Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00261
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Publication Date: Sunday, March 20, 1977
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
sobekcm - UF00072147_00261
System ID: UF00072147:00261

Full Text

SUNDAY MARCH 20,, 1977
::.2 .' .7 7:' 'T 'E '_T

Vol. 7 No. 12


Open letter to Zanda and Scofield
Open letter to Zanda and Scofield

Forget Ella;

I hold WI show

CALLING Cive Zanda and
Scofield Pilgrim...
Wh\ let the Ella Fitz-
gerald fiasco put paid to
your hopes of having a
unique get-together of the
people here pla ing jazz
and valid Caribbean music.
Seize the time.
Announce that it's too
S bad Ella Fitzger~id who
was to ha\e been the star
S can't come.
But that the West Indian
.. musicians whp were also_

festival of Afro-American
and Afro-Caribbean music.
But the fact that it was
not onl\ goes to show
how \ rong-headed was the
approach of the US-T&T
Bicentennial Committee.
Ho\w could they think
that the magic of the name
Ella Fitzgerald would make
6.000 people fork out $30
to $157
The fact is. that number
of people couldn't .even
i..- ,.''iia one -.;;ri nti- .'xh

artistes originally booked,
together with others, you
start with a big plus -
everybody will know about
it at once.
So move now. Confirm
Ernie Ranglin. Harry Whit-
taker, Luther Francois,.
Marius Cultier. Mike Tobas
and Boogsie Sharpe.
And if some of the non-
Trinidadian artistes can't
make it, then get artistes. -
from here'. most of.lwhirrr.'-.-' t

come ou, '-oi ,ine .wnuole-
fiasco is that. it attracted
much publicity.
Of course.. not all was
good publicity. But you
could always make some
good out of any kind of
publicity .
And if, Zanda and Sco.
youL take the opportunity.
to organise immediately a
show in\olhing the ,local

Exam postponement:St.

Aug.can't decide alone

THE administrators of the
UWI campus, St. Augustine
have no power to decide'
to postpone examinations
in response to reported
student demandslast-week.
All the UWI, St. Augustin'e
authorities could do is to.
recommend a postponement to
the all University Academic
Committee which would have
final say on behalf of the
This was disclosed toTAPIA
by UWI Assistant Registrar in

31A Erthig Road
For a
Wide Range Of
Books, Stationery,
Art. Material.

charge of examinations, W.
Permel who stressed that he
could not give the administra-
tion position on the matter.
Mr. Permel, however, des-
cribed some of the "implica-
tions" of such a postponement
decision, which he said would
be more difficult to implement
in the "multi-cainpus" faculties.
Agriculture and Engineering
faculties, located at St. Augus-
tine alone, could more easily
gear themselves to holding
examinations at a later date.
But Arts, Natural Sciences,
Social Sciences and Law, for
which the same examination
papers are set on all three
faculties after consultation
with teachers and external
examiners, would .need the
agreement of Mona and Cave
Hill to have their end-of-year
exams postponed.
And though he could not
say whether the other cam-
puses would agree to it, Permel
said he could see problems
relating to faculty members
scheduled to go on leave, to

begin research or to travel, and
to students there working
towards the already agreed
Also, the external examiners
with whom consultation on
some papers had only just
been completed, after some
two months, would have to be
contacted again.
"It would be a duplication

of the whole process," said
Permel, adding that, as far as
his own work was concerned,
it would be "no problem" if
exams were postponed.
The Assistant Registrar
(Examinations) couldn't say if
the cost of this "duplication""
would be more than "marginal".
But he knew,exams had never
before been postponed.

Hard times for Bob H.
THE HARDEST man to reach on the campus these days is
UWI Public Relations Officer, Bob Henry.
Affable Bob Henry, under pressure unprecedented in his
four balmy years as UWI PRO, has not troubled to return
several TAPIA phone calls to his home while the campus
was closed, and to his office last week.
But then, indications are that limited access to the
press is part of UWI officials' practice --if not policy -
these days.
As one UWI staffer asked about Bob Henry's unavail-
ability put it:
"Bob has it i'ard, you know. Every time somebody
calls to ask a question, he has to run upstairs to the Pro-
Vice Chancellor for, the answer then run back down to say
what it is."

Rodney: ~hd Fi-eiids, Mike
Boothman you know
those who can fit into the
kind of thing you have in


Get The Shadow, the
one artiste who now has
country in the palm of his
hands, who is not only
captivating young Trinidad
and Tobago, but fascinat-
ing our serious musicians
as well.
You know that, Zanda.
You have played some of
Shadow's stuff yourself.
Sure, it's a hustle. You
need to book Queen's Hall,
.the /SWWTU Hall, Nap-
arima Bowl, or some more
suitable place than that
(In some ways, it's a
blessing that Ella wasn't
\made to perform there
after all.)
And if you really push,
you could have tickets on
sale the same time and
place as people are coming
to get their money back
for the Ella Fitzgerald
So get with it. Grab the
chance of a lifetime. Notice
the big reception local
artistes got on thi Millie
Jackson show.
S The time is ripe. our
artistes need the exposure.
And. for the first time
outside of carnival not as
opening iacts to any big
foreign superstar,
I..V'.\( (,;R..1.\T

45 Cents.

I'." And'd ti'e' tfel bills, fee.'
expenses etc.' for them
can never come up to
the $130.000 ihe US-
Trnnidad and Tobago
Bicentennial Committee
claims would haoe been
their bill.
In fact, that is iho\ the
show should hate been
organized and promoted in
the first place as a mini-

bk '~ ~6L~


AS WE GO to press there seem to be hope-
ful signs that full-scale activities at the St.
Augustine campus of the University of the
West Indies will be resumed shortly. Non--
academic staff agreed to go back to their
jobs from Wednesday, March 16. Students
would appear to be divided as to whether
to go back out to classes without an
assurance from the university administra-
tion that examinations would be post-
Assuming that that issue is settled
speedily, the question still remains as to
why six weeks of teaching time were lost.
No simple answer would seem to suffice.
Were the situation less complex, pre-
sumably a solution would have been found
a long time ago. All concerned will now
have to face up to the costs of confronta-
tion, and some of these costs may be
Perhaps because many of us in the
national community cannot conceive that
we shall ever have to bear part of those
'costs, we may have tended to dismiss the
whole affair out of hand. And given the
confusing web of allegations and events,
some of us may have succumbed to the
temptation to single out, according to
taste, some one or other of the principal
actors as the villain of the piece.


From the manner in which union
spokesmen steadily broadened the scope
of their criticisms of the administration,
it is obvious that the alleged spitting inci-
dent was only a pretext for wider action.
Not even the prolonged state of dis-
order said to exist in the Physics Depart-
.ment seems capable of bearing the burden
of the intransigent positions which have
Been taken.
S Is it that the administration of the
-- 'campus has been guilty of such bad labour
-relatjons that the non-academic staff have
seized on these opportunities, real or
'.. .imagined, for a test of strength?
-.'-' ;L Ad does the support. which the
.'.workers :have. got -from the Stifdents'

Keep abreast of the
real currents in the
Caribbean Sea

Fresh Commentary

Every Friday Mornin


Rates for 1977
Rates for 1977

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom Countries
Other Caribbean
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)

TT $25.00
U.S. $25.00
Stg. t 14.00

Now, t


0 -,-.

Guild also point a finger at incompetence
or insensitivity on the part of the admin-
There are sufficient indications of ane
lack of solidarity among both workers
and students to caution against any simple
pinning of blame on the administration.
Statements emanating from the
administration suggest that at most 150
members of the-500-person non-academic
staff were actively in support of-the
And it appears that during the impasse
even fewer numbers were in regular atten-
dance at union meetings.
Reports suggest that among the
students, Guild and faculty meetings have
been similarly poorly attended.
No doubt with these factors in mind,
some commentators have been content to
put down the troubles to the work of
professional agitators in the union and a
dissident minority among the students.
In particular, the Jamaican students
resident on campus have come in for a
generous serving of obloquy.' .1 Perhaps the most omino
From where we stand, it is difficult note struck during t
to avoid the conclusion that the union has entire crisis is the repo
in fact been rendered the tool of individuals which has come to us th
with goals which transcend the narrow officials of the Minist
issues of campus labour relations. of Labour, in their meetir
The precipitate and disproportionate with the parties involve
response-on the part of the union to its let slip almost casually tl
alleged grievances suggests an attempt to notion of the nationalize
inflate the significance oftheissuesinvolved (ion of .the camp
for the sake of external political concerns .presumably -as -.-a tol
or even personal political ambitions. soluItio to- t-hedifficutii
SUnless we areto ascribe extraordinary, .g ,: ... -
manipulative powers to the union fei er-
sship, we need to take
account of the loii level which has come to us that campus
of participation in union
f matters among he k officials of the Ministry of is match
matte among the Labour, in their meetings ful subn
a and file. with the parties involved, which al
Our understanding is. let slip almost casually the adminisi
that such participation is notion of the nationaliza- vast plar
chronically low, that non- tion of the campus, pre- their di
academic staff do not sumably as a total solution the el
consider themselves part- to the difficulties. called su
icularly oppressed, but that Whatever the thinking of We an
the administration has the government of Trinidad the elemr
been sufficiently tardy and and Tobago on- the issue, commur
inept in handling isolated this most recent crisis has luxuries
cases of hardship to allow undoubtedly added to, the status.
a determined clique in existing strains both within
control of the union to the regional institution and
trade on the general ignor- among the supporting gov-
ance and ritual resentments ernments, and this at a
of the majority. time when the whole idea This

per year

Surface rates and rates for
other countries on request.
Taplsa 82-84 St. Vincent St., Tunapuna, & 22 Ciprianl Bvd. -
P.O. Trinidad 4 Tobago, W. I:Telephone 662-5126 & 62-25241.


A similar, it indeed not
more extreme, case of the
same phenomenon would
appear to exist among the
students. The other major
element in the campus com-
munity is the teaching
staff, and they would
appear to have been so
divided by the issues in-
volved to be incapable of
asserting any sustained and
effective influence in the
direction of rationality.
Clearly, there has been
a breakdown in the frame-
work of collaboration on
the campus and a damaging
erosion of the capacity for
It is equally evident
that the roots of the pro-
blems there are deep-seated.
The gravity of the situation
for a community which
aspires to autonomy can-
not be understated.
Perhaps the most omin-
ous note struck during the
entire crisis is' the report

of regionalism is undergoing
severe test.
The emphasis placed on
the role of the Jamaican
students cannot have
Part of the continuing
difficulty faced by the
administration- at St.
Augustine in managing the
affairs of the campus may
derive, from too much
centralization of the uni-
Given a freer hand to
run their own affairs, the
authorities on all three
campuses may be in a
-position to respond more
effectively to the needs
and problems of the indivi-
dual campuses and island
Perhaps the deepest -
source of the recurring
problems at U.W.I. is the
nature of the institution
as an enclave of privilege
in the society.
The insouciance with
which some students, at
least, could contemplate
the closing down of the

has de
those lu
for by
If t
must es
dent, inl
or her d
to care
as muc
Will t
of the
the ad!
ways in
sity ma
both to
more ind
able of
to make
whole r
the social
West In


------ ~Lp-----~ 9 rYqP~-Y*C~ L-~C~C I~sC I






-f .- T .tFF

for six long weeksK
led only the cheer- :
mission to tradition -
lows the university
tration to let the
nt and equipment at
sposal lie idle foir-
temity of the ,o-
immer vacation.
re satisfied that all
ients of the campus
nity share in the
of their privileged -


most recent crisis
demonstrated that
xuries are not paid
my higher sense of
ability than that
prevails in the
community at

the campus is to'
autonomy, then it.
chew licence. The
and apathetic stu-
tent on securing his
degree as a passport
er opportunities, is
h to blame as the
the senior members
university corn-
the faculty and
ninistrators, .now
a discussion of the
which the univer-
y be restructured,
make the campuses
dependent and cap-
creative action, and
the university as a
nore responsive to
al reality of-poverty,
ty, stunted dem-
and a fragmented
dian nation?.



ON MY OWN SCENE "* Lloyd Best

SEmergency of the


They onl



when thi

don't gi


The Trinidad Guardian,
after a moderate editorial
calling for a plan to salvage
CARICOM- and for "reci-
procal ,appreciation" of
difficulties, changed its
tone in a later airing of
S o Deploring "unilateral and
S. self-delivering decisions"
by members, an editorial
Patrick John in the Sunday Guardian
A DELEGATION from th -e fMarch 13 denounced "a
Caribbean -..Chamber of pack of troubles" brought
Industry and Commerce' on by "an infantile enthusi-
(CAC) On March 17 met in asm for socialism'" aind
Kingston with the Jamai- warned that if CARICOM
can Minister of External wert the way of the Federa-
Affairs P.J. Patterson and tion, Trinidad would have
the Minister of Industry no sacred obligation o
and Commerce Viv' Blake. play parent" fo theweaker
Three days before, Bar- brethren of the Caribbean
badian industrialists had Economic Community.
been engaged on a similar It sounds ominously as
exercise. if it is a case of the devil.
According to CAIC take the hindmost, for all
President Gerald Montes the stolid determination of
De Oca, there had arisen a CAIC "to play our small
troublesome situation; the part in trying to resolve
delegation was going as a problems."
Caribbean Body to get an The report from Kings-
explicit understanding of ton prior to the talks was
the situation in Jamaica that CARICOM trade
as regards the regulation should pick up in the
of imports. second half of the year and
Mr. Montes De Oca told doubtless Thursday's meet-
the press that CAIC was not ing confirmed Jamaica's
in favour of any retaliatory commitment to regional
action bht the climate of economic integration.
responses scarcely lent him But Kingston' these days
support., is too politically turbulent
In Port-of-Spain the a capital' from which to
Chamber of Commerce was hope, for the clearest defini-
lamenting a political shift tions.
to leftist ideology which The Manley regime talks
"precedes restrictive trade in many eloquent tongues,
practices, domestic belt as if the love and the lyricism
tightening, economic cut- of the Jamaica landscape
backs, and disregard for were not seductive enough
the economic integration of unwary diplomats from
of the -region." the Eastern Caribbean.
The reference was to Delegation, wants situa-
stances adopted in, Kings- tion explained, headlined
ton, Georgetown and the Guardian report.
Roseau. Well, perhaps the best
The navel-string response way to explain might be
to this so-called "sinister to realise what the
pattern" wa's that Trinidad emergency really is.
and Tobago would be
forced to concentrate its
manufacturing efforts to- IT IS SAID in Georgetown
wards markets "in Europe that the Secretariat is
and elsewhere." nlrpnrv waitinc, for the

The Trinidad Manufac-
turers' Association also
complained about the
import restrictions, the
garment manufacturers
going so far as to call for a
ban on imports from
Jamaica and Guyana.

curtain; but the Caribbean
does not work like that.
On paper, CARICOM will
certainly survive.
And yet the Sunday
Guardian is more than
likely right. Today's terrify-
ing economic problems

I could well end up i
ly debacle.
What are the real ca
of the impending disas
It would be a very g
error to cite an inadeq
framework of r
Restraints on intra-C/
COM trade are permi
ngs under Article 28 of
ng Annex to the Treaty.
Where 'countries
o balance of payments
blems, they may imp
curbs after notifica
and subject to review.
While Jamaica has
lowed the rules and Guy

and Dominica have
the practical conseque!
have not been any differ
It is equally poini
to focus on the swing



n a "leftist ideology." The
true nature ofC what we
uses have been witnessing is
ter? perhaps most patent in the
rave case of Dominica where
uate the Government of Mr.,
rules. Patrick John has quite
RIl- improbably veered to the
tted left.
the Hasty adjustments like
Patrick John's are only
have incidentally radical, in the
pro- sense of being attempts
lose to address the ultimate
tion cause of our debilitation,
the passivity of productive
fol- resources.
rana Truthfully, these are
not, largely emergency measures,
nces dictated by earlier mis-
rent. management and a prior
less failure to plan, both now
g to betrayed in the incapacity

of the export sector tu
earn foreign exchange equal
to the colour-TV tastes of
the post colonial popula-
At the moment, only
petroleum is earning enough,
due to ideological con-
siderations not in the
American but the Euro-
pean Mediterranean.
In this context, our
leftist countries could turn
out simply to be those
countries where the major
exports such' as bauxite,
sugar or tourism are earning
too little foreign exchange.
Radicalism therefore
consists in a forced reduc-
tion in the demand\ for
imports and a ruthless
0 Continued on Page 10

Angostura Old Oak Rum
A mellow blend of light
Trinidad rums.Smooth.
clean tasting

Michael Manley

---- -

S--- -i



IT IS a commonplace to describe a political
party as a bridge between rulers and ruled,
It might be equally useful to conceive of a
party as a bridge between the past and the
A political leadership which contented
itself with solving the problems of today
would not be fully responsible. Not only
must provision be made for the rainy day,

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available at NEAL&MASSY


but a people must also be prepared to take
advantage of the opportunities of tomorrow.
The issue is not simply one of making
sacrifices for future generations, though
that too may be required., l.ven within the
life of one generation there may occur a
radical change in :'irciumstances, and wjiere
such changes can be anticipated it is the
duty of responsible leadership to prepare

i5 U~7 -.%)~

I i-
^- a43| .*

third in
a series

for them.
One such change in
life of Trinidad and Tob
was our accession to
mal independence. Bene
the somewhat oven
rhetoric of the challe
of independence lie im]
tant realities which we
well to keep in mind.

The juncture of indepen-
dence was an occasion
when we were required to
make a leap lromi the past
into the future. 1 he possi-
bility of our doing so with
any reasonable chance of
success depended on the
steps we had taken before



-That such- a leadersH'ii'p -".
was not available is a fact. ...
-of history. Only when fie --:i
'People's National 'Move- --
ment came onto the scene
in 1955 was the goal of
independence clearly arti-
But by then, for the
British Empire. the writing
was on the wall and the
progress to independence
would be rapid and un-
impeded. And by 1956.
the PNM was faced with
the exigencies of office,
without even the room to
manoeuvre which a more
solidly based party might
have enjoyed.
Interestingly enough.
some of the leading figures.
of the PNM had been on
hand since the 1940's when
universal adult suffrage
was granted. What their
political aspirations were
at the time, we can't be
certain. And what greater
chances of success they
would have had if they
had started to build earlier.
we can only speculate.


Success would not have
been guaranteed, but the
difficulties oft th transition
might certainly have been
morel manageable.
Coming even as late as
it did. it was still the res-
ponsibility and opportunity
of the PNM to gather
together thlie lements of
the movement which, in
fits and starts at first, had
been gathering force since
at least the period In mnedi-"
ately following the First
World waf and to build on
Continued on Page 9






the event.
nearsightedd and insight-
ful political leadership
would have been building
a bridge between where we
were_ and where we wanted
to go.
the Our situation had been
ago one of political deprivation
-for- under Crown Colony gov-
eath ernment. There was little
used in that state of affairs to
nge instill in us either the atti-
por- tudes of responsibility or
do the skills of self-government.
That is to say,-our his-
torical situation allowed
for the development neither
of the trained cadre of
leaders necessary for an
independent state nor of
those internal values
required for independent'
living. Only a few managed
to .salvage their manhood
in such conditions.
When the franchise was
made universal among
adults in the 1940s, to
take a convenient his-
torical point, we would
have been well served by.a
political leadership which,
setting its sights on ind^-
pendence, set about to
create the necessary pre-,
S conditions.

.I. UI .. l-U --.l.~-

___.~___. .... -----PI-_~-___._..__~


ri ii\ 'I :jjhgj

NOW ON his annual trip
of renewal to what he has
called "the navel string
setting", Leroy Clarke will
once again be delivering
himself of the multi-faceted
impressions he gained, part-
icularly in the season of

Describing Leroy Clarke
as a "well-known poet-
artist-philosopher," Afroets
Press, a Diego Martin group
of young writers, has
announced Clarke's partici-
pation in a "Lecture/
Poetry Reading Session" to
be held at the Public
Library on Wed. March 23.
Apart from readings of
his own work and that of
other writers, the program-
me includes a talk by
Clarke on "an untitled
subject that will 'personify
his personal ideological and
philosophical impressions
of recent developments 'in
Trinidad culturally and
socially", according to the
Afroets release.
S After provokifig con-
S tioversy last year with an



TWO sharp-eyed thieves
-thought they were on to a
good thing when they
spotted a fine box resting
unguarded in the open hall-
way of a mosque in Port
Harcourt, Nigeria,
A quick look up and
down the street, and the
two rogues were off with
the box which, from its
weight, seemed certain to
contain something to
reward their enterprise.
They little noted that it
bore the engraved initials
of a well-known Alhaji.
Once in the hideout, the
thieves lost no time in
forcing open the lid.
Out lunged a huge snake,
-fangs at the ready.
-Jumping back in terror,
they escaped the striking
jaws, and, understanding
that something big was
involved here, they strug-
gled to close back the lid,
and decided to return the
With proper air of peni-
tence, the thieves apologised
to the owner, saying they
had mistaken the box for
their own.
The Alhaji smiled' and
thanked the pair, then
calmly stooped to open his
returned box.
The two thieves watched
goggle-eyed as. the holy
man began to check the
Large stacks of naiia
(Nigeria currency notes)

impassioned call for the
banning of Carnival which
he sees as the centre-piece
of a pervasive evil in this
society, Clarke went on
speaking tours around
He appeared at the
opening of the Tapia Port-
of-Spain Centre in March
He spoke at schools, in
Woodford Square, at a
session in the Palaver disco-
lounge, and in the Public
Reading his poems inter-
spersed with commentary,
Clarke vented his rage
against the widespread
signs of "decadence" and
at people's easy accom-
modation to it.
At the Public Library,
Clarke showed slides of his
paintings and talked
specifically about his series
of poems and paintings,
"Douens", then nearing
In most places, Clarke
got relatively big and,
appreciative audiences.
Also in this session will
be dancer Cassandra
Andrewsand a display of
woodcarvings by. Trevor
Skeete. Free -refreshment
will be served.
Tickets at $2 are avail-
able at Sealy's or from.
Afroets members.


with which the box was
filled to the brim.
(Adapted from Port ,Harcourt
Sunday Tide).



.- , .~ o*-. ,B .-

W -
Right: Tantie Dixie, Cynthia Billy-Montague, tries her hand at hoopla.
Below: Michael, her husband, is a hit with the kids

ALL EYES turned, two
Sunday ago at the
Ford's residence in Santa
Flora, when a round of
applause was called for
"Tanty Dixie and Uncle
Smiling broadly as
ever, Michael Billy-
Montague and his wife
Cynthia rose to ack-
nowledge the tribute
paid them for their
central role in the Carni-
val Extravaganza held
by the Area Revitaliza-
tion Movement (ARM)

of St. Patrick East.
The get-together at
which "Tanty Dixie and
Uncle Bill" got their
honours was ARM's
Carnival Extravaganza
Prize Distribution Func--
Collecting more tang-
ible rewards were Ann
Marie Fraser, Sharon
Montano and Kathleen
Gibson, winner and
runners-up in that order
of the "Miss Youth
Group Queen" contest
held on Carnival week-



end. They got trips to
Tobago. '
Even the also-rans in
that contest received
The winners of the
Calypso Monarch con-
test Lady Martha,
Mighty Small Boy and
Singing Anne got
cash prizes.
ARM took the opport-
unity of the function
to commend Kathleen
Celestine, Daulton O'Neil
Andre Belix, Jackie
Koonhow, APearl St.
Louis and Annan Singh.

f ror distinguished perfor-
mance in the running
of the show.
And thanks :to. the : _'
local business pe e'.' -
vho b-,on .bt'
: etc.: Al ,: M n 'd ^
Stores,, Success" .Dnig "-g
Store, Pioneers Cdntrac-
tors Ltd., Alexander
Construction Co. Ltd.,
Ayoung Chee's Hardware
Store, Khan's Straighten-
ing Garage, Santa Flora
Parts Place, Dr. and Mrs.
L. Harrison, Frederick
Jones. Subnaik's Dry
Goods Store and the
Lisa Cinema.





-- -- ----- ------- -----~----"---)

. -1


Rare pan-Caribbean sweep


Lennox Grant

YOU START -by being
suspicious of someone who
spends one year and six
weeks in the Caribbean
and then writes a book
that sells here for $16.95.
Naturally. For the Carib-
bean seems such an easy
number for this kind of
thing. With its short his-
tory and small size, not to
mention its supposed inter-
national unimportance, so
often the region seems so
easy to take in stride.
But then this is no mere
travel writer hustling a
manuscript to a publisher.
The publisher, anyway, is a
Caribbean house.
And the work itself rates
the commendation of as
eminent a West Indian
scholar and-technocrat as
CARICOM Secretary Gene-
ral Alister MoIntyre.
Another name dropped
in her prefatory acknow-
ledgements makes an even
-bigger splash McIntyre's
predecessor, Mr. William
Demas himself.
Ms. Hawkins' 271 pages
-,_. include maps, tables, refer-
.ences, a bibliography, an
extensive index and the
-. :; plentiful .sup y of statis-
--.-i :tics -that':befit the work of
.* an economist d economic
y.- journalist .asT, h e.- describes
It's all in the service of
presenting an "outsider's
,view" of the Caribbean
condition, and of "sharing
with readers both inside
and outside the Caribbean
the knowledge I. had
acquired, often very labori-
ously." -
The perspective is one
of change, and it .probably
takes an outsider to do
justice to it For -in the
Caribbean involvement so
easily proceeds from awate-
Sness that people qualified
to write and "share
knowledge" are often
already committed to some
idea of change that may
well exclude consideration
of others.
The author considers
that her outsider's status
provides her with detach-
ment and perspective in
dealing with the Caribbean
And that is certainly
what makes her book an
admirable attempt. Just as
it makes the book's limita-
tions tiresome.
Its many sections read

bookshops is a 40-page
pamphlet by Lloyd King, a
Trinidadian who teaches
Spanish-Caribbean literature
at the UWI St. Augustine.
H "Alejo Carpentier: His
Euro-Caribbean Vision" is
a critical study of one of
the outstanding novelists oQ
- the Spanish Caribbean area..
C.-- :-' r, born in

like articles in a year book:
they are informative, sum-
mary, generalized and largely
Also,-a fair amount of
the material is, as the
author admits, dated by
time of reading in early
1977, for the writing was
apparently completed in
"the autumn of 1975' .
In a region where most
of us are effectively "out-
siders" too, much of the
information on Caribbean
territories is new; especi-
ally so, in this part of the.
region, is information about
the French, Spanish and
Dutch-speaking territories.
You are impressed by
the statistics which tell
that 1/2 million people, or
15% of the Caribbean
population, emigrated since
Or that more than half
of the natural population
increase in the Common-
wealth Caribbean was eli-

Cuba. in 1904, is best
known for such novels as
El Reino de Este Mundo,
Los Pasos Perdidos and
Ecue Yamba. But his career
includes work as a journal-
ist, bothin newspapers and
radio, in Cuba and in
Lloyd King's theme is
that Carpentier, born of
French and Russian parents,

minated by external immi-
gration in the sixties.
In the normal course
of things, you don't come-
across that kind of picture,
the pan-Caribbean sweep
which can deal with an
issue common to Belize,
Jamaica, Santo, Domingo
and Surinam, all in one
Yet the roping together-
for the purpose of general-
ization can sometimes lack
For example, it seems
fair to ask if the inclusion
of Cuban figures to give a
regional whole doesn't
really distort a valid reality
about the Caribbean.
Which is simply that
Caribbean people on the
whole- and Cubans in part-
icular, have invariably
considered the largest
island, a socialist republic,
as somehow apart from
the rest.
The weakness of Ms.

"expresses some of the
tensions of the sons of the
late 19th century and
early 20th century immi-
grants from Europe to
Latin America and seeks
to reconcile these tensions".
The pamphlet is pub-
lished by the UWI Research
and Publications Fund

Hawkins' work lies in the
absence of a certain kind
of sensitivity to Caribbean
There just isn't much
original insight the fruit.
you would expect, of her
laborious acquisition of
She keeps close to her
sources, reflecting and
endorsing what she imagines
to have been the-best that
was thought and said on
various Caribbean issues.
But that way the author
just regurgitates conven-
tional wisdoms or leans on
the perspectives of a pre-
sumed authoritative source.
See, for example, how
uncritically she accepts
Williams thesis about Vene-
zuelan "recolonisation" of
the Caribbean.
Either lacking one or
reluctant to exercise an
independent judgment, Ms.
Hawkins imbibed and re-
produced a number of
wooden Caribbean cliches
and comnmonplaces.
The Negro enjoys life and
spending money while the
East Indian . tends to
lead a family-bound and
thrifty life so as to give his
numerous children a decent
education. (P. 71).
But then you more or
less suspect that it's from
Williams Demas she gets
this one:
Small countries tend to
have less of everything that
is vital for improving the
lot of their inhabitants -
natural resources, capital.



skills and are thus inevit-
ably' dependent. on out-
siders. (P.. 21)
She is clearly enough
impressed by Eric Williams'
credentials to depend on
,him for her account- of
Cuban and Puerto Rican
development strategies.
Still, it may be just as
well that Ms. Hawkins
does t' too often venture
forth into areas she doesn't
When, for example, she
tries to describe the cur-
rent emphasis on "Carib-
bean identity and culture,"
we get this:
At the moment it is mainly
confined to the young
Negro boys and girls and
some of the older intellectu-
als in the English-speaking
territories who are sporting
Afro hair styles and African
dress, and are trying to
spread the message that.
'black is beautiful'.....
'Doing your own thing' has
become a much-used phrase
in Trinidad and Tobago.
(P. 73)
SWhich, to say the least,
isn't easily rccognisable as
a situation we know in the
English-spea king CaJibbean.
The result is that we
don't think \\e could take
for granted iher accounts of ,
situations in other parts of
the region that \we ilo t
But it is, unfortunately,
the kind of thing \v;iich
suggests that our initial.
skepticism mightn't have
been so misplaced after all..

Critical Carpentier study out

Tle Changing Face of the Caribbean Cedar Press, Barbados Irene Hawkins 271p. $16.95



UWI classes suspended for 2nd time in month. No end
to crisis in sight.
ANR Robinson intends to propose Technical Secretariat
to advise Joint Select Committee on Tobago.
Senator De Souza warns tighter controls to come on
outflows of foreign exchange by corporations.
Stephens to complete sale of 51% to nationals. 1.55m.
"dollar-shares offered at 2.60 each.
Express report estimates combined loss of 24.6m.
by PortAuthority.


Tapia House



is ready for


in addition
to the


l Newspapers

: Magazines


I Brochures





has also


(4) four




Visit or phone us at:

82-84 St. Vincent Street,

22 Cipriani Boulevard



T&TEC and Telco in first 9 months of 1977. Public
Utilities Commission Review gives no details on WASA or on
Deputy Premier Lester Bird: Antigua to take steps to
get Venezuela in CARICOM. Criticises Jamaica and Guyana
for regional restrictions while they moot more trade with
COMECON. Deplores impact of restraints on LDCs and
their planning.
Elections Commission promises speedier voting.

The moon




and Venus in the sky
with the moon
in crescent, a cradle.
I dream of you with drums,
and in the tadjahs of our desires
kiss you as the moons meet
whirl and kiss you again,
this time on the lips,
And you sigh
with your eyes closed.
The daylight sees me remembering
the clash of dreams and desires
echoing urgently in my belly.
I write:
I dreamt of you last night..."
But hide the note
lest it feed the roadside flames
confuse your orbit.
dnd our tentative annual greeting
Later that day Ise a face,
a7pdy that.heats mygrit'
and sets rapping the roll of memories..
and Venus in the sky
with the moon
its companion'
in crescent a cradle."
Maybe one day, you in my arms
will hold this poem from sinking onto paper,
the tadjahs will be spared the sea and the
moon stand still with its star.

TT Garment Manufacturers call for total ban on all
imports from Jamaica and Guyana.
ULF to start Local Govt. election campaign Monday
next New faces reportedly in PNM line-up.

Poetry thriving in West Africa;

COMPARED with their
European counterparts
poets in West Africa are in
a privileged position,
according to' Massa Makan
Diabate of Mali.
The griot, "professional
musician-entertainer, is as
respected a member of
society as the warrior or
the merchant. "He creates a
complete theatre, both
words and music, for his
audience, in which the
common consciousness is
SToday, the poet's role in
Africa is as important as ever,"
Mr. Diabate said. "Poetry is
thriving in Mali.
"In our language, the word
for singing is ranKitt literally,
"call to dance", the most vital
thing life can offer."
Tahar ben Jelloun of Moroc-
co was much less optimistic.
The developing countries, lhe
said, are striving to mobilize
the life forces of the nation,
but no specific role is assigned
,to the poet in this overall
Narrow materialism had
confined African poetry to a
ghetto, he said, calling for
immediate action to rem edy.

this situation.
In particular, he urged sup-
port for the moribund Associa-
tion of African poets, teaching
of poetry teaching of poetry in
schools, meetings between poets
and public poetry readings.
This would help foster an
atmosphere favourable to
creativeness, so that everyone
would come to understand that
poetry has its place in the
battle for economic develop-
ment, which, properly under-
stood, leads to material and
spiritual fulfilment.
Tahar ben Jelloun also spoke
of the isolation of North
African poets forced to express
tnemselves in a language in-
herited from colonialism.
Ihis in itself, he said, is a
betrayal. But, he added, writing
is always a kind of betrayal, in
the sense that the written word
can never be an exact expres-
sion of reality.
The Algerian poet and
novelist Mohanmmed )ib dis-
agreed and emphasized the
special role of the lrencli
language in his country.
Some 20 youirg poets, born

in North

after 1950 and who had grown
up in independent Algeria
continue; to write in French.
The same is true of Black
Unfortunately, the various
groups writing in French today
- in Africa Europe and
America are completely out
of touch with each other.
Mohammed Dib suggested
that an organization be set up
to enable young poets in these
groups to meet and exchange
their views.
For Sophie de Mello. poetry.
"the root of liberty" under the
Salazar regime, remains so in
the new Portugal. She said the
revolution had been a pro-
foundly poetic experience, but
warned against any attempt to
turn poetry into-an instrument
at the service of the State.
Fdouard Ma unick (Mauritius)
described the solitude -of a
writer seeking to interpret to
the world at large the problems
of a small island-State where
coiiiiinities of different races
live side by side without really
con.ll:unicatintg. "I write
poetry." ihe said. "1o tell of my
isl: and I1til v people."



Ag. Principal Richards hopes UWI classes resume
middle next week. Situation still delicate.
TMA plans to zone membership in drive to improve
industrial services.
Nestles receipts of fresh milk drops from 5,000 in
1973 to 3,000 gallons daily in 1976. Cattle production drops
from 5,775 in 1972 to 4,715 in 1975. Milk production per
cow dropped from 1.8 gallons to 1.3 gallons.
Trinidad tyres no worse or better than others _
Bureau test results.
Drag Brothers to be permanently established in Old
Trade Minister Blake assures CARICOM that Jamaica
seeks to maintain its CARICOM imports at the 1976 level
of 136.7 $m (J$52m). Licences up to March 2 stood at
$3.7m. actual imports up to Feb. 22 $5.5m. Trade may be
down in firpt half of year, but pattern to be reversed in
second, though composition may change.
Three freed in Dayclean case. DPP to discontinue
action againstKwayana.
Carter to protect US sugar industry. Commission says
imports a threat 1976 imports 4.6m. tons. Proposal:
Reduced quotas or increase in current tariff of 1.875 US
cents per pound.

Save Our Savannah Committee approaches Govt.
Police discover immigration racket at Telco in Friday
night raid.
Islanders said issued with T&T passports and ID cards.
Source reveals that Govt may send police to UWI.

MON. March 7.
Rep. Murray proposes internal self-government for
Tobago before the Local Govt. elections.
UWI complainants fail to turn up at Professional
Committee hearing.
GEPLACEA exporters agree to seek higher sugar prices
as Havana Conference ends. Minimum price to be 15 cents
per pound. Maximum 50 to 100 higher. New international
sugar agreement recommended with export quotas to be
calculated for the first two or three years and re-negotiated
in the third year.
New calculations to take account of exporters' plans
for developing sugar. Report recommends no sales through'
brokers so as to avoid pnce speculation; steps to be lakento
avoid spread 6f smut disease; Secretariat to exchange informa-
tion; out-of-stock exporters to announce temporary with-
drawal from marketLRevised figures show wdold consump-:-.- -
Liort al 83.5m. tons, production at 84,4m. down from 85.6m. .. t.
Dec. 1976. Average, annual requirements on world nrarket- -:Lc. ''
for 1978-80. estimated at 16-17m. tons. '
.Next meeting Kingston, October. The 22 countries
involved: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil,.Colombia,
Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana,
Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,-Nicaragua, Panama, Peru,
Dominican Republic, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela.
Paraguay Absent
I ^-:



P.O. Box II9, San Fernando Trinidad. West Indies.
Telephones: 65-78051 & 65-78026 Cables: 'Marketers' San Fernando


with the speed and economy of local service
Office & Showrooms situated at 68 Gooding Village, San Fernando.

TRINIDAP and Tobago,
caught up in its prepara-
tions for our own festival
of black arts, probably had
little attention to devote
to FESTAC held in Lagos,
Nigeria in January and
True, this country sent a
large contingent, but their
return coincided with a period
when we're all more inclined
to look forward to the excite-
ments of Carnival than to look
back at the activities of FES-
TAC, their meaning and,
And then the international
news agencies on which the
local media depend almost
entirely for foreign coverage,
rather played down news from
So that it took one month
after the end of FESTAC for
the Sunday Guardian to begin
a series containing the remini-
scences of Pearl Connor-
Mogotsi who went to Lagos
with the Trinidad and Tobago
It will, of course, take
longer for the black world to
assess the value of occasions
like FESTAC.
The principal aims, as.
defined by the Nigeriadr spon-
sors were:

'r q3ov I ivM:1

scholar, called on' African'
scholars to "press their govern-
-ments to negotiate the release -.
of some if not all of the anti-'
quities now adorning European,
SAmerican or even private
museums in Africa", according'
to the Lagos'Daily Star.
Ismail argued that the
return of indigenous African
treasures from the former
colonial masters should have
'been made part of the Inde-
pendence agreements,
The Federal Military Gov-
ernment of Nigeria has already
begun action against smugglers
to ensure that Nigerian anti-
quities remain in the country
where they belong.
But at least one official,
Mallam Fom Bot, the Chief of
Jos, has suggested that more
needs to be done.
Fom Bot reportedly
"implored" both the federal
and the state governments to
.continue their financial support
to the- Jos museum, and
warned against traditional
houses being allowed to go to

on' ta 'the

THE recent theft of Indian
jewellery from the National
'Museum is reminder that
Trinidadand Tobago shares
with other post-colonial
countries the problem of
safeguarding historic
treasures and works of art.
In some countries, the
problem is two-fold: safeguard-
ing those that remain; and
trying to recover those already
taken away.
Nigeria, which like other
African- countries had been
pillaged of its art treasures in
the colonial era, demanded
that Britain give back the 16th
century mask of Benin, now
lodged in the British Museum.
The mask had been chosen
as the symbol of FESTAC:
The British refused, just as
they have refused to return
the Ashanti Gold Mask to
Ghana, and an ancient Indian
temple to India.
Speaking in a colloquium
organised as part of FESTAC,
Mahi Ismail, a Sudanese

Get in the spirit...

and get high on it
THE Nigerian student checking into Murtala Mohanmmed
Airport for a midnight flight back to his school in Paris
looked innocent enough, if a little high on something or other.
A carved elephant he held in his hands caught the
attention of a security officer who asked about it.
"Oh this," he said, patting the highly polished trunk.
"is something I'm taking to show my friends in Paris the spirit
The officer shrugged and began a routine check of the
student's suitcase.
Finding the bag too heavy for the "agbada" dresses in it,
the security officer emptied it of its contents to examine the
Sure enough. it was a false bottom which, when slit
open, revealed 17 kilos of the narcotic. indian hemp.
Unlike the suitcase, the carved elephant, embodying "the
spirit of FESTAC",,was somewhat too light for its size.
Cracked open. the caving was found to be hollow
inside. It too wits packed with itifian hemp.

M I a I ,i Ala n, Adl

Io ensure, the revival, resur-
gence, propagation and promo-
tion of Black and African
Culture and Black and African
Cultural values and civilization;
To present Black and Afri-
can Culture in its highest and
widest conception;
To bring to light the diverse
contribution of Black and Afri-
can peoples to the- universal
currents of thought and arts
to promote Black and African
artists, performers and writers
and facilitate their world
acceptance and their access to
world outlets;
To promote better interna-
tional and interracial under-
standing: to facilitate a
periodic return to origin in
Africa by Black artists, writers
and performers uprooted to
other continents.
To judge from Nigerian
newspapers supplied to TAPIA
by that country's High Com-
mission in Port-of-Spain, the
impact on the host country
was memorable.
Eighteen heads of state
were booked to attend.
Residents of Lagos shared
with visiting black and African
peoples the satisfaction of
seeing a black metropolis being
vigorously built in Africa.
Continued on Page 11



WED. MAR. 9.
Professional Committee at UWI clears Dr. McEvoy of'
allegations of assault, abuse, insult and intimidation made by
Bernard Millette, chief technician in the Department of
Physics and co-worker Satram Gobin. Hearings of eight-
member Comnittee not attended by Millette or Gobin.
Professor Julian Kenny, Acting Head of Physics Dept., and
three lectures attend to support McEvoy's denial of allega-
tion. Committee regrets having to decide on evidence from
one side alone. Recommends no further action against
Industrial Court to deliver judgment in dispute
between UWI and UAWU. Guild Council meeting to discuss
judgment and possible postponement of classes of resump-
tion of academic year.
TMA looking forward to hearing from Jamaica. says
General Manager Will Barker. Then CAIC would send delega-
tion. Meanwhile Chamber preparing documents for delega-
Montserrat Chief Minister Austin Bramble takes issue
, with CDB President Demas on benefits from CARICOM.
Feels that main gains from integration come from protection
of the regional market for regionally produced goods.
Guardian editorial sees worsening of CARICOM posi-
tion. Detects "a distinct mood, coloured by intransigence."
Opposes retaliatory ban by T&T but warns against thinking
that country too rich for CARICOM trade losses not to
matter. Calls for formula to salvage Community.
South Chamber plans TV station.
Saudis and Gulf States make 1.5b available to Afri-
can countries.
Dominica govt places all imports under licence,
irrespective .of origin.
St Lucia to talk to London about independence in
April Industrial Court to report on. UWI dispute Mar. 11.
Meetings of P&GP and Academic Board re-scheduled.
Finance Committee to consider financial implications of
dispute;' Board to decide whether police should protect
students willing to resume classes.


An opening in the hill
reveals the city poised
on edge a candescent lake, alabaster
.-. towers squat

Over level -*
-.: mangrove-swamp.
Tal glass windows aware.
S Refracts the brightest sun, this
glittering oyster pearl
riven by
the translucent blue
light of this world.
But down. We come down
softly with awe.
-"The city! The city!"
we breathe. Descending through
fireflies, fine astral dust
trailing their luminous wings.


Prison of the past

* From Page 4
those foundations.
Such an undertaking
was, and still is, a neces-
sary part of the task of
providing the intellectual
and moral points of
departure for the essay
into nationhood.
But, catapulted into
power as rapidly as it was,
the party never had the
time to develop the self-
confidence necessary to
deal openly with other

elements of the popular
We have already looked
at some of the conse-
quences of that sense of
insecurity.. In failing to
build bridges to the rest of
the popular movement, the
party-rendered itself incap-
able of building a.bridge
to the future.
In fact, in retreating
from its original ideals, it
has helped to imprison us
in the past.

Union Co-ordinator Andalcio favors Labour Minister
Cartey's suggestion for Judicial Committee headed by Hligh
Court Judge to- investigate charges against McEvoy. Union
rejects appointment of Professor Telford Georges as Chairman
of Committee to investigate administration of Physics
Govt. takeover of Caroni Ltd. completed at total cost
of less than $22m. Forres Park negotiations almost complete
for $8m. Caroni Chairman Barsotti announces company's
application for price increase of domestic quota from 21
cents for washed grey and 25 cents per lb. for granulated.
Proposal aims to increase by $20m. to set against rising cost
of $820 per ton in 1976-77, $870 last year, and $654 year
before, and $263 in 1971.
Last price increase in 1974: three cents per pound on
household sugar. Prices Commission rejected 0.18t request in
1975. Caroni expected to lose $45m. on 1977 crop of which
$15m. on home sales; 19.2m. lost in 15 months ending
Sept 1976; $7m. paid in export levy to Govt. Losses due to
(negotiated) price of $460 per ton following revaluation. Low
free price led to 11,000 tons of saleable stock. Rise in cane
needs from 10.5 to 11.0 also a factor in losses.
Guardian Editorial: Dr. Murray out of order in
advocating postponement of Tobago local elections.
Carter lifts American travel ban to Cuba effective
March 18.
PNP wins local govt elections 204 to 65.

FRI. MAR. 11.
UAWU sees most crucial weekend in history of
campus. President Leonard Rigsby and Guild President Keith
Joseph say workers and students not returning unless
demands met Rigsby blames that meeting with Ag. Principal
Richards had brought nofavourable results. -
Lecturer proposes Weekend and Easter classes 'to
make up time.
Memo to Joint Select Committee by DAC Chairman
Robinson proposes self-governing legislature for Tobago with
status no lower than national Parliament; elections for self-
rule urged before local govt elections; technical Secretariat

to sives Joint Select ( omnittncc: to be headed by Dodd.
Alleyne. P.S. to Prnme Minister. Both Tobago members
should be on (Committee.
Irinidad last in world steelband race:Amral Khan.
-alds prophets of pan all over.
Barker: TMA watching CARICOM trade curbs. Situa-
tion causing concern, says Mrs. Carmina Bair4, Chamber
President Amin sees no reason why Queen should be
only Head of Commonwealth.
SAT. MAR. 12.
Industrial Court rules that UAWU went on illegal
strike at UWI. 1)ismisses complaint that University had
locked out on Jan. 28. Union faces maximum fine of
$5,000. Co-ordinator Andalcio says Union will meet over
weekend to decide if to return to work.
Successfully requests of V.C. Preston that Union put
case to meeting of F&GP in Port-of-Spain today. Guardian
Editorial: let classes resume.
Economist St. Cyr urges that force be avoided. One
angry student claims that majority want back no classes by
(armed) force if necessary.'
House of Reps. picks six for Joint Committee:
Speaker Thomasos, Kamaluddin Mohammed, George
Chambers, Overand Padniore, Raffique Shah, ANR Robinson.
DAC Chairman complains of serious imbalance in composition.
Express Editorial: Robinson's Memo re-opens doubt
that he disguises secession under self-rule.
Panday in House on Rent Control Bill: Freeze all rents
and bring every property in T&T under control; create State
agency to import and distribute basic commodities and
eliminate the middle-man or profiteer.
Nanan: Govt. creating construction kings.
Winston Murray: investigate police receipt of 3,000
yards of cloth from British firm.
Chamber statement fears that CARICOM 6urbs are
part of political shift to leftist ideology. Express concern
over Dominica licensing.
Dominica will not have independence referendum,
declares Finance Minister Vic. Riviere.

- I-


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Emergency of CARICOM


SFrom Page 3'
redeployment of depleted
foreign balances amongst
surviving claims.
The Chamber of Com-
merce -might. therefore
want to consider that this
brand of radical economic
policy could become neces-
sary in any CARICOM
country tomorrow, includ-
ing Trinidad and Tobago
where economic mis-
management has reached
its '.most palpable propor-
tions and alrfiost every
sector's output is lagging.
The name of the game
is survival not so much of
the countryas of-theregimes
7 :'; ;thatregard them as private
estates. -
And if tomorrow it
became necessary to
Sehmirace Black Power,

announce economic inde-
pendence, establish a
People's Sector, nationalise,
localise, divest, bring back
multi-national corporations,
as the case may be, what-
ever the radical prescription,
the governments would, in
emergency, willingly do it.
In fact that is how the
economic community came
to be mooted in the
earliest days after the
Following on the historic
abdication of responsibility
by Manley and Bustamante,
Ellis Clarke had invented
the new mathematics of
one from ten leaves nought
and sold it to his pardner.
Sparrow, then speaking
the gut instincts''of the
people, warned that

I find we should all be
Not separated as we are
Bee-cause of Jah-may-ka.

Tell the Doctor you not in
Doh behave like a blasted
How the devilyou mean you
eh federating
No More.
In time we embarked on
CARIFTA and arrived at
CARICOM. The. constant
ingredient in all emergency
measures is the total
absence of vision and there-
fore of plan and'therefore
Sof practicality.

The blueprints for
regional integration, like all
emergency blueprints, have
invariably been based on
theoretical in o d e s,
abstracted from past
Being the products of
emergency situations, they
have been mistaken for
practical solutions.

Why for example, have
we always talked about
unitary states, federations
and confederations? These
are not practicalcategories;
they are summary categories
invented by the historians
subsequent to action, and,
in a curious kind of way,
they provide no guide to
actual opei'atibns.
Those who created the
United Kingdom or Switzer-
land had no models in
their minds. Bismarck had

none, nor did Cavour or
Garibaldi, nor the lEmperors
of Ghana. Practical men
took practical steps, that's
You cannot approach
economic integration with
such pre-conceived notions
as preferential areas, free
trade areas, common mar-
kets and economic com-
mu cities.
These categories have
come out of a particular
experience and any attempt
to work with them, even
cautiously, is inevitably a
cause of needless confusion
and waste.
COM, we have got an
elaborate infrastructure of
agreements and institutions,
a vast discussion of possible
gains from integration, and
of different measures of
SWe have taken over this
mischievous, notion of
LDCs and MDCs and huge
resources are being devoted
to keeping a regional com-
munity together.
The crisis of the moment
is that quite inevitable
adjustments to present-
economic conditions could
swiftly negate the result of
so much.effprt.
What this prospect des-
cribes is the lack of
practical subs.taice in the. -
'integration movement -
Why need we have
embarked on .CARIFTA
before' irimpll meeting a

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food-plan or even the
Agricultural Marketing Pro-
In Barbados a mango or
an orange often costs
more than it does in
London or New York.
In Tunapuna, there are
literally thousands of
mangoes on the ground.
Now why have we not-
Sstarted with the fruit trade
to the tourist centres in
Antigua and Barbados?
Specific, concrete, soluble,
you might think, with
BWIA and LIAT flying
every day.
Before we got into
CARICOM, with all the
complications about rules
of origin, about correct
conditions for the imposi-
tion of licensing and other
restrictions on intra-
community trade, why did
we not simply decide to
manufacture that single
Caribbean car, to- which
Brewster and Thomas
Why have we not jointly
designed and built housing
drawing on materials found
all over the Caribbean? "
Why is the Caribbean
Examinations Council not
'functioning, after all these
many years?
-'Why have we not pooled-
diplomatic' resources.at the
UN, in Addis, in Brussels
'in exchange for colossal..
political and frinaiagi "
Sgains?-. : .- -
-Why s
become the, airline, ofLthe ..T
region? ;
The stopk answer-igthat' .'
such an approach is'ideol-;
ogical, sentimental, imprac-
tical. The practical thing is
to follow the international
fashion, show that we are', :
educated to the. universal
trends, acknowledge that
schemes of international
integration are in vogue in
Europe, in Africa, in Latin
America, in Central -
America .....
Well, schemes of iffte-
gration have been effect-
ively collapsing in Latin
.America, in Africa, 'and
the Caribbean will go the
way of all flesh.
Enduring integration will
come. But it will come only
when we abandon the
mindless opportunism of
emergency and face the
practical- fundamentals.
The balance of payments
problems are simply the
outward manifestation of
idle productive potential
at home.
The moment we nake a
plan to activate these
potentials, that is to say,
the enterprise, the discipline
the application of the
population, we will perceive
the value of the wider
Caribbean collaboration.
We should look, then, to.
expand the'scope for col-
laboration rather than lead.
to restrictions on intra-
regional exchange.
We are still much too
caught up with merchandis-
ing. We assemble and we
sell -- refrigerators, cars,
chicken, pork, Ideologies,
political strategies and ideas.
The crisis will end only ,
when we shift to home.



I" Ir I I

I I _

t "


And so the whirligig of time
brings in its revenges.. .

TRINIDAD'S cricketers
will get a chance to settle
the score with last year's
victors Barbados. Both
teams have once more
earned the right to meet in
the final on March 26th at
the Queen's Park Oval.
But Barbados, too,.have
a score to settle with their
arch-rivals; for but a month
and a half ago, they were
riding high on the crest of
their victories over Jamaica
and Guyana when they ran
aground on a Trinidadian
reef, still short of their
Shell Shield destination.
This, plus the traditional
rivalry that makes any
contest between these two
.a thing apart, ensures that
the Gillette Cup final will
be a tense, thrilling battle.


This time Trinidad will
have the advantage of
playing at home and it is a
good bet that the Bajans
will be hard pressed to
repeat last year's victory.
For Trinidad, the path
to the final was rather
more difficult in their
match against the Wind-
ward Islands.
-Back to full strength-
S with the availability of
S both, Julien and Barthol-
- omew, "Trinidad g:ot -the
added fillip 'they needed
With the early fall of the
stubborn -Lockhart Sebas-
tien when the score was at.
Threaftgr, the Islanders
found the going quite
rough and they could never
manage to score as freely
as they might.have hoped.
Before -long they were
unsteadily placed at 116
'for 5 and soon 124 for 7.
Then 'despite brilliant
fielding, Sheldon Gomes'-
run out of Norbert Phillip
(33) and Richard Gabriel's
catches to dismiss Irving
Shillingford (27) and
Thorpe (12) were super-
lative efforts Grayson
Shillingford (27) -managed
to take his team to a decent
179 before, the end of the
innings after almost 48


In terms of wickets,
Dudnath Ramkissoon's 10-
1-53-4 make him the most
successful bowler but
SJumadeen's 10-2-21-1
accurately reflects how
well he bowled at the same
time that it confirms the
suspicions that he is much
more at home when re-
quired merely to keep the
- run rate down.
Until he increases his
penetration albeit
increased since last year -
he cannot really be con-
sidered to have earned a
place on the Test Team a
,la Lance Gibbs.
Julien's 9-0-25-2 was no
better than tidy and if he'
hopes to win back his place
before the end of the series,
he has a lot of homework
to do.



After a shaky 30 for 3
off 13 overs in 45 mins,
the Trinidad reply recovered
to 161 for 4 when Larry
Gomes (70), a model of
consistency after his early
failures in Jamaica, was
In the interim, he and
Theo Cuffy (63 n.o.)
added 130 in about even
time with a liberal smatter-
ing of boundaries.


Cuffy's knock earned
him the $200 prize as
:'Man of the Match:' At
Gomes'dismissal, Cuffy and
Julien (14) saw- Trinidad
to .victory after 43 overs.
Without in any way
detracting' froin the per-
-formance of the-batsmen,
"it is fair to say that the
lack of depth in bowling
reserves made things rather
easier for Trinidad., After
Shillingford (G) (10-3-18-

Our own

* From Page 8
Preparations for FESTAC
included the building-of a new
national theatre in the capital
of Nigeria and the building of
a festival village.
A concerted attempt was
apparently made to solve
Lagos' traffic problems so that
the many visitors; both partici-
pants and tourists, could get
Interest was stimulated with-
in Nigeria in preserving, propa-
gating and fostering the develop-
ment of African arts and
In Nigeria, which shares
with many post-colonial coun-
tries like our own problems of
identity and foreign cultural
penetration, artists were en-
couraged to seek to develop
their own forms and to
demand the merited recogni-
tion, in their own country, for
their efforts.
At least one juju musician
called loudly for more air time
to be given to their traditional
Will the same thing happen
here, now that Carnival has
come and gone and the taste
for foreign music has immedi-
ately reasserted itself?
Or does it mean we will have
to hold Our own FESTAC in
the hope of making social and
cultural gains from what would
be a massive financial invest-
ment? (LG)




1) and N.Phillip (9-1-19-1)
there was really nothing to
call on.
Over in Bridgetown, in a
mini-dress rehearsal for the
Shell Shield final in April.
Barbados carved out a sur-
prisingly easy victory over
the pther half of the
Combined Islands tandem.
West Indies hopeful Jim
Allen continued to per-
Sform well as with Vivian
Richards (31) he took the
score to 85 before the
third wicket fell.
Then Joel Garner, as
seems now to be his habit,
caught one- of the later
batsmen and bowled four
to finish with 9-2-3-20-5
out of the Leeward Islands'
total of 185 off 49.2 overs.
Garner has bowled.

1I i '

1 '
I .. i I



3 meet


batted and fielded very
well throughout this season
and with proper handling
it is not too much to hope
for him to develop into a
genuine allrounder one of
these days.
Collis King, in the squad
for the one da'y interna-
tional in Guyana, en-
couraged with figures of
10-1-33-2 but Vanburn
Holder, hoping, one feels,
to win back a Test place,
had unimpressive figures
of 10-0-50-0.
Greenidge, after his
.unconvincing- half-century
in the 2nd Test, lost his
wicket (and, presumably,
a chunk of hisconfide nce!)
immediately the Bajan
reply began.
But for the rest of Andy


Roberts' 6-over spell he
got no other scalps though
he yielded only 10 runs.
Desmond Haynes (57)
again showed good form
with the bat as did the
consistent David Murray
(66) and King (58) as
Barbados sailed to 187 for
2 off 42 overs.
-The West Indian selec-
tors will no doubt have
noted that Richards'
wicketless 9 overs cost 46
runs, the differences be-
tween the one day and the
five day games notwith-
Ajodha Persaud and Sew
Shivnarine must therefore
have come under close
scrutiny in the( Pakistai/l
Guyana encounter-- at
Bourda. (E.B.)


col IeCtil





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The weather

this time?

NO West Indian cricket
fan (and even fewer Pakis-
tanis) has forgotten. Iftwas
S in the Third Test Down ':
Under that the mighty
..' 'Australians were felled by
re' ,ese; ame'cricke trs now'
.'prep .g to picl'" them-
S selves .back up after their
S six-wicket defeat by the
SWest Indies in Port-of-
SSpain earlier this month.
The panic button having ,'
been pushed, Moshin Khan,
22, was unexpectedly sum-
moned from home to
replenish batting reserves,
fallen low through injury
and continuing lack of
Now all of a sudden
things have begun to come
right. Mudassar Nazar, who
had looked -a mediocre
player in the Trinidad
game (as, indeed, did two
or three others!), scored a
classy 137.


With Wasim Raja fast
establishing himself as the
bane of West Indian
bowlers, again getting
among the runs, Pakistan
were all out on the after-
noon of the opening day
of the game vs Guyana for
There was something
satisfying about the per-
formance though neither
the now-fit-enough-to-play
Zaheer (4) nor the out-of-
form Mushtaq (4) Javed
(6) had come good.
When they fielded, only
Fredericks (82) had any
answer for the recovered
(re-instated?) Sarfraz who
wrought havoc with the
Guyanese batting. _
The only scalps not
under his belt were those
of Bacchus and Cameron
as he ended with 25-2-83-
8 in the Guyanese reply of
On the debit side, Skip-
per Mushtaq's detractors
got more support for their

call that he stand down ala
Denness when his 11 overs
yielded no wickets at ai
cost of 40 runs.
But by close of play on
the second day, Colonel
ShUja-Ud-Din's smile must
have widened. Zaheer (95)
enhanced his ample reputa-
tion with a masterful 65
n.o.; scored about twice as
quickly as Mudassar's 50
n. o.
When play resumed he
added 30 in similarly
impressive fashion but the
score went from 146 for 1
to 189 for 5 as Mushtaq
(07) again and Raja (01)
for once failed.
It was at this point that
the tourist,. had their
biggest lift of the tour. The
long-in-the-wilderness Javed
and Haroon, who's had a
run of low scores at -/f-3,
came together in a partner-
ship that steadied the
tottering innings.
Going from strength to
strength, they savaged the
Guyanese attack for
boundary after boundary;
and when Javed (85) fell,
bowled by Shivnarine at
348, Haroon (101) was
approaching his century.
Sarfraz chipped in with
42 and Mushtaq's declara-
tion at 424 for 8 left
SGuyana the unenviable task
of getting 497 in 405 mins.
in the fourth innings.
But the match, exciting

throughput, was still very
much alive.
Before stumps, Fred-
ericks ducked into Sar-
fraz bouncer and was
forced' to.retIre.
Nightwatchman Ajodha
SPersaud fresh from a'
century in the. domestic'
~competition, scored a re-
portedly competent.41, and
Fredericks, recovered, 'got
At 141 for 2,,the game
seemed headed for a tame
draw" but Sarfraz struck
again. The Guyanese middle
order succumbed easily and
with Bacchus (17), Kalli-
charan (6) and Skinner (0)
all come and gone the
board was showing 196 for


Baichan, how ev e r,
defended dourly while
Lloyd, reckless of disaster,
once again opted to fight
fire with fire and thumped
his way to a "brilliant"
126 n.o.
S His partnership with
Baichan was worth 162
runs in 130 mins with
Lloyd's contribution being
115! At the close, Guyana
had earned an honourable
draw with 412 for 7.
One can, therefore,
justifiably expect the Pakis-
tani Selection Committee
-to cut and chop at the XI
that lost in Port-of-Spain.
Both Zaheer and Javed
seem likely to play so that
it should be no surprise if
either Mushtaq or his
deputy Asif sit out this
one especially after flaroon's
Neither has really earned
his place on the team so
far except by virtue of his
office. Only if Sadiq
continues Iunfit and llaroon
or less likely Zalher is
asked to partner Majid
ahead of Mudassar can
both of them continue inl
the team.
It is also possible that,
with Javed in. both Intik-

hab and Qasim will be
considered redundant and
so places will be found for
all the batsmen with Imran.
Sarfraz, Saleem and Ban
making up the XI.
Messrs. Carew, Solomon
and Holt, in contra5st,.re:.
unlikely to -be d'oir'gl .t6oQ.
much with the* 'team:ia' or
Friday. i A-:' l-'
-Friday. Lihnsn A.i. rias
predictabJy, not been
invited on to Guyana.
Added to the victorious
Second Test XI for Wed-
nesday's Guinness Interna-
tional one-day fixture are
Julien, the bowler who can
bat and King, the batsman
who can bowl.
Useful as these two may
be for the one-day game,
they are unlikely to be
included for the Test
though the selectors, must
be- concerned about the
continuing failure and lack
of form of both Kallicharan
and Greenidge.
They have not, however,
so far invited either First
Test reject Foster or Jim
Allen or Larry Gomes who
continue to show good
form, in case Kallicharan
should fail again on Wed-

nesday. Nor have they
invited an opener !to
replace Greenidge if he
fails again though there is?
of course, Baichar . .. iv
It, therefore, -looks' as^^
.'though, we it';,,gi

nann n mus
have come ,.under 'cr.se-nd
scrutiny last weekend, did-'-
enough to oust Jfumad.een
though, in the 2nd innings
in particular, ,they. botj!-
bowled well.
' Having learnt our lesson-
in Barbados, we will not
be misled into omitting a
spinner by the, success, of
the quicker bowlers on the
Bourda track.
It looks suspiciously as
though, even without the
u s u al meteorological
alarums, this Test will go
the way of,so many other
Bourda Tests. One finds
oneself waiting rather to
hear what new villain -
the umpiring in Bridgetown,
the wicket in Port-of-Spain
Mushtaq will find to fire
salvos at this time. The
weather, perhaps?

Fountainhead St Andrews

dents, returning last,
Saturday afternoon
from Maracas where
they had gone to beat
the heat and get a
much-needed b a t lh.
couldn't believe their
eyes when they passed
the St. Andrews golf
There, on the immacu-
late rolling greens, were
swivel-spray sprinklers


the grass to the
precious corn-
in the country

today, w-a-t-e-r.
When, last week,
TAPIA called the St
Andrew's club to find
out where they were.
getting water from, the
directory number 62-
26269. turned out to be
that of a private resi-

Council on local govt polls
TI-IF COUNCIL of Representatives meeting on Sunday
March 20 will decide whether Tapia will contest the forth-
coming local government elections.
Tapia Secretary Lloyd Best disclosed this earlier this
week, pointing out he had told the national press -the
Council's decision would be released on Moindav.
The Council meeting, starting at 10 a.m.. will be held
at the Port-of-Spain Centrei Cipriani Boulevarde.

S... r,2 25241


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