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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00211
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: May 2, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00211

Full Text


SUNDAY MAY 2. 1976


BBC


STAND


WILL


British Govt keeps

out CLR James

film affair

THE BRITISH High Commission in Port-of-
Spain was leaving the BBC to row its own boat
in the CLR James affair last week.
UK High Commissioner Edward Diggines
was out of Trinidad, reportedly on leave in
England, and Information Officer Michael
Dickson insisted: "The BBC is an autonomous
body. Whatever conditions they arranged (for
CLR James to come to Trinidad for the filming
of a BBC TV documentary based on his book,
Beyond The Boundary) is completely their
affair."
All the BBC ever asked the High Commis-
sion for, Dickson said, was the-usual official
assistance in arranging interviews for BBC
Producer Michael Dibb to work on the film in
Trinidad.
But Dickson also disclosed last week that
he had personally arranged the interview last
January between Dibb and Jimmy Bain, Chair-
man of the Government-owned Media.
Dibb wanted to see Bain after the Chair-
man of the NBS Board had replied to a letter
from BBC man Alva Clarke requesting co-pro-
duction facilities from TTT. In his letter to


Clarke, Bain had suggested
the James film.
When Dibb told
Bain in January the BBC
wanted to film James
during the West Indies -
India Test Match in Trini-
dad, Bain objected to
James coming to Trinidad
during the election
period. He told Dibb
elections were due in
May and he did not want
a repetition of past politi-
cal problems involving
James.
Bain also told Dibb
that James was "reputed
to be a communist" and
he was against TTT being
used "in a way in which
the BBC was not allowed
to be used in the UK."
When Dibb held out
that it was important to
film James during the
West Indies India Test,
Bain threatened to stop
Dibb getting a work
permit and to accuse the
'BBC ,publicly of inter-
fering in domestic
politics.


a postponement of


On April 18, TAPIA published a story on the difficulties
encountered by the,BBC in making the film. On April 23, Williams
made a statement on the affair in Parliament, releasing his letter to
theBritish High Commission.
On April 25, Bain issued his own statement, disclosing the
details (threats and all) of his January meeting with Dibb.
Last week, the British High Commission was steering clear of
the whole business, The High Commission, Information- Officer
Dickson said, had "no connection" with the BBC on this one. As an
independent UK Government agency, Dickson added, the BBC was
on its own.


r^ -


C.L.R. JAMES flew out the BBC provided certain
w4.on don early last guarantees, also una-
Swee1...Tli-y morigg ose liamrs


TAPIA m
tinue to
different 1
country.
On Thti
April in Cc
Diego Mai
will be a 1
ing, startl


By RAOUL PANTIN


Asked last week if
Dibb had reported the
results of this interview
back to the High Com-
mission, Information
Officer Dickson said:
"No."
-But it was as a result
of this meeting with
Bain that Dibb saw the
whole project threatened
and sought other chan-
nels to try to get clear-
ance for James to come
to Trinidad during the
West Indies India
Test.
Dibb returned to
London and on February
12, Alva Clarke, who is
also Secretary of the
Commonwealth Broad-
casting Association, wrote
Prime Minister Dr. Eric
Williams, virtually asking
for- "permission" for
James to fly to Trinidad.
In that letter,
Clarke said he under-
stood James' presence in


Trinidad "would be p oliti-
-cally embarrassing to
the Government."
Clarke also said he
understood that "if Mr.
James were to give a
categorical undertaking
in writing that he would
not seek to involve him-
self or be persuaded to
be involved in the domes-
tic politics of Trinidad
during his visit, then
consideration would be
given for the filming to
take place."
The Clarke letter to
Williams also contained a
signed undertaking by
James that during his
stay in Trinidad he
would in no way get
politically involved.
Did Bain ask for
such an undertaking?
That has not yet been
made clear.
On February 20,
Williams wrote me
British High Commission,


enclosing a copy ofi
Clarke's letter, denying.
any involvement by him-
self or his Ministers i.'-'
wrestling such an under-,
taking from James, stating
that James as a national
was free to enjoy Con-
stitutional guarantees,
including "freedom of
movement", and protest-
ing BBC interference in
.domestic politics.
In his letter to the
High L.-ommssion, Wil-
liams also said he con-:
sidered James' book,
Beyond The Boundary
a "masterpiece" and he
was happy the film was
being made.
But it is understood
*that it was only after
the project was given
this indirect "blessing"
by Williams that thle
' BBC felt .the way was
clear to usig James to
Trinidad.
BBC Producer Dibb.


then returned to Trini-
dad in early April, fol-
lowed a few days later
by James. Various
sequences for the film
were shot in and.around
Port-of-Spain, including
the Queen's Park Oval
where the West Indies -
India Test was in progress,
during April 5-11.
Earlier sequences
were also shot in Central
Park in New York City
with James. The film
is due to be shown by the
BBC on July 8.
During his one-weeK
stay in Trinidad, James
shied away from Press
interviews and also
ducked a few old politi-
cal friends.
It was indicated,
however, that James
planned to return to
Trinidad in six weeks for
"a proper trip".


South action,
TJIE highlight of this weekend's
t.i'4s for Tapia will be in
the South.
Reflecting the urgency of
the times in the frequency of.
itj meetings, the Council of
lNqjesentatives convenes again
on Sunday, this time in San
Fernando.
The south meeting will be
held at Robert Sanowar's
place on Royal, Road, and
following the talks members
are expected to attend the
Barbecue at Lions' Civic Cen-
tie, Circular Road put on -by
south Tapia folk.
The Barbeque which will
have a bar, naturally, and
_i.n will also include an all
fours competition for which
p.rizes of $50.25 and $20
are offered.
And, yes, "barbequed"
meat will be served.
Tickets can still be had at
Pyramid Drugs, 2C Mucurapo
St., 652-2093 in San Fernando,
the San Fernando Centre, 8
Mon Chagrin Street and the
Port-of-Spain Centre, Cipriani
Boulevard.
Prices adults: $6 children:


_ --------------PI~-~--- I~-----~--- T


NY


,Vni 6 No, 19


30 Cent?


i


).


A.L,.ONE


ITS BOUIIMIL






SUNDAY MAY 2, 1976


TRAFFIC JAMS ARE A PNM



GIFT TO THE NATION


HAVING taken the
disastrous decision to
close down the railway,
the PNM made no serious
plans for coping with the
heavy goods and addi-
tional people thrown on
to the road system; nor
for the inevitable increase
in population and com-
merce over the years.
The PNM ,left the
poor and the young to
ketch-ass every day with'
an inefficient, cumber-
some and limited bus
service run by party
hacks.
Meanwhile, the PNM
concentrated on develop-'
ing a private car mania in
Trinidad and Tobago.
(Remember the Tele-
phone Company with
fridges in their cars?)
Subsidised gasolene and
an unending stream of
locally assembled private
vehicles take the place of
.public transport and clog
the nation's roads from
morning to night.
Taxis and PH drivers
have replaced the govern-
ment as the suppliers of
public transport. But
taxis can't make a living
in traffic jams. No amount
of' vi-ky-vi election magic
will solve this mess.

CAN TAPIA SOLVE THE
TRANSPORT PROBLEM?

The TAPIA policy on
TRANSPORT is based
on two clear principles:
A major switch from
dependence on private
transport to tile provi-
sion of adequate, cheap
and comfortable public
transportation, catering
for all our people:
Decentralisation of
government and private
employment away
from the Port-of-Spain
traffic trap.


IMMEDIATE MEASURES 25 Municipal Councils,
will be the key to decen-


* Staggering of work and
school hours

* Time-zoning for heavy
duty vehicles (i.e. they
will be permitted to
travel only at non-
peak hours).

* Time-zoning- for road
repairs (i.e. non-peak
hours, weekends and
night time).
* Taxi depots, lay-bys,
no parking zones,
selected one-way
streets to keep traffic
flowing smoothly.
LONG TERM MEASURES

1. TAPIA's programme for
strong Local Government,
based on approximately


traisiatiin-.
Community services
like health, education,
pensions, welfare, tax
records and building per-
mission, etc., will become
available within easy
reach, Business will follow
people' back' into their
communities more
decentralisation. The
pattern of local traffic
will become predictable.
In that context
* Local communities and
schools will be serviced
by fleets of mini-buses
co-operatively owned
and operated and
supervised by the
Municipal Councils
* Tayis will be en-
courated to service
feeder routes between
communities.


----- ------ TI


Campaign

meetings
THE' campaign moves apace,
the tempo of public meetings
keeps high. The following are
some the stops scheduled for
the multi-pronged Tapia thrust.

MAJUBA CROSSROADS,
La Brea 6.30 p.m. on Friday
-May 7 presenting the Tapia
team of Lloyd Best, Gregory
Byrnes, Arnold Hood and
Dalton O'Neil and Billy
Montagu;
ROUSILIAC,. Grant's
Trace, Fyzabad 6.30 p.m.
on Saturday May 1. The team:
Lloyd Best, Beau Tewarie,
,Anand Singh, Mickey
Matthews, Billy Montagu and
Ivan Laughlin.
CASABLANCA, Cascade
6 p.m. on May 7. The team:
Syl Lowhar, Michael Harris,
Angela Cropper, Ivan Laughlin,
Hamlet Joseph and Denis
Solomon.


A


2. In addition, TAPIA
plans a rapid transit.sys-
tem (railway or mono-
rail) along the East/West.
corridor from Port-of-
Spain to Toco, to link
.up with a Toco/Scarbo-
rough ferry and barge
service.
3. TAPIA plans barge
transport for heavy goods
between San Fernand'o
and Port-of-Spain (through,
the Gulf of Paria and
not through the Bird
Sanctuary!)
4. TAPIA plans syste-
matic road-building and
road repair, carried out
in partnership between
central and municipal
authorities.
HELP TAPIA TO HELP
YOU
VOTE FOR A PLAN
NOT A MAN IN *76


VEHICLEa FOR


Political


Campaigning.

/N

Laventille-San Juan

Axis
DONATION OF EITHER A VEHICLE
OR FUNDS TO REHABILITATE OLD
VEHICLE.
CONTACT: LLOYD TAYLOR
62-25241, 662-5120, 639-4644


DOWNTOWN


GRANDE


UNCLE


SAM BAR
AN OASIS
IN


W.H. PAUL

For

Tailoring
6 A Boissere
LaneBeImon,


WANTED


I


^"~ -~~~-----~----~--~


, i"


PAG 2TAPIA -







SUNDAY MAY 2, 1976


Beau Tewarie presents Tunapuna with


A plan


for


Education


77-,,


AS PART of his address to
the meeting in Tunapuna
last week Friday Com-
munity Relations Secretary
Beau Tewarie who an-
nounced his candidacy for
the St. Augustine area
that night, offered an
educational plan for the
Tunapuna region.
The following is- taken
from the text of Tewarie's
speech:
WHEN one, becomes
aware of the existing ana
potential resources that
could be harnessed in the
service of education in the
Tunapuna region, and
when one understands the
need for craftsmen, techni-
cians, managers and farmers,
it must dawn on us
immediately that we have
to devise ways and means
of using available resources
to serve the needs of oui
community.
We propose therefore
efficient administration.
through decentralization
in the following manner.

A Local Council of
Education as an arm of
the Local Government
to look after education
in the Tunapuna region.
A school board- for
each school comprising
parents, teachers andi
members of the com-
munity.
free school up to age


* Community
work Centres.


Home-


* a new system of certi-
fication which will have-
4 components
(1) Traditional '0' and
'A' levels

(2) Social Studies Dip-
loma based on Language
and Communication
Skills, The Humanities
(Caribbean History, Geo-


graphy, Commerce)

(3) Basic Mathematics
and Science

(4) Apprenticeship work
and placement at
centres. -

Certification will be
administered by a Syndi-
cate located at U.W.I.

A massive apprentice-
ship scheme throughout
the region 'beginning
with an Experimental
Plan.

Experimental Plan
will involved a co-ordi-
nated programme of
work among institutions
which will complement
each other and find it
easy to co-operate with
each other.

For example:

Presbyterian:
(1) The Archibald Insti-
tute. St. Augustine Girls
High School.

Catholic:
(2) St. Joseph's Convent,
Abbey School, St. Bede's
Tech/Voc.

Government:
(3) Tunapuna Secon-
dary, El Dorado Girls
Camp, Orange Grove
Factory.

In addition to the expert
mental plan there will be
widespread apprenticeship
in;

(1) Local Government,
Commercial Establish-
ments, Industry;

(2) Apprentices to indi-
vidual tradesmen;

(3) Apprenticeship in
small business enter-


prises, such as garages
operated by Cheesy and
Pojpchi and Greaves and
Wilson.

(4) We will undertake a
massive housing pro-
gramme to provide
adequate housing for all
our people in this area.
Apprentices will learn
skills on the job while
homes' are being built.
Our plan for Education
in the Tunapuna region
also includes plans for
nursery schools and a
programme for primary
schools.
I have dealt with what
is essentially post eleven
education, because this is
where the crisis exists, and
it is education at this level
which causes the greatest


anxiety.
I would like you to note
that we in Tapia have an
integrated approach to
Education and that the
Education we propose will
prepare our young people
for living a productive life
in our society.
Young people will be
learning theory in the
classroom and acquiring'
practical knowhow in
the work situation, pro-
moting the educational
ideal of theory and
practice going hand in
hand.


* After age 16, and a
sound educational back-
ground together with
the acquisition of a
particular skill youth
will go into National


Service

National service will
-allow young people to
give something back to
their country after being
educated and trained at
the expense of the
state.
Youths will receive
pay while polishing
their skills. This pay
may be saved to start a
small business after
leaving the service.
It should be noted, too,
that what we propose for
education in Trinidad and
Tobago will help to create
a full employment econ-
omy here, and will, in

addition, tap the native
talent, wit and ingenuity
of our highly creative
people.


TAPIA PG












HOW MUCH' LONGER WILL



SYRIA KEEP UPPER HAND?


CONTINUED FPOM LAST WEEK.
SHADOW MINISTER MICHAEL
HARRIS CONTINUES HIS SERIES
ON WORLD AFFAIRS.
NEXT WEEK: EGYPT.
ON APRIL 4 this year, following
the military victories of the
Muslim Leftist forces in the
Lebanese Civil war, the Christian
forces not only asked for but
demanded that Syria intervene
with its armed forces and put an
end to the war..
In an editorial on that date
the unofficial, but widely ack-
nowledged newspaper of the
Christian right-wing forces "Al
Bayrak", called on Syria to
mount an "effective" and not
just a symbolic invasion of
Lebanon in order to restore law
and order not only to Beirut but
to the whole of Lebanon.
Nothing so demonstrates
the success of the political
strategy employed by Syria in
relation to the Lebanese Civil war
and the emergence of President
Assad, for the time being, as the
vital figure in the Arab world,
than this call for intervention
made by the Christian forces.
Synan interest in Lebanon
has been there from the start and
it stems from the two basic
planks in the Syrian foreign
policy in recent years. The first
is the desire on the part of
President Assad to augment his
personal-influence in the whole
Arab world and to replace
Egyptian President Sadat as the
chief spokesman for the Arab
cause.
Rivalry between Syria and
Egypt has always simmered' be-
neath the surface of Arab
politics ever since the formation
of the United Arab Republic in


PresidentAssad


Kemal Jumblatt


February 1958 and the subse-
quent attempts by Nasser of
Egypt to impose Egyptian domi-
nation on the Syrian peoples.
By September of 1961
Nasser's policies had so alienated
the majority of the Syrian
peoples that there emerged the
remarkable phenomenon of
unanimity among the Syrian
political parties over the issue of
the dissolution of the United
Arab Republic.

UNILATERAL

On September 28, 1961,
following massive public demon-
strations in Syria over what was
called Nasser's colonialism, a
group of Syrian army officers
staged a bloodless revolt expell-
ing all the Egyptian officials and,
to all extent and purposes, ending
the union of the two countries.
But the antagonism be-
tween the two countries and


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President Franjieh


Syria's desire to replace Egypt
as the leader of the Arab world
only reached the highest level
after Egypt had signed a uni-
lateral agreement with Israel in
September of 1975.
Whatever the 'Egyptian
motives in signing a unilateral
agreement with Israel, the action
was condemned by all the radical
forces in the Arab world as an
abandonment of the Arab cause
and was regarded by Syria,
Egypt's chief partner in the 1973
war, as the betrayal of an ally.
The Syrian response was
understandable, particularly in
the light of the fact that Israel,
after the signing of the agreement
with Egypt, and understanding
-to what extent that agreement
had succeeded in dividing the
Arab world, made it quite clear
that she was not prepared to
conduct similar negotiations
with Syria.
In September 1975, Israeli


Prime Minister, Yitzhak Rabin
flatly declared that there was
virtually no chance of any
similar agreement with Syria,
particularly over the vital ques-
tion -of Israeli withdrawal from
the Golan Heights.
Syria's policy since that
time has been to attempt not
only to isolate Egypt in the Arab
world but to construct, with
.Syria at the head, a solid front
against Israel among the other
countries of the Arab world in
general arid among the three
neighboring states bordering-on
Israel in particular.

KEY

In any such front the two
key countries as far as Syria
was concerned were obviously
Jordan and Lebanon. Both of
these countries have common
borders with Israel and therefore
provide access to Israeli forces to
launch a three-front attack against
Syria in the event of a war. This
Syria knew from experi-
ence.
In addition Lebanon has
never participated in any of the.
wars, while in the 1973 war
Jordan offered only token resist-
ance.
As far as Jordan is concerned,
the Syrian policy had already
been successful insofar as Presi-
dent Assad had had got Jordan's
King Hussein to pledge his full
support in the next Arab-Israeli
war, if Syria would guarantee his
air defence.
Lebanon, however, was a
more difficult and a more
dangerous proposition. More
difficult mainly because of the
internal considerations which
made it impossible for any
Lebanese Government to go to
war or even to declare itself in
favour of the Arab cause.

INFLUENCE

Yet Lebanon was for Syria
a more dangerous proposition.
From the Israeli outposts in the
Golan Heights to the Syrian
capital of Damascus is less than
30 miles through Lebanon. And
given the totally weak military
position of ,ebanon, that country
was in effect a wide backdoor
which posed a huge threat to
Syrian security.
The enormous influence
which Syria now appears to have
gained in Lebanon gives her a
golden opportunity to close the
Lebanese backdoor
Syria's present ascendancy
in the whole situation followed
upon a mIost difficult and
dangerous programme of politi-
cal legerdenmin. From the very
start of the Lebanese Civil war
Syria has been pursuing two
distinct policies in that country.
In his public role President
('ot'd on Pg. 11


SUNDAY MAY 2, 1976


PAG 4TAPIA








SUNDAY MAY 2, 1976


KINGSTON The package of
emergency measures announced
recently by finance minister
David Coore will pull Jamaica
back from the ,edge of bank-
ruptcy, but contain nothing to
stimulate the economy and will
probably aggravate inflation-
The package contained both
direct and indirect tax rises to
increase government revenue by
J$81.5 million; import restric-
tions intended to reduce the
import bill from J$1,041 million
last year to J$845 million for
1976, and new wage and price
curbs.
This is the third round of
emergency measures ,introduced
since the budget last -May. The'
previous two were directed at
containing inflation which has
been brought down from an
.average of, 27.5% in 1974 to an
average of 17.4% in 1975. /
Whilst voluntary wage res-
traints helped achieve this fall, so
too did an easing of import res-
trictions. This contributed to the
present critical situation where
fbreigrin exchange reserves have
fallen from a net J$146 million
last July to J$36 million last
month. This is the equivalent of
two weeks' imports, or 10% of
the net national debt.
The import restrictions in-
clude a total ban, for the rest of
the year, on the importing of
either private or commercial
vehicles. Restrictions on luxury
food items are designed to
reduce the food bill by 182%.

DECLINE

With a -general economic
decline, a 40% drop in the
demand for capital equipment
is predicted. A J$196 million cut
in the import bill would cover
the anticipated J$180 million
decline in foreign exchange
earnings but would not add
much to the foreign reserves.
Imports for 1975 exceeded
the set limit by J$145 million,
and the same inflationary pres-
sure that caused import restric-
tions to be eased last year will
be present again during this
year.
Efforts to reduce demand
'include tax measures, increased
interest rates. and restrictions on
the ability of commercial banks
to make consumer loans. A con-'
sumption tax has been placed
on alcohol, tobacco and a num-
ber of other consumer and capital
goods, but excluded from the
list are those items which make
up the bulk of expenditure of
the middle and lower income
groups.
Higher income groups will
pay more in both income and
property taxes. Company profit
tax increases vary with the type
of company bui exclude build-
ing societies, life assurance
societies and any existing rate of
withholding tax.
The governing People"'
National Party's philosophy of
"democratic socialism based on
love" precludes either devalua-
tion or any cuts in its pro-
grammes of increased spending
on' education, health, housing
and creation of employment,
and it is probable that much of
the increased tax revenue will be


The Union -Jack and the Stars and Stripes in this PRENSA LA TINA picture flutter over
a Kingston street with heavy traffic. Importation of cars has been curtailed as part of
the Government's economic tightening up.



Jamaic

tignhtens










the belt


consumed by public expenditure
rather that adding to national
savings.
Temporary relief for the
balance of payments situation
will be provided by a US $30
million three-month stand-by
facility from the parent banks
of those operating in Jamaica.
Agreement has also been
reached to increase the credit
limits 'allowed to each member
of the Caribbean Community and
Common Market (CARICOM).
Jamaica increases its total
credits to other members from
J$4 million to,J$5 million, while
their combined credits to
Jamaica go up from J$4 million
to J$9 million. Jamaica also
hopes to benefit from the
regional "safety net" shortly to
be instituted.
A further difficulty for the
government is a budget financing
gap of J$103 million. According
to the finance minister, -this was
due to a J$16 million shortfall in
revenues and the failure to
negotiate successfully market and
institutional loans.
This gap is to be met by
issuing J$25 million in treasury


bills and borrowing J$78 million
from the Bank of Jamaica. The
treasury bills will presumably
become part of the permanent
debt; however, the recourse to
the Bank of Jamaica merely
defers the deficit into the next
budget year.

RECEIPTS

The patchwork nature of
these remedies reflects the many
fronts on which the government
is facing severe economic pro-
blems. The country is accustomed
to a substantial trade deficit but
this is usually filled by invest-
ment inflows, foreign borrowing
and tourist receipts. The deficit
was far greater than usual last
year because of a bad sugar harvest
and a decline in aluminium
production, the country's princi-
pal exports.

There was a severe drought
in the latter half of last year and
sugar production in the earlier
part of the year also failed to
' meet expectations. The country
was thus unable to take advant-
age of the record sugar prices


last year. Production was con-
siderably less than in 1974. The
sugar industry stands to lose
about US$25 million this year
because both international and
local prices are below the cost of
production. Sugar is taken from
the factories at US$270 a ton
and by the time it is placed on a
ship for export the cost rises to
US$300
The European Economic
Community (EEC) pays only
US$265 per ton, a price which
is marginally below world
prices. The sugar producers are
hoping to persuade the EEC to
make the 1976-77 delivery
agreement retroactive to the first
half of this year. Jamaica expects
to make a loss on sugar exports
this year of about US$6 million
and on domestic sales, a loss of
about US$19 million.
The increased government
stake in the aluminium industry
following its purchase of a 5 1%;
share in each of the five major
companies operating in Jamaica.
did not bring a net increase in
revenue. Worldwide demand for
aluminium fell during the 1974-
75 recession, but production
levels and prices were maintained
until the middle of last year.
The United States, which
imports most of Jamaica's
alumina (Jamaica meets 60% of
the Uhited States alumina re-
quirements), built up stockpiles
of aluminium which it has been
largely relying upon since the-
govegpment took control of the
industry. The slow improvement
in tl* demand for aluminium is
not expected to stimulate the
Jamgican industry until the end
of the year.

CURRENCY

The bauxite, mines have
been subject to ntimerous labour
disputes. Due to the low demand
and the high government pro-
duction levies, companies have
beerl tempted to close down
plants rather than pursue labour
negotiations. The same is true
of other areas of industry.
The government's success in
obtaining agreement to its wage
restraint programme has been
restricted to those unions linked
to fie PNP. The union move-
ment is split between the PNP
and the pro-United States opposi-
tion Jamaican Labour Party.
proposed in the economic pack-
age is a J$10 a week wage rise
limit, except where cost of living
adjustments exceed that sum.
Receipts from tourism fell
sharply last year due in part to
a flourishing black market.
Hotpliers reported that whereas
the normal pattern was for
tourists to pay the majority of
their bills in foreign currency
and the minority in local cur-
rency, last year this situation
was reversed.
The demand for foreign
currency amongst Jamaicans has
increased because of the heavy
restrictions placed upon the
amount allowed to be withdrawn
from the country. Businessmen
are allowed only two ten-day
trips a year. Reported spending
on foreign travel last year
amounted to J$43 million.

TAPIAPAE


































bean leaders. As for
political education the
monopolistic PNM con-
trol of the media was
ample proof of the
Government's failure in
this area.
The Government had
had the benefit of two
oil booms yet: "Tell me
where that bread is
going!"
The political effects
of. the oil boom had
been to maKe the state
machine get bigger and
bigger with the necessarily
restrictive impact on the
possibilities of .political
opposition.
Reading a list of those
enterprises taken over or
participated in by the


ST TNDAY


-. .


Ivan Laughlin
"THIS WILL be no
simple- election, but a
battle of life aniddeath! "
No burst of applause
followed this statement,
delivered with much dra-
matic effect, by Tapia
Secretary Lloyd Best in
Tunapuna last week
Friday night_ -
The message went
home. The clapping and
cheering which had
greeted Best's other
punch lines that night did
not seem appropriate to
this statement.
Building up to his
-climax, Lloyd Best had
earlier said:
"The moment of
truth is here. Either we
go deal with them or they
go deal with we!"
And there were shouts,
of "Yes, man!" from
various sections of the
large crowd at the busy
comer of Tunapuna Road
and the Eastern Main
Road where the Tapia
banners and platform
had been put up in the
Shopping Centre front
yard.
Speaking after Beau
Tewarie, Angela Cropper
and Ivan Laughlin, Lloyd
Best urged his audience
to disregard "the con-
fusers, the Bamboozlers
and the spies" who said
there would be no elec-
tions this year.
Tewane, Croppe r,
Laughlin and Best were
.introduced to tP? gather-
ing as the Candidates for
St. Augustine, Tunapuna,
San- Juan East and St.
Joseph respectively.
In fact, Best said, the
elections are on us right
now. What else indeed
could be the meaning of
the feverish pothole-
filling, the water well-
digging, the Prime Minister
opening services in Mate-
lot, the ordering of
ballot boxes and the
posting of lists of 18
year-olds?


f,. ,


1 gl .o p .




Angela Cropper


The election date could
be May 24, the same
date on which it had
been held in 1971.
- Whenever it comes,
however, it will be "licks
down the line", Best
said. There was sustained
applause when he an-
nounced his candidacy
for the area, and much
laughter when he
declared: "We going to
water line dey tail!"
Then the Tapia Secre-
tary explained the reason
for mns optunism:
"I am not making any
idle boast. I want to let
the -recora, stand. The
licking will come from
the PNM's 20 year politi-
cal record of pressure,


punishment and pain
inflicted on the backs
of the people of Trinidad
and Tobago.
-The PNM, he con-
tinued, had kicked down
the ladder by which ii
first ascended. Recalling
the party's 1956 pleages
of morality in public
affairs, west Indian
nationhood and political
education, Best showed
that none of these had
been kept.
Instead of "morality
in public affairs", there
has-been bobol and cor-
ruption in high places.
Instead of West Indian
nationhood we have seen
the Prime Minister's
recent attacks on Carib-


Government, B e s t
declared: "They are
building a political party
with y-our'taxes and the
national income that
properly belongs to you
by extenamg control of
the state over the lives of
people. I call it the
SWP, the Special Works
Party."
It was obvious, Best
continued, that "nothing
economic is happening
at these enterprises now
controlled by the state",
making reference to the
notorious shutdowns and
malfunctioning associ-
ated with WASA, T&TEC
and others.
The effects of this
extending state control


-F



Lloyd Best as he addressed Tunapuna meeting, when he announced his candidacy for the St. Joseph constituce'y in the coming Gencral
Elections..


INI



AT




OUR CA
wM flS ~ ELM 'm 0"4
L) t


Bhoendradatt Tewarie


wl-l







TAPIA PAGE 7


Y 2, 1976



A


)MEGROUND


4DIDATES NAMED


were political in the
creation of a de facto
ruling party of privilege
and in the disadvantage
to which the political
opposition is put by
having to contend with
so widespread a state
machine which wielded
control over so many
people's livelihoods.
From as far back as:
1961 the population had
been thinking of remov-
ing the PNM. That was
the meaning of the
massive turn out to hear
Rudranath -Capildeo in
the Queen's Park Savan-
nah that year.
The continuing dis-
enchantment was reflect-
ed in the falling atten-


dance at the pools -
from 88% in 1961 to 66%
in 1966.
So people have been,
seeing that over the 20
j ears the PNM has built
up a party for the privi-
leged elite from which
the masses of little people
are excluded.
Not only does this
party of privilege wield
control over people's
jobs and livelihoods and
dispense a large bounty
of patronage, it also has
cofitrol over the com-
munication media and
over the police. Then
there are the laws res-
tricting political activity,
like those governing the
holding of public meet-
ings.
Many people have
been seeing the possibil-
ity 4or: a party of the,
little people. This will
come about through the
unity of all those forces
opposed to the' regime
and its policies;'
Such a party would
be, admittedly, a- larger
thing than Tapia is now.


It was in the search for
such a striking force that
people have been anxious
for "opposition unity".
However, if it happens
that the unity of such
opposition forces as now'
exists canfiot be achieved,
then "we may .reach the
stage where we are going
to have to represent
Trinidad and Tobago
alone. But this is some-
thing you will have to
decide in the fullness of
time.* Best told his
audience.
"It is a fight to the
finish, as Williams pro-
mised," Best said. "I urge
you to stand and fight
.behind the -Tapia Hous(
Movement. You havt
seen our men and our
women, you have heard
our plans.
'"I-hope you will see
in this movement the
capacity-to govern Trini-
dad and Tobago and to
govern it well. I know
that you are seeing this
capacity, for that is why
you are here in such vast
numbers."


SCORES


Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
U.S./Canada
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)


U.S.
U.S.
Stg.


$18.00 per year
30.00
$25.00
$30.00
b14.00


Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 1976.
Tapia, 82, St Vincent St. Tunapuna, Trinidad &
Tohapo. W.I. Telenhone 662-5126. & 62-25241.-


KIRPALANI'S

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and BASIC
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need at minimum coast







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Our coverage of
THE REGION
is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep abreast of the
real currents in the
Caribbean Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription
rates for TAPIA.
The new rates are as follows:


OPENED

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SUNDAY MAY 2, 1976


GLIMPSES OF GUYANA


Through

the eyes

of Dayclean

"In this country, they
say they are building'
socialism. Well, if they
were building .capitalism
goodness knows what
would happen.
"In this land one man
gets a duty allowance of a
thousand dollars a month.
Some get eight hundred
dollars only as duty
allowance. But other people
have to work six months
to get a thousand dol-
lars!"


General Burnham, on saluting base at left, reviews a parade of the forces now
deployed in building a "Guyanese Socialism". Dayclean offers a different picture
of what is being built in the Republic of Guyana.


TAPIA regularly receives Bhagwan was arrested
eepia of Dayclean, the and charged with being a
now-mimeographed organ publisher of the (in effect
of the Working People s banned) paper. ",
Alliance of Guyana, What TAPIA receives
which the Burnham gov- is often badly printed to
ernment all but suc- the point of unreadability
ceeded in squeezing out Another problem is that
of existence. many of the issues dealt
Dayclean wanted to With are so inextricably
use the familiar tabloid cast within a Guyanese
format, but it has been context, that their full
pushed underground by significance cannot be
means of the newspaper grasped by readers else-
laws of the Guyana Gov- where in the Caribbean.
eminent. Here are some quota-
The first issue pub- tions and references from
lished in 1974 by Tapia the April 1976 issue of
House Publishing Co.,.
was seized by the Guy- Dayclean which, give
anese customs. some glimpses of life in
Recent news is that' ,the Co-operative Repub-
radical lawyer Moses lic of Forbes Burriham.

A SOCIAlS T VESSEL


OF INDIAN
DAYCLEAN has des-
cribed Hon. Sase Narine,
Speaker of the Guyana
Parliament, "the unfortu-
nate vessel chosen by the
PNC to pr omote Indian
culture in Guyana."
With that description
the little paper ended a
quick rundown of the
political career of Mr.
Narine, dealing specific-
ally with an incident in
which the Prime Minister
and the Commissioner of
Police publicly apologised
to the Speaker for a
police search of his
person and office.-_
Mr. Narine had been
searched for foreign cur-
rency at Timehri airport
and later his professional
solicitor's office was also
searched.
According to Dayclean,
"Mr. Sase Narine is the
founder of the breakaway
Maha Sabha which split
with the PPP to protect
part of the bourgeoisie,
This Maha Sabha has
provided some Indian
middle class support for
the PNC."


CULTURE
When the Maha Sabha
recently ran a raffle to
raise G$1 million to build
a Hindu temple, the PNC
gave its support.
"Perhaps it was a
Marxist-Leninist temple,"
Dayclean commented sar-
castically.
Whatever religion it.
enshrined, the PNC and
its state machine pitched
in to help with energy.
Corporation Managers
sold tickets, and, Day-
clean reports, "in' some
cases purchases of a
ticket was 'required'."'
Mr. Narine's high-level
clearance with the ruling
party helped him to
juicy legal briefs. Accord-
ing to Dayclean,' he,
represents several Corpo-
rations in the country,
for which he commands
retaining fees as high as
G$3,000 a year.
All of which has made
him adeserving recipient,
in the Co-operative Re-
public, of Government-
given honours "for ser-
vices to the socialist
cause", as Dayclean put
it.


"Dr. Reid is busy re-
writing Marx, telling the
workers that socialism is
achieved through 'hard
work"' The capitalists say
exactly the same thing.
They say if the workers
work harder their standard
of living, will rise. Guy-
anese workers worked
harder and got a lower
standard of living. Dr.
Reid said the same thing
when he was 'afraid of
socialism '.



ORANGES now sell
in Guyanese markets at
five for a dollar if you
can get them for all
kinds of freshifruit are
scarce.


GUYANESE are
forced to eat white" rice
when the Government
exports brown rice which

is richer nutritionally.


LIFE


Something rotten


ASCRIA, the, Guyana
,African Society for Cul-
tural Relations with
Independent Africa has
dared Guyana Prime
Minister Forbes Burnham
to take them to court.
The challenge came in
a statement- signed by
ASCRIA "Field Janitor"
Eusi Kwayana, which
was sent to the Prime
Minister, his legal advisers,
the Attorney General
and the news media.
Kwayana has charged
in the statement that
the Prime Minister re-
ceives at least $81,000 a
year in allowances, in-
cluding a monthly ,
housing allowance.
ASCRIA knows that
the last time such a state-
ment was made by Eddie
Codrington the Prime
Minister sued him for
$41,000 and won the
case.


in the

political

culture

But ASCRIA says,
the organisation con-
siders the court decision
unjust and repeated the
charge "in the hope that
the matter will again be
tested in our court. It is
only fair that the court
be given a chance to
undo its error."
Answering criticism of
ASCRIA's entry into
political issues, Kwayana
wrote: "Those who say
that ASCRIA as a cul-
tural organisation should
not make statements
like this one must under-
stand that something is:
rotten in the political
culture of Guyana."


"Misery among the
elders is very widespread.
In 1975 old age pensions
were $13 (rural) and $16
(town) per month that
is 53 cents a day. The
Government announced
soon that town and
country pensions were to
be the same at $15. Then
the offered the elders a
promise of a free ride to
go shopping and to go to
church. What will they
go shopping with?"


MAX SENHOUSE
110 Eastern Main Road 662-4087

Knows The Way to The
Magic Kingdom of
Furniture At Family
Prices


Ruby 3 PC Living Room Set
CASH OR TERMS




PRICE $825

DOWN $250

MTH. $ 45
.i


PAGE 8TAI


f
I







SUNDAY MAY 2, 1976


.'< .r..
-J .3

* ~.\-'


C..,l (f .g,.. in .f






Chris Laird (with stick) and Paul Keens-Douglas (fourth from right) in a scene from a


play put on in Tapia House.
A GATHERING of Activ-
ists for Caribbean Theatre
has just completed four
days of discussion and
activity at the University
Centre, St. Lucia. _.
The gathering, consist-
ing of 32 people from 15
territories in the English
speaking Caribbean, in-
cluding Belize, St. Croix
and Tortola, has estab-
lished a Theatre Informa-
tion Exchange (TIE).
Trinidad participants
in the talks were Chris
Laird, Peter O'Neil,
Rawle Gibbons and Paul
Keens Douglas.
This Exchange will
act as a depository,
copying and distributing
centre for information
and research on Carib-
bean Theatre and associ-


Constituency
opening


ated arts.
Based in St. Lucia, TIE
will operate through a
system of agents in each
territory who will be
responsible for collecting
and disseminating infor-
mation on behalf of the
Exchange.
The services of TIE are
to be expanded to include
all Caribbean countries.
Another practical out-
come of this, the first
meeting of its kind, was
the selection of Rawle
Gibbons as Co-ordinator
of a regional training
programme, who will use
TIE as a main support
Centre.
Participants at the
meeting expressed con-
cern that the Govern-
ment of many territories


office


A grand cultural. show
will mark the opening on
May 9 of Tapia's San Juan
West Conslituency office.
The office is situated.
at Caledonia Extension,
Second Caledonia, Morvant.
Lloyd Taylor and other
Tapia campaigners active
in the area invite friends,
members and supporters
of the movement to the .
opening event The day's
activities will include the
holding of a Village Fair.
For more details, read
next week TAPIA. Lloyd Taylor


The TapiLi House


Moem eent


FIRST ANNUAL

SEMI- FORMAL

DANCE


at S.W.W..T.U.


HALL


Wrightson .Road, Port-of-Siain.
SATURDAY MAY 22nd, 1976
from 0.00 () Im. to 4.00 a.m.
ADMISSION $5.00
Music by "Sir" Se] Dulncan & Orchestra


restrict and fail
port efforts
development of
theatre.


.,,-.. U

I


to sup-
towards
a living


Disappointment was
also expressed over the-
St. Vincent Government's
decision to disband its






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Eastern Main Rd., Laventille
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FOR
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Galvanise, Cement,
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Division of Cultu' .
Throughout the four
days, the participants
were united in their
desire to continue to
work towards the develop-
Tnent of a truly Caribbean
Theatre, reflecting the


move

Society, its people and.
its traditions.
For further informa-
tion contact CHRIS-
TOPHER LAIRD, local
TIE agent 22 Fitt St.
Woodbrook, P.O.S. Tel:
62-22384.


CALLING ALL POETS
HERE'S AN opportunity for Caribbean poets wanting
their work to be published.
Bruce St. John, Barbadian dialect poet, who will
be editing an anthology of poetry from the English-
speaking Caribbean -for "The Greenfield Review" in New
York State,is calling for contributions.
Contributors will be paid $5 US a poem and will
receive two free copies of each publication.
A release from Bruce St. John to TAPIA states
that the Anthology being prepared will include both
published and unpublished work of living poets.
Preference will, however, be given to the works of
poets living in the Caribbean and writing about the Carib-
bean. Poems may be in English or local dialect.
Interested poets should send to the editor signed
copies of their poems, at the following address: Bruce St.
John, P.O. Box 64, Cave Hill Campus, Bridgetown, Barba-
dos, W.I. _

J.C Sealy/


B THE BOOKSHOP

For all types of Books

111 FREDRICK STREET PORT-OF-SPAIN


THE BEST PLACE TO BUY BOOKS


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. -Stephens
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VI ACTors





n regional


"TIE


I v


TAPIA PG







SUNDAY MAY 2, 1976


THERE IS no denying that Special Works' since 1970
brought food to the homes of many. The exact number,
according to the 1975 Economic Review is 48,000.
Even if it means that some of us received it once in
the year or twice or three times, it does not inatter. The
fact remains Special Works, fed the hungry mouths of
48,000, over 6,000 of these being fed regularly every
fortnight.
I want to concede that fact immediately, quite apart
from the fact that it failed to satisfy the needs of that
48,000 adequately or to entrench them permanently as
government daily paid workers, with service and a sense of
job security.
But the programme itself is a most dangerous
phenomenon that came to bear on the development of
human dignity-since 1970, a time when blacks from all
levels of the society were walking the length and breadth
of this country, bawling out for "Power to the People."
Before the 1970 Revolution, there existed community
spirit all over. In every district you enter, Village Council,
youth group, women's group, housewives and other com-
munity groups were all active in one aspect of community
life or the other.
Since the introduction of Special Works,, all these
interests were absorbed in a programme of 10 days per
fortnight and survival of the fittest.
Not only that; it also dissipated the meaningful and
real purpose for which these groups were founded.
Thus the human personality which came out of these
social activities disappeared with community togetherness
completely destroyed.
A friend said to me, after three hours had elapsed
during last week's payment of wages, in the yard of the
community centre: "You see me, from now on I fighting
for me ownself. There is no more community spirit in this
place again. Not a single group to stand up and talk for
youth". More than that, they
Of course he was don't have a clue about
referring to the depths, what is going on.
people have sunk to get Skilled men are given
a promotion. "Some will to manage maintenance
even sell their mother for gangs while construction
it", he said. jobs suffer for want -of
Hie, too, became skilled workers.
obsessed with promotion
on Special Works, even ifserio
he had to fight for it
through union representa- So there is nothing
tion. serious about Special


No longer can my
friends find the courage
to stand up and fight for
their manhood. Men
whom I have known to
be in the vanguard of
..change for years, have,
now joined the ranks of
cut-throats and lick-ass,
for a few shillings more.
But this is what
Special Works reduces
you to. Your 'very
dignity is degraded and
men come to bribe for
jobs 'and in some cases
the exploitation of women
is -visible.-
But while all this is
taking place the Prime
Minister says: "All is not
lost with Special Works!"
(1975 PNM Convention).
-What is happening
today is that Special
Works is used more vici-
ously and absurdly than
ever before in an exercise
of political gymnastics.
Checkers are now
being made foremen or
either receiving foreman
pay. Former labourers
with no knowledge of
carpentry or masonry
are promoted to the
status of charge hand or
given -charge hand rates.


Works programme. The
purpose behind all this
is to promote people
who the ruling party
believes would have an
influence on others and
would support them in
the coming election. This
is nothing short of bribery
and an act of dishonesty
in dealing with their own
people.
Special Works, my
Tapia brothers always
say, is a substitute for
hard work! That is correct.
But they fail to see
it as a substitute for
many other things as well-
Because it prevents
people from seeing real
issues that determine
their existence as human
beings.
The Government has
no intention to convert
that Special Works energy
into meaningful and pro-
ductive energy and,
therefore, permanent and
lasting employment.
In order to catch
up with a backlog of
165,000 housing units if

we are to satisfy the
housing needs in this
country in a little over
S10 years, 15,000 three-


bedroom housing units
are needed to be built
each year.-
Runaway inflation
and rising prices are felt
mostly in foods we
import. Yet the Govern-
ment found it necessary
to spend $260 million in
foreign foodstuffs in 1974
instead of spending the
money in local agricul-
ture where the farmers
and farmlands are located.
A diversion of the
energy that is now used
on Special Works into
these two major job-
giving enterprises opens
up the prospects of the
inevitable creation of
other skills of a perma-
nent nature as well e.g.
electricians, plumbers,
fitters, welders, painters,
upholsterers, interior
decorators and many
others.

issues

But these are the
physical issues obscured
bv the creation of the
programme. There is also
the more and most impor-
tant issues the spiritual
issues issues which are
not visible but which lift
the human personality
into higher realms.
That cosmic attune-
-ment without which it is
impossible for the good
deed of men to be
performed.
The moment you are
made to live from day to
day tomorrow you
work, the day after you


713Jl f.IYAI~


The moment you are made to
live from day to day -
tomorrow you work, the day
after you don't'-you become
lost in a world which you don't
belong to, because you form
no part of its creation. You
very soon become a victim of
the pressures that come to
bear upon you and your
will to stand up and. fight for
justice and peace is lost
Special Works takes away from
the human being the sense of
Nation building. It blocks
your sensitivity in the creation
of a Philosophy that suits your
history and environment.


don't you become lost
in a world which you.
don't belong 'to, because
you form no 'part of its
creation. You very soon
become a victim of the
pressures that come to
bear upon you and your
will to stand up and
fight for justice and
peace is lost.
Special Works takes
away from the human
being the sense of Nation
building. It blocks your
sensitivity in the creation
of a Philosophy that
suits your history and
environment.
It saddles you with
all sorts of false values
and definitions and pos-
sesses you with a culture
which does not lend
respect to you or your
country. These are the
spiritual issues which are
not seen b'y the average
project worker.
It is quite obvious
that he lacks the vision
for these things precisely
because his mind is more
occupied with the day to
day living of employment
and food for his family.
It is quite clear that once
you subject people to
such an existence you
make change almost im-
possible and the work of
the opposition twice as
hard.
But providence is
always on the side of
progress. In every revolu-
tionary situation the
moment of, time always
comes to sweep into the
garbage pan of history,


those movements which
grew up in the old and,
do not know when the
new is upon them.
Trinidad and Tobago
will break the image of
Special Works. It will set
in motion a new Nation
and will open up the doors
of a new civilisation, to
Caribbean peoples. For
the new is upon the old
movements and they do
not know.

civilization

The civilization 1
speak of would be
nothing like what we
inLferit from Europe or
Asia. It will be a civiliza-
tion based on the history
and habits. of our Carib-
bean peoples. A civiliza-
tion which will bring
respect to our people and
admiration from the rest
of the world. It will look
over the aged, the young
and the rest of its citizens..
We are better placed
than any country in the
world to achieve our goal.,
-Now is the time to do it.
A time when the pillars
of western civilization
have crumbled and con-
fusion and chaos in the
metropolitan empires are
the order of the day.
A time when there is
equal confusion and un-
certainty in the Easterfl
bloc. 'There is no better
time to build Caribbean
civilization than when
the whole Universe is
crying ,out for change.
Trinidad and Tobago


tLA k -Ua


WE


Hamlet Joseph


PAGE 10 TAPIA


AV




Is KILLIN-li


AMPmRM

m
-.4 a
SU[-TL y






SUNDAY MAY.2, 1976


~ALZ'] J LVII i L.1T~hd LA1 ________


stands out in the fore-
front for the creation of
a new world in the
Caribbean. The Special
Works syndrome is a
'-mental block to that
perspective.
A poet has said:
"the grass is green and
the rope is short". We
are now at the end of
the rope.
This is our last
chance to put our ship on
course. Failing that, it
would be open terror and
repression of a kind we
never imagined.
I am not dismayed.
I am not pessimistic. We
can do nothing in 1976
but to change and remove
the '56 Movement when
the sound .of that bell is
heard for decision-making.
Remember in 1961
we were ready to do it
with over 60,000 people
in the Grand Savannah
waiting to be told what
to do. And again in 1970


when thousands bofblacks
walked the length and
breadth of the, country
with hopes of a new dawn,
a new order,-a new dis-
pensation.
No country in the
world has ever given
more love in any single
decade to so many move-
ments as Trinidad and
Tobago has done in the
years 1956, 1961 and
1970. Twenty years is
more than enough. Or, if
we prefer, the cry of
Pressure is at an end.
I am convinced that
what people hope for is
what we in Tapia talk
about every Monday and
everyday of the week.
The great task is for us
to find the people as well
as for the people to find
us. I have no doubt that
all this will come to pass
but only at the ninth
hour. Nevertheless, the
work must continue up
to the last round.


ns.


Placards tell the story of Special Works, as employees demonstrate their anger outside Whitehall.


HOW MUCH LONGER FOR SYRIA?


Assad has studiously sought to
promote the image of the peace-I
maker. Very early in the war
Assad met with Lebanese Presi-
dent Suleiman Franjieh to offer
Syrian help in any mediation
effort.
In his public pronounce-
ments Assad has called for res-
traint from both the Lebanese'
leftist forces and from the Pales-
tinians and at every round of the
fighting the Syrian foreign
minister Abdul Halim Khaddam
has gone to Lebanon to actas a
mediator.
But even as Syria was so
assiduously pursuing her public
role as peace-maker she was also
at the same time the most impor-
tant supplier of arms and money
to the Muslim/Leftist forces led
by Kemal Jumblatt, head of the
Progressive Socialist Party.-
But in March of this year,
as Jumblatt and his forces were
demonstrating ,their clear mili-
tary superiority over the Chris-
tian forces, the main faction in
which is the Phalangist the ultra-
conservative, Lebanese national-
ist, organisation led by Pierre
Gemayel, Syrian President


Assad abruptly cut off all aid to
Jumblatt's. forces and denounced
him for conspiracy against the
Lebanese people.
To understand this we have
to look both at the nature of
Jumblatt's political ideology and
the nature of the internal politics
of many of the Arab states,'These,
at any rate, are the considerations
which Assad must have taken
into account.
Kamal Jumblattis a strange
character. A member of the
Druse sect, he is also a very
radical socialist and a mystic. He
founded the Progressive Socialist
Party in 1949 and ever since
then he has been the focus of
radical unrest in Lebanon.
Since the beginning of the
Civil War he has emerged as the
Leader of the leftist forces in
Lebanon. His party today is an
umbrella organisation which con-
tains within its ranks at least 15
other radical parties and groups
including at lest two communist
parties and five Nasserist groups.
He is a fervent Arab loyalist
who supports completely the
Palestinian cause and indeed the
more radical elements within
that cause. He has described the


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FOR BUILDINGS OF ALL TYPES

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present civil war in Lebanon as
"a necessary suffering" and "a
political mutation."
it is not so much his ideol-
ogical position, as the stunning
successes he h'as achieved in the
past weeks which has prompted
the Syrian to put an end to their
support and to cut his move-
ment short.
The fact is ,that while
: Jumblatt was the perfect instru-
ment with which the Syrians
'could change the internal politi-
cal arrangements within Lebanon
in such a way as to increase
their own influence, they cannot
afford to allow the emergence
of any radical Government in
Lebanon.
In the first place many of
the Arab Governments, part-
icularly the oil-rich kingdoms
from which source the finance
for any war must come, are
themselves conservative if not
franidy feudal. There is no way
they are going to welcome the
emergence of any revolutionary
force in Lebanon whose influ-
ence might spread to their own
countries..
Secondly, it is probable
that Assad fears that the emer-
gence of any radical and militant
Government in Lebanon, part-
icularly one which supports the
extreme left of the Palestinian
Movement, might just precipitate
Israel into launching a "preven-
tive war" for which Syria would
be unprepared.
Finally Assad must be con-
cerned by the possibility of a
division of Lebanon into two
separate states, an occurrence.
which would enormously com-
plicate Syrian efforts to build a
united war front.


For all these reasons, then,
just as soon as Jumblatt and his
forces had gained the upper hand
in the war, Assad decided that it
was time to intervene, isolate
Jumblatt and consolidate his
&&ins.
Assad does not have things
4allhis way though. He obviously
has a bitter enemy in Egypt's
SWdat. The Iraqis too are making
loud rumblings about Syrian
bungling. And, of course, Assad
hos alienated Jumblatt and many
of the extreme leftist muslims
and Palestinians.
But for the moment though
Assad is walking a tight rope,
it is an enviable tight rope. Israel,
Slagued by problems on the
est-Bank, has had to allow the
Syrian intervention with all its
implications.
Thus far their only response
hias been to warn Syria not to
ctoss the Litani River in the deep
South at Lebanon.
The United States, too, is
willing to allow Syrian initiatives
to continue. The Ford adminis-
tration is not ready to see any
escalation of war as the tempo
of U.S. elections grows warmer.
And as far as the factions
in Lebanon are concerned, they
have no option but to support
Syria's initiatives. The Christians
because it is the only way to cut
their losses and retain some
measure of strength. The Muslim
leftists because, deprived of their
alms by the Syrian blockade,
there is nowhere for them to
tur.
The situation is by no
means settled in Lebanon. For
the moment Assad stands in the
ascendancy. The question is how
long.


-I


I


TAPIAPAr.


N





Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,.
Research Institut for\
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N.Y. 10021,
_ Ph. Lebhigh 5 8448.
U.S.A.


PRINTED AND PUBLISHED "v THE TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO. LTD., 91 TUNAPUNA RD., TUNAPUNA T"L: 662-5126.


I CANNOT join in the jubilation being expressed in the
Cairbbean over the recent defeat of India by the West
Indies *
The show of jubilation is important only because it
reflects the extent of the psychological depression which
would have been felt had we lost the series.
The series in fact showed up grave shortcomings ir
several departments of of the game.
The most glaring of these, to my mind, is bad manage
ment .which affected us here just as it did in Australia.
This series again was not thought out as a whole.
Instead, we had match-to-match planning, with no
overall strategy having been worked out.
The second test in
Trinidad caught us by SAY'S
surprise and showed
Roberts to have been BALDWINMOOTOO
clearly not -fit. As sug-
gested before the tour,
he should have been
rested. But the result, in
the event, was that our
attack was mediocre,
lacking proper pace and
proper spin.
In the third test our I. 1
bowling attack was farci-
cal. We had only one real -
paceman and three green
spinners to bowl against
a side that has grown up
facing the best spin bowl-
ing in the world. AndyRoberts
It was in that context -
that Lloyd's declaration
was cocky. And he paid
for his cockiness. (Re-
member we had not suc-
ceeded in bowling out the
Indians in the second
test.) .
It was only at the
eleventh hour that we r
decided to confront them
with pure pace. That was
what we- should nave "
done at the beginning if.
we had thought out an Alv Kallichar
overall strategy. Alvin Kallicharan


PACE

But as it happened the
resort to pace in the
decisive final test looKed
like desperation. It
showed a lack of finesse.
For with proper tactics
employed from the start
India would never have
gained the psychological
advantage. We would have
beaten them quite hand-
somely.
The whole general
!approach of not thinking
things through is reflect-
ed again in the selection
of the team for England.
The team includes four
,pacemen and two spinners.
As the two spinners"
;are certainly not proven
'at Test level, the question


Larry Gomes


to be asked is: what
happens if the pace fails?
What will we fall back
on?
This question seems
especially important in
tne light of the fact tnat
Holder is in his final
days, Daniel is brand-new


NOT


CAUSE


FOR

and one dosen't know
what to say about
Roberts' fitness.
As for the batting,
Rowe is still suspect,
with his confidence prob-
ably worse now than at
the start of the Indian
tour. (This is another
example of the mis-
management for Rowe
should have been rested
till the Test at Sabina.)
Kallicharan's overall
performance has been
worrying. (One hopes
that he and Roberts are
not permanent casualties
of the Australian tour.)
Fredericks didn't score
much before Sabina.
Vivian Richards, alone,
of all the batsmen seems
to have form and reli-
ability.
\ PROMISING

What it all adds up to
is that our batting too is
in a state. Larry Gomes
is the only additional
middle order batsman
picked. But only Trinidad
parochialism c o u 1 d
account for the enthusi-
asm displayed over his
selection.
For while there's
nothing wrong with pick-
ing promising young
batsmen, the pick should
certainly go- to the most
deserving, that is to say,
the most accomplished.
Jn this case Irving
Shillingford is the most
accomplished of those
batsmen who have not
yet been tried at Test
level.
And there are other
young batsmen in the
region who show more
promise than Larry
Gomes.
A word on the wicket-
keeping: The only way
to explain Findlay's pick


JOY

is as an attempt to
appease the Islands. At
34, he shouldn't have
been picked as an "under-
study" to Murray. Here
was a chance, to give
experience to some pro-
mising keeper, of which
there are several in th-
region apart from David
Murray who has perhaps
not come along as well as
had been hoped.
GIBBS

A most curious exclu-'
sion is that or Gibbs.
Why have they finished
with him?
Commentators are
-saying in facile way that


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he is over the hill. But if
he is over the hill, it
could only be by Gibbs'
own standards, and not
in relation to other West
Indian spinners, for he is
.still the best of the lot.'
One wonders if this
great cricketer has ended
his days in West Indies
cricket in the same way
as another great cric-
keter, Garfield Sobers,
and that is, -out of favour
with the authorities.
Everything points to
the, sad conclusion that
we are back to pre-Frank
Worrell days of bickering,
parochialism, h o r s e--
trading and political inter-
ference taking precedence
over cricketing merit.
in spit" of all that,
I hbpe-we win in England.
I believewe still have the
best cricketers in the
world, but they are not
being deployed properly,
and 11 players do not
necessarily a cricket team
make.
if we do win, it only
confirms the tremendous
ability of our players as
cricketers, for it would,
prove they could over-
come the handicaps of
not functioning as a
co-oramated fighting unit,


* ^ -^


AN"L