Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00233
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: October 3, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00233

Full Text

Vol. 6 No. 40


NEW YORK 21, N. Y.

r .. .

"i f the wlin. 31 of Ihe votrs ldid by til mh iii, as triumph Iol
., GiOn neither icick engi i o i a parlbeniery demociiL and ih to
ujodtty aehlefcd; but it wt ordy a ltu. party s)stm
-j 8i-i t11-,"= T oineh rii llilllil oid-ii
.. .,,
Tle PNt ganed 117.4415 t ,s .
ate. But the PNMt had incteascd

gid 20 of the ol It n ,ty

SI. : .. ,.. I.,,,

1966 I 1968
It ihe 6si and ]Il Byd l l tb, tl -,

no capacity fur organization, they fade awy as quickly as they come. The
tCaer brathrs a sigh of lief d reverse from his flutter of dis-
quiet. back to the acuous riull aned the habituacl claptrap
If the ne m'_ mnO do hI e tie energy, the will and the ttelligence
to organize, tge tO god cannot return to the settled routines. The corn-
uonities begin to stir. hghting Ufl nt e throughout the land. Fire for the
For a tie, the qualhty of new nlovemnts remains obscre. Bad

t ,- 'u ,, . l

ted l. I .1 .

NEW MOVEMENTS tiee nratd uns li ed -
l&hehde h at nh h ohu,, ... ..
Sii lit ,teu,.b

li. I. .. ,ie ... .... ll h b lotu

WILLIAMS | t c rf p ual" ad c tue
Iili i0 l nlst :ue. nlod b h 6 cn i" 1,d

1.11. the 111 I did i Ihe Coi.
I,, iieliluithai y lihi Ar,
T, dth le lei olnlil er t
ilildiO l lo t Ii ipdi tiot
Sce Co nlcAu, t'l. It l

,n ['tbSc, Bd tOti thill nCOO

' ep d,',, 1t1te .1 C,,iii lit, n

Clts bit toys.

MOONLIGHT THEATRE & TAPIA HOUSE, 91 Tunapura .Road. -& CRITICISM F i h19, H TunOna 't
s -- & C R T ICIl Vi flS ,AY10lhOctoht,.IS .F-dly ..

The way we were -- TAPIA vol. 1 No. 1, 28 Spieumber, 1969

H D Ri I


HOLDING strain is the
action in Tapia these days
that the Movement is
struggling to build back
on all fronts.
In this, the seventh
anniversary week of the
TAPIA newspaper, we are
down to the barest
minimum of four pages.
It is expected that
the paper will remain at
this size for a few weeks,
while the intensified
struggle to get advertising
goes on to produce results
that justify more pages.

For the economics
of survival have determin-
ed that the paper (and
the publishing and print-
ing generally) should pay
its way.
As a start, it has
'been necessary to reduce
the working week, and to
trim existing staff down
to barest minimum.
A major fund-raising
drive has been launched
to pay off campaign debts
as well as to keep the
party afloat in this period
One fund-raising
occasion coming off Sun-

day, October 3, is a picnic
to Balandra, styled by
organiser Jack Alexis as
"Tapia at Play". This is a
car excursion with a con-
tribution of $16 per car.
If you want to take
a part in the action, call
Jack Alexis at 62-54962
or 62-54701.
Another fund-raising
drive currently underway
is for monthly pledges
People are simply asked
to pledge monthly con-
tributions to the Move-
ment by means of
bankers' orders. If you
wish to throw in your
lot in this way, call at the
Port-of-Spain office, 22
Cipriani Boulavard, or
phone 62-25241.
More fund-raising
ideas and activities will
be considered at the
Sunday, October 10
Council Meeting.
That Council Meet-
ing will also plans for the
continuation of the
Annual General Assembly
and in general give di-
rections for the most im-
portant drive of all for




I SUPPOSE you can say that the elections of 1976 went
off in very good order after a campaign virtually free of
violent incident.
Some also claim that ideology has replaced race as the
basis of political alignment in Trinidad and Tobago; that
we are now back on the road to stable two-party politics.
According to the daily papers, we can now look for-
ward to five years of vigorous and healthy political com-
I suppose our democracy is advancing along the highway of

independence and freedom
safely behind. Doubtless the
14 years, of national argu-
ment are over.
But is there really
any ground for such an
interpretation? Or are we
approaching the first Repub-
lican Parliament in the way
we approached Indepen-
dence in 1962 as if Trini-
dad and Tobago were going
to a funeral?
Has there been any
jubilation over the Govern-
ment's runaway victory?
And who expects the great
Departments of Government
to begin now to function?
Who expects WASA
and the PTSC and the
T&TEC and all the-other
great public corporations
not to deliver public
utilities on demand?
Who is so crazy as to
expect morality to return
to public affairs?
The answer, I'm afraid,
is simply no one. There is
no one but no one who
anticipates any improvement
from here on. The vast
majority in fact, confidently
expect further deterioration
in the ways of public life.
So we get the other
version of what actually
happened. The smartmen
and the con men have out-
witted us again.
That, some conclude,
is all that happened in the
general elections. The
idealists and impractical
, dreamers have been duly
eliminated; the practical
exponents of real politik
have done it again; and
above all, the Godfather
has shown how much he
understands his people.
It was a lesson to the
amateurs in the ways of
power and proof that Trini-
dad and Tobago, no less
and no more than any
other country, will always
end up with the Govern-
ment we deserve.

with the Republican milepost now

Lloyd Best

faces the


and answers

The great danger here
is that we might abandon
analysis of the facts, carried
away as we are by dis-
appointment, or relief,
Depending on what hopes
we had cherished.
And the biggest fact
of all is that in Trinidad
and Tobago Government is
one thing, politics something
else, election campaigning
something else again and
voting on election day still
another thing altogether.
The clues to this puzzle
are the absence of informa-
tion, the vast sea of darkness
in which we are left to

wander, and the control of
large blocks of people by
political brokers simply be-
cause we lack the means to
form any judgments on our
But some facts are
very clear to me. The first
is that ,electoral reform has
turned out to be a largely
phony issue. The return of
the ballot-box aided by an'
unconscionable bureau-
cratic inefficiency, prob-
ably caused more frustra-
tions than the use or mis-
use of the voting machines.
The youth largely
stayed at home, it seemed,
and huge numbers did not
even bother to register.
I have never been able
to swallow the argument
that the crisis has been with
the election system except
in so far as Cabinet control
of the whole election
, machinery breeds a sense
of impotence amongst the
general public.
Impotence is what
is about so the second fact
that I can see is that the
constitution crisis has
survived with a vengeance.
Now that the elections
are over, the constitution
cricis, if anything, is much
deeper. Voter participation
has fallen from 88% in 1961

Secession or


SINCE the September 13 General Elections in which
the DAC won the two Tobago seats and none in Trinidad,
national interest has focused on the political mood in that
Once again, the old 'bogeyman of "secession" has appeared.
This time there are reports of oil exploration off the coast of To-
bago, with all that seems to mean for the island's hopes to pay its
own way.
Now, then, is the time to propose a new scheme for the
Tobago-Trinidad association, when it is clear that Tobagonians are
unhappy about the present scheme of things but also unsure about
To put the new thing to Tobagonians is the mission of a Tapia
team of Allan Harris, Lloyd Best and Michael Harris who return to
Tobago this weekend.
The Tapia three are down to hold a public meeting at A.P.T.
James Park in Scarborough at 4.15 p.m. on Friday.
The theme of the meeting: "Secession or partnership?"

_ __

Politics in -1976


a nd answeIs


to 66% in 1966 to 54% in
1976. The public entirely
failed to see how a way to
salvation could be cut by
means of their own, inter-
And then there was
the desperate return to
racial voting. Never has it
been more absurd for the
Africans and Indians to
vote as largely monolithic
All the evidence
pointed to the ruling party
as a vehicle for the depreda-
tions of a grasping oligarchy
of privileged elities, drawn
from every race and class.


And yet a consider-
able block of African-Trini-
dadians continued to see in
the PNM their only hope
for a second-hand glory
derived from the party's and
its leader's control of the
Government machine. On
the other side, a consider-
able block -of Indo-Trini-
dadians continued to see in
the PNM a case for counter
I see this survival of
racial politics as caused
partly by a genuine problem
of identity in a still new
cosmopolitan society,
partly by the official
policy of deliberately deny-
ing the public the political
information we need to
perceive new options,
partly by the way in
which the campaign was
orchestrated so as to bring
emotions to a boil at
absolutely the eleventh
hour oddly with the aid
of much-needed informa-
t partly by the way
in which the politics of class
reinforces the politics of
race, given the particular
history and culture of
Trinidad and Tobago.


So that the dominant
theme at the actual moment
of decision was probably
one of strong ambivalence.
People had to decide if to
take the plunge and break
from political tradition, if
to take the risks of starting
fresh. In the end we
But we very well
could have gone the other
It is the doubt and
the ambivalence in the
public attitude which hold
the clue to the next five
years. Never has Trinidad
and Tobago been more un-

certain; never has the politics
been more unstable; never
has the constitution crisis
over the very make-up of
the society and the State
been more urgent than now.
You may think that
the Government could
rejoice that they have gain-
ed a two-thirds majority
after the years of upheaval
and threatened insurrection
following on the Revolt of
Nothing could be
more deceptive than the

current euphoria in official
circles. You have only to
listen to the tone of Wil-
liams' crowing in Port-of-
Spain South to realize that
insecurity is the key note
Insecurity has been
the keynote in fact, for the
longest while. The psycho-
logy of the present admin-
istration strongly suggests an
embattled regime.

The Godfather of the
Nation seems madly bent

on appropriating personal
power regardless of the cost,
insensible of restraint.
The return of the
ballot box perhaps threw
us back to 1956. The
frantic quality of the racial
voting went back in some-
ways to 1961. The wishful
thinking of the pundits who
see progress to two-party
politics reverts to the
Guardian front-page after
the 1966 elections (and be-
fore the February Revolu-

Flashback to the 1976 campaign fighting clean

'The time to be in front

is at the end'


"BOY, what really goin
"What we people
"Dey like dey eh
know what good for dem!"
"We do it in Tobago,
what wrong with Trini-
That is the kind of
talk you heard from Tapia
cadres and other people
in Tobago after the results
of the elections came.
Before the elections it
was anticipated that the PNM
would lose Tobago. The sur-
prise, however, was the poor
showing of the Tapia candi-
Two questions immedi-
ately arise: one, where did we
go wrong? and, two. what did
we not do?
I think we in Tapia dis-
played during the campaign a
kind of honesty and integrity

that was sadly lacking among
the other parties.
Those parties used all the
dirty political tricks, against
the Tapia House Movement
and our candidates. One party
used the politics ot race at
the last minute in order to
secure their own interests.
Then there was the
politics of Special Works and
Still, to the end, amidst
all the ole mas, we stood our
ground for the new politics,
for a more noble Trinidad and
Tobago. We did not really go
What we did not do was
run a rum and roti campaign.
(For some it was rum, whisky,
roti, bake, bread and bread$).
We did not use the
politics of manipulation or
spread lies or seek to slander
the names of other candidates.
We did not conceal the real
issues and hide the facts.

Said an old Tobagonian
man: "Tapia too good to be
true. They eh make in politics
because they not corrupt."
The elections are over.
We in Tapia are richer from
the experience. To come now
is the Local Government elec-
tions. From where I sit, our
participation is a must.
We had been saying,
"Win, lose or draw, we will
continue the struggle for a
New World." Our loss at the
polls will show us who are
really committed to Tapia and
the Tapia vision, as distinct
from who simply fell they
were onto a good thing.
"Power to the hardwuk!"
we proudly proclaim, and the
work before us now calls for
strength and dedication. Mon-
day, September 13 was not the
I call on all Tapia people
to rally together because the
time to be in front must truly
be at the end. And the end
is yet to come.

The philosophy of
government in the new Re-
public outdoes all that by
far, taking us back to the
big public question of 1839
Then, even as slavery was
dismissed to the dustbin of
history, Taylor in the
Colonial Office was con-
cluding that West Indian.
society lacked the means of
sustaining responsible Gov-
ernment within the frame-
work of representative in-

Now, even as we are
embarking on the highway
of Republican Government,
the constitution reforms
deny that Trinidad and To-
bago are fit for responsible
government within the
framework of representa-
tive institutions.
While the Opposition
jokers insisted that there
existed no constitution
crisis, while we clowned
over fundamental rights,
and electoral reform, while
we were blinded by the dust
of accountability and
morality in public affairs,
obviously a gangster's ploy;
while we tarried, the God-
father fixed the constitu-
tion good and proper.
Now the elected House
can be ceremoniously by-
passed and the nominated
House has become the
source of a personal presi-
dential power. The Prime
Minister who, we now hear,
should not be in the House,
can hand-pick party-rejects
like Millette and Carty, put
them in the Senate, and
make them his Ministers.
Presidential power does not
have to wait for them to
become rejects from the


We have returned to
Crown Colony Government
with a vengeance. A Govern-
or (masquerading as a Prime
Minister) as the only re-
sponsible official; a Legis-
lature as decoration pure
and simple; an Executive
Council of hand-picked of-
ficials, some from the
Lower, some from the
Upper House but all at the
mercy of the Chief Execu-
It is the Trinidad and
Tobago variant of Latin
American Presidential
power. It is the only in-
novation to the Godfather's
credit after more than 20
years of power.
The Chief Executive
now controls the population
via Public Order legislation.
He controls the party after
walking in to the leadership
without an election in 1973.
He controls the parlia-
mentary party via the un-
dated letter and the Political
Leader's control of criteria
for selecting candidates.
And he controls the Cabinet
and the Public Service via
Party politics cele-
brated so widely in 1956,
has gone by the board. We
have come back to the old
colonial days when the of-
ficial stance was that the
slaves of the Indies were "a
childish people", inherently
in need of imperial rule.
That, however, was a
perfect scenario for trouble.




Aw.AIfN '






with the leaders of those
The task ahead is clear,
although difficult. The villages
must be won over.
It will be necessary.for
existing members of Tapia to'
get off their high horses and
go to the villages in order to

put the process in motion.
The urgency of this task
cannot be over stressed.
If the County Councils,
elections are called tomor-row,
Tapia may well find itself in
the same position as it did in
the general elections out in
the cold.

T7u villages... where to starr tli poliicis.tion

THE RESULTS-of the re-
cent elections have brought
home some cold facts to
the Tapia Movement. The
most remarkable was the
party's failure to introduce
new politics into the
general elections.
Moreover, the failure
was greatest where it was
calculated to be most
effective in the villages
and communities.
The aim of the new
politics is to politicise the
villages at the grassroots, that
is to say, to institute a system
that allows for the expression
of genuine dissenting- opinion
or matters of local interest.
If, however, the process
is to succeed, a number a
factors are necessary: op-
portunity for genuine political
opinion to be formed; local
leaders; a forum for expression
and communication and the
means of political action.
Where these factors don't
exist, it is the urgent task of
the movement to create and
institute them.


There is no doubt that
genuine political differences
exist in the communities. In
fact, to deny this is to admit
that politics is just not possible
and we should speedily agree
to have a one party state.
Again, the political
differences envisaged are not
just petty differences arising
from various party affiliations,
but rather ones which spring
from matters of local concern
and interest.
For example, there are
few communities in which the
opinions -are unanimous with
r e g a r d to government's
priorities. It seems, therefore,
that in most communities,
there is dissenting opinion in
respect of action on matters
of local concern.
To be feasible as a
political alternative, opinions
must be held by a sufficiently
large-number of persons so as
to render a position tenable;
otherwise persons will be easily

shouted down and all sucl,
political initiatives v.wilii b
nipped in the bud. The con-
sequences may be frustration
and withdrawal from i 1T .
Hi ordei to a iculai
the pt:tical views In.-,
mentary form of leader ship
will be required. The magni]ude
of this task can best be :tsscbsed
in the light of experic',e
gathered ch..'1 g :.h i, ...
election campaign. In so:l -
cases, there was opin l-ostil.
to campaigners and o10 othec
Tapia people. In such circum-
stances, it takes a great deal
of courage for a man to take a
stand on political issues.


The sense of communit-.
will be one of the major u,
terminants of who will take
up an opposing political
position. Depending on the
strength of the community
spirit, the dissenting view,
although it exists and is valid,
may not be expressed at all.
However, true leadership
when it asserts itself, and is
recognized as such, will attract
its followers.
Initially the leaders will
stand virtually alone. As their
standing in the community
grows, so will their influence'
and so the process of politi-
cization will be enhanced.


Such leaders must be
conversant with the interest
of the communities, and be
of such a disposition as to
articulate clearly the dissenting
position, where it genuinely
Finally, in order the
better to inform the internal
processes of the movement,
such leaders should be speedily
integrated into the con-
stituency groups.
In this way, they may
receive spiritual guidance and
practical advice where neces-
sary, and would be a vital link
in the chain of communication

between the communities and
ihe party.
The leaders should have
a viable public forum for
political expression. The first
or lowest level of such a forum
isobviously the Village Council.
Many Village councils do not
function, and exist only in
name. Here is an excellent
opportunity for the Tapia
leaders to start the process of
polhticisat ion.


Where the Vi i 1 a g e
Councils now function, the
Tapia leaders should make this
the launching pad for all
political initiatives. The stand-
ig of lie party at the Village-
C.ounciis will give a measure
of strength throughout the
Nothing could be so mis-
leading as the party's assess-
ment of its own chances before
the recent elections. There was
very little basis for the pro-
In this respect, the
Village Council is an important
instrument, as it will allow the
party to gauge is standing,
certainly in the villages.


The Village Council will
provide the opportunities for
leaders to express themselves
and thereby to influence others.
Providing a forum, how-
ever, is not sufficient. There
must be means by which
decisions can be implemented
and seen to be implemented.
In the absence of this, the
Village -Council may well be
reduced to the status of a
debating society.
In fact, this political
action is what distinguishes'
political organisation from a
debating society.
All means of action
should be used, whether they
are the county councils, the
constituency representatives
or our own regional groups.
With regard to the last
named, it is, imperative that
close liaison be maintained

Our coverage of


is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep a breast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription .
rates for TAPIA.
The new rates are as follows:

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
FFC (incl.Ui ITK


$18.00 per year
I-14 00

Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 19 76.
Tapia, 82, St. Vincent St. Tunapuna. Trinidad &
Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-25241.

In recent years, antiques have ceased to be the preserve of
the very rich or the very knowledgeable. An ever-increasing
number of people visit museums and antique markets to
browse, to buy, to invest. This unique encyclopedia is for
those enthusiasts, whether professional or amateur. It
reveals the whole broad world of objects d'art giving the
reader an idea of its richness.and variety, and guiding him
through the historical styles and forms which the major
countries of Europe have produced.
This is a comprehensive reference work which will be prized
by anyone concerned with antiques. It satisfies the needs
of the dealer, the serious collector, and the student, and at
the same time totally accessible to the beginner in the
field. For convenience, in use, a completely alphabetical
arrangement has been adopted, enabling the user to go
straight to the information he wants. Variations in termino-
logy and spelling are dealt with in a full complement of
cross references. The technical terms used in the books are
all explained in the clearest possible manner so that no
reader 'need have difficulty in understanding any entry.
There are appendices showing silver and ceramic marks,
maps locating the centres of production, and a helpful
bibliography directing the reader to the best sources of
further information.

iW&SE .Flk



AM -r
_ _ _ _ _ _ _IBM_ m m

Members of the ULF team as they reported to the people at Saith Park recently
Senators Weekes, Sammy ana Alexander and Party Secretary Millette.

THE United Labour Front
does not intend merely to
sit down in Parliament and
let the government use its
24-seat majority to run
the country.
Opposition Leader
Basdeo Panday told -a
Woodford Square meeting
on Sept. 24 the ULF will
keep the people in close
touch with whatever goes
on in Parliament.
Panday also promised
that whenever the ULF wanted
to introduce a Private Members'
Bill or other motions in Parlia-
ment, public meetings would
first be held to take a vote
on the matter.
When the people will
have voted, the ULF would
then go into the House and
"challenge the government to
to vote against the people".
Panday said these meet-
ings would be held in three
centres Woodford Square
in Port-of-Spain, Saith Park in
Central Trinidad and Skinner's
Park in San Fernando.
MP Raffique Shall also
said the ULF did not want to
get "distracted" by the fact
that the party had 10 seats in
the House.
"The people put us there
to do a job, and we intend to
do it," Shah said. "But the
ULF is going to be very active
outside of Parliament."
Shah also referred to the

formal Presidential opening
address as "nice words". In
fact, Shah added, the ULF
could have writ ten the speech.
But the ULF was going to
make sure that President's
Clarke's "nice words" were
translated into reality.
Where President Clarke
had' referred to the ,wealth of
the country, Shah said, the
ULF was gcing to work to
ensure that the people who
produce that wealth get a just
share of it.
Senator George Weekes

From left,

told the Woodford Square
crowd that he had sized up
the men the government ap-
pointed Senators and he knew
where the government was
coming from its choice of
"men like Mervyn De Souza".
Weekes said within re-
cent times people were
witnessing ,"the. politics of
murder" in Southern Africa
and there were also seeing how
"capitalist countries are trying
to protect their interests. They
are murdering people in South
Africa and playing politics with

Tony May gave the United
Labour Front a "gift" on
Republic Day, September
The occasion was a ULF-
meeting in Woodford Square
immediately after the cere-
monial opening of Parliament,
attended by the crowd of a
couple hundred which had
assembled outside the Red
House to watch the ceremonies.
After Opposition Leader
Basdeo Panday led his people
into the Square, ULF spokes-
man Clive Nunez announced

that the police had prohibited
the public meeting in the
Square until 2 p.m.
Nunez asked the crowd
to wait until that time if
necessary. It was then about
I 2.30 p.m.
Some ULF men then
went to Police Headquarters
to try to get the authorized
p.m. time brought forward.
Half an hour later,
Nunez announced to the
Square that Commissioner
May had decided to let the"
ULF go ahead with the meet-
ing "as a gift on Republic

Gloria Henry's message on

Universal Children's Day



UNIVERSAL Children's Day on Monday, October 4 will
probably pass un-noticed by most people in this country..
The International Union for Child Welfare (IUCW)
and UNICEF have chosen to stress in 1976 that "All
children need basic services." Their special slogan: "Reach-
ing the unreached".
It is sadly the case in Trinidad and Tobago, supposedly one of
the better off count lies of the world, that a vast number of children
are still not reached by the services that are vitally necessary for
their well-being.
With all that they have going for them in this new term, the
government can no longer postpone the urgently needed programmes
to educate the population on matters like adequate nutrition.
Nor (with money being no problem) is lichre any excuse for
pussyfooting in the expansion of lieallth services and the improve-
ment of social w'elae I'l e services.
Then there is the need to examine the laws relating to children
with a view to their being updated.
Long overdue, loo, is the improvement of conditions at such
institutions as the St. Mary's Home in Tacaiigua.
The. country has the money: the government has the mandate.
Nothing should stand in the way of speedy and decisive action to
save the children and to scenic our valuable human resources.

0Toy yRepbliff
to ffse Repub/i

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