Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00208
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: April 11, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00208

Full Text

S* SUNDAY APRIL 11, 1976


WHILE tight restrictions
are being placed on the
use of media time by
Opposition Political
parties, PNM Political
Leader Dr. Eric Williams
hJas already filmed at
leas1 one of three TV
broadcasts which will
form an important part
of the PNM general
election campaign.
A "policy statement"
issued by Jimmy Bain,
chairman of the public-
owned 610 Radio and
TTT, declares that free
broadcast time "will be
allocated only to parties
which nominate candi-
dates in not less than 60
per cent of the total
number of seats for the
general elections to the
House of Representa-


And that free time
.- i- allowed- oniv
"during the period from
nomination day up to
two days prior to polling
day." Since nomination
day is usually seven
days from polling day, it
means Opposition parties
that declare at least 22
,of 36 candidates by
nomination day will have
five days free broadcast




The ruling PNM, how-
ever, will be allowed "an
additional and a final
Adcast period".
3ut there are other
restrictions in the Bain-


Parties wanting to use
the broadcast time "must
apply in writing at least
two working days before
the date on which the
broadcast is-due to take
place." Also, all -broad-
cast must be pre-recorded
at least 24 hours before
And the script of the
broadcast must be sub-
mitted not later than 6
hours before the time for
recording the broadcast.
Broadcasts by Opposi-
tion parties, according
to the Bain policy, must

also avoid five areas -
matters "in contravention
of the laws of Trinida'd
and Tobago"; any abusive
\ comment upon any race,
creed or religion; any
obscene, indecent or pro-
fane matter; any malici-
ous, scandalous or defa-
matory matter and: "Any
matter which contains
any false or deceptive
The Directors of -the

Jimmy Bain

public-owned media also
"reserve the right to
decide whether a script
or any part of it is
acceptable for broad-
cast and once passed for
broadcast, a script may
not be departed from."
Opposition parties are
unlikely to welcome the
Bain policy with open

arms because of its highly
restrictive nature. Brt
TTT has gone ahead
meanwhile with plans to
produce lengthy televi-
sion appearances by Dr.
610 Programme Direc-
tor, Ed Fung, the man
selected by Bain to
replace Leo de Leonsaid
the Government-owned
station, will conduct the
first "interview" with.
Dr. Williams.


If past performance is
a guide, Fung will simply
serve as a prompter for
Dr. Williams to talk on
any subject he chooses.
In any event, the
questions posed by Fung
would have been prepared
in advance for him.
It is also reported
that another interview
. will feature Dr. Williams
at breakfast at his St.
Ann's residence a pure
election gimmick designed
to make full use of the
powerful medium of
television to win votes.
Whether Opposition
parties agiee to the Bain
policy or not, TTT is
going ahead with the
Williams Show. (R.A.P.)

hI A* ml1.1




Chairman 's Address Denis Solomo,

Ten Year Plan Ivan Laughlin

Tapia Finances Allan Harris



Presentation of Tapia Front-Bench
Presentation of Resolution Founding
Tapia House Movement SylLowhar

Secretary 's Address Lloyd Best





Syl Lowhar

This Sunday Tapia's
10 year plan will be
broadcast on Radio
Trinidad at 9 p.m.
The presentation of
Tapia's ten year plan
will be the highlight of
the third Assembly of
the National Convention.
Ivan Laughlin, Shadow
Minister in the Ministry
of Economics and Labour
will present the plan.
The ten year plan will
be a summary of pro-

Ivan Laughlin

posals developed over
the years for the restruc-
turing of the State; the
reorganisation of the
economy; the creation
of a welfare sector and
the promotion of a
cultural revival through
emphasis on the arts.
The ten year plan is a
forerunner to the Tapia
manifesto which will be
presented at the fourth
leg of the National
Convention, along with a
full slate of candidates.

9 a.m.

10.00 a.m.

12.00 noon

1.30 p.m.

2.00 p.m.


I 'WOW MRr _1

30 Cent;,

Vol. 6 No. 15

' *"'-


IN THE words of the TV series, .there are a
million stories in this country, and this is one
of them.
A story like go many others: of frustra-
tion, df injustice, of the callous waste of a
nation s ;youth.
On the Tapia campaign trail we hear these
stories all the time.
But along with the wutlissness and the
callousness of the regime, along with the day-
in-day-out ;ketchass experienced by the ordinary
people, there is always a note of courage,
determination and strength in community.
I met Michael Alphonse- at one of our
meetings in Sangre Grande.
He was twenty-seven years old, he said;
his wife was eighteen; they had two children.
Twenty-seven, and in his whole life he had
worked a total of five days; and that was on a
Special Works project.
Why only five days?
"They said you need service to get
priority. I ask them how you get service,
whether looking for work every day of life and
not getting it is service. They said no".
So he and his wife, with money scraped
up from friends, opened a little parlour to sell
mauby and coffee, getting up at four in the
morning to' make the coffee for people on their
way to work.'

To make the coffee, they bought a pitch-.
oil stove from someone who soon afterwards
was arrested-and charged with robbing a hard-
ware store. Michael Alphonse's wife panicked,
tried to hide the stove; a malevolent neighbour
saw her and told the police.
The police raided the parlour without a
warrant, seized the stove and everything else
they could find; a dozen drinking glasses;
some rings and a watch "that my wife have
since I know her"; and charged Alphonse with
store-breaking and larceny.
"The store sells stoves but'it dosen't sell
rings and watches" Alphonse said. In any case,
the owner reported 50 stoves stolen." I ask the
police if they think I have the other forty-nine
as well.

The parlour is now
closed, Michael and his
wife jobless and in debt.
Friends in the Com-
munity raised $300 and
helped him to get a
Released on bail, he
asked the police to return
the items that were not
part of the charge.


"They say to bring
receipts to show they
were mine. I ain't have
no receipts the jewelry
is my wife' own since I
know her.
"I used to be a
troublesome fel 11 a"
Michael admitted. "Once;
I ever make a jail for
malicious damage.
But I done With
that now; and everybody
Know I was never a thief,
that is why they help
me.- But like the police
ain't know."
The case was due
to come up the next
day, but it wouldn't be
heard because of the
lawyers' boycott. "I
know I go get off"
Michael said. "But when
the case done I bringing
an action for false arrest.





stori es


I have to get satisfaction,
and if I don't get it I
taking my .own satisfac-
Don't do it, 1 told
him; and I was never
more sure of giving the
right advice. Don't do it
Don't get enmeshed in
the whole confused and
inhuman law machine;
and above all, forget
about personal revenge.
They would only break


But a man must
keep his manhood,
Michael said. "It have
people all about getting
pressure like me, and
;ooner or later you got
to revolt you got to
-nake up your mind to
dead if you have to
dead, but you have to
fight back somehow".
Yes, I told him, but
the important thing is
the somehow. What can
one man, or even twenty
thousand, do out ot

indignation and frustra-
tion alone?
The politics of 1970
had shown that. Twenty
thousand young people,
disposed and angry,
marching in the streets
one day; dispersed,
beaten, jailed on the


.Lashing out in blind
frustration; the politics
of agitation without plan;
that was the stage we
have now surpassed. This
is the time we must all
concentrate our energies
on finding a workable
alternative, a regime cap-
able of introducing a
.iew order of politics and
government in which
individual effort will
count, individual protest
will be heard.
A silence of things
in which the self-knowl-
edge and self-reliance of
the community, such as
Michael's friends showed
when they helped him,
would replace the authori-

tarian system where
everybody except the
police knows the differ-
ence between a bad boy
and a burglar.
"But how we go
move them? Ent we go
have to use force for
We might, indeed.
If they do not yield
power constitutionally,
that is what it will come
But if force is not
harnessed in the service
of a plan and a vision
for which people are
willing to die, it will not
succeed; or worse than
that, it will succeed only
in ushering in an even
more repressive regime.


But paradoxically,
it is precisely when they
know the force is there
that it will not have to
be used. The police and
the army are part of the
population too; ,a regime
completely discredited in
the mind of a population

with its eyes set on a
new vision can command
no force against 'that


That is why this is
the testing time, I told
Michael.The 1976 elec-
tions are the last chance
for a peaceful end to the
war Williams declared on
the people when, in
1969, he said it would
-be a "fight to the finish".
The politics harc;
but better a hard road
that leads somewhere
than a short path to
We went back to
the subject of work.
"Look all this land all
about" Michael said. "I
don't see how they can't
find employment for
everybody in this coun-
try, at least for all the
young people. But they
so far away from what
really going on it like
they living in another


"Why people in
Grande not organising
work for people in
I looked at him
hard, but he wasn't just
parroting, Tapia ,to please
me. And as we talked on,
I realized that this young
man, uneducated and
unemployed, had, like so
many otheryoung people
up and down the coun-
try, not only the courage
and tenacity to fight the
oppressor but the intelli-
gence to see how differ-
ent things might be.


The courage is there;
the intelligence is there;
all that is needed now is
the reawakening of faith.
I told Michael when we
parted, he and not I
should have been on the
Tapia platform, talking
about local government
and popular participa-
tion,, about localisation
of the economy and full
But it was encourag-
ing nevertheless: when
people start telling you
your own ideas, that is
when you know the
message is getting across.


I- R 'S


S-UNDAY APRIL 11, 1976

Nothing to

from pu

these Hi


UNLESS the CARICOM Heads of Govern-
ment are satisfied to have the Conference
continue as nothing more than a social get -
together and even this seems unlikely in view
of the acrimony with which they speak of
each other then the only other way in which
the Conference can continue functioning is ;
for it to begin to discuss the question of ." -".
regional integration of policy in matters '
beyond trade.
So that it is clearly absurd for the
Heads of Government to think that they can

discuss the reorganisation
of the West Indies in
anything other than
"innocuous" terms, to
use Williams' word, with-
out first establishing the
educational needs of the
region, which in turn
can only come from
some consensus on re-
gional development policy.
Similarly no aspect
of foreign policy, not
even one as "emotibn-
ally" or "ideologically"
clearcut as relations with
South Africa is going to
get any speedy and unani-
mous agreement, unless
it recognizes the different
concerns and vulnerabili-
ties of the different
countries and some agree-
ment is reached on the
distribution of possible


There is no question
that any plan of action
towards establishing
regional policies in these
different areas is going
to be a difficult and com-
plex one. Yet the fact
that the Caribbean Heads
of Government are loath
even to begin the discus-
sion has nothing to do
with the negotiating com-
The reason is, in
the first instance, that
adherence to any pro-
gramme of regional econ-
omic development or of a
regional foreign policy
must necessarily entail a
corresponding loss of

of the University

d A im,
HH m i'dank.,

External Affairs


M in is ter

Michae Harris


talks fiasco

sovereignty in the indivi-
dual countries.
And it is this loss of
even the slightest aspect
of individual sovereignty,
in-spite of the benefits
to be gained, which
frightens the present
political leadership.
Total sovereignty is
vital to the total flexibil-
ity which all of the
present crop of political
leaders need to continue
to walk the tight rope of
continued political supre-
macy, in the context of
their failure to open up
and transform the politi-
cal, economic and social
systems which they have
all inherited from the
colonial past and are
content simply to use.


And in any. case
they could not even
begin to commit their
individual populations to
the immediate costs
which are necessarily
going to be involved in
any programme of re-
gional integration of

policies under the condi-
tions of gross inequality,
deprivation and unres-
ponsibility in which they
continue to exist.


One step forward
and two steps back. That
seems to be the permnna-
nent pattern of the jig
which the present crop of
political leaders in the
Caribbean are content to
dance while the dream
of Caribbean nationhood
grows dimmer and more
Two recent events
served to demonstrate
the chronic incapacity of
Caribbean leaders to
make any progress
towards making this
dream a living reality.
The first was the
breakdown and acknowl-
edged futility of the
CARICOM Heads of
Government Conference
which concluded in Port-,
of-Spain two weeks ago.
The second was the
scathing attacks launched

by the Trinidad Prime
Minister, who served as
chairman of the confer-
ence, against the confer-
ence itself and against
some of his Caribbean
T h e ostensible
reason for the breakdown
of the Conference was
the failure of the various
participants to agree first
on a common policy
towards South Africa,
with special reference to
participation in sport, as
well as on the question
of assistance to Mozam-
bique and the recognition
of Angola.


Both of these issues
had been placed on the
conference agenda at the
last moment or as Williams
put it slipped "through
the backdoor".
But even on the
substantive issue which
had been on the agenda
all along that is the
question of the reorgan-
isation of the University
of the West Indies; there
was little if any progress.
According to the
report of Williams' state-
ment in the Sunday
Guardian, the "confer-
ence which was punctu-
ated by long lapses of
silence, could not agree
on anything at all"'.


It is clear that the
Conference has now
reached the stage where
unless the various Heads
of Governments are
prepared to deal seriously
with the fundamental
issues of Caribbeaniinte-
gration, silence is all we
can expect for a long
The Heads of Gov-
ernmett Conference,sup-

posedly the vanguard of'
the continuing search for
greater Caribbean integra-
tion, has subsisted for a
long while on the sub-
stantive issues raised by
the formation and the
consolidation of the
Caribbean Economic


The strictly economic
arrangements whatever
their value, have since
settled down. So much
so that the problems
which now arise are
normal ones in the func-
tioning of any such
community and are best
handled by the techno-
crats and administrators,
or at the most by the
various trade ministers.
The result is that the
Heads of Government
Conference has lost its
reason for being.
The breakdown of
the Conference in Port-
of-Spain, then, is but the
vivid manifestation that
Caribbean integration
has now reached a dead-

What is depressing is
that the effective death
of the conference
threatens the two strong-
est, longestsstanding and
genuinely regional institu-
tions the University
of the West Indies and
our cricket team.
If these two institu-
tions should be destroyed,
then the centuries old
Caribbean policy of
beggar-my-n e i g h b o u r
would reach its highest
level of intensity and the
islands would lie com-
pletely isolated from
each other and completely
vulnerable to the lurking
pred. 'rs of every
na ,...;ty and trans-






A NEW confession by the
16-year-old barmaid who
was the chief prosecu-
tion witness this murder
trial may have saved
Dominican radical Des-
mond Trotter from the
gallows at the last minute.
On March 18, three
British- Privy Council
judges refused to hear
Trotter's appeal against
his sentence which had
set off a 15-month long
international campaign
for his release. -During
this campaign his sup-
porters in Britain enlisted
the backing of some 50
MPs organised marches
and pickets, were received
at the Foreign Office,
and plastered London
with stickers.
Trotter, a 22-year-old
former civil servant who
adopted the agrarian life





style, ideas and appear-
ance of Jamaica's Rasta-
farians, was found guilty
of shooting an elderly
American during Carnival
in Dominica in February
1974, on the basis of
shaky evidence given by
the barmaid, Camella
Miss Francis, from
neighboring Antigua,
did not witness the
murder and told people
before the trial that she
had been forced by the

Dominica Premier
Patrick John
who reprieved Trotter
now wants to be
called "Colonel"

police to testify against
The accused main-
tained throughout that he
is innocent and that his
arrest and trial were
purely political.
Miss Francis has now
indicated that she is will-
ing to retract her evidence
if she is given legal
An appeal has been
filed with 'the European
Human Rights Commis-

Trotter's arrest and
trial in dubious circum-
stances c',meat the height
of a government scare
campaign against "com-
munism" a1.d "anarchy".
This was hew the gov-
ernment regarded the land
seizures at the time and
the .emergence of the
local Rastafarians, known
as "Dreads" and other
Mr. John has kept on
the books a law-explicitly
allowing citizens to shoot
downs Dreads with im-
punity, and his police
still harass youth wearing
their hair in long rasta-
style "dreadlocks" or
wearing woollen hats
called "tams".
Tension has, however,
eased on the 290-square-
mile island.
The government has

hastily enacted several
social welfare measures,
adopted a leftist facade
with "comrade" as the
official form of address,
and let all but three
Dreads out of jail.
In the ,long term,
however, the basic condi-
tions about which the
Dreads and their more
orthodox radical allies
complain foreign con-
trol of the country and its
72,000 people -have
if anything worsened.
Mr. John, who recently
announced he wanted to
be called "colonel", has
increased the amount of
land foreigners can own
and wants to step up the
island's dependence on
the fickle tourist industry.
An Englishman, Roy-
ston Ellis, has even taken
over the editorship of
the ruling party's news-
paper, "The Educator".

26a Raminadr St. Morvant

Foun dat ion

to Fixtures

Call 62-44698

Our coverage of


is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep abreast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription
rates for TAPIA.
The new rates are as follows:

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)

$18.00 per year
U.S. $25.00
U.S. $30.00
Stg. 114.00

Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 1976.
Tapia, 82, St. Vincent St Tunapuna, Trinidad &
Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-25241.

P4(;E,', TAPIA




WITH THE founding this
weekend of the Tapia political
party the Tapia House
Movement, a seven-year-old
humbug should be finally elimi-
nated. This humbug has been, to
put it simply, the image of the
organisation and the people whQ
have been identified with the
Tapia House in Tunapuna.
The image has never been
clear. The people who bothered
to take a second look at Tapia
and to see if and how it differed
from all those groups emerging
in the late sixties, recognized
that the Tapia House was set in
a social environment already
littered with labels like "Black
Power," "left-wing", "socialist",
"cultural" and, of course,
"university ".
The neighbours on Tunapuna
Road and St. Vincent Street in
Tunapuna could hear drumming
and the sound of pan emerging
from the Tapia House. They
must have had their night's rest
disturbed by the occasional fete.
Cars double-parked on the
streets on Thursday nights;
Jashiki-clad, sandal-wearing
types often wearing short pants
too padded in and out of the
.,premises formerly owned by
tearie Constantine.


Something was going on
* under the cosy carat roof that
appeared-behind the bamboo
and lastro-jungle from St.
Vincent Street. But what? And
where was it heading?
The paper that appeared in
1969 called "TAPIA" was tight
and tidy; no frills, no pictures.
It was lean and masculine, with
short, evocative headlines
marked by the use of colons to
separate the statement of theme
from aspect.
Again, to people who paid
attention to "affairs of state",
the Tapia paper which eschewed
even the use of newsprint was
but another; better orchestrated,
intervention by university intel-
lectuals,-and academics, which
was aimed at making good a
perceived deficiency, of
thoughtful and informed
analysis. It was in this like
MOKO which had come out the
year before avowedly to give
"the other side" of the Walter
Rodney story that so it was
felt had not been given by
the daily press.
And then it was not unKnown
for university academics and
intellectuals.to weigh in with
their statements on issues in the


The Tapia House Hilltones
steelband were among the
first to perform in the Tapia
House Moonlight Theatre.
The Hilltones Steelband later
merged with the Blackpool
Sports and Cultural Club in
"the Tapia neighbourhood.
For a long while until they
got their own clubhouse and
before Tapia printing and
publishing activities began
to consume dll the spaces,
the Blackpool brothers and
sisters used the Tapia House
for the club activities.

Syl Lowhar, then Tapia former Treasurer, enjoy the Tapia's Old Years Day Fete,
Chairman and Pat Downes music of the Hilltones at 1972.

CONT'D on Pages 6& 7





From Page 5
pages of the Express which were
then available for the purpose.
So that the practice had
established itself for members of
the new intellectual class to cfb
their bit, apparently selflessly,
in the public interest. And all
for now, the practice, if it made
for a more healthy national
environment (in that discussion
of issues national was taking
place; and those who knew more
about them were sharing free of
charge with those who knew less)
it was largely harmless, and
recognized as such.


It took more acute political
noses or those who had cocoa
in the sun to scent something
distinctly political in the
increasingly close-to-the-bone
outpourings coming from that
general area of the national life
inhabited by Tapia. Muriel
Donawa McDavidson, for
example, hearing a 1969 speech
by Lloyd Best to a gathering of
youth group representatives
at which she was present,
complained that Best was making
it into a political meeting.
Still, there was "political"
and "political". Until the PNM-
DLP duopoly had broken
down, and the pointlessness of
the Parliament chambers where
it expressed itself in futile
debate became clear to see,
the- Express only carried out the
national will to let a thousand
flowers bloom. It hurt nobody
much, apparently, and it gave
a heady fragrance to the
otherwise sterile atmosphere of
public opinion.
When none of these state-
ments ended with the injunction
"Down With PNM; Up With
DLP"; or vice versa, they were
"political" only in a manner of
speaking. They had political
relevance, yes.


(When I went to see an old
teacher some years ago, he said
of my involvement in Tapia that
he was pleased to see that I
was "doing something. These
.days it's important to do
something". I got the impression
that he would h ave been as
pleased to hear of my active
,involvement in the Horticultural
Society, for example. That is
"doing something" too appropri-
ately, in one's after-work hours.)
As the sixties closed the
PNM regime began ominously
to harden its face against the
people who were responsible for
these broadly anti-Establishment
utterances. Denis Solomon
was struck, last-minute, off the
list of a Government-sponsored
team to visit Cuba.
But then the regime could be
seen to be dealing with Gene
Miles just as harshly, and it had
before that tried to silence
Chalkdust. Neither of whom
was q'in politics" in the same way

Arthur Atwell, Director of Tapia Business Enterprises operates a collating machine.

Tapia's business activities in advance began on a self-help. newspaper offices, then at
printing and publishing basis with members coming night to folding the paper
advanced significantly in out to clear the building site and collating pages in early

1972. Appropriately this

as Solomon, as later events
were to prove.
For there has been a tradition
of brash outspokenness by
individuals who carefully resist a
political definition in terms of
being involved organizationally
for or against the ruling party.
They have kept their options open.
Though their statements would
often rate the newspaper headline
designation of "hit out at" or
"lash.out at" they never see
their role as being more than
that of thundering against some
specific ill. The society has
nevertheless reserved validity for
such a politically irresponsible


And which is why there
remains this concept of So-and-so
"entering politics" that increas-
ingly in recent years has meant
So-and-so has founded a party.
"Are you going to enter
politics?" an interviewer asked
Clive Spencer after his
separation from the SWWTU in
1971. And as much is often
asked about Pete Simon, James

painting jobs.

Manswell or Chalkdust, to mention
a few.
One important difference
Tapia made with that tradition is
that a sense of organisation has
always been successfully
projected. Though the number
of people involved usually
appeared to be small, there was
always,the impression that some
kind of something is going on
Naturally there were different
evaluations of what was thought to
be going on. Businessman Gerard
Montes De Oca once wondered
publicly whether all that Tapia
claimed to be doing was really
taking place, for he couldn't see
the evidence. Another
businessman, Krishna Narinesingh,
more bluntly gave it as his
view that "loafing" was the prime
activity at the Tapia House.

On the other hand an observer
like UWI economist Norman
Girvan expressed early disappoint-
ment with what hlie regarded as
Tapia's inordinate preoccupation
with "the conventional political
scene (the coming election, the
Doctor, the DLP etc.). .."

Answering the call, Carol
Best quit her typesetterr job

"In fact," Girvan added,
"the impression I have from the
preoccupation with the political
scene, and with solutions, in
the first and succeeding issues of
TAPIA, is that the paper may
actually have been started
precisely because you think
that elections may be called
soon, and you want to get ready
to intervene. If this is so, then
it is a matter of conventional
politics once again." That was


By May 1971, however, on
that fateful Sunday in the Queens
Park Savannah when A.N.R.
Robinson torpedoed the ACDC-
D)LP alliance by announcing
that he would contest the comnin i
elections, so great was the sense
of despair and lorlornness that
many people were abusing the

0a -I

and put up the two wooden




~ N-.*.J-

Two views of the early Tapia
House the cosv carat roof

appearing behind the lastro the northern side of the and offset process facilities
on St. Vincent Street; and\ House where the press-room were installed in 1972-73.

Keith Smith and Bertfone

When fund-raising was fun...
The Fund-Raising Committee
between 1973 and 1975
raised thousands of dollars
to keep the Tapia flag flying.
More power to them.

in 1972 to become the first newspaper and other publica-
typesetter of the TAPIA tions.

Tapiamen selling papers there
for NOT forming a now-for-now


The Girvan kind of anxiety
surfaced again in November
1974 when Tapia went to the
Senate. An old New World
associate grieved that "something
has been lost. Tapia used to
be untarnished, butin this
haste to get office the idealism
has been dulled. Why should we
be determined to implement
the change in our time. Whatever
happened to the long haul?"

It is not that the old
associate did not comprehend the
meaning of going to the Senate.
The problem is that he did. He
recognized that a stage had been
passed; that Tapia had taken the
step as defining itself as a would-

be successor to the present
regime. He knew that that
entailed getting "in the brew",
joining in "the dirty game"
of politics. And he wasn't really
for that.
And this kind of attitude
may well have been the effect of
Tapia's championship of the
notion of unconventional as.
against conventional politics. So
Tapia may well have to take
some blame for the confusion
which affected the image of the
It has proved impossible
to get across to editorial writers
and'other media pundits that
"unconventional" politics is not
distinguished by its rejection
of elections, the known means
of seeking accession to the
machinery of state. Yet Girvan
was able from as early as 1969 to
discern Tapia's "preoccupation"
with "the coming election .
whether the Doctor calls elections

sooner rather than later ."
The media have indeed been
more pathetic than malevolent.
In fact a press hardly exists.
There is nowhere in existence the
zealousness in the search for
stories, the alertness to develop-
ments, the determination to
get to the bottom of things and
the crusading vigour that are
the hallmarks of the values of
To the extent that Tapia
has suffered from these deficiencies
in the press, all the parties have
suffered. The politics of the
country has suffered; the
country has been grievously ill-

More than the absence of
true journalistic values is the
absence of the means of under-
standing and interpreting
what's going on. There aren't
even the means of reporting
what's going on. And things have
got worse.
In the midst of all this what
the editors have jealously

reserved for themselves is the
right to criticise, to deal even-
handedly with whoever in their
view needs to be dealt with,
and to do so in sometimes
ruinously destructive ways.
And as it's not done with any
recognition of'the fact that
the press has limitations, in doing
its job, it just amounts to-
self-righteousness which, coming
from other quarters, would be
denounced as "arrogance".
In a 1971 editorial at the
time of the passing of the
Sedition Amendment Bill, the
Express editorialized about
"the dismal surrender of the
political opposition". The paper
lambasted the opposition for
its failure to stop the passage
of the Bill or to do anything.
Now most editors would
probably react in horror to a
suggestion that the press has
an obligation to support political
parties. But they would just as
instinctively say yes to the
proposition that their news-
papers should do all they could

Cont'd on Page8





From Page7


in our


"in the national interest."
But if the existence of
viable political parties is essential
for our political health, then
there does exist an obligation
somewhere there for a press that
claims to work "in the national
interest". It is obvious that the
press does have a vested interest
in the existence of strong
political opposition: a free press
in a dictatorship is a manifest
Yet what is the record of our
press in the support of the
political opposition? Is there any
recognition of the need to
support the political opposition
as a public service? Now this
is distinct from the support of
some particular opposition
party which the press may or
may not do. But if the need
is acknowledged for a strong
opposition, then the press
must ask itself what it has
*done to service that need?


The outstanding feature of
the present opposition is the
much maligned "fragmentation"
While no one denies that the
press must report the "frag-
ments" as they develop, factors
like relative space given to
such fragmentation as against
what is given tothe activities
aimed at coalescing the
fragments must be considered.
Unless it is the aim to
give equal treatment to both
the constructive and destructive
developments based only on
the neutral criterion of their
newsworthiness. (The BOMB, it
must be noted, mostly operates
by the principle that if you
can't say something unfavour-
able about someone, then
say nothing at all.)


Take the elections skit put
on at the Regal Tent last
season. It ridiculed all the
parties in the country ruling
and opposition. In the end
you wondered what was the
point. There was no point just
the production of absurdity
for entertainment. And if worth-
while efforts by worthwhile
parties suffered as a result
it was just too bad.
The calypsonians like the
media didn't accept any
responsibility to help people to-
understand what's going on.
There is no sense, then, in-
which the failure of the
opposition, if such a thing happens,
could be the failure of the
politicians as a class. The nation
as a whole shares in the failure,
in so far as the failure results

In 1973 the Assemblies became
In 1973 the Assemblies became

..^ ,.,.', .

a major thrust of Tapia's political mobilization. They continued into '74 and '75.

Undaunted by the rain and and Chairman, holds forth
the smallness of the crowd, eloquently as usual to a
Syl Lowhar, former Corn- meeting at Adam Smith
munity Relations Secretary Square, Woodbrook.

'Chairperson of an important
and historic series of public
meetings at the time of the
non-event 1971 elections was
Janis Paterson seen here
speaking .to a crowd at Inde-
pendence Square in May 19 71.

A section of the Tapia
Contingent at the opening
of the Wooding Commission
sessions in Arima, April

Cont'd on Pagel 1

SUNDAY APR4L 11, 1916


"To kill them tomorrow
would be a mercy, a release.
They have suffered so
talking about two of his
friends, guerrilla fighters,
who were last seen six
years ago being marched
off to Fort Dimanche,
the ochre-coloured politi-
cal prison and charnel-
house in Haiti which
features in his novel,
The Comedians.
Greene hasjust thrown
into the ring his prestige
as the origin of the
world's image of the
Duvalier dictatorship and
offered the late "Papa
Doc's" son and heir,
President Jean-Claude
Duvalier, a deal to free
his friends, Fred and
Reneld Baptiste, and per-
haps hundreds of other
political prisoners.
"I want to go back to
Haiti to see if it's true
that things have im-
proved as the regime
claims," he told me in
his small hotel room a
stone's throw from
London's Covent Garden.
"If they have, I'll say
so in print. But I will
only be convinced and
only go back if they
bring my two prisoner
friends as free men to
meet me at the airport."

In the years after the
1966 appearance of The
Comedians, from which
the Haitian tourist in-
dustry has never quite
recovered to this day,
Greene found himself
associated with the
struggle of the anti-
The publication in
1968 by the Haitian gov-
ernment of an elaborate
and violent -attack on
him called "Graham
Greene Finally Exposed"
in which he was called a
"cretin liar .
perverted ... sadistic .
the shame of proud and
noble England a
spy drug addict...
a- torturer," did nothing
to convince him of the
regime's sanity or human-
His suspicion that
nothing significant has
changed either since Papa
Doc's death in 1971 has
been fed by the fact that
of the contributors to
this official diatribe, one
Pierre-Gousse, is cur-
rently minister of infor-
'mation, another, Gerard
Dorcely, deputy foreign
minister, and yet another,
Lucien Montas, head of
cultural affairs at the
foreign ministry.
Petit Pierre, the. little


Baby Doc Duvalier

socialite and informer in
The Comedians, has rid-
den to fame and power
on Greene's pen and is
now deputy director of
Haitian embassies
abroad still do their best
(often successful) to pre-
vent the showing of the
film made of The
Comedians, -s t a rr i n g
Richard Burton and
Elizabeth Taylor.
Greene, still tall and
erect at 71 and still as

Pyramid Drugs,
2C Mucurapo St,
San Fernando

Adults: $6

shy as ever of the press,
made his last public
statement on Haiti in
1970 when he exposed,
in a letter to The Times
which enraged Papa Doc
and more discreetly the
State.Department, a mas-
sacre of about 80 oppo-
nents of the regime in
the northern town of
Cap Haitien.
The colonel he named
then as the leader of
the operation, Jean
-Beauboeuf, was appoint-
ed five months ago as
the head of the Haitian
tourist office in New


"A blanket of silence
seems to have descended
on the world press about
the Duvaliers," he says.
"One reads about the
place only in the glossies
now, and in such fulsome
terms that they seem to

San Fernando


B Que

San Fernando Centre
8 Mon Chagrin
San Fernando

Children $3


have been put up to it.
"The American press is
mostly responsible. Yet
they did a good job ex-
posing Watergate and in
the end Vietnam.
They ought to look a
bit deeper into what is
happening in Haiti.
"Only a few months
ago, the Duvalier family
inaugurated a $5 million
mausoleum built for Papa
That's a large chunk
of the national budget.
Yet a few days later,

they announced that
hundreds of thousands
of peasants were dying
of-'starvation in northern
"The British press ex-
posed the scandal of low
wages being paid by
British firms in 4South
Africa,but no-one in the
United States seems to
have made much noise
about the virtual slave
labour conditions in the
new American offshore
factories and industries
in Haiti.
"Everyone seems to
have forgotten about
the hundreds of political
prisoners still unaccount-
ed for.


"Attempts by groups
like Amnesty Interna-
tional to obtain lists of
prisoners have always
met with silence.
"Prisoner releases are
sometimes announced,
but they are often of
people long dead or who
have never existed."



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by Fillip
must tell yout that I
w a s considerably
amused by the way in
which all of a sudden
the United-States has
come right to the front
of the local scene.
I am of course
quite- aware that the
United States in its
various guises, has been
on the scene all along
and indeed has been
playing a prominent
ole in our politics.
But it must have
been somewhat em-
barrassing for them to
be faced with the two
incidents this past
week both of which
accused them, quite
explicitly, of meddling
in our affairs.
The first incident,
you will remember,
was the circulation of
a letter written on
official Embassy paper
and supposedly sentby
Mr. Rich, a senior
embassy official, to
Prime Minister Eric
I am not going to
get into any argument
about whether or not


trying to

wipe out Fay?

the letter was or is a
To do so might be
very dangerous. Be-
cause if I say it was a
forgery then I amn
going to have the
person or persons
unknown looking for
my ass and if I say it
was not a forgery I am
going to have the CIA
dowin my ass.
And having tangled
with the CIA once
before I have no inten-
tion of doing so again.
So I am not going to
say that the letter was
or was not a forgery.
What I will say is
.that, if the letter was a


then the

forgers were incompe-
tent. If the letter was
real then Mr. Nice-guy
Rich is totally incom-
petent and should be

The second incident
is the one which really
tickled me. The new
US ambassador Mr.
Fay gave a speech to
the Kiwanis which was
duly reported in the
Guardian, which has
lots of space to fill
these days since
Conrad told them not
not to give coverage
to opposition groups.
In his speech Dear

Mr. Fay made some
remarks about Cuba
and invited Trinidad
to share US views on
t h a t ehiterprising
Mr. Selwyn Richard-
son took offence and
that earned not only a
front page headline in
the Guardian but a
urgent reply from
-Dear Mr. Fay.
Now friends I per-
sonally did not share
Mr. Richardson's patri-
otic concern over what
Dear Mr. Fay said.
Not because I did
not feel that what he
said was offensive but
because people like
Mr. Fay, who receive

ambassadorial appoint-
ments for contributions
to campaign funds are
totally insignificant
not to mention often
incompetent in. the
scheme of real foreign
policy making.-
My real objection to
Mr. Fay is his name.
My objection is really
against President Ford.
I cannot imagine how
he could send a man
named FAY to a black
country. 0 Fay.
Or does he not
know that we are civil-
ised and started using
toilet tissues a long
time ago?

Yes, we're also into

publishing and

Freedom and Responsibility ...... Lloyd Best
The Political Alternative .......... .
Prospects for Our Nation .......... "
Whose Republic? ................ "
The Afro American Condition ...... "
Honourable Senators ............. "
Letter to C.L.R. James 1964 ........ "
Democracy or Oligarchy ........... C.V. Gocking


Why Did PNM Fail? ......... Augustus
Another View of Tapia Method Lloyd Taylor
The Inside Story of Tapia ..... .Lennox Grant
The Machinery of Government .Denis Solomon
Black Power in Human Song .. Syl Lowhar
We are in a State ............. Ivan Laughlin
A Clear Danger ............. Michael Harris

* Grenada Independence -Myth or Reality.
(International Relations Institute, U.W.I.)
* Readings in the Political Economy of
the Caribbean (New World).




Social Stratification in Trinidad. (I.S.E.R)
"Revo" poems bv Malik.
"Cheers" by Yvonne Jack.
The Dynamics of West Indian Economic Integration (ISER)

can do a job

for you too

m Call Allan Harris

662-5126, 82-84 St. Vincent St, Tunapuna.
62-25241, Cipriani Blv'd P.O.S.

Was President


_ __ ____




From Page 8
in the further impoverishmentof
the quality of national life.
Nor is ita failure of politics
somehow to yield the results
that the nation needs.
The trouble is, politics has
hardly been tried. One feels
sometimes that there is a
determination among the I
people who are most crucial to
our politics today to keep as far
as possible from it. And here I
mean particularly all those people
who think that Tapia is talent-
deserving-of-wider-recognition but

themselves cherish above all their
detachment to be able to
make that kind of statement.
In other words, they see no
obligation to do anything to
gain for Tapia the wider
recognition they think is needed.
It's ironic that so many of the
players in this game want to be
referees or commentators.
There is, possibly, a lesson
to be drawn from the rise of
Nazi Germany. Reviewing the
book Documents on Nazism,
Neal Ascherson writes:
"And here, still hard to read
without pain are the ashamed letters

of Social Democrats resigning
from the party after Hitler has
'acted'. Here-is the man who
thinks it better to live for his job and
his books, the man who feels
suddenly 'rather tired'after so much
politics, the man who mutters that
even if he still loses his job 'I need not
reproach myself with not having
done everything in the interests of
my wife and child. "

That was-the German
intellectual class bowing out to
let Hitler come in, tired of politics
and seeking only peace tobe

able to live, read and raise a
Tapia's formation of a party
and the declaration for an
electoral struggle should drive
home the message of what being
in politics has to mean now.
Whether we like it or not,
there is going to be change in our
time. Not even Williams can
continue the way he has been
going. It is pointless of anybody
accepting the Mahatma Gandhi
strategy when Williams is poised
to adopt the Indira Gandhi
strategy of comprehensive


founding it's still

Secretary to National
the Founding Conven-
tion of the Tapia
House Movement were
finalised at last Mon-
day's meeting of the
National Executive,
meeting at the Cipriani
Boulevard POS Centre.
Angela Cropper will
take charge of Regis-
tration at the Conven-
tion while Baldwin
Mootoo will look after
Transport from the
outlying areas to Porf-
of-Spain is being or-
From Fyzabad,
Mickey Matthews will
handle the travel
arrangements of mem-
bers and supporters.
In Santa Flora, the
person to contact is
Billy Montague and in
Pt. Fortin, Dalton

Beau Tewarie. is in
charge of transport for
the San Fernando and
Central Regions and
can be contacted at
the Mon Chagrin Street
Offices of Tapia.
In the North, buses
leave from the Tapia
House in Tunapuna,
from Arouca and from
Curepe and Grande.
The Convention, the
third in a series of
Election Conventions,
will mark the symbolic
founding of the Tapia
House Movement.
Syl Lowhar, one of
the founders of the
Tapia House Group,
in 1968, will movethe


Resolution to found
the Movement.
The opening state-
ment will be given by
Chairman Denis Solo-
mon. Next will be Ivan
Laughlin Shadow
Economics Minister,
who will present
Tapia's Ten-Year Plan.
Allan Harris, Admin-

istrative Secretary and
Shadow Minister for
Local Government,
will present a state-
nent of the organisa-
tion's finances and
make proposals for

There will then be
an open session

to debate the election
campaign and to assess
the preparations being
made by Tapia includ-
ing our participation
in the United Peoples
One of the results
of the growth of the
Movement over the last
two years, is the
present need to intro-
duce the organisation's
leaders to an ever-
growing membership.

Lloyd Best, Tapia
Secretary, will close
the day's activities
with a full-scale state-
ment on "The Coming.
General Elections".
At day's end, the
Tapia House Group
will be buried and
taking its place, will
be the party which
has taken all of seven
years to build still

And after that, on
to the Elections!

In the search for Opposition Unity October 1975


Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, 4 781h Street,
Ne -.Y. 10021,
Ph. h 5 8448.
Tr ,.,



THE dropping of Lance
Gibbs for the present
series against India has
generated a tremendous
amount of discussion in
Caribbean cricketing
Gibbs was the most
senior player orn the side,
his test record is there
for all to see and he still
remains fit and willing
to play.
The discussion has
centred around two
points: -
1) whether or not he
should have been drop-
ped and;
2) having been drop-
ped should he have been
directly informed by the
selectors rather than learn
about it from a news-
paper report.
With regard to the
first issue one hopes that
the selectors made the
decision entirely on
cricketing merit.
One of the arguments
being put forward to
justify his exclusion is
that by remaining on the
team for such a long time
Gibbs was discouraging
younger players. That is
a point of view that I


certainly cannot enter-
Young players, while
being given every en-
couragement must cer-
tainly be made to fight
for their pick and in the
final analysis the question
must be asked is the
new player going to
perform better than the
player he is going to
Only if the selectors
opinion is in the affirma-
tive should the older
player he replaced.
Gibbs certainly did
not get on the team
because of youth alone.
(Ramadhin was only 30
years old when Gibbs
replaced him!).
Gibbs earned his selec-
tion on performance. He
was bowling better than
Ramadhin at the time
and merited selection.
It seems strange that
he was dropped for the
Indian series after per-
forming quite well in
Australia. One remember
well how he kept an end
going for long periods in
the fifth and sixth tests
in Australia against a
confident winning side

Lance Gibbs
on relatively unrespons-
sive wickets with the
bowling at the other end
almost in shambles at
Against that was the
single performance of
Padmore against Ind-i i
the Barbados match and
Jumadeen's performance
in this year'sShell Shield
I am not convinced
that it was only cricket-
ing merit that influenced
the selectors. However
the "proof of the pud-
ding is always the eating"
and by the time this
series is over we will
know whether Jumadeen

and/or Padmore are suit-
able replacements for
Gibbs as the primary
orthodox spinner on the
side. If they are not, and
Gibbs is available, the
selectors must be courage-
ous enough to recall him
for the English Tour.
With regard to Gibbs
not being specially in-
formed the consideration
is quite different. The
selectors have no obliga-
tion to inform anyone
that they have not been
selected. That is quite
But one is dealing.
with human beings- and
it at ter serving West
Indian cricket for twenty
years a player is dropped
by the selectors then
somewhere along the line
someone should display
some degree courtesy and
humanity and inform the
man personally.
There may be two
reasons for this one is
a tendency to treat people
merely as objects which

seems so rampant in the
Caribbean and the other
is the lack of conviction
by the selectors, making
it difficult for them to
face Gibbs.
It is in fact the same
' i':''v'-y that creacd
the Gary Sobers con-
troversy during the Aus-
tralian Tour of the
Caribbean in 1973.
But we may be learn-
ing slowly.
The decision to rest
Roberts for the remainder
of this series, although
;he financial arrange-
ments with the board
will be honoured is good
news indeed.

It is quite clear that he
was over-bowled in the
early part of the Aus-
tralian tour and .there
were calls throughout
the Caribbean to rest
him for the entire Indian
It was only after he
had. further extended
himself for two test
matches in which it
became quite clear that
he was not himself that
the selectors took the
One can only hope
that he will be fit and
ready once more when
the West Indian team
starts their full tour of
England immediately
following this series. (B.M








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