Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00196
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: January 18, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00196

Full Text


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end to



LABOUR Congress Presi-
dent Mr. James Manswell
was working hard last
week to try to resolve
the dispute between
Canning & Co. Ltd. and
the National Union of
Government & Federated
Workers (NUGFW).
Mr. Manswell met
with company representa-
tives Monday and Tues-
day, went back "to
NUGFW President-Gene-
ral Mr. Nathaniel
Crichlow for more
information and then
back to the company for
more talks.
Workers at the com-
"*pany s sof-tt diJnks plTaiit at
Streatham L9dge have been
on strike since November 24
when the company retrenched
its 49 -men sales staff.
The company told
NUGFW retrenchment was
necessary because the com-
pany was losing money on
soft drink sales and had to
cut costs.
NUGFW hasqueried that
and called on the company
to reinstate the workers for
a "cooling off" period while
the dispute is worked out.
In a letter to Mr.
Manswell, Canning's Person-
nel Director Mr. Emil de la
Grenade reiterated the com-
pany's stand that retrench-
ment was necessary because
of losses on soft drink sales.
Noting. that NUGFW
had appealed to the Labour
Congress for help, Mr. de la
Grenade wrote: "We would
expect that before any
hurried response, your Con-
gress, being a responsible
body, will seek to get the
full particulars, surrounding
the situation which arose at
our Industrial Centre.
"We also expect that
your Congress, in its wisdom,
will take care not to be.
misled by the National Union
of Government and Federated
Workers' public statement
which we regret to say con-
tained blatant untruths and
red herrings which we have
refrained up to now from
correcting in the Press."
Mr. Crichlow said last
week he was unable to say
hliv die talks were progress-
hi.a' but he was hopeful that
the issue might soon be
resolved. Raoul Panlin


WHIM i Tu r

I F T -r11, 1 F

Lloyd Taylor

THERE IS one mas that
has a good chance of
hitting ,the road for
Carnival 1976. The mas
is "Black Market Chicken'
The most certain
player will be the Gov-
ernment of Trinidad and
Tobago who, by'its own
inadvertence on the
currency issue, would be
jumping to the tune of
endless horrors for the
eaters of chicken pelau.
The fact is that, according

to two reports in one of the
dailies over the last 10 days,
the Poultry Producers Co-
operative forecasted a short-
age of chicken within the
next seven weeks.
One reason is that the
poultry producers are now
seeing past the glut which
bedevilled the market during
the middle of '75 and drove
prices down to 099 cents
per pound, almost 25 cents
below the fixed price.
Another reason for the
prediction of scarcity is the
rise in the landed costs of
imported feed stocks.

Thursday talks at P.O.S

ON WEDNESDAY January 21 at 8 p.m. Lloyd Best,
Secretary of the Tapia House Movement, will speak
on the subjectt "An Industrial Strategy For Trinidad
and Tobago" at the Tapia Port-of-Spain Centre, 22
Cipriani Boulevard.
It will mark the beginning of a new series of talks,
lectures, rap sessions to be held in the tradition of
Tapia Thursday Night,meetings of days gone by.
Lloyd Best will evaluate the emphasis now placed
on the development of a high-technology sector in
the economy.
He will pose the question: "Upstream or Down-
stra, .m?"
The next in the series will be given by Michael
Harris, Shadow Minister of External Affairs, on "The
Angolan Question" on Wednesday Jan.28 at the
same time and place.
The series will be chaired by Lloyd Taylor,
Education Secretary'
is I I

Hatching eggs and medici-
nal supplies now cost more.
So that the Poultry Producers
Co-operative since Christmas
Eve have now to pay $500
more for a shipment of
13,320 hatching eggs. A
medication, called "Gallimy-
cin", previously imported at
$185 per drum, now costs
The result is that hatching
eggs are rationed with first
priority going to members of
the poultry co-operative. As
farmers are constrained to
sell at the current fixed price
of $1.24 per pound, higher
costs have led to a reduction
in their earnings.
It is impossible, without
some drastic action from
Government, to see why
farmers will not move to
recoup their losses by selling
"black market'"
That, together with the
fact that imports of chicken
are currently negative listed,
will probably drive the prices
up rapidly. Tho:e higher
prices are going to be avail-
able to only people who are
prepared to buy from behind
the counter.
The source of the price
increases that have led to the
predicted shortages is nothing
less than the inadveitent
-devaluation of the T.T.
dollar vis-a-vis US currency.
We have to pay more for
('ont 'd on Pg. 11


jobs for


A TAPIA Senator has
said that possibilities
exist for serious employ-
ment around the steel-
Senator Ivan Laughlin's
statement was heard
nationwide last week
when the GBU broad-
cast extracts of his
address to the Senate on
the Budget.
Laughlin deplored the
fact that in the $2 billion
budget which the Govern-
ment had presented there
was no mention of the
steelband or any
consideration of any of
the arts.
"The steelband move-
nment is deteriorating,"
said Laughlin, pointing
to the contrast between
the present Government
indifference to the steel-
band and the great
enthusiasm shown by
the Prime Minister in his
election campaign of
1970 and 1971.

"One minute it was a
big thing, and the next
minute it just died," the
Tapia Assistant Secretary
Making reference to
the achievements of the
steelband in the music
festivals of the 1960s,
Laughlin asked: "And
what is the attitude of
the administration to
Where are the national
theatres to foster the
concerts which should
take place around the
steelband to bring those
music lovers from all over
Those are the kinds of
Co:;i'd on Pg.2

I~_ I



Vol. 6 No. 3

30 Cents


:0 S.!96 finds me back
in full-time journalism,
after 21 months of
holding down a job in
the Civil Service. I never
used to like people
asking me where I
worked or what I was
I developed some off-
putting replies: "Oh
I'm just moving khaki
files from my IN-dip to
my OUT-dip"; or I
would give so precise
an answer about what
the job at that particular
time was supposed to
be that there would be
no further questions.
But later I always
would feel that I'd said
too much. Especially as
it gave those well-
meaning inquirers
material to come back
at me again at some
future time: "How's
your job in so-and-so
ministry going?"
I never got over that
strange sense of being
caught .out that I felt
whenever I had to admit
to someone who hadn't
known that I did in fact
have ajob in the service.
It was like the shame
of the big-shot fallen
on hard times who is
discovered moonlighting


Yet it wasn't any
kind of speakeasy job.
It had respectability.
Bank loan officers
smiled easier with you.
It paid better than any-
where in journalism.
To the extent that
you could get it to
subsidize your journal-
ism, it was beautiful.
But it wasn't as simple
as that. You had at
least to be around for
eight hours each day.
And to make it possible
that you could fulfill
that obligation, it
required the commit-
ment of further hours.
The time left for the
practice of journalism
would thenbe that time
normally referred to as
"spare time". Youwoke
up one morning and
found that journalism
had become for you a
hobby, on the same
level with boating,
sport, carpentry or
whatever it is that other

people get into in their
spare time.
The signs of the new
situation could be found
in your now almost
militant assertions that
you are a journalist.
Your defensiveness on
the point serves, ironic-
ally, to draw attention
to the oddity of your
position. A journalist?
In the Civil Service? An
administrative job?
If a lot of people
didn't find anything too
strange about that, then
it must be on account
of the .unclear image
that journalism enjoys
in this country.
That must. be why
most of the Civil Service
bosses either didn't
notice or chose to
ignore as inconsequential
my own freelance writ-
ing since the beginning
of 1974.


What is a journalist,
anyway? I've always
found it remarkable
that, when we use the
term, we don't intend
it to include people
like Clive Pantin and
Alvin Corneal. Both of
whom are very active
practising journalists as
I understand the term.
I chose those names
deliberately because
sport reporting is a
specialised field, and it is
significant that you
don't find people who

hold other jobs
Involved as prominently
in other areas of
Well, for one thing,
most sporting events
take place outside of
normal working hours.
I had recognized
journalism in Tapia even
before I -recognised
politics. It was in seek-
ing the journalistic
kingdom that I came
to Tapia, when I began
to suspect that it was
the political kingdom
which had first to be

Never was I uncertain,
however, that there was
a distinction between
journalism and politics.
In, 1972,, in a short
piece addressed to the
occasion of the start of
Tapia's weekly publica-
tion, I described my
role as "straddling the
distinction between
journalism and politics."
It is a distinction
which I, as a profes-
sional, must instinctively
uphold. Thatjournalism
requires induction,
grounding, training,
dedication and commit-
ment seems self-evident
to me.
I cannot see it being
seriously pursued as an
aspect of one's life. Not
certainly at a time like
this when we ought to
be building institutions,
getting people accus-
tomed to- the routine







* From Page 1
tourists we want in this
country. -
Where are the tuning
centres and pan centres
that we have been hearing
about? Where is the
research taking place, not
only into the steel pan,
but into the music that
needs to be written to
bring out the beauty of

that instrument?
The steel band 'is an
indication of ithe real
lack of vision in under-
standing the spiritual
yearnings of this popula-
It is a shame, a critical
shame, that the _Steel
Band movement should
be in the position it is in
today, or the men who

have given so much to it
could be in the situation
they are in today.
On the question of
jobs for panmen Laughlin
suggested that the steel-
band should be taught
in every school, with
panmeni employed as
"There is absolutely
no reason why our young

people cannot be learning
that skill and that art
from very young, from
Primary Schools. It would
give a fillio to the whole
movement and allow us,
therefore, all kinds of
new possibilities.
"As a matter of fact,
there is very little music
in the schools in the
education programme

of production, regular
delivery, on time.
If wewere doing any-
thing at all we were
working for the incul-
cation of such values,
not merely by precept,
but by example. But
were we?
By now it should be
clear that this is a
response to the article
on appearing this page
last week entitled "The
Paper and the Politics
in 1976" containing the
"personal view" of Lloyd
I want to offer a
somewhat different in-
terpretation of the
years of the TAPIA
newspaper than the one
Lloyd has offered. As
always, it is important
to make some sense of
the past tobe able work
where the prospects of
the future lie.


In which respect, I
remain somewhat
troubled that in review-
ing the decline of the
paper over the last
couple years, Lloyd
has not been led to
question the validity of
the journalistic method
We agree that "the
inflation and abject
poverty are only part of
the reason". But sus-
pect that the "degenera-
tion" which Lloyd des-
cribes has more to do
with a strategy for pro-
duction of the paper
implied by Lloyd when
he asks:
'"Is it that we have
failed to develop politi-
cal people who could
conduct political affairs,
engage in community
and artistic life and at
the same time find the
discipline and the organ-
isation to celebrate their
existence in all its full-
ness, in cultured, taste-
ful writing appropriate
to the civilization that
our politics claims the
Tapia Movement wants
to build?"
I confess to a some-
what nervous kind of
apprehension when
faced with .a statement
like that one which
seems to suggest that
the production by "poli-

n 1U- Li ovu -rcouirrr-T
at least mention that as
a fact, so far from ask-
ing whether that
absence and the "dege-
neration" were related
in any way.
For the "apocalypse"
did not start on Thurs-
day night. It is in fact
0 Continued on Page 11

THE Tapia Council of
Representatives con-
tinues its meeting on
Saturday, January 17, at
1 p.m. at the Port-of-
Spain Centre on Cipriani
Last Sunday Council
members voted to ad-
journ the meeting to
this weekend when, if
necessary, discussions will
continue on the follow-
ing Sunday 10 a.m. at
the same venue.

that exists now."
Shortly after Laughlin's
address to the Senate,
the Government, after
dragging its feet for
several months on the
issue, finally agreed to
give urgent financial and
technical assistance to
Pan Trinbago now gear-
ing for the holding of
the 1976 Panorama.

tical people" of "cul-
tured, tasteful writing"
could be the base on
which a sustained
serious journalism could
be built.
Again, in the passage
"What is the significance
of the notable absence
of serious reporting,
writing and speculative
thought on the part of
the majority of curr.e-4--
leaders?" there' is the
suggest, that the leaders
of Tapia should be par
excellence the journal-
ists behind the paper.
There has been infla-
tion, yes, the politics
have been ugly, the
complications have
truly been maddening.
But of such, I want to
suggestion is the real
world made.
And the performance
of the paper over the
last couple years reflects
capacity urider normal
It therefore behoves
us so to make up our
beds that they would
support us efficiently
throughout the earth-
shaking developments
that make up Life.
The last two years
were the period in Tapia
when there was an
almost complete absence
of professional staff at
the centre of the opera-
tion. I d don't understand

I--~~~~~~ ~;~O~Y-U~y~~

6W7 :








AT 610



appointed by JATT to
investigate the dismissal
of five journalists by the
management of 610
Radio feels that the
situation at NBS 610
Radio is a frightening
one which JATT must
deal with in the near
The JATT sub-com-
mittee reported recently
on its investigations into
the dismissals over a six-
month period in 1975
of Leo de Leon, Raoul
Pantin, Tony Williams,
Jerome Rampersad and
Clyde Maynard, from
the Programme staff, at
the Government-owned

Louis Lee Sing, (Bomb),
Clevon Raphael, (Guard-
ian) and Keith Subero
(Express), conducted the
investigations on behalf
of JATT.
The management of
610 Radio refused to
meet with the committee,
According to Frank
Thompson, General
Manager, JATT had no
"locus stand" to discuss
or investigate the dismis-
sals since there was a
recognized majority union
which was the exclusive
Bargaining Agent on
behalf of employees in
the Station.
The JATT committee
found this strange, since the
Journalists Association is a
professional organisation and
was not attempting to discuss
the dismissals in the context
of an industrial dispute
between the Association and
the 610 management.
The committee met with
members of the UCIW which
had been accused of com-
plicity with management in
the dismissals.
Mr. Vas Stanford, Presi-
dent-General of UCIW, said,
in meeting with the JATT
committee, that the union
was not concerned with the
sacking since the five persons
were not members of his
He also charged that one
of the dismissed journalists,
Jerome Rampersad, had
formed a rival union to get
control of 610.
Mr. Stanford denied know-
ledge of a reported list of



delve into


for axing


persons to be fired by manage-
ment on the recommenda-
tions of the union.
Pressed on the question
of union rivalry at the
Station, the UCIW head later
said, as recorded in the JATT
report: "If a man is out to
kill you will you not defend

a union official present at
,the meeting with the JATT
committee, was appointed to
Rampersad's former post of
Chief News Editor.
Stanford said that in 1970
Rampersad wanted the UCIW
to agree to the dismissal of
Tony Gomes, now the
Station's' Chief Operator.
When the union did not
agree a rival union was
formed and there was a spate
of resignations from the
UCIW's 610 branch.
The five workers dismis-
sed in 1975 had not
requested any assistance
from the UCIW and one
union official, Tony Mitchell,
reportedly' said that he had
approached one of the dismis-
sed workers, Tony Williams,
as one worker to another
about the possibility of
union help.
Mitchell said there was
precedent for non-UCIW
members receiving assistance
from the union. Williams
turned down the offer.
The JATT committee also
met Rampersad, Maynard
and Pantin. The first two
charged union victimisation
for their dismissal.
Pantin linked his dismissal
to politics, following his
refusal to agree with the
decision to ban the voices of
Certain trade union leaders.
The UCIW, he felt, had
played apart in his dismissal
Pantin had been dismissed
for bringing the radio station
into "disrepute"by a series of
articles written in the Express
dealing with the ban on the
voices of trade unionists
Weekes, Panday and Shah
during the oil and sugar
crisis last year.

De Leon

I 'X qw' -
Bossman Bain...
presiding over it all

Rampersad's "offence"
was failing to attend a meet-
ing called by tihe new Pro-
gramme Director, Ed Fung
and to carry out a directive
of Fung within a specified 55
Memoed on the first
matter, Rampersad replied to
Fung that a 9.40 am. meet-
n i-- -nrnnv n.nmj 1[ine-p

he would then be engaged in
the preparation of the noon
Rampersad alsoquesti6ned
why the memo had been
sent only to himself and a
selected few members of the
News Room for only one
member of that Department
had attended the meeting.
Rampersad's second offence



was his failure to meet a 55-
minute deadline set by Fung
for information on the dates
and the number of times 610
carried news mention of the
visit and/or the activities of
the President of Rotary
In his memo, Fung noted
that "the information I re-
quested in 55 minutes,

arrive in my office rive
minutes short of 24 hours."
Clyde Maynard's "offence"
was to enter the announcer's
studio read the Sportscast
without the permission of
and without informing the
duty Announcer.
Maynard pointed out that
he had been involved in
broadcasting since 1961,
when Fung was Associate

Programme Director at 610
(a job from which he was
fired by Larry Heywood).
Maynard also noted that it
had been normal practice to
read the Sportscast since he
had prepared it himself. On
two occasions when com-
plaints had been made against
him the Duty Announcer
was Vernon Allick, another
--UJCI official.
There has been some shift-
ing around of personnel at
610 Radio since these dismis-
sals, and the employment of
two additional persons -
Dave Elcock on the
Announcers' Staff, and an
additional security guard in
the parking space at the side
of the 610 building on
Abercromby St.

"Sub sribe to The little

BeIjn Paper'




$5.00 ( U.S.).

$5.00 {(U.S.).
L 1. 5c.

Territories j


$2.50 (Ja)

Other Caribbeat:

UL K.,/ urpe q'c

Ml r--

.. .... illli II"l i,~" i "..


- -L -d~ I

- L


PAGE 4 Ti ..

IN THE WAK'A iE of press
reports about the alleged
:,a'mninet bankruptcy of
the C.o.operative Citrus
Growers Association,
workers at the Associa-
tion's Laventille factory
are accusing the manage-
ment of maladministra-
tion and poor employee
One of the major sore
points with the workers
is an incident in which
the Manager of the-
factory is alleged to have
threatened some of the
employees with a
TAPIA has learnt that
the incident occurred
after workers were noti-
fied in a letter from the
Chairman, -Sir Harold
Robinson, of plans for
Sir Harold's letter
advised the workers that
the Association had no
money and had been
unsuccessful in its negotia-

tions with the Govern-
ment over the raising of
a loan. In the light of
this, the workers were
informed, there was no
choice but to retrench
them until further notice.
At this point, the
union representing the
workers, the Union of
Foods, Hotel and Indus-
trial Workers (UFHIW),
organised a delegation to
see the Manager in his
office to discuss the
matter of severance pay.
The Manager's initial res-
ponse, according to the


workers, was to say that he
had nothing to say and to
walk out of the office. In
response to a urthcir request
to discuss the matter, the
Manager is alleged to have
walked back to his desk and
to have pulled a revolver
from his drawer.
A shop steward, who was
eventually fired, interposed
himself between the Manager
and the other workers, say-
ing that he would have tobe
shot first.
He was restrained by his
co-workers, who decided to
leave the office. The inci-
dent was reported to the


Besson Street Police Station,
but the workers say that the
gun is still in the possession
of the Manager and no action
has been taken by the'police.
According to a Trinidad
Guardian report last week,
the Association's long-standing
financial problems worsened
last year with a loss of $1.4
An official of the Associa-
tion'is quoted as saying that
the Government had paid
only half of its share of the
guaranteed prices offered to
citrus farmers and that this
had helped toput the Associa-
tion further in the red.

S. .. .

MSI.- A -


tot gctrus..1



-Laventiile makes $7,500 appeal

the regional unit respons-
ible for the election cam-
paign in Port-of-Spain
Laventille, San Juan
West, Port-of-Spain East,
Port-of-Spain North East
and Barataria, has
launched a $7,300 fund-
raising drive.
This is the figure
which, these Tapia people
estimate, is needed to
cover the following:
putting cadres in the
field and keeping them
there for the duration
of the election cam-
paign and at least the
First Sixty Days of a
Tapia Government;

publishing and print-
ing of handbills, pam-
phlets, broadsheets,
posters etc.,

buying another loud-
speaker system;

renting and furnish-
i:-, campaign head-

In a release to Tapia
signed by. Keith Smith,
Lloyd Taylor, Hamlet
Joseph and ErnestMassiah
of Tapia-Laventille, the
group stressed the neces-

sity for the required
funds to come from "all
our members, Associates,
friends and well-wishers,
particularly those in the
area for which Tapia,
Laventille is responsible."
Noting that the figure
of $7,300 is little for

some rich person to give,
the Tapia-Laventille state-
ment declared: "We
want no part of any
fairy god-mother or any
angel, for this would be
-to put ourselves at the
mercy of the vrell-to-do.
"Each hand must help

to count the cost of
change, and we must
insist on the principle of
popular participation."
Contributions may be
made either to the field
representatives of Tapia-
Laventille (duly accredit-
ed) or to any of Hamlet

Joseph, Mrs. Julie
Barrington, Anslem De
Coteau, Neville Maynard,
Anslem Alexander, Denzil
Grant, Michael Parris,
George Toby, Ernest
Massiah, Anthony Harris,
Lloyd Taylor and.Keith

New bike squad only small step

AT LONG last it looks as if
the authorities are getting
around to doing something
about traffic violations in the
Of course, they are not
going to tackle the more
fundamental problem, which
would involve rescheduling
working hours and decen-
tralising the public and
private bureaucracy to reduce
the daily flow of people and
vehicles into town.
More than a year ago the
Government started talking
hot and sweaty about the
introduction of a ticket sys-
tem to curb traffic violations.
The tickets have not yet seen
the light of day.
The recent addition of a
new fleet of sophisticated
radio-fitted police motor
cycles should help consider-
oncoming, traffic, cutting in
and out, illegal crossing of

for better traffic

ably even though this is far
from adequate for our traffic
needs at the present time.
While the number of vehicles
increased considerably over
the years, especially because
of the government's failure in
public transport, there was
hardly any increase of the
government's failure in public
transport, there was hardly
any increase of the traffic
police and improvement of
their equipment to meet the
In the 1950s and even in
the sixties,speed traps were
so routine that drivers were
less inclined to exceed the
speed limit. Nowadays a
speed trap is rare.
It is significant that it is

the incidence of motorized
banditry, and not concern
with traffic control, that
prompted the acquisition of
these motor cycles. While
crime fighting is important,
the protection of life on our
roads is no less important.
The absence of the police
in the latter role on our roads
has led to the creation of new
driving habits resulting in a
motoring jungle of road
manners and gross disregard
for the safety of others.
Refusal to yield to pedes-
trians at crossings, speeding
in school zones, four lanes
of traffic in two-lane streets.
high-beam headlights against
unbroken lines etc.. all of
these are everyday sights.

Even the highest authori-
ties in the Ministry of Works
which is responsible for traf-
fic, can often be seen com-
mitting these road offences.
Poor road manners have
become so much the norm
that it is the courteous road
user who is deviant. It would
take a lot of work and
example on the part of the
police to restore order and
good driving to our roads.
But then that would not
be easy the longer the
Government takes to intro-
duce and set into operation
the ticket system for traffic


SUI LjAlhiNiiiiRY IS, i)'/0

The official further cited
severe fluctuations in produc-
tion levels of oranges and
grapefruit as a prime source
of the Association's difficul-
The Association's inability
to finance its operations puts
into jeopardy the jobs of the
100 permanent and 400 sea-
sonal employees at the factory
and also affects the livelihood
of an estimated 700 citrus
farmers and 10,000 field and
other workers.
Now workers at the factory
are claiming that the Associa-
tion's financial difficulties
are due in part to mismanage-
They are questioning the
management's decision to
appoint a commercial firm as
Sales Agents for the Associa-
tion's products.
No new customers of any
significance have been won
they say, adding that the
commission paid to the
Agents is an additional,drain
on the Association's revenue
without any net gain.
Workers are also querying
the value of the frequent
alleged sales trips abroad by
officials of the Association.


Reception held in Prof Hermens' honour. Second from left is Dr. Selwyn Ryan former Constitution Commissioner.

Prof. Hermens used by PM

to keep PR bogeyman alive

THE Goernment, in its desire to present the country
in the next few weeks with a finished draft Constitu- .j
tion of its own making, has realized that this is not
possible if the machinery of the joint Select Com- n -
mittee on Constitution Reform is to be used hcnebtlI.
The reasons for this are twofold:

(1) The issues ofconsatutional principle raised by the
Opposition, incompatible as they are with dhe Govern-

Government. with its eye on the 197b.electiuns, can
tolerate. The Government cannot therefore allow the
Committee's discussion to be what, at the very least,
they should be: deliberations on constitutional principles,
with the details to be filled in later by lawyers.

Contrary to the announcement given by the Govern-
ment to the Press, the Committee at no time set itself
a January deadline for completion of its task, and could
never have realistically have set a deadline of that order.

(2) The exercise even as the Government conceives it,
namely as the clause-by-clause discussion and adoption of
an existing draft, with objections of principle overridder
or ignored, is not possible either, since a Committeeof
this type cannot undertake such a task, the implications
of: the smallest amendment upon earlier and later
amendments being too complicated. The Government
members have in addition realized that in respect of
even the minor clauses they do not know what they
are allowed to agree to and what they are not allowed
to agree to in open debate, since they are not free
agents and the PNM must always speak with one voice.

Their only recourse therefore has been to suspend
sittings of the Committee and to meet together in caucus in
order to find their voice and thrash out among themselves the
fait accompli which they will no doubt present to the Com-
mittee, to be debated briefly, after which who don't like it
get the hell out.
This would be bad enough in itself were it not for the
fact that the public has been misled into thinking that the
Committee is continuing its work. This has been done by
announcement to the Press, first to the effect that the Com-
mittee was adjourned to the fifth of January, and secondly
to the effect that it had decided to set itself a deadline for
completion of its task, and thirdly by the Chairman's state-
ment on television to the effect that its work was nearing
None of these assertions is true. The last meeting of
the Committee was held on 26th November 1975 and the
meeting scheduled for 1st December 1975 was cancelled not
by the Committee but by order of Senator Prevatt, who is
not even the Chairman. No meeting was summoned for 5th
January 1976, and in fact none was held that day or has been
held since. Finally, if as stated before, there was not any
decision by the Committee to set itself a deadline in view of
the state of its deliberations, could there have been any hope
of achieving such a deadline.

a- -


Therefore if anybody is within reach of a final docu-
ment it is the Government caucus which has been meeting
frequently in the Attorney General's chambers, and not in the
Committee,which is now obviously intended to be used as the
instrument for ratification of a purely Government draft.
In addition, the members of the Committee are being
used as pawns in the PNM's game of election polities

ii ainouicr way. Without any prior notification or discussion,
members of the Committee received on 6th January a sum-
mons to meet on 8th January a certain Professor Hermens,
who is also to be entertained by the Speaker of the House of
Representatives on Saturday January 8th.
Now this Professor Hermens is the author whose works
were extensively quoted by the Prime Minister in his 8-hour
tirade against Proportional Representation in the House of
Representatives debate on the Wooding Report.
It is obvious that the Prime Minister is using Professor
Hermens to impress the PNM constituency, i.e. to keep his
favourite vote-getting issue, the bogey of Proportional Repre-
sentation, in the forefront of its mind. That is to say, he is
once more playing the game of racial politics.
If the Joint Select Committee, or even perhaps the
Prime Minister, had felt that it would have been useful to
invite Professor Hermens to Trinidad to give expert advice on
a specific subject, that would have been in order; but for
Williams to use him as a flag to wave in his party's elec-
tion campaign is an abuse of his own position, an insult to
the members of the Joint Select Committee and Parliament
as a whole, and a misuse of public funds.



/_ Stephens





HOW DOES Angola relate to us in Caribbean?Are there
any lessons for the Caribbean mini-states to be found in
the struggles now taking place in this former Portuguese
African colony and in the agonizing throughout the world
on this tragic episode?
Answers to these questions have not been coming
from those who have given voice on the Angolan question.
The Government, in announcing its decision not to
allow landing rights to troop-carying Cuban planes en
route to Angola, did not take the opportunity to help
clear up the issue for the public.
Last weekend Tapia Shadow Minister of External
Affairs Michael Harris issued a statement on the Angolan
question which called on all small states to "vigorously
denounce all aspects of foreign intervention in Angola."
Harris' statement, which is reproduced below, gave the most
extensive background to the Angolan situation provided in
this country so far.

WITHIN the past three
weeks certain developments
have brought the people
of Trinidad and Tobago
face to face with the
tragic situation which now
exists in the ex-Portuguese
colonial territory of
The first of these
developments was the
decision of the Trinidad
and Tobago Government
to deny landing and re-
fuelling rights to Cuban
aircraft bound for Angola.
The second was the
statement made by the
Chairman of the Dem-
ocratic Action Congress
condemning the Govern-
ment's decision and declar-
ing his support for the
MPLA, one of the warring
factions in Angola.
The third event of note
was the Editorial response
in the Trinidad Guardian
on January 4th to Mr.
Robinson's statement.
SIt is to be regretted that in
none of these three instances
was any attempt made by the
parties involved to present
the people of Trinidad and
Tobago some analysis of the
real nature of the situation
which obtains in Angola and
its possible implications for us.
More guilty than the others
is the Government itself which
has once again signally failed
to provide the citizens with
the necessary political guidance
and information with which
we could all make some deci-
Mr. Robinson's statement,
on the other hand, again
made without any serious
analysis, can only be construed
as the product either of a total
naivete or a dangerous oppor-
tunism, and must be exposed
as such.
Finally, it cannot be said
that the editorial in the Trini-
dad Guardian, dragging as it
did the age old red-herring of
a simplistic anti-communism
into the picture, contributed
towards any greater clarity on
the issue.
It is in this context that we
in Tapia feel compelled, not
only to set forth bur position,
but also to present the country
with a clear and serious analysis
of the Angolan situation.
The situation in Angola
today is as complex as it is
tragic. Its very complexity,
inevitably aggravated by the
flood of contradictory evi-
dences available to us, should
warn us that a careful assess-
ment is required and that

positions and decisions should
be arrived at only in relation
to absolutely clear and firm
The first such principle
which Tapia wishes to enunci-
ate and from which all our
analysis stems is our unswerv-
ing belief in the right of the
peoples of Angola to self-
determination in their internal
Nothing that obtains in the
present situation leads us to
conclude that the popular
wishes of the Angolan people
will find expression.
Indeed it is notewDrthy
that amidst the veritable flood
of charges and dountercharges
and the steady stream of bla-
tant propaganda the only voice
still to be heard is the voice of
the Angolan peoples themselves.
And in their silent agony
they find themselves locked
in a bitter civil war and the
only direction in which it seems
to be moving is towards further
escalation and more bloodshed.
The war is being waged by
three factions; The National
Front for the Liberation of
Angola, (FNLA); The Popular
Movement for the Liberation
of Angola (MPLA); and The
National Movement for the
total Liberation of Angola
The factors which have
brought these three movements
into such bitter conflict are to
some extent rooted in the
realities of the colonialist
Portuguese colonialism is
well known to have been the
most oppressive of all. And
although Angola possesses vast
economic potential, its peoples,
under Portuguese rule have had
absolutely no experience of
either governmental, political
or even administrative pro-
The coup in Portugal itself
and the change of regime and
ideology which it brought
about, while it hastened
Angola's release from cen-
turies of colonialism, could
not alter these conditions in
.any way.
The new Portuguese admin-
istration, preoccupied with its
own difficulties, was concerned
mainly with severing itself from
its African colonies as quickly
as possible.
In none of the Portuguese
colonies, given the absence of
even the most limited tradition
of participation in the
machinery of Government,
indeed given the very limited
structure of that machinery
itself and given the bitterness
and chaos caused'by the long
wars of liberation, could the
transition to independence be

expected tobe peaceful.
Yet in Mozambique and
Guinea Bissau, where the res-
pective wars of liberation had
produced clear military and
political leadership the transi-
tion to Independence was
accomplished with a relative
minimum of fratricidal turmoil.
Such was not the case in
Angola, where there existed
three distinct, geographically
separated, and above all, tri-
bally.divided liberation move-
ments, none of which had
been able to assert a clear
Under such conditions the
approach of Independence
could notbufbe synonymous
with an intensification of the
struggle for power.
The only major attempt
made by the Portuguese to
ensure a peaceful transition of
Angola to Independence was
the Alvor Agreement, setting
up a transitional coalition
Government of the three
liberation movements on
January 15th, 1975. Long
before November llti, the
date set for Independence, the
Alvor Agreement had been

violated by all parties and the
civil war was on.
While in tens of the politi-
cal conditions which existed
and the hasty construction of
the Agreement its breakdown
could not have been un-
expected; undoubtedly the
major reason for the complete
failure and for the continued
escalation of civil war to
present levels was the massive
presence of so many external


The Angolan situation has
by now been internationalized
to extremely serious propor-
tions. The list of foreign
countries actively participating
in Angola with men, arms or
money is long. It includes, the
Soviet Union, the Uiited
States. France, China, South
Africa, Zaire, Cuba, Tanzania
and Nigeria.
It is foolish for anyone to
believe that the presence of
any of the external forces in
Angola will be to the unequi-
vocal benefit of the Angolan

The leaders of the nval Angolan groups, left
Roberto (FNLA) and Jonas Savimbi (UND

Nothing more demonstrates
this than the present alignment
of these external forces. The
alignments make absolutely no
sense when viewed either
ideologically, geographically,
or racially. They make sense
only when viewed in terms of
the realities of super-power
political rivalry.
The eventual outcome of
the war in Angola, if the pre-
sent conditions persist, will be
determined not by which of
the three factions is best able
to mobilise the most support
among the Angolan peoples
but by, the quantity and
quality of armsnoney and
mercenaries which the super-
powers feel it expedient to
pour into Angola.
Any such outcome will only
be realized after a lot more
blood is shed by the Angolan
Under such circumstances
then not only is any possibil-
ity of self-detemination on
the part of the Angolan peoples
buried beneath the fields of
war but even the political and
tribal differences or similari-
ties which exist among the


AR 18, 1976



LEFT: The fighting goes on in
Angola. Meantime the people of
Angola remain in silent agony.
BELOW LEFT: Former Nazi
officers found jobs in theSouth
African armed forces, elements
of which are deployed now in
war-torn Angola.
BELOW RIGHT: Cubans celebrate
victory in Vietnam.


)rght. \goso nrio N to i PL \ i. Holden

liberation movements, become
totally irrelevant.
So that we must be quite
clear that to declare support
for any one of the factions
under such conditions is first
to anticipate the political
wishes of the Angolan peoples,
and secondly it is to lend our
tacit support to a policy of
super-power interventionism,
manipulation and exploitation.
This Tapia is absolutely not
prepared to do.
What we are prepared to do
most vigorously is to condemn
and denounce all those powers
who either by means of arms,
money or men are helping to
perpetuate thebloody civil war
and the agony of the Angolan


The tragedy of Angola,
however, extends even beyond
its shores. Given the massive
presence of external forces in
Angola we cannot seriously
treat the situation without
some attempt to locate it
within the framework of the
state of international politics

The events which are
taking place in Angola should
effectively serve to shatter two
great myths of current interna-
tional politics and by so doing
focus our mi).s and energies
on what must be our own
imperatives in the situation.
The first of these myths is
that the "cold war" conflict
between the super-powers has
ended and that "detente"' has
somehow ushered in a period
of worldwide political equality
amongst nations.
Super-power rivalry is still
the most important factor in
international politics today. If
anything has changed it is not
the substance but tme modali-
ties of and participants in that
In the first place the camp
of the super-powers is no
longer simply limited to the
United States and the Soviet
Union. But in any case the
principle at work is the ola
one of sheer power politic.
and it is not only the super.
powers who feel they can play
this game.
Any nation, whatever its
size or resources, which has

the potential to gain influence
over another will attempt to
do so. In simple language its
a case ot big 'ish eating little
For all of them, however,
the name of the game is not
ideological expansion, but
purely and nakedly the exten-
sion of their "spheres" of in-
fluence and domination.
So we must be quite clear
that what "detente" really
means is simply an eschewing
of direct confrontation and a
tacit agreement to shift the
focus of rivalry to competi-
tion- for control, by any means
possible, over smaller nations.
Nothing in "detente" can
imply or be taken to imply any
new recognition of the sanctity
and sovereign rights of all
nations and a revocation of
the super-power imperialistic
practice of intervention in the
internal affairs of other smaller
Yet this policy of super-
power "hegemonism", to use
the phrase of Communist
China without for a moment
falling prey to the fallacy that
that country is exempt from
the charge, continues in the

context of a world situation
where the majority of the
nations of the world are small,
economically weak and mili-
tarily insignificant entities.
That this should be so
should also warn us against a
ready acceptance of the second
great myth of current interna-
tional politics and that is
"Third World" solidarity.


The group of nations which
are referred to as the "Third
World" betray a bewildering
diversity of economic, cultural
and political systems. Obvi-
ously, for any given issue the
degree of relevance to each
one of these nations will differ
and- indeed on some issues
many of them will part comn-
This is only as it should
be. To conceive of the "Third
World" as a monolithic bloc.
espousing a coherent ideol-
ogical position on all issues is
to live in a dangerous dream
And this is so in spite of
the vituperations of the United
States over what it calls the


"tyranny of the majority" in
the United Nations and in
spite of the perfonnances of
the "Group of 77" ;" that
Indeed what the vitupera-
tions of the United States
serve to do, and may be
designed to do, is to mask the
fact that the "Third World"
nations are divided even where
there is clearly the need for
the greatest solidarity, and that
such divisiveness is to the
advantage of the super-powers.
The Angolan situation de-
monstrates this most vividly.
It is quite apparent that
the OAU's incapacity, thus
far, to act decisively in the
situation stems from the sharp
differences of opinion among
member states over which of
the contending factions to
What makes the situation
even more tragic and disas-
trous is the fact that the inter-
vention of the super-powers,
the United States, the Soviet
Union and China is limited to
the supply of money and
arms, while they have suc-
ceeded in getting so-called
Third World nations to commit
themselves to actual physical
comb at.
Thus we have Cuba sending
Caribbean soldiers, many of
them black, to fight black
African soldiers at the behest
of a white super-power. And
similarly, the United States
getting Zaire black African
soldiers to fight black African
soldiers, while they provide
the finance.
And above all the split in
the OAU allows the declared
white racist Government of
South Africa to send its troops
into a black African State
without engendering any mas-
sive retaliation from all of
Black Africa.
We cannot continue any
longer to be deceived by any
of the spurious ideological for-
mulations which are being
hustled about the place. Inter
vention supported anywhere
is intervention supported
It is in the interests of all
small countries, concerned
about the future integrity of
Angola and jealous -of their
own integrity, to vigorously
denounce all aspects of foreign
intervention in Angola before
anything else.
Here in the Caribbean per-
haps more than anywhere else
should the defence of terri-
torial sovereignty be our over-
riding concern.

How can we legitimately
defend Belize against the terri-
torial ambitions of Guatemala
how canwe legitimately defend
Guyana against the claims of
Venezuela if at the same time
we play fast and loose with
our principles by abetting
foreign intervention in Angola.
Ab ove all, p precisely because
our size and resources iously
prohibit us from playing any
role in the insanity of power
politics must we have the
responsibility to take the lead
in putting before the whole
world a moral as distinct from
a pragmatic concept of inter-
national politics, one that
allows all nations large or
small, and of itever political
persuasion to irsue their
ways in peace.


WHY CAN'T the Public
Transport Service Cor-
poration provide a bus
service along Mohess
Road even if it's only
one bus, plying the route
just twice per day to
take the school children?
Such a service would
be' a tremendous relief
to the school children in
the area, on whom trans-
portation difficulties
now take a heavy toll.
It would be a tremend-
ous burden off the minds
of parents who would
feel much more secure
about their children get-
ting to school and back
And it would' be a
tremendous act of
humanity on the part of
the P.T.S.C.
There is nothing that
I can see that stands in
the way of a limited Bus
Service of this sort.
It might well prove to
be a profitable run too.

In the absence of other
means of transport a
regular bus along Mohess
would be sure of, many
The people who live
along Mohess Road are
poor and simple people
and very few of them
own cars. In addition,
there are few amenities
in these communities and
people must journey into
Penal or San Fernando
almost every day.
In any case, the argu-
ment that such a service
might not prove profit-
able is irrelevant.
The P.T.S.C. is a state-
owned transportation sys-
tem that should provide
a service to the nation
regardless of cost.
Some routes may be
profitable, others may
not bt; the important
thing is that the nation
be serviced wherever the
need exists, even if the
Transport Corporation
has to be heavily subsi-
dised by the State.
*.: people who live
along Mohess Road, in
-communities such as
Digity Village, need such
a service desperately.
We hope to get some.
action from the P.T.S.C.
soon, so that life for
these people,,especially
the school children,
could be made a little

They made '75 a grand year


CALYPSO came home
with a vengeance in
1975. The people who
were mainly responsible
for this were Superior,
Chalkdust, Valentino,
Stalin and Shadow.
It has been noticeable
over the last few years
that Calypso has been
enjoying a surge of popu-
larity which made the
events of 1975 possible.
The 1975 Calypso
season of the Regal tent
began in December 1974,
which was unusual and
heralded a momentous,
year in calypso. That
opening was reasonably
successful in capturing
the "atmosphere", a huge
success crowd-wise.
For the Independence
celebrations last year the

vanguard of a new move-
ment in calypso.
Shadow, the incompar-
able, believes in himself
so much that the country
also had to believe. "My
Belief" has been the most
successful record out of
Carnival in several years,
and confirmed Shadow
as a man likely to domi-
nate the calypso field in
years to come.
I hope that I have been
able to convey something
of the significance of the
past year and would like
to record my apprecia-
tion of the artistes,
named and unnamed,
who made a contribution.

Michael Hanis,
L aventille.

tent reopened for one
week in August and a
weekend in September.
The management was
openly -talking about
plans to repeat the experi-
ment for 1976, with the
hope of opening a year-
round calypso tent.
What is important is
that the Regal manage-
ment is aware of the
revolutionary intent of
this proposal. It is impor-
tant that people be able
to hear calypsoes at any
time, but more important
to reinove the limiting
association of calypso
with Carnival.

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Valcntino and later
Stalin did what no other
calypsonian since Sparrow
has attempted a show
outside of the traditional
calypso season. It is signi-
ficant, though, that these
two singers are in 11he






Of people who know
how to cope
with rising



for calypso




Calypso Poetess

She tells the story of Carnival,

from the shhipp of Jouvert

to the tan-tan-ah of Tuesday.


Le Gendre

we play mas!"
Reeling like a drunken
sailor, uncertain in a
tourist chip, in the wild
pelvic abandon of the
middle class with a good
excuse Cheryl Byron
on stage at The Profes-
sionals, newest tent in
And what's the
poetess of "Street
Theatre", Caribbean
Theatre Guild and
Kibwe fame doing in a
Calypso tent?
'Cal.-s Ps or -- of
course; a dramatised
poetry accented by
drums pan and brass.
In the vein of Malik,
"The Bad Poet", and
Paul Keens-Douglas,
Cheryl Byron composes
a poetry in dialect
which, like that of the
calypsonian, arises out
of keen observation of
people and the society.
On stage: the pieces
"Carnival", though it
speaks, in dialect, prim-
arily to the tourist,
goes well with the
"Carnival" sketches a
panoramic picture from
J'ouvert and the sshhipp
of sliding feet to the
tatanta of burnished
Tuesday mas in the face
of the sun. And the
piece climaxes amidst
brass fanfares and choral
shouts of "Play mas!"
with the audience shout-
ing for more.
"It's the same sort
of warm reception I get
in New York," Cheryl
assures me later, seated
amidst the debris of
empty chairs with
gaudily dressed calypson-
ians moving about in
the background old
mas caught at one on
a Monday afternoon.
She asks the time -
it's five after twelve;
Cheryl has slipped
quietly into her twenty-
ninth year.
Cheryl Byron has been

N -'-.' 3-

Cheryl Byron delivering her "Carnival" calypso poem at the Professionals tent.

appearing' in New York
in such places as the
Apollo Theatre in Harlem,
Columbia University,
Leyman College and the
Manhattan Centre.
Sixteen months ago she
was part of the Arts and
Crafts team which went to
New York. She was spotted
by Norman Carter, the
Trinidadian portrait artist,
who arranged for her to
attend workshop sessions at
the New School of Social
Research in N.Y.


"But if you were in New
York until the beginning
of this year, how did you
team up with The Profes-
At the West Indian, Tri-

nidadian-owned, hangout,
the Tropical Cove, last
Labour Day, Cheryl made a
guest appearance at a show
which featured the Mighty
Duke and the Lord Shorty.
(Later, supported by the
Natural Roots Drummers,
she had a two-week main
billing at the same club).
When they heard her
performance and watched
the audience reaction, she
,was immediately approached
to appear as part of The
Such is the effect of
Cheryl's oral art. Apart
from Carnival which she
does at the tent, she has
popular pieces like "Money"
a commentary on the can-
cerous effects of the influ-
ential paper, A Tribute to
Politicians, Justice and love,
and a Harlem favourite,

Cheryl, 29,
is also a

"Respect", in honour of
woman, composed in res-
ponse to a Harlem enter-
tainer's abuse of woman in
an attempt to procure a
few cheap laughs at a
nightclub in much the
same way as some of our
own calypsonians.


Though Cheryl has com-
posed copiously, none of
her work has, as yet, been
published. When asked for
written samples ofherwork
so as to take a deeper look
than that afforded at the
tent, she seemed shy, reluc-
She's much more eager
to talk about her plans.
Near future plans include
the printing of her first
book to be called 'Carnival'.
The book will be illustrated,
featuring her art and her
The poem of the same
name will be recorded on a
When asked if she plan-
ned to stay in Trinidad and
take part in the develop-
ment of the oral theatre
being pioneered by poets
Malik and Paul Keens-
Douglas, she smiled. What-
ever happens here during
the season of our annual
theatre, she must return to
New York by April when
she expects to exhibit her
paintings at the International
Student Centre.

L *




THE STAGE at Woodbrook's Little
Carib Theatre last Sunday could
well have been West Kingston,
Jamaica where rioting, shooting
and burning erupted on January 5.
The actors on stage were talk-
ing in Jamaican dialect; they were
singing songs set to Reggae music
and, in one scene, they were look-
ing at Kingston go .up in flames.
All in rehearsal for Derek
Walcott's latest play, a thundering
piece of work involving Jamaica's
Rastafari and appropriately entitled,
0 Babylon!
The play is also Walcott's
second attempt at producing
musical West Indian theatre, follow-
ing the successful run of his The

Joker of Seville which
played to packed houses
in Port-of-Spain and in
Kingston where Walcott
took the "Joker" late last
Once again, Walcott
is working with Ameri-
can musical composer
Galt McDermot, who did
the music for "Joker"
(McDermot's mostpopu-
lar work is the music for
the American hit play,
Walcott has been work-
ing on "Babylon" for over a
year, sharpening his focus on
the condition of the poor in
today's Caribbean -including
betrayal by the politicians. A
scene inBabylon portrays a
political leader being conned
by two Mafia men who,
tossing a beach ball between
them, cheerfully sing: "The
Mafia care; The Mafia care."
Why hasWalcott chosen
the Rastafari in particular? In
an interview with the
Jamaica "Daily News" re-
cently he said: "Ihave always
found in the Rastas a kind of
very strange serenity. And I
know how violent Jamaica
society has become."
Walcott added that the
Hippie movement, the flower
children of the 60s and their
"peace and love signs", was
the "kind of feeling that
exists in the Rastas. He has
kept it." He also felt that it is
"in these cults that the
spiritual truth of the West
Indian lies."
in that interview, Wal-
cott also expressed concern
about possible political
suppression of the West



Indian theatre. "There is so
much censorship of the Press
in the Caribbean", he said,
"that one is just waiting for
censorship of the theatre. I
don't think the laws have
been drafted yet, but at the
rate we are going that could
be coming soon."
Last week Walcott flew
to Ohio for a brief lecture
session. His Trinidad Theatre
Workshop is continuing with
rehearsals for Babylon which
Walcott hopes to open at
the Little Carib Theatre in

Nursery School


Auzonville Road


HOURS: 8.30 a.m. 11.30 a.m.
AGES: 22 4 Years
Contact Thora Laughlin,
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Our printing-plant is open at
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Street, Tunapuna.
SKindly phone orders to: 662-5126.




Eastern Main d., Laventille
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Galvanise, Cement,
Blocks, Tiles,
etc, etc.





. ........












a suggestion to make to
all those bright young
research scientists who
are busy earning their
passports to fat salaries
up at the University. If
they are really interested
in serving their country
then I can think of no
- ^ .. .. l ., 1

tLcttiu- vyi_'y ulfIl lur UZJU111
to invent some machine
which would convert all
the, hot air which comes
out so regularly from
Comrade George Weekes
into electricity.
If any of them could
come up with such a
machine they would be
solving two of the coun-
tries greatest problems
at the same time. In the
first place, they would be
helping to provide the
country with a steady
and reliable source of
electricity so that we
would no longer be at
the mercy of those bung-

ling bosamen at T&TEC.
But more importantly
they would have solved
the problem of what we
can do to save ourselves
from Comrade George.
Comrade George, it would
appear, suffers from a very
dread disease, a congenital
incapacity to learn anything
new. Now, of course, he is
not the only one in the
country who suffers from
this disease. But he is one
of the few in the country
whose position is such that
the disease can affect the
rest of us.
It was only last year that
Comrade George, breathing
fire and brimstone and
various other gases, went
charging into the battle of
Beaumont Hill, or to put ii
simply, entered into negotia-
tions with Texaco. On that
occasion he started out by
demanding a flat 80%, which
he subsequently raised to
144%, which he then reduced
again to 80%, which figure
the Industrial Court had no
hesitation in slashing to 57%.
And Comrade George was
left to cry "thief".
To be quite honest, dear
friends, I for one felt some
sympathy for George on that
occasion. After all he was
fighting a battle with that
horrid multinational Texaco.
which has been ripping us off
for many years, and every
dollar which George could
win from Texaco would be a
dollar saved for the country.


But, as my friends in
a. i Ttia -ed-i.n.i-ou-to u -Ge woe--
at that time any flat request
for an increase across the
board would also beharming
the country by increasing the
gap between those who living
high on the hog and those
who chewing on the tail.
It is obvious that George
did not understand what
those Tapia people were
trying to tell him because
he did not change his plans
then, and now he is up to
the same game again.
This time it is the Battle
of T&TEC and Comrade
George is asking for 100% for
all workers across the board.
Again he has made no
attempt to come to grips
with the fact of inequality

among workers in lic sanie
industry which, would have
prompted him to present a
sliding scale of demands in
which the larger percentage
increase would go to those
workers at the bottom and
get progressively smaller for
those at the top.
Such a policy would not
only be a positive step in
eliminating inequality within
the industry but would also
be a monumental act of
political leadership, one
which would win the sym-
pathy and support of the
vast majority of little people.
But, actions always speak
louder than words, and it is
quite clear that for all his
radical speeches about "bread
and justice" George is really
as conservative and reactiop-
ary as they come.
So all those who want (to
hold the fort while Georgd is
coming could wait but not
me. As far as I am concerned
he can't get it up no more.
So is gone Igone.

Bitter edge

to strike
last Monday afternoon
about 100 members of
the Transport & Indus-
trial Workers', Union
(TIWU) decided to con-
tinue their strike against
Trinidad and Tobago
Electrical Contractors
That decision means
that the strike will now
enter its 12th unbroken
-i. vek, with w workers Jd .il
picketing the company's
offices at 165-16) Char-
lotte Street.
TIWU President Mr.
Joe Young says the strike
is a result of a b reakd ow n
in negotitiaions for wages
and better working condi-
tions. "There is no sign
of any serious proposals
from the company," Mr.
Young said.
Meetings held at the
Ministry of Labour to
try to resolve the issue
have proved barren to
For the TIWU leader-
ship and members, the

strike has a peculiarly
bitter edge.
The company's labour
relations adviser is Mr.
George Bowrin, w l-a
formerly served as al if Wt
to the Oilfields' Workers..

From Page 1

the things we continue to
Yet were we concerned
about reducing our imports,
and by e\xiieon about taking
tile necessary slops'to create
a production base in the
poultry industry that uses
local raw materials, the
devaluation we face y would
.not have to be the humbug
it now is.
Tlhen we would havebeen
planning simultaneously to
red uce our illports of hatch-
ing eggs and the underemploy-
meni which cur "common
fowls" and local cocks must
endure because we can
perceive no need for research,
for standardising and upgrad-
ing the breeds spawned at
Devaluation of our cur-
rency would have been just
die measure we needed to
give an added stimulus to
domestic production to
match local demand.
In which case we would
not have waited for the US
dollar to do it for us.
Instead, our so-called local
poultry industry continues
to be based on items that
are -almost all imported -
feeds, hatching eggs, condi-
tioners, medicators etc.
To use lhe terminology of
inporters we are iniporting
chicken C.K.D. completely
knocked down.
This issue has served to
expose further the opportun-
ism with which Governtent
has continue to pursue its

'I radc Union (V0'J U)
with which TIWU over
the years has had a close
relationship, recently cul-
minating in the forma-
tion of the United Labour
Front (ULF).

silence on the question of
devaluation or revaluation.
Not to mention the repeated
ease with which the econ-
omy is pappyshowed by a
mere ripple in the rest of
the world.
So that even if the Min-
istry of Industry and Com-
merce was to grant licences
to import whole birds to
make up the shortage in
anticipated demand, their
landed' costs would still be


Will they now subsidise a
local industry based inordi-
nately on foreign inputs?
Poultry producers want to
-That seems to be the kind
of option our inept Govern-
ment is likely to take. On
the currency issue the Gov-
ernment has been more than
abundantly interested in
It is therefore concerned
more with the amount of
revenue it gets in US dollars.
earned through the refining
and crude output of oil here.
and the prospects for buying
But the Government for
all its greed and cunning has
succeeded in tying up itself
completely. That is why
"Black Market Chicken"
looks like a pretty certain
runner for Carnival '76.
We must register for that
mas now. So that when it
comes we go know that is
Errol Mahabir and the Gov-
ernment that leading it.


' From Page 2

en old streak in the
Tapia mind', as I under-
stand it.
"Doctor, you must
do a piece!"
It is not as if this
cheerful lend-hand
approach to the thing
did not give us much
excitement, much bril-
liant writing, dealing
"pointedly with the
here and now", much
"splendidly literate"
It had its day. But
it has had it. And what
the years since '73
m11cant was the er-ystalliz-

ing of tendencies for
the long-term.
The "doctors" (who
were never all Tapia
political people) indi-
cated in effect that they
weren't disposed to
shoulder the week-to-
week burden of bringing
out a paper.
SAt least not on the
paper's terms. On their
own terms, yes, when
this means delivering a
piece leisure, or when
moved by something
that happened, a pro-
cess congenitally alien
to routine meeting
deadlines, balance, order
And as the pages of
TAPIA were always.

open to second-hand
material, as it were, it
was not surprising that
the hansard transcrip-
tions suggested them-
selves as copy.
Still, the requirements
of proper headlines, by-
lines, proof-reading and
editorial discrimina tion
demand more than the
regular contribu ion of
pieces, whether at first
or second hand.


In fact, were all the
copy to come in 'spon-
laneotisly as con term -
plated, there would still
be a decisive problem
of converting copy into

newspaper. An editorial
task, in other words.
What, in my turn, I
would like to ask, is the
significance of the not-
able absence -of skills
like layout and editing
which was mIanifest
during thle peritx of
To answer this ques-
lion I would say that
tile expectation of a
response fronll Tapia
people "to cele rate
their existence in all
its fullness, in cultured,
lasltel'ul writing" oper-
ated to block vision of
other possibilities of
developmental, that is,
throughh ilte concerted
cult iv.alion of profes-

sional skills by those
who would practise the
Left to choose be-
tween having no paper
at all and enduring the
recent "degeneration" I
would choose the
former. But that is
speaking as a journalist.
and I know th;t it's not
so easy.
But what it means
for '7(o. let me sa\ in
conclusion for no\v, is
that yeonimall efforts are
called for from all of
us in Tapiai aind .in
Instead of cutltlia,;,sia.
\\,e have chosen ;a hear
transpl:inl. And I 1nt for
llia l.



Mrs. Andrea Tqm+..+.I

Research Institut for

162, East 78th St -
New York, N.Y. 100I
Ph, Lehigh 5 8448a,


More balance needed in

Selection of W.I. bats



WE NEED contrast
in our batting.
I believe our out
in selection has been
to select one type of
batsman. We have not
balanced off the
aggressively inclined
batsmen with the
more composed,
"stayer" type.
We have both types
in the WI and with
our present resources
down under we can
still find some
Just as Hunte,
Solomon, Charlie
Davis have been
effective counter
points to the Kanhai,
Butcher Lloyd types
in the past. We need
those counter points
Three-one down in
the series, we are
paying the dues for
not having struck
that balance, that
vital contrast.
When you select
Fredericks, Greenidge,
Rowe, Kallicharan,
Lloyd, Richards as
specialist batsmen, all
of whom are match-
winning batsmen on
their day, you are
taking an avoidable
The imbalance is
that only Rowe can
be categorised as a
stayer, though he
does it in grander
style than most.
That is not to say
that Fredericks, Kalli-
charan and Lloyd
have never played
tough fighting innings,
but, their normal role
have been to get at
the bowling and we
would certainly like
to see them continue

I ;j**?*.' ;



in that way.
At the expense of
Greenidge a n d
Richards we ought to
select a different
type even if that
type is less naturally
endowed. Particularly

in the opening posi-
tion, we have to find
a sheet anchor.
At the present
time, then, who ought
to be the counter-
points to Fredericks,
Kallicharan, and

I I would like to
suggest Baichan,
Rowe and Murray.
The inclusion of
Baichan may not be
an easy selection for
the selectors to make

for two reasons.
One reason is that
either a specialist
batsman or bowler
will have to go and
the other is that our
fielding, outstanding
from all the commen-

tries, would be
weakened by Richards'
omission in the first
instance and by
Baichan's inclusion in
the second.
Playing only four
bowlers has already
proven to be unwise,
so that option, I
suspect, is closed.
Therefore, a bats-
.-n will have to
dropped anid.a~Jidsa
already suggested that
batsman is Richards.
Already I can hear
the outcry such a
move would raise,
especially from the'
Combined Islands,but
I think taking the
sting out of Lillee
and Thompson at
this stage is more
important than any
other consideration.



the television film of
the second testmatch
one can't help but
conclude that the
umpiring in the cur-
rent series has left
much to be desired;
and it is not only
a question of a "one.
day mentality" that
is causing the WI to
be on the losing end
in the series.
Coming from Aus-
tralia we have had
comments by Tony
Cozier and captain
Clive Lloyd regarding
the umpiring.
Cozier was even

more outspoken than
Lloyd and in one of
his radio commen-
taries he said about
umpire Collins that
Collins had never
given an LBW deci-
sion before, and
since he had not
upheld an LBW deci-
sion against Austral-
ian batsman, Gary
Cosier at a crucial
point in his innings,
he would never give
If Cozier was sug-
gesting only that
Collins was incompe-
tent, then, in the case
of the umpires during

the second test (from
what was seen on
television) it would
be difficult to say
the same.
" There were several
instances that the
slow motion replays
revealed umpiring
lan Chappell was
let off twice; one was
a catch taken by
Lloyd and other was
an LBW decision off
the bowling of Ber-
nard Julien.
A glaring LBW
against brother Greig
was not upheld.
No wonder young

Holding could not
keep his cool during
the last test and
neither could old
Gibbs earlier in the
But these mistakes
are a pattern. A
In 1960/61 there
were- the famous
Kline and Grout inci-
dents and after th(
1968/69 tour Rohum
Kanhai temporarily
retired from Test
cricket admitting his
disgust with the ex-
tremes to which thi
Australians would go
to win a match.

No one objects, I
am sure, to playing
your cricket hard,
but unfair umpiring
is hard to take. (R.B.)


r r :'