Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00198
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: February 1, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00198

Full Text

Vol. 6 No. 5

I,I *; C 'I




THE Public Service As-
sociation (PSA) is query-
ing the approach of
both the Auditor-General
and the Public Service
Commission (PSC) in
their handling of the
Doddridge Alleyne affair.
Mr. Alleyne, Head of
the Civil Service and
Permanent Secretary to
the Prime Minister, has
been asked to go on leave

a,;d is facing charges
before the PSC that
could lead to his dismis-
But in a statement
being prepared last week,
the PSA says it does not
agree with the procedure
adopted by the Auditor-
General and the PSC in
dealing with Mr.'Alleyne's
"We are saying that
the procedure is wrong
and we are supported on

that by legal opinion", a
PSA spokesman said last
The PSA has retained
eminent Queen's Counsel
Mr. Algernon Wharton,
Mr. Allan Alexander and
Mr. Oswald Wilson to
fight Mr. Alleyne's case.
The Alleyne affair
blew up last October
when the Prime Minister
told the PNM's annual
convention of a move by
a "small ambitious rfiin-
ority of civil servants"
to "take over" the Gov-

At the convention, Dr.
Williams also charged
that a senior civil servant
had signed an agreement
with a foreign agency
without Government's
approval. Substantial
sums of money were
'paid to the agency under
the agreement, the Prime
Minister said.
It has since been dis-
closed that the agree-
ment involved the French
Government's Enterprise
de Reserches et D'Pet-
roilers, (ERAP), which
vws hired to do work on.

he AMOCO East Coast
natural gas pipeline.
ERAP was paid $1.5
million and another
$340,000 in fees had
been "cleared".
In reply to a letter
written to him by the
Auditor-General, Mr.
Alleyne has refuted the
charges against him.,
stating that the agreement
with ERAP had been
signed "with the full
knowledge of the Prime
Minister and in execution
of clearly enunciated
Government policy."

Advice For Women






Bribery & Extortion Charged in Sugar

POLICE Fraud Squad
men are in the sugar belt
investigating reports of
bribery and e tion
involving the Covern-

ment's Sugar Industry
Labour Welfare Com-
mittee, which gives loans
to sugar workers for
houses and land.

The investigation was
ordered by the Prime
Minister after he got a
letter from Mr. Basdeo
Panday, President Generail

of the All Trinidad Sugar
t states & Factories
Workers Trade Union,
c h a r gi ng corruption
"among certain officers"

of the Committee.
Mr. Panday has been
interviewed by Fraud
Squad detectives and he
Continued on Page 2

30 Cents

Downtown office
opens -xt wek
FROM next week the Tapia House Movement will
be throwing open the doors of its Downtown
Campaign Office to the public.
The Campaign Office is located in the Farah's
Building, 68-70 Henry Street, Port-of-Spain.
It willbe manned by Tapia Campaign Managers
Michael Harris and Lloyd Taylor from 10 a.m. to
2 p.m. on Wednesdays and Thursdays and by
Hamlet Joseph from 3 p.m. on Friday evenings
and on Saturday mornings.
Information and literature will be made avail-
able during the opening hours. The office will also
serve as a general advice bureau and will receive
information that can serve as news reports for our
weekly paper.

Free& open talks

in P.O.S. Centre
THE third in the fresh series of talks currently being
held at The Tapia Port-of-Spain Centre, 22 Cipriani
Boulevard, Woodbrook will be on "The Witch-hunt
In The Public Service"
It will be initiated by Denis Solomon, the
Shadow Minister of Public Administration in the
Tapia House Movement's Shadow Cabinet. Denis
Solomon is expected to touch on the issues surround-
ing the Prime Ministers charge that an "ambitious
minority" of public servants were trying to take over
the Government.
Dodderidge Alleyne anu Eugenio Moore, two
senior public servants who husbanded the Public
Service during the early days of the PNM, are among
those whose future as public servants is dubious. The
Stalk willbe on Wednesday February 4, 1976 at 8 p.m.

.Bi* Hard, D$

Out His' Eyes




Re port On Second In



of Wednesday night meetings


THE Angolan war for
political supremacy now
being fought out by
three warring factions
that, are backed by
opposing super-powers
continues to generate
much heated debate.
Last Wednesday night's
audience bore witness to
that fact when Michael
Harrisled off a discussion
on the 'Angola Question'
at Tapia Port-of-Spain
Centre, 22 Cipriani Boule-
vard in Newtown,
Citing aspects of the
manifestos of the
factions Harris showed
that all of them were for
nationalism- and free
enterprise, but were
against foreign economic
domination and imperial-
The issue therefore has
little to do with ideology.
Instead he isolated two
Distinct features.
The first is the struggle
for, political leadership
and supremacy among
the factions, which arose
after the post-coup Portu-
guese Government de-
cided to hand over inde-
pendence to a transitional
Government comprised
of all three factions.
The other dominant
feature is the, struggle
among the superpowers

-'USSR and USA for
influence and domination
in Africa as a whole.
In addition to this
the:- is the question of
South Africa which is
interested in ensuring
that dissension prevails
among the Angolan fac-
tions so that Angola and
the Organisation of Afri-
can States may not act
in concert against her.
Harris argued that any
way out of the Angolan
situation must focus on
the nature of the Angolan
situation itself, the nature
of Portuguese Colonial-
ism, and the history of
the war of liberation.
There was one recur-
ring question that was
related to Angola itself.
That wau whether Angola
was a State, a nation, a
colony or what not?
Harris argued that Euro-
pean penetration of
Africa was based upon
"gain preserves". These
were related to economic
and political gain.
That factor meant
that in the drawing of
political boundaries no
account was taken of
tribal frontiers. Arid con-
sequently, for all of
Africa as indeed is the'
case of Angola, the basic
differences were tribal
ones. For where tribal-
based fears and anxieties

exist compromise be-
came difficult.
Harris pointed that
Zaire's interest in the
Angolan struggle could
be explained partly on
account of the nature of
Portuguese penetration,
in so far as the forces of
UNITA, located in the,
south of the country,
were representing tribes
which also exist in Zaire.
Secondly, Portuguese
colonialism did not bring
with it administrative
and political machinery,
necessary to the "process
of modernisation." That
kind of development
Harris said, tended to
dissolve tribal differences
over time.


Thirdly, there was the
history of the liberation
war which w as waged for
over ten yeaxs against
Portuguese colonialism. In
-it MPLA (Popular Move-
ment for the Liberation
of Angola) did the most
fighting and suffered the
most losses:
MPLA is located in
the central region of
Angola, in and around
Luanda, the heart of
Portuguese occupation.
They were therefore
closest to Portuguese
colonialism. MPLA would
be inclined to want con-
trol commensurate with
its efforts to repel
The situation was there-
fore not amenable to any
easy solution. It has be-
come meaningless to
argue that you are sup-
porting this faction or
SFor regardless of who
wins military stability
will not come to Angola.
According to Michael
Harris foreign interven-
tion -in that context
creates a situation which
is a thousand times more
complex. As he saw it
both the US and the
Soviet Union were fight-
ing for influence in
Angola. Both had come
to see the futility of
'cold-war' type confron-
tations as has occurred
with the missile bases in
Nor would either
superpower intervene
with their own troops
once mercenaries and

someother nation's forces
were available to do 'the
dirty work for them.
America, in particular,
had learnt the lessons of
the Vietnam War. Angola
is just an example of the
new form in which the
super power rivalry is
taking place.
"The fact is," said
Harris, "a civil war is
going on." The war of
liberation is finished
Legally Angola is a politi-
cal entity. Whatever sup-
port came from outside
constitutes intervention.
On that ground Harris
called for a total with-
drawal of all foreign
Angola, he added, has
become a piece of real
estate in the eyes of the
Harris felt that one.
way out was to bring!
moral pressure in the
corridors of the United
Nations to force the
foreigners out. The OAU,
he felt, had missed an
opportunity to work for
a settlement. He argued
that the 23 African
nation states that had
supported MPLA had
done so mainly because
of South Africa's pre-
sence on the side of



TAPIA's celebrated 'Thursday
night' meetings are now
taking place on Wednesday
nights at the Tapia Port-of-
Spain Centre, 22 Cipriani
The forum is being used
to implement a fresh series'
of talks, raps and lectures for
the political education of
of the population at large.
It is currently being co-
ordinated by Lloyd Taylor,
Education Secretary of the
Tapia House Movement.
In opening the series
Taylor said he saw it as a kind
of transplant of the tradi-
tional Thursday night rqeet-
ings, upon which many were
weaned especially in the pre-
1970 days, from the Tapia
House in Tunapuna to the
Centre in Port-of-Spain.
He told a jam-packed
house that what is remem-
bered as Tapia Thursday
night meetings came out of
an old New World tradition
in which discussion of issues
was the underlying focus of
The meetings were con-
tinued as a means of inform-
ing people about the here
and now, for helping the
brothers and sisters to find
their tongues, and for en-
couraging them to share and
to participate in the dem-
ocratic discussion of issues.
He aaaea mat me t /o,
pre-election, Wednesday night
vintage of an- old tradition
found the Tapia House
Movement not only in the
forefront of talk, but of
action as well.

From Page 1

has asked Union mem-
bers to co-operate.
But Mr. Panday said
last week: "We asked the
Prime Minister for an
enquiry. You know how
our people have this fear
of thepolice. Ihope they
In his letter to the
Prime Minister, Mr.
Panday said for years
sugar workers had been
complaining about the
Sugar Industry Welfare
Workers, Mr. Panday
charged, were being
asked for bribes to get
their applications for
houses and land plots
speeded up and "certain
officers" of the Com-
mittee also made it. a
condition for loans that
workers hire certain con-
tractors and buy material

from named hardware
Last week Mr. Panday
and a Union delegation
also met with Minister of
Industry & Commerce
Mr. Errol Mahabir to
follow up another letter
to the Prime Minister in
which Mr. Panday called
for the Government to
take over both the
factory ana cultivation
areas of Forres Park Ltd.
Workers were thrown
out of their jobs when
Forres Park shut down
last year and the Govern-
ment decided to take
over the factory and pay
the same rates as at
Caroni Ltd. However
cultivation workers are
still unemployed and a
workers' camp has beer
established at Forres
Park. (R.P.)

Our coverage of


is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep abreast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.

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CARICOM Are., 25.00 W.I.
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Bound Volumes 1973 $20.00 T.T.
Bound Volumes 1974 24.00 T.T.
Back Issues Available
Overseas Deliveries Airmail. Surface Rates on Request
Postage Extra on Bound Volumes.

STapia, 82,St. Vincent St. Tunapuna,
Trinidad & Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126.



Lloyd Taylor

GRASPING money-lenders down at the Port-of-
Spain docks are having a helluva time finding business
now that the Port Contractors Credit Union have set
up shop there.
But if money lenders have been forced to out-
off from a lucrative haunt of unprotected borrowers,
that certainly has not come about by chance.
Responsible for this good fortune of port people
is the bold exercise of trust which the Credit Union
has shown in its members.
The instrument used is the "character loan".
That has made it possible for members to borrow
up to $500.
According to a Report of the Credit Committee,
for the period December 1973 to March 1974, "the
present credit policy of a five hundred dollar charac-
ter loan has been able to eliminate very successfully

the co-maker system."
That Report is signed
by Sylvester Hinds and
Rosalind Wilson, Chair-
man and Secretary res-
Prior to the adoption
of this liberal credit
policy, aspiring money
lenders were able to
flesh a premium payment
out of borrowers who,
without the required col-
lateral, needed the assist-
ance of someone to stand

Now prospective bor-
rowers do not have to
have $500 worth of share
capital or other security
t--~-gei--s--$OO loan:' In
fact, if they have only
$200, they are entitled
to a $700 dollar loan.
The Report of the
Credit Committee also
shows that of a total of
4,075 applications for
loans 2,684 were ap-
These loans amounted
to a little above $1.2mn.
And they were granted
for projects ranging from
the purchase of consumer
durables to the construc-
tion of houses.
Matching this rare
exercise of trust is the
astounding growth of the
Credit Union's share
capital to $954,248 by

Hard-earned wages of dockers and sea-farers are no longer handled by grasping money-lenders



sharks on the run




new loan


March 31, 1975. This is
after having started with
an initial share contribu-
tion of $27.50 in August
1973, the Treasurer's
Report stated.
This rate of growth
accelerated over the first
20 months of operation.
For while the rate at
which individuals' pur-
chased share capital
averaged $24,656 per
month for the first five

Blackpool brings

steel l & brss

BIG MAS comes to Tunapuna Road next Friday
night when Blackpool Sports and Cultural Club
present their First Ole Mas Fete at the Clubhouse.
Big cash prizes are offered for ole mas con-
testants who can register at the Blackpool Club-
house at any time before the fete.
The fete itself will be helped along by a
variety of musical sounds; brass of the Trinidad
Troubadours (with Tony Ricardo); pan Mackeson.
Sforzata and Tunapuna Hilltones; and the DJ
slides of Fatman George.
The fee is $3.

months, the last three
months averaged $67,379.
The Credit Union's
audited accounts show
how efficiently the
managers have been able
to operate their credit

Income earned over
the operating period
amounted to $58,921,
the bulk of which accrued
from interest on loans to
members and on fixed
deposits. The accounting
surplus for the period is
Of particular interest
is the fact that only
$5,093 have been spent
on personal emoluments
and National Insurance
Clarence Eugene, the
Treasurer emphasised the
efficiency with which
the Credit Union has
operated over t;e period
accounted for by noting
that only 28.12 per cent
of gross income has been
Sorry to say, though,
that "social pressures"
and migration forced
several persons to resign
from the organisation
taking with them share
capital valued at $12,354.

Still that does not les-
sen the achievement of
Port Contractors in
covering its members
from debts owed to
foreign bankers and to
'fleecing money lenders,
and in the rapid rate at
which its share capital
has grown. These provide

more than suffiuent evi-
dence of success for the
period under review.
But just what has been
responsible for all that?
According to the
Credit Committee's Re-

port, successful credit
unions "are blessed with,
imaginative insight that
breaks through and tran-
sends the mechanical
limits of routine activi-






Of people who know
how to cope
with rising






vs the Govt: The first round

IF THE people of Trinidad and Tobago are
not careful, Texaco Trinidad, with the
tacit complicity of the PNM Government,
is going to throw a quick left-right combi-
nation which will leave this country more
bazodee than Frazier after his last fight
with Muhammad Ali.
The Government, last Sunday's Guard-
ian informs us, has shocked Texaco Trini-
dad by demanding 51 per cent majority
participation in the company's operations
in this country.

Texaco General Manager, E.G. Stibbs,
and his team reportedly retreated from
the confrontation, nothaving been prepared
for more than a 25 per cent participation
The text of the Government state-
ment made by the "militant" Bernard
Primus had been made available to the
press, no doubt, to back up the threat
implied in the reference to "achieving
participation at the bargaining table rather
than by fiat."

So in one corner of the ring we find
the big, bad, transnational corporation,
Texaco; in the other, the nationalistic
Government, ever solicitous for the welfare
of its people.
In the end, the big, bad one must
capitulate, conceding not merely 51 per
cent, but total national ownership. A vic-
tory for the masses, a defeat for monopoly
A simple plot. For simple minds.

Al h t s 11 r h

A w Ien;''

IF TEXACO has it way,
and there's more than
an even chance that it
will with this Govern-
ment, it will sell 51 per
cent or even .100 per
cent to the Government.
This will be paid in
cash, as in the case of the
$93mn. paid for the
assets of Shell, through
loans raised in the inter-
national market and
guaranteed by the Gov-
A new company will
then be created to
operate Texaco's present
holdings in the country.
The American oil giant
will have 49 per cent
holdings, on the basis of
a nominal paid-up capital;
Remember that only
$100,000 was put up by
Tesoro Company Ltd. for
49 per cent ownership in,
the $44 mn. Trinidad-
Tesoro, formed with the
purchase of the assets of
British-Petroleum in


If the Government
takes 51 per cent or 100
per cent, Texaco will be
granted the management
contract giving it control.
over finance, technology
and markets.
Primus' statement
clearly suggests this when
it says that .. partici-
pation achieved across
the table in an atmos-
phere of justice, mutual
needs and obligations can
never be antagonistic to
co-operation from out-
side in capital, manage-
ment and technology."
This assessment is
based on the evidence
of the past dealings of
the PNM- government
with oil companies -
Tesoro and Shell, in part-
icular companies,

than Texaco.
Correct or not, there
are still several issues in
the new deal-to-come
which were not explained
in the official statement
by Primus which appeared
in the Guardian.
The statement gives
off a lot of hot air about
"no oil producing coun-
try today confining its
activity in the industry
to the collection of
taxes and royalties" ex-
pressing the hope that
Texaco would accept the
"new position of the
multinational corporation
in the relationships be-
tween the rich and the
poor nations and co-
operate in the forging of a
stable harmony and new
economic order."
The point is that oil-
producing countries are
not accepting the rights
of foreign oil companies:
to own or control the
valuable but wasting re-
source of oil Period.
This is the meaning of
Venezuela's nationalisa-
tion and of those taking
place in other oil produc-
ing countries.
I +,,,rp are under-

third la,est in the Commonwealthi.

stand able reasons why
immediate or total nation-
alisation is not possible,
.then a policy of phased
nationalisation must be
outlined, in the first in-
stance, to the country
itself, not by back-room
wheeling-andc-deal ings with
foreign oil companies.
The Venezuelan Gov-
ernment went so far as
to involve Opposition
political parties in the
formulation of a national
position from which to
bargain with the North
American companies,
which have close links
with their own Govern-

Mr. PrjinILuS hed 01 I r1lic(Ia ICrWTI

There is no White
Paper on State participa-
tion in the Petroleum
Industry, no announce-
ment in Parliament, just
an exclusive story in the
Sunday Guardian.
There is no statement
anywhere on the value
of Texaco's assets in this
country. This is informa-
tion which the Govern-
ment has never been able
to ascertain.
The Sunday Guardian
puts it as "billions" of
This is surely the first
issue to be settled
negotiating the purcha:
of any asset --- what is

Mr. Stibbs. cad I c\.Io\; IL .WI

If the Government
does not know, and has
never known, then it is
left to the company to
state a figure. Which is a
totally unacceptable proA
cedure for there must be
some iQdependent esti-
mate of the net worth of
the assets.
This raises the very
old accounting problem
of choosing between book.
value historical costs less
depreciation, replacement
value the cost to
replace the assets, or
market value the esti-
mated profitability of
the assets discounted
over a fixed period of


The Pointe-a-Pierre
refinery, rated third
largest in the Common-
wealth (like the so-called
third brightest brain in
the world), will provide
special problems of
What is the value to
this country of an asset
which has served in large
part as a centre for refin-
ing foreign crude oil?
Crude oil which is
imported free of charge
under a processing agree-
ment and subject only
to a ridiculously low
processing fee per barrel.
of thirty cents or less?
Assuming that some
accounting wizard in the
Ministry of Finance's
Revenue Division, can
come- up with some
satisfactory valuation, the
next question to be
resolved is the form of
Should it be cash,
payable within one year,
as in the cas. of Shell.
or should be over a
Continued on Page 9

l -ufj. "t It-rL.t-


AB Sg i~ XOI,~~ A33B~%8- B= ~

C f5-000

Esther LeGendre
continues from
last week on
rape and what
to do about it.

THE increase in reported
rape shows clearly that
sentences imposed have
not served as a deterrent
to the crime. Since
neither "the authorities"
nor ordinary men can
stop rape only women
can do it.
"Man name man, he
suppose to try a ting".
We see our role as a
defensive one in the face
of male sexuality. The
woman who flaunts her
sexuality is ostracised by
female friends, becomes a
target for lewd sugges-
tions, sneaky hands and
possible rape. Two can't
play this game.
What we did was to
accept total sexual res-
,ponsibility in exchange
for the trinkets of "pro-
tection" and the assurance
of "true femininity". And
what does "femininity"
mean in terms of a
definition of'role? Pure
vessels of motherhood.
The slinky temptress
who adorns advertise-
ments of the "high life",
fast cars, heady wines
and perfumes that bear
names like "My Sin",
has no sexual resemblance
to the clean-scrubbed
creature with the promi-
nent gold band who
advises on the best cure
for nappy rash.
When, some time ago,
a fun-loving visitor ended
her life trussed up in a
closet at the Hilton Hotel
not many minded: "she
come out to play."
We must confront our-
selves with our double
The fear of rape or
molestation on the streets
is the main reason why
many womenhave neither
considered nor been con-
sidered for night jobs
they are capable ofdoing.
Industrial concerns do
not employ women on
the better paid night
shifts here nor do either
of the dailies have women
on their night desks.
Nurses, waitresses, tele-
phone operators and

other women who must male relatives who use.

sometime be out at night
find it extremely difficult
to find trustworthy trans-
port. Because of the risk
involved, others simply
do not venture out.
Surely adequate light-
ing and police patrol of
lonely areas together
with a reliable transport
service could make life
easier for the other half
of the population.
But who said that
rape occurs only at night?
We've all heard stories
of daylight abductions
to the canefields, of
children lured away on
the -way to school, of
grannies and young girls
raped in their homes by
intruders while the rest
of the family was away.
Yet, by far the most
difficult to deal with are
"private" rapes. Older

subtle threats to create
situations of 'constant
rape. The drunken friend.
The husband taking "what
is his" by force. The
occasional submission to
the boss to keep that
much needed job.
In the face of all this
what we must insist on
is our right to walk the
road. And for those of
us who, like me, exercise
that right (with heart in
mouth) there is some-
thing to do rather than
take it lying down.
Those ot us who are
naturally friendly or help-
ful are the ones rapists
look out for. You stop
to teli'someone the time
or strike up a conversa-
tion with a stranger and
the next thing you
know .....
If untutored in any

of the martial arts, good
old streetfighting tactics
would do. Bite hard,dig
out his eyes.
If your reflexes are
slow or legs short like
mine, the usually loaded
handbag full in the face
could buy those seconds
you need to run like hell.
So you can find the
penknife at the bottom
of all that junk.
QON'T try for an over-

head stab. A woman
could easily be over-
powered and the knife
used in reverse. Try thu
short stab from the hip.
The idea is to resist
and resist and bawl as
loudly as you can. If
however your life is
threatened, save your
life and band -your jaw
for justice.

about rape.

keep quiet

Citizens Advice Bureau

Now Open

Tapia P.O.S Centre
Cipriani Boulevard Phone: 62-25241





Hi sAmhh'




1. that the Joint Select Com-
mittee ofParliament, despite any
appearance to the contrary now or
in the future, will play a subordinate
role in determining the final shape
of the constitution.
2. that because the new or
amended constitution is carded to
be a "magnum opus", the Prime
Minister intends to play the "star"
role. The introduction of the Con-
stitution Amendment Bill in the
House of Representatives is going to
be an occasion. We shall be treated
to a dissertation on phy we should
become a Republic and we shall
learn what political philosophy and
constitutional mechanisms and
devices are required to establish
participatory democracy as a deve-
loping process in our midst and in
countries similarly circumstanced.
3. that public business is and
can be managed in this way is due
to the emergence among us of an
acute form of prime-ministerial
government which suits the ruling
oligarchy down to the ground.
4. that there are innumerable
precedents that confirm the existence
of this acute form of prime-minis-
terial government and show that
policy initiatives in most fields
derive from the Prime Minister and
that, if it is necessary to supersede,
set aside or subordinate Ministers,
then it is done. And they hold
office on those terms. Their names
"are writ in water." The precedents
are chosen from the field of educa-
5. that Dr. Williams' place-in
the history of the Caribbean and
outside is at stake. His achievement,
his potential and his opportunity
naVC .cont11ri'('v to make aspiration


to such a place legitimate. lie has
already v, however bCe'n associated .
whatever the reaIsos or explana-
tiols, with the break-up -'of' the
Federation and the failure to achieve
West Indian na tionhood.

6 that Dr. Williams cannot
now afford to be directly respons-
ible for the failure of. democracy,
the failure to promote greater
popular participation iin the political
process in his own home-land of
Trinidad and Tobago. He could
never in his wildest dreams have
expected an opportunity' such as
has been afforded him.

7 that Dr. Williams is on
record with the astonishing admis-
sion that neither he nor his Party
has given anything like adequate
attention to making the Senate
"more meaningful" (his own words).
He has made the same admission
about Parliamentaiy Committees. He
cannot leave things of such cardinal
importance in this unsatisfactory

8. that Dr. Williams'problem,
however, will not be providing a
blue-print for a brave new world.
The problem is going to be whether
it is possible to build ai such
world on the crumbling and decay-
ing fabric of Trinidad and Tobago
institutions. This is crucial. We are
also moving into troublous times -
in our relations in the Caribbean,

9 that, particularly because
of 8,there are circumstances which
could induceDr. Williams to consider
retiring from public life or use the
threat of doing so to win a popular
mandate to continue in office- and
in politics. He would expect that
mandate to be much clearer and
stronger than what he received in
December 1973.


DR. WILLIAMS must do something about the 1975 Draft Constitu-
tion and do it soon; that is, of course, if he has not already settled
upon what he is going to do. And I am sure that he has. I could even
hazard a guess as to who might be and has probably been, an invalu-
able colleague in the enterprise of constitution-making. And when it
comes to constitutional devices and mechanisms and accessibility to
them by way of consultation abroad, well, the world is the Prime
Minister's oyster. All this, after all. would be in character. While the
Joint Select Committee,of Parliament is working, Dr. Williams is
working too, and quite independently.
I should be indeed surprised if the PNM majority on the
Select Committee were not expecting this. It is one of the rules of
the game. Dr. Williams must always appear as the Eternal Saviour.Of
themselves they can do little. The most they can expect is, first, to
be allowed to play a supporting role in preparing for his Advent and,
secondly, that their recommendations, in those vital areas of the
constitution that deal with checks and popular participation in the
political process, will be somewhat less unceremoniously set aside
than were the recommendations, in the same areas, made by the
Constitution Commission itself. Should they, however, propose
changes in the Draft of a fundamental nature it will only be because
the Leader, for reasons if his own, thinks that the game would be
better played that way.
Nor should we be hard on Dr. Williams for this state of
affairs. Deep down, this is the role which the ruling oligarchy, a loose
confederacy of now conflicting now collaborating interests, bent
mainly on survival withpropsperitywishes, requires, intends and has
marked out for hIim to play. Like a legitimate monarch and hie ias
been with us for twenty years his presence keeps the oligarchic
regime from falling apart and, like a monarch, he must be allowed
to occupy a position where he can do no wrong. It is Ihis ministers,
hisadvisers, that make mistakes. This allows the regime to make neces-
sary adjustments by sacrificing those who are not indispensable,
who may have outlived their usefulness or who may just be growing
too powerful for comfort. These are compensated by being allowed
to hold on to their emoluments and. who knows, may in time be

k______e w


Like a legitimate
monarch and he has
been with us for 20
years Dr. Williams'
presence keeps the oli-
garchic regime from
falling apart he
must be allowed to
occupy a position
where he can do no
wrong. It is his min-
isters, his advisers,
that make mistakes.
This allows the
regime to make
necessary adjust-
ments by sacrificing
those who have
outlived their usefulness
or who may just be
growing too powerful.
These are compensated
by being allowed to
hold on to their
emoluments and, who
knows, may in time
be restored to f vour
and useful office.

restored lo favour and useful office. And so, as long as Dr. Williams
can be used, the oligarchy will use him as a symbol of hope, a promise
of renewal and rebirth.
To a considerable extent this suits Dr. Williams also. It is
true that he is being used as "a respectable chairman", as "a presiding
convenience", but the situation allows him considerable opportuni-
ties of manoeuvre to do his own thing and there is much that he can
and ought to wish to do that would not, in the short run at least,
conflict with the interests of the ruling cliques that form the
oligarchy. -
I should like to cite two ,ery recent examples of how those
who surround Dr. Williams play, or are made to play, theirpart and
serve as foils, as dark backgrounds to show up the Leader's own
luminousness. The examples come from the field of education. They
show, illustrate and underline how little that is final can be expected
from the Select Committee on Constitution reform.
On August 8th last an official of the Ministry of Education
and Culture gave the "Trinidad Guardian" a full official statement
on secondary education. He stated, inter alia, that it would cost
$550 (m) in the first four years to provide free secondary education
for all up to 16 plus and, because this was so, the proposal that was
being generally made that education should be free up to 16 pluswas
both "negative and prohibitive". One could hardly expect a clearer
and firmer statement than this.-Just think also of the amount of
work and thought, and discussion' that must have taken place before
such a statement could be made.
Then, hey presto, shortly afterwards, just like that, the
Prime Minister gets up and says that the norm for post-primary
education is to be at least a period of five years, that is from 11 plus
to 16 plus.
Where does this leave the Minister of Education? Where
does this leave the Ministry of Education? The second example: For
a considerable time now the Assisted Secondary schoolshave been
asking that their student grant be raised from $16 each per term to
$32. Endless time-consuming meetings, endless discussions. Then
again, hey presto, the Prime Minister cuts the Gordian Knot. He is
finished and done with the anti-clerical feelings and policies of the
last twenty years. He proclaims the importance of religious bodies

PM still

has shots


Dr. Cocking

writes again of

Dr. Williamrs

Sand the

Consit 09

Those who surround Dr. Williams play, or are made
to play, their part and serve as foils, as dark back-
grounds to show up the Leader's own luminousness.
The examples come from the field of education.
They show, illustrate and underline how little
that is final can be expected from the Select
Committee on Constitution Reform.

Dr. Williams is finished
and done with the
anti-clerical feelings
of the last 20 years. He
proclaims the importance
of religious bodies in
secondary education
and is now prepared to
commit Government to
bearing all costs of
education provided that
the religious bodies
accept the national

JARY 1, i197,


taken over the MNinistry of F(inance. And l om time to time ihe has
brought what hie lhs considered criti cal ar; is of Government under
immediate prime mlinisterial control.
Why must these things be brought to mind? For one reason
and one reason only: so that we do not forget for a single instant
that the country will only know how the many constitutional issues
are to be resolved when dhe final Draft Bill emerges from Cabinet,
is published for public comment and the Prime Minister is ready to
introduce the Constitution Relonn Act in Parliament. It is true that
we know what die ruling Party's constitutional proposals are and
what the Draft Bill before the Select Committee contains and, since
the great majority of the membership of the Select Committee is
PNM, one would expect tliat once that Committee had reported, all
would be over bar the shouting. But this is not going to be so. As I
wrote a little more than two years ago in "Democracy or Oligarchy?"
"Political strategy demands that his, not WoWing's must be the initiative
in recommending and providing new mechanisms for greater popular
participation in the processes of government .."
And this goes for the Joint Select Committee too. In any case the
Party recommendations on constitutional reform and the Draft Bill
are almost identical in the clauses dealing with popular representa-
tion so that, if the predominantly PNM Select Committee recom-
mends significant departures, these new recommendations cannot
have originated with the Party. They would have to be the work of
the Party Leader.
It therefore behoves us all to presevere in making our repre-
sentations on constitutional reform to the very end. Even at this
very moment there may be those who are working for him on the
issue. To those who think or say that he has already abandoned
constitution reform as the Draft so clearly seems to indicate I would
say "He dare not; not if, among other things, he has his eye on
history. And time is running out."
Continued Next week.


in secondary education and is now prepared to commit Government
to bearing all costs of education provided that the religious bodies
accept the nationalmodel.
Where does. this leave the Minister of Education? Where
does this leave the Ministry of Education? But we face a grave diffi-
culty here and it is well that we should keep it constantly in mind.
It may be a comparatively easy thing for the Prime Minister to
enunciate a new principle in dealing with the schools run by religious
bodies; but if practice has hitherto been influenced in no small degree
by anti-clerical, anti-church policies and feelings and I maintain
that this has been so it is not going to be so easy for the new
principle to take over. It is going to find a built-in resistance to the
proposed new order of things, an inclination of the old order, by
way of self-justification, to fight a rear-guard action.
But this is not the first time and I am not referring to the
Prime Minister's incursions as evidenced by the Chaguaramas con-
sultations of recent years. The very 15-year Education Plan itself,
which has been the subject of so much discussion and controversy
was prepared, not in the Ministry of Education, but in the Prime
Minister's office.
Way back in 1964 an Unesco team visited this country. It
identified the,12 to 14-year age-group as the critical area in educa-
tion. Ministry officials had long since done the same thing. Unesco,
however, recommended a more expensive expedient of Junior Secon-
dary schools and the Prime Minister accepted their advice. He then
by-passed the Minister of Education and his Ministry completely
and set up an Educational Planning Unit in Whitehall, placed a
junior officer from the Ministry of Education in charge of it, gave
him a staff and recruited a retired Chief Education Officer from
England for three months, in the first instance, and then for a further
period of eighteen months. (See Preface to the Draft Plan for
Educational Development, Trinidad and Tobago 1967-1983, page 3).
When the Plan was completed, he returned the Planning Unit to its
proper place in the Ministry of Education where it has remained
ever since. This was all done quite openly.
Where did that leave the Minister of Education?
Nor is this the first time either that the Prime Minister has


I ,. P;. A'.'GE 7









Filling water in barrels from stagnant pona.

WOODLAND has been
promised truck-borne
water to be supplied
three times a week.
This promise has come
from WASA whose Public
Relations Officer said
last week that he had
made arrangements for
the thrice-weekly supply
of water.
The PRO was acting
in response to represen-
tations made to him over
the last couple of weeks
by Tapiamen Lloyd Best
Julius Clarke, Annan
Singh, Mickey Matthews
and Beau Tewarie.
The Tapiamen had
visited Woodland in the

member ot the Tapia team

course of their campaign
travels and heard of the
villagers' suffering for
They immediately
approached the WASA
head office in Valsayn
and got from the PRO a
confirmation of the
report that Woodlands
could get no pipe water
till the completion of the
Navet Dam.
The WASA official
also confirmed that
Woodlands was receiving
no truck-borne water,
and said he would have a
truck sent in the next
When the Tapia team
returned to Woodlands
that day they saw a
record number of two
trucks delivering water!
The Tapia team will
be checking Woodland
soon to find out if the
three-trucks-a-week pro-
mise is being'kept.
Community Relations
Secretary Beau Tewarie
said last week: "We will

be monitoring the situa-
tion closely to / ensure,
that the people of
Woodland are fairly

land is just beyond La
Romain, in the midst of
the long stretches of
South Naparima cane.
The story of Wood-
land is one of horrors.
Since April last year
the taps went dry, and
residents have been told
that they must wait
another six months for
pipe-borne water, that is,
until the NavetDam, now
under construction, is
The situation has re-
mained unchanged des-
pite the complaints made
to WASA by several
delegations of villagers,
No water.


The last delegation
got the official response
that water would be
provided for the next
day or two. No guarantees
could be given beyond

When, on occasion, a
truck does roll into
Woodland, it brings
scarcely enough water to
fill 20 barrels a hope-
lessly inadequate amount
for the densely populated
But when the truck
comes, it is chaos. There
is no plan for rationing
the water. The result is
that some people get
their tanks or their five
barrels filled,while others
get not a drop.


After toiling in the
canefields all day, work-
ers are unable to bathe
when they get home.
Now with the dry sea-
son on us, the chances of
getting rain water are
getting slimmer and
So bad have things got
that people have been
drawing water from a
stagnant pond.

Receiving truck-borne water after delegations.

Our printing-plant is open at
"-:" ,..The Tapia House 82-84 St. Vincent
Street, Tunapuna.
Kindly phone orders to: 662-5126. '

zw ,



* i i g



LtJI NL" tfI I t. "A%%.)I f .1 1 1, 1

lAjrIA rAjI y

Poultryman gives reason for coming shortage

are still selling baby
chicks at the stipulated
price of 44 cents each -
a price that one producer/
hatcher claims to be
about six cents below
the cost of production.
According to Mr. All,
Sales Representative of
Ibrahim's Poultry Dept.,
up to Tuesday January
27, he had been into the
Ministry of Industry and
Commerce to seek a
licence to import hatch-
ing eggs.
But, he said, not all
the members ,of the
Committee designated to
approve such licences
could be found at the
time. So a hearing on the
matter is still in abey-
Mr. Ali revealed -that
since September 1975
poultry farmers have
been seeking a subsidy
on hatching eggs from
Government, without any


They have been asked
by the Ministry concerned
to- forward information
on the effects inflation
and exchange rates have
-ha-d in pushing .up the
imported price of hatch-
ing eggs. This demand
has already been met.
Questioned on- the.
factors responsible for
the shortage of chicken,
Mr. Ali explained that
somewhere around June
or July importers of
hatching eggs had sus-
pended contracts because
of the then glut on the
market for chicken.
Foreign suppliers had
then to find sales outlets
for eggs ear-marked for
Trinidad. Demands for
such eggs must always
be placed three (3)
months in advance. So
that after the glut
poultry farmers found
themselves with too few
baby chicks on their
He agreed with Mr.
James, a senior econom-
ist in the Ministry of
Agriculture, that the fall
in the value of the Triiii-
dad dollar vis-a-vis U.S.
currency was not the
only factor responsible



6A Boissere


Who's to command


1 -a-


for pushing production
costs to 50 to 60 cents
overall. That was how-
ever, definitely the most
important factor.
Farmers have to make
do with hatching eggs
produced by local breeder
The problem is that
these flocks supply only

Shortage of chickens in February.

10 per cent of what is
From all that, one
thing is clear says Mr.
Ali: There will defi-
nitely be a severe short-
age of chicken meat for
And it is likely to
persist with varying degree
of intensity for another
six months.

heights ?
From Page 4
longer period, out ot
future earnings or by
Government bonds?
If the experience of
the Shell and B-P deals
.is any indicator, cash
payment will be made,
depriving the country of
resources that could have
been otherwise develop-
Only assuming again,
that payment is made
over time by bonds or
out of future earnings,
the question is: will the
country have gained con-
trol over the "command-
ing heights" of the econ-
omy, as Primus claims?
The facts are:
*that the real gain to
this country lies in the
control over the com-
manding heights of crude
oil production;
n that Texaco, at present,
is a producer of a declin-
ing amount of local crude;
* that Amoco Trinidad

Oil Company, is the new
rising star in the constel-
lation of local crude oil
In 1972, when Amoco's
exploratory drilling struck
black gold, it produced
9.3. mn. barrels of crude.
In this same year,
Texaco produced 11-4
mn. barrels.
By r974, Amoco was
producing 29.6 mn. bar-
rels of crude and Texaco
a little less than 9 mn.
Vast reserves of not
merely crude oil but
natural gas are tied up
in Amoco's holdings off
the East coast, yet the
Government is seeking 5 1
per cent in Texaco.
When the Government
purchased B-P, the com-
pany was retrenching
labour and preparing to
leave in any case. When
it purchased, Shell, the
British/Dutch conglomer-
ate had regained, many
times over, its original
investment and its Pt.
Fortin refinery was re-
ported outdated.
Watch out, Trinidad
andTobago. It's Texaco's
turn to face David, the
hard-of-hearing Lillipu-
tian! And those who cyar
hear, must feel!


Port of Spain


now houses

* National Executive

* Campaign Committee

* Administrative Secretary

* Citizens Advice Bureau

* Angela Cropper

Is Venue for Council meetings

for Wednesday night rap sessions

and Cultural activities.

Check us out Tel: 62-25241

Cipriani Boulevard,P.O.S.


household workers is the
long-term aim of a newly
founded National Bureau
for Household Workers.
Generally the Bureau
aims to improve the
social and economic
status of household work-
The Bureau is being
run by a temporary
Board which comprises
representatives of the
Housewives Association
(HATT), the Ozanam
Employment Agency, the
St. Martin Training Cen-
tre, household workers
and a number of indivi-
dual citizens.
At present, the Bureau
operates out of the Oza-
nam Agency Office on
Duncan Street, Port-of-
Spain. Household work-
ers may register on
Monday from 9 to 11.30
a.m.; Tuesday and Thurs-
day from 5 to 7.00 p.m.
A registration fee of 50
cents is charged.


Formation of the
Bureau is the putting
into effect of one of the
recommendations of the-
July 1975 HATT Con-
ference which was held
to consider the Associa-
tion's report on the plight
of domestic workers.
The co-operative, when
established, would be the
means by which house-
hold workers would
.employ themselves.
It would entail a
measure of specialisation
in that different workers
attached to the co-
operative would provide
services like ironing,
cooking, washing, etc.,
for a fee.
According to 'Bureau
spokesperson, Faith
Wiltshire, a HATT repre-
sentatives on the Bureau
Board, the setting up of
such a co-operative
would be a necessity
when wages and condi-
tions of household work-
ers improve.
"A lot more people
are going to say they
can't afford to pay", she
said. "So the household
workers will have to be


For the moment,
however, the Household
Workers Bureau is giving
attention to a number of
issues .of immediate
concern to the "domes-
The first of these is
the compilation of per-
sonal and employment
records of all persons
registered by the Bureau.
These records, Mrs.



largely positive.
She mentioned that
five household workers -
Adosca Reid, Mariela
Lynch, Phyllis O'Brien
and Louise Cuffy are
active on the temporary
Board of Management of
the Bureau.


Still, the involvement
of household workers
generally was "not as
much as we would have
S It was recognized,
though, that publicity
was lacking, and to cor-
rect this, the Bureau
intended to start a cam-
paign of advertising much
like, the breast-feeding
campaign of 1974.
The response from
employers hasbeen, how-
ever, "mostly negative"
to-the efforts being made
to improve the living and
working conditions for

Fleeing from bad conditions m the West Indies, household workers soon find that they are in for
nothing better in any of the metropolitan countries. This cartoon, taken from a Canadian black
community magazine illustrates the dangers to which West Indian domestics seeking employment

in Canada are sometimes exposed.

Wiltshire said, would be
especially useful for
.making National Insurance
Associated with this
will be a drive to get the
household workers to
register themselves with
the National Insurance
Scheme. It was pointed
out that "domestics" are
the workers who have to
register themselves.


Moreover, many work-
ers are afraid their em-
ployers would dismiss
them if they registered
with NIS, or they are
anxious about the deduc-
tions from their already
meagre wages which
involvement in the NIS
would entail.
There is need, too, to
pressure employers into
facing their responsibility
to pay the necessary NIS
contributions, and the
Bureau is getting ready
to do this.
Another area in which
the Bureau will be active
is training. The aim here
is to set up standards for
both employees and em-
Associated with train-
ing, of course, is the
provision of information.
"There are lots of
things they don't know,"
Ms. Wiltshire said, "and

they don't know how to
go about getting the in-i
formation. So they suffer.'
The Bureau hopes to
correct this by provision
of a Newsletter.
It is also hoped to
approach the provision
of further services like

dental and insurance
schemes on a co-opera-
tive basis.
Asked about the in-
volvement of household
workers in these activi-
ties, Ms. Wiltshire pointed
out that the response
from them has been

"Subscribe to The lifle

Balan Psper'




S5.00 (U.S.).

$5.00 (U.S.).
I. l.50.

Territories }


$2.50 (Ja)


Other Caribbean:

U.K. /1Europe:.

- ''

~8~e~r rr~ ~e I i


I --- -- m o




M sister


T. E. G. R. .



Let's hear it for this

New Caribbean man


I HAVE often been
accused of being nothing
but a cynic. It is a charge
to which I have difficulty
\ I would be the first to
agree that I am a cynic.
However to be "nothing
but" a cynic is a very
different proposition.
The fact is that most
people would recognize
that my cynicism is only
a shield behind which I
protect a very delicate
No doubt this admis-
sion is going to open me
to the additional charge
of being a moral coward.
If is so is so. But I
cannot pretend to have
the courage and the
fortitude of some of my
friends who can walk
about in this corrupt
and brutal world with
their hopes and dreams
exposed to the insensiti-
vity of people whowould

never understand what
idealism is all about.
So I protect myself.
But my shield does not
cut me off from the real
And even as I adppt
my air of cynical amuse-
ment over the foolish-
ness and the incompe-
tence and the corruption
which surrounds us all I
am constantly on the
lookout for any sign of

This is why today I
ask all of you to forgive
me if I pay some tribute
to a man who, it appears
to me, possesses one of
the rarest gifts in today's
world. The quality of
Integrity is not a big
word. But its meaning is
difficult to define pre-



It all begins, I suppose,
with another elusive con-
cept, self-respect. Man
must first of all know
herself and respect that
which he is.
As- such I do not
believe that the quality
of integrity is limited to
people in any particular
set of circumstances.
It can be applied to
the rich and the poor,
the old and the young,
the good, the bad and the
It has nothing to do
with morals in the con-
ventional sense. It has
everything to do with
To lWgt it simply it is a
qu1' of "stones".
A impotence is such

a good word wheri it is
understood as the absence
of integrity.
Though it is a charge
which I am :sad to make,
I do believe that this
country, for all the village
rams who bleat about
the place, is full of moral
eunuchs. Men and
women afraid to stand
up and declare them-
selves or defend them-
And this is why Dear

friend, I take my hat off
today to a man who has
had the courage to stand
up against the most
wicked and distasteful
piece of villification and
the most brutal attempt
at character-assassination
which our "righteous
and honourable"' Prime
Minister has ever
attempted in his career.
Arise Sir Dodderidge
Alleyne, A New Caribbean


to be practi

I HAVE JUST had con-
clusive proof that Justice
and Democracy are not
necessarily the same
As you know, it is
said that Justice must
not only be done but it
must also be seen to be
I would have thought
that one could readily
say the same thing about
democracy. Not so.
Last weekend at the
Convention of the Jama-
dar faction, of the DLP,

faced with a possible
challenge from young
Romesh Mootoo, that
old fox Vernon got the
convention to agree that
the voting would be
done by a show of hands.
N o t surprisingly,
Mootoo withdrew from
the race. Which only
goes to show what can
happen when democracy
is not only practised but
is seen to be practised.
Right on Vernon, Right




/ OS Stephens


Nursery School

Auzonville Road
HOURS: 8.30 a.m. 11.30 a.m.
AGES: 2/2 4 Years
Contact Thora Laughlin,
14 Auzonville Rd. Tel: 662-5729.



- y i ; lSa


Tapiaman Denis Solomon*

Speaks on


& Persecution

in the Public


at Tapia P.O.S Centre


Cipriani Blvd.

on Wednesday 4 Feb.

Check it out.
* Solomon is Tapia Shadow Minister for Public Administration


Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N.Y. 10021,
*. Lehgh 5 8448.
p ...-aa daa s -~~ 9~