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Vol. 6 No 35
Sunday August 29, 1976
", : *."'t !N'..: ;rjTiJ7^
f0."-' T:'' T /'!:JY P' MAN
NEW. y::)H,. N. W. 1002i
S>i N t
BUILDING FROM THE EARTH
FULL EMPLOYMENT, INCOMES POLICY
- PAGE 5
EDUCATION PAGES 15-16
HEALTH PAGES 16-17.
WATER, SANITATION, DRAINAGE &
IRRIGATION, TRANSPORT PAGE 14
THE TAPIA REPUBLIC LOCAL GOV-
ERNMENT, CENTRAL GOVERNMENT,
PARLIAMENT PAGE 7
SENATE, THE COURTS AND THE
LAW, ELECTION REFORM, LOWER
HOUSE PAGE 9
OVERHAUL OF TEACHING AND
PUBLIC SERVICE PAGE 8
HOME RULE FOR TOBAGO -PAGE
10 AND CENTRE PAGES.
OIL & ENERGY, EXPORT CROPS,
FISHERIES, LOCALISATION PAGE 12
AND PROJECTS -
FOOD PRODUCTION, THE ARTS PAGE
CULTURE AND SPORT PAGE 17
THE CARIBBEAN AND FOREIGN
AFFAIRS PAGES 18 AND 19
OUR PARTY PAGE 19 AND 20
eneral Electmans 1976
STAND Mon..6 SEPT
Gr .;;WOO ORD SQUARE'
STapia's new world
THE Tapia House Movement did not form a party to contest general
elections in 1976. We started as a community organisation in
Tunapuna in 1968 and later we developed into a nationwide politi-
Only when people began to feel that we should translate
our idea of a New World in Trinidad & Tobago into a programme of
political action did we come to be regarded as a genuinely politi-
cal party. It took us seven full years to reach that stage. We formed
the party on April 11 of this year.
The 'ast of the seven years, 1974-75 saw four Tapia
leaders sitting in the Senate, grappling with the concrete problems
of Government. From that school, we gained experience in blend-
ing the practical with the ideal, translating hopes into programmes,
and planning many little projects as one whole movement forward
for the people of Trinidad, Tobago and the West Indies.
In that school, we completely repudiated the politics of
sustained agitation, eternal crisis and destructive confrontation,
We demonstrated Tapia's firm commitment to the constructive
politics of democratic discussion and parliamentary bargaining on
the basis of clearly formulated manifestos of competing political
The Tapia Manifesto is not a set of election promises; it is
the programme which brings together under a single umbrella the
projects we think necessary for.a new Trinidad & Tobago.
Our Manifesto is a challenge to the stifled creativity
of our people and an attempt to look at our resources in a positive
Our Manifesto is founded on the belief that our greatest
asset is our people, our intelligence and our creativity, the ease
with which we learn new skills, unfettered as we are by long
tradition, and the bonds we have forged among ourselves, deeper
than all the differences of religion, culture or race.
By world standards, Trinidad and Tobago is a family-size
nation blessed with the warm intimacy of our tiny islands and
small enough to share each other's dreams and burdens.
We are fortunate to be rich in revenue too. The National
Budget in 1976 exceed $2,000 million and the National Income
is of the order of $5,000 per head. Allowing 40% of our income
for the rainy day and for taxes sufficient to provide a reasonable
standard of public welfare, every family of four in Trinidad and
Tobago could on the average take home not less $1,000 per month.
We need only a sense of purpose, new drive and determina-
tion to transform our land,our sea, our mineral wealth, our schools,
highways, hospitals, and all of our vast storehouse of physical
resources into a New World in the tropics, one able to minister to
the things that lift the human spirit.
When Columbus came to the Caribbean, he found islands
"admirably suited to tillage, pasture and habitation." With such
potentials, we must now hasten to build a democratic and humane
Trinidad & Tobago, founded on the principles of liberty, equality
and responsibility, based on the foundations laid by the past
That is the Tapia idea. What follows constitute the bricks
and the mortar.
WILL THE Republic of Trinidad & Tobago
bring power to the people? Or are we going
to be trampled beneath the heel of Presi-
dential power in the fashion of some coun-
tries down the South American Main?
Following the political upheaval of the
February Revolution, the revolt of 1970,
the violent guerrilla confrontations of 1973
and the industrial crisis of oil and sugar
workers of 1975, these questions are still in
the forefront of the public mind.
The constitution reform which has
produced the new Republic has provided no
satisfactory answers, rejecting as it did the
Tapia call for a valid assembly of citizens,
parties and leaders, repudiating as it did the
Report of the Wooding Commission, and
relying as it did on a Parliament which
represented one political voice.
Today people even doubt that we will
arrive at free and fair elections; they fear
that something sinister might very well inter-
vene to block the general elections in the
way that Batista blocked the Cuban elections
in 1953 and triggered off the Castro Revolu-
There is ground for valid fear. The
agencies of State have been crumbling to the
point where the Government is incapable of
delivering the ordinary necessities of life in
the form of efficient public services, compe-
tent public administration and reasonable
welfare programmes, let alone a just distribu-
tion of the national income and a number of
jobs equal to the demand for gainful work.
The punishment being visited on the
people by the breakdown of the social fabric,
the stress being placed on the individual by
impossible economic and political conditions,
and the brutalization being inflicted especi-
ally on the youth and the women of the
country by the build-up of frustration, have
taken the country time and time again since
1968 beyond rebellion, revolt and insurrec-
tion, to the brink of revolutionary upheaval.
The question that the electorate is
trying noW to answer is if the next election
can bring stability back. What choice of
government would restore the foundations 6f
a parliamentary democracy with .worthy
political parties, reputable constituency
representatives, valid and vibrant party
groups? Which of the parties is more likely
to allow the Opposition to flourish by
encouraging political education? By accord-
ing the House of Representatives its rightful
place as a forum for the clash of political
opinion? By allowing the Senate to be an
assembly of varied community voices, in-
forming by the people's instincts, the deli-
berations of the Government and the State?
What choice of government in 1976
would permit the public service to function
without undue political interference, without
political intimidation, without political
victimisation. The great departments of
State, the great public corporations and the
vast business concerns in which the State has
been busily acquiring a major interest, will
they be spared the jobbery and the bribery
which only make them inefficient? Which
only prevent Trinidad and Tobago from
enjoying a standard of living commensurate
with our natural wealth and the talents of
Will the arrangements for integrity and
accountability bring morality in public
affairs? Or will they make elaborate provi-
sions for catching little fish while the big and
bigger fish get away scot free?
What choice of Government would
free the Teaching Service to claim its con-
stitutional right to the participation of
teachers in political and electoral life without
hindrance or humbug?
What choice of Government would dis-
entangle government employment from the
politics of the party-card so that every creed
and race could find that equal place which
has kept slipping through our fingers?
What choice of Government would give
equality to the sexes, to the masses and the
If there were not a change of Govern-
ment, if there were not an economic and
political transformation,would Trinidad &
Tobago be able to maintain such freedom of
worship and such religious tolerance as we
have managed to achieve? If the frustrations
of the present were carried into the future,
beyond the next elections; if there were no
early return of hope, for how long would the
Courts remain free? For how much longer
would we be able to anticipate free and fair
elections and to anticipate no permanent
States of Emergency? For how long would
the Courts continue to try for justice and
the people be able to embark on creative
These are the questions which are
being feverishly turned around in the politi-
cal imagination of the public. People are
beginning to realise that the constitution
|Z question is not only a bread and butter
question but the biggest bread-and-butter
question of all.
The public is now repeating the ques-
tion posed by the Tapia newspaper] in
November 16, 1969. Whose Republic? we
asked, then. The Little People? Or the Little
King, i.e. Big Pappies and Big Shots, Big-
time Corporations, Big-time Merchants and
Industrialists, Big-time Politicians and Profes-
sionals, Big-Time Unionists even.
1 111 1 ~ss I I LI I i I -1 -L,
PAGE 2 TAPIA~
Suiiday, Augi~4t 29,'1976
RE U 10
COME THE CHANGE of Government in
September, Tapia will re-open the constitu-
tion question and repudiate the PNM's
Republic. We will call a Constituent
Assembly of Citizens, a Conference of the
parties and the people so as to advance the
politics of participation.
We will also reorganise the old planta-
tion economy so as to place the real control
in the hands of all the people, the disadvant-
aged and the' dispossessed as well as the
hitherto privileged elites.
The Tapia economic plan aims to lift
the life-line industries out of foreign domi-
nation and away from incompetence, ineffi-
ciency, and confusion, We propose a pro-
gramme of genuine localisation.
We propose a new business partnership
between the Unions, the Municipal Councils
and the National Government in Port-of-
Spain. The new partnership must clear the
way for sound business practice by closing
off political infighting, political jobbery and
Tapia is aware that the next
Government must show our people
good cause for being efficient, for
getting up and get, for abandoning
"project" and Special Works habits.
Sugar, cement, oil, fertilizers, petro-
chemicals and other energy-based enter-
prises must be kept open to mechanisation
and high-technology, to rational and expert
management, to high labour productivity,
and to a fiercely competitive performance in
the markets Qf the world.
Once we anchor the politics of partici-
pation in new constitutional arrangements,
in fresh political conventions and in an
economy which gives the whole bread to the
people, the Trinidadian and Tobagonian
would not only understand but would them-
selves insist on the need to be efficient so
that Trinidad & Tobago could pay our way
in the world without ever having to beg.
e et up
Tapia is aware that the next Govern-
ment must show our people good cause for
being efficient, for getting up and get, for
abandoning "project" and Special Works
We proclaim it loud and clear that the
economic conditions required to induce our
people to. make a more disciplined and
productive effort are two:
i) a fair and equitable sharing of the
national wealth and income
ii) the provision of gainful jobs for all.
Tapia intends to eliminate gross inequali-
ties whether by sex, race or class. Our
remedies will be:
a wealth and incomes policy embrac-
ing progressive taxes; a much fairer spread of
wages and salaries; a tighter management of
prices; and a more widespread distribution
of profits amongst the citizens through the
localisation of large life-line industries and a
proliferation of small business enterprise.
the provision of cheap utilities with
special reference to housing, transport and
the mounting of a large-scale welfare
programme involving public health, educar,
LLOYD BEST has been a moving
spirit of Tapia right from the very
beginning. We of Tapia built The Tapia
House in his Turiapuna backyard, a
symbol of the simple life, rooted in
the possibilities of the native land.
Secretary of the party, Lloyd
Best is the Tapia candidate for Tuna-
puna. He was born and bred in that
constituency where Tapia has grown
from a faithful few into the nationwide
political movement that it is today.
Lloyd Best insists that Tunapuna
and its little people have made Tapia
possible by supporting its programme
of hardwuk, and proving that we in
Trinidad & Tobago can and will
retrieve our fortunes from disillusion-
ment and betrayal by our united
efforts and exertions.
To Tapia, Lloyd Best brought a
long record from the New World
Movement which began in Jamaica in
the late 1950s and spread among
West Indian youth to North America
and the Caribbean.
By the time Lloyd Best came
home in October 1968, after 15 years
abroad and, a rich experience in
University assignments, he was being
described, by as eminent a West Indian
as William Demas, as "perhaps the
foremost radical thinker in the region",
and by Dr. Selwyn Ryan "as the
leading source of ideas for reforming
the political and economic system ..."
Second of eleven children, Lloyd
Best was brought up sparingly on cane
land owned by Orange Grove Estate
and got his early schooling at Tacarigua
E.C. From Tacarigua he went to QRC
and then on an Island Scholarship to
university at Cambridge and Oxford
before joining the Jamaica Campus
of the U.W.I. in early 1958.
In 1962-63, a time of racial
troubles in Guyana, Best was a UN
Economic Planning Adviser to the
tion for living, home-work centres, school
meals and uniforms, and largely expanded
facilities for the arts and for sport.
We intend also to provide gainful
employment for the entire labour force
including all women over 17. To this end we
propose to begin with a vast construction
programme, special emphasis being on
This programme aims to rally the
youth and rehabilitate the family and to
spawn a new generation of hope and love.
Our hope is that the spark of a revival
in the home would stimulate development in
agriculture and low-technology manufactur-
ing by generating demands for food and
materials. The production of these materials
can only be effected if we made a huge
breakthrough in low-technology, taxing our
capacity for new type organisation, for
invention, for making bricks out of straw.
Evoking, in fact, the enterprise of our
The framework for this programme of
high technology, high welfare and high
enterprise will be our seven planning regions
in the Eastern Corridor from Diego Martin
Government in Georgetown where he
was a founder of New World Quarterly,
a journal of independent Caribbean
thought, devoted to national recon-
struction and to the uniting of our
In his teachings about Trinidad,
Tobago and Tapia's New World in the
Caribbean, Lloyd Best has placed so
much new language in the mouths of
the public that he is said to have a
particular flair for coining popular
At only 42, Lloyd Best, married
with four children, is the acknowledged
leader of this national party, The
Tapia House Movement.
A Paris journal, Afric-Asia, has
fixed this Tapiaman as "the person most
apt to create a new integrated West
In the Tapia Shadow Cabinet Lloyd
Best has responsibilities for Planning
to Arima, the North East including Waller
Field; the South East including a new urban
industrial belt from Galeota to Guayaguay-
are; the Caroni Plain; the Naparima Plain;
the Industrial Capital Region from Point
Lisas to San Fernando; the Oil Belt in the
Deep South; and of course, Tobago, on a
different scale altogether.
Our hope is that the spark of a
revival in the home would stimulate
development in agriculture and low-
technology manufacturing by generat-
ing demands for food and materials.
The production of these materials can
only be effected if we made a huge
breakthrough in low-technology, tax-
ing our capacity for new types organ-
isation, for invention for making
bricks out of straw, Evoking, in fact,
the enterprise of our people.
The administrative Franmewor for
Trinidad will be our 18-25 new local govern-
ment or municipal councils around complexes
such as Couva. Chaguanas, La Brea-Point,
Siparia-Fyzabad. Tunapuna, San Juan. and
Sangre Grande. In Tobago, it will be our 21
The action framework will be our
- ----- I ~P P ----- r
TAPIA. PAGE 3
Sunday -August 29, 1976.
seven Experimental Development Authori-
ties equipped with the powers and the
resources to pioneer new approaches to life,
to work, to industrial and business organ-
isation; to family rehabilitation and to the
re-integration of sport and art into the normal
course of living.
In Waller Field. we envisage an experi-
ment in housing, town-planning, and vege-
table farming in the valleys of the Northern
and Central Ranges.
In Chaguaramas, we envisage an experi-
ment in the rehabilitation of housing and
tree-crop agriculture and in the development
of sub-urban recreation facilities for people
of the Eastern Corridor Region.
In Forres Park we foresee an agro-
industrial experiment growing out of a new
approach to the Naparima and Caroni Plains
which must now be irrigated and turned to
the production of food and materials for
home consumption, starting from a proper
integration of sugar-cane and cattle rearing
and opening the way to the use of both
sugar-cane and the factory yards as primary
In Point Lisas, we will scale down
the rainbow projects promised by the
last administration and develop a
sector of projects having a strategic
significance for Trinidad, Tobago and
the West Indies.
In the Oropouche Lagoon, we will aim at
a modern, large-scale rice basket to fulfil the
promises so often repeated over 20 guava
in Chatham, down in the South-West,
we propose to combine the Youth-Camp
activities with the Crown Lands Development
Programme and then fan out into an inte-
grated programme of diversified tree-crop
farming and inland-tourism aiming to provide
food and entertainment for the two indus-
trial regions emerging around San Fernando
and Point Fortin.
In the North Eastern Tobago region, we
envision a forest development partly for
timber, partly for inland tourism.
In Point Lisas, we will scale down the
rainbow projects promised by the last
administration and develop a sector of
projects having a strategic significance for
Trinidad, Tobago and the West Indies.
The emphasis in this energy-using pro-
ject will be on conservation in relation to
price inflation, to our capacity to absorb
export earnings, and to the Techretarial
expertise Tapia will be striving to develop in
international marketing, high finance and
high technology, all within a framework of
localised owvnership-and control. We see here
a model for another possible experiment in
the Guayaguayare Area.
Most of these Development Areas will
be starting from operations already in being
and seeking to upgrade them. Waller Field,
Chaguaramas, the Oropouche Lagoon and
Point Lisas are perhaps the biggest outrages
amongst possibilities which have been
severely imperilled by mismanagement on
the part of the current administration.
Waller Field is now largely an exhibition in
ti-marie and black sage; Chaguaramas is a
Each of the Tapia Development Areas
will also be the site of a National Service
Camp, along the lines first mooted by the
New World Group in 1.963 in Georgetown
Guyana, and since mis-applied in more than
one Caribbean country and in practically
every Manifesto in Trinidad & Tobago.
The aim of the Tapia National Service
is to engage the youth in patriotic discipline,
in education through apprenticeship and in
MICKEY TYRONE MATTHEWS, 26, the
candidate for Fyzabad, is the essential self-
He lived the Tapia lifestyle of enterprise
and struggle, even before he knew about the
existence of Tapia.
So it was he immediately felt kinship
with the message "take up thy bed and walk"
which came to him through the TAPIA
Mickey joined Tapia by mail in 1970,
having cut a coupon from the newspaper.
For three years Mickey had worked at
Then he quit and opened his own
business. A man with an eye for growth, his
Automotique now has branches in San
Fernando and Fyzabad.
Since 1973 he has been a member of
the Tapia National Executive, and is now
serving his second term as Second Vice
His responsibilitV inthe ShadowCabinet
is for the Environment.
learning-while-doing projects in the indus-
trial arts, in fanning, and in the trades and
the professions, depending on the area.
Tapia intends no overnight magic
simply by announcing good intentions.
We have had 20 years of instruction
in the government of non-implemen-
The Tapia National Service Programme
will be financed partly out of the Unemploy-
ment Levy and will provide a constructive
substitute for the highly wasteful programme
of Special Works. In part, it will also be
financed out of the Education Budget --
both University and below as well as from
the resources of the IDC and DFC, now being
sadly misallocated to the wrong type of small
Our National Service programme is
going to provide opportunity for small
businessmen and craftsmen, artists and
sportsmen, professionals and men of inde-
pendence and character, to make their
national service contribution by taking in
apprentices not after the students are getting
their '0' level and other certificates, but
during their preparations for examinations.
This transformation of the colonial educa-
tion system has become a categorical impera-
To help it along, the IDC and DFC
must put accountants, equipment and other
needed resources into the shops of the
master carpenters and masons, master motor-
mechanics; they must arrange for proper
inspection and certification and so on. The
radical transformation, like the "revolution",
must always be limited by what people are
actually doing now.
Tapia intends no overnight magic
simply by announcing good intentions. We
HAMLET JOSEPH, 39, is a Special Works
Checker from Laventille and was one of the
four Tapia Senators. He was raised in the
Eastern reaches of the City and attended
school at Nelson Street Boys, Belmont
Intermediate and Osmond High School.
After years of sporadic employment,
Joseph became involved in the Vigilantes
Community Movement in Success Village.
Yaxee, as he is known, has grown into a
community leader of large dimensions -
speaking, writing and organising and demon-
strating a rich store of previously untapped
talent for leadership.
Joseph is regarded as a good judge of
political situations and a reliable and serious-
He has responsibility for housing and
utilities in the Shadow Cabinet.
have had 20 years of instruction in the
government of non-implementation.
Our scheme proposes a minimum dis-
ruption or a largely constructive one within
normal work routines. If industrialists could
take in youth on some reasonable arrange-
ment, professionals, also, could volunteer to
spread their service commitment over a long
period of, say, ten or fifteen years at so
many days a month, and so on.
The programme will certainly, have to
be modified in the doing, yet it would seem
to be eminently feasible in the light of the
response of Trinidadians and Tobagonians
to the crisis of 1970. Our people showed
a ready willingness to volunteer our time and
energy to any Government genuinely pre-
pared to acknowledge our idealism, to be
compassionate with the weaknesses of the
citizen, to avoid rigid ideological stances, to.
set its face against coercive techniques of
administration, and to promote the creative
participation of the people in building a
nation out of the many races in Trinidad &
Each of the Tapia Development
Areas will also be the site of a
National Service Camp, along the
lines first mooted by the New World
Group in 1963 in Georgetown, Guyana,
and since mis-applied in more than
one Caribbean country and in practic-
ally every Manifesto in Trinidad &
Tapia offers such a programme because
we feel ready for the fullest responsibility
in the pursuit of another kind of co'intry,
another form of civilization.
Our campaign for national reconstruc-
tion is ready now to move into the highest
gear, clearing the ground for a cultural revival
and for the spiritual, regeneration of a new
race in these tight West Indian islands.
Sunday, August 29, 1976
PAGE 4 TAPIA
Sudy ugs 9 17 AIAPG
THE FIRST Tapia Government will launch
an assault on privilege and oligarchy, another
root cause of the February Revolution. The
old regime has kept the country divided by
race. It has achieved the classless multi-racial
ideal only in that the privileged oligarchy of
elites is drawn from every race and class.
Union big-shots merchants, industrialists,
professionals, the godfathers in government
and politics. They constitute the few who
get the lion's share of the bread.
The many listened eagerly to Tapia's
Great Debate with Manswell in 1974 about
the Have-Nots and the Haves. They learnt
that 70% of the households live below the
national average of some $300 per month;
30% live below the poverty line.
They learnt that between 1957/8 and
1971/2, the top 20% gained 8% more of the
national income, carrying them to 58% while
the bottom 20% lost 1.2% of the national
income, forcing them down to 2.2%.
They have since learnt that, at the
top, 25% of the land is held by 0.1% of the
holdings in pieces of over 1000 acres while
at the bottom, only 18% of the land is held
in 26,000 holdings all under 10 acres.
They know that 70,000 citizens of
20% of the labour force are unemployed;
that 60% of them are between 15-24; that
many of the unemployed have never worked
at all; and that many who are said to be
working are in fact marking time on a
Programme of Special Works. They know
that most Women stay home only because
there is no hope of getting a job.
They knownow that in 1970, 53% of
the business elite was white, 24% off-white,
10% mixed, 9% Indian, and 4% Africant. In
other words, over 80% of the people own
less than 13% of the business, in a country
where every creed and race constitutionally
has an equal place.
They wonder why Census figures
showed that in 1965/66, in the run-up to
1970, the median income for petroleum
workers, mainly African, was $254 per
month while the corresponding figure for
agricultural workers, mainly Indian, was
Two worlds; trie world of the many,
the world of the few. The unorganised, the
badly organised, the partly organised, the
nominally organised, they are the disadvant-
aged whose only- recourse is insurrection or
revolution. The well organised must take
their pick. Either they support peace and
bread and justice or we have an unstable
Faced with this choice, a Tapia Gov-
ernment will not be bound by any rigid
ideology imported from any outside place.
Our ideology is clear and constant and based
on a practical analysis of our own condition.
It repeats the demands of the February
Revolution; it simply heeds the voice of valid
Power to the people. The whole bread.
Africans and Indians and, in spite of the
omission, Europeans, unite! Tapia supports
no lifeless do :trine. For us, the have-nots are
those who would repudiate the regime of
oligarchy, those who reject the rule of
iniquity and refuse to accept inequity as
necessary, whatever their race or class. These
are the people who feel deprived of justice,
what ever their material condition.
The Tapia Government will offer Lhe
A. FULL EMPLOYMENT
The first condition for dignity and justice
is the provision of jobs for all. We shall
adopt the following measures:
i) A massive construction programme
ii) A rehabilitation of agriculture
iii) A huge expansion of small-scale
iv) A wide spread of community services
drawing heavily on manpower
v). A programme of National Service
Education embracing all citizens
from 50 years to 15.
B. AN INCOMES POLICY
The second condition is an incomes
which specifies and enforces a mini-
which equalises salaries and wages
between men and women for the same
which requires the same rewards for
the same skills regardless of the industry
in which people are employed
which devotes particular attention
to workers in the lowest income brackets -
textile workers, domestic workers, store
which secures f )r our senior citizens
a pension which bea. some relationship to
the cost of living
which makes it possible for workers
to earn profits as well as wages through
shares in large enterprises; through union
and municipal council shares; through the
establishment of small enterprises based on
individual talent and craftsmanship.
which is formulated in the Senate,
where all interests will be exposed, not just
the highly organised employers and Unions.
C. EXPANDED COMMUNITY SERVICES
Textbook rental scheme
Humane care for the aged and the ill
Co-op child care centres
Continued on Page 14
.i( ,i .ISHMAEL SAMAD Representative for Barataria
ISHMAEL:SAMAAD is the Tapia Candidate for
Barataria. Now 32, Samaad was born in San Juan
: and was brought up there.
-H H now lives in the Maracas Valley with his
:-wife,wVirginia, and three kids.
Ishmael became caught up in the movement
for freedom "in the days when he was getting.
higher education at- the Institute of International
SRelations, UWI, St. Augustine, and will be remem-
bered, as the man whose initiative led. to the mam-
moth "Free the Soldiers" demonstration in 1971.
Soon after joining Tapia he became a familiar
figure on Frederick Street, pushing the newspaper
on Friday and Saturday mornings.
Few people can have walked up and down
Trinidad and Tobago in the religious fashion of
Ishmael who has latterly been a salesman of
encyclopedias as well as a bearer of the message
about Tapia's New World.
Islhin'ae!'s great love is the landscape of Trini-
dad & Tobago and he came to the fore as a
;omrmurn y !e.der in oppositios;t th,' destrovers
of the environment.
Almost single-handedly, he carried che fight
to save .our beautiful samaans which spread so
much joyand cool all over our savannah country.
When the calm of the Caroni Swamp was
violated by industrial barges, Ishmael was overcome
with grief and outrage.
He also spent many weary nights policing the
eastern beaches to protect the helpless turtles from
the ravages of vandals.
Ishmael brings to his campaign a great passion
for humanity born out his respect for the natural
order,;for peace and for justice.
Obviously a spiritual man, he is in himself an
attack on the corrupt materialism of our age and
lends to Tapia a high and noble purpose, above the
purely practical questions of national reconstruc-
Hc h1s thought deeply about loca! ':: '
ment as a d',ice for setting our people ..3 fr,,
the monopolistic designs of central pr-,, -:.
Sunday, August 29, 1976 -
TAPIA RAGE 5
the candidate for Port-of-
Spain South, is a teacher
by profession and training,
who has lived and worked
in many countries over the
last 20 years. He has taught
inTrinidad, Britain, the
Bahamas, Canada and Puerto
But his work experi-
ences have not been limited
to the classroom. Hollings-
worth has worked in
agriculture, on trains, on
the assembly line and in
the British civil service.
In the course of his
sojourn abroad he acquired
a number of academic
qualifications in hischosen
fields of sport & education
including a Diploma in
Physical Education from
and the Master of Educa-
tion from Boston Univer-
It is in the field of
sport that Hollingsworth is
perhaps best known. He is
current national Trinidad
and Tobago record holder
in Shotput and Discus. He
was a member of Britain's
Athletic Team from 1959
to 1965; an Olympic
Discus finalist in 1964;
and Central American and
Caribbean Games Champ-
ion in 1966.
Roy Hollingsworth is
also the author and pub-
lisher of pamphlets dealing
with industrial relations.
His recent activities
have been under the
auspices of the Workers'
r ,4-~,! -
SINGH, 22, the candidate
for Oropouche, is distin-
guished for his enthusias-
tic involvement in
He was born in La
Fortune, La Romain and
attended the Primary
School there. Later he
went to Palo Seco Gov-
Annan is now a
teacher at the Siparia
Road Presbyterian School.
It was in the partici-
pation in the activities of
the several organizations
to which he has belonged
that Annan learnt the
hard lessons of com-
munity leadership, slow
and patient and system-
atic building, and co-
Since he began his
association with Tapia in
1973, Annan Ramnanan-
singh has shown, above
all, a never failing willing-
ness to undertake the
many arduous tasks that
are part of the political
COURTNEY LEIBA, 39, the candidate for Tabaquite,
was born and raised on a cocoa and coffee estate in
Flanagin Town of an old and well known family in
He went to the Flanagin Town R.C. School before
coming into Port-of-Spain for secondary education at
Progressive Educational Institute. It was here that
Courtney developed the wide range of interests and
activities to which he has since gravitated.
He played basketball, took part in drama, and
before settling down as a professional studio musician, a
percussionist, he was at various times a folklore dancer,
a law clerk and a customs clerk.
The highlight of his musical career was the unforget-
tably successful tour of North America and the
Caribbean with the Trinidad Tripoli Steelband of which
he is still Secretary.
Now once more sharing in the acute deprivations
endured by musicians in this country, Courthey Leiba
has been anxious to help organise our musicians to
seek a better deal for themselves. For the steelband in
particular he has already drawn up detailed plans for a
MOHANLAL INDAR MARAJ, 21, the candidate for
Caroni East, runs his own mini-school from his home.
That is one of the ways in which this many sided
young man uses his spare time and his talents.
By day, Indar works as a teacher in the San Juan
Indar Maraj has led the life of a self-made man, and
he considers that he has gained most of his education by
He did, however, attend the Tunapuna Presbyterian
School, St. Andrews Academy, Hillview College and the
Apart from his special interest in both the theory
and the practice of education, Indar is keen about music
An organisation man, he has a marked flair for
getting along with people, a capacity which underlined
his contributions to the affairs of the several religious,
cultural and youth groups with which he has beer
DENNIS A. PANTIN is the
Tapia Candidate for Diego
Martin East and an Under-
Secretary for Petroleum in
the Tapia Shadow Ministry
of Economic Affairs.
He has served on the
Executive as the Public
Now 27, Pantin is one
of the bright, young,
men who have arrived on
the scene in the years since
He came to political
consciousness in the early
1970s, attracted by the
vision and the lifestyle of
the Tapia House Move-
While at St. Augustine
studying for a degree in
Economics, Pantin was a
key figure in Tapia on
campus and played a promi-
nent part in student initia-
tives aimed at bringing the
University community into
closer contact with the
He was Guild Secretary
and Secretary of the Ex-
ternal Affairs Commission
Pantin has engaged in
community activity which
at various points entailed
voluntary work at the St.
Mary's Children Home, the
St. Charles High School
and the Laventille Self-
Help Education Project.
A former pupil of
Fatima College and the
Polytechnic, Pantin's work
experience includes stints
as a Civil Service Clerk, a
Bank teller and a Reporter
at 610 Radio.
Pantin has quit his job
as an Economist in the
Ministry of Finance, Plan-
ning and Development to
work full-time in Tapia.
SundayTAugutA2, 176 API PAE 7
THE TAPIA REPUBLIC would give power
to the people. The machinery of government
and State would not be run by professional
politicians alone. The people would be
equipped to protect themselves against any
government (including a Tapia one) which
tried to act against their will or which
failed to act at all when necessary.
To put control in the hands of the
people, Tapia proposes to establish machi-
nery at two levels, local and central. We
propose rto departures from the parliamen-
tary system we already know. We insist only
on strengthening its foundations.
AT THE local level, we will reverse the
process of sacrificing the County Councils
to party advantage and of deliberately limiting
the status of the Village Councils for the
selfish purposes of Presidential-style power.
Our local administration will take dif-
ferent forms chosen in a practical way to
suit the needs of particular places. First, in
Tobago, we will establish a system of Home-
Rule for the island. The National House of
Representatives and the Secretariat for
Tobago Affairs will be bolstered by a local
Senate in Scarborough composed of 21
members drawn from each of the 21 village-
areas into which the island naturally falls.
Secondly, we will divide Trinidad into a
set of municipal or borough councils,
numbering possibly between 18 and 25,
depending on technical information which
would become available only when Tapia
is the Government. These will be the main
units of local administration.
Thirdly, within the Trinidad Munici-
palities, there will also be Village or District
Councils when and where community life
can profit from them.
Fourthly,. in place of the current County
Councils, we will establish at least six develop-
ment authorities plus at least one other in
Tobago. These will be the main units for
local long-term planning within the frame-
work of the National long-term plan.
The aim of these authorities is to
undertake experiments in national recon-
struction; we will be learning by trial and
error, and free from the arrogance of Presi-
dential-style power. These units will be
something more than local councils and will
have special responsibilities in relief, rehabili-
tation and development, drawing lessons
from the failures and successes of such
schemes as the Yallahs and Christiana Land
Authorities in Jamaica.
Finally, we anticipate a division of
Trinidad into seven planning regions, sug-
gested as reasonable by official work in the
Ministry of Development&Planning. Tobago,
of course,will' be a planning region on its
In this framework of local administra-
tion, government will be equipped with
a size small enough to be able to give
early attention to the needs of people
finance enough to pay qualified
technical staff and provide basic com-
opportunities for citizen participa-
tion in public affairs through school
boards, health boards, boards of public
utilities and corporations.
With this arrangement, the communi--
ties will get the services they deserve, in
fact, vastly improved services than we have
Capital Region- North-
Eastern Corridor East
Caroni Plain Naparima
SEVEN EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENT
Tobago North East
Central Go vt
AT THE LEVEL of Central Government in
Port-of-Spain, Tapia is intent on turning the
tide against the Whitehall monopoly of
power, so aggravated by recent political and
We have always held that any abrupt
transformation of the patterns that we know
and understand would serve only to con-
found the public and therefore to re-create
just that climate of confusion in which
Strongman Government would flourish.
Our constitutional proposals here con-
tain a few reforms, modest in their individual
impact, considerable when taken together
as a thrust towards greater popular participa-
A TAPIA GOVERNMENT would immedi-
ately attempt a reform of Parliament. Quite
apart from anything else, we would give our
Parliament a much more dignified and com-
fortable home, leaving the Red House exclu-
sively to the Courts of Justice. We would
borrow heavily from Senate Paper No.4 cf
1969, Report of a House Committee on
The Tapia arrangements would provide
much wider accommodation for the two
Chambers, separate of course, and equipped
with proper facilities for the Opposition
Leader and Parliamentary Committees; for
the Speakers of the Houses and the Parlia-
mentary Staff including Hansard, the Gov-
ernment Printer and the State Bookshop for
official reports; for the Press and the public;
and for the Ministry of Parliament which
Tapia proposes to establish as one of nine
EIGHTEEN POSSIBLE BOROUGH
EIGHT PLANNING REGIONS
- I I 1 9 111 I I ,
b ~ I I I~ ~ ~_ -
Sunday, August 29, 1976
TAPIA PAGE 7-
Better accommodation in Parliament
major responsibilities of the Cabinet.
These physical arrangements would be
duplicated in Scarborough, on a smaller
scale, since there would be no House of
Representatives in Tobago.
On another plane, Tapia would increase
the numbers in the House of Representatives
and modify procedure so as to allow for
Joint Committees and Commissions with the
Senate, ministerial appearances in that second
Chamber, and Joint sitting (Congress or
Panchayat) with it.
The House of Representatives would
continue to provide the Prime Minister as the
Head of Government and the Cabinet as an
Executive Committee of the Legislature rather
than a team of hired helpers drawn by the
Chief Executive to suit himself in down-the-
main presidential fashion.
The other House, the Senate, would be
the one subject to serious reform, in its size,
its make-up and in the part it must play.
The Tapia Senate would have three
parts to play.
IT WOULD provide an umbrella under
which public opinion would develop
and inform the deliberations of the
Government. Debate and voting on Bills
before they reach the House of Repre-
sentatives would offset the stunting and
stifling of public opinion caused in the
past by closure of the media and our
lack of economic independence.
IT WOULD bridle the power to
Whitehall Government by taking over
the appointment to all those posts in
the State which should rightlybe free
of unduly partisan political influence
and safe from the Prime Minister's
domination. The Elections Commission,
the Boundaries Commission, the Service
Commissions, the Auditor-General, the
Parliamentary Commissioner or Om-
budsman are all good examples. Where
Cabinet influence but not Cabinet
control seems to be needed,the Senate
would share the power of appointment
with the Prime Minister by a suitable
veto arrangement. Where the whole of
the national leadership should speak, as
INTERESTS IN THE MACCO
in the appointment of the President,
the power of appointment will be
shared in Congress with the House of
IT WOULD be the national watch-
dog, by summoning public officials to
account for their stewardship before
Committees and Commissions of
Enquiry, by publishing and debating
the Reports and proceedings of the
above, and by holding special question-
days with the Cabinet or any set of
Ministers in addition to the largely
ritual or exceptional sittings of Congress.
We envisage an Upper House which
would be the expression of valid community
sentiment in the corridors of influence and
power. It follows that the Chamber must be
vastly different in character in Tobago from
what it is in Trinidad. The whole purpose is
to reflect peculiarities in the social and
In Tobago, the village is the only valid
basis for any community voice, there is
little difference or certainly no great differ-
ence of race, class, religion. What is crucial
about Tobago is that Tobago is not Trinidad;
it is a proud old culture, a separate civiliza-
tion, a distinct piece of' ground evoking
entirely different responses in matters of the
We have therefore proposed a separate
Senate for Tobago to replace the current
County Council, to be assembled in a Parlia-
ment Chamber in Scarborough and to be
composed of 40 members drawn from the
relevant village-areas. (See Page 10)
In Trinidad, there is no simple basis for
identifying the crucial community interests;
we must settle for a patchwork. The island
is cosmopolitan in every sense. Representa-
tion must therefore embrace religious, cul-
tural, business and industrial interests; it
must have an eye on race, sex, class.
We propose an assembly containing
possibly over 100 people and appointed by
the community organizations, paid by them
and withdrawn by them at will when
The entire Senate arrangement would
point the way towards a workable Eastern
Caribbean Government, when, as it must, the
question of West Indian nationhood returns-
to the political agenda.
A TAPIA Government would also proceed
directly to establish a Constitutional Court
as part of a reform of the entire framework
of justice. We insist that the citizen must be
able to challenge the law without first having
had to break it.
Our programme of law reform would
begin immediately with the repeal of the
legislation that was substituted for the
abortive Public Order Bill. We see no war-
rant for stripping the people of the possibility
of practising the conventional politics of
spontaneous meeting and marching and
loudspeaker broadcasting. We will always
insist that free initiative in these matters
must rest with the people leaving the police
to establish, if they can, an ad hoc case for
restraint. Democracy is much better served
this way as the last five years have proved
APART from making the Election and
Boundaries Commissions free from control
by the Cabinet, Tapia would greatly ease the
registration procedure. We would organise
registration at home by Itinerant Officers
and we would centralise in the local Regis-
tration Office the facilities for payment, for
affidavits, for identifying citizens and for
establishing their bona fides.
THE Tapia House Movement did not
form a party to contest general elec-
tions in 1976. We started as a com-
munity organisation in Tunapuna in
1968 and later we developed into a
nationwide political party.
Only when people began to feel
that we should translate our idea of a
New World in Trinidad & Tobago into
a programme of political action did
we come to be regarded as a genuinely
political party. It took us seven full
years to reach that stage. We formed
the party on April 11 of this year.
LLOYD TAYLOR 30 is a Founder Member of
Tapia. He became a full-time employee of the
Movement in 1971 after spending a graduate year at
U.W.I. as a Research Assistant in the field of Econ-
Born in El Socorro he now lives at 2nd Caledonia.
He was educated at Moulton Hall Methodist School,
Tranquillity Boys Government School and U.W.I.
Taylor's political life found its first expression
nine years ago in the New World Group; in Pivot, a
mini-assembly of young poets, writers and political-
activists and as a student at the University.
He is now Education Secretary of Tapia but he
has served, in practically every capacity including
Editor and Campaign Manager as well as Circula-
tion Manager and Advertising Manager on the com-
mercial side of Tapia.
Taylor combines a capacity for endless field
tasks, minutely serviced, with a flair for the larger
issues of political strategy.
He is the Minister for Labour and Social
Security in the Tapia Shadow Cabinet.
Sunday, August 29, 1976
The Teaching Service & Public Service
TAPIA intends a complete overhaul of the
Public Service in the light of three factors
responsible for the current crisis and the
crumbling of the government machine.
1. The sudden growth of the State
into the biggest owner of business ($930m?)
and into the largest employer in Trinidad
and Tobago even while the policies of the
government party fail to provide enough
jobs for the growing population.
2. The scramble for jobs and the ex-
ploitation of the party-card by unscrupulous
politicians sothat jobbery and bribery have
made the great departments and the huge
public corporations highly inefficient and
incapable of rendering to the public such
ordinary needs as water, electricity, tele-
phones, sanitation and drainage services,
transport facilities, cultural and sporting
3. The trend towards intimidation,
victimization and repressive legislation as the
best means of achieving "tranquillity in
industrial relations" and to a point where
the rights of public servants to political
freedom need a new constitutional affirma-
tion and support.
THE Tapia Government would protect the
public service by' the following measures.
(a) We would create a new Ministry of
Public Administration as one of our nine
major Cabinet responsibilities. This is a
Ministry to deal .exclusively with other
Ministries and to phase in an immediate
and large-scale reorganisation.
(b) Tapia would phase out Permanent
Secretaries and appoint Political Under-
Secretaries or Deputy Ministers as the
administrators and accounting officers at
the head of each Ministry. These would be
technically competent nominees of the
ruling party, charged to carry out its policy
without deception, paid for their pains,
responsible for their errors, and removable
from office when the Government falls, the
Minister is discredited or the policy runs
into trouble. This seems to be the most
practical way of proclaiming and anchoring
Ministerial responsibility for action.
(c) Tapia would make the Permanent
Secretaries and Chief Technical Officers the
Heads of a Career Civil Service as Admin-
istrative and Technical Under-Secretaries,
depending on their specialization. They would
be relieved of the burden of political in-
volvement and they would be appointed by
the Public Service Commission without
interference from the Prime Minister or any
politician or Minister.
(d) Tapia would also free from all
restraint on open political involvement the
clerical and lower administrative grades of
the Civil Service, instead of leaving an
underhand advantage to the ruling party.
This would leave only the middle range of
higher administrative, executive and techni-
cal or professional grades under rules freer
than the present ones but essentially akin to
(e) Tapia would also free the Teaching
Service from all undue political restraints.
Campaign leave would be enshrined as a right
and the teacher would be protected from
victimisation by equipping schools with
independent school boards and all Municipal
Councils with local control of education.
(f) Tapia wouli'd also transfer from the
Prime Minister to the Senate the control of
appointments to the Teaching and Public
Service Commissions, as well'as other watch-
dog jobs such as the Auditor General and
(g) Tapia would adopt the practice of
i) appointing Opposition technocrats, especi-
ally ex-Political Under-Secretaries, to posi-
tions on the Boards of Statutory Bodies and
Public Corporations and b) insisting on the
clearest possible separation of the policy-
making Boards and the day-to-day admin-
istration of these agencies.
(h) Tapia.would transfer the bulk of the
public servants from the great Central
Departments or/Ministries to the 18-25
Municipal or Borough Councils. The Chief
Executive Officers of these local Councils
would have the standing of Administrative
and Technical Under-Secretaries.
(i) Tapia would also streamline admin-
istrative procedures in the entire Public
Service in order both to rescue Trinidad and
Tobago from the abyssmal levels of produc-
tivity to which we have sunk, to restore to
the public servant the dignity and the confi-
dence of which we have been stripped and
to give both public servant and the general
public a new trust in the machine of govern-
In depth revision of procedures for
budgeting and accounting, records manage-
ment, supervision, etc.
T&T Lime Products
T&T Export Credit
Point Lisas Power
Caribbean Food Corp.
W.I. Shipping Corp
Red Rose Feed
T&T Meat Processors
Point Lisas Ltd
Insurance & Reinsur-
Iron and Steel Co.
Neal & Massy
Arts & Crafts Export
T&T Mortgage Finance
Gas Pipeline Co.
machinery for administrative policy-making
at all levels.
Departmental machinery involving
junior officers in reviewing procedures to
foster co-operation and efficiency.
Operational manuals (constantly
updated) for departments which have to
interpret statutes and regulations (Customs,
Immigration, Registrar General's etc.)
Clear, concise information leaflets
for the public setting out procedures (how
to apply for a building permit, a car licence,
an ID Card, a passport, etc.)
Development of criteria for weighing
productivity in the public services.
(j) Tapia would also improve on current
methods of appointment, training, promo-
tion and discipline, turning procedures in the.
direction of efficiency and morale-building
and away from the tightening of ruling
i) Recruitment & Appointment: We will
be recruiting new entrants into the public
service from schools, businesses, universities,
National Service. All recruits including
University graduates will be tested for
potential administrative ability; all will be
encouraged and facilitated in acquiring
certification in public administration; all will
be subject to confirmation of appointment
and promotion after a suitable period of
ii) Training. Training will be carried
out in partnership with the community and
with private agencies so as to expose private
servants to the problems in running a Statutory
Board, a Public Corporation, a State enter-
prise or business, a hospital, a school, etc.
As an aid to training, Tapia intends to set up
in-service training facilities in Tobago so as
to encourage the use of annual leave for
upgrading study in the context of a new-style,
home-based tourist industry.
iii) Promotion. We will establish clear
rules of promotion to be applied by the
Public Service Commission on the basis of
seniority, proof of performance, and compe-
tence for specific posts. For the purpose of
assessments, the Service Commission will be
required to co-opt an agreed number of
Heads of Departments and lower ranking
officers designated by the Public Services
iv) Discipline. The whole new context
of decentralization of authority, involve-
ment of civil servants in framing the rules,
higher productivity, a closer match between
performance and status, and dissipation of
the climate of political interference and
intimidation, would automatically raise
morale and build self-discipline. External
discipline would therefore become easier to
establish and manage in a fair fashion.
(k) Tapia, finally, would also introduce
an entirely new regime of employment into
WASA, PTSC, TELCO, T&TEC, BWIA, The
Port Authority and indeed, all the Statutory
Boards and Corporations. Above all, we
would insist on relating the new arrange-
ments in the public corporations to condi-
tions in both the rest of the government
service and the vast and growing number of
enterprises being brought under State control.
Henceforth, treat in',nt must be equal in
regard to pay, to annual leave, o social
security and pension benefits and other
conditions of employment, all against the
background of full employment, a fair dis-
tribution of the national income and the
national welfare, and unfettered political
freedom under the law and tihe constitution.
Sunday, August 29, 1976'
TAPIA PAGE 9
Sunday, August 29, 1976
DENIS SOLOMON, 41, the candidate for Port-of-
Spain North East, is the current Chairman of Tapia.
He has a background which combines distinction in
academic training and much experience in public
A Queen's Royal College Island Scholar, he
studied languages at Cambridge before joining the
Trinidad and Tobago Civil Service. He later worked for
the West Indies Federal Government, and acted as
West Indies Vice Consul in Venezuela.
At the collapse of the Federation, Denis returned
to the Trinidad and Tobago Foreign Service, He
established this country's Embassy in Washington, and
served a session as. Trinidad and Tobago delegate to
the UN Commission on Colonialism.
After he left the Foreign Service he taught for
four years at Columbia University in the USA.
Since 1969 he has been a lecturer in French and
Spanish and Linguistics at the UWI, St. Augustine.
Denis served as one of the Tapia representatives
in the Senate, and is the Shadow Minister for Public
Administration. He is married to the former Sheilah
Evans-Smith, the Secretary General of the Trinidad
and Tobago National Commission for UNESCO and a
Tapia Executive member. They have three children.
ALLAN HARRIS, 31, the candidate for Port-of-Spain
Central, has been the Tapia Administrative Secretary
for the last four years.
In that position he has been centrally involved in
all aspects of the Movement's affairs, in such a way
as to bring to the fore a marked capacity for patient,
steady effort; a sure political judgment and a cool
Allan went to Queen's Royal College, then to the
UWI, Mona, to study English Literature. After gradua-
tion he taught at QRC for a year before joining the
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. In two years.
Allan became a bank branch manager, a position
from which he resigned in 1971.
In the Tapia Shadow Cabinet, Allan Harris has
responsibilities for Local Government.
* Scarborough would have
direct responsibility for
its own development.
* Effective local supervision
of health, education,
police, fire and public
utility services, sport and
* Tobago review of national
plans that affect Tobago
housing and national
apprenticeship and train-
Local provision of ser-
vices now available
through central bodies in
Port-of-Spain only: IDC,
Town & Country Plan-
ning, Tourist Board,
Registrar General's Office.
SLocal price controls
especially for food and
SPriority to Tobago self-
sufficiency in food via
efficient marketing, meat
and fish storage, training
and advice to fishermen
TOBAGO SENATE: VILLAGE/TOWN
Mt. St. George
1 Black Rock
1 Dela Ford
mII, Ir _
r I II
PAGE 10 TAPIA
TAPIA MANI FESTO/TOBAGO
S O what is to stop Scarborough
from being a shrine for a Tobago
mini-nation? In 20 years nothing
has been done to turn this strug-
gling capital city into a centre of
life and love and learning, a cul-
tural and administrative and
commercial centre worthy of the
proud and distinctive Tobagonian
Tapia insists that we must
now hasten to build a cultural
quarter of the city, on the hill and
around the Fort.
We propose a National
Theatre for the dancers, singers
and drummers a centre stage for
all the better villages and their
There must be a Museum,
archives, a documentation centre,
all surrounded by restaurants,
galleries, panyards, schools of art
and music. We envisage a bustling
centre of spiritual regeneration; a
soul-centre, a creative nerve-centre,
cosmic crossroads for the mini-
; Aid then, why cQld we not
-locate 6n this altar behind the
city, a Parliament Chamber equal
to a country which must finally
repudiate the status of a ward or
a county or a colony and take its
rightful place as an equal partner
in a West Indian nation-state of
Tobago has a longer and
prouder tradition of government,
politics, and administration than
With such a history, admin-
istration in Tobago today would
demand steeply upgraded facilities
for T&TEC, WASA, TELCO,
TEXTEL, PTSC, NHA, NIB, the
Post Office and all the public
utilities and services.
Then we need a Press con-
genial to a valid and vibrant
civilization, to report the legitimate
business of a people free, unfet-
tered and independent. Like all
the Eastern Caribbean islands,
Tobago should have adequate
offices of at least the Trinidad
Guardian, under the direction of
an independent National Trust.
Would we not need facilities
for physical and mental health on
a scale equal to a Scarborough
SECESSION simply makes no
sense. The great strength of
Tobago in partnership with
Trinidad would come from its
part first, as a model for the
association of many other islands
in that West Indian nation
which is so essential to the
survival of our new Caribbean
race; and secondly, as a special
case of strong local government
in the context of a municipal
Tobago's history is such as to require an advanced approach to administration and
Branch of the University of the
West Indies Hospital? part of a
scheme of converting all the main
hospitals in the Eastern Caribbean
islands into a first-class multi-
national corporation for little
Perhaps the .most vexed
question in Tobago today is the
Deep Water Harbour, undoubtedly
a very expensive project. Tobagon-
ians are outraged by the present
arrangements, which have a disas-
trous impact on the cost of living,
and which lead to maddening
frustrations through shortages and
Every year now possibly
more than 300,000 passengers
travel to Tobago, four out of
every ten by boat. And still there-
are many more that would like to
travel if only the facilities were
there. When they are working, the
two boats, officially admitted to
be unseaworthy, carry 300 passen-
gers each, 30 cars, 325 tons of
cargo including only 25 tons of
cold storage. The 79 miles of
crossing take no less than seven
Tobagonians say "open a
Scarborough Gate to the world."
The officials reply that the scale
of Tobago is too small for such an
expensive enterprise as a Deep
Water Harbour and even for a
proper International Airport.
Tapia invites us all to visualize
a Tobago with a population of
80-100,000, vibrant, active, sing-
ing a siren song. The Tapia plan
for Trinidad would open up Waller
Field and the North East region,
looking to the sea from Grande.
Our localization of AMOCO and
our streamlining of industrial
activity in the South-East region
should produce a new living com-
plex from Galeota to Guayaguay-
are, a bustling maritime civilization
looking from Mayaro towards a
rice-basket in the Nariva Swamp
and a food-market in Rio Claro.
If we succeeded in shifting
from our precarious perch on the
Gulf of Paria and decided to
conquer the land to the, East and
inside, might it o[- thenbeco.rme.
possible to pursue the old plan of
opening -a. series -of ferry-ports,
possibly in Toco, Las Cuevas,
Balandra? With drive-on, container-
ized transport in use, would not
the Scarborough Deep Water Har-
bour then become a vital port of
entry for the entire nation of two
Such an arrangement could
be very handy in the year 2002
when we will probably have two
million people, when we will
probably enjoy a huge export
trade in food and manufactures,
and when vast numbers of other
West Indians will be coming down
the wind to fill the unfilled vacan-
cies created by the Tapia policies
of full employment and compre-
As always, vision sharply
alters choices. The zandolie hole
we are in today is directly the
result of an official failure for 20
years to prepare for the potentials
of independence. To have a Deep
Size nowadays is certainly
not a question of population
numbers. At the time of the
last Census in 1970, Tobago
had some 39,000 people in
an island 113 square miles.
Barbados is 166 sq. miles
and has 250,000 people.
Water Harbour working properly
in 1990, the planning has to
begin in 1977, in the first Budget
of the new administration.
The money is there, money
to burn. Tapia and Tobago must
now assemble the will, the wit, the
skill, the management, the support
of the people for sustained endea-
Our first act of planning for
Tobago would be simply to budget
for the island, the figure targeted
in the 1976 Budget for the cele-
brated Special Funds. Within the
context of our 25-year plan for
the nation and our ten-year action
plan, we will therefore appropriate
$300m for an immediate start in
Tobago, not counting the funds
we will divert from Special Works
to a constructive programme of
National Service and Youth Em-
A full Investment Fund for
Tobago would have to be calculated
on the basis of a list of projects/
properly costed, in the fullness of
time. For the moment it is enough
that the directions are plain, and
clearly directions of hope.
TRINIDAD is a country of many
different fragments, races, creeds,
cultures, religions, colours, social
brackets. Tobago is essentially one
extended family, closely knit in
life-style, with no vast differences
of any particular kind when
compared with Trinidad.
To reform the politics in
Trinidad so -as. .i--et the people inr
Tapia proposed a big-macqo..
Senate, drawing n the valid leaders
from the reputable community
In Tobago, the People's
Parliament could profitably be
organised on an entirely different
basis. Here, the village is the
meaningful basis of identification;
not the parish, not the race, not
the occupation. It is therefore
much easier to knit the island
together in a very simple and
We propose therefore that
part of the Senate would habitu-
ally sit in Scarborough and that it
be an Assemblydrawn fromthe 21
Village-Areas in Tobago. This
House would of course enjoy
powers of appointment, powers in
regard to accountability, powers
to inform the opinion of the
professional politicians and the
Ministers in the other House.
The nine Ministries (Ministers)
in the Tapia Cabinet would be
represented in the House before
Committees and Commissions and
for the first debate of Bills.
The Ministries' arms in
Tobago can be grouped, as now,
under one umbrella a Secretariat
for Tobago Affairs, replacing the
In this way the whole Gov-
ernment, the, Cabinet, the House
of Representatives, and the Senate,
would acquire teeth in Tobago.
The plans which affect Tobago
fundamentally would most cer-
tainly come up for review and
such agencies as the IDC, the
Tourist Board, the Prices Commis-
sion and the Town and Country
Planning Department would be
forced to acquire a new Tobago
The economic question is
how to sustain a crown of adminis-
tration, culture and commerce on
economic pillars that are sound
and stable. For the right to
fashion its own civilization. Tobago
will necessarily have to pay.
Fortunately, Tobago agricul-
ture is a completely open door.
The thrust of National Service in
this area must be a vast food
production programme supported
appropriate purchasing and
small (and large) business
an entirely new approach to
tree crops and to fishing and fish-
The key to agricultural diver-
sification lies in the new habits
which would come :
from a re-location of govern-
ment responsibility in a Scarbo-
rough Senate and a reform of the
part played by the Ministry of
from the upsurge of popular
participation and popular respons-
from a clearer perception by
the youth that our future means
back- to-the -land
The ingredients of a revival
are already present in Tobago,
subverted only by the bribery and
the jobbery of the Special Works
mentality, systematically cultivated
from Port-of-Spain and on high.
PLAN SAVE BUILD
Should we make the break-
through to hard and disciplined
effort, Tobago could lead Trinidad
back to glory, back to that elusive
meeting-place where we could find
a home by inheriting the cosmic
forces of the Caribbean Ocean
Sea. This return to humanity
would only be a beginning,
making possible economic deve-
lopment by teaching us the
patience to wait and build, to
plan and save.
Agriculture in Tobago needs
a revolution; manufacturing in
Tobago needs it even more. Here
the main chance of a genuine
,resurgence lies in the Tapia pro-
gramme for low technology and
high enterprise development.
BETWEEN ,1960 and :1970, half
-6of the jobs -in manufacturing fell'
before the. sword of advancing
technology. Employment in this
sector dropped from 655 in 1960
to 321 persons in 1970. Dress-
makers, shoemakers and tailors
have vanished and people have
increasingly been forced to buy
from the nail.
In the same period, jobs in
agriculture reduced their contribu-
tion to employment from 31.7%
to 13%. The island has never
recovered from Hurricane Flora.
Economic activity in Tobago
today relies increasingly on the
service sector with special reference
to Government programmes in-
cluding the activities of Special
Tobago with 56% has the
highest proportion of government
employees to total paid employees
21 VILLAGE AND
When agriculture begins to
produce the raw materials, pro-
cess manufacturing will auto-
matically get a boost if we upgraded
and adopted low technology.
Tapia proposes a reform of the
secondary school system to
embrace craft apprenticeship, and
a reform of the crafts and trades
via the creation of Institutes of
Our programme would involve
strategic supports in crucial areas
such as boatbuilding and leather
tanning, with particular reference
The great value of a really
small country like Tobago is that
it can seek to export minute
-quantities of super-quality hand-
crafted goods handbags, dresses,
ties, shoes, slippers, belts, curtains,
key rings, anything you care to
name. High quality, small number
all custom built.
We must see this as a genuine
option which requires no great
natural resources, only discipline,,
skill, insight,will and organisation.
Tobago's best bet could well
be tourism, one very different in
kind from the conventional con-
ception, accepted by Tourist
Board and the present Govern-
Tourism has been a major
thrust in current policy towards
higher incomes and more jobs for
Tobagonians. But reliable investi-
gation has identified nine grave
weaknesses in the tourist, pro-
gramme in regard to hotels and
1. A high level of foreign
ownership and a complete
absence of Tohagonian
ownership in large hotels.
2. Direct government assist-
ance favors the larger hotels
which are mostly foreign
in the country, (33%) according
to one official report. This is
largely a way of disguising un-
employment, even as people are
driven to large-scale migration as a
way of life.
Tapia proposes solutions in
the form of first, reform of the
system of land-holding and land
tenure. We insist on giving people
access to land.
There is the question of title,
an unspeakably vexed question in
Tobago for ages. The Real Property
Ordinance and the administrative
regulations will probably both
need extensive amendment.
Search facilities will have to
be properly located in Tobago.
And finally, the reorganisation of
the Town and Country Planning
Division must be made to fit the
Vast numbers of Tobagon-
ians have made their mark in the
rise of the national movement.
It is only that the most pro-
ductive and creative opport-
unities for them have mostly
been on the other side of the
3. Jobs created were few,
wages were generally low
especially for the lower level
4. The majority of employees
were Tobagonians but they
were mainly employed at
the lower levels where wages
5. Guest houses did not gener-
ate great employment.
7. Only about half of all
operations were profitable.
8. Tourism seemed not to
be re-inforcing agriculture;
provisions and supplies were
procured in Trinidad owing
to shortages and high Tobago
9. Airport facilities, labour
relations and the Tourist
Board all fell short of needed
Tapia agrees with the pres-
cription that policy must now
discriminate in favour of Toba-
gonians, small operators and
guest-houses; that employment
should be emphasised; that agri-
culture should be linked to
tourism by a judicious programme
of subsidies and incentives; and
that efficient communications be
now put in place.
More important, we envisage
a change in the entire tourist
concept. For the Tourist Board,
Tobago is to be a playground for
foreigners. Tobago for us must
become a holiday-work place
mainly for Trinidadians and other
In such a perspective, the
capacity of Tobago to absorb
tourists would increase dramatic-
ally without resort to prostitution
and casinos and without wild
distortion of the Tobago life-style.
The real viability of Tobago
can only be judged in the con-
text of the enduring resources
possessed by the people and
All the evidence suggests
that Tobago's best resource is
the capacity of its people to
make sensible assessments.
What we envisage is a thrust
.by Trade Unions, Professional
Associations, Government Train-
ing Agencies, School Boards, etc.,
to establish holiday-cum-training
facilities in Tobago as a deliberate
act of policy.
The steady flow of visitors
would provide demand-support for
.cultural facilities on the scale
suggested by Tapia for Scarborough
It would make sense of a rapid
expansion of communications and
Above all, it would bring ihe
social capacity of Tobago for
tourism up to its enormous physi-
cal capacity. Tobago's nritural
endowments are fabulous in terms
of forest reserve, the Bon Accord
Mangrove, the Bird Sanctuary, the
S, t .- P : "" "
ACCORDING to a recent
investigation, one of the ;, ,
weaknesses in Tob;ro toris n
has been that fev,; ebs w,'
created and those c eattr.d
were generally badly ':"
In addition, it is i- ih.
lower levels where wages areI
especially poor that Toba-
gonians are :;w-;'.* employed.
Tourism, with Tapia, will
not be disruptive of the
Sn act, 1 wil discriminate
i; f'aour of Tobagonians,
s5mal operators and guest-
houases i- such a way that
employment would be empha-
sised; agriculture linked tc
tourism by a judicious pro-
gramme of subsidies and incen-
tives; and effiCrT comnmunmi-
cations will be put in place.
Development of Scarbo-
-ough will involve shifting the
administrative and residential
Nylon Pool and Reef; the beaches,
the scenic drives, and the enchant-
North-Eastern Tobago is
marked out to be one of the
seven sites for Tapia's National
Service Camps, new living com-
plexes and experimental develop-
One of the tasks of the
National Service Brigade would be
to improve and maintain and
police huge numbers of hunting
lodges, windball pitches, hiking
lodges, three-hole tracks, pitch and
putt golf courses, all-fours cabins,
reading retreats, music havens, and
so on, dispersed throughout the
island. They would also have to
construct Botanical Gardens and
National Parks and Zoological
Stations in selected places.
There is still a colossal infra-
structure to be laid down for
living in Tobago (as in Trinidad).
And that challenge along with all
these others means jobs galore,
Properly conceived, the whole
scheme for tourism based on
home (West Indian) demand and
seeking to exploit the difference
in size between the two islands to
the advantage of the smaller,
would create a legitimate and
productive way *of earning for
Tobago her rightful share of the
Caribbean's foreign exchange.
Tobago, too, would pay its way in
Those who lack the vision
argue that Tobago is too small
to sustain its people, not seeing
that the island has been made
too small by the failure to
activate ,its fullest potentials.
It is the reconstruction that
will bring and keep the people
home to stay and so provide
both the demand for more ele-
vated ends of living and the
talents, the skills and the
The political question is what
obstacle lies in the way to progress?
ONE OF the myths to be exploded
by Tobagonians on behalf of the
entire set of islands in the Eastern
Caribbean is that LDCs are a
different breed of country from
9nce the focus is on -the
needs of people, the.material tspe
to an -independent-.and selfitMit-,
home-ruled Tobago is solid agri-
culture and manufacturing, con-
struction and controlled tourism.
In the construction pro-
gramme, aiming to house 80,000
people-by 1990, living units would
clearly be the major interest. More
than one-third of the existing
housing has been officially con-
demned as sub-standard. Gross
overcrowding occurred in over
of .o U il ,, ;it;1;.
first d :' ex ir \vun \.s would
nc:2'e iiui'v 1:;'" ;00 hor using
unit I '' i :'9 *. .i,. ;l -la')n :o s.
of 3.000 ,;;rn; unil:; to T&Tl, C
and 4,000 extra units to WASA.
Senate of 65 Village Reps.
Revamped Secretariat for Tobago Affairs
21 Local (Village & City) Councils
Scarborough to be a city of culture, commerce, and home-rule
A new Parliament Chamber; 21 Town Halls.
Shift of the administration 'and residential area west.
Development of the Fort: District as cultural complex
National Theatre, Museum, Archives, Documentation Centre,
Office of Trinidad Guardian under aegis of National Trust
Deep Water Harbour fort Scarborough
Development of downtown commercial area
Marine Customs House and Warehousing Complex
Ferry ports at one or all of Toco, Balandra, Las Cuevas.
Upgrading of Hospital tolBranch of UWI hospital
Completion of Scarborough Post Office with night facilities
and Textel liaison.
Upgraded facilities for T&TEC, TELCO, WASA, PTSC, NHA,
International Airport at Friendship with Headquarters for
TTAS and for an Itinerant CARICOM Immigration and
Hourly round-the-clock connection with Piarco
Cement plant based on coral-limestone of South-West
Fish-farm and boat-building centre at Charlotteville
Expansion of Goldsborougb gravel washing and crushing
Expansion of brick'and block-making
Streamlining and improvement of Blenheim sawmill and
Model Jalousie and furniture factory
Establishment of a BuildingMVaterials Co-op Store
Construction of 15,000 bedrooms in 5,000 house units by
Completely new concept for Tourism.
National Service Canrp for fobago Forest Area.
Immediate appropriAtion ot $300m for Investment Fund
New regime of land title andc land administration
. -.* Rehabilitationof Agriculture small-scale manufacturing,
a r. l J
... -.;', *^4W-,;'.," ." ,,
- .L~-, .~.
24, the Tapia candidate
for Tobago East, comes
from a family with a long
association with Tapia.
Born in Charlotteville,
Eutrice has lived and
worked in Tobago
where many have noted
her zest for living and
She has been employed
with the Royal Bank of
She has been active on
the Junior Lawn Tennis
Committee and in the
Lions Club in Scarbo-
As the latest of the
Carringtons, to make a
commitment to Tapia,
Eutrice is a representative
of Tapia people who have
been drawn to the life-
style and the promise of
Tapia's flew World.
We can easily see why, in Tapia's
New World of Tobago, employ-
ment and jobs would not be the
MATERIALS & MANAGEMENT
Where the Tapia plan for.
Tobago will run into trouble is in
their shortages of materials and
skills and the capacity for manage-
ment. In both Trinidad and
Tobago, we intend to attack these
problems by the way in which we
organise our National Service and
our Secondary School System.
Everywhere in Tobago
today, there is a keen sense of a
people falling further and further
behind. The great oil boom in
Trinidad since the end of 1973
has created a much bigger gap
than before between Trinidad
and Tobago. There are few oil
workers in Tobago.
The acquisition of working
skills and management capacity
depends on systematic exposure
to learning situations on the job.
Our National Service will
provide a framework of patriotic
discipline within which each-one-
teach-one would become the
practised method. Our education
programme will provide supports
in adequate certification for work
accomplished by way of National
'Service apprenticeship involve-
Apprenticeship schemes will
also be developed in relation to
Certainly, Tobagonians in
Tfrtfidad are renowned for dis-
cipline, hard work and sustained
endeavour; their habits are very
different, you can see it even
frgm the driving on the roads.
You can see it in political
Tapia's programme for industry
. and craft and for the development
of a huge small-enterprise sector.
o Otherwise it would be impossible
to effect the strategic investments
required in cement, :brick and
block-making; sand and gravel
washing and crushing; the erection
of saWmill and related facilities
for the seasoning and dressing of
,timber; in the cheap co-operative
marketing of building materials.
The problems created by the
opening of all these frontiers of
endeavour will certainly throw
Tobago into crisis. Tobagonians
claim that Tobago. is already in
permanent crisis. The difference
that a Tapia Government would
make is that our crisis would be a-
creative and constructive one.
In that regard, Tobago's big
advantage is that it is very tiny,
Small size of island is the greatest
asset of the West Indian peoples.
If we can perceive a crisis whole,
why in the world could we not
plan to resolve it whole? We have
only to take up our beds and
ANITA PATR ICIA
THERESA JAMES, 22, the
candidate forTobago West
is a rising figure in leader-
ship circles of this coun-
try's youth organizations.
She is the President of
the St. Patrick Assembly
of Youth and has been a
representative abroad of
the National Youth Coun-
A school teacher
attached to the Southern
Central A.C. School, Anita
Patricia combines a
naturally outgoing disposi-
tion with a flairfor working
She is the daughter
of the late A.P.T. James,
formidable Tobago legisla-
tor and politician.
Anita P.T. James
^ i ~. iiii -- .;- ------- ---~--
TAPIA MANI FESTO/TOBAGO
TAPIA PAGE 11
Sunday, August 29, 1976
9 0 9 S S
TAPIA is proposing that the Forres Park
Estate and the country immediately sur-
rounding should be placed under the jurisdic-
tion of a Special Municipal Authority.
We envisage a project which would be
an experiment in localization in the sense
that it would be run by a Board drawing
from the All Trinidad Sugar Estates
and Factory Workers' Union;
from Cane Farmers Agencies;
from individual and co-operative
from fhe Central Government;
and from the new Municipal Authority
The project must begin by acknowledg-
ing that the region is a depressed area requir-
ing emergency measures not only for relief
but also for rehabilitation.
The experiment in localization of econ-
omic control could also be an experiment in
meaningful Local Government and in the
kind of administrative decentralization now
necessary if national rehabilitation is to
What the Tapia proposal anticipates is a
plan to re-equip the factory site as an agro-
industrial estate built around a modernised
machine-shop and a food-chemistry labora-
tory, a wholesale market and possibly a
Management Service as well.
Simultaneously, the Board could em-
bark on a scheme of mixed farming in the
region drawing on the Land Capability
Survey, on the results of the Chaguaramas
corn and -soya Pilot Project, and on other
relevant researches long since available at the
ICTA and the UWI.
The new Forres Park Municipal Author-
ity could conceivably be equipped with
powers on a scale such as the Christiana or
Yallahs Land Authority in Jamaica.
Within the Authority there could be a
number of Village Councils chosen experi-
mentally so as to admit different forms of
business organisation ranging- from 'com-
munes to .kibbutzim, to small individual
holdings with'special reference to forms based
on the local Gayap tradition.
The cost of the scheme would need to
be quite exactly estimated but there is
reason to, be optimistic about its feasibility,
on that account.
The size of the region is small and the
net book value of the assets to be pur.
chased is comparatively low.
Above all,there is the huge current
surplus available to the Central Government,
much of it held in foreign securities at rates
'of interest less than the rate of inflation and
in markets very likely to yield us capital
The current difficulties of the cane
farmers and the sugar workers provide an
excellent opportunity to embark on a much-
needed Pilot Project in community recon-
We have the chance to build a Pioneer
Youth Settlement under-a scheme of National
Service along the lines first proposed by New
World Group in 1963.
The agro-industrial estate could be a
centre of craft and vocational education on a
work and study basis. The Municipal
Authority could establish a vast programme
of self-help housing, environment planning,
collective welfare services, organised sport,
and all the facilities fot human living.
ANGELA SAROJINI CROPPER, 30, emerged
to prominence in Tapia as a live-wire on the
She had earlier been actively involved
in the campus-based activities of the Tapia
St. Augustine Group.
That was during her period of training
as an Economist at the UWI, a training
which stiffened her natural disposition to be
thorough and has enhanced her flair for
getting things done.
In 1974 she left her job at CARIRI to
become a full-time employee of Tapia,
starting with the raising of advertising for
the TAPIA newspaper.
Later she became the Office Manager
of the Cipriani Boulevarde Campaign Head-
In the Tapia Shadow Cabinet she has
responsibilities for Finance.
Angela grew up in Penal and Princes
Town and got her secondary education at
Naparima Girls' and lere High School.
Since 1974 she has grown steadily into
an attractive platform figure and an able
Angela is married to John Cropper, a
Research Fellow at St. Augustine.
JEREMY ANGUS MAR, 27, the candidate
for Nariva, will bring to bear the multiple
benefits of his training and experience in the
field of business management.
He holds a UWI St. Augustine BSc
degree in Industrial Management and a
Master's Degree in Business Administration
from the University of Toronto.
He has worked as a trainee economist in
CARIRI, and is now a manager/partner in
the family business, Crawford Mar. and Co.
In Tapia Jeremy early attracted atten-
tion as an extraordinarily enthusiastic cadre
who showed the discipline and reliability to
perform a number of tasks with unfailing
regularity in the Port-of-Spain office and in
His calm organised approach to the
business at hand marked him as one fitted
for the burdensome responsibilities that would
naturally befall a standard bearer in the
march to Tapia's New World.
The choice of Jeremy Mar for the
Shadow Ministry of Agriculture reflects a
recognition of his potential contribution in
this all-important department of the Tapia-
_ __ ~_ L
The attack on
Sunday, August 29, 1976
IN 1970, the bottom fell out of the so-called
"People Charter." The repeated promise of a
stable democracy in the West Indies, based
on morality in public affairs and political
educatioA, was blown to high heavens by a
revolt among the youth. The government
almost collapsed under the weight of its own
corruption, incompetence and insensitivity,
leaving the people to mercy of blind and
Saved by a miracle, the ruling party
responded with a mix of repressive legisla-
tion and perspectives for a new society, a
modern version of the original charter,
promising national reconstruction and
embracing black power.
But the popular revolt did not subside;
it only took new forms because it causes
were and are still deeply entrenched.
The whole civic fabric continues to
crumble as Black Power and guerrilla war-
fare have passed to widespread civil indis-
cipline, political cynicism and electoral boy-
All the signs are that in 1976, the revolt
will turn to the constitutional path and the
ballot-box to bring the government down.
The new government will immediately
assault the causes of the breakdown:
1. FOREIGN DOMINATION.
Over 15%,of the product of the country
flows out to giant companies and overseas
investors. In the first decade of the present
government, outflows exceeded in flows by
over 30%. At the same time, 71 cents out of
every dollar invested by foreigners came out
of funds earned in Trinidad and Tobago
Between 1971 and 1975, possibly some
$700m were lost in oil revenues due partly
to faulty monitoring of production, imports
and exports; slow response to changed prices;
slipshod computation of costs; a slack
regime of royalty charges; low rates of cor-
poration tax and throughput taxes.
Localization is the instrument designed
by Tapia for coming to grips with this pro-
blem of foreign domination. Our policy is to
localise the petroleum, fertilizer and petro-
chemical industry, the sugar industry, ce-
ment, banking, finance, insurance, advertising
and the media of communications.
Localisation is not the same thing as
mere nationalisation because the Tapia
localisation is for the population as distinct
from the Government; it aims control be
people as distinct from mere ownership of
Mere ownership does not guarantee
popular control and we know now very well
that government ownership has little to do
with people's control. We have many
examples in the growing number of indus-
tries now controlled by the Government.
A key requirement for control is the
knowledge concerning decisions about mar-
keting, investment, technology; about design
and choice of materials; about the pattern of
pricing and the sharing of income; about
advertising, banking, finance and insurance.
Tapia will therefore establish' Techre-
tariats capable of monitoring and mastering
the complexities' of international industry
dominated by firms with budgets often
larger than those of our Government.
A. Petroleum: Without such Techre-
tariats both Tapia and the present Govern-
ment lack the information needed to plan
the petroleum sector wisely. The Tapia Oil
Techretariat will be manned by engineers,
CLASSIC RAINBOW PROJECTS FROM
(1) Fertiliser Joint Venture with 207
(2) Iron and Steel Complex 653
(3) Polyester fibre complex 85
(4) Furfural plant 40
(5) Fertiliser joint-venture with
(6) Natural gas pipeline 85
(7) Upgrading and expansion of
Trintoc refinery 300
(8) Olefins/Aromatics petro-
chemical complex 2,000
(9) Aluminium smelter 662
(10) L.N.G. 2,310
(11) Petrochemical joint-venture
with Texaco 122
Apart from these projects, plans are now
in process for developing a number of other
key projects upon which the success of the
industrial expansion depends. These projects
(1) Caroni-Arena and designs of
North Oropouche Water
(2) Power Station at Point Lisas 265
(3) Point Lisas Estate and Port
(4) Cement expansion 70
Total $ 640
PAGE 12 TAPIA
economists, experts in oil taxation, experts
in oil taxation, experts in oil marketing
accountants, lawyers and other professionals.
Tapia will also expedite arrangements
to establish Petroleum Engineering at the
UWI as part of a wider programme of
research and development aiming also to
promote efficient production at home of the
2,000 or so refined products deriving from
c) Tapia will give priority to the refin-
ing of home-produced crude oil, the guiding
principle being that the higher the level of
refining, the greater the,benefit to Trinidad;
and Tobago. When localised, Texaco, Amoco,
Tesoro and Trintoc will become part of a
single production plan, subject to necessary
d) Tapia will ensure that Trinidad &'
Tobago is effectively represented in the
capitals of other oil-producing countries -
Caracas, Lagos and at least one Eastern
e) Tapia will seek entry once moreinto
OPEC, this time first removing all suspicion
that Trinidad & Tobago is a petroleum
colony and stooge of the USA.
f) Tapia's ownership plan will give
shares in the petroleum industry not only
to the national government but also to the
OWTU, the municipal governments, Friendly
Societies, Sou-sou savings plans, and other
community investors. The opportunities for
corruption, graft and manipulation in
petroleum are too great. The whole nation
must share in the responsibility and the pro-
B. Downstream Operations: The Gov-
ernment has proposed 11 downstream pro-
jects involving an investment of $7,223
million by 1982, not including a further four
utility projects in support involving expen-
diture of $640m. These are the classic rain
bow projects, not fitted into any overall,
physical or material plan, not evaluated in
the frame of national income, investment and-
consumer spending, the total supply and
demand for labour, and so on. Announcing
the projects, the Prime Minister simply anti-
cipated myriad bottlenecks and urged
"cautious and careful planning."
Such is the culmination of 20 years of
incompetence and mis-management, con-
firming the need for a more vigorous and
better equipped administration. Tapia will
prune these projects, weigh them in terms
of their demand for oil, water and natural
gas; in terms of their impact on utilities
including ports; their influence on the
IVAN ALEXANDER LAUGHLIN, 33, the
candidate for St. Anns, is the tireless
organiser whose efforts contributed enor-
mously to the countrywide development
of the Tapia movement.
Much of this work was undertaken in
the years 1972-73 when Laughlin developed
what came to be known in Tapia lore as
"the south run" an almost 200-mile swing
every Friday morning from Tunapuna to
the farthest flung areas of the south, dis-
tributing the TAPIA newspaper, making
many political contacts and doing vital
groundwork for organisation building.
Laughlin has discharged with unfailing
efficiency the many tasks laid upon his
shoulders over the years.
He has been Chairman and Com-
munity Relations Secretary.
He is now Assistant Secretary acting
as Treasurer of the Movement.
Ivan went to the Abbey School and
the John S. Donaldson Technical Institute.
He is a Land Surveyor by profession who
runs his birsiness as a co-operative with the
A former associate of the New World
Group, Ivan is a foundation member of
He was one of Tapia's four representa-
tives in the Senate.
He is known on the platform for the
passionate sincerity of his delivery.
In the Tapia Shadow Cabinet Ivan has
responsibility for Economic Affairs.
environment; and of course their other econ-
omic and technical feasibility.
Above all, we shall heff these projects
in terms of the risk of ecolonisation inherent
in too great a reliance on metropolitan
management and financing. On the face of
:it, we suspect that we may have to turn our
face more in the direction of conservation of
oil and gas and the development of low-
technology agriculture and manufacturing,
the real sources of enterprise and employ-
ment, the real breeding ground of home-made
technology and home grown management.
C. Export Crops: The take over of
Orange Grove and Caroni by the Government
has not been marked by any increase in
production performance and has brought
increased industrial unrest. Conditions estab-
lished by absentee sugar barons remain today
intact, guaranteeing inefficiency, and fester-
- TAPIA WILL CEASE to regard sugar as a
staple export and move rapidly to develop
its full potential as a raw material for indus-
try: single-cell protein; animal feeds; particle
board; furfural and its by-products; sugar;
alcohol, etc. This work has already started;
it awaits only a sense of purpose.
TAPIA WILL IRRIGATE and organise the
entire Caroni Basin including the valleys in
the Northern and Central Ranges. We will
need and we will make a basic decisiori
concerning the amount of cocoa and coffee
we want to continue producing in comparison
with milk, meat, and other food crops; this
will yield some policy towards landuse and
therefore some concrete decisions concern-
ing land reform, all in the context of the
land-capability information. We anticipate
a huge programme to'establish orchards of
breadfruit, sapodilli, caimette, pomme-
cythere; pommerac; hog-plum, mangoes,
guavas, etc, largely on the hill-faces of the
two mountain ranges.
Port of Spain
23, Cipriani Boulevard,
- TAPIA WILL BEGIN the work towards
this transformation not by any unplanned
upheaval but by our experimental projects
in Waller Fields and Forres Park, and possibly
soon at Reform and Woodford Lodge too.
We anticipate programme of small, agro-
industrial, family-farms in these areas, leaving
B.C. and Usine as giant enterprises for these
who prefer wage-type employment.
D. Fisheries: Nowhere is foreign domi-
nation more evident than in the field of
fisheries, so underdeveloped in an island
civilization. Owing to the restrictions of the
sugar plantation life and culture, we are
insulated from the Ocean, we have few
connections with the neighboring islands,
and little sense of where we are on the map.
Foreign domination has more to do with
these habits than with the actual imperial
presence. A prison of air is worse than one
of iron. Tapia will make a break or die in
the attempt. We will spend the $30 million
budgeted in the Food Fund.
WE WILL BEGIN with one properly
equipped cold-storage fish shop in every
Municipal capital in Trinidad and Tobago.
We will back up the retail outlets with
storage and processing facilities on a number
of selected beaches, and with refrigerated
trucking to make the link.
WE WILL INVEST extensive capital in
trawlers, jetties, ports and fuelling stations
and establish deep sea fishing under the
aegis of a Caribbean Fisheries Commission.
WE WILL ESTABLISH a competent
research unit and pursue experiments in
mariculture, turtle farming, etc.
As our planning regions develop, as the
experimental areas are opened, as the youth
are launched into national service and into
disciplined, purposeful, living, and as the
people move into the heart of the country
and away from the crowded Eastern Corri-
dor, we will all have more money in our
pockets, our tastes will be easier to change
and the fish from our waters will take their
rightful place on the table.
All the fish ports would come alive: at
least, the 28 major ones. The industry would
meploy far more than the current 6,000 and
actual fishermen would expand beyond the
current 3,500. When fishing comes of age in
this way, we will know we are independent,
masters of the sea and therefore owners of
CARENAGE, LAS CUEVAS, CARLI BAY,
ORANGE VALLEY, POINT LIGOURE,
MAYARO, MATELOT, BLANCHISSEUSE,
MANZANILLA, ERIN, CANANDEE, COCO-
RITE, LA LUNE, GRANDE RIVIERE, SAN
FERNANDO, CUMANA, TOCO, OTAHEITE,
GRAND CHEMIN, CASTARA, CHARLOTTE-
VILLE, DELAFORD, PLYMOUTH, KILG-
WYN, KING PETER S BAY SPEYSIDE,
BELLE GARDEN, MILFORD.
Printing & Publishing
the TAPIA Newspaper
the Tapia House
82-84 St. Vincent St.
WINTHROP W. WILTSHIRE, 38, the
candidate for Diego Martin West, is a care-
ful organiser and a man with significant
experience in leadership.
A positive thinker, an unflagging
optimist and a natural diplomat, Winthrop,
popularly known as "Junior", can be
depended upon to approach all situations
with tact. enterprise and confidence.
Currently employed as a Caribbean
Industrial Research Institute (CARIRI)
Industrial chemist, Junior has a doctorate
in chemistry from the University of
Toronto and a BSc in chemistry from the
At Mona he captained the UWI table
tennis team. In Toronto he was President
of the International Student Centre and
President of the Trinidad Community Self
He was first president of the CARIRI
Staff Association, a registered trade union.
Junior Wiltshire now acts as vice-
chairman of Tapia and is a member of the
National Executive. He has been named
Minister of Health in the Shadow Cabinet.
Born in La Brea, Junior went to Brighton
E.C. School and later to Harrison College,
Barbados before going to UWI, Mona on e
government Scholarsnip to study chemistry.
His work experience includes a period in
the Chemistry/Food and Drugs Division in
the Ministry of Health.
Winthrop "Junior" Wiltshire is married to
Faith, a women's rights activist, former
Housewives Association executive and a
leadership development consultant. They
have two daughters.
Sunday, August 29, 1976
TAPIA PAGE 13
I m 7
From Page 5
Efficient medical and dental centres
Washing machine and TV centres
zx Gymnasiums and "draughts board
fields" in every Municipal zone
Efficient cheap and comfortable
Adult Learning Centres
Regional Learning Centres combining
libraries, mini-museums, audio-visual
aids, equipment for technical training
and crafts for young and old alike.
Job Training through -National Ser-
D. EFFICIENT PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
The public service must serve people,
turning plans into reality. In the long-run,
Tapia's reform of the government machine is
our majbr thrust to this end. In particular,
our municipal framework would make
administration more manageable and more
In the short-run, a Tapia Government
would seek to
pinpoint the causes of key bottle-
clear off the backlog in most services
on the basis of complaints and suggestions
from citizens and civil servants.
undertake such priority projects as
speeding up the Customs; easing the proce-
dure for paying motor-vehicle licences etc;
expediting search procedures at the Red
House and plan approvals at the Town &
Country Planning Department.
E. NATIONAL EQUIPMENT
Tapia will seek to equip the citizens
As the basis of family rehabilitation and
therefore of the new_ civilization. A large
'part of our national service recruits will be
apprenticed in the house-building industry
with a view to building 150,000 houses in
10-12 years and relieving the 60% of the
population now living in overcrowded condi-
Apart from our seven Development
Areas earmarked for new living complexes,
priority projects will be Belmont and Laven-
tille as well as all the slums on the face of
the Northern Range from Tunapuna to
Diego Martin. These priorities would dictate
a new regime for private land developers, for
the National Housing Authority and for the.
Sugar Industry Labour Welfare Board.
The decisive indictment against the
present government is that it has been
totally incapable of delivering the basic
utilities. A Tapia Government would feel
bound to make the restoration of normal
service our highest priority.
a) Water: A Tapia Government will
accept the responsibility to provide all
our citizens with wholesome, -pipe-borne
Wafer eventually. In the short-term, we will
aim to provide an immediate relief. We will:
Clean out WASA following the revela-
tions of the Commission of Enquiry
Share water equally among the
Construct more community tanks at
Place the supervision of truck-borne
water in the hands of the Municipal Councils
Make special storage provisions for
all schools, hospitals, and large public
Speed up construction of the Caroni-
Arena and Lower Navet projects.
Launch several other projects to
increase supply beginning with the North
Require more built-in storage facilities
from new developers and from big industrial
Launch a programme for recycling
waste water for industrial and agricultural
Impose heavy penalties for water
wasting and water pollution.
Regulate land development and tree
cover so as to improve the catchment of water.
b) Sanitation will be placed on a new
footing in the context of improved patriotic
discipline and more zealous local administra-
tion. A Tapia Government will help by
abandoning the idea of the La Basse and
adopting more civil forms of garbage disposal.
c) Drainage & Irrigation: Tapia will
establish a Drainage and Irrigation Authority
against the background of our plans for the
Caroni Basin, for land reform, for new
living complexes and for a different relation
to the home environment.
Our first aim, partly through a rapid
re-afforestation with the help of National
Service apprentices, and partly through
strategic drainage works, would be to curb
the worst excesses of flooding in such new
living areas as Diego Martin, Dinsley Gardens,
in such important locations as Laventille and
Piarco, and in such life-line centres as
d) Transport: The Tapia policy on
Transport is based on clear principles:
i) A major switch from dependence
on private transport to the provision of
adequate, efficient, cheap and comfortable
public transportation, catering for all our
ii) Decentralisation of government and
private employment away from the Port-of-
Spain traffic trap.
iii) Opening up of the entire country
iv) Making of Tobago a genuine partner
in the island Republic.
In terms of concrete measures, Tapia
Staggering of work and school hours
at daylight-saving time
Time zoning for heavy-duty vehicles
(non-peak travel only)
Time zoning for road repairs at non-
Taxi terminals in Port-of-Spain and
other main centres.
Lay-bys, no parking zones, more one-
way streets up the Eastern Corridor and
elsewhere to keep traffic flowing.
Reduction of transport demands by
provision of education, health, sport, gov-
ernment services in general within a munici-
Improved planning of transport in
new development areas such as Waller Field,
Point Lisas, Forres Park.
Municipal ownership of fleets of
mini-buses for school service and for feeder
service (along with taxis) to main routes.
Co-op ownership of gas-stations in
support of less dog-eat-dog in the taxi trade,
and. a greater shift to mini-buses, jointly
A rapid transit system (possibly
railway or mono-rail) along the East-West
Corridor from Port-of-Spain to Toco, to link
up with 1-3 ferry porfs, operating drive-on,
containerized craft to a Deep Water Harbour
Barge transport for heavy goods in the
Gulf of Paria to San Fernando and Point;
revival of the coastal traffic linking the
Systematic road building and main-
tenance, carried out in partnership between
the municipal and national governments.
increased boat-building activity,
especially in Tobago.
better operation, maintenance and
planning of airport facilities with special
reference to the opening of Friendship in
Tobago and the upgrading of the Piarco
e) Electricity: More than any other
utility, electricity illustrates the problem of
crumbling institutions and the rich prospect
of reform through decentralization. T&TEC
has degenerated to the point where blackout
is accepted as normal and where trouble-
shooters on the Board, appointed for their
politics, dictate the pace against the con-
sidered judgment of the career technocrats.
A Tapia Government would clean-up
T&TEC and propose the following for
i) A system of electricity generation
based on the municipalities and/or planning
regions we have proposed. Small units will
replace a single large unit, depending on the
GLORIA HENRY, the candidate for Arima,
is the 30-year-old housewife who in a
matter of months has become a dynamic
platform personality and an allround cam-
The mother of a boy and a girl, aged
five and four respectively, Gloria married
into Arima and has settled in the Borough.
She was born Gloria Springer behind
the bridge in Port-of-Spain.
She attended St. Joseph's Convent,
Mausica Teacher's College and then did
part-time study at tne University of the
West Indies, St. Augustine.
Gloria and her husband, Dr. Ralph Henry,
now an economist in the public service were
both associates of the New World Move-
After New World split into Moko and
Tapia, the Henrys went abroad in 1969.
Gloria missed the 1970 youth revolt,
but she did sustainso much of her interest
that she resumed her involvement in Tapia
immediately she returned in 1972.
She has also devoted much effort to
the enterprises of the Housewives Associa-
tion of Trinidad and Tobago.
Gloria has been named a member of
the Tapia Shadow Cabinet with responsibili-
ties for Family Rehabilitation and Social
Welfare. She has also been the advertising
representative of the TAPIA newspaper.
Gloria Henry, the Arima candidate, is
an example of the kind of person being
put forward by Tapia: young, resourceful,
ready to accept responsibilities and chal-
lenges, and capable of growth and develop-
Sunday, August 29, 1976
PAGE 14 TAPIA
technical feasibility and the cost.
ii) The small units will be standardised
so as to facilitate use of spare parts and
iii) Each region will carry spare capacity
so that the total standby in the country
would cover all eventualities in regard to
maintenance, breakdowns, etc.
iv) Each region will carry its own pool
of skilled labour.
v) Three large central power stations
at Port-of-Spain, Penal and Point Lisas, all
carrying power to big industry with adequate
spare, capable also of serving the municipali-
ties or regions.
vi) A Central Control Station integrat-
ing the parts and showing the full status of
the country's generating potential and equip-
ped to issue switching-in 'directives to all
vii) Each municipality or region to be
responsible for the collection of its tariffs
and for the repair of its lines and switch
viii) All stations to be run on natural
ix) A phasing-in of the scheme along
with the current Point Lisas Project.
x) Establishment of a Research, Plan-
ning and Training Unit in TTEC charged to
discontinue outside planning and consultancy
and to chart a large-scale apprenticeship
programme for mechanical and electrical
f) Communications: We propose.
the amalgamation of TEXTEL, TEL-
CO and the Post Office.
An exchange in each region/or
municipality with the local unit responsible
for updating, repair, expansion and collec-
tion of tariffs.
A central grid system allowing switch-
ing redundancy in case of breakdown. Arima
must be able to get through to Sangre
Grande by a number of different routes.
A post office with a standard delivery
delay of no more than 48 hours, with
proper night and weekend facilities in main
centres, with adequate neighbourhood
arrangements throughout the country.
Full localisation of external com-
g) Environment: In the Tapia Republic,
the people will for the first time inherit the
land and invest it with Gods; we will stop
clinging to the continental shelf like a
notorious bunch of transients. The whole
environment will necessarily be totally
transformed with the help of the following
* Tapia measures:
i) new living complexes in Wallerfield,
ii) the deliberate creation of green,
open 'space in the built-up corridors of
habitation; of sea frontage in port-towns
iii) the establishment of central squares
in all municipal capitals; of hunting and
hiking lodges in remoter areas of the islands.
iv) A National Park embracing the
Queen'p Park Savannah and the Botanical
and Rock Gardens. Other national parks at
Buccoo Reef, in the Caroni Swamp, Cha-
guaramas, El Tucuche, etc. New and expand-
ed botanical gardens in the Northern and
Central Ranges, established via National
v) Revision of all environmental and
vi) Establishment of an Environmental
ProtectioD Agency as a National Trust,
concerned also with the man-made heritage.
THE TAPIA assault on oligarchy
is not motivated by any race hate
or any notion of class-war. We
perceive no huge historic monster
to be slain by a single knight in
one gallant intervention. We see
an inequality and an injustice bred
by many different and complex
factors. Our programme is there-
fore made up of full employment,
an incomes policy, expanded com-
munity services, more efficient
public administration and improved
national equipment whether hobJs-
ing, the utilities or the general
Such a plan of action cannot
be carried out by one man; nor
can it be implemented by a party
formed to fight the election and
swept into office without prior
preparation. Tapia itself is still
making ready for the many tasks
Our Government would also
have to bring sweeping reform in
- the area of nationAhiwofae.
For Tapia, National Welfare embraces
Education, Health, Sport, Art and Culture,
Strategic Goods with special reference to
Food. These are the planks on which the
entire citizenry must stand, on which we
must erect a decent existence out of our
The way in which the government
raises revenue from taxes can help greatly to
even out undue inequality and Tapia intends
fully to pursue the policies of tax relief for
the disadvantaged and progressive taxation
for the privileged elites.
A just distribution of the national bread,
however, would be also well served by
government spending on;
Our education is still colonial and quite
simply it is wrong. It is education for
examinations, producing the following results:
45 out of every 100 school leavers
(15-24 age group) are without work, without
hope of finding work; they are often driven
to wappie, whe-whe and weed.
many of them hold 0 Level Certifi-
cates; some University degrees.
none of them has been equipped to
do the thousands of jobs that urgently need
to be done if the country is to advance.
Jobs for skilled electricians, plumbers,
carpenters, craftsmen of all kinds
Jobs for those with a background in
science and technology
Jobs for those with specialized but
not difficult training, like para-medical
Jobs for the unskilled, needing organ-
ization, to look after the sick or the
Jobs for farmers' help of all kinds
Tapia will create the opportunities for
training in these fields and abandon the
present reliance on the "five-days" as the
only possible solution,,,to the-jobs problem.
that our greatest national asset is our
people; 75% of them under 35 years of age
that all our people must have all
throughout our lifetime the opportunity
to learn and to teach ourselves whatever we
need to know, to equip ourselves both for
work and for the satisfying use of leisure
time; even if our school system worked well,
it could not by itself meet the need for real
that reforms in education must go
hand in hand with improvements in nutri-
tion, transport, housing, health, sanitation
etc., all aimed at overcoming the inequali-
ties of our society and laying the foundations
for a future of genuinely equal opportunity.
Tapia therefore proposes to
1) Make early childhood a firm founda-
tion for all later education. (The brain
develops 80% of its potential between birth
and 4 years.)
2) Make the school system responsive
to the needs and realities of the communities
it serves and to Caribbean society in general.
3) Provide lifelong opportunities for
learning for all our citizens regardless of
their previous educational levels.
4) Involve each community in supervis-
ing and supporting its own educational
service from school meals and clean
toilets, to out-of-school training programmes
1) Tapia will establish a Children's
Authority to protect our children from all
forms oT abuse and neglect. (Legislation on
DAULTON O'NEIL, 30, is a San Fernando
borny Southerner who has made his life in
the Oil Belt. He was educated at the Santa
Flora 'Government School and at the San
Fernando Technical Institute.
Now Daulton is a Mechanical Engineer
based currently at Trinmar in Point, on
secondment from the Tesoro Petroleum
Company in Santa Flora.
On his way to becoming a community
leader, once a Jaycee President, and a res-
ponsible man in Oil, Daulton has devoted
endless energies to hardwuk.
With iron discipline and a passion for
proficiency Daulton has built all the way
from below, knowing what it is to have grease
on his hands.
Daulton is married to Sandra and they
have one daughter. His community involve-
ments are enriched by an interest in photo-
graphy and drama.
Daulton O'Neil is Tapia Senior Shadow
Minister of National Equipment along with
Mickey Matthews and Hamlet Joseph.
To that job he brings a great talent for
orderly administration as well as the experi-
ence of a practised technical man.
ational W-e- -,,Ifare
. 06- -
TAP IA PAt;E 15
Sunday, August 29, 1976
Sunday, August 29, 1976
the subject has been under consideration for
the last 13 years).
2) Tapia will .encourage the establish-
ment of co-operatively run child-care centres
throughout the country as a national priority,
to provide sound nutrition, loving care and
3) Based on these centres, Tapia will-
undertake an effective and continuous pro-
gramme of Parent Education.
Free school buses (organized within
each educational district) will make if
possible for all students to have access to
these expensive communal facilities.
4) On the basis of equalized educational
and sports facilities Tapia will zone schools
to place responsibility for running the schools
in the hands of local school boards. (A
Ministry of Education can set standards;
only local school boards can supervise the
day to day running of each school ranging
from teacher punctuality to clean toilets).
5) Tapia will provide a range of new
services, to be administered by each educa-
tional district, which will take pressure off
free school buses; school meals (many
children in our present "free school system"
having nothing to eat all day); cheaper school
uniforms; and a book rental scheme (pennies
per book per term)
6) Tapia will introduce new National
School Leaving Certificates (Intermediate
and Final), which will combine three ele-
ments in varying proportions depending on
a) Communication and Social Studies:
basic language skills, creative arts and
sport, Caribbean History, Geography,
b) Technology and Home Management:
basic mathematics, general science,
agriculture, home economics, practical
work on training attachments etc.
c) Academic subjects passed in the 0
and A Level or proposed Caribbean
Certificate of Education.
The new Certificates will therefore give
equal status to achievements in practical,
vocational artistic and academic fields.
THE SCHOOL SYSTEM
1) Tapia will provide school places for
all children up to the age of 16 by:
Pressing many kinds of existing but
under-utilized buildings into use as schools;
Building new schools where necessary
with the resources of the National Service
and within the framework of Tapia's Massive
2) By removing the 11 plus pressure,
Tapia will revitalize the Primary Schools.
Apart from the basic tools of reading, writing:
and arithmetic, children will be introduced
to the real world around them from agouti
to astronomy. -Community -.involvement in
the school at the primary stage (talks. by
police men, nurses, garbage collectors, on
their daily work; parental supervision of
games and outings etc.) will prepare children
for their own involvement in the community
at a later stage.
3) Tapia will equalize the learning
facilities available throughout the country
by the establishment of Local. Learning
Centres, combining expensive facilities like
laboratories, arts, craft and technology
equipment; audio-visual aids, language labo-
ratory, libraries etc.
RACTCAl TRA 'f --
i) introduce a system of trtfi
BHOENDRADATT TEWARIE 27, the candi-
date for St. Augustine, has lived in Curepe,
for the past 20 years.
He attended the Curepe Presbyterian
School, Queen's Royal College, Northwestern
University, and the University of Chicago.
He holds a Masters degree in English.
Bhoendradatt joined Tapia while still a
student abroad. He felt strongly that the old
politics had violated the trust and betrayed
the hopes of our people and that a different
approach to politics was necessary.
A Tapia activist since 1973, Bhoendra-
datt has been spreading the Tapia message
across the length and breadth of the country.
He has served as- Editor of the TAPIA
newspaper and is at present Community
Relations Secretary. On the platform,
Bhoendradatt is a forceful speaker with a
rich command stemming from broad intel-
He is recognized as a stalwart in the
movement with a natural ability for organ-
ization, and a winning way with people.
A former secondary school teacher with
an active interest in drama, music and
education, and education systems, Bhoendra-.
datt Tewarie, is the Minister for Education
and the Arts in the Tapia Shadow Cabinet.
attachments of students to existing establish-
ments. This practical experience in selected
fields will supplement the theoretical know-
ledge to be provided within the normal
school curriculum. An alternate day shift
system will make the physical arrangement
2) Designate as Official Practical Train-
ing Centres a wide range of institutions and
private establishments which have the
necessary equipment for training. This inte-
grated approach would bring Youth Camps,
Coast Guard, Army, the Catering School,
small-scale print shops and garages, farms,
farm schools and manufacturing plants etc.,
within the orbit of -the education system.
Training undertaken through such establish-
ments would be supervised and certified a
new National Apprenticeship scheme.
3) Require all schools without excep-
tions to involve themselves in technical
education and training so that their students
will be able ,to qualify for the Technology
.and Home Management section of the new
.National School Leaving Certificates. One
method of doing this may be the twinning
of academic schools with vocational institu-
tions, farm schools etc.
4) Establish National Service for all as a
mechanism for giving further on-the-job
training and exposure to practical problems
based on the interest and aptitudes revealed
Sthe students schol ca Those.
planning on careers ir medicine. bor example,
m.. -ht do their National Service as para-
I L I --
PAGE 16 TAPIA
medical personnel in the health services.
Craftsmen and professionals will be en-
couraged to contribute their skill's to this
national training and production effort.
Education must be available to every-
one throughout their life whether they
need to "go back to school", improve skills,
farm better,solve personal problems, take
up a hobby or profession or share in the
intellectual heritage of mankind.
1) Tapia intends to combine teaching
resources now available through many
different agencies and private organizations
in order to provide.a national framework for
adult education supported by Local Learning
2) A Caribbean-wide, or national mass
media system will be developed to serve the
educational needs of adults up to the level
of University studies.
THE PLANKS of the Tapia Education reform \
are 1) Continuity from Kindergarten to
Adult Education 2) Apprenticeship as an aid
to schooling 3) Certification of all and out
just of academic achievement 4) Decentralisa-
tion of control and 5) Constant Experimen-
tation with new practices.
None of these would go very far unless
the University were reorganized to lead the
way forward. The revolution must begin at
the top to serve the bottom with speculation,
research, teachers, high-level organizers.
Tapia therefore proposes a University
reform which would adapt the St. Augustine
Campus more closely to the needs of Trini-
dad and Tobago if still within a regional
frame. We envisage four autonomous cam-
puses in Georgetown, Bridgetown, Kingston-
and Port-of-Spain, the pooling of facilities
where necessary, the planning of a Caribbean
University system in close collaboration.
We shall be publishing a separate plan
for the UWI. Here it is enough to notice that
the clumsy and costly centralisation of the
present is largely a defence against political
interference by individual governments. A
much more effective defence would be an
efficient institution capable of winning the
trust of the population and of gaining
through that trust, real political clout and
therefore greater academic freedom.
A Tapia Government would not be
satisfied with a UWI which did not make
special provision to aid our poorer bretheren
in the Windward and Leeward Islands, draw-
ing them into one single, undivided, West
Tapia believes that all our people, both
rich and poor, have a right to efficiairt,
humane and effective health services.
To carry out the' measures aimed at
preventing epidemics and reducing the inci-
dence of venereal arid other diseases Tapia.
illrely on:- -
S- Strong local government boards of
health, which Will provide the administrative
S National Service, which will provide
a corps'of additional iianpower.
S More efficient deployment of exist-
ing personnel and equipment.
HOSPITALS AND HEALTH- CENTRES
1) A Children's Hospital will be built
2) Other Hospite s will be located and
organized on the pri. :e of maximizing the
use of expensive equon;i., while minimizing
inconvenience to the patients and their
SundayAugust29, 196 TAPIPAG. 1
ARNOLD CLYDE HOOD, 26, is the Tapia Candi-
date for La Brea. Educated at Vance River and
then at Presentation, Clyde is known for his easy
command of complex material.,
Hood is marked out as a community leader
with the presence to hold the stage for many years
to come. He has grown out of that hard-working
Grenadian stock which forms the core of La Brea
and the oil fields of the deep, deep south.
Hood discovered Tapia while he was making
a career in accounts at the Tesoro Oil Company in
Santa Flora. In time he was to leave the job and
take a full commitment to the politics of change.
He now runs the Tapia party Office or St. Patrick,
downtown in Point, and has Shadow Cabinet
responsibilities for Commerce and Industry.
In public speaking Arnold brings to bear not
only his capacious intelligence out a willingness to
research for original and relevant materials.
3) Regional Cottage Hospitals will
provide easy access to hospital care for all
patients not requiring specialized equipment
and services. Priority areas Sangre Grande,
Chaguanas, Point Fortin, Rio Claro.
4) The quality and range of services
available at Health Centres must be seen to
be meant to serve all our people not "just
5) All State Hospitals will be run by
Hospital Boards. The present direct control
by the Ministry of Health of every trivial
detail leads to endless delays and frustrations.
6) Directors m the major hospitals will
be specialists in the field of Hospital Manage-
ment, working closely with the Hospital
7) Health Centres and Hospitals will
come under the supervision of the health
committees of Municipal Councils.
8) Doctors will be encouraged to con-
tinue and form themselves into Community
9) Scarborough, San Fernando. and
Port-of-Hospitals will be improved as full
Teaching Branches of the UWI Hospital.
1) A programme for effective equip-
ment maintenance will be established to
ensure that expensive and important equip-
ment like X-Ray machines and Electro-
cardiographs are kept continuously in good
2) The need for and suitability of
certain types of equipment will be carefully
and regularly reviewed.
STAFF AND TRAINING
To ensure that Hospitals, Health Centres
and Health Services generally are well staffed
by doctors, nurses, paramedical and support-
1) Trained doctors and nurses abroad
will be encouraged to return home.
2) Through National Service, a large
number of medical assistants and para-
medical personnel will be trained to perform
routine functions particularly in public health
3) Home Nursing Services will be
organized at the community level to assist
bed-ridden patients at home.
PARASRAM SONILAL, 23, the candidate for
Naparima, is a welder-fabricator who works in
Marabella. The coming to Tapia of many people
like Parasram fulfils the expectation published some
years ago that small businessmen and tradesmen
would constitute one of the authentic elements of
the political party that Tapia would become.
Parasram is additionally an activist in com-
munity affairs, which is borne out by his record of
involvement in the Young Socialists, in the Indian
National Front and in the St. Mary's Village Hindu
Born in Debe, Parasram went to Fifth Com-
pany E.C. School and then to the Trinidad Muslim
League College in Princes Town.
He is married and now lives in Marabella.
In some ways, the cultural revival has
already begun. The poets in particular, have
found a public voice for the deepest frustra-
tions of the people and for our dearest
hopes. The cry has not been muffled by the
absence of State support for any but the
most practical endeavours in the field, the
Better Village Extravaganza.
Yet we have been immeasurably handi-
capped by the poverty of the privately-
constructed pillars of the arts. A Tapia Gov-
ernment will therefore Ifasten
1) to establish creative arts-centres
throughout the country to provide facilities
for learning, performing and exhibiting all
forms of art steelband and other music,
pottery and painting, wood-carving and
sculpture, dancing and reciting.
2) to encourage craft workers to
experiment with indigenous materials and
discarded materials to create artistic outputs;
and to organise themselves into guilds for
the purpose of co-operative action in produc-
tion, apprenticeship etc.
3) to arrange the publication at home
of books on a far larger scale than now,
opening up opportunities for writers, graphic
artists, book designers, printers, editors,
4) to reorganize radio and television in
a way equal to the demands of a self-
5) to create a National Theatre, Dance
and Music Company to set standards of
excellence for the performing arts.
6) to promote regional exchanges of
artists, craftsmen and musicians.
7) to provide resources for the develop-
ment of a Caribbean film industry.
8) to make possible the employment on
a large-scale of artists in jobs compatible
with their artistic life.
TAPIA does not view sport simply as an
extra-curricular, activity, but as a vital plank
for the building of the nation. Sport touches
on many things employment, health,
education, community and inter-community
camaraderie, patriotism, even.
The Tapia programme for sport, therefore, is
hinged on the tradition of community involvement
which we have inherited. Here exists the spirit of
the politics of participation. Such a programme
must be aimed at moving away from ad hoc
arrangements towards a framework that begins from
the "blocks" to the communities up to a national
level parallel with reconstruction efforts in all the
The challenge is not to provide the necessary
funds, but to win existing local involvement, to
harness leaders and organization and let them flower
in an atmosphere created by a Government that is
sensitive not only to sporting needs but to the
worth of sport in the overall programme of national
In many communities, it is the steelbandsmen
who organize and conduct sports meetings,
thus playing major roles in both the sporting and
cultural life of the local areas. Provision for sports
and culture can therefore be conveniently and
effectively dovetailed, both in terms of facilities
What Tapia is bringing to bear on the sports
question is a clear insight into the role of sports in
Above all, it is a feeling for sport that comes
out of a sharing of the people's frustrations and an
appreciation of the heights to which sport could
lift the spirit of a struggling race such as we are
trying to forge out of cosmopolitan fragments of
Trinidad and Tobago.
MINISTRY OF SPORT
In accordance with this view of sports, and
in line with our overall plan for Trinidad &
Tobago, Tapia aims to establish a full-fledged
Ministry of Sport, Youth and- National Service
under the auspices of the Cabinet portfolio for
The Ministry will of course be the doing arm
of the Government and will enjoy a Budget of the
sum to be spent on all sports in the year in question.
1. Local facilities
Part of these funds will be spent as grants
to the 18-25 Municipal Councils, each of which will
be responsible for establishing and maintaining
facilities and amenities in its area.
2. National Facilities
Part of these funds will be spent by the
Ministry itself on a) the establishment and main-
tenance of facilities designated as national facilities
b) grants to the Governing Bodies of the individual
sports on an annual basis c) Grants to the Ministry
of Education for thiemployment of sports coaches
and physical education instructors at all levels of
school below University d) Outlays on sport by the
Division of Youths and National Service e) Outlays
on the administration of the ministry itself.
3. Planning Facilities
Part of these funds will also go to a Sports
and Recreation Commission which will function as
one of the agencies grouped under the Ministry of
Planning and Reconstruction. The planning of
sports will have the same status as the planning of
the Arts (The Academy), of technology and science
(the Technological Institute), of the petroleum
industry (The Oil Techretariat), the economy as a
whole (The Bureau of Economic Analysis and the
Central Statistical Office), and so on.
This permanent Commission has been pro-
posed by a Tapia Sports Committee of Baldwin
Mootoo, Roy Hollingsworth, Billy Montague
and Keith Smith. The Commission will be charged
to receive representation from the governing bodies
of the individual sports, to assist them to improve
their organisation, to receive their annual reports
and evaluate them, and to advise the Ministry of
Youth, Sport and Natiohal Service on a) the long-
term need of sports in respect of the Tapia 25, 10
and 5-Year Plans and b) the overall annual budget
for Sport and c) the allocation of the total between
Part of the work of the Commission will
therefore be a) to develop in detail a written phil-
osophy for sports and public recreation b) to
conduct social and environmental surveys that are
national in scope, drawing on the work of the
local councils and of the governing bodies of indi-
vidual sports as well as of private, special and
voluntary interests; c) to.recommend improvements
in the administrative structure- of sport at both the
national and the local levels.
I L I I I I I
Sunday, August 29, 1976
PAGE 18 TAPIA
Government participation in sport will aim to
activate more private involvement not to substitute
for it. In particular, Tapia envisages a wide participa-
tion by Companies and Unions, especially those
within the framework of localised ownership and
control. We- also expect to see a blossoming of
many private clubs in the context of a cultural
revival, a decline of race and class antagonism, an
emergence of the local municipal council as the
main basis of citizen-identification.
A Tapia Government will support those
private initiatives which promise to aid in nation-
building and to break down the colonial barriers
that have bedevilled sport from the outset. To this
end, we will consider a proposal to levy a tax on
the profits of wagering and betting and to earmark
the revenue for grants and loans-to sport.
TO complete our basket of welfare for the
people, a Tapia Government would ensure
that certain strategic goods and services are
always available at reasonable prices.
a) We shall embark on a programme to
grow enough food to prevent the import bill
of $300m per year from rising further so
that we will provide an increasing share of
our own food needs. This is a practical step
by step approach.
b) We shall support increased produc-
tion by the usual measures to expand credit,
improve marketing, reform patterns of land
holding and langi use, provide extension
services, lay down access roads, bridges,
irrigation works, promote agricultural educa-
tion, and encourage agro-industrial, process-
c) We shall also support the diversifica-
tion and expansion of agriculture by protec-
tion in the form of negative lists, high duties,
and subsidies to both producers and con-
d) Tapia will also change the whole level
of prices by choosing an appropriate rate of
exchange with gold. We insist on this; it is
necessary but we have lacked the leadership
needed to face up to the truth. We will have
to face the facts under the new government.
Imports in general must become more
expensive otherwise our farmers and small
industrialists will continue dancing top in
mud. If imports are appropriately expensive
so that our own producers can make good
money, it is then that subsidies are to be
used to prevent hardship, protect the weak
etc., etc. Those who are protecting the
strong are certain to make capital out of this
proposal; let them go ahead, moon does run
till day ketch it and the truth is certain in
the end to prevail.
e) We shall also support our programme
for food and for other strategic goods such
as drugs, .building materials, car parts, etc,
by State intervention in the field of market-
We shall either establish or acquire by
localisation, distribution outlets in each
municipal area; we shall also run one State
imlprt and wholesale agency, skilled-in the
ways of international. purchasing. This is
another controversial proposal but a valid one
that we.must weigh well in advance.
f) A Tapia Government would also
provide strategic services in the form of car,
life, fire and other insurance and increasingly
in the field of social security. Much thought
must be given to the way in which those
who are now engaged on these pursuits could
profitably be retained in the field of their
interest while upgrading the quality of service
to the consumer.
Such is the basket of national welfare.
But when all is said and done, the most
important item in the whole lot, is the wel-
fare which we the people fashion for our-
selves. This depends on how we use and
shape the steelband. the parangL and all our
music; all our art and our cratt; all our
Sunday, August 29, 1976
festivals, Eid, Divali, Christmas, Carnival,
Hosay. Phagwa; all our media of expression
and communication, the theatre, the news-
papers, the radio' and TV; in order to lift our
living into a higher realm of possibility.
On this 'plane, the Government cannot
engineer, it can only orchestrate, it can only
provide the decor, fix the climate in which
the nobler things flourish and enrich our
THE OVER-RIDING aim of Tapia's foreign
policy will be the building of a permanent
home in the Caribbean for all our people,
washed from shore to shore by centuries of
forced immigration and emigration.
Tapia will therefore seek to create a
Caribbean Nation, starting with the Eastern
Caribbean and promoting closer collabora-
tion with the French, Spanish and Dutch-
speaking peoples who share a similar heritage.
The major thrust of our foreign policy
will therefore be to create:
1) Communication within the Carib-
bean (easy movement of people and
2) A firm economic base for the region.
COMMUNICATION WITHIN THE
Tapia will support all initiatives to
bring the people of the Caribbean together
at the level of craftsmen, artists, intellectuals,
professionals, businessmen and, very import-
antly, student exchanges. To this end, Tapia
1) Improve communication by air. The
responsibilities and routes of airlines operat-
A Tapia Government would certainly
open the media to the talents,
establish a National Trust,
install short wave radio to the Indies,
create an Academy to promote the
arts and lend them ampler resources, and in
choreograph a different kind of perfor-
mance from the deadly political pragmatism
of the last 20 years which has left art
severely alone because art is not a business
ing in the Caribbean must be re-negotiated
within the context of a single Caribbean
2) Improve communication by sea.
The efforts by NAMUCAR to rationalize
shipping must be extended. Regional com-
munication by sea must in time be based on
a Caribbean College of Seamanship and a
national concrete-boat building industry.
3) Seek to establish a regional Mass
Media system (newspaper, radio, television
and films) to offer:
a flow of genuine information
4) Establish a .Regional institute of
Language Learning, dedicated to improving
language teaching methods via the mass
media where possible and thereby break-
ing down the language barriers of the Carib-
5) Establish a Regional Documentation
Centre so that the region as a whole may
benefit from the vast but unco-ordinated
research and experience of each unit in
every field of development.
6) Create a Regional Acaaemy of
Sciences which could, among other things,
ensure that the wide expertise available
MICHAEL BILLY-MONTAGUE, 41, is a grand
master of sport who holds the Trinidad and Tobago
-. records for the 110 metre hurdles and the Triple
Popular all over the oil fields and the Deep
South, Billy's natural cool as a leader is enhanced by
a capacity to organise without the slightest hint of
He went to San Fernando Boys R.C. School.
.After years of employment as an oil-worker,
mainly in Santa Flora at what is now Tesoro,
"Billy" now runs his own business providing wire,
line service to the oil wells.
Billy stands out on the platform, for the
simplicity and sincerity of his style.
He is married to Cynthia, a school teacher
and needle work specialist and a graduate of Paris
School of Fashion and Designing, London.
Michael Billy-Montague, is the Tapia Shadow
S.. Minister for Sport and Youth Development.
Sudy Auus 29 197 TAIPG L 9s
within the region is fully tapped.
7) Maintain a dialogue on economic and
cultural matters, by strengthening our dip-
lomatic and consular contacts with the
Spanish, French, Dutch and American
Antilles as well as with our English-speaking
cousins of the Caribbean.
8) Our special relationship with the
Windward and Leeward Islands will be care-
fully nourished, partly through our co-
operation with the Caribbean Development
Bank and CARICOM and partly by more
direct links in all fields.
FIRM ECONOMIC BASE
1) Tapia will seek to equip CARICOM
to handle, on a regional scale, negotiations
with multinational corporations and agricul-
tural diversification within the Caribbean.
The Secretariat should work in con-
junction with the diplomatic and technical
services of the region.
2) Tapia will seek to shift the CARICOM
focus towards the re-organization of produc-
tion of traditional exports sugar, bananas,
petroleum, bauxite, citrus, cocoa etc., new
3) On that basis, Tapia will open up
new questions of integrated planning and
administration, a regional payments system,
regional defence against possible attempts
to protect multi-national corporations and
regional diplomacy as an alternative to
4) Tapia will initiate and support a
Caribbean Fisheries Commission to regulate
Caribbean fishing 'rights and co-operation.
5) Tapia will work through ECLA's
Caribbean Development and Co-operation
Committee (on which both CARICOM and
the CDC are represented) to achieve econ-
,omic and cultural co-operation with the
wider Caribbean area.
6) Tapia's policies on easier communica-
tion within the Caribbean will contribute
towards regional economic expansion.
BEYOND THE CARIBBEAN
1) Tapia will take new commercial
initiatives in Africa and Asia to:
sell sugar and petroleum
develop markets for manufactured
win co-operation in small-scale
2) Tapia will develop our traditional
contacts with the Black population of North
3) Tapia will re-negotiate agreements
with the major trading blocs.
4) Tapia will develop contacts with:
the traditional homes of all our
other small states
states still struggling to be free.
5) Tapia will make maximum use of
the United Nations and its Specialized
MICHAEL HARRIS, 27, the candidate for Port-of-
Spain West, is an outstanding figure in what is
sometimes called "second-generation Tapia".
Michael came to the Movement at a time when it
became necessary and feasible to appoint someone to
have responsibility for the planning and direction
of a political campaign.,
His appointment to the National Executive as
Campaign Manager was a recognition of his potential
contribution to the Tapia political thrust that has
been taking shape over the past three years.
Previously Michael had been to Queen's Royal
College and had studied Political Science at a
University in the USA. He had taught for a while
and got some experience in banking.
Michael's noted flair for public speaking was
developed in dramatic pursuits. He is also known for
his effective writing on political issues.
The Shadow Minister of for External Affairs,
Michael Harris has shown a solid grasp of interna-
tional political currents and sound political good
contribute towards the establishment
of a new, just and humane world
benefit from the experience of other
countries in all areas of human develop-
OUR DIPLOMATIC SERVICE
Tapia will give our Diplomatic Service
clear objectives, professional and technical
expertise, rationally-chosen postings and the
chance to contribute meaningfully towards
building the nation and the Caribbean region.
ANDREW BUNTIN JOSEPH, 29, the candidate for
Toco-Manzanilla, emerged from the upheaval of
1970 with an ideological clarity that led him
straight to Tapia. He haddiscovered in himself a
soul and a way of life demanding responsibility and
participation and dedicated to gradual improvement
step by step by step.
Buntin is an independent-minded craftsman.
Woodcarving is his particular passion. He combines
it with hair-dressing in a two-sided small business in
Sangre Grande, his home-town. His studio in the
Basdeo Building on the E.M.Road serves as the
It was from early Tapia sessions there that
we saw how able a young man Buntin was, with an
exceptional command of the complex questions of
our time. In Sangre Grande and the Far East, we
could not wish for any better representative or
MICHAEL ANTHONY HARRIS, 28, the candidate
for Port-of-Spain East is one of those young people
who were lastingly inspired by the spiritual and
cultural reawakening of the late 1960s and early
Since 1968, when he became involved in the
Pivot Group, his life has been directed towards
community upliftment attained through united
effort and self-help activities.
He took part in the early stages of the Drag
Brother-type resurgence of handicraft. Three years
ago he quit his civil service job to go into small-scale
That experience led him by stages to a deep
involvement in the co-operative movement.
Born in Belmont (no relation to Allan and
Michael Harris of Port-of-Spain Central and West
respectively) Michael Anthony Harris is clearly one
of those young people who are expected to be
stalwarts in the building of a new order in Trinidad
and Tobago, who learnt about leadership and organ-
isation in the tough school of community involve-
THE Tapia House Movement was born in
November 1968. In parent organization
was the New World Group, a Caribbean-
wide association of scholars and writers.
The Trinidad chapter of New World split
in 1968 because some of its members
wished to transform the Group into an
electoral party. Others did not consider
the organization to be ripe for such, a
venture, calling instead for many more
years of groundwork and preparation.
Among those who chose the latter
course were Lloyd Best, Syl Lowhar,
Paula Williams, Augustus Ramrekersingh,
Lloyd Taylor, Arthur Atwell and Ivan
Laughlin. They were leading figures
among the group which formed Tapia.
The banner they adopted was Unconven-
What they sought to do was to
break away from the conventional
politics of Trinidad and Tobago the
emphasis on race and the dependence on
specially-gifted leaders, the refusal to
organize solid parties and the recourse
to the now-for-now tactics of crowd
mobilization and emotional appeals tit
Tapia's politics was to be based on
the sturdy pillars of political education,
grass-roots participation and enduring
organization. One of our chief instru-
ments was to be the TAPIA newspaper,
the first issue of which appeared in
September 1969, and which has graduated
through the stages of being an occasional,
a monthly and a fortnightly, until it
appears every Friday morning now,
bringing incisive political commentary,
original economic analysis and wide-
ranging cultural reporting to the people
of Trinidad and Tobago.
Tapia's first big venture on the
public stage was our participation in the
activities of the Wooding Constitution
Commission. We made headlines with our
decision to attend the Commission's
inaugural meeting at Arima in July 1972.
Subsequently we followed the Commis-
sion all around the country, culminating
with the National Convention at Chagua-
ramas in 1973. It was an unrivalled
opportunity to put to the country our
views on a new system of government.
Another such opportunity, this
time to present our views on economic
reorganization, with special reference to
the growing gap between the haves and
the have-nots, came with James Manswell's
challenge to Lloyd Best to debate the
PSA pay claim. That was in September
Continued on Back Page
III I I--II II It rA
-I I I I I
I I I I I I I I .
Sunday, August 29, 1976
Mrs. Andfrea Talbutt,
Research Institute for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N,Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448,
PRINTED AND PU
1B ISIIl) BY TIll iTAPIA IOUSE; PUI.ISHIN(;CO. LTD., 91 TUNAPUNA RI.. TUNAPUNA II (,(,2-5,126.
THE COST OF
THE February Revolution of
1970 did not alter the old
arrangements; it only pointed to
the ole mas. It only exposed our
degraded condition and invited
Trinidad and Tobago to hope for
better things, and if we dared, to
take up our beds and walk.
The practical political ques-
tion: Is it worth the try? Should
we enlist in the people's army to
fight for a new civilization?
Come September 13, should
we go and stain our index finger
in the cause of peaceful change?
And if the answer is yes,
what are the likely benefits?
What the likely costs?
Tapia does not claim to
have the answers but we do hold
to our ideals and we take the
future on trust. In the forthcom-
ing general elections we foresee a
climax of the political upheaval
in the fall of the present govern-
ment and the start of a new
beginning for Trinidad, Tobago
and the Indies.
The fall of the old regime
will bring a new chance to build.
After ole mas, is new politics,
such is the Tapia slogan.
And then we will have the
price to pay for nationhood and
M To the poor and the dis-
advantaged, the rich will have to
We will have to give up
some of our goods and exchange
them for services instead there
is no other way to full employ-
ment and therefore no other
path to an open, stable, system
of politics and government.
E We will have to give up
many imports and exchange them
for goods and services produced
inside the country that is
another route to higher national
income and to higher employ-
E We will have to insulate
our high technology, life-line
sectors from domestic wrangling
and strife otherwise we will
never achieve the efficiency to
pay our way in the world.
-* We will have to develop a
low technology which, even if it
is dirtier, would be infinitely
more exciting; we must substitute
the wit and the will for the hard-
ware; the craft and the skill for
the tool and the machine.
N We must rank production
higher and merchandising lower
on the value-scale.
Above all, we must aban-
don the habits of colonial civil-
ization, we must reject the
unresponsible stance, we. must
repudiate our indolence and our
impotence and take charge of
Man is born free and equal,
that is now common place in
every party Manifesto. Tapia
hastens to add that man is born
responsible as well.
That is the insistent message
of the present. If we fail to
heed it in the consummation of
the February Revolution came
the general elections of September,
Trinidad and Tobago will very
likely pass into the realm of
permanent crisis, if not of civil
I THEY lifted our hopes and then they be-
trayed us; they started a cultural revival, a
moral resurgence and a new political move-
ment. And now they constitute a comprehen-
2 THEY have been twice lucky with two
successive oil bonanzas. Money is no problem,
but we suffer the most intolerable hardships
for water and light and drainage and roads and
schools and hospitals, and housing and tele-
phones and transport and sport and the arts
and all the needs of living, not to mention all
the food that nurtures the human spirit.
3 THEY have neglected the vast majority
of the people and created a grasping new
oligarchy of privileged elites; they have been
content to preside over a social order of have-
nots and of haves.
4 THEY have destroyed the whole inter-
mediate generation by a regime of jobbery;
bribery and corruption; they have disgraced
the public servants by wanton political inter-
ference in the working of the public service;
they have shamed the women, degraded the
youth and driven the disadvantaged into a
corner of insurrection; and they have kept the
entire citizenry in such a state of industrial
unrest and social upheaval that Trinidad and
Tobago has stood for years on the brink of
5THEY have repeatedly antagonised
Caribbean neighbours and frustrated our
demands for a new identity as part of a recon-
structed West Indian nation; they have muffled
our people's voice in the councils of the
world and reduced us to a state of complete
diplomatic and political impotence when the
most historic developments of our generation
dictated that we should intervene.
6 And when we protested, when we
sought to speak the voice of freedom, they
countered with political repression, stripping
the dispossessed and the under-represented of
the most basic means of political expression,
the spontaneous political meeting and the free
And when the constant clash between
constituted authority and the popular will
revealed a crisis of the constitution demanding
a constituent assembly of all the reputable
community organizations and all the valid
leaders, they spoke with the Voice of One
imposing a Presidential-style Republic which at
bottom reneges on party politics and renounces
all faith by the leadership in the potentials of
HOW COULD SUCH AN ADMINISTRA-
TION BE RETURNED TO OFFICE BY THE
PEOPLE IN FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS?
Similarly, in October 1974, the
Leader of the Opposition invited Tapia
to take up three seats in the Senate, for
the main purpose of challenging the
government on the issue of constitution
Thus has Tapia always sought to
stimulate democratic -debate and to
encourage the politics of civilized discus-
sion and dissent. These ideals we take
with us into the 1976 General Elections.
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