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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00216
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: June 6, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00216

Full Text

SUNDAY JIUNE 6, 1976


PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO. LTD., 91 TUNAPUNA RD., TUNAPUNA TEL: 662-5126.


LAUGHLIN NOW FIGHTING


FOLLOWING recent finalisation
of new boundaries, Tapia has
announced some changes in its
slate for the forthcoming general
elections.
The constituency of Tapia
Secretary Lloyd Best is now
called Tunapuna instead of St.
Joseph, while Mrs. Angela
Cropper's constituency is how
called Afouca instead of Tuna-
puna.
The San Juan constituency of
party Treasurer Ivan Laughlin


has now become part of San
Juan to be fought by Education
Secretary Lloyd Taylor, formerly
the Tapia candidate for San Juan
West.
Laughlin will now be running
in St.' Anns.
An additional batch of candi-
dates will be announced by Tapia
after the Council of Representa-
tives meets at the Port-of-Spain
Centre on Saturday June 5.
The following 15 candidates
have been declared to date:


TOCO-MANZANILLA MR. BUNTIN JOSEPH
ARIMA MRS. GLORIA HENRY'
.AROU;A MRS. ANGELA CROPPER
TUNAPUNA MR. LLOYD BEST
ST. AUGUSTINE MR. BHOEN DRADATT TEWARIE
BAR ATA R'I A MR.ISHMAEL SAMAAD


SAN JUAN
LAVENTILLE
ST. ANNS
PORT-OF-SPAIN NORTH EAST
PORT-OF-SPAIN CENTRAL


MR. LLOYD TAYLOR
MR. HAMLET JOSEPH
MR. IVAN LAUGHLIN
MR. DENISS SOLOMON
MR. ALLAN HARRIS


PORT-OF-SPAIN WEST
DIEGO MARTIN WEST
FYZABAD
LA BREA
POINT FORTIN


MR. MICHAEL HARRIS
MR. WINTHROP WILTSHIRE
MR. MICKEY MATTHEW
MR. ARNOLD HOOD
MR. DALTON O'NEIL


WILLIAMS




YOUTH HSI


IS Eric Williams trying a
Mao-style youth upheaval
within his own Party?
That question arose
last week as it was dis-
closed that Williams has
been lecturing to PNM
Youth League members
at Baliser House every
Saturday ,afternoon for
the last two months or
so.
Williams has been
talking to the Party
youth, about major con-
temporary issues, includ-

LEARNING

ALL ABOUT

THE 1976
ELECTION
A TAPIA Training Semi-
nar for part cadres will
begin next Tuesday June
8. The Seminar will take
place simultaneously at
Tapia Centres in Tuna-
puna, Port-of-Spain and
Point Fortin.
Membersof the Tapia
Shadow Cabinet will
open discussions on the
party's Election Mani-
festo and Regional Cam-
paign Managers will
explain the most. recent
boundary changes and
amendments to the rules
for the general elections.
The Seminar will con-
tinue in other Centres at
a date to be announced.


ing such complex matters
the transfer of technol-
ogy, the new efforts at
laws governing the sea
and other pet subjects.
Attendance at these
Saturday afternoon ses-
sions has been low in
comparison with the
registered membership of
the Youth League. Of
some. 3,000 members, -
only 30-35 have been
taking part in the cram
sessions.
As older Party heads


considered -the implica-
tions of Williams's latest
moves, the suggestion
that the Political Leader
may now want to use
young PNMites in his
struggle against "tradi-
tional Party millstones".
Williams's sudden
emphasis on women and
young people as candi-
dates for the 1976 elec-
tions, lends some
credibility to the view
that at least a core group


I


A BIG Tapia fund-raising rally organised, by the con-
stituency parties of the Tunapuna Region will be
held on June 13.
The Rally is to take place at the Tapia House
Headquarters of the party at 82 St. Vincent Street,
Tunapuna.
On sale at the Rally will be all kinds of food
including bake, mini-roti, doubles, pelau, coo-coo and
souse; and drinks including rum punch, mauby, sour-
sop. Also on sale will be Tapia jerseys, pamphlets, etc.
Performing from 2.00 p.m. will be the Gay
Flamingoes and Tunapuna Hilltones steelbands,
Parang and Indian Orchestras and a DJ.
The programme also includes raps by party
leaders from the Region and from the Tapia front-
bench.
Members wishing to buy the special ($3) green
shirts prepared for the Rally are asked to order from
the Tapia House (662-5126).


of PNM Youth Leaguers
are likely to support
Williams down the line.
The Party's Youth
League has traditionally
been inactive and has
had little impact on the
decision-making appara-
tus of the Party.
If Youth League mem-
bers suddenly take an
active interest in the
crisis in the Party, the
main instigator would be
Williams himself.

Tapia

Council

meets Sat.


S ThE Council of Repre-
sentatives will hold its
monthly meeting this
Saturday June 5.
Venue is the Party's
Campaign Headquarters
at 22 Cipriani Boulevard,
Port-of-Spain.
SThe Council will
appraise the Tapia elec-
tion campaign, approve
the Election Budget and
finalise the Election
Manifesto.
Starting time of the
meeting is 1 p.m. and a
working dinner will be
served at $2.
Representatives are re-
minded to collect their
Council papers in advance
from the Port-of-Spain
Office.


Meanwhile speculation
is rife as to who th.
PNM' go put to meet the
Political Leader's demand
for young and female
faces in the 1976 election
team.
The speculation has
been throwing up a
variety of "possibles",
"probable" and what
have you, few truly young
and so far, no women.
Heading the list is Dr.
Emru Millette, former
engineer and long-time
public apologist for
WASA. Millette is cousin
of UWI professor and
ULF front-bencher Dr.
James Millette.
Cousin Emru is report-
ed -to be the Doctor's
choice to contest the
Tunapuna seat against
Tapia Secretary Lloydj
Best.
Another probable
comes from the fringes
df the PNM circle Ray
Watkins, a big, wig in the
scouting movement and
in the Government Youth
Camp system.
mThen there is Profes-
sor Desmond Cartey
whose closeness to the
regime is perhaps reflect-
ed in his status as Chair-
man of the Prison Reform
Commission.
But that the PNM is
really scrunting for talent
seems indicated by the
reports last week that
also under consideration
are such people as Ancil
Savary, Johnny Boos and
Rudy Piggott.


ST ANN'S


USES



BATTLE


- -- ------ --- --- ---- ----- --~-~-"-~~~~~1~~~~--~~"~~-


30 Cents.


Vol. 6 No. 23





3,

AAGE 2 TAPIA


ROXBOROUGH WARMS TO TAPIA CAMPAIGNERS


when


what it heard


NOBODY would have blamed theTapia team
that flew to Tobago to launch the Move-
ment's 1976 elections campaign if, after
-that first meeting at the Scarborough Car
Park, Central point in Tobago's main town,
the Tapia people had packed bags and went
back to Port-of-Spain.
A curious crowd had gathered from
early. But as the speakers Allan Harris,
Denis Solomon, Syl Lowhar, Angela Cropper,
Lloyd Best delivered their speeches, the
crowd thinned and then faded.
By the time Best, the last speaker, was
halfway through his address there were only
a handful of people in the Car Park, includ-
ing the two policemen keeping an eye on
the proceedings.
As the Tapiamen re-grouped at the end
of that meeting, there was an unspoken
mood of frustration and discouragement -
that empty feeling created by disappoint-
ment.

But in a display ofthe kind of tenacity
that has made Tapia the kind of Movement
it has become in the last seven years, the
campaign teams were back on the road
Saturday morning, distributing Home Rule
For Tobago pamphlets and the Tapia news,-
paper in the blazing hot streets of Scar-
borough.
OPENNESS


Tobagonians reacted with a curious
openness. Handed pamphlets or the news-
paper in the streets, they opened them up
and read them right there.
Saturday morning and afternoon two
other teams probed Charlotteville and set up
a meeting for Roxborough that evening.
And it was at Roxborough, with half
the village gathered, children and all, around
in that Court Yard where the PNM once
stomped to wild applause that Tapia made
that vital breakthrough.
For not only did the people of Rox-
borough stay to hear every single speaker, the
Tapiamen had to remain in the Court Yard
for almost two hours afterwards as elders of
the village came to meet them, to congratulate
them, to encourage them and to talk about
the state of Tobago -- and the nation.

A GGRESIVE

Roxborough's village leaders were
two men, well into their 50s, and a group
of women. The women were the more
aggressive.
One woman talked about the Maternity
Centre the Government had recently opened
in Roxborough. It was a nice building which
-Ministers had .come and cut the tape to
open. But there was hardly any equipment
in it.
A week after the Centre had bee
officially opened, a woman in labour had
to be rushed to Scarborough hospital..
"For a woman to go and have a baby
in that Centre", she said, "they taking a
chance."
Another woman was more angry,
Williams dare not come to this Court Yard
that had been a branch of the University of
Woodford Square in happier times. The
people would not have him now.
"Look, sometimes," she said, "I feel
you could justline up PNM and shoot them."


What produced that almost magical
contact between the Tapia people and the
people of Roxborough that Saturday even-
ing?

It might have been Ivan Laughlin's
speech of humility, painting Tapia not as a
big, tough organisation confident of taking
over the Government, but as a dedicated.
group of young, educated men and women
who were determined to win back their
freedom from PNM tyranny.
It might also have been the degree of
disgust felt by the people of Roxborough -


and Plymouth the following night with
the PNM. (Tobago, a DAC member told the
Tapia team, "belongs to A.N.R. Robinson."
It was foolish, he suggested, of either the
PNM or Tapia to think otherwise.),

But it was also a remarkable address by
Lloyd Best, who, feeling his way through the
mood of the crowd, thundered back with
poetry and steeled rhetoric.
It was at Roxborough first, and then at
Plymouth the Sunday night, that Best
achieved that high point of communication
- that curious magic that links platform
politician and the people as one:


:4


STAND UP AND FIGHT
IF YOU support the DAC, support it. ii
you support the ULF, support it. If you
support the Tapia House Movement,
support it.
The important thing is to stand up
and fight for your freedom. Take your
manhood back!
It doesn't matter what you are
backing, you stand in- the Square and
back it and back it with everything you
have.
We are coming to the moment of
decision where we have to make a choice
and the choice we have to make is
whether we are men and women or
whether we are mice. That is the choice
in the election. That is the choice beyond
the election.
ON THE OPPOSITION
YOU hear people saying there are too
many political parties. But you have to
understand why.
Before -1970, we were living the
politics of race. You had the Africans
supporting the PNM and the Indians
supporting the DLP.
But Black Power broke that up in
1970. The old PNM/DLP race grip on the
country was broken. And like a glass that
drops to the floor, brothers and sisters,
the splinters are flying all over the place.
BRING YOUR SONS HOME
----------------
LOOK AT what is happening to Tobago.
Your best sons have left. There are-more
Tobagonians living in Trinidad than in
Tobago. Why? Because they cyar make it
here.
But you have to bring your sons
home. You can'thave them going off to a
place where, as the poet says, 'the best
minds root like dogs for scraps of favour'.
No! You have to create the conditions to
bring your sons home.
ON THE WEST INDIAN NA TION
TOBAGO and Trinidad can become the
model for the West Indian nation. The-
West Indian nation is depending on
Tobago for that. The whole West Indian
nation is in trouble everywhere you
turn is trouble. Guyana, Jamaica, Belize
is pressure down the line. And Tobago
and Trinidad have to get together and
make the case for the West Indian nation.
People are depending on you for that.


TRINIDAD IS A CRAZY PLACE
TRINIDAD is a crazy place. The whole
population lives on two roads along the
coast. The interior of the island is empty.
That is madness. We have to open up -the
country.
Tapia plans to build a new housing
area in Wallerfield. To open up the island.
And what happens when you do that?
You create more activity, more inter-
action between Trinidad and Tobago. So
that you can build a deep water harbour
in Scarborough to cater for the new
generation of activity between the two
islands.
ON VOTIG INh THE ELECTIONS
WE ARE not simply asking you for your
vote. The question is not whether you
vote for Tapia or against Tapia. The
question is notwhetherTapia wins or DAC
wins or PNM wins but whether Trinidad
and Tobago scores a victory. That is what
you have to vote for when the elections
come. You have to vote for your coun-
try!
CHANGING THE S SYSTEM
THE possibility we have in 1976 is not
just for changing a Government. It is the
possibility of changing the system. We
must change the system of politics to
take the power from one man and give it
to the people. That is the revolutionary
demand of the times.
THEY PUTA LIGHT ON WE?
DON'T listen to what I say. Just think of
your condition. We are living in the middle
of a revolutionary crisis. And for people
it is also a personal crisis. Think of your
condition. Every little problem you have,
you have to take it to Port-of-Spain. You
.have to- make the pilgrimage to the Mecca
in Port-of-Spain.
So what happen to the people of
Tobago? They kill priest? Somebody
burn a light in the bush for them? They
put a light on you? Tobago is not a ward.
Tobago is not a colony. Tobago is not a
county of Trinidad but an equal partner.
We are proposing complete autonomy
for Tobago with a Council in Scarborough
to deal with the problems of Tobago with-
in the context of an equal partnership
relationship with Trinidad. That is part of
Tapia's national plan for strong local
Government -- a municipal Republic with
power in the hands of the people."


villag


iovrs






SUNDAY JUNE 6, 1976


Hamlet "Yaxsie"
Joseph is
the Tapia candidate
for Laventille


.a



ah f t









Isa.I


THE behaviour cf Dr.
Eric Williams is a lesson
for all those so-called
political scientist to learn.
It is not as simple as
that to describe the
People's National Move-
ment as having come to
the end of the road.
A proper analysis of
the 1956 movement as a
political party is the only
basis on which we can
make sense of what is
happening today inside
the party. -
It is often said in
Tapia that -a political
party is never formed. A
party is only a political
party when the people
perceive it to be such.
Calling a press confer-
ence and declaring a
bunch of men a political
party has long been a
misdemeanor of Trini-
dad political "leaders".
So we lacked, any real
political party up to 1976.
It was only 'in 1968
'after the break-up of the
New World Group, that
Lloyd Best and a group
of intellectuals set out to
build a political party in
Tunapuna.
Dr. Williams' open
attack on his ministers in
1971, 1973, 1975 and'
again this year 1976 is an
admission of his failure
to build a truly political
party in 1956.
His quarrel with CLR
James was precisely about
this.

Ideological differences
were never in dispute.
James had tried to re-
build the party too late;
it was already as fully
formed as it could be.


With all.his tremendous
political insight, James
was to register his first
political blunder.
He failed to perceive
that it was political suicide
to start a movement all
over again, after it had
already been proclaimed
by the Doctor.
MISTAKE

Tapia studiously avoid-
ed the mistakes of the
past. We knew that to
build a serious political
party, you had to work
for it with your sweat,
tears and blood. And that
is how it took us almost
eight years before we
declared ourselves a poli-
tical party.


The PNM was Dr.
Williams' creation to
have as. his own. It was a
straight case of the Mes-
siah, his apostles and his
multitudes.
The PNM was never
able to throw up genuine
leaders of worth in the
communities.
That is why in 1973
he could have refused to
sign the nomination
forms and still take over
-the party.
And now the dismissal
of the nominations of
the party is a clear case
of a demagogue in
action.
General Council has
always been a mirage.
It existed only in


Texaco denies work


permit charge

TAPIA has received the following statement from Texaco's
P.R.O. Ossie Morris concerning our front-page story of
May 16 headlined "Call For Probe Into Texaco School".
There are no teachers at St. Peter's School. with
work permits.
Of the 42 teachers at St. Peter's, almost one-third
are expatriates, but they have all been in Trinidad for a
,considerable period 'of time, in two instances for 25
years.
In other words, mc a than two-thirds of the teachers
are nationals. The last expatriate teacher on the staff of
St. Peter's school who was recruited from the U.K.
arrived in January, 1962, over 14 years ago.
The decision that Mr. Hughes remain on for one
year after normal retirement age was made when it
appeared that the school would be deprived of the experi-
ence of both the principal and vice-principal at about
the same time.
Posts are not always advertised, particularly when a
number of applications from suitable nationals are
available on file.


minds like Arthur Napo-
leon Ray Robinson,
Hudson-Phillips and
Simonette. It was never
a reality with the-Doctor.
The failure of the
vision of these three
blind mice to see that the
PNM was a one-man
organisation, was their
failure to distinguish be-
tween leadership and
messiahship; between a
political party and dema-
gogy, between Robinson
Crusoe and his man
Friday.

HYPNOSIS

Mr. Robinson's argu-
ment, therefore, that the
DAC was born out of the
most serious crisis in the
history of the country
is an attempt at political
hypnosis.

The only difference
between Mr. Robinson's
DAC and Dr. Williams'
PNM is that while Dr.
Williams wields all power
in his party, Mr. Napo-
leon Robinson does not
know whether he is first
second or third.
Dr. Williams' behav-
iour, therefore, is likened,


to that of a psychopath
in an institution hoping
and trying to correct the
mistakes of other in-
mates.
-The big question. now
is: what 'exactly is going
to become of the PNM?
Williams is determined
not to contest with grey-
beards.

Would they give way
like that? Would they do
what he says without
putting up a fight?
In 1973 they wanted
him out! In 1976 he
Williams intends to leave
.if THEY are not out.
Well, what do they do?
Could they survive with-
out the Doctor? If yes,
then Williams has to go.
My bet is that they
cannot survive without
him.
Even if they decide
not to go and beg his
forgiveness, with decla-
rations of assets and all
the others, Williams is
not the type to forgive.
He will put them out
anyway or destroy -the
Party, himself and them.
Yaxsie.


Our coverage of

THE REGION

is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep a breast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription
rates for TAPIA.
The new rates are as follows:


Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
U.S./Canada
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)


U.S.
U.S.
Stg.


$18.00 per year
30.00
$25.00
$30.00
EL14.00


Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 1976.
Tapia, 82, St Vincent St. Tunapuna, Trinidad &
Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-25241.


Y'APIA PAGE 3_






SUNDAY JUNE 6, 1976


IN JUNE 1967 the State of
Israel launched what i t referred to
as a "preventive" war against
Egypt, Syria and Jordan. Within
six days the Israeli troops had
not only completely demolished
the Arab forces but had mas-
sively increased the amount of
Arab land under their control.
That June war was without
doubt the summit of the Israeli
military achievement. It con-
firmed in the minds of the Israelis
themselves, the Arabs and indeed
the entire world, their superiority
over the Arabs. It served to
increase Israeli pride, confidence
and intransigence.
But if in six days they had
recreated their world, their day
of rest and ease has not yet
come. For since that time
developments within Israel itself,
in the Middle East as a whole
and on the world stage have
been such as to endanger the
continued existence of the
Israeli state to a greater extent
than at any time since its creation
in 1948.
To a large extent the internal
crises which Israel has faced in
the last few years stem from
its constant need to maintain
itself in a constant" state of
military preparedness. Or, as
Moshe Dayan put it, to "raise
the flag of war."

MILITARY

The implacable demands of
military readiness to protect its
security has placed increasingly
intolerable strains on the national
economy, has retarded the deve-
lopment of a smoothly function-
ing social system, has caused it
to all but abandon the socialist
principles so loudly proclaimed at
the time of its creation, has made
necessary harshly discriminatory
measures in favour of new arrivals
and above all has engendered in
the youth, the first generation of
Israel born disenchantment and
disillusionment.
All these elements and dis-
sension were manifest even as
the echoing shouts of joy over
the 1967 victories were dying
down. Symptomatic of this dis-
sension was the great demonstra-
tions of many of the Israeli youth
over what has come to be known
as the "'Goldmann affair."
In early 1970 Nahum Gold-
mann, president of the World
Jewish Congress, reported to the
Israeli Government that he had
received an invitation from Presi-
dent Nasser of Egypt to visit
Cairo and conduct informal,
exploratory talks on the possi-
bility of normalizing relations
between Israel and Egypt.

GOLDMANN

On April 5, 1970 the Israeli
government announced in a
communique that under no cir-
cumstances would it sanction such
a visit by Goldmann to Cairo.
The effectof this announcement
was a rash of protest demonstra-
tions among University and high-
school students condemning the
Government for its refusal.
In one Jerusalem high-school,
56 students, including the son of
a member of the Knesset, wrote
a letter to Golda Meir expressing
their doubt as to whether they
would be justified in serving in


CAN





ISRAEL
SURInVff .

.SKtclVE


ISRAELI POLICE SUBDUING ARAB YOUTHS DURING RIOTS IN EAST JERUSALEM


the army after the Government's
refusal to explore the possibili-
ties of peace.
On May 22 then Deputy
Premier Allon, expressed the
growing concern of the Israeli
establishment when he stated in
an interview in a leading Israeli
newspaper that," I knew of the
doubts they had, but I hadn't
realized that they questioned our
historical rights in Palestine and
that they have doubts about
their willingness to fight."
The reality of this unwilling-
ness to fight was brought force-
fully home to the establishment
the following year when four
young Israelis stated in a public
letter that for reasons of con-
science they were not prepared
to enter the army.
The letter, sent to Defense
Minister Moshe Dayan, declared
in part:" We refuse to participate
in the oppression of another
people, as was done in the past
to our forefathers. We were
not born free to become oppres-
sors." The reaction of the Gov-
ernment was swift and harsh. The
dissenters were hauled before a
military tribunal and sentenced
to terms in military stockades.

DISSENSION

But social dissension in
Israel did not only manifest itself
in the radicalization of the
youth. 1971 also saw-the emer-
gence of another aspect of social
revolt. The rise to prominence
of the Israeli Black Panthers was
a direct response to the increas-
ingly widening inequalities in the


standards of living enjoyed by
European Jews and Oriental
Jews.

Here again, apart fru~ 'tcial
prejudices, the impen -.
security played a majc ; : : in
the creation of an in:, bl!e
situation. In an effort to attract
more and more immigrants to
Israel the Government has per-
sued a policy of offering to new
arrivals material incentives far
beyond anything offered to
Israel-born citizens.
'n one of the first leaflets
t the start of its ojgan-
ize, '-.asade in March of 1971
the Black Panthers put their case
very simply. "Enough" was the
slogan. "Enough of unemploy-
ment. Enough of watching
apartment built for new immi-
grants while we" have to sleep
ten persons in one room. Enough
of Government promises that
are never kept. Enough of
exploitation. Enough of discri-
mination.

MESSAGE

The message of the Black
Panthers spread like wildfire
throughout the settlements of
the Oriental Jews in Israel. The
culmination came on May 18
when the Panthers held a meet-
ing 'nd followed this by a
march through the streets of
Jerusalem
When the march reached
Zion square the police forces
appeared and ordered the


TAPIA EXTERNAL
AFFAIR SHADOW MINISTER
LOOKS AT ISRAEL IN THIS
ARTICLE ON HIS WORLD
AFFAIRS SERIES


marchers to disperse. The
marchers refused and the ensuing
attempt by the police to disperse
the crowd forcibly developed
into a large-scale riot which went
on through the night.

All these manifestations of
dissent and discontent in the
political and social fabric of the
Israeli State, however, pale in
significance when placed along-
side the shattering experience of
the 1973 war and the subsequent
events which have kept Israel in
a constant state of turmoil and
introduced grave doubts about
its future existence.
The 1973 war served to
shatter the myth of Israeli mili-
tary superiority. It demonstrated
that the Arab forces had not
only achieved a parity in terms
of arms,and technology with the
Israelis but that their troops
could give a good account of
themselves on the battlefield.


EFFECT


The psychological effect of.
the realisation on the Israelis was
tremendous. That supreme con-
fidence in the capacity of their
armed -forces to keep the Arabs
at bay and to maintain the
integrity of the state was severely
strained and once more the
possibility of total annihilation
of the State of Israel entered
into their consciousness.
More than that, the effect
of the 1973 war was the realisa-
tion that there was now little
hope that the "flag of war"
would be lowered or that the
flag of social reform and econ-
omic development would be
raised.
Indeed one year after the
war, the perilous state of the
Israel economy was revealed for'
all to see. In November 1974
the Government imposed an
austerity budget and devalued
the Israeli pound by 40%.
Taxes were increased and
government subsidies on some
basic foodstuffs reduced. The
immediate results of these harsh
economic measures was yet
another wave of mass protests
and demonstrations.

PRESSURE

Figures released by the
Government in early 1975 re-
vealed exactly why the The
general consumer price index
had risen by 83%, gasoline by
141%, natural gas by 155%,
electricity by 117% and water by
115%. Such a massive inflation
coupled with sharply increased
taxes and a seriously, devalued
currency, meant that the bulk of
the Israeli people were experienc-
ing a rapid 'and drastic drop in
their living standards.
Cont'd on Page 9


PAE4TAPIA






SUNDAY JUNE 6, 1976


What


in power so long


IN A major address at
Scarborough, Tobago,
last weekendTapia Secre-
tary Lloyd Best warned
the people: 'We are in a
season of national crisis,
of political upheaval,
insurrection and revolu-
tion. If we are not care-
ful, it could even be a
time of war."
For in the political
situation in Trinidad
and Tobago today, Best
warned, "either it-is the
voice of the Little Dicta-
tor or the Little People."
There was no question,
Best said, that "we are in
the middle of a political
crisis."
Turn wherever you
want, "there is only one
cry amongst our people.
It's the cry of pressure
and punishment. We have
taken so much pressure
in this country that we
have to say like the poet,
'every evening in this
country, there is darkness
at the door; every morn-
ing there is terror of the
light'."

"TERRITORY"

The 'Tapia Secretary
was talking in Scarbo-
rough at the start of the
Tapia House Movement's
elections campaign in
Tobago, which has two
seats and is 'considered
the "teriforv" of DAC
Leader A.N.R. Robinson.
Pressures faced by the
people of Trinidad and
Tobago, Best said, were
"enormous and painful."
He gave a personal
account of an experience
at a hospital where it


Control


of


150,000

jobs

took 4/2 hours to get a
patient warded and when
they got to the ward,
there was no sheet on
the bed.

"When you go to a
hospital these days",
Best said, "it is stone
thy pillow and earth thy
bed. Whether you take
employment, the utilities,
hospitals,'-schools, trans-
port, water it is a litany
of woe. It is a story of
punishment and pain.

OFFICE

"The people of the
country are bazody with
licks and looking in every
comer to see whether
they can find the means
of 'change."
And the political ques-
tion people had to ask
themselves, Best said, is:
"What is it that is keeping
the Government in
office? Some people say
it's because the opposi-
tion is divided. The
opposition is no more
divided than the Govern-
ment now that the
bacchanal of-the ruling
Party is out in the public
place."
What was keeping the&
Government in office is its
control of 150,000 jobs
in industry- almost a
half of the total labour


1976 is manifestly
a moment of deci-
sion and we have
to make a break.
We have to find a
new DOlitics


force in the country. The
Government's move into
industry after 1970 had
"nothing to do with the
economy or elevating
Trinidad and Tobago. It's
a matter of Party card
Government."

OPPOSITION

The Government now
controlled people "to the
left, to the right and to
the centre. That is why
the politics of opposition
is so difficult. The Gov-
ernment is stamping on
the lifeblood of the
people and holding them
in chains."

The Government had
remained in office, Best
said, simply because "the


Government is very
powerful. The Govern-
ment controls a large
machine and it is a core of
intimidation and mortal
terror."
Analysing the meaning
of the 1970 Revolution,
Best said the Black Power
movement had broken
up the old division of
racial politics.
A UWI scholar's study
done in 1970, he said,
had probed the causes ofU
thdt revolt and had
found that in a country
where 85 per cent of the
population was either
African or Indian, it was
those two racial groups
bearing the brunt of the
pressure.
And prior to 1970,
the Government had kept


r______


Briberq like peasl

BY THE MIGHTY OBSER VER

USUALLY young Ronnie hangs out on the block all
day.
Suddenly young Ronnie is working. With the
Government too boot.
"I get a job as a painter", Ronnie say. "At $25 a
day."
Where?
"At the hospital", Ronnie say. "And look, I ent
even use meh tools yet." He shows off a clean paint-
brush and scraping knife. Both them glittering new.
It's about one o'clock in the afternoon. A
Mond ay.
And Ronnie says: "And I done working for the
day already".

It's happening on every block now. All the boys
getting work at good money and there is no'work
given them to do. They just hang out only they do
it on a Government project.
They could work or they could ain' work, same
$25 a day.
That s how the Government is campaigning to
win the elections. In short, bribery like peas!


MAX SENHOUSE
110 Eastern Main Road 662-4087

Knows The Way to The
Magic Kingdom of
Furniture At Family
Prices


Ruby 3 PC Living Room Set


CASH OR TERMS


PRICE $825

DOWN $250


MTH. $ 45


ci


-. ---L


kept them


L


TAPI6k PAGE 5- S


a "racial grip" on the
country because the Afri-
cans automatically voted-
for PNM and the Indians
for DLP. But in 1970,
the Black Power move-
ment had broken
through that "and like
a glass that drops to the
floor, the splinters are
flying all over the place."
But the Government
had "understood the
meaning" of 1970, Best
said. And it had moved
to build up its machine.

"We are prepared to
admit that when the
Government rushed the
stage of history", Best
said, "they made an
important difference. But
1976 is manifestly a
moment of decision and
we have to make a break.
With liumility. And in
order. We have to .find
a new politics. We have
to rediscover vision. We
have .to think again."

So "defeated are our
people", the Tapia
Secretary said, "that the
only perspective that we
have is to break up and
to mash up.

PROBLEM

Outlining Tapia plans
for decentralisation and
economic reorganisation,
Best said it was time to
give the power to the
people. "If you have a
problem in Cedros, Mate-
lot or Tobago you have
to take it to Port-of-
Spain. That is one-man
rule.

"Little wonder that
the house of cards is
collapsing around us in
1976 arid we are now in
the midst of a revolu-
tionary crisis."
Since 1970 the people,
Best said, "have been
driven into a corner,
bloody but unbowed. And
now in 1976 the people
are emerging again."






SUNDAY JUNI


PAGE 6


rum


Scarborough, Centre



of Life, Love and



Learning


'TOBAGO'S biggest
advantage is that it is
small. Small size is an
asset of all the nations
that make up the greater
West Indian nation. If
your way is the way of
democracy and participa-
tion you can hold a big-
macco conversation with
all the Little People.
So what is to stop
-Scarborough from being
a shrine for all Tobago?
Why could we not build a
cultural quarter of the
City up thehill and around
the Fort? A National
Theatre for the dancers
and the singers and-the
actors?
A Museum, archives, a
documentation. Centre?
All surrounded by restau-
. rants, galleries, schools
of art and music, a bust-
ling centre of life and love
and learning? A soul-
centre, a creative nerve-
centre, cosmic crossroads
for a mini-nation?

Why could we not
locate, on this altar be-
hind the city, a Parlia-
ment Chamber for a
country that cannot
simply be another
County Council but a
country thathas along (er)
and proud (er) tradition
of politics, government
and adfitinistration?
Why could we not
assemble in that exalted
Chamber say, 49 valid
leaders form the different
parishes to guide the
future of the island?
Representatives of reput-
able organizations and
parties in St. Patrick? In


St. Andrew? In St. David?
St. George? St. Mary? St.
Paul and St. John? From
Scarborough and Rox-
borough? From Plymouth.
a n d Charlotteville?
Moriah? Mt. St. George?
Lambeau and Canaan?
And then, would we.
not need new administra-
tive buildings?-Would we
not need upgraded facili-
ties for TTEC, WASA,
TELCO, TEXTEL, the
PTSC, the NHA, the Post
Office and the NIB?
Would we not need a
Press equal to a valid
vibrant civilization, re-
porting the legitimate
business of a people, free,
unfettered and indepen-
dent? Would we not
need, as all the Eastern
Caribbean islands now
surely need, adequate
offices of the Trinidad
Guardian, under the'
'direction of an indepen-
dent national Trust?
Would we not need
facilities for physical and
mental health on a scale
equal to a Teaching
Branch of the University
of the West Indies Hos-
pital?
Would Tobago not then
merit its own Deep Water
HarbouY, expensive apro-


ject as that undoubtedly
is? It is now pointless to
reiterate how outrageous
are the present arrange-
ments, the disastrous
impact on the cost of
living, the shortages, the
inconvenience, the mad-
dening frustrations.
Every year now pos-
sibly 300,000 passengers
travel to Tobago, 40%
by boat. The two boats,
officially admitted to be
unseaworthy, when they
are working, carry 300
passengers each, 30 cars,
325 tons of cargo includ-
ing only 25 tons of cold
storage and the 79 miles
of crossing take no less
than 7 hours. It is indeed
the dreadest of dread
scenes, a whole country
so wickedly held up to
ransom.
ARGUMENT

The argument against
the Deep Water Harbour
is that the scale is too
small for such an expen-
sive undertaking. But
suppose we were plan-
ning not only for 80,000
people in a vibrant,
Tobago culture, economy
and civilization? And
suppose we could imagine


an equally vital maritime
civilisation on the East-
ern Seaboard of Trinidad
and a burgeoning of
activity for the first time
inside that other country?
Suppose Trinidad
ceased this precarious
perching on the Conti-
nental Shelf and moved
to conquer the hill and
-the dale! Might it not
then become possible to
pursue the old plan of
opening up ferry-ports in
Las Cuevas and or
Balandra? With drive-on
containerized transport
in use, we could then use
both the Gulf of Paria
and Rockly Bay as inter-
national harbours for the
entire country.
Such an arrangement
could be very handy in
the year 2002, when we
will probably have 2
million people with a
great export trade in
food -and manufactures
and when vast numbers
of migrants may be
coming from the other
W.I. islands to take up
the slack of unfilled
vacancies.
Vision, as always,
alters the choices. And
the zandolie hole we are
in today in Trinidad &






TOBAGO COULD
HAVE A TAN.
NERY SPECIALIS-
ING IN PIGSKIN


Tobago is directly the
result of an official
failure to prepare for the
potentials of indepen-
dence. Money to bum
and no plan whatsoever.
No management ready,
no skills, no nothing,
only endless Special-
Funds?

CONTEXT

Perhaps the way to
proceed from here would
be to take Tobago out
of the context of the
Special Funds and to
Budget for a Long-Term
Development Plan of 25.
years and a Medium Farn
Development Programme
of 10 years.
We could Budget 5%
of the Special Fund
Target for the 4% of the
who live in Tobago, a sum
of $300m. And we could
immediately embark on
the national reconstruc-
tion of Tobago, topping
up the Investment Fund
as we went along.
We will need an actual
plan and a list of projects
as have been outlined
(Tapia, last week). We
would need to cost them.
We would need perhaps
an entirely new banking
arrangement. A Co-op
Bank, jointly owned by
the IDC, the DFC, the
NCB, the Workers' Bank
and some Insurance Com-
panies could probably
work very well in Tobago
and pioneer mortgage
banking, consumer financ-
ing, household budget
services and small-business
lending in a way possible
only in the special condi-
tions of national pride
and local lend-hand exist-
ing in Tobago.
The breakaway could
be a big thing if attempt-


. . . .






,, 1976


ed in the context of a
gigantic National Service
Programme aiming to
bring large numbers of
skilled Tobagonians home
and to pay them to
launch an each-one-teach-
one scheme of apprentice-
ship and education. All
very possible for Tobago
right one.
In such a perspective,
housing would clearly be
a major interest. More
than one-third of the
existing housing has been
officially defined as sub-


MWstandard. Gross over-
crowding occurred in
over 40% of the units.
By 1987,5000 hous-
ing units with 15,000
bedrooms will not be an
extravagant target in
terms of -demand. That
programme would also
involve the displacements
of 5,000 pit latrines, the
- connection of 3,000 units
to T&TEC and 4,000
units to WASA.
We can see why, in the
future Tobago, employ-
ment and jobs are not
the real problem. The
bottlenecks will show int
the form of material
shortages and skill short-


tages, In such a situation,
National Service and
Apprenticeship become a
categorical imperative.
Certain strategic in-
vestments also become
necessary, in cement,
brick and block produc-
tion; in sand and gravel
washing and crushing at
Gold sborough; in relation
to the Blenheim sawmill
and related facilities for
the seasoning of lumber;
in the cheap, co-operative
marketing of of building
materials. Tobago seems
to be the only place
where consumer co-ops
flourish.
Then there is the
question of title to land,
an unspeakably vexed
question in Tobago for
ages. The Real Property
Ordinance and the admin-
istrative regulations will
both probably need
amendment. Search facili-
ties must surely all be
properly located in Scar-
borough.
Next is the matter of
Town and Country Plan-
ning. Tobago must have
some virtually autonom-
ous body to pull together
the physical aspects of
the entire plan, in rela-
tion to the country as
to the town, in regard to
industry and agriculture
as to the cultural, admin-


istrative and commercial
framework.
One large issue is that
of the airport location.
All the evidence suggests
that a new airport should
be constructed at Friend-
ship Lowlands while
Crown Point is phased
out into private flying
perhaps.
The new airport could
well become the port of
entry from the Eastern
Caribbean probably on
the bhsis of some realistic
merger between TTA'S
and LIAT. Certainly
Tobago should just be


HANDICRAFT PRODUCTION COULD BE A KEY FEATURE OF THE
TOBAGO ECONOMY.


11 11 I


THE economic question is how
to sustain an elevated crown of
administration, culture and com-7
merce by economic pillars, that
are sound and stable. For the
right to fashion its own civiliza-
tion, Tobago will necessarily
have to pay.'
Fortunately, Tobago agri-
culture is a completely open
door. The thrust of National
Service in this area must be a
vast food production programme:-
supported by
appropriate purchasing and
marketing agencies;
small (and large) business
loan-programmes;
an entirely new approach
to tree crops and to fishing.
The key to agricultural
transformation lies in the shift in
values which would come from a
re-location of government res-
ponsibility, an upsurge in popular
participation and popular res-
ponsibility, a clearer perception
that we must go back to the


ing fell before the sword of
advancing technology. The tailors
and shoemakers are fast dis-
appeared as people bought their
land.
The ingredients of a value
shift are already present in
Tobago, subverted only by the
Special Works mentality syste-
matically cultivated from White-
hall and Port-of-Spain.
It is very likely that if we
made the breakthrough, Tobago
would lead Trinidad back to
glory, back to that meeting-place'
where we would find our land
and inherit the cosmic forces of
the region. The beginning of
this return to humanity is to be
found nowhere but in vision.

Agriculture in Tobago needs
a revolution; manufacturing in
Tobago needs it even more. Here
the main chance lies in the
revival of low technology. Be-
tween 1960 and 1970, half of
the employment in manufactur-


supplies from the nail.
The solutions lies in upgrad-
ing and modernising low technol-
ogy, by establishing Institutes
of Craft, by reforming the
Secondary School system and by
providing potential industry with
strategic supports Tapia for
example has proposed to estab-
lish a Tannery with special
facilities for pig-skin tanning.
The great value of a really
small country like Tobago is that
it can seek to export minute
quantities of super-quality hand-
crafted goods handbags, dresses,
ties, shoes, slippers, belts, cur-
tains, key rings, anything you
care to name. High quality,
small number, all custom built.
We must see this as a
genuine option which requires no
great natural resources, only
discipline, skill, insight, will and
organisation.
Tobago's best bet could
well be tourism, one very differ-
ent in kind-from the conventional
-conception, accepted by Tourist.
Board and the present Govern-
ment. Our list of Tourist projects
envisions a thrust by the Trades
Unions, the Professional Associa-
tions and the Government to
establish training facilities in
Tobago as a deliberate act.
Holidays could then be syste-
matically arranged on a large
scale for business and pleasure.


On the side of amenities,
Tobago's endowments are fabul-
ous in terms of forest reserve,
the Bon Accord Mangrove, the
Reef and Nylon Pool, the beaches,
the scenic drives.
One of the tasks of the
National Service Brigades would
be to improve and maintain (and
police) these endowments. We
need huge numbers of hunting
and hiking lodges, windball

piihes three-hole tracks, all-
fc ,rs-cabins, and so on, dispersed
throughout the entire country.
We need National and local parks,
botanical gardens, a zoo, in
Tobago.

There is a colossal infra-
structure to be laid down and
that along with all the rest means
jobs galore. The- whole scheme
of tourism for Trinidadians and
Vest Indians would create a
legitimate and productive way
of earning for Tobago a share of
the region's foreign exchange.

Agriculture, manufacturing,
to:risin. A solid productive and
material base to an autonomous
and self-reliant Tobago, looked
in Iruitful partnership with the
sister island.

And what obstacle, we must
ask now blocks the way?


PARRIS CONSTRUCTION
26a Raminar St. Morvant
FOR BUILDINGS OF ALL TYPES
From
Foundation to Fixtures
('OR AIR. PAR!S
A. 'K I"R AOR I'ARRIS


PAGE 7


the first stop for aircraft
that systematically inte-
grate the region every
hour on the hour -
taking up Guardian,
Tapia, hot doubles, mail,
people going home over-
night and so on.


In that connection,
we should envisage en-
tirely different arrange-
ments for Immigration
and Customs. Tobago
should become our win-
dow to the Indies with
Piarco looking to the
wider world.






PAGE 8 TAPIA SUNDAY JUNE 6, 1976


Let's not elect a dictator!


IF PEOPLE aren't careful in the 1976 general elec-
tions, they could wind up with "an elected dictator-
ship."
For Prime Minister and PNM Political Leader
Dr. Eric Williams has the power under the new
Republic Constitution "to rule like a king."
Tapia Chairman Denis'Solomor. stressed that
point in his address at Tapia's inaugural campaign
meeting at the Car Park in Scarborough, Tobago, on
4Friday, May 28.
But Solomon also said that 1956 was different
from 1976 in that the people of Trinidad and Tobago
"have had the scales removed from their eyes. And
Swe are seeing a discredited and corrupt Govern-
ment".
He said the people now wanted "a viable politi-
cal alternative that is, a political force capable of
mobilising popular support. And the Tapia philosophy


KIRPA

I



















and
We've gol
need at mir


IT SEEMS as though every 20 years, the people of Trinidad
andTobago make a surge forward, for change. And 1976
is no different.
Twenty years after 1956, the people were clamouring
for change. And change there is going to be.
That was the theme struck by Tapiaman Syl Lowhar
in a passionate address to the people of Scarborough at
Tapia 's inaugural campaign meeting in Tobago last week-
end.
"In 1956 we were told to reject Gomes because of
corruption and immorality in public affairs", Lowhar said.
"But today the calypsonian tells us 20 years is enough.
Shadow tells us the cry in town is pressure and Mudada
tells us our 'papers' are no use."
Lowhar traced the history of people's movements,
dating back to 1897 when Alfred Richards led the working
man's movement. Twenty years later, in 1927, Cipriani
revived that movement but that too lost momentum.
And in 1937, Butler came along, dedicated to "lead-
ing the suffering masses
to the promised land."
Butler, Lowhar said,
9 had tried to unite the
S Africans and the Indians
AbNI but again momentum
was lost. And then in
1956, "another black
is messiah in the person of
Eric Williams came along.
"But I want to say .it
is 20 years from 1956 to
1976 and it's time for a
change again."'
Lowhar stressed: "No
matter what this Govern-
ment does, nothing is
going to turn back the
clock and there will be
change. There must be
change in 1976."
There had been a
moment in 1970 when
Geddes Granger had led
thousands in the streets,
marching and marching.
"But that moment did
not succeed. The revolu-
tion was beaten, back.
But in 1976 that same
revolution is going through
another phase, the con-
3 S structive phase."
t w hat yOU In 1956, he said,
w a "thousands and thous-
nJm um cost, ands came to hear Wil-
liams educate his people.
Williams was providing
political education then,
But he dare not face the,
people in whom he kindled
that spark.
"That promise of poli-
tical education is now a
broken promise. There is
now legislation to stop
us -from getting. the in-
KIRPALANI'S NATIONWIDE formation we need.
"There is a wholesale
monopoly of the media."


means the involvement of the people in politics."
Referring to the May 23 statement by Williams,
cutting up the PNM and calling for women and
young people to replace already nominated PNM
candidates, Solomon_ said:
"Williams knows the people want the qualities
the PNM cannot supply. But Williams is setting him-
self up to make use of that nefarious Constitution.
Williams wants to be able to select his Cabinet from -
anywhere. The new Constitution gives Williams power
to rule like a king."
So it was absolutely necessary, the TapiaA
chairman, said "for people to make up their minds
about a viable political alternative." They could end
up with "an elected dictatorship otherwise."
Solomon added that a Tapia Government "will
make it impossible to repeat the kind of authoritarian
politics we have now."




20-year




cycle of




change


Williams had also
promised economic plan-
ning, Lc vhar said. But
today, 80,000 people
were without jobs and
another 50,000 people
were underemployed. One
child, in every four born
in this country suffered
from malnutrition.
IMPQRT

And in Tobago, the
people had to import 80
per cent of their food
and vegetables from out-
side. After 20 years,
there was no industry in
Tobago. In 1957, the
Government came up
with a plan for the island.
In 1963, after the
disaster of Hurricane
Flora, they came up with
another plan. There had
been "plans like fire."
But none of them was
implemented.
Morality in public
affairs had been another


promise of the PNM. But
today, Lowhar said, this
promise had become "a
major issue".
After the revolt of the
people in 1970, he added,
the Government should
have called the people
together in a Constitu-
ent Assembly, But that
was not to be. The Gov-
ernment had by scheme
and treachery and vio-
lence and repression
betrayed the people.
When the army had
mutined in 1970, Serrette
had "betrayed the soldiers",
Lowhar said.
And what had hap-
pened? Young people
had lost faith in the
whole system.
That was why Guy
Harewood and Beverly
Jones had died.
Tapia could not say,
Lowhar added, its sup-
ported the politics of
Cont'don Pg. 11


Rasta Roots at J'ca Rally


A RALLY on June 20
in support of the struggles
of the Jamaican and
Guyanese peoples will
inform the Trinidad and
Tobago public about the
present situation in
Guyana and Jamaica,
especially foreign inter-
vention in these countries.
The programme of the
rally will include a film
on the workers' struggle,
the Rasta Roots and


Rythym Band and
the sounds of Bob Marley
and the Burning Spear.
There will also be
speakers from Jamaica,
Guyana and Trinidad.
The rally at TIWU Hall,
Eastern Main Road,
Laventille will begin at 4
p.m. under the sponsor)
ship of a number of
organizations.
For further informa-
tion -- U.W.I. 662-4620.


I






SUNDAY JUNE 6, 1976

WHY IT TOOK SO LONG TO REVALUE


FOR MORE than a year,
the Government had
been "thinking" about
what to do with the
Trinidad and Tobago
dollar.
And when finally that
decision had been made,
the Government did not
tell the people what was
involved, why it had
taken them so long to
make up their minds.
"It is'the typical con-
tempt with which thev
treat the people", Tapia
Shadow Minister of
Finance Angela Cropper
said at the movement's
inaugural campaign meet-
ing in- Scarbor6ugh on
Friday, May 28.
What had taken the
Government so long?
Nothing more than the
fact, Mrs. Cropper said,
that the Government
wanted to use "the vast
wealth of the country to


L B BMB F'^fiBBBBr rf


niB. o



^liK~i


nn 7TTT


l 5l *JB W '


hand out largesse in the
form of bribery and
patronage".
Now with revaluation,
,he said, the Government
"is trying to play both
ends against the middle
and consequently it is
the people in the middle
who are, still getting the
squeeze."


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NICHOLAS FRY: TREASURES OF WORLD ARTS
$23.70
This fascinating book provides a concise and
colourful history of art from earliest times to the
present day in almost three hundred colour and black
and white illustrations.

KEITH WHELDON: RENOIR AND HIS ART $23.70
To illustrate his book Keith Wheldon has'in-
cluded among the well-known paintings, such as "The
Swing, Les Parapluis and The Moulin de la Galette,
some unfamiliar works which, with the lucid text,
help us towards a more detached reassessment of
perhaps the most immediately attractive painter of
the 19th century.


JOHN FURSE: MICHELANGELO AND HIS ART
$23.70
In this book, John Furse-provides a straight-
forward and perceptive introduction to the work of
the greatest of all Florentine artists, Michelangelo di
Lodovico di Buonarroti.



Stephens
^^^^ i~i~auij^ 'n' Sa INR SA\ i, >~ RnwAono


says

Angela

Cropper

Cropper -said if the
Government had any
interest in where the
economy was going,
"they would have change
the rate of the Trinidad
and Tobago dollar long
ago.
"That should not have
posed any problem. But
as long as the value of
our dollar continued to
fall, the money in the
Treasury built up so that
the Goverment could
increase its bribery of the
population."
And what was the
situation nQw? "The vast
majority of-the popula-
tion don't know how
long its going to take for
things to even out.
"The manufacturers
and the businessmen have
warned already that it is
going to be six months
before we can see any
important change in the
situation. But we are not
going to see any price
decreases here."
If the Government was
responsible, Cropper said,
they would have had "to
address themselves to a
whole range of questions."
But they did not have "the
political courage, the
moral authority to come
to the country and say
what it's all about."


Cropper listed a num-
ber of questions which
the Government should
have answered for the
public on the issue of the
TT dollar.
What are we going
to do about the kind of
things and the amount of
things we import?
How does the Gov-
ernment propose to use
all this oil money?
What are their plans
for agriculture?
Are we going to
continue to import
frozen corn and tomato
paste and put it in cans?
What does revalua-
tion of the dollar mean
in terms of wages? And
what does it mean to
those people who are
below the breadline?
Why has the Gov-
ernment shied away from
an Incomes Policy?
Most ot all, what
does ,the Government
plan to do about prices?
And profit margins?
But the Government
dared not deal. in part-
icular with the question


of profit margins, Cropper
said, -"because tha, is
where they gel support."
She adaed that the
Government ifad failed
to answer all these ques-
tions because although
they.had all the technical
skills in the civil service
that, could provide
answers, "the Cabinet
and the regime as a
whole no longer can
direct these skills. That's
why the people are saying
after revaluation, it's no
big thing."


Laid Iow o

Hardware
Eastern Main Rd., Laventille
(Near to Trotma'n street)

FOR
GRASS ROOTS PRICES
IN
HARDWARE

Galvanise, Cement,
Blocks, Tiles,
Pipe-fi ting,
Points
etc, etc.


From Page 4


As a result of all this pres-
sure with no visible signs of ease,
people are beginning to leave
Israel in significant numbers. The
emigration of Jews-from Israel
was for the first time last year
just as much as new arrivals.
Some 18,000 Jews left the State
last year. Five per cent of the
Russian Jews who entered Israel
last year have left again.
For Western Jews from
Canada and the United States the
figure is even higher. Latest
reports indicate that something
like 40% of these who came in
1974 had left by 1975.
But the new exodus from
the promised land is not just


amongst those who come into
Israel. Fewer and fewer Jews are
coming to Israel at all. In 1974
for example immigration to Israel
from all -sources was 32,000
compared to 5.5,000 in 1973.
More striking is the fact that
by 1975 more than 40% of the
Jews who had left the Soviet
Union had settled in countries
other than Israel. In what must
surely be the most cruelly ironic
blow of all is the fact that there
are over 5,000 Jews in West Berlin
many of whom are from the
Soviet Union, who are refusing
in spite of enormous pressures
to go to Israel.
The internal problems are


not the only ones however.
Israel is now faced with the
increasing radicalization of the
Arabs who live bothin Israel
itself and in occupied territory.
Months of sporadic tension and
violence in Jerusalem, Galilee and
on the West-Bank have given the
Israeli Government deep cause
for concern.

The West Bank probJem is
more fruitfully discussed in the
context of the the Palestinian
struggle. The problem of the
Arabs within Israel however is
one that is going to plague Israel
for a long time.
In addition, of course,


events on the world stage have
moved in such a way as to deprive
Israel of much of the automatic
sympathy and support which she
was wont to receive from other
countries. The use by the Arab
states of oil as a weapon of
diplomacy, the shift in the
modus operandi of the cold war,
and the Americans' new concern
for a foreign policy programme.
designed not to antagonise Third
World countries, all threaten to
leave Israel more isolated than
ever.
Not surprisingly commenta-
tors are beginning to speak of
the sands of time running against
Israel.





PA(T. 10 1AFIA
FOR THE people of Upper Petit
Valley those living in the Cameron
Rd. and Splits Ville area on lands
owned largely by Capildeo and
Scott water is a luxury, good
roads a fantasy and ownership of
the land they have lived on, for
decades in some instances, a mere
pipe dream.
The people of this area com-
prise a self-reliant and hard-working
community frustrated with the
promises of 20 years of PNM rule.
Although they pay water
rates, the pipe water is unreliable
and the major source of water for
many. is the truck-borne service
which isn't that regular.
There are also charges that
truck drivers are selling water.
The limited supply of water
has to be shared for cooking,
washing and bathing.
There is a crying need in
Upper Petit Valley as in many
other low-income areas of the
country for an assured water supply,
if nhot for the entire day, then for
certain guaranteed periods in the
day.
The roads are no better than
when I first visited Cameron Road,
10 years ago. In fact, the road has
simply deteriorated and is an almost
impassable no-man's land of pot-
holes fringed by flat road.
The people feel
that if they were given.
the job, they could main-
tain the 'roads in a
reasonable state. "We
tired talk, but we have
no power down here."
The roaa was worsened
recently by the decision
of Scott to lay bare a
stretch of land at the children
top of the ridge over- school
looking Cameron Road. heavy
The result has been No
soil erosion whenever sure w
rain falls and a residue section
of slush has collected on
the road. Was
This aggravates the the T
already bad drainage pro-, Planni
blems to the extent that indisci
one parent says that the ponsib


- Dennis Pantin (at Centre) rapping to some brot s


- - .. -


hanging out on the river bank




WATER FOR YEARS



lUST A PIPE DREAM


en can't go to
when there is
rain.
one knows for
hy Scott levelled a
i of the ridge.

approval got from
own and Country
ne Division for this
iminate and irres-
le action now


affecting those who live
on the flat'?
Garbage disposal
doesn't reach to the
upper ends of Cameron
Road and Splitsville and
people have taken to
dumping their rubbish in
the river or at the lower
end of Cameron. This is a
health problem apart


from the unsightliness of
garbage scattered by the
wind across the river or
on Cameron.
There is no telephone
that can be used for
emergency purposes and
the nearest Hospital is in
Port-of-Spain.
The construction of a
run-off drain into the
river has led to erosion
of the river bank and a
threat to the homes of
some dwellers who live
on houses close to the
banks.
The people of Cameron
Road and Splitsville do
not want any handouts;
no two weeks on the
Project. They want lasting
employment, to maintain
the social conditions at a
satisfactory level in their
in their community, as
well as in other economic
activity in the area.
The sense of community
is exemplified by the
Valley Harps Steelband
which has been able to
compete with the top
bands in the land in spite
of limited funds and the
problems of organising a
disciplined steelband. The


steelband is the pride of
the Valley.
, To the people of Upper
Petit Valley, the present
argument- between Wil-
liams and the constitu-
e n c y representative,
Hudson-Phillips, is of
little interest.
"When they wasn't
vex, the conditions here
were bad. They vex, the
conditions still bad. And
if they make up, dah is
dey business, we still
catching tail for water!"
A middle-aged woman
speaking to us after one
of our public meetings
by the bus terminus,
.said that the PNM could
not provide the needs of
the people, no matter
who was the representa-
tive, or who vex with
who.
"Is 20 years, if dey
ent do it yet, they-could
never ao it again. Twenty
years is enough! Is too
much! Time for a change!
I go take a chance on
Tapia. You all looking
young and serious. But
if all yuh play the ass I
moving all yuh next time
around."


The children of Cameron Rd. on the top of the old motor car now submerged under layers of dir;
accumulated from the land slip on Scott's land.


J.C Sea7/y



B THE BOOKSHOP

For all types of Books

I I [ FREDRICK STREET PORT-OF-SPAIN


o u I LJ L)141 0 Y/ )




-' TT'NE6, 1976
SUNDAY JUN 6, 1976



Our aim s to give power



to the people of


Petit Valley


and elsewhere


THE TAPIA Plan for Petit Valley
is simply to give "Power to the
people of Petit Valley" as to
people of all areas of the country
to carry out the necessary repairs,
renovations and maintenance to
th- social welfare facilities in their
community.
The community would have
control over road repairs, water
supply, health facilities, sporting
and recreational facilities, educa-
tional institutions and public
transport off the tracks of the
normal bus and taxi routes.
Tapia will commit these local
resources through the creation of
some 25 Municipal governments
throughout Trinidad and Tobago.
Each Municipal Government
would comprise some 50,000 per-
sons, and would comprise repre-
sentatives of the different com-
munities within the region.
Forexmample, an Upper Petit
Valley Community Council would
have representation on the Diego
Martin Municipal Government.
The Community Councils
and Local Government would be
given legal powers and financial


resources to engage in economic,
social and cultural activity.
These bodies would have
power and money to set priorities
for water supply, road repair and
maintenance, provide health facili-
ties, schools and proper grounds
for football, cricket, basketball,
netball, tennis and other sports in
Upper Petit Valley.
This is not to say that all
these services which do not exist
today can be provided immediately
a Tapia government is formed.
There will be some limits to the
kind of work to be done.
The important thing is that
the community will have a large
say in decided what we want first:
to repair Cameron Road, reinforce
the river, provide water, buy drums
for the steelband, set up a Con-
sumer Co-operative or an associa-
tion of farmers.
ACCOUNTABILITY
The central government will
.provide checks to ensure account-
ability and also the -necessary
advice which may not be available


in the community, e.g. the rein-
forcing of the river may require
engineering advice, the Consumer
Co-operative will need legal and
Managerial advice.
NO PROMISES
As Dennis Pantin, the Tapia'
candidate for Diego Martin East,
told the public meeting at Morne
Coco Road, last week: "Tapia is
making no promises. A promise is
something I agree to do for you
and all you have to-do is sit and
wait until I fail or succeed in
giving you what I promised.
"Tapia has a Programme for
National Reconstruction. We are
asking the people of Petit Valley
and of the rest of the country to
join with us, if they believe what
we are saying to be reasonable, to
build Trinidad and Tobago as a
place fit for our young people to
bring up their families and our
older heads to spend their last
days in peace."
LAND OWNERSHIP
Tapia programmes for Land
Reform will ensure that persons
who have lived on lands for many
years, using this land either for
farming or simply for dwelling,
are entitled to security of tenure.
This means that after 20 or
30 years of tenancy, people are
entitled to ownership of lands.
The owners of such lands must be
recompensed for the investment
which they made, both in the
direct purchase of the land and in
any improvements to roads, water
and other facilities which they
have provided.
But the Central and Local
Government bodies must have
power to provide necessary social
facilities on privately owned land
and to charge the private owners
for such expenses.
If the private owners unable
to engage in such large-scale ex-
penditure, as is the case in many
instances, then the Governmental
agencies must have the option
either to purchase the land for
re-sale to the residents or to
undertake the necessary improve-


ments as part of a redistribution
of income taxes paid by the resi-
dents of the area.
VALLEYHARPS

Cultural and Social organisa-
tions like Valley Harps or sporting
teams will have to be maintained
by the community.
This means, in the first place,
that the members of these organ-
isations must work hard to raise
funds for themselves.
But it may also mean that
the Local Government would
provide some annual stipend to
maintain cultural activity.
Valley Harps cannot con.
tinue to depend on the largesse of
Reed. Sponsorship has served a
useful purpose but the present
mood in the country requires that
communities sponsor their own
steelbands.

Business places which are
located in these communities can
also contribute towards the up-
keep but this must not guarantee
them the right to have their name
on the band's banner.
The major sponsor of any
steelband is the community which
provides most of the pan players,
*the moral encouragement and
which puts up with the long nights
of practising. These people are
the real sponsors.
WATER
Tapia plans for water will
involve a short run plan to ration
water equally.
The people of Upper Petit
Valley now face rationing most of
the day while other areas have
water for the entire day.
The Tapia Water Plan will
ensure that every community has
water for certain guaranteed
periods, particularly mornings and
evenings.
In the long run, Tapia will
speed up construction in the
Caroni-Arena and Lower Navet
water projects to increase the
amount of water available for
distribution.


4X':i ~


S A 0 A


From Pg. 8
violence. But it had to
be understood that these
young people-had "died
for their country."
Karl Hudson-Phillips,
he also said, had returned
to Trinidad after being
abroad and described the
'70 revoultion as "a


storm in a teacup". But
"we in Tapia realized that
the nation had to recon-
stitute itself'.
That was why Tapia
had gone into "the dark
corridors of power", the
Senate, to fight the Con-
stitution issue.
Lowhar pointed out
that DAC leader A.N.R.


Robinson had been say-
ing, for years that the
1962 Constitution was
good enough and he would
take no part in Constitu-
tion reform.

But "he had to admit
in the Press recently that
the new Republican.Con-
stitution was repugnant


and was designed to
remove the rights of the
people and establish a
dictatorship, the likes of
which we've never seen."

Tapia, Lowhar said, "is
the paity that represents
the mood of the people".
He described the PNM
as a party "broken up


into several fragments."
And he urged the people
of Tobago: "Even if you
do not support us, bear
our precepts and principles
in mind because, as you
walk through the valley
of the shadow of death,
it is that faith that will
sustain you."


TAPIA I




Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N.Y. 10021,
Ph. Lc-gih 5 8448.
U.S.A.

irn


U


PNM Political Leader Dr. Eric Williams is now facing
hardline resistance within his own Party a develop-
ment that could lead to Williams' resignation and the
emergence of a new PNM leader that will take the
Party into the 1976 General Elections
Members of the Party's General Council were
affixing signatures last week to a motion to summon a
special meeting of the Geneial Council to reject moves
initiated by Williams foi a special Party convention to
establish new criteria for the selection of new candidates
for the elections.
Fifteen signatures are required for such a meeting
to be called and at mid-week half of those signatures
were in.
Top Party members are involved in the move to
reject a General Council decision taken on Sunday, May
23 to hold the special two-part convention called for
by Williams in a statement that castigated already nomi-
nated PNM candidates as "traditional Party millstones."
Williams also called on the Party to replace the
majority of the PNM candidates with women and young
people or else he would quit as PNM Political Leader.
At that General Coun- --
cil meeting on May 23, Y g a
stunned members were F kn S
slow to react to the
Williams statement.
When Party Chairman
Senator Francis Prevatt d n
called for a vote on the
Convention, only 18 of
the 94 members present
voted in favour. The rest
abstained. 09 tS
Since then, the PNM
Secretariat has sent out
invitations to Party groups C
for the convention, sche-
duled to begin on June A REPORT that a nine-
13. man team oi Central
But in an unprecedented Intelligence Agency (CIA)
move at high Party levels men have arrived in
to reject the Williams men have arrivedto look into the
statement and uphold the Trinidad to look into the
candidates already'nomi- crisis in the ruling PNM
nated, the convention has been denied by the
could well be scuttled. U.S. Embassy in Port-of-
If that is successful, Spain.
then Williams will be Robert Rich, the Em-
faced with the choice of bassy's Deputy Chief of
either sticking to his Mission, said the report
statement and resigning as "is not true".
leader of the Party or Rich also said the only
finding a way to shift American Government
position and go along official to arrive in Trini-
with the Party. official to arrive in Trini-
Party members' are dad since early May was a
already researching the new vice-consul to fill a.
necessary steps to be vacancy in the Embassy.
taken if Williams does Reliable sources had
resign. (Parliament could said the CIA agents were
appoint a new leader, in the country and might
who is seen as the best even be in touch with
man to "command the Prime Minister Eric Wil-
support of the majority" liams because of concern
in Parliament; or thun about the instability that
PNM General Council
could make the appoint- could result from the
ment.) crisis in the PNM.
The political high sea- But Rich has denied
son for the PNM with the report.
Party groups meeting all The CIA connection
ovier the country every is but one angle, to the
night to discuss the deve- developing crisis in the
loping crisis in the Party ruling Party, provoked by
- comes just weeks Williams as one top
before Parliament is to Party man put it to.
be dissolved on June 1.7 destabilize" the-PNM.
for the 1976 elections destabilize the PNM.
which must legally be
held by September 17. which came to the fore
The whole affair is no when Williams did his
longer being treatedla at "resignation" number in
high levels within the 1973, is also considered
PNM as a row between shaky. A successor to
Williams and Karl Hudson- Williams could come from
Phillips but as a Party any one of the Party's
issue. "We are trying to three deputy political
hold the Party together", leaders G e o r ge
a spokesman said. Chambers, Errol Mahabir
But Hudson-Phillips's and Kamaluddin Moham-
bid for Party leadership, med.


PARTY.Io


K I/R/ ORDER

However, all three men A A
may find themselves
without support because
of past close -relationship
-with Williams. The attack
by Hudson-Phillips on
Mahabir in Parliament on Sunday June 6 A series of meetings between
May 28 could also dis Toco and Matelot starting at
credit both men for 11 a.m.
Party leadership,.
Tuesday June 8 Regional seminars to be held
SUCCESSOR in the various regions for all
A successor to Williams Tapia cadres and candidates.
A successor to Williams
may therefore well Wednesday June 9 A 15ublic meeting at the
emerge from within the corner of Duke a~ind Nelson
General Secretariat of the Streets trbo launch the Tapia
Party including Senator candidate for PO.S. East.
N-icholas SimonettL whose
7.1-minute rebuttal of
Williams' "complacency" Thursday June 10 National meeting to be held
charge before the General in Couva.
Council on May 27 is the
high point of Party con- Friday June 11 Meeting to launch the candi-
versation these days. date for S/F.do East.
But the crisis for the
Party does not only in- Sunday June 13 Tunapuna rally at the Tapia
volve the issue of a new House.
Political Leader if
Williams doesn't suddenly Thursday June 10 Showing of slides by Ruskin
do an about face and Punch atP.O.S. Centre.
hold on to power.
The move to block
that special convention Saturday June 5 Council meeting starting at 1
also means that the Party p.m. $2 contribution for food.
will go ahead and face
the polls with incumbent
MPs, most of them pub-
licly discredited by Wil-
liams in his May 23
'bombshell'.
However, Party spokes-
men were aware last week
that "high politics" will
decide the fate of the
ruling Party in- the next
few weeks.
"Williams could do .
anything"'?, they were
saying last week. "What
will decide the issue is ,
how men stand up and
play. Williams has called
on the Party to perform
hari-kiri.
"The Party is saying
no to that and calling on-
him to stop his foolish-
ness and fall in line."
Falling in line, how-
ever, is not one of Wil-
liams's k n o w n
characteristics.


___


HARIM


"sr6