Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00201
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: February 22, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00201

Full Text

'1 *'~ t
V '~
ii ., ,,.,.





WITH a speed and decisive-
ness lacking in its earlier
deliberations the Joint
Select Committee of
Parliament on Constitu-
tion Reform moved this
week to table its Report
and Draft Constitution.
In the authoritarian
manner which has charac-
terised the actions of its
chairman, House Speaker
A.C. Thomasos, and
indeed the approach of
the entire PNM majority
on the Committee, the
announcement was made
that a draft Report
would be brought for-
ward on Tuesday 17th,
in the expectation of
having it tabled in the
House of Representativ.es,
alongside a Draft C6n-.
stitution, on Friday 20th.
Indeed he current
haste is in stark con-trast
not only with the almost
leisurely pace. ,of .the
earlier work of the Ccmni-
mittee, but also with the
careful regard for due
process which the Gov-
ernment (as distinct from
the Party and its Political
Leader) has displayed on
the question of Constitu-
tion Reform all along.
From the time the
Wooding Constitution
Commission was appoint-
ed in June 1971 up to
the publication of its
Report and Draft Constitu-
tion in January 1974, the
Government steadfastly
maintained a hands-off
attitude while the Com-
mission proceeded
through its successive
rounds of public hearings,
closed-door sessions, over-
seas trips, National Con-
vention and final drafting.
When the Commission
did report, the Govern-
ment's next step,
responding to the
Commission's stated con-
cern over the question of
procedure, was to call
upon a civil servant, Mr.
McKell, to find out from
the public what method
of proceeding was though t
appropriate in introduc-
ing Constitution Reform.
When Mr. McKell duly

handed in his report, the
next step in this careful
and deliberate and pains-
taking management of
the Constitution issue by
the Government (said in
some quarters to have
been calculated to buy
time for itself), was to
bring the entire matter
before Parliament, asking
it to take note of the
Report and Draft of the
Wooding Commission and
of the McKell Report.


So that by the time
the debate shifted to the
Lower House, the Gov-
ernment could claim that
it had had the views of
the Wooding Commission
itself, the comments of
the public upon it and the
opinion of the Senate, as
inputs into its own process
of deciding what course
of action to pursue. It
was on that basis, then,
that the Prime Minister,
at the end of his 8/2 hour
contribution, could an-

February 8th 1976

nounce his distaste for
the "indigestible diet that
has been put up for us,
this patchwork of ideas"
in the Wooding Commis-
sion Draft Constitution.
The matter had to-be
left for Parliament to
decide. A Cabinet Com-
mittee would prepare a
Draft Constitution. A
Joint Select Committee
of both Houses would
deliberate on it and
Parliament would have
the final say. The events
of the past week suggest
that Parliament, or at
least those who control
it, are ready to have their
say. And so urgently, it
would seem, that the
privileges of members of
the Joint Select Com-
mittee, particularly of
the Independent members
and the representatives
of the Opposition, are to
be trampled underfoot in
the rush.
For quite apart from
any indications of the
intent of the PNM
majority which the non-
government m e m b e r s

may have gleaned during
the course of the Com-
mnittee's deliberations,
they still retain the right
to consider carefully the
total body of the recom-
mendations and deserve
the opportunity to make
their response. To his
credit, the Leader of the
Opposition, Mr. Richard-
son, was the first to alert
the public to the fact
that that right and that
opportunity were being
ruthlessly brushed aside.
The question is why?
Why now is there such
undue haste? What can
be the political calcula-
tions that lie behind it?
One consideration is
the view which the Prime
Minister has expressed,
that the matter of
Constitution Reform has
to be cleared up before
the country could proceed
to General Elections. Is
it therefore the case that
the Government is now
moving to a final resolu-
tion of the Constitution
issue, from its own point
of view of course, as a

Press Release

TAPIA wishes to alert the nation to the
sinister implications of the manner of
proceeding adopted by the P.N.M. majority
on the Joint Select Committee of Parlia-
ment on Constitution Reform.
The Committee is being called upon
-to consider a Draft Report presented on
Tuesday 17th, with a view to tabling a final
version, with a Draft Constitution appended,
in the House of Representatives on Friday
The first half of the Draft Report was
circulated to members only on Monday
evening. To date there has been no opport-
unity for members even to examine the
Draft Constitution,which in fact is the
more serious of the documents that will
emerge from the Committee's work.
That the representatives of the ruling
party should seek to use their majority on
the Committee to rush through a matter
of such gravity in a mere couple of days is
improper and high-handed, to day the least.
Tapia unreservedly endorses the queries
of Mr. Roy Richardson, Leader of the
Opposition, as reported in a morning paper
on Tuesday, on the announced timetable,
To so treat the representatives of the
opposition and the Independent members ol'
the Committee suggests undue- political

One obvious effect of such a mode of
proceeding will be to limit the possibilities
of an opposition response to the Draft
Report and Constitution, especially if it is
the intention of the P.N.M. majority to
endorse the Cabinet Draft Constitution,
with only minor changes. Such a possibility
makes it even more urgent that dissenting
views be heard.
In this connection, Tapia will continue
to speak up on behalf of the vast majority
of the population whose participation in
the exercise of Constitution Reform the
government has consistently sought to
It will be recalled that Tapia entered
the Senate to represent the opposition on
the question of Constitution Reform, on
the initiative of the Leader of the Opposi-
tion. Now that the issue is reaching its
climax, Tapia accepts that it.has a responsi-
bility to employ all available means of'
blocking any attempt by the Government
to frustrate the aspirations of our people
for a constitu tional system which guarantees
effective representation and' widespread
One means of doing so woalld be to
use our position in Parliament to tlert the
country to any such dictatorial dl .,ign, and
this Tapia pledges lo do.

prelude to the announce-
ment of elections?
Is the debate in Parlia-
ment going to be rushed
through before Carnival,
as the Government would
be in a. position to do
once the Committee's
Report and Draft Consti-
tution are tabled on
Friday? Is it that the
Government wishes to
use the distraction of
Carnival to reduce the
impact of its intention to
carry us back. to square
one on the issue of
Constitution Reform?


For the fact is that the
Government has never
displayed any interest in
stimulating popular parti-
cipation in and concern
over the issue, and the
Prime Minister is himself
of the view that "the
mass of persons do not
feel that there was any-
thing wrong with the
Constitution at all". So
to make assurance doubly
sure, bring back the 1962
Constitution at Carnival
time, a period when "the
mass of persons" are so
preoccupied with revelling
that almost any thing
could be done with
impunity. In fact, the
Prime Minister once wrote
a book at Carnival time.
And what after that?
Elections in April? Who
knows? Or is the present
haste merely setting the
stage for some other
development, unforeseen,
or only guessed at by
some commentators? Will
Williams in fact "make
.mas'. with the recom-
mendations of the Joint
Select Committee? Does
he need now to dispense
with their darkness, so
that the light of, some
radically new constitu-
tional dispensation of his
own making could shine
ever so more brihtlyiv
aftl'er Carnival? Only time
will tell. What is certain,
however, is thIt ijump
h igl, jump low. after Ole
Mas' is New Politics.

Vol. 6 No. 8

30 Cents

--I L

- -------- -- ---- I





sh me...




THE REGAL tent has
been spoiling an other-
wise high standard of
calypsoby putting on an
Elections skit, which does
a disservice, not only to
the political parties who
are ridiculed, but to the
Regal itself.
The elections skit sets
out to present the election
manifestoes of the many
"parties" in the country.
Each party's "political
leader" sings out his
Manifesto in a short verse.
Last Saturday, the
first Manifesto was pre-
sented by Tapia leader,
Lloyd Best, played by
Lord Vallee.
He was followed by
James Millette who pro-
mised to build roads to
bring down Moko figs.
DAC's Robinson had
been a big boy in the
PNM and was now cussing
Lequay was there, as
was Jamadar, Perot and
Sampat Mehta. And so it


On the other side,
away from all this bac-
chanal, were PNM's "Jaws"
and NJAC's Daaga.
Williams promised to
eat everybody raw as he
did with Ivan Williams
and Karl in the party,
while Granger looked
down in disdain at the
entire affair, promising
fulfilment to his black
In the end, the political
parties got together in a
circle, probably indicat-
ing that they are going
around in circles, while
"Jaws" played by Chalk-
dust and Granger played
by Valentino embrace.
This is the end, M.C.
Composer -tells us, the
Regal would like to see.


The message of the skit
runs counter to the trend
of the social and political
commentary in the rest
of the show and previous
years at the Regal, part-
icularly from Chalkdust
The Mighty Shah had

earlier gotten two encores
for his "What is Going
On" dealing with corrup-
tion, inefficiency and mal-
administration .by "Jaws"
Government Composer
had provided a witty
call-and-response tune -
"True or Lie?" on the
deceits of politicians.
Chalkdust himself swore
he could not escape reality
and sing smut while poli-
ticians are driving two
Mercedes Benz and people
don't have food to eat.


The Regal show was in
fact a fast-moving, enter-
taining show in which
several singers showed
sensitiveness to the frus-
trations of a population
buffeted on all sides by
rising prices, lack of
housing, health, water,
police excesses and who
have seen the need for
The young Creole
provided a real gem of
calypso theatre in cap-
turing, if only to the
point of exaggeration,
the pathos in the lifestyle
of the "Rass-brother",
wanting to be "tight".
Yet at the end of all
this "protest" politics,
the Elections skit attempts
to ridicule indiscriminately
political forces which
have not only been pro-
testing but have been
articulating genuine alter-
native to the present
incumbents who, by the
testimony of the Regal
calypsonians themselves,
have beeti making a total


By lumping together
political organizations
with roots in the country
and fly-by-night operators
like Sampat Mehta and
Perot, the Regal did
nothing to help the
public make choices in a
situation where the news
media and other channels
of communication, as
well as the holding of
political marches aad
public meetings, have
been systematically con-
trolled by the regime.

There is a patronising
view of the Calypso and
calypsonian which says
that the calypsonian is
really an ignoramus try-
ing to express certain
ideas so that the very
fact that he makes social
commentary is enough:
don't criticise him, poor
"ella, he really trying.
That is a view which
most calypsonians must
oppose, particularly those
at the Regal like Chalk-
dust, who have been
arguing that .calypso is a
serious art form, really
poetry in song.
If Chalkdust wants
this respect, which I
believe is due him and
others, ihen he must be
prepared to establish high
standards for himself and
the art form.
The Elections skit is
good lampoon, under-
standable in other times,
or even in other tents%,
where the emphasis in
political calypsoes is on
the absurd, like Calypso
Crazy in the OYB.
But this is 1976, Elec-
tions Year, with the
entire- country marking
time, awaiting some
resolution of the political
and constitutional crisis
in the country over the
last ten years, and when,
5 years ago, the PNM
could barely muster a
third of the electorate


The task of education,
and of leading public
opinion is a grave one.,
The fact thatChalkdust
represented Williams must
raise possible psychol-
ogical issues of alter-ego
and open him to calypso
picong in line with denial
by Chalkdust, a few
years ago, of the allega-
tion that he.had applied
for PNM membership.
Williams unprincipled
and vindictive political
assassination of others is
celebrated by Chalkdust
in much the same way as
Sparrow did many years
ago in the "Solomon
Affair" which is now seen
as satire, but which had a
different effect when it
first appeared.

One-man, now-for-now
"parties" are equated with
organizations in the field
for years and which have
clear ideological positions.
The conclusion, how-
ever, not only surprises
but must be distasteful
on reflection to Valentino
who, after his years of
protest over the spiritual
dispossession in the
country, must now, play-
ing part of Granger, shake
hands with Williams, smile
and go home.


Valentino, who because
of the curious nature of
calypso, has had to find
new tunes this year, in-
spite of an existing
repertoire, had earlier
appeared uncertain in
singing a new tune for
the first time Smokey
Joe an Andre Tanker
The audience seemed
to have sensed his un-
certainty and failed to
respond to what is a very

deep composition.
He had to appear as
Granger, appropriately
disdainful of the "con-,
ventional" politics of
trying to take power by
such a silly means as
Elections, and then kiss
and make up with the
past master of conven-
tional politics and mani-
I saw this as an inter-
pretation of the political
future, by, the Regal:
Williams will rule for
another 20 years as a
Franco; the political
parties will continue
going around in circles;
and NJAC would join
hands s with the PNM, for
the continued subjugation
of the peoples of this
Or maybe as the cul-
tural wing of a type of
Papa Doc Duvalier regime,
black and repressive.
Come Chalkdust, check
it outI thinkyou'd rather
rot than help perpetuate
such a smut on the future
of this nation.

Our coverage of


is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep abreast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription
rates for TAPIA.
The new rates are as follows:

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)


$18.00 per year

Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 1976.
Tapia, 82, St. Vincent St. Tunapuna, Trinidad &
Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-25241.






,Jamaica Dance Theatre interpretation of Pocomania, the Jamaican revival spirit cult

Nations to be staged as
part of the second Carib-
bean Festival of the Arts
(CARIFESTA) in Jamaica
from July 23-August 2
will especially involve
Trinidad steelband, mas'
designers and bandleaders.
Mr. Wycliffe Bennett,
chairman and director-
general of CARIFESTA,
told a Press conference
at the Jamaica High
Commission last week he
would invite bandleader
Wayne Berkeley and mas'
designer Peter Minshall to
the CARIFESTA Carni-
Mr. Bennett, who held
talks here with Min-
istry of Education &
Culture officials on Trmini-
dad and Tobago's partici-
pation in CARIFESTA,
also said he wanted a
Trinidad steelband to
appear at the Jamaica
festival, describing the
steelband as "one of the
phenomena of the history
of music."
director-general also put
down criticisms of the
arts festival as "too
Referring to poet/
playwright Derek Walcott's
description of CARIFESTA
as "another half-assed
attitude towards the arts",
Mr. Bennett said:
"I think that kind of
view is too negative. We
have to start somewhere.
But I would like to see
Walcott at CARIFESTA.
I think we thrive best in
the artistic field when we
are critical."
A total of 35 countries,
whose lands are washed
by the Caribbean Sea,
have been invited to take
part in the festival, whose
theme is "People Of The
Sun In All Their Glory".
Mr. Bennett said partici-

pating countries would
pay return air fare for
their artists but the
Jamaica Government
would provide accommo-
dation and meals.
CARIFESTA was first
staged in Guyana in 1972
at the initiative of
,Prime Minister Forbes
At a subsequent CARI-
COM Heads of Govern-
ment meeting in Trinidad,
chaired by Prime Minister
Dr. Eric Williams, it was
agreed to stage the festival
every three years.
However,, Jamaica post-
poned CARIFESTA in
1975 because of the
Lagos, Nigeria, Black Arts
Festival which has also
since been postponed.
Last week, Mr. Bennett
said Jamaica viewed
extremely important
even. in regional integra-

Another highlight of
the festival, Mr. Bennett
said, would be a tribute
paid to "five great men
of the Caribbean" -
Toussaint L'Ouverture of
Haiti, Simon Bolivar,
Liberator of Venezuela,
Benito Juarez, first native
Indian President of
Mexico, Jose Marti of
Cuba and Jamaica's
Marcus Garvey.


Asked why the "great
men" did not include
more people from CARI-
COM founding members
like Trinidad and Tobago's
George Padmore and
C.L.R. James, Mr. Bennett
smiled and said: "There's
a problem with living
heroes." (The late George
Padmore, born in Tuna-
puna, played a major role
in the African Indepen-


dence movement of the
1930s through the 1940s).
CARIFESTA '76 will
include exhibitions of
painting and sculpture,
film and photography.
There will be a CARI-
FESTA Forum "for the
distillation of ideas on
the art of the Caribbean",
to be chaired by novelist
John Hearne.
Mr. Bennett also said
last week that for the first
time in history, CARI-
FESTA will stage a Carib-
bean Song Festival and
plans are being laid to
have this hooked up by
satellite for beaming into
the Caribbean, North
America and Europe.
There will also be a
symposium on the com-
munications media of the
Caribbean, to be chaired
by Jamaica "Daily Gleaner"
editor-in-chief Theodore
Both private and Gov-
ernment-owned com-
munications media will
take part in the sympos-


62 Queen St P O.S.

the place where thrifty people shop

Bennett said, will be a
"supreme showcase, in
which we hope to demon-
strate the fact that there
is a fantastic creative
upsurge taking place in
the Caribbean today."
brations will be fused
with Jamaica's annual
Independence festivities.
He also said the
Jamaica Government was
spending $2 million to
build a permanent cul-
tural training centre, as
part of the CARIFESTA
Taking off to return
to Kingston last Wednes-
day morning, Mr. Bennett
also said he had visited
Guyana to whip up sup-
port for CARIFESTA
and was very impressed
with what was happening
in the arts there.
"Guyana is a power-
nouse", he said. "What
they are going to produce
down there is going to
make the rest of the
Caribbean sit up."

26a Raminar St. Morvant

Foundation to Fixtures
Ca(ll. (2-44698




- -- -- -- --







NOW THAT the West Indian team -has returned and we
have heard their side of the story (or at least that part of it
that they are prepared to disclose to the public) we can
attempt to assess the problems that led to such a humiliat-
ing defeat.
The problems seem to be two-fold: First of all, the
batsmen had great difficulty in coping with the Australian
pace attack and secondly, bad team management (and
here the captain must share the greater part of the blame
although the entire tour committee must be responsible)
only aggravated the problems and made any possible fight
back very difficult indeed.


One the things being said is that the batsmen had to
either hook or get it. If that is all that can be offered then
what fliey are in fact saying is that they were unable to get
out of the way or to put it bluntly, they could not cope.
If you are not coping, one approach is to try and
bluff your way out by indiscreet aggression but any
good cricketing side will call that bluff as Australia did so
The other way would be to put your heads down and
play, waiting for the bad ones to hit away.
Although Australia won so handsomely,at no time in
the series did their scoring rate approach ours and that
indeed shows that test
c, ticket is neither limited
over cricket nor is it "bat
and ball", it also indicates
that at no time did we
11_really try to play a long
innings that would wear
down the opposition's


There is no doubt that
the Australia pace attack
was the constant thorn
in our sides.
The batsmen that
were expected to play
the stabilizing role in the
ilIation were RoP e and,
Kaflcliaran, and Murray
in the centre of the order,
with Fredericks and
Lloyd playing their usual
attacking game and
Richards using his enor-
mous talent to the best
Rowe was the biggest
disappointment there
can't be anything wrong
with his eyes now a
century in the first test
and the fact that he was
not hit by the Australian
pacemen while others
were attest to this.
The manager on his
return to Jamaica talked
about hay fever and
sinusitis; and that is the
problem with Rowe he
has had his share of ill-
luck the ankle injury
and the eye problem.
But rather than allow-
ing the man to settle
down, the Jamaican pub-
lic are forever pampering
him and making excuses
for him. One wonders to
what extent this was
perpetuated by the tour-
ing party management as
well, for I certainly can't
understand why he was
not called upon to open
during the second half of
tbe series.
It is a difficult thing
to say about such a
talented player, but
Rowe must go back to
territorial cricket and
regain his form and confi-
dence before being
selected for the test
eleven again.
Kallicharan wasplaying

well until he got hit. He
has always had that
weakness outside the
off-stump but undoubt-
edly he would, in the
normal course of events,
have adjusted as the tour
However just as he was
recovering from the
injury, he was landed
with the unbelievable task
of opening the batting in
the second innings of the
fourth test.
This constant shifting
1)bout certainly helped
neither himself nor the
team and Lloyd must
take full blame for this.
Richards nearing the
end of the tour showed
that he had learnt enor-
I don't think his
opening the batting had
anything to do with it.
He was just learning
what was necessary to
organise a test innings -
he still has some more to-
learn but his last two
matches were very en-
A former great West
Indian batsman was re-
puted to have said that
with bowling of Thomson's
type it was necessary to
step out and meet it.
With so many natural
back foot players on the
side it is not surprising
that they found it diffi-
cult to cope.
It may also explain
Richard's eventual success
because he is the one
batsman on the side
whose first motion is
forward on the front leg.
The greatest mismanage-
ment came in the way
the bowlers were used. It
showed quite clearly that
the series was not thought
out as a whole.
As we went into each
test match we picked
what seemed to be the
best available eleven for
that game not thinking
about the rest of the
Why were Roberts and
Continued on Page 9



In this the final section of his

pamphlet Pp. Gocking asks the big question:

DR. WILLIAMS has spoken humorously and good-humouredly of
those who show concern over his health, "some of it benevolent, no
small part malevolent". He assures them that his doctors tell him that
he has a lot of time; but does know that sometimes between sixty
and seventy a man puts on twenty years?
Anyhow he wonders what makes people think thathe needs a
-lot of time. This is a good question. We should remember that on
December 2nd, 1973,, Dr. Williams agreed to stay on as Political
Leader and Prime Minister but he said at the time thathe was doing
so because he recognized his "obligation, both to the nation and to
the party, to subordinate personal interests to the public well-being".
The more perceptive among us knew that Dr. Williams was
not going anywhere and we said so at the'time. Thisdoes notmean,
however, that the reason he gave for his retirement, namely his
personal work, did not have considerable substance in his mind, for
men like him there is always much to do. It is a question of priorities.
It is therefore quite in order to wonderwhetherhe might retire after all
before the next General Election takes place. Let us therefore, take a
careful look at two things the terms of the 1973 Convention
Resolution that asked him to stay on and the terms of his own reply.
Both documents show very careful wording and were obviously very
carefully prepared. They are as follows: The second Convention
Resolution asked him
"to continue in office as Political Leader of the Party and Prime
Minister of the country, at least until all the necessary steps have been
taken to implement the proposed new constitution for Trinidad and
The Political Leader's reply said:
"I am prepared, and I so signify to you, to agree to your convention
resolution and to continue in office, in the national interest, giving
priority to the holding, under a new constitution, as soon as possible,
of general elections in which the people can, freely and fairly decide
on the party and leader to whom they wish to entrust theirmandate."
What will Dr. Williams do? My own view is that if we knew
the answer to certain questions we should come nearer to knowing
what he will do. What are the questions?
There seems little doubt that a substantial number of people
would consider the following policy objectives a worthy challenge
to statesmanship.
(i) a form of constitution that allows for adequate supervision
of the Executive and for the maximum possible popular particip ation
in the political process.
(ii) measures to foster and encourage the release of what is
best in our intellectual and cultural life, measures to open up new
modes of thought and feeling among a people long denied adequate
opportunity of self-expression.
(iii) most important and immediately pressing of all, a deter-
mined effort to devise and apply means to secure a drastic reduction
in unemployment and promote "a more equitable distribution of the
national product".
(iv) the promotion of West Indian nationhood through some
form of political association of the whole or parts of the English-
speaking Caribbean.
Now these are some of the questions we should ask if we
wish to hazard an educated guess about Dr. Williams and his retire-
(a) from the evidence we have, what value does Dr. Williams
place on these policy objectives? What alternatives does retirement
offer him?

(b) what practical difficulties stand in the way of realising
these objectives or some or any of them? How much time is needed,
if,not for achieving them, at least for launching them with some hope
of success? Has substantial work in some or any of these directions
been possible over the last twenty years and, if so, how much has
been attempted or done?
To help in answering these questions we need to have some
knowledge of human nature and of Dr. Williams' character so far as it
can be inferred from the many things he has said and done and, for
those who know him, from what he is like.
Now let us face it. To formulate these objectives, to feel,
"id;:rht'h worik fui t'^n, tnh.'op ov n "mcplest s,1ccess are a
prescription for greatness, no less; not for mere eminence. Nor could
the measure of success in each of them be the same. Much can be
done to'establish a satisfactory constitutional framework now. It
would take time to work it out and institutionalise it in the social
and political habits of the people. Considerable progress in what we
may call thebroadly cultural field could havebeen long-sincelaunched
and been on the way to success. And so on. However, if eminence
were the goal, then Dr. Williams has already achieved it. He has
enough already to his credit to satisfy most men.
Leaving his academic and scholarly attainments aside, he has
given the country twenty years of stable government.The country
enjoys the advantage of being comparatively rich, it is true, but he
has done it. He has revolutionised education provision though its
content leaves much to be desired. People ,are free to criticise him
and his regime no small thing. And we can add to these.
There can be no questioning the fact, however, that the end
of World War II saw the West Indies poised for something new and
challenging and it was during this post-war period that the policy
objectives enumerated began to seem practicable and realisable. It
was the hour. Would the hour produce the men, or the man? I am
afraid it did not.
Now to attempt to answer our questions:
(i) he will produce a liberal constitution. It is to be hoped that
Con't on page 6

Dr. Williams has been claiming
that the PNM is not up to the
demands and requirements of
modern government. He
wants to call upon the rich
resources of talent outside the
party for Ministerial and Cabi-
net Office and he seems .
that he will make that provi-
sion' in the constitution "
about to be introduced. The
plums of office may well
pass to other hands.




From Page 5
he will give sufficient support to those elements in it that make the
furnishing of information unavoidable, mandatory: that the constitu-
tion will provide for adequate parliamentary supervision of the
Executive, that it will facilitate the opening up of the media. This,
however, does not require that he stay on. It could be enough that
he has introduced it He could leave it to fulfil itself in the years
(ii) he has been in power for twenty years but the evidence
indicates that Art, the theatre, enlightenment, culture generally, the
aesthetic, new modes of thought and feeling are not sufficiently
serious pre-occupations of his to induce him to stay on to promote
them. Intellectually he can perceive their importance and if he stays
on he will use our new-found wealth, if it lasts, to foster them. There
would be nothing difficult in that. Individuals'and groupshave done
much already.
(iii) solving unemployment, equitable distribution of the
national product: the writer confesses to- a lack of sufficient compe-
tence to deal adequately with these all-important subjects. It is clear,
however, that the tremendous expansion of educational opportunity
at secondary and university levels has done a great deal to provide,
for all races and classes, equal opportunity of access to positions of
privilege and material well-being even if the growing disparities
between rich and poor continue to increase.
It has been the consensus that agriculture has been neglected.
I am told by persons who are qualified to express opinions

and with -no political bias that, without any radical restructuring of
the social and economic order, much more work could have been
done to prepare the ground for more equitable distribution.
Industrial development comes under this heading. Dr. Williams
is economic-man. We are told that we are on the threshold of great
expansion in this field. This will provide strong inducement to stay
on and it could very well be decisive.
(iv) West Indian nation-building: The Prime Minister can
perceive intellectually a case for the integration of the small units of
the English-speaking Caribbean into some form of political union. He
can also perceive.intellectually a relationship between nation-building
and a flowering of the Arts and the emergence of what he calls "that
much hackneyed contemporary phrase, identity". "A New Federa-
tion for the Commonwealth Caribbean"by Eric Williams, Political
Quarterly, July-September, 1973): He writes:

"A new Commonwealth Caribbean Federation will be a positive step in
the direction of the development of a Caribbean personality, whilst its
larger scope and greater economic resources will help so to improve the
quality of life in the area as to make it more possible to keep within
its borders and employ competently the large quantity of talent which
now, like Ruth, sick for home, stands "in tears amid the alien corn"

"The third and perhaps most decisive consideration is the inspiration
that any new Federal grouping with its economic perspectives for the
entire Caribbean area will give to the youth of the Caribbean, restless
victims of the international, malaise of youth, desperately seeking
sustenance in the achievements of their ancestral lands, exposed to all
the temptations and aberrations of foreign models, especially the
affluent consumer society of North America and bhe life styles of
black Americans protesting against historic injustices, wanting affluence|
but disdaining work, convinced that the world owes them a living for
their former deprivations."

The vision is very clear but it has often seemed to me that he
is not personally committed by any deep feeling, in contradistinction
to thought, to the cause of nation-building, the flourishing of the
Arts and the yearning for spiritual fulfilment that possesses our
people. He seems to feel no spiritual restlessness for it. And nation-
builders always have had that restlessness.

But while I hold to the view that he feels no very deep
spiritual commitment to nation-building and the flowering of the
Arts, I also think that he has been compromised by the failure of
West Indian leadership, of which he was a part, to preserve the
Federal nation-state. Sir John Mordecai, dealing with the Jamaica
Referendum issue in his The West Indies The Federal Negotiations,
w rote:

Not one of the leaders of the Eastern Caribbean came to Jamaica to
campaign for Federation with its life at stake.
and later in the same work:
When Dr. Williams dramatically declared for independence alone, he
was abandoning several things. The first was the theme of West Indian
Federation of which, over many years as a writer and historian and
from his entry into politics, he had been a foremost apostle. He was
also abandoning the full reward of the delectable position in which
Fate and strategy had placed him. He had all the time in tre world to
dictate the conditions for a new federation to units more than eager to
negotiate ...... Whatever form the Federation took, it would be one
which Trinidad would dominate politically and culturally, and as the
industrial and trade centre under a full-fledged Customs Union,
Williams himself, with the exodus of Manley and Adams from the

scene, would be first among the leaders of the Caribbean.

Professor Arthur Lewis thought in a similar vein. When
Jamaica left the Federation Arthur Lewis came down to Trinidad on
a mission:

"I therefore decided to go and see him (Dr. Williams) immediately, and
try to persuade him that the nine would make a nice federation, with-
out Jamaica." (Agony of the Eight, page 10)

At that tragic juncture when Dr. Williams decided to follow
Jamaica into independence, he had to find some substitute to fill the
aching void created in West Indian and Trinidad and Tobago hearts
and minds because of the collapse of the Federation, and so he came
up with the idea of a "Caribbean Economic Community" as the new
goal of policy. Dr. Williams said at the 15th Annual Convention of
the PNM in December 1973:

When the Federation was on the verge of collapse, the PNM. .
decided to proceed unilaterally to Independence on the basis of which
we would work for a Caribbean Economic Community' embracing the
entire area. the role I played in recommending to the PNM adop-
tion of Caribbean economic integration as its official policy. I have
seen the integration movement going beyond its potential for trale
and production making a contribution to international university
development by a synthesis of the culture and experiences of the
various ethnio,'0,oups who have contributed to Caribbean identity.
But after eleven years he was to declare:
It is now clear beyond any possibility ofdoubt that Caribbean integra-
tion will not be achieved in the f)rcsecahle future.
This Caribbean area would embrace 27,000,000 people, he said, and
a total trade in excess of $ 15,000 million U.S.
It was grand and it will probably come about some day but it
was visionary, not vision. And nobody knew that better tdianj_)r.


Williams. From the beginning it was a non-starter. It was as serious
and as practical as the invitation thrown out to the smaller islands to
join Trinidad and Tobago in a unitary state, made about the same
time. In terms of practical politics it could be no substitute for the
Federation that failed. And if it ever comes to be a living force, Cuiba
and not Trinidad and Tobago would be the leader as she is now in
Southern African policy even though she may be under pressure.
And Venezuela is now on the Caribbean scene and so ad infinitum.
He and his party have been stuck with this visionary "Carib-
bean Economic Community" idea for over a decade and it must have
made it difficult to lead or follow moves for political integration of
the English-speaking islands. Has the 1973 admission of failure done
anything to change the situation and to extricate him from the
compromising position in which I suggest it put him?


The trouble with West Indian leadership lies elsewhere, Ad ams,
Bustamante, Manley, Williams and Qther West Indian leaders were
the products of colonialism at its profoundest level of influence on
the West Indian psyche. The British connection has brought many
substantial benefits to the West Indies but British culture, British
education, British conditioning drained away self-awareness, an
understanding of their place in the world, a sense of identity and
identification with their fellows in the West Indies. As men of colour
they could feel very deeply and share tile resentments of the black

man against discrimination of all kinds but could- not identify with
him emotionally to a sufficient degree to become zealous champions
and exponents of what should be the black man's aspirations. The
United States experience is quite different from the West Indian. In
his Race Relations in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, written in
1945 Dr. Williams himself speaks of that "left-handed racial egali-
tarianism of the United States where one drop of coloured blood
makes one a Negro." It is significant that George Padmore, a Trini-
dadian who played a tremendous part in the Pan-African movement,
had considerable U.S. experience.
The people of the West Indian Federation were preponder-
antly African in blood and extraction. The failure of the Federation
was therefore the failure of the Negro, the African to meet the
challenge and opportunity history had thrust on him. It is childish
to blame the British or anyone else. Nor was it his duty or his
opportunity to substitute Negro domination for British. Into his
hands was committed the supreme meaning of the West Indian his-
torical process since Emancipation, namely the establishment of the
rule of law, the creation of social institutions like schools, for
example, shared by people of all races, making for a recognition that
the differences.among people are differences between individuals and
not races, in short producing a society where, perhaps more than in
any other part of the world, many races live together in comparative
harmony because the human experience they share through mingling
in institutions worked in common has worked the concept of human
equality into the very fabric of their lives, into their thought proces-
ses, into their emotional responses. This does not mean that we have
not still got a long way to go before every race and creed finds an
equal place.
But our leaders did not have this vision of the Afro-West
Indian challenge and opportunity. They could not feel it. Strangely
enough, Kwame Nkrumah saw it this way. In his letter to Caribbean
Heads of Government in June 1962 he wrote;

I hope you will forgive the liberty I am taking in making this earnest
appeal to you from the distance of Africa on the burning issue of the
Federation of the West Indies and Guiana. My excuse for making this
appeal is the sincere conviction I hold that success in the establishment
of a powerfid West Indian nation would substantially assist the efforts
we are making to redeem Africa's reputation in world affairs and to
reestablish the personality of the African and people of African descent

After all, Indonesia which took over hundreds of islands at indepen-
dence, accepted the inevitable necessity to hold these islands together
As I see it, Federation is the surest means of establishing security
in the West Indies against the dangers of colonialism and imperialism
(shades 'ofVefiezidela and Guatemala?)

It would be a great tragedy and, indeed, a national calamity, if the
leader, of the West Indies were to fail to take advantage of the opport-
unities that unity and harmony can bring to the new nations of the

.. a strong warning against the dangers inherent in a state of competi-
tive existence which failure to evolve federal links among West Indian
islands, including British Guiana, may bring about.
(shades of Williams and Demas?)

. unless this can be done from the very threshold of independence
the islands will be torn apart by disunity and fall and easy prey to far
greater dangers than the evils which they suffered .under imperialism
and colonialism.

Could he have said more?
We West Indians know so little of our history. How many of
us know of the 10years of contintmus struggle *nd political agitation
reaching the very British House of Commons, the Free Coloureds
(mixed race and black) in every West Indian island put up between
1820 and 1830 to secure equal rights with the whites? and success-
fully too.
There is a vast difference between the coloured (mixed race)
Jamaican of the post-Emancipation era before Jamaica lost its repre-
sentative institutions in 1865 and their counterparts-of today, vic-
tims as these latter have been of the values of the Crown colony
period. Edward Jordon and Robert Osborn of pre-1865 Jamaica,
both men of mixed race, had fought and risked their lives in the
cause of Negro emancipation and identified with the black Jamaican.
Sir Henry Barkly, Governor of Jamaica 1853-1856, writing to the
Secretary of State in 1854 of Jamaican resistance to Indian immigra-
tion, said:
but. there still remains a large and I imagine preponderant party in the
Assembly covertly opposed to all immigration whatsoever This
party cherishes the conviction that Jamaica is destined to be the
theatre on which the African race will eventually dlenmonstrate its
capacity for civilization, and looks with comparative complacency i on
the ruin of the sugar estates, in the expectation that 1by means of small
settlements growing some one or other of the minor ptlucts fior
which the soil is suited the island can be resoted to prosperity, or
even rendered more flourishing than ever.
This was the coloured Party which at 6ne time had 17 members in an
Assembly oIf 47. And remember these men were not black men. In
the entire 1835-1865 period only three black men ever sat in the
House of Assembly. There was no such vision at the time of the
Federation. Is there sucfi a one now?
We must ask this question now for we are faced w it it only
Con't on page 8

RY 22,, 1976





From Page 7

in different terms. Gone are the days when the Negro. the Afro-
citizen was the sole custodian of the West Indian heritage. \VWith
Jamaica out and likely to come in very late, if at all, the African and
the Indian are now together the joint custodians of the West Indian
future. We are so much in the habit of thinking of them as rivals, and
so they are; but they are far more likely to be joint victims of a com-
mon tragedy if they do not see themselves as alien substances in a
Latin-American world. It is not that other races do inot count but the
fact remains that they are the majority and the responsibility for our
future is inescapably theirs. They only have to look at the vast un-
occupied spaces in the Guianas and Belize. to see what could happen
to them. That does not mean that they are surrounded by aggressors
but it is said that nature abhors a vacuum.
This has been something'of a digression but it is important
and somehow related to the main theme. To return to Dr. Williams
and the possibilities of his retiring into private life.
It has already been stated that one of the principal considera-
tions that cold influence a man in the Prime Minister's position to
retire is that any future society and nation-building would have to
take into account the crumbling fabric of Trinidad and Tobago
The "Trinidad Guardian" ran a series of editorials at year's
end dealing with the state of the nation. They were honest, objec-
tive, written with restraint. No one can accuse the "Guardian" of
hostility to Government and carping criticism.
(a) on December 25th, writing on the postal service, the
paper referred to the "Alexander Commission made necessary by
years of nationwide howls of anguish over poor postal service."
(b) on December 28th the paper spoke of "our Ole Mas
psyche", of "our work ethic, paralysed by absenteeism, deliberate
low productivity, paternalism and deficiency of training". "As in
our work so in our play". "Under the mosaic of well-concealed
misery", it added, "glossed over by the conspicuous consumption
of the better-off third of the nation .. "
(c) on December 29th it dealt with WASA Commission of
Inquiry. It said: "The manner in which WASA was created has left
it with a legacy of high potential for maladministration, and sheer
mischief and this kind of insubordination."
(d) on December 30th the "Guardian" returned to the
subject of WASA. In a short, incisive paragraph it said: "The whole
picture reveals one stinking mess of affairs."
(e) on December 31st it dealt with the "Gross neglect of
(f) on January 1st, 1976 it dealt with the general state of
health of the body politic. "we must discover a sense of national
purpose, a sense of sure direction we seem morally too feeble to
deal with (our problems) effectively . let us develop our moral
vigour now this is sorely needed to deal with our problems....
never has there been enough effective planning or hard working to
reduce employment . purgative thought and vigorous action

are needed to curb these ailments. the need for purposeful pursuit
of national objectives. ."
When we add to this catalogue our troubles with telephones,
electricity, transport, we realise the uphill struggle that faces Dr.
\Williams or anyone to build any brave new world on these crumbling
institutions with their attendant lack of national vigour and purpose.
But he will not retire. Men in good bodily and mental health
do not take kindly to retirement. And there is too much challenge in
the air. What then will be his strategy for remaining?
He has already done well by the old-age pensioner and the
decision has been taken to revise every two years. He has proposed
free secondary education for all up to 16 plus at least. One cannot
ask for more. Education provision is be refashioned to meet new
needs. He has made his peace with the "traditional" church by hand-
somely acknowledging their contribution to education and under-
taking to meet the full costs of education within theirwalls provided
they accept the national norm which is a reasonable and desirable
one. He has been cultivating the "not so traditional" churches, Seventh
Day Adventists and Baptists, with their roots in the lives of the
common man. He is going to create new national agencies. And so on.
What he has to deal with is the PARTY. For years he has
been claiming that it is not up to the demands and requirements of
modern government. He wants to call upon the rich resources of
talent outside party for Ministerial and Cabinet Office and it seems
that he will make that provision in the constitution about to be
introduced. The more moderately gifted of his party in the House
of Representatives will not feel too happy about this. The plums of
office may very well pass to other hands. He must be able to deal
with this situation. He can count on the third of the nation who
enjoy "conspicuous consumption'" (Trinidad Guardian) to do their
best to maintain the status quo. But he has to get rid of termites,
to cleanse Augean Stables, and this requires a strong mandate to get
on with what has to be done. He may feel confident that he will win
the next General Election but winning will not be enough for the
vigorous policies that must be pursued. I do not expect any overt
threat to retire. But I think, that in view of his needs as I have just
outlined them, at the appropriate time, we may very well be hearing
rumours thatwill grow in intensity that he will be retiring as the 1973
Convention Resolution and his reply can be interpreted to fore-
shadow. This is not being melodramatic but think what confusion in
the party and among certain important elements in the country if,.
by deft manoeuvre, it should get around at the psychological moment
that he may not be leading the PNM in the coming g General Flection.
One final word on the new Coistitution. I have been saving
all along that we are to expect a liber:Al one. But one must alwayVs
anticipate the possibility of being wrong. I 'ind it difficult to recon-
cile myself to the idea that nation-buildinlg, democratic constitution.
cultural renaissance aj-e outside his pre-occutpations. Should this
prove to be the case, however, it would le a sad misadventure. 1.
would mean, especially for those who hai\ce followed Ihis long career.
that he was after all a meteor whom we t, ok for a star. lie would l\.i
claim to being, perhaps, the most successful failure in our history.
This I cannot contemplate.




WHILE residents in St.
Clair, Port-of-Spain, are
soon to get a boost in
water supply of 600,000
gallons per day, residents
in Macoya Gardens, Tuna-
puna, complain of the
loss of thousands of
gallons of water each day
through a busted main
on Rose Avenue.
The problem started
around June last year

From Page 4
Holding bowled so much
in state matches? Why
did Richards and Lloyd
himself not do much
more bowling in the
lesser matches?
In this way they would
have got useful practice
and so would have oper-
ated for short periods
during the vital games
when the first string
bowlers needed a rest
and would in addition
have given that added
variety to the attack.
Surely Greg Chappell
is no better a, bowler
than. either of these two,
yet he bowled quite a few
-useful overs for Australia,
The players have all
said that the series was
closer than appears. That
'is true in that there were
periods during the first
four tests when Australia
was on the run, and if
we had taken our chances
we could have won.

But the difference
between a champiorf
team and another is pre-
cisely that. All that we are
left to talk. about is our
potential strength and
what might have been,
for to have given Australia
a fight in the third test
with Holding absent from
the attack and in the
fourth with Roberts not
being able to let loose at
all is indicative of how a
potentially good team
was let down by bad
The whole approach
to the third test, when
an additional batsman
was played in place of
Holding was wrong; and
to have played a half-fit
Roberts in the fourth and
an unfit Roberts in the
fifth was certainly com-
pounding the initial error
of having him in that
state anyvway through bad
In the event the fifth

when a water main near a
fire hydrant on Rose
Avenue burst.
WASA employees dug
up the sidewalk around
the hydrant and appa-
rently did some sort of
repairs, but the leakage
They returned some
weeks later and dug up
another section of the
sidewalk someyards away
from the hydrant. but

and sixth test were non-
events. The team was
already beaten because
they could no longer
field a side that was
balanced or fit.
Making it easy for the
opposition by bowling
your best bowlers into
the ground or presenting
opportunities that were
readily exploitable (as
has been pointed out
earlier for Julien), when
already your batsmen
were taking a pounding
from pace was to really
make it quite easy for
In summary,'the West
Indies seemed to have
used limited-over tactics

failed to find the source
of the leakage.
Finally a hole some
three feet square was dug
another few yards further
away. Water gushed out,
but no repairs were done.
From this hole in the
sidewalk water rushes out
at a rate of about one
bucket every three
seconds, or about 72,000
gallons per day.
What is more, the rush

to attempt to win a six
test series it can't work
and only made the job
for Australia much earlier
than it ever should have
So we turn to the
coming series against
India hoping as Lloyd
said "that the team will
bounce back". He of all
people certainly needs to
bounce back as captain,
for surely he must be on
trial in this series and he
has to show better
leadership than this.
One is in no way
trying to make him the
scape -.goat but the skip-
per has to keep the game
in such a situation that

of water is gradually
eating away the earth
beneath the sidewalk and
the roadway.
One resident slid a
pole into the hole, and it
sank almost nine feet, at
an angle, under the road-
A crude make-shift
barricade has been placed
around the open hole to
prevent anyone falling in,
but me wastage of good

he maximises as far as
possible the favourable
occasions for his players
to exploit. If he had done
that on this tour un-
doubtedly our attack
(and sometimes our
batting) would have done
a better job.
Unless we have two
pace bowlers who are
firing consistently during
this series, India too may
embarrass us. Their spin
bowling is superb and
their batting against any-
thing short of good pace
is quite competent.
The West Indies batting
in spite of the bad series
against Australia has the
required ability -

water haspersisted much
too long.
Meanwhile, Macoya
residents continue to
suffer the inconvenience
of water shutting off
every day of the week.
Apparently, the busted
main is on a different
water distribution system
since, even when residents
have no water the busted
main flows incessantly,
twenty-four hours a day.

Fredericks, Kallicharan,
Richards and Lloyd are
going to bounce back;
Rowe we will like to see
returning to form.
The spin bowling is a
problem. Gibbs will have
to keep his end up,
although he no longer
has the extra bite of the
earlier Gibbs.
Jumadeen (and possibly
Imtiaz Ali) may get his
chance. But we must
hope that Roberts really
returns to form: that
Holding's groin injury
does not keep recurring
and that a newcomer
(maybe Wayne Daniel)
comes good.


Port of Spain


now houses

* National Executive Administrative Secretary

* Campaign Committee Citizens Advice Bureau

Is Venue for Council meetings

for Wednesday night rap sessions

and Cultural activities.

Check us out Tel: 62-25241

Cipriani Boulevard. P.O.S.






S The sweet strains of
"Meditation" played by
the Samaroo kids drifted
into. my consciousness.
"Now", exclaimed some-
one, "this is more like
what I had always con-
ceived of the atmosphere
of the. Caribbean, soft
.steelband music, cool sea
breezes and 'rum punch
under the starry sky."
One up for Aubrey
Meditation was follow-
ed by Yellow Bird and
S" Ambakaila. We aoolauded
generously, while choos-
LAST WEEK Thursday ing and settling down in
evening's Experimental our seats to watch the
Folk Theatre presentation show.
at the Shorelands Hotel,
Bayshore, had been care-
fully programmed for the DIALECT
patrons' stage-by-stage
enjoyment. The audience was
For the first part, my mainly in its early thirties
friend and I stood, with and onwards. There were
drinks in hand, "holding a few of the "arty types",
up the bar" and chatting african print dresses and
with the barman who skirts predominated.
with true Trinidad wit, The tourists were in
expounded on the merits long black skirts, halter
of the show which he tops, chain smoking,
said displayed all the Irinking beer; one Oriental
splendour of Trinidad vore a ponderous turban.
culture. Aubrey Adams, in
My friend listened with white shirt, red embroid-
growing interest Like -red bolero, maroon pants
most of the others who and red leather belt in-
were drifting through the produced the programme.
entrance in a now steady The Folk Choir gave
stream, he was obviously vigorous and sometimes
not West Indian. quite amusing renditions
of popular folk songs and
DISPLAY Horace James to whom
the microphone was
Then, instructed by handed over for a while,
some hidden person on a introduced a dialect skit
microphone, we all went written by Aubrey Adams
to see the display of himself, called Jestina.
batiks fabrics and paint-
We were accompanied DANCE
in our wanderings by the
sounds of African drums The entire programme
and a "flute, beautifully was interspersed by drum-
played. ming. There was a superb
Two masked and Kaf- monologue on the West
taned persons, clutching Indian version of the
baby dolls, appeared on vampire woman or sou-
the scene, along with two couyant. An Indian
or three "robbers", caped drummer and dancer from
and armed, wildly blowing Chaguanas performed a
their whistles subtle traditional Hosein dance.
indications of what was Beautiful, energetic'
to come. black boys danced a
,They were regarded version of the Bongo and,
with puzzlement and mild were joined by brightly.
amusement The micro- dressed girls for a titillat-
phone urged us to sample ing performance of the
the local foods that were "Dance of the King
being sold in another Sailors", a traditional
room roti and pastelles,. Carnival dance, which
pelau and black pudding. was well received by the

In a flowing robe of
rags, a straw hat and
sunglasses, comedian John
Agitation gave some old
jokes, some new ones,
fairly passable. One beefy
guy, apparently stoned
urged us on to louder
For the next twenty
minutes the audience
was patiently bored by
an obscure and immature
band consisting of a
drummer, a bass guitar-
man, a lead guitarist, a
confused organist, a tame
I amused myself by
trying to figure out how

THE poor hard-working
people of Woodland are
still suffering from the
effects of official neglect.
Some weeks ago some
relief came to the village
after a Tapia team suc-
ceeded in getting WASA
to deliver two tank truck-
loads of water.
The problem now is
just as serious as having
no water and perhaps
even more dangerous tc
In fact,according tc
Tapiaman Annan Singh,
Woodlanders fear that an
epidemic will result from
their overflowing latrine
pits which have remained
that way for many
months in spite of appeals
to the.authorities.
"When the rain came
last year," Annan Singh
reports, "the filled
latrines overflowed and
the poisonous sewage
settled in stagnant drains.
You see, there is no
drainage system to speak
of either."
After an inspection of
the clogged drains,
Singh told TAPIA: "The
stinking, stagnant canals,
as they are called, are
overrun with filth, sedi-
ment and numerous
mosquitoes which go to
bed with the villagers at
night This is certainly a
health hazard which can
read to an epidemic..'
Councillor Doodnath
Maharaj of the Victoria
County Council to whom
several complaints have
been made usually advises
the villagers -to "write a
letter and- I will see what
van be done."
The villagers are, how-
ever, tired of writing
letters which bring no
They point to the fact

they fitted into the
scheme of things.
They carried on until
Cheryl Byron arrived.
She harped sweetly on
"black consciousness".
Her voice was beautiful,
her lyrics recalled 1970
corner talk.

The Samaroo kids
began to 'play again -
Flag Woman signalling
the end of the cultural
show. The tourists
practised their carefully
learnt calypso dance
steps as the floor was
The Experimental Folk

that since a landslide
last year- the road from
Woodland to San Fran-
cique has remained im-
passable for vehicles.
In any case, the
villagers claim, it is a long
and tiresome process to

Theatre was clearly
designed with the tourist
in mind.
As such it was success-
ful for it did give a fair
sample of traditional and
modem aspects of Trini-
dad culture.
As a Trinidadian it
didn't hold much for me.
I'd have preferred some-
thing more sophisticated,
something perhaps rather
more representative of the
real cultural atmosphere.
But then, even that would
not- be of any' special
interest to the Trinidadian.
Culture is, after all,
what we come to assume
about ourselves, isn't it?

find out who is respons-
ible for maintaining
healthy conditions.
T h e Woodlanders
simply blame the Victoria
County Council to whom
they have already paid
money to empty their
1 afifi~i'fHT"

Woodlanders fear epidemic




by Fillip

almost forced to dis-
appoint all of you this
week and not put in an
That I do so at all is
simply because I am
aware of how anxious
many of you are to read
my little notes from week
to week.
But the fact is that I
only appear this week by
virtue of a tremendous
effort of will.
Friends this past week
I have had one the most
terrible shocks of my
life. I found out through
my usually impeachable
sources that the CIA was
out to get me and that
they had taken out a
contract with some local
representatives of the
Latin American branch
of the mafia to ensure
my liquidation.
The details of the
story are really too fan-
tastic to believe.
You would appreciate
that for reasons of my
own security and also to
protect my sources I
cannot revealallt at I
But I feel that for
your own information
and better appreciation
of the seedier, more
violent and lesser known
facts of international
politics, I must tell you
something of my story.
It all started one night
when I was having a few
drinks with some of my
friends in a nightclub on
Piccadilly Street.
I am not going to call
the name but those of
you who love a bit of the
Port-of-Spain night life
might recognisethe place
when I say that it is one
of the biggest gambling
spots in the city.
I don't gamble for
money myself, and so I
was sitting sipping alight
rum and water and talk-
ing some not so light
shittalk (excuse the
language) when I was
approached by a man
whom I honestly did not
know from Adam.
He called me aside and
asked me if he might have
a few words with me.

How I

From his accent and from
the fact that he had two
identical scars on either
side of his face I could
tell that he was from
He confirmed this a
. few minutes later when,
after pulling me across to
a quiet comer of the bar,
!he told me he was an
agent of the MPLA and
that he was looking for
recruits to go to Angola
to fight.
Well, friends, to be
luite honest I have not
reallyy been paying too
much attention to what
was going on in that
After all, if is ketcharse
you looking for you could
find it right here in
But I was aware that
the MPLA was the group
in Angola which was
being backed by the
And if is one thing I
am not it is a communist.
I don't hate them but I
don't want no part of
them. And I told this
African fellow just that.
But them he started
rapping about what was
coming: down in his
country and those South
Africans had invaded
Angola and were killing
black people left, right
and centre.


And to tell you the
truth,, friends, at this
point I saw -red. Because
if is one thing I really
hate is a racist and as you
all know those South
Africans are the biggest
ones of all.
So taking into con-
sideration that nothing
much was going to happen
here anyway until aftel
Carnival, I agreed to go
to Angola. I was a mer-
The very' next day I
was on a plane to Guyana
with two other Trinidad-
ians. Really nice fellers.
But while they had a
lot of revolutionary talk
about Marx and

Lenin and Che and some
other people I never even
heard about, to be quite
honest, they did not look
like fighters to me.
And one of the hardest
jobs I have ever had was
telling their families that
they would not be back.
Anyhow to cut along
story short, I eventually
got to Angola on a plane
on which there were a lot
of Spanish-speaking people
who really scared the
daylights out of me with
the amount of fancy wea-
pons they had.
I did not get to see
much action. The MPLA,,
the group I was fighting
for, had almost com-




S StephINens
^IBH^^^^^ ______ PORT OF SPAIN Sj~AN FERNANDO ____ J


Our printing-plant is open at
The Tapia House 82-84 St. Vincent
Street, Tunapuna.
Kindly phone orders to: 662-5126.


pletely wiped out the
other two groups by then.
And as I think of it
now, I wish to God that I
had not seen any action
at all.
What happened was
very confusing. I am not
even sure now that I have
the facts straight. But my
company of mercenaries
and MPLA soldiers
entered what we believed
to be an enemy-occupied
In one of the houses
we saw what were obvi-
ously South African
soldiers conferring with
'some African officers
who we naturally assumed
to be from one of the
other groups.
Daredevil me saw red
again and proceeded to
Lead the charge at a fast
run. Friends I have been
running ever since.
Apparently I had mis-
takenly led an attack on
a cease-fire conference
being held between the
South-Africans and my
own group the MPLA.
Well all of a sudden
everybody was out to get
poor-me-one. And even
now that at last I am
back home I hear that
the Americans still have a
price on my head.
Frankly I just don't
know what to make of
the whole damp thing.
But I know that I
learnt my lesson. Never
interfere in otherpeople's
business. Not for love and
not for money. Anyhow
that is the story. You
may not believe it, but
if you don't hear from
me next week, say a
novena for me.

and nearly

got shaft

in Africa




- --- -


Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N.Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehdgh 5 8448.
U.S..A. ._.__--



we can't stop

de constant jammin

THE Government's Transportation Plan is
the latest manifestation of a wretched
incapacity to see clearly. With a road-
centred view of transportation solutions
the Government's Plan falls into two
Threatening commuters at the Administrative
level is the Worswick Plan. Its stated objective is
to stamp out PHs which, given the current disorder,
it clearly cannot succeed in doing.
Its real intent seems to be. to appease taxi-
men who claimed before Williams, September last
that PHs are eating into their trade.
That Plan is really a plan for law and order,
to be implemented, said Worswick, regardless of
how people feel. But Worswick has a problem
getting Licensing Authorities to ever effectively
police PHs. And real Police are caring less and
less about PHs' lawlessness.
Will Supt. Toppin be forced to honour the
laws of Her Majesty's Government as it relates to
transport. That still remains an open question.
Only political issues can decide that. For votes are-
the key denominator for calculating political these
Coupled with that is the concession to
permit 600 new taxis on the roads. Only the
Licensing spokesmen and the Guardian's Editor
think that this measure would relieve Uhe pressure
on. commuters..
The other face of the Government's Trans-
portation Plan is to be found at the level of
policy. It is a three stage $200., million dollar
plan prepared by Lea-Trintoplan, a joint local and
Canadian consulting group.
Announced since early July last this plan
envisages the widening of Aranguez Road, the
addition of lanes to the western reaches of the
Churchill-Roosevelt Highway and to Beetham
Highway; the construction of a West-ground fly-
over to filter into Old St. Joseph Road from a
diverted Beetham Highway the construction of the
Mucurapo Foreshore Freeway along the edge of
Cocorite Bay and to include a viaduct over the sea.
That is just the first phase the Cinderella of
which is the construction of a Busway from
Arima to Port-of-Spain, along the old railway
lines and expected to cost $46 million.
The second phase plans to develop the road
network connecting Laventille, Barataria, Aran-
guez and El Socorro and to construct a new
Southern link, south of Valsayn and El Socorro.
The 1990 phase anticipates an elevated
viaduct and road connections through Dock Road,
linked from a parkway at Maraval to Independence
Square, the continuation of the Busway east of
Arouca together with six new lanes on Beetham
This transport plan, grandiose and forbidden
as it is, is just the moving centre of the Superman
story. Indeed it can't be said that our planners are
not thinking big, but their vision remains riveted to
endless miles of roads. Their big concern is to get
in and out of Port-of-Spain.
Hear Mr. D.A. Commission, Director of
Highways on the Plan last year July: "We have to
recognize that some 50 percent of the popula-
tion will always have to be moved by public or
mass transport, because you can't build roads or

provide car parks in the city for everyone."
Everything he said suggests that the idea
behind the Lea-Trintoplan Scheme for a proper
system of load transport is one which facilitates
the irrational movement of people between Poit-
of-Spain and tile resi of le country.
It is a plan to drive generations of future
commuters mad. It envisages more centralisation
of the machinery of Government and o' com-
miercial and business activity out of proportion
to what is necessary for a fairly balanced growth
of the country.
What other part in the country could be
more in need of a viaduct over the sea than
between Toco and San Souci on the North East
coast? It is there the road hugs the slenderest of
ledges that is gradually being claimed by the sea.
What could be prettier than a viaduct overlooking
Trois Roches?
But the last thing one could expect from a
college exhibition Government is a road plan that
seeks to plan for the neediest areas, to beautify
the countryside and to enhance their potential for
development. What, they go put road dey to tote
out cocoa from Buenos Ayres? The sea go take
Matelot before that ever happens. You could hear
The Government's plan is really to spend
$200m to institutionalise the social and economic
disorders, as is manifested by the inequalities
between town and country, and which are ger-
mane to the factors that continue to bedevil
Taken to its logical conclusion, the concep-
tion that informs the plan calls for 12 lanes on the
Beetham Highway. But that, "just can't be built",
says Commissiong, obviously sensing the limita-
tions that inhere in their perspective for road
transport. Yet that suggests no rethinking!
Or maybe the problem of finding the space
for 12 lanes is being left up to future generations.
Since more cars and more passengers are bound
to take us, ultimately, back to where we are
The Government's approach to transport
solutions is also expensive. For we can't simply
spend all we can afford to alleviate the anguish
on today's roads?
We must devise our schemes also to facili-

tate the well-being of all the people and the free-
dom of future generations to build smoothly on
t.l.) past? And. as has been pointed out the future
his either to choose between finding more lanes
on the Beethamm or charting an entirely new course.
In fact, if ever least cost considerations
we'e accounted for in the transport plan, these
ielate strictly to what is politically possible for
the present regime to attempt.
Either you have plenty money to buy
participation or you have plenty moral authority
to invoke it.
The Government lacks the latter and there-
fore has to embark on the grandiose schemes to
persuade people that they working hard on
Transport for Trinidad and Tobago must be
informed an entirely different conception. It
informed by an entirely different conception. It
must be governed by an administrative framework
designed to decentralise authority.
That instrument gives us the political and
economic power necessary for the little people
to plan for the development of the localities.
It also provides the incentive that reverses
the trend towards the city.
Secondly, it must provide efficient and reli-
able public transport service.
Thirdly, it must create for the taximan an
eight-hour working day while guaranteeing him a
regular income to be supplemented by earnings
from shares in local gas-stations.
Fourthly, we have to set limits on the num-
ber of private cars on our roads.Even the Govern-
ment knows that there are limits to the number of
lanes we can have on the Beetham Highway.
Fifthly, we need to offer a cheap and ade-
quate rental car service.
The details of such a conception are sure
to be many and varied. It also constitutes the best
method foi determining where and where not we
should expand road networks. build bridges and
fly-overs and construct viaducts over the sea. It is
a scheme that assumes that we can still reach and
affect the source of our transport problems.
At the moment we must steer clear of the
current conception that that could only be done
by the men in the moon.