<%BANNER%>

MELLON DLOC UFLAC



Tapia
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00219
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: June 27, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00219

Full Text

SMrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Vol. 6 No. 26 Research Institut for
Study of Man,
2, East 78th Street,
York, N.Y. 10021,
,Aigh 5 8448.


SUNDAY JUN 27, 1976


PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO. LTD., 91 TUNAPUNA RD.. TUNAPUNA TL : 662-5126.


PLE


NOT_


NEW

THOSE PEOPLE who f
are making a fuss about
the number of parties
contesting the 1976 '15
general elections are '5
really are "afraid to face
the facts, afraid to be- meet
come responsible and Wedn
make a choice". have
Because the, facts are, partii
Tapia Secretary Lloyd elect
Best told a political Toba
f


8 candidates' -fougt in


ing' in Tunapufia
nesday night, there
always, been a lot of
es contesting the
ions in Trinidad and
to.


D"i A Y

OF

MEETINGS

SEVERAL meetings are to be held as part of a major
thrust in the San Juan-Laventille Port-of-Spain East
region.
Cadres from the area have given the following
list of those meetings that have already been firmed:


Tuesday, June 29.

Wednesday, June 30


6 p.m. Boundary Road Ext.,
San Juan
6.30 p.m. Sunshine Avenue, San
Juan


Apart from tlese constituents are asked to
watch for the following meetings, the precise times
and locations have not yet been fixed:


Saturday, July 3
Sunday, July 4
Sunday, July 11


Other meetings.

Friday, June 25
Tuesday, June 29

Thursday, July 1



Friday, July 2
Saturday, July 3
Sunday, July 4


San Juan/ Barataria
Laventille Hill, Malick
Maracas Valley (Rally in planning)


7 p.m. Main Road, Arouca
7 p.m. Cor. Woodford and
Warren Sts. P.O.S.


6 p m.
6 p.m.
7 p.m.

7 p.m.
7 p.m.
Council
Meeting


Laventille Hill
Gonzales
Kirpalanis Corner,
Arima.
Tobago
Tobago


, In 1956 Best said, they
were eight parties facing
the polls.: A total of 128
candidates had contested
the 24' seats in 1956,
from the PNM, the PDP,
the Butler Party, the
Trinidad Labour Party,
the POPPG, the West
Indian National Party,
plus 39 independents..
BeS-'- said 10 years later
in 1966 another seven-
parties had contested the
elections with 156 candi-
dates running for 36
seats.
And in 1976 there
were again about seven
parties that could be
talked about. First, there
was "the Has-Been Na-
tional Movement", then
the DLP in its 57 varieties,
the ULF "the party for
those who want to get
left behind," then the
DAC "a limbo party",
UNIP, "my friend Millette
is now clerk in Panday's
party", WINP, "the paper
tiger party" and "the
also-ran parties".

CHOICE

Best said the political
problem in 1976 was not
parties but choice. People
were determined to move
the government, he said,
but there was still the
question of who to put
in its place.
People were saying the
several opposition parties
were going to split the
votes.
"We say maybe", the
Tapia Secretary said, "but
you can't answer that in
the abstract. You have
to look. at the political
parties to make a judg-
ment. You have to look
at history and see if his-
tory has anything to
suggest."
Earlier, Best talked of -


LLOYD BEST, Tapia Secretary,- gave the main address last
Wednesday night in a short-list Tapia team which spoke at a
campaign meeting at the Shopping Centre Corner in Tunapuna.
A crowd which was almost as big as the one which gathered
in April for the announcement of the first four Tapia candidates'
held olh for three and a half hours.
They heard, apart from Best, Bhoendradatt Tewarie, Tapia
CmcJmunity Relations Secretary who will be contesting the St.
Augustine seat. Tewarie spoke on the Tapia programme for
economic reorganisation.
Allan Harris Tapia's Administrative Secretary, who is the
candidate for Port-of-Spain Central also spoke on constitution
reform with special reference to Local Government.
Billy Montague, the Candidate for San Fernando East,
spoke briefly to give greetings from the south.
Chairman of the meeting was Pressy Prescott, who is a
leading light in the Tunapuna region campaign.


the history of political
advances by the people
from 1919 with Cipriani,
to 1937 with Butler, to
1956 with Williams, and
now in 1976 the people
were ready to make an
advance again.
But in 1976, "a politi-
cal party is a completely
different political animal
from that of 1956 when
the PNM had won the
government after only.
nine months of as a party.


"The historical impera-
tive of 1976 is the politics
of participation. And
right here in Tunapuna
we are building that
politics, and we are going
to fight them on the
blocks, in the streets, in
the homes, on the playing
fields."
Best said he could feel
the new stirring of the
country. "We can feel a
groundswell taking place."


leado w0ot top


SUNDAY'S Fourth Session of the National Convention
will see the start of a new series of workshop discussions
involving the various Shadow Ministers.
This new series of internal discussions will be led
off by the Shadow Ministers, each in his/her areas of
competence.
The workshop sessions will start at this Sunday's
convention and will end at the fifth and final Assembly
of the National Convention to be held in Tobago.
Workshop discussion topics include:
Revaluation and the Dollar: Dcstabilization and Foreign
Policy; Is Tapia a Socialist Party? The Big Macco Senate; How
would Local Government work? How would Tapia create full
employment,; What will we do about the haves and the have-
nots? Public Welfare and the Utilities; Public administration
and services that serve; Our plan for Tobago and the West Indies.


_ ___ _I~__


_~~1_1 _I


E






PAGE 2 TAPIA




DAC-




more


SUNDAY JUNE 27, 1976


F


(Political Intelligence Bureau)
THE realities of politics,
it is said, often make for
strange bedfellows.
That may be enough of
an explanation for the
continuing negotiations
between the Democratic
Action Congress and the
United Labour Front.
Blowing hot and cold,
these negotiations have
been going on for many
months now, with
rumours of a DAC-DLP
merger persisting for the
last six or seven months
at least.
When Jack Kelshall
suggested to the leader-
ship at the ULF Founding
Congress that DAC should
be approached with a
view to merging, specu-
lations, understandably,
increased.
A few months ago,
however, negotiations
came to an abrupt halt
when the DAC reportedly
offered the ULF a mere
eight seats.
Prior to that, the DAC '
had sought to set the
tone of the negotiations
by announcing an addi-
tional six candidates at
their last congress. They.
had initially announced
18.

THREATS
At the same time ANR
Robinson did not an-
nounce himself among
the 24.
All this happened at a
time when many people
expected that the DAC
was going to announce'
their merger with the
ULF at their congress.
Panday, of course, told
the DAC where to shove
their eight-seats offer.
And there were reports
that the ULF had
threatened to publish
damaging information
about certain DAC can-
didate.
These DAC candidates,
it is said, have been
accused by the ULF of
being "capitalists" who
had records of "anti-
worker" behaviour.
Two weekends ago,
however, sources sug-
gested again that the
DAC and the ULF had
come to a compromise,
that the DAC decided
to accept 20 seats (which
would have forced them
to drop at least five from
their slate of already an-
nounced candidates) and
that the ULF had agreed
tp accept 16 seats (which
would have left THEM
with the task of finding


a good many credible
candidates.
As it turned out, the
reports of that compro-
mise were either un-
founded or premature.
Negotiations between
the DAC anci the ULF
have been causing all
kinds of problems.
Inside the DAC a
peculiar thing is taking
place. Two factions are
emerging: the capitalist
wing and the socialist
wing! The leadership
itself is divided.
A few members of tne
DAC executive are over-
zealous in their pursuit of
a DAC-ULF merger since
they feel that this would
improve their chances in
their own constituencies.

DOWNHILL

Angus Khan and Martin
Sampath, reports say, are
totally against any merger
with the ULF.
Robinson, as always,
is caught in the middle.
He knows that since 1971
it has been all downhill
with the DAC.
In 1976 they have
little credibility and less
support. They need a
boost from somewhere
and some in the ranks
think Panday can provide
it
Robinson is caught in
a vice.
Reports indicate that
Robinson's own calcula-
tions are that a merger
with the ULF would
mean that whatever little
support the DAC has in-
the north would fly out
of the window immedi-
ately.

BACKFIRE

Panday, of course, is
quite aware that, in the
central belt, Robinson is
without competition as
the most mistrusted poli-
tical leader in the country.
He must be calculating
that an alliance with
Robinson could backfire,
cutting large chunks of
support from under him.
Inside the ULF itself
Panday must also be
preparing to deal with
problems that are sure to
emerge.
Jacobs and Millette
may be useful to have
around as friends, but in
the political arena they
are certainly the ULF
equivalent of the PNM's
"millstones".


At one time Jacobs
and Millette were report-
edly demanding "safe"
seats in the sugar belt.
Panday knows only too
well that sugar workers,
tired of being used, will


not go for that; that
such an imposition on
the goodwill of the
people in central would
very likely torpedo his
political career overnight.
So the problems are
not so easy to resolve.


Both parties are suffering
the consequences of
bringing together fish and
fowl.
Any merger of DAC
and ULF will only in-
crease the quantity of
fish as well as of fowl.


Bulldozers must be haunting Heetor


THE SCENE: Red Hill,
D 'Abadie. Bulldozers
move relentlessly over
the home, of six families
as they look on hope-
lessly.
In spite of a lawyer's
letter, and earlier appeals
to the Representative of
the area, Hector McLean,
the bulldozers have come.
Six families look on as
their homes of some 26
years are converted to
rubble.
Since then, some of
the ejected families have
been housed in the
chicken coops of a near-
by farm.
Others, more fortu-
nate, have been taken in
by sympathetic relatives
and friends.
The plight of the
D'Abadie families has
resulted from the death
of owner, Ali John,
whose name the trace in
which they live bears.
CONTEST
Some years ago, John
died leaving no will.
After a bitter contest
for ownership of the
lands by two claimants,
the Court has awarded
joint possession to the
claimants.
While this five-year
battle was being waged
in court, no rent wao
paid by the tenants since,
technically, no landlord
existed.
But owners exist now


and the fact that the
basic tapia houses meant
home to six fi nilies
means nothing to them.
Their houses have
been bulldozed and no
amount of protest now
can bring them back; yet
the families are disillu-
sioned, if not angry,


about the failure of their
elected Representative to
intercede on their behalf.
They had all petitioned
him in an attempt to
save their homes but no
help came.
No wonder these fami-
lies from Red Hill are
bitter.


Our coverage of

THE REGION

is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep a breast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription
rates for TAPIA.
The new rates are as follows:


Tririidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
U.S./Canada
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)


$18.00 per year
30.00
U.S. $25.00
U.S. $30.00
Stg. L14.00


Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 1976.
Tapia, 82, St. Vincent St Tunapuna, Trinidad &
Tobaao, W.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-25241.


meu,.GEM


A


fowl


m


fi h,, more





SUNDAY JUNE 27. 1976



Judgement day for




'porno' Trinidad-style


"Some of the foreign stuff leave nothing to the imagination."


bv RA OUL PANTIN
IS Trinidad and Tobago
still buried in the Dark
Ages?
Or is this a modern
society with sophisticated
attitudes to morality,
including "modem sex-


OFFICIALLY, there is
no such thing as a Moral
Ethics Squad in the Trini-
dad and Tobago Police
Service.
A senior police spokes-
man last week said the
name given to the group
of policemen- who re-
cently have been showing
an interest in "moral"
crime seems to have
originated in the Press.
"We have a special
squad which is known as
the anti-vice sauad and


quality ?
That's the kind of case
that is going to be aired
in the courts when the
matter involving Peter
Ramkeesoon's novel,
"Sunday Morning Coming
Down", comes up before


these men function with-
in the CID," the police
spokesman said.
"Personally, I don't
know of anything called
the Moral Ethics Squad
and officially, there's no
such thing."
The spokesman also
said the party of police-
men, including one
woman police, who
pounced on Peter Ram-
keesoon's hovel,,"Sunday
Morning Coming Down",
belong to the CID.


Magistrate Gladys Gafoor
on July 27.
The case, arising out
of police seizure of the
novel for "obscenity", is
already creating wide-
spread public interest
because it is the first
time that a locally-
published novel has faced
such a charge.
And there is also the
matter of the police
method of operation in
swooping down on pub-
lisher Dr. Leslie Toby's
office at mid-morning in
an unmarked jeep.
Reports said of the
four or five policemen in
the party, only one a
policewoman was in
uniform.
The police, under Sgt.
Cyracius Liverpool, exe-
cuted a search warrant on
Dr. Toby's office, tho-
roughly went through the-
place and impounded
copies of the novel and
printing plates.
Dr. Toby was served
with a writ, charged with


publishing an "obscene"
book for commercial
gain.
"Sunday Morning"
was Ramkeesoon's first
novel, published by
SCOPE in January this
year. An employee of
the Government's Indus-
trial Development Corpo-
ration (IDC), Ramkeesoon
said last week he was
halfway through a sequel,
called "Wolverton Moun-
tain".
Ramkeesoon added:
"Clearly, we are seeing a
new phenomenon in Tri-
nidad with writers writing
from their home base and
local publishing com-
panies using their limited
capital to put out these
books."
He said the police
seizure of his novel
"seems a little absurd,


especially when you look
at all sorts of foreign
trash which have nothing
to offer to a Trinidadian
except lurid sex scenes.
Some of those book
covers leave nothing to
the imagination."

The police seized the
book and brought their
charge under Section 110,
Chapt. 4, No. 17 of the
Summary Offences Ordi-
nance. This law has its
origins in an 1857 Obscene
Publications Act in Britain
(the UK law was updated
in 1959).
The legal tussle over
the novel is bound to be
a test case that will get a
ruling, one way or the
other, on standards of
permissiveness in Trinidad
and Tobago today.


TAPIA PAGE 3


Would you believe

Bu41ougis heads


'Motel Ethics Squad ?


MAX SENHOUSE
110 Eastern Main Road 6624087

Knows The Way to The
Magic Kingdom of
., Furniture At Family
Prices


Ruby 3 PC Living Room Set
CASH OR TERMS




PRICE $825

DOWN $250

MTH. $ 45


BOOKS


THE A TLANTICSLA VE TRADEAND BRITISHABOLITION
1760-1810 BYROGER ANSTEY $60.00
The first part of this book examines the later-eighteenth-
century slave trade as an economic phenomenon. This section
includes the first extended published calculation of the
profitability of the trade in the period, revealing a much
lower level of profitability than is generally supposed. The
remainder of the book explores the intellectual and religious
origins the relevant politico-economic ciLcumstances and the
politics of the first major abolition measure: the British
abolition of 1806-7.
THE RISE AND FALL OF BLACK SLAVERY: BY S.
DUNCAN RICE $60.00
This book covers the history of black slavery, the slave trade
and the abqlition movement throughout the Americas, and is
the only single-volume work on this huge field. It draws on the
most recent research in all the areas it explores, and as such it
will be valuable to the reader with an amateur interest in
history, or to the student who has already examined one
aspect of black slavery and wishes to be guided to others.




Stephens
I ^m~ff ^L ^^^BM flak u^^ ^^^ iA ANP^i^







SUNDAY TUNE 2,7, 1976


PAGE 4 TAPIA


ON THURSDAY, JUNE 27, THE PRIME MINISTER
ANNOUNCED THE REALIGNMENT AND RE-
VALUATION OF THE TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
DOLLAR.
THERE WAS NO ATTEMPT BY THE PRIME
MINISTER OR ANY MEMBER OF THE GOVERN-
MENT TO GIVE REASONS FOR THE REVALUA-
TION AND REALIGNMENT.
IT WAS DONE AS TAPIA PUT IT "IN
CHARACTERISTICALLY AUTHORITARIAN
STYLE THA REMARK WAS MADE ON BEHALF
OF TAPIA IN A STATEMENT BY LLOYD BEST
AND ANGELA CROPPER SHADOW MINISTERS
FOR PLANNING AND RECONSTRUCTION AND
FINANCE RESPECTIVELY.
THE BEST-CROPPER STATEMENT IS PUB-
LISHED IN FULL BELOW FOR THE FIRST TIME.

THE DECISION by the Government to
realign and revalue the Trinidad and Tobago
dollar, after twelve months or more of vacil-
lation .was inevitable for a government bent
on the blatant use of any resource whatever
for the accumulation of political capital
before the next election
Even the announcement was done in
characteristically authoritarian style, with no
attempt at explanation or enlightenment.

A. SPECULATION
This refers to the short term movements
of funds in search of quick profits, induced
by expectations of changes in the exchange
rate.
It was the Prime Minister who first
raised the issue in September 1975 when he
led the country to believe that speculators
were moving to bring in "hot" dollars to take
advantage of an expected revaluation. This
fear was given more currency by Senator
Prevatt during his contribution to the Senate
Debate on the 1976 Budget.
Speculation is a problem for any country
if its monetary authority is incompetent
enough to allow such hot money into the
country under the guise of either capital, or
factor incomes, or export earnings.
The problem of speculation is therefore
a problem of policing, but it becomes un-
manageable if
(a) the Central Bank has no power to
control such movements;

(b) the Central Bank has no competence
to use the powers it may well have; or

(c) if there are loopholes in the system
of exchange control.

If the reason is either (a) or (b) then it
means that the Government is incompetent,
since it has ultimate responsibility for the way
in which our institutions function and the
type of skills available to them.
If the reason is (c), then responsible
managers would have taken steps long ago to
close off those loopholes in the recognition
that the mere passage of time does not
improve such a situation.
But it is no advance in our analysis to
talk in terms of loopholes where our entire
economic and financial system is one massive


loophole, geared to
ment of money in
through:


facilitate the easy move-
and out of our borders,


1. Our Policy on Foreign Investment:
The Government refuses to enunciate a
clear, coherent and consistent policy for
dealing with our foreign sector, We have had
nothing but cowardly impotence and abject
.kowtowing.
We have seen the Prime Minister at his
Party Convention of 1973 lament the litany
of woe which accompanies the presence of
multi-national firms in small countries such
as ours, only to offer to those very firms, in
the Symposium on Oil and Food in 1974,
unlimited and unqualified opportunities for
taking over our land.
We have heard him recount the ravages
perpetrated by multi-national corporations in
developing societies in his address to the
Joint Labour/Employers Seminar in May 1975,
only to witness his reliance on some of those
very corporations for the execution of the
vast array of downstream activities from oil
proposed in his 1976 Budget for the country.

2. Our Banks and Insurance Companies:
These service financial institutions oper-
ate no differently from the trans-nationals
which engage in production.
There have been official urgings to
localisee" their operations here, and stipula-
tions on the ratio of local to foreign assets
which Insurance firms could hold. But the
Government has had no firm and relentless
policy to shift the nature of their transactions
inside Trinidad and Tobago, and to re-orient
their relationships with their head offices and
with the outside world.
Our lack of policy with respect to the
foreign sector as well as the financial sector
enables such firms operating here to conduct
financial wheeling and dealing on a massive
scale, and enables them to perform these
antics outside the ambit of our national
control.

3. Our Foreign Exchange Management:
We are equally faulty in this area of
management simply because our Central Bank
does not equip itself with the kind of informa-
tion and exposure necessary to have effective
control. The Department of Inland Revenue
and the Central Bank should undertake proper
registration of all foreign currency holdings
by Government, banksfirms and individuals
so that they could more closely monitor the
movements of money in and out of the
country.
The only way in which the relevant
institutions can have the kind of exposure
required is through a State Importing Agency
not to displace private initiative but to
gather expertise in the field so that they
can become a price leader; so as to be able to


ascertain the true impact of international
situations on our trade, price levels, etc.

B. ALIGNMENT
The question of alignment is not as
straightforward as suggested by some interest
groups. It is not so simply and superficially
related to extent and direction of trade.
A Long- term view of the economy would
consider the matter of alignment not just as a
recognition of existing patterns of trade, but
also as a means of shifting to new and Tore
desirable ones. The pre-requisites for such a
long term view are, of course, development
planning for the future and a clear and un-
equivocal policy with respect to foreign
relations.

C. THE RATE OF EXCHANGE
With respect to the rate of exchange of
our Trinidad and Tobago dollar, nothing the
Government has done suggests that they
understand the problem. Every change in our
exchange rate has been induced by interna-
tional changes. The Government is only
passively involved: its has always reacted,
never acted.
This is just another manifestation of the
management problem, though not in the sense
of technical capability. It is simply that the
party in office for the last 20 years, for the
whole of our politically independent life, has
never quite appreciated that the meaning of
Independence is that we are now responsible
for managing our own economy, for running
our own affairs.
So the people who form our government
act as casual caretakers, in the spirit of their
own Special Works programmes.
The most damaging feature of a colonial
economy is the over-valuing of its currency,
the result of which is a pattern of prices
which biases production at home to a few
staple exports, and which biases household
and business spending to the widest range of
imported consumer and producer items.
It follows therefore that the most
important single assault which an independent
government must make on the-old colonial
regime is to upset the structure of prices to
facilitate diversification of production at
home.

to define new objectives of self-reliance
to make specialisation in staple export
production ifinitely less attractive
to eliminate spending on unnecessary
and luxury imports.

In sum, it is the single most important
policy measure to promote a greater self-
reliance, not in the sense of greater self-
sufficiency or autarchy, but in the sense of a
better match between what we spend our

Cont'd on Pg. 9


92

ow






SU^^ ^^^B NDA-Y IUM327 TPIA AQE


GR EG-CHAMBERLA IN
A HAITIAN journalist
who had embarked on
the dangerous path of
attacking corruption and
repression under the
Duvalier dictatorship has
been found dead, and his
editor has publicly sug-
gested that he may have
been murdered.
The bloodied corpse
of the reporter, 23-year-
old Gasner Raymond,
who worked for the
weekly "Le Petit Samedi
Sor," in Port-au-Prince,
was found dumped -by
the roadside in open
country just south of the
city.
The paper's editor, Mr.
Dieudonne Fardin, made
the hint of murder in an
unprecedented communi-
que to local and foreign
press representatives.
In recent weeks, Mr.
Raymond had written
about the intimidation
by the police and Gov-
ernment-controlled trade
union leaders of 300
workers at a French-
owned cement factory
north of the capital who
had struck, for more pay.
He had attacked the
grotesque working condi-


ONE of the military props
of the Duvalier dictator-
ship in Haiti shot himself
dead in front of his three
teenaged children as
police arrived at his home
in Port-au-Prince on June
5 to arrest him. Accord-
ing to reliable sources in
Haiti.
The officer, Colonel
Jean Beauboeuf, who had
a reputation for brutality,
had been removed hours
before as Director of the
Haitian Tourist office in
New York because the
Duvaliers suspected him
of having dangerous con-
tacts with exiles, in part-
icular the former strong-
man and Interior Minister,
Mr. Luckner Cambronne.
On leave in Haiti at the
time, he had vigorously
protested against his dis-
missal to President Jean-
Claude Duvalier.
The 42-year-old Colonel
famed for his supervision
of a massacre of sup-
posed leftist opponents of
Papa Doc in the northern
town of Cap Haitien in
1969 and known for his
taste for torturing prison-
ers, had been named to


Muckraking


killed


tions at the $8.5 million
plant, which is France's
major investment in the
country, and mentioned
that strikes were illegal in
Haiti. -


the Army High Command
a few months before the
old dictator died in 1971
to help ensure the smooth
transfer of power to Papa
Doc's young son Jean-
Claude.
But he later fell out of
favour and was given the '
New York post last
September.
Two other military
men suspected of har-
bouring sentiments against
the Duvaliers, ex-major
Paul Lamy Lazarre and
ex-lieutenant Maurice
Carrie, have died in
mysterious circumstances
in Port-au-Prince in the
past two weeks.
The deaths of all three
follow the wave of arrests
after the murder of a
dozen Tontons Macoutes
police by a small com-
mando group which re-
portedly managed to
escape across the border
into the Dominican Re-
public.
Last week, a young
Haitian journalist who had
indirectly criticised the
regime, was found dead
on a country road south
of the capital. (GC.)


as


Earlier, he had written
about widespread corrup-
tion and immorality
among the country's
Roman Catholic clergy.
The Duvaliers will have
a hard time convincing
people that Mr. Raymond
was not disposed of on
their orders.
While the rest of the
Haitian press remains
among the most supine
in Latin America, Le
Petit Samedi Soir and Mr.
Fardin, encouraged' by
the Americans and calling
the Government's bluff
over its claim that the
press was free, last year
began cautiously and
obliquely criticising the
Duvaliers.

CORRUPTION

The paper called for
an end to governmental
corruption, accused the
authorities of being in-
competent to cope with a
serious famine last year,
suggested that the regime
had mounted a show
trial, -printed a protest
against the brutalities of
the Tontons Macoutes,
and wrote that all Haitians
were "free only on bail."
Mr. Fardin was sum-
moned before the rela-
tively Liberal Interior
minister for rebuke and
his paper closed several
times. His reporters were
arrested or chased from
towns they visited in the
course of their work. The
minister lost his job to a
hard-liner a few weeks
ago.
Another journalist on
the paper, Mr. Maxon
Charlier, arrested earlier
this year, was recently
reported to have died in
prison.


newsman


-example


On a different level,
though not unrelated,
thousands of Haitians
have been flocking to a
square in the capital to
see a statue of the Virgin
Mary which began weep-
ing while an old woman
was praying before -it.


The significance for the
highly-superstitious Hai-
tians is that .the woman
had been pouring out to
the statue her complaints
against the Government,
which had refused her a
passport to visit relatives
abroad.


KIRPALANI'S

IS


and BASIC

We've got what you
need at minimum boost









KIRPALANI'S NATIONWIDE


TAPIA PAGOE 5


SUNDA-wY- JUNE, 27


~C ---a~-- -- --


-46r-

reprvm sp....
w- t
0,

n on ons

macoutes






PAGE 6 TAPIA


Review by Victor Questel


UVCLL TIMEL


SUI


UNCLE


TIl


Scott. D, unis


Unicvrsity o fPittsburgh Press
53 pp.
$2.50 U.S.


0


THERE IS a quiet air of self-confidence mixed with self-consciousness
that surrounds Dennis Scott's Uncle Time reminiscent of an actor
rehearsing in front of a mirror. What is significant about all those
gestures is the fact that they come together to produce both a new
style and a new sound in West Indian poetry.
It is too simple to declare, as the notes on the back cover-by
Samuel Hazo do, that "Dennis Scott's work introduces a new and
surrealistic dimension into the body of poetry from the Caribbean".
That there is at times a deliberate apparent dislocation that suggests
,a dream sensation is undeniable, but Scott's poetry at the same time
manages to contain a certain hardness, even harshness that gives the
dream sensation a certain balance.
The problem about Uncle Time, though, is that Scott is finally
more concerned with the technique and style he has evolved. This
technique includes his ability to be both involved as poet but
distanced from the poems he has written. This is why the poem Bird
of Passage is an important opening gesture, where Scott is both
creator and performer, observer and participant. The poem sounds
like carefully written stage directions.


The poet is speaking.
The window reflects his face.
A bird crawls out of the-sun. summoned.

the poem is difficult,
his tongue bleeds.
That is because the bird is not really
dead. Yet.
Clap a little. (p.32)

In many of the poems in Unele Time Scott manages to be both
conductor of his music and the music itself. It is really Scott's talent
as playwright and director at work within the poet. This fusion of
poet/playwright/director is only now influencing the shape and
sound of Walcott's poetry as reflected in some ofthe poems in h,is
latest collection Sea Grapes. Many of Scott's poems read as if they
are detailed instructions for an actor's interpretation of a particular
scene.
There is no one unifying theme that pulls Uncle Time together.
The collection remains one that is comprised of several groups of
poems related by theme and subject matter. There are though, certain
images that areused throughout the collection that point to Scott's
preoccupation with self definition as poet and citizen. These images
link the groups of poems and chain them into the whole that is
Uncle Time. The images are those of the mirror/hand/mouth/head/
house/tree/bird/fire/water/air/stone/wind/laugh te r/tears/cage/fence/
silence/flesh/bone and seed.


IMPROVISATION

These images are relatedto Scott's system of improvisation. It
is this system of improvisation that gives the collection the atmos-
phere of being a product of years of workshop sessions. Scott's
poetry is an advance of all that has gone before in the development
of Caribbean poetry. There is an admirable mixture of restraint and
indulgence both in terms of subject matter and treatment as he traps
his responses as lover and loner, citizen and echo.
Scott manages to talk about the process of writing and about
life about him., while not really separating the two. Rather than talk
about the dual tradition the Caribbean writer has to draw on,,Scott
demonstrates how one can tame both the tradition and the terrain in
order to produce significant poetry. Put differently his technique,
including here his tone and range, has managed to move beyond say
Wayne Brown's On The Coast and Anthony MoNeill's Reel From
'The Life-Movie".
Scott at all times assumes that he is performing before an
attentive audience, and many of his poems are really written essenti-
ally for their conclusions. Exile for example ends with the words:-

To travel
is to return
to strangers. (p.5)

This conclusion echoes both Walcott and Brathwaite. Walcott in
returning to this "new doubt/and desert" Brathwaite's words,
found that "there are homecomings without home". In Exile Scott
records the journey and return of both the slave and his descendant
as well as the physical and imaginary journey of the travelled and
Si ^- ^ ^ ^


to the shape oj
A-


SDrawings b

widely read poet.
"Who is this. with dust
in his mouth? Who
is this new traveler?
Tell us of birds,
migrating the dull sky
-half world round,
of Ithaca, and the tiered beast.
of that foreign city
you sent your pale card from!" (p.5)

The poem Homecoming ends with the positive declaration that "It
is time to plant/feet in our earth. The heart's metronome/insists on
this arc of islands/as home".
Some of Scott's poems about creation or the effort of creating
somehow reminds one of Joyce's Dedalus in A Portrait of the Artist
as a Young Man. The poem Visionary, for example, echoes the fol-
lowing passage from Joyce's novel:-

a hawk-line man flying sun-ward above
thdie sea, a prophecy of the end he has been
born to serve and had been following through
the mists of childhood and boyhood, a symbol
of the artist forging anew in his workshop "
out of the sluggish matter of the earth a new
scaring impalpable imperishable being? (p. 169)


INFLUENCE

The influence of Joyce is acknowledged in the poem Portrait of the
Artist as a Magician
If Scott is capturing the sense of change that takes place in
both the returned son and the hesitant folk who greet him in the
poem Exile, it is soon clear that one of the major overriding themes
that shapes Uncle Time is the process of change itself. Probably the
most important image used by Scott in relation to his exploration of
change is that of the Phoenix, the image of rebirth par excellence.
Scott also traces the changes wrought by the passing of time.
The theme of history and politics is another one that is explored
in Uncle Time. The poem Solution records both the loss imposed on
the Caribbean people by the act of slavery and colonization; as well
as one man's attempt to rise above the tragedy and come to terms
with the present and try to reshape the future. The impact of slavery
and the process ofbrutalization arc captured in the tight image of the
gull swooping down i:,d l'cdding on small fish. Scott focuses especi-






.YJUNE 27


rE. A pointer






things to come


TAPIA PAGE 7


the truth, since then' he lies
in state. His constitution won't be
amended now; he's gone
out of business. Startlingly,
a boutonniere bleeds on his mourning coat.
6. Friday: LOVE LIVE THE CHAIRMAN!
8. Sunday: when the Chairman entered,
everyone fell
down, recovering. (pp. 44&45)

There is a gentle toughness in Scott's love poems. Of particular
importance is Black Mass: Recessional. In that poem Scott is making
peace with the White woman, a creature who has in various ways
burnt out many a body with flame. The tone of reconciliation,
separateness and self-acceptance is both direct and final.

This is the jewel
hooked at the mind's edge (all night their hands
clawed to that shape. Or offered it)
And its magnificence
will not be mocked
by talk of forgiving. It cannot decline, at the heart
of flame
it is full, it explodes, containing us all
into the constant ceremonies of our living.

You in your Winter grief and I in mine. (p.5 1)

There are poems such as Grampa Resurrections,Kindergarten
Farmers' Notebook, Epitaph and Squatter 's Rites in which Scott
lends dignity to the peasant, to the rooted ancestors upon work and
ground we are now building. In the poem Resurrections the poet
looks at the life of one of our enduring women folk. She is seen as a
tree that has weathered the chops and blasts of time and the raining
blows of exploitation.


One of her men died
in a war, three more at birth,
one from a tree fell down;
so she fell down again
each Sunday at the mercy seat,
sang hymns of healing
as she wept the floor. Waiting for rain. (p. 38)

After reporting her faith in the face of her troubles Scott ends the
poem with her spiritual resurrection and her birth of hope.


ally on one eye which is both witness and victim.


Small fish throttle
home at low tide; above, the gull is falling
intently. Falls a long time. Cataracts
down the eye. The claw scars
white into the retina. The feet
are stiff, its head hurls out, the hectic air chills. ,
freezes,
cracks. Flensed,
the eye spills. (p.52)

What is particularly noticeable in this poem is the absence of emotion,
just the tight reality of pain and resolve. Scott ends the poem with
one of his self-conscious and self-confident claims that we too must
claim as ours, as he reclaims the future by destroying the gull.

Then over
the tide my hand across
the wheeling air across
time and salt and the dunes of sorrow, look I stretch, I am reaching
out, I
wrench its wings into stillness
I blunt that mouth
the hard feet break like straw.

Slowly the eye heals. Weary of watching murder, it dissolves,
it invents


dream


(p.52)


Scott's Report on the Possibility of Effecting some Kind of
Change Next Week treats rather humorously the inevitable plight of
the political leader today, as well as the inevitable plight of the
citizen given such leader rooted in unkept promises and compromise.
There will be those who will assassinate the Chairman, but there will
always be someone ready to replacehim. The poem moves relentlessly
from Sunday to Sunday as the poet traces the entrance of the new
Chairman, his assassination and his successor's election. Nothing
really changes.

1. Sunday: when the Chairman entered
everyone fell
down, recovering ,simplicity
at the round table. -

5. Thursday our leader the Chairman is
clcgiant. liHe's stopped speaking


Sick.


She's been bred; the gardener
chopped her into life, they say.
No wasted glory,


but with sudden flesh
the tree empties its longing to the light
invincible, and green.

It is in Squatter's Rites that the tribute to the older generation rings
more true. The imagery is rooted.

he had
planted himself
king of a drowsy hill; no one
cared how he came to
such green dignity,
scratching his majesty
among the placid chickens. (p. 42)
The poem ends on this same note of majesty and dignity as the
farmer's son, now an urban based musician rooted in reggae and soul
culture "he dug cily life", trumpeted his last post of burial and
respect. In the poem Scott is careful to stress the importance of that
link with the past and how the. move to the towns by the. youth
affected the older heads.

after
his deposition, the uncivil wind
snarled anarchy through that
small kingdom. Trees, wild birds
troubled the window,
as though to replace the fowl
that wandered and died of summer;
spiders locked the door,
threading the shuddered moths,
and stabbed their twilight needles through
that gicy republic. The parliament of dreams
dissolved. (p. 42)

The Poem also seems to be examining the removal of the peasant off
the land as the Crown reclaims its right. The link between politics
the rhetoric related to politics and the individual life style is some-
times made as in the above quoted passage.
Growing out of Scott's concern with change is his exploration

CONT'D ON PAGE






PAGE 8 TAPIA





V 303


SUNDAY JUNE 27


FROM PAGE 7
of the poet's growing sense of vision, of his "window" into the
world, The opening onto the world, in addition to being repre-
sented by the window, is also symbolized by the "eye" which sees
the vision and-the "mouth" which articulates what the eye sees.
Many of the peoms reflect a conscious concern with shaping,and
therefore suggest carving: in fact there are references to etchings,
woodcuts and carving in some poems. One thinks particularly of the
poem Work in Progress: For E M. as well as the end of the poem
Pages from a Journal, 1834: -

yet
the' hills are woodcut wild,
inked at my heart
and hard to erase;
to the last I possess them,
their branches, their sun,
the carved black dancers,
I have printed myself
their wooden glances
with an iron pride
more savage than theirs.
I have signed them. (p.33)
Naturally, in dealing-with and exploring change, Scott inevitably
had to examine both life and death,growth and decay. In so doing
Scott is constantly balancing opposites and juggling with the elements,
Earth, Air, Fire and Water. In this respect he is also juxtaposes
"flesh" to "bone". The extension of the four elements -provides
Scott's -work with important secondary images, such as the garden,
wind, the sun, the sea and the rain. This is what I meant earlier on
by Scott's method of improvisation. He is constantly repeatedly
using certain images, which he uses in slightly different ways from
poem ,to poem, expanding the meaning while building on what went
before, while supplying himself with both a particular vocabulary
and context. Scott therefore can easily discuss love, the act of creat-
ing, history, poverty and separation while multiplying the free
association of these themes and thus enabling him at times to deal
with all these at once.
Scott constantly seems to be on guard against "anger", part-
icularly anger growing out of a morose concern with the history of
the Caribbean. As he says in Sentry: -
things have a tendency to liquefy; become old
in the darkness of anger, running away into crevices.
(p.11)

Yet, Scott is also careful to observe and tend to the ancestral house
and to claim the older "heads" who are always his personae. This is
particularly so in the poem Precautionary Measures where

On certain days
the old house thunders open, the field
shivers its flat side like damp horses,


shaped, is liquid, is
finished....


Everything is


I cover that mirror
with scarves of silence and rainbow
lest the sky break

and discover
an old man
chopping the trees down
making a green smell for his hands
and his glittering voice. (p.9)

Fisherman is also a declaration of the poet's determination to
become, one day in the future, a total person who can scale and gut
experiences with the fisherman's tireless ease. _
In Scott the dream state usually suggests freedom,while the cat
and the cage suggest in poems such as Because of the Cais and Majesty
cruel majesty and a loss of freedom. But to be more accurate the cat
in Scott's poetry is more complex than I have just suggested. The cat
is really explored in all its moods, and all these moods and associa-
tions Scott sees as important and significant, and they do come
together to shape many of the poems.
First the cat is seen and presented by Scott as a creature which
is always on watch, and this is significant for Scott since he knows
that "It is forbidden to sleep on guard". Then there is both the
*L


cat as a creature capable of great gentleness and grace as well as of
swift acts of violence with its paw. The cat is both a humble, as-well
as a proud creature he-can look at a king. It is the duality of quiet
cruelty and soft gentleness that dictates the major moods of Scott's
poetry.
Scott at the same time has in mind the now conventional image
of the "cool cat", the black youth who hoards his potential for
violence and his tension within, while confronting the world with a
cool exterior alive to every nuance of change. Scott, a much more
restrained man than Tybalt, is like Brathwaite's Klock "the king of
the cats". In fact the "cat" poems in- contemporary West Indian
poetry are some of the best poems around and they are beautifully
interrelated as each comments on the other. One thinks particularly
of poems such as Wayne Brown's Cat Poem published in his On the
Coast .Walcott's Cat which forms part ,of his Metamophoses pnb-
lished in The Gulf and Scott's Because of the Cats Morever,
Brathwaite's Cat published in his Other Exiles summauses Scott's
concept of the cat very admirably, while illustrating the close inter-
relation that exists between the "cat" poems by these poets. Here
is the first half of Brathwaite's "Cat" -

To plan plan to create to have
whiskers cool carat silver roady and curved
bristling

to plan plan to create to have
eyes green doors that dilate greenest
pouncers

to be ready rubber ball ready
feet bouncers cool fluid in
tension

to be steady steady claws all
attention to wait wait and create
pouncing

Because Scott is constantly restraining himself from anger, it
does not mean that there are no references to violence. In fact many
of the poems are cool and cold descriptions of violent acts. One
thinks of The Separation or the quiet opening of Epitaph.
They hanged him on a clement morning, swung
between the falling sunlight and the women's
breathing, like a black apostrophe to pain. (p. 14)

It is in the poem For the Last Time, Fire that Scott brings toge-
ther many of his major images the phoenix, the bird, the sun, the
cat, the mouth, the house, heads and fire. Fire in Scott's poetry is
both burtality destructive and cleansing, Logically, the phoenix arises
out of the ashes at the end of the poem, though the poet is careful to
register his uncertainty. Whatever the tone, and Scott manages to
capture many, he is never completely tired and certainly never
despairing. Scott is always looking at the future rebirth, and is thus
relentlessly positive.
If the title poem, Uncle Time ,that pioneering triumph of the
use of dialect, suggests the destructive nature of Time the anansi
man, Scott is always also pointing to the season of renewal, the
green tomorrow. What is also admirable is Scott's ,sensitivity to the
situation in Jamaica, and his ability to place himself in relation to
the Rastafarian brotheren who are really the conscience of that
,independent state. In his poem No Sufferer Scott declares that he
ihas his "version" as -

... there are kinds of poverty we share,
when the self eats up love
and the heart smokes
like the fires behind your fences, when my wit
ratchets roaming the hungry streets
of this small flesh, my city (p. 53)

Mervyn Morris's useful introduction to the poems deals at some
length with No Sufferer, and lows how rooted (lie poem really is.
Scott's poetry along with Walcott's and Brathwaite's is going to
shape a lot of West Indian noL try in the very near future.
If, as I have, spoken about Scott's new sound without defining
it, that is because at this stage of Scott's development it can only he
dealt with by implication.-To define it completely one would need
to have not only more poems from Scott, but to place the discussion
of his poetry within and alongside of the major ('aribbacin poetry in
English to date. and that is work for the next round. It is easy
though to see how that excellent first collection by Scott won the
Commonwealth poetry prize for 1974. Clap a little.


victor Questel


1I _







SUNDAY JUNE 27, 1976


Health
From Pg. 4

money on and what we efficiently produce at
home.
The exchange rate clearly is used as a
barometer by all consumers and producers.
Everybody understands it tourist, taxi-
driver, and traveller. So highly technical a
matter is now a subject of household discus-
sion, on the lips of everyone. It could so
persuasively be used as a tool for shifting the
economy along the lines of Government
policy
Tapia advocates that, on balance, we
need an active and stiff devaluation as a
means of declaring a new relationship with
the outside world. Of course we recognize
that it is not a magic wand; that it will pose
problems because of its varied impact on
different sections of the community; that it
will lead to a new distribution of income;
that it will create new opportunities and
advantages; that its immediate impact will be
be different than its long-term impact; and so
on.


How important it is then for a government
to weigh the impact ofi different rates of
exchange on different sections of the society,
and to draw up the balance of advantage for
the country as a whole. Only then can there
be confidence in a government's use of the
exchange rate in the service of the numerous
arid competing interests of the population.
That there was no such discussion in arriving
at the decision is quite astounding and authori-
tarian.
Tapia realises that the party in office,
engages in politics as well as government. We


the


are not so naive to expect the Government to.
reveal and discuss at length all the political'
implications of this or any other policy
measure. But the people of this country are
entitled to have some information to create a
framework of discussion that could engender
lasting confidence in their government and
in their dispensation.
In our initial statement after the Revalua-
tion, we took the position that the Govern-
ment in fixing the new rate of exchange at
$2.40 TT to $1.00 US, was trying to be all
things to all men, and was playing both ends
against the middle. Tapia saw it as nothing
but an act of naked electioneering and as a
measure of this Government's irresponsible
administration.
The records will testify that Tapia has
always called for early action to "restore to
health" our dollar. It is obvious from the plan
for National Reconstruction which we have
been championing over the years that the
Tapia House Movement favours both an
active and a stiff devaluation, to bring our
rate of exchange somewhere in the order of
$3.00 TT to $1.00 US.
When we weigh-the probable impact of
the exchange rate on all the varied elements
which make up the society this 3:1 relation-
ship appears to be much closer to the mark,
given a policy of National Reconstruction and
a strong commitment to greater self-reliance
on our own producers.
1. Housewives and Local Producers

Tapia realises that the impact of such a
devaluation would be to make goods more
expensive to consumers, merchant importers,
assembly manufacturers, and assembly farm-
ers. But beyond these immediate negative


to


Yes, we're also into



publishing and printing...


Freedom and Responsibility ...... Lloyd Best
The Political Alternative ......... "
Prospects for Our Nation .......... "
Whose Republic? ......... ... "
The Afro American Condition.... ,. "
Honourable Senators ............. "
Letter to C.L.R. James 1964 ....... "
Democracy or Oligarchy ........... C.V. Gocking
* Grenada Independence -Myth or Reality.
(International Relations Institute, U.W.J.)
* Readings in the Political Economy of
the Caribbean (New World).


And


we


Why Did PNM Fail? ......... Augustus
Ramrekersimnh
Another View of Tapia Method Lloyd Taylor
The Inside Story of Tapia ...... Lennox Grant
The Machinery of Government. .Denis Solrnona
Black Power in Human Song .. Syl Lowhar
We are in a State ............. Ivan Laughlin
A Clear Danger ............ Michael Harris


MANJAK
LIBERATION
NEW BEGINNING


Social Stratification in Trinidad. (I.S.E.R)
"Revo" poems by Malik.
"Cheers" by Yvonne Jack.
The Dynamics of West Indian Economic Integration (ISER)


can do a job


for you too


* Call Lennox Grant


- --


662-5126, 832-84 ; Vincewt St, 'Funapuna.


TAPIA PAGE 9



dollar
effects, we perceive the innumerable opport-
unities that such a policy measure would
create for -displacing, through the efforts of
our own home producers, a vast range of final
consumer goods, as well as raw materials,
which we now unthinkingly import.
This is what we mean by "Residentiary
Manufacturers", "Residentiary Drag Brothers"
and "Residentiary Farmers." It is obvious
that a loss from a higher cost of living is a
gain to such Residentiary producers, allowing
our Drag Brothers on the streets of the city,
our small craftsmen up and down the Eastern
Main Road and the Southern Main Road, and
our small farmers in places like Aranguez and
Oropouche to gain in income and employ-
ment.
This means that what households lose
through higher cost of living, they get back
from more members of the family at work.
The section of the community which
will suffer most from this policy will be the
merchant importers, which is precisely what
we need to force a redistribution of income.
This is what Tapia means when we say that
the Government's policy revealed in its recent
devaluationis to support the business oligarchy.
2. Unions and Corporations

One of the biggest bones of contention
in this matter of an active devaluation is it
impact on wage earners, especially trade
unions. It is said that the impact on labour
would be defeated by union bargaining for
higher wages. This again raises the question of
have-nots and haves.
The Government has repeatedly but
unsuccessfully urged that wage increments be
made on a dollar rather than on a percentage
Cont'd on Pg. 10






SUNDAY JUNE 27, 1976


AT last week's "mara-
thon" sitting of the House
of Representatives, Bills
were approved to give
handsome salaries, pen-
sions and gratuities to
members of the House.
The Minimum Wage
Bill was given scant
attention by most mem-
bers the Prime Minister
read a newspaper during
the petty chit-chat which
passed for debate; the
former Minister of Labour
passed around colour
photos, and the comedy
went on.
It will certainly take a
few months for the im-
plementation of the Mini-
mum Wage bill to make
any difference to the
people who need its
protection.


Like these sisters at
Hadeed's store in Arima
who were paid S 15 Mr.
Hadeed insists it is $15.60
The highest paid got $30
per week for 14 years of
service and since they
joined TWU the five
ladies have been verbally
dismissed.
As one man put it, "De
government does be for
the big boys and dem
yes".
The womenof Hadeed
are not the only ones.
There are small stores
and garment factories all
over this country that pay
starvation wages where
there is a slave system
("Don't sit down!").
The women are
examined to see if they
have stolen underwear,


they are abused by the
bosses.
One woman was told:
"If you want more
money go and work Inter-
national Hotel".
In addition the em-
ployees are forced to be
co-operative in the face
of the most atrocious
business practices.
Clothes, even under-
wear are worn and put
back,interviews for jobs
are held on Sunday morn-
ings, shady dealings are
handled.
Since the ladies of
Hadeeds have been dis-
missed ,Mr. Hadeed has
offered Susan Ramnath
has been offered $70 to
settle privately and Isha
McPhern $100.


From Page 9.
basis. Tapia alone has had the courage to
propose that procedure directly to the PSA
and the OWTU; and to raise with these
powerful unions the whole question of closing
the gaps between those who are effectively
organised (whether or not they are unionised)
and those who are not at all, or badly or
minimally, organised.
Unions fail to see that what they would
lose by closing the gap between the more
privileged workers and the less, they could
gain from more people employed, which would
increase their number and therefore their
strength compared to business corporations
and the giant state machine.
Of course the unions are right to con-
tinue to withhold their. support from such a
policy of National Reconstruction involving
devaluation and income redistribution, until
such time as we get assurances from the
Government that the income lost to the more
privileged will go to income and jobs for more
Trinidadians and Tobagonians, and not to the
fattening of corporate profits or to the purses
of profligate politicians.
The unwillingness of the Government to
undertake an active devaluation, for fear of
an escalation of conflict with organised and
militant labour, is nothing but a confession by
the ruling party that it has no intention
whatsoever of curbing the ravages of the
multi-national corporations, or of stemming
the rising tide of corruption and immorality
in public affairs.
3. Exporters and Government
A third group whose interests are pro-
foundly affected by a devaluation is Exporters
in the country. At present this section com-
prises largely Sugar and Oil interests, in which
the Government sector is acquiring an increas-
ing interest, both as an earner of shares and as
the Board of Inalnd Revenue.
An active devaluation along the lines we
are proposing wouid hardly increase the
foreign exchange value of our exports since


the prices of these exports are fixed in foreign
currency, and since the production of these
staples does not really depend on price.Jhe
important and immediate results of an active
devaluation would be
(a) to reduce tne burden o01 local costs,
largely at the expense of the unions;
(b) to increase the $TT value of the
profits and the taxes accruing to the
Government (in 1975 probably by about
$2.50 TT million): and therefore
(c) to shift the distribution of income in
favour of exporters, profit-makers and
the Government, as against importers,
wage earners and the public at large.


Against this background the Government
has an increased responsibility and a great
opportunity to use this additional revenue to
iron out iniquities and inequities, and to take
every measure possible to increase the general
welfare. The cavalier manner in which the
devaluation question has been handled by the
present party in office in the years since
Independence, and particularly in the last
twelve months, is further proof of their milk-
and-water commitment to the welfare of a
suffering public.
For 20 long years the Government has
dismally failed to seize the reins of our econ-
omic independence. For its four fruitless
terms of office it has been repeatedly and
ignominiously driven into a succession of
passive devaluations. Now, if there is any
good reason fcr its interminable delay in
reacting to the antics of the sinking pound, it
is the very curious reason that the Govern-
ment simply did not have the information
needed to frame an active and independent
response. They have never had the informa-
tion, and it is clear that they never will.-
On the evidence of the 1976 Budget, the
Minister of Finance is totally incompetent,
and is incapable of posing policy questions


to elicit from the technocrats in Trinidad
House tble relevant information. All that we
can hear from the Minister of Finance is a lot
of loose and general 1956 bluster, innocent
of the demands of planning and economic
management in 1976.
How can any Minister of Finance discuss
the fortunes of the Trinidad and Tobago
dollar and the impact of devaluation on: the
rising cost of living and on the welfare of the
people without even passing reference to the
statistics of National Income, including the
information concerning the widening, gap
between the have-nots and the haves -
especially where there exist statistics which
show that 70 per cent of the households fall
below the national average (1971-72) and 30
per cent of the households are below the
poverty line? If the Government subsidy
programme is to make any genuine difference
to people, must we not have measures of its
impact on household incomes, and on house-
hold spending? On imports and on home
production? On prices, profits and wages?
Nor is the negligence of the administra-
tion confined merely to National Income data.
The Balance of Payment accounting and the
indices of changing prices have never been
seriously adapted beyond the most elemental
needs of economic planning and implementa-
tion. Perhaps the biggest outrage of all is the
inadequacy of the annual budget, in which
the Government has stubbornly refused to
present any meaningful accounting for the
vast empire of enterprises now in the clutches
of the public sector.
The entire framework of statistics, in-
formation, and reporting is another testament
of the incompetence of an anachronistic and
happy-go-lucky administration which is mani-
festly a living dead. The stuttering utterance
by the Prime Minister as he made the revalua-
tion announcement fits snugly into the
established pattern, if only because of the
total absence of even the slightest attempt at
enlightenment.


i H~ scfe. 'alth1I


PAGE 10TAI





SUNDAY JUNE 27, 1'976


THE ISSUES of a dispute
between the local repre-
sentative of a US mutlt-
national and the TIWU
which drew sharp com-
ment from an Industrial
court judge last week are
outstandingly sodid even
in the spotty history of
industrial relations
of such firms
Earliest public sign of
worker disgruntlement at
the Independence Square
offices of R.J. Shannon
and Co., marketing agents
for the NCR Corporation
of the USA, was the
courageous daily picketing
for several months of the
company's offices by a
ingle dismissed employee.
This worker was joined
eventually by other
workers who came to
share his fate, climaxing
in the appearance in
April this year of some
20 workers on the picket
line.
Reprisal followed swiftly
as the company dismissed
all the picketers, escalat-
ing the conflict to an
even higher stage.

ORGANISATION

The workers who have
been seeking public sup-
port on the issue identify
the company's motive as-
being to prevent the
organisation of the Shan-
non workers by 'the
TIWU. -
What they describe is
a vicious variation of the
normal pattern of bribery
and intimidation in such
situations.
In a display of mean-
ness and pettiness that
has perhaps few parallels
the company reportedly
went to the extent of
withdrawing refreshment
to staff, and when work-
ers protested in a petition
the Management offered
thermos flasks to those
who erased their names
from this petition.
Refreshment was appa-
rently one of the few


SHANNON'S BIG XMAS


GIVE AWAY:A


BARREL


OF KENTUCKY FRIED


In a similar 1971 struggle for recognition, CGA workers & supporters march on the picket line.


benefits that employees
got for service to the
company. Working con-
ditions, they claim, have
been unsatisfactory, with
the management ignoring
pleas for their improve-
ment.
Recently an employee
in the late stage of preg-
nancy fell off one of the
company's defective,
chairs.
"To workers' utter
amazement the only
action the Company took
was to have the particular
chair removed, at the
same time directing the
worker to submit a medi-
cal report to the company
that no damage occurred",
a statement from the
workers said.
The workers claim that
Shannon lacks a Person-
nel Officer or Depart-
ment.
They complain: "Ma-
nagement by their very
performance have never
taken the initiative or
effectively acted upon


anything of substance in
the interest and welfare
of the workers.
"The records will prove
later on that as far as the
Company is concerned it
is a straight case of sur-
vival of the fittest for the
workers."
In the absence of a
proper collective agree-
ment negotiated by a
union, things like incre-
ments, promotion, proba-
tion etc., apparently de-
pend on the whim and
fancy of the Management.

VICTIMISATION,

So that a system of
favouritism prevails with
special, treatment for dif-
ferent kinds of employees.
Workers remember
with bitterness the Christ-
mas of 1973, a year
when. the Company re-
portedly had million-
dollar sales, and a sub-
stantial bonus was
expected.


Great was the dis-
- appointment when their
reward turned out to be
a barrel of Kentucky
Fried Chicken, "the
sharing of which was
strictly supervised on the
instructions of the Admin-
istrative Director by the
Office Manager."
But worse was yet to
come when the workers
decided to become
unionised.

Twelve unionised work-
ers were dismissed in
July 1975, and two more
the following month
which also saw tho acqui-
sition of a certificate of
recognition from the
Registration Recognition
and Certification Board.
Between September last
year and March this year,
two more unionised work-
ers lost their jobs, and
more were otherwise,
"harassed, threatened sus-
pended, victimised bribed
and offered loans to
resign from the union."


Since then the terror
tactics have been intensi-
fied. The workers charge
the Company with stalling
in the negotiations. The
union's negotiating team
was thrown out of the
company's offices; there
came the stopping of
staff refreshment and the
firing of the picketing 20
workers.
In revealing these and
.other outrages, the work-
ers noted:
"What Shannon & Co.
has in effect achieved is
the complete annihilation
of a bargaining unit ef a
recognized majority union
and the management has
also kept their promise
that no unionised worker
would ever be in their
employ."
Not that recourse to
"justice" is helping much.
For the notorious delays
of the Industrial Court
before whom the Shan-
non case now stands only
increase the frustration.


TAPIA DIEGO CADRES


BOOT TO VICTORY


A TAPIA Diego Martin
six-a-side football team,
captained by Eugene
Reynald, on Labour
Day Saturday defeated
one-nil a team sponsored
by the SDLP candidate
for Diego Martin East,
Rolf Bartolo.
This exhibition game
formed part of a Labour
Day Sports organised by
the Numbers Sports
Club of Upper Petit
Valley.
With Diego Martin
West candidate, Junior
Wiltshire in goal, the
Tapia side was, naturally,
unbeatable.
Even though Diego
Martin East candidate,
Dennis Pantin, arrived


running, boots in hand,
after the match was
over, threatening to
score "several" goals.
Colin Reynald scored
the winning goal.
The other players on
the winning teani were
Errol Mahon, Roy Rox-
borough and Neale
Reynald.
The Numbers Sports
Club which has been
sponsoring sporting acti-
vity in the Petit Valley
area, held a Round-
Robin Football compe-
tition for Labour Day.
Numbers itself won
the Round-Robin, the
$100 cash prize and a
Cup presented by Tapia


Reynald
captained
the side .
Diego Martin.
Prizes were also pre-
sented to the winners of
the Cricket competition
held over the last few
months.
Church Street Sports
Club won first prize of
$100 and a trophy in
the Cricket competition.
In second place was
Trackers Sports Club
which was awarded $50
and trophy.
The cash prizes were
donated by Danny
Maharaj.
Meanwhile, the Tapia
Diego Martin team is
reportedly in training
for the big match-
whenever that will be.


T apia T -shirts

FOR SALE


OPENED

SINCE 1901


PIONEER


PHARMACY
SERVING


GRANDE
WITH DISTINCTION

W.M. COCKBURN. PROPRIETOR
EASTERN MAIN ROAD, S/GRANDE
Tel: 668-2523
------------------------


_ ___ ___ __


TPAPAGE I I







_ThisRepulic


lousines


The theme of

this Sunday's

Tapia House

Movement


A A^T^^


10.30 Welcome
11.00 Workshop Sessions
by Shadow Ministers
12.15 LUNCH
1.15 Election Procedures
and Requirements
2.00 Introduction of
Candidates
2.30 Secretary's Address


Chairman of Tapia
(Denis.Solomon)


Augustus Ramrekersigh
Syl Lowhar
Lloyd Best.


at LionsI. Civic


Cent re


Fernando


40%