Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00215
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: May 30, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00215

Full Text
Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N.Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448.

SUNDAY MAY 30, 19766

kEW ;2, .



THE FTaph campaign moved
to Tob. go in a big way from
last Thursday when a team
compromising members of the
National Executive, the
Council of Representatives,
the Shadow Ministers and

election candidates, flew over
for a weekend visit.
The climax of the week-
end will be four public.meet-
ings to be held in Scarborough
-Main Road and Mt. St. George
on Saturday at 6.30, p.m.,

and at 4.30 p.m. and at
Charlotteville at the same
time on Saturday.
The last activity before
the return of the Tapia party
on Sunday will be a public
meeting at Plymouth gas
station at 5 p.m.

OF THE majority of candidates nominated by PNM
Party Groups for the 1976 elections, Political Leader
Dr. Eric Williams received the least nominations from
Party groups within his own constituency, Port-of-
Spain South.
Where incumbent MPs like George Chambers,
Karl Hudson-Phillips, Overand Padmore, Kamaluddin
Mohammed, Hector McClean and even young new-
comer Patrick Manning were nominated by the bulk
of Party groups in their constituencies, Williams in
fact has b1 en nominated by only 11 out of 20 Party
groups in rt-of-Spain South.
This is seen as a result of Williams not even
visiting his own constituency for some 2/2 years.
It is because of his uncertainty about winning in
his own constituency that Williams has indulged in
an exercise thathas to date had him nominated in
both Diego Martin West and Point Fortin. In a recent
gerrymandering exercise by the Elections & Bound-
aries Commission, Williams also included "safe"
Woodbrook in his Port-of-Spain South cons ituency.C
But the Political Leader has not yet indicated in
which constituency he's going to be running on
election, day.
Last week, as PNMites reeled under the blow of
the Williams cut-up of the Party on the eve of the '76
elections, some Party people were recalling that since
Williams's return from "retirement" in 1973, he has
been "a strain on the Party."
Williams has in fact attended no meetings of the
central executive of the Party and few meetings of
the General Council.






brings out D A

the kniva s

THE "ultimatum" de-
livered to the People's
National Movement(PNM)
by Political Leader Dr.
Eric Williams is seen by
top Party officials as "an
upsetting blow" that is
bound to create "confu-
sion and instability"
within the PNM.
There is even concern
in upper ranks of the
ruling Party that the move

All ife Ps idfet' men PAGE
-mxmlm. -'-....-.



A l

by Williams is designed
to "mash up the Party ".
Why? A Party spokes-
man said: "He wants to
go. He is just looking for
an excuse.
Another view is that
Williams is again seeking a
personal mandate from
the Party land the nation,
similar to his resign-and-
come-back manoeuvre of
In a statement read
personally to the General
Council of the Party on
Sunday, May ?3, Williams
lambasted the candidates
nominated by PNM Party
groups around the country,
called for a special con-
vention to begin June'13
to establish new criteria
for candidates, to be
followed by the selection
of new candidates, and
laid down a blunt ultima-
"Either the nominees
remain and you get a
more appropriate political
leader or the political
leader remains and you
get more appropriate
candidates for whom no
apology need be made".
Williams refused to give
members of the General
Council copies of his
statement on May 23 and
then sent a personal
courier to the Press on
Monday, May 24 to leak
the statement. General
Council members were
then posted copies which
they began receiving by
But rejection of the
PNM candidates nomii-

nated to date is certain
to create havoc within
the Party. Incumbent
Members of Parliament,
who were expecting to
run again, and who have
been nominated by their
constituency groups, have
been actively campaign-
ing and raising election
The Williams statement
is also being seen as a
major effort to stop PNM
backbencher and former
Attorney, .General Karl
Hudson-Phillips from run-
ning on a PNM ticket in
the upcoming elections.
On the eve of the '76
elections, the Williams
statement has therefore
hardened pro-Karl and
pro-Williams factions in
the Party. Indications
were last week that there
would be resistance with-
in the Party to the stand
taken by the Political
MEMBERS of the Council
of Representatives are
reminded of the meeting
of that body on Saturday
5 June starting 1 p.m.
Another big event on
the Tapia calendar is the
seminar for cadres set for
Tuesday 8 June. The
various regions will work
out the details of venues
for the seminar, but the
Tunapuna regional rally
will be held at the Tapia
House on June 13.


Vol. 6 No. 22

30 Cents.




BY ,

THROUGHOUT the countless years of zig-
zagging, beyond the rise and fall of endless
favourites, one constant has characterized the
politics of Eric Williams: an unshakeable
conviction that his greatest political resource
is his own person, that what he must always
sell is himself.
That messianic style has its roots deep
in an ego shaped by the processes of a
restrictive colonial milieu. But it received its
original impetus and justification from the
restless hordes which thronged the University
of Woodford Square and its constituent
colleges in the early days of the 1956
Movement. An impotent, inarticulate/ and
inexperienced colonial society demanded an
overreacher and a politics of excess.
It was to be a mutually destructive
process. Fed by the adulation of the crowd,
the ego would swell and grow, forever driven
to greater excess, soaring eventually to such
heights of self regard that there could, not
but be a fatal break with reality, a loss of
vital contact.
For its part, the crowd, ever more mes-
merized by each stunning_ feat of political
derring-do, by the magic of superman politics,
would settle into a state of political hypnosis,
its gaze transfixed on the charismatic leader.
Once set in that mould, it has been
almost impossible to alter the shape of the
political relationship. Not even when the
cruel pinch ot hardship awoke us from our
slumber to the stark realization of the colos-
sal failure of the leadership, could we bring
ourselves to pin any blame on the Supreme

men- w .d th L Ki. ng. O

X .

In the face of mounting evidence of
incompetence, corruption and insensitivity,
we heaped our odium on the heads of the
men who surrounded the Little King. Only
if he had better material to work with .
On the other side of the equation, each
succeeding fiasco was met by a greater deter-
mination on the part of the Doctor to apply
an increasingly personal solution. The process
began early with Meet the People tours,
Meet the Party tours, which evolved to
National Consultations and Radio/TV hook-
ups. Intermittently, the Doctor would
assume personal responsibility for a key
ministry usually that of Finance.
This process reached its climax in Dr.
Williams' Convention speech of September
1973, when-he castigated his Ministers, lam-
basted the Party and "resigned". It was the
start of a crudely stage-managed attempt to
cut free of institutional restraints and to win
a renewed personal mandate from the
country. The attempt fell flat as far as the
latter aim was concerned. The party, how-
ever, was ruthlessly put in its place.
Nearly three years later, and on the eve
of General Elections, the considerations
which drove Williams to his 1973 gambit are
even more pressing. Despite unprecedentedly.
high levels of state revenues, public admin-
istration is in a shambles, the public utilities
are in disrepair, the economy, outside of oil,
is in decline, and, in consequence, there is
deepening public antipathy toward the
ruling party, and, indeed, toward the Political
Leader himself.


What is even worse, there is alternative
political .organization coming centre stage,
which shows all signs of appealing success-
fully to a disgruntled and frustrated elector-
ate.- In such a situation, the Political Leader
must battle for his very survival. He must
try to hark back to the achievements of
twenty years, though such an appeal can
have little impact. There is no ideological
perspective he can legitimately claim too
much pragmatism under the bridge for that.
Nor is there any organization to rally. The
only recourse is the original resource. the

once and future king.
The Little King must now stand forth
as our only guarantee of stability and con-
tinuity, as our salvation from the political
violence, the racism, the ideological chaos,
the suppression of liberties of Jamaica and
Guyana. He must again hang out the banner
of morality in public affairs, being himself
above reproach on that score. In sum, he
must now appear as the Great Conservator
of values, the Father of the Nation, the
Wise Old Patriarch of the Tribe, presiding
over a time of troubles and transition, guid-
ing our destiny with a firm hand and a sure
touch. It is the apotheosis of thl Messiah,
man made God.


Does not such a transformation require
that He shake off the dross of this earth? -
those traditional "party millstones". Does
not the superior insight of His elevated
position require that he dispense with the
mundane democratic processes of choosing
nominees within the party? Will not the new
and elevated Perspectives require new and
more trustworthy minions and messengers?
In common political language, Williams'
strategy for survival is to attempt to sell him-
self once again, albeit in newly packaged
form. To sell himself successfully as a
symbol of Stability with Progress, of Order
with Integrity, he must have a free hand to
choose his running-mates.
It is an old concern of his, which is
reflected in the new Republican Constitution
with its provision for the Prime Minister to
bypass the electoral process and to select his
Cabinet from among his own appointees in
the Senate, thus cloaking Presidential power
in Parliamentary garb. Now, savage political
necessity has driven Dr. Williams to proclaim
the Republican constitution at the informal
level of his party's politics.
What is being presaged is a switchover,
in substance, if not in form, to the Presiden-
tial style, not only at the Constitutional
level, but also at the level of electoral politics.
Dr. Williams assures us that the electorate is
fed up with traditional electioneering and
political parties. What can be the alternative?
What else but a skilfully managed campaign
via the media, especially the powerful
medium of television, so ideally suited to
the projection of a personality?


The Presidential style in politics origin-
ates, of course, in the United States of
America. American political commentators
now speak of "politics without parties".
Elections become the contest of personali-
ties projected by public relations experts
through the mass media. The emphasis is on
image rather than on substance, on the
superficial ,rather than the profound, on a
man as opposed to a movement.
There was no more convinced practi-
tioner of that style than Richard Nixon. One
journalist who covered Nixon's 1968 cam-
paign, subsequently wrote a best-seller
entitled "The Selling of the President".
Will Williams' political survival be
serviced by the blandishments of the PR
men? Was last Sunday's -bombshell at the
General Council meeting the first salvo in the
new-style campaign, a clearing of the decks
as the Doctor seeks to twist the constitu-
tional requirements of the Parliamentary
system to meet the political imperatives of
his Presidential style?
Will the lessons of Watergate be lost
on the people of Trinidad and Tobago?

SUNDAY MAY 30. 1976



of E




says La Brea old liver

about Tapia meeting

NEITHER Napoleon
Bonaparte's "whiff of
grapeshot" nor Dennis
Ramdwar s cans of tear-
gas would have dispersed
the crowd that Tapia
attracted when it held a
Public Meeting at Fung's
Shop, Sobo, La Brea, on
Monday May, 24.
Mickey Matthews,
Tapia's candidate for
Fyzabad, showed the
,gathering in soulful tones
how the Gomes and then
the Williams regime had
eliminated skilled men
like shoemakers, tailors,
joiners, and Cabinet
makers, by their mis-
directed policy of "indus-
trialisation by invitation".
He recalled that gard-
eners of yesteryear, like
his father's friends, were
now "pulling bull" in
theirMazdas, Cortina L's
etc. "They done with
"Agriculture is now
down in thedumps and it
will take any government
even a Tapia govern-
ment two or three
years, perhaps a whole
five-year term, to begin
to lift it out of those
depths into which Williams
and his regime have flung
it", he added.
Tapia's candidate for
the area, Arnold Hood,
delivered a lucid yet
entertaining exposition
of Tapia's plans for
employment, road-trans-
port and water distribu-
It was possible to have
full employment in this
country through localisa-
tion of industry, a serious
thrust into" agriculture
and housing and re-organ-
isation of the Special
Works Programme. r
"In fact, I foresee a
situation in which we
shall all suddenly be
remembering ourmothers,
fathers, brothers, cousins,
tan-tan and gran-gran in
Grenada, St. Vincent,
Carriacou, St. Lucia,
Dominica, wherever they
are, and sending for them!"
he said.
Tapia's difficulty with
regard to water supply,
he claimed, would be

what conservation techni-
ques and water security
system to introduce so
as to prevent an over-
supply of water and to
curb ,-the tendency of
people "to wash their
dog, cat or car at the

CUSS UP and cuff down.,
This, according to Tapia
sources, sums up the
way the PNM campaign is
being conducted in La
And the ruling party's
use of this, strategy was
brought out vividly on
Friday, May 21 when the
Tapia candidate for La
Brea, Arnold Hood was
violently attacked by the
foreman of a Special
Works project in the area.
According to Hood,
he suffered as a result "a
puffy blackened right eye
and several scratches".
The Tapiaman added
that a "torrent of threats
liberally sprinkled with
the most emphatic and
colourful four-letter words
followed the attack".
"This was merely the
climax, however, of a
tirade of personal abuse
which began immediately
upon my being announced




Selwyn James from La
Brea, in chairing the
meeting, observed that
telephone booths had not
been maintained in the
area, the roads are a
scandal, and T&TEC cut-
ting we lights at will ."
The 22-hour meeting

as Tapia's candidate for
La Brea," Hood reported.
The rough-cuff incident
took place in full view of
a civil servant, who, now
on three months' leave,
has been performing as
the Campaign Manager of .
the PNM representative for
the district.
The civil-servant-turned-
campaign Manager uttered
not a word of reprimand'.
He merely looked on at
the incident and then
drove off.
Hood wants to know
the reason for such con-
The Tapia candidate
also asked: "What dis-
ciplinary action will the
Special Works Programme
Committee take against
this project foreman for
provoking a street brawl
on working time (8.30
a.m.) some forty yards
from his work-place?"
Recalling that violence





For all types of Books


saw Tapia scoring a "first"
in public meetings in that
The platform was given

over to villagers and Bro.
Arthur Griffith, a senior
citizen of Sobo, thanked
Tapia and "these two
bright young men" and

has always been an aspect
of PNM's public relations
programme, Arnold Hood
"Little wonder then
that people now view
politics as a dirty ganme -

complimented them on
their vision.
He said at long last a
political meeting had
moved him in the way
Butler used to do.
The crowd of 150 did
not entirely disperse till
10 p.m.

one in which you have to
use every trick in and out
of the book.
"But if politics is dirty
business today, it is simply
because there are at present
dirty men in the game."



We've got what you
rnled at minimum cost,




SUNDAY MAY 30, F9'76.

Raoul Panrin

A CIRCULAR inviting
members to a meeting this
Friday of the Journalists'
Association of Trinidad
and Tobago (JATT) has
this appealing ring to it:
"Let's face facts. We
are not at all pleased with
the running of the organ-
isation. There are many
things you would like to
see JATT do. And you
also need a forum to air
your grouses."
Friday's meeting, in
fact, is one more try by
the presiding JATT exe-
cutive led by "Guardian"
editor Lenn Chongsing -
to hold a constitutionally
required annual general
meeting to elect officers.
This simple democratic
exercise has been ignored
by at least 100 journalists,
spread across the "mass"
media, for over a year
According to the
Association's constitution,
such annual general meet-
ings are to be held every


The last meeting was
due in May 1975. But the
JATT executive made two
or three attempts to hold
the meeting last year
without success.
The last effort was on
December 14 last year.
But only 11 of the 15
journalists needed to
make up a quorum turned
up and the meeting had
to be postponed.
It is no secret, of
course, that from its
-initiation in 1972, JATT.
has failed to attract the
support of the majority
of working journalists -
even though those journal-
ists, the bulk of them
employed by the "Guard-
ian", have blissfully
continued to pay their $2
monthly subscriptions to
the association, deducted
from their salaries.
JATT's unpopularity
among its dues-paying
members stems partly
from bitter personality
clashes among the media
"superstars" and partly
from an historical inability
among the nation's
journalists to work to-
gether in their common
The latter is especially'
a result of the divide-and-
rule tactics still employed
by the media managers
to keep journalists frag-
mented. And weak.
All the media recognize
Trade Unions butjournal-
ists are- not active partici-
pants in those Unions and
are simply recipients of
the few dollars more ne-
gotiated with manage-
ments every three years
or so.
Originally, the idea
behind JATT was to
provide journalists with a
competent professional


in a



sad state... A
the i
. happy
a st

but does a

organisation that would
work to lift the standards
and the status of the
profession. 2
To date, that idea has
failed miserably.
"If the Arabs and the
Jews could talk about
settling their differences,
why can't we?" an
exasperated Chongsing
asked a group of journal-
ists discussing the future
of JATT last year.
Chongsing should -look
for the answers to such
questions within his own
newspaper. One of the
reasons- that journalists
often use to put down
JATT is the fact that the
JATT executive has, over
the last four years, always
Been made up of top men,
in the profession like
Since journalists (in-
cluding the majority of
JATT members in the
"Guardian") have little
respect for those top
men, they see little point
in coming out to JATT
meetings or taking part
in the association's
Journalists in fact have
come to see JATT as just
another talking shop for
the media "bosses". Since
those "bosses" play avery
backward role in the pro-
fession, JATT is hardly
viewed as a progressive
The reality in the
"mass" media in Trinidad
and Tobago today, of
course, is that the editors,
programme directors and
other executive media
men in fact are powerless.
Editors and other top
media executives do not
own their newspapers.
They are employees,
just like the rank and file
And they take orders,
like everybody else. So
this distinction between
"bosses" and "workers"
in the media is unreal.
It is merely a matter of
title, status, salary and
degree of compliance that

separates the "bosses"
from the "workers".
A glaring example of
this was the infamous
amendment to the Sedi-
tion Ordinance in 1972
which JATT, as an
association, voted unani-
mously to reject but
the Bill was supported, a
week later, by the "Guard-
Chongsing, when asked
to explain this peculiar
discrepancy, retorted that
he was really tNro men -
editor of the "Guardian"
mand President of JATT.
And, apparently, both
"men" could take oppos-
ing positions.


Last Sunday, the
"Guardian editorially
came out in praise of
Government MediaChair-
man Jimmy Bain in
spite of the fact that one
-of the journalists fired in
the Bain massacre of
1975 was Jerome Ram-
persad, Secretary of
Little wonder that
JATT is not taken
And yet. The need for
a professional journalists'
organisation is even more
urgent today than it was
four years ago.
Four years ago, journal-
ists were not subject to
dismissal with impunity
or the kind of interfer-
ence by officialdom that
made a journalist recently
tell an international con-
ference the profession
was becoming "danger-
It may be too late to
save JATT. Certainly, the
presiding executive is
totally incapable of
making any serious
advances for the profes-
sion. (Its agenda for this
Friday's meeting includes
the item, "Refreshments"
a reflection of the con-
temptuous view that to
attract journalists, to any-
thing, "refreshments"

must be provided).
But for the majority
of journalists to sit back
and look on is hardly good
enough. The JATT con-
stitution in fact provides
for voting on a majority
So if journalists are
simply dissatisfied with
the JATT executive, all
they have to do is attend
Friday's meeting en
masse and vote in the
executive they want.:
Unfortunately, there is
a lot of evidence to sup-
port die view that the
journalists employed by
the nation's "mass" media
couldn't care less about
their own profession or
the danger for the society
as a whole if their pro-
fession is compromised.
The lack of training
the employment policies
of the media and the

in ig
an ir
to s;
- if
to -r

tant pressures to con-
a have reduced a lot
journalists to mere
hand notetakers -
the media have be-
e public relations
cies, churning out
that is usually
Jed- to reporters on a

society cannot res-
or trust a media
ating-like that. And
inevitable result (it is
)ening already) will be
eady erosion of an
tution that could and
ld play a dynamic
in Trinidad and
ago today.
Looked at more
closely, the media as
an institution is
buckling under the
same pressures that
have reduced other
institutions here to
convenient tools to
be manipulated by
the few to
use, bamboozle and
rwise keep the marny
hat journalists should
ngly make themselves
y to that kind of dis-
esty is sad. It is only a
ter of time before the
ic catches on and
will leave the journal-
in a very unenviable
tion. It could also
age the profession in
reparable way.
ATT may still be able
salvage some integrity
journalists sit up and
notice of what is
?ening to. them and
r profession. But some
r professional associa-
may become neces-
and the fact is,
e are enough journal-
working outside of
'mass" media today
make such a new
nisation a very prac-


This fascinating book provides a concise and
colourful history of art from earliest times to the
present day in almost three hundred colour and black
and white illustrations.

To illustrate his book Keith Wheldon has in-
cluded among the well-known paintings, such as "The
Swing, Les Parapluis and The Moulin de la Galettb,
some unfamiliar works which, with the lucid text,
help us towards a more detached reassessment of
perhaps the most immediately attractive painter of
the 19th century.

In this book, John Furse provides a straight-
forward and perceptive introduction to the work of
the greatest of all Florentine artists, Michelangelo di
Lodovico di Buonarroti.

,,rm,^, ;.,.,P ,n^


SUNDAY MAY 30, 1976

Tobago must

move ahead

now after so

long falling I

AFTER ALL these years of
broken promises, plenty Tobago
people just watch the Ministry of
Tobago Affairs, stupes, and
wonder about secession. As the
frustrations have piled up, some
politicians have increasingly been
yielding to the temptation to
fan the flames of going it alone.
It is true that some of them are
simply notorious cranks; others
should know better.
In Tapia we ,do not see in
secession anything like a serious
choice for Tobago. Our aim as set
out in Tapia's New World, "is to
establish for the Caribbean and
the West Indian people, beginning.
in Trinidad and Tobago, a dem-
ocratic, humane and participatory
Republic composed of island
city-states. Our hope is that we
will eliminate the patterns of
domination and dependence
which are the distinguishing
feature of the civilization of the
last 500 years:"
Against such a background,
secession simply makes no sense.
The great strength of Tobago in
partnership with Trinidad would
come from its part first, as a
model for the association of
many other islands in that West
Indian nation which is so essential
to the survival of our new Carib-
bean race; and secondly, as a
special case of strong local govern-
ment in the context of a munici-
pal republic bent on reposing
power in the hands of people in
the local areas.


The thing about the Tapia
position on secession for Tobago
is that we are not afraid to discuss
it in the open. It is certainly a
choice that every Trinidadian and
Tobagonian must consider. And
one question which people are
going to have to answer is
whether or not Tobago is "big"
enough to secede?
Size nowadays is certainly
not a question of population
numbers. At the time of the last
Census in 1970, Tobago had
some 39,000 people in an island
1.13 square miles. Barbados is
166 sq. miles and has 150,000
In fact, nobody really knows
how many Tobagonians there are
since there are probably more
Tobagonians in Trinidad than
there are in Tobago itself.
What we can say is that the

population of Tobago is affected
by a constant emigration (4,000
over 1966-71) though there is a
lot of movement back and forth.
About 4% of our nation live
permanently in Tobago where
the density is .53 persons per
acre as compared with .81 in the
sister island.
By West Indian standards,
there is still plenty of room in
Tobago. With the rising rate of
unemployment and the growing
political consciousness, more
and more of the -youth. are
deciding to stay at home.
It is very possible that the
number of households in the
island has increased beyond the
8,500 which existed in 1970, or
that the average size of household
has gone up from the 4.5 persons
in 1970 to nearer to the national
If the number of people is





; .

will present a Plan for Tobago
in meetings at Scarborough &
elsewhere this weekend

ot a problem, the achievement
f the people is not a probh
their. Tobagonians certainly
old their own in competition in
People often point to figures
ke James Manswell, Carl Tull,
ictor Bruce, Dodd. Alleyne and
NR Robinson and remark that
obago is to Trinidad what Scot-
nd is to England a place for
cruiting successful men.
Certainly, Tobagonians in
rinidad are renowned for dis-
pline hard work and sustained
ideavour; their habits are very
fferent, you, can see it even
om the driving on'the roads.
ou can see it in political be-
"Tobago loyalties", wrote
oyd Best in the very first issue
f Tapia in September 1968,
ire different from Trinidad
yalties. After Emancipation

that island was not a new planta-
tion economy."
Vast numbers of Tobagon-
ians have made their mark in the
rise of the national movement. It
is only that the most productive
and creative ,opportunities for
them have mostly been on the
inner side of the Bocas.
The figures show that only
1.6% of the Tobago population
was illiterate as compared with
11.4% for the whole country.
And yet Tobagonians lost this
advantage which they achieve in
primary education.
Only 9.8% of them actually
passed that stage of education
while for the nation as a whole,
the figure was 14%.
One result of lower attain-
ment in post-primary education
among those Tobagonians who
stay at home is a generally
lower income level in Tobago.
'Median incomes for paid em-
ployees amounted to $138.50-
per month in 1970 at the height
of the Black Power Revolt. For
the whole country the figure was
$159.50 per month.
It is not surprising-that the
revolt among the youth quickly
spread from Trinidad to Tobago.
It is still less surprising when it
is shown that in 1965 the median
income in Tobago had already
reached the figure for 1970 while
the figure for the whole country
was still only $133.00 per month.
In other words, Tobago
used to be ahead in those days
just following independence. But
more and more, Tobago has been
running- to stay, in the same
Part of the reason for the
disenchantment and the rising
discontent in Tobago is large-
scale unemployment hidden by
part-time work in fishing, agri-
culture and the Government's
Coni'd onPg. 8





WHERE there is no vision, the people
perish. If Tobago is languishing today,
waiting and-watching for the revival of
hope, it is because our political leaders
have seen in the island only a colony, a
ward or even the threat of another Anguilla.
Where Doctor Politics reigns there can be
no concept of political participation. And
where there is no concept of political 49
participation, there is no opening for a free
association of two or more sister islands.
For us, in fact, there is no chance' of a 4986
West Indian nation, forged out of the many
principalities we have in this Ocean Sea. 4970
But once we have the perspective of 7. 47 A
Tobago as; 480 4940
an equal partner and not a ward of Trini- K96 4 0
a special case of regional nationalism
within the cradle of aMunicipald Republic 4170 4"
divided by Tapia into, say, 25 local areas 49t 494S
a model for a subsequent "federal"associa- 4895
tion between all the islands of the Eastern' 4Vg2
Caribbean, 48 0 Z4'

Our problem is no longer one of vision. The- 48
idea of aParticipatory West Indian Republic 48,
of municipally-based island city-states is
grand enough to produce a natural vision.
The task then becomes one of charting
strategies and sequence" of reconstruction,
of estimating benefits and costs, of facing
up to difficult choices and of arriving at a
programme of concrete projects. The vision
must find discipline in marching orders. ^--

But the vision itself suggests the
projects. A proud Tobago, carrying the
dignity of a special race within the nation,
necessarily must have a certain kind of ot "^ *
place, a place where Tobagonians would oL V JS -
gladly lay their navel string and return or .es o oo es,
stay to rest their weary head. It is natural sW, , ecCo e
and human that such a place must have its -o o^ g .s t a yd
focus in a capital city, ground held sacred V.IP 1 o~. '^,'
for communion, a playground for the .P lo-e t .e icee
economic forces. t .x e t4 o,s o
The programme must therefore begin soo S ^UoA "
by lifting Scarborough to its rightful place Jo. oio e A 6
as a commercial, administrative and cultural oI ,\o eco stoo e
centre for a distinct and particular breed ot 09 o s oo e, ~ sV0 too
people. And the moment we conceive of ,&9 ,S- 6
this status for Scarborough and Tobago, we 10 elele es ad
have to think of anything like 80,000 .e l sA e c ,-e
people if we are thinking in, say, a 25-year -e % o eldc\ \ 0to
perspective. -.-s .cs v o e >o

If Tobago had the national equipment ooo o a 0o o
for national welfare, the means of admin- \ toOl' ,, '1
istration and home-rule, the amenities for tes- o' o d 9 Vev o
cultural expression and spiritual communion, -,V o0 t ls
the commercial and industrial arrangements Cos 'osXe d'
to pay its way inthe world and the West y~ ts, d a .0os
Indian nation, where else would Tobagon- co 1 oi s.<' A N3 tc e
ians choose to live? d to4 e os 6
Those who lack the vision argue that ik t oi soc& 0 o" oX
Tobago is too small to sustain its people, ,oes' o1 cOX ,s e'0
npot seeing that the island has been made es o... e o ~e, e
too small by the failure to activate it's od* lce .ctX' ad
fullest potentials. It is the reconstruction coV 0oase c)O e s
that will bring and keep the people home e e,'eo o < ( es o
to stay and so provide both the demand eo$Ao0 .oCO .P -
for more elevated ends of living and ,the o e 9 ce Nd6e ,
talents, the skills and the needed means. 'e, iV \ Av,- ,4o e
What is there to stop Tobago from i\l .o ,o .s e ,c
matching Greniada? Unless it is that kind of ,o',. so ^ *tele- -se
independence which is an invitation to the \\d s \ e .cv
unbridled wickedness of Uncledocracy. to,,.' z oi .44
Suppose we created in Trinidad the entirely o' o\ a'e-.
feasible New World of Tapia. Such a world stc. s
would offer the following. -'
Cont'd on Pg. 8











AY 30, 1976


I oj,Ao

vo j~

SUNDAY MAY 30, 1976


Establishment of Government whole-
sale purchasing agencies under the
auspices of the Central Marketing

- Small business loan-programme for
establishment of village retail
groceries and fish shops. (Gradual
abandonment of large retail markets)

- Establishment of a Tree Crops
Division in the Ministry of Agricul-
ture (Tobago) charged specifically
to collaborate with the Forestry
Division in the establishment of
orchards of breadfruit, chataigne,
kymit, sapodillaa, hog plum, pom-
merac, mango, etc.

- Streamlining of forestry operations
in the Ministry to accommodate
National Service units engaged on
extensive land conservation, access
roads and re-afforestations pro-

- Streamlining of the Tobago fishing

- Support for small-scale agricultural
enterprise from the Small Business
Loans Division of the Tobago Co-op

Establishment of a Tannery with
special reference to pig-skin outputs.

Establishment of a low-technology
Division of the Institute of crafts.
Its charge must be to promote
efficient small-scale enterprise based
on traditional crafts with special
reference to shoemaking and leather
trades, garment manufacture, house-
hold fittings and appliances and
food processing.

Streamlining of the Industrial Estate
at Milford

Relating of the manufacturing pro-
gramme to the National Service and
Secondary School Apprenticeship

Support for low-technology, high-
enterprise business from the Small
Business Laonas Division of the
Tobago Co-op Bank.

* Establishment of a Tobago Co-op
Bank with three specialist divisions:
Mortgage: Consumer Budget Service;
Small Business Loans

* Establishment of an Institute of
Craft and ArtisanryMaster-Carpenters,
Masons, Cabinet-Makers, Plumbers,

* Establishment of a National Service
and National Apprenticeship Scheme

* Establish a Tobago Camp of the
Trinidad and Tobago Army in
liaison with the Institute of National

* Issue of a Craft Certificate by a
Tobago Education Authority under
the auspices of the UWI Secondary
School Leaving Examinations

* Draw up long term Reconstruction
Plan for Tobago for periods of 25
and Ten Years (1987 and 2002).

* Make a preliminary and minimum
dollar allocation to Tobago amount-
ing to 5% of the "Special Funds"
set out in the 1976 Budget and
yielding a target of about $300m.

A Land of Pride and Plenty

From Pg 6

FULL EMPLOYMENT with. nearly a
two million flowers blooming by the'
end of the country, the youth revelling
in agriculture and small-scale creative
industry; the people putting down
their stake in the heart of our home-
land, in Wallerfield and the valleys of
the Northern and Central Ranges.
distribution starting from a base in
1976 where national product per
family of four amounts to anything
like $20,000. Allowing 40% to go for
national welfare and reconstruction,
take-home pay after tax for every
family could be $1,000 per month.

* LOCALISATION and community
control of the life-industries such as
petroleum, petrochemicals, sugar,
cement, banking and strategic areas of
commerce along with the emancipatior
of national enterprise in a pr-oliferation

of agro-industrial activity. The gains
from efficient staple exports can then
be channelled into the pockets of all
the people, every creed and race having
an equal place, every family receiving
profits as well as wages, every innova-
tive spirit finding opportunity for the
expression of creativity, drive and

EQUALISATION of rewards through
Minimum Wages, through organised
nationwide wage and price bargaining,
and through a large basket of goods
and services provided on an equal basis
to the public school meals, school
uniforms, subsidized transport, cultural
amenities, sporting facilities and the

That is the background against which-
we envision and -entirely new Tobago with
80,000 people by the end of the century,
with a vibrant, prosperous and confident
little island civilization, proudly assembled
around Scarborough as its capital city.

From Pg. .5

Special Works. The decline of
agriculture, following Hurricane
Flc.ra, has only made matters
Everywhere in Tobago
" today, there is a keen sense of a
people falling further and further
behind. The great oil boom in
Trinidad since the end of 1973
has created a much bigger gap
than before between Trinidad and
Tobago. There are few oil work-
ers in Tobago.
Increasingly Tobagonians
are hoping themselves to have an

oil bonanza on their own. People
look in desperation to the drill-
ing going on the Leeward Coast.
They find hope in the report that
gas has been found in one well
midway between the islands.
The increased movement of
oil barges in Tobago waters has
been a great talking point in
recent times, a sprat thrown out,
it is said, by the authorities, in
tinm, for the coming elections.
Unfortunately, there is no
early prospect of developing
petroleum-based operations in

Tobago. Land operations are not
at all on the drawing board be-
cause of unfavourable rock
formation. Even in the marine
field,there is fear lest any oil,
operations affect the celebrated
Buccoo Reef and the fanners
Nylon pool.
Nothing would be better for
Trinidad and for Tobago than if
Tobago were to be able to earn
sizeable export revenues from
commercial petroleum and gas
finds. But which Tobagonian will

ever depend on such a magical

deliverance especially when
oil is a notorious wasting asset?
No, the economic aspect of
secession in Tobago must be
viewed in a more practical and
realistic framework.

The real viability of Tobago
can only be judged in the con-
text of the enduring resources
possessed by the people and
their land.
All the evidence suggests
that Tobago's best resource is
the capacity of its people to make
sensible assessments.


]^^ ^ hBfH-- SB ^B I BB H^ ^l ^ HEH I IlH ....... ... -y^^SBf = ^ B_--BH.r,,-C ^S--- ^3B. ... .. --:--=. i--


Dennis Pantin

THAT Guyanese Prime
Minister Forbes Burnham
came to power with the
assistance of the United
States, has now been
publicly confirmed by an
James R. Schlesinger,
former US Secretary of
Defence former Chairman
of the Atomic Energy
Commission and Director
of the CIA, admits to
American involvement in
an article in the April,
1976 issue of the Reader's
Schlesinger's article
argues for larger US ex-
- penditure on defence
because the Soviet forces
are overtaking the US
Hence the diminishing
sense of "awe" with
which the United States
is -regarded by former
allies, Schlesinger argues.


Schlesinger refers to
Guyana where Cuban
troops- were allowed to
refuel on their way to
"The Prime Minister
of Guyana, Forbes Burn-
ham,_ achieved his position
through American sup-
"Now, however, appa-
rently assured by Castro
of Soviet backing, he has
felt free to defy American
Schlesinger's remarks
must be seen in the light
of recent statements by
the Prime Ministers of
Jamaica, Guyana and
Barbados who have

charged attempts by out-
side forces to "destabilise"
their Governments.

Guyana has been com-
plaining about adverse

A threat to Trnidad

A Former CIA chief has
given voice to an American
view that independent
trends in the foreign
policies of Caribbean
countries derive from
declining "awe" over US
military might.

reports in the North
American press, in part-
icular, charges of the
presence of Cuban troops
in Guyana.
This has been hotly
denied by Guyanese offi-
cials but one such denial
was printed in a recent
issue of Time magazine
together with an Editor's
note, reaffirming the
magazine's stand.
Jamaica has experienced
in recent weeks riots and
civil disorder, including
the deaths of several civil-
ians and policemen.
Manley has blamed the
unrest on outside forces
and a curfew has been
-declared in the trouble
The Opposition Party
has been blaming Com-
munists and Cubans for
the situation.


Toboo too

The statement by
Schlesinger gives an indi-
cation of American opin-
ion on the attempts by
Caribbean countries in
particular to chart their
own foreign ana other
We in Trinidad and
Tobago, with a General
Elections weeks away,
must consider what
"Destabilizatiori' program
mes are being planned
for us.


It has been the oldest
of political ploys to create
external enemies or
threats of outside attack
to deal with internal
The Machiavellian
cynic may no doubt see

strategies by Manley and
Burnham to deal with the
extreme "left" and the
far "right" in one stroke.
Burnham has been able
to win "critical support"
from Jagan's PPP on the
basis of this threat of
external aggression.
Manley will hardly win
support from Seaga but
can use the present Unrest
to out distance those
"leftists" who appear to
be gaining support within
his party and in Jamaica
as a whole.


In the process, he is
likely to sweep into
detention many of the
"guns" whom Seaga
normally commands.
The lesson for us in
Trinidad and Tobago is
that United States interests
are--not going to simply
pack their bags and leave.
We have to be very
careful as the elections
draw closer that issues of
race and class are inflamed
not only by "right"
elements, but by many
forces shouting revolu-
tionary rhetoric.

Strike against Ton Ton Macoutes

HAITI'S political police
have rounded up more
than 100 people in a
frantic search for a small
band of rebels who shot
dead a dozen of the
Duvalier family's private
army, the Tontons
Macoutes, in a rare show
of opposition to the
regime, and then melted
away into the teeming
slums of the capital,
The Duvaliers have re-
portedly placed the army
Chief, Gen. Jean-Baptiste
Hilaire, and the recently-
ousted Interior Minister,
Paul Blanchet, under sur-
veillance for fear that the
massacre of the Macoutes
- an unprecedented
humiliation in 19 years of
the family's dictatorship
- might have its sup-
porters in ruling circles.
According to reliable
sources, the Macoutes
were gunned down when
they surrounded a house
in a suburb of the capital
in a search for arms.
The five -rebels inside
lost one of their number
in the ensuing battle and
then escaped leaving
behind radio equipment
and anti-government
The incident has come
only a few weeks after
the Duvaliers raised to

power as Interior and
Defence Minister a hard-
line member of the three-
man General Staff of the
8,000-strong Macoutes,
Pierre Biamby.
Many of those who
have been arrested are
reportedly Haitians livitig
in Canada or the United
States who had returned
for holidays with their

families, oi who nad
recently returned perma-
nently from exile abroad.
Unlike elsewhere in
Latin America, armed
action against the United
States-backed Duvaliers
has met with almost total
failure and much blood.
Invasions have ended
in public executions, and
one band was even stoned

to death.
In 1969, the Macoutes-
machine gunned out of
existence virtually the
entire leadership of the
Haitian Communist Party
as they met in a house in
The regime has been
publicly keeping its cool
over the latest episode.

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FREEDOM, the American
folk song says, is a hard-
earned thing "and every
generation has to win it
all over again."
TAPIA recently carried
articles about two, men
who, in their own small
ways, have struck blows
for freedom.
The first was Prison
Officer John Rodriguez
who had made what was
considered a "subversive"
statement before the Com-
mission of Inquiry into
the Corrective Institu-
Rodriguez had simply
pointed out injustices
, prevailing in the Prison
system and made recom-
mendations to wipe them
The young Prisons
Officer also called for
trade shops for prisoners,
whom he urged should be
paid, and argued that the
Judiciary should take
social environment into
account in dealing with
deviant behaviour.
The Ministry of
National Security should
have been sensitive enough
to recognize a dedicated
and creative officer trying
to come to grips with the
controversial issue of
detention and rehabilita-
Instead, Rodriguez was
singled out as "Black
Power", and fired.
This is but one of

SUNDAY MAY 30, 1976

Ramesar and Rodriguez, two

who struck blows for freedom

many cases of victimisa-
tion of citizens. What is
perhaps different with
Rodriguez is that among
the uniformed. forces,
including many who have
been to UWI and have
been taught the impor-
tance of enlightened
Social Defence, he could
risk victimisation to stand
up for the truth.
This is in'fact the basis
of all freedoms. There
must be people who are
prepared to take moral
positions despite all the
blandishments or punish-
ments of the State
Rodriguez is a sterling
example for his colleagues
in the uniformed services.
many of whom would
agree privately with what
he has said.
Esmond Ramesar, who
resigned from the T.T.T.
and 610 Board in a dif-
ferent sense, has provided
a glimmer of hope for
those professionals who,
in spite of the economic
freedom of their occupa-
tions, have not had the
courage, to buck .the

Fighting for the consul-
tancy here and the Board
membership there, these
professionals have to share
a large part of the blame
for the lack of informed
and constructive criticism
to the regime.


The University, in part-
icular,, is full of lecturers,
who will criticize so many
public projects in the
security of their drawing
rooms, but will not write

a single letter to a news-
paper on the subject.
Esmond Ramesar, by
simply refusing to bow to
Chairman Bain, hasshown
the inkling of a spirit
larger than many of his
This is not to set up a
mock martyrdom for what
should be acceptable and
normal integrity. It is
simply to describe the
depths to which we have
all descended in our fear
of standing up against
The truth is that there
are many unsung heroes

who have made greater
sacrifices: the workers
who remain on the bread-
line rather than bow to
the bribes of some
The store clerk or
domestic who leaves the
job rather than submit
her body to obtain a
week's wages.
The point is that if
there was more morality
at higher levels then there
would be more assurance
that the people at the
bottom could be gua-
ranteed some redress for
the effects of corruption.
(D p)

The University, in particular, is full of lecturers, who will c riticize so many public projects in the security
of their drawing rooms, but will not write a single letter to a newspaper on the subject,

Yes, we're alsointo

publishing and printing...

Freedom and Responsibility ...... Lloyd Best
The Political Alternative ......... .
Prospects for Our Nation .......... "
Whose Republic? .......... ... ...
The Afro American Condition .... .. "
Honourable Senators .............. "
Letter to C.L.R. James 1964 ...... "
Democracy or Oligarchy ...........C.V. Gocking
* Grenada Independence Myth or Reality.
(International Relations Institute, U.W.I.)
* Readings in the Political Economy of
the Caribbean (New World).




Why Did PNM Fail? ......... Augustus
Another View of Tapia Method Lloyd Taylor
The Inside Story of Tapia ..... .Lerinox Grant
The Machinery of Government .Denis Solomon
Black Power in Human Song .Syl Lowhar
We are in a State ............. Ivan Laughlin
A Clear Danger ................. Michael Harris

Social Stratification in Trinidad. (I.S.E.R )
"Revo" poems bv Malik.
"Cheers" by Yvonne Jack.
The Dynamics of West Indian Economic Integration (ISER)

. Call AllanHarris

)r you too

662-5126, 82-84 St. Vincent St, Tunapuna.
62-25241, Cipriani Blv'd P.O.S.

can do a job

-----------------------II- -- -3-~-C- pp~ ----- ~

0ON A-xAlN

THERE are a lot of reasons
why Dr. Williams would want
to retire. Dr. C. V. Gocking in
his last pamphlet "The Prime
Minister and the Constitution "
published by Tapia in March
this year, quotes from the
Trinidad Guardian a litany of
governmental failures, to illus-
trate "the crumbling fabric
of Trinidad and Tobago
These would demand an
uphill struggle towards
national reconstruction of

which Dr. Williams could
have thought himself bicapa,
ble .
Gocking argues:
BUT HE will not retire.
Men in good bodily and
mental health do not
take kindly to retirement.
And there is too much
challenge in the air. What
then will be his strategy
for remaining?
He has already done
well by the old-age pen-

ON DECEMBER 2, 1973, PNM-Political Leader Dr.
Eric Williams told delegates to the Party's 15th annual
convention who had called him out of "'retirement"
he would "defer my retirement from public life at
least until all the necessary steps .have been taken to
implement the proposed new Constitution for Trini-
dad and Tobago".
Since all those steps have now been taken, is
Williams planning to stick to his promise and quit
political life?
That's one interpretation being placed on
Williams' "bombshell" statement to the PNM General
Council in which he rejected nominated PNM candi-
dates and called for new candidates to reflect
women's lib and youth.
But if that interpretation is correct, Williams
seems determined -to take the Party out of political
life with him.

sioner and the decision
has been taken to revise
every two years. He has
proposed free secondary
education for all up to 16
plus at least.
One cannot ask for
more. Education provision
is be refashioned to meet
new needs. He has made
his peace with the "tradi-
tional" church by hand-
somely acknowledging
their contribution to

Although he led the country for the past five
years with the incumbent PNM Members of Parlia-
ment, Williams has now held them up to public
ridicule, charging that with the exception of a few,
the PNM MPs were "traditional Party millstones,
unable to speak properly, knowing nothing of basic
issues facing country and world, incompetent for
higher responsibilities. ."
in calling tor new candidates to oe comprised of
women, and young people, around age 25 or so,
Williams may also be giving the Party an impossible
task before the next election is due.
Neither type or candidate is now readily avail-
able in the PNM.
- The establishment of new criteria for candidates
which Williams wants a party convention .to settle,
beginning June 13, could also embroil the Party in an
exercise that would lead right up to the date for the
'76 elections. (Political Intelligence Btureau.)

The '56 Campaign; Is who DEY go put in '76?


THE fears of the mem-
bers about dignified
officials customarily
putting in their appear-
ances at the time of

crises just to quiet the
workers and not remov-
ing the causes of dis-
satisfactions is solidified
by the fact that although



Foundation to Fixtures
Call 62-44698

tne Hon. Minister has
no time to continue
discussions with the
Trinidad and Tobago
Postmen Union to
rectify the situation,
he is appointed leader
of a Ministerial Com-
mittee requested by
the Public Services
Association to probe
dissatisfactions of its
members at WASA.
The Executive would
like to let the public
know that if the Gene ral
Membership takes any

action, it's because
they have reached the
stage where this seems
to be the only alterna-
On the other hand
we are calling on the
authorities concerned
to take immediate
steps to avoid any
further deterioration
of an already critical
situation regarding
Postmen in the Postal
Postmen's Union give


education and undertak-
ing to meet the full costs
of education within their
walls provided they accept
the national norm which
is a reasonable and desir-
able one.
He has been cultivating
the "not so traditional"


churches, Seventh Day
Adventists and Baptists,
with their roots in *the
lives of the common man.
He is going to create new
national agencies. And so
What he has to--deal
with is the PARTY. For
years he has been claim-
ing that it is not up to
the demands and require-
ments of modem gov-
He wants to call upon
the rich resources of
talent outside party for
Ministerial and Cabinet
Office and it seems that
he will make that provi-
sion in the constitution
about to be introduced.


The more moderately
gifted of his party in the
House of Representatives
will not feel too happy
about this. The plums of
office may very well pass
to other hands.
He must be able to
deal with this situation.
He can count on the
third of the nation who
enjoy "conspicuous con-
sumption" (Trinidad
Guardian) to do their
best to maintain the
status quo.
But he has to get rid
of termites,' to cleanse
Augean Stables, and this
requires a strong man-
date to get on with what
has to be done.
He may feel confident
that he will win the next
General Election but win-
ning will not be enough
for the vigorous policies
that must be pursued.


I do not expect any
overt threat to retire. But
I think, that in view of
his needs as I have just
outlined them, at the
appropriate time, we may
very well- be hearing
rumours that will grow
in intensity that he will
be retiring as the 1973
Convention Resolution
and his reply can be inter-
preted to foreshadow.

This is not being melo-
dramatic but think what
confusion in the party and
among certain important
elements in the country
if, by deft manoeuvre, it
should get around at the
psychological moment
that he may not be leading
the PNM in the coming
General Election.



SUNDAY MAY 30, 1976




11I1 l

successes at the coming
Olympic Games, my
answer was that they
have all been written.
Our sports writers
have been commenting
and making suggestions
of all sorts daily ,
John Alleyne, Keith
Shepherd, Horace Gor-
don and others have
been giving examples
and projections of
other nations and their
systems and considera-
tions for their national
All the comments,
suggestions and ideas
in the world will not
change things under

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the present circum-
stances. They will
continue to fall on deaf
In this country, it is
surely not. that we
don't have world class
sporting potential or
interested sponsors.


What we don't have
is a government in-
terested in the mean-
ingful development of
the little people.
It is as plain and
simple as that.
When you consider
the cost of gear, the
absence of equipment
and facilities, inade-
quate administration
etc., you have had it
So that's' the state
of our country's sports.
And ,for Crawford and
company or coaches
Edwin Roberts, Wilton
Jackson,"Roy Hollings-
worth, Edgar Vidale
and others, it's a hope-
less case of "who
Things will remain
the same as long as the
Government remain
the same.


The importance of
physical and mental
development of our
nation's youth, in the
psychological frame-
work projected through
sport, could never be
over emphasised, and
with as sports-minded
and a public as ours, it
is a shame to see the
confounded neglect of
this area in our country.



A "washerwoman" attitude.
A "jamette" kind of behaviour.
A man of "unpredictable" caprices .
Those were some of the reactions from both
within and outside the PNM last week to the Williams
statement condemning his own Party candidates for
the '76 elections.
On the verge of those elections, Williams has also
virtually called on the Party to:find, something like 3 1
new candidates in time for elections, legally due by
September. ..
PNMites were particularly hurt by the Williams
move. "How can you go along with a.man who keeps
changing the rules all the time?" a top Party man
despairingly asked last week. "What kind of 'moral-
ity' in public affairs is that?"


How is the PNM as a whole likely to respond?
"There might be some initial resistance, one
source said. "But you know, most people will say,
'man, let's give him what he wants' and go along."
Which would mean that in spite of the public
ridiculing of both Party candidates and the PNM
General Secretary Nicholas Simonette, whom Williams
accused of being "complacent" no flood of resigna-
tions would follow.
There is also the deep-rooted anxiety within the
ruling Party that the '76 elections is unpredictable.
Any backward steps by the PNM now could throw
away the elections.


But that may well be the result of the Williams
onslaught on the Party anyway. And as anxiety turns
to openfear of losing the election, the PNM could
well split into a factional camp thus assuring defeat

at, the polls.
Even if the Party rides out the Williams storm,
enough damage has already been done. For the Party
to buckle under totally would give Williams the kind
of power that will make nothing but 'yes men' of
Party supporters which they already are. But now
the public will know it for sure.
If the Party fights back, Williams may well com-
promise and try to keep at least a basic election team
together in order to win at the polls. But that is now
a swiftly receding certainly.





WHEN I was asked for
fi story on the possibili-
ties of our athletes or
sports representatives
-- -- w- :"t*** .

By M. Billy-Montague