SUNDAY APRIL 3, 1977
Vol. 7 No. 14
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO. LTD.,91 TUNAPUNA RD., TUNAPUNA TEL: 662-5126 AND 22 CIPRIANI BVD. P.O.S. 52-25241.
LAYNE WRITING CRICKET OPERA
s ONE MAN sure to be watching "It could be something like an Indies cricket in the light of West
Sthe Fou- th Test closely this week- opera, or simply one recording or a Indian attempts at unity. "It's a
end is musician-songwriter number of songs dedicated to important kind of theory in itself for West Indies
Lancelot Layne. aspects of West Indies cricket. But I politics. Cricket is a big reflection of
t nlie t an Laye know it's going to turn out to be the politics."
will be aiming to talk with the important," says Layne. Admitting that he regards West
West Indian cricketers when they It won't, however, be just another Indian cricketers as "fellow artistes in a
leave the field and go to their tribute to West Indies cricketers or to sense", Layne is anxious to bhve
leave the field and go to their individual players after the fashion of "person to person" talks with the
dressing rooms and hotels. Sparrow's "Sir Garfield Sobers" or Shor players, and to "feel out personalities"
For Lance Layne is gathering Shirt's song on Vivian Richards. He wants to learn precisely how a West
material for the bringing into reality of
his latest creative idea to do a "That's too overworked," says Indian cricketer feels out there in the
"musical production" about West Layne. "What I have in mind surpasses centre while everybody beyond the
SIndies cricket. the feeling of one individual. It sees boundary is going crazy about the game.
As yet the man who coined the West Indian cricket as a nationalistic How does Lance himself feel
term "neo-calypso" and has been a kind of thing. I expect it will be a about. the game?
X leading figure in that movement can't boost to West Indian cricketing morale, "Me? It does turn mih whole life,
tell what his cricket production will though I don't actually intend that it man. Whenever West Indies cricket
\ -turn out to be. Nor does he have a name should come out like that." going on, it does take me over com-
for it. Lance Layne says he sees West pletely. I does change." (L.G.)
'* C,1 ~-
AS preparations continued
for contesting the April
25 local government elec-
tions, the Tapia campaign
was last week gearing to
concentrate its efforts on
winning seats in the Port-
of-Spain City Council.
Favouring this approach
at its meeting last Sunday,
the Tapia Council of Re-
presentatives selected a
short list of candidates to
fight in the city constitu-
"The thrust is towards
Lloyd Best explained. "Our
aim is to revive the politi-
cal tradition of the City
Council as a flagship of
nationalist sentinent," he
The Tapia candidates
are to be announced soon,
but it was made clear at
the Council meeting that
the Movement would not
contest in-all 12 Port-of-
The Council has.
appointed a six-man cam-
paign committee of Allan
Harris, Lloyd Best, Michael
Tony Harris, Clive John,
Clive Graham and Frank
The Campaign Com-
mittee will consider field-
ing candidates in other
parts of the country, but
the emphasis will remain
on the Port-of-Spain City
for May 22
THE TAPIA Annual
General Assembly will
reconvene on Sunday,
May 22 at a venue yet to
This was decided by
the Council of Represent-
atives meeting last Sunday
at the Port-of-Spain Centre.
A motion to the effect,
moved by Robert Maxwell,
was carried by the house.
Maxwell's motion fol-
lowed an earlier, defeated,
motion moved by Dennis
Pantin for the calling of
the Assembly on April 17
and May 22.
Sunday agreed 'on a cam-
The campaign com-
mittee, which will admin-
ister this budget, is also
responsible for the
productionof the manifesto.
Already it .has been
decided to produce candi-
date brochures and to run
a poster campaign in the
... same khaki ppnts ...
Oscar-winning screenwriter Chayef.tsk. .. will censors delete nis
may not get to see the
United Artists film "Net-
work" for his part in
which British actor the
late Peter Finch won the
first ever posthumous
Academy Award last week,
Showing of the film, a
satire on the US television
industry, which has been
in Trinidad for the last
month has been held up
through what has been
called "problems with the
The first panel of censors
to view "Network" banned it
The local agents for United
Artists appealed the ban
and got the film to be
watched again by the whole
Board of Censors.
The Board then asked the
distributors to have "obscene
language" removed from the
So that if and when "Net-
work" is shown at local
cinemas, it will be with several,
blank spots in the screenplay
of Paddy Chayefsky who also
won an Oscar for his script.
According to# local film
industry sources, United
Artists "might get it through if
they could have the obscenity
removed without damaging the
dialogue in a major way."
Another option would be to
obtain a specially edited print
said to be available in the US,
but. about which nobody
knows how faithful it is to the
But in any case that specially
edited version would have to
go through the censoring pro-
cess here once again.
Wide Range of
Books, Statio ery,
TALKS AT TAYLOR'S
LLOYD TAYLOR's residence at Second Caledonia, is
the venue of a San Juan Constituency Party Meeting
on Tuesday, April 5.
The-meeting begins at 7 p.m., and the agenda
mciuaes the work associated with the April 25 Local
PAGE 2 TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 3, 1977
WHEN students and workers began to trickle back onto the
St. A ugustine campus of the University of the West Indies
after the recent closure, they were greeted by a banner
slung across the front fence which, in crude lettering,
directed them "To the madhouse". More and more in the
society at large is thbre the sense of living in a gigantic
It is a normal human need to seek order and coherence in our
environment. In Trinidad and Tobago today, the only available
principle for organizing our experience so often seems to be "every
man for himself, and may the devil take the hindmost". Such would
appear to be the ultimate consequence of the continuing fragmenta-
tion of our society and our failure to develop ties that bind.
In the face of aggressive sectionalism and individualism many
sensitive people simply opt out. Others seek meaning and solace in
religion or in drugs, or,increasingly it would seem, make the com-
plete break of establishing their own schizophrenic worldsof order.
We might say that not enough attention is paid to the social
principle. Or that there is a dimension of relatedness which is
lacking. Were it not so old-fashioned we might even say that what
our world needs now is love.
bome people wou1U no
doubt dismiss such manifesta-
tions as isolated instances of
individual maladjustment. For
hard-headed people, the absenFe
of quantification is, oyly-
another indication that the
problem may not really exist.
What does it mean to say
that anxiety is assuming epi-
demic proportions? How do
you measure anxiety?
How, for that matter, do
you measure the growing
anarchism in our politics, in
public administration, in the
utilities, in the way we drive
on the roads?
The point is that in assess-
ing the state of our society
we cannot afford to introduce
as evidence only those things
which can be measured by the
conventional tools we use. We
have to make judgments about -
other things, even at the risk
of being imprecise.
; ... The danger:is one, of.
S idiosyncracy and bias. Thatfis:--
r.- .- I
our efforts to exercise and
maintain our cherished indivi-
dual independence we take
little note of that obvious fact
of life. The consequence is the
anarchy and disorder we see
around us, and the continuing
risk is that someone will have
to play God if we are. to
It is not enough to ack-
nowledge the claims of the
collectivity on us. We need also
to be able to determine what
those claims legitimately are.
And again no one person is in a
position to say,
all the partial and particular
points of view. Gifted leaders
might anticipate or distill the
collective wisdom. But people
must always speak up for
The claim is being made that
in our diverse and fragmented
society, lacking in direction and
Allan Harris tom by incessant conflict, 0OD
what is missing is the element
concludes his of politics. Power exists, and
Examination has always existed.
of the state of It is power which has held
the nation today. together a society of diverse We have seen that such sion of enquiry into subversive
and warring fragments. Power mutual acceptance does not activities, in its concordat with
vhy many points of view need imposed from outside and come automatically in racially the church, in the ISA and in
to be brought together. That above us, god-like. Indepen- and culturally divided societies its unrestrained wooing of
is why we need politics, since dence, by itself, has not such as ours. The attempt to foreign capital to cope and
we are none of us God. changed-the picture. To tame create it is one of the highest assume the burden of economic
We would resent anyone ,power, and tb keep it in .our responsibilities of national transformation.
who tried to impose his or her hands, we need politics. leadership.
views of the direction Trinidad Quite apart from acknow- It is the effort to create out
and Tobago should take. Or lodging the demands of the -of whatever sharA-experiences BORROWED
of the direction we ourselves collectivity, we need also to and common values mightexist
should take. We claim to be recognize the diverse opinions among a diverse people, a set .
jealous about our individual and interests of the men and of ideals and aspirations which The failure to develop a
independence, women who make up the transcends, at the same time body of shared values more
Yet as long as we live collectivity. It is not only that that it contains, the diverse elevated than a narrow chau -
together -n society, in one other people have needs but 'points of view. .A national ,, ism has led-als- to,.m
.world, there is'an inescapable that other- people may have.,, ideology, as',t,
neid for collabJortion. Be qt .te d'squite-difefent froeou. F mor-I
:-'-, .... tion, more
else, that the PI l .erly aban-. One other significant con- -
doned its claim sI adership. sequence of that failure- has
'- RESTRAINT 't found itself i pableof been the shameless borrowing
R S- assuming the ,.nge'? -*o of ideologies from abroad by
S*- creartng an aa'equate and different elements of the
It means that we can't make appropriate framework of population.
Sour s pointof viewed prul liable from the Without socialism not only fail to do
unless first we have persuaded g
other people to change their, proper moorings e party, justice to the empirical realities
othr pole to can geers andby extension, the nation of Trinidad and Tobago, but
f the real ue ofpoics s th have floundered. they are also ideologies which
of the really[ ~both calls for and engenders, ...............
currents in the Caribbean Sea
with fresh commentary every
p, i [, f
S L" -II il r
Trinidad & Tobago
EE.C. (incl. U.K.)
TT $25.00 per year
Stg. -L14. 00
Surface rates and rates for
other countries on request
Tapia 82-U4 St VincentSt., Tunapuna, & 22 Cipriani Bvd.
P.O.S. Trinidad & Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126 & 62-25241.
restraint and moderation.
Politics can exist only where
men and women agree not to
pursue their goals by any
But such agreement can be
obtained only where there is
an underlying assumption of
the good faith of all con-
cerned. There must be mutual
acceptance and trust.
For the party it has been a
long saga of endless zig-zagging
with retreats on such major
goals as Federation, economic
planning, political education
and the'spirit of. andung. It
has meant the iat from
politics to the ruths exercise
of power in the interests of its
The failure-of the PNM to
build a genuinely popular and
progressive moveml t and to
elaborate a programme on the
basis of an authentic national
ideology is the direct.cause of
its regression into the hands of
the very vested interests against
which it had originally taken
up the cudgels.
Its fall from grace was
evident early in the commis-
* -. I
COMPANY LIMITED. -
lI anuJ'actur:'rs .epresentatiivcs
And general l Isurance Agents ,
A'< ( re oesiot; Rd. Sca Lots
exaceroare me very condiaons
which 'are the sources of our
There is no guarantee that
we shall ever come to share an
ideology which transcends our
narrow sectional and individual
interests. But if we fail to do
so then there will be nothing
to guarantee the continued
existence of those interests.
Either we shall ruin our-
selves in internecine feuding, or,
more likely, order and uni-
formity will be imposed on us
by power, not necessarily
homegrown. The affluence and
material comforts some of us
currently enjoy should not
blind us to the alternatives.
The only other choice con-
Ssistent with our individuality
and diversity is the pragmatic
one of politics. To be free and
equal, we must also be respons-
l'hone o0'-54 '
ETl'1 I U
SUNDAY APRIL, 1977 TAPIA PAGE 3
ON MY OWN SCENE ... Lloyd Best
In the House today-Govt and
WE ARE still in the sha-
dow of the general elections
of 1976. In the local
elections of April 25 we
will no doubt get the same
There is no other choice.
Always the pendulum
must swing completely to
It is not :o long ago that
change was given its
chance, in the late 1960s
and early 1970s. And I
am satisfied that we did
achieve a real-advance.
Certainly we managed
to see that Crown Colony
Government had survived
and was still entrenched
in our own political age.
We reached impulsively
out .from the old sectional
identities towards, some
concept of a Trinidadian
and Tobagonian as a
sovereign individual" and
.not just a face in another,
.Above al), wee; found
;." "-isdffiientdaring to'attermpt
a real re'-evaluation"of self,.
however still confused.
What we have not yet
come near to doing is to
endow the new national
movement with economic
and constitutional arrange-
ments equal to the
demands of freedom and
Economic and constitu-
tional changes have to be
ushered in by an appropri-
ate political movement.
A free people need
more than the embryo of a
professional and perma-
nent party; they need
servicing every day;
machinery to look after
the environment, the hard-
ware, the utilities; the
material things and the
things of the spirit.
'The paradox of our
position in 1976 and 1977
is that political representa-
tion is still today being
offered to us in the form
of a little bribe to poverty-
stricken workers or in
the form of a sugary
'special-works sop to black
people who are taken to
be devoid of any head for
business, dispossessed of
profit incomes and there-
fore easy ky for a share
in the civil-service rip-off.
The whole political
thrust assumes a gullible
mob, a mindless herd, a
manipulable mass, easy to
bemuse with a little acting,
a little entertainment, a
little picong by those who
are said to understand the
So much so that 'in
1976, the biggest political
0 y possession of the public
purse is nine points of the
]The great danger among
strategists were saying: us at this moment, in the
"Look man, is a case of wake of the September
eat, drink and be merry; elections, is that, in our
thes poor z ers w ld narcissistic.self-love, we kid
these poor zuggers would
ourselves that the vast
be satisfied with rum and ourselves t the vast
we intend to give them multitude of the voters
we intend to gve th really fell for all this
It ,wnq n rtr.ifrht
I a a s 3LIr~&Ia case.t
The electioneering ex-
pressly invited the voters
to practise no discrimina-
tion between principles or
policies or parties; to notice
not the slightest difference
in the references and
potentials of candidates or
parties. Just go and vote
for the jackass, because
We notice that the mas-
querade of the politics of
class has produced exactly
the traditional alignments
which the politics of race
has habitually been pro-
ducing-for as long as any--
-one can remember.
We look and .we .say,
boy, you can't do anything
A Personal Productive L.:,an;
A Personal checking accounts,
A Bankable business loans
A Business checking accouir.
A Savings Account, from $1
A Fixed Deposits from $100
A Chaconia Accumulator Plan
a type of "Sou-Sou" from
$40 per month
,A Travellers Cheques
A6 Export Financing
A Letters of Credit
with this country. Some
even say that it is totally
impossible to attempt any
kind of breakaway. If you
can't beat it, join it.
Or if' you do not join it,
then the only way is by
the route of upheaval and
Well, it is true that we
voted in a block, that we.
reverted to being a mere
statistic, afraid to take the
risk of being caught out on
It is true. But 1 refuse
to see there any ground
for pessimism, any ground
for withdrawal, any ground
for escape or for embracing
the illusion that only
"revolution" is the answer.
SYou might succeed in
making rebellion, you
might be able to launch
revolt, but you are not
going to make any revolu-
tion unless you create the
identical resources that a
To create those elusive
resources, more self-
knowledge is needed:; more
insight, more understand-
ing yet. We cannot be
satisfied in bQlieving that,
out of sheer irresponsibil-
ity, the voters last Sept-
ember went and confirmed
an appointment after two
full decades of incompe-
It is one-thing for our
people to see how degraded
we are, how exploited,
how much we are dissipate-,
SContinued on Page 10
Bank National Commercial Bank
of Trinidad & Tobago
We Bank with the
Your Interest-In mind.
Ah Personal Financial Advice
, ABusiness Finance Advice
A All other commercial banking
T T n H b P
N.C.B. of T _, T, 60 Independence Square: latll Building: Hidgewood iaza. Anrms Cor. High 6 Penitence Sts.,San Femando.
... -.- "
PAGE 4 TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 3, 1977
!N THIS PART of the world
where such episodes as the civil
rights crusade, the elimination
of the Black Panther parry,
the Kent University killings
and the 1968 Chicago Dem-
ocratic convention have made
such deep impressions on our
minds, people must be con-
fused by the new championship
of "human rights' 'by the
Jimmy Carter administration.
Where did this "human
rights" thing come from? Andr
indeed, what do its new
defenders stand to gain from
promoting it abroad often in
those very countries where
dictatorships are still supported
by American, political, dip-
lomatic, economic and military
Raising these Questions,
Latin America journal looks
at why it is possible and
necessary for theJimmy Carter
bunch to support human rights.
US PRESIDENT Carter's
human rights crusade res-
ponds to various pressures
First, there is the need to
counteract the widespread dis-
content among- the people of
the United States with the
politics of Richard Nixon and
Watergate. With his folksy
populism and highly moral
concerns, Carter- has created
an image which at least chal-
Secondly, the human rights
lobby (with the active support
of the churches) is better
organised and informed than
Thirdly, the civil rights and
anti-war- organizers of the
1960s are now arriving in
Washington with a political
constituency behind them.
The presence of Andrew
Young and Brady Tyson at the
<@ ;9,' t:
LU L uL~5. j
United Nations, Pat Derian
(another civil rights veteran) at
the State Department as co-
ordinator for Human Rights
and Humanitarian Affairs, and
Sam Brown (an anti-Vietnam
war organiser) at the head of
ACTION (which groups both
the Peace Corps and the
domestic volunteer corps,
VISTA) is an expression of
From above, there is a very
acute awareness that the lack
of a national consensus for
Washington's foreign policy
has, since the Vietnam war,
severely limited the govern-
ment's political manoeuvr-
The Carter administration's
concern for human rights,, so
it is hoped, would re-legitimise
United States foreign policy
and thus facilitate the needed
global settlement. It would also
be offered as a concrete con-
cession to third world political
Cartel cut military aid to
southern cone dictators but
denounced the violation of
human rights more vehemently
in the case of Cuba than in
that of Chile. He received
Bukovsky but no exile from a
right-wing- dictatorship. Sud-
denly, the human rights issue
is emerging as a major obstacle
to a new Panama Canal treaty,
with right-wing congressmen
(such as Senator Strom Thur-
mond) just discovering- their
deep concern for peasant and
union leaders in Panama.
The game everyone seems
-to be playing is to grab some
Sof the action.
.This situation is upsetting
State Department officials,
VAN DOE KAA,
: .. -
'- *.i ?- -**-
; r.-' ^.ys^ i
who do not feel in control of
the new process and who have
complained that cutting aid
(as in the cases of Argentina
and Uruguay) actually reduces
Undoubtedly, the outrage of
_ ssdsb,.. I
"DIE F'[ jL 3SPAAD
is ready for
Visit or phone us at.
82-84 St. Vincent Street
22 Cpriani Boulevard
MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY
APPLICATION FOR WORK PERMIT
The Ministry of National Security wishes to draw to the attention
of the public the fact that under the provisions of Section 10 of the
Immigration Regulations 1974, (Government Notice No. 178 of
1974), made under the Immigration Act. No. 41 of 1969 it is an
offence for any person other than a citizen or resident of Trinidad and
Tobago to be employed in Trinidad and Tobago for gain or not unless
he/she is in possession of a valid work permit.
Any employer who wishes to obtain a work permit for such a
person should therefore apply to the Permanent Secretary in the
Ministry of National Security on the appropriate form, a copy of which
is set out as Form No. 3 in the First Schedule to the Regulati6ns
referred to in -paragraph I above. These forms are available at the Sales
Section of the Government Printery, Tragarete Road. In all cases, the
form must be properly and fully completed, including relevant advert-
isemcnts etc., and in particular documentary proof of the qualifications
of the prospective employee must also be forwarded with the applica-
Any application form received which has not been properly
completed in every detail will not be considered.
MR. I:EAN NUNEZ
Ministry of National Security.
right-wing governments in the
southern cone to the aid cuts
creates difficult situations for
the United States foreign ser-
This right-wing hostility has
now extended to Central
America, with rumours in
Nicaragua that the United
States could abandon Somoza,
and the new President of El
Salvador declaring that he would
be opposed to any foreign
intervention in domestic affairs
(a clear reference to the recent
Washington hearings on elec-
toral fraud in El Salvador).
These governments, which
for years have been propped
up by the United States,.have
every reason to be nervous and
to demand explanations from
In Central America, it can-
not easily be forgotten that
the CIA was involved in the
assassination of General Trujillo.
In Brazil, where the military
state apparatus is quite strong
and the government is now
contesting the United States'
right to undermine its plans
to develop a full nuclear cycle,
right-wing nationalism takes far
more serious dimensions, and
must certainly be keeping the
hands, of United States embassy
I 'I~C- 111~1 III _I-~--
SUNDAY APRIL 3. 1977 TAPIA PAGE 5
THE ECONOMIC crisis which
has been ravaging the Western
world since 1973 has caused
veritable anguish among the
immigrant workers in the
industrialized countries of
The immigrants, like the
natives of the country, soon
began to feel the effects of
inflation on their pocketbooks.
Then "stagflation" appeared,
that is, inflation was accom-
panied by a stagnation of
production and eventually the
partial or total closing of
companies and unemployment.
Each day saw a decline in
the purchasing power of work-
Foreign workers have been
called "the slaves of the 20th
Century" because of the sub-
human living conditions they
are obliged to accept.
The governments the indus-
trialized countries of Western
Europe have taken drastic
- On November 23, 1973, the
West German Government sus-
pended the recruitment of
foreign workers "to avoid
Denmark, which had prohi-
bited immigration in 1970,
introduced a quota system in
the spring of 1973, and later
suspended immigration in Nov-
ember of the same year.
France decided to tempo-,
rarily suspend immigrant labour
on July 3, 1974.
In Norway, awaiting parlia-
mentary discussion of a law
importing labour, immigrant
workers were prohibited from
entering the country.
Sweden has also refused to
take in more workers.
According to statistics from
the System of Permanent
Observation of Migrations of
the Economic Organization for
Trade and Development, the
number of immigrant workers
in capitalist Europe declined
. always been predominant in. -"
planning. Serving society's present
transportation requirements as well as anticipating
future needs, continue to be Nissan's primary
objective in Trinidad and Tobago as well as the world
Nissan has created Datsun cars, Pick-ups
Vans and other Commercial vehicles for virtually
every person and every purpose. Each unit is
a perfected variation of a single theme: harm,..,
between man and his driving vehicle. ... -
It is for reason like these that Neal Massy
feels proud to be closely associated with, and to be the
sole distributor for Nissan products in Trinidad
NSSA NEAL MASSY T
"-. Port.of-Spain. Curepe. San Fernando. Tobago Services
?"~~.. .,,i. : . : . :.. . .:
from over 23 million, to
7,800,000 by 1974.
SHowever, the suspension of
the -importation of foreign
labour, only created new pro-
The small percentage of
immigrant labourers who had
acquired some professional
skill in industry were fired
before their native counterparts,
and had to return to their
But the return of the immi-
grants, in general, did not take
place on a mass scale, but
gradually as the work contracts
The immense majority of
-foreign workers are found in'
jobs which the natives refuse.
As general unemployment
grew, the native workers are
constantly being fired, -while-
the foreigners remain in their.
"menial" jobs with relative&
stability for as long as Their
This situation, for which
foreign workers are not res-
ponsible, has given the most-
reactionary and chauvinistic
forces in those countries an-
opportunity to unleash a hate
campaign against the immi-
And when the- foreigners
return to their country, the
jobs they held are not filled
because the natives prefer to go
on unemployment insurance.
So while unemployment
increases, certain indispensable
services and jobs have been
abandoned with great harm to
the economy and the normal
life of the population.
At the safte time, although
the return of the immigrants
has not taken place on a mass
scale, in Turkey, Spain, Portugal,
Italy and other countries
exporting manpower, the very
difficult economic situation is
They no longer can open up
the escape valve represented
by the departure of thousands
of surplus workers every year
To the contrary, these work
ers are now returning as thei
work contracts run out.
In addition, the depleted
national treasuries are nc.
longer bein tluea' oy ti:rif"
foreign exchange that the ".
immigrant workers used to send '
back home to their families.
The economic crisis which
has been convulsing the capital-
ist world, since 1973 has
revealed that in regard to the
"slaves of the 20th century,
the situation can have no
satisfactory solution without
a genuine transformation of the
world they live in.
Immigration workers demonstrating in Paris against the exclusion of
their labor leaders from housing distribution.
SAT. MAR. 19.
cabinet agrees Local Govt. Bodies should have more
powers including direct control of Chief Executive Officers.
Kamal promises amendment of law to House while reporting
on work of Committee to consider role of local govt.
SUN. MAR. 20.
Express tipped by informed sources that former
Senator and Union Secretary Carl Tull may go Brazil as
Express Editorial finds extension of local govt. powers.
grudging, but step in right direction.
P.O.S. Mayor Shivaprasad discusses problems of City
Council in Sunday Guardian interview. Confesses incapacity
to get co-operation "either of those who live in the city or
the transient population..."
Magistracy source claims that large numbers of bailors
and bailed contrive to renegue on responsibilities with
Jamaica Govt. to acquire 90% of Barclays shares,
Seaga's JLP recommends 5-member Commission to
initiate electoral reforms.
MON. MAR. 21.
Tassa and DJ music at ULF La Brea Rally. Panday
announces that party will contest all country and municipal
seats. "We recognize limited powers of the County Councils
... elections will not solve the ftldamental problems of the
people." George Weekes: local govt. elections are grass roots
elections; the only way the country could make meaningful
progress was by "decentralization of governmental authorities
and placing powers in the hands of the local government
Minister Chambers told House on Friday 18 that CGovt.
reviewing guaranteed prices agricultural produce. Prices
provided for 23 commodities including pigeon peas, corn,
rice, certain vegetables ana beans, also pigs Dougna num
farmers. Subsidy to milk, citrus, copra.
T&T must produce its own priests, urges Arbti op
Pantin at San Fernando Mass.
Congress Party heading'for defeat in India elections
Mrs. Gandhi and son Sanjay both beaten.
4 F ... . . .. .
PAGE 6 TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 3,1977
anII a r
Since Jamaica, Guyana, and Dominica have adopted
emergency rules of trade, the Caribbean Economic
Community has been placed under unusual stress. The
,balance of payments adjustments have come at a
I time when ideological and political divergences in the
region had already generated fears over the future of
the regional movement.
Doubtless, we are moving now towards a full-
scale debate of the Federation question; and not for
the first time, Repeatedly after Emancipation in the
19th century, during the depression of the 1930's,,
and again as our islands approached self-government
after World War II, West Indian integration became a
burning public question.
Following on the celebrated Dominica Confer-
ence of 1932, which assembled such figures as
Cipriani and Yarryshow, H.M. Mentor described the
demand for closer union as a "universal cry In "My
View of Federation", he analysed the forces then
driving West Indians together. For the current genera-
tion of "federalists", we reprint his statement from
SThe Royalian, Volume 1, No.2 of December 1932.
^,': ;. . '..
i PUBLIC interest in the West Indies is at the
-e-. se- ptnt moment dentred chiefly in the
approaching arrival: of the Commission
appointed by the Secretary of State for the
Colonies to report on the feasibility of effect-
ing a closer union of the Leeward and Wind-
ward Islands with Trinidad. The convocation
of the Conference of West Indian Unofficials
and the-results of its deliberations show that
the inhabitants of the Lesser Antilles feel that
it is time that a new chapter in the history of
their political evolution should be written.
Now this universal cry, this emphatic demand
that the old order, politically speaking,
should change and give place to a new is a
most significant development of the time, and
I propose in this article to analyse some of the
forces which have contributed to bringing
about the present state of affairs, and also to
give my personal views of the lines along which
I should like to see the future constitutional
development of these islands take place.
Having regard to the limited space at my
disposal, I must premise, however, that only a
bare outline of the subject can be given.
Talk about Federation is not new. The
matter has been periodically discussed for the
past century. But there is this difference
between past and present discussions on this
subject. In the past, the attitude of the in-
habitants of the various islands was uncom-
promisingly and apparently irreconcilably
opposed to any federated scheme. If I am not
mistaken, the mooting of the question in a
serious form in Barbados on one occasion led
S to riots in the streets of Bridgetown. It was
either some retired administrator, some econ-
omist, or some theorist who advocated federa-
tion in the old days. To-day it is not so, how-
ever. And I cannot emphasize this too much.
The demand for a Federated West Indies is a
demand that emanates from the West Indian
masses. Its present-day champions are not
Gideon Murray or Dr. Meikle or men like the
Master of Elibank. They are the editors of
nearly every newspaper in the West Indies,
they are the elementary school teachers of
these islands, they are above all men like
Captain Cipriani and Mr. Marryshow who
express the aspirations of the politically-
awakened W.I. masses. It is, I emphasise, the
people themselves who feel that they have
reached a stage in their political development
when any passive continuance of submission
to the status quo would be an abdication of
I 1 their self-respect.
Now, what are the forces that have con-
tributed to this condition- of affairs? I do
not expect every reader of this article to agree
with my diagnoses, but nevertheless I present
them for what they are worth. I will mention
first the migration of West Indians to U.S.A.
and the effect of contact with the Afro-Ameri-
can. When the West Indian arrives in the
States and strives to take his bearings, he
immediately realises that a new orientation of
view is demanded of him. In the West Indies
where he is in the majority and where his
services are so indispensable in every walk of
life, the discrimination to which he is subjected
is so subtle and so slight in comparison with
what obtains in U.S.A. that he does not feel
it so much. ,More than that, he regards it as
class prejudice and nothing more. Having lost
his language', traditions, and former religious
: beliefs' in the psychological metamorphosis
w which began with the slave trade, he is in the
West Indies, in a chrysalis state which does
not make him feel his essential difference
from the local ruling class. Not so in U.S.A.,
however. There he observes three things. In the
first place, the vast majority of the people in
* that great Republic object to his competing
with American labour not because he is a
foreigner, but because he is a man of colour.
He soon learns that other men of colour like
East Indians and Mongolians are also violently
discriminated against, and that the chief reason
why he is not prohibited from entry to U.S.A.
is because of a decree of Congress passed at
the time of the abolition of slavery in U.S.A.
Sin which out of deference to the-manumitted
who Were the descendants of Africans, it was
enacted that people of the same race should
not be prevented from having ingress to .the
U.S.A.-The West Indian in U.S.A. realizes that
the sense of brotherhood which he in his
native land, the West Indies, shows towards
strangers will be denied him in practically
every foreign country to which he may go.
The second thing which the West Indian
in U.S.A. observes is that around fifteen
millions of the inhabitants of that country
are people who, like himself, are Ethiopians
in exile but who differ from him in that'The
broad term Afro-American includes the
coloured American of Georgia as well as the
coloured New Englander, the inhabitants of
the "Black Belt" in Alabama and the denizens
of Harlem. Mere geographical divisions do not
put them into different compartments, nation-
ally ^speaking. The West Indian contrasts this
with his own attitude in the West Indies where
one finds curiously enough a new people at
every island one touches. And not only a new
people, but a new complex. I nearly wrote a
The West Indian, as I say, observes in the
U.S.A. that people there have no time to
bother about labelling him according, to th6
island from which he has come. Nor can
Americans know, because the average West.
Indian whether from Barbados or Dominica
or Trinidad is a person of either pure African
blood or mixed African and European blood
in varying degrees, from the octoroon who
can "pass as white" to the dark-skinned
negroid who looks pure-blooded. And all such:
people in U.S.A. being known by one name, it
is natural for the" American to describe all
West Indians of the same type similarly as-
West Indians or West Indian negroes. But the
West Indian also realises in the States that he
must make a virtue of necessity'. He is. not::.
only discriminated against by -the white .
American, but as he is Usually more.amrl'itio.us:
and frugal than the Afro-American (and I mist-'
say -than. himself when he is in the West
Indies)' his presence in U.S Av is resented by
the American Negro." His numbers are so
small, the struggle for existence so keen, that'
all. e thinks of is not the perpetuation of
insular prejudices, the stupidity of which
comes home to him in a foreign land, but the
survival of the fittest in his ranks.
could not be collected in Grenada. Mr. Marry-
show sailed across to U.S.A. and as a result of
his appeal to fellow West Indians in the States
sufficient money was obtained, and the delega-
tion is now at the time of writing in Great
Britain. Let it not be forgotten either that
America's own recollection of her struggle for
independence causes her to give an asylum to
fugitive patriots, and to welcome visits from
leaders of national movements. When Kossuth,.
the celebrated Hungarian patriot, visited U.S.A.
during the last. century he was accorded a
reception worthy of a prince. And so it is even
to-day. Men professing the principles of Sun
Yat Sen of China and Gandhi of India are
always touring "U.S.A.; their speeches are
reported favourably in the American Press;
their movements blazoned forth to the four
corners of the Great Republic; and on the
while they are treated not as rebels but as
budding George \. ashingtons and Thomas
Jeffersons. These things influence West Indians
domiciled in the States, and they in their
-Visits to the W.I. and general intercourse with
West Indians in the homeland transmit some
of this influence.
But another important influence usually
lost sight of is the American University. The
young man who having won an island scholar-
ship from Barbados or Trinidad or British
Guiana proceeds to Oxford or Cambridge is a
distinct type from the West Indian student
who gains his degree at City College, New
York or Fisk University. This is very impor-
tant. The Oxford graduate seems unable to
think himself obligated to lead popular causes
or to think of the class from which he has
sprung as distinct from other-sections of the
community. If even he shows any interest, in
politics, he thinks in terms of Liberal and
Conservative, he draws his inspiration from
Chamberlain and Asquith and Curzon. In
other words, he thinks as an individual, not as
a member of ;a national group. Not so the
product of an American University, especially
of a coloured university like Howard or
Atlanta. His political.heroes are not Disraeli
and Gladstone, but Frederick Douglas, Booker
S' Washington, Pickens, Du Bois. Take for
instance some of. those race magazines that
sprang up in USA; aithe close of the war and
which for a time enjoyed a large circulation
in Trinidad. Many of them were edited by
West Indians. One of the most violent of
them "The I essenger" was edited by a
One of the most vocal of the champions
of closer West Indian union is undoubtedly
Mr. T. Albert Marryshow of Grenada. I do
not know him personally. I have never even
seen him. But I have read his writings and his
speeches. He is not a writer of any literary
distinction, though there is a certain vigour in
his style. He is a curious compound of idealist
and practical politician. But the part he is
playing in moulding West Indian thought can-
not be exaggerated. He is a most persistent
and irrepressible agitator. He secured a modi-
fied form of representative government for
Grenada before it was obtained in Trinidad,
and he is at the time of writing a member of
a delegation to the Colonial Office, whose
object is to secure self-government for the
West Indies. Not it is impossible to read an
article or a speech of Mr. Marryshow's in
which he embodies his political ideals without
seeing plainly the influence of Afro-American
political thought. Not De Tocqueville, not
Burke constitutes his mental diet but Du
Bois' "The Souls of Black Folk" and other
similar works. Mr. Marryshow, I am sure, has
no time for Thomas Hardy and Robert Bridges;
but he no doubt feasts upon John Greenleaf
Johnson and Claude McKay.
What has just been said above refers
chiefly to intellectuals, but there is another
influences working directly upon the minds
of certain sections of the masses in Trinidad
that I do not remember ever having-seen
mentioned. It is the "East Indian National
Congress, not of Couva, but of Delhi. Many
an illiterate, East Indian labourer who knows
nothing of Mr. Teelucksingh or the Trinidad
East Indian: National Congress knows about
Patel and Motilal Nehru and Laj Pat .ai and,
abov, all, of Gandhi. The relationship between
East Indian and Afro-West Indian labourers
SUNDAY APRIL 3, 1977 TAPIA PAGE 7
is intimate and extremely friendly. For obvi-
ous reasons, no colour prejudice can exist
between them. That more miscegenation is
not going on among them than at present is
not due to prejudice but to differences of
religion. The Indian is either an Hindu or a
Mohammedan, while the Afro-West Indian is
Christian. So on the ground of religion never
the twain can meet. But discounting the extent
to which religion keeps them apart, they take
each other into the very arcana of each other's
social life. The Afro-West Indian is invited to
the East Indian's dinners and wedding feasts
and Hosein celebration, the East Indian in
return patronizes the Afro-West Indian's
Carnival. Ability to speak Hindi is so common
among certain classes of Afro-West Indian
labourers that many speak it with greater
fluency and precision than some East Indians
themselves. Now many Indians who have not
been Europeanised have a sort of purely
Continued on Page 8
People want to know why Jamaica run
A way from the Federation (repeat)
Jamaica have a right to speak she mind
That is my opinion
And-ifyou believe in Democracy
You 'II agree with me.
But if they know they didn't want
And if they know they didn't want
to unite as one
,Indepehdence was at their door, why '
didn't they speak before
This is no time to say you ain't
Federating no more.
When they didn't get the Capital site
That nearly cause big fight
When Sir Grantley Adams took up his post
That even make things worse'
"We don't want no Bajan Premier
Trinidad can't be capital for here" .
Sothe grumbling went on and on
,' To a big Referendum.
S:: SPARROW 1962
A DUTY- FEE PARADISE
Still Cameras Movie Cameras
Radio & Cassette Recorders Binoculars
Watches (Ladies & Gents) French Perfumes
Also Full selection of Unique
Souvenirs Handicraft Novelties
/ Enjoy Shopping at the
& GIFT SHOP
Corner Abercromby Street & Independence Square Soutlt.
Port of Spain. Pnone: 51707
J i 'I
1 III "* IF
PAGE 8 TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 3, 1977
A SCHEME FOR WHEN OUR
TRINIDAD and Tobago is rich
in conventional energy derived
from our oil and natural gas.
So tar from having had to
worry over the recent energy
crisis, we are fortunate to have
been among the beneficiaries-of
the sudden escalation in the
prices of petroleum.
Many other countries have
been hard hit and almost all of
our CARICOM partners have
been thrown into a state of
economic emergency, forced
to scrutinise possible sources
of home-made energy supply.
Eor most Caribbean coun-
tries nuclear power is too
expensive an option and even
hydro-electric power has proven
to be elusive in water rich-
It seems that we must turn
to a technology which would
draw on altogether unconven-
tional power sources. This is
what has been happening in Sri
Lanka,\ located on the other
side of the world but m many
ways. positioned-like a Carib-
OIL BUBBLE BURSTS
A UNESCO journal reports
a project in Southern Sri Lanka
where the sun's rays, the wind,
and bio-gas produced by the
fermentation of manure will
simultaneously be used to
The power is to be fed into
common storage batteries and
used to meet the needs of a
village called Pattiyapola.
A rural energy centre has
been set up in the village under
the joint auspices of the Sri
Lanka Government and the
United Nations Environment
Programme. Similar centres are
planned for Africa and Latin
It is hoped that these pilot
projects will help towards the
development of renewable
energy sources to supply the
needs of remote communities
for lighting, drinking water and
pumped water for irrigation.
The great value of the Sri
Lanka project is that the energy
sources in no way pollute the
environment. Windmill genera-
tors, solar collectors and a bio-
gas generator constitute the
The project must be a great
encouragement to the research-
ers at the University of the
west Indies, St. Augustine. In
1973 Tapia reported on work
towards the greater harnessing
of the Caribbean's solar energy
: From Page 7
Indian education given them at home, and.
-.- receive regularly newspapers from India pub-
S listed in Hindi and Nationalist in character.
And their conversations, whether directly to
--- black labourers or in their hearing, have the
effect of injecting nationalist feeling into
them. On observing the strength which national,
.-.cohesion gives the East Indian,Black labourers ,.
-' ask- ,themselves, why should they not do the
Same? This is so much the case that although
f Captain Cipriani, who must be regarded as.the
accredited leader of the black masses in
Trinidad, neither talks race nor countenances.
-it, nevertheless, to a considerable number of
Sthe black working-classes of the Colony, the
Trinidad Workingmen's -Association is their
counterpart of the East Indian National
Congress. At the present time Captain Cipriani
S in bad odour with the East Indians, yet the
-relations between Afro-West Indians and East
Indians are still as cordial as ever.
The Great War of 19.14-18 has also
played- its part in moulding the forces that
are making for an -United West Indies. The
Great War did not merely expose the hollow-
ness and the-weakness of Western civilisation.
It did more. The doctrines of self-determina-
tion and the rights of small peoples were
eagerly seized by Zaghlul Pasha of Egypt
(and many West Indian soldiers were quartered
in Egypt) and other coloured leaders and in a
vague sort of a way reached the West Indies.
Many of the soldiers who went to the front
received a shock .that was as surprising as it
was painful to them. They left with the feeling
that they were English soldiers and they
wanted to fight as black Englishmen against
those dastardly Huns. Not only were they
discriminated against, but that although they
realized that intellectually they were far
above the average private in most of the
Allied armies. More than this. They met in
France with a few American Negro Regiments
and France's Senegalese troops. And naturally
they made comparisons. They came to the
conclusion that the Teutons were bad mixers
and the Latins good mixers, and that no mattel
what they might think, they were regarded as
distinct from and inferior to Australians,
-Canadians, and New Zealanders. Those who
see in the present movement for a federated
West Indies only discontent with the present
order of things engendered by the hard times
have not studied the matter very closely
Anyway the imniediate occasion for the
display of West Indian national feeling has
been the severity of the depression and the
handling of the Dominica situation by the
Dominica Administration and the Armitage
Smith Commission. When Luther nailed his
famous theses on the cathedral at Wittenberg
he did not, as is sometimes erroneously
stated, start the Reformation. But forces which
had been coming into being up to the time
started to exert themselves. It was like the
resultant of scattered forces converging atand
acting through the centre of gravity.
Finally, the part that the newspaper
Press of the West Indies is playing must not
be overlooked. Here in Trinidad we have two
organs- so decidedly individualistic ih tone as
the "Port-of-Spain- Gazette' and "The Daily
Mirror" unequivocally supporting the move-
ment. The "Trinidad Guardian" is studiously
silent on the question, and is 'either like the
Laodiceans of the Apocalypse blowing
neither hot nor cold or, like Chimene in-
Corneille's LeCid, torn between two loyalties.
-In British Guiana, Grenada, St. Lucia, nay
in all the islands of the Lesser Antilles, the
popular Press is decidedly and fervently Pro-
Federation in tone. Jamaica, though not-
affected, is warmly sympathetic towards the
Having examined the forces which have
led to the fervent demand for a West Indian
Parliament, I shall point out why in fairness
to the peoples of these parts the Home Gov-
ernment should make liberal concessions to
their demands. It is an elementary human
right that all peoplesare entitled to decide the
form of government under which they would
like to live.As the last Lambeth Conference.
quite rightly pointed out, the only justificar
tion that any Christian power can plead for
its rule over any subject people is its making
their highest interest its constant care, and it
certainly is not promoting the highest interest
of West Indians to deny them constitutional
rights to which they can fairly lay claim. The
difficulties which stand in the way of Home
Rule for India do not exist in the West Indies.
Here we have a common religion, a common
language, common national ideals,'a common
system of education, and the vast majority of
the inhabitants have a common racial identity.
We are actually better in this respect than
that model Federation, Switzerland, with its
three distinct nationalities.
Sir Valentine Chriol in his well-known
work on India states cogently that the main
objection that Conservative "die-hards" have
to the grant of self-government to India is that
democratic institutions are a purely Western
growth, developed in a Weste-n atmosphere
and thriving in a Western soil, and totally
unsuited to East Indians with their oriental
customs and complexes. Many Liberals have
no objection to allowing Indians to rule them-
selves, but they questionwhethler a machinery
of government that works smoothly in the
West would do in the East. The argument has
a certain force. It is noticeable that in those
parts of Africa like Nigeria and the Gold Coast
where what may be called the Lugard system
_of indirect rule obtains,the plan is to rule the
natives through their Chiefs. According to
strict Western practice, that is not democracy
but absolutism,but' it is limited self-govern-
ment in the African sense.
Now it is easy to see that objections
which hold good when applied to India or
Africa lose their force when applied to the
West Indies. In these islands the inhabitants
have lost their native traditions, and are unlike.
any othernon-European peoples of the Britishl
Colonial Empire. They have been in close-
collaboration for well-nigh four centuries with
Europeans, their ideas of govemment 'are
derived from European models, their
tion is so English that its greaestdefedoW .t
it is too- Erglish. -Con6equenitly: fWie.st ',
Indian-is not. like the East Indian- politician .
who acquires his ideas of democracy as part
of a foreign culture.
Now,what- about the form of govern- .
ment which should be given these islands?; I
am decidedly opposed to any immediate
grant of self-government or to any stupid
boycotting of the Federation Commission.
People who see nb good in Crown Colony rule
fail to realise that the present agitation is itself
a tribute to that rule, as the fact that West :
Indians have progressed so far that they refuse
the political nursing bottle and want strong
drink-suitable for men redounds to the credit
of the system of Government under which
they have attained man's stature. But it must
never be forgotten that law and order are far
better administered in Trinidad than in many
of the Republics of the world,.and that ideas of
religious tolerance and freedom of speech
which have been learnt under Crown Colony
rule might have come to be accepted in
.Trinidad, had it been independent only after
incidents as bloody and as sad-as those
recorded in the pages of many a modern
I confess that I do not like the term
Federation. It conveys the idea of a League
of different states bound together by some
treaty which can be renounced by one or
more of the parties. I do not contemplate
any system of government which emphasizes
the distinctness of the various islands. In the
respect, a lesson can be learned from America's
troubles over States rights (such as the ques-
tions of nullification and secession) and their
influence in bringing about the Civil War. I
prefer to think of a process of fusion of the
inhabitants of the various islands and the
contemplation of Grenada, etc., purely in
terms of geography.
This question of constitution-making will
certainly form a tough problem for the
Federation Commission. That the Conference
of unofficial held at Dominica has outlined
what may be regarded as the skeleton of a
Constitution is all to the good. But there are
many important provisions of a West Indian
Constitution that few of the constitution-
makers have given consideration to. Anyway,
I have already transgressed the limits of space
kindly allotted me by. the Editor and in a-
subsequent issue I may continue the subject
-with specific reference to this aspect of it.- .
.S '" -
SUNDAY APRIL 3, 1977 TAPIA PAGE 9
NW I 4MIf4JIVJV1:Y
TUE. MAR. 22.
Dr. Romesh Mootoo: that DLP will contest local
elections. Guardian reports Sunday decision by Tapia Council
to contest and to decide on strategy on Sunday next.
PRO Bob Henry reports that UWI back to normal;
cafeteria and library open, good turnout to classes; no
decision yet on exam postponement.
Minister Padmore visits North Oropouche Water
Project and raises issue of rates in relation to "phenomenal"
capital cost of winning water. Potable water "the largest
single government investment,"Consumet charges "will now
have to form part of the public debate. ."
Minister anticipates water improvement very soon,
fears that shortage of construction materials might delay
projects, urges consumers to conserve in the dry season. WASA
discloses that Navet contains 245 days water, Hollis 82 days,
Hillsborough, Tobago, 100 days.
Rep. Shah calls cane crop a disaster at press confer-
ence. Union may call on Govt. for compensation for pro-
jected loss of $8m. to farmers due to 30% unreaped canes,
malicious fires, factory breakdowns, Caroni Ltd. mismanage-
ment. Calls for investigation into sugar companies. Only
281,148 tons of farmers catvr reaped in the 10 weeks of
crop, 33.6% of total. Panday claims a breakdown in industrial
relations at Caroni affecting farmers and workers but "we
do not feel that a strike is tne right thing at this time but
we do not rule it out."
-Minister Mahabir says Govt. considering licensing of
oil drilling contractors on terms to ensure safety and welfare.
of workers. TICFA's Girwar calls on Govt. to intervene in
burnt canes problem.
Letter to the Guardian: Why do W. Indians in UK
- support cricket team?
STrinidad and Venezuela to undertake two joint ven-
tures discloses George Armoogam of TT and Venezuela
Guardian publishes text of API release from Minister
Blake on meeting with CAIC in Kingston. Jamaica High
Commission in POS to issue 2-monthly coffimuniques.
Limitation of Ja. trade to $600m.. still to leave CARICOM
trade at 1976 level Licences for 1st half 1977 at $52m. half
last year's trade.
Congress Party ousted by Janata Opposition Alliance
which wins 272 seats out of 542 declared; 90 undeclared.
Guardian Editorial: End of an. Era in India. '
Venezuela-Trinidad fishing,talks resume 4-day confer-.
ence at Hilton, P.O.S. Morales Paul and Lennox Ballah, team
leaders. Last meeting late 1975 when agreement'reached on
all major points. Main issue outstanding is specification of
nets :for shrimping. -
. WED. MAR..23.
: : Postnien's Union submit proposals to CPO for return
to 24-hr. operations by 87 postmen now on three-shift system
from 5 a.m. to 11 p.m. Chaotic pile up at London Street
storage; 2,000 bags. 38 0 level grads. still'working. Business
complains of-slower delivery.
Senators Richardson, Dofialdson, Holder, Ojah-
Maharaj, Pierre and Hoxne placedOn Local Govt. Committee.
Opposition fails to get De la Bastide in for Holder.
Caroni applies to Prices Commission for 17c. per
pound increased on household washed gray, 20c. on granu-
lated; 19c. for wash industrial, 23c. for refined industrial; 18
for packets of granulated. This would up prices from 21
for household wash, 25 for granulated, and 30 for packets;
Industrial from$17.70. and 20.30 per 100 lb bag for wash
and refined resp. Panday supports increase once workers
benefit; Girwar in favour too.
CPO Cupid discloses that a Personnel Division is to be
established in every dept. addresses Course at Chaguaramas.
S. F'do Borough seeks land to extend or rebuild
Carnegie Free Library, established in 1919 with -$11,840
grant. Current membership 16,006 and 10,621 children.
Current circulation 3,601 and 4851 resp. Current book-stock
37,784 and 55,520 resp. Reference section contains 3203
volumes; W. Indian reference, 3656.
Guardian Editorial: "The Central Government should
deliberately set out to grant greater amounts of money to
the local government bodies" .... Lists expanded responsibil-
ties where councils "show good sense."
Board of Inland Revenue files for $11.3m. back taxes
from Port Contractors for period May 1975 to December
UWI constable pulls gun on students putting up Drama
Cocoa prospects revised owing to drought and weaken-
ing world prices. Forecast of output for 1977 now only 7m.
Ibs, less than hoped. 1976, 4.1m. lowest for 30 years; 1946,
6m; 1975, 11m; 1974, 8m; 1973, 7m; 1972, 10m. Large
Brazil crop of between 2.1 to 3m. bags of 132 lbs threatens
to depress price.
Congress Party wins only 142 out of 500 seats; virtu-
ally wiped out in all major states including Uttar Pradesh, the
largest where Opposition won all declared seats. Party drops
more than 200 out of 355 in last Parliament. Picture very
similar in Bihar, W. Bengal, Punjab, Haryan'ai Rajasthan,
Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi and Orissa.
THURS. MAR. 24.
Governing party budgets $46,000 for local elections, ,
of which $500 from each of 36 constituencies.
UAWU fined $1500.by Industrial Court for illegal
Tobago businessmen claim up to 25% drop in trade
owing to shipping, lack of Govt. projects, uncertainty since
closure of Ministry. Margins on controlled commodities too
low; return on 180 lb. bag of rice sold at 31c. per lb for
55.80 is only 4.11 on 51.69. Costs force loss of $12.36 per
GM Warner promises that Standards Bureau will become
effective; urges quality control. Dr. Lines appointed head of
CARICOM Standards Council.
Save-Savannah Committee sets up Action Bodies
including one to win unified Savannah Authority.
S. F'do Arts Council clear site for Cultural Complex on
Guardian Opinion: More water rates for what?
Jagjiva Ram, 68, Leader of Congress For Democracy
and Morarji Desai, 81, candidates for Janata Prime Minister.
Liberal and Labour Party deal holds off no-confidence
motion but circumstances Callaghan's policy freedom.
Draft fishing pact expected tomorrow.
CARICOM's McIntyresaid to be going to UN follow-
ing stint advising Manley Govt.
St. Kitts referendum on independence out. Britain will
not back secession for Nevis.
Jamaica reduces taxation level on CARICOM firms.
FRI. MAR. 25.
S" Financial Times surveyss T&T: a fully functioning par-
CouncillorRamjallacksingh opposes Borough for Point;
calls for separate Min. of Local;Govt.
:Senator Horme urges shake-up in education system.
Director of Council of Legal Education Aubrey Fraser
to head new Enquiry Team into St. Augustine Physics Dept.
Cascade Water-Now Committee calls for publication of.
Archibald Water Enquiry Report.
ANR Robinson calls for improved regime of pensions.
New India PM Desai fails to commit Ram to Cabinet.
Announces policy of austerity, eradication of poverty, non-
McIntyre denies he is leaving CARICOM; is optimistic
that problems can be solved via regional integration.
Windward Island to get higher prices for bananas owing
to improved UK demand. $20m. British Aid plan to start
April 1 in continuation of $2.4m. interim plan for 2nd half
CAIC mission to visit Guyana under St. Lucian
Castro says that Cuban support forAfrican revolution
not negotiable in discussion with US over normalisation.
WI Cricket Umpires Association will speak out about
umpiring; bi-annual convention carded for Chaguaramas May
16 to 20; will have 8 main objectives.
SAT. MAR. 26.
While fishermen stay home waiting for final report,
no agreement reached as fishing talks end. Venezuela and
TT to talk further at Law of the Sea Conference in New
Parliament rejects Opposition motion calling for sugar
bonus in presence of full gallery of workers. Minister Dc
Souza breakdown wage and salary bill of $87.5m. into
workers 71.4m. or 81.6%; Estate Police 1.9m. or 2.2%; Staff
Union $7.3m. or 8.3%; factory managers and secretaiies
6.4m. or 7.3%; and senior management 0.58m. or 0.6%.
Shah says farmers in support of workers over use of levy for
bonus. Panday claims loss is merely accounting loss. Caroni
maintained 63 recreation grounds out of sugar money.
Car batteries brought under control. Price of 12 volt
(nine plate) drops by $17.63 to $98.37 with wholesale price
of $89.43. The 11-plate by $14.64 to $111.36 with whole- -
sale 3$101.24; the 13 plate to $121.13 and $110.12 resp.
Contradictory responses from manufacturers.
'ardrian Editorial: fuller information needed on work
permit question. Report by last senate Majority Leaaer gave
breakdown of 1247 permits then operative; 183-for 3 yrs, 540
for 2, 420 for one, the rest for not more than 6 months.
SUN. MAR. 27.
Government source reports that the Cabinet is planning
a shake-up in the membership of Statutory Boards with a
vjew to streamlining their operations. Under review are
NHA, WASA, PTSC, T&TEC. Unconfirmed. report of
impending action on recommendations of Douglas Archibald
Commission of Enquiry into WASA. Minister Padmore
expected to make a statement soon.
Management Consultancy firm Peat, Marwick, Mitchell
advises Govt. to make example of Caroni by giving Board
clear mandate, agreed mission, adequate resources, consistent
support and freedom from interference. Govt. acquired
.controlling interest in Caroni in 1970 and completed full
take-over this year by spending further $22m. Its assets
worth $34.4m; its labour forcel3,000 its'arming community
16,000. Profit made 1974 $9m, 1975 $23m. 1976 $19.2m.
loss, 1977 forecast $45m. loss.
Express Editorial deplores as harmful to the nation, a
sugar debate in Parliament "based largely on propaganda.
Would have preferred both govt. and opposition "to engage
in a deep investigation of sugar, what is wrong with it, how
to put the industry back on course..."
Tobago hardware dealers cease stocking cement;_8% .
profit margin too-low at current interest rates of 11/12%. .
Mervyn Sankerali, Ag. 'Technical Director of WASA
says water shortage to be relieved in 9 months time follow-
ing on-streaming of aquifers at Maracas, Caura, Aripo. More
writer next year from aquifers at Guanapo, LopinoL, Tucker
Valley, Santa Cruz, Cumuto.By end 1979 North Oropouche '
to bring in 20m. gals per daS and by 1980 Caroni-Arena to" -." i
bring in 60m..gals per.day. Currenatnatinal deirand-esti-.- -
-- mated at 98m. g.p.d; in wet season, 112m1 in dry'. National
supply only 71m. g.p.d. but -rationing and -equalization
restricted by present design systems.
North Oropouche scheme, to cost $93m; Caroni-
MON. MAR. 28.
Senior official of Elections Commission explains
details of amendments to election rules, aimed at speeding
up voting. This follows post-election statement by Chairman
Reece that Commission had proposed adjustments and sub-
sequent Gazette publication of Election Rules (Amendment)
1977 effected by President Clarke.
New rules are oral oath; more use of signatures and -
photographs and less use of register; presiding officer to be
Rep..Winston Nanan of-Tabaquite to question Min. of
Finance on Widows' and Orphans Fund.
Senatrr De Souza tells (last Friday's) Parliament that
Govt. intends to check financial deficiencies and operations
in all 38 companies in which it possesses majority. Min.
of Education spokesman urges school-cleaners to get
another job to supplement $118 per month salary. Guardian
Opinion calls for programme of properly-zoined schools.
Four-man TRINTOC Committee to tackle company's
Tension mounts in overcrowded St. Anns Mental
Hospital; patients sharing beds, sleeping on the floor; nurses
seeking bonus. Minister of Health Mohammed to inspectMt.
Hope Maternity Hospital now under construction,
Jagjivan Ram finally joins JANATA Cabinet as
I For Your Easter Bargains I
62 Queen St. P.O.S.
T e lc T tf.** S- h S.p
a. -ar.rsmra~lPurr~n~s~qs~~~~--~~~;~l~rcl Ir
PAGE 10 'TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 3, 1977
Govt and Opposition:Voices in harmony
: From Page3 mentary etiquette and the lie 'world.
ing our chances in
discipline; in anytl
It is one thing
appreciate that we can
go on like this, that
have to be born ag
It is quite sometl
else to find the ene
the strength, the moi
tion, the constancy of ]
pose, the faith, the h(
the, upward sweep to m
a bid for freedom, to tl
thing for glory.
In 1976, in 1975
1971 and 1970, repeated
S we have 'proven to
unequal to the rigor
demands of salvation,
all the crucial moment
we fell back on all
the stock formulations,
old habits even if alw
under a deceptively dif
Accordingly, on each
these occasions, the ai
antagonists of liberal
S breathed a happy sigh
The 1976 elections
particular promised a cc
fortable scenario. The c
servative forces ini
country have revelled
the prospect of having
business as usual.
And business as us
they have had. The 19
Parliament has been
source of the greatest sa
faction to the forces
The Financial Tin
only recently has boas
of a parliamentary de
ocracy which is truly a
fully functioning. TI
have never had it so gc
never mind the desp
with.public affairs that
pervasive in the land.
Why is the establi
ment so comforted
what they only yesterc
were conveniently descr
ing as a communist threat
It is not enough to
that they are getting gral
cation from the m<
drama of the debate
clashes every Friday.
True, the Oppositii
has been raising questic
and queries, bring
motions thick and fast, a
lambasting the govemme
like all good Oppositiol
as the editorials say.
Si getting a certain please
from having the Oppo
tion Leader and the W1
Sand even the infant
standing a mere 15 fe
. from the Devil and hurlj
invective at him, to t
.. extent permitted by Parl
It might be a celebration
of our ilmp)otence, a way
of forgetting that always
the resolution ends in a
Government amend ment
or a Government-domin-
ated Select Cominitt'ee or
a Government this or a
It might be, but it is
The French call it cinema:
we call it histrionics, or
plain and ,simply acting.
nts, It is excellent nuisance
the value; it makes the system
on work. But-it would be a
the serious error to believe
ays: that its ineffectiveness is
fer- due to the futility of the
h f What the partisans lof
rch- permanent politics must
ion understand is that the
of Opposition poses no chal-
lenge to the Government
in where it matters, that is'
Dm- to say, in the politics
the The same fact which
in made it possible for the
the official Opposition to chrry
St. Augustine against Beau
ual Tewarie with a candidate
)76 that nobody even knew
a will make it impossible fof
tis- that party to improve its
-1f electoral.,command. .
The same fact which'
guaranteed Tobago sup-
port for a Tobago home-
town, party ,will negate
every and any attempt.for
that party to gain advan-
nes tage in Trinidad.
ted The appeal to primal
m- ,loyalties is ineluctably a
Lnd Doctor Shop knife; and
hey couteau pharmacie, says
od the patois, always cuts
)air both ways.
Sis We in Tapia are still free
owing to the impossible
sh- mode of mobilization
by which they say we quixotic-
lay ally .attempted. You fight
ib- too clean, is the way they
it? mistakenly sum it up.
ere SUGAR PRICES
on We remain free withta
lns sense of possibility tor
ng those prepared to persist
nd in political work and to
-nt resist the seduction of
ns, gimmicks. But those who
took the short-cut inevit-
are ably are prisoner of their
ite method as we in time will
si- become prisoners of the
:ry Government and Opposi-
eet tion could not be sharing
ing the method of mobiliza-
he tion if they did not first
ia- have a common view of
Listen to the routine
way in which the chief f
spokesmen of the Opposi-
tion invoke the para-
mounicy of tlhe people.
Hear the call for more
cake for the workers,
willy-nilly raise tile
sugar prices so long as the
Notice the mechanical
prescriptions'for the freez-
ing of rents, the blanket
control of prices, tlhe
establishment of an Import
Agency of State.
Above all, pay attention
to how the socialists talk
glibly about "low-cost
housing" and Integrity
Commissions and you can
see where exactly they are
All the noise they are
making isl only so much
accompaniment -to the
solo which has endured for
They evln thought it
clever to argue that they
would support the Govern-
ment's proposals for public
accountability if only they
could be backdated to
Tliat, and pretty much
everything else they have
argued, have betrayed that
the socialist society would
in principle be no different
from the one where the
Nation i losing Authority
is bu,ily worrying about
low-cost housing, while
the nobs are gaily con-'
structing mansions in
Valsayn and Goodwood
Six of one, half a dozen
of the other. There is a
perfect harmony between
Government and Opposi-
tion. The conservative
forces in the country have
long been sensing what a
model of stability they
The 1976 Parliament
has become the darling
of the morning papers. If
there is anything wrong
with the Opposition, it is
just that it is a little
The only fly in the dTnt-
ment is that the whole
edifice of the parliamentary
democracy is standing on
In 1961, eighty-eight
percent. 1966, sixty-six pet
cent. In 1976 fifty-five per-
cent. A huge constituency
is waiting outside, hope-
fully for politics of another
In 1976, we failed to
activate this constituency.
In 1977 we are unlikely to
fare much better. But the
,ground remains fertile and
the seed is good.
In 1977, the irrigation
and the cultivation and
thd husbandry must go-
The work must adapt
'itself to the particular sea-
son, the time of local gov-
EASTERN MAIN R. The finest cuts
For The Best Gsnts Suitings
in TUNAPUNA RD.
Man's.Hair Styling TUNAPUNA..
Angostura Old Oak Rum
A mellow blend of light
Trinidad riimo n mnhe Cm
SUNDAY APRIL 3. 1977 TAPIA PAGE 11
THE DRAWV in the Third
Test has served to stress
how formidable our Pakis-
tani opponents are. West
Indies have returned to
the Queen's Park Oval this
weekend one up but with
the series still open.
At Bourda Green, Pakis-
tan were shot out for the
second time in the series
for less than 200 and
before the end of the
Soon they were facing
another long uphill struggle
but this time they did stay
away from the gaping
jaws of defeat.
Admittedly, they found
an easier pitch, but one
cannot but admire the
way they batted for two
days in the second innings
and left the West Indies
too many to get in -the
Again the architects of
their effort were the three
SAided by stdady'spin on
'. the part of Majid and
Mushtaq and by consist-
ently tight' fielding,, they
made sure on the second-
,and third days that the
West Indianibatting went
along at the pace of a
When have (We ever
scored less than 220 in' a
/ full day's play?
Incredible output for
six hours batting on a
West Indian wicket!
And then, secondly, for
the better part of the last
three days, the Pakistani
batsmen applied themselves
a la Haniff Mohammed.
Colin Croft Andy Roberts
Now Zaheer and Majid
are at last looming large.
Admitting an easy wicket,
the two still showed a
dangerous capacity to'
collar our pace attack
behind which, ais, every
West Indian regrets, there
'exists virtually nothing in
the way of spin.
Barring. theo- brilliant
attacking ,otLethese -two,
Mushtaq, to the discerning
eye, played perhaps the-
most important innings for
his side. "
He scored .only 19 but
he lasted through the
.chances 'for nearly, 2/2
critical hours, just when it
was imperative that Pakis-
tan deny any'. further
breakthrough by West
The innings" by Asif,
Sadiq, Imran and Haroon,
if not devastating, were
also of immense value
because of their length.
Bowlers on top
in East Colts
BOWLERS dominated the first round of the East St.
George Colts Cricket Competition.
But the only outright victory has been registered by
Bamboo No.2, last year's Champion tehm, playing against
Bamboo No. 2, were paced by Deoraj Ramsook who
took 7 for 12.
Other good performances were turned in by F.
Ghany, 5 for 25 for Conquerors against Parkites; and
Conrad Daniel, 4 for 11 for the Rampersad Coaching
School against Bamboo No. 1.
Scores were as given below.
RAMPERSAD COACHING SCHOOL 102 and 31 for
3; S. Rampersad 35, C. Rampersad 28. D. Mahabir 20; S.
Chowtie 4-for 22, S.. Jamurath 3 for 16. BAMBOO NO. 1,
42; T. Jamaurath 16; C. Daniel 4 for 11, D. Mahabir 3 for
PARKITES 77 and 108; B. Chatee 24, R. Seecharan
20, G. Richards 27, T. Ramcharan 20; F. Ghany 7 for 49,
S. Ramlochan 5 for 46, T. Mohied 4 for 33. CONQUERORS
126 and 74 for 8; S. Ramlochan 46, F. Seelochan 5 for
35 and B. Chatee 4 for 19.
BAMBOO NO. 2, 106 and 102; I. Hosein 30, D.
Ramsook 25, D. Ramjattan 20; I Baksh 5 for 27, R. Ram-
jattan "for 30. HAPPY WEAR 50 and 30; D. Ramsook 7
for 12, I. Hosein 5 for 15.
SPRING VILLAGE 88;!-S. Maraj 20, S. Ells 20; T.
Samaroo 7 for 24. ENFIELD 35; S. Ells 6 for 11 and M.
Matram 3 for 22.
Despite Garner's three
early success on the final
morning, they succeeded
in batting their team well
into the last day and
For the West Indies
fast 'bowlers, the two inrI-
ings stood out sharply in
Roberts and Co. got all
the help from the wicket
when it was at its liveliest
one Friday morning, 'but
they had to' toil hard
'"hen the wicket .was
placid in the second
Roberts bowled his
heart to frustration, being
Sthe victim of poor catching
'in both innings,, and having
his match figures of 5 for
over 200 badly spoilt.
Reportedly, he was at
his fastest and best and a
constant thorn in the
The most hurtful blow
to him must have been the
missing of Majid when-he
was 74 during the third
over on the fourth day
The new pacemen were
again the leading wicket
takers but for Croft this
Test was definitely his
worst so far. His line
seemed all over and he was
duly hit all round the
He did, however, pro-
duce the occasional good
spell in the second innings
and came out with 5
wickets making 21 in all
for the series to date.
Garner once more
worked hard and with
eight, wickets was our
Julien, on the other
hand, lacked penetration
and left the impression
that when he bowled it
was to allow a rest to
some major bowler.
Deryck Murray was off
to a dream start as acting
Captain, engineering a 194-
run dismissal for Pakistan
and holding on to no
fewer than five catches.
His wicket-keeping was
way above his recent'
standard and with a 254-,
run lead. his captaincy
.understandably was crisp
Some of his field
.placings were.the cause of" -,
question,'irn particular his
failure forsa. long time to,
Slug the third-man gap; ,
where the'Pakistanis com-
piled a large number of
However, he did adjust
his attacking tactics well
and he handled his bowlers
astutely. Roberts above
Unlike Lloyd, he did
not wait for the intervals
to make his major inter-
Mushtaq, for his part,
must once again be re-
joicing over the bowling-
of his quickies and pleased
this time about the middle-
order batting, even if
It'sfor Pakistan now
to take the fight to us
more than ever concerned
about his own groping
On both sides, the
pattern has been the same
this series. Both teams are
endowed with lots of
batting but neither has
been able to play with any
great authority or freedom,
a tribute perhaps to the
quality of the- bowling.
Still, the West Indian
batting continued to show
a refreshing discipline.
The first five demonstrated
that in addition to their
strokemakiflg, they can
put their heads down
when the situation
Greenidge's 91 and
provide ample evidence,
though Kallicharan's 72 is
more proof that he is yet
to find his surest touch.
And then,just to rerfind
us who they were, the
opener", simply exploded
m the second innings to
the tune of 154 in only 25
In this game, the West
Indian fielders achieved
their usual high standard
but how they must have
longed for spinners more
accomplished than Richards
Lance Gibbs,, .now a
commentator, was quick
to see that the spinner
would have gotten -some
bite what with Croft
"getting the ball to cut
away that much off the.
wicket." .. -
.All. in: allfitwae ci- .',
lent .cricket,- siirid only -
by the-:ugly demonstra-
iohs against the umpiring
on-the second day.
And. now Mushtaq is
one down, so whatever
qualms he has about -the
umpiring, he- must turn
his attention to positive
'Pakistan now have to
come and get West Indies.
Although there is allow-
ance for a sixth day at
Sabina Park, one cannot
really bank on a finish in
The fourth Test in Port-
of-Spain is the crucial one;-
we can be optimistic
about a decision here.
28 Mucurapo Street
'1- . ; ;
search institute for
Study of Man,
"2; East 78th Street,
'l ew York, N4Y 100211
ph. Lehigh 5 -
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO. LTD.. 91 TUNAPUNA RD., TUNAPUNA TEL, 662 126 AND
22CIPRIANI BVD. -F.S. 62-25241
THAT GILLETTE GAME- IT WAS AWFUL!
WHEN they defeated Trini-
dad and Tobago last
Saturday' at the Oval,
Barbados registered their
second lien on the Gillette
Cup, symbol of one-day
cricket supremacy in the
Caribbean. It was their
second win in as many
Saturday was a miser-
able day for Trinidad cric-
ket as the batting crumbled
for 95 runs in only 34
overs. It was simply.awful.
Such a meagre return was
due not so much to tight
Barbados bowling and fielding
as to our own patent short-
The entire inept display
exposed the absence of any
serious professional foundations
to what has remained essenti-
ally a serge-pants, passout
game, fit only for open Savan-
The running between the
wickets alone was enough to
disqualify this team from any
claims to first-class status; the
public ought to-have been
appalled to see how D'Heurieux.
Ramkissoon, and Bartholomew
simply indulged in the sacrifice
And then Larry Gomes,
Theo Cuffy and Bernard Julien
just abandoned our hopes in
making careless shots,- an
shared on this occasion by
Captain Deryck Murray, weary
of,being forever the saviour.
To get 95 runs in 50 overs
seldom poses a challenge on
West Indian wickets even in
less than first class cricket. It
certainly posed no challenge
to the powerful Barbados XI
containing such super one-day
players as Collis King and
So the small crowd waited
around after lunch in the hope
of seeing an explosion of the-
kind witnessed in the fourth
innings of the Third Test in
Georgetown last week.
Some of us were half-
hoping for Julien, Bartholomew
and the Trinidad bull-pen to
produce some kind of 20th
As things turned out, we
were twice disappointed:
Though he whetted our appetite
with a huge pull for six early
on, Greenidge was quite sedate
in his approach and on the
whole- his timing was much
more off than on.
Trinidad got the consolation-
of two wickets from a good
Jumadeen spell but the Bajans
coasted to their eight-wicket
victory with 23 overs to spare.
As early.as 2.45 p.m., we
were on our way back home
wondering and pondering
where exactly Trinidad cricket
t have, ah.
.OUR -.performance first
S against Pakistan and now
-against Barbados in the
Gillette Cup should be
cause of much reflection
on the part of the entire
cricketing fraternity in
Trinidad and Tobago.
The tinme"is certainly here
When we must cease to rejoice
at the successes achieved against
all reasonable probabilities by
a country which has been as
casual about its cricket as it
has been flippant about almost
In cricket, in agriculture, the
arts, the provision- of public
utilities, town-planning, politi-
cal organisation, the use of
diplomatic opportunity, the
maintenance of public property,
or anything you care to name,
we are being outdistanced by
practically every other Carib-
With our vast endowments
of natural resources and our
staggeringly gifted people, we
have been somehow able to
mask our failures on the plane
of social effort.
But how long will this
apparently inexhaustible flow
of talent continue to rescue
our first-class cricket from the
devastations of a don't-care
sidelights and highlights.
There is too little concern
With hard, empirical, reporting,
especially df activity in the
local areas, far from the centre'
While. the Combined Islands
have succeeded in breeding a
professional maturity out of
the raw talents they have
always been known to have,
we -have done nothing but
expose promise over and over
Kenny Trestrail, Richard
De Soutza, Sheldon Gomes, Ber-
nard Julien, Richard Gabriel,
Theo Cuffy, Inshan Ali, Imtiaz
Ali just to name a few chosen'
at random from different
moments and places in the
Are we expected to believe
that quirks in the individual
personality are to account for
the failure of all this talent to
blossom into.the world-beating
super-stardom of an Everton
Weekes, an Alf Valentine, a
Lance Gibbs, a Vivian Richards?.
Or should we not look
closely at the Cinderella status
of so much of our weekend
game at the level of the so-
called first-class club?
Should we not look at the
disafray of local cricket, especi-
ally in the urban belt from-
Diego Martin to Sangre Grande.
Should we not point to the
hot-and cold programmes for
youth cricket and school cricket;
the desperate poverty 'of the
coaching schemes;the enduring
drought of games-masters; the
ing interest of the sub-Ministry
Should we not be ashamed
of the almost total blanking of
Tobago when even Nevis is
making giant strides?
Above all, is it not time to
take stock of the commentary
on the game where the articu-
lation of problem and possi-
bility necessarily must begin?
And how much encourage-
ment is there, really, to full-
time professional, specialist
writing and broadcasting?'
Why is it that such a rich.
country has failed to unearth a
Roy Lawrence or a Tony
Far too many of our energies
are devoted to explosions of
joy and sorrow, aboui the
winning and the losing.
Will we now begin to search
For the most elegant
cuts in gents
and ladies suitings
development of professional
and technical competence?
. .. -' '
BEAT ALL OTHERS FOR QUALITY VALUE AND LIFE
DIEGO MARTIN PORT OF SPAIN LAVENTILLE SAN FERNANDO
four roads 112, henry st. 42, eastern mn. rd. cross crossing
WHAT'S WRONG WITH T&T