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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00217
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: June 13, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00217

Full Text

J. .u 'cII


VnlAi No. 24


PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO. LTD., 91 TUNAPUNA RD., TUNAPUNA TEL: 662-5126.


SUNDAY RALLY


AT HOUSE

FIVE-A-SIDE football, all fours and a raffle will be the
highlights of the sporting entertainment scheduled
for the Tunapuna Rally on Sunday June 13 at the
Tapia House.
The Rally features addresses by Tapiamen -
Bhoe Tewarie giving the welcome address; Lloyd
Best presenting the Parliamentary party at 3.30 p.m.
Angela Cropper, Tapia Candidate for Arouca will
compere-an-item of the agenda entitled "Presentation
of Tunapuna Green Shirts".
Keith Smith is down to speak on "the Tapia
dream" at 4.30 p.m.
Musical entertainment includes the Beena
Melody Makers, the Gay Flamingoes and Tunapuna
Hilltones.
A DJ will all the while be in attendance to
provide musical interludes.
All fours enthusiasts can look forward to prizes
for the 1st Hung Jack; the Most Hung Jacks and the
Most Games.

All the meat

you can eat
KEEP DRY this Friday evening.
Savour some sizzling steaks and chicken parts,
and dance to the music of a compatible DJ. .
Do all that and you can make a contribution at
the same time to the Tapia campaign by attending the
Friday Evening Barbecue at Sidney and Paula Wil-
liams' famed Big Underhouse at the UWI Farm.
Baldwin Mootoo, one of the organizers of the
event, promises all the barbecued meat you can eat
. for an $8 ticket.



MASS GROUNDINO

INSANFERNANDO
SAN FERNANDO will be the scene of an all-day
grounding on Friday, June 11, by Tapia cadres
moving en masse on the nation's second town.

Tapia cadres, with the members of the Shadow
Cabinet and election candidates in the fore will be
talking to people, selling papers and holding small
meetings throughout the borough.
The day's activities will climax with a public
meeting at Library Comer.
This meeting will introduce the Tapia candidate
for San Fernando East Michael Billy-Montague.
Chairman of the meeting will be Arnold Hood.


PNM Political Leader Dr.
Eric Williams will open a
special general meeting
of his party at the Cha-
guaramas Convention
Centre at 9.45 a.m. this
Sunday with a three-hour
address.
That address will be
aimed at clarifying the
Political Leader's posi-
tion on his call for the
PNM to renominate can-
didates for the 1976
General Elections, with
special emphasis on
wornen nd vo'ithb


MILLSTONES


The Sunday's conven-
tion was called for by
Williams in his May 23
statement to the Party's
general Council in which
he put down the nomwi-
nation exercise already
conducted by the party
and attacked incumbent
PNM MPs as "traditional
party millstones".
Williams then released
the statement to the press
and caused a furore
among the party hierarchy,
particularly including the
General Secretary Nicho-


las Simonet-te who was
accused of complacency
by Williams and who
rejected that charge in a
statement to the General'
Council on May 27.
There was also a move
within the party to raise
the needed 15 signatures
to call a special meeting
of the General Council,
to reject the statement by
Williams. But that move
fizzled out last week.
When Williams com-
pletes his three-hour'
marathon to the party
this Sunday the Conven-
tion will break for lunch.
Following lunch the party
will discuss the earlier
Williams statement and
the address just delivered.
The Convention should
end at 6 p.m.
The feeling at top
levels of the PNM is that
Williams will get what he
wants i.e. new criteria
for the selection of PNM
candidates and another
special convention to
select the new candidates.
Some party bigwigs
feel that Williams may
concede his demand tor


the signed undated letter
of resignation from the
House of Representa-
tives from nominated
candidates.
This particular criterion
has upset both incum-
bent MPs and Executive
party members.
It led Diego Martin
East MP Karl Hudson
Phillips to write Williams
a personal letter strongly
objecting to the undated
letter demand.
Hudson Phillips will
attend 'today's PNM con-
vention which is also
being seen as a major
move by Williams to
block the former Attorney
General from running for
the PNM in '76.
If Williams does carry
the day at the conven-
tion, as is expected, the
party will then scramble
together the new candi-
dates (expected to be no
more than about 12), put
them through the screen-
ing exercise, and hustle
to the polls with just a
few weeks to spare before
the September 17 legal
deadline for the elec-
tions.


- ~ I~ -J4---P~C~I~CI I I~I I I I Ll I I L '


E L S




L




CAE SAR'





SUNDAY JUNE 13, 1976


PAGE 2 TAPIA


IT WAS. sports day in
Matelot on Sunday
June 7 when a large
Tapia team arrived in
the district to conduct
political activity.
It did not take long
for the cadres to get in


on the action around
the district where a
kind ofholiday atmos-
phere pervaded.
The Tapia team
touched Sans Souci,
Grande Riviere, Buenos


Ayres, Cumana and
Matelot.
In the picture some
Tapiamen engage in
conversation Mr. Nor-
man Lincoln, President
of the Matelot Village
Council in conversa-


tion.
M. Billy-Montague
at right explains some
point about the Tapia
programme for sport.
Others in picture:
from left Junior
Wiltshire, Mr. Lincoln,


Michael A. Harris,
candidate for Port-of-
Spain East and Buntin
Joseph, candidate for
Toco-Manzanitla.
Below (right) Ham-
let Joseph does some
grounding.


A pensioner seeks

someone to help


Dear Editor:
MANY people have
reached the age of 65
which entitles them to
get Old Age Pension.
Such persons have
sent their filled out
application forms to the
various offices and were
told: "OK, go ahead,
someone will come to
your home and interview
you." I
After many months of
waiting in vain, the pen-
sioners. have gone to the
various offices- making
inquiries about the delay.
The answer they get is
that this is a new thing,
the officers have not
started this year's rounds
yet.
Pensioners still want
to know what is going
on, as disappointed they
leave the various offices;
A word on agriculture:
The small farmers are
still suffering from the


destruction of Alma
nearly two years ago.
Roads and bridges have
not been repaired.
Then little has been
done by way of provid-
ing access roads or the
*other things which would
enable the farmers to live
on their holdings, and
even when they do, to
reap their produce.
Then there is the
danger of crop thieves.
After all of these have
taken their toll, there is
very little left for market-
ing.
There are thousands
and thousands who are
now sharing this fate.
Who will help. We know
they need all the help
now.
I heard the Tapia boys
talking on their loud-
speakers and they gave
me some papers. I write
to you, hoping you can
do something.
HUGH LIONEL PA YNE
Malabar, A rima


For exclusive


men's clothing

- For the best-in men's we -




SEi

S at




Ce 77sT1 r


L 'upJ 'U """S S .uu I 191-93 Duke Sreet Port-of-Spain,Phone:62/324311


I Tqnin T 4hirte. T l-9 n n


~J~K~


I





SUNDAY JUNE 13, 19/b


A A


HE,0 A 3


WHAT IS IN store for particularly anxious to .src iccvvc
the 200 odd permanent know whether the long $30 per week,
workers at Jouman' overdue results would not additional $3 for
Garment Factory in the produce, another of those Living.
1976 round of fresh surprises that continue And were she t
negotiations between the to them a depressed to work just one
Union- of Commercial or according to one late a whole dollar
and Industrial Work- For according to one be lifted from h
ers (UCIW) and the senior worker things at
ers (UCIW) and the '\ packet.
manufacturer? Juman's, up on the Lady p fkt.
The Garment workers Young hillside aren't nice- Five-fifty wa
asking this question are at all. amount she got 1

' *"L i j: K . . ..i ... ..,.t '.4 .x .; - .. -. ".- "


and an
Cost of

o come
minute
r would
er pay

s the
4 years


Sip


pliers to remove the
broken end.
And then the only
medication available is
flavine, iodine, limacol
and some tablets.
Eating conditions. On
the same benches where
the garment workers eat
construction workers do
their tasks. And then the
boss sister, Mrs. AlE has
goats and -dogs roaming
the eating tables.
And inside the place
hot, hot. Everyday they
working with six' fans
but the place is still a
steam bath.
A tall, fat, dark lady
does come to examine
conditions but the work-
ers do not know what
she does report.
For all that, the Union
does collect $1 per wxork-
er each week.
Proposals that go into
the negotiations are never
collectively vetted b by
the workers.


.- -r ..- .,- ..- -... . .
Atypical squatters' shack (above) and a view of the land (below), otherwise left to waste. With our Republican status,
such land will soon cease tobe called "Crown lands", but without radical reform, its use (or unuse) will likely remain
unnhanaed

-~ 7 "..-- *1..


IDINSLEY SETTLERS TO


FIGHT E JE CT OR DER


Makingbones of Jones

The Mighty'Observer

"I GO throw ah typewriter and knock off your head. If
you ain' careful, you go get what dem other fellars get.
Wait and see!"
Listeners to Radio 610 wouldn't recognize those
sweet words as coming from announcer Vernon Alec
who usually delivers his programme in less aggressive
tone and language.
Alec's words, though, have been aimed recently at
Jones P. Madeira the 610 Current Affairs Head wh'o
barely survived the Jimmy Bain "purge" that removed
five journalists from the Government-owned station a
year ago.
Actually, Madeira kept his head off the block bys
smiling his way through newcomer chairman Bain and
programme director Ed Fung (who is attracting another
kind of attention for hogging all the commercial work
on the station).
But recently, Madeira has been running into flak
from Alec who takes umbrage at Madeira giving him
"instructions" on the job.
Alec, who knows as much about Current Affairs
as Craig knows about nuclear physics, would apparently
prefer to do his own thing.
Madeira, who prefers to laugh off this kind o
thing (a regular business with workers at both 610 and
TTT), isn't about to start 'wearing protective headgear.
Alec, other 610 people say, must be joking.
He's quite a joker, actually.


WE THE SUGAR work-
ers of Orange Grove,
have been residents of
Dinsley for over twenty
years.
Up to about ten years
ago, we'were tenant Cane
farmers on several acres
of land our Dinsley
These lands were
taken away from us by
the International Pro-
perty Development (IPD),
and houses were built on
them. As a result we
;were forced to live where
we could.
About two years ago_
the government moved
in and broke down our
houses. We had no place
to go, so we had to build
them back on the same
spot. Recently we received
a notice from Lands and
Surveys stating that we
have to move out of the
area within 14 days and
in* some cases 72 hours.


It is our labour, and
the labour of our fore-
parents, that has deve-
loped these lands from
lagoon and swamp lands.
It is our labour on
these lands which is res-
ponsible for the high
value which they have
today.
And yet, today, we
are being told that we
are "squatters" with no
rights to the lands which
we have developed.
We object to being
called SQUATTERS. We
are citizens of Trinidad,
and it is our Democratic
Right to have somewhere
to live.
We are sugar workers
employed with Orange
Grove, some of us for as
long as twenty-five years.
Therefore, -we must
have homes within a
reasonable distance.
Rommel Laloo


MAX SENHOUSE
110 Eastern Main Road 662-4087

Knows The Way to The
Magic Kingdom, of
Furniture At Family
Prices


Ruby 3 PC Living Room


CASH OR TERMS


PRICE $825

DOWN $250


MTH.


$ 45


-P ------c_-_-s~


---- ----- -


TAPIAPAP


]-- -1


ago. Since then she's
been getting 20%, 30%
and 40% increases and
still 1976 find her and
the other workers unable
to make two ends meet.
When the work load
heavy she could top-off
a little $40 or $50. But
after working for that
kind of money all she
could do home is to lie
-down and sleep.
"You have to work too
hard to make $6.00,"
she said.
A little accident on
the job and is the worker
to ketch.
When, for example,
bad-luck strikes and a
needle break in your
hand, you can't look
forward to more than a







PAGE 4 TAPIA
SPECULATORS prob-
ably made quite a killing
on-the recent revaluation
of the TT dollar which
the Government has now
fixed at US$1 to TT$2.40.
At a Tapia Press con-
ference called to deal
with the revaluation,
Lloyd Best had told news-
men in September 1975
the Prime Minister had
said alot of "hot money"
was being brought into
the country in anticipa-
tion of a revaluation.
That was one of the
"reasons" given by tlie
Government for its year-
long hesitation on revalu-
ing the dollar.
But the final decision,
which was widely expect-
ed throughout the
country, "could not have
been better calculated to
help the 0hot money'
speculators", Best said.
A Tapia statement
issued to the Press said
the Government's decision
to revalue was based on
no economic planning.
but was another example
of "the blatant use" by
the Government "of any
resource whatever for the
accumulation of political
capital before the next
election."

LOOPHOLES

Dealing with the major
issues of revaluation, the
TAPIA statement touched
on:
SPECULATION: This
was really a problem of
"policing" the economy
properly. But "our entire
economic and financial
system is one massive
loophole, geared to facili-
tate the easy movement
of money in and out of
our borders."
FOREIGN INVEST-
MENT: "The Government
refuses to enunciate a
clear, coherent and con-
sistent policy for dealing
with our foreign sector.
We have had nothing but
cowardly impotence and
abject kowtowing."
At the PNM Conven-
tion i.n 1973, the Prime
Minister had criticised
multi-national corpora-
tions "only to offer those
very firms, in the Sympos-
ium on Oil and Food in
1974, unlimited and un-
qualified opportunities
for taking over our land."
In another address to


Laidlow's

Hardware
Eastern Main Rd., Laventille
[ Near to Trotman street)

FOR
GRASS ROOTS PRICES
IN
HARDWARE

Galvanise, Cement,
Blocks, Tiles,
Pipe-fitting,
Points
etc, etc.


-SUNDAY JUNE 13, 19 76











0







1 7
g wor*


the joint Labour/Em-
ployers Seminar held in
May 1975, the Prime
Minister had again refer-
red to "the ravages
perpetrated by multi-
national corporations in
developing societies."
But now the country
was witnessing "his reli-
ance on some of those
very corporations for the
execution of the vast
array of downstream
activities from oil pro-.
posed in his 1976 Budget."
BANKS & INSURANCE
COMPANIES: These
financial institutions
"operate no differently
from the trans-nationals".
But apart from urging
these companies to
localisee", the Govern-
ment had "no firm and
relentless policy to shift
the nature of their trans-
actions inside Trinidad
and Tobago and to re-


orient their relationships
with their head offices
and with the outside
world."
This lack of policy
"enables such firms oper-
ating here to ,conduct
financial wheeling and
dealing on a massive
scale -and enables them
to. perform these antics
outside the ambit of our
national control."

FOREIGN EXCHANGE

The Inland Revenue
Department and Central
Bank should properly
register "all foreign cur-
rent holdings by the
Government banks, firms
and individuals so that
they could, more closely
monitor the movements
of money in and out of
the country."
What was necessary


was the creation of a
State Importing Agency
,"not to displace private
initiative but to gather
expertise in the field so
that the Agency can
become a price leader, so
as to be able to ascertain
the true impact of inter-
national situations on our
trade, price levels etc."
THE RATE OF EX-
CHANGE: The Govern-
ment has always been
"passively involved" in
fixing the exchange rate


of the TT dollar. It has
always reacted, never
acted. But "the most
damaging featureof a
colonial society is the
over-valuing of currency",
designed to favour im-
ports.
Tapia suggested that
within a proper frame-
work of economic plan-
ning and policy, the TT
dollar should undergo "a
stiff devaluation" to
bring the rate of exchange
"somewhere in the order
of TT$3 to US$1.

EXPENSIVE

Such a devaluation,
Tapia said, would make
goods more expensive.
"But beyond these im-
mediate negative effects,
we perceive the innumer-
able opportunities that
such a policy measure
would create for displac-
ing, through the efforts
of our own home
producers, a vast range of
final consumer goods as
well as raw materials
which we now unthink-
ingly import."

That would generate
more employment so
what some households
lost through a higher
cost of living, they
would get back from
more members of the
family at work.


BOOKS

METHODS OF LONG-TERM PLANNING AND
'FORECASTING: PROCEEDINGS OF A CONFER-
ENCE HELD BY :Hli INTERNATIONAL ECON-
OMIC ASSOCIATION AT MOSCOW:
EDITED BY T.S. KHABATUROV $120.00 .....
The Conference recorded in this volume was the firsi
to be held by the International Economic Association
in the U.S.S.R. The plan for it was worked out by a
committee of which Prof. Khachatov was Chairman
with Professors Jean Benard, Hollis Chenery, Erick
Jantsh and Josef Pajestka to help him.
PUBLIC POLICY AND PRIVATE INTERESTS: THE
INSTITUTIONS OF COMPROMISE:
BY D.C. HAGUE, W.J.M. MACKENZIE & A.
BARKER $90.00 ......
The book begins by tracing the development of these
organizations and their role. It discusses the problems
and possibilities of making them accountable especially
through Parliamentary committees, new management /
techniques -and 'peer groups', After a tentative
attempt at classification, four case studies are used
to show how quasi-non-governmental organizations
working in difficult areas are organised and operate.
This is followed by a study of the role of quasi-non-
governmental organizations in a number of fields.


Stephens


KIRPALANI.'S


.IS





















and BASIC

We've got what you
neod at minimum boost










KIFPALANI'S NATIONWIDE






SUNDAY JUNE 13, 197.6





Stress EAT





before


a supporter ue


DEAR EDITOR:
THIS letter is to share with
you my thoughts on three, sub-
areas of the proposals for th6 first
ninety days of a Tapia Govern-
ment (Tapia, Vol. 8. No. 17.
April 26, '76). These sub-areas
come under the headings Health,
Water and Public Services.
I am aware of the possibility
that I might simply be demon-
strating my ignorance about these
matters, within Tapia's frame-
work, since I am uninformed
about the details of these pro-
posals. Nonetheless, I feel com-
pelled to take that risk.
HEALTH: Under this head-
ing, Tapia. has stated it will
introduce a "drive to recruit our
usMes-aadoctors in the USA,
Canada and Britain to man the
community hospitals and clinics"
that will be established under a
Tapia regime.
My concern with this 'ro-
posal lies not in whether Tapia
should or should not initiate
such a programme. Clearly we
need trained people at home to
carry out the colossal tasks
associated with national recon-
struction.
But, unless Tapia has a
clearly defined and comprehen-
sive philosophical perspective of
health, this effort is likely to be
counter-productive, since it holds
the seed of a new round of
"industrialization by invitation."
This time however, the
industrialization might take place
in a truly life-line sector health.
At the heart of my concern


UK




I .4.
'V.,.
t ....~ 4
I- -
4..-.


is the rapidly spreading "indus-
trialization of medicine". This
disease shows no respect for
race, class or national boundaries.
Since the carriers of this disease
are the various metropolitan
areas of the industrialized North,
I suspect that many of our doc-
tors have been seriously afflicted.

Now, I am no modern day
Luddite but my experience has
taught me that when the values
of professional's (as well as non-
professionals) are shaped by the
tools of a high-technology environ-
ment, then they tend towards


imposing these tools/values in
situations that are clearly in-
appropriate.
This, as everyone in Tapia
knows, is a very, expensive,
wasteful and uncreative proposi-
tion.
In the specific instance of
medical practitioners, I fear that
unless it is clear that the main


SCENE FROM A
PUBULC CONVEN-
IFNCE. *"Tapia
must make widely
known the fLInd-ai
th at heal uh is
prorno~ed and
manornained mom mm-
by proper (fiat,
s ~itmron, hOLImmnq
wo'rkinmcnflm-milions,
toc'Tal ionl,
',rwinq Ia~I
hon miy


thrust of Tapia's Health Plan is
towards improvement of the
health of the population, and
this means principally the provi-
sion of adequate primary health
services as distinct from second-
ary or tertiary health services,
then neither the interest of
country nor those of the recruited
professional will be served.
It is as true today as it ever
was, that health is promoted and
maintained more by proper diet,
sanitation, housing, working
conditions, recreation, driving
habits, etc., than by medical


intervention.
Indeed, if Tapia is to serve
the people of Trinidad-Tobago,
it must make this fundamental
truth widely known to the
nation. Tapia must choose whe-
ther it will promote health or
medicine.
At this point I am unable
to make an intelligent assessment
as to whether we need more hos-
pital beds or not. I will enter a
plea, however, for not over-
emphasizing hospital beds as a
solution for the health problems
of Trinidad and Tobago part-
icularly if these beds are central-
ized.
Understand, I am not saying
that additional hospital beds have
no part to play in an overall
attempt to meet the nation's
medical needs, or that centraliza-
tion is inherently bad.
in fact I am certain that we
may ne'cd some of both
addition haeds and centlralization
of secondary 'nl a 'i ',.' d services
s> oh ;-is spfcirC i a liris. c'i;n-cer


:" 'rp n i r o', i .v''' r, lihali
:; *':t-., .. li n <,1 1"if -;ii' s-: prices
:';, a, ;'!,T:I !" he provi,'d d in

r'- ',-, *orrlr n **\rfy i"} iri^ ;1 S^'"

*'*~s's'''"' 0iy l'7' ^s i ^ -'' '
-.. '1 ,' T' ',i \' \ ^ >< ( ^ 't~


JUNIOR WIL7SIIIRE, Candidate for
Diego Mart in West, and
Minister for Health in the Tapia Shadow
Cabinet.

the responsibilities of health care
to the individual and away from
the medical professionals; how-
ever, even under the most ideal
situation, the need for medical
professionals would continue.
I Because of this, it is im-
perative that a long hard look be
taken at the curriculum, person-
nel, facilities and method, used
in training medical personnel to
man the health system of the
nation.
The production of medical
professionals to service the basic
primary health needs of popula-
tion of TT holds as great a
promise,, in my eyes, as any
other policy that may be advanced
purporting to serve the same
purpose.
WATER: I am told that
there are adequate reserves of
fresh water on the island to
meet the nation's needs, and that
the problem has more to do with
poor/no planning on the part of
the PNM government than to an
inadequate supply of water on
the island.
Proper planning, it has been
said, that tapped existing but
un/under utilized sources together
with a rational efficient distribu-
tion programme would solve the
water problem.
As I have no information of
my own, I accept this judgement,
but only as a short term solution.
My concern then, is with
the long term water needs of the
nation. For this reason, I raise
the following question:
What thought has Tapia
given to the development of
desalinated water for widespread
use on the island, say in the first
quarter of the 21stcentury?
PUBLIC SERVICES: Here,
Tapia has gone on record as
being willing to inaugurate 24-
hour services, seven days a week
at four post offices, one located
in each of the following areas:
San Fernando, Central, Port-of-
Spain and Tobago.
While I am unable to deter-
mine the true meaning of this.
proposal, since the size of the
operation and there lor, the -"',
of se/ri'es Ito bh ol icrd ait ec 'h
I',,l'ion w 's [l not ';l'i"l, am
c-once n 'd, ; is I im r. V(' ,IT ;Iir'.
I ,,.s. ;indi hopl I ir:,i 'd ildint
p n It s (It'.'i*t'i V i I ), !- I i)
p rorO O-o

a':ns ; r',a i nh ri of
h,. A movcI'n I.1
'Vc Art' :; './ (../ .)


I"'I A rAUrt.,





PAGE 6 TAPIA


PHIL WALKER AND TREVOR LEE BOTH 21 YEARS
OLD, ARE TWO OF THE GROWING NUMBER OF BLACK
FOOTBALLERS WHO HAVE RECENTLY ENTERED
THE PROFESSIONAL ARENA IN BRITISH FOOTBALL,
WITH IMMEDIATE SUCCESS. PHIL WALKER RECEIVED
THE "EVENING STANDARD" PLAYER OF THE MONTH
AWARD IN APRIL 1976 AND BOTH PLAYERS' CON-
TRACTED TO THIRD DIVISION MILLWALL, HAVE
ATTRACTED THE INTEREST OF FIRST DIVISION
CLUBS.
DARCUS HOWE, EDITOR OF "RACE TODAY",
MAGAZINE OF THE BLACK COMMUNITY IN BRITAIN,
HAVING FOLLOWED THE PROGRESS OF WALKER
AND LEE THROUGH THE SEASON, DISCUSSES THE
IMPACT THEY HAVE HAD-ON THE GAME.
BY THE mid-19th century, British society
had drawn millions of its inhabitants from a
rural existence and planted them in urban
centres, there to sell their labour power in
return for a wage. In the course of time, these
workers had won for themselves freedom on
Saturday afternoons and they promptly
created, organised, played and gave support to
the modem game. of football. They continue
to do so today, more than 100 years after
the Football Association was founded.
Football is a game of the collective. All
eleven players are on the field at the same
time, playing against the opposing eleven. The
way to the opposite goal is marked by a series
of interchanges of the ball and of positions
between players of the same team.
That is not to say that individual creativ-
ity, adventure and style are suppressed. Not at
all. They must blend, enrich, or, as they can
do at times, destroy or undermine the collec-
tive effort. It is quite unlike cricket in this
respect, where the central activity is the
contest between the individual bowler and
the individual batsman.
The game of football, therefore, was
created largely as a dramatisation of the
experiences of the new urban worker. The
individualised existence of the peasant in the
countryside gave way to the collective exist-
ence of the new worker. In the factory or on
the docks, let's say, interdependence, combi-
nation, collective activity were on the order
of the day. A game which mirrors so closely
the actual life of those who played it and
those who supported it, must necessarily
reflect the spirit and the attitude to life in
general of the participants.

'DOCKERS'

The Millwall football club was formed
bT A group of youngsters on the Isle of Dogs
in 1885. The players and their supporters
worked in the shipyards on the loop of the
Thames in the nearby locality. They were the
new urban workers and Millwall were known
as "the Dockers."
Today, almost 70 years on, the composi-
tion of the Millwall team has changed to the
same degree that the composition of the
British working class has changed. That strict
community basis is gone and they draw their
players from wherever they can sign them,
though still from within the working class.
Other aspects have changed as well, none
more so than the organisation of the working
life that gave football its structure and cha-
racter.
Working life today is dominated by the
plan, with the time and motion study as.its
discipline. In any modern factory, theworker
must produce according to the specific plan,
of management .so many articles must be
produced in such and such a time. Each
worker's task is clearly defined. Individual
creativity, adventure, style are gone.
The plan is safe, it guarantees production,
or so the saying goes. It is this discipline that
has formed and shaped a whole generation of
the working class, penetrating and deforming
almost every area of social and political life.

It would be a miracle if football were to
escape. The attacking wingers of yesteryear,
the goal hungry inside forwards, the dynamic
wing halves, have disappeared. The roving
centre half, the stylish full backs have gone
too. They have even lost the formal descrip-
tion by which they were identified.
The fact that they have disappeared is
nothing to regret in itself. The question is,
what stands in place of what we had before?


w~ /
A-.. .


0,


Black


players


bring

new flair



-to British


football



We now have the plan, dignified by the scienti-
4-3-3 or 4-2-4. Whatever the descriptions,
the taste is bitter.
Only recently, we were told, the manager
of the England team gave his players a dossier
on the opposing team to study on the night
before the game. Players, particularly in the
professional areas of football, must play to
the plan and organisation laid out by the
managers. You deviate and you lose your
place in the team.
The British football scene is now divided
between those who hold to the status quo and.
those who rebel. And in -this, both managers
and players are joined on their respective sides
of the line. One of the greatest players to
emerge in the game in recent times is the
Irishman George- Best. Everybody agrees.
Rather than continue to be dominated, he
left the game. This is what he had to say:

Not to go out and get bloody kicked every
Saturday afternoon, lice used to happen to me
and now happens to good players like Stan
Bowles. Not that. They can stick that.

For one thing it is not football and for another
thing it is not healthy. What I want to do is to
go out and entertain.

Alas, entertainment is about the very


last thing one could realise in British football.
today.
Millwall stands out as one of the few
clubs who attempt to entertain, but the very
fact that they are playing in a league with
others, who are of the opposite ilk, restricts
them.
It is Millwall who signed two players
from within Britain's black community. Phil
Walker and Trevor Lee are of West Indian
stock. Both were born here in Britain of West
Indian parentage. They come from a com-
munity that is today engaged in the transition
from a rural Third World existence'to the
industrialised world. They are the new urban
workers of today.
CULTURE

Lee and Walker are in British society
but not of it. The culture of the plan is not
theirs and more than that, they come from a
community which has been severed from its
roots in the Caribbean, without quite yet
establishing the new. In these circumstances,
adventure and creativity are given full reign.
It would be equally a miracle if these
qualities were absent trom their football. It is
not race in the sense that Lee and Walker are
genetically different from their white counter-
parts. It is a certain spirit, an attitude to life
and 'society born in different historical cir-
cumstances.
They arrived from the amateur fringes
of the game after being spotted by Millwall's
manager Gordon Jago. That was in October
1975. At that time, Millwall played the
defensive 4-3-3 formation four men at the
back, three in the mid-field who supplement
both attack and defence, (it was invariably
the latter) with three runners up front.
With Trevor and Phil, Jago was able to
launch an attacking formation. Trevor Lee,
the winger, whose reputation at his local
school and among his fellow West Indian
players was his capacity to demoralise the
opposing full back with speed and a delicate
swerve of the body, served as the extra
attacker up front. Phil Walker is deceptively
reserved. Behind that reserve is a powerful
shot and a capacity to tear defences apart
with a cunning long ball from the remoteness
of the mid-field.






















































These are the qualities that are in short
supply in English football, qualities which
progressive managers seek out. They exist in
abundance in the black community. On street
comers, on the asphalt surfaces of school
playgrounds, on the Saturday and Sunday
kick about, a new attitude to the game
flourishes.

FOUNDATIONS

These young black players do not carry
the burden of a tradition, signed and sealed.
They are in between what they have left
behind in the Caribbean and a new tradition.
They have nothing to lose, no material gains
to secure. All is fluid, adventurous, spontane-
ous. New foundations are being laid
In building new foundations, there is
much in British football that is useful. It is
not the case that young black players have
everything to offer British football and the
latter has nothing to offer them. Phil Walker
explains:
We really had a good coach. Be used to play
amateur football and he used to get us into the
game and talk to us about it. He would tell us
what we were doing wrong and help us out.
We used to pass the ball much more, instead
of just kicking it and going around beating
everybody.
Thus, it was early in their careers that
both Trevor and Phil practised the subtle
balance between individual skill, flair and
creativity and the collective effort of the
team. They played for the same school team,
and, on leaving school, joined the amateur
team, Waverly. There were seven blacks on
that team. Later, they played for another
amateur team, Epsom and Ewell. Up till
then, they were both outside the reality of
professional football.
Once they joined Millwall, the clash was
sharp.Two worlds met,the entertaining and
relaxed game with Waverly and Epsom and
Ewell, and the harsh reality or professional
football.
In that early period, the first few weeks
with Millwall, we spoke to both players. Jago
had picked Phil and Trevor for the first team,
immediately on signing them. Those were
tough days. The stress and strain involved-in
the introduction to the harsh discipline of
professional football forced both players, in


this new world, to hanker after the past or
seek in sunnier climes for a style and form
which they hoped would fit their needs.

PHIL WALKER:
In our Sunday teams, every single one of the
players were individuals. They did what they
wanted. Like the fidl back could take on any-
one on that field and beat him and there were
about four or five players who could score a
goal. The good thing about it was that we were
never taught anything. We just blended.
TREVOR LEE:
Every time I play, I am thinking of everything
I learnt in training. They cram so much into
my brain. When Iget on the pitch, I think, well
I ought to do this, I ought to do that. I
shouldn't have to. When the ball comes,along
I should just act naturally.

But it's like someone's got me on estrig and
they are pulling me, one way and I can't go
to the right or left. As soon as the ball comes
I am told to play it straight back whereas it
shouldn't be like that. My ideals are the
Brazilians of- course.

GAME

That was in December 1975. They had,
only two months before, entered the game
and found that the world of Waverly and
Epsom and Ewell was no longer with them.
They were forced to create the new within
the confines of League football as it stood.
Four months later, they were at the
heart of Millwall's promotion bid from the-
Third to the Second Division. Phil Walker
talks about the period of transition and, the
process through which the old was sup-
planted by the new:
When opponents got the ball and released it,
I never used to stick to the player, I would
react slowly. They kept on at me every week
to try and work at this fault. I used to watch
the ball instead of the player.

You don't beat players in your half You
might lose the ball and it puts your defiance in
trouble, but when it is in the opponent's half
you do what you want to do. Take on players
etc.

After the first few weeks at Millwall, I started
to talk to a lot of the players, first teanfplayvers.
They would tell me how they liked to play and


TAPIA V'At /
I would explain my style and 1how best we
could help each other.

Barry Salvage, the left winger, always liked the
ball to his feet. Terry Brisley, who plays in the
midfield with me, would explain how he liked
to play.

I know Trevor mostly likes the ball pushed
ahead of him, so he can run on to it. I found
out from the two front players, who are small,
that they would like the ball, not in the air,
but to their feet. So that they could dribble
where they want to. I found out when you
talked to them you knew what to do and how to
to enjoy the game more.

Their hopes and aspirations, in the first
few months at Millwall, were based on re-
producing exactly in League football; the
boundless flair, skill and adventure which
they undoubtedly established at Waverly
with their five other black team mates, and
later at Epsom and Ewell.
-It could be reproduced, but in no way
exactly as they had done in amateur football.
The terrain was different, the objective condi-
tions (I hate the term) were different. The
question remained, could they adjust to the
concrete realities of professional football and
retain these qualities?
I never trust interviews- to give these
answers. The eye of the spectator is much
more merciless than the rational responses of
the actual participants, and nowhere is the
truth as clearly revealed as in crucial historical
moments.

FORMULA
Millwall, its supporters and players, are
on tenter hooks. Three games remain to be
played in the 1975-76 season. They must win
all three if they are to win promotion to the
2nd Division. The first 'is against Brighton.
The ground is pocked and the tension is-
sharp. We know the formula. It is a stage made
for the athlete who has that touch of class. No
plan can guarantee anything. It is at such a
moment, in the morass of monotony of
English football, that the player resumes his
mastery and power over all else in the game.
What will Phil and Trevor do in these
circumstances, I ask myself? Isolated in the
press box, I see a few black faces lost in a
crowd of whites, It is the one game I am
unable to look at critically. I cast those facul-
ties aside.


The ball is in the 18 yard box. Trevor,
as he usually appears to all, is a spring that
bobs up and down. He catches my eye and
gives no warning of what is to come.
The ball falls to him from the air and his
back is to the goal. He is in an impossible
position. No manager tells you in training
what to do in such a situation.
He falls backwards, and suspended in
mid-air, executes an over head kick- which
settles the issue. I do him an injustice. It is not
as deliberate and thought out as my descrip-
tion implies, it is one complete, free-flowing


Cont'd on Ps 8






PAGE 8 TAPIA


WHEN I TALK of the Savanair,
I want to consider hrat arei oi
open space which flows from the
base of Lady Chancellor's Hill
through the Botanical Gardens
and the Zoo; through the Gover-
nor General s House and Grounds;
through the Queen's Park Savan-
nah and which ends at the
Memorial Park and Prince's Build-
ing grounds.
We are witness to an accele-
rating process of misuse of this
magnificent stretch of parkland
handed down to us by our prede-
cessors and available for our
enjoyment.
There have been:
the erection of the Turf
Club buildings associated with
horse racing; the CPC makeshift
bleachers; the paved road for
the parade of bands at Carnival;
the neglect of the pitch walk and
its furniture; and the removal of
the railings and consequent inva-
sion of cars.
Incidentally, I want to
point out that we are all at fault
to some extent. How many of
us here, if invited to play a fete
match in the Savannah tomorrow
would not enter the Savannah in
a car?,
CULPRITS

How many of us here have
not driven across the Savannah
to park in order to attend a
Carnival show? How many of us
have not driven into the Savan-
nah to park our car in the shade
while we go, to work nearby.
Not many of us can afford
to be self-righteous in these res-
pects as even if we are not
culprits we are all capable of
being so.
'*The neglect of the Botanical
Gardens and Zoo.
The recent extension of
the grounds -of the Prime Min-
ister's residence over a section of
the Botanical Gardens."
The failure to replant trees
when they die and are cut down
especially in the Botanical
Gardens which is rapidly taking
on a treeless appearance.
The use of the Botanical
Gardens for the training of dogs.
The invasion of the Hol-
lows for Pan so that the little bit
of landscaping there is demolished
underfoot.
The tasteless erection of
walls and fences around sporting
facilities on the Prince's Building
grounds.
The permanent chain link
cages for cricket practice.
The "Stalag 17" towers
erected by the Turf Club.
The temporary advertise-


TIE liheedless misuse and
eglect of the Queens Park
1iannalh has been a matter
of grief aind outrage for
, many p/)(i'sons concerned
withthhe eInvironment, the
improvement .of social
amenities a!nd 1tie need to
make tlhe best use of our
natural resources.
Thiings took a sharp turn


for the worse in recent
months with the .putting
uip of pelranellt structures
in theSarvaiahi by W.A.S.A.
SCAPE, the Society for
hie Conservation, Apprecia
tion, and Protection of tht
lmn',ironment, called a public
meeting in late May to
protest the pattern of mis-
use of the Savannah.


At this meeting attended
bv consen'ationisis and
other inicrested persons,
TapiamaH Claude GIillw//aume,
an architect, gave the fol-
lowing slalement on the
environmental implications
of ihe Savannah misuse.
.Guillaune told the Public
Library gathering that he
had been a member of a


SUNIiA\Y JUNE 13. 1976
V"''ic of., A rchi/c(' le. I alnm
which dcii a i/planniing study
of '//b r,',iiannah district
commissioiied ILr the iTown
in,' Colnitlr Planning Divi-
silon o( hlie hcin Ministry of
f'lant/ni:' and Development.

A draft report had been
prepared bit never pub-
lished.


A litany of sins





against the Queens




Park Savannah


ments erected at Carnival time
that stay up for several months.
The complete invasion of
the Savannah by cars at Carnival
uand to a lesser extent for race
meetings.
And now the WASA pump
houses.
These are all sins against the
Savannah for which we all have
to share the guilt. And there is
the threat of more.
Sitting a national stadium
in the Savannah; using the area
opposite the QRC for car parking;
leaving the CDC bleachers up
permanently; widening Queen's
Park East and taking away a
section at the St. Anns round-
about for a traffic interchange
and, worst of all, entrenching in
the public mind especially, our
youth, the lowest standards of
appreciation of open space with
the pitiful\quality of design and
taste that is permitted to dis-
enhance what ought to be the
pride of our capital city.


To my mind all this comes
as a result of three things: Un-
defined use, overuse and the
lack of a single Authority res-
ponsible for the Savannah. The
consequence, of course, of Gov-
ernmental mismanagement.

ACTIVITIES

I say "undefined use" in as
much as the Savannah has
evolved into a huge playgroundiin
which horses exercise and race,
cricket, hockey and football are
played, athletes train, boys fly
kites, all to a large extent in
conflict with one another result-
ing in second rate facilities for all
these activities.

Overuse, because since most
of the communities in and
around Port-of-Spain lack any
form of sports grounds, people
are forced to converge on the
Savannah. But, the demand for
space to play sport on the Savan-


CLAUDE
GUILLAUME


nah exceeds its capacity with the
result that everyone is cramped
for space and many are deprived
of use.
If all the communities in
and around Port-of-Spain had
their own sporting facilities then
the Savannah would be freed of
this overburden and would be
able to revert back to a more
appropriate level of moderation
of activity ranging from active
sport to passive recreation.
It is high time that we
realized that development does
not necessarily have to be equated
with the erection of structures,
the filling up of land space. It can
also mean the creation of park-
land and, if necessary, the demoli-
tion of structures in an urban
situation to create open space.

COMMUNITY

'Ihere is hardly a community
in this country that has suitable
open spaces for their enjoyment.
The people of Belmont, St.
James, Newtown, St. Anns,
Gonzales and Port-of-Spain
should all be insisting on having
in their midst suitable recreation
space, both for active and passive
uses.
In addition, we should all
be seeking to increase the size of
the Savannah instead of silently
allowing one organisation today
and another tomorrow to nibble
away at it, all in the name of
development.
I want to suggest the follow-
ing series of moves to be put
into effect without delay:
Cont'd'on Pg. I/


From Page 7


movement, spontaneously, executed. They go
on to win.
On the following day, Millwall meets
Peterborough. The circumstances are the same.
We must win this one. (Sorry, I am not
impartial). Phil is majestic. He is laying off the
ball to theforwards with style and precision.
He receives a throw-in deep in Peterborough's
half. He looks around and has yards of space.
He powers his way goalwards and lets fly a
left foot drive which curls neatly past the post.
Composure, a sense of self are writ large. Mill-
wall goes on to win this one too.
The promotion issue is settled. Millwall
is now in Division Two. That is what the


statistics reveal. The truth is much more fun-
damental. At crucial moments in this tense
period both Phil ,and Trevor rose to the
occasion with goals which indicate two things.

Firstly, they have settled into the realities
of professional football, the daily grind, the
endless games against defensive formaitions.
Yet, at crucial moments, that spirit of adven-
ture, the flair and style emerge to win the
day. No they have not lost these qualities.

Secondly, that individualism, so lacking
in British football today, need not express
itself at the expense of the collective. As
Tony Hazell a seasoned canmpaigner and fellow


Millwall player puts it:

T'reror antd Phi/i/ I/hae iabroiughl a new dimension
to our p//a'.

lie is echoed I1 the Millw:ill lins.. Plil ,and
Trevor i have been Iick-namied 'The Stylistics".

The teilpl:ition e\isis to cenicr.ilise lor
lie whole black conminuiiity. 'l'li.it is to s,:i.
the role, the airtlicul;air rel.itfon of' I ce a1d
Walker to British fIoothill is i rellection of
lihe role, of' the rctilion of the bl;ck com-
lmunity to Britisl society.
I resist the teiIptatiion. Let history
decide.






SUNDAY JUNE 13, 1976



Belizean Viet vets start



Freedom Fighters' Group


'!A PIA PAGE 9


THE Belizean govern-
ment has granted valuable
offshore oil exploration
rights to a North Ameri-
can transnational group
which is likely to further
complicate the British
colony's efforts to be-
come independent free
of the danger of invasion
from neighboring Guate-
mala.-
The latest round of
talks between Britain
and Guatemala over the
latter's territorial claim
ended inconclusively in
New Orleans a few weeks
ago.
There is speculation
that the oil rights are
one of a number of un-
disclosed concessions
known to have been
offered at the talks by

SECRETARY
OF THE
YEAR

Ruby -Harry Confi-
dential Secretary to
Mr. Burnham, has
been made Perma-
nent Secretary in his
office.


-Britain as a wayof heading
off the Guatemalan
claim.
The rights went to
Ajax Petroleum and two
associated companies.
Ajax is a subsidiary of
the Canadian giant Inter-
national Nickel (INCO),
which has invested some
125 million sterling in a
nickel -mining project at
Guatemala's Lake lzabal,
a few miles from the
border with southern
Belize.

The exploration rights
are for an area off
southern Belize, which
Guatemala has demanded
outright in exchange for
dropping its claims to the
rest of the colony.

CONCESSION

The announcement of
the concession came
after suits totalling 6.4
million sterling had been
filed against the Belize
,government by Ajax and
another INCO subsidiary,
Ariel, for breach of con-
tract.
'The INCO firms had
their original exploration


licences cancelled last
year by the Belizean gov-
ernment, which had
favoured a rival American
firm, Anglo exploration.
The energetic President
of Anglo had made a
contribution to the
coffers of PremierGeorge
price's party and founded
a pressure group in the
United States called
"Americans For Belizean
Independence."
This did not please the
Guatemalans, and they
have now seen their
friends triumph in the
battle over Belize's oil.
Senior British and
Guatemalan officials are
due to meet again shortly
but the two sides remain
far apart.
The provocative re-
mark by a top member
of the Guatemalan dele-
gation after the New
Orleans talks that the
Belizeans were suffering
from "excessive national-
ism" and that the inter-
nally self-governing colony
"needs Guatemala more
than we need them," was
matched soon afterwards
by Belize's combative
young Attorney-General,


Mr. Assad Shoman.
Belize was ready to
accept the help of mer-
cenaries in its effort to
hold off a Guatemalan
invasion, he said.
REFUSAL

Bel izean Vietnam vete-
rans in the United States
have already formed a
"Freedom Fighters"
movement, but Mr.
Shoman's words may
rouse fears of interven-
tion by nearby Cuba,
which strongly backs
Belizean independence.
With no real sign that
Britain is reconsidering
its blunt refusal to pro-
vice Belize with a defence


guarantee against (Guate-
mala after independence,
Premier Price has just
allocated three quarters
of a million sterling in
this year's budget to
boost the colony's small
local military force of
only 600 men.
Britain still has about
1,000 troops of its own
there. \
Guatemala's current
talk of its readiness to
accept some kind of
federal or commonwealth
arrangement with Belize
after Britain's departure
remains quite unaccept-
able to Belize's 120,000
fiercely-anti-Guatemalan
inhabitants.


DESMOND TROTTER WRITING FROM PRISON, ROSEAU.


MAN and man should
also realise that Babylon
shall seek to eliminate I
on the inside and I doubt
very much that I shall
be put in the yard an
exposure of this the
fact that after being
confined for two years


- I am still held in
block and now without
sun.
Mankind shall have
to maintain a cool head
as much as possible,
especially as they. shall
always jam I locks and
beard.


Yes, we're also in to




publishing and printing...


Freedom and Responsibility ...... Lloyd Best
The Political Alternative ......... "
Prospects for Our Nation .......... "
Whose Republic? ................ ..
The Afro American Condition ...... "
Honourable Senators .............
Letter to C.L.R. James1964 ....... "
Democracy or Oligarchy ...........C.V. Gocking

* Grenada Independence Myth or Reality.
(International Relations Institute, U.W.I.)
* Readings in the Political Economy of
the Caribbean (New World).


And


* MANJAK *
* LIBERATION *,
* NEW BEGINNING *
*


we


Why Did PNM Fail? ......... Augustus
Ramnrekersindh
Another View of Tapia Method Lloyd Taylor
The Inside Story of Tapia ...... Lennox Grant
The Machinery of Government .Denis Solomon
Black Power in Human Song .Syl Lowhar
We are in a State ............. Ivan Laughlin
A Clear Danger ............. Michael Harris

Social Stratification in Trinidad. (I.S.E.R)
"Revo poems by Malik.
"Cheers" by Yvonne Jack.
The Dynamics of West Indian Economic Integration (ISERI


can do a job


m Call Allan Harris


ir you too


662-5126, 82-84 St. Vincent St, Tunapuna.
62-25241, Cipriani Blv'd P.O.S.


-------------------





PAvE10TAPIA


SUNDAY JUNE 13. 1976


PIRE-MARI TAL


TO


DO OR NOU T-T


DOm.


Ruby

Mc Donald

takes issue

with the

Archbishop

THE Archbishop of
Port-of-Spain the Most
Rev. Anthony Pantin, in
his most recent address
to pilgrims at the Laven-
tille Shrine, made refer-
ence to the importance
of teenagers' and young
people's attitude to pre-
marital sex and its
inherent effect on the
future of marriage suc-
cess.
And I quote from the
report in the Trinidad
Guardian:
"Your attitude to
pre-marital sex has an
extremely important part
to play in future marriage
success.
"If two people can
justify sexual intercourse
with, each other before
marriage, there is no
reason why they will not
be able to rationalize
adultery after marriage."
Such an assertion is
impossible to prove be-
cause there is no evidence
that pre-marital inter-
course, or for that matter,
extra-marital sex, leads
to or encourages pro--
blems in marriage.
WISDOM
Problems in marriage
are nothing more than
manifestations of a poor
inter-persoRal relationship
between husband and
wife.
Opinions like these
must not be allowed to
go unopposed. as in so
doing we help to perpetu-
ate a massive belief that
our clergy's wisdom and
one-track faith are vested
with divine sanction and
ought not to be ques-
tioned.
I became very suspici-
ous of the Archbishop's
sympathetic understand-
ine for homosexuals and
masturbators and his re-
nouncement of pre-
marital sex.
I couldn't help think-
ing that his reason for the
glaring difference in atti-
tude is because of the
resulting outward and
visible sin that of
pregnancy, which to my


Archbishop Pantin addressing pilgrims at Laventille


mind was really what the
Most Rev. Gentleman
wanted to pursue.
Let us here take the
blinkers off and clear the
air on this question of
pre-marital sex and its
relation to pregnancy.
Now, if the sex act
implies taking the risk of
bringing into the world
a child who would not
have a normal home and
family background, then
it is wrong to have pre-
marital intercourse. But
modem contraceptives
have virtually removed
the risk and thus re-
moved the grounds for
condemnation.
PREGNANCY
People who have the
traditional feelings of
condemning pre-marital
sexual intercourse haven't
realized that unmarried
people (young and old)
can at last think of the
sex act simply as a means
of expressing love with-
out having to risk preg-
nancy.
They are still confus-
ing, condemnation of the
act itself with condemna-
tion of running the risk
of pregnancy.
Remove this risk and
there is no need to con-
demn it any longer.
YOUNGSTERS
I respect the view of
the Catholic Church on
the use of contraceptives
and the possible effect
its use may have in
creating a casual, non-
sentimental attitude
towards sexual behaviour.

But it is tragical to
fashion teenagers' atti-
tude towards sex, or any
other subject for that
matter, for the world in
which we live or the
world we would prefer
to have, rather than the
world in which these
youngsters will live.


We have made this
mistake hundreds of
years ago, but there is no
reason, earthly or divine,
why we should continue
knocking our heads
against the wall.
I know-that the future
is shrouded in a maze of
indecipherable mystery
and so we are unable,
with absolute precision,
to predict what lies ahead,
/ say in the next 10 or 20
years' time.
CAUTION
But we could draw
conclusions from the way
values are exploding and
the pace at which people's
existential growth is now
moving.
In the end we would
have avoided forcing our
private logic and moral
codes on the seemingly
vulnerable.
DELICACY
The caution and deli-
cacy which the Arch-
bishop used to represent
sex as something that
should occur only in
marriage is dishonest.
For this is one of the
ways to distinguish be-


tween mere physical
attraction and the sort of
congeniality that is neces-
sary in order to make
marriage a success.
The Archbishop needs
to be reminded that
virtue which is based upon
a false view of the facts
is not real virtue.
SEXOLOGISTS

I noted that in winding
up his sermon, Arch-
bishop Pantin solicited
the help of doctors,
psychologists and psychia-,
trists, but of the profes-
sionals who could make a
very interesting contribu-
tion on the matter in
question -- the sexologists
- no mention was made.
It, is typical to over-


look the most important
matter. It's like when we
build a house on a moun-
tainous piece of land, and
we contract an architect
at an exorbitant fee
without giving thought to
the service of a geologist
or a seismologist.
THINKING

Only to find fracture
lines developing later on
a penny wise and pound
foolish experience!
It is popular opinion
to condemn pre-marital
sex, but if we were to
stop and analyse our
reactions, began to doubt
our cherished opinions,
abandon the security of
conforming with the
crowd, listen and heed
that still small voice
within, and seek a new
direction, then and only
then would we experi-
ence the- painful but
beautiful act of thinking.



UNCLE


SAM BAR
AN OASIS
IN
DOWNTOWN GRANDE


J.C Sealy



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SEX:






SUNDAY JUNE 13, 1976


"DESTABILIZATION"
like "Recolonisation"
begins at home; in fact,
they are two sides of the
same coin.
This, in sum, is the
argument put forward in
in press statement last
week by the Tapia Shadow
Minister for External
Affairs Michael Harris.
The statement dealt with
the current issue of
"destabilization" in the
Caribbean and proposed
measures to deal with
the situation on a re-
gional basis.

Harris recalled that
when the Prime Minister
had ventured to "point
an accusing finger at
certain foreign countries
and to warn of the threat
of 'Recolonisation'," Tapia
had immediately pointed
out that 'Recolonisation'
began at home.
It came about because
of "the very economic
and political practices
pursued by the Carib-
bean Governments and
secondly in their inability
to make any progress
towards the founding of
a unified Caribbean
nation."

LEADERSHIP


The building of such
a nation, Harris noted,
"has repeatedly been
thwarted by the short-
sightedness. the parochial-
ism the intransigence and
the sheer incompetence
of the political leader-
ship from one end of
the Caribbean to the
other".
It was therefore to be
hoped that the "shock"
effect of the "destabili-
zation" threat would be
to force moree sane and
dedicated approach to
the task of political and
economic integration on
the parts of the Heads of


Two


sides


of the


coin


iArJA rALZrI I
- -, -;ism


iY*i 1311 I I?4Aff~EJ


RECOLONISA TION


I DEMANDS OF THE TIME


TAPIA has called upon the Trinidad and Tobago
Government to show its commitment to Caribbean
integration by taking the following steps:
ISSUING a statement pledging its support for our
sister islands against foreign interference.
MAKING AVAILABLE to Jamaica whatever long-
term finance is necessary and feasible toiassist that country
to break free from her present economic binds.
By outlining in collaboration with the other Carib-
bean Countries, the CARICOM Secretariat and the Caribbean
Development Bank a short-term programme for relieving the
Caribbean countries of their unhealthy dependence on foreign
foodstuffs and luxury items and for alleviating the massive
unemployment and poverty which exists in the islands.
Such a short-term plan might conceivably focus on the
following steps;

a) An integrated programme of import restriction for a
wide range of foodstuffs and consumer goods.

b) An intensive short-term programme of food produc-
tion concentrated in the smaller Caribbean islands.


Government now meeting
in Port-of-Spain,"
In reiterating a warn-
ing made recently by
Tapiaman Dennis Pantin
(TAPIA May "DESTABIL-
IZATION A Threat to
-Trinidad. and Tobago
too"), the Shadow Min-
ister of External Affairs


said it would be "part-
icularly foolish" for this
country to feel secure
from "destabilization" '
attempts,
If T&T had any stabil-
ity it was "precarious
indeed", and with the
coming elections and
external forces and agen-


c) Immediate steps for the launching of a regional
fishing service with related processing industries.

d) Immediate steps for a regional approach for the
development of the Guyanese hinterland.
e) A short-term programme of urban redevelopment in
Kingston, Jamaica.
f) The establishment of far more meaningful machinery
-than at present exists for the relief of Balance-of-
Payments problems encountered by any Caribbean
state.

g) As an immediate prequisite to all of this, the elimina-
tion of all [ravel and work restrictions of any bona-fide
citizen of the Commonwealth Caribbean in any of the
West-Indian countries.

h) By charging the CARICOM Secretariat and the
Caribbean Development Bank with the task of preparing
a longer-term regional development plan, and providing
these institutions with the necessary finances to acquire,
the administrative, technical and managerial expertise
for the elaboration and implementation of the plan.


cies who stand to benefit
would do everything to
"sow confusion and chaos
in our midst".
The "chillingly clear"
choice waO. according to
Harris; "Either we stand.
and build together or we
see our sovereignty and,
independence disappear."


V. ANNH.,Aim


1) Demolish all permanent-
buildings- on the Savannah,
including the Turf Club buildings.
The Grand Stand can be dis-
mantled and re-erected elsewhere.
Abandon horse racing on the
Savannah,
2) Demolish the Prince's
Building and odear that entire
block known as the Prince's
Building grounds ready to receive
a properly designed Cultural
Centre which incidentally can
replace the G'and Stand Facilities
at Carnival time.
3) Associated with the
Cultural Centre, plan a Parade
area which can be a stretch of
roadway paved primarily for
pedestrian use and cut off on
weekends and public holidays
from traffic. This stretch of road-,
way can extend from the
Memorial Park to the top of
Chancery Lane. At each end of
the Parade will be set up a cere-
monial arsh.


This parade area will be the
place that many will converge on
to parade and lime, to listen to
pan concerts and Parang (instead
of having to stand at the comer
of the Memorial Park and fight
with traffic to take in "culture"
presented on a platform ho
larger than six-foot square out-
side thl Royal Victoria Institute).
V.,dors will sell their goods
along the Parade. It will be an
action scene.
So the South End of the.
Savannah will be associated with
Cultural expression and designed
that way.
4) Integrate the Botanical
Gardens and Zoo as one area of
parkland where the animals and
trees of the' region and the world
can be displayed in a form that
will provide entertainment and
educational interest in a passive
atmosphere: an atmosphere of
cool and leisure.
5) Start a massive tree-


planting exercise that will let' the
Botanical Gardens spread south-
wards onto the Savannah dis-
placing sports activities south-
wards.
The North Circular Road
should be re-paved with cobble
stones to slow down vehicular
traffic so that crossing over from
the Savannah to the Gardens
will not be such an ordeal as it is
today. The North Circular Road
will become a picturesque drive
not associated with high speed
travel but with parkland. Develop
an underpass from the Hollows
to the Zoo.
6) Extend the Hollows into
the area of open space along
Serpentine Road and carefully
incorporate car parking facilities
there.
7) Ban all cars from entering
the Savannah and replace the
railings' to ensure this.
8) 'Restore the pitch walk
and furnish it with suitable


benches and more appropriate
night lighting.
9) Extend Cadiz Road under
Queen's Park East as a pedestrian
underpass into the Savannah to
facilitate access for the people
of Belmont.
10) Place the Savannah into
the trust of one specialised
Authority under the control of
the people of Port-of-Spain with
suitable allocations of funds for
maintenance and tasteful develop-
ment.
Some of these may be
considered drastic measures but
they are realistic. Sometimes
when we are ill the doctors
recommend surgery for the res-
toration of health.
Surgery indeed is what our
Grand Savannah needs both in
the physical and 'administrative
sense and it is my personal view
that it will take a Government
with more stones than the present
one to act as Surgeon.


I --1__ r


PM


- -L


I


40


- .


-







-F
'ast '-


FILL



FOR


THAT


LANCE


THE present tour of England gives the West Indies
another chance of re-establishing what, a year ago after
the World Cup, was considered the finest team in the
world.
Shortly after that, we were completely over-
whelmed and outplayed in Australia. And back to the
West Indies we had hoped to use the seriesaagainst India
to reorganise the team and settle the captaincy.
But the Indian tour only created further problems,
as the captaincy issue remained open.
In England the West Indies have a long record of
playing at their best. The players are also at home
since they are playing more cricket there than anywhere
else. BALDWIN MOOTOO


Apart from the openers,
the batting on tour be-
fore the first test went
very well. Kallicharan
was beginning to run into
form. Richards was con-
tinuing his fine run,
making big scores, and
with Lloyd, positions
three and four were
filled.
Then Roberts seemed


to be bowling faster
than ever,, and English
players had been playing
quite late to him. Hold-
ing continued to improve
and that pair seemed as
strong as Thomson and
Lillee.
Whether they would be
used as wisely was left
to be seen.


GAP-SEND


GIBBS


However, with Holder
and Julien showing quite
clearly that they were for
better players under
English conditions, the
only area of suspicion
.was the spin attack. But
here, fortunately, we
were no, worse off than
England.
Predictably,- the English
would have one approach:
to fight with grittiness
and what has diplomatic-
ally been called "com-
petitiveness".
The captain Greigiis a
past master of the art,
and the inclusion of
another such in -Brian
Close at age 45, showed
that what they lacked in
talent they were prepared
to make up for in fight-
ing arrd gamesmanship. --
The West Indies had


!DiMA II[IIU


THE Gov't promises to
give a face,. lift to the
existing playfields in the
country a big joke!
Spinning top in mud
if they do it.
Because the structure
of those grounds is out-
dated and inadequate;
they cannot, uplift 'or
accommodate t h e
talents, of the villages.
Could you imagine
football, cricket, hockey
(both men and women),
running, jumping etc.,
taking place on one
small ground' at the
same time.
Does that strike you
as seriousness in sport
development? Y o u
judge!
NO PATCHWORK

Development o f
sports in this Nation
does not require a
patchwork arrangement.
Our people have out-
grown that colonialistic
type of arrangement
where you develop at
you own risk and cost,
in a haphazard manner.
And to boot, when
you show your talent
under these conditions,'
one is still not sure to get
recognition fairly, with


M. BILLY MONTAGUE. SHADOW MINISTER OFSPORT


the "par-ti-zar" method
of selection.
If we are serious
about sports develop-
ment, we must re-
organise the nation into
regions, lay down
regional complexes to
accommodate all sports,
and give the people of
the region the responsi-
bility to develop their-
talents.
Through continuous
interregional competi-
tions, interest will grow
and so will the people.
In this way, total
involvement of the
people will be generated;
this would encourage


the employment of
permanent coaches,
trainers, m a s s e u r s,
physiotherapists, talent
scouts, sports managers
etc.
Then, if only by
pride, special interest
and development will
result.
Our people are res-
ponsible.
Give them the break.
Give the people proper
facilities, the responsibi-
lity and some technical
guidance, and they will
develop as you have
never seen before.
Mark my words!


shown a brittleness in
recent years that Greig
had exploited before.
He was also on spot in
Australia when the team
disintegrated.
If this tour does any-
thing it will be to decide
whether the management
can perform better than
in Australia.

ON TRIAL

Lloyd after three series
and the World Cup is
still on trial. He has to
take the lead in moulding
this talented group of
players it's certainly
the the best aggregation
of cricketers in the
world.
Will he make them
into the best team in the
world or would he suc-
cumb in the psychological
battle Greig is bound to
wage?
The West Indies very
early showed their worth
by scoring 500 runs in
the first test, From there
England's only hope was
to draw which they
eventually did success-
fully.
LESSONS

But several things have
been learnt:
1. Greig should cer-
tainly realise that his
peculiar tactics have
limited use and that
there is no substitute for
talent.
2. The West Indies
batting has settled down
again. The prolonged
pampering of Rowe has
at last ended, and now
all the batsmen, includ-
ing Gomes who has
come along well, must
fight for theii pick on
merit and form. This
could only be healthy
and on these grounds
Rowe will eventually
return with confidence, I
am sure.
3. The fallacy of not
taking Gibbs is now quite
clear. It is unwise to go
into a test match with
such a oiie-sided attack,
and even and out-of-
form Jumadeen, in the
light of Padmore's in-
jury, would have improved
the bowling'attack.


NOW


4. Pace and seam are
well taken care of, Daniel,
however, has to settle
down. He should not be
played in the next test if
he continues to be so
erratic and if Holding
returns.
5. The West Indian
captain has to improve.
Vital dropped catches
certainly helped England
to draw.
And, six, the general
weakness of the English
team is apparent. The
quick bowlers are aging
or ordinary. The batting
is without any player of
authority, and the spin
bowling relies on Under-
wood.








Lance Gibbs
All of this should add
up to a West Indies vio-
tory in the series, but
that depends entirely on
the team management.
Do they have the courage
to send for Gibbs? Will
they use their forces to
the fullest advantage?
I think that England
will continue preparing
slower wickets and wic-
kets to favour spin, thus
hoping to dull the edge
of our pace attack.
ODD DAY

They will be quite
prepared to play for draw
throughout the series and
take advantage of that
odd day when things go
wrong for us.
But there is no reason
why we should not win
the series. Once we fill
the gap in the spin depart-
ment. We can recall
Gibbs or ride our luck
and hope Jumadeen or
Padmore comes good.
Assuming that Daniel
is able to settle his run-
up before the second
test, I have a winning
team: Fredericks, Green-
idge or Rowe (based on
form), Richards, Kallicha-
ran, Lloyd, Murray,
Julien, Holding, Roberts,
Daniel, Gibbs.