<%BANNER%>

MELLON DLOC UFLAC



Tapia
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00224
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: August 1, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00224

Full Text

Vo. 6 No. 31


SUNDAY AUGUST 1, 1976


R-SEARCH (NSTITu i
r:R Tr '^^ aV OF ;A3.n


PRINTED AND PUBLISIiED BY TTHE- TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO. LTD.. 91 TINAPUNA RI). TUNAPUNA TI'L. ,162-5126.


Republic




fete ruse


Thursday 3 August 1976
Diego Martin Covigne Rd. 7.00 p.m.

Wednesday 4th
Laventille Eric St. St. Joseph Rd. 7.00 p.m.

Thursday 5th
St. James Western Mn. Rd. 7.30 p.m.

Friday 6th
St. Joseph Abercrbmby St/Caiman Hill 7.00 p.m.

Saturday 7th
Caura Caura Royal Rd. 6.00 p.m.


CADRES PLEASE NOTE THAT MEMBERSHIP
APPLICATION FORMS WILL BE AVAILABLE
FROM NEXT WEEK AT THE CAMPAIGN
HEADQUARTERS, PORT-OF-SPAIN,


play


THEY CAN'T even
organise a dance.
That is one of the
earliest criticisms of the
PNM regime made by
Tapia long since the days
When "going Republic"
was an issue for public
debate, and the now
President-elect, Sir Ellis
Clarke, so closely identi-
fied with the making of
the 1962 monarchical
constitution, was a star
spokesman of the Gov-
ernment's position.
And now it's all been
said and done.

ENTHUSIASM

On August 1, 1976,
the Republican Constitu-
tion, Act no. 4 of 1976,
"An Act -to establish the
Republic of Trinidad and
Tobago and to enact the
Constitution thereof in
lieu of the former Con-
stitution" takes effect.
But how? This governor
ment has lacked the capa-
city to awaken enthusi-
asm about anything.
Independence in 1962
was overshadowed by the
confounding retreat over
Chaguaramas, by the
stupefying failure of the
Federation and the ra-
tionale of "One from 10
leaves nought".
With its now-character-
istic artlessness, the Gov-
ernment's fledgling public
relations machinery went
into action.
The effect was to
smother the whole idea
of "celebrations" with


an air of long-faced
solemnity.
No jumping up inll
steelband. We are serious
now. We are independent.
People remember the
tenth anniversary of In-
dependence in 1972 not
for any stirring reasser-
tion of national goals, no
exhortation to greater
effort in the attainment
of them, rather for the
Pele incident in the Oval,
which has now become
a spiritual monument to
the PNM regime.
As now we attain Re-
publican status, it is with
a constitution foisted
upon the nation by a
government which has for
years lacked ,the authority
to lead the country any-
where.
There is no song, no
art, no statement which
bespeaks gen rally
accepted national direc-


A TAPI
HOW ABOUT "The Re-
publican"?
-That has been sug-
gested as a new name for
the paper you're reading,
to take effect following
the 1976 elections.
I he suggestion is one
soon to 'be considered
by the Board of
Directors of the Tapia
House Publishing Co.,
Ltd. which publishes the
TAPIA newspaper.
The renaming will pos-
sibly come up as part of
the reorganisation of this


tions. The country awaits
leadership, guidance and
political education after
20 years of a regime
which came forward pro-
mising all that.,
If many of our people
still feel that a republic is
a state where lawlessness
and disorder rule, then
who is responsible for
thus miseducating or not
educating them?

CITIZENRY

The Prime Minister of
20 years could, bewail the
lack of public opinion
without feeling any obli-
gation to say at the same
time what he and his
government have done
to promote the develop-
ment of ar, informed and
alert citizenry.
As well he might not.
For the -sum total of the


A- by a
newspaper expected soon
to be raised in the exer-
cise in constitutional
reform now taking place
within the Tapia House
Movement.
At the moment, the
constitution reform exer-
cise I'ocusses on the
A annual General Assembly
set for August 15. The
Council of Representa-
tives voted on July 17 -
to recommend to the
Assembly a package of
proposals made by Secre-
tary Lloyd Best.


PNM's efforts in this
field is personified by
Bain, twice endorsed by
a government headed by
a "first in the first class"
intellectual.
There came last week
the gold medal victory
of sprirger Hasely Craw-
ford, which the athlete,
but not his country, truly
deserves.
And there came with
it the excuse for the
celebration of a victory
by all those who if they
did anything at all, it was
to make it impossible of
achievement.
But typically, the air-
craft promptly named
"the Hasely Crawford
Jet" by the Prime Minister,
turned out to be incap-
able of flying home the
conquering hero in
triumph.


ny other
The question has been
raised, however, as to
whether that Assembly
could, constitutionally.
decide upon such propo-
sals on August 15.
C nairman. Denis Solo-
mon in a recent state-
ment to members of the
Tapia Council iof Repre-
sentatives has written
that "the Constitution
forbids the matter of
Constitution reform to
be put to the Assembly
on August 15th."
Solomon in his state-


Nobody had thought
of that. So Crawford's
first ride on the plane
named in his honour will
probably when he goes tc
Tobago.

GIDOYtfIA

Still, they hope it will
all fit into the: pattern
that the government has
in mind a. giddying
round of celebrations'
intended to depoliticise
the atmosphere, after
which would come the
elections.

That is what they
hope. But a population
which has waited so
many years for the usher-
ing of the new regime
can surely abide the delay
now in the holding of
the elections, knowing
that what is to is must is.


name
ment argues that since
constitution reform had
not been listed on the
agenda circulated by the
secretary on, July 13,
"any decisions relative to
this question purporting
to be taken on that date
will be null and void.
since the meeting will
have been- improperly
summlnn oned."
The debate proceeds.
in the Tapia tradition of
"free and open discus-
sion". (L.G.)


to


- 1- ---~-~-I -- L-


30 Cents


Imm



-down


-the


am



lecLionz





PzAGE-j2 TAPIA

Dear Editor,
Last week's Tapia report
of my proposals to- the
July 17 Council Meeting
was inaccurate in two
important respects.
First of all, the report
neglected to say that I
proposed a clearer separa-
tion of powers so that our
Council .of Representatives
could henceforth be oper-
ated as the Tapia Legisla-
ture, as the organ which,
more than any other,
*would be the law and
policy-making body of the
party, and in which dis-
cussion would take prece-
dence over action.
To this end, I suggested
the streamlining of our
local party-groups so as to
ensure that they have the
capacity to survive beyond
the current election cam-
paign.

A SPEAKER

Since I anticipate a con-
stant clash of community
interests when our repre-
sentatives from all over
the country finally put an
end to-the current influ-
ence enjoyed in the Council
by the oversized Executive,
I also proposed a vital
alteration in the job of the
party Chairman.
The Chairman must now
be more nearly cast in the
role of a Speaker, a leader
capable -of presiding over
party faction, now that
Tapia has become a nation-
wide political party, draw-
ing its people from every
section of Trinidad and
Tobago.
Secondly, I reiterated
certain old suggestions in
regard to a new National
Executive. These have
been reported but what I
proposed was not that the
smaller nine-man Executive
be chaired by the Secretary,
Lloyd Best, but that it be
chaired by the Secretary,
whoever is elected to that
post.

PERSONALITY

Tapia people should not
pre-suppose that Lloyd
Best would, consent to nomi
nation as -Secretary nor
that he would be elected
if he did agree to run.
While our proposals for
constitution reform must
be realistic in anticipating
which personalities might
occupy particular offices,
equally must we see what
is the work involved .in
each particular post regard-
less of the personality.
Failure to be clear on
both these matters has


office.."








threatened to throw both
Tapia and Trinidad and
Tobago into a state of
permanent confusion.
The job of Chainnrman
of any executive organ has
come to be described in
political science as "sum-
ming-up".

RIVALRY

Around a table, there is
no scale to weigh opinion,
no tape to measure influ-
ence.
Voting can sometimes
help,, but most times the
agreed position is a judg-
ment formed by a 'single
mind, formed in relation
to positions spoken and
-unspoken.
There is no task more
comprehensively political
than the task of summing-
up. The member of the
Executive whose summing-.
up, more than that of
anybody else's, invariably
points to the final decision,
is thereby the Chief'Execu-
tive.
When power is wielded
by a Committee, it cannot
be any other way. That is
what is meant by being
the first among equalswhich
is a necessary political
rank.


it has nothing to do
with ,whether the Chief
Executive actually enjoys
superior political insight or
whether his equals or
superiors find it convenient
- in their rivalry that
he/she should do the
crucial summing-up.
Of course, people of
superior political insight,
all other things being equal,
do have the best chance of
being the sumrnmers-up Still,
the crucial ingredient is
always t Ce comni 'on con-
sent.
ifthe Ci' L an is not
that member of the Execu-
tive vhose summng-up is
crucial by common con-
sent, ihen .t. he/she has
spoken, ony' then will the
real decision be taken.

"J L
TRCO'.7 LE

Where, as in all execu-
tives, action must follow
decision, often swiftly if
not immediately, a Chair-
man who cannot distill the
will of ali the members is a
recipe for trouble.
If, in addition, the
Chairman is arrogant, brash
and insensitive, lacking in
political judgment, short
of moral insight into his
own condition, and there-
fore unable to win
decision-making authority
and executive rank, we
have attained the ideal
conditions for corniness
and confusion.
On the other hand, a
sensitive Chairman in such
a situation, could partly
solve the problem by
inventing techniques 'for
informing her/his own


summing-up with the pers-
pectives of the more
influential of his/ her
colleagues.
With the aid of dignity,
diplomacy and tact, certain
arrangements could work.
Unstable they would still
be, if only because in
matters of political power,
consistently to be taking
cues is a powerful pres-
cription for mistrust: but
an open and sensitive
Chairman, sensitive of his/
"her limitation, could make
such arrangements work;
at least up to a point.
Yet the proper and
reasonable solution is to
establish an open corres-
pondence between who is
holding the job of summing-
up and who is actually
doing it:
In Tapia over the years.
the job of summing-up has
fallen to the Secretary. In
-terms of the formal defini-
tion of responsibilities, it
-could just .as easily have
fallen, to the Chairman or
the Editor, or the Treasurer:.
but it has fallen to the
Secretary for informal
reasons.
It has therefore become
a necessary part of tine
whole scheme of constitia-
tion reform in Tapia niat
the Secretary be seen to
be the Chief of the Nation;'
:'.:cutive.' Such an in-
masking of the C(hi c
Executive would not givC
the Secretary any addi-
tional power; power has
little to with office.
What the retfonn would
do is to streamline decision-
making, especially if the
Executive were manage-
able, close-knit, and oper-


ating in the context of a
representative and vigilant
Council of Representatives,
seeded by the opinions of
ihose fonnerly on the large
Executive, given to law-
making, policy-debating
and discussion and dis-
inclined to participate in
decision and execution.
Perhaps the most impor-
tant gain of all would be
the creation for the first
time in the Tapia House
Movement of proper con-
ditions f or political account-
ability by way of a fuller
exposure of the responsibi-
lity for decision and the
responsibility for action.

JUDGMENT
/
It has been necessary to
create' these new condi-
tions in Tapia at least since
1973/i74, when our party
first embarked on the
enterprise of public office.
Now more than ever, as
the general elections are
c-, us. we need to be very
dcar on these important
ql'est ions.
If we are clear on the
i'-: ion between office
ai; power, between title-
a, ork, then the per-
so, ; ;i -s will naturally

e seied on what
s i there
: Lss difficulty
". m:r:_ining who should
S:.:an or Editor or
: who should be
on Li:e Executive, who on
the Council: and informing
a reasonable ji;'gment as
th ie impa. of)t any pro-
p,, ':o.. ,' -: ion i refo -n .

.,oyd Best


SUNDA. UGUST 1, 1976




MOVEENT AYING7


Assembly, 1973. "It has been necessary to create new conditions inl Tapia since our party first embarked on the enterprise of public






SUNDAY AUGUST 1, 1976 ,


They




on C


rawfori


to cash in




d's gold...


Olympic gold medallist Hasel.-rd hit the nail on the head he responded to cogratlations pointing to the atrocious ilitiesfor sport ofall kinds in this country.
Olympic gold medallist Hasely CGrwford hit the nail on the head when he responded to congratuilations by pointing to the atrocious facilities for sport of all kinds in this country.


"HASELY CRAWFORD, ,
warmest congratulations on
your superb performance.
You have made an endur-
ing contribution to the
national dignity."
So cabled horse-racing
lobbyist Errol Mahabir to
Crawford as the sprinter
put Trinidad and Tobago
among the Olympic Gold
Medallists for the first time
in our history.
Crawford hit the nail on
the head when he report-
edly warned that the gov-
ernment should take notice
of his gold medal achieve-
ment and provide proper
facilities for athletes.
He thus echoed the
feeling of athletes, sports-
men and sports administra-
tors in the country.

COURAGE
It is a tribute to Crawford
and to Trinidad and Tobago
athletes in general that
they have been able to
reach Olympic standards
and beat some of the best
in the world through their
own courage and determi-
nation to succeed, and in,
spite of the protracted
indifference of the Gov-
ernment.


- The
helped
feeling
that it
well at


Government have
to encourage the
among our athletes
is impossible to do
home.


One .must get a scholar-
ship to a US college. It is
an extension to sport of the
neo-colonial posture of the
present government.
The massive surge for-
ward of Cuban athletes on
the international scene
since the Castro revolution
has demonstrated that it
is the physical amenities
and official encourage-
ment given to local sport


which improved the posi-
tion of that country in
international sport.
Cuba, though a rela-
tively small country, is
always in the reckoning inv
athletics today.
In our case, because of
the negative or indifferent
attitude of the Govern-
ment, our getting medals
is more of an accident, or
due to chance .alone.
CELEBRATIONS
The government is trying
to refurbish its image now,
by cashing in on Crawford's
gold.
He is to get the Trihnty
Cross and one can expect
them to be in the fore-
front of the welcome
parade and celebrations
for our athletic here.
Watch them getting


next to Hasely in the press
and TV pictures! All too
fam iiliar.
But what have they
*lo- for sport over the
last 20 years'.' Ho'w many
s- p o r t s administrators,
coaches, and physical edu-
cation experts have they
trained?
And for the few they
have trained, what facili-
ties have they provided?
How many sporting
complexes can we boast
of around the country?
Their biggest athletic
project, the Arima velo-
drome, has been "under
completion" for the last
10 years at least.
The relationship be-
tween health,- education
and sport has been lost on
them, just like the relation
between education, and


proper library services goes
unnoticed by a government
headed by this big intel-
lectual.
They are more interested
in the breeding of horses
than in our athletes.
Without the dedication
of those prepare-d to figh-
against the' odds, wevcukd
be a nation maotor-
morons, a people with
limited physical devclop-
ment.
The Tapia system of
education and of local
government would ensure
that sporting and athletic
facilities become basic
amenities in every com-


community.
We need to de'.elop
healthy inter-community
competition that would
elicit the highest potential
among our athletes and
sportsmen.
The present organisatio-..
.of athletics and sports in
general has left so much
talent untapped in the area's
outside of the county .f
St. George, San Femanado
awid Point Fortrn.
Only a "town" govern-
ment would not recognize
that.
From 1976, however, a
Tapia government would
put an end to such a
scandal.


-1




BUSINESS:- ITS NATURE AND EZNVRONMENT: AN
INTRODUCTION '(Sh Edition) S5 R.E. GLOS: R.D.
STEADE & J.R. LOWRY S3 7
For the first time this text recognize: tct business activities
in this country are carried by budness persons rather than by
businessmen. The growing importan'cc of. women in the
business world, aided by their own'' efforts as well as legisla-
tion. is rcfiected in the text copy. Tc objectives of this book
are, (1) fr both business and non-business majors, it provides
a aiowledge wi:at business is a abo,-" 2 students acquire a
business vocabulary: (3) it explau: capitalism and how it
functions, which apparently is nc' :ery well understood by a
l-z'ge segment of our population:: 4 ir brings into focus the
conzflict-g demands made on bv,'si:~ess by such diverse groups
as owners, empcyes,. suppliers. customers. government, arid
the genera! public: (5) students can gain an understanding of
the decision-making p'Tncuss in; bi.s"css.
BUSINESS CYCLES A,'' FCREC. S TVG /4th edition):
BYC.A. DAUTEN & L. A. VALENTI. E $39.35
This book provides the background needed by individuals.
economists, and busincssmen to understand the factors which
contribute to economic growth and stability and to he tce'''!
of national income. It also sunevs the tecehwuies wi.h ,,:i .
be used to analyse current economic conditions and -c ; -
cast future levels of activity. This book is intended , r
senior or graduate courses in the field of business cyeces or
-national income analysis and in forecasting.



Steph....


rsea /Y"
TH O''.S O


or the better book

I 1i FRED E RICK STREET -. '-


DE NIM LONGSKIRTS
PANTS- SUITS
TANK-TOPS
JERSEYS



LEONE'S BOUTIQUE
1 I 1 B Belmont Circular 'd. Belmont
(Next to St. Francis Church) 62-42302


TAP IA RG


~a~anm






PAGE 4 TAPIA


SUNDAY AUGUST 1, 1976



Mart iniquan in the




quest for new a


WI


THE resemblance to anyone you know is only skin-deep.
Daniel Boukman, 40, is aMartiniquan playwright who studied
in Paris and is currently living in Algeria.
His most important plays are "Chants pour hater la mort du
temps du Oiphee" (theatre, 1967) and "Ventres pleins, ventures
creux" (theatre, 1971).
The following story is based on an interview he gave to
PRENSA LATINA while in Cuba earlier this year.


MARTINIQUE and Guade-
loupe were French colonies
up to 1945 when they
became French overseas
departments.
One and the same thing,
thinks Daniel Boukman.
"Throughout our history,
only the label has been
changed, the content con-
tinues the same," he
stated.
A man of letters, Boukman
takes each historic event
and explores it for a key, a
clue, sometimes a symbol,
which would uncover the
truth of Martinique's cease-
less struggle for liberty.
According to the play-
wright, in December 1959
the masses of people of
the capital of Martinique
recovered their traditions
of struggle.
This struggle goes back
to 1845 ("when the slaves
rebelled and took power,
an action that later led to
the abolition of slavery")
and September 1870 ("when
a formidable popular in-
surrection took place on
one part of the island".)
In December 1959, it is
worthwhile recording, the
capital, Fort-de-Frahce, was
held by the rebels for
three days.
"Repression was severe
after this revolutionary
action, and not only-
against the left, but also
against the traditional
parties.
"So everything, once
again, was defeated, but
not the cause of the people,
but the blindness of what
we have called the political
elites of our country,"
Boukman explained.
After 1959, he con-
tinued, the colonialists


understood that their very
lives were endangered and
repression was started
again.
Its objective? "The total
assimilation. of Martinique
to France. An. assimilation
which includes the elimina-
tion of the economy,
culture and personality of
the people of Martinique."
Of course, because of
this a large majority of
the young people emigrated
to France, a sort of in-
voluntary exile due to
certain colonial manoeuvres
which, said Daniel, took
place in stages: "First, the
the destruction in Marti-
nique of all possibility iof
r a i s i n g consciousness;
second, replacement of
the ,West Indians by
French people and third,
the utilization of the
people of Martinique as
cadres for the building of
-French capitalism."
Up to 1902, the city of
Saint-Pierre had an, impor-
tant theatrical establish-
ment.
"But important for
whom?" the playwright
asked. "Important for the


bourgeoisie, the latifundists,
the businessmen, the
functionaries, the parasites
of the colonial system."
It was, in short, a
typically French theatre.
A reactionary and bourge-
ois theatre that had
nothing to do with the
specific reality of the
island. It had two essential
objectives:
"To serve as a vehicle
for the prevailing ideology
and to strengthen the
existing colonial situation."
In May 1902 "some-
thing which had been
sleeping awoke suddenly"
and destroyed Saint-Pierre.
It was the eruption of a
volcano.
"A volcano that seemed
to be tranquil but which
in its depths was boiling
with rage, a little like what
is happening to the people
.of Martinique," the play-
wright declared.
The capital has since
been called Fort-de-France..
Today the theatre is
much as it was in the past.
French groups continue to
'perform on the island.
"But France is today a
- sick capitalist country and
the French class struggle
Sis also expressed in the
theatre," Boukman ,con-
tinued.
"Thanks to a Culture
Festival which the city of
Fort-de-France holds every
year in the month of July,
progressive French theatri-
cal groups come to the
island, along with other
groups from other parts of
the Caribbean and groups
of Haitian exiles living in
Canada," the playwright
said.
He explained, however,
that theatrical activity is
still dominated by the
reactionary French theatre.
This plan of decultural-
ization, depersonalization
and cultural genocide, said
Boukman, is countered by


theatre


a new theatre movement
in Martinique.
This new movement
includes something which
Boukman describes as
"Antillean theatre from
abroad," because it has
been conceived outside the
island.
"It is an abstract theatre
in my opinion (and this is
a self-criticism) because it
has no roots i4r concrete
reality," he stated.
Then there are the plays
written in Creole which
deal with political, econ-
omic and social problems,
as well as historical
themes.
"Because we need to
recover our memory, our
heroes, our struggles, to
understand the struggle of
today," he emphasized.
It is also a theatre which
tries to search for a new
esthetic, but it has not
always been successful.
Boukman himself considers
that what he has written


outside the country. con-
stitutes "pre-theatre".
"The works I will write
in the future, when I
return to Martinique, will
be different, because Iwill
be working under different
objective conditions," he
said.
Boukman said he would
write in Creole and make
a significant use of French
to show the alienation of
the island. "I will also
have to think of the pro-
blem of the staging, the
scenography, the lighting,
and put upon everything
an ideological stamp," he
reflected.
He will make a profound
analysis in an attempt to
create collective figures and
individual non-heroes.
Thus, with a sort of
profession of faith, Bouk-
man concluded:
'These are my plans.
They are not impossible
dreams. They are very
beautifulbut it is necessary
that beauty also be useful.
We must not forget, the
words of Franz Fanon:
The most important cul-
tural act is Revolution."


KIRPALANI'S

IS


and BASIC

We've got what you
need at minimum cost,










KIRPALANI'S NATIONWIDE


Ann's

Dressmaking


Clothes made to order

or...

Origi al Designs


Ann's Dressmaking 27 Belle Smythe St. Curepe
L, urep




SUNDAY AUGUST 1, 1976


OPENED
SINCE 1901

PIONEER

PHARMACY
SERVING

GRANDE
WITH DISTINCTION.
W.M. COCKBURN. PROPRIETOR
EASTERN MAIN ROAD, S/GRANDE
Tel: 668-2523
----------_------ --


MAX SENHOUSE
110 Eastern Main Road 662-4087
Knows The Way to The
Magic Kingdom of
Furniture At Family
Prices

Ruby 3 PC Living Room Set
CASH OR TL'RMS


PRICE $825

DOWN $250

MTH. $ 45


TPAPAGE 5







PAGE 6 TAPIA
FOR half an hour or so,
you twist and climb the
badly rutted road, driving
up into the Northern
Range, swept along by
breathless landscape.
Then the road suddenly
dips into a lush valley.
And here, on the valley
floor, is the famous village
of Lopinot and its
legendary historical land-
mark, the House of Count
de Lopinot, village founder,
a revered memory.
And a classic tale of
ancient Trinidad.
Sylvester Guerrero, the
81-year-old warden and
custodian of the House, a
man devoted to keeping
this memory alive, used
to have a book in which
the grand old story was
printed.
A tourist took it away.
But Guerrero'doesn't need
the book (there are in fact
two books, one by Sir
Claude Hollis, a former
Governor and a more
recent one produced by
J.D. Elder). He knows the
story by heart.
It's a story that has
attracted the Tourist Board
which has spent money
to refurbish the Count's
House into a nice-looking
colonial-style building.
Originally it was a tapia
house.
.A section of the mud and
grass wall is framed by a
glass case out in the gallery.
Guerrero, who has his
own house in the village,
is aided by a gardener, a
guide and a watchman, all
dedicated to preserving the
story.
Guerrero tells that story
with obvious relish. He
relates the details in bursts
and pieces, jumping from
the beginning to the end
and then back to the
middle.
He seems unaware of


SUNDAYAUG'


Lopinot.


down in


valley a tale


0


anciben


Trinidad
By Raoul Pantin


the fact that the story, for
all its old world charm, is
not entirely flattering to
the Count.
And the way Guerrero
tells it, the story is one-
sided,' focused tight on
the Count and blurring all
the other figures who must
have filled this landscape
originally.
To begin, with, when
Count de Lopinot first set
foot in Trinidad, just
shortly after Ralph Aber-
cromby had snatched the
island from Spain in 1797,
he was an English soldier.
But he was really born in
France, Charles Joseph by
name.
For reasons only the


imagination can perceive,
Joseph quit France a young
man and went to England
and enlisted in the English
army.
He may have been simply
an adventurous young man.
But the fact that he later
assumed a French- aristo-
crat's posture suggests
other things.
Perhaps he was really
the son of a French noble-
man, uprooted by the
French Revolution whicji
had exploded in J789..'
Joseph first sailed into
the Caribbean as part of a
British expeditionary force,
seeking to und o the Haitian
Revolution led by Toussaint
L'Ouverture.


....;......
.t u.t-..-sv q. _.


The structure at.left is pointed out as formerr slaves quarters mn Lop. .


The British troops were
badly beaten, Joseph fled
to Jamaica and the safety
of the British garrison
there.
And it was in Kingston,
while recuperating from
the Haitian adventure, that
he first heard of Trinidad.
It was a new British
possession, wide open for
development. It attracted
Joseph who also had an
ambition: he wanted his
own estate, a private piece
of territory, his own Great
House. And slaves.
What he had probably
lost in France and had
been. unable to reclaim in
Haiti he now sought in
Trinidad.
Port-of-Spain had already
been made the new capital.
Joseph nevertheless travel-
led out to the old Spanish
capital, San Jose de Oruna,
St. Joseph.
He began to scout around
for his estate. He tried
Tobago but wasn't quite
satisfied. Then M atelot.
But it wasn't what he
wanted either.
Then, one morning in
St. Joseph, idly walking by
the river that flowed
through that town, Joseph
remembered something he
had probably learned on
one of his military cam-
paigns: if you follow a
river upstream, you are
bound to come to a valley
at some point.
Joseph tracked this river
upstream. And he came to
his valley, the fertile land
there thick with wild pine-
apples.
It was later called Los
Pinos (The Pines). Now
Lopinot.
But Joseph had another
name for this piece of
paradise he had discovered.
He called it La Reconnais-
sance. And he returned to
St. Joseph to apply for


The "Great House" of the Countde L






'. -



-- '4


-.'

3. _
-. \


- I

-4
ii


y .-. . - -...- 4 .-









Svlvester Guerrero, 1-year-old wardenit
in the legend ofLopinot.
the land.
He set about creating
his own estate, building
the humble tapia house,
importing cocoa and coffee
plants from Venezuela.
And slaves from the smaller
islands.
And he married, not a
French noblewoman nor a
Spanish Lady of Court but
a creole, from Colombia.
And here in this valley,
Joseph must have recreated
the lifestyle (somewhat
scaled down but still
viable) of an era that was
already on the retreat in
Europe.
He became a planter, a
wealthy estate owner, a


the






ST 1, 1976


TAPIA PAGE 7


URGED FOR



FORMER



VALLEY




OF PINES


inot has been refurbished by the Tourist Board.


!stodian of the House, great believer

gentleman of noble blood
the Count de Lopinot.
He is credited with one
son. And the boy must
have been impressed by the
fantasies of his father.
He aspired to be a
Brigadier General in the
British army and left
Trinidad in pursuit of
that. And probably died
in some anonymous battle.
Joseph and his wife
stayed 'on at the Great
House, living out the illu--
sion. He is known to have
died in 1819.
Whether his wife died
before or after him is
uncertain. Mystery follows
him to his grave. Two


concrete tombs, painted
dull brown, represent the
graves, of the Count and
Countess de Lopinot.
But the graves are un-
marked. Nobody knows
which is whose. Also
buried there, in the ceme-
tery plot, a stone's throw
away from the House, is
Joseph's favourite hunting
dog.
After their deaths,
another mysterious figure
emerged as owner of the
House and the valley. A
woman, also from France.
She called herself Eliza La
Costa.
She appeared and dis-
appeared. Even less is
known about her than
Charles Joseph the strange-
French nobleman's son
who cdme to this Lopinot
valley to rebuild a private
world of wealth and pri-
vilege, to live the aristo-
cratic tife that two world-
shaking revolutions had
denied him, in France and
Haiti.
This is not quite the
story that old man Guerrero
tells. He reveres the name
and the memory of the
Count.
He ignores the real
drama, doesn't fit it into-
an historical perspective,
doesn't perceive the tragic
figure of Charles Joseph,
striving so hard to rebuild
a declining European world
in tropical Trinidad and
how easy it was too. For a
time.
In his own way, old
man Guerrero relives the
fantasy. In a sense, he is
the reigning Count de
Lopinot, telling and re-
telling this old story and,
each time, savouring the
lifestyle, not seeing the
irony and indulging in as
much fantasy as the
original Charles Joseph -
clinging to a world that
has died long ago.


THE FERTILE land that
is Lopinot Valley is ideal
for the growing of all
kinds of fresh vegetables
and fruit.
And that in turn could
lead to the setting up of
food processing industry
providing the people of
Lopinot with meaningful
jobs and income.
Tapia Arouca candidate
Angela Cropper outlined
this kind of possibility for
the future of Lopinot in a
meeting held in the village
last Saturday afternoon.
"It's entirely feasible
here to take the people
out of a dying and deca-
dent cocoa industry and
encourage the growing of
fruit on a large scale,"
Cropper told the people
of Lopinot.

FOOD CROPS

In the Tapia scheme for
agriculture, she said, it was
necessary to continue
growing sugar cane to
provide for our own needs
and the needs of our
CARICOM brothers.
"But we also need to
diversify and grow a lot
of fresh vegetables and
food crops in places like
Lopinot."
The fact that the people
were simply scratching
around in the valley for
existence was indicative of
the. Government's lack of
concern and even imagina-


tion, Cropper said.
She related a story of a-
food crop specialist in
Trinidad who used differ-
ent local' fruit to produce
a local fruit cocktail.
The idea was passed on
to the Ministry of Agricul-
ture and totally ignored.,
The Government, she
said, had no genuine
interest in this kind of
development which the
people needed to lift
themselves out of poverty.

UNEMPLOYED

The, Tapia vision saw
communities like Lopinot
sustaining themselves so
that the people, in part-
icular the young people,
would not grow up with
the urge to leave their own
communities in order to
improve their standards of
living.
Each community in
Trinidad and Tobago, she
said, should be so struc-
tured that people could
draw all their needs from
among themselves.
Earlier, Tapiaman Jack
Alexis told the people of
Lopinot it was a disgrace
the way the Government
had failed to provide ade-
quate health services.
It was but one more
example of how uncaring
the Government was about
the needs of ordinary
people.
That point was re-


Jack Alexis...
"health services a disgrace. .


emphasised by Syl Lowhar
who said one look at the
road leading into Lopinot
betrayed the total con-
tempt that the Govern-
ment had for the people.
Lowhar also told the
people of Lopinot the
PNM candidate Hector
McLean would be coming
to them to ask for their
votes but they should ask
him about that undated
signed letter of resignation
he had given the Prime
Minister.
"What kind of represen-
-tation do you expect to
get from a man who can
wake up any morning and
find out that his letter of
resignation has gone
through and he is no longer
a representative of people
who voted him in?" Lowhar
asked.
Lowhar also pointed out
that in the early days,
Williams had talked of
setting up a topi-tambo
factory.
But all those grand
plans and ideas had become
corrupted and distorted
after 20 years in power
So that today, one in
every four able-bodied
persons in the country was
unemployed; one child in
every five suffered from
malnutrition.
That was the legacy of
20 years of PNM Govern-
ment. And the time,
Lowhar said, had come
for a change.


Syl Lowhar, extreme right and A ;igela Cropper, second from left, discuss the programme with villagers
after the meeting.


FRUIT FARMING






PAGE TAPIA


Ishmael Samaad


SUNDAY AUGUST 1, 1976


Hamlet Joseph


HAMLET JOSEPH, 39, is a Special Works Checker
from Laventille and was one of the four Tapia
Senators. He was raised in the Eastern reaches of
the City and attended school at Nelson Street Boys,
Belmont Intermediate and Osmond High School.
After years of sporadic employment, Joseph
found himself when he became involved in the
Vigilantes Community Movement in Success
Village in 1969. He was swept briefly into the
Black Power Movement of 1970 even while he was
already casually engaged to Tapia.
Since he returned fully to the fold in Tuna-
puna, Yaxee, as he is known, has grown into a
community leader of largedimensions speaking,
writing and organising ,and demonstrating a rich
store of previously untapped talent for leadership.
Joseph is regarded as a good judge of political


situations and a reliable and serious-minded
colleague, ready to assume any responsibility.

ISHMAEL SAMAAD is the Tapia Candidate for
Barataria. Now 32, Samaad was born in San Juan
and was brought up there.
He now lives in the Maracas Valley with his
wife, Virginia, and three kids.
Ishmael became caught up in the movement
for freedom in the days when he was getting
higher education at the Institute of International
Relations, UWI, St. Augustine, and will be remem-
bered as the man whose initiative led to the mam-
moth "Free the Soldiers" demonstration in 1971.
Soon after joining Tapia he became a familiar
figure on Frederick Street, pushing the newspaper
on Friday and Saturday mornings.
Few people can have walked up and down
Trinidad and Tobago in the religious fashion of
Ishmael who has latterly been a salesman of
encyclopedias as well as a bearer of the message
about Tapia's New World.
Ishmael's great love is the landscape of Trini-
dad & -Tobago and he came to the fore as a
community leader in opposition to the destroyers
of the environment.
Almost single-handedly, he carried che fight
to save our beautiful samaans which spread so
much joyand cool all over our savannah country.
When the calm of the Caroni Swamp was
violated by industrial barges, Ishmael was overcome
.with grief and outrage.
He also spent many weary nights policing the
eastern beaches to protect the helpless turtles from
the ravages of vandals.
Ishmael brings to his campaign a great passion
for humanity born out his respect for the natural
order, for peace and for justice.
Obviously a spiritual man, he is in himself an
attack on the corrupt materialism of our age and
lends to Tapia a high and noble purpose, above the
purely practical questions of national reconstruc-
tion.
He has thought deeply about local govern-
ment as a device for setting our people free from
the monopolistic designs of central -power and
one-man regimentation.


Yes, we're also into


publishing and





Freedom and Responsibility ....... Lloyd Best
The Political Alternative .........
Prospects for Our Natiorn.........
Whose Republic? ................
The Afro American Condition...... "
Honourable Senators ............
Letter to C.L.R. James 1964 ..... .
Democracy or Oligarchy ........... C.V. Gocking -


printing...





Why Did PNM Fail? ......... Augustus
Ramrekersinai
Another View of Tapia Method Lloyd Taylor
The Inside Story of Tapia ..... .Lennox Grant
The Machinery of Government .Denis Solomon
Black Power in Human Song .. Syl Lowhar
We are in a State .. . . .Ivan Laughlin
A Clear Danger .. . ..... Michael Harris


* Grenada Independence Myth or Reality.
(International Relations Institute, UW. 1.)
* Readings in the Political Economy of
the Caribbean (New World).


And


we


MANJAK
LIBERATION
NEW BEGINNING


Social Stratification in Trinidad. (I.S.E.R)
"Revo" poems bv Malik.
"Cheers" by Yvonne Jack.
The Dynamics of West Indian Economic Integration (ISER)


for you too


662-5126, 82-84 St. Vincent St, Tunapuina.


can do a job


- I-- I


--;R ----i---


~Fa~ IYI~----* -- R -- -Yrc-_. ---ur~i


Lennox Gra~n~ ant


m Cal







SUNDAY AUGUST 1, 1976


Flashback to Puerto Rican elections in 19 72 when the Puerto Rican Independence Party, despite the successful campaign meeting
seen above, won only 4.4% of the vote. Because of the collapse of the Puerto Rican economy, the "independentistas"are expected
to get as much as 20% of the November 1976 vote.


PRESIDENT FORD'S first words
when he landed in San Juan,
Puerto Rico, for the late June
economic summit, were aimed at
the Puerto Rican independence
supporters and their Cuban backers.
Ford warned Cuba against
committing "an unfriendly act" in
its promotion of independence for
the island and said "such an act
will be-considered as intervention
in the domestic affairs of the
United States and Puerto Rico."
Since 1972, when the Cubans
successfully raised the issue of
Puerto Rican independence at the
United Nations Decolonisation
Committee; Washington has been
anxiously emphasising the com-
mitment of the Puerto Ricans to
their "free associated status" with
the United States.
It has pointed to the vote
against independence in the 1967
plebiscite, though since the United
Nations did not supervise, that
vote, and the pro-independence
parties boycotted it, the interna-
tional community gave it little
significance.
Last August the United
States narrowly avoided consider-
able embarrassment when the
Decolonisation Committee voted
by 11 to 9 to postpone considera-
tion of a resolution affirming
Puerto Rico's right to indepen-
dence. The committee will consider
the resolution again this year.
This year the State Depart-
ment has another plan to avoid
being castigated by the United
Nations as a colonial power as it
celebrates the 200th anniversary of
its own anti-colonial war.
After the 1967 vote (in which
only_ 65% of those eligible cast
ballots, 60% of whom voted for


continued commonwealth status)
President Richard Nixon appointed
an ad hoc advisory group to
"develop the maximum of self-
government and, self-determination
within the framework of com-
monwealth."
Commonwealth status, which
the once nationalist government
of Luis Munoz Marin negotiated
in 1952, provides unrestricted
access to United' States markets
and exemption from federal taxes,-
but limits the powers of the island's
legislature to passing laws which
conform with federal legislation,
and excludes Puerto Ricans from
voting in federal and presidential
elections.

COMPACT
The Puerto Rican members
of the ad hoc advisory group (it
consisted of six members selected
by Nixon and six by the Puerto
Rican governor, Rafael Hernandez
Colon) submitted their recommen-
dations in April 1975 in a docu-
ment entitled "Compact of Perma-
nent Union between Puerto Rico
and the United States."
A watered down version of
this "compact" now exists as a
draft bill, HR 11200, before the
United States House of Representa-
tives subcommittee on territorial
and insular affairs.
The bill provides for greater
autonomy in the areas of minimum
wage, environment and immigra-
tion legislation, increased but still
non-voting representation in the
United States Congress, and the


rewording of certain ambiguous
passages in existing law.
The Commohwealfh govern-
ment is counting on the approval
of the minimum Wage, environ-
ment and immigration proposals
to be able to implement its plans
to get the territory out of the
deep economic crisis it' is cur-
rently experiencing.
If made exempt from federal
m; 1imum wage standards, the
local government could legally
freeze wages at their current levels
and hold ,them there as long as it
was politically possible.
Similarly, lower environmen-
tal standards might well attract
new investment.
The immigration measure is
designed to reduce the inflow of
people from the island's poorer
Caribbean neighbours who are
competing with Puerto Ricans for
ever scarcer jobs and business
opportunities.
Both the statehood and inde-
pendence movements are vehe-
mently opposed to the compact.
Ten years ago the United
States would have been able to
ignore such opposition the inde-
pendence parties. Those ,were the
heady days when Munoz Marin's
1948 programme of federal tax
exemptions and government sub-
sidies, "Operation Bootstrap,"
had attracted overseas investors in
their hundreds.
Now, as the government-
commissioned Tobin report re-
cently pointed out, "Puerto Rico
faces several years of fiscal
financial and economic austerity.


TAPIA PAGE 9
"Drastic' adjustments are
required, especially painful because
they involve the postponement of
expectations deeply entrenched in
the economic and political life of
the island during the era of rapid
industrial growth and abundant
external financing."
What this means in hard
human terms is a real unemploy--
ment rate of up to 45%; more
than half the population on the
federal food stamp programme,
which costs the United States tax-
payer 600 million dollars a year; a
credit rating on Wall Street which
is at least as shaky as New York
,City's and the end of the "safety
valve" of emigration to the United
States mainland.


INDUSTRIES

In the late sixties Unitedc
States investors had started to
shift from labour-intensive indus-
tries like garments (which were
becoming organised by mainland
unions, leading to a narrowing of
wage differentials and thus relative
profit margins between the island
and the mainland) to more capital-
intensive sectors.
But the plan to turn the
island into a huge entrepot centre
between the Venezuelan oilfields
and North American markets,
complete with refineries and
second and third stage petrochemi-
cal industries, fell through after
the 1973 oil crisis.
Most observers attribute the
growing strength of the indepen-
dence movements to this economic
collapse, and the independence
parties believe they can pick up
at least 20% of the vote in Novem-
ber's gubernatorial and local elec-
tions (compared with 4.4% in
1972, when only the PIP ran
candidates).
Representations by the PIP
and the PSP succeeded in having
the House subcommittee on terri-
torial and insular affairs hold a
public hearing in San Juan and
forced Philip Burton, the com-
mittee's Democratic chairman, to
deny that he and Jaime Benitez,
Puerto Rico's resident commis-
sioner Washington, were trying
to railroad the bill through this
congressional session.

SUMMIT

Governor Hernandez Colon
has now said there is a good
chance that the compact will not
be approved by Congress this year;
it will therefore not be ready to
present to the United Nations
Decolonisation Committee next
month as a-fait accompli, which
would have lent weight to the
United States contention that
Puerto Rico is an internal issue.
The summit itself passed off
peacefully enough, despite some
protest strike actions in San Juan.
One of the most galling things
for many islanders was Ford's
failure even to consult Hernandez
Colon before announcing the talks;
the first the governor knew of
them was in the local papers.
Many Puerto Rican national-
ists and most statehood sup-
porters are backing Jimmy Carter
in the forthcoming presidential
race.
Carter is reported to have
promised to oppose the Compact
of Permanent Union in its present
form.
fLA TIN AMERICA_







PAGE 10 TAPIA


SUNDAY AU(ct I076'


Get pool





lout


the


rum





shops


IS THE rumshop the natural habitat of the newv game of pool?
The Ministry of finance now studying "all aspects of the
operation of pool rooms in Trinidad and Tobago" should find
answers to this question.
The announcement of this study, directed by the Prime Minister
and Minister of Finance, served to focus interest on the proliferation
of pool-tables and the raging popularity of the game throughout
Trinidad.
That "probe" order may well have reinforced the notion thai
there is something shady or unsavoury about the new indoor
craze.
For, as MARTIN SANCHEZ observes in the following article,
there is a stigma attached to the game of pool, which probably
cannot be removed without getting the game itself out of' the
rumshop.


THE GAI\ME of pool is
putting. many a rumshop
out of business.
A liquor bar without
a pool-room today seems
to have a very tough time
in the hectic race for
profits.
This may be an exag-
geration, since all over the
country one can find bars
in which the pool table
and that other powerful
attraction, the juke-box,
are absent, whose proprie-
tors are, nonetheless, obvi-
ously doing well.
Concentrated in snacket-
tes and night clubs, how-
ever, this latest craze to
hit the city, and for that
matter, the whole country,
creates fresh economic
rivalry in the liquor
vending business.
The game of pool holds
big possibilities for change
or diversion from a strictly
drinking scene to one in
which players mix health-
giving exercise with beer,
rum and other drinks.
For all this, the game
of pool, in a way, remains
a problem sport.
Depending as it does at
the moment, on the liquor-
drinking scene as its source
of appeal and income, it
brings to the surface some
peculiar social attitudes,
otherwise hidden behind a
mask of tolerance.
What we in this country
call a snackette is legally
established as a "restau-
rant" with a special licence
to retail alcoholic bever-
ages.
However it is not as
simple as it sounds. Many


people see the idea of
going into those places as
below their status.
What they usually
explain is that the umndesir-
able social element -
drunkards and all that -
keeps them away.
This view is an extrem-
ist one. You cannot write
off everybody seen in a
snackette as a social nuis-,
ance.
People with that sort of
,aversion or phobia for
bai-rooms have therefore
built up a kind of condi-
. tioned reflex against pool.
They will not attempt
to play it, do not care to
learn it, since it is arum-
shop game, or so considered
by them,
Still, in drinking spots
in the heart of the city,
and spreading across the
suburbs, the pool table has
become almost overnight, a
practically .inevitable- fea-
ture.
To the uninitiated, pool
could be rather dull as a-
spectator sport.
The action is that the
players in turn strike with
theircues, a number of
balls having a wide range
of colours.
In the course of play,
the balls are scattered
across the green table top
that is lined with a suede-
like material.
If you know about
billiards, an old game in
this country, pool will not
be altogether strange.
The two can be called
sporting relations. In fact,
pool can be described as an
off-shoot of billiards.


Cues are also used in
billiards to strike balls
across a similar table with
the object of "potting" or
sending the balls into
pockets or openings along
the sides.
If you don't know what
a cue is well, it's a long.
thin stick. The hitting end
is lined with leather and the
players rub this end every
now and then with chalk.
This gives them better
effect in potting, which is
done with a pushing action.
Although, pool as some-
thing new has taken the
country by storm, its
parent game, billiards, is
known to have been played
as far back as the 15th
century.
It has bee. mentionedd
by Spenser ijt "Mother-
Hubbard's Ta4 of 1591
and Shakespeae .in "Antony
and Cleopatr of 1607.
But today innkeeper
does not face the pool
problems of his forbears
of centuries ago.
An eight-foot pool-table
can now be acquired for
about $4,500 or it can be
rented like a juke-box on
a commission basis.
In bringing the game of
pool, which is really a
variety of billiards, into
our modern taverns, we are
simply reviving what the
English people did centuries
ago.
Billiards is divided into
three basic types or sys-
tems, English.; French
American, and English poo!
and pyramids.
Pool itself is played in
several forms known as
Snooker, Russian, Black,
Skittle, Pin, Cork, and
Indian pool.
American pool, the type
played most in Trinidad
and Tobago, is also called
15-ball pool.
It is played upon the
ordinary six-pocket table.
The fifteen balls, nearly
all brightly coloured, are
set in a pyramid shape for
the start of the game.


There are other forms of
this game.
With some knowledge
of the basic rules of the
game a veritable new world
of challenges to the deve-
lopment of skill, concen-
tration and muscular finesse
unfolds itself.
In most pool-rooms in
the city and elsewhere,
there are sets of rules or
instructions for various
forms of the game posted
in conspicuous positions.
Some instruction sheets


Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
U.S./Canada
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)


carry notes for as many as
eight different, types of
game.
Pool is a highly com-
plex and interesting indoor
sport with links far back
in history.
It deserves a respected
place in our schools, com-
munity centres, sports
clubs and youth camps.
To, promote this is no
easy task. With a game like
pool it can be done; we
will first have to remove
its rumshop stigma.


U.S.
U.S.
Stg.


$18.00 per year
30.00
$25.00
$30.00
L14.00


of


'I.



STORE

SERVING
SANGRE
GRANDE


UNCLE


SAM BAR
AN OASIS
IN
DOWNTOWN GRANDE


Our coverage of

THE REGION

is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keel) a breast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription
rates for TAPIA.
The new rates are as follows:


Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 1976.
Tapia, 82, St Vincent St. Tunapuna, Trinidad &
Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-25241.


_I ,I _~ _








Party that never thought


there could lose election


By Michael Harris,
Port-of-Spain East i
Candidate.








Lan pr&'1em


hN3rdship in Easdt PS


THE plight of villagers
who live between Laven-
tille Hill and Gonzales
really shows up the land
problem in Trinidad.
There are two major
land owners in the area,
Me-Shine and Buller.
Residents find that their
houses are simply sliding
downhill and that neither
Government or land-owner
cares.
Their houses are built
just below the Laventille
Hill and the lack of proper
drainage is eroding the
land.
This continual erosion
is doing great damage to
all the houses, and large
gaping cracks have opened
in several.
Complaints to- the land
owners are in vain and the
Government say that their
hands are tied because it is
private lands.
Augustus Marrell, who


lives on Buller Lands, told
TAPIAthat he built his
house in 1971 for his
family of six. Since that
time it has been straight
pressure.
Mr. Marrell who makes
his living by gardening says
that the continual worry
and fear made him sick
two years ago.
He thinks that two re-
taining walls would prevent
the damage to his house,
but he cannot afford to
put them up himself.
On McShine Lands is
Mrs. Athelie Simon in
whose house the cracks are
large.
The 50 or .so families in
this area don't know where
to turn.
They not only have to
live with the land move-
ment, but must also suffer
from the lack of any proper
roads and water.


,m .' -


THE residents of Sogra Trace in McShine Lane live in great
fear. -
The one hundred and fifty odd people who live there
have to use a collapsing dirt track as their only road.
Norbert Wheeler, one of the affected residents, told
TAFIAthat the problems started with the building of new
houses farther up the hill.
No proper drainage exists, so that the increased
-volume of water, since last September, has begun to erode
the track.
So much damage has been done to the track that
villagers fear that it may not last another month without
\collapsing.
Daily as the rains come, the situation becomes more
-perilous and efforts by the villagers themselves to help
have had little success.
Complaints to their Parliamentary Representative Dr.
Joseph have had no results. Villagers fee; that their
plight is being ignored.


ASPIRATIONS


TAPIA CADRES in the
Diego Martin and West
Port-of-Spain area are now
promoting a happening to
be called "Aspirations '76".
This will be another of
these "fun-raising" ven-
tures, which will come off
at the Harvard Sports
Club, St. James, on
Saturday, August 14,
1976.
"Aspirations '76" will


be a 12-hour session,
starting at 2 p.m., con-
sisting of musical enter-
tainment, dancing, and
games like pool and all
fours.
Down to perform are
Embryo, Black Truth
Rhythm Band and Heine-
ken Pan Vibes, together
with a "popular DJ".
Advance tickets at $4 can
be had from the Port-of-
Spain Centre.


FORMER Premier of
Antigua George Walter
has given a surprisingly
frank account of why his
Progressive Labour Move-
ment lost the 1976 elec-
tions to the then opposi-
tion Antigua Labour
Party headed by Mr. Vere
Bird.
A report in the July
issue of Caribbean PEOPLE
magazine which had inter-
viewed Walter on the ques-
tion earlier this year. said
that "the bosses orf (Mr.
Walter's) party felt that
they were doing a good
job and never for a moment
thought they would lose
the elections."
Immersed -in the business
of government, the PLM
leaders could not be
bothered to go out and
campaign at a time when
the opposing ALP was
making great gains through
a vigorous campaign of
propaganda, Walter said.
"To break off your
work in the office and go
outside and hustle like in
1971 when we had nothing
else to do well, we didn't
do it. I didn't leave my
office until two weeks
before the elections to go
into my own constituency,"
Walter said.
And though the former
Premier himself "came a
way with a lot of votes",
a number of his party's


candidates showed that
they had "lost the popular
touch they didn't know
it was as serious as it
turned out to be."
Walter himself confes-
sed, however, that "I
didn't even imagine that
the Progressive Labour
Movement would have lost
the election".
Walter saw that the re-
sult of this fatal over-
confidence was the inability
of the then ruling party to
make effective counter to
the campaign of opposi-
tion propaganda.
The spread of such pro-
paganda was facilitated
through ownership of one
of Antigua's two radio
stations by members of
Mr. Bird's family.
The radio was used part-
icularly to make capital of
the import restrictions
placed by the Government
on chicken and processed
meats, including hams.
In the Walter post mor-
tem in PEOPLE "the major
cause of his party's defeat"
lay in the fact that it was
members of the former
Premier's family who owned
the island's chicken and
other meat processing-
industry whose efficiency
of production had led the
government to put restric-
tions on imports.
"After the island became


self-sufficient we had to
restrict the supplies from
outside," Walter explained.
"Seizing ori this apparent
conflict of interest, the
opposition highlighted the
instances of Antiguans
returning from the Virgin
Islands for Christmas being
prevented from bringing
hams for their families.
This "did us a lot of
damage", Walter recalled,
while claiming that the
Customs had orders to
clamp down only on those
Antiguans who were bring-
ing in several hams.
But the superiority of
Mr. Bird's propaganda
machine told. His Antigua
Labour Party denounced
the then government's
closure of the sugar
industry and promised to
bring it back.
This is one of what
Walter called "all kinds o0
crazy promises" made by
the Bird party in its cam-
paign, which included a
pledge to return to the
people $12 million collected
over three years of a Social
Security Scheme establish-
ed by the Walter Govern-
ment.
In opposition now,
Walter has vowed to "hold
the government to every
one of the promises it
made during the cam-
paign", PEOPLE reported.


APPLICATION

FOR

MEMBERSHIP

N A M E : .....................................................................................................
(Surname) (other names)


A D D R ESS: ........................ ........................................................



...............................................................T E L ......... .........

CONSTITUENCY :............... ................................ ..........
O CCU PA T IO N :.........:.................... .............................................

P LA C E O F W O R K :................................................................................



INTERESTS: (Indicate or Insert) ............... ...... .

CAMPAIGN WORK ..................................
ELECT!ON CANVASSING ..............................
ELECTION DAY WORK ...............................
SOU SOU INVESTMENT ...................... . . . .
DRAMA ............................................
STEELBAND .......................................
SPO RT ...................... .. ...................
ADULT AND YOUTH EDUCATION .........................

I hereby subscribe to the rules of the Tapia House Movement and I enclose
$1.00 membership fee and $..... monthly subscription.


Signature........................... .... ..... .......
Forward Applications to: Administrative Secretary,
22 Cipriani Boulevard, Port-of-Spain.


Date...............


Tel: 62-25241.


~ --l---am---ll~-------- --- ---U~----------*n~~l~-mRK~-IIII~I.~~-~


IJio


. *- .s. --a 1 I


gy 'T'












SMrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N.Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448.
U.S.A.
---~ mm


M. Billy-Montague ... anotherr
nine days' wonder..."
THREE CHEERS for
Hasely Crawford ...
Hooray! Hooray!
But what next? asks
Michael Billy-Montague,
Shadow Minister for Sport,
and a former athlete him-
self.
Billy-Montague's acquain-
tance with the Trinidadian
sprinter who last week
brought glory to his home-
land by winning the gold
medal of the prestigious
Olympic 100 metres, goes
back several years.
The Tapiaman recalls
that it was Wilton Jackson
who had spotted the pro-
mising youngster years ago,
and Crawford's recent suc-
cess was proof of the
talent that exists in Trinidad
and Tobago.
SCANDAL
"It's happened so often
before, that it's a scandal
the existence of which
must temper the enthusiasm
with which we'll be going
out to welcome home the
conquering hero," Billy
Montague told TAPIA.
"What can Crawford
come back to do? Where
can they absorb his talent?"
the Tapiaman asked.
"There aren't the institu-
tions in which this national
hero could be brought to
work and inspire young
talent. No way in which
he can justly be compen-
sated.
"We need sporting com-
plexes in each of the 25
localities. That's the Tapia
plan.
"Crawford, Roy Hollings-
worth, Cliff Bertrand,
Wilton Jackson are all
qualified to do athletic
coaching, but where are the
facilities, where is the pro-
gramme?"


Billy-Montague contrasts
the eagerness with which
the government rushed to
name a plane after Craw-
ford, announced the
Trinity Cross award and
plans for a hero's welcome
home with their customary,
disregard of calls for assist-
ance and facilities.
He referred to the re-
cent request for aid made
through the NAAA and
the TOA by Hasely Craw-
ford himself to the Gov-,
ernment, which had not
been granted.
"Now he's made his
achievement, everybody
happy," Billy-Montague
observed.
"But the days for pat
on the shoulder are over.
It's futile to dwell on this
individual success without,
dealing with the sinful
waste of talent that has
taken 'place here because
of the government's short-
sightedness and neglect.
"We have no need for
another nine-days' wonder
and then back to the old
indifference and neglect.
CRIMINAL
It has happened too-
often before that our
athletes perform with
distinction abroad in spite
of, the horrible conditions
and criminal lack of en-
couragement they get at
home and we forget all
about the reality, while
carried away in joy over
their success."
This, said Michael Billy-
Montague, is how the gov-
ernment would like it.
"And that's why Craw-
ford's 100 metre gold
medal in the Olympics is in
fact a call for a change in
the system, a change in the
government. And that's
why I'm in politics," said
the Tapia candidate for
San Fernando East.


August 1st



Rally



Barataria



Oval



10 am titI



* FOLK DANC/N C/E ZANDA

AFRICAN DRUMMING

MAC CKESON SFORZATA

*EL 90 RO TASSA DRUMS


BERTIE MARSHALL & BERTFONE


ATHLETICS

FIVE-A-SIDE FOOTBALL
rOWNr ... Imm


*h~


> "-


UT


-w,:WH


-**.: ^
t;D^ *'


I