Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00227
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: August 22, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00227

Full Text

e1t. iAt\t'

... ti-| ,.-.:? -,, f i out
a v7 C' I 1 O..I
of t+ sc-FZ'^ 1PeopIe's
Charter" Th: repeated promise
of a s~ 't~3e --ocracy in the
West Indies, based on morality
in public affairs and political
education, was blown to high
heavens by a revolt among the
youth. The government almost
collapsed under the weight of
its own corruption, incompe-
tence ln:d insensitivity leaving
tpeop .itoc mercy of-blind
and waywar-d forces.
Saved by a miracle, the
ruling partyv responded with a
mix of i .sive legislation
and per- ,,-ots for a new
society, a moP, rn version of,
the orig-al charter, promising
national reconstruction and
embracing black power.
But .^ -. U revolt did
not subside; it ;c y took new
forms because its causes were
and are still dseepy entrenched.
T hile civic fabric
continues to crumble as Black
Power an d i',-a we r.nreK
have passed to wi, e 0 civil
indiscipline po- ; "ism
and electors; -. co
A '-I s : -. ,.. in.

1976, t.:. ifi :,o,
constAitu n. '"- .- :.
bal lot-bo:,- t ..:, -?
of gove.r- : ...

SEE THE Doctor's novel
method of campaigning.
Rolling into town with
the team and camp
followers, he makes a big
gambage, but in short
In between the spells,
he slots one or other of
the "millstones", new or
old, male or female.
Three minutes is what

Friday 20th -

each gets to say a few
words on how grateful
he or she is to have been
selected as a candidate,
and how great the PNM
(As if they have to
keep reminding them-
selves of it:)
-See the great Doctor,
"Saviour of the Nation",'
standing close by,

La Seiva Maraval 7.00 p.m.
Belleau Road Belmont-- 7.00 p.m.
Blue Basin 5.00 p.m.
River Estate 7.00 p.m.

Saturday 21st St. Barb's 7.00 p.m.
Point Cumana 6.00 p.m.
Saut D'eau & Morne Coco Road 7.00 p.m.

Sunday 22nd Paramin Maraval 6.00 p.m.
La Puerta 6.00 p.m.
Poiscasse Maraval 7.00 p.m.

Monday 23rd Morvant 7.00 p.m.
Adams Smith's Square 7.00 p.m.
Crystal Stream & Morne Cococ Rd Petit
Valley 7.00 p.m.

Tuesday 24th Harris Promenade San Fernando 7.00
Union Road 5.00 p.m.

Wednesday 25th Water hole Cocorite 7.00 p.m.
Harpe Place 7.00 p.m.
Beard Street Carenage 7.00 p.m.

Thursday 26th Debe 7.00 p.m.
Longman's Corner St. Francois Valley Rd.
Beimonrt Circular 7.00 p.m.
Beaupreas Maraval 6.00 p.m.

PNM ? Rather hear FM
Nv'CTHING SETTER illustrates the disgus- so many
people feel for the P.IM t-an th, pohtical iokes --
expressions of our political I! t"r.
Since the election cm-.i:,,n,' i.w-:'7n the'' iokes
have been coming thick an' f.i sualiv, h. hy 'tterly
destroy the PNI.M.
't last wee!:'s elect lv Lauyhlin
r'",6::e sri th-- iOiccr .- ;. o'.-.: to ig ive The
::- ;:-. public 'Aoc t- ... ".0 i.oyd (Best), who
; I'ran t tok :; -'- .-' sa', v-" tirr!M e

ready to prompt the mill-
stone at the mike.
To intervene if he or
she starts to run danger-
ously at the mouth, pre-
venting embarrassment to
the Doctor who promised
us a team of people who
could speak in public.
But see the Doctor
himself. Attempting to
work up a steam i his
review of the "high points"
over the last 20 years, he'
sounds tired.


Maybe he harks nostal-
gically back to days gone
by v,'hei1 he could be so
conid...er.. of gallopirn
..oae to victory.
But now different
race track conditions, new
horses, dark horses.
And see the team,
meanwhile, sensing that
something is wrong,
somewhere, they don't
know where, can't tell,
fraid to talk.
But it shows on the
faces. Dispirited. Totally
dispirited. Some of them
don't even know it. Can't
see how, where, it a!i
went wrong.
Itris then is ii Lae
Williams campaign 97.6,


It is Wiliallns t win
C',ch seat not tle can-
didate named 1. -it.
lis is tilh hope, the
trust, the wager that his
Prcsidcntial appelc would
carry t le day i cacih
*I !9 tual :I m tJi' ,t
til,-'n, 'iS 1",','! t(o ', '2 'j cs w'd
to i:= e ec.,t :. ;'e"
1 r ; ti- ti'2") ;e,:
t ,i C. S 0''-, l ,+ :l!i,. VS ;iCe ^.
This .:". is Lhc p,,,."..

athe ..l. .! inspstop.

man. Full stop.

_ __ __ __ __


Vol. 6 No. 34 R;E.kC I ;f",'TJ SUNDAY AUC--JST 22, 1976 3 ;ns

PI7 "!1:) A DP UBN1) LD B) THiE T PAh UE ~LISfNi- F1.TNAPL!NA RD).., 1INAPIANA I If (7,) 5 26.
'6' l.SII D kF! \I 017,






LLOYD TAYLOR 30 is a Founder Member of
Tapia. He became a full-time employee of the
Movement in 1971 after spending a graduate year at
U.W.I. as a Research Assistant in the field of Econ-
Born in El Socorro he now lives at 2nd Caledonia.
He was educated at Moulton Hall Methodist School,
Tranquillity Boys Government School and U.W.I.
Taylor's political life found its first expression
nine years ago in the New World Group; in Pivot, a
mini-assembly of young poets, writers and political-
activists and as a student at the University.
I He is now Education Secretary of Tapia but he
has served in practically every capacity including
Editor and Campaign Manager as well as Circula-
tion Manager and Advertising Manager on the com-
mercial side of Tapia.
Taylor combines a capacity for endless field
tasks, minutely serviced, with a flair for the larger
issues of political strategy.
He is the Minister for Labour and Social
Security in the Tapia Shadow Cabinet.

Our coverage of


is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keel) a breast of the

real currents in the*

Caribbea n Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription
rates for TAPIA.
The new rates are as follows:

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)


$18.00 per year

Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 1976.
Tapia, 82, St Vincent St Tunapuna, Trinidad &
Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-25241.

the candidate for Port-of-
Spain South, is a teacher
by profession and training,
who has lived and worked
in many countries over the
last 20 years. He has taught
inTrinidad, Britain, the
Bahamas, Canada 'an-1 Pueri-c
But his work experi-
ences have not been limited
to the classroom. Hollings-
ci:orth has worked in
agriculture, on trains, on
the assembly line an- in
the British civil service,
In the course of his
sojourn abroad he acquired
a number of academic
qualifications in his chosen
fields of sport & education
including a Diploma in
Physical Education from
Loughborough University

the candidate for Port-of-
Spain West, is one of the
outstanding figures in
what is sometimes called
the --second generation
Of Tapia".

and the Master of Educa-
tion from Boston Univer-
It is in the field of
sport that Hollingsworth is
perhaps best known. He is
current national Trinidad
and Tobago record holder
ii Suiput and Discus. He
was a member of Britain's
Athletic Team from 1959
to 1965; an Olympic
Discus finalist in 1964;
and Centrai Ameri.can and
C-ibbeLan Games Champ-
ion in 1966.
Roy Hollingsworth is
also the author and pub-
lisher of pamphlets dealing
with industrial relations.
His recent activities
have been under the
auspices of the Workers'
Liberation Movement.


Michael came to the
organisation at a time
when it became necessary
and feasible to appoint
someone to have responsi-
bility for the planning
and direction of a politi-




LAS' LAP in San Fer-
That's the line Cynthia
Billy-Montague is busily
pushing these hectic days
as she gets about promot-
ing the "Bar-B-Q, Fashion
Parade and DJ Party" to
be held at the Lions Civic
Centre, Circular Road,
San Fernando on Satur-
day, September 11.
That will be the last
weekend before the Sept-
ember 13 elections, and
the last stage of this
giddying social whirl that
has been a part of this
Tapia election campaign
of 1976.
Credits for the produc-
tion are due to Cynthia
Billy-Montague herself,
wife of Michael Billy-
Montague, Tapia candi-
date for San Fernando
East; to Jackie Kon How,
Business Manager of
Jackie's House Aboutique,
and especially to Mister
lan Pierre who goes by
night by the moniker of
D.J. Cool and whose
stereophonic apparatus
will once again thunder
and blare in the service
of Tapia's New World.
So if you miss this
one. .

cal campaign.
His appointment to the
National Executive as
Campaign Manager was a
recognition of his poten-
tial contribution to Tapia
at a time when such
abundant gifts as he has
displayed could be put to
fullest use at a time of
their greatest relevance.
Previously Michael had
been to Queen's Royal
College and had studied
Political Science at an
American university.
He had taught for a
while and got some experi-
ence in banking.
Michael's flair for pub-
lic speaking was developed
and nurtured in dramatic
pursuits from which he
got his training in ora-
He is known for a
writing style that can be
either boldly rhetorical,
coldly clinical or bitingly
The Shadow M.nister
for External Affairs,
Michael Harris has shown
a solid grasp of interna-
tional-' political currents
and sound political




I. A.~.

approaches, with the PNM
in its death throes, each
millstone is blaming the
other for the disaster that
will bring them ail down.
Last week Sham M-chE;:-
med sun ,-ioned ,il *a
public utilities b -:-,.
publicise the shaking-dov. ;:
he was to give their.. p r,
TELCO all were in the
Sham, unsponsored by
the Doctor for re-election,
has himself been in the
Williams points the
finger at Sham and Sham
points the finger at WASA.
Williams, like Burroughs,
- ever noticed how closely
they resemble? is now
to uncover the scandal in
The new "crime buster"
will deliver the criminals
before September 13, so
we can breathe a sigh of
relief and reward him
with another tennrm of five
The problem is that all
these utilities, including
WASA, have been the
object of enquiries, high-
powered commissions
which have delivered their
reports that have been

neatly tucked away on
the shelves.
_They would be useful
documents when Tapia
takes power, however.
In its 20 years the
PNM has often punished
the obviously corrupt by

kicking them upstairs to
ambassadorships and sena-
Was anybody discre-'
dited or jailed after
Eugenio Moore busted
the bus racket in the

*THE NEW crime
buster is now
digging into why
SWASA can't
provide the
people with
adequate and safe
water. He better
r probe far and
w 1- deep beTore
September 13 after
which the real
tacts will .ome
''-' out, and the
culprits dealt with,
whoever they
may be.

' ,' '

The recent WASA en-
quiry has prompted no
change in the WASA, in
spite of the documenting
of all the abuses.
The problems which
now beset T&TEC were
envisaged by all the engi-

neers, some of whom even
made public their dis-
-satisfaction on the pur-
chase of equipment from
General Electric.
While Statutory Boards
-are to some extent more
remote from Ministerial
control, the Ministry of
Public Utilities is respons-
ible for the appointments
of Boards.
If those Boards are
found wanting, or if there
is evidence of corruption,
over these .many years,
then it is only the govern-
ment that could have
done something about it.
But what did they do?
The big grand charge
now about Integrity Com-
missions by a government
voted into power on the
principle of morality in
public affairs. is quite
transparently fraudulent.
Let the new "crime-
buster" get as far into the
heart of the corruption
as he could before Sept-
ember 13.
For one thing is cer-
tain: those who have
been dipping their hands
-can expect much gentler
treatment from the man
who put them and kept
them there all the years
than they could from

Dear Tapia,
The members of the
ruling party are gutless
people. I liken the PNM
Political Leader to Gulliver
and the members to the
The Tapia party is the

only one I believe could
change the awful situation
we are in and which would
continue if the present
regime is not removed.



The book is divided into six parts. Part 1, an analysis
of the structure of the Indian economy has been
given. Part -11 relates to the problems of planning.
Part III, IV and VI are devoted to the study of Agri-
cultural Sector, the Industrial Sector and the Teriary
Sector of the Indian economy.. Part V is concerned
with the problems of Indian labour.

HOWE $15.00
The social and cultural elements, together with other
aspects of India, are vividly described in this book of
distinguished Indian, British and American writers.
This book presents a frank and affectionate portrait
of this great country, India. It ranges far and wide
across the subcontinent, covering history politics and
religion; there arc lively articles on the Printcess and
the Raj; evocative pieces on rural India and her
wildlife; colorful chapters on costumes ;1nd tradi-
tional dances; descriptions of art and architecture that
leave the reader with a longing to see them.

z Stephens

I would like to suggest
as part of your campaign
to destroy the "monster",
it would be a good thing
if you can get copies of
his manifestoes for the past
four terms and point out
all the promises he made
and which were not kept.
You know the mentality
of our people; they forget
very quickly. This Williams
is fully aware of.
I therefore believe this
can help considerably. I
must also advise you to be
-very careful with your
i means of transportation on
!lection- day. Do not
depend on the PTSC to
transport your supporters;
they will surely let you
It will be a good idea
if you can hire private
mini-buses and trucks
owned by faithful sup-
porters to get their .ruck
licenc:s for election day.
Transporti ng voters
\Vould be ie ecding
factor on election day.
1 can remember in 1956
during the advent ol the
ballot box a few parties
did not make it due to
lack of vehicles to get
their voters to the various-
polling stations.
Keep campai gnin"ug.
Retired civil servant.




W yegot what you
at minimum cost,






Those were some of the
names, early Tapiastalwarts,
that Syl Lowhar selected
for special tribute ih a
stirring address to the
Movement's Annual Gene-
ral Assembly held at the
Tapia House, Tunapuna,
last weekend.
"'They have not spoken
much, nor written," Low-
har read from a poem he
composed for these names.
But without them, the
foundations of the Move-
ment would -not have been
so well laid.
Lowhar said: "I want to
compliment in particular,
Lloyd Best, who wrote
once: 'It takes many years
of fresh initiative before
an individual can become a
movement.' I would like to
say it takes a whole set of
fresh initiatives from dif-
ferent individuals to
become a movement."


Brothers and sisters in
the'struggle, Lowhar began,
it was possible "for the
light of progress to be
People had no gua-
rantges about the future,
about whether the coun-
try would go forward after
the elections or backward.
"But the laws of motion
in this society dictate that
we have changed every 20
years and no preceding
generation here has been
able to stdp that forward


From 1897 to 1956 and
the advent of the PNM, the
people had risen to advance
their cause every 20 years
or so.
Movement after move-
ment taking the stage.
It was no different at
this point in history, after
20 years of PNM. "The
fear of (political) victim-
isation which the PNM
supporters faced in 1956
is much greater" for the
people opposed to PNM
today. .


In 1956 the Budget was
$97 million. Today it's
$2,000 million. "That is the
extent of the resources at
the disposal of this Govern-
ment to terrorise and to
Lowhar then referred to
the fact that a DAC mani-
festo listing Caribbean
heroes had excluded Eric
What was that but a
continuation of PNM-style
Williams couldn't
seriously be ignored
in a Caribbean pantheon.
"When we take power

Lo Iokr s

'~L -

*' \'fl.

Ruthven Baptiste ...
old stalwart

we will set up a statue in
honour of Eric Williams in
the Pantheon of great
leaders here", Lowhar said.
"We will see him as one
of our finer sons who has
made great contributions
not only in the field of
Government but in the
field of history. He had the
foresight of constitution
reform and party politics."
Today, of course, Low-
har said, "Williams no
longer respects the precepts
of party politics. He knows
the PNM has been fraudu-
lent as a Party of the
people. He knows it is full
of little cliques."


And the reason was that
Williams had "failed to
allow political freedom
Between the' Indepen-
dence Constitution of 1962
and the Republic Constitu-
tion of 1976 fell the sha-
dow of Williams's funda-
mentally undemocratic
political behaviour.
At Queen's Hall in 1962
it was a matter of speakers
being given three minutes
each. The whole country
had been given three weeks
to comment on the Con-
stitution. And what had
happened at that confer-


"It was just a clash of
Exhibition Scholarship
winners", Lowhar said.
The main characters: Wil-
liams, Clarke (President
Ellis) and Wooding (the
late Sir Hugh, first Chief
Justice and Chairman of
the 1971 Constitution
Commission, later rebuked
by Williams).
"The 1962 Constitution
Conference drama was
staged against a back-
ground of the shattering
of the Federation, the
failure of another PNM
promise," Lowhar said.
Then, referring to the
1956 elections that had
brought the PNM to
power, he added that for
his role in that election,
then Governor Sir Edward
Beetham (who gave the
PNM three "nominated"
seats to form the Govern-
ment had been "rewarded


SSyi Lowhar
with the post of adviser to
our High Commissioner in
London," at a reported
figure of TT $3,000 'a
month, plus perks.
Queen's Hall in '62 also
had to be seen against the
PNM's defeat in the 1958
Federal elections.
Lowhar said Wooding
and Williams had clashed
around this time because
in trying to preserve the
Little Eight, the remnants
of the Federation, Wooding
would have had to be
severely critical of Williams.
That was why Williams
had attacked Wooding so
venomously later on.
"It is time", Lowhar
said, "that we put an end
to this kind of gladiators'
"fight to the finish" which.
has its origins in our public
schools it is time to
put an end to that to win a
victory for the people."
C.L.R. James, Lowhar
noted, had described the
1962 Constitution as "a
fortress against the people."


James was the man with
the dream that the Carib-
bean could become a a
shining example of dem-
ocracy in the world, with
Trinidad and Tobago the
Athens of the Caribbean.
And look at how PNM
had begun. Williams and
Dom Basil Mathews, the
monk from St. Benedict
Hill, arguing philosophy,
democratic thought and
practice, in the crowded
Public Library, What Plato
said, what Aristotle meant

A section of the Annual GeneralAsm

and how Pericles was the
greatest democrat there
ever was.
To what end?
"Williams went on to
take unto himself greater
powers than any colonial
Government. And the
people saw it. And the
younger people, following
Williams's own advice -
that the people have a
right to revolt when dem-
ocracy is usurped by the
State had revolted in
the February Revolution
of 1970.


"And ever since we have
been living in a permanent
State of Emergency. We
still have the resuscitated
Public Order Act in various
types of legislation. And
one day, when the chips
are down, they will be
Yet, in spite of the
greater fear of victimisa-
tion, the bulging resources
of the Government, "we
will win this election."
It was "a classic situa-
tion", Lowhar said, "for
the new movement always
to underestimate itself."
He referred to Jagan and
Burnham in Guyana start-
ing out with the PPP and
being astonished at their
Look at Granger in
1970. A simple march on a
bank one morning and
40,000 people suddenly in
the streets.
And the PNM in 1956,
surprising everybody at the

Now everybody was
saying they wanted. Tapia
for the Opposition "and
by voting for the Opposi-
tion, they, will vote Tapia
as the Government. It is
Tapia for Gold."


The PNM was saying
they would get 22 seats.
"But they are saying that
to make people stay on the
winning side. But how can
they get 22 seats? The
PNM will be abandoned in
this election.
Williams has taught the
people how to abandon
politicians, as they did
Gomes in 1956. And in
1976 Williams finds him-
self in the identical position
as Gomes did in 1956."
Lowhar added: "It is
only a fluke that he hasn't
been able to postpone the
elections. He would like
to. But he can't. Because
of an organisation like


Tapia intended "to
ensure that the bases for
democracy will remain
intact." The State had to
be reorganised, with the
freeing of teachers and
civil servants so they could
participate in politics.
Civil servants were doing
so anyway. Look at Emru
Millette, who had resigned
his WASA job to run on a
PNM ticket. Poor fellar.
And then there was
Bertie Fraser, who had

c Ty)

~-t-e ec,_~-I~Z~5LT

JGUST 22, 1976

S'NGH, 22, the candidate
for Oropouche, is distin-
guished for his enthusias-
tic involvement in
community affairs.
He was born in La
Fortune, La Romain and
attended the Primary
School there. Later he
went to Palo Seco Gov-
ernment Secondary.
Annan is now ,a
teacher at the Siparia
Road Presbyterian School.
It was in the partici-
pation in the activities of

A KISS of thanks blew across the Atlantic recently, from Tapia to
the friends, well-wishers and supporters who contributed to the
success of a fund-raising fete held in Canada on July 17.
The fete was given at York University campus in Toronto by
friends and relatives of Arouca candidate Angela Cropper. A leading
figure among the organizers was Syntra Persad, remembered as a
livewire in the 1975 enterprises of the home-based Tapia Fund-
Raising Committee.
Proceeds from the Toronto fete went into the purchasing of
a loudspeaker system for use in the national campaign.

ibly of Tapia members.
worked at various Govern-
ment agencies.
What was sad about
Fraser running for the
PNM in Tunapuna, Lowhar
said, was that this man was
the representative of one
of the most important
organizations in the coun-
try the steelband move-
"That a man like Bertie
Fraser should run for PNM
after i970," Lowhar said,
"means he is either in-
terested in power at all
cost or the PNM has a hold
on him and he is forced to
accede to the request of
the Prime Minister."


In Tobago, Tapia would_
create a senate coimprisingI
elders or representatives of
the 21 villages there. In
Trinidad, Municipal Coun-
cils, Communitiesin charge
of themselves, a flowering
of democracy.
"Trinidad and Tobago is
not a big place. We can
practice the kind of dem-
ocracy here that Rousseau
spoke about."
If a Government broke
its "contract" with the
people the people should
finish with it.
Today, Williams was
"holding on to the apron
strings of Hasely Crawford
.. but in the '76 Olympiad,
Tapia has sent RoyHoilings-
worth to run against
Williams and we hope on
election day our runner
will come across the fields
of Marathon and tell us, we
have won.

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\' Bank N.C.B.

-- Al



the several organizations
to which he has belonged
that Annan learn the
hard lessons of corn- f '
murty- leadership, slow .
and patient and system- -, -
atic building, and co-
operative effort.
Since he began his
association with Tapia in
1973, Annan Ramnanan-
singh has shown, above
all, a never failing willing-
ness to undertake the -
many arduous tasks. that
are part of the political


..,,- ~.
i"- I,
- '.

z. %0

CRAWFORD'S 100 metres gold
has been the occasion for a display
of cynical and shameless hypocrisy
that it would be hard to beat. For
20 years our sportsmen and sports-
women have been neglected. Sport-
inm facilities have been allowed to
deteriorate. The man who tried
to build a stadium is now facing
charges arising out of that enter-
Now the National Millstone
has had the brass to name a plane
after Crawford, to give him the
Trinity Cross and to promise $100
milli n for a stadium and other
sporting facilities.
Such opportunistic antics are
to be expected from parasites who
live by expediency, but these elec-
tion gimmicks must not be allowed
to blind us to the fact that the
Olympic games at which that
medal was won were boycotted by
.most African nations, by some
Arab nations and by Guyana, as
part of the struggle against apart-


Note that the countries of
the Socialist bloc, usually vocifer-
-- ous opponents of apartheid, on
this occasion competed without a
word of protest. We should also
remember that when a team of
local bodybuilders, long neglected
by the government, competed in
south Africa, the Prime Minister,
far from saying"sport and politics
don't mix", condemned them out-
It is high time that we decide
and set forth-clearly and unequi-
vocally our national policy towards
sporting links with South Africa
and such nations and individuals
as choose to engage in sport with
her on the basis of- apartheid.
We must then stand by our
policy to the bitter end, alone if
necessary, but preferably in con-
cert with other like-minded nations
and people.
The zig-zagging must be
replaced by a stable policy based
upon principles decided upon,
understood and accepted by our
If we truly believe that all
men are equal 'in essence and that
a system of laws designed to force
separate and unequal development
upon people because- of their dif-
fering pigmentation is wrong and
intolerable, then we must oppose
such a system..-


When, how and where we
oppose it is debatable, but not the
fact of our opposition nor that rT
ultimate aim is to wipe out apart-
heid totally.
It has been reported that the
Prime Millstone has said that he
would fight apartheid by winning
as many gold medals as possible
... or some such nonsense.
He should be aware that
prior to the recent decision of the
Government of New Zealand to
resume certain sporting links with
South Africa the almost total
worldwide ban on apartheid-type
sporting contacts with that coun-
try had led its government to
permit a few gestures towards
multiracial sport, while maintain-
ing and even intensifying its
discriminatory laws in other areas.



Such tokenism is meaningless
and for us to accept that as the
aim of our opposition is to brand
ourselves as not seriously interested
in the total liberation of our
brothers and sisters in South
Of course, multiracial sport
is desirable but even more so is the
dismantling of the entire apparatus
of repression that has been erected
in the name of apartheid. ,
When we fail to stand up for
our principles we are demonstrat-
ing to the world that we are
demonstrating to the world that we
are governed by expediency.
Military intervention is out
because not only is our military
strength negligible, but to take
such action would be to set the
stage for a confrontation with the
United States.


But more importantly, we
must be able to stand fast on a
firm moral'basis and try to solve a
complex problem in a humane and
rational manner.
Genocide by black against
white is quite as horrible a crime
as it is when the colours of the
participants are reversed.
The majority of white 'South'
Africans are native-born; the end
of apartheid must be accomplished
with as little chaos and bloodshed-

as possible.
Again, the economic leverage
that we can exert against South
Africa and her supporters in the
industrialized West is minimal at
But a speedy and successful
conclusion to this struggle will
depend in no small measure on
how well we can mobilise ourselves
and -our friends to utilize our vast
potential in this area, to force real
change in South African policies.


This, however is a subject,
that has to be explored in much
greater detail at another time and
Sports boycotts have achieved
a measure of success in forcing
multiracial contests in selected
sports, but these have been grudg-
ingly conceded. In other sports,
for instance, the Davis Cup, where
other nations have not taken a
unanimous stand, no progress has
been made.
In this context, the New
Zealand All Blacks tour of South
Africa represents a stunning slap
in the face for all the opponents
of apartheid and if New Zealand
is not roundly condemned and
ostracised for this expression of a
racist attitude, then other nations
would be emboldened to do like-
wise and the whole boycott move-

ment would collapse.
It is time that we determine
answers to questions like:
Do we choose to ban only
certain sporting contacts with
South Africa?
Do we distinguish between
teams and individuals?
Is this issue of sufficient
importance for us to break off
sporting links with those nations
and or individuals that continue
to compete against. South African
sportsmen selected under apart-
heid rules?
Can we withstand the sanc-
tions and or adverse propaganda
that our stand will provoke?
Do we wish to draw closer
tothe USSR, bearing in mind that
on this issue, the Socialist bloc
countries have shown little sign
of appreciating the problems of
human dignity and worth involved?
Should we move into a
new sporting association with
mainland China. the African and
Arab worlds and abandon the
Olympic and Commonwealth
Games movements as they are
constituted at present to those
nations that continue sporting
association with South Africa?
Above all, how can we
increase the effectiveness and
scope of our opposition to apart-
Clearly these and other
questions must be debated at
Cirg d on Page 7



COURTNEY LEIBA, 39, the candidate for Tabaquite,
was born and raised on a cocoa and coffee estate in
Flanagin Town of an old and well known family in
Mayo-Tabaquite area.
He went to the Flanagin Town R .C. School before
coming into Port-of-Spain for secondary education at
Progressive Educational Institute. It was here that
Courtney developed the wide range of interests and
activities to which he has since gravitated.
He played basketball, took part in drama, and
before settling down as a professional studio musician, a
percussionist, he was at various times a folklore dancer,
a law clerk and a customs clerk.
The highlight of his musical career was the unforget-
tably successful tour of North America and the
Caribbean with the Trinidad Tripoli Steelband of which
he is still Secretary.
Now once more sharing in the acute deprivations
endured by musicians in this country, Courtney Leiba
has been anxious to help organise our musicians to
seek a better deal for themselves. For the steelband in
*particular he has already drawn up detailed plans for a
pan theatre.


MOHANLAL iNDAR MARAJ, 21, the candidate for
Caroni East, runs his own mini-school from his home.
That is one of the ways in which this many sided
young man uses his spare time and his talents.
By day, Indar works as a teacher in the San Juan
Secondary School.
Indar Maraj has led the life of a self-made man, and
he considers that he has gained most of his education by
informal means.
He did, however, attend the Tunapuna Presbyterian
School, St. Andrews Academy, Hillview College and the
Polytechnic Institute.
Apart from his special interest in both the theory
and the practice of education, Indar is keen about music
and drama.
An organisation man, he has a marked flair for
getting along with people, a capacity which underlined
his contributions to the affairs of the several religious,
cultural and youth groups with which he has been




THE Tapia House Moe-
ment is scrunting.
Presenting a seven-
month statement on the
Movement's finances last
weekend, Treasurer Ivan
Laughlin summed up his
statement: "We are scrunt-
ing. The struggle is-a grim
one. There is no easy road
for Tapia. The struggle is
going to call on all our


Addressing the assembly
directly, he said: "Those
of us gathered here this
afternoon. know that
Tapia is the only hope for
Trinidad and Tobago and
indeed for the region."
Laughlin said over the
years the Movement had
done "reasonably well
against tremendous odds."
Just over a year ago, Tapia
had nearly lost its printing
equipment because of a
"But some of our friends
came to the rescue and we
saved our equipment but
went into -more debt."


The TAPIA newspaper,
however, was now "the
only political paper in
Trinidad and Tobago, in
the Eastern Caribbean."
Laughlin paid special
tribute to TAPIA editor
Lennox Grant, who was
making "a tremendous
contribution to the organ-
isation." And "alongside
him, his staff, the type-
setters and so on."
Great contributions had
also been made within the
political organisation itself.
Laughlin cited Lloyd
Taylor as one of the first
men to be employed by,
There was Arnold Hood
and Dennis Pantin, also
employed fulltime. And
Angela Cropper, who was
working without pay.
And Allan Harris, whom
Laughlin described as the
"linkpin" of the Move-
What also had to be
weighed in looking at the

organisation's finances,
Laughlin said, was the
fact that people working
for Tapia were drawing
less than one-third of the
kind of money they would
earn in the public service,
far less the private sector.
"If you add up that
contribution, you will total
a tremendous sum of
How did the Movement
plan to boost its finances,
especially to deal with the
estimated $45,000 in elec-
tion expenditure?
Laughlin said the TAPIA
newspaper was a vital
potential revenue earner.
He called on members to
help sell the paper.
"The paper is extremely

important", he said. "All
members of Tapia should
make a special effort in the
weeks ahead."
Another area of income
was membership contribu-
Laughlin also asked
members to organise fund-
raising ventures on their
own. And to make dona-
tions, monthly or lump-
sum. (A box was passed
around the Assembly and
over $200 was raised).
"The responsibility of
political change is ours,"
Laughlin told the Assembly.
The responsibility of
making Tapia a success is
ours and I simply want to
ask everybody to shoulder
their responsibility."



A SHARE IN the future
of a new Trinidad and
Tobago cost only $1..
That's the Tapia approach
to distributing its elections
manifesto. Secretary Lloyd
Best announced at \last
weekend's assembly that
the Tapia manifesto will
go on sale at $1 each on
the night of August 26, as
the TAPIA newspaper for
that weekend.


Highlights of the mani-
festo will be published on
the weekend of Sunday,
August 29.
Best invited the entire
Tapia membership to come
out on the weekend of
August 26 and join in a
nationwide caravan to dis-
tribute the manifesto.
The Tapia Secretary
delivered one of his briefest
addresses ever last week-
Noting the small size
of the assembly, Best said:
"I certainly invited nobody
He then added: "If it's
one thing we've learned it

is that to err is human.
What is important in the
context of the elections is
that we have made the
right mistake.
"Let us remember when
the bell rings and all of us
will be storming the portals
of glory and -make entry
into Tapia's New World
that this is the calm before
the storm."
Best said this was not
"the occasion for any
lengthy address. Unfortu-
nately I lost my voice the
night before. And I've been
advised not to jeopardise
the rest of the campaign
by any lengthy statement
here today."
Best said he was turning
over the Secretary's chair
to "my soul brother of
many, many years standing,
Syl Lowhar, the orator
laureate of the Tapia House
He then added: "I leave
you only with the injunc-
tion that in this regard,
Syl can be compared with
that bard of calypso, the
Mighty Sparrow. It doesn't
matter who composes the
song, it is completely
transformed in the sing-



iiSt rch 'n.t
y O f n op tit~t ~

', 1 Oe
E-a's t~O ? 8~



N I i ''

THERE IS a scandalous and un-
necessary shortage of teak lumber
in this country.
Scandalous because a few men,
with PNM connections are respons-
ible for it.
Unnecessary, because the t;ak
forests of Trinidad which were
created with taxpayers' money are
abundant enough to support 10
times the current level of produc-
Demand 'is great, supplies are'
limited; the opportunity to create
jobs in the rural areas is wasted by
the present Government. Why?
Because the Government is being
pressured by certain private in-
terests to refrain from processing
the teak logs.
These interests want the con-
cession to process teak themselves.
for there is a lot of money to be
made at the taxpayers' expense.
The Government have been

Bnoenaraaatt lewarie talks to workers at Forres Oark. At BricKl.ficld,to,:,, Lthe government just failed to see
opportunities for creat;iag e.,tw -..

stalling and stalling.
Since 1968 they were advised
by an FAO consultant that the
sawmill at Brickfield in Central
Trinidad, was obsolete and not
able to satisfy the nation's needs
of teak lumber.
Still the PNM government per-
severes with this old mill which is
not operating at the moment
because it has broken down.
They made a big flash in the
1972 budget speech which
announced that sawmilling facili-
ties in Central Trinidad would be
improved and expanded. The
people of the Brickfield-Tabaquite
area are still waiting for that.
A 1973 report by a specially
invited Canadian forestry expert
"The Governm-t d.e-.kd '_a; art,
improved Brickfield -or es& in'd:sry
(BFI) should be opcrat:cJ under the
guidance of a Board ,on which Gov-
ernment and private '-dustriy wit bhe
represented. interviewed tic oi te:
private industry nominees to lk
board (Mr. Sampath) who 106od mec
that he and the sawmillers' group
that he represents are committed to
prevent -BFI to operate, .ce recom-

mended that lthe Government should
sell logs to those privately owned
savwfills which are prepared to
install adequate manufacturing equip-
The "'Mr. Sampath" in the
report is Saran Sampath, one-thne
PNM candidate for the Siparia
constituency. He is the President

of the Sawmiliers' Co-operative
Society Ltd, a group which got 'in
exclusive timber concession with-
out competition. This Society is
also currently contractor to the
PNM government for sawing teak
logs that the Governmenl mill is
unable to handle.
Mr. Sampath has oeen lobbying

hard to get his hands on the
people's teak. tle wrote to the
Minister of Finance Planning and
Development on the December 13,
"We feel that in the national interest
and in the interest of the sawmilling
industry our co-operative should be
given the opportunity to advise,
erect and/or manage the production
and sales section of the proposed
sawmilling complex which is to work
principally o'r teak forest."
The people of the Brickfield-
Tabaquite area noticed two things.
First, the Government's inaction
on the Brickfield Project. Second,
rumours of a giveaway to SaifT,;
They concluded that there was
a deliberate policy by Government
to play for time. The Cabinet
ordered the formation of a limited
liability company to run Brick-
field in July 1972.
Despite the fact that this was to
be done by the Ministry of
Finance immediately, the com-
pany was registered in April
Still, it existed only on paper
and it could do nothing because
there was no Board of Directors.
The frustrations of the people
of Brickfield,.led them to form the
Brickfield Action Group to pres-
sure the Government into action.
They met with Francis Prevatt,
Minister in the Ministry of
Finance who assured them that
things were moving even if slowly
and that the government had
appointed a Board of Directors to
the Company.
The Brickfield Action Group
discovered that Mr. Prevatt had
lied to them in that six of the seven
people whom he named as mem-
bers of the Board had not received
letters of appointment. The group
made a public expose of this over
national television.
Where do things stand now?
The PNM government is still drag-
ging its feet on the development
of the teak industry.
' The village of Brickfield is
depressed and the people are
Iamcnining the fact that their
destiny is being controlled by
sectoral interests in the city.

ce and gold medal

From Page 6

length. But if and when the
South African gov/cnenit ;lows
selection of al iet.es on n-.er i und
p r itits Ithem to ;'; r!'0 tr
tLnsegregatcd Cadi -'..' v :, !
be willing p. :i vm.
Provide-L t of 111 a(r ii )lour
rep:escntativus ae e c ot su ected
to aparthic :ilc.s i:,ing i'. ch
visits. such .'e ons t'a ions ... .'
Ibuil. i ,'idgcs Lhat vwou':iJ. ';i,;jp
erode aar theid in the.day-to-day
life of ;:e country. That could be
our Trojan -hhorse,
At present :he"-e is a concrei^

step t1at we can take to bring
home to New Zealand thle enorm-
ily of o our oL ntig a1 ti 'l 3. 110C
We could inlor ii their cricketing:
au1ihorlics hai unlil lan unltCss
their t \ r ;i l rI 'p se' s lit'
ban on so;;'tiig c it;iacts \wilth
Soulh I A:i-ica. n, ~'\w Zealand
ric : team ill! a tv\vcd into
Tri idad and Tob'u. .
Almost cer;: -!;.y ;,e other
C'ar-'i'b.i.1 nations ,.vii s>lippo'n ust
i; :.is ban and also in deciding
not to include Ne\, 'Zcalahind inll
:ihe ii.nerary of lit AuIsltralita

' .-

.xt, '01i ,onjunction with

oliher Wcsl Indian governments.
-\ce should ntori ( tlie West. .li
cricket aultlhoili\ th.!t itf New
/'%IalLd is allo.\cwd io compete in
lic \\orid Cup, before they
!'citlposc Ith iki 'mlan on sporting
conlacls vilth Southl Africa, we as
the cup it dcrs 'iI not i'e lpartici-
pal inll:.
Hlie otilcv \v would be tre-
-menidoits. tnhe pIbhicit:, th I would
tocus on Soulth Africa would be
most embarrassing, and we would
be setting lie pace for other
sports and other nations iin pursuit
of the plincip' tlhatit "all men are
created equal".

-- _~. "``~'I("ll II) I ~II

I ; ..- I z: I w, .ii ,-1 =11


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