouragement. to
the quick bowlers in the
early stages and later, as
'wear and decay set in, to
,the spinners.
Easy-paced dodo strips
are as undesirable as 'spin-
ners' wickets' and it is to
be-hoped that everywhere,
in Bridgetown, Port-of-
Spain, Georgetown and in
Kingston those responsible
for the preparation of the
Test wickets will be not
uhmindful of this.


Let us have throughout
the series, wickets which
will. give good, ell- e -
balanced teams as good: a "
chance as any to win.
Another of the variables -
which affect the outcome .
of a series is the quality
of the umpiring. The
reports reaching us here
'lead one to believe that
that must be something of
a sick joke in India at
In Australia, too, there
was discontentment over
the umpiring among the
tourists when both West
Indies and later Pakistan
were there.
And right here in our
back yard the spectre has"
reared its ugly head this
season during the Shell
Shield games.
An umpire ceases to
be one when he ceases to.
be impartial and partiality
to the visiting team is as
indefensible, as execrable
as partiality to the home
team. One feels that a lot
of our West Indian umpires
would do well to heed this
Ideally, the quality of
the umpiring at this level is
Not a variable.
It is a fervent hope that
Messrs. Sang Hue and co.
can demonstrate to the
world that here in the
West Indies at least this is
so and in so doing refurbish
the tarnished image of the
men in the white coats-
that lingers in the mind of
the cricketing world after
the England/India. series.
51 . '



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