Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00262
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Publication Date: Sunday, March 13, 1977
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
sobekcm - UF00072147_00262
System ID: UF00072147:00262

Full Text

Vol. 7 No. 11

Y ooJNDAY-MARCH 13, 1977

662-5126 AND 22CIPRIAr4NI H . P 6o' 24I


How about it for a Festival Season?

.- .~'LBT'S HA VE a"Festival.
Season" make it official
and done.
S That idea,originating \
with the:late George Bailey,
Deserves consideration now
Sas we're into the third of the
"big Cs" of Trinidad life
Christmas, Carnival and
Cricket .
Bailey thought we could
declare an official season
from Independence to
Carnival, coinciding with the
tourist season, to include

'all our big iesnrials music.
the arts. parang Better
village, Hosay, Alastana
Bahar, calypso, Panorama,
climaxing in the "greatest
spectacle on earth "inr February
or March
That way we-can have
proper planning for our
entertainments and cultural
activities with all concerned
working to produce by a
particular time.
That way, too, at least we
can get some work done, in

those otlier parts oj lr-i
year when there arc fewer
distractions of'one kind or
another. -
' Even the Trtnidadian could
get tired of fete, fete, fete .. .
atleast that's the theory.
But Bailey, mas-man
supreme, didn't think of
another festive season,
when people get time off
from work or. even when
they're at work, it's with
ears glued to transistors.
TAPIA this week reflects

/it' d~l(,uhaiir'inicre'st o
n)ne cri' Aer that rran
the polincs and even, as
can read on pager three'
SI. relating to it and
reflecting r'pical trends
Could there be, in Thi
"a time for work and a i
for play", as sharply div,
as that?
Maybe the message o
issue of TAPIA is that ir
"play" of cricket arenall
same demands as exist i


and backto

T dad., pronto

RECENT reports about the no decrease in bookings, enter the country have "We I
tightening up of Canadian by comparison with previ- been raised particularly tant to
immigration procedures are ous years, for their cut-rate following reports from people f
not -scaring Trinidadians flights offered to Trinidad Canada about the stringent and else
who intend to visit Canada and Tobago vacationers examinations of visitors on visit
this year, making use of wanting to spend the sum- now being conducted by reception
the several charter tours mer in Toronto. Canada's immigration offi- The M
now being advertised. Fears of deportation or cers. comrriun
Travel agents here report of not being allowed to One such report is tI, charged
five-page statement sent to trained a
Council m eets M ar 20 Caribbean heads pf govern- immigral
ment and media recently make
THE Council of Represent- meeting was taken last by the Black Community arrogant
, tives will meet at the Monday March 7 at a joint Central Administration of dealing
ort-of-Spain Centre at gathering of the members Quebec (BCCAQ): Caribbea
10.30 a.m. On Sunday of the National Executive Giving their reasons for Descri
-March 20. and the spokesmen from issuing the statement, the of exami
~he.decisign.to hold the the constituencies. BCCAQsaid:. :-- saidthe
A,:^. *L -.: 1. .:. a-- -.- --. th


believe it is impor-
educate Black
rom the Caribbean
where, who plan
ng Canada, of the
n they may get.."
lontreal-based black
lity organisation
that "poorly
nd under-educated
tion officials"
racist and class
judgements" in
with black and
in visitors.
ibing the methods
nation, the BCCAQ.
imagngi- "fy

get no trouble in Canada.,
According to an Amral '
:K h a n spokeperson:ii
"People look for their own
difficulties. Some of them'-
have no money. or they,'
give a bogus name and
address of' the person
they're supposed to be
visiting. It's those who try
to play smart that get in
trouble." \
A Chartb6irs represent- -
ative disclosed that his /
agency does give travellers
an initial check out here.
"If we suspect that the,
person is going up to try
to stay, or if we think the
person; might get trouble
landing, We advise them to
get a visa.'

The visa, got in Port-of-
Spain, would save a lot of
hassle, travel agents say.
But they have no plans to
ask tour patrons generally.
to obtain one before
'As one travel agent said.
'"We\can't advise this. The
Canadian authorities
should request it."
Meantime, the ads for
"Toronto "pronto", at
$664 and S61')) about
half the regular fare -,go.
on.luri -lic ui
FV .

45 Cents

- - ,, ~_


cers ask trick questions
and search travellers' per-
sonal documentslike letters
diaries, address books etc.
The searches might yield'
"an item from which they
then make the most bizarre
speculation as to an indivi-
dual's motives for visiting
And, if they are not
satisfied, the Canadian
officers simply send back
the unfortunate visitor.
Admitting that such inci-
dents can and do take
place, Trinidad travel agents
have announced no plans
to warn their patrons of the
reception they are likely to
Representatives for Char-
tours and Amral Khan help
secure Trinidad and Tobago
tax clearances for their
patrons, but make it clear
they can give no guarantee
that the people who fly out
on their tours will actually
be allowed to enter Canada..
Once;off the plane; then,
you're bn your own, ainSd-
the job is yours toconvin'ce''
the Canadian immigration
officials' that'you doii't
intend to become. an illegal .

rAcdordi'g~i; ^0a^^ ^
s'e" law, Tiiridad and 'obag
and citizens do 'not require a
visit from the Port-of-
Spain High Commission to-
nidad, visit 'Canada. And it's :
time not until they get to
ided Toronato that visitors will :.
know for sure ,whether ,
this they ill be let.in. ,
the y, ,W
the But local travel agents
n the claim that "nine times out
of ten" their tour patrons

.1 4



ELECTIONS and Bound-
aries Commission Chairman
Alan Reece has said that
the Commission is not
responsible for' election
day procedures.
Speaking to representa-
tives of political parties
and the news media Friday,
March 4 at Commission
Headquarters in Queen
Street, Port-of-Spain, Mr.
Reece said that the Com-
mission's responsibilities
,extended to the drawing
iup. of boundaries, the
preparation of voters' lists
;.'and all other preparatory
'work for election day.
T h e Commission
appointed the returning
officers for each electoral

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom Countries,
Other Caribbean
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)

district But, said Mr.
Reece, the appointment of
the Presiding officers who
were in charge of polling
stations on election day,
.was in the hands of the
Mr. Reece stated that
the Commission had no
control over the manner in
which the presiding officers
conducted the poll. '
Mr. Reece's disclosures
came in response -to a
query as to what steps the
Commission was proposing
to prevent a recurrence of
some of the ,problems
which frustrated voters at'
the General Elections last
The Commission had



Keep abreast of the
real currents in the



TT $25.00
U.S. $25.00
Stg. t:14.00

per year

Surface rates and rates for
other countries on request.
Tapia, 82-84 St. Vincent St., Tunapuna, & 22 Cipriani Bvd.
P.Q6. Trinidad i Tobago, W.I. Telephone,662-512& & 62-25241.

called the meeting to bring
parties and the media up
to date on preparations for
the forthcoming Local Gov-
ernment Elections, expected
before May 1 this year.
Mr. Reece said that at
the General Elections he
had to spend half an hour
just to -establish that he
could vote. According to
the Chairman, the Commis-
sionhlnot been successful
even in getting a reasonable
tumrnift of Presiding
Officers to training courses
it had organized.

THE Election and Bound-
aries Commission receives
its breath of life from
SSection 71, Subsection 1 of
,the Constitution, which
states: "There shall be an
Elections and Boundaries
Commission for Trinidad
and Tobago. .."
The business for which
the Commission has been
brought into being is con-
cisely presented in sub-
section 41: "The registra-
tion of voters and the
conduct of elections in
every constituency shall be
subject to the direction and
supervision of the Commis-.
sion. "
And the independence
we ought to expect from
the referee in the electoral
game is underlined in sub-
section 12:
"In the exercise of its
functions under this section
the Commission shall not
be subject to the direction
or control of any other
person or authority."
The basic provisions of
the Constitution are fleshed
out in the Representation '
of the People Act, 1967

Another member of the
Commission, Mr. Alexander,
suggested that even among
those Presiding Officers
who attended the courses,
there might be conflicting
interpretations of the infor-.
mation they had received.
Members of the Com-
mission- disclosed that
several proposals designed
'to streamline election day
procedures had been sub-
mitted to the Cabinet.
It was hoped that these
proposals would _receive
eventual Parliamentary





as amended by Acts 20 and
28 of 1976.
The ROP, too, under-
lines the role of the Com-
mission as an- impartial
Section 3, subsection 1
states that "Subject to the
provisions of ... the Con-
stitution ... .the Commis-
sion shall exercise general
direction and supervision
over the administrative
conduct of elections and
enforce on the part of all

Among them were pro-
posals to remove some of
the "safeguards" imposed
to ensure that only borna-
fide voters voted while
leaving the "fundamental
safeguards" intact
Commission member Mr.
S. Moosai-Maharaj stressed
citizens should ensure they
were properly registered.
The system, he said, was -
one of permanent personal
registration in which the
onus was placed on the
voter to get registered. -

:election officers fairness,
impartiality and compliance '
- with he provisions of-this

Among me most impor-
tant ofthe election officers.
are' the returning officers
and presiding officers.'
The law is'explicit with
regard to the returning
Section 6, subsectionl
states that "for the pur-
poses of an election in an
electoral district the Com-
mission. shall appoint a
returning officer for sucl-
electoral district".
Unaccountably, the law
is rather less explicit about
who appoints the presiding.
All that section 8, sub-
section 1 tells us is that
"For the purposes of an
election in an electoral
district, there shall be a
presiding officer and a
deputy presiding officer for
each polling station in such
electoral district"

A TRUE-LIFE story told to TAPIA:
The caller on the other end of the line identified him-
self. She was somewhat surprised.
He was a senior party official at Balisier House. She
used to be friendly with his daughter.
He put the question to her directly. Would she be
interested in being a presiding officer on election day? The
remuneration would be such and such.
If she accepted she would have to attend the briefing
She sparred with him for a while. Just what would the
job entail? But the money sounded good and she didn t
have a regular job.
In the end she told him yes.
He was glad she accepted. They were looking for
responsible people. She should make herself available oh
September . .



Election Day Confusion Sept. 13, 1976.

Fresh Commentary
Every Friday Morning,

R Ilfor 977

Rates for 1977

16 o


`" '






ON MY OWN SCENE ... LloydBest

Winner take

all.... as in

the politics so

in the cricket

IN SPORT as in politics,
prevailing fashions are un-
ashamedly opportunist. All
glory to the winner, the
loser is dirt.
But merely to win can
never be enough; the
cricketing assessment must
focus on whether we have
been fulfilling our com-
plete potential and guard-
ing our integrity in that
vital sense.
On that score, the West
Indian performance to date
probably dictates a mixed
On the positive side, not
the least of the develop-
ments has been the emer-
gence of Fredericks as an
elder statesman. .
Going now for 35, he
seems to have been grow-
ing out of the abandon of
youth, and, doubtless per-
ceiving the impatience of
Greenidge at the other end,
suddenly he is achieving
the stature of the mature
Conrad Hunte.


Fredericks has never had
the impeccable te-hni-
cal command of his prede-
cessor in this role, being
still vulnerable outside
both the off and the leg-
But here at Port-of-
Spain, he has imported
into his method a restraint
which for the first time
seemed an integral part of
the kit
In both innings, Fred-
ericks applied himself like a
master craftsman 'and he
duly accumulated 120 and
then 57.
More than' anything else
in the game, his second
innings' composure dis-
pelled gathering doubts
about the characteristic
West Indian address to
even modest fourth-innings
If this mutation is
genuine there have been
glimmerings of it on
occasions before it augurs
well for the rest of this
Series and for the 'next
five years of West Indian
The most obvious West
Indian gain in the Second
Test has been the confir-
mation of the class of the
two new quick bowlers,
and the restoration of full
confidence, if such was
needed among the doubters,
in the high quality of
Anderson Roberts.
Croft's figures of 8 for
29 do not overvalue his.

bowling on the occasion,
but Garner, coming from
the Northern End with the
old ball on Sunday after-
noon, was fast and accurate
enough to have achieved
comparable statistics had
the fates been willing it
that way.
Roberts too started
finding sweetness on Sunday
afternoon and Mushtaq's
wicket was all he needed
to re-discover his old intelli-
gent schemings on Tuesday
morning's resumption.
He finished with 4 for
85 and Majid's wicket
could easily have been
included as well.
Certainly Jumadeen was
something less than
persuasive, even when the
Oval wicket was encourag-
ing enough on Friday
I counted too full a
ration of ,francoment full-
tosses and in general he
was tending to be just too
Clearly, he is not quite
out of the rut into which
he is reported to have
fallen ,for all of last season
in England.
It is in the character of
left-arm ,orthodox leg-
spinners to stay in ruts
since the virtue of the
craft lies precisely in the
wheeling over of a con-
sistent line of overs in no
more than about 90 seconds
each time.


When the length is right,
the rut is good; when the
length is wrong, the nit is
bad but, for all the varia-
tions of flight a vintage
Valentine might attempt,
nit invariably it is.
And quite different in
kind from the wrist jug-
glings of-the typical back-
of-the-hand deceiver,
whether right or left
Our failure to discover
dependable spin persists at
a time when the surest
bowlers do not count one
established batsman among
them and when, among
the pickable batsmen, not
a single Test bowler
Selectors worth their
sal t, must long have
embarked on a feverish, if
not frantic, search for valid
all- rounders.
The point is being
repeated in many different
quarters that Richards and
G(amer must both be now
pressed -to develop the
other half of their game.

Garner, now the safest
out-catcher in the side, has
improved beyond recogni-
tion since his season in
England last year and
seems still to have room
for development, on the
evidence of his batting
this season, including his
sensible approach at both
Kensington and Queen's
Richards bowled above
himself on Friday after-
noon and retrieved the
West Indies from the
improvidence of the Captain.
By lunch on this first day,
the Captain, having pressed,
it seems, ; for the one
spinner and the extra bats-
man, had already exposedi
his every trump.
Even. the capeech had
been tried in the spin of


It appears that- Lloyd
is devoid of any real
strategic sense, Goddard-
like, he plumps fot the; ,t
heavy weapons which hap-
pen at-the moment to be .:
our pace.
Repeatedly he bowls
the pacemen too long,
individually and collec-.
tively / as in Australia,'
hoping for the catches.-
He does not have much
of. a concept of keeping
something in reserve, if
only because of the
anxiety it generates in
batsmen when -a major
bowler has not yet, or not
for a long time-spoken.
In the Pakistan second
innings at Kensington, it is
said to be luck which
permitted the last wicket
to add 138.
Catching apart, however,
the captaincy, also contri-
buted a share.
Never should all the
bowlers be so tired, not
even in the case of
unexpected injury to one.
Mushtaq, for example,
must deliberately have
been holding back some-'/
thing in the West Indian
first innings at the Queen's
Park Oval.
In the first place, his
essentially leg-breaking spin
attack was confronting an
order rich in left handers
Fredericks, Kallicharan
and Lloyd.
When the third wicket
seemed to be digging in
for ever. Mushtaq first
introduced Majid. the off-
spinner. leavingjhe bat of
the left-hander.
Forced to use more spin,
he opted for Intikhab, the .
least ritual of the leg-
spinners, and his reasoning
must have been that. with

SCont'd on Page 10 ,
".i .;... ~.. ,-'*i



HIS unmistakable long-limbed track suit
hanging from a peg, an electric fan playing
gently from side to side, a camera tripod
standing a few feet away on the purple
carpet, the executive director of the
Olympic Health Studios drapes a long leg
over the top of the desk bearing his name--
plate, Roy A. Hollingsworth.
The visitor's eyes move from the
sculptured pattern on the rubber soles of
his athletic shoes to the framed black and
white photos of the Olympic discus thrower
in action.
Also on the wall behind his head are
framed diplomas Master of Education,
Boston University; Diploma in Physical
Education, Loughborough University.
"I did that too," he says with a self-
effacing smile, rpinting to the oil painting
of a submarine scene hanging next to the

track suit
The visitor is on a broad,
foam-filled day-bed sofa
that invites him to slouch.
He hesitates, in this
immaculate shrine to clean
living, to smoke, until he
sees the director himself
pull one from a crumpled
half-pack of Broadway 10s,
and proceed to light up.
So the ideal of the good
life, as pursued by Roy
Hollingsworth and the
Olympia Health Studios, is
not the intimidating prac-,
tice of penance and absti-
"Looking good; feeling
good that's the idea,"
says Hollingsworth. "The
approach is not restrictive;
the accent is on balance.
"We try to get people
to understand the relation-
ship with their environ-
ment and how to live in
harmony with it"

Hollingsworth describes
the offerings of the Olym-
pia Health Studios which
he started on Jan. 1. as.
S"para-nedical services".
SIn 1,800 square feet of
space, the upper floor of
the Lee Building at 61
-Eastern Main Road St
Augustine, $25,000 have
already been committed
to the provision of such
The main dispenser as
well as the man whose
ideas, planning and money
are involved is Roy
Hollingsworth, Director of
sports, at UWI, a former
field athlete who still holds
the national record in shot-
put and discus. He was an
Olympic finalist in discus
in 1964.
Now 43, Hollingsworth
can lay claim to training
and experience in the field
of physical education, to
add to his own personal
knowledge of what it is to
be in top physical shape.
A former teacher of
health education at the
University of Puerto Rico,
he returned to Trinidad in
1971 with the idea of
starting the kind of com-
plex that is now becoming
reality in St Augustine.

What you see in the
mirrored halls and rooms
at the Olympia Health
Studios is the first attempt
to implement, in suitably
small scale, the carefully
thought out plans that
Hollingsworth developed
over the years, for the
UWI and later as a working
document for the Tapia
Several items of equip-
ment, purchased abroad
have yet to arrive. Already


in place are the several
hundred pounds of "barbell"
weights, strands for pulling,
the- turbo-jet whirlpool
device for the water mas-
sage bath, and a sturdy
massage table.
Then there is the camera
to take pictures of clients
when they start. a pro-
gramme, to discover pos-
ture faults for correction.
But Hollingsworth is
keen to develop facilities
and services to take care of
-the total person.
"Part of my training,"
he explains, "is in personal
motivation. And the aim
of the studio is to take
care-of people's emotional

Olympia Health Studios director at work

well-being and self-concept
as well. That's why I say
the idea is 'looking good
and feeling good'."
The Olympia complex,
when fully in operation,
will have a beauty parlour,
a boutique and a health
food shop on premises.
The director calls his
thing "a private club, not
a business". He is keen-on
fostering the social aspect
of the operation, encourag-
ing people to meet and
interact with each other
in congenial surroundings
and in the shared desire
for self-improvement.
In due course there
would be organised a

management committee
from among the "club"
members to assist in run-
ning things.
The standard schedule
of services will comprise
body sculpture, body
building, fitness training,
diet consultancy, baths
(sauna and whirlpool),
exercise therapy, massage,
pre- and post-natal shaping
up, and yoga.
Olympia expects to get
referrals from doctors, in
particular from the from
the large number of Eastern
Main Road practitioners in
the neighbourhood.
Hollingsworth's educated
guess is that most patron-

Roy Hollings-
worth's new
health studio
offers para-
services. .all
aiming to
make people
look good and
feel good.
age will come in the field
of body sculpture, and that
most will be women anxious
to take off weight, to put
on, or just to trim a little
here and there.
However, "We won't
turn away anybody He
wduld be flexible enough
to meet everybody half
way with whatever they
see as the problem.
So that, say, you would
be welcome just to drift
in one afternoon,if you're
feeling under the weather
or sluggish, and Hollings-
worth, after hearing your
complaint, would recom-
Smend an appropriate
remedy. -
That wouldn't make _
you a club member.
Yvonne Hoyte, Hollings-
worth's assistant in a recep-
tion lobby equipped with
colour TV, keeps a number
S Cont'd on Page 9



Famous Brands
Still Cameras Movie Cameras
Radio & Cassette Recorders Binoculars
Watches (Ladies & Gents) French Perfumes
Camera Accessories

Also Full selection of Unique:-
Souvenirs Handicraft Novelties

. Enjoy Shopping at the

Corner Abercromby Street & Independence Square South,
Port of Spain. Phone: 51707



~L r p -~C"~lr


Dr Feelgood

__ i



CALYPSO is once again on the way to the wings, gently but firmly
ushered there by the reasserting presence of Soul.
Soul, the shorthand for the variety vfAmerican musical forms
that are abidingly popular here, has regained the predominance which
it forsook in favour of the indigenous calypso during the few short
weeks of Carnival.
Indeed many observers have gloomily noted that Calypso,
even in its grand celebration in the season of Carnival has not been
entirely unaffected by Soul.
They have been calypsonians and other musicians here take the
position that ifyou can't beat them, join them.
Hence, Sokah, So-ca or, however you spell it the blend of
Soul and calypso or Kaiso, 'representing an attempt to devise a
hybrid which would yet contain something of Trinidad and elements
of what Trinidad seems to like best.
But now all the arguments as to whether So-kah is validly a
music of this country take a back seat as the reality of the situation
appears in all its clarity.
Starting this week, Millie Jackson, billed as an American "soul
queen" will sing at the Grandstand where, mere weeks before, the
kings and queens of Calypso had their hour.
Next week, another "queen", jazz-blues great Ella ,Fitzgerald,
will hold that same stage in a performance sponsored by the Trinidad
and Tobago United States Bicentennial Committee.

over from


Miss Fitzgerald's band will include at least one widely famed
musician, vibraharpist Milt Jackson, former member of the Modem
Jazz Quartet, and always highly rated in jazz polls.
These two appearances by famous black American singers will
signal that we are back to normal times.
The music that we hear will continue to be what we gratefully
receive from foreign sources, all too often, uncritically, and with
little appreciation of its background and context.
So that our relationship of the international world of popular
music is limited to buying the records of big-name stars supported
by big-money record companies and their publicity agents.
As less and less liner notes on albums inform us of how the
music inside came about, people in this part of the word tend
merely to be "blind mouths" responding to such things as "the
beat", some catchy lyric line or, simply the fact that it was popular
in the 'States
That even relatively "closed" societies like Cuba are still
open to the influences and the, outpouring of music from the
continent to the north is suggested by a recentfrensa Latina report
that the music of Barry White was used as background music by a
Havana theatre group.
The Prensa Latina article below, describes the work and the
context of the music of Barry White.

A third tendency which,
unlike the others, is not
directed basically at young
people, is that of instru-
mental music.
It brings to mind the
music of the postwar era
which parodied symphonic
formats based on string
The result was a pleasing
music with sugary popular
motifs dressed in a conven-
tional form easily recognis-
able to the consumer.
With its discreetcolours
and delicate harmony, it
was a music for eating, for
studying, for conversation,
The period saw the

Ella Fitzgerald
creation of music with an
accessory function, in
accordance with the special-
ization of the technological
This "new wave" brought
back the old orchestrators


Barry White
BARRY WHITE emerged screaming colours, the
to stardom after the dis- hippy communes and the
mantling of the Beatles flower children of Cali-
who held music supremacy fornia who, made love 'in
for almost an entire decade. public places and took
In 1960 rock 'n' roll was "trips" on drugs.
still popular but by 1965 ,All were disposed to
the Beatles had already destroy the values 'of a
erased almost all points of society that stifled them
reference to earlier models and involved them in enter-
through the exploitation prises like Vietnam that
of characteristic sounds, were devoid of all ethical
carefully elaborated, which content.
ranged from melodic remini- The crisis came after
sciences of renaissance the Beatles. The decade of
music to the sound possibi- the seventies opened _with
lities of electronics. a number of strange tenden-
Well-planned experimen- cies and an absence of
station, the organic coher- "star" figures.
ence of their professional Within the pop trend
work, and the aid of a well- were groups like Blood,
oiled publicity mechanism Sweat and Tears; Chicago;
created a taste for folklore Santana; Barrabas; and
pastiches such as "Oh, soloists, such as Elton
Darling" (the summit of John, who have all
musical and textual banal- exploited electronic re-
ity) and "The Ballad of sources and the choral
*John and Yoko'' effects ofmasculinevoices.
SAlso, there were the Their work reflected the
westernization of,"exotic" absorption of the national
sounds as in "When My rhythms of Latin American.
Guitar Cries" and the per- and African peoples mixed
fiction of "The Long and with the country-music of
Winding Road" and "Let It deep Anglo-Saxon roots.
Be". Another trend was the
The Liverpool musicians adaptation of slow
decided to separate at the melodies, with the use of
height of their fame after string instruments, tonally
having palpitated millions harmonized and without
of hearts. accents, with a strong in-
They turned into the fluence from the song
symbols of the Pop Era, set tradition of southern
against .a background of Europe.


Fernandes Vat 19 Rum..:.. Friendly & Exciting

like Frank Purcell and
Paul Mauriat.
People of the new
generation began' to dust
off old tarantellas and
waltzes and the sound
tracks of the films far
from the compositions in
the style of Dmitri Tiom-
Now they were full of
eroticism, like the "Love
Story" and the theme of
Nino Rota for "The God-
father". Also, the popu-
larization of the classics.
The world heard the
melodic mutilation of
Beethoven's- Fifth Sym-
phony and the experiment
of Britain's Gordon Lang-
ford and his electronic
synthesizer with Mozart.
And here we come
across Barry White. Is he
an instrumentalist of the
new vogue?
Without Coubt in his
orchestrations he has tried
to assume that appearance.
But his pretensions are
much more.
In addition to introdue--
ing vocal parts not like
Ray Coniff who uses
voices as instruments -
White includes recitations
and independent melodic ,
phrases. /
He searches for a soft,
measured sound, and a
sort of polyfunctional
sound atmosphere: music
'for meditation, conversa-
tion, dancing or, sleeping.
All under a common
denominator the static
quality of sound situations,
repeated over and over,
provoking lii the listener a
state of dreaminess.
I Turn to Page 8


-- I I I


KYLA*] :1 4PI E~o[ 4W4%


The roots of many of today's political development ts are to be found in that collapse of the original ideals of the PNAM.

IT WAS not long before
Black Power erupted in
1970 that A.N.R. Robin-
son' was advising the
assembled members of the
SWWTU that unions
should stay out of politics.
Whether or not he still
holds to that view, such a
pitch was in keeping with
his political alignment in
those days. "Keeping out
politics" was the for-
mula the PNM used to
describe, or disguise, its
attempt to neutralize the
latent power of organized
Where Bustamante,
Bradshaw, Bird and other
leaders of West Indian

'FCH'is a four-

letter word
"FCH" is becoming a
four-letter word in Guyana.
.It used to stand for
"Food Clothe and House
the Nation", the inspiring
title of another of the
"socialist-thrusting" Burn-
ham government program-
But, says Dayclean,
1976, the target date, has
come and gone.
And Guyanese who have
seen no improvement in
the supply of shirt jacs or
housing, are saying that the
F in. FCH had nothing to
do with food.

workers had created politi-
cal parties out of the
agitations. of the 30's and
40's which were to enjoy
eventual electoral success,
Butler, their counterpart
in Trinidad, signally failed
to- storm the portals of


Whatever the complex
reasons for that failure,
the enduring consequence
was that fragmentation of
the popular movement
which was to lead to the
rise to power in 1956 of
the PNM as a party of
"black intellectuals" draw-
ing its foot soldiers from
the predominantly African
ranks of the civil and
teaching services, the aspir-
ing sub-professional stra-
The party was never to
work out a satisfactory
relationship with organized
labour. Its policy in that
regard has never gone
further than the co-option
of pliant union leaders.
Needless to say, such a
policy could have succeed-
ed only in conditions of
low rank and file participa-
tion in the business of the
The policy was less a
response to the potential
threat of organized popular

power, than a means of
eliminating potentially
rival political leadership.
The same values which
drew the teachers and the
civil servants to the PNM
were effective in winning
the support of those seg-
ments of the African
population which had
been drawn under the
umbrella of the trade
union movement.
There was collective

pride in the -academic
attainments of their
brightest black..sois, and
universal confidence in the
ability of the new leader-
ship to open the gates of
history to the race.
Racial consciousness and
solidarity had been effec-
tive as a weapon in chal-
lenging, a European
The implication was not
'to 'be lost on the new
leadership that any other
racial bogey might do just
as well to corral the race
As the emerging leaders
of the race, the PNM
would automatically draw
the benefits.
Once it succumbed to
the temptation to use such
a crude and easy mechan-
ism as race to sustain an
electoral base, the PNM
could have no further
interest in coming to
terms with what had been,

Cor. Edward Lee
Cipero Streets
Main Road

'By Allan
Harris -
in a

before its advent, the most
serious attempts to organize
the power of the 'people'
the unions.
But the failure to
attempt to transform the
character of trade unionism
or to bring it into a broad
national movement in a
serious way, was to involve
fatal costs.
In settling on an elec-
toral strategy based on
race, the party had closed
itself off from any possi-
bility of winning a broad
base of support among the
Indian population.


The consequence of all
these developments was
the jettisoning of any
hope or intention of build-
ing a popular broad-based
party espousing a radical
and rational ideology of
The roots of many of
today's; political develop-
ments are to be found in
that early collapse of the
original ideals of the PNM
into the cynicism of racial


The contempt for the
electoral process among so
many of the youth, the
emergence of Black Power,
and the current claims
being made for an ideology
of the working class repre-
sent both the disintegra-
tion of potential of the
1956 movement and the
groping attempts to con-
struct another in its place.
Hopefully, in exploring
the sources of today's con-

Bus taman te
fusions and conflicts, much
needed clarity will be
won. It is clear perspectives
we need if we are to go
into the next round with
confidence in the cause.



Phone 649-5847
Santa Flora

- --- -r


SURVEYING such recent events as the illegal immigration campaign
in Trinidad and Tobago and the "beggar-my-neighbour policies"
adopted by Guyana and Jamaica, LLOYD BEST last week discerned
widening cracksin the CARICOM fabric.
Like the 1958 Federation, CARICOM will prove to be just
another ill-fated "short-cut" solution to the Caribbean problem,
Best predicted.
The second part of the article disputes the claims of "dem-
ocratic socialism" as promoted now in Guyana and Jamaica and
widely applauded in campus circles.
Best sees 1977 as the make-or-break year for embarking on
the way to political unity.

When, when will

WI learn to

live together?

What concept of society can we discover that would mark out contemporary Jamaica and Guvana
uld ut cnteporary Jamaica and Guyana

THERE js nothing seriously
radical in Manley's emer-
gency measures; there is
ample proof that Burnham's
co-ruprative socialism is
largely a matter of head-
The so-called transition
to socialism is generating
much needless antagonism
and obscuring the crucial
issue which is the universal-
accumulation of personal
power in characteristic
Caribbean Caudillo regimes.
Manley and Burnham
are past-masters at uttering
these magical formulas of
transformation so dear to
the half-educated cohorts
on campus.


But there is a rich
empirical record of Burn-
ham and ,Manley in
opposition, of both of
them in office.,
What concept of society
can we discover there that
would mark out contem-
porary Jamaica and Guy-
ana from Barbados or
Trinidad and Tobago?
It is a question for
which the current regional
economic crisis will force
us to find an answer.
The individual island
adjustments cannot help
but shatter the illusions ofl
the Caribbean Common
Market and bring us back
to the fundamentals.
We will find that the
underlying antagonisms

from Barbados or Trinidad & Toba,
divide the forces on the
basis of what estimate we
.are prepared to hazard of
the Caribbean historic
The regurgitation of
such lifeless categories as
LDCs and MDCs, socialists
and capitalists, leads only
Into a philosophical
A trap which assumes
that some countries are
more developed than
-others; that State owner-
ship is inherently more
advanced than private
ownership or that private
ownership is inherently
superior to ownership by
the State.
To take our freedom
back, we must return to
the simplicity (or the comn-
plexity) of describing part-
,icular problems and
designing particular solu-
tions, letting-the ideological
content reveal itself on the
Any clinical and factual
assessment of the Carib-
bean reality points to a
specific and in many ways
unique set of historical
Put together, there is an
opportunity for the. New
World African to upset the
endemic racism of Atlantic
This he would achieve
through being, simultane-
ously, the huge majority,
and therefore, politically
in charge; the inheritors of
the seascape, and therefore,
culturally in charge; and
through contitluting the

vast multitude of the dis-
advantaged, and therefore
being the explosive mass
at-the bottom.
To realise, this potential,
however, we need the soul-
force that would derive
from a positive decision to
make the fragments whole.
An explicit political
decision to incur the initial
costs of the unification
would be precisely that
It would give a cosmic
mandate to the creative
power of the new Carib-
bean race.


Once there is the resolve
for such political unity,
the rules of origin, the
monetary and fiscal integra-
tion, the aluminium smelter
and the joint motor-factory
would become different
kinds of projects.
McIntyre, Ramphal and
l)emas would then have to
cease being travelling-
salesmene and planners anld
devote their considerable
resources to the implemen-
tation of these grand
Without the resolve of
such a political unity, it
would be a field day for
the Mafia, whether of the
variety we import or (hose
we are assiduously breed-
ing at Ihome.
In 1977 that is th'e
choice we have.


Tapia House



is ready for-


in addition
to the


I Magazines

I Pamphlets

I Brochures





has also


(4) four




Visit or phone us at:

82-84 'St. Vincent Street,.

22 Cipriani Boulevard

62-252 41.



C'mon, everybody say 'yeah!'

RECORDED music seems
to have contributed to the
interest shown in music of
every kind. But the demands
made upon live music are
different today from what
they were when there was
no recorded music.
Certain characteristics of
recordings the level, the
definition of the sound,
the feeling of "presence"
have become determining
factors in shaping the taste
bf people in respect of live
A young man who went
to a New York concert
many years ago by the late
Dimitri Mitropoulous, con-

gratulated the conductor
after the performance:
"Maestro, it was almost as
beautiful as on records."
But the most striking

change in musical taste duct the evolution from
observed over the last 10 a passive attitude of accept-
or 15 years applies chiefly ance to an active pattern
to youth's refusal to use of doing music, rather than
music as a consumer pro- .being provided with it.


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Another trend which
seems important, although
it is not entirely new, is the
tendency shown by young
people to combine action,
movement and sound, as
was common practice cen-
-turies ago all over the
The disembodimentt"
of music is only a recent
phenomenon and is mainly
a product of Western
The present revolt
against it may be found to
have a social significance
similar to the activities of
the mediaeval jugglers, the
"dansomanies" of the
14th century, the Central
European "craze of the
waltz" in the 19th century
or even the "liberating'
participation" which the
sounds of "Dixieland"
and jazz produced in
Europe after the first
World War.

Soul in,

Sokah out
0 From Page 5
White has divided his
products into two cate-
gories: White the vocalist
and White the instrumen-
The first sings sedative-
songs love is a constant
theme, the need to foster
these. sentiments as the
Only way to alleviate life -
in a cracked scarcely
musical or original voice -
remember Louis Arm-
strong? trying to be
expressive and convincing.
The second White trieS
to obtain a scheme to fit
his purpose. In reality it is
not very imaginative.
The rhythm based on
drums ,and electronics is
repeated throughout his.
work and his p6stulates on
love and happiness are
pronounced in low tones,
with the inflexions typical
of a preacher.
Later come the violins.
They sustain the note of
the first phrase which lasts
for four measures, then
comes the second phrase
handled identically.
The phrases are alter-
nated while they change
colour thanks to the work
of sound engineer Frank
Rejmar who, with only
two notes, can create a
universe of sound.
At this point, the atten-
tive listener is conscious of
the simplicity and the
"monotony" of the
themes. Ah, but it does
sound pretty!
With its high level of
sophistication, his creation
does not need the partici-
pation of the listener.
And the trip to the
marketplace? In a coach of
a thousand wheels: Barry
White comes onstage with
his black face, his hair in
the style of Beethoven and
his Love Unlimited Orches-
tra, as an exclusive product
of a record company, amid
women wearing wigs.
He moves in a milieu of
, luxury swimming pools.
gold albums, gold watches.- '
Rolls- Royces, bracelets and
earrings designed by him-
llow long will the Barry
White star sliinc in the
firm me nt? Nobody knows.

____ __




WHY MUST there always
be a pit?
And why must perhaps
the country's worst pit be
located in the Queen's
Park Oval, catering, as it
does, to thousands of
"poorer" Trinidadians and
_ Both questions were prompted
by-the evidence of the days
spent at the Oval during the
Second Test Match.
On the one hand, there is
the Carib Stand, the so-called
"Schoolboys Mound," both of
which continue to remain un-
covered a display of insensitiv-
ity to people's feelings, and
comfort, that borders on
What are the reasons for
leaving these stands uncovered,
subjecting people to the kind
of heat and irritation from
which anything can flow?
Any protestations about
cost become laughable in the
face of the crowd that flocked
the Oval over the last few days
and the rush with which the
business world meets any
request of sponsorship from
the Oval authorities.
In fact, on a purely iier-
cenary level, businessmen
could hardly do more to earn
the goodwill of thousands and
thousands of the ground


patrons simply by erecting roofs
to afford them some cool.
The better explanation seems
to be ingrained in that "pit
mentality" which insists that
there must be institutionalized
social inequalities in all aspects
of the national life even
It is the same mentality
that allows the toilet facilities
existing on the grounds to
remain in their deplorable state.
But here, the division made
is even more subtle, since the
toilet facilities provided for the
people in the covered stands
(many of whom have bought
$50 reserved tickets) are hardly
any better.
It may very well be that the
gentlemen in the Pavilion who,
of course, have admirable toilet
facilities, consider these patrons
as being part of a pit as well, a
slightly raised pit, but pit all
the same.
And, as usual, there have
been the complaints from
people who having purchased
tickets cannot get a seat.
One patron seeing Tapia
secretary, Lloyd Best, looking
vainly around, quipped:
"Best yuh going to the
"What you mean?"
"Ah see yuh looking for a

I M *l rgro

- From Page 4
of Olympia forms that have
to be completed.
The first is the Motor
Efficiency Test which is
filled out by the studio on
the basis of 20 "diagnostic"
tests to measure balance,
speed, flexibility, agility,
strength,-power, co-ordina-
tion and endurance.
According to the appli-
cant's performance,
Hollingsworth would pres-
cribe the requisite mix of
exercises and treatments.
But before a person
begins to work out -at
Olympia,, medical clearance
is necessary. A four-page
form must be filled by a
physician, certifying that
the services about to be
undertaken would not be
detrimental to that person's
After that, it- only
remains to pay the $50
deposit, the first instalment
of the $130 quarterly fee.
And you're on the way to
a fuller life.
For the ad hoc services,
Hollingsworth will quote
no fee.
Cannily, he reasons that,
as his studio's services are
not "tangible", a prospec-,
tive customer would need
actually to see and feel -
what he's getting for it
before agreeing to part with
his money.
It's the kindpf approach
that Hollingsworth will be
depending upon to start

making a ,success of
Olympia in within six
months, as he hopes.
He is persuaded that the
biggest selling point will be
his own personality and his
approach to life as it's
expressed in the methods
of Olympia.
On food, for example:
"I don't believe in 'don't
eat this, don't eat that'.
Especially in a country like
this where you have to
make do with what is
available, you can't get
too religious about food.
"Once- you have the
insights into food values,
and understand the value
of balance, and that,'in all
things, it's a question of
moderation, well, that's it."
Promised is an atmos-
phere that is reassuring,
soothing and homely.
"Look at the decor,"
Roy Hollingsworth says,
"we are aiming at elegance'
without being posh, to be
pleasant, like home."
And he discloses that he
himself collected the dried
plants used for decoration
while in the bush on his
agricultural trips.
Which is another interest
that Roy Hollingsworth,
sportsman and health edu-
cator, six-foot three and,
210 pounds of geniality
that. could conceal
shrewd business-mindedness,
toughness and savvy, might
well make something of,


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__ ~I~I__~____





Senate approves motion from the House Of Repre-
sentatives to establish Joint Select Committee to study
aspects of Local Govt and Internal Self Govt for Tobago
within the present constitutional provisions.
Also passes Constitution (Prescribed Matters) Bill. Sen.
Michael de la Bastide disagrees with Opposition on defer-
ment of Bill but supports the view that PM ought not to have
veto with respect to appointment of DPP. ULF also against
the PM's veto of such appointments.
High'Commissioner Reginald Philip Jamaica Govt. has
issued $3m. in licences to CARICOM countries since January.

O From Page 3

the prospect of a huge
West Indian innings, better
to keep the flat leg-breaker
Qasim for the long haul
and for more effective use
against the later right-
Somehow Lloyd seems
not to appreciate the value
of his left handers against
an attack over-burdened
with leg-breaks.
One wonders whether he
ever thought of sending
Kallicharan before Vivian
\Richards, even if the
completeness of thelatter's
current command validates
no more than the thought.
But had Lloyd been
tactically sensitive enough'
to have contemplated the
*crime, he would have seen

Jamaica did not want to be unable to pay for its imports.
Informal meeting to be held with Chamber.
General Manager of T&T Chamber Mrs. Carmina Baird
expresses confidence in future of CARICOM, Urges that T&T
state position on developments in Jamaica and Guyana.
Geddes-Grant Chairman Forbes says measures in some
countries do not augur well for CARICOM.
Govt contemplating more national scholarships in
technical subjects, Education Minister tells Association of
Industrial Educators.
McEvoy agrees to go on leave if Gobin goes too.
Tripartite talks planned in UWI crisis.
Immigration Officer confirms shortage of nassport

Winner take all....

that he himself should
have preceded Shillingford.
These tactical incapacities
could cost the West Indies
very dear. They have al-
ready cost us innumerable
runs scored by Raja for
whom we have surprisingly
had no stratagems at all it
Tactically, Lloyd bats
like the ultimate virtuoso
of the one-day game, an
error he put on show in
the Kensington second
innings and again flaunted
-in the first innings at the
Queen's Park Oval when
he tried twice consecutively
to obliterate entirely an.
Intikhab spinner.,

And yet, tactically,
Lloyd's generalship is sur-
prisingly uninformed by
one imperative to the one-
day Captain.
With limited overs,
immediately the Captain
must train his resources on
the particular foibles of
the individual batsman.
There is simply no time
to correct the error later.
But neither the time we
have had in the five-day
tests nor our experience
during and since our last
tour of India and Pakistan
has moved our Captain to
lay.a trap for Raja.,
This athletic little lappe
has not made less than 50

books and forms.
Cuba may welcome US tourists. Castro welcomed in
Libya. Cuba and US now have 200-mile fishing limit Cuban
Foreign Trade Minister Fernandez presides at .GEPLACEA
OPEC to seek compromise on prices. July 1 increase
may be cancelled.
Resumed UWI classes disrupted by dissident students.
Gastro outbreak in South. Nearly 100 cases in 2 weeks.
Dams lower than usual. Driest Jan. and Feb. in 30
years, says Met Office.
Cabinet considering T&T position on CARICOM res-
Ian Smith in trouble over land reform to give blackT
better deal

against the West Indies.
Raja, Rod Marsh, Collis
King? three of- a kind.
Bowl to Jeff Stollmeyer,
Majid Khan or Peter May,
and there is no pointsetting
any special trap. However
they go, it will be the
orthodox way.
For Raja, Lloyd must
decide early whether he is
going to populate the
.back-country behind mid-
wicket or the fore-country
over short extra-cover's
The field cannot but be
set 6-3 or even 7-2. Close
one region, and open one
by extension.

Whichever you decide
to do, the batsman will
have to make room to
escape the restraints of
closure, or to take advant-
age of opportunity.
Lloyd knows, as every
schoolboy captain knows,
that making room is the
biggest single cause of-all
kinds of error and, in the
case of hitters, not least of
those steepling, dipping
catches that go to almost
entirely predictable regions,
depending on the bowler
and above all, on his
bowling instructions.
The captain must there-
fore be alert to the
demands of deployment,
deciding quite exactly how
many and whom to put
where and above all, whom.
he expects to take the
crucial catch;
If our Captain refuses
to become such .a caring
Captain, Raja will continue
to plunder our bowlers' till
the Pakistanis go home.
SIn fact, Pakistan will
always stand a'chance of a
come-back in this Series if
Lloyd does not brush-up.
,on his captaincy.
He was slow to attack
Mushtaq when the latter
came in Sunday evening;
in fact,he did not seem
iriclined to attack until he
took the new ball.
Presumably he was bent
on 'saving runs with only
two slips, a gully and one
catching short-leg. But the
runs should have been
earned on Saturday after-
noon. West Indies had every
chance then to build up a
more daunting lead.
When Lloyd came in,
the stage was still set for a
long and disciplined inn-
Refusing the challenge,
he settled for the enter-
tainer's role of Lasher, and
underscored that shortness
of perspective which cha-
\racterises West Indian
leadership in general and
which has no place at all
in the present.
In politics as in cricket,
there exists no magic.
Once in a blue moon
you might come in and hit
your way to victory but
nine times out of ten.
apocalypse is mischief not
The victory at Queen's
Park has been convincing
because, in the end. it had
to be won by discipline and
application. o Fredericks and
;rcenidge saw to that on
Tuesday evening.
hlopefully, we go now
to Georgetown and the
titure, schooled by reflec-
tion on this largely novel



Advice to selectors:Scrap that bound-to-play list



BY THE END of the third
day of the Second Test,
with the outcome of the
snatch still uncertain, it
was clear that the West
Indies' performance has
exposed some basic weak-
Obviously the team is
far from balanced, We
went to the First Test with
six batsmen, four quick
bowlers and the wicket-
SAnd we regretted the
absence of a second spin-
At Queens Park Oval,
-the selectors gambled once
again by including Juma-
deen as the only profes-
sional spinner, hopefully
to be assisted by Fredericks
and Ricnaras.
Undoubtedly the major
problem is that for some-
thing like 15 years, we
were forming the habit of
selecting a team of 13.


The choice was-reduced
to either six batsmen and
three bowlers with the
wicketkeeper or five bats-
men and four bowlers,
depending on the playing
Always we started off
with Gary Sobers as a vint-
age .batsman 'and three'
bowlers in one.
Now we must adjust to
playing with 11 only. Our
selectors must kick the
habit of writing down an
interminable list of bats-
men and bowlers who, by
common consent, must
play in the team.
Somehow we must,
fashion the winning com-
bination by the exercise of
careful choices and the
judicious use of ruthless


Suppose Roberts, Hold-
ing, Daniel, Garner, Croft
and Holder were all fit.
Which of them would
Unless the pitch were
obviously a Sydney, cer-
tainly not four just because
of a romantic involvement
with pace like fire!
Bowlers like Walker and
Gilmour are regularly-left
ion the sidelines in defer-
ence to clinical assessment
of Australian needs.
Can we now contem-
plate dropping Roberts,
though, admittedly, there
is as yet no reason for so
And then suppose that,
Rowe, Richards, Kallicha-
ran, Lloyd and Shillingford
were all fit and making
runs behind in-form
openers, would wd make

places for everybody?
Part of the selectors'
problem is that not one of
our spinners seems able to
bear the burden of the
spinning alone.
A truly professional
spinner, master of the
craft, can always b be
depended upon, either to
shut up the end or, given
half the chance, to lick the
platter clean.
A Ramadhin or a Valen-
tine could do it; a Gibbs
would leave not the slightest
doubt, but neither
Jumadeen nor Inshan, not
Albert Padmore nor Ajodha
Persaud inspires confidence
on the scale we now


Most times we will there-
fore need two spinners,
unless we are prepared -
having first gone to Mt. St.
Benedict to look to
Fredericks, Richards and
Of the nine places left,
one necessarily goes to
Deryck Murray, Alexander
re-incarnate as wicket-
keeper and crisis batsman.


Top: Derck Murray, Alexander reincarnate, wicket keeper and crisis batsman, watches as this shot by
an unidentifiable Pakistani batsman, aces away.

Below: Vivian Richards, Roy Fredericks and Colin Croft (Express photos by H. Alexander)

: *'" ." : ... ..--'

,* ,: '-.a ^ ^ ^
.. :.,
" 7 .] _':

It would have been pre-
ferable if in Dujon or
Campbell of Jamaica or in
David Murray of Barbados,
we had succeeded in dis-
covering another Clyde
Walcott, that is to say, a
prime batsman who as
keeper can hold the pace
bowlers' catches. Such a
find would have created an
extra place.
As things now stand,
the remaining eight places
must be split either 6-2
with four middle-men to
follow Greenidge and
Fredericks as in Barbados;
or 5-3 with three pace-men
to accompany the two
professional spinners as we
ought to have done in
Trinidad last weekend.-
In other words, with
our present resources, any
selection adds up to a
To get adequate spin
and pace, we necessarily
lose the extra batsman; to
get adequate batting, we
have to sacrifice the second
spinner or the third fast
The creative solution
would be to transform one
of the batsmen into a
Worrell or a Gomez or to

lift Joel Garner into a valid
Among the batsmen,
the scene seems bleak;
Larry Gomes is harcuy
more of a bowler than
Lloyd and considerably less
of a batsman than Kalli-


The captain and the
selectors will have _to
discover the means of
forging a Collie Smith out
of Vivian Richards. Is this
what they are doing here
at the Oval?
Another possibility
would be for Collis King
or Bernard Julien to
approach the proportions
of a Constantine or, at any
rate, of a genuine all-
rounder, worthy of a pick
for any one of the three
Unfortunately, neither
seems anywhere near
graduation so the West
Indies must adapt to the
reality of a basic imbalance.
For the time being, we
will not find a team cap-
able of winning under any
conditions. This makes the.


Sy:: .-.:5%+-."?4" ,-- r
selection more critical than
ever; it demands a cap-
taincy capable of all manner
of choreography and
The evidence that-we
have is not at all reassuring
In Barbados we-misread the
pitch and played one quick
bowler too many.
In Trinidad, we probably
erred in summoning Inshan
ahead -of Persaud or
Padmore before finally,
and wrongly, deciding to
omit him:
Surely Inshan's omission
was at Clive Lloyd's insist-
ence. Set in the mechanical
mould of a Goddard, the
current captaincy is
inclined even at Port-of-
Spain to opt for pace.
Lloyd has shown little
evidence of the generalship
that you need even with
our faster bowlers let alone
demonstrate any command
of the needs of spin.
Win or lose at the Oval,
therefore. it looks very
much like trouble ahead.
And even if we somehow
got past the Pakistanis, will
the calypsonian be able to
Australia, you loss
West Indies is boss' -

a~ _-..--._ -' V...


..~ 'it.

-a^,~ ,- -.;sa?^
-::.'- A.'-.;: : "' ":.'C '"=7:

Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institute for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N,Y. 10021,
ph. Lehigh 5 8448,

\t^ 1(^^r

lb _______




THE West Indies have gone
one up against Pakistan
with three Tests still to go
out of the five. A Clive
Lloyd cover drive for four
shortly before lunch signal-
led the six-wicket victory.
Perhaps the most signifi-
cant thing about this
Second Test has been the
pitch which did not play
particularly like the Oval.
It certainly did not spin in
the way the teams must
have anticipated when
their squads both included
two specialist spinners.
The quicker bowlers got
a surprising amount of
bounce on the first day
especially at the northern
end to which Croft did all
his bowling. Then it settled
down to play easily over
the weekend before pro-
ducing an unusually large
number of squatters after
the rest-day Monday.


With the slow'turn, only
10 of the 34 wickets fell to
spin' which compares with
31 out of 34 in the Trini-
dad vs Pakistan game. The
West Indian fast bowlers
shared 17 of the 20
Again the actual cricket
absorbed nearly all the
interest notwithstanding
the little bottle-throwing
or the theatrics when the
Pakistanis twice, and Croft
repeatedly for a brief
while, remonstrated or

demonstrated over the
Any side which is
bowled out for less than
200 runs inside the first
day of a five-day test must
always be hard-pressed to
stave off defeat much,
more to come out the
victors. So West Indies
seized the initiative early.
Despite the hard fight to
wrest it from them, they
held on till victory, and
Pakistan simply paid the
Again the shining star of
the Pakistani batting was
Wasim Raja, a good but
limited player, strong
through the off-side and
given, when playing to the
on-side, to either hooking
or pulling the short stuff
and flicking at the over-
It is a cause of great
disappointment that Lloyd
with his bowlers was again
unable to exploit Raja's
obvious on-driving weak-
It is significant that
Raja was bowled leg-stump
in the first innings and
caught at wide mid-on in
the second.
Lloyd's puzzling arrange-
ments were 3 slips, gully,
silly mid-off, cover, forward
short-leg, short backward-
square and fine leg. (He
retained this obsessive silly
mid-off for almost all of
the two innings whether
Jumadeen was being
belted around or not).
With two on the on-side


behind the bat and the
one in-front in no position
to catch any, attempted
on-drive, Raja was never
really tested.
Not even by Roberts
who has built up his repu-
tation as one of the few
to combine naggirng accu-
racy with express speed.
Generally, our bowlers
found the right length less
often than they found the
correct line. Either they
were too short and Raja
hooked or too full and he


Whereas Lloyd showed
a lack of ingenuity when
it came to analysing indivi-
dual batsmen's faults,
Mushtaq was a shining
example to prospective
It was obvious that
during the Fredericks/
Kallicharan first innings
partnership, he was chal-
lenging both left-handers
to hook.
He constantly adjusted
his long-leg or fine leg or
his man half way out. And
of course the trap into
which Lloyd fell in the
first innings had been
deliberately and properly
set for him.
It was easily noticeable
that he had come out to
lash his .way as a result of
which he was always down
the wicket before the
spinner even delivered.
Mushtaq's tactics also



puzzled. In the first inn-
ings he allowed only 7
overs to Iqbal Qasim, but
probably the spinner was
deliberately hidden.
In the second innings,
the West Indies had only
205 to get and a day and
half to get them.
Either Mushtaq could
close up the game from
the start, knowing that
West Indian batsmen rarely
come out on top when
pinned down for extended
periods; or, he could attack
with the hope of grabbing
a few early wickets there-
after piling on the pressure.
Mushtaq opted for the
second as his opening.
What puzzles is that he was
so slow to switch to the
first device when Fredericks
and Greenidge denied him
early success.
He kept on attacking
even after he had intro-
duced spin after only nine
overs; meanwhile the runs
were always coming.
As to the Pakistani bat-
ting, the middle-order twice
over fell down. The first
five fell for only 112 in the
first innings while in the
second, they failed entirely

Po oj your ltye!

Taylor to start talks
A SERIES of self-education seminars for Tapia people will
start at the Port-of-Spain Centre, 22, Cipriani Boulevard,'on
Sunday March 13, at 10.30 a.m.
Education Secretary Lloyd Taylor will start the dis-
cussion with a short paper surveying the Tapia House Move-
ment 1969-1977.
At the second sitting of the seminar on March 27, the
topic will be the general elections 1976. Secretary Lloyd
Best will begin the discussion.

: '"::"~4~'~3"~F~?~t~'~ijy,"T- ~:-~; rt

to capitalize on a start
worth 123.
The stars who got so
much advance publicity
have so far done little to
justify their reputations.
Majid's alone remain un-
Zahe,er's ab s e n c e,
Haroon's failure, Mushtaq's.
lack of form and Asifs
early endings have all
combined to put increased
pressure on Raja and the
lower order.
The latter hii e es-
ponded maitfully and'lthe
West Indian bowers have
only once inr the series
been able to breeze right
In this Test, the visiting
quick bowlers, such thorns
in Barbados, did not
produce anything out of
the ordinary' despite Imran s
three almost decisive wic-
kets on the final morning
or Saleem's two jolts at
the very beginning last

It was Mushtaq and
Intikhab who posed most
problems both with
cleverly flighted spin from
The fielding in this game
was generally much better
than in Barbados. One
remembers the West Indies
dropping at least two
catches but the ground
fielding was remarkably
The Pakistanis did not
drop any simple catches
but some of their ground
fielding was not good
enough. Time and again
their backward square-leg
mis-read the spin of a
swept ball and literally
gave away some bound-
And now Pakistan must
go to the Co-operative
Republic with spirits much
lower than they were,
arriving here in Trinidad
and Tobago.

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