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Tapia
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00252
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Publication Date: Sunday, May 29, 1977
Frequency: completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
sobekcm - UF00072147_00252
System ID: UF00072147:00252

Full Text

VoL 7. No.22


SUNDAY MAY 29, 1977


RESEARCH INSTITUTE
.FOR THE STUDy OF MAN
A62 EAST 78 STREET
.,, iORK 21, N. y.


PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO. LTD., 91 TUNAPUNA RD., TUNAPUNA TEL:'662-5126 AND 22 CIPRIANI BVD. P.O.S. 62-25241.
U


Building


talks


at Inn


July 9

THE FIRST big Tapia occasion
sincethe 1976 General Elec-
tions will be a thoroughly
non-political one.
This is the promise made
in the invitations going out to
Tapia's "Symposium on The
Construction -Industry and
the National Future" which
will take place at the Holiday
Inn on Saturday July 9.
Tapia will bring together
for this symposium not only
builders, contractors and
other people directly involved
in construction, but also
"people whose only interest
may be a simple house and
land or better amenities for
sport, drama, music or environ-
mental conditions".
SUPPLEMENT

All will join in the con-
structive, discussions expected
to last all day at the Inn.
The organizers of the
Symposium have invited re-
presentatives from the NHA
and the Ministry of Works,
and the Town and Country
Planning Division.
The Symposium is to coin-
cide with a special supple-
ment of TAPIA on the con-
struction industry.
That issue of the paper, so
it is planned, will contain
some working papers for the
Symposium.
Interested persons can con-
tact the Tapia Port-of-Spain
Centre, 22 Cipriani Blvd, Tel.
62-25241. or-any of the
organising committee Lloyd
Best, Junior Wiltshire, Claude
Guillaume, Ruskin Punch,
Lloyd Taylor and Daulton
O'Neil.


A DEADLY WAR


'THE


DREADS'


The fact that Rasta culture has been celebrated in ,music and
drama may not help Trinidad "locksmen now being projected as
"guerrillas" Below right Asst. Comm. Toppin who in 1970 said
police had no right to cut people's locks.


THE WAR against the
"Dreads" in which the
Dominica government
passed shoot-to-kill laws
for its police has now
been declared in Trinidad
and Tobago where the
wearing of Rasta-style
"dreadlocks" is increas-
ingly being associated
with organised crime and
guerrilla activity.
Daily as the press reports
robberies and crimes of


Violence, there is an attempt
to project as the culprits a
Gang or gangs of Rasta-
plaited youths.
The police have fed to
the media the notion that
recent robberies and murders
have been the doing of a
band of terrorists whose
hideouts, discovered in the
hills, always contain mari-
juana, ammunition and mili-
tary type clothing.
And more ana more there
is an attempt to identify the
wanted "commandos", as
they have been called, with
the wearing of "dreadlocks"
Thus far, the "Dreads"
have been losing the
propaganda war.
At press time there were
no reports of arrests or
actual confrontation with the
mysterious "commandos".
But crime reporters have
in the daily press and on the
radio been regularly working
into their stories the notion

bean change, with special
reference to the Puerto
Rican and Cuban experiences.
The final part of the-
course, Taylor reported,
would seek to provide cadres
with the practical means.for
political organization and
mobilization.
There is to be a nominal
registration fee for the course,
which is open to all party
members. After the opening
sessions in Port-of-Spain, the
venue of classes is to be
shifted about the country.


that the outlaws wear the
natty hairstyles known here
as "Rasta".
In so doing, the press is
servicing a traditional bias in
the society against the various
hairstyles that can be des-
cribed as "natural" to people
with African hair.
Years ago, the now accept-
able Afro hairstyle was dis-
criminated against by schools
and employers.
During the crackdown on
the 1970 Black Power up-
rising, the police routinely
lopped off the hair of random
unfortunates caught wearing
afros and beards which came'
to be identified with Black
Power and subversion.
This unwanted and usskil-
led police barbering led to
public protests and to the
issuance of a statement by
then -Asst. Comm. Russell
Toppin that policemen had
no, authority to wield scissors
against anyone's locks.
Reports of police violations'
persisted, however, as the
forces felt encouraged by the
government's attitude, to
declare an open season on
everything that suggested
Black Power.
Afros have come to stay
in the period since. But
public tolerance was once
again to be tested with the
coming popularity among
young blacks of "Rasta"
hairstyles.
Late last year Bishop
Anstey (Private) Junior school
refused entry to four-year-old
Sesame Raphael because the


child, like his father Lennox,
wore the "dreadlocks".
Headmistress Mrs. Jennifer
Als said then that the rules of
the school do not allow
children with "untidy hair".
At a time when Bob
Marley's _'Rastaman Vibrai
tions" LP was popular in the
country, a Ministry of Educa-
tion spokesman warned of "a
lot of political- and social
implications" following, the
Bishop's School's decision.
But the Ministry would
not do more on the matter
unless the parents made a
. complaint to it.
Eventually, the school had
a change of heart and advised
the parents by letter that
there were "a few places
available". Dreadlocks had
won the first skirmish in the.
battle for acceptance but in
the prep school.
Another stage of the
struggle is to be fought in the
San Fernando High Court on
June .3, when hearing ofa
motion by eight Rasta-haired
youths begins.
The eight are asking the
court to declare that the recent
police action in cutting their
lockswas unconstitutional;
they want damages for that
and for alleged beating by the
police.
But by the way the anti-
Dread campaign is heating up,
a "locksman or two may
well be shot dead in the usual
"exchange office" with police
and soldiers, before at date.
____ (L.G.'


PPEAKING at last Sunday's
Tapia meeting, Education
Secretary Lloyd Taylor pre-
sented detailed plans for a
training programme for party
cadres, scheduled to begin late
July.
The programme had been
designed to equip party
members with the wherewithal
for the work of party organ-
ization and mobilization. The
ultimate aim was to allow
cadres to initiate field work in
their chosen areas on their
own and with confidence.
The course of training had
been designed to run for six
months and would feature
topics under three broad
heads 1) Ideological Foun-
dations, 2) Public Affairs in
the Caribbean, and 3) Manual


for Party Caares.
The first part of the pro-
gramme would take a critical
look at the prevailing "isms",
and would answer tne ques-
tion as to whether there
could be a distinct Caribbean
ideology.
Participants would
be introduced to the complexi-
ties of race and class in West
Indian politics, and that phase
of the programme would end
with an examination of the
idea of a permanent, profes-
sional political party.
During the second phase,
party cadres would be invited
to-reflect on the history, econ-
omy and social structure of
the region before looking at
the available models of Carib-


45 Cents.


Training Programme

For Party Cadres


I _


m


-- ----


~. r-n- .:-:-L





PAGE 2 TAPIA


THE


By Allan Harris
POOR, POOR MR. PAN-
DAY. He has discovered
that the "parliamentary
opposition as an institution
is totally irrelevant to the
:needs and aspirations of
the people of this coun-
try". And he is the Leader
of the Opposition.
Worse yet, the "present
system of government"
sees the'opposition as both
an obstacle and a "window
dressing to give the govern-
ment legality and legiti-
macy".
Will the ULF now resign
their seats? After all, it is
bad enough to be irrelev-
ant, and worse to be a
prop to the PNM, but it
must be totally unaccept-
able to a party of the'
working class to ( continue
to live with the "West-
minster model" which
imposes "serious restraints
on the system making it
available to preserve class
interest".
As to the interests of
which class are being pre-
served, Mr. Panday leaves
us in little doubt. It is the
same, old, bloody capital-
ists and imperialists.
Though, in speaking to the
Lion's Club of San Fer-
nando on May .19, the
Leader of-the Opposition.
was careful to choose his
term.. Or so we are led to
believe from the press


KEY FACE


Ti-ilI w
- -*t
,l I'


The House of Representatives on the Westminster model


reports.
The press reports them-
selves are an interesting
sidelight. The Guardian
reported the statement on
the following Saturday,
but, presumably falling
within the category of
news from the south, it
was buried somewhere in
the back of the paper.
And directly beneath
the report of Mr. Panday's
lamentations over what he
considers to be the muzz-
ling of the opposition
there is a paid ad from the
DAC, announcing the
broadcast by the G.B.U.
Son both radio stations of
Dr. Winston Murray's
address to Parliament on


the motion for internal
self-government for Tobago.
On the other hand, the
Express gave the-statement -
prominent coverage on
page 3 of its Monday
edition, carrying its report
under the arresting head-
line, "A ray of hope for
the nation's poor".
Above the main head-
line there is a photograph
which features Mr. Panday
in a posture strikingly
reminiscent, of the Christ-
figure in an attitude of
prayer.
Such, no, doubt, are the
minor triumplis of the sub-
editor's craft. A pity-that'
the craft of reporting does
not .afford such felicities.
Still, we are able to-


gather from the reports
that Mr. Panday spoke in
terms of the society being
"engaged in a war between
those who have and those
who do not have", with
those who have assisting
the government to retain
power with a view to main-
taining their economic
power.
We learn further that
Mr. Panday said that "the
Westminster model of gov-
ernment when transported
to the Trinidad situation
was distorted into a parlia-
mentary dictatorship" and
that "the British model
evolved i from .the people
and was not imposed by
any foreign authority".
A curious statement,


tasaeo ranray
this last, implying as it
does that our present sys-
tem of government was
imposed by a "foreign
authority".
SWe had been led to
believe that it was our own
sovereign Parliament which
adopted it in 1976. Or at
,least the formal aspects of
it.
Unless, of course, Mr.
Panday is referring to the
less formal properties of
the system, which have
developed over the long
years of Crown Colony
rule, and since.
But, even so, why drag
in something called "the
Westminster model" as the
source of his manifest diffi-
culties? The simple answer
is that Mr. Panday needs a
cover for the political
bankruptcy of his opera-
tion.
SBlame it on the system.
Utter a call for a "new
indigenous system of gov-
ernment relevant to the
economic, psychological
and moral development of
the country".'
And you have prior jus-
tification for moving out
of the "system", out on
to the streets, and into-
agitation, whici is where
your only "skills" lie, and
where, moreover, your
cadres are psychologically
predisposed to be.
Everyone would know
that you had tried. You
had made your much-
publicized "shift from the
left". You had tried to
exploit the parliamentary
forum. You had tried to be
friends.
But the government
continued to be implacable
in its hostility, to treat.you
as an enemy and an
obstacle, to deny you
access to the media, and
research facilities, and Bills
on time.
They had even set their
people to make "monkey
faces" at you.
What else are we to
make of this incredible
Scharlatanry? Of all this
muddle-mindedness about
"Westminster models", and
the "hopeless" role of the
"irrelevant" opposition,
which "could not function
as it was intended to"
unless "there was some
fundamental change in the
structure of the political
system"?


SUNDAY MAY 29, 1977





SUNDAY MAY 29, 1977


TAPIA PAGE 3




MENT


*5 '~ ~ ,


WHAT thoughts must now
be passing through the
minds of those, like the
opinion-writers and edi-
torialists of the morning
papers, who saw in the
proclamation of the 1976
Constitution cause for the
celebration of peaceful,
democratic progress?
These self-same publicists
for whom the results of'
September 1976 repre-
sented a welcome return
to healthy two-p'arty par-
liamentary democracy?
Will they not now
sternly admonish the
opposition to be loyal and
to abide by their rules of
the game? Will they not
continue to see in the
behaviour of the likes of
Mr. Harrison and Dr.
Murray an attempt to
abuse the very parliamen-
tary privileges which they
enjoy by virtue of -the
detested "Westminster
model"?
Has not Mr. J. Hamilton
Maurice, one-time President
of the Senate, speaking at
the same Lion's Club
occasion as' Mr. Panday,
already unburdened him-
self of the- undoubtedly
honestly-held opinion that
*it was "the Westminster-
pattern . that gave
recognition to the Leader
of the Opposition who
could look forward to be
Prime Minister"?
Indeed, the "opposition
should endeavour to take
over from the Government
by using whatever means


\tr7
ULF team in Parliament
they have in Parliament.
The Opposition should not
lead a retreat out of Par-
liament. The Opposition
should remain" in the
House even if the mem-
bers did not vote", Mr.
Maurice is reported as
saying.
Such is his reverence for
Parliament and parliamen-
tary procedure, that Mr.
Maurice is also reported to
have advised the "new"
members in Parliament to
acquaint themselves with
the rules of parliamentary
procedure so as to increase
the dignity and decorum
of the chamber.
If Mr. Maurice's views
are at all representative of
"responsible" opinion, and
there are reasonable
grounds to -suspect that
they are, then Mr. Panday
may be well and truly
caught.
Caught, in the first
place, in the crossfire
between that reportedly
sizeable number of his sup-
porters who have little use
for Parliament and all it
stands for, and the shapers
of public opinion who
have determined in their
heart of hearts that the
royal road to higher office
runs nowhere else.,
If that were not enough
of a dilemma, Mr. Panday
could then contemplate
what it would mean to
hang on "hopelessly" in
Parliament, with a govern-
ment determined to hog
that road, and with the


barest minimum of politi-
cal means available to him
on the outside with which
to achieve his chosen ends.
Perhaps he has. Perhaps
his San Fernando state-
ment was in fact a cri de
coeur, a pitiable plea for
relief.

THERE IS a dictum attri-
buted to the famous British
man-of-affairs and thinker,
Lord Keynes, to the effect
that the most practical-
minded of men, who con-
sider themselves totally
devcid of theory, are often
unwittingly acting on and
voicing the ideas of some


The Speaker in his chair
defunct economist or for-
gotten philosopher.
Even in that light, it
remains startling to find
such an exact correspon-
dence between the expres-
sed views of as eminently
practical a politician as Mr.
Panday is acknowledged to
be, and those of, at least
some of, the creative intel-
lects who wrote the Report
of the Wooding Commis-
sion.
Not many may recall
that Mr. Panday dismissed
the exercise in constitution
reform as a lot of humbug.
Mr. Panday was in fact a
member of the Senate
when the government
introduced the parliamen-
tary phase of the exercise
in that chamber.
At that time he refused
to concede to Parliament
any right to determine the
shape of a constitutional
reform. In his speech
during that first debate, he
,.exhorted the Senate to
"let the people decide".
Constitution Reform has
not been one of Mr.
Panday's better-known
themes. Perhaps, like some
self-confessed Marxists, he
has been prone to dismiss
the issue out of hand
as bourgeois formalism.
Unmistakeably now,
however, he is articulating
the need for just such an
exercise. Late may be
better than never, but still
Mr. Panday gives no indi-
cation as to the shape of
his "new indigenous sys-


OF


PARLIA


ter of government", or as
to how he hopes to bring
it into being.
His strictures on the
present system of govern-
ment are not particularly
reassuring. And it is here
that we are led to suspect
that, as a practical man,
Mr. Panday may be under
the baneful influence of
the theorists.
For when he lets- us
know that "the Westmin-
ster model of government
when transported to the
Trinidad situation was dis-
torted into a parliamentary
dictatorship", we cannot
help but be minded of the
assertion of the Wooding
Commission that "the
Westminster political sys-
tem has a propensity to
become transformed into
dictatorship when trans-
planted in societies without
political cultures which
support its operative con-
ventions". (Report, page 6)
Mr. Panday's mentors,
unaccustomed to the ways
of the world as theorists
tend to be, may be excused
the mechanistic fallacy of
believing that tinkering
with the "system" would
restrict the scope for dis-
tatorship.
Mr. Panday's own rich
personal experience should
warn him that it is never
so easy. It takes more than
putting a different face,
even different Senate faces,
to an old-style operation,
to elicit a new- kind of
response.
Human culture is remark-
ably resilient to change,
which, as a practical politi-
cian, Mr. Panday knows.

THOSE OF US who spout
the rhetoric of change, and
then proceed to exploit
our people's traditional
weaknesses,, render even
slimmer the possibilities of
real change.
The ULF cannot now-
complain about its role in-
the parliamentary tango.
They committed themselves
to that dance of death long
before.
- Mr. Panday must learn
to live with the leering-
monkey face of his success..


Members of the Wooding Commission





PAGE 4 TAPIA


SUNDAY MAY 29,1977


I' NEWS'~~ REIEW] &


WICBC to discuss
planned by Aussie magnate.
Express Editorial:
Tobago's position.


"cricket circus"
Oil enhances


'Andrew
"' Young




-j







Condemned murderer Abbott fails in
last-ditch stand before Justice Bernard.
Express Letter by Dr. Mahabir Maharaj
claims democratic socialism the only hope.
EXIMBANK Report: Outlook im-
proved for non-oil countries.
Callaghan emissary Lord Thomson
identifies new world economic order as major
issue for Commonwealth Summit.

SATURDAY MAY 7.
PTSC Commission of Enquiry report
laid in House Friday May 6. Service shows un-
acceptable standard of safety, economy,
efficiency. Separate school-bus fleet proposed.
Julien Task Force submits smelter


report for decision by 3 govts.
PM orders water for hospital.
Min. Kamal Mohammed announces Nat.
Garbage Authority to be set up soon.
CARICOM communique reveals no
solution to trade differences.
West Port-of Spain Regional Park
at Mucurapo soon; costs $12m, says Minister
Padmore.
Cabinet agrees to re-siting of Drag
Brothers at Eastern Market.
Dunlop wage increases over 80%.

SUNDAY MAY 8.
Industrial leaders at London Summit:
recovery of world economy in (slow) process.
Dr. Winston Murray, apparently speak-
ing for the Tobago Union of Democratic
Youth;'proposes to take the Tobago issue
to the UN; opposes his party's stand on Joint
Select Committee.
Express Columnist Deosaran reports
on "rumblings in the ULF camp." Claims
Panday has shifted from the left to work the
Parliamentary system.

MONDAY MAY 9.
PTSC Enquiry query payments to
firms and suggests investigation by AG.
Annual Report of Central Bank laid in
House Friday May 6.
Industrial leaders agree to create fund
to aid poor primary producers
27,000 tons of cement to be imported.
Talks continue on financial assistance
to Jamaica Barsotti, Val Rogers, Victor
Bruce on T&T side.
Two Cabinet Committees reportedly at


work on White Paper and on Draft of Com-
pany Law Bill.
Alexander Riley, Asst. Youth Camp
Director suggests review of syllabus s aid to
employment of graduates. His report based
on four camps.

TUESDAY MAY 10.
NAC Chairman Julien says that Coun-
cil has recommended a system of strategies
instead of a fourth Five-Year Development
Plan.
Barbados garment industry hit by
CARICOM trade restrictions, says Minister St.
John.
Idi Amin's doctordeems him syphilitic.
Bulk cement needs can be satisfied
locally says Chairman Imbert.


WEDNESDAY MAY 11.
Patrick King, Acting PRO of WASA,
says Authority not to blame for waterproblem
at hospital. Real cause: defects in plumbing.
Senate rushes through Ombudsman
Bill as Opposition Senators protest haste.
Agrees to better pay for Govt. lawyers.
CAR ICOM report suggests linking post-
secondary education with national service.
Community not serving 'its purpose says
Dominica PM.
OPEC near to single-tier pricing, says
President Perez of V'zuela.
Andrew Young's visitto South Africa is
on.
TT aid talks negotiators seek return of
Ja. trade to 1975 levels.
S Tesoro to spend $116m. to up produc-.
tion past-1974 record.
Aussie Board rejects Super Tests.


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,----~-





SUNDAY MAY 29, 1977


IN THE MIDST of the developing furore over
the 1970 Public Order Bill, the government
published the draft Ombudsman Bill for public
comment.
The Ombudsman Bill was at last passed
on May 13, having been rushed through a
single sitting of the Parliament in the face of
protests from opposition and independent
senators etc.
Conscientious Parliamentarians protested
they hadn't had time to study the Bill. What
was the reason for the hurry? they asked.
They would have liked to have time to prepare
contributions to the debate, presumably to do
research.
At least one non-Parliamentarian managed to
get in some research in good enough time for the
Sunday Express following the passage of the Bill.
Ramesh peosaran, a former
youth leader who now teaches LENNOX
social psychology at UWI, con- LE
tribute a lengthy column of
discussion on the Ombudsman
measure. "Hope of the Under-
dog" was the headline the
paper put on Deosaran's piece.
The article referred to the
working of systems in Sweden,
the USSR, Tanzania and Guy-
ana. It had an essentially non-
political tone, as that of a
citizen expressing himself with
the aim only of educating his
fellows and enjoining their ll
attention to public affairs of
moment..
No wonder a letter to the
editor responding to a previous '
piece 5y Deosaran had asked
the question if he had any
point of view of his own at all.
What Deosaran really thinks
is neither here nor there, how-
ever. It is sufficient now to
note that his article contributed.
in good measure to the flackery
now associated with the emer-
gence of the Ombudsman.


DEOSARAN


And it's at least a pity that
one like Deosaran, so sedulously
building an image of academic
eminence, can do no more
than add to the superficial
clap-trap which constitutes the
current talk-around-town -
The Ombudsman!
Town must have its talk.
Calypsonians like Chalkdust
and Mudada, freed by licence
from the necessity of. reading
the legal fine print, must
already be drawing up lists-of
cases to put in kaiso to the
Ombudsman.
So the Ombudsman has
come to town.
"Our turn has come," wrote
Deosaran. We are catching up
with the rest of the world. And
for this all thanks to you
nmow whom.
The very least we could do,
in appreciation, then, is to sit
down with the Bill and see
what new privileges and bene-
fits it gives us.
True enough, Deosaran
notes in these tortured phrases,
that "the establishment of an
Ombudsman Office does not, in-
fact, could not, ignore the
more fundamental repercus-
sions prompted by unhealthy
politics or top-level mismanage-
ment. .."
But he is concerned not so
much to deal himself with
"the more fundamental reper-
cussions prompted by unhealthy
politicss" as with the need for
citizens actively to assert their
"expectations for proper ser-
vice."
The Ombudsman is about
service then. If that is so, then
for that alone his advent is
blessedly welcome.
For the standard of service
provided by the state has come
at last to pollute the country
generally. So that you now
find no big difference in the
quality of service dispensed in
places like banks and restaur-
ants.
Nothing goes on here in
even a decent approximation


E


ITER




SISTER


GRANT ON THE COMING OMBUDSMAN


M. V Tobago $10.2m. for no service.


An example ofP.T.S.C. service.


to good order.
The country's largest hos-
pital runs out of water, of
linen, of medicines. And there
is no public cry of outrage
when it is disclosed that the
hospital has 112 leaking taps,
16 overflowing taps, three
burst pipes, 13 non-flushing
sewer bowls, three defective
stop cocks, a leaking storage
tank next to the operating
theatre and a leaking six-inch
line in the laundry room.

M:V. TOBAGO

Atter nearly a year the gov-
ernment opens an enquiry to
discover who approved the
Spyment of $10.2 million for
the M.V. Tobago, a ship tha
has given practically no serviW
to hard-pressed TobagonMR
since it made its maiden tI'
last September, bedecked witfi'
banners and posters saying
"Vote PNM".
It is revealed that almost
no maintenance is 'performed
on PTSC buses costing up to
$60,000 each; that scoaft6
them are put on the M1
defective and unsafe co tel
without even being licensed.
Backhoes dig to build the
new east-west highway, and
they bteak telephone cables so
that large eastern areas are
denied phone service.
And you could go on and
on, without even mentioning
WASA.


Nearly all of these have
been the subject of enquiries
before. Volumes of documen-
tation on the problems stand
on departmental shelves or on
the floor of the Government
Printery sales, office.
Tabloid newspapers over the
last 10 years have found an
endless source of copy in
sundry citizens' grievances
against the state. "Bombuds-
man" is succeeded by "Action
Line", "Photopiniori", and
"Answerman" is the Guardian
version. The services that fail
to deliver in large scale are
notoriously impervious to pleas
for the correction of individual
wrongs.


CATERERS


ANGELA CROPPER

62-22175
662-3694


*I 1


To write to or to march to
Whitehall has been legitimised
as everyday civic action. At
the same time thousands of
matters requiring Cabinet atten-
tion clog the machinery in the
Civil Service.
Against that background,
it's not surprising that the
public would want to confer
on the Ombudsman an immedi-
ate knighthood with a suit of
shining armour. And we would
all once again be had.
Ironically, the Ombudsman
will just be an extension of the
bureaucracy he is appointed to
investigate. (And to whom,
indeed, will a citizen complain
when he fails to get a satis-


FIX-IT


TAPIA PAGE 5
factory response upon applica-
tion to the Ombudsman's
department?)
And of course, the know-
ledgeable answer to that ques-
tion is: Whitehall naturally.
Which gives us the clue to
what this Ombudsman is sup-
posed to be doing for the gov-
ernment. The Prime Minister
no doubt sees in the establish-
ment of the Ombudsman the
chance of a reduction in
Whitehall sunplicant mail.
Instead of the routine refer-
ral of petitions etc. to the relev-
ant ministries, the Whitehall
staff can now send some of
them to the Ombudsman.-
Yet the Ombudsman is
allowed only a narrow area of
competence, and one that is
necessarily so. He is debarred
from going into policy matters,
and' the actions of ministers
and parliamentary secretaries
are clearly exempted from his
purview.

WITNESSES

And even when the con-
scientious Ombudsman will
have employed all his powers
to command witnesses and
documents and has done a
report, it is left to Parliament
to deal with it.
The very circumstances'of
the passage of the.Ombudsman
Bill should tell us something
about the Parliament we have
now, kept in such tight harness
as it is by the executive. In
other words, the government
could simply ignore the'
Ombudsman's reports as it has
in the past ignored those of
the Auditor General and
several commissions of enquiry.
The attempts by the opposi-
tion MPs to make an issue of
any such report will, as usual,
be hamstrung by the hectoring
of an overbearing Speaker. The
government will have no corn-
nunction about "naming" all
the ULF MPs one by one.
Still the country is crazily
looking'for a Mister Fix-it,,a
repairman for the bureaucratic
machinery. And since the
political field has yet to yield
one, hopeful eyes turn to the
option of some wizard lawyer
or administrator called an
Ombudsman.
The Ombudsman is only the
latest in a long line. Within the
Civil Service there are a num-
ber of agencies claiming com-
petence in the business of
improving administration: Or-
ganisation and Management,
Administrative Improiment
Programme, the Personnel
Department, the Management
Development Centre, and the
Prime Minister's recent favour-
ite, the Auditor General.
And the ombudsman will
not be the end of the line. For,
to a population so perplexed
by the possibility and te pr
cess of political 'change, a
omni-competent Mister Fix4t
is so important that if he did
not exist he. would hawe li
to be invented.
Enter Mister Ombudsman.


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PAGE 6 TAPIA


The


Alfred


By KENRAMCHAND


Resistance at home

"MY mother died when I was a child. My
father sent me to school in England when I
was eight years old Hitchin Grammar School
and appeared to have forgotten about me ."1
When the 1914-1918 War broke out, Alfred
Mendes-was at public school; he joined the
Rifle Brigade in 1915, fought in the trenches
of France and Flanders, was badly gassed in
1917, and spent the last year of the War con-
valescing in England.2 Even before this first
giant happening had ceased, another, which
struck Mendes as its very antithesis had begun:
"Today, after this long distance from the
Russian Revolution, no member of the two
generations that followed it can have the
faintest idea of how moved, how uplifted,
how hopeful those of us were who could sense
its implications and its inherent possibilities.
World War I with its ghastly disillusionment
and its Death, its broken promises and its
cynicism had left us eager to clutch at any
straw of hope in a drowning sea."3 The young
man who returned to Trinidad in 1922 came
ready to do battle against a colonialism that
now stood revealed for what it was by the War;
fired by the Russian example, he was anxious
to seek redress for the underprivileged and
despised of his native earth.
But Colonial Trinidad, Mendes quickly
found, was a long way from the Russian
revolution. Some time around 1924, Mendes
met the young C.L.R. James.4 One of the
'results of that meeting was the publication at
Xmas 1929 and Easter 1930 of two issues of
a magazine called, Trinidad. It'is clear from
the lists of contributors and contributions
that between 1924 and 1929 Mendes and
James were at the centre of a group genuinely
interested in the arts and in the social function
of art. "It was a completely informal group.
We met by accident most of the time. We met
largely at R.A.C. de Boissiere'sl house way
up in St. Ann's, in my home in Richmond
Street, at C.L.R. James's little place in
Belmont somewhere on Jerningham Avenue,
and at Joe da Silva's place. The emphasis of
our talks was on poetry, on fiction, on music
. We were interested in contemporary fic-
tionand contemporary verse. I had what was
considered to be a sort of collective library,
although it came out of my pocket. I had
about five or six thousand volumes. At that.
time my father was a pretty well-to-do man.
I had a house inrRichmond Street, and I had a
little money which I got largely from him and
built this library with it. Everybody enjoyed
access who belonged to the group. There were
never more than about twenty of us in the
group."2
Most of the stories in the two volumes of
Trinidad are set in a slum or barrack-yard close to
the cfty; the characters are drawn 'from among the
men and women who snatch a living by hook and by
crook from a social order, little better in economic
terms than the plantation system that determined the
lives of their not-too distant forbears; many ot the
incidents and conversations are coloured by sex and
violence; and the language spoken by the characters is


the language of the common folk. The reaction of the
rising middle-class and respectable types connected
with the Church (in particular, the Roman Catholic
Church) was hostile. Trinidad was condemned as
being obscene, and liable to give people the wrong
impression of life in the blessed island. Strong objec-
tion was taken to the use of the dialect and those
four-letter words that seemed inseparable from the
popular speech. According to a writer in the Trinidad
Guardian, there was a flood of letters from outraged
citizens: "Letters protesting against the obscenities
of the Magazine have been pouring into the Guardian
office during the past week. One is from a Boy Scout
who says: 'It's disagreeable implications cast unwar-
rantable aspersions on the fair name of our beautiful
island.' Another letter describes the volume as 'nasty'.
The writer fears that other young writers will think it
smart to be the same."l Against this mixture of Vic-
torianism, self-contempt and philistinism, Mendes
sought to defend the social realism of the stories as
artistically appropriate: "It would be silly to fell the
architect not to build in stone because stone is rough
and amorphous ... it is futile and puerile to ask the
writer of fiction to leave bodies and barrack-yards
alone because they are obscene m the popular sense.
It all depends on what literary treatmFnt they
receive . ."2 After quoting Stevenson to the effect
that books of fiction repeat, re-arrange and clarify
the lessons of life, Mendes implies that the stories in
Trinidad operate in a socially realistic mode in order
to bring "to the doors of people who otherwise
would have known little or nothing of these things,
-he burden of this truth; our social organisation is
not what it ought to be; it is diseased."3


Encouragement


from abroad

Even before the appearance of Trinidad, there'
had been encouraging signals from England. Robert
Cunningham Graham had assisted in getting James's.
'La Divina Pastora' published in the Saturday Review
(October 15, 1927), from which source it was selected
for E.J. O'Brien's ,Best Short Stories of 1928 (1929);
'Lai John' by Mendes and Algernon Wharton had
appeared in The London Mercury (January 1929) and
again in Best Short Stories of 1929 where Mendes's
'Torrid Zone' is listed as a near choice. Aldous
Huxley and O'Brien now wrote to congratulate the
Editors of Trinidad. A few years later, on a Mexican
trip, Huxley encouraged Mendes to send the manu-
script of Pitch Lake to the publisher Gerald Duck-
worth of London. Duckworth's reader at this time
was Anthony Powell, and Pitch Lake was contracted
for publication at a royalty of 10% on the first 2,000
copies; 15% on the next 3,000; and 20% on all sales
beyond 5,000. With an introduction by Huxley,
Pitch Lake appeared in 1934 and sold over 4,000
copies at 7s. 6d. The author received L-25 in advance
royalties.
The new wave of West Indian writers in the
1950's would realise that in order to live off their
pens they would have to seek a larger market for their
creative work, and cash in on the greater demand
overseas for ancillary skills like journalism and broad-
casting. Mendes and James and the others around
them first knew that even as an amateur in the
colonies one had to look beyond for the generosity
of recognition.


Absorption into


The Beacon

To the young Albert Gomesl the second issue
of Trinidad, which he received in the United States,


held the exciting promise of a cultural breakthrough.
Gomes returned to the island to join the begetters of
the first major West Indian literary magazine andto
carry them into something with a broader appeal.
'This was the tiny oasis of artistic appreciation I
found in the vast phillistine desert of Trinidad on my
return in 1930; and from it arose the movement of
the Thirties that played such an important part in
the literary development of the island, later extending
its seminal influences to the entire West Indies. It was \
around my magazine 'The Beacon' that this movement
grew, the movement giving 'The Beacon' the initial
push forward.'2 The Mendes circle carried on in The
Beacon, doing what they would have done in their
original and more strictly artistic forum had it been
able to survive the economic and other difficulties
it was made to face.
The Beacon3 devoted many of its pages to the
arts and to people interested in the arts, but it was
essentially the first platform of a political creature.
The frame within which they came to operate did
not restrict the magazines contributors on cultural
and artistic subjects. In the first place,most of them
were committed to social protest; or at the least, to a
.view of art as having-a part to play in the procss of .
social amelioration; as Gomes puts it in his auto-
biography, "the members of"the *group to which
Mendes introduced me were held together by. a
-common bond of detestation of the hypocrisy,
obscurantism, and general claustrophobia of Trinidad
society, and a gallant resolve to lay siege-to all these
evils." Although, in Mendes's view, the Editor was a
man with a strong dictatorial bent, Gomes was still
only seeking opportunity, as yet quite un-threaten-
ingly at the beginning of a career which, as it turned
out, was never to be built on any principle or ideology,
save that of political survival. Since, moreover, Gomes
is rare among politicians of the English-speaking West
Indies for his genuine and practising interest in the,
arts and for his respect towards the work of artists, it
was unlikely that the contributors to his .magazine
had any fear of interference or restraint. When The
Beacon joined battle with the Port-of-Spain Gazette
over the Divorce Bill of 1932, Mendes was in 'Ge
thick of the controversy. According to Gomes, in
Through a Maze of Colour, this was essentially a
political struggle since its object was "tie attenua-
tion of the scope and authority of the Church", the
Roman Catholic Church in Trinidad, which appeared
to wish "to keep the stranglehold of its social medieval
ism forever around the necks of the people."


Emigration takes

its toll

But even as The Beacon was gaining ground as
a force in the island, it was losing those figures who
were not just its initial impulse but its very life-blood.
By being there to stimulate one another, the members
of the group made The Beacon a record of an intel-
lectual association of men and women alive in their
time and to their time. In 1932, C.LR. James
departed for England; in 1933 Mendes departed for
the United States. -
The group dissolved, and The Beacon was
practically dead.
In the United States, Mendes became acquainted
with leading American and British writers including
William Saroyan, Tom Wolfe, and Malcolm Lowry. In
Long Island he wrote his second novel, Black Fauns
(1935), upon publicationof which he was invited to
tea by Madox Ford who wanted to do an
Introduction for a projected United States edition of
the work. Mendes had become acquainted with
'Richard Wright, Countee Cullen and the Jamaican
Claude McKay; he was persona grata among the Black
literati of the Harlem Renaissance. He was also ery
productive as reviewer, journalist and short story
writer.1


_I___~


15 '5
Cq~.
51 i.
4,


SUNDAY




TAPIA PAGE 7


AY 29, 1977


Mendes


Story


old doom."2 The author of Pitch Lake, Black Fauns,
and numerous short stories; reviewer, editor and
habitue of New York literary salons returned to-
Trinidad with his new wife and a child in 1940 to
join the Civil Service as a bookkeeper in the port
K:. ttIllt1 1tl Services Department.

I:I" Political Civil

Servant


The return of,

Mendes
In the middle of all this, the past was secretly
returning. In Trinidad, in 1920, Mendes had attended
a show at the Olympic theatre in Belmont, buying
for one shilling during the intermission from a little
girl dancer, a photograph of herself. In 1935, in New
York, Mendes met Elena again. After getting to know--
each other better, they realized that they had met
before in another lace, in what for Mendes had been
another life. "The dawning of this recognition dis-
turbed me profoundlyas I knew not whether the arm
of coincidence was beckoning us to a new life or to an


But his socialist leaning, and his concern for
the wretched in Trinidad did not allow him to settle
comfortably. In the election campaign of 1946 he
travelled all over the island gospelling in the cause of
socialism for Jack Kelshall's United Front ("Our
Front is a Socialist Front . primarily a working
class little man's front");3 he also co-operated-in his
own way with the developing Trade Union move-
ments. "One of my best friends was Quintin O'Connor,
leader of the Federated Workers Trade Union. I
visited his home for years every Sunday morning to
discuss politics and the trade union movement in
Trinidad' Quintin was a remarkable human being a
fanatic in his faith with a compassionate heart. I
used regularly to lecture to his members on socialism,
crown colony government and other allied subjects."'
Participation in politics by civil servants being
regarded by the Crown Colony government of the
day as a breach of one of its most sacred rules,
Mendes was more than once summoned by the


Colonial Secretary and warned that he would lose his
job. Eventually, with the fading of the Front after the
election, the Civil Service had its way. Mendes threw
himself into his job with a will, and performed so well
that by 1952 he was appointed General Manager of
the Port Services Department: "By this time, the
Port's union had grown into a powerful organisation
and I found myself confronting an implacable con-
flict of loyalties within'. How was I to reconcile my
own convictions with the unenviable role of being a
government servant,hedged in as I was by a decalogue
of don't and restricted by official policy which was
designed to protect the island's vested interests?"2
Since his retirement, Mendes has kept on the move.
After two abortive attempts to set up house in
Mallorca and Gran Canaria respectively in 1973,
Mendes and his wife have drifted back to settle in a
cottage by the sea, not at home but near enough in
Barbados where an autobiography is in activeprepara-
ation.


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Sikose tells of 'Bloody




Wednesday' in




Soweto South Africa


SOWETO a shortened ver-
sion of South Western Town-
ships is a typical African
labour reserve area about 10 to
15 miles from Johannesburg.
It consists of a number of
black residential areas with
close on a million inhabitants
who have come from rural
areas to get employment in
Johannesburg:
They live in very squalid
conditions, in uniform four-
roomed houses with corrugated
iron doors and roofs, half of
them without a water supply
(the people queue to get their
water from taps in the street)
and without electricity (they
,use coal stoves and kerosene
lamps).
Sikose Mji, aged 21, a
former resident of Soweto, was
obliged to leave South Africa
last September because of her
participation in the 1976
student uprising. In the follow-
ing interview she describes the
events of last June and the
reasons behind them, including
the educational "facilities"
provided by the government
for the black majority in South
Africa.
How many universities in South
Africa are actually open to
,Africans?
S.Mji: Three in all one for
each of the different African.
racial groups: the University of
Zululand, Turfloop University,
which is mainly for the Basuto
group, and Fort Hare, plus the
medical school which is shared
with other racial groups.
At university level, the only
facilities available to Africans
are in te human sciences,
subjects like social work and
so on. Africans cannot study
engineering or architecture, or
sculpture.
As for medicine, opportuni-
ties are very limited, partly
because of the lack of facili-
ties for studying science in
primary schools and high
schools. Those students who do
make it by luck or because
they have good grades in
science are still at a disadvant-
age when they get to univer-
sity, and most often they are
not able to cope with the work.
Moreover, medical education is
very expensive and you have
to obtain really top grades in


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Biology, physics and maths to
be granted a government scho-
larship. In any case, only a
very small percentage are able
to get in, since only one
university in the whole of
South Africa has a small section
catering tor African medical
students.
And how many universities for
white South Africans?
S.Mji: I don't know exactly,
but there are about two or
three .in every large city, some
of them English-speaking, some
Afrikaans-speaking.
You mentioned that education
isn't free for Africans. Is it for
white South Africans? -
S.Mji: It is free and compul-
sory for white South Africans
up to the age of 16. For
Africans there is no compul-
sion for a child to attend
school, even in the first grades.
Our parents have to pay for
our education from the very
day we begin school and, con-
sequently, there is'a high drop-
out rate. Usually students
manage to go as far as standard
six, the last grade of primary
education. But when it comes
to high school, textbooks and
uniforms are so expensive that
it is very diffi-ult for parents
to educate their children even
if they want to. -
Tell us about how the trouble
started in Soweto?
S.Mji: Prior to'June 16, 1976,
Bloody Wednesday as it has
been called;, there wasgeneral
disorder in Soweto. It began
towards the end of\1975 when
hundreds of students were
arrested. The security police
came to the various high
schools with lists of students
'who were considered politically
active or had been found
reading banned literature, say-
ing they were going to take
them for short periods of
interrogation to John Vorster
Square( the main prison in
Johannesburg. Most of the
students taken for interrogation
never came back. Those who
returned after three days had
agreed under pressure to co-
operate with the security
police.
Students who got word that
they were on the list, started
fleeing to the neighboring
countries, Swaziland and Bots-


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Swana. In my class, for instance,
ten were not present when we
wrote, our yearly exam: they
had escaped to Botswana.
When 1976 began, the situa-
tion was simmering towards an
explosion and was getting out
of control of the principals in
the various high schools in
Soweto. When Afrikaans was
imposed in the place of
English as a medium of instruc-
tion, conditions in the junior
high schools the first to be
affected become so chaotic
that the police were called in.
It was then that the junior
students asked for concrete
support from the high school
students.
We' decided everyone should,
participate in a mass demon-
stration on 16 June. We set up a
committee responsible for the
organization, with two repre-
sentatives from each high
school. We were to march with
placards, "To hell with Afri-
kaans", "Down with Vorster",
and then gather at one part-
icular school called Orlando
West High.
We were chanting- happily
when we reached the chosen
point it was nice to have an
opportunity to defy the system.
We heard the police were
coming in 20 vans. But we
were so jubilant that we weren't
bothered. When they arrived,


however, they didn't communi-
cate with us as we had expected,
but started throwing tear-gas
bombs into the crowd. Fortu-
nately, it was a windy day and
the tear-gas thrown in one
direction was blown in another,
The police were so angry
that they charged us with
police-dogs. We picked up
stones in defence and hit at the
dogs. Whereupon, I think in an
effort to intimidate us, one
young boy by the name of
Hector Petersen was pulled out
of the crowd. The police
wanted to demonstrate they
were capable of shooting and
they shot this small boy.
That is where the real
trouble began. Fighting started
'between, the students and the
police and, by the end of the
day, about seven students had
died on their way to hospital.
Many others had been wounded
and a white man who was a
member of the West Adminis-
tration Board was killed as he
was trying to speak to the
students.
The following day, our com-
mittee met and it was decided
that, since many students had
been arrested and some killed,
we should do something more
drastic than just demonstrate;
we should bum all government
buildings in Soweto the
West Administration Board
buildings, the school libraries,
and the classrooms themselves,
as well as buses and beerhalls.
Many people were-killed and
we even went to government.
mortuaries, when we had time,
to try to identify those we
knew. It was quite difficult
because, in most cases, they
had not been put on ice and
their bodies had started to rot.
The police ,dug mass' graves in
Soweto, and many, many
parents who wanted to recover
the bodies of their children
were not able to do so;


Laws were passed banning
public meetings, all schools in
Soweto were closed, and when
the movement spread to other
areas, schools had to be closed
throughout the country.
Although we expected mass
arrests and knew things would
be difficult, we were not
prepared for so much police
brutality and for killings, part-
icularly since we had deliber-
ately involved seven- and
eight-year-olds in our demon-
strations.
I remember one small boy,
carried away by the slogans,
who raised his fist at a passing
truck packed with army people
and said "Black Power", teas-
ing them as it were. They just
took aim and he fell dead in
the minute. Things like that
shocked us terribly. We didn't
expect the regime to allow the
police to take advantage of the
fact that they were armed.
The fact that this uprising
was so long and so militant can
be accounted for by several
factors. As I said, general frus-
tration had been simmering
among the residents of Soweto
long before June 16, 1976.
When Mozambique became
independent, the students were
as excited as if Frelimo were
right inside South Africa. There
were even rumours that Samora
Machel was coming down to
knock over Vorster. After the
Frelimo rally in Durban, where
many people were detained,
there was general unrest and
this reached a climax when
Angola became independentin
1975 and it was realized that
South African soldiers who had
been involved in the fighting
were forced to flee. This was an
inspiration for us young people
an example of a political move-
ment which had operated amid
difficulties for a long time and
had eventually succeeded.
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designed to take those classy wooden louvres
too!
So here's to a more elegant home ..
compliments NACO.

[ L.J.WILLIAMS UNITED
122 ST. VINCENT STREET. PORT OF SPAIN
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO W 62-32866.


11 -- II1[T





SUNDAY MAY 29, 1977


PAGE 8 TAPIA





SUNDA\ \1 \? -_). )'"7


TH SPR ESS


By Earl Best


THE Americans mi a knoxM very
little about cricket :: fhe
beach or Test variety ;e': they
certainly know a whole lot about
money. And since what happens
now after Australian television
tycoon Kerry Packer has organised
a "private" tournament involving
S "public" professionals is a S64,000
question, let's give a listen to what
Time's correspondent lhas to say
in an article entitled "The Century
of6Centuries for Cricket" (Time,.
March 14, 1977):
"By most other professional
athletics standards, ttie earnings of
Test-class cricketers are ludicrous...
(But) the fact is that the game
shows signs of becoming profes-
sional in the sense normally
applied to big league soccer and
North- American football and
baseball '
And-fter showing the extent
to which the game is in hock to
"corporate sponsors" he. con-
cludes:
"Ashes and honour (sic) are clearly
losing out to dollars and cents in
the hallowed game."

We cannot delude ourselves. The
real issue raised by the news that 35 of.
the game's top players have signed con-
tracts to play a series of "Super-Tests"
in Australia between November and
February next year is one of "dollars
and cents" versus "ashes and honor",
nationalism and patriotrism.
Which brings us to what another
American had to say: "Ask not what
your country can do for you but what
you can do for your country,"
I cannot say how sincere John F.
Kennedy was when" he made this state-
ment but what I do know is that he
was backed by a massive familyfoirtune
and could well afford to practice the
easy nationalism he preached.
With the days of Gentlemen, and
Players well behind us, how many
people playing professional cricket are
in the same position?
Though there are doubtless differ-
ences deriving from the difference in
domestic arrangements for the sport -
there is, for instance, no all-year-round
professional cricket competition in the
West Indies the professional cricketer
is, generally speaking, a struggling sup-
plier seeking to maximize revenue while
demand is high for the product he is
marketing.
He has, at the very best, fifteen
years before obsolescence knocks him
out of the market and into the swelling
ranks of the un-or underemployed.
For many, many years the various
'Boards of Cpntrol have been the best
entrepreneurs and Test cricket the best
market or, at least, the access port to
the best market since it is true that the
gross returns-from Tests have in recent


Bishen Bedi


Ashes & honour





versus





dollars & cents


. 'I

--I_ I
f-


Andy Roberts
times been smaller than.the returlis
from professional contracts in England
and, latterly, on a far lesser scale,
Australia.
But these lucrative contracts have
traditionally been landed largely when


Golden Jock Strap


players have made their mark on the
cricketing world in the course of a Test
series.
What Packer proposes is, there-
fore, revolutionary in more than one
sense. First, it offers the professionals
involved the chance to make really big
money on the field in a relatively short
time Secondly and it is this that is the
major source of contention -it bypasses
the traditional overlords and trespasses
on their age-old hegemony.
It seems unlikely that, had hot this
whole venture been conceived as a
"rebel" cause, it should have incurred
-he wrath of-cricket's overlords, as it
seems to have. Packer and his foremen
lan Chappell and Tony Greig could
have opted not to shroud the arrange-
ments for the venture in dire secrecy and
sought instead the approval of the
Boards of Control of the countries whose
players are involved.
It is a safe bet that, what with the
frenzied search for sponsors to pour
more and more money into the game,
there would have been no disfavour but
the initial emotional reaction. As it is,
the clandestinity has made it difficult
for the Boards to accept the venture
gracefully since it appears to have been
conceived as a direct challenge to their
authority.
The bitterness at the affront is
badly disguised in the Cricket Com-
mitlee's statement on the sacking of
Grcig from the lEngland captaincy: "the
main consideration in sacking him was
his 'clearly admitted involvement,'
unknown tlo the authorities, in recruit-


C(Ii I.li\'od


ment of the players' for Mr. Packer's
venture" (Guardian, May 14, 1977)
Gracelessly, they feel they must hit back
at the chief conspirator in what they
evidently view as a deep, dark plot to
overthrow, them.
So Lord's reacted by petulantly
dismissing the England captain for his
part in the plot; the Australian Board
turned up its nose, retreated into its
Ivory Tower and refused to talk to
Packer' the Pakistani Board's reaction
is academic since their Government has
19ng been taking a hard line on frater-
nizing with the apartheid-practising
South Africans; and the South African
is gleefully welcoming the chance to
join the band if only temporarily. Which
leaves only the WICBC. Will it, can it
afford to react emotionally and put it,
own prestige before the welfare of its
players?
* The game, school teachers in part-
icular are fond of reminding their
charges, is bigger than the man. The
game, be it noted, is also bigger than the
Board. And the central question, here is
whether the game it's still cricket and
not Test cricket stands to benefit
from Packer's proposed venture.
For me, it is a rhetorical question.
Seventeen of the best players in the
game at the moment ranged against the
present World Champions in six five-day
Tests and two teams selected from the
ranks of all thirty-five to do battle
against each other in six one-day and
si\ three-day games is a. Circus indeed!
ticketet fans the- world over,
wlii.e'vcr people fork out their hard-
C~,1l,; d caslhto see, in Kipling's phrase
"' l.,!cled fools at the wicket", must be
llkingi their chops in anticipation of
Ihic entertainment feast in store and
wivslhlg that the Circus were itinerant.
so that they could see it in their own
backyards as it were. Yet deep down,
everyone of them knows that once the
initial excitement is past and 'the
novelty gone, the traditional alignments
and rivalries will have to be resurrected
to invest the proceedings with a sense of
urgency, of inherent tension, Thus, in
the long term at least, Test cricket,
rejuvenated stands to gain.
And what of the short term? The
Indian tour to Australia, the M.C.C.
tour to India and Pakistan and the
Australian tour to the West Indies all
seem at the moment threatened by
Packer's venture.
Yet it should not be too difficult
for the schedules to be so arranged as to
affect none of these in terms of avail-


SI inan Richards
ability of'players, though in terms of
-physical exertibns, it seems hardly
possible for the Australian team not to
be affected.
But you can't make omelettes
without breaking eggs and if they are
game . But the refusal of the ABC to
talk with Packer a development which
he may well have foreseen and indeed
actively engineered! may well jeo-
pardise the futures of many if not all of
the professionals involved since there is
sure to be international solidarity on the
question of sanctions: ". .. there are
wide international ramifications which
will require discussion benveen all the
countries.." (Donald Carr, Secretary of
the Test and County Cricket Board
quoted by Jon. Henderson. Express,
May 10. 1977).
Another source of concern is the
nature of the contracts reportedly
signed by the 35 professionals. Geoff
Boycott is reported -to have been so
scared of getting his career into a long-
term mortgage that he hastily dismissed,


Jeffthy Sto/lhm er
. the bearer of the contract (Guardian,
May 16, 1977) Michael Holding, how-
ever, is reported to have said that his
"loyalty is to West Indies cricket and its
people" and his contract was such that
he could pull out of the tour (Guardian,
May 11, 1977) Suffice it to say that it
seems unlikely that Packer would offer a
long term contract and find very many
takers.
So that Packer's project may well
be a blessing undisguised. And the
SCont'd on P. 11.


TAPIA PAGE9









As Sobers and Gibbs exit


Surely there is


more


that we can offer them


SOME mornings ago, the cricket world retired some of its
genius in the persons of Sir Garfield St. Aubyn Sobers and
Lancelot Richard Gibbs who, after careers which spanned
20 and 18 years respectively, decided to call it quits. For
two decades these two had the cricket world enthralled
with their prowess especially in the halcyon 1960's when
their near legendary leg-trap combination accounted for
many a batsman. .I .-,M -_ -


Sir Gary, the Barbadian
boy-wonder of the 50's, started
his illustrious career as a slim
17-year-old spinner in 1954
against England, the country
against which he also ended his
playing in Tests 20 years later
as the greatest cricketer the
world ever had seen.
It is indeed ironical that
Sir Gary, who as a 13-yr-old
would hide in the bushes when
his. turn came to bat for his
dub, should have turned out,
'to be the world's greatest
batsman do I hear a what
about Bradman?
He scored over 8,000 Test
runs including over 25 cen-
turies and he bagged over 250
Test victims in at least three
different styles ofbowling and,
in addition, he held.nearly 125
,catches in the field. Even Sir
Gary himself admitted in his
recent stint as a TV commenta-
tor that these statistics embar-
rass him. .

DENNIS ILLEE


Of Sobers' long list of great
feats, his 254 for the Rest of
the World against Australia in
1971, aninnings which, accord-
ing to many Australian com-
mentators, was bettered only
by Fredericks' 169 arid in
which he ill-treated a then
young and ebullient Dennis lillee;
Yis 365made 13 years earlier In
Jamaica against Pakistan when
he was 21. These must surely
rank among his more memor-
able exploits.
'It is indeed very difficult to
go on talking about Sir Gary
for one, can easily get carried
away talking of his six sixes in
one over, about his scoring 722
runs and scalping 20 batsmen
in a single Test Series, about
his magic in Engish County


and especially in Australian
State cricket, about his featur-
ing in no fewer than 42 century
partnerships in 160 Test innings
for West Indies.
It is far easier to point one's
finger at what Sir Gary failed
to do in Tests; he never once
got 10 wickets in a Test match
nor did. he ever score a Tesl
century in New Zealand.
Perhaps the only disappoint-
ing aspect of Sir Gary's magical
career has been his captaincy.
Having taken over the reins
from another distinguished'
Barbadian, Frank Worrell, in


Shop at

LEONE'S
Ifl:Belmont Cir. Rd.
Belmont
For quality clothes-

at reasonable prices


Aqua/if e


Systems


FOR
FRESHWATER
AND
MARINE FISHES
Queen and Abercromby Streets
St. Joseph'


1965, Sir Gary won for us -the
honour of being called World
Champions with victories over
Australia (2-1 in 1965), England-
(3-1 in 1966) and India (2-0 in
(1966-67).
wlth admittedly weak teams,
Sir Gary won us only two
more Tests in the next five
years before he surrendered'the
captaincy to Rohan Kanhai in
1973. Oddly, while we West
Indians were calling for his
blood in the early 70's, he was
being pressed to lead the Rest
of the World against England
and Australia.
One contributory factor to
Sobers' limited success as a
captain was that as a cricketing
genius he was respected by his
team but not hero-worshipped
as Sir Frank had been. Perhaps
it would have been. different
if Sir Gary the idol had walked
into the present team as Cap-
tain and already a legend.

PLAYING KNIGHT

His royal career was'crowned'
in February 1975 with a knight-
hood and, had injury not kept
him out of the Prudential Cup
Series four months later, he
would have become cricket's
first playing Knight. What a
fighting tribute that would
have been for the King!
For his part,.Tiger Lance, is
Gibbs came to be known, was
notorious for 1is uncompromia-.
ing dedication on the field as
for his teasing flight and his
guile which earned 309 wickets
in Tests.


Evergreen Lance (as. he
dubbed himself) served as Sir
Gary's Vice Captain for 16"
Tests from 1968.
To me he
remains the greatest exponent
of off-spin that over 100 years
of the art have seen in Tests.
Englishmen will very probably
hold different views consider-
ing the achievements of Jim
Laker in the 1950's (19 wickets
m one Test against Austrana
in 1956).
Starting off in' Test cricket
in 1958 against Pakistan in the
Caribbean, Lance ended in
Australia with more Test
wickets than anybody else. It
was his third tour (1960-61
under Sir Frank, 1968-69
under Sir. Gary and then 1975-
76 undei Clive Lloyd) .,* a
country of Which undoubtedly
he hds the fondest ofmemories.
It was at Adelaide in 1961
that Gibbs became the second
(Wes Hall had b6el the nrsy
West Indian bowler to perform
a hat-trick in a Test. Fifteen
years ,later Gibbs overhauled
Freddie Trueman's record of ,
307 victims.
That series over, the select-
ors gracelessly decided to move
him off the scene and to
gamble on Padiore, Imtiaz
and Jumadeen .for the home-
series against India.
The void created in our spin
department has endured to
haunt us to this day,.as much,
it seems, a ,tribute to Lance
Gibbs as a commentary on our
planning and selection,
Whatever the state of our
present team, we must now
say goodbye and a graceful


thank you to two who to our
cricket dedicated half of their
lives. Both of these players had
benefits in 1973 and 1974 but
surely there is something more
we can offer to them?
To me the obvious step
would be to'have these living
legends come closer to our
game than the commentary box
where already Wes Hall is
languishing before retiring to
oblivion..
After all,' do we not need
now to find or make a real
spinner? Do not Garner, Croft,
and ,Daniel need a proper
handling? Can there be- any
doubt that both Gibbs and
Sobers have the wherewithal
to do the job that needs to be
done?
Owen Thompson




Sir Gary for W.L
Batting & Fielding


Tests
Inns.
N.O.
Runs
H.S.
100's'
50's
Avg.
Catches


93
160
21
.8032
365
26
30
57.78
110


Bowling


Ovets
Maidens
Runs
Wkts.
5w's
Avg.
Best


3599.5
973
7999
235
6
34.03
6/73


Sir Gary for
Rest of World
Batting & Fielding


Tests-
Inns.
N.O.
\Runs
H.S.
100's
50's
Avg.
Catches


10,
18
3
929
254
13
3
61.93
9


Bowling


Overs
Maidens -
Runs
Wkts.
Avg.
Best -

Lance Gibbs


359.4
*115
937
30
31.23
'6/21

for W.I'


Bowling
&


Fielding


Tests -
Overs -
Wkts.
5 wkts. -
Best
Catches


79
309
19
8/38
52


nx
p; ~~:lcu


SUNDAY MAY 29, 1977


PAGE 10 TAPIA





SUNDAY MAY 29, 1977



Bindra, reaps harvest in East


THE St. George East Zone now stands top of the Wes Hall
Competition. So far they have won two games, lost one
and drawn one.
Their off-spinner Bindra Rampersad, 15 years old, has
been. reaping a harvest. He has claimed 30 wickets to date
,1 the Wes Hall and East Colts Competition.
So far as batting goes, Ramteeluck Ramoutar is much
talked about after scores of 59, 34 and 72 n.o. in his last
three innings.

SCORES
EAST 90;D. James 22, B. Rampersad 5 for 18; ST. GEO. E.
93 for 8; R: Lopez 5 for 33. Man of the Match Bindra
Rampersad.
ST. GEO., EAST 151; B. Ramoutar 59,,D. Singh 35;
ST. GEO. CENTRAL 53; C. Celestine 30. Man of the
March Ramteeluck Ramoutar.
ST. GEO. EAST 84; R. Ramoutar 34; NORTH WEST
96 for 3; K. Berassa 42, K. Whitehead 24. Man of the
Match K. Berassa.
ST. GEORGE E. 164 for 3 dec; C. Rampersad 52
n.o., R. Ramoutar 72 n.o.; DIEGO MARTIN 141 for8; S.
Rampersad 36, N. Herbert 22; B. Rampersad 4 for 34. Man


of the Match Ramteeluck Ramoutar.
YOUNG Progressors Sports have taken the lead in theSt.
Andrews Cdunty Cricket Competition. They now have 80
'points from 7 matches played. Nearest rivals are Carib
Sports with 70.
A fine spell of swing bowling by 18-yr-old Glen Winters
playing for Progressors saw his team tovictorvover Unique'
in the Championship Division. Winters had figures of 11 for
47 in the match.
SCORES
PROGRESSORS 131 and 68; N. Ali 25, E. Datto 20, M.
Parson 21; M.. Joseph 4 for 32, M. Kasmally 4 for 24;'
UNIQUE 124 and 45; M. Joseph 38, G. Winters 11 for 47,
N. Ali 5 for 25. PROGRESSORS 16 pts.
Invincible 102 and 47; D. Ramsumair 22, D. Charlie
20, J. Sam 7 for 31, N. Sales 5 for 25, R. Parry 4 for 51
ALL STARS 106 & 49 for 3; D Parry 33, D. Nanan 22, L.
Solomon 6 for 51. ALL STARS 1 points.
CARIB 217 and 136 for 7 dec; B. Mohammed'75, S.
Campbell 62, G. Wolf 32, B. Moore 36., C. Delarosa 5 for
60. DREADNAUTH 158 and 151 for 4; A. Morris 34, O.
Driggs 21. B. Conally 24, A. Ross 7 for-32. CARIB 8 points,
DREADNAUTH 4 points.


100 YEARSTO THE DI OF TODAY


FOR ALL the many
stories, myths and legends,
the very number of which
demonstrates the intense
desire of mankind to be
able to store sounds, no-
body succeeded until one
hundred years ago.
SAdmittedly at various
times from the Middle
Ages onwards, craftsmen
of great skill have con-
structed machines which
can produce music, and
even sounds imitating
speech, but the musical
performance is always
peculiar to the machine
itself, owing nothing to a
human musician.
In 1857, a Frenchman
of Scottish descent, Leon
Scott, built a machine
which could translate
sound waves into patterns
of wavy lines drawn on the
surface of a rotating
cylinder. He called it the
Phon-autograph.

MINOR TRIUMPH

It could not replay what
it had heard, but Scott
can, nevertheless,-truly be
said to have scored a
minor triumph.
For exactly 20 years
later, in 1877, another
Frenchman, Charles Cros,
was inspired by Scott's
work.
On April 18; 1877, Cros
completed a paper in
which he proposed a
method of recording sound
and a process by which
that sold could be re-,
played.
He submitted his paper
to the Academie des
Sciences in Paris on April
30. 'On December 5, his
paper was accepted by the
learned academicians.
Cros, however, did not
p rere with his inven-
tion. No machine was ever
built to his design. His
process has never been put
to the test. It is said he
could not afford the fee
necessary .to obtain a
patent to protect his
interests.
Whatever the real reason,
. te Yonclusion must be


drawn that neither Cros
nor anyone else saw the
immense significance of
what he had invented.

Polite interest was expres-
sed and a little ecclesiasti-
cal enthusiasni on the part
-of 1'Abbe Lenoir who
wrote a. piece about it in
the October issue of La
Semaine du Clerge, but
nothing more.
During this same year of
1877'an American, Thomas
Alva Edison, had also dis-
covered, almost by accident
as it were, a means of
replaying sound.

His success continued
until, in 1876, he moved
tb new premises a short
distance away in.Menlo
Park where the Phonograph
was born.
Of all his many inven-
tions Edison is best known
throughout the world for
this one, the invention of
the speaking machine.
It took many years for
mankind to appreciate the
true value of the invention.
At first it was regarded
merely as an amusing
novelty.


FESTAC

links

blacks,
A. NIGERIAN-AUSTRALIAN
Aboriginal Friendship Society
has been formed to foster the
close ties which have developed
between the black peoples of
both countries during the
recent Second World. Black
and African Festival of Arts
and Culture.
The Society is working to
promote friendly relations be-
tween Nigeria and Australian
aborigines. It comprises promi-
nent Nigerians and black Aus-
tralians.
Commander O.P. Fingesi,
the President of the Black Arts
Festival is Patron of the Society
and Sir Douglas Nicholls, Gov-
ernor of South Australia, is
Vice-Patron.
The Society has named
seven Nigerians on a list' of
eleven trustees.


Against determined
opposition from the steno-
graphers of the day,
efforts were made to
exploit the potential as a
dictating machine. Almost
80 years were to pass
before sound recording
became a creative art in
its own "right; 80 years
marked by ruinous law-
suits alleging patent in-
fringements, the great
slump of the 1920's, the
rivalry of radio, two World


Wars, the counter-attrac-
tion of the cinema.
It was the people's
demand for music, brought
to them through sound
recordings,that saved the
record business.
In the-last twenty years
the record business has
undergone a revolution.
Today a sound recording
is a work 'of creation in
its own right, involving
performers, the producer,
-engineers.


TAPIA PAGE 11







From Page 9


WICBtifiust see it aga chance
to feed the mnouthI of the
hands, that, because of cricket
'poor relation' status in the
family of professionals sports,
they must one day bite. For is it
really a coincidence that, in the
same week that Packer's plan to
make professional cricketers
really professional, the men
who first fully understood the
innermost. meaning of profes-
sionalism, perhaps justifiably
hurt at being cut out of the.
biggest ever professional cake,
announced that he had decided
to renounce the Big League
definitively?
Is this not to be construed
as a shrewdly subtle reminder
to his comrades that, though
man shall not live by bread
alone, they must get their slice
of the cake while they still can
since later even crumbs are
hard to come by? Nowadays
who remembers that Sir Gary
had defied the Board's edict
some 7 or 8 years ago and
gone to gather rosebuds in
Rhodesia while he still could?

Woman

on top
A WOMAN is among fourteen
Nigerian social workers who have
succeeded in climbing to the top of
Kilimanjaro mountain in Kenya.
A statement by the Federal
Ministry of Social Development,
Youth and Sports said that the
historic feat was accomplished by.
the Nigerian delegation to the 25th
Anniversary Course of the Outward
Bound School of East Africa which
was held in Kenya recently.


HERE'S ANOTHER MIRACLE FROMVI BERMUDEZ!


now choose


MIRACLE BAKE








Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
SResearch Institute for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N,Y. 10021,
Ph. LehiGh 5 8448,
U.S. A.


-artyI Nr 'I e]a fornie[wphase


LAST Sunday Tapia.members
gathered at the Cipriani Boule-
vard Centre to review the state
of the party and to lay down a
plan of activities-now that the
election season of 1976/77 is
over.
Secretary Lloyd Best
opened proceedings with the
presentation of a package of
proposals designed to refurbish
the party machinery and to
move Tapia into a new phase
of political activity in the
country.
Best reminded the gathering
that an exercise was already in
progress aimed at encouraging
all Tapia people to put their
membership on a sound finan-
cial footing. Members adopted
a suggestion put forward by
Lloyd Taylor that a Credentials
Committee be established to
review all new applications
for membership. The com-
mittee is to comprise the
Secretary, the Administrative
Secretary, and one other.
Another important plank of
party reconstruction was to be
the systematic training of
cadres. Later in the day, Lloyd
Taylor, in his role of Education
Secretary, was to flesh out the
Secretary's preliminary remarks;
on the matter.
Stressing that Tapia's objec-
tive had always been the estab-
lishment of a permanent,
professional political party,
Best argued that such a party
S could not be built on the basis
of sporadic participation by
members. Nor could it exist
without the services of a full-
time central office.
Best urged members to fol-
low the example of those who
were already providing assistance
to the central office staff on a
part-time, but regular basis.
As far as the party's publish-
ing and printing activities were
concerned, the Secretary out-
lined plans for a thorough-
going reorganization. The
emphasis on publishing activity
in the past, Best said, had been
appropriate to the political
objectives of that stage of our
development. Now that the


party was moving into a new
phase of activity, he believed
that we needed to reorganize
our mode of expression.

In that context, Best pro-
posed that the Tapia news-
paper be reorganized so that
its functions be served by a new
series of publications including
occasional studies in paperback
form.


Members present endorsed
the need for occasional in-
depth studies, and accepted a
proposal for putting publica-
tions on a different basis,
Particularly if it meant that
some of the time and energies
of the full-time staff that
would be released for other
work.
In line with the reorganiza-


tion of the publishing activity,
plans were also approved for
the recapitalization and res-
tructuring of the printing
activities.
Treasurer Ivan Laughlin pre-
sented an interim report on the
party's finances. There was an
urgent need to increase _the
inflow of funds to meet current
expenditures and to service


party debts. In addition to
adopting certain short-term
measures for improving the
financial position, members
approved outline proposals for
long-term financing. Jeremy
Mar was appointed to chair a
special committee to work on
these proposals.
The meeting was adjourned
to Sunday, June 12.


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BEAT ALL OTHERS FOR QUALITY VALUE AND LIFE

DIEGO MARTIN PORT OF SPAIN LAVENTILLE SAN FERNANDO.
four roads 112, henry st. 42, eastern inn. rd. cross crossing-


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