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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00190
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: November 30, 1975
Frequency: completely irregular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00190

Full Text


SUNDAY NOVEMBER 30, 1975


(' l, AI? ,


PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY THE TAPIA HOUSE PUBLISHING CO.,91 TUNAPUNA ROAD,TUNAPUNA, PHONE:662-5126.


ES


TO THE SOUTHLAND


THIS Sunday, Novem-
ber 30, our National
Convention resumes at
The Lions Civic Centre,
Circular Road, San Fer-
nando. At 10 a.m. sharp,
the Chairman will wel-
come Tapia people from
all parts of the country
as the Second Assembly
gets underway.
It will be the first time
that a Tapia Assembly has
been held in the indus-
trial Southland. To cele-
-brate-the occasion,--the-
Chairmen for the day are
Arnold Hood of La Brea,
Volney Pierre of San
Fernando, Kelvin Ram-
sumair of Corosal, Dalton
O'Neil of Point Fortin,
and Mickey Matthews of
Fyzabad.


S S -- 'S0 'd
Conveovon sew -Ce t r Pa- es, nua


During the Morning
Session, '.' Assembly
will get a view of the
work going towards the
Tapia Ten-Year Plan, the
Tapia Election Manifesto,
-and cthe-Measures for the
First Sixty Days of a
Tapia Administration.
The first set of policy
guidelines will be pre-
sented by three of the
eleven Shadow Ministers
announced at the Seventh
Anniversary Celebrations


held at the Tapia House,
Tunapuna, on November
9.
To start the day with a
tonic, Michael Harris,
now responsible for
External Affairs, will tell
the Tapia dream of a
West Indian Nation, one
and indivisible, a cradle
of a new'civilization in
America where every
creed and race would
have a truly equal place.
Next, Denis Solomon,


responsible for Public
Administration, will out-
line how the Public Ser-
vice could be refashioned
to minister to that New
World.
Then, finally, Allan
Harris, responsible for
Local Government, will
outline our-proposals for
a Municipal Republic to
open the door or partici-
pation to the broad major
ity of our peoples.
The Midday Session


will be devoted to a
continuation of the
Open Discussion which
began at the First
Assembly of the Conven-
tion in Port-of-Spain on
September 28. During
this Session, lunch will
begin to be served.
The Afternoon Session
is scheduled to start at
2.30 following a com-
plete break. Attention
will turn to the upcoming
General Election.
Secretary Lloyd Best
will survey- prospects,
outline strategies, and
bring the Movement and
the Nation up to date on
the development of the
Tapia campaign, and on
the preparations in regard
to candidates and other
machinery for elections.


CONVENTION


30 Cents


Vol. 5 No. 48






SUNDAY NOVEMBER 30, 1975



The Timel Put


Seize


Forres Park in the hands


of the community


and


TAPIA is proposing that
the Forres Park Estate
and the country immedi-
ately surrounding should
be placed under the
jurisdiction of a Special
Municipal Authority.
We envisage a project
which would be an experi-
ment in localization in
the sense that it would
be run by a Board draw-
ing representatives
from the All Trinidad
Sugar Workers' Union;
from Cane Farmers
Agencies;
from individual and
co-operative farmers,
from the Central Gov-
ernment;
and from the new
Municipal Authority.
SThe project must begin by
acknowledging that the
region is a depressed area
requiring emergency measures
not only for relief but also
for rehabilitation.
The experiment in local-
ization of economic control
could also be an experiment
in meaningful Local Govern-
ment and in the kind of
administrative decentraliza-
tion now necessary if national'
rehabilitation is to proceed
apace.
In the short-term, a special
effort could be made to take
off the current sugar crop if
new hope were first generated
by a decision to launch a
long-term programme of
reconstruction.
What the Tapia proposal
anticipates is, a plan to re-
equip the factory site as an
agro-industrial estate built
around a modernised machine-
shop and a food-chemistry
laboratory, a wholesale mar-
ket and possibly a Manage-
ment Service as well.
Simultaneously, the Board
could embark on a scheme
of mixed farming in the
region drawing on tie
Land Capability Survey, on
the. results of the Chaguara-
mas corn and soya Pilot
Project, and on other relevant
researches long since available
at the ICTA and the UWI.
The new Forres Park
Municipal Authority could
conceivably be equipped with
powers on a scale such as the
Christiana or Yallahs Land
Authority in Jamaica.
Within the Authority there
could be a number of Village
Councils chosen experiment-
ally so as to admit different
forms of business organi-
sation ranging from communes
to kibbutzim, to small indivi-
dual holdings with special
reference to forms based on
the local Gayap tradition.
The cost of scheme would
need to be quite exactly


estimated but we in Tapia
are optiinistic about its feasi-
bility on that account.
We are encouraged by the
small size of the region and
the comparatively low net
book value of the assets to
be purchased. Above all, we
are moved to urge this pro-
ject by the huge current
surplus available to the Cen-
tral Government, much of it
held in foreign securities at
rates of interest less than the
rate of inflation and in
markets very likely to yield
us capital losses.
The current difficulties
of the cane farmers and the
sugar workers provide an
excellent opportunity to
embark on a much-needed
Pilot Project in community
reconstruction'.
We have the chance to
build a Pioneer Youth Settle-
ment under a scheme of
National Service along the
lines first proposed by New
World Group in 1963, re-
peated by Tapia in 1909


and since widely borrowed at
hoie and abroad.
The agro-industrial estate
could be a centre of craft
and vocational education on
a work and study basis. The
Municipal Authority could
establish a vast programme
of self-help housing, environ-
ment planning, collective
welfare services, organised
sport, and all the facilities for
human living.
The Tapia National Execu-
tivg has commissioned an
elaboration of this project.
We will be calling a Press
Conference to outline details.
A date will be announced
after the Second Assembly
of cur National Convention
in San Fernando next Sunday,
November 30.




Press Release
Tapia House
Nov. 23, 1975.


people


SALRNMEN


LOCAL Government is at the base of Tapia's
proposals for participation, representation
and localisation.
The local community will become the
basic unit of government and of citizen
identification.
A system of genuine local government
bodies will be established as a means of:
decentralising governmental author-
ity
integrating the local communities
into the system of national plan-
ning and administration
creating an essential part of the
institutional framework for bringing
the economy under the control of
the people.
We propose the establishment of between
18 and 25 Municipal Councils in Trinidad


and Tobago. These units will be small and
intimate enough to allow real participation.
The country will be divided into municipali-
ties on the following grounds:
a sense of community
population
economic resources
geography
Local Authorities are needed to involve
the localities in government, to provide
activity for the organisation of political
parties, to decentralise authority and create
the talent and the machinery for effective,
implementation of national plans. Local
authorities are also needed to make localisa-
tion of the economy possible without a shift
to government domination or unbridled
capitalist expansion.


THE BEST PLACE TO BUY BOOKS


ANY KIND


OF


/S Step hens
PORT OF SPAIN SAN fERNANDO


LOCAUSATIO


LOCALISATION is the act of taking control
of the metropolitan sector or of any industry
or firm within it. It does not mean transfer-
ring control from New York head offices to
the office of the Ministry of Industry or the
offices of the Chamber of Commerce. It
means the citizens in the local areas must
control industry . in Pointe-a-Pierre, in
Port-of-Spain, in Caroni, in Couva.
The aim of localization is to break the
stranglehold which metropolitan corporations
have placed on our economy. Economic con-
trol for the ordinary citizens is to be achieved
through a mixture of individual and co-opera-
tive ownership along with a certain amount of
central and particularly local government
participation in business ..


Laid low's


Hardware
Eastern Main Rd.. Laventill!
(Near to Trolman street)
FOR
GRASS ROOTS PRICES
IN
HARDWARE.
Galvanise, Cement,
Blocks, Tiles,
Pipe-fitting,
Points
etc, etc.


~_ _~-~--------


PAGE 2 TAPIA


'I-


IT1






SUNDAY NOVEMBER 30, 1975


Self


-reliance and Popular


Participation key strategies for





New Caribbean Economy


If is true to say that the countries of this
Region are today facing a range of critical
development choices that could have a most
significant bearing on the pace and character
of development in this Region over the next
decade or so. These choices have largely been
brought into sharp focus by the severe impact
of the International Economic Crisis. Since
1973 the countries of the Region have been
forced to preoccupy themselves with questions
of sheer survival in the face of growing infla-
tion in the world at large. In turn, world wide
inflation has generated the highest rates of
internal inflation within the Region, perhaps
for our entire history. This has also been
associated with persisting balance of payments
difficulties, including a sharp deterioration in
foreign exchange reserves, and inadequate
levels of production especially of food for
domestic consumption.
The net result of all this is that the
CARICOM countries can hardly have experi-
enced much economic growth over the past
three years. If there was little real growth
over the past three years. If there was little
real growth there may even have been less.
development, as many Governments have been
severely handicapped in their capacity to
nroceed with thtt trannfnrmntinn of theis


economies. It is indeed no exaggeration to say
that the large majority of the CARICOM
countries are facing areal crisis in their develop-
ment.
As to the prospect for 1976, that is also bleak
owing to the recent 10% rise in the price of fuel and
increasing costs of freight. Moreover, some of the
staple exports are faced by unfavourable conditions.
Sugar prices have been dipping, there has been a
softening of demand for bauxite and the regional
tourist industry has been experiencing a sustained
recession following the period of stagflation in the
North American economy.



STRUCTURAL

One of the effects of the International Econ-
omic Crisis has been to expose the fact that after
some two decades of sustained efforts at development,
the countries of the Region continue to be highly
vulnerable to out side influences. For us in the Carib-
bean, what the decades of the 1950's and 1960's
have yielded hasbeen a certain amount of economic
growth in the form of increases in the Gross National
Product per bead of population. During this period
we have been far less successful in altering the para-
meters for structural change and transformation and
in securing a more lasting viability fro our economies.
As a result, the task of development today in the
Region involves coping with adverse international
conditions in the context of a continuing legacy
of deep-seated structural problems. Let me instance
some of the structural difficulties which now face us
in the Region.
First among them is the question of unemploy-
ment. For what they are worth, the 1970 census
figures show that the rate of unemployment for the
CARICOM countries taken as a whole was over 13%
of the labour force, and that the absolute number of
unemployed amounted to over 160,000 persons. The
data also confirmed the already well known charac-
teristic that unemployment is most severe among
school leavers, with over 50% of the labour force in
the 15 tol9 age group being out of work.
Furthermore, they reveal that over 80% of the
unemployed were relatively uneducated, having no
form of certification whatsoever. Despite the contro-
versy which might legitimately exist concerning die
reliability of the census data, other sources of infor-


The following in the fidl text of the statement
delivered by Caricom Secretary AllistairMcIntyre
of the Surveyors Symnposium on the develop-
ment of Caribbean Land Resources.


nation also iindcate tlat we might not oe far off the
mark it we estiiate dlia in 1970 _the current deficit
of jobs in the Region was of the order of 150,000.
Indeed, available projections of the labour force
up to 1980 seem Ito suggest that fiom a planning
point of view the real iuan.et. foi employment creation
should now be in the vicinity not of 150,000, but of
500,000. In other words, if the Region is to attain
anything approximating to a level of full employment
by 1980, we might need to create about 100,000
jobs per yeai. The enormity of this task is readily
apparent when it is recalled that over the past two
decades or so we have not managed to sustain an
annual rate or job creation of even one-half of that
figure.
It is worth recalling that unemployment is
merely one element of the under-utilisation of man-
power, since account must also be taken of the exist-
ence of under-employment and of the withdrawal of
certain categories of labour fiom the labour force,
particularly .females.during periods of low economic
activity. Indeed, it is now a general feeling that one
should view the problem of unemployment as a
manifestation of the wider problem of urban and rural
poverty. Placed in this context then, a major legacy
of the last two decades has been the continuing
concentration of pockets of severe poverty in practic-
ally all of the countries of the Region.
A related aspect of the problem are the deficien-
cies in the productive structure of the economy
which, might well require years of sustained effort
to correct. Many of these deficiencies are already
well known. One of the best known is the existence
of an undiversified production structure with a heavy
concentration on a high cost export agriculture.
Economic development in the Region has not been
associated with any improvement in the international
competitive position of our major agricultural staples
whether those of Sugar, Bananas or Citrus. As a result.
we continue to depend upon special tenns of access
in metropolitan markets flo1 the survival of these
crops, which in many instances still remain as sub-
stantial contributors to employment, quite apart.
from providing a steady source of income for the
small farmer.
An ever more fundamental difficulty in tle
agrcuiltural sector has been its failure to sa;:i-, the,'
domestic demand f'or food. The regional todxl inlporl
bill escalated from EC$550 million in 1973 to 'n
estimated EC$1 billion in 1974. Large as is tbis fto'd
import hill. it must be seen in the conl-et oi inulaJ-
quate colsumrption by a high proporlo ,' '.
Region's popui!alion. II,is estimated thal in :';:,. "I
protein requnienienis consumption does no- :ic:!h


m inirmum levels for 44% of the Region's population,
It is estimated that in terms of protein requirements
consumption does not reach minimum levels for
44% of the Region stpopulation, and in terms of
calorie requirements, some 56% are consuming below
the required levels. The CARICOM Secretariat has
estimated that merely to eliminate malnutrition by
1980 would imply additional import expenditure of
the order of EC$150 million at 1973 prices, and
probably around double that figure is the estimate if
made at 1974 prices.
Turning from Agriculture to Manufacturing,
the Caribbean countries while making some progress
with increasing the importance of the manufacturing
sector in the total economy, also face some fairly
deep-seated problems of a structural nature. It is
already well known that the bulk of the manufactur-
ii.g sector is largely of an enclave nature without
significant backward and forward linkages with the
rest of the economy. This heavy concentration on
so-called finishing- touch industries has meant that the
Region is still highly dependent on the rest of the
world for most of its requirements of manufactured
goods.
'The latest estimate we have on the matter
relates to 1971 when the total CARICOM market for
manufactures was around EC$23 billion, of which
about 26% was equipped from regional production
and 74% from extra-regional imports. The fragments
of iitormation available since 1971 give no grounds
for believing that there has been any significant
change in these ratios. The truth of the matter is that
compared with many developing areas of the world,
the Caribbean is still far behind with the process of
import substit lion, particularly is the production of
basic materials such as textiles, steel, glass and paper.
It is popular to dismiss the problem by reference to
the dis-economies of small scale production, but
there is enough evidence to show that these dis-
economies are not as severe in the Caribbean case as
is sometimes made out.
A critical factor in industrial development
is research and development work aimed at building
up an indigenous technology. Here, we are merely
scratching the surface notwithstanding the worth-
while efforts being made by institutions such as
CARIRI in Trinidad and Tobago and the Scientific.
Research Centre in Jamaica. We are far from a situa-
tion where in respect of any of our basic needs, we
have managed to adapt the existing technology to
suit the peculiarities of our circumstances.


DIFFiCULTIES

The character of the problems faced in the
main productive sectors such as agriculture and
industry reflect our failure so far to develop
a widely based indigenous class of entrepreneurs and
managers. The reasons for this are sufficiently well
known and have largely to do with #hc historical
patterns of foreign ownership and control of the
economy. Comparative experience indicates that
Sour chances of making much progress with the
deepening ol the productive sectors, includingtthe
development of appropriate technologies, will very
much depend upon our success in mobilising a
management class in the Region.
I have touched upon some of the structural
problems which continue to plague the economies (l
the Region, l;;,ely to indicate the need for a compare
lihcnsive approa.;h to development which goes beyond
the setting of simple targets for increasing GNP per
capital. We need a fresh and more broadly based
appitarch i hat would be diiceted towards a tunda
S menial te-.,trcn;Irig of patterns of production and
institutio'ls wihiini the economy. This will call for a
series of nmea .res, both rnom lthe point ot view of
demand ai:; prodiciioin.' for 'focunssing ecoinolni
S activity ,, s .ri.., needs, lfor liversitfying the struL
ture of i'. o>nt'n i and increasing the decree '1

' C'onitinued on Page 10


pro e w er


I I


-r -


__~___I_ __ __


TAlPIA PAGE 3







PAGE 4 AP-A SNA OEBR3.17


I HAVE NO OPTION


Says


Prof. Levitt On Her Departure Nov. 16


AFTER spending the academic year 1974-75
at the U.W.I. as Visiting Professor of Inter-
national Economic Relations at the Institute
of International Relations, on sabbatical
leave from McGill University, I accepted a
regularly advertised appointment on a three-
year contract in the identical post. Having
resigned my position as tenured Professor
of Economics at McGill on September 25, I
returned to Trinidad on October 6 to assume
my appointment at the Institute.
On October 21, I was informed that the
request for renewal of my work permit made by the
University in July had been refused by the Ministry
of National Security "after careful consideration."
No reasons were given. An appeal was therefore
lodged by the Administration of the University. At
that point informal soundings at the Ministry hinted
that the appeal might well be upheld provided there
were no protest activities on Campus which could be
interpreted as putting the Government under duress.
Mindful of that, my colleagues in the Faculty
of Social Sciences met, noted the dangers of employ-
ing contacts to secure the permit, and issued a
public statement stating the objective facts and raising
the issue of political control of the University. The
Meeting also established a Committee to urge the
University Administration to expedite the appeal
procedure.
As of the date of the refusal of the work
permit, my permission to remain in Trinidad was
cancelled, leaving me in the very uncomfortable
position of being here without legal authorization
and with moral obligation to remain until the out-
come of the appeal was determined.
On October 31, I was informed by Mr. Hugh
Gibson, Secretary of the St. Augustine Campus of
the University that the Ministry of National Security
had given approval for me to remain in Trinidad
until the appeal for renewal of the permit had been
determined. On November 5, I received a second
letter from Mr. Gibson stating that the Chief Immi-
gration Officer had now advised the University that
he had been instructed that I must leave Trinidad
"as soon as possible."




SUBJECT OF CONTROVERSY

This communication is the only response to
date received by the University to the appeal. In so
far as the Pro-Vice Chancellor Professor Lloyd
Braithwaite, the Secretary Mr. Hugh Gibson, and the
Director of the Institute, Professor Leslie Manigat
were unable to elicit any written communication
from the Ministry of National Security, or even to
gain audience with the Minister in charge, during all
the time which has passed since October 21, I wish
it to be known that I appreciate that it was not for
lack of trying on their part.
The implications of a situation in which the
governmental authorities did not see fit to respond
to the appeal of the administration by even the most
cursory written communication or the courtesy of a
formal meeting remain for others to study as a most
remarkable method of public administration.
Although it is true that, by strict interpretation
of regulations, the University should have secured
the renewal of my work permit before encouraging
me to return to Trinidad and resign my position at
McGill, it is my view that the University acted
reasonably in expecting the renewal of the work
permit to be a formality, in so far as they had
obtained a permit for me the previous academic
year, in so far as I had worked for years for the
Trinidad Government, and in so far as the position
to which I was appointed had been vacant for many
years.
I will not at this point speak of the total dis-
ruption of my professional work, not to mention my
personal affairs resulting from this action. I have
worked and lived in the country almost continuously
since 1969. I have never sought publicity; indeed, my
name has hardly ever appeared in the newspapers.
Clearly, I did not resign from McGill University and
physically give up my house in Montreal in order to
become the subject of controversy and headlines here
in Trinidad.


hn times
of personal
distress,
I have
gained
strength
from the o
beauty I
of the
land and
the creative
powers of
the people.



As, however, this is exactly what has happened,
I wish to correct any misunderstandings which,
inadvertently or otherwise,have arisen or might arise
concerning my relationship with the Government of
this country, and also with the Government of
Canada.
As everybody is entitled to their identity, let
me first correct a persistent error of reporting in the
press. I am not "Canadian-born." I was born and
grew up in Vienna, Austria. My parents are Hungarian.
I would gladly have lived and died in the country of
my birth were it not for Hitler and the Nazis.
At the age of ten, I went to live in England
where I later attended the London School of
Economics, completing my Degree in 1947. I then
went to Canada as an immigrant and in time took the
citizenship of my Canadian-born husband and
children. In Trinidad,my relations with the Canadian
High Commission have only been minimal though,
on my side, I have observed protocol to the letter.
I have been associated with Trinidad and
Tobago and the Commonwealth Caribbean for 15
years. I have worked for various Caribbeani govern-
ments. I co-authored a book on Canada-West Indies
Relations with Alister McIntyre, now Secretary
General of the Caribbean Community Secretariat.
Together with loyd Best, I organized a research
project on Plantation Economy at McGill Univer-
iity, and I am presently working on the last two
chapters of a monograph on Foundations of Planta-
tion Economy to be published by the Institute of
Social and Economic Research early next year. As
Professor of Economics I have been associated in the
training of many senior public servants and others
now working in the Region, including the University
of the West Indies, both here and at the Mona
campus in Jamaica. In 1964, together with the late
Alvin Johnson, a Jamaican then living and working
in Montreal, I founded a study group on West
Indian affairs, which later became the New World
Group of Montreal, until its dissolution in 1968. The
first version of SILENT SURRENDER was published
in the New Wolhd Quarterly in 1968 as a long article
"Economic Dependence and Political Integration:
The Case of Canada". I have mahy close and dear
friends in this country, as also in Guyana and
Jamaica who know that it has long been my desire
to live and work in Trinidad, where so many people
have shown me so much kindness, friendship and
goodwill over so many years.




PROJECT TERMINATED

My first attempt to leave Montreal to work
here as a research economist was in 1969, when the
Director of the Institute of Social and Economic
Research approached the Canadian International.
Development Agency (CIDA) to arrange for me to
act as director of research of ISER at the St. Augus-
tine location. This initiative was killed in Ottawa by
the intervention of the RCMP who set in motion
administrative delays designed to make it impossible
to obtain the necessary security clearance required
of every Canadian working on a CIDA assignment.
Efforts made by Canadian members of Parliament
at the time to get to the bottom of that matter
resulted in endless beaucratic blocking of access to
the facts.
As I had already arranged to obtain leave from
McGill University, Mr. William Demas, then Economic
Adviser to the Prime Minister of Trinidad and


Tobago, asked me whether I would be willing to
work for the Trinidad Government by arrangement
with Technical Assistance of the International
Monetary Fund to supervise the construction of a
new system of National Economic Accounts. These
accounts, based on many years of experience in
compiling input-output tables, have the feature of
laying bare every aspect of the operations of foreign
companies and their effects on the national economy
so as to assist the government in making better
policy decisions. The work started in October 1969
and was located in the Ministry of Planning and
Development.
I worked a full year October 1969 to
October 1970; I returned to work on this project
from May to September of 1971, 1972 and 1973.
Under my direction and that of my local counter-
part, Miss Joyce Alcantara, a highly trained, efficient
and hardworking team of research economists and
statisticians brought this work to near completion
when my association with this project was unoffi-
cially terminated by the Government of Trinidad
and Tobago late in 1973 for reasons never clarified.
Attempts onmy part to seek explanations from the
Permanent Secretary of the Ministry, Mr. F. Barsotti;
from the Economic Advieer to the Prime Minister,
Mr. E. Moore; from the Permanent Secretary to the
Prime Minister Mr. D. Alleyne, and indeed from the
Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Dr. Eric
Williams, failed to produce any response.
This project was already far advanced and
would have been completed by the summer of 1974,
had it not been in effect dismantled and emasculated
by the transfer of personnel and by the decision to
terminate my association with this work as adviser.
These accounts have, to the best of my knowledge,
not been completed. If and when national economic
accounts will appear as publications of the Central
Statistical Office, they will have been vetted to cover-
up significant detail on the grounds that the existing
Statistical Ordinance, of vintage 1954, does not
permit the transaction of some key sectors of the
econopny to be revealed. I shall have more to say on
this matter at a more appropriate opportunity.




PERSONA NON GRATA

In the meantime, however, the public is en-
titled to know that this very important exercise,
which devoured a great deal of professional time,
effort, not to mention cost, has been sidetracked, for
reasons never clarified. I believe that, in fairness to
all concerned to myself, to the public and not
least the team of public servants who expended so
much time and energy on constructing a system of
national accounts, there must be a clarification
concerning the fate of these accounts.
When I returned to Trinidad in October 1974,
as Visiting Professor of International Economic
Relations, I offered my services, free of charge if
necessary, to assist in the computerization of all
existing estimates and data. I then experienced an
endless run-around and rumours to the effect that I
was said to be 'persona non grata' with the Govern-
ment. The informal reasons I was given related to the
fact that in September 1973, when Mr. Burroughs
and a troupe of plain clothes police visited the home
of Dr. and Mrs. Camps in the small hours of the
morning in search of guerillas, the pnly stranger in
the house was myself. Although I did not lodge any
complaint concerning the invasion of the privacy of
the bedroom in which I was sleeping, or the searching
and the questioning, I expected and should have
received an apology from the authorities. Instead,
this trivial incident was escalated into the unofficial
reason for the termination of my services as adviser
on national economic accounts.
My primary teaching and research interests
are the operations of Transnational Enterprises in
Third World Countries, particularly in the Caribbean.
Last academic year, as Visiting Professor at the
Institute of International Relations, I taught a
seminar on Multinational corporations and a course
on Theories and Problems of Economic Dependence.
One of the reasons for my decision to accept a
teaching position at the University of the West Indies

Con't on Pg. 9.


J


SUNDAY NOVEMBER 30, 1975


PAGE 4 TAPIA




QIT NInAMNI VF1FR% V L TAPiA IPAGE 5


NATIONAL

CONVENTION

'75 '76


PAD


LIONS C
SAN FE
Nov


R
34


t 2.
(IC CENTRE
NANDO
D 1975 LLOYD BEST





i ----


qT rND AY NOV EMBER 30, 1975


TAPIA PAGE 5!


k






LGE 6 IAflA V g ,,=


Convention Agenda


9 10.00


- 10.15


10


10.15 11.00


11.00


- 11.45


11.45 12.30


REGISTRATION


CHAIRMAN'S WELCOME


THE CARIBBEAN DREAM

Michael Harris


CIVIL SERVICE and PUBLIC SERVICE

Denis Solomon

REORGANISING THE NATION


Allan Harris


12.30 -

1.30 -


2.30


1.30

2.30


Lunch

OPEN DISCUSSION


THE COMING ELECTION


SOME have called it an impos-
sible dream, others less gentle
have called us madmen, or
idealists without a clue to the
real, hard, dirty facts about
politics, and there have been
those who, more malicious than
misguided, have always screamed
that as a party Tapia was dead
before it was born.
It ent easy at all. Starting
out with nothing but your hopes
and dreams for this country and
a commitment to the tremend-
ous effort involved. But knowing
from the very start that where
you coming from, where you
have to come from if you going
to make at all, so different, so
new that people could never
ketch on easy.
But you start out on the
journey any way. And it hard.
You talking to men and is as if
you talking a foreign language.
When you think of it we was
really boldface. Trying to get
big men and women to come
with us, and we have nothing to
offer them but dreams.
Why all yuh don't form a
Party and contest the elections?
How come Solomon son in this
thing, is another PNM or what?
Allyuh only giving plans to the
government. How long it going
to take. We ent know. Allyuh ent
serious man.
How do you paint a dream?
How do you stop men from
hiding from themselves? How
do you reverse centuries of self
doubt and shame in one man, in
a Nation? Nobody knows. We
certainly never claimed to know.
From the very start we said it.
Our method we said was one of
"playing for change".
And a year passes and we
look at ourselves and there is a
change. We still small, we still
ketching we arse. People still
laughing at us, most people
don't even know it have a thing
call Tapia. But there is a change.
Somewhere, somehow, we
managed to touch the souls of a
few men and they came to join
us on the backbraking, bitter,


wArn" Irmnt
ma~ :3 ,ao~h



~a i for~E~~



"mmm-Ab 1


even bloody, journey we were
on. Men giving up jobs, men
giving up woman and woman
giving up man, sacrificing time,
money, friends. family. And for
what? A dream?
And the year grows into
two and three and four. And
the changes come a little faster.
A few more men and women, a
few less insults, a few more
people prepared to listen
seriously.
But we really in the dark-
ness, the wilderness. Things too
haid, conditions in the country
getting worse and worse. People
too desperate for a way out.
Falling victim too easily still to
all the fly-by-night artists who'
promise them a quick kill.
Everybody come out to win.
Five years have passed. And
now we feel we have done
enough to try a thing, to test the
waters. We have men and women
who have grown, the organisa-
tional structure has grown more
solid, and people still don't
believe we in politics but over
the years many have come to
admire and respect our courage
and honesty. And we know that
is a political resource nobody
else have.
So we take a break. Five
years is a long time. Let us stop
the ketchass for a little while an
see where we are, how far we
have come. So we call a special
Assembly up at the Tapia House.
And we sound a warning.
"Let the cocks stand up


and crow like bugles, ring the.
bell, call the people -- we arc
.not going to- have a second
cha!:ne." Lloyd Best speaking at
the Special Assembly. Tapia had
de.ici dl to enticr the lists.
A little over a hundred
people aCrne out to the Tapi a
House itat Sunday in Sep tember
1973. A little crowd but a huge
political gathering. Huge because
they came. while there was still
no prospect of any glory. They
came simply because they knew,
they cared, they understood aind
They belonged. Plenty.
Who tell we to do that. One
week later all hell break loose in
this country and Tapia was in
the running hell bent for leather.
Williams gone. Don't go Doctor,
Doctor don't go. If loving you is
wrong we don't want to be right.
A courageous decision. We shall
miss him. Walk the extra mile
with us.
"As I leave public life 1
find myself with no place to go."
Like he really going in truth
boy. But how Tapia could say
the man not going, dem always
on some scene. Who it go be
Karl or Kamal?
That was September, One
hundred people at our Special
Assembly. We say that we ready
to make a bid for glory. Williauns
say he going. In November we
call our Fifth Anniversary
Assembly just to celebrate our
birthday and five hundred d people
found their way up to the Tapia
House.


That day there was joy in
all Tapia hearts. Our cups did run
over. But after five years of
building, and working and plan-
ning, five hundred people can't
turn we head. The message was
still the same. Listen to Best that
day.
"We ent forming no party
here. The Party must arise out of
the needs of the people Granger
was quite right. When they come
and hold on to you, that is the
Party. So we are not making any
announcement about any Party
we go form. The Party exists and
it exists when you see it. When
it is making a political impact on
the country, that is it. So every-
time Tapia goes along the Scribes
and Pharisees in the daily press
say 'Tapia ent in politics'.
"We ent say we in politics
and they saying we in politics
now, because everyday the signific-
ance of Tapia as a solution for
the political problems of the
country is becoming clearer, to
everybody. They are seeing the
political party in the making and
all the tributaries rolling in to
make a roaring torrent.
"Can you imagine an ,organ-
ization more professional than
Tapia. Clinical, objective, confi-
dent in every dimension, making
judgements week after week that
come true anld they' hIave the
blasted impertinence those
scribes to say tliat we are not
in the running. We are the only
horse. And the time to be in
front is at the end."


PA


r


-- ---- ----------L~~


II I,,_ ~-- L ~ -- _Now


ql-V-MAn-AIMFMBFR 30- 197Snra?4


- I Ftl'





bUNUAX NYVV-tlV t 3. IK/p


Members of the



Shadow Cabinet



Will be on Stage



at the Convention


Michael Billy-Montague


Bhoendradatt Tewarie


Hamlet Joseph


Ivan LaugliiPi


Angela Cropper


Mickey Matthews Lloyd Taylor


APPLICATION FOR
MEMBERSHIP
Name: ...............................................
(Surname) (Other names)
Address: ......... .
A address: .... .... ... .... .. .... ... ..... ... ... .. ... ......

Occupation. ..................................... .....
Place of Work:


Interests: (Indicate or Insert)
ADULT AND YOUTH EDUCATION ...........................
POLITICAL AFFAIRS ....... ..............................
SOU-SOU INVESTMENT .. .. .............................
DRAMA ................... .............................
STEE LBAN D .............................................
SPORT.. .. ................................. ...........
CO-OPERATIVES .........................................
OTHER. .. ................................. ...............
Group affiliation :(Indicate or insert)
TAPIA HOUSE GROUP ......................... TUNAPUNA
TAPIA HOUSE GROUP .............................TOBAGO
TAPIA HOUSE GROUP ...................... SAN FERNANDO
TAPIA HOUSE GROUP ........ ......................

I hereby subscribe to the rules of the TAPIA HOUSE GROUP.
I enclose $1.00 membership fee and $ . Monthly Subscriptioln.

Signed:.

Date:


asmt-N


TRANSPORTATION

ARRANGEMENTS

All Tapia people who wish
to attend the Convention
and have not made their own
arrangements are asked to
gather at the following points.

1) TAPIA HOUSE

ST. VINCENT ST.
TUNAPUNA
PHONE 662-5126

2) P.O.S. CENTER
CIPRIANI BLVD.
P.O.S
PHONE 62-25241
SEE AND BE THERE BY 8.00 AM.
Tapia people with space
available are also asked

to come and lend a hand.


____Y
- --sl ~~I II


- -s~-P----- L I _IL --- PI -s- --


. x CUT,












Politics and People.The




Rich Fruits of Hardwuk


EVEN God. they say, loves a
winner. And so it seemed to
me two weeks ago, on the
occasion of our seventh anniver-
sary celebrations. For, in the
midst of a rainy season that is
breaking all kinds of records, the
day dawned bright and clear
over the Tunapuna land, that
Sunday.
I was early, very early. I
had wanted a moment, an hour
with myself, before the politics
and the parang and the party
began. I walked out to the
massive wooden table which had
been part of the stage for the
moonlight theatre in the days
gone by, and which now rested
under the shade of the bamboo
trees.
The huge clouds which
rolled so languidly across the
sky seemed to have put on their
whitest clothes in honour of the
occasion. It would be a beautiful
session. Of that I had no doubt.
Our people would come and we
would drink our toasts in confi-
dence. It was only what we had
sown for seven long, lean years.
It had not always been like
this. There was a time when the
approach of every assembly
would bring painful knots of
anxiety to my stomach. There
was always so much to do and
so little time in which to do it.
Indeed as I looked back on
the past year it seemed that we
had always been just finishing
with one important occasion or
we were preparing for one.
When the spotlight falls on
you you cannot rehearse. I knew
that, had understood what it
meant for a long time. But even
so the dizzying pace at which we
have moved to the very centre
of the political stage in the last
year still leaves me stunned.
And the point is, of course,
that none of it or so little of it
can be planned. Opportunities
come like thieves in the night.
History thrusts itself upon you
with no warning. And you are
either ready to seize the time or
you are not.
I still remember the meeting
of the Council of Representatives
at which we decided to issue a
statement opposing PSA pay
claims. Our objections to the
claims were founded on principles
long espoused by Tapia. Nothing
new there. We had opposed
many people and organizations
before.
Only this time history was
lurking in the wings. We made
our statement and we were
challenged. And for two weeks
straight all the country could
talk about was the Best-Manswell
Debate. We were ready. That
glorious Sunday afternoon in the
Port-of-Spain Town Hall would
forever be in my mind. People
and politics. And there were
those who said that those days
were gone forever.
Then even before the waves
of interest over the debate had


Flashback to the first.in our series of Assemblies held at the S.W.W.T.U Hall in Port-of-Spain


Up at the Tapia House for our seventh Birthday Party the atmosphere was


died down, History flew by
again and before it had left,
Tapia had once more stolen the
headlines with flair, surprise and
imagination.
Tapia in the Senate. Best,
Laughlin and Joseph. But what
really going on. Into the lions
den we strode and some could
not accept it, and some felt that
we had now "done something
serious". In any case controversy
raged. Tapia on the lips of the
country, close to the center of
the stage, and making plays
people never hear about yet. No
rehearsal.
Then there was the Con-
stitution debate. Newsflash;
"Tapia abandons call for Constitu-
ent Assembly. Amcndment asks
Parliament to summon the valid
leaders." More politics, more
people. People hearing the three'
Tapia Senators on radio speaking


I llfbl' uiJ'wal.


on every conceivable thing. Clear,
eloquent, prepared. No rehearsal.
And so it seems to have
gone on. Day in day out. The
rising tide of a movement whose
day had come. But it did not
really happen overnight. None of
it. If the fruits are being plucked
now it took seven years for the
plant to grow.
And all the big occasions,
all the headline making events
were really prologue. Trial runs,
tests of strength. The real battle
is for Power. To challenge and
rem-,ve the Government from the
stage,.
So, full of confidence, we
announced that we were holding
our Election Convention. Nobody
asks any longer whether we are
in politics. We haveamply demon-
strated our point. Real politics
is what you do not want you say
you do.
The first Assembly in the


National Convention was held
in September this year. A fantas-
tic occasion. The aim was made
clear. To solicit from all our
members their thoughts and
ideas on the construction of an
electoral machine, solid enough
to withstand the rigours of the
campaign.
And our people came and
spoke, loud and long, a move-
inent debating with itself. But
this was also one of the things
which they said could not happen.
It did.
And then two weeks ago we
held a birthday party. Seven
years. As we danced and we
drank and we spoke of times
past. we all knew that they had
been worth it. When in the next
seven weeks or seven months we
have to put out even more
el'orl and energy, it will really
be very easy. We have come of
agei and nothing can stop us now.


SUNDAY NOVEMER;IE 30, 1975


PAGE 8; TAPIA


$'
~~Sss~Sit~







S U N D AY__ --- N-E--30,-1975 -T--IA--A GE- 9


subversive of orderly government In this country.


From Page 4

was so I could study in depth the operations of
transnational corporations in Trinidad and Tobago
and the various ways in which they exploit the
national economy. Of these the taking out of profits
is just one. Others include overcharging for imported
parts, components and capital equipment further-
more sometimes inferior or obsolete.
'The value of foreign assets in Trinidad is roughly $2
bill (TT) ($2.000. per head.) There is no country in
the Western Hemisphere with a higher value of
foreign investment per head.
Let me now turn to the question of political
involvement. I have been respectful of the hospitality
which the Government of Trinidad has extended to
me. I have at all times been aware of my status here
as a visitor and a non-national, and the limitations
inherent in this status. I have never been engaged in
any activity which anybody in their right mind
could construe as unprofessional, undignified or


activity here, it is perfectly clear where my sym-
pathies are.


Most particularly, I have not been at any time Finally, I must make it clear that the events of
associated with any party or movement in this the past few weeks have in no way changed my
country, including that of my friend and colleague feelings towards this country and its people. 1 wish
Lloyd Best. to take this opportunity of thanking the many
I have observed historic events in the six years friends who have come to share the disappointment
1 have lived and worked here. With tens of thousands that my desire to live and work here has been
of others, I felt and shared the potential of a truly frustrated by the action of the Government. Quite
liberated people in the streets of Port of Spain in frankly, it is a piece of high class nonsense on the
1970. It is, I understand, International Women's part of the powers that rule this land to be so afraid
Year. I was present with some 30,000 others at a of a 52-year-old lady professor that they have gone
Labour Rally in Skinner Park early this year. As to these lengths to ask me to leave Trinidad.
long as I live I shall remember the years of toil 1 recognize that all governments have the power
engraved on the faces of the women cane cutters of to exclude non-natiorials or deny them rights of
this country as they stood in the hot sun of that residence or work. That is not contestable. For that
endless dry season shaded only by some old news- reason I have no option but to leave. However, as my
papers, listening to endless speeches, walking endless reasons for wishing to live and work in this country
miles; sacrificing endlessly for the dignity due to a -are basically personal, the result of years of friend-
breadwinner, who is also wife, mother and house- ships and associations, I hope to return to Trinidad
keeper. I saw people scatter and run on Coffee at such time as conditions permit me to do so. The
Street in San Fernando; and 1 prayed with people of people of this country have at all times been kind to
all faiths and ages and races in the Anglican Cathedral me and I have gained strength in times of personal
in Port of Spain on the following day, in March of distress, from the beauty of the land and the creative
this year. Although I have not engaged in political powers of the people.


Reforms are needed



at St. Ann's



Mental Hospital


MENTAL care continues to be a cause of concern
among citizens and an issue in these columns.
Doubtless, the chaotic conditions of public
welfare in regard to employment, to the utilities, the
S "-. t h ve. behn.. geIner.at-
ing frustrations beyond the capacity of our people to
cope.
It is not surprising that recent legislation has
served only to trigger widespread discussion on the
causes, consequences and cure of mental disorder.
One- striking feature of the whole debate has
been the extent to which conclusions about mental
health are manifestly a matter of opinion requiring the
responsible citizen to tread the ground with caution.
Much more open testimony is needed if we are
to be educated to the straight and narrow way.


I CAN talk with authority.
I was committed to St.
Ann's Hospital several
times between 1964 and
1971 never once
legally.
.In 1964 there was
some disagreement be-
tween my late father and
myself. He paid so he
told a friend $6 to a
D.M.O. who visited me
- but two doctors are
required by law to
examine a person to be
committed and the
D.M.O. wrote without
justification, that I talked
"irrelevantly" etc.
, At the St. Ann's Hospital I
thought Ishould explain how,
at 37, I was still dependent
on my father so I explained
that I had been living alone
at Five Rivers till I was
assaulted by three relatives in
my own apartment. One
struck me with a stone and I
was cut on the head and over
the right eye.
I discovered laterthatthe
psychiatrist had written:
"Deluded. Believes he has
cut on head and lip". The
following week, the psychi-
atrist asked me. "Do you
still believe you had cuts on
head and on lip? I told him


I did not say lip, but "over
my right eye" and I showed
him a scar over my right eye.
I also showed him a
deformed left index finger
injured in the fight. He wrote
"Still believes he has cut on
head. and on lip". He made no
attempt to examine my head,
but he caused me to remain
at St. Ann's Hospital for ten
months.
During that time I had
applied for a $600 a month
job and a favourable reply,
requesting an interview, had
been sent to me, but because
I was at St. Ann's Hospital I
could not attend the inter-
view.


HIGHEST PAID
Thereafter, whenever there
was a clash of wills with my
mother, She or her brother
would merely go to a doctor,
without my being present,
or sometimes directly to the
police and my freedom of
movement would be interfered
with and I would be taken
to the not so sunny St. Ann's
Hospital to be detained for a
month or more.
Once I was detained with
more than $99 on my person.
I asked that a toothbrush be


bought with the change. 1
had to wait for more than a
week to get the' tooth-brush
and as a result I lost my
_fron tL-teth..... ... ...
The psychiatrists are the
highest paid officials and
they do the least work. There
is little liaisolnbetween psychi-
atrist and patient, as one
should expect if there is to L
some attempt to understand
and heal the mind of the
patient.
The psychiatrist comes to
a ward usually once per
week, interviews for an aver-
ages of less than five minutes
each such patients as the staff
nurse decides he should see.
Usually he accepts what the
nurse says, and it is the
nurse, usually, who recom-
mends discharge.


UNKIND TREATMENT


Apart from this there have
been instances of unkind
treatment of patients. In my
own case there was a nurse
who came to my mother's
house and seized me after a
struggle in which his white
shirt was soiled. Perhaps he
thought he should avenge
himself, for one day when I
was merely standing in the
visitors' room he called me
to the clinic and began cuffing
me in my belly.
On another occasion a
mild patient whose main
aberration was that he talked
continuously a gibberish that
sounded like Arabic, was
pounded in the stomach
because he would not swallow
tablets.
The present law pertaining
to the procedure for commit-
tal to St. Ann's Hospital
must be changed and
quickly. Many have claimed
that there Was abuse of the
law and I am writing that
several limes between 1966


and 1971 I was committed
without a physician interview-
ing me. Yet they wrote such
things as "grandiose delu-
sions", "aggressive," "wanders
aimlessly about."
The procedure recom-
mended is that which, to
judge from T.V. shows,
obtains in the U.S.A. That is
the person whom one wants
to commit may be represented
before a magistrate by a
physician who knows him
and the magistrate has the
onus to decide whether he or
she should be committed.
To be sure, the Trinidad
and Tobago law, as it stands
at present, gives the person
being committed the right to
be examined by two physi-
cians of his or her choice, but
once, as policemen seized me
without authority and were


transporting me in a vehicle
with my mother's brother,, I
told one that I wanted to be
examined by Dr. Herman
Bharath. He merely spoke as
if humouring me and I was
not taken to Dr. Bharath.
I thought of prosecuting
the people who trampled
upon my rights and I con-
sulted a solicitor, but by the
time I was able to pay legal
fees the statutory time for
prosecuting in such a case
had passed. The poor must,
therefore, be protected from
such victimization. Perhaps it
is not too late to give an
Ombudsman the power to
impose a punitive fine on
officials found exceeding
their legal authority in
matters within the memory
of the injured persons.


' JOIN THIS


NEW


GENERATION



QOF THINI(ERS


O


Of people who know
how to cope

with rising

PRICES


Buy BASIC

Buy KIRPALANI'S









KIRPALANI'S NATIONWIDE
BBHP^


---


-'-- -


SUNDAY NOVEMBlER 30, 1975


TAPIA PAGE 9






PAGE 10 TAPIA


From Page 3
inter-dependence between sectors, and for reducing
the dependence of the economy on foreign trade, by
achieving a greater degree of convergence between
local m needs and local production.
A new structure of production of this kind will
require new institutions founded upon strategies
of self-reliance and popular participation in economic
life. At the level of each CARICOM territory, an
important step in the direction of self-reliance must
be to increasethe rate of national savings so that a
larger proportion of investment requirements can be,
met from local resources.
one of the disappointing features of economic
grvwdi over the past decade has been the rising share
of consumption in national expenditure. It has been
estimated that in terms of constant 1971 prices,
between 1970 and 1973, the combined GDP of the
CARICOM countries increased by US$697 million,
whereas total consumption expenditure grew by
US$838 million. The classical case was in the Lee-
ward and Windward Islands where by 1971 consump-
tion had grown to reach the equivalent of 105% of the
Gross Domestic Product. hi other words, before the
impact of the International Economic Crisis, the
growth in our consumption was already tending to
absorb more than the growth in our production.
Needless to say, the effects of world wide inflation
have only served to make the situation somewhat
worse. Nowhere is this more evident than in the
public sector.
Everywhere in the Region, Governments are
struggling, often unsuccessfully, to keep their recurrent
expenditure within the resources available from
tecurreit, revenues. In nearly every case, escalating
jdrn-nds for wage and salary increases as a result of
doinestic inflation, and the rising costs of supplies and
services, have served to reduce the Government's
surplus on current account, if not entirely to elimin-
ate it. In the most extreme cases it has led to an
creasee in budgetary deficits, which have seriouslyy
\traincd t.he capacity of the Governments conierned
to manage their day-to-day cash requirements. What
I called for in virtually every country in the Region
.Ire therefore policies of restraint, not merely in
relation to personal consumption, but also with
-espect to the demands being made on the public
:;ector for providing administration and services.
In ith contemporary circumstances of the
Caribbean, strategies ofself-reliance can be effectively
promoted on a collective basis through the process of
regional integration. From the start, the regional
integration movement was seen as involving two
phases. The first was the phase of institution building
- to lay the foundations upon which comprehensive


Our coverage of

THE REGION

is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep a breast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.,


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8olmimaci Volumes 1974


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SUNDAY NOVEMBER 30, 1975
















efforts at the joint planning of development could
later be undertaken This framework involved first of
all, the establishment of free trade between Member'"
Countries, and the building of a common protective
policy, including a common external tariff.
Secondly, it embraced, the harmonisation of
legislation in certain key areas such as fiscal incen-
tives and double taxation. Thirdly, it required a
special programme of measures for the Less Developed
Countries, to ensure that the integration process
would offer them adequate opportunities for their
accelerated and balanced development within the
Common Market. Fourthly, it involved strictly institu-
tional matters such as the development of a Secre-
tariat and systematic machinery for inter-governmental
consultation and joint action.
Despite all the prophecies of doom, it is fair to
say that in all of these four respects, CARICOM has,
in a remarkably short period of time, managed to
substantially complete its first phase of work. In
relation to trade liberalisation, the position is that
trade has been substantially freed by all Member
Countries. The removal of trade barriers has been
associated with a substantial expansion in intra-
regional trade. between 1968 and 1974, the total
value of intra-regional imports grew nearly 5 times,
increasing Irorn EC$109 million to an estimated
EC$526 million. This rate of expansion in trade
bears favourable comparison with the rates achieved
by other regional groupings in the third world.
If time had permitted, I would have liked to
have told you in greater detail what the record of
achievement has been in other areas, particularly in
relation to the programme of special measures for the
Less Dcvecloied Countries. However, in view of ite
development problems that I have outlined earlier,
it is more important on this occasion for me to bring
to your attention what the second phase of integra-
tion is likely to involve.
This phase is seen as 'one of promoting the
complementary development of the Region's econ-


omnies through the process of developing joint pro-
jects in the key productive sectors. In this connec-
tion, the sector which demands the highest priority
is that of Agriculture. It is no accident that as a
result of initiatives taken by the Government.of
Trinidad and Tobago the four More Developed
Countries of CARICOM set up machinery for the
preparation of a Regional Food Plan designed to
promote large-scale commercial-type projects in
Agriculture which could substantially reduce our
dependence on imported food. It is my own personal
view that the Food Plan should represent the centre-
piece of the Region's efforts at integration over the
next few years. If we achieve any success in red4c-
ing our food import bill, it will have widespibad
ramifications for the improvement of the employ-
ment situation inthe Region, and for the elimination
of hard-core poverty, particularly in the rural areas.
I am 1 glad to be able tosay that significant pro-
gress has been made with the preparatory work on
the Regional Food Plan to the point where it is
expected that the Heads of Government would be in
a position to review the progress made, when they
meet, in St. Kitts on December 8.
This phase of integration will in general
demand a much more systematic effort by Member
Countries to jointly mobilise scarce resources for
development. In particular, the Region will have to
husband and make prudent use of those especially
scarce resources such as land, foreign exchange and
technical and managerial skills. It is necessary there-
fore for the Caribbean public to understand that a
new sense of urgency is needed about integration and
development, requiring more sustained effort and a
sharper definition of basic priorities. It is equally
necessary that we should attempt to build upon the
founadtions that have already been laid rather than
demolish structures before we have something else
to put in their place.
Regional economic integration is a tender
plant which can flourish best in a positive atmos--
phere of commitment born out of a clear sense of
direction and a willingness to adjust and to accom-
modate to the needs of others. If this generation of
West Indians is to succeed with the task of integration,
it cannot be left simply to Governments and to small
groups of technocrats. It must become a widely based
movement generating its momentum from the basic
development strategies which the peoples of the
Region wish to .folow._.
It is for this reason that 1 have particularly
welcomed this opportunity of speaking briefly to
you about some of the development problems of the
Area in the hope that my observations could repre-
sent a small contribution to the process of public
education which is an essential ingredient for our
future programme.


Lecturer $F630 x 222
Senior Lecturer $F8610 x 245
Salaries are currently under review.


8328
- 10080


10% gratuity, superannuation contributions, partly furnished housing
at rental of 15% of salary, appointment and termination allowances, 3 year
contract renewable by mutual agreement. Other allowances in certain cases.

Formal applications should contain full name; dale and place ofbirth;
nationality; marital status; educational qualifications; employment history and
experience; names and addresses of three referees; general statement of physical
fitness; date appointment could be taken up.

Further particulars including an outline Terms of Service are available


from:


The Registrar (Post 75/58)
University' of the South Pacific
GPO Box 1168
Suva Fiji


to whom 6 copies of applications should be returned-by 31 December 1975.


THE UNIVERSITY OF THE SOUTH PACIFIC

laucala Bay, Suva, Fiji

LECTURER/SENIOR LECTURER IN ACCOUNTING

Applications are invited for the above position in Accounting in the
School of Social and Economic Development at the University of the
South Pacific. Applicants should have higher degree and have
experience in university teaching and research. Some professional
experience would be an advantage but is not essential. The newly
established degree programme in accounting provides the opportunity
for teaching in all aspects of accounting and finance but preference
will be given to an applicant with interests in management accounting
and systems analysis including computer applications.

Salary according to experience and qualifications in one of the follow-
ing scales:


-- -~I-~-`------
-------- --- -A --- 1







SUNDAY NOVEMBER 30, 1975


150 workers laid off at





Trini-data Assembly Plant


ONE hundred and fifty
workers at the TriniData
assembly plant, located
at Trincity Industrial
Estate, have been laid
off in the past two weeks
without any severance
pay or compensation.
The workers were told by
the management of the plant
that, because of loss of con-
tracts, their services would
no longer be required but
that they would be re-
employed in six weeks time
if the situation improves.
This is the second set of
workers which the company
has laid off under these cir-
cumstances. Last year ninety-
six workers were laid off and
so far none of them have
been reemployed.
TriniData Limited which
is a branch of the U.S. multi-


national Corporation Data
Ram of New Jersey and
which manufactures computer
memory planes, stacks and
systems, is one of the most
glaring examples of the evils
of branch plant industries.


CLOSED DOWN

In 1972, during negotia-
tions with the Transport and
Industrial Workers Union for
a collective agreement, the
Company dismissed its entire
staff of one hundred and
fifty workers and declared
that it had gone out of
business.
Less than five months
later the Company was run-
ning an advertisement in the
Press inviting applications
from prospective workers.


Many of the workers who
had earlier been dismissed
applied but were refused
employment.
The Company did not
inform the Union about the
resumption of its operations,
but three days after the
resumption and with only
ten new employees on the
payroll the Company, received
and approved a request from
another Trade Union, the
Communications Workers
Union, for recognition as the
bargaining agent for the
employees.



NEW AGREEMENT

Subsequently the Company
signed a new agreement with
the Communications Workers


Union and then proceeded
to recruit more workers to
bring its staff up to the
required number.
However, neither the new
agreement nor the Communi-
cations Workers Union, has
yet received official recogni-
tion under the terms of the
Industrial Relations Act.



NO RESOLUTION

When, in fact, The Com-
munications Workers Union
requested the Minister of
Labour to declare it the
officially recognized Union,
the Minister declined and
referred the issue to the
Recognition and Certification
Bard for a decision as to
whether the CWU of TIWU


Dear Sir,
Kindly Publish this letter
for us please. This is an Open
Letter to the Prime Minister
theRt. Dr. Eric Williams.
We are seeking your help
in a very sticky situation, we
are totally fed up with the
situation, we are being
treated like dogs and pigs in
this So Called Youth Camp
it Chaguaramas.
The place is insanitary,
Nasty and Intolerably Stink,
it is a place for breeding flies
and diseases.
The Director of National
Youth Camp Chaguaramas is
one who knowsnothing Con-
cerning youth affairs, he is
thinking colonial like the
Slave Masters from the
thirteen Century in Europe,
we do not want him,ssince
he came in this place he has
change the look of good thing
to bad resulting in the place
and campers being in a mess,
this is frustration.
He is a louse, he does not
co-operate with the boys,
Imagine over 250 boys in the
Chaguaramas Youth Camp
and the only Sporting activity
is cricket, he says that if the
boys want to play any other
Sports we have to pay half
of the cost of gears.
We are fed up with him,
and hemustleavenow: He does
not even rap with the boys,
this is not the kind of Direc-
tor needed for any Youth
Camp.



FOOD

On most occasions Campers
remained hungry because the
Director does not send in
the order for bread, we does
not. get Meals on time.


Most of the times we gets
things like Worms in the
food, Stale bread which has b
been Stale for days upon
days, the Cooks does not
cover the food they leave it
expose so flies can rest upon
them.
We does not get balanced
Meal, we are fed up with
eating old Beef, Chicken with
blood in it, beans half cooked,
rotten fish, Black unsweetened
Coffee and Cocoa almost
every day, the latter resulting
in Campers being Sick, with
health and other on our skin.
The food that Campers
need is dumpling, Soup,
Bake, Fishbroth, Vegetables
and ground Provisions, also
things like Milo and Ovaltine.
We demand an investigation
into the, running of the
Chaguaramas Youth Camp.
Immediately, we need a
change now its frustrations.
In the case of Sickness we
are without Medically trained
people, we need a first aid
Kit. In case of emergency
during night. Just recently a
Scorpion sting a workman on
tie Camp and the Director
Mr. Markintosh told him to
go by the Matron who
knows nothing much about
Medicines.
We hope that the new
batch of Campers which is
due to come in January would
meet a change, anew director
and proper treatment not
like what we are undergoing.
We are looking forward to
testify before the Commission
of Inquiry into the day to
day running of the Chaguara-
mas Youth Camp.

We remain,
Yours Respectfiully.
Youth Citizen Campers.
CA.R.S


STALIN, the calypso
artist with a difference,
will be the featured
artist in a unique con-
cert entitled "Black Gods
and Kings".
Continuing in the tradi-
tion of the recent "Poet and
Prophet" starring Valentino,
the people's calypsonian,
Stalin's theme deals mainly
with kings, gods, heroes and
Santi-heroes of black history.
He will, also become the
first artist of his kind to be
presented in such a program
at the prestigious Little Carib
Theatre which has been
mainly used for drama, dance,
poetry and song.
Among the standards, to
be heard are "Pan Ma "Mr.
Calypso" and 'Martin Luther",
while Andre Tanker's "Ebe-
nezer," "Nothing is Strange"
and "Gods and Kings" are
among the more recent works
to be presented.
Musically, the production
boasts of such musical talents
like Earl Rodney, Michael
Tobas and Fortuna Ruiz, all
members of Friends who
will assist Stalin.


The drums of the Wantam-
bu, the Mau Mau and the
Village in addition to the
Repertory Dance Theatre and.
Abdul Malik, the oral poet,
will complete a most compe-
tent and experienced cast.
The little Carib concerts
bcin on Thlusday Dec. 4th


should be recognized.
The Reqognition Board,
of which the'Secretary Gene-
ral of the CWU Carl Tull, is
a member, failed to resolve
the issue after months, of
deliberations and passed the
matter on to the Industrial
Court.
The matter came up before
the Industrial Court in March
of last year but so far there
has been no pronouncement
made on the matter.


LEGALLY UNCERTAIN

Meanwhile, the agreement
between the CWU and the
Company has expired and
new negotiations have not
yet begun.
The workers who were
laid off are fearing that at
the end of the six weeks, not
only will they not be re-
employed but, because of the
expiration of the agreement
and its legally uncertain
nature in the first place,
they will not have a leg to
stand on if the Company
should decide not to pay
them any compensation
whatsoever.


and continue through Sunday
Dec. 7th at 8.30 p.m.
A special student produc-
tion at J.F.K. Auditorium,
U.W.I. St. Augustine is being
arranged for Wed. Dec. 10th
at ,8.30. Tickets are now on
sale at Kirpalani's Electric
andthe U.W.I. campus.


1,.


Letter to the Editor


Youth Camp boys



plea for help


"Sl in' fo Little Carib


- --1---- -- -- --


TAPIA PAGL I







Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N.Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448.
U.S.A.


y


WILL


THE


W .I.


WIN


SERIES


DOWN


UNDER


FOR THE FIRST TIME?


Baldwin Mootoo

THIS six match series
between Australia and
the West Indies will
decide the present
champion world cricket
team.
The West Indies are
anxious to defeat Aus-
tralia and confirm that
their, supremacy is not
only in limited over
cricket while Australia
must want to avenge her
defeat-in the World Cup
last surmmnier in England.
The build up towards the
first test has been full of
excitement. Australia has a
new captain; Ross Edwards
their middle order batsman
has retired; Doug Walters is
on the injured list and there
have been other less serious
mishaps.
Turner was knocked out
by a Kalliecharan pull fielding
very short in the New South
Wales match and Max Walker
spent a couple of days in
hospital after being hit in
the head by Lillee in a state
match.
For the West Indies,
Holder has been the only
player on the injured list but
the team seemed to be taking
a long time settling down.
The weather played a
great part in this state of
affairs but in the last two
state matches things were
clicking at last.
Not only did the batsmen
appear to be getting in
stride, but Holding was
developing rapidly and Inshan
Ali at long last seemed to be
coming into his own.


SELECTORS
GAMBLE

Inshan Ali is an interest-
ing case. There has never
been any doubt his inate
ability to bowl. He is that
iare species a back of the
hand left arm spinner and
he disguises the left-hander's
googly very well but the
fight he shows when batting,
never seemed, until now, to
be there when bowling.
Added to that he has


Cive Lloyd ... World cup in his hands and a totally professional approach.


never appeared fit enough to
be playing high level com-
petitive cricket. In many
ways he was very lucky to
have been given this tour.
Much has happened re-
cently to indicate that the
selectors gamble will pay off.
Reports coming from Aus-
tralia say that he has been
doing regular roadwork on
mornings in the company of
Kalliecharan and Murray and
on the field his fitness shows
by his speed, his fielding and
his throwing.
His bowling in the last
state match (in spite of the
helpful wicket) will have
added to his general well-
being and self-confidence and
he must now prove to be a
vital part of our bowling
armoury and as Clive Loyd
said before he left the West
Indies "he could be the
match winner in Australia".
Selecting the team for,
the first test would not have
been an easy exercise. The
doubts expressed about the
Brisbane wicket and- the
likelihood of it taking spin
meant that the team should
have a good all-round attack
which would have suggested
five bowlers as follows -
Gibbs, Ali, Roberts, Julien
and one of Boyce and
Holding.
It would have been very
tempting to select Holding
after his performance against


New South Wales specially
when in a line-up as above he
would be one of three pace-
men that included Julien and
Roberts.
On the other hand Boyce,
an experienced performer,
could not be easily discarded.
That was one of the problems
that the selectors would have
had to face in selecting the
team.


BATTING
LINE-UP
If they agreed on five
bowlers bearing in mind that
three of them, Julien, Ali
aid Holding or Boyce were
all capable of making some
runs, then with Murray as
wicket-keeper batsman, al-
though there would be room
for only five specialist bats-
men, the overall batting
line-up would still be good.
With Fredericks, Kallie-
charan, Uoyd and Richards
in, to whom would the fifth
place go? If they opted for
Greenidge there would have
been a brittleness about the
batting line-up that could
land us in trouble.
Baichan for that other
opening position could have
added stability but my incli-
nation would be, towards
asking Rowve to open he is
technically competent to do


so and if he settled in would
be able to help pace the
innings in a way that Baichan
could not.
The team then could
look like Fredericks, Rowe,
Kalliecharan, Richards, Lloyd
Murray, Julien, Boyce or
Holding, Ali, Roberts, Gibbs.
There could have been a
quite different approach to
this first test namely that
the wicket was too uncertain,
Rowe was still not quite
there and since it was the
first in a six-match series the
selection would be approached
a little more cautiously.
In such a case six specialist
batsmen and four specialist
bowlers would have to make
up the team. Lloyd then
would be required to do some
bowling and the line-up could
be Fredericks, Greenidge,
Rowe, Kalliecharan, Richards,
Loyd, Murray, Julien, Ali,
Roberts, Gibbs.


MUCH
UNCERTAINTY
1 am inclined towards the
first team that includes five
bowlers.
In the Australian camp
there would be much un-
certainty. The retirement of
Ross Edwards and the injury
to Doug Walters left a gaping
hole in the middle of tlieir


Greg Chappell ..
a worried man.
batting order and they could
only hope that one of the
newer players would help fill
it adequately.
Greg Chappell would be a
worried man indeed, for in
addition to being new in the
captaincy of a team with
such batting problems, he
himself had a very poor
season in. England and his
performance in both innings
of the Queensland match
and the general performance
of Inshan Ali could hardly
allow him any peaceful sleep.
It is a useful situation for
the opposition captain to be
in.
Clive Lloyd on the other
hand would have entered the
test with the world cup
victory behind him, and a
team that now has a totally
professional approach. I can't
conceive of us losing the
first test but will we be
able to force a win?
The last time we played
here we won the first test
due in large part to a brilliant
innings by Lloyd only to go
on and lose the series very
badly.
This time in addition to
all the talent we have, one
can sense a whole different
approach, and although it is
never easy to win a series
against Australia at home, as
both Goddard's and Worrell's
teams will remember, I think
Cive loyd and his team will
do it this time.


1A


A


_ ___