Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00195
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: January 11, 1976
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00195

Full Text


30 Cents


THE absorption of Canning & Co. Ltd. into the giant Neal
& Massy Group of Companies may be the real cause of a
seven-week strike at Canning's soft drink factory at
Streatham Lodge.
That's the view of Mr. Nathaniel Crichlow, President-
General of the National Union of Government & Federated
Workers (NUGFW), which is fighting Canning's over the
company's retrenchment of its 49-man sales staff.
Another 119 factory workers walked off their jobs

when the company handed
sales staff on November 24.
Taking a tough stance,
the company gave the
workers a deadline to
return to their jobs and
then advertised their
jobs as vacant when the
workers stood on strike,
seriously disrupting the
company's soft drink
Christmas sales.
Another 24 workers were
suspended by the company
for agitating on the issue in
other Canning subsidiaries,
most of whom are now
reportedly back on the job.
As the Labour Congress
met in emergency session to
tackle the issue last Thursday
afternoon, Mr. Crichlow
charged in an interview:
"The company's attitude is
strange. In all the years we've
represented Canning's work-
ers, the management has
never acted like this. In fact,
I see Neal & Massy behind
this because I know this is
the manner in which Neal &
Massy operates."


One of the oldest com-
panies in the country, Can-
ning's was recently absorbed
into the Neal & Massy Group
in a recent trend by big com-
panies to swallow up more
and more small firms. This
trend, it is feared, could lead
to centralised or "monopoly"
control of the country's ser-
vice and manufacturing
Mr. Crichlow said last
week: "I see Neal & Massy
behind this, manipulating
from the background."
The Labour Congress 30-
man Executive Council met at
1.30 on Thursday afternoon,
followed by a General Coun-
cil meeting at 3.30 at the

out dismissal notices to its



brings new








'tic ~ -fr1 .
- -L** 9* ;

-- -. _, .. ..-.
rc w cokes dries past strikers' tent outside manning's tr Lodge factor. (Photo r AP

Truck laden with cokes drives past strikers' tent outside Canning's Streatham Lodge factory. (Photo for IlAPIA

request of the NUGFW.
"My own view is that
Congress will have to talk to
*these people so we can
resolve the issue", Mr.
Crichlow said.

On Tuesday afternoon
last week, NUGFW shop
.stewards with the Water &
Sewerage Authority (WASA)
also met to discuss support
action for the Canning's

The WASA workers stirred
up some shocked responses
when it was reported two
weeks ago they were thinking
of cutting off water supply

Union sees long struggle ahead

and the NUGFW have
argued the issue out in
public advertisements
in the Press. The
company's stand is
that it has been losing
money on the sales of
soft drinks, which is
controlled by the Gov-
ernment at prices
between 16 and 17

cents a bottle.
"We offered 26 of
the 49 workers self-
employment as distri-
butors and temporary
employment to the rest
of the workers", a
Canning's spokesman
said last week. "The
last thing the company
would like to do is
dismiss workers but

we have a business to
The spokesman also
said since around August
last year the company had
moved into a "loss posi-
tion" on soft drink produc-
tion. "Our return on
investment has been well
below 4.5%", he said.
"You could earn more on
your money in a commer-
cial bank deposit."

The Union does not
accept that the company
is losing money. "We are
not doubting that their
returns may have been
reduced." Mr. Crichlow
said. "But our contention
is that the soft drink
industry in this country
cannot lose money because
of a fixed return guaran-
Continued on Page 7

by K. Bekoc)

to the homes of Canning
Mr. Crichlow said the
report was inaccurate. "I
doubt that this Union would
talk in terms of deliberately
cutting off water to people.
But if their pumps go bad or
things like that, well the
workers aren't going to repair

- -~-~--~ ~e -1--

Vol. 6 No. 2



The Paper and the Politics in 1976

A Personal View

IN 1976, the February
Revolution is certain to
find a consummation in
either the fall or the defini-
tive survival of the 1956
regime. By October we
will have gone through
seven rigorous years of
political redefinition and
ideological alignment, as
always mostly at a pre-
conscious level.
Revolution is a change of
perception, a new expression
of the general will; it is therefore
necessarily a sorting out of
fundamental options by the
vast multitude of the people.
In the nature of the case, it
is both an exciting, apocalyptic
discovery and a climax of
habits and forces long at work.
That is why the ideological
shift is only half-conscious;
the change always straddles
the new world of hope and
the old world of habit.
The change comes when, at
alllevels;high, low and medium,
the people become alert and
then aroused to public ques-
tions by the confrontations
inherent in the chronic incapa-
city of decadent institutions
to fulfil the normal expectations
of the ordinary individual.
The linkbetween the failings
of established agencies of living
and the dramatic popular
perception of the need to
correct them, inevitably, is
Among the most crucial
ingredients of agitation are
political journalism, political
oratory, and, increasingly in an
age of television, political
mascara; In important ways,
the most effective of these
three is still the journalism.
,Pamphleteering" alone can
reach those people whomiss the
platform occasion or the
action or the demonstration;
and you can read it over and
over, in public as a group or
in the private recesses of the
individual home. The power


meets this

THE January 'Meeting of
the Council of Representa-
tives starts this Sunday at
the Tapia Centre in Port-
Owing to a heavy
Agenda, the meeting will
continue at the same
venue on Saturday January
Starting times are 10
a.m. and 1 p.ni. respect-
ively. Particulars are avail-
able from the Office
Manager, Angela Cropper,
at 22, Cipriani Boulevard
- Telephone 62-25241.

of the paper lies in capacity
to endure.
When revolution ushers in
a period of upheaval and all
the decrepit institutions
crumble, the crisis is necessarily
most acute among the men of
the press. The proliferation of
papers and journals and pam-
phlets in this country since
1968, and the bewildering
circulation of the journalists
among the various media bear
an eloquent I witness.
For the publicists, above
all, the revolutionary change
in perception is no tired
abstraction. However much
the pundit on a university
campus may find escape or
comfort in the weary formula-
tions 'of some outworn creed,
the journalist must be excep-
tionally insensitive if he is not
to be caught in the agonising
refashioning of the general


Inescapably he is part of
the solution to the extent that
his reporting and comment are
essential to a people finding a
To the extent that he is at
all engaged in the task, he
becomes a leaf driven by the
wind, a confusion of love and
hate, idealism and cynicism,
doubt and trust and profound
ambivalence becomes his nor-
mal condition.
Particularly those who have
the wit and the will to search
and to grow follow a path of
up and down and on and off,
eac' cycle spiralling to a higher
dimension of moral insight.
The process is paralleled in
the political field and both
experiences are but a dramatis-
ation of what happens to the
average man at moments when
nations make -an historic
This doubting process of
hot and, cold is the path by
which the individual ultimately
discovers an (admittedly un-
stable) equilibrium and it is
the whole of the individual
experiences, greater of course
than the sum of its parts,
which adds up to a revolution-
ary transformation of a
people's will, lengthening the
rope of possibility for the
In the midst of such a
process with the development
of the February Revolution,
two papers have achieved the
status of public utilities; utili-
ties in the sense of being
papers that speak the voice of
an indigenous and hence valid
way of seeing and which there-
fore, are basic to the political
conflict and necessary even to
particularly to those who
oppose them.
None of the Marxist claptrap

BEFORE 1789, France had no newspapers or magazines
with any political content. Yet, in the ten years following,
over 1,000 such papers were to appear as "Paris resounded
with the shrill cries ofjournalists of every stripe. (R.R. Palmer
in The World of the French Revolution).

Lloyd Best

and imported Yankee litera-
ture, whether black or white,
cannot ever hope to acquire
the means of survival because
they lack any validity in the
native culture. You can find
the same running dogs of
Time & Life and indeed, of
Marxism-Leninism, in any
country you care to name.
Of the two wings of the
native culture, Tapia is un-
equivocally the struggling one,
innocent of any Friday morn-
ing flourish. Yet we have sur-
vived both the chronic poverty
and the galloping inflation,
survived at a cost so high that
the recent past can only be
described as one of primitive
More often than not, the
paper has been the product of
a mad Thursday evening rush,
an apocalypse necessarily
hostile to proper headlines and
by-lines, to proof-reading and
to any but the most rudi-
mentary editorial .discrimina-
A paper which was once
described as splendidly literate,
and which attracted the designa-
tion of being the chief medium
of literary criticism in the
region, became largely a dead
collection of endless (and
tedious) Tapia speechespunctu-
ated by a heavy dose of
The conditions underwhich
such a degeneration became
possible and necessary ought
to be the concern of every
honest Tapia person. The
inflation and the abject poverty
are only part of the reason;
in fact they are but the out-
ward visible signs of the actual


The decline of the paper
co-incided with the recognition
at the end of 1973 that Tapia
had become a political alterna-
tive and the progressive estab-
lishment of this fact during
the course of the last year or
so beginning with the Great
Debate and passing through
our dramatic entry to the
As Tapia became engrossed
in the competition for office,
it even became possible if not
acceptable that literary
materials could be treated as a
special category, competing for
space with other matter. That
is certainly an issue that needs
discussion, raising the question
as to whether political change
is about politics alone?
But not only has our paper
suffered for the limited range
of published material; it suf-
fered even more from a dearth
of simple reporting of news -
including news about the Tapia
Movement. Oddly, this drying
up has come at a time when we
have been enjoying a tremend-
ous vibrancy up and down
the country and when we have
had a great abundance of'
communion at assemblies and
such occasions where multi-

tudes gather.
Early in 1975, we had a
run of excellent indoor public
meetings; throughout the period
since, we have been gaining
ground from every manner of
involvement; our Assemblies
have been occasions worthy of
the sweetest pen. And yet our
paper carries no serious record.
And then there are the
myriad issues in public life, in
political and economic affairs;
there has been a cultural
revival raging in the theatre,
among the poets and the
calypsonians. And most of
thoseopportunities for self-
expression have simply and
sadly gone a-begging.
It must make us wonder
both about the cost of politics
and more importantly, about
the cost of the kind of politics
we are now pursuing in terms
of its impact on the cultural,
the emotional life of our


Is it that we have failed to
develop political people who
could conduct political affairs,
engage in community and
artistic life and at the same
find the discipline and the
organisation to celebrate their
existence in all its fullness, in
cultured, tasteful writing,
appropriate to the civilization
that .our politics claims the
Tapia Movement wants to
Or are there processes at
work inside the Movement
which are immobilising energies
and stunting free expression?
These are questions which
everyone must pose; they
frame criteria by which dis-
criminating outsiders will most
certainly judge us and by which
we ought first to evaluate our-
The answers are madden-
ingly complicated by the
financial and material condi-
tions under which Tapia has
developed. From the very start
there was envisaged a period
of primitive accumulation
when the base had to be
established for a viable paper,
free from want, free from
being a constricted party
organ, and free to hold the
world view of the Tapia Move-
The inflation and the onset
of competitive politics only
increased the pressure of ugly
choices between this and that,
between the other involve-
ments and the, paper.
But suppose that we did
have adequate physical plant
and sufficient finance to run
a paper, what kind of paper
would Tapia be?
What is the significance of
the notable absence of serious
reporting, writing and specula-
tive thought on the part of
the majority of the current
Tapia leaders?
Is there a class' of profes-
sional journalists who will
come forward to articulate the

statement of this Movement?
If so, is our work helping to
produce this class of people?
We will have to face these
questions if we are still intent
on valid reconstruction. In this
regard, the significance of
Volume 6 is that Tapiais about
to make a new beginning
which should help us soon to
form some judgments.
This year, Tapia is for the
first time to have its own
Budget separate from the poli-
tical Movement and it is to
employ its own professional
The aim is to make the
link between the politics and
the paper through an Editorial
Board working with an Editor
vho operates as a journalist
rather than as a Member of
the Tapia National Executive.
Political writing in this con-
text will be subject to the
journalists'refinery, the priority
it earns by easy access being
hopefully tempered by pro-
fessional presentation.
These arrangements should
put Tapia in a better position
to meet the demands in 1976
for a paper equal to a nation
ready to cast offthe burdens of
the old regime and to make a
bid for glory.
Such a paper possibly
should be a full Sunday morn-
ing statement, rich in review,
commentary and spotlight
reporting, and comprehensively
engaged in the arts, the sports,
and every aspect of Caribbean
life and living.
From that paper, clearly,
we are a long way off; but
now that the stage of primitive
accumulation is over, we can
at least embark on the enter-
prise with all that we have
learnt in the years since 1969.

New Staff

Take over

THE Tapia House Pub-
lishing Company has
.appointed Lennox Grant
as Production Editor of
the Tapia Weekly with
effect from-January 1.
Grant was once before
Political Editor- of the
paper in his role as a
Member of the National
Executive of the Tapia
House Movement.
For two years ending Dec-
ember 31, 1975, he was
employed as a Civil Servant
but during that time maintained
his journalistic interest by
free-lancing for a variety of
papers and journals.
He now returns to Tapia as
the lynch-pin of a core of
journalists and contributors.
Among the latter are Raoul
Pantin, the noted reporter and
writer, and Ruthven Baptiste,
once a regular sportswriter in
this paper.



Crimes against property- Why, when and by whom

loyd Taylor

detectors brought in 25-
year-old "Saga Tony"
last week, one could
safely have presumed that
the suspected burglar
behind the thefts against
Fr. Peshier, Fr. Woods
and the nuns from
Arouca's Convent was
both young and black.
The significance of the
raids themselves is little
related to the fact that
church property was
Of greater concern is
the fact that they were
pre-Christmas raids which
probably stemmed from
the desire of some people
that the star of Bethlehem
must shine for them too.
After all, it was Christ-
mas. Does that not mean
joy to the world?
But that is the pro-
blem. Just whose respons-
ibility is it for ensuring
that joy is spread around?
All year through to boot?
What does it mean, for
closing the gap between
those who have and those
who haven't.
Many people do not
know the answers to
these questions. But it is
not surprising'to me, that
some persons have been
bold enough to side-step
whatever "normal chan-
nels" that exist and make
of burglary a profession
inferior to none.
Property thefts, for all
that I could see, cannot be
taken lightly. That is to say,
it is not enough to dismiss
"Saga Tony" and his kind as
unredeemable crooks.
And that is not necessarily
true anyway, Especially when
the records of the years since
1950 are thumbed we are
forced to see beyond the
ordinary position of "these
incorrigible blacks".
Let's look at some of
these records:
According to a recent
C.S.O. publication, the rate
of serious crimes against
property fell from 16.9 per
thousand in 1950 to 9.6 in
1956. Interestingly enough,
unemployment was 6 per
cent of the labour force in
a population a little over a

~R IIB~ f-~-I ~ I- L-'-a .g

million souls.
Then followed a levelling
off of the rate of crime
against property between
the years 1956 to 1958.
Those years, it will be
recalled, were the years when
the PNM first enjoyed power,
when the euphoria of black
people who captured the
political kingdom was per-
haps most intense.
The Government promised
to move swiftly on the pro-
blem of unemployment, but
according to the first Five
Year Plan 1958-1962, they
were wary of making any
grandiose promises as they
could give "no guarantee
that all the jobs needed will
be created."
Yet the PNM's initial
presence must have undoubt-
edly contributed to the
decrease in property thefts
by way of offering hope of
better days to come.
Between 1956 and 1958
half a million dollars were
spent on a programme of
special works to bring
immediate relief to the de-

pressed areas of Laventille,
Belmont and Morvant.
This initially temporary
measure soon became pemnia-
nently institutionalized.
Yet in so far as it was
geared specifically to stop
the flow of pus stemming
from the iniquities of our
social system, that crash pro-
gramme expenditure can be
viewed as an account on
public order.
In 1966. after one decade
of PNM rule, property crimes
zoomed to 16.6 per thousand
a figure that was only three
points short of the rate for
By 1972 the rate of
serious crimes against property
had doubled ils 1950 level-
a level from which :t was
taking a steady downward
climb when the PNM came
to power.
By then the unemploy-
ment level, according to
official reports, stood some-
where between 14 and 15
per cent.
These crimes, in which
property thefts predominate,
began to take on an increas-
ingly political shade in the
decade of the seventies. There
was, for one thing, a gradual
movement on the part of
many front tlhe notion of
mere thiefing to that of
"liberating" things.
Then we entered 1973
we heard more and more of
politically motivated thefts
of which the Barclays Bank
robbery of somc $127,000'
was the biggest and perhaps
most d ranalic.
Needless to say, the politi-
cal leadership, the Govern-
ment ofthe country has been
never more hopelessly with-
out vision.
Naturally, official spending
on public order moved up

too. While it was $9 per head
in 1950, it moved to $29
per head in 1972, and has
been increasing steadily ever
Unofficial public order
spending, geared to contain
discontent borne by mount-
ing material deprivations.
increased as well. So that in
the period 1970 to 1971 an
additional crash programme.
"the special programme of
works", employed 5,897 at
a cost of$10.7m.The follow-









,IJIIPI ~p~,L I-)---- -c~dPL

Nursery School


Auzonville Road


HOURS: 8.30 a.m. 11.30 a.m.
AGES: 2/2 4 Years
Contact Thora Laughlin,
14 Auzonville Rd. Tel: 662-5729.


Img year '3.6mi was spcnl
to employ a little over 1.000.
Yet despite these public
order expenditures, there has
been no abatement in the
rate of serious crimes against
property. louse-brcakers and
burglars are moving, or so it
seems, to embrace sundry
items of church property,
perhaps mainly because these
items happen to be the least
The problem we need to
uncover is exactly what
factors are responsible for
our soaring rate of property
I myself cannot say with
any great precision. I don't
know what is the degree of
correlation between the social
indicators of unemployment,
increasing thefts, and widen-
ing inequalities especially in
terms of the distribution of
the national earnings.
My suspicions are that the
inequalities here are great
enough to prompt people to
take the law into their own
hands and to exercise a
responsibility for personal
Ketching one's arse on
the block cannot for some
be really greater than the
grave risks of larceny and
lock-neck. So if is only a
little thief you trying it is
easier, not to mention safer,
to start with the priest.
Of course, the question is
never 'as simple as that.
Especially in the absence of
information related to the
educational status of and the
job-hunting persistence of
those who steal, it becomes
doubly difficult to establish
any one-to-one correlation
between poverty and theft.
Yet one can be certain
that if the crime rate against
property fell once upon a
time, there is no reason why
it cannot fall again.




Story -

sad last


Extract from Lloyd Best'sAddress to the Senate in the 1976 Budget Debate

PRESIDENT, Sisters & Brothers
of the Senate, if you see me
ogling you from a some what
sinister angle of vision it is
because I have a stiff neck. The
poets say it is the pathetic
fallacy. I am in sympathy with
the drying up of the old regime.
its hardening. It poses, I suppose,
the question of vision.
My colleague, Senator Ivan
Laughlin is fond of telling the
joke about the cokey-eyed man
and the blind man who bounced
up and the cokey-eyed man said
to the blind man "why don't you
look where you are going?" And
the blind man said to the cokey
eyed man "why don't you go
where you are looking?" The
question of vision, of course, is
central to this occasion.
Mr. President, as I see it, we
are here assembled at a time
when there exists a historic
convergence, a rendezvous, you
might say, of many glorious
moments. I do not have to tell
you that we are in the midst of
the festive season Eid, Diyali,
C-icket, with Carnival to come
and more Cricket after that, a
long span this year a season
when traditionally our people
sip a cup of joy and gladness,
when we take time out to pour
goblets of song in praise of our
survival as a race a race of
many races which have triumped
over many seasons of adversity,
over slavery, indenture, colonial-
ism and hopefully over recolon-
isation and national reconstruc-
tion 1950 vintage. A race of
races you might say which have
survived to inherit a land that

we can call our own and to
build a civilization equal, I hope,
to that responsibility.
It is also the season of Christ-
mas, that time of the year when the
world falls in love, Senator Tull;which,
once upon a time, used to be a season
for Christians but since the Revolution,
with a vengeance has become a season
for merchants, for commerce, or shall
we say, for 'commess'; but which
remains still in my imagination a
season ofhope,when "trumpets sound
and angels sing, a new King born
today/that Men could live for ever-
more because of Christmas Day." A
season of revolution, you might say,
which is nothing more than an
enduring Christmas marked essentially
by sustained hope, by that child-like
faith, that incorrigible optimism that
Santa Claus is coming to town. Revolu-
tion which in our book is a change of
perception that quickens the puls of
possibility; which never ceases to
anticipate that on some glorious
morn, we may yet awake to find our
previously futile dreams fulfilled in
the wonder world of a stocking.
Mr. President, I am talking about
the convergence of the festive season
with the revolutionary season but it is
also a convergence of revolutions;
make no mistake about that. Abroad,
the merchant, technological civiliza-
tion is collapsing under stress -
manifestly. The energy crisis and the
inflation are there to witness. At home,
the February Revolution is moving,
careening you might say, to a climax
as the Financial Revolution, new
found, of 1973 is having its finest fling
in double-digit inflation and double-
billion dollar budgeting. It is a con-
juncture pregnantwith every possibility
as indeed with every peril as are all
revolutionary situations; let me
admonish this hon. I louse.
And yet Sir, the revolutionary
contradiction in all of this is something
else. It is fundamentally the one-
dimensional view taken by the Minister

of Finance in the Budget Speech of
He said,
"The year of revolution was
1973, the root cause was oil." (P.1
Budget Speech) When I heard him I
was here I wanted to say: "Mr.
Minister, you story." The Prime
Minister story on that point. Let him
ask the Marxists, the past-masters of
revolutionary rhetoric, and 1 am sure
they would tell him anytime that it
takes two to tango. Put it this way, as
I put it, a revolution is when an
irresistible force meets an immovable
object and something got to give.
In other words, there are two
dimensions two dimensions. Or,
translate that into budgetary and
fiscal tenrs and you will hear that
when the insistent demand of a
people for national reconstruction;
when the perspective of a people for
a new society confronts the chronic
incapacity of their Government and
their leaders to seize the unprece-
dented opportunity of a financial
bonanza to hang that Christmas stock-
ing at the bed-head, it is then we are
talking revolution. The Marxists say
thesis and antithesis and when those
confront each other they must burst
the bonds of the integument and
transport us all into an altogether
higher realm a new synthesis.
In other words, the decrepit.
the decadent, dying institutions that
we have now must give way to new
invigorated agencies of state, agencies
of state, agencies of the general will so
that little people could, at last, storm
the portals of glory. The poet has said
that the grass is green but the rope is
hopelessly short and something got to
give. That is the lesson of the 1976
Budget; if there is any lesson at all. I
am willing to add my fiddle, my pan
to thie concert of pans which have so)
far told the story; a sad tale of frus-
trated hope, and I sliall come to that
But I want to wain this exalted

Chamber that the Budget of 1976 is
not simply a matter.of economics or
administration. It is drama, classical
drama; tragedy, Greek tragedy, to be
Once upon a time 1 am never
too tired of reminding this House-we
saw a Prince with the energy of a lion
and the brain of sage; and the people
said "lead us from the University of
hunger, from the wide waste, from
the long days of cruelty and the long
nights of pain. Lead us, as we come
from the niggeryard of yesterday,
leaping from the oppressors' hate, to
take the words from the poet. and the
scorn of ourselves (Martin Carter)
Right on man, they said and the
people came with all their bunting
and all their flags.
Now after two decades, what is
the score? After nineteen years of
"searching the dust for the trace of a
root", we came to the Budget Speech,
a week or so ago, and we get a Jerry
again, they bowl we anothergoogly.
That is the sad fact of 1976. The
Budget, in the language of the creole,
is mudc more hot than sweet. It is a
get-pay-Friday, get-broke-Monday
Anticipating wrongly again I
sustain my romantic hope I wrote
in our newspaper that now, at last, we
would have a national theatre, a
national museum, public squares.
parks, botanical gardens for the
environmentalist, stadiums and
gymnasiums for the youdt. I expected
an elevated perspective: a Panthleon,
an Academy for the men of letters.
Somedting tflat might elevate the
regime in its dying hours. I was
wrong again. It is eat. drink and 6be
merry, because when you dead you
done. lThat is dhe perspective.
On thy belly shall thou walk,
native! That is the philosophy of the
colonial selvants' quarters, of a people
cast ignominiously out of the Garden
of Ed ci.
1 agreed with the Ministel in the




SI1. 1975T A


Ministry of Finance, the Leader of
Government business when he said
and I quote:
"The budget is a testimony of
the Government's resolve to
pursue its objectives."
Which, I am also fond of reminding
this House, is to deliver us from evil. I
am satisfied about that, but and
here is a rider without our participa-
The Government is not hostile
to us. I see no evidence of that. It is
not wicked and I am not going to
force parliamentary privilege, even to
suggest that what we are witnessing is
thepsycho-pathology of a sick admin-
istration. I do not think we need to
allow ourselves to be transported into
realms of irresponsibility by flights of
rhetoric. Not at all. I think the problem
is sheer historical incompetence; a
straight incapacity to translate the
most elegant of plans into bricks-and
mortar; an incapacity born out of
tiredness, out of moral exhaustion,
out of the dryingup of the milk of
human kindness after two decades of
barren endeavour a guava season
of futility and debility.
The Government's problem is
that, from the very start, they have
assumed that these stupid natives
could never understand the facts of
our own peculiar condition, nor rise
it the iron discipline and the
responsibility to save ourselves by
dedication, by commitment and by
work. From this it follows, inescap-
ably, that there is no need to
explain anything properly, in the
form of a long term plan or any other
kind of plan. The plans that we had
were written by the Chief Planner
who, negated by the antics of Doctor
Politics, folded his tent and silently
stole away to CARIFTA.
The Government have a plan of
course. I have no doubt about that.
They have a plan for we. I am very
sure about that. They have plenty

plans, there is method in the madness
to be sure, but they will not articulate
it because the Method of Magic is
hostile to plan as an articulated
instrument of policy. They will not
organize anything to bring out the
best efforts from the individual citizens
and they cannot, they will not
account for anything, whatever noises
they may be making in that direction,
so that we could acknowledge our
errors, because the stance bf the
regime is infallibility. They cannot
distribute the rewards to make a vital
connection between what we put in
and what we take. out. The corollary
of this contempt for the capability of
our people is a reliance on one man -
a Superman Government.
As it was said in 1961 "If I
cannot bring all you up to my level,
all you will not bring me down to all
you own. And if you don't like it, get
the hell out of.here."
We have a Government of Ad-
hocracy as against Democracy; Special
Funds instead of Development Funds;
spurious accounting for responsible
accountability; private instead of
public administration, and the distri-
bution of national income by way of
the national lottery for never know
when it is your turn to win. Ask
Sparrow. But Ramdeen luck is not
Sookdeo own as the saying goes.
As you have noticed, with this
kind of Superman Government, there
is no feedback. That is the difficulty.'
There is no feedback. There is no
dialogue between the leaders and the:
led. The led are drifting and. 'tbe-
leaders are lonely. There is no contact
between governors and governed.
There are only the declarations and:.
the announcements of projects but
never any implementation.
The Senatrix said a little while
ago that you must commit the people.
to the programme. But the Superman
bowls the ball; he bats the ball; he
fields the ball; and in the end,he runs
himself out. That is the whole story.



Lennox Grant

YOU KNOW it's Christ-
mas when Sparrow's
Carnival LP appears and
the Regal tent opens. The
Carnival "season" has
been extending its bound-
aries backward into
Christmas and forward
into the Christian Lent.
"You looking like a
Tapiaman!" The jibe is
directed at the Mighty
Chalkdust. It is after 11
on Old Years Night and
the calypsonian is caught
by the headlights pasting
up posters outside UWI
in St. Augustine.
In the fast exchange of
greetings and jokes that
ensues between Chalky and
passengers in the car, the
word "hardwuk" is used
several times.
The calypsonian retains his
gravity of tone throughout.
The Regal 'tent which the
posters advertise had but a
scanty crowd the previous
Which was unlikeone year
before when the idea of a
calypso tent opening on
Boxing Night was new and
trendy. But this is Trinidad,
of course, where that advance
has already been taken in
stride, and after the pioneer-
ing venture of the Regal
Independence Tent, Chalk-
dust and Superior may well
find themselves now intthe
accustomed position of cru-
saders here somehow, con-
foundingly, pushing too hard.
It was crowded in the
Belle Smythe Street, Wood-
brook underhouse on Dec.
27 when NJAC held the all-
star night of their "Black
Traditions" programme.
Shouts of "Power" endorsed
chairperson' Duguma's (Dar-
beau formerly) proposal to
give awards to Chalkdust,
Superior, Valentino and Stalin
among others.
In the citations ofhonour,
it was mentioned in each
case that these artistes had
striven in 1975 to keep
calypso alive outside of the
Carnival season. So the efforts
did not go unremarked.
This season finds the
Mighty Duke no longer a part
of "DuSuChalk Enterprises"
which started the Regal four
years--ago. One suspects that
the estrangement was due to
the more secular disposition
of Duke who, as one of those
who see themselves as enter-
tainers specialising in calypso,
would entertain tourists with
Island in the Sun and
Yellow Bird at the post-
Carnival Penthouse.
For, over the last year or
so, the idea of the Regal
tent, through the c;torts of
spokepersons, like Chalkdust
and Superior, has become
almost an ideology. As an
ideologue ,Chalkdust, for one,
has been at best insensitive
and at worst fanatic in his
championship of "the true
In the meantime the work
proceeded over many fronts
by many differently endowed
and disposed artistes, few of
whom were moved to deny
Chalkdust his right to do his
own thing or to withhold
their admiration of it.
Shorty for his 1975 End-
less Vibrations was held by
Chalkdust to have committed
a "disservice to calypso".

Kaiso Vs Disco

A look at Sparrow

s1976 [P

K.. A ~

Shadow, dismissed by Chalkie
as next to nothing, produced
My Belief which contributed
a lot to keeping calypso alive
.in the guava season of 1975.
As also did Sparrow with
his Dragon Dance, a part of
his pot-boiling joint venture
with Byron Lee last year,
"Sparrow Meets The Dragon".
It must have been a success-
ful meeting, for Sparrow was
encouraged to record his
current Christmas-Carnival
album in Jamaica, apparently
using elements of the Dragon-
aires, and Mr. B. Lee himself
as a remixing engineer.
The jacket of the record
"Sparrow Vs The. Rest" gives
elaborate credits. Including
the significant admission "All
songs written by Slinger
Francisco". And a rare sight
on Sparrow's records, the
back cover carries an uncap-
tioned colour photograph
presumably of the musicians
involved, for one recognized
face is that of Jamaica-based
Trinidad guitarist Clarie Wears.
It's all very pointed:
Sparrow, the venerable
calypso king, choosing to
make his Carnival record in
Jamaica. No big thing, you
say? Still, the suspicion
lingers that the gratuitous
credits, including the photo-
graph at the back, reflect
Sparrow reacting from the
snub inherent in Earl Rodney's
legal action against him last
Was it this too which
induced the line "All songs
written by Slinger Francisco"?
But having listened to the
record, you are struck by
the irony that it would per-
haps have been better for
Sparrow that the authorship
of the songs should remain
unknown or vague. There is

so little about the themes or
die music that is truly new.
exciting or even more than
mildly interesting.
Sparrow claims credits for
the arrangements along with
U. Belfast. The music is
characterized by the heavy
sound of Byron Lee's brasses
accented moreby trombones,
tenor and baritone saxophones
than by trumpets. So that
the special Carnival fanfare
flavour is missing.
But then Byron Lee's
Carnival calypso LPs over the
last few years have sold well.
They were produced with
advanced recording equip-
ment, including the-synthe-
sizer, and they are directed
towards the achievement f.
a sound I would call the
"calypso disco".
How, then, did Sparrow
really interpret his setback
of 1975 when he abused a
Port-of-Spain audience, with-
drew from defending his
Calypso King Crown, and got
the worse of two court
actions? Assuming that this
year's LP was intended to
recover lost ground, in what
area did Sparrow think he had
lost ground?
It certainly wasn't in the
area of having something to
say. Seven out of the nine
songs deal with themes like
"Hlow You Jamming So?",
Music A nd Rhythm, Pan Jain
Fete and We Kinda Music.
Songs about partying,
songs about dancing, songs
about music. The Statue
relates a fantasy about the
Independence Square statue
of A.A. Cipriani which taken
by the spirit of Carnival, vows
to conie off the pedestal and
play mas for '76.
For those who listen for
more than the chorus punch

line "ah coming down ... ah
coming ah coming .. ah
coming", the fantasy is only
faintly amusing, if at all,
certainly not an imaginative
work of any great power.
But then are the lyrics,
and the story they convey,
that important? Aren't we not
invited to enjoy the total
product which includes music
and truly superb singing?
And here we arrive at the
heart of the problem of
standards onwhich Chalkdust
and like minds take such
inflexible position. The Fat-
man, My Woman and Saltfish
on the Sparrow record do not
quite amount to smut. Witch
Doctor is not a new idea,
reminiscent as it is of both
Melda and Bongo of previous
The rest are just celebra-
tions of the good time. In
fact, they could all have
been written at any time in
the last 10 years (as well they
might have been) except that
We Kinda Music could have
been inspired by the success
of the Carnival band "We
Kinda People" last year.
No topicality. No reference
to anything that went on, or
is going on, in the society.
Inflation, corruption in high
places, industrial unrest, poli-
tical bewilderment might well
not exist for all the attention
they get in the most recent
release by our top artiste
using a medium noted as a
vehicle of commentary.
For whom is he singing?
Does he perceive a public
that is not concerned about
these things, or who want
their calypsoes to help them
escape from thinking about
everyday problems. There
are people who are not con-
cerned and there are people

Who c sic'I' :s |1L'.
If Sp. l w s o iisisIterlllly
cliooses c o alddiss his work
to lthcs people, ignoring tie
oilers who wish ito hear hini
deal with thei issues of today
as he handled those of yester-
day, then on whal is his work
in spile of itself a con-
Sparrow has clearly abdi-
cated any role as a leader or
even a purveyor of opinion.
In an interview given to Key
Caribbean's 1973 Carnival
Magazine, he referred to the
difficulties of social com-
mentary for a calypsonian in
this modern world where
people look to the mass
media for such service.
But as to where his own
emphasis lies today, he said;
"My speed is to put down
something that people would
really appreciate and see some
sort of class in it as far as
music is concerned.' Else-
where he has indicated that
he works hard at this.
Sparrow the musician.
This is how Sparrow must
now be judged. Or rather
how he would like to be
judged. His efforts are con-
centrated on producing
music, truly "disco" music,
for dancing and partying. It
means different instruments,
better bands, better record-
ing equipment, an accumula-
tion of technique.
As a singer, certainly,
Sparrow is still peerless among
calypsonians, and maybe even
non-calypsonians. This shows
in the LP, and it may well be
that we are too steeped in
our own ideas of what Spar-
row should be doing to
appreciate what Sparrow is
in fact doing.
Certainly there is no
critical appreciation of the
calypso as music comparable
with the material on calypso
as lyrics.
In 1974 1 was present in a
recording studio when Spar-
row spent over 45 minutes
tuning up a band, instrument
by instrument. The entire
recording session lasted over
four hours.
They were there to record
a commercial jingle for the
National Lottery. Length of
the jingle 45 seconds.
It's about time for me to
own up to my prejudice. As
I listened to this year's LP
"Sparrow Vs The Rest", I
was moved mostly to lament
that such formidable multi-
competence, such artistry,
were employed in the service
of creating nothing.


Eastern Main Rd., Laventille
(Near to Trotman street)


Galvanise, Cement,

Blocks, Tiles,


etc, etc.



Union sees long struggle ahea d

From Page 1
teed by the Ministry of
Industry & Commerce."
At a meeting held in
late 1974 to discuss a
similar issue, Mr. Crichlow
said, the Minister of Indus-
try & Commerce gave a
"firm undertaking" to
soft drink manufacturers
that he. would be prepared
to review the controlled
price for the entire indus-
try "whenever an approach
was made to the Ministry
and a genuine case for an
increase could be presented
by the manufacturer."
A Canning's spokesman
said last week the company

was preparing such a case.
But the industry has not
formally applied for a price
A spokesman for
another soft drink manu-
facturer stated last week:
"The cost of all our raw
material has gone up. Cases
bottles, the gas we use in
the soft drinks, tyres,
vehicles. I wouldn't say
we're losing money. But
we could do with a little
The dispute has brought
a halt to negotiations for
a new Collective Agree-
ment between Canning's
and NUGFW. The previous
one expired last Sept. 30.

*Hra,- '"T

Both parties have since
met once at the Ministry
of Labour but the com-
pany rejected the union's
call for a four-month
"cooling off" period for
the fate of the retrenched
workers to be decided.
"We've told them", Mr.
Crichlow said last week
"that in any event they
owe the workers' money
because they weren't dis-
missed until November 24,
the agreement expired on
September 30 and any
new agreement on wages
would have to include
those workers. But the
company won't talk."
A Canning's spokesman
s^Xf~: i

:d the company could
not afford a four-month
"cooling off" period
because it would lose even
more money in that time.
He added: "The Union
seems to think we .are
fighting them. We are not.
But we are saying the soft
drinks division is in an
emergency and we
emergency situation and
we have to cut our costs."
Mr. Crichlow said:
"What the company is
doing now, it seems to
me, it is going to be a long
fought-out struggle. Don't
know if Congress can get
them to change their

Faded posters and rumpled banner advise passersby of what the tents ou







Why no




As a retired teacher and
pensioner I write to enquire
whether Pensioners will be
getting any Cost of living
allowance, as no where in
the Budget Speech reference
was made to the "Senior
Citizens" a very flattering
designation indeed!
The surprising thing is,
several Parliamentarians con-
tributed to the Debate-yet
not one raised the point
about Pensioners. It is to be
hoped that some one did, but
the newspapers never felt it
that important to publish it.
I listened attentively to
the Prime Minister's New
Year's Message but was
terribly disappointed that no
ray of hope-was given.
Should your enquiry reveal
that Pensioners will not
receive it, I appeal to you to
recommend a C.O.D.A. (Cost
of Dying Allowance), for us
so that our relatives will be
able to bury us when we die.
I remain






Of people who know
how to cope
with rising



Your Family is well

t fed with

"" BlueBand

i on Bread

Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N.Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448.







o U

Naipaul Murray

By Ruthven Baptiste

WE ARE the one day
champs of the world.
I am saying this not-
in praise West Indies
but in criticism of
them and by exten-
sion, ourselves as
West Indians.
I criticize not for
criticising sake or for
the fun of it. In fact
doing so is a painful
exercise, because I am
a West Indian and
seeing yourself is very
often a painful thing.
Moreover, I claim
no moral superiority
for myself over our
cricketers down under.
But I am hopeful
that, in seeing our-
selves, in the way we
act out our lives,
admitting our peculi-
arities as a West
Indian people, admit-
ting even many of
Naipaul's adverse
criticisms, we can pick
ourselves up and
move forward.
Of course, that's

more easily said than
done, but we have to
Indeed, listening
to our batting perfor-
mances over the last
few nights has cer-
tainly been painful,
particularly on the
third "day-night" of
this recently con-
cluded fourth test.
The situation on
the third day-night
was that .Australia
finished their 1st inn-
ings with a fifty run
lead and left the WI
1P4 hours to. bat on
that fateful day-night.
West Indies were
33 for three at the
end of the day's play.
What annoyed was
that all three were
out hooking at
Thomson's quick
deliveries; Richards,
the last batsman to
go, being most irres-
ponsible. These re-
verses set the stage
for the quick demise

of the West Indies oni
the fourth day, giving
Australia a three-one
lead in the series.
The results in the
current series are in
marked contrast to
what happened in the
Prudential Cup series,
though our perfor-
mance has been con-
We are playing the
five-day game as if it
,is,a one-day game and,
quite obviously, the
five-day game requires
greater stamina and
more patient slogging.
We lack the patience
and discipline for the
longer haul.
About Lawrence
Rowe I once had this
to say: "Like the
genuine artist, what-
ever the art form,
Rowe's artistry re-
flects his personality.
lle seems to have
,settled all those fun-
damental Iquestions
youth asks itself. lie
knows what he wants,

where he is going.
Rowe has risen
above that magic-
seeking culture of the
Caribbean which con-
tinues to prevent our
people from discover-
ing their true selves.
His patience and

discipline are incred-
ible. Youth, part-
icularly Caribbean
Youth, rarely displays
such qualities in such
abundance. He is a
model for the rest of
us". (TAPIA April.7,

Rowe's form on
this present tour may
not be what we would
have hoped for,
nevertheless, in him
are signs that we are
That's why, unlike
Naipaul, I have hope.

Humiliating defeat:

Our narrow


ONLY LAST year, we foolishly lost the last test to
England here at the Oval. The year before that we lost
in similar fashion to Australia at Bourda, and we can
go back and back and back. What has helped in the past
was that Gary Sobers used to come in at number six.
Indeed, Trent Bridge in 1966, Queen's Park Oval
1968, Sabina Park 1968. Kensington Oval 1972 were
occasions when Gary with an assortment of partners
from Wes Hall to Charlie Davis rescued the WI from
difficult situations.

- -`~---

`-I---I -------U~--