Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00199
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: February 8, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00199

Full Text


Ir -

FINAL plans for the
formal opening of Cam-
paign Headquarters are
to be made at the Coun-
cil Meeting of the Tapia
House Movement this
Sunday, February 8.
The opening of Head-
quarters in the City is
carded for Saturday
March 6 and Sunday
March 7, the weekend
immediately following
Representatives will
be assembling at the new
Port-of-Spain Centre at
22, Cipriani Boulevard,
starting at 10. a.m.
.The all-day session is
also expected to advance
preparations for the
Annual General Assembly
Scheduled for the Sea-
men and Waterfront
Workers' Trades Union
Hall on Sunday March
14, the AGA will elect a
National Executive for
the new term.
It will also pass con-
stitutional reforms aimed
to streamline the nation-
wide political machinery
of Tapia in time for the
general elections due by

Ie them

pay for

aie time

GIVE ALL parties the
right to buy radio and
TV time at normal com-
merical rates.
That in short is the
policy for political broad-
casts suggested by Tapia
in response to a request
from Chairman James
Bain of the National
Broadcasting Service Ltd.
In a letter to Bain
last week Tapia Admin-
istrative Secretary Allan
Harris stated that the
policy which the NBS
was said to be formulat-
Continued on Page 3

Tapiaman Beau Tewarie speaks to cultivation workers at their Forres Park camp.



AT a meeting last Tuesday
Forres Park workers
decided that they will
hold out for higher wages.
Currently they are settled
in their camp across the
street from the factory,
digging in for a long
Despite the govern-
ment's plan to re-open
the factory, operations
are at a complete stand-
still. The bone of conten-
tion now is straight

New World


A TALK entitled "Education
for a New World" will be
delivered by Beau Tewarie,
Tapia Shadow Minister of
Education, on Wednesday
February 11, 1976, at 8 p.m.
22 Cipriani Boulevard, Port-
This will be the fourth in
the series of public education
talks now underway at Tapia
Port-of-Spain Centre.

Workers are Claiming
that they are grossly
underpaid. A cutter is
paid $3.94 to cut and
bundle a ton of cane. A
water carrier is paid $5.25
for hours from 7 a.m. to
2 p.m.

The workers at Forres
Park have refused to
return to work until such
time as their wages are
upgraded to equal wages
paid for the same work
at Caroni Ltd.
The union therefore is
fighting for an equaliza-
tion of wages throughout
the Sugar Industry. All
Trinidad Sugar Estates
and Factory Workers
Trade Union represents
the workers both at
Caroni and at Forres
Mr. Lloyd Doolan,
speaking for the Union,
informed Tapia that
sometime ago Forres
Park Ltd. agreed to
upgrade the wages:of the
factory workers but
absolutely refused to

consider a wage increase
for cultivation workers.
The issue is now before
the Industrial Court. It
is expected that some-
time on Thursday
February 5, a decision
will be given concerning
the wages of cultivation
The workers are hoping
that a settlement will
be reached in their favour,
because without jobs and
wages, they and their
families are experiencing
*tremendous hardship and
At the same time, the
workers have indicated
that they are not going
to budge until what they
consider theirjust demand
for better wages, is met.
Since December 8,
1975, factory and culti-
vation workers at Forres
Park have been holding
camp outside the factory.
Initially, the workers set
up camp to protest the
decision of Forres Park
Ltd., to close down the

Since then the workers,
through the All Trinidad
Sugar Estates and Fac-
tory Workers Trade
Union, have called on the
Government to take over
Forres Park to save the
jobs of the 300 or so
people involved.
The government's res-
ponse has been to take
over the factory. Caroni
Ltd., has been given a
contract to operate the
Forres Park factory for
one year. No decision has
been made beyond the
one year period.
What will happen to
the sugar lands around
the factory is still uncer-
tain. The government
takeover involves the
factory only and not the.
Rumour has it that
Forres Park is willing to
hand over the land to
government only for an
extremely outrageous sum.
Up to press time however,
Forres Park officials could
not be contacted about
this matter.

_ I IU ~I I

30 Cents

Vol. 6 No. 6


The article is a statement issued last Friday by Lloyd Best, Secretary of the
Tapia House Group.
It discusses Tapia's proposal for dealing with the question of Electoral
and Constitution reform, as well as introducing "Dr. Williams and the'Con-
stitution", a booklet by C.V. Gocking, soon to be published,and currently
being printed in parts in this newspaper.

TAPIA is again proposing an Assembly of political forces
to undertake joint opposition action on electoral and con-
stitutional reform.
A forthcoming Booklet by Dr. Vernon Gocking anti-
cipates that the introduction of the Constitution Amend-
ment Bill in the House of Representatives is going to be an
occasion. The Prime Minister, Dr. Gooking forecasts, will
very likely seek to make political.capital by presenting a
magnum opus to settle the constitutional crisis by offering
a liberal dispensation. The new Constitution could be a
blueprint for a brave new world offering in the main:-

equal rights for women
a Senate expanded to accommodate the voice of little
Parliamentary Committee to increase public accountability
and very possibly
proportional representation in some fonn to satisfy minor
political interests.
Since we in the Tapia House Movement fear that Dr.
Gocking's projections will prove to be very near the mark.
we think it our duty to alert the country including the
opposition. What Dr. Gocking is expecting is that the
Executive will now treat the work of the Joint Select
Committee, properly a product of the Legislature, in
exactly the same fashion as the work of the Wooding
In other words, the
Chief Executive will
neither be guided nor
governed by anything but
the dictates of its own SE LE(
political survival.
The result could be

by the method of DoctorTO G
Politics, a method which
so- far has ignored all the Doctor Politics is described
representations and protes- by Dr. Gocking as Prime
stations of the opposition Ministerial Government,
outside the ruling party for Tapia, it constitutes a
and will proceed now to comprehensive subversion
pappyshow even the pro- of the democratic process.
posals put forward by The most diabolic conse-
supporters inside. quence of it now would
This method of he a last-minute concesionn

Our coverage of


is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep abreast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.





Trinidad & Tobago $15.00 T.T
CARICOM Area 25.00 W.I
Other Caribbean 17.50 U.S
North America 21.00 U.S
United Kingdom t11.20 U.]
Western Europe 14.00 UI.I
Bound Volumes 1973 $20.00 T.T
Bound Volumes 1974 24.00 T.i
Back Issues Available
Overseas Deliveries Airmail. Surface Rates on Reques
Postage Extra on Bound Volumes.
Tapia, 82,St. Vincent St. Tunapuna,
Trinidad & Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126.

0 g g: 6&7

Members c





made to the Report of of m
the Wooding Commission parties
by way of some form of much
Proportional Representa- tional
tion, at no time mooted came
ir the deliberations of the elect
Joint Select Committee.
Porportiolhal Repre- Movei
sentation, lifted out of the propo
Wooding proposals, placed which
in the current context, Doctc
and introduced now as an politic
act of grace from above in popul
a form calculated to suit tical
the ruling party, would they
wreak havoc with the the C
politics of Trinidad and should
Tobago. to dec
If the country were
taken by surprise, the Gov-
ernment would be able to RI
claim credit for being
liberal to some of the V
opposition and for being on th
far-sighted in creating timing
arrangements more con- reform
genial to the survival of T
the ruling party as it slips poses
into the position of a same
whittled-down minority put t
interest. ment
In addition, some of agreed
the opposition would have conceit
been ignominiously up- for tl
staged and robbed of their electric
major constitutional issue. ence t
Above all, the ostens-
ible fragmentation of the
opposition, in fact no
greater than that of the
ruling party and manu-
factured by the invention



any jumbie-umbrella
s, woulk become
more real if propor-
representation be-
a fact of the J wX
oral ruies.
nhe Tapia ihlouse
nMen is therefore
Sing that the forces
stand hostile to
or Politics and the
cs of manipulating a
ation starved ofpoli-
education, whether
are inside 6r outside
positionn parties,
i now move speedily
:lare a joint position.


Ve urge a single stand
.e method and the
Sof the constitution
'apia further pro-
an assembly of those
opposition forces to
before the Govern-
and the country an
and unified position
rning arrangements
ie coming general
)nis with special refer-
o: -
registration of voters
lowering of the voting
use of'ballot-boxes
availability of media-
tinme fir all political

We reiterate that the
Tapia House Movement has
had no interest whatsoever
in any shotgun political
marriage of parties and we
do not now intend to
The sole effect of any
such marriage will be to
delude the people with an
unstable and unworkable
electoral coalition, incap-
able of effective govern-
Tapia has never
engaged in any talks for
such Opposition unity,
never entered into any
marriage of convenience,
nor entertained any discus-
sion on the question of
contesting the elections in
the framework of any deal.
Tapia insists that the
proposed joint action would
be both valid and con-
structive in that it would
bring greater national unity
in regard to workable
political rules.
One important result
of such national unity
could be lasting political
alliances based on a coIn-
munity of ideals exposed
realistically for the first
time in the context of
concrete collaboration be-
tween initially different
forces in pursuit of limited
but specific aims.

if the Tapia eIam at meeting of opposition forces in October.

~I __









t L


Valen ti --0


tireless leader of the
Repertory Dance Theatre,
is now finalising plans
for a concert tour of
Canada and the United
States that is being
organised largely by black
amateur theatre groups.
Valentino, "t h e
people's calypsonian", is
included in the tour that
will begin in Toronto,
Canada, on April 1 and
over the next month play
in Detroit, Cleveland,
Atlanta, Boston, Washing-
ton and New York.
"I'm anxious to do
it", Johnson said last


week before flying to the
U.S. to firm up things,
"because the image of
West Indian art is all
exotic entertainment.
We're going to show that
we have something serious
to offer.
With the Mau Mau
drummers and at least 18
dancers accompanying
him, Johnson plans to
stage some of the Reper-
tory Dance Theatre's best
works Fusion, Grave-
yard, Africa Africa, Song.
for Yamaja, Schooldays,
Ganga and She.
Valentino will sing
excerpts from the "Poet

U.S. tour

and Prophet" show that
sold out Queen's Hall
last May and then did a
very popular run through
Trinidad and Tobago.
In Toronto, the Afro-
Caribbean Theatre Work-
shop is making arrange-
ments for the group to
perform on the grounds
of the permanent Cana-
dian National Exhibition.
Trinidadian JeffHenry,
Professor of Drama at
York University in
Toronto, is also organis-
ing Un iv e r s i ty
"Most of the people
in the American cities

representing us are
amateur black companies,'
Johnson said. It's a sort
of community effort on
both sides.
"It isn't a profit thing.
We're going to perform
in black neighborhoods
in the United States and
do lecture/demonstrations
at schools."
Johnson, who nourish-
ed the idea during a
Christmas trip to New
York, said the tour was a
cultural mission being
undertaken so that
"people can become
more aware of what West
Indians are doing in the

let them

pay fot

aiO time

From Page 1

ing. should provide for
the presentation of the
full range of political
opinion so that the
public would be kept
fully informed.
While offering no sug-
gestion on the amount
of time that should be
set aside for political
broadcasts, the Tapia
letter stated that the
time set aside "should be
equitably divided among
the parties ,and should
be adequate to allow the
parties to make their
presentations while allow-
ing the stations to main-
tain a balanced fare."


Tapia did not antici-
pate great difficulty in
arriving at reasonable
standards in the question
of political broadcasting.
It proposed that free
time should, be made
available during elections
to all the contesting
parties, in addition to
whatever time they might
Nor did Tapia regard
the fact that some parties
might not be able to buy
time an "Obstacle to true
democracy". As Harris
put it:
"Provided the freedom
to organise exists, one of
the tests of a valid politi-
cal organisation is its
ability to raise funds for
what are considered to
be serious political pur-
In any case the letter
concluded, "we would
expect that the media
themselves would see it as
their duty to report and
comment fairly on the
activities of political
parties of every size and

FULL-TIME on the road
now as Tapia organizers
are Ivan Laughlin and
Beau Tewarie.
On January 31,
Laughlin took extended
leave from his Surveying
Co-op firm to assume.
campaign responsibility
for the Eastern Region
"from San Juan to Guay-

Ivan Laughlin

One month earlier,
Tewarie resigned his
school-teaching job at San
Fernando Government Se-
condary to manage the
San Fernando Office of
Tapia, now located at 8
Mon Chagrin Street.
Ivan Laughlin is

Treasurer of the
House Movement
Beau Tewarie is
munity Secretary.


Laughlin and Tewarie
bring to six the number
of members of the
National Executive now
in full-time employment
with the Movement.

Beau Tewaric


T I t ~r ~


* ~I Lt~Ji~.L7'7'~fii:r'Y uw


R.G. Ingram

Jeff Hackett

TWO MORE journalists
have quit the EXPRESS.
Political Reporter Jeff
Hackett and columnist
Alfred Tang Chow chose
individual styles to
announce that to the
Tang Chow, a journal-
ist with a flair for the
absurd, wrote a column
in the EXPRESS on

Allred lang alloww

January 29, entitled "The
Last Farewell."
Three days later, the
Sunday EXPRESS pub-
lished a photo of Jeff
Hackett beaming over a
farewell gift and David
Renwick, a Director of
the EXPRESS and former
editor, clutching him by
the shoulder.
The caption on the

photo said Hackett was
giving up political journal-
ism "to go into business
for himself." Next to
that was Hackett's last
political column, a simple
view of the split in the
In his column, a piece
bemoaning the catch-tail
condition of journalists,
Tang Chow said he had

belief, the statement investigated and
concluded, that t the up by the Auditor
ROB Lma I ++lf .m.+ ,t--A-1-,

THE NJAC has joined
the chorus of condemna-
tion of the:Prime Min-
ister on the Doddridge
Alleyne issue.
In a statement issued
on January 21 and till
*last week, NJAC sources
claim, not published by
the national media the
group labelled as "politi-
cal dishonesty" the
accusations directed
against "the highest levels
of the civil service."
While the statement
signed by P.R.O. Anum
Bankole does not refer to
Mr. Doddridge Alleyne
by name, it charged-that
the Prime Minister's
action had the effect of
"undermining the Admin-
istrative lifeblood of the
country since competent
and senior civil servants
can be sacrificed at the
hands of political zig-
NJAC notes that the
published statements by
the former Permanent
Secretary to the Prime
Minister clearly con-
tradicted what Mr.
Williams had said to the
PNM convention in
September 1975.
What the issue brings
to mind again, NJAC
observed, s "the moral
validity of the Prime
Minister's continuance in
office." To NJAC the
Doddridge Alleyne issue
presents further evidence
of the continuing moral
decay in the society.
It is NJAC's firm

and relevant auth


discovered an alarming
"People in the most
amazing walks of life are
making a success of things;
making money; being
happy. But in journalism
we have become condi-
tioned to depression."
And newspaper politics.
Both Hackett and Tang
Chow have in fact left the
EXPRESS because neither
relished the idea of work-
ing under George John,
who has now taken up
the job as editor, direct
from leaving his job as
Public Relations Officer
to the Prime Minister.


Hackett, in particular,
clashed with John in the
past over his reporting on
politics. John thought
Hackett was incompetent

and said so. That hurt
'the young reporter.
How will the EXPRESS
move under George John?
That's left to be seen.
On February 2, John
publicly announced his
re-entry into the EXPRESS
under an old byline,
Robert P. Ingram. His
topic was the late Paul
Robeson, whose passing
only Radio Trinidad so
fai has taken the trouble
to explore.
Robeson, of course,
was a black man who, in
spite of the success and
money due to him as a
great actor and singer,
tried to work, for some
dignity for his people.
Hopefully, Robert P.
Ingram is beginning with
some emulation in mind.


Port of Spain


now houses

* National Executive
* Campaign Committee

* Administrative Secretary
* Citizens Advice Bureau

* Angela Cropper

Is Venue for Council meetings

for Wednesday night rap sessions

and Cultural activities.

Check us out Tel: 62-25241

Cipriani. Boulevard, P.O.S.

----Lk-~-~~ ...


maLL(er musl L~.e MorougtllyI


- ==Ed




or a


:y slice.




Denis Solomon reviews

Trevor Rhone's film 'Smile Orange

IN THE DAYS of the
Federation they used to
say that the Jamaicans
should be the adminis-
trators of the West
Indies, the Bajans the
police and the Trinidad-
ians the artists.
There is a lot of truth
in this and certainly when
one considers the arts
alone there is a workman-
like consistency about
Jamaican production that
contrasts sharply with
the chaotic Trinidadian
situation where genius
exists side by side with
the most horrible incom-
petence, often in one and
the same person.
There is much Jamai-
can painting and drawing,
even Rastafarian, of a:
high academic quality.
Their novelists can not
only write, they can
punctuate too; and the
Jamaican Dance Theatre,
as seen a year ago on
Trinidad television, was
surpassed only by the
Chinese variety theatre
for technical competence
allied-to poetic destitution.
In Jamaica there has
been a regular theatrical
tradition since long be-
fore Walcott's Theatre
Workshop opened here,
and a great part of it
consisted ofalocal adapt-
ation of the British panto-
mime, as those Trinidad-
ians v.w o saw Busha
Bluebeard during the
Federal inaugural festivi-
ties will know.
In addition, drama
flourishes far more in
Jamaican than Trinidadian
In this country we
have on the one hand
Derek Walcott and Astor
Johnson, on the other
the Prime Minister's Best
Village Programme and
Freddie Kissoon.
So that when the two
countries apply themselves
to the composite art of
cinema, the Jamaicans

A John Canoe Band parades the streets at festival time A slice of Jamaican culture.

have a depth of profes-
sional resources to draw
upon that ensures an
adequate level of techni-
cal competence, and a
uniformity of quality
even in the absence of
any depth of theme or
innovation in technique;
while only in Trinidad
could Holly Betaudier
and Dennis Mahabir be
cinema actors.
The Trinidadian film
"Bim", for example, was
an honest and valuable
attempt at treatment of
a serious theme, though
the amateurishness of
much of its acting and
script taxed the goodwill
of audience and critics
The most recent of .
Jamaican Trevor Rhone's
films, "Smile Orange", is
.consciously superficial,
thoroughly professional
and vastly entertaining.
The film depicts a slice
of the picaresque exist-
-ence of Ringo Smith, a

waiter in a tourist hotel
and an accident-prone,
though decidedly resilient
hustler and gigolo.
The plot, in so far as
there is one, concerns his
attempts to instruct a
naive protege ("Thyril
the buth-boy, their ) in
the technique of consol-
ing lonely white female
tourists for money, find
jobs for his common-law
wife's brothers and thus
avoid violence at their
hands, keep himself from
being fired for neglecting
his work, and pick up
the odd ten dollars by
fixing the crab-races put
on by the hotel for the
tourists' amusement.


In the old-age tradition
of comic rogues, Ringo is
put to ever more devious
shifts to escape the back-
lash of his own involved
schemes; but each time
he comes a cropper his

resilience and unscrupul-
ous optimism enable him
to get on with the next
hustle, bloody but still on
top of the game.
He shakes off his
pursuing wife by hiding
in a dustbin and having
her told he is in Montego
Bay, but her brothers
track him down and beat
him up anyway. His most
promising female prospect
for a long time turns out
to be not a tourist but
the wife of the assistant
He succeeds in getting
his non-s w i m m i n g
brothers-in-law jobs as
lifeguards, and his nob-
bling of the race crabs
wins him a tidy sum, but.
these schemes nearly bring
about his downfall when
a tipsy guest, disheartened
at his losses in the
crooked crab-races, falls
into the hotel swimming-
pool and drowns while
the life-guards run for
help. In the end, of

course, Ringo comes out
on top.
The film is light-hearted,
bawdy and fast paced
throughout, playing for
belly-laughs and getting
plenty of them. The pre-
title sequence very deftly
sets the tone of broad
comedy and establishes
the character of the
accident-prone hustler in
an episode where Ringo
on his way to work gives
a girl a lift, gets her to
agree to-a session in the
bushes by threatening to
dump her at the roadside,
and finds, too late, that
they have chosen for their
amours a bower of cow-
itch vine.
Rhone severely eschews
the self-pity or idealisa-
tion with which West
Indian artists tend to
treat the theme of dis-
possession. Ringo says a
couple of times in the
film that "if a black man
don't learn to hustle, he
starve to death", but he
is clearly a rascal as much
by nature as by nurture
a Peer Gynt rather
than a Good Soldier

In fact, the film refuses
outright to idealise any-
body; rather, it portrays
everybody as a hustler.
and the way the hustles
overlap provides much of
the comedy.
If the black men want
the white women's
money, the white women
want the black men,
period: while the black
hotel receptionist (played
incidentally, by the sexiest
woman to appear on any
screen in many a day)
schemes- to use her sex
as a ticket to the USA,
the white tourist she is
trying to marry is on his
way from her bed to the
The bridegroom on his
all-included package-tour
Continued on Page 8.






Cont'd from last week:

O. Gooking on D Williams

and the new Constitution

The Draft is now in its final stages before the Joint Select
Committee of Parliament but-it makes a mockery of oft-repeated
PNM declarations of a firm resolve to make greater participation of
the people in the political process a main plank in the party's pro-
posals for constitutional reform. As a means to this end the 1975
Draft is a dismal failure and no improvement whatsoever on the
existing constitution.
I do not mean to be gratuitously rude when I say that in all I
have written on this subject I have expected less of the party than of
its leader whose all-round achievement has been such as to justify in
him an aspiration to a prominent place in Caribbean history and
maybe beyond. Possibilities of this kind have more often than not
been a compelling force driving eminent men on to lasting achieve-
i~ent. Wordsworth put it this way:
"We men, who in our morn of youth defied
The elements, must vanish. Be it so. r
Enough if something from our hands have pow 'r
To live and act and serve the future hour.
Dr. Williams appeared on the political scene at one of the most
critical periods of West Indian history the birth of a West Indian"
nation stretching from Jamaica in the north to Trinidad and Tobago
in the south. And there was the certainty o. .ater additions to its
However, without attempting to apportion blame, he was,
alas, one of the Big Four Adams, Bustamante, Manley and himself
who presided over the dismemberment and liquidation of the West
Indian nation. The hour did not produce the man.
Perhaps, more than any of the other three, his previous career
had marked him out for a decisive role in nation-building. His choice
of History way back in 1931 instead of law or medicine when he won
the Island Scholarship made great impression on his contemporaries.
His outstanding success at Oxford, his subsequent contribution to
Caribbean scholarship, his stint at the Caribbean Commission and his

Political integration is
the crowning point
of anly national move-
ment in the Caribbean.
In the view of
William Demas,-political
integration would
certainly enhance the
possibilities of the
people of the region
achieving economic

William Demas
entry into politics in 1955 at the age of44 seemed to indicate a man
of destiny. But, whatever the reasons, it is seeming increasingly likely
that he may not make it, at least not on the scale his friends and
well-wishers hoped for and anticipated.
I well remember when I first heard his "famous" witticism
that "one from ten leaves nought". It took me back to my QRC
days when I did Shakespeare's Henry V with Canon Doorly. Henry,
as Prince of Wales, Prince Hal, had been a play-boy. He turned over a
new ledt' when he became king. He re-opened -England's claims to
certain French dukedoms and this brought a contemptuous retort
from the Dauphin. He sent Henry a barrel of tennis-balls, "a tun of
treasure" and told him that he could not "revel into dukedoms"
there. And Henry replied:
Tell the Dauphin
His jest will savour but of shallow wit
When thousands weep more than did laugh at it.
And so it will ever be with this "one from ten leaves nought".
Everywhere, and in so many ways, we are seeing the effects
of the collapse of theFederation. Dr. Williams claims to see in the
Venezuelan presence in .the Caribbean and in West Indian disunity
and fragmentation a threat to the future of the Commonwealth
Caribbean. But surely this is something which any "A" level history
student would have anticipated, given the simple fact of British
withdrawal from the Caribbean area after World War II! That
British withdrawal would create a power vacuum is a very elemen-

F: t4



Eric Williams


The place

in histo

he seek,



tary concept. And if this concept was something beyond West Indian
statesmanship to see,, there were the 1940 Havana and the 1948
Bogota Conferences to light up the scene. Hitler's 1940 successes in
Europe had produced a rash of Latin-American claims to the Falkland
Islands Dependency, the Guianas and British Honduras (Belize).
More recently Guatemalan pressure on Belize has underlined
this threat to Commonwealth Caribbean territorial integrity, and it is
pathetically significant that Dr. Williams has seen fit to protest on the
latest Guatemalan aggression, not as Prime Minister of Trinidad and
Tobago, a member of Caricom, but as pro-tem Chainnan of ECLA.
And there is Cayenne, and Angola and the whole of Southern
Africa. What chance is there for a common regional foreign policy.
It would be useful at this point to hear what William Demas
has to say on the significance of political integrationfor the region
which is the crowning point of any national movement and permits
its flowering ;
I have so far (.-'irlwd myself to saying something about economic
integration. But a few words about political integration migh-be in
order at this point.
The real case for political integration in the Wes, ..dies is not econ-
omic;rather it rests on intangible factors such as the promotion of a
sense of identity on the part of the people of the region.
The feeling of nationhood is by definition a highly subjective one.
Intuitively one feels that the people of the English-speaking Caribbean
are one people, be they from the North-western part of the Caribbean.
the Eastern Caribbean Islands or from Guyana: be they of Indian or
African origin; be they of White or Chinese extraction.
Therefore to refuse to institutionalise through political unity this
feeling of oneness is to leave the people of the Region psychologically
diminished and unfidfilled.
It should also be added that political unity in the Region would cer-
tainvl not diminish and would certainly enhance the long nm
possibilities of the people of the Region achieving economic power.
since such unity would in itself place us in a position to achieve the
economic benefits of meaningfid economic integration. "
The question now arises: Surely Dr. Williuams who has been
intimately associated with the failure to achieve West Indian nation-

- --C -C L-


the N(

OUARY 8, 1975

hood -- whatever the reasons or explanations -- is not now going to
be directly responsible for the failure to achieve democracy, the
failure to achieve fuller democratic representative self-government in
his own homeland of Trinidad and Tobago? We can be surehe must
be thinking and feeling something like this:

"I was not born to make Trinidad and Tobago safe for oligarchy. Ido
not propose to be "a respectable chainnan" for its purposes and its
designs. I have already, in spite of myself, been associated with the


Dr. Willianlclaims to see
in the Venezuelan presence
in the Caribbean and in
West Indian disunity
and fragmentation a
threat to the future of
the Caribbean, but this
is surely something which
any A level history student
would have anticipated.

Carlos Andres Pcrez

failure to achieve West Indian nationhlxd. .Am I now. not only going
to fail to promote democracy but succeed in being used to maintain
and sustain oligarchy?"

And these questions have substance.
For years Dr. Williams has been aware of oligarchic and
authoritarian trends in the society.

"Wil!... change involve the emergence of a totalitarian society, or is
it to take place within the framework of the democratic structure and
organization we are trying to develop?" (I '. ,I p.. .n ", p. 7.,(19 70)
"Will ... change lead to a more equitabledistribution ofthe national
product?" (Perspectives". p. 7)

And he has seen the "importance of leaders having confidence in the
people" as "central". ("Perspectives", p. 16)

In spite of this, however, there has been a persistent and
inexorable trendover the last five years towards greater auth ori arianisni
in government --- the Amendment Act to the Summary Offences
Ordinance, the Sedition Act, the Firearms Act, the industrial Sabo-
tage Bill.
The trend is quite understandable. In any country where
things are so ordered that the rich are becoming richer and the poor
poorer-and our most recent official statistics confirm this the privi-
leged are driven by the smouldering discontent of the dispossessed
and disadvantaged to pursue certain predictable courses of action:
First they immobilise the vast numbers of the under-privileged, who
are already unorganized, by striking at the only methods of simple
organization open to them.. They place restrictions on the right of
assembly; they ban political marches. These political devices are
calculated to keep the masses unaware of such consensus as may
exist among them and prevent feeling from mounting behind con-
sensus. The masses are thus de-fused.
Another device of control is the withholding of information
so that discontent cannot be organized around feelings infornned by
clearly held ideas, the feelings and ideas, in turn, deriving their
strength and clout from abundant information and well-articulated
public opinion.
Privilege also draws its strength from gradations of privilege,
carefully contrived. The oligarchic core binds as many as possible to
the ranks of the privileged by sharing the good things around even if
methods are afterwards devised for drawing off much of the gains
that have seemed to accrue. Heavy income-tax on the salaried and
wage-earning classes is a case in point.
So far Trinidad and Tobago is a fairly rich country and the
numerical strength of the privileged and near-privileged is consider-
able. Privilege is also shared among all significant groupings. Upward
movement of individuals and groups is also facilitated by educational
opportunities -fairly administered. But sooner or later, as oligarchy
grows stronger, horizontal stratification will succeed vertical move-
ment, upwards and downwards. It is already happening where merit
is becoming less important than affiliations of various kinds -
political, racial, class. Indeed, this has been happening for a long
time now.
Already stranded on the shoals of West Indian nationhood
Dr. Williams is being carried inexorably along the current of-burgeon-
ing oligarchy and growing maldistribution of the national product
with their accompanying authoritarianism in government threatening
to engulf us.
To the losses we have sustained through these two grave mis-
adventures the failure to achieve WeNt Indian nationhood and the

Sooner rather than
later we shall be hearing .i r '
of plans for a Caribbean
Studies programme,
for Archive accom-
modation, for a
Pantheon for West-
Indian heroes. He must
promote a grand
movement for enlighten-

C.L.R. JarTn.s

erosion and eclipse of participatory democracy in our-midst we
must add those things we have failed' to achieve but which we had a
right to expect from a man of Dr. Williams' stature and opportuni-
ties-namely new modes of thought and feeling, new vistas arising
from new perspectives on our place as a newly independent people
in the Americas and in the broader community bordering on the A tlan-
tic ocean, a break-away from the narrower confines of an erstwhile
exclusive association with an Anglo-Saxon empire into the field of
wider cultural contacts with people of similar historical antecedents
in Afro-America the U.S.A., Brazil and Spanish America and in
India, for example. Such contacts are natural and inescapable and
being natural would be healthy and would inform and enrich the
minds of all, and particularly those most directly and intimately
concerned. Nor need we fear that emerging West Indian culture will
not be strong enough to contain and absorb the new forces released
and so incorporate them within its own distinctiveness.
Dr. Williams has noted a certain insensitivity in Government
and so we can expect the budget to do something to relieve dis-
advantaged groups like old age pensioners. -He has already committed
Government to free secondary education up to 16 plus as the norm.
Large sums will therefore be voted for the expansion of education.
But over -nd above these provisions will be a programme tf r expan-
sion of .ary facilities. Sooner rather than later we shall be hearing
of plans for a proper Caribbean Studies progranlme, ior Archike
accomn(od nation, for a Pantheon for West Indlian heroes. lIe I musl
promote a grand movement for enlightenment. To be Continued

TAPI A l M,,V-i



I WANT to take issue
with an article published
in TAPIA Vol. 6 No. 4
of which the headline
read "Williams to seek
stronger mandate."
Dr. Gocking in his new
pamphlet argues that the
Prime Minister is likely
soon to retire again from
his post, as leader of the
ruling party.
It will be part of
Williams' plan, he thinks,
to win political support.
I want to say from the
start that I do not share
Dr. Gocking's political
judgement if only because
of the evidence I am
going to put forward.
What Williams is plan-
ning is hard to tell. Even
if we have the informa-
tion, Williams is always
likely to confuse the
I feel, however, that
we ist look at the
political situation as far
as Williams is concerned
from two points. The

A juicy

From Page 5
honeymoon tries to con
the hotel by eating .a
dozen meals at once;
strolling with his bride
on the beach afterwards
his eructations disturb-
the fornicating couples
for miles around, unhors-
ing, in particular, Thyril
the Buth-Boy, Thir as he
proceeds to. his first
---T assistant hotel-
manager aspires to white-
ness and has a white
North Americanwife, but
is horned by the blackest
man in the film, his
Finally, it is by playing
different people's dis-
honest motives off against
one another that Ringo,
in the end, turns defeat
into victory at IFast
Nevertheless, the poig-
nant side of the hustler's
life is not absent from
the fim. Along with
Ringo's rascality the
Soberer portrayal of his
friend and (often reluc-
ant) accomplice enables
us. to. feel the
indignity of the basically
worthy man forced into
a hustler's .existence.
The scenes Vwhere
Ringo instructs Thyril the
Buth-Boy, Thir in seduc-
tion are among the
funniest in the film, but
when Ringo proclaims "I
could_ a teacher",
actor Carl Bradshaw has.
given us a sufficient por-

~#tZ*I0 iIE

km!LLiIRJ I :c [.V'fii7iT

first is whether he is
really going as he said he
would in 1972, or whether
he is staying.
If he is likely to go the
question we have to ask
is. How?
And if he is not going,
how would he get back,
given that he does not
postpone the election,
which is likely.
To answer the first
question we must go back
:to 1971. In that year the
Prime Minister declared
that he was staying on
for another 5 years to
put the country back

slice of

a's life
trayal of the compulsive
explainer that is part of
*every born teacher to
suggest to us that with half
a chance Ringo might
indeed have been just
In spite of a somewhat
thin ending, Trevor
Rhone's comedy makes
use of a number of
strikingly comic charac-
ters in a restricted settings.
It exploits with consider-
able effect the device of
interlocking sub-plots, all
serving the overall comic
purpose, with the audi-
ence being re-introduced
by turns to each of the
main characters in a new
escapade, as in the chap-
ters of a novel.
In 'these respects it
resembles some of the
work of Milos Forman,
author director from a
small country (Czechoslo-
vakia) and indeed "Smile
Orange" proves there is
no reason why the coun-
tries of the Caribbean
should not become
known as sources of good
"small" films.
At all events, master-
pieces of the cinema,
whether big or small,
serious or comic, (and
this is more true of the
cinema than of any other
art) will only come out
of a film industry with a
constant, commercially
viable output.
Given our limited
financial resources, such
an output cannot consist
of wide-screen epics.

into shape.
If he is to be taken
seriously, then 1976 is
the year of packing his
bundle and leave and go.
In 1973, the Prime
Minister cursed his Min-
isters and Party members
upside down.
Since then he again
put full blame on mem-
bers of the Party for the
state of the country.
He said that the Parlia-
mentarians were respons-
ible for the condition of
Special Works.
Since 1971 Williams
has not changed his atti-
,tude towards the mem-
bers of his Party.
He still does not speak
to most with the excep-
tion of one or two whom
he trusts.
Not a single one knows
the time of election.
And this is so because
Williams knows that it is
almost impossible to go
into an election with
people who he said to
the country were corrupt.
Given this situation,
Williams may well carry
the Party up to election
time and then withdraw
his candidacy, leaving the
old movement in complete


If he is planning on
destroying the Party, and
this, is certainly likely,
he will do it only at the
ninth hour.
It is hardly likely that
Gocking's analysis would
be correct. Williams
knows full well that in
politics one cannot play
the same shot twice.
He must be calculating
that a repeat of his 1973
performance will leave
him out in the cold.
If this analysis is incor-
rect then he is staying,
and let us examine it. It
seems to .me an impos-
sibility for him to get rid
of the old faces which he
would like very much to
do for the purpose of
presenting the country
with a new Party.
What makes that option
very remote is the fact
that the old faces have
long started their cam-
paign which certainly

exception of one consti-,
tuency, Laventille.
For that reason, Special
Works was taken out of
the control of the office
of Hector McClean and
Wilton Hinds.
Special Works is now
directly the responsibility
of the Prime
SMinister and
there is no
doubt that
Laventille ishis
constituency for the 1976
There is no doubt in
my mind that the Old
Movement is in small
political attendance in the
situation. And therefore,
Williams' main objective
in this election is to win
an overall majority of
While some of us think
that Williams must settle
the Constitution question,
the Prime Minister is
certainly calculating his
gains and losses in the
event of an election this
I have no doubt that
one of his schemes is to
divide any one constitu-
ency into a number of
seats, and in such a way
as to make sure that
Continued on Page 11

must have been calcu-
lated to pre-empt Williams
and make it impossible
for him to do otherwise
than to retain them.
In this situation his
biggest headache would
be whether he can win
an election with those
crooks, and,)ow.
The results of the 1971
election showed a ridicul-
ous decline in PNM sup-
port. In his own consti-
tuency, Williams was only
able to poll a little over
4,000 of an electorate of
over 13,000.
It is quite clear that
since 1971, not onlylthe
PNM but also the Prime
Minister's support has
further deteriorated.
Nowhere in the coun-
try do I see any evidence
of Williams winning a
single seat, with the






Of people who know
how to cope

with rising




,- I; I L





must i -
Gayap Workshop musicians in concert, 1974.

dress up to Palaver

SUNDAY evening last
every music lover who
could make it drifted up
to "Palaver Place", the
new disco on upper
Frederick Street, to listen
to Clive Alexander and
the Gayap people play

that sweet music.
That kind of music
hasn't filled a Sunday
evening since it was first
tried at the "Purple
Haze" disco in Maraval a
year ago. Then, Andre
Tanker, the old Clive,

Toby Tobas and Erol
Wise, Stan Chaman and
Mike Boothman made
Sunday a really remark-
able experience.
Then the cover charge
at the door started a
competition with- the

prices for drinks
The up-up-up
got people giddy.

Or fed

And this effort by the
musicians to play for
their audience at a
regular place fell flat.
When the word went
out that "Palaver Place"
last Sunday was another
try by the musicians,
people went up there by
the dozens. Sweet music
is sweet music.
The cover charge at the
door was $3. No big thing.
Tony Hall, Christopher
Pinheiro and Noble
Douglas, fresh from all-
afternoon rehearsals on
"Babylon", tendered
their bread at the door.
At the door was Mrs.
Irma Simonette, who
runs "Palaver Place".
Who said, smiling:
"Would Tony mind going
home and changing his.-

Everybody laughed.
Then it was serious:
Tony really couldn't
come in wearing sneakers
and a hat. There were
rules about "wear" in
the place.
So Tony and company
took back their money
and left. "And on the
way out", Tony recalls,
"Leslie King passed us
wearing a big, broad hat
and he went inside. We
just laughed."
The thing is, Tony
was wearing his usual
clothes: jim boots, batter-
ed blue jeans, worn T-
shirt and a tam the
knitted cap that origi-
nates in Jamaica and nas
become part of the wear
of call it ordinary
Who, obviously, aren't
included in the "Palaver".
You really have; to
laugh, yes.


Grande school makes hit in town

WHILE thousands of
other Trinidadians went
to calypso tents and
carnival fetes last Satur-
S ay gt-,- a~group of-
young, dedicated, and
talented students was
entertaining a small but
delighted Queen's Hall
It was the third run of
the North Eastern College
Folk Choir's presentation
"Linstead Market". This
followed successful pre-
sentations in Sangre
Grande, the Choir's home-
town, and St. Mary's
College, Port-of-Spain.
The production dis-
played a surprising degree
of professionalism. It was
obvious that a great deal
of research and hard
work had gone into it.
The pre-dawn opening
scene and the blend of
crisp youthful voices
evoked in the cool even-
ing air of Queen's Hall,
early morning prepara-
tions at a market.
As the morning pro-
gressed, so did the activi-
ties. The fisherman,
coconut-woman, ice-cream
coconut-woman, i c e-
cream vendor, cassava
pone lady and even the
preachers had their stories
to tell and wares&to sell
The outstanding per-
formance of the first half
of the programme was
the touching rendition of
"wata come a mi eye".
The voice of Ingrid
Ignatius did true justice
to the well-known folk-
song of an old lady who
mourns the death of her
young daughter Liza.

with Linstead Market

_EPatrick_ Adams as the
preacher, Brother Adol-
phus, was impressive.
But even though side-
walk preachers tend to
be incomprehensible in
real life, proper and clear
diction is essential tor a
stage production.
The actor who played
the fisherman also lacked
clarity at times. Perhaps
if he could be a bit more
relaxed onstage, his acting
and singing would im-
The second half of the
programme was even
livelier. Unfortunately, it
was sometimes a case of
actions. speaking .louder
than words.
The soloist who sang
"John Boulay", for
instance, would have had
a much greater impact
with his powerful, reson-.
ant voice if he had
restrained some of his
Catherine George
deserves special mention
for her marvellous acting
and superb singing.
Her renditions of "Mi
Bouilli" and "Allez, 19oi
C'allez" were literally
A talented youngster,
she showed fine potential
in both singing and act-
But the two persons
who deserve full credit
for North Eastern's dis-
play of Caribbean folk-

lore and music, are the
attractive musical director
and arranger, Helen James,
and the cool, modest
producer, Winston Wil-
It requires much skill
and imagination to com-
bine a collection of
Caribbean folksongs with
explanatory dialogue and

drama, in order to produce
a perfectly co-ordinated
production like "Linstead
The choir as a whole
displayed a great deal of
discipline and alertness.
Its best songs were the'
opening song "Linstead
Market", "Cassava pone",
"Nobody's business" and

the closing song, "Time
for man go home".
It gave good support
to the various soloists,
although at times, slurs
and pauses could have
been a bit more polished.
After nearly two hours
of delightful entertain-
ment, I felt really sad to
see them go. JEREMYMAR

Sub scribe to The little

Beian Paper'



ADDRESS _______


$2.50 (Ja)

I I __I U

Territories )

Other Caribbean:


s5 oo ( ui. S.).

$5.o0 (U.S.).
L 1. 50o.




Six ways

we can




OVER the past few
months, I have been
trying to raise the ques-
tion with the officials of
the Ministry of Agricul-
ture and at the parlia-
mentary level of a
quarantine being placed
on the importation of
Geological Samples and
related Research Materials
into the country but
have so far been
unsuccessful. At present
(according to the Chief
Quarantine Officer at
Queen's Wharf) a special
permit is required to
bring such samples into
the country.
On April 10, 11975, ,I
received a parcel of
Geological Specimens (by
mail) from the Mississippi
Geological Survey.


The parcel was retained
by the Quarantine Divi-
sion and I was asked to
apply for a permit. This I
did on the same day.
However, I have had
no word from the Divi-
sion either about the
permit or the reasons for
holding the samples for
almost ten months.
Inquiries reveal that
the samples were "quaran-
tined" on the grounds
that they may "contain
adhering soil which may
carry bacteria detrimen-

The dangers of land sea and air pollution to which this letter refers were the theme
of a Yugoslav poster competition. Unesco Features

tal to plant life."
Attempts to disssuade
the Division from taking
this course of action have
met with no response.
To enable the public
to be in a better position
to judge the issue for
themselves, I would raise
the following points for
their consideration:


1. During the period
that the samples have
been in the possession of
the Quarantine Division
(from 10th April 1975)
, many more bacteria (both
pathogenic and non-
pathogenic) would have
entered the country.
2. An easily identifi-
able source of soil bacteria
would be in the millions
of gallons of water and
tons of sediments dumped
by the Orinoco River
into the Gulf of Paria.
Estimates of bacteria
in estuarine waters vary
from several thousands to
several millions per cc.
Numbers are much higher
in sediments of coastal
swamps, reaching up to
on billion per gram of
3. A second source of
soil bacteria would be in
fishes caught in our
coastal zone. In 1970
alone a total of 6,789,000
lbs. of fish was landed at
the Port-of-Spain and San
Fernando wharves.

The fishes consume
considerable quantities
of sediments, detritus
and planktons brought
into our coastal waters
by the Orinoco and
Essequibo Rivers.
4. A third source of
soil bacteria would be in
the luggage, clothing,
shoes, hair and skin of
travellers (and returning
residents) to the country.
In 1974, the number of
arrivals was 418,050.


Although it is difficult
to accurately determine
the number of bacteria
that would have entered
the country, some indica-
tion could to t-InJ
from the v.. J:l i of adher-
ing matter.
The minimum weight
to topsoil, organic matter
and wind-borne dust per
person is often given as
one ounce (28 g.). Sub-
stantial amounts would
also have been brought
in by aircraft and ocean
5. The fourth source
would be in air-borne
6. The fifth source of
soil bacteria would be in
the substantial amounts of
crude oil, rice, wheat,
potatoes, meats and vege-
tables imported into the

In 1974, for instance,
imports of crude amount-
ed to 127,107,931 bar-
rels. Crude oil furnishes
a hospitable medium for
many strains of soil
In considering the
above data, several ques-
tions would immediately
spring to mind: Why
should it require over
nine months to receive
a reply or obtain permit
from the Chief Quaran-
tine Officer?
Indeed, why should a
special permit be required
trom the Chief Quaran-
tine Officer?


Most geological samples
are freshly exposed to
the atmosphere and would
contain far, far fewer
bacteria (in terms of
pathogens and also gross

-- I __ I~ _~~1~ III ~a I

New ISER study

on J' ee coffee industry

COFFEE is the subject of the latest ISER publication.
The 82-page book sold for $7.20 is entitled "The
Coffee Industry of Jamaica Growth, Structure and
Though much of the discussion and analysis it
contains relates specifically to Jamaica, the author
R.L. Williams, a lecturer in Accounting at UWI,
Mona, thinks that the social objectives identified and
the methods used are sufficiently general as to be
useful for evaluating public sector enterprises in
other countries.
The ISER branches at Mona and Cave Hill and
Moko Enterprises are agents for the book.





Citizens Advice Bureau

Now Open

Tapia P.O.S Centre
Cipriani Boulevard Phone: 62-25241

number of species) than
the sources mentioned.
Studies have shown that
most bacteria flourish in
the upper few centimeters
of topsoil.
It is, therefore, diffi-
cult to understand the
reasoning in withholding
the samples for an extra-
ordinarily long period,
while at the same time,
tons of soil and estuarine
sediments are being
deposited in our coastal
A few pounds of Geo-
logical Samples can
scarcely warrant such
meticulous examination,
especially as they are not
Fertilizers nor Additions
to Soil as spe-ified in
the Quarantine Regula-
In asking the Tapia
House Group to raise the
matter in the Senate, I
would hold the view that
some form of public
accountability is required.
Whenever the freedoms
of our citizens are tamper-
ed with, it should only
be done in te interest
of justice and'a spirit of

---. For......L-.- -..

6A Boissere


LT ---- I I I-I 1 111 111- 1 II





Electionus Panicus


I a

on fthe


cently learnt about the
existence of a very
serious virus here in
Trinidad, which is
threatening to afflict large
sections of the popula-
It seems that while
very little is known about
the causes of the disease
its existence has been
known to medical science
for some time now.
The scientific name
-for--the-disease-is-- elec-
tionus panicus".
My investigations have
revealed a number of
startling facts. In the first
place, in spite of the fact
that so little is known
about the disease, it can

be a very dangerous one
indeed if it is not properly
attended to.
The first symptoms of
the disease is a kind of
madness which grips a
certain section of the
Apparently both priests
and politicians are very
susceptible to the disease.

Victims who normally
may be the stingiest
people in the world,
become very generous
and start making promises
to people they never even
bothered about before.
Sometimes it appears
when the disease gets a
bit worse, some victims
are even forced to carry

anything done for tlhmn.
The problem with this
disease and the reason
why in spite of its bene-
ficial side-effects, it is
,considered one of the
most dangerous diseases
in some parts of the
world is that it is very
Few people are immune

from it and it is spread
chiefly by way of the
In the medical world
today there is a very big
debate over the best
means of controlling the
In some countries the

Victims of the first
-stage of the disease, the
experts tell me, feel an
irresistible compulsion to
run all over the place and
talk and talk and talk.
In addition, it seems
that there are also certain
psychological effects.

Cometh... goeth...

From Page 5
wherever the PNM candi-
date is, his support is
strongest, whether that
support is big or small.
Whatever it is, his candi-
date must win.
I am convinced, judg-
ing from the political
climate, that Parliament
is not going to be a 36-
member house but plenty,
plenty more than that.
Williams cannot afford
to lose an election.
He knows if he does,
history will not take
kindly to him. Posterity
is his nightmare.
History must speak
kindly of him is what he
desires, and therefore, to

let go of the State, to
his knowledge must be
an accident of political
Whatever people say,
whatever analysis is given,
Williams is going to try
to hold on to power at
any cost.
I refer to Eugenmo
Moore, Frank Rampersad,
Dodderidge Alleyne, Ivan
Williams, and others.
This political develop-
ment does not look like
a man resigning with the
hope of being called back.
The banning of politi-
cal voices on radio and
TV are all signs of a man
drunk with power.
He is always making
reference to the non-

out their promises.
Indeed I have been
told that in some coun-
tries the population is
always happy when an
epidemic of this disease
comes around.
It seems that it is the
only time when they get

who knoweth?

dictatorship of the Party.
I do not take these
words lightly. They are all
signs of a man possessed
with an evil desire for
power. No one would
. ve thought that Mrs.
Gandhi would have intro-
duced fascism into the
politics of India, but she
Williams is certainly
playing for a mandate
to introduce the dictator-
ship. But he will not
play the same shot twice.
This is one time the
Party will not allow him
to get away with it a
second time. And Williams
knows this; that is why he
is not going to play the

His haste to start all
.sorts of projects is cer-
tainly a test of the citizens
by his desperation to
ascertain his political
If, however, he is still
doubtful, as he is, of his
political support, then he
will hope for some politi-
cal blunder in the situa-
tion, to suspend the

My firm belief, how-
ever, is that Williams is a
confused and tired man.
And we, the people,
have to watch that.
Because what it could
mean is that we can end
up with a military state
or a country of unceasing

medical authorities insist
that the emphasis should
be placed on the curative
aspects while in other
countries the experts feel
that it would be better
to emphasise the preven-
tive aspects.
This debate has been
going on for a long time
now and it is still no
nearer to a solution. The
fact is that the disease is
such a complex one that
whatever aspect of con-
trol one supports, there
are very serious compli-
Recently, for example,
in India which had tradi-
tionally supported the
curative aspects of control
there was a big switch
to prevention.
A team of surgeons
led by a famous woman
doctor, embarked on a
programme of preventive
control in which they
attempted to solve the
problem by putting all
those suspected of the
disease in quarantine.


The latest reports
coming out of India seem
to indicate that the
method has effectively
stopped the spread of
the disease. It has not,
however, eliminated it
altogether and research
is now being carried on
to find the best means of
doing so.
Studies are now being
made of the ancient
practice of controlling
leprcsy to see if there
may not be some helpful
Here in Trinidad and
Tobago, in spite of some
rumours that our Ministry
of Health intends to
adopt the preventive line,
all indications are, that
for the time being at
least, our Doctor will
concentrate on the curative
Recently the Chief
Medical officer acquired
a new piece of capital
equipment which seems
to indicate that he will
be making efforts to tour
the entire country distri-
buting placebos to the
sick and afflicted.
The equipment, for
those of you interested
in such technical details,
is a pair of Charles Horrell

Our printing-plant is open at
The Tapia House 82-84 St. Vincent
Street, Tunapuna.
Kindly phone orders to: 662-5126.


Comment by Fillip



-- ---





Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N.Y. 10021,
Ph. Lc-igh 5 8448.

- i- .. ..

__ Z 1


AN OLD Indian man walked through San
Juan market last Sunday morning with the
aid of a little boy. The boy held firmly to
a live cock in his right hand.
It was an unsightly spectacle: this
old man, mole blind, stumbling among
passersby begging. "Feel sorry for me, the
operation fail. Ah cyar work again. Feel
sorry for me nuh."
The woeful lack of dignity of the
entire episode served only to disgust me
more, in a way that still would not have
prevented me from giving him material
assistance had I the means. But to feel
sorry was the last thing I could have done.
The one thing I was unable to do was to
pretend that the old man's predicament was not
mine too. I am in some way responsible.
And so I feel when it comes to appraising
the significance of the failure of the "Windies" in
Routed, for all practical purposes, by the
Australians, our once gallant lads, victors inlthe
World Cup Series, now have the rest of the
world passing they mouth on we.
For some we have fastbecome an embarrass-
ment: as soon as the series is over
"Windies" would be able to "slink home and
prepare for Tests. against India and England,
opponents more their calibre."
Another Australian sports writer suggested
that: "A wholesale charge for runs with his
(Chappell's) batting order upside down, if neces-
sary, would have given a little levity to a situation
seemingly designed to make strong men weep."
The Australian Captain Greg Chappell made
ii quite clear that Australian authorities would
have taken the necessary steps to deal with
the performance had the experience been theirs.
As he put it: "The West Indies innings would
not have been tolerated if it had been produced
by "an Australian team under my leadership."
Prior to those remarks came the pity-
oriented pleas. There were those who were eager
to give us advice to help prop up our once high
reputation by the time the fourth test had ended,
making it a 3 to 1 lead in the Australian's favour.
"Bring in Baichan and move yourself higher
up Lloyd," advised the English Captain -Tony
By the end of it all we had become the
laughing, stock of the world as Tony Cozier tried
to show.
What he neglects to mention is that the
laughter now reverberating around the world was
provoked here fairly early by his "Happy Hooker"
series of articles written for the Express.
It was left only for the Evening News to
conclude sarcastically: "Windies Made Them
All the while the attempt seems to be to
show that we at home are not part of the failure
of the West Indies cricket team.
Now we are diagnosing and diagnosing
-always outside of ourselves. It is therefore not
strange that one editorial could cite the "indivi-
dualism" of West Indian culture as the source of
the Eternal Dilemma of.West Indian Cricket.


Sr r
* *Y
..p j
,.ii e

yY -


We failed to play
as a team posses-
sing something
to fight for.
Indeed we
tended in Aus-
tralia to want ,
people to feel
sorry for us.

We failed to play as a 'team.possessing
something to fight for.
But nothing is really wrong with individual-
ism if it is positive and constructive. And our
persistent failure to concede that point is part of
the problem with our home-bred critics, be they
politicians or sports writers or journalists.
Indeed on the cricket pitches of Australia
we tended to give way to our proclivity for
wanting .others to look sorrowfully at our plight.
What could be more negative?
So that when instead we should stand firm
and courageous, regardless of what unfair decisions
went against us, we moaned and groaned that the
Aussie umpires were trying to do us down.
Another expression of similar negative
evaluations has been made in the cohtext of
Andy Roberts,Richards and Kallicharan's accept-
ance of contracts to stay Down Under and play
Never is it possible for us to conceive of our
nationals being able to bring equal or even superior
capacity to exploit other people's weakness in
ways that are not simply stratagems.
That is an attitude of the colonial mind.
The sooner we come to realise that such traits
have little to do with independent people, the
sooner we will be able to find the answer to the
Eternal Dilemma of West Indian Cricket.
Then we may be helped, through the self-
knowledge acquired, to appreciate that the giving
of one too many "bad" decisions may well have
been part of a larger Australian strategy to
ensure West Indies defeat.
By the first day of the Sixth and last Test
Windids had abdicated their responsibility to the
people of the Caribbean Common Market.
Lloyd, the Captain, was at last to "accede
to frequent requests from the crowd to 'put
Gibbs on.' "
That event alone helps us to appreciate
the depths of commitment from which the
Australian captain speaks when he surmised on
what would or would not be "tolerated under my
Nor was our humiliation confined to the
cricket pitches. For in respect of negotiating for
returns commensurate with our potential as
crowd-pullers, we were caught equally inept.
No, no, we can't kick up a fuss, warns Jeff
Stollmeyer. We have to keep wearing the demean-
our of harmless, quiet, colonial blacks,. While the
Australians decide on whether we deserve a bonus
or not.
"Feel sorry for me nuh, the operation fail."


Well there is a whole new generation of
young West Indians who are not prepared to put
up with that doncosorrow habit.
For the dilemma of West Indian Cricket
has its manifestations in numerous other aspects
of West Indian sport and of West Indian social
It is a dilemma that bears direct relation to
the fact that the Steve Davids and the Everad
Cummings have to look to the USA for a living
from football, that our best athletes have always
been US based, that a recent athletic team from
Trinidad and. Tobago returned from Mexico with
one silver medal.
Our failure abroad bears direct relation for
to we failures Ot West Indian politicians and Ci
their. political movements to either bring the--
foreign businessman in, on our terms or throw
him out.
Why is it that the PM of Trinidad and
Tobago eventually had to "dump" the aluminium
smelter project based on joint regional participa-
tion and cry recolonisation threat from the
Isn't there something about the negotiated
West Indian share of earnings of the tour that is
uncomfortably familiar to the Trinidad-Tesoro
deal where $100,000 was put up by Tesoro
Company Ltd., for 49 per cent ownership in a
$44mm. firm?
All that has direct bearing on Windies as
the laughing stock of the world. We must remember
that that condition did not start on the cricket
pitches of Australia, not with Dennis Lillee or
Tornado Thommo.
It began right here in the Caribbean Ocean
Sea. It began with the negative evaluation of our
worth, with the niggardliness of spirit and narrow-
ness of vision enunciated in the philosophy that
led- tq the early demise of prospects for West
Indian Nationhood.
It began as a consequence of the philosophy
of "One from ten leaves nought." And the levity
that is now being provoked throughout the far
comers of the globe by the duck West Indies
scored on Australian cricket pitches is merely a
continuation of what began at home.
Provided we have the correct perspective we
must see that our failure is nothing to cry about
or worse, to laugh at.
The task that remains undone is that of
winning the Caribbean for the blackman.
And for its fulfilment we have to move
swiftly to take over the reigns of political leader-
ship in the capitals of the English-speaking Carib-
bean and place it in the hands of people who are
prepared to found in the Caribbean Ocean a State
for the peoples who have made here their home.
But as it stands we are at home in an
American Lake.And we are at home with the
inequalities in the distribution of welfare for the
populations of West Indian territories.
It is to that condition that our cricketers will
be returning from Australia. Until we accept
responsibility for transforming that colonial condi-
tion it is: Home again, home again jiggity-jig.


_ I,_