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Tapia
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00257
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Publication Date: Sunday, April 17, 1977
Frequency: completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
sobekcm - UF00072147_00257
System ID: UF00072147:00257

Full Text

45 Cents.


SUNDAY APRIL 17. 1977


Vol.7 No.16


PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE TAPIA HOUS.9 TUNAPUNA TUNAPUNA TEL: 662-5126 AND 22 CIPRIANI BVD. P.O.S. 62-25241.


PARTY"


PICKS



TWO FOR



THE ROAD


TAPIA campaigners
took to the, road last
week, in support of
Allan Harris, St. James
East; and Clive John
Woodbrook.


Win or lose
local elections,
anticipating


in these
Tapia is
certain


gains.
Spelling out these
gains Tapia Secretary
Lloyd Best said: "Our
machinery for agitation
and electioneering will
be kept in practice, and
the campaign is sure to
be a tonic to the doubt-
ers whose morale may


Allan Harris.
St. James East


have dropped after the
general elections last
September."
The Secretary also
expects to be able to
confirm "some of the
lessons learnt last time."
To Best, Tapia's
token presentation of
two candidates for the
Port-of-Spain City
Council was symbolic-


'JUST LIKE OLD TIMES'


WALLS and lanrp posts
in St. James and Wood-
brook once again Blos-
somed in green and gold
as the Tapia cadres went
'out last week putting,
up' posters for the
limited election fight in
Port-of-Spain.
Noting that the
posters for the April 25
local government elec-
tions campaign carried
the same messages as
the ones put up since
1971, Secretary Lloyd
Best said: "We don't
believe our people relish
the kind of government


U _


we have. We can't
accept that Trinidad
and Tobago -wilfully
rejected the need for
change. Tapia is there-
fore persisting with our
proposals, for a fresh
new world."
Meanwhile, as cars
were loaded up nights
last week and buckets
and brushes brought
out, cadres reportedly
regained the good old-
time feeling of Tapia on
the road.
It was, as one turned-
on cadre said, "just like
old times."


Clive John,
Woodbrook
ally _important for the
country too.
Argued Best: "We
owe it to Port-of-Spain
and to Trinidad and
Tobago to break the
Voice of One which has
monopolised our capital
city for far too long.
Port-of-Spain must get
the chance now to start
a revival.
"We must not simply
abandon the proud
traditions of Cipriani,
Achong and the many
illustrious fathers who
struggled against central'
government domination
in the darkest days qf'
colonialism.
"Tapia must resolve
to rekindle the flame."
The Tapia strategists
had decided against
fielding candidates for
all 12 Port-of-Spain
seats, and the Campaign
Committee dissuaded
members from the idea
of fighting. County
Council seats.
It was all in the
interest of putting up
"a limited election
fight" in Port-of-Spain,
and a Council spokes-
man stressed that Tapia
at no stage contem-
plated "a fully national
fight", contrary to daily
press reports.
Secretary Best pre-
dicted thatin theApril 25-
elections "we will no
doubt get the same
essential responses as on
Sept. 13." (L.G. )
NOTE: Tapia campaign-
ers will meet on Monday
April 18 at 9 p.m. at
Port-of-Spain Centre,
Cipriani Boulevard. The
meeting will put finish-
S ing touches on plans for
polling day.


- r II I I 1 lr


LONGLIFE MUFFLERS

BEAT ALL OTHERS FOR QUALITY VALUE AND LIFE

DIEGO MARTIN PORT OF SPAIN LAVENTILLE SAN FERNANDO
four roads 112, henry st. 42, eastern' mn. rd. cross crossing


WR


--Sv:~i~6E
tij7j



~P~C; r
9,


Union


holding


gala


birthday


in July
A STEELBAND and calypso
festival will be cultural high-
lights of the 15-day celebra-
tions planned by the Oilfields
Workers' Trade Union to mark
their 40th anniversary.
Other highlights will be an
art and craft exhibition, a
drama presentation on the life
of the union and, the publica-
tion of a brochure "giving a
comprehensive picture of the
Union's history and its present
operations."
Announcement of these
activities came in a recent
letter from OWTU Secretary
Lionel Bannister who invited
friends and fraternal organisa-
Stions to join in the big birth-
day celebrations, July 10 to
25, organised to evoke the
history of trade unionism in
this country.
A trade union conference
will be part of the July exer-
cises.
Entertainments for -the
occasion include an inter-
branch variety concert and an
all-day sports meeting.
Fresh in the memory of all
will be former party leader,
unionist and legislator Tubal
Uriah Butler who emerged in
1937 as spokesman for the
oilfield workers and then of a
wider labour movement-
Until Butler died in
February as the holder of the
Trinity Cross and the top
OWTU award, he was the last
surviving of the notable early
unionists like following Quintin
O'Connor .and Adrian Cola
Rienzi.
The 40th anniversary activi-
ties will evoke this uniontpost.

Stephenson's
BOOKSHOP
31A Erthig Road
Belmont
Tor.a
Wide Range of
Books, Stationery,
&A
Art Material.






PAGE 2 TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 17, 1977

ONE regular consequence of the free-for-all that oiten passes for
free enterprise is the overdevelopment of some regions of a country
at the expense of others. The splendour of many a capital city is
based on the impoverishment of the provinces. To the extent that the
wealth of the city underw-ites the accomplishments of culture and
learning there is some advantage in such an otherwise unsatisfac-
tory arrangement.
But in Trinidad and Tobago it would appear that. as is more
and more the case these days. we have contrived to enjoy the worst
of both worlds. The planners and the statisticians provide us with
the facts and the figures about what.we already know by dint of
hard, daily experience. That an urban monster has been spawned
along the foothills of the Northern Range. with its heart in the
city of Port-of-Spain.
The progeny of misguided policy an'd incompetent adminis-
tration, this urban development stretches in one continuous belt
from Diego Matin to Arima. Over 40% of the country's population
live there, and, despite the fact that it lacks the major productive
assets of open agricultural land or mineral resources. it yet dominates
a: .ie rest in terms of jobs, income, capital, amenities and political
influence.
At the centre of it all sits the city of Port-of-Spain, rapacious.
cynical and philistine, lacking entirely in those civilized graces which
should be the attributes of a proud capital city.


IN the constitutional
anarchy which we have
perfected over the last 20
years, Port-of-Spain has
become both victor and
victim. If unbalanced
development has robbed
Caroni and St. Patrick and
Tobago of the resources
which they need to make
life worth living for their
own people, it has meant
also that the Capital Region
has been called upon to
pick up the slack.
But there have been no
policy measures, no institu-
tional arrangements to
allow Port-of-Spain, or, for
that matter, San Juan or
Tunapuna to cope with
the permanent influx of
those of us who are look-
ing for "betterment", nor
with the daily ebb and
flow of those of us who


come to work, or for
schooling or for services of
one kind or another.
In fact quite the oppo-
site has happened. Port-of-
Spain, which once enjoyed
a rich municipal tradition,
has been reduced to the
status, alongside the
county councils, of being
a marginally important
expenditure committee of
the central government.
The national reconstruction
we need must redress this
unbalanced development which
both starves ou- so-called back-
ward regions at the same time
that it strangles the metropolis.
What we need are policies and
administrative arrangements
which allow every region and
locality, to oe- active on-its own
behalf.
It is precisely that end
which Tapia's twin policies of
effective local government and


Keep abreast of the real

currents in'the Caribbean Sea


with fresh commentary every

Friday morning


Lit. eratu r


Ra oes for ?977


Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom Countries
Other Caribbean
U.S./Canada
EE.C. (incl. U.K.)


TT $22.00 per year
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US $25.00
30.00
Stg. Ll4.00


Surface rates ana rates I\
other countries on reque 6
Tapl5 82-34 St VincentSt, Tunapuna. & 22 C:.:. '
S P.OS. Trinidad & Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-512 8 5--2'. '1.


FIVE STEPS






TO A GREATER







PORT OF SPAIN


localization are meant to
achieve.
Yet it would be a foolish
policy which did not acknow-
ledge the commanding position
of Port-of-Spain in any conceiv-
able scheme of things.
For its own welfare and
survival. Port-of-Spain needs
the rest of the country to stop
breathing down its neck. But
the success of any experiment
in local government and self-
reliance in the rest of the
country may very we:l depend
on the kind of example that
Port-of-Spain sets.


MODEL

The whole country is accus-
tomed to thinking of Port-of-
Spain as a municipality, and
the restoration of vibrant local.
goemrrnent there could pro-
vide the model that newer
municipalities might nded:
What are the minimal re-
quirements of the rebirth of
civic life in Port-of-Spain?
There seem to be at least five
major areas that call for reform.
SThere is first the need to
redefine the boundaries of the
city, and, related to this, to
establish appropriate sub-
divisions.
The growth of population
-and the light of residents
from- the centre have
pushed the city out to include
Laventille and Morvant in the
east, Cascade and St. Ann's
in the north east, Maraval in
the north, Cocorite in the
west, and, Dibe/Belle Vue in
the northwest.
Such is the scope of Greater
Port-of-Spain. Constitutional
and political arrangements
should recognize the unity of
this area for the purposes of
work and residence and leisure.
A Greater Port-of-Spain
Council could then effectively
plan for the provision of utili-.


ties and services for city
residents.
Subordinate to such a
Council should be a number
ot district or village councils
in places such as Laventille/
Morvant, St. Ann's/Cascade,
,elmont, St. James, Wood-
brook, Maraval, -Inner Port-of-
Spain, etc. designed to service
the needs of the citizens on a
day to day basis.
* The second major require-
ment of municipal reform is a
reconstruction of the financial
basis of city government. Local
government now depends for
most of its revenue on grants
from the central government.
But th' stigma which is'-
attached to the term grants,
accurately reflects the power
relationships in the transaction.
Once the municipalities are
conceded to. be legitimate
partners in government with
the national administration,
then local government will be
seen s' having a rightful claim
to a saare of centrally collected
revenues. What this share
should be must be the subject,
of responsible bargaining.

SELF-RELIANCE

But the municipalities must
also be given the chance to
become more self-reliant' by
allowing them a broader base
for the self-financing of their
activities. In addition to the
rates and taxes on property
which it now levies, the Greater
Port-of-Spain Council should
also raise its money from sales
taxes, rents, utility tariffs, and
investments in public corpora-
Tions and national enterprises.
* ft is envisaged that the vast
majority of public, servants
would function at the level of
municipal government. In keep-
ing with the enhanced status
of the municipalities, the chief
'executive officers would be of


Our Candidate

Allan- Harris

StJames East
ALLAN HARRIS, 31, is the Tapia candidate for St. James
East.In the last general elections he fought a remarkably
rn warding campaign as Port-of-Spain Central responded warmly
to the quiet dignity of a dedicated, sincere and able young
Trinidadian.
Harris lives at Bournes Road, Si. James. He went to
Queen's Royal College after Eastern Boys' Government. lie
then studied English Literature at L'Wl. Mona.
After graduation, Allan taught at QRC for a year before
joining the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. In two years,
he became a branch manager, a position he resigned from in
1971.
Allan Harris is now the Adminis'rative Secretary of the
Tapia House Movement and the linchpin of the party's Cam-
paign Headquarters at 22. Cipriani Boulevard. Port-of-Spain.
In the years since he assumed that position in i972.
Allan has demonstrated a marked capacity for patient, steady
cffrt : a sure political jiidgment and d cool dipl,,m!ntic
approach.
In !he Tapia Task Force, Allan Harris carries the responsi-
bility for Local Government.


ANGLE'S


Well


Services
Phone 649-5847
Santa Flora


i


equivalent rank to a permanent
secretary; and so down the
line.
The Greater Port-of-Spain \
Council would therefore dis-
charge responsibilities in the
areas of public utilities.
essential services, municipal'
equipment and welfare, in
addition to planning and
administration.


MAJOR IMPACT

The Greater Port-of-Spain.
Council, and all the municipali-
ties in general, would count as _
a much greater force for go d
or for evil in the lives'of thea
constituents. The major impact
of the activities of government-
on the life of the citizen will
come from the local level. For
that reason, much greater
interest will focus on the work
of local government bodies and
people will begin to take an
interest in local govenrment-
elections.
But more than jst. -by
voting, the citizen should be
encouraged and'facilitated iuhis
or her attempt to participate in
the work of government. Large
scale participation : becomes
possible and desirable at the
local, level. The Tapia scheme
of 'local government therefore
makes provision for citizen
Boards in such.areas as Educa-
tion, Sport and the environ-
ment to guide and inform the
work ofthe elected councillors
and the administrative and
technical staff of each munici-
pality.
There would also be special'
authorities to handle, special
problem areas, such as a Savan-
niah Authority in Port-of-Spain.
* There is the question of the
sharing of centrally collected
revenue, of the terms on which
central agencies such as WASA
:nd T&TEC' will make' their
goods and services available to
the municipalities and a host
of day to day problems to be
ironed out.
There must be a permanent
arrangement for bringing the
representatives together, and
ideally this should be in such
f' forum'as to allow for the.
expression of a wide range of
non-official opinion. Tapia
would locate such activity in
a Permanent Conference of
Citizens, or expanded Senate.


r --- ---- ---.---9
--- ----------





SUNi AY APRIL 17. t977 TAPIA PAGE 3


ON MY OWN SCENE *** Lloyd Best


LOCAL GOV'T:


~[ -, ,, ,
-. -: ~ -s



." < '' -
i
41 a6 w

t14"IN


k


Tobago has re-opened tre question
of constitution relrm.


THE so-called national
newspaper has told us how
sorry it felt that Tapia
would not be contesting
the local government elec-
S tions. And then, forgetting,
'a few weeks later, we were
Told that 'parties such as
ours should bow out; we
-will, apparently, only
complicate the issue.'
Though we will never
' succuiib to this-crass invi-
tation .to surrender our
rights to ,be- represented,
Swe alreadyare accustomed'
the old one-two of -iis-
chief-making and crocodile
tears.
Sorry Tapia will not be
contesting because, said
the editorial, Tapia has
"articulated a wide range of
proposals for local govern-.
ment reform. Good show!
But why is it, that when
and where it matters, these
celebrated proposals are never
reported? Why is it that the
public is never helped to form
the judgment that both gov-
ernment and opposition habit u-
ally cannibalise the Tapia
programmes?
In the end, I don't think
that it matters; everybody
knows, whatever games the
papers may play. It is enough


that we know that
editorial writers are, e
of them-, in hock to
There is no such thin
independent paper.
Besides, if the b,
parties are stealing our
is that not exactly
should be? I feel that
parties hdve the obligea
adopt the best thoul
:and the -most practice
/ grammest -beg. :borr<
or :steal. .
We "iave qo problem
people say we are p
the grist for the enemi
What I prefer to-see is
giving plans to the otl
we also are inform
general public.
Whet .kind of par
expose its real plans or
it has asked the elect
give it support'*
Tapia's plan for lo,
eminent is probably or
oldest and fullest.
simply not enchanted b
creeds of Atlantic civil
which worship hignes
veritable God.
Tapia insists that th
ness of Trinidad. Tob;
the West Indian island
local government so
more feasible not less.
Smallness, wy are con
provides much more
unity for reaching and ii
actual flesh and blood


It's the one


Question we



seem always



jto come back to


Our smalfness is the biggest
'+ advantage we have in this
world, not a cause for official
moaning and groaning.
The big nobs 'are always
complaining that decentraliza-
tion will increase the money
cost of administration. We say:
not necessarily, but suppose it
does?
Would there not be more
than adequate compensation
in the more efficient use of
money, in the greater activa-
S -ion of citizen enterprise and
commitment, in greater popular
understanding of public ques-
tions and therefore in the
these increase of national income.
everyone product and welfare? Penny.
a party wise, pound foolish.
ig as an .
A TAPIA Government. when
dnkrupt our time comes, will elcgt to
clothes, abandon the current system of
how it county councils on the ground
: ll the thai these activate no consiitc-
ation to tive involveinen't whatsoever.
ght out The councils are-mere hot-
cal pfo- beds of jobbery. hbiber" and:
w. buy, corruption. Remote spending
.: committees of ceniral/ed
ns when power," they waste colossal.
rdviding sutils of money and ye t they
es' mills. neglect to provide the services
that in 'which- the local areas badly
her side, need:&
ing the On the positive side. Tapia
will displace the present coun-
rty will cils by a system aimed to pro-\
nly after vide appropriate- arrangements
orate to for planning, for the rehabilita-
tion and development oi special
cal gov- areas, and for sensitive day-to-
ie of our day administration in country
We 'are and town.
y those Our long-term planning will-
ilization utilise a framework of eight
ss as a regions: Tobago, the new
south-east oil belt emerging
ie small- around Galeota and G;uy.
ago and aguayare, the north east look-
s makes ing towards a new Tobago and
Much a West Indian. nation: the Nap-
arima Plain, the Caroli- Plain
nvinced, and the Capital Region in the
opport- eastern Corridor from Arima
involving to Diego Martin.
people. Our development Ilhrusl


rrJriAWA"IRes~er' 8
-
:~?~ ~` ~
I-


there must be i) an indepen-
dent legislative voice playing
for the sister island the part
to be played by the Senate in
Port-of-Spain and ii) an I-xceu-
tive Secretariat for Tobago
Affairs located in the City of
Scarborough and appropriately
duplicating there all the civil
service departments which exist,
in Trinidad.
To anchor the unitary state
as one and indivisible, the
/Hlouse of Representatives and
the Cabinet will serve both
islands out of Port-of-Spain.
I1J the general election of
1976. Tapia campaigned foi
this particular brand of home-
rule while some of the rest
insisted there was no constitu-
tion problem which elections
could not resolve.
Now they are jumping on
the wagon. But they neither
believe in home" rule nor do
they understand it.
The unending confusion over
the question of whether inter-
hal pelt-g6vernment ifi fact
ineans secession -is, merely
another reflection of 'the
brazen opportunism which
finds such great favour in the
national editorials.
The enrichment of'polfti--
.cal debate in Tobago however.
has tli ol\n the, focus on the
entire question of local reform.
' It is strangetli' h6" we invariably:1
.retturi tL the constitutional
makc-.p. "
One of these days. the
question will catch fire forever.
That day will not fall on April
25: but the hour of the Tapia
proposals-will doubtless come.


For all your Shopping Needs






HODGKINSON'S


62 Queen


St. P.O.S.


would be felt in the Iforn of
eight Experimental Develop-
ment Authorities in Chaguarua-
mas. Waller Field, Point Lisas
Forres Park, The Oropouche
Lagoon, Chatham. North East
Tobago and (uayaguayare.
The possibilities and the
demands for local administra-
tion can be perceived ohly
against this background of
planning and development; of
growing income and wealth
and growing community pro-
blems; mounting demands-for
humane government and
mounting conflicts of interest;
limitless demands for civilised
services, for welfare pro-
grammes. for efficient,, routine
administration.
That /is where the Tapia
House Movement is tlurniing the.
attention of Trinidad and.
Tobago. Our day-to-day admin-
istration will .therefore be /
'based on new municipal
arrangements in four areas..
in thie north., the Eastern
Corridor will contain boroughs
in Greater Sangie Grande.
SGreater Arima. Greater Tuna-,
puna.Graiter San Juan. Diego.
Martin ..,plus a super Citty
Council in Greater Port-of-
Slain (wiih extended bounld-,
aries).
In the Capital Region of
the South, theel will be
anotherr City Council in San
Fernando-Marabella-Pointe-a-
Pierre.
For the rest of Trinidad.
there will be Borough Councils
in .Greater Couva, Greater
Chaguanas, Princes-Towfi/Rio
Claro. Siparia/Fyzabad. Mayaro/
G;uayaguayare.
Within each Borough or
City there could be smaller
sub-divisions, the point always
being'tosuit the administrative
unit to particular needs in
sport, education. environment.
utilities, etc. so that .decisions
can he properly -serviced by
Citizen opinion.
In Tobago. tle essence .of
the Tapia proposal i's that


Unique


Store

SERVING /
SANGRE
GRANDE
+ .


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I I, i 'I Is


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I I P II


m


F~I~e~- 1 '~-' apa '-
rr,,r.ul .uru


ty -'.P~e o e S h iD P


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I


PAGE 4 TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 17,1977
FINAL P/ RT OF LLOYD KING'S ARTICLE ON
THREE ,PANISH-AMERICAN WRITERS -
PABLO NERUDA, NICOLAS GUILLEN AND
JORGE LUIS BORGES.

THE NOTION of Latinity as an embracing
cultural notion is a key to an understanding of
many Spanish American positions. The his-
torical novelist Alejo Carpentier cannot focus
on Latin American or Caribbean history except
as part of a Latin continuum .
In a more nationalist form it provides
emotional background to the embrace of
Nicolas Guillen's two grandfathers, in his
poem "Ballad of the two grandfathers". The
black grandfather is a slave, dreaming of an
"Africa of humid forests, and. thick muted
gongs." His name is Facundo. His name and
his dreams signal mat he is an already tho-
roughly hispanicized black, dreaming of a -
tourist Africa.
-The white grandfather remembers his slave-
trader's whip follow-up to the conquistador's sword,
and the trinkets with which he corrupted the virgin
coasts, dreams of "green-coconut mornings" and says
that he feels, not sorry, but tired. Their mulatto poet
grandson makes them embrace.
In the Latin-Cuban tradition, Guillen would
have us believe, reconciliation is easy, painless: his-
tory without bitterness. The two grandfathers at the
end, "Dream, weep, sing". Since they are both
creole, they both no doubt sing m good grammatical
Spanish.-
This poem is surprising for two reason. It was
written at a time when the survival of .genuine
African traditions was very strong,_including know-
Iedge of Affican languages, and no attempt is made
to establish a serious "creole African" presence in the
poem. Secondly, it was a time when in parks, clubs,
housing areas and employment, segregationist .prac-
tices were common in a way that bears comparison
with the Southern United States, much softer in that
there was no lynching. The direct white descendants
of the slave trader were certainly not embracing
the direct black descendants. Even the mulattoes had
their own separate club.
It is not that the 'poet's intentions are not
.laudable. He wished to speak for a future Cuba
informed by an integrated Cuban consciousness, and
he speaks from the position of one who already pos-
sessed such a consciousness. From this point of view
the poem should have read as a challenge. One senses
S- that when the poet says "I bring them'together" he
means that he sees himself as a representative figure


both for biological reasons since he is mulatto, and
because he is a typical product of Hispano Cuban-
creole culture.
When Guillen joined the Cuban Communist
Party and added socialist militancy to his verse, he
came to prefigure perspective that now inform cur-
rent revolutionary policy. In the process, if Guillen
renounced the possibility of reflecting what was
specifically neo-African in the Cuban creole continuum,
he used his "mulatto" position primarily to score
points against American racism.
In separate poems Guillen uses the notion of
victim-executioner, offering images of a colonial
white Spanish overseer whipping the black slave:
these in their twentieth century reference become
American capitalists (as plantation bosses and
tourists) exploiting workers and unemployed. If
Guillen had identified his grandfathers in the opposi-
tion overseer/whipped slave, he would more truly
have achieved the required tension.
.The Argentine writer, Jorge Luis Borges, when
-seeking to pinpoint identity through history also
summoned his forbears in a number of poems. His
orientation, however was elitist, conforming in part
to a creole view of Argentinism and in part to his
anti-Peronist position in the forties.
The need to assert the creole position arose
from the influx of Italian immigrants to Argentina
in the latter half of the nineteenth century, in such
numbers that the Hispanic creole segment of the
society began to feel threatened. The 'Che" of "Che
Guevara" is an Argentine Italianism. The native
creole reacted to what was thought of as a bastardiza-
tion of their heritage.
S Borges continuously speaks of the creole for-
bears of his who fought and died in the wars of
Independence and after. These ancestral figures, who
-carry names like Laprida, Suarez, Acevedo, are
immortalized becuase they showed that "grace under-
pressure" that Hemingway so much admired:
I leave him on his horse at that hour,
Sunset, when he sought out death.
Of all the hours of his predestined life
May this one, bitter in defeat, endure.
(Allusion to the death of Colonel Francisco
Borges)
Borges also invoked the figure of his maternal grand-
father, Isidoro Suarez in order to snipe at Perdn,
whose somewhat aberrant populism he detested. He
saw Suarez as standing in relation to the first Argen-,
tine dictator as he, and many others, stood with
Peron:
The battle is everlasting and.can do without the pomr
of the actual armies and of trumpets. Junin is two
civilians .cursing a tyrant at a street corner, or an


The




writer




and





mhstory.




Borges-

unknown man somewhere, dying in prison.


This sense of family would lead him to declare: Only, -
new countries have a past that is to say they have
an autobiographical memory of it: in other words
only they have a living history."
In "The South" Borges offered a succint image
of this version of creole nationalism, using auto-
biographical type .details. The protagonist, Juan
Dahlmann is of German -antecedents but has a
maternal grandfather who died fighting on the
frontier. Borges' forbears fought on the frontier, and
his antecedents were English, and Portuguese Jew,
not German.
Like Borges again, Dahlmann had a great :;
admiration for Martin Fierro, the gaucho classic, and' '
worked in d library. After treatment in a sanatorium,
modem arena for the game of life and death,-'
Dahlmann heads to the. South.'to recuperate and
intuits' s he travels'thatr "ie--s i journeying, .not
only to the South, buftto the past": I-:. '. ...
- -ut. heopencintry,
he gets dffthe train and enters
what _we in Trii'da,-woiidd
call a parlour,.and. teeherheis
accosted by a compadrito,:a. -
sort of equivalent of a Western.
gunfighter except that he was at
knife-figgiter. Dalhmann, a
Stenderfoot, agrees to a duel
knowing that it means his'
death but "He felt that if'he
had beenin a position to choose .
or dream the circumstances of
/ his death,' this is the death that
* he would -have chosen or
dreamed".
This curiously masochistic
Position is typical Borges: the
victims in his. stories :always"
Acquiesce ii their fate. But as
modem -,Argentine history.
tends- to demonstrate this
apotheosis of violence-carries.a
price. The modem compadritos.
have joined the Army and the
urban guerrillas.
But this was only one
Borges' mask. He often also
stressed his English connec-
tions: "One of my great grand-
mothers was born in Stafford-
shire". And his close friend,
Victoria Ocampo, has elabo-
rated:


The fact of having had an
SEnglish grand moth r has
had. a great influence on the
life and work of Geozgl
(Borges) because he passed
his chldhofl, as a little bo
who loved "to read,' "ilh
Dickens, Stevenson, Kipling,
Bulwer-Lytton, Mark Twain,
Edgar Allan Poe. He read
and re-read "Huckleberry
Finn". H.G. Well's "The
First Men in the Moon"
made a very strong impres-
sion on him.
Such statements about
Borges express the sense in -
which he has been' thought of
as an alienated man. From the
Argentine and indeed Latin
Amf-fi ican nationalist point of
view, this was emphasized by
the fact that the stories which
established him as a major
litei-ry figure were not set in
Latin America at all. The


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SUNDAY APRIL17, 1977 TAPIA PAGE 5


WHEN LAST we had local
government elections, in 1971,
only 20% of the registered
electorate turned out to vote.
Some people are quite happy
with such a state of affairs:
According to them, it is
merely m keeping with a world-
wide pattern iri which local
government elections are not
taken very seriously. As res-
ponsible citizens of Trinidad
and Tobago, the question we
have to ask ourselves is
whether we are happy with the
low level of interest in local
government itself, which'it im-
plies.
Are we satisfied that all
that Trinidad and Tobago is
expected to do is to fall in
step with the rest of the world?
Are there no'benefits to be
derived from effective local
government in 'the specific
conditions of Trinidad and
Tobago? If there are, then
what must we do to make
them a reality?
If we are to answer these
questions, then we must know
what local government is all
about. Few of us do, and
through no fault of our own.
The fact is that in Trinidad
and Tobago and tne West,
Indies we have had little
tradition of strong local govern-
ment. For donkey's years the
only government we have
known has been the powerful
rule of a colonial .governor in
the capital.
Crown Colony government
was something we experienced
above us and outside of us.
;not something we participated
;in.


With the coming of inde-
pendence, there has developed
A similar feeling that the
national governments we elect
are remote and powerful forces
over which we have no control.
And yet, throughout our
history, and even up to today,
we have felt that our livelihood
our progress and our well-
being depended on the good-
graces of these very govern-
ments in the capital. In the
nineteenth century we peti-
tioned the Governor. Today
we protest outside the gates
of Whitehall.
In Trinidad and Tobago,
the Port-of-Spain City Council
and its predecessor, the Cabildo,
were for many years the
exception to this rule. They
constantly sought to wrest from
the colonial authorities the
right to manage the affairs of
the city on behalf of the
burgesses.
In fact, it is that desire for
self-government which is the
basis of local government. Self-
government is merely the
taking of our affairs into, our
own hands and the managing
of them on our own behalf.
With independence the
national community as a
whole became self-governing.
But if our nation has achieved
independence, our people
have not become fully self-
governing.
To make us truly an inde-
pendent people, one of the
things we need to do is to
extend self-government to the
level of the local community,
where people live and work
and play.


WHY





WE






NEED






LOCAL






GOVT


AGOSMTURA;


To realize such an ideal we
need to create units of local
government in sufficient num-.
ber to be small enough to be
accessible to the citizens and
therefore responsive to our
needs.
We need to endow the
communities throughout Trini-
dad and Tobago with municipal
status and the responsibility
to provide for themselves
essential services, utilities,
public administration, welfare
andflong-term planning.
These municipal authorities
will thus share executive res-
ponsibilities with the central
government, and will provide a
focus for the expression of
local opinion as to what the
policy and priorities should
be in the provision of govern-
mental services.
Just such an expansion of
local government was an early
promise of the party which has
presided over our destinies for
over 20 years now. that
promise was soon broken.
Instead we have witnessed
the relentless whittling away
of the powers of the already
limited local government we
had.
Today, even the Port-of-
Spain City Council, that bastion
of local pride and self-assertion
in days gone by, is but a
mockery of its old self.
The question is why? When
the present ruling party con-


tested its first local government
elections in l9i.o, it spoke of
the need for
. that expansion of
municipal government which
is characteristic of modem
democratic society and which
%stems trom one funda-
mental fact: that-the econ-
omic advantage of a single
centralised government is
outweighed by the political
advantage ofa decentralised
system of government which
provides for the participa-
tion o f more people in the
management of their coun-
try's affairs".

If today the ruling party is
determined to deny any exten-
sive powers to local govern-
ment, it can only be because
it has come to fear the conse-
quences of the "participation
of more people in the manage-
ment of their country's affairs"
It is such participation
which is the basis of compe-
tence and self-confidence.
Strong local government would
provide a training ground for
future political leaders.
Strong local government and
competent local leaders would
be in a position to challenge
the national government on
behalf of their constituents
in much the same way the


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Port-of-Spain City Council
challenged the governor and
the imperial power he repre-
sented, in Lays of yore.
Strong local government is
one of the keys to political
progress and therefore to better
government, more efficient
administration, more effective
economic planning and a fuller,
more satisfying life for all.
But the basis of strong
local government is the active
participation of the citizens in
the community.

REFORM

An incompetent, insensitive
and politically weak national
government is not to be
expected to take the risk of
reforming local government in
the desired direction.
It is we, the citizens, who
have to get ourselves together.
We shall hardly solve our pro-
blems on April 25. But by
taking ah enlightened interest
in the issues of local govern-
Tnent we can begin to prepare
-or the long struggle to secure
our country, for ourselves and
our successors,
Trinidad and Tobago is our
country for which we are
responsible. Ultimately, that is
the basis and the meaning of
local government.-


PYRAMID DRUG


STORE
28 Mucurapo Street
SAN FERNANDO

' ____ / __ ___ ^. _ -


~~l-rr a 111.





PAGE 6 TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 17, 1977


Fort of




Spain -





capital





city or



common






slum?

The -city is a major householder, pedestrian
health hazard. Efficient nor motorist, all of whom
garbage collection has continue to use the
broken down. Litter laws streets as their private
are either ineffective or trash cans.
are' simply not enforced, If there is vermin in
neither against merchant, the streets, there are also


TAKEN A good look at our capital city recently? The seat of our
national government, the headquarters of commerce and communi-
cations and culture?
If you have, then like most other people, you would have
made a mental catalogue ot the grave deficiencies of Port-of-Spain
that might run something Ake this:


pollutants in the air we
breathe. Indiscriminate
burning of garbage at the
Beetham dump means
that Laventille is host to
a nightly pall of smoke.
When the wind shifts,
central Port-of-Spain and
areas as far west as
Woodbrook also take in
their share of the noxious
fumes.
The. City administra-
tion claims not to be
responsible for the dump.
They say that other
authorities also use it to
dispose of their waste.
And they claim that it is
the indigent folk who
make their living by rum-
maging in the dump for
salvageable items who set
the fires' there. But it is
thp citizens of Port-of-
Spain who suffer. Are not
these citizens entitled to
expect the City fathers
to be active in promoting
their interests and safe-
guarding their health?
The pollution of the
atmosphere is only part
of the callous disregard
for the integrity of the
nature a environment.
There is the indiscrimin-
ate quarrying of the hill-
sides, such as at Eastern
Quarries and the Lady
Young .Road. The ugly
scars left by sdch activi-
ties spoil the physical
aspect of the city.


And even if the quarry-
ing takes place outside of
city boundaries, it is city
residents, such as those
in Belmont, who suffer
from the eventual flood-
ing. Nor has the Port-of-
Spain City Council done
anything to enhance the
appearance of the water-
front area in such a way
as to show up the capital
as a seaside city.
Parks and play-
grounds should provide
necessary relief from the.
constant assault on our
senses in the concrete
jungle of the city. Not
only have successive city
administrations failed to
provide such recreational
areas in districts which
lack them, but they have
also allowed the existing
parks to fall to pieces.
Independence Square
has been asphalted to
provide parking for cars.
King George V Park has
been wantonly destroyed
by the central govern-
ment with not so much
as a whimper of protest
from the City Council.
Woodford Square is fast
becoming a dustbowl.
The Savannah is now a
shortcut for impatient
motorists. Parks all over
the city are either being
overtaken by rank weeds
or by the rank monstrosi-
ties of concrete toilets


and WASA pumping sta-
tions.
The concrete jungle
has become a cliche. In
some parts of the world
enlightened city planners
are determined to see that
it also becomes a thing of
the past. Imaginative,
long-term planning has
been introduced to pre-
serve or impart a certain
desired character to cities.
Port-of-Spain is com-
pletely innocent of this
kind of purposive plan-
ning. The result is its
increasingly higgledy-
piggledy character.
Garish new construc-
tions of concrete and
glass stand cheek by jowl
with, if they don't dwarf
entirely, colonial-style
builangs of wood and
wrought iron. Uptown
residences are being con-
verted into office build-
ings often with little
concern for the preserva-
tion of their original
style and the overall
character of their neigh-
bourhoods. As a result of
unco-ordinated housing
developments, highrise or
hillside, the city is in-
creasingly nondescript.
Traffic congestion is
one of the more worri-
some aspects of city
existence. More than ever
in this field is Port-of-
Spain the victim of
unplanned developments.
Because of its position as
the political and com-
mercial capital, it has
been estimated that more
than 45,000 people come
in to the city to work


for
The finest cuts
in
Gents Suitings
TUNAPUNA RD
TUNAPUNA.


The Port-of-Spain
CYti' Council
is so
emasculated
as to be a
mocern'
of its
former self





SUNDAY APRIL 17,1977 TAPIA PAGE 7


each day, not to mention
those who merely come
to shop or to pick up a
birth certificate at. the
Red House nor the child-
ren coming in to the
schools.
This list of shortcom-
ings could be extended
easily. But the items we
have listed sufficiently
indicate me deepening
degradation of the city.
he first major conse-
quence is a flight of resi-
dents. Between 1965 and
'1970 13,000 residents
moved out of Port-of-
Spain, the. vast majority
of them going to the
suburban areas which
have sprung up from
Diego Martin to Trincity.
This development -has
meant in turn that the
central area of the city
takes on the aspect of a
ghost town on weekends.
At its very heart the city
lacks the nurture of
people who live there.
For the armies which
tramp through from
Monday to Friday, it is


merely a temporary con-
venience.
Perhaps in these deve-
lopments lies one of the
reasons for the collapse
of vigorous city adminis-
tration. Without people
who care how can there
be politics? But Port-of-
Snain as a whole is still a
permanent home for
many thousands of
people.
And every day it is a
temporary home for
many thousands more.
Moreover, it is still the
capital city which must
play host to all of our
citizens and to our visi-
tors from abroad. As
capital city it should
epitomize the spirit of
the nation.
There are powerful
reasons therefore why
we should all be con-
cerned about the material
and spiritual decline of
Port-of-Spain and should
seek ways and means of
restoring the once proud
city to robust civic health.


St aa ds nt e t c il a a s ie ciy.
The waterfront area does not enhance the capital as a seaside city.


".. . -.4' I. -. " """I
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l l .- -'r ,

- .. ,.. ,.' ,
iT,'"" Ve .-C
-, 4_.
-- " __
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -' -.,'


- -I I W


With the population moving out of the city centre to areas from Diego Martin to Trincity, the city centre has become a ghost town outside of working hours.


....
J r

.- "-" '
.; & Tola~f q(d


C/U ~ U
6gil
Ift7 "-'" r


S.


Sii r--nnl-nnm


JUNIOR'S
CHICKEN CHIPS




I F ;":'
jl;/W^ ^f^^iRruc


1'~/~


JIUIS


One result oj the unplanned development of the city has been the grave traffic congestion and parking horrors. -


Li.


WI


*'~ ~~~C
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~E~A~q~ ";:


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Icu~


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1






PAGE TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 17.1977


L9 V EFR


Fact or


fiction?
SUDDENLY, reform of local
government is once more a
talking point. So far it is little
more than that. And from the
available indications it would
be a serious mistake on our
part to anticipate any radically
new departure from the pre-
sent government.
The background to the
renewed interest in local gov-
ernment is, of course, the com-
prehensive collapse of the
utilities and services which it
has been the almost exclusive
responsibility of the central
government to provide.
What might be called the
doctrine of central govern-
ment responsibility had been
spelt out by the current Prime
Minister as far back as 1959
when he argued that
all trends in Trinidad, a
population of 750,000, an
island a few miles long by a
few miles wide, all trends
in Trinidad, not only by
tradition, but also by prac-
tical experience and neces-
sity are for the maintenance
in the hands of the Central
Government 'of services
which are too small essenti-
ally, small m scope, small in
volume, to be diffused
among a number of little
local government bodies all
calling for grants from the
Central Government".
/The test of the pudding is in
the eating. By the test ofprac-
tical results, that doctrine
has been exposed clearly to be
the misguided and expedient
policy that it was.

DOMINATION

The 18 years of central
government domination since
the doctrine was enunciated
have resulted in unbelievable
inefficiency and chaos in the
public services and the utilities
and in ever-inrcreasing hardship
for the ordinary citizen.
In electricity, water and
telephones it is unending hor-
rors. In public transport it is
endless jamming.
The citizen in the remote
area has to put life, limb and
vehicle at risk on the rotten
roads to come to-Port-of-Spain
in order to get a birth certifi-
cate.
At one time the blame for
this state of affairs was laid on
the shoulders of incompetent,
insensitive and inefficient min-
isters and public servants.
Now, in less pressing political
times,, we are being told that
the problem was that up to
three years ago we had no
money to do anything, and
that the international lending
agencies to which we went
begging for funds invariably
subjected us to unconscionable
delays.

DOCTRINE

IF it is not one thing it is
another. What we will never get
is the open and honest admis-
sion that the doctrine of
exclusive central government
responsibility was wrong in
the first place and that its
author was wrong-headed.
In fact, despite the havoc it
has wreaked the doctrine has
not been and cannot be.
.t -_ .I__- .1 4 C_ I ;, 1


theory of public administra-
tion than it is part of a
strategy of political survival
for the ruling party.
It is in that context that we
are to judge the surreptitious
and half-hearted attempts to
retrieve the damage which we
have had in recent time.
First of all, there has been
the mock agonising within the
ruling party over the relative
merits of devolution as
opposed to decentralisation.
An elaborate defence "
against demands for the devolu-
tion of real power to local
government has been erected
in the form of the bogey of
autonomy. How absurd, it is
exclaimed, tat San Fernand,
or some such place, should
demand and expect autonomy.
And in the interests of
economy and efficiency, there
has been the most painful
nail-biting over the possible
costs and waste and duplica.
tion to be muurred by devolu-
tion or excessive decentralisa-


Clive
John


tion, when minor adjustments,
especially now that we do have
the money, might be all that is
necessary.
And it is minor adjustments
indeed which have been the
first fruits of the new move-
ment for reform of local gov-
ernment. A committee of civil
servants appointed by the
cabinet to look into the matter
of wider powers for local
government bodies has recom-
mended that chief executive
officers should come under the
full control of the county
councils, that the councils
should have the authority to
build and repair certain build-
ings, and a few other such
earth-shaking innovations.
But if we have come to
expect a perhaps excessive
reserve on the part of our civil
servants, we still-have the
chance to see just what our
politicians will make of the
business in hand. For it is to a
joint select committee of both
houses of Parliament that the


Candidate
for
Woodbrook


_ I'ft


THE electoral district of Woodbrook starts at Rosalino
St. but includes one block of Luis Street. It goes into
St. James up, to Vidale St. and includes the whole
area south of Tragarete Road and the Western Main
Road.
The Tapia Candidate for this area in the April
25 City Council election is Clive Ernon John, aged
34.
Clive grew up on Luis Street, Woodbrook and
went to school at Mucurapo Boys R.C. and then
Fatima. After a few years of study at U.W.I. Jamaica,
he returned to his old College where is now a-devoted
Dean of Forms 3 & 4 and a teacher of Science, Mathe-
matics and General Paper.
Clive John chose the policies of Tapia in 1971
following a meeting at Independence Square which
he says gave him a vision of a Trinidad & Tobago
built on simple activities such as his own in Wood-
brook and St. James.
Now he has himself become a bearer of that
promise of a revival of faith in the process of Gov-
ernment both in the City and in the, country as a
whole.
The price of better conditions, Clive says, is that
we must speak up frankly and fearlessly wherever we
are in the local districts.
Clive Joln himself speaks as a responsible father
of two boys, aged 1 and 3. His wife is Helene (nee
Wilkie) of Agra Street, St. James.
Helene's passion has been a kindergarten school.
A practical idealist, she has translated into action
creative ideas which many of us might simply have
left to go a-begging.
Clive is a candidate inspired by the experience
of what can be achieved by enterprise, discipline and
unflagging hard work. He offers to Woodbrook and
St. James a voice in the City Council free and
unmuzzled.



MICKEY'S AUTOMOTIQUE
Cor. Edward Lee
and:
Cipero Streets
SAN FERNANDO

Main Road
FYZABAD


matter of reform has been
assigned.
The immediate occasion for
calling the committee into
being was the tabling of a
report from the Elections and
Boundaries Commission which
Contained recommendations
for the extension of the bound-
aries of Port-of-Spain and San
Fernando, for the splitting of
the county of St. George into
two, and for the creation of


new municipalities in Point
Fortin and Pointe-a-Pierre.
But the committee has a
free hand to come up with
whatever blueprint for a new
era in local government it sees
fit.
Moreover, the explosive
issue of self-government for
Tobago has also been put into
the committee's lap. Is there
any hope that Parliament will
drop a bomb?


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SUNDAY APRIL 17, 1977 TAPIA PAGE 9


produced a literature of
revPenge and recrimina-
non, a literature of the
Adamic nature of the
New World as well as a
-literature imbued with
a sense of horror at the
simpler barbarism of
the New World.


Borges' literature was his own
another .(English) literature


Palermo (a district of Buenos Aires) with knives and
,guitars (they assure me) gathered at the corners, but
those who populated my mornings and gave agreeable
horror to my nights were the blind buccaneer of
Stevenson, agonizing under the horses' hooves, and
the traitor who abandoned his friend in the moon,
and the time traveller who brought a withered flower
from the future, and the genii imprisoned for cen-
-turies in a salomonic jar and the veiled prophet of
Jorasan, who hid his leprosy behind stones and silk.
Borges' so-called universalism consisted in a turn-
ing away from his own country's contemporary
history. The tradition of Argentine writing was
European, he said, and disinissed the view "that
there has been something like a dissolution of continu-
ity between us and Europe. According to this
singular observation, we Argentines find ourselves in a
situation like that of the first days of Creation; the
search for European themes and devices is an illusion,
an errnr; we.should understand that we are essentially
alone i;a 'cannot play at -being Europeans... I
believe our tradition is all of Western culture".
Borges then further qualifies this statement
and justifies its value by pointing to what Thorstein
SVeblen:. aid of the pre-eminence of the Jews in
:Western culture: "they act within that culture and, at
the same' time, do not feel tied to it by any special
devbtion; -for that reason . aJew will always
find it' easier than a non-Jew to make innovations
Sin Western culture."


HEROES AND VILLIANS


Borges has been innovative in Western literature
by taking the keen interest in old fashioned European
theories which no modern European writer would.
But here I want to point to certain views of history
which fascinated him. To Borges, personalities have no
-weight except as symbols and he has a kind of resigned
deteriinistic view of history, which is not without its
fascination. For example he sees heroes and villians
as beitg inextricably bound together. The strongest
bond between men is hate.notlove.
One example of this is a story Deutsches Requiem
in which the protagonist,. a German Nazi spy, argues
that the important thing was not -for Germany to
win !"What matters if England is the hammer and we
the anvil, so long as violence reigns and not servile
Christian timidity." In other words Europe needed
Germany in order to be revitalized history can
always be justified.
In the Borges logic, the slave trader can argue
that without the Trade, America would never have
been able to give the world jazz. Without Fulgencio
Batista, Fidel Castro is impossible to imagine.
In another story "Three Versions of Judas", a
character argues that Judas was really a hero, and his
villany made Jesus' destiny possible: "Judas alone
among the apostles, sensed the secret divinity and
terrible intent of Jesus ... Judas in some way reflects
Jesus."
In another story, The Theologians, one christian
theologian has another burnt as a heretic, but in
Heaven. "Aurelian learned that, for the unfathom-
able divimty, he and John of Pannonia (the orthodox
believer and the heretic, the abhorrer and the abhor-
red, the accuser and the accused) formed one single
person."
One single person: Borges, the man who spent
so much time running away from American history
has in an uncanny-way seemed to offer insights into
that history. One thinks of the continuous and often


From the point of
view of the sociology of
Spanish American Lit-
erature, the poets have
been by and large the
descendants of whale
Fanon called th<
-colons". In their vien
of history, they have


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_C


starting point of
experience -of
porges has said:


bitter warring between Conservatives and Liberals in
Spanish American history. To the modem historian,
how close in spirit they seem. As is said in the novel,
one hundred years of.solitude (1967), the only difference
between Conservatives and Liberals (in Colombia) is
that one group attends five o'clock mass and the
other, the seven o'clock service.
Perhaps equally united in our time are the
right-wing death-squads and the extreme left-wing
terrorist groups. They mirror each other in their com-
mitment to the cult of violence.
The cult of violence: to England add the
United States, and remember the fire-bombing of
German civilian towns, the dropping of the atomic
bomb at Hiroshima, the war crimes and atrocities in
Vietnam. Did not the spirit of Nazism transfer itself
to the allies and have they not been prepared to treat
those they considered "inferior" with the utmost
ferocity, substituting "free-enterprise democracy"
for "purity of blood".
S Borges' vision of history as an eternal return is
so dreadful, that his Hemingwayesque proposition of
"grace under pressure" is scarcely comforting or
particularly satisfactory. Is his vision tragic or merely
depressing?
A story like "The Gospel according to St.
Mark" shows us a truly terrified consciousness. The
theme is the meeting of civilization and barbarism in
the backlands, a theme historically rooted in the
Argentine urban consciousness, in which the educated
urbanite succumbs to the ferocity of the primitive
unlettered folk, since the days of the dictator Rosas.
It is the story of a visitor to a country farm,
-who passing the time at night, starts reading to the
farmlands, of a vaguely Scottish Calvinist background,
the Gospel story.
What attracts these unlettered naive barbarians
is the idea of redemption through the Crucifixion,
which they see as a rite to be re-enacted. The
mysterious sounds the townsmen hear but cannot
decipher turns out to have a horrifying meaning. It is
a Cross-being made and the reader of the Gospel
will become Christ by Crucifixion.
From the point of view of the sociology of
Spanish American Literature, the poets have been by
and large the descendants of what Fanon called the
"colons". In their view of history, .they have pro-
duced a literature of revenge and recrimination, a
literature of the Adamic nature of the New World as
well as a literature imbued with a sense of horror at
the simpler barbarism of the.New World. An Adamic
awareness but also a Cain and Abel awareness and
as they confront "the elemental privilege of naming
the New World", they would be foolish not to
notice that "elemental man" has blood on his hands.


Guillen used his
"mulatto" position
primarily to score
points against
American racism.
He uses the notion
of victim-executioner,
offering images of a
colonial white
Spanish overseer
whippiong the black
slave: these in their
20th ,century refer-
ence become
American capitalists
exploiting workers
and unemployed....




*** ******




Borges has been
innovative in Western
literature by taking a
keen interest in old
fashioned European
writer would. In the
Borges logic, the slave
trader can argue
that without the
Trade, America
would never have
been able to give the
world jazz...


I


... .-i
I -





PAGE 10 TAPIA SUNDAY APRIL 17,1977 .


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SUNDAY APRIL 17, 1977 TAPIA PAGE 11


BACK TO OUR RIGHTFUL PLACE


-By DA VE FRANCOIS

LAST WEEK I dealt with the
lack of self-discipline and
inspiration which has led
recently to disastrous results
for the Trinidad team in two
of its games at home.
Now I would like first of all
to look at what's in store for
the present players and then
suggest what should be done
in.the immediate future to lift
Trinidad's cricket from the
doldrums.


LEADERS OF


With the possible, exception
of horse-racing, no'sport is as
dear to Trinidadian and Toba-
gonian hearts as is cricket. It is
another religion in this country
Cricket rans are not going to
tolerate such appalling displays
indefinitely, and one can
visualise thousands of empty
seats in the near future, if


something is not immediately
done to correct the ills. And
cricket cannot survive without
spectators.
Now to the present players.
Prince Bartholomew, that work-
horse of Trinidad cricket, must
be on his last legs.
Cricket authorities must
recommend him for a national


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Getting there is really
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Once you approach Penny's
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under into Barataria you
would come upon the bill-
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First your eyes fall
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NAPPIES

And as you enter your
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Remember the joys
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COCONUT-OIL

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But what if Mamma is
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Junior taking care?

GASTRO

Or what about toddlers'?
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May they not creep up to
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sauce-pan of hot oil. .
Or may they not con-
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Luo from the floors that are
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PLAY-PENS

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sliding-sides or flip-sides
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baby. They help to secure
the safety and the health
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nets and pillows.
There are play-pens that
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DOUBLE-DECKERS

Phil and Lou's jumor
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WI CRICKET
award in this year's Indepen- merely to be discovered and
dence honours and retire him developed.
before he is forced to bow out The core of the problem lies
ignominously.' He has served us in the provision of proper
far tco well for such a tragedy playing facilities in each county
to take place. according to its size and needs
This year must be Faria's and regardless of whether or
last year as he has lost his not Tobago becomes self-
ability to concentrate for long governing.
periods. His performances in Concretestrip nets, properly
1977 have been nothing but prepared matting wickets and
mediocre. billiard table playing fields,
Murray, our present captain, such as there are in the major
will hardly be available beyond West Indian territories, are
1979. Fortunately, in Randall essential to the development of
Lyon, there is a wicket-keeping confident strokeplay, genuine
replacement. pace and spin bowling, and,
But the void left by the loss not the least, first-class fielding.
of Murray's batting and his-vast Once these facilities are
experience will not be easily provided, coaches will be found,
filled. the objective being to aim at
Sheldon Gomes, Julien, the 13 t, 15 age group and
Gabriel, D'Heurieux, Cuffy and subsequently to provide a
Ramkissoon have not really constant nucleus of 25 to 30
lifted their game to the high players who will be able to
standards expected and seem replace the older heads and
unlikely to do so in spite of those whose performances fall
all the breaks they have been below par.
given. Should these young cricket-
-The three spinners, the two ers be put under the charge of
Alis and Jumadeen, Larry someone like Joey Carew or.
Gomes, and of course, Murray, Andy Ganteaume, they will
are the only players who, more certainly learn the disciplines,
often than not, perform credit- tactics and strategies necessary
ably. to succeed in the greatest of
Sagram is technically com- all games.
petent but seems to fear the
really true pace. He should, These two personalities are
however, develop in confidence well kpown for their dedica-
the more he is exposed. tionto and their knowldge of
Where are the replacements? cricket. There are others, of
The only opening bowler of course, who have these quai.
potentially genuine pace is ties and 4 merely namethese
Ruskin Mark, who must learn two as examples.
to concentrate on line- and The competitive, spirit
length before trying to bowl a among the counties and Tobago
thunderbolt with every ball. should by itself ensure the
But the talent-is there and success of the venture and the
he is very young. Properly future of our cricket. In a
handled this year, he will be country where money is now
Bartholomew's replacement no object and where $100m.
next year. have been ear-marked for
As already indicated, Lyon' sport, the provision of these'
will fit into Murray's shoes as a facilities should pose no pro-
competent waicket-keeper, but blem.
what of the remaining available It will then be necessary to
recruits? organise and co-ordinate the
I have seen no Lawrence programmes and there are
Rowes, no Jeffrey Dujoris, no 'many in bur country who are
Lockhart Sebastiens, no Richard competent so to do.
Austins on the horizon. We will then be able to
And therein lies a,_ tale of gain our rightful place as the
woe because the talent is there leaders of West Indian cricket.





LA MOZOM


I\'




I''

IL


L.~..


-I


I I;










- ''I









1hrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institute for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N,Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448,
U.S.A.


ULIW


PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO~. .', 91 TUNAULNA t,, TU.NAPUNA TEL;:662- 126 AND 22CI'R IANI BVD. P.OS. 62-,524'
-~~ s,., "


SO we did not save the Fourth Test and, the root causes of
defeat remaining intact, we'll be hard pressed to save the
series. Neither the jejune -simplifications of the uneasy
Captain-Lloyd, forever plugging the line of least resistance,
nor the pat pleadings of the respected commentator Cozier
have managed to persuade us. We refuse to accept that
West Indies lost because of "nothing but inept batting ...
purely and simply."
That is not to deny that some of the batsmen gave
Their hand away. In the first inings, both Greenidge and
Fredericks surely and, perhaps Shillingford did a ou ,,.
Mushtaq must be given some of the credit. "-,.
In the second, Greenidge, unforgivablyTared no better than
we feared; Richards, looking really good at last, was deceived in'
flight and inexplicably found himself well out of his ground in
defence. .
Fredericks did -not touch By EARL BEST
the ball with his bat or did not, one opportunity of getting
at any rate, think so. Shilling- back into contention (was) a
ford did ever a Test batsman inngs
fall into a more obvious trap? quick 'demise of the innings
fa a ore obvious trap? with a deficit within their cap-
did not think! abilities and plenty of time to
On the next morning, Kalli- reach it."
Scharan, flushed withyesterday's oyd opened with Inshan
I success, fell to an early indis- Al anld pakistan consolidated
region as did oyd not long their position "already a nearly
afterwards. unassailable one when play
Then Murray, partnered by began" adding 121 runs in.the
Roberts, once more proceeded 120 mins. before lunch.
to. demonstrate that had we Richards manifestly the
wanted to we could have saved most economicaloof the W.I.
e game. bowlers in the first innings
forEventually, weay of bng (18.3-6-34-2) did not even
forever Atlas, and in what bowl a trial ball in the second;
looked suspiciously like and Roberts; the rnost experi-
deliberate act of rebellion, he enced Roberts, the emen experi as
let the world drop enced of the pacemen and, as
let the world drop ligniappe, the most ,successful
'Perhaps and I am in dead in the first -innings (3-82);
-earnest -perhaps he was rebel- bowled fewer overs than both
ling against that insensitivity bowled fewer overs than both
which spawns inopportune Garner and Croft aui no moie
which spawns inopportune than Inshan. Bad battingmy
banners proclaiming that only foot!!!nshan Bad batt
rain or a miracle can save us. t was in this session that
Might not a profession of the match and, perhaps, the.
our faith in our heroes' ability series! was lost! It was twice
to save themselves and us have see! was lost! It t i he level
g made clear that the level of .
galvailized them into so doing? frustration, inevitably, was
If it 'would have been a
miracle for Lloyd, Kallicharan, rising
Murray, Garner, Roberts, Al Once Richards threw up
and Croft to bat for a mere six both arms in eloquent word-
-.hours, does it not imply that less overt protest against Mur-
the opposing bowling staff .is ray's allowing his none-too-
b..fthe o in wings, tidy throw from deep back-
at least highly competent? How ward pointhto go for an
then do we arrive at the wad ont to o o an
formula of "inept batting overthrow and Lloyd not ong
there is no other reason?" afterwards openlyremonstrated
What does it matter that with Fredericks (who showed



3~~~~~~~ -efciey20fr3-
even after the "abysmal" his disapproval) when the latter
e threatened to but did not
batting of the first innings, we throw down the bowler's
were trying to win the game? wicket with Sarraz well out
Naturally, we began the f
second innings with a defensive his ground.
field; in the circumstances it
would have been sheer folly to
do otherwise.
But lo and behold at 63 for W H ER I
3 effectively 250 for 3!
ah-ha! No fewer-than 5 fields-
men are deployed-within 5
yards of the bat with the first
innings centurion Mushtaq and Y O U IT
brother Sadiq at the crease and.
not Roberts but Inshan Ali on LAST WEEK Thursday, com-
the ball! petition for the Cadbury Fry
After a couple of overs Cup, contested annually
Richards was withdrawn from between the top schools in the
silly mid off into the ring but North, began at four venues.
the overly aggressive field sur- This year the eight teams in
vived for several overs. 58 for 3 the Championship .Division of
after 95 minutes, Pakistan were the Colleges' League are
able to score 94 runs in the joined by South East P.O.S.
116 ininutes left on Sunday. Secondary;--the Senior Division
The optimism persisted into winners.
Tuesday morning and we con- Trinity, favoured by the
tinued to play right into their draw, sat out this first round.
hands. It was clear to most In the first game, -St.
people that Mushtaq would Anthony's, playing at home,
try to get as many runs as bowled out the opposition,
he could as quickly as he could. Sixth Form Government Poly-
The policy, then, should technic Institute for 59, before
clearly have been to make them scoring 107 in their turn at the
fight for every run and take as crease (K. Medina 50).
long as possible accumulating Polytechnic made a spirited
the runs necessary to make attempt to get back in tne
any contemplated declaration game with 101 for 6 dec. in
safe. their second innings'(B. Leesoy
But hear this extraordinary 40), but they could get only
assessment by Cozier: ...them 2 wickets as .St. Anthony's


PICK SHOWS




PANIC IN



'THE CAMP


So with the decisive Fifth
Test a matter of days away,
Pakistan, having gone, as tour-
ing teams often do, from
strength to strength, are now
cock-a-hoop on. the crest of
the wave.
Lloyd's men, in contrast,
defeat having widened the.
chinks in their psychological
armour, are waiting dejectedly
in the trough.
The psychological problem
is compounded by technical
problems. Inshan is popularly
believed to have bowled ex-
tremely well but Kensington
is apparently expected to be
fast with bounce to last perhaps
al-six days.
The pacemien, we hear tell,
VJES-T-INDIE. RATTINC,
Plak s a e^


are tired, though both Roberts
and Garner are at present play-
ing in the Shell Shield final
and bowling their hearts out
too.
Greenidge remains uncon-
vincing against the Pakistani
attack; neither Shillingford's
nor Kallicharan's form is con-
vincing either; Lloyd's luck
seemed to have deserted him
since his First Test century.
Garer's promise is yet to
be fulfilled arid Murray. now
seems to have given almost his
all in front of the stumps as
behind them.
Luckily, Fredericks con-
tinues to hold the fort--and
Richards with a brand new
Shell Shield century under his
\eiT--LN-tE t~ -OWLNG -0

Fer iqi 14.3, 4 52. 7 2.oo0 .
-- -
Ua -, l e i _


LLor .d-

Ccfft
KaLtckaraw





I skan AtL.
J\uj.nI


12. 0


belt can now be expected to
attain the dizzy heights of the
last two tours.
The arbitrariness of the
exclusion of the spinners so
far has left us not knowing
what the selectors will do.
They do not seem to have
evolved a formula for the selec-
tion of the team-and though
we held out such high hopes
for them at the outset there's
little now to suggest that they
are in any way different from
their predecessors.
Their President's XI selec-
tibns led us, if now seems, up
the garden path.
With the Shell Shield games
not concurrent with the tour-
ists' territorial games, "keep
fit" -practice matches might
.have been arranged',q. ready
and expose thie 6-r 'able
talent.
At any given time, there
would have been a core of
reserves fit and ready to fill a
place at a moment's notice.
Alas! Messrs. Carew, Holt
and Solomon have brought
nothing new to their posts and
one is loath to believe that they
will "solve" the political pro-
blem of playing-in Jamaica
without a Jamaican.
More importantly; how-
ever, one is concerned that the
new adhocracy produced on
Wednesday when the team is
announced may initially work
against the West Indies by giving
Pakistan the psychological
advantage afforded by the
knowledge that in the oppos-
ing camp there's panic.


E WERE THE TCC



I SELECTORS?


scored 35.
Over in the Queen's Park
Savannah, C.I.C. batted first to
score 107 against the T.T.E.C.
Trade School (E. Harris 37, K.
Joseph 3-40).
Surprisingly in the League
competition, T.T.E.C. had
scored a couple of outright
victories, one of them over
C.I.C. T.T.E.C. failed to
score the runs required for
victory, mustering only 74 (B.
Green 20, K. Elder 3 for 7).
On, the adjoining ground,
Progressive, likely North League
champions for 1977 knocked
up. 197 against South East (J.
Darceuil 42, P. Jackman 33, H.
Bishop 31, Regis 28 n.o., A.
Dharson 3-48, L. Sobers 4-64).
South East in reply scored
1,06 (Dharson 22, K. Ali, 24,
Sobers 24, Bishop 3-38, Regis
2-28, Darceuil 2-20, W./Anand-
singh 2-4).


Down at Fatima Grounds in
the last game, Q.R.C: and
Fatima resumed a long-standing
rivalry. Put in to bat, Q.R.C.
took 335 minutes to amass
262.
Their captain Leon Cope-
land hit a fine 118 which
included 14 fours and a five.
It was the second century he
has scored in the Colleges'
League.
He featured in a 98-run 5th
wicket partnership with Lindy
Phillip whose 64 included 8
fours.
For Fatima, leg-spinner
Hugh Julien bowled impres-
sively to finish with the richly
deserved figures of 34.2-11-27:
9.
39 for 3 overnight, Fatima
battled on for 130 minutes on
Saturday to score 149. Allan
Corneal hit a belligerent 34, R.
DeSouza a fighting 33 n.o. and


Garnet Craig a defiant 29.
For Q.R.C. Courtenay Mark
finished with 14-540-4 and
skipper'Copeland completed a
grand allround performance
with figures of 154-54-6
Those who are wondering
what is wrong with Trinidad's
cricket will hardly be surprised
to learn that apart from Alvin-
Comreal, present at Fatima -
briefly in his capacity "as
parent" there were no T.CC.
youth selectors watching any
of these games despite the
imminent North vs South
Under-19 fixture.
I haven't seen any of them
at any League games this season
either. Small wonder then'that
a look at the list of players
invited for the North trial
leaves Colleges' League teams
coaches wondering at the
criteria for selection.


4


--.


7




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